KR860001881B1 - Light weight joint compound - Google Patents

Light weight joint compound Download PDF

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KR860001881B1
KR860001881B1 KR8305835A KR830005835A KR860001881B1 KR 860001881 B1 KR860001881 B1 KR 860001881B1 KR 8305835 A KR8305835 A KR 8305835A KR 830005835 A KR830005835 A KR 830005835A KR 860001881 B1 KR860001881 B1 KR 860001881B1
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binder
weight
binding agent
method according
according
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KR840006959A (en
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엘. 윌리엄즈 테렌스
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테디우스 에스. 스넬
유나이티드 스테이트 집섬 캄파니
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Priority to US06/450,823 priority Critical patent/US4454267A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B26/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing only organic binders, e.g. polymer or resin concrete
    • C04B26/02Macromolecular compounds
    • C04B26/04Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K3/00Materials not provided for elsewhere
    • C09K3/10Materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers
    • C09K3/1006Materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers characterised by the chemical nature of one of its constituents
    • C09K3/1015Polysaccharides or derivatives thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2200/00Chemical nature of materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers
    • C09K2200/02Inorganic compounds
    • C09K2200/0217Salts
    • C09K2200/023Sulfur-containing compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2200/00Chemical nature of materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers
    • C09K2200/02Inorganic compounds
    • C09K2200/0239Oxides, hydroxides, carbonates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2200/00Chemical nature of materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers
    • C09K2200/02Inorganic compounds
    • C09K2200/0243Silica-rich compounds, e.g. silicates, cement, glass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2200/00Chemical nature of materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers
    • C09K2200/02Inorganic compounds
    • C09K2200/0243Silica-rich compounds, e.g. silicates, cement, glass
    • C09K2200/0252Clays
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2200/00Chemical nature of materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers
    • C09K2200/06Macromolecular organic compounds, e.g. prepolymers
    • C09K2200/0615Macromolecular organic compounds, e.g. prepolymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C09K2200/0622Polyvinylalcohols, polyvinylacetates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2200/00Chemical nature of materials in mouldable or extrudable form for sealing or packing joints or covers
    • C09K2200/06Macromolecular organic compounds, e.g. prepolymers
    • C09K2200/068Containing also other elements than carbon, oxygen or nitrogen in the polymer main chain
    • C09K2200/0685Containing silicon

Abstract

A compsn. comprises (1) CaSO4 or CaCO3 as filler; (2) a nonlevelling agent; (3) an expanded perlite which has been treated with a silicone compd. to render it water-insensitive, in an amt. of 3.5-25% of the dry wt. of the compsn.; (4) thickener; (5) binder; and (6) sufficient water to give the required viscosity for use. Pref. the filler is present in an amt. of 38-93 on dry wt. of the compsn., and the non- levelling agent is attapulgus clay or a 1 :5 wt. mixt. of clay and starch. The compsn. has excellent application properties and low shrinkage on drying.

Description

경량결합제(Lightweight Joint Compound) Lightweight agent (Lightweight Joint Compound)

본 발명은 인접한 석고벽판(gypsum wallboard)사이의 이음매(joint)를 메우고 도포하는데 사용하기 위한 결합제에 관한 것으로, 특히 통상의 결합제보다 중량이 가벼우며 모래치기(sandability) 에 보다 좋고 운송비용이 절감되고 콘테이너조작 및 도구이용이 용이하며 마지막 모래질(sanding) 및 벽판이음매의 마무리에 용이한 결합제에 관한 것이다. The present invention is better than the adjacent gypsum wallboard (gypsum wallboard) joint (joint) to be fill of the binder for use in the coating, in particular lighter in weight than conventional binder sand stroke (sandability) between the transportation costs are reduced container easy manipulation and use of tools, and relates to the ease of binder on the finish of the last sandy (sanding) and wallboard joint.

빌딩건축에 있어서, 가장 보편적인 요소의 하나는 벽 및/혹은 천정공사에 사용되는 통상적으로 "건조벽(dry wall)"이라고 알려져 있는 석고벽판이다. In the building construction, one of the most common elements is gypsum wallboard is typically known as "dry wall (dry wall)" used in the walls and / or ceiling construction.

석고벽판으로 만들어진 벽은 통상적으로 패널을 샛기둥이나 이음매에 붙이고 "결합제(joint compoumd)" 라고 불리우는 특별히 제조된 접착제로써 이음매를 채우고, 도포하므로써 이루어진다. A wall made of gypsum wallboard is typically attached to the panel in stud or a joint seam filled by a specially prepared adhesive called a "binder (compoumd joint)", made By coating. 이 공정은 대개 다음 형태로 진행한다. The process is usually conducted in the following form.

즉, 테이핑결합도의(taping grade)결합제를 벽판의 인접 가장자리에 의해 형성된 이음매내부에 놓고, 액체투과가능한 테이프를 테이핑결합제 내부에 채운다. That is, position the (taping grade) binding agents of the taping coupling inside the seam formed by the adjacent edges of the wall plate filled with a liquid permeable tape within the taping binder.

건조되면(혹은 응결되면), 토핑 결합도의(topping grade)결합제를 포함하는 2차도포가 이음새위에 행하여진다. (If or condensation) When dry, a second coating comprising a topping of a coupling (topping grade) the binder is carried out on seams. 가볍게 모래질이 된뒤 3차도포가 행하여지며 통상적방법으로 마무리 된다. Performing a light sandy the doendwi tertiary coating becomes is finished in a conventional manner.

다른 결합도의(Grade) 결합제는 테이프 매립(embedding)및 마무리도포로써 사용되는 문자그대로 다목적의 것이다. The other coupling (Grade) as a binder will be used as the multi-purpose character tape embedded (embedding), and the finish coating. 몇몇 경우에 있어, 무늬효과가 마무리된 벽에 주어지면 다목적 결합제와 합하여 그결과 질감있는 마무리(textured finish)를 제공한다. In some cases, and as a result provide a textured finish (textured finish) patterned effect is given to the finished wall with the combined multi-purpose agent. 과거에 있어서 결합제의 여러결합도(grade)사이의 일차적인 차이는 성분요소의 조성비의 차이에 있었다. In the past, the primary difference between the various combinations of binder also (grade) was the difference in the composition ratio of the constituent elements.

어떠한 결합도에 있어서도 결합제는 항상 충진재와 접착재를 포함한다. In any coupling agent it will always contain a filler and adhesive. 테이핑 결합도에서는 토핑 결합도에서보다 더많은 접합제가 사용된다. Taping coupling agent is used in the joint more than in the topping coupling. 전형적인 충진재는 탄산칼슘, 칼슘 설페이트 헤미하이드레이트 혹은 칼슘설페이트 디 하이드레이트이다. Typical filler is calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate hemihydrate, or calcium sulfate dihydrate.

명백한 선택은 결합제가 건조에 의해 견고해지느냐 아니면 응결에 의해 견고해지느냐에 따라 결정된다. The obvious choice is determined depending on how the binder Winning or terminate it firmly by drying or by coagulation robust. 응결형 결합제의 예는 미국특허 제3297601호에 나와있다. Examples of the condensation-type binder can be found in U.S. Patent No. 3,297,601. 미국특허 제Re29753호에서의 결합제는 석면이 제기되고 석면섬유의 사용에 의해 미리 얻어진 비평준성(non-leveling properties)을 제공하기 위하여 점토(attapulgus clay)를 사용하는 것으로 알려져 있다. Binding agent in U.S. Patent No. Re29753 is known to use the clay (attapulgus clay) to raise the asbestos provided a critical sharpness (non-leveling properties) obtained in advance by the use of asbestos fibers. 점토(attapulgus clay)를 사용한 혹은 사용하지 않은 종래의 결합제는 성능면에서는 우수하나 이들은 중량이 매우 무거우며 운송비가 많이든다. Clay (attapulgus clay) or conventional binding agent has not been used with a lot of costs is excellent one which Roasting weight is very heavy in terms of performance transportation. 또한 이들은 건조될때 단단한 질감을 가지며 매끈한 표면을 가진 이음새처리를 제공하기 위한 모래질이 어려운 것이다. In addition, it will sandy difficult to provide when the drying has a solid texture seams treatment with a smooth surface. 따라서 종래의 결합제보다 가볍고, 건조시 매끈한 표면을 제공하기 위하여 모래질이 쉽게되는 결합제가 요구되는 것이다. Therefore, when lighter than the conventional binding agent, drying agent will be a combination of the sandy easily required to provide a smooth surface.

본 발명의 목적은 석면이 제외된 결합제를 제공하는 것이다. An object of the present invention is to provide a binder of the negative asbestos. 또한 일반적으로 결합제에 요구되는 비평준성, 비균열성(non-cracking) 및 양호한 접착성 같은 뛰어난 성질을 가진 결합제를 제공하는데 있다. In addition, there is provided a binder having a generally critical sharpness, non-crack property required for the binder (non-cracking), and excellent properties such as good adhesion. 또 다른 본 발명의 목적은 종래의 결합제보다 중량이 가볍고 저렴한 가격으로 운반가능한 결합제를 제공하는데 있다. A further object of the present invention is to provide a transportable agent at a lower weight than a conventional binder light and price. 또한 건조후 매끈한 마무리를 위하여 쉽게 모래질되는 형태의 결합제를 제공하는데 있다. In addition, there is provided a form of the binder to be easily sandy to a smooth finish after drying.

비균열성 및 뛰어난 접착성을 제공하는 것은 부가적인 목적이다. It provides a non-cracking and excellent adhesive property is a further object. 본 발명의 제목적 및 장점들은 다음 기술을 참고로 명백하게 될 것이다. Title enemy and advantages of the invention will become apparent by reference to the following technique. 본 발명에 따라서, 탄산칼슘, 칼슘 설페이트 디하이드레이트 또는 칼슘설페이트 헤미하이드레이트와 같은 충진재, 폴리비닐아세테이트와 같은 접합재, 점토(attapulgus clay)와 같은 비평준화 및 슬립제공물질, 하이드록시프로필메틸셀룰로우즈와 같은 보수제 또는 농조화제 및 특수처리된 팽창퍼얼라이트(expanded perlite)를 포함하는 조성을 조형화함에 의하여 석면이 필요없는, 매우 가벼운 중량의 신규결합제가 제공된다. According to the invention, calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate dihydrate or calcium sulfate hemi-filling material, such as a hydrate, a bonding material, such as polyvinyl acetate, and clay (attapulgus clay) and bipyeongjunhwa and slip providing material such as, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, such as cellulose repair filler or thickener and novel combination of by specially treated expanded pearlite Chemistry molding composition containing (expanded perlite) as requires no asbestos, very light weight I is provided.

퍼얼라이트의 존재는 실제적으로 결합제의 밀도를 줄이며 운송비용을 절감케한다. The presence of pearlite is Kane actually reduce the density of the binder reduce transportation costs. 나아가 물과 혼합시 그 구성은 뛰어난 성질을 가진, 건조시 쉽게 모래질되어 매끈한 마무리를 가지는 결합제를 제공한다. Furthermore, when mixed with water is arranged so that when it easier sandy, dried with excellent properties provides a binder having a smooth finish. 본발명 경량 결합제의 제1성분은 팽창된, 특수처리된 퍼얼라이트이다. The first component of the present invention the binder is a light-weight expanded, special handling pearlite. 퍼얼라이트는 흑요석(黑曜石)과 비슷한 유리질암석형태이다. Pearlite is a glassy rock similar to obsidian forms (黑曜石). 일반적으로 이는 65-75% SiO 2 , 10-20% Al 2 O 3 , 2-5% H 2 O 및 소량의 소오다, 포타시(potash) 및 석회로 이루어져 있다. In general, it consists of 65-75% SiO 2, 10-20% Al 2 O 3, 2-5% H 2 O and a small amount of soda, Porta when (potash) and lime. 퍼얼라이트가 연화점까지 가열되면, 이는 창팽하여 부석(浮石)과 비슷한 가벼운 솜털모양의 부풀은 물질을 형성한다. When pearlite is heated to the softening point, by which the light changpaeng inflatable fuzzy similar to the pumice (浮石) forms the material.

본 발명에 사용하기 위한 퍼얼라이트제조에 있어 이것은 우선 크기가 -200메쉬(mesh)보다 미세하게 연마분쇄된다. In pearlite prepared for use in the present invention this first size is finely pulverized abrasive than -200 mesh (mesh). 분쇄된 퍼얼라이트는 그 다음 약 1500℉의 온도로 가열된다. The crushed pearlite is then heated to a temperature of about 1500 ℉. 이 공정은 퍼얼라이트 팽창기내에서 우선 공기를 1500℉까지 가열하므로써 행하여진다. The process is performed by heating the first air in the cabin pearlite expanded to 1500 ℉. 미세하게 연마된 퍼얼라이트는 그 다음 가열공기속으로 도입된다. Finely grinding pearlite is then introduced into the heated air. 가열공기에 의해 운반되면서 이는 가열되고 팝콘같이 튀겨진다. As it carried by the heated air which is heated and fried as popcorn. 팽창 퍼얼라이트는 아주 가벼운 물질이다. Expanded pearlite is a very light material. 그러나 이것은 많은 미세한 홈 및 갈라진 틈이있다. However, it has many fine grooves and crevices. 그리고 물에 닿게되면 물이 이 홈및 갈라진 틈으로 침투해들어가서 퍼얼라이트의 공기로 가득찬 공동(空洞)으로 들어간다. And when touching the water, the water enters the joint (空洞) filled with air to penetrate into the pearlite go home and crevices. 따라서, 팽창 퍼얼라이트를 결합제로 만드는데 사용하기 이전에 이것은 우선 물에 영양받지 않도록 처리되어야 한다. Thus, prior to use in making the expanded pearlite binding agent this must be to ensure that they do not receive first nutrient in the water. 이는 여러가지 방법중 한가지로 행할수가 있다. This can be performed in one of several ways. 바람직한 방법은 팽창 된 퍼얼라이트를 균열이나 틈새를 막는 실리콘화합물로 처리하는 것이다. A preferred method is to treat the expanded pearlite with a silicone compound to prevent a crack or crevice.

바람직한 실리콘 화합물은 물로희석가능한 폴리디메틸 실록산(poly dimethyl siloxane)의 에멀젼이다. A preferred silicone compound is a polydimethylsiloxane emulsion of possible dilution (poly dimethyl siloxane) with water. 이 실리콘 화합물은 분무 또는 침지에 의해 팽창 퍼얼라이트에 사용된다. The silicone compound is used for the expansion pearlite by spraying or dipping. 이 실리콘 화합물은 약 300℉에서 약 5분간 처리된다. The silicon compound is treated at about 300 for about 5 minutes ℉.

설비작동에 있어서, 실리콘 화합물은 처리실에 있을때 및 뜨거운 상태에서 팽창된 퍼얼라이트에 사용될 수 있다. In the equipment operation, the silicone compounds can be used in the treatment chamber and when in the expanded pearlite in a hot state. 그리고 나서 실리콘 화합물은 상승온도의 결과로써 고온 처리된다. Then, the silicon compound is a high temperature processing as a result of elevated temperature. 물에 영향받지 않은 퍼얼라이트가 되게하는 다른 방법은 미국특허3658564에 나타나 있는데, 이에 의하면 퍼얼라이트는 나트륨이나 포타슘실리게이트로 처리하므로써 물에 영향받지 않게된다. Other ways to make the pearlite unaffected by water there is shown in US Patent 3658564, this structure pearlite is not influenced by the water By treatment with sodium or potassium silico-gate.

본 발명의 두번째 성분은 충진재(filler)이다. The second component of the invention is a filling material (filler). 이분야에서 알려진 어떠한 통상적인충진재도 사용가능하다. It is possible to use any conventional fillers known in the art. 바람직한 충진재는 잘게 분쇄된 탄산칼슘이다. The preferred filler is a finely pulverized calcium carbonate. 사용가능한 다른 충진재는 칼슘 설페이트 디하이레이트 및 칼슘설페이트 헤미 하이드레이트이다. Using other possible filler is calcium sulfate di-high rate, and calcium sulfate hemihydrate. 덧붙여서 운모, 활석, 피로필라이트(pyrophylite), 견운모, 규조토 및 고령토 같은 점토를 앞서의 충진재와 함께 사용할 수 있다. By the way, it can be used in conjunction with the filler material prior to mica, talc, fatigue Phil Wright (pyrophylite), sericite, diatomaceous earth and kaolin as clay.

본 발명의 세번째성분은 비평준화제(non-leveling agent)이다. The third component of the invention is a bipyeongjunhwa the (non-leveling agent). 바람직한 비평준화제는 점토(attapulgusclay)이다. Bipyeongjunhwa preferred agent is a clay (attapulgusclay). 그밖의 다른 비평준화제는 아미로팩틴전분(amylopectin starch)을 여러가지 질점토와 개중량비로 5 : 1로 혼합한 혼합체이다. All other bipyeongjunhwa agent in a 5 amino pectin starches (starch amylopectin) with various quality of clay and one weight ratio of the mixture are mixed in a 1. 또 다른 사용가능한 비평준화제는 여러종류의 벤토 나이트이다. Another available bipyeongjunhwa agents are different types of bentonite. 비평준화제는 결합제에 요변성(thixotropicity)같은 일종의 유동적인 성질을 부여한다. Bipyeongjunhwa claim imparts a type of fluid properties such as thixotropy (thixotropicity) a binder.

나아가 팽창 퍼얼라이트자체도 상당한 정도로까지 바람직한 유동학적인 성질이 기여한다는 것이 발견되었다. Further expansion pearlite itself has been found that the desired rheological properties which contribute to a considerable extent. 결합제에 있어서 요구되는 다른 물질은 농조화제이다. Other materials required for the binder is a thickener. 통상의 농조화제는 하이드록시프로필 메틸 셀룰로우즈, 하이드록시 에틸셀룰로우즈, 하이드록시에틸메틸 셀룰로우즈 및 소디움카복시메틸 셀룰로우즈등이다. Conventional thickeners, such as hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose is in the woods, hydroxyethyl cellulose in the woods, hydroxyethyl methyl cellulose and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose in a Woods. 농조화제는 단독으로 사용될 수 있고 혹은 상호 연합하여 사용될 수도 있다. Thickeners may be used to be used alone and or mutual association.

결합제에 요구되는 다른 성분은, 특히 건조화합물인 경우, 접합재(Binde)이다. Other components required for the binding agent is a particular case of dry compound, the bonding material (Binde). 바람직한 접합재는 폴리비닐아세테이트이다. The preferred bonding material is a polyvinyl acetate. 사용가능한 다른 접합재는 폴리비닐알콜, 에틸렌 비닐 아세테이트공중합체, 비닐 아크릴 공중합체, 스티렌-부타디엔 공중합체, 다른 아크릴 중합체 및 전분이다. Other available binder include polyvinyl alcohol, ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers, vinyl acrylic copolymers, styrene-butadiene copolymers, other acrylic polymers, and starch. 결합제에 일반적으로 사용되는 부가성분은 방부제, 습윤제, 탈거품제 및 가소제이다. Additional ingredients that are commonly used in the binder is a preservative, a wetting agent, a stripping pumje and plasticizers.

[실시예 1-6] [Example 1-6]

하기 도표 1에는 실시예 1-6에서 제조되는 결합제의 여러가지 조성비(formulation)가 나타나 있다. To Figure 1, there is shown a different composition (formulation) of the binder prepared in Example 1-6.

실시예 1-6의 결합제는 실험실규모로서 제조되었다. The binding agents of the Examples 1 to 6 was obtained as a laboratory scale. 결합제를 제조하는데 있어 접합재 및 방부제가 먼저 혼합보울(bowl)에서 물과 함께혼합된다. The bonding material and the preservative it in preparing the binder are mixed together with water in the mixing bowl (bowl) first. 그리고나서 건조 분말성분이 추가된다. Then it is added to the dried powder component.

이 성분들은 짧은 시간동안 손으로써 일차 혼합된 다음 호바르트 N-50부억용믹서기(Hobart N-50 Kitchen mixer)에 넣어진다. The components are encased in the primary and then mixed by hand for a short period of time Barth No. N-50 blender unit eokyong (Hobart N-50 Kitchen mixer). 이 조성물들은 5분동안 함께 혼합되고, 보울을 닦고, 그리고 나서 추가로 10분동안 혼합된다. The compositions are mixed for a further 10 minutes and mixed together for 5 minutes, and cleaning the bowl, and then. 이에 소망 정도를 맞추기 위해 물을 첨가한다. This is added to water to meet the desired level. 이 물질은 그뒤 공기를 제거하기 위하여 약 4분동안 15인치의 한란계(merury)에서 처리된후 점도를 조정하여 측정한다. This material is about 4 minutes to adjust the viscosity measured after the treatment at 15 inches of hanrangye (merury) for He then to remove the air. 제조된 결합제는 결합제로써 요구되는 여러가지 성질에 대하여 검사되었다. The prepared binder were tested for various properties required as the binder.

Figure kpo00001

상기표 1에서 표시된 물질중 "코산(cosan 158)"은 코산화학(주)(Cosan Chemical Company)에서 살균제로 제조판매되는 것이고, "트로이산(Troysan)174"는 트로이 화학(주)(Troy Chemical Company)에서 방부제로 제조판매되며 결합재가 선적된 컨테이너를 보존하기 위하여 사용하는 것이다. Table 1 Components in the "Kosan (cosan 158)" shown in the Kosan Chemical (Note) (Cosan Chemical Company) will be manufactured and sold as a disinfectant in, "Trojan acid (Troysan) 174" is Troy Chemical (Note) (Troy Chemical and manufacture and sales as a preservative in the Company) will be used to preserve container shipment binder.

실시예 1-6에서 제조된 모든 결합제는 이들이 과연 상업적인 사용에 적당한가에 대하여 결정하는데 이용되는 통상적인 테스트를 받는다. All the exemplary binder prepared in Example 1-6, it is subjected to conventional tests utilized to determine expected against jeokdanghanga commercial use. 테스트의 대상은 흙손실시의 용이성(ease of trowel application) 손모래치기성(hand sanding properties), 균열저항성, 액체투과테이프에의 접착, 모서리 이탈성, 습한조건하에서의 퇴화저항성, 기계적모래치기(mechanical sanding), 방치수명(shelf life), 해빙안정성등이다. The subject of the test is the ease of trowel embodiment (ease of trowel application) hand sand stroke property (hand sanding properties), cracking resistance, adhesion to the liquid-permeable tape, edge releasability, degradation resistance under humid conditions, mechanical sand stroke (mechanical sanding ), such as a left life (shelf life), thaw stability.

실시예 1-6의 결합제는 모든 테스트에서 뛰어난 성질을 나타냈다. The binding agents of Examples 1-6 exhibited excellent properties in all the tests. 사실상 실시예 1-6에서 제조된 결합제는 뛰어난 접착 및 균열 저항성을 가지기 때문에 통상의 결합제에서 균열을 막기위해 요구되며 최종결합제의 단가를 높이는 운모를 사용할 필요가 없는 것이다. In fact, embodiments of the binder prepared in Example 1-6 will be required to prevent cracking in conventional binders do not need to use a mica increase the final cost of the binder due to its excellent adhesion and crack resistance.

[실시예 7] Example 7

결합제는 공장규모로 공장 설비장치를 사용하여 제조하였다. Binding agent, it is prepared using the plant equipment to plant scale. 결합제를 생성하기 위한 설비조작은 실시예 1-6에 의해 서술된 실험실제조에 사용된 것과 흡사하다. Equipment operation for generating a binder is similar to the one used in the laboratory production described by the following examples 1-6. 다만 큰 설비가 사용되며 각 성분들이 다량으로 사용된다는 점이 다르다. However, using a large facility, and differs in that the components are used in a large amount. 공정 진행에 있어서, 우선 물이 큰 혼합기에 채워진다. In the process proceeds, water is first filled in the large mixer. 그리고 나서 접착제 및 방부제가 추가되어 함께 혼합된다. And then mixed together with the addition of adhesives and preservatives. 혼합기는 그뒤 작동을 하게되고 점토, 탄산칼슘, 퍼얼라이트등 다른 고체물은 혼합기의 윗부분으로 주입된다. He then works as a mixer and clay, calcium carbonate, pearlite other solid water is injected into the top of the mixer. 이들 성분은 약 15-20분간 함께 혼합된다. These components are mixed with approximately 15 to 20 minutes. 이 시간의 막바지에 물이 추가로 주입되며 결합제의 점도를 맞추기위해 구성물과 혼합된다. Injecting additional water at the end of this time, and is mixed with the composition to suit the viscosity of the binder. 이 물질은 그뒤 수송을 위해 컨테이너에 적재된다. The material is loaded into a container for transporting He then. 결합제의 구성은 아래 도표 Ⅱ에 나타나 있다. Configuration of the binder are shown in the following Table Ⅱ.

Figure kpo00002

위에서와 같이 제조된 결합제는 실시예 1-6에 대하여 위에 열거한 모든 테스트를 받았으며, 이결합제는 모든 테스트에서 뛰어난 성질을 갖는 것으로 밝혀졌다. Exemplary is a binder prepared as described above for Examples 1-6 received by all the tests listed above, the binding agents were found to have excellent properties in all the tests.

비록운모가 사용되지 않았다하더라고 접착 및 비균열성이 매우좋다. Although hadeorago Mica did not use adhesive and non-crack resistance is very good. 이 실험의 결과는 본 발명의 결합제, 특히 실시예 7에서 제조된 결합제가 상업용으로 탁월하게 적당하다는 것을 나타낸다. The results of this experiment indicate that the combination produced in the binder, especially a seventh embodiment of the present invention that I eminently suitable for commercial use.

아래도표 Ⅲ은 본 발명에 따라 유용한 경량결합제를 생산하는데 사용되는 여러가지 성분들간의 상, 하한선을 나타낸다. Ⅲ following Table shows the upper and lower limits between the various ingredients used for the production of light-weight binder useful in accordance with the present invention. 이 물질들은 조성비에서 건조성분이 중량퍼센트로 기재되어 있다. These materials have dry components are described as weight percent of the composition. 공급된 에멀젼 접합재 또는 다른 성분들은 그 퍼센트에서 수분을 포함시키지 않았으며 단지 에멀젼의 고체용량이나 활성부분만을 기술하였다. The supplied bonding material or other emulsion components did not include any moisture in the percentage was only describe only the solid dose or active portion of the emulsion.

Figure kpo00003

본 발명의 경량 결합제는 선행기술에서 알려진 결합제보다 많은 잇점을 가지고 있다. Weight binding agents of the present invention has a number of advantages over known binder in the art.

가장 큰 잇점은 물질의 중량이 종래의 결합제보다 가볍다는 것이다. The biggest advantage is that the weight of a material lighter than the conventional binding agent. 결과적으로운반비가 절감되는 것이다. As a result, transportation costs will be the costs. 덧붙여서 이러한 중량의 가벼움 때문에, 결합제는 양동이(Bucket), 흙손(trowel) 혹은 바쥬카(bazooka)로 쉽게 옮겨지며 근로자가 쉽게 일을 할 수 있는 것이다. In addition, because of the light weight of these, the binder becomes easily transferred to a bucket (Bucket), float (trowel) or bar jyuka (bazooka) is that employees can easily work.

결합제가 가해지고 건조된 후,이는 종래의 결합제보다 모래치기가 훨씬 쉬우며모래치기후 매끈하게 처리된 벽이 얻어진다. After the binder is applied is dried, which said sand stroke much easier than a conventional binder is obtained a smooth wall treatment after sand stroke.

본 발명의 결합제는 또한 수축율이 낮다는 점에서 통상의 결합제보다 큰 잇점이 있다. Binding agents of the present invention also has great advantages over conventional binders in that the shrinkage is low.

이러한 성질로 인하여, 균열을 피하기위해 통상의 결합제에 사용하는 성분인 활석이나 운모를 사용할 필요가 없다. Due to this property, it is not necessary to use the component is talc or mica to be used in conventional binders in order to avoid cracks.

본 발명의 결합제는 뛰어난 접착성 및 뛰어난 도포성을 가진다. The binding agents of the present invention has excellent adhesion, and excellent application properties. 사실상 석고판금속코너비드(beads)를 덮기위하여 종래의 결합제에서 주로 요구되는 통상적인 3번의 도포를 2번도포로 줄일 수 있다는것이 발견되었으며 이로인하여 인력및 재료비 절감이 되는 것이다. In fact, it is the gypsum board metal corner beads (beads) to that in the conventional binding agent to reduce the conventional three captive applied 2 times commonly required to cover was found Due to this labor and material costs.

Claims (30)

  1. 탄산칼슘 및 황산칼슘으로부터 선택된 충진재 ; Filler selected from calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate; 비평준화제 ; Bipyeongjunhwa claim; 결합제 건조중량의 약 3.5-20%의 비율로 존재하며 물에 영향받지 않게 처리된 팽창 퍼얼라이트 ; Present in a proportion of about 3.5-20% of the weight of dry binder and does not affect the water-treated expanded pearlite; 농조화제 ; Thickeners; 접합재 ; The bonding material; 및 결합제의 적정 점도를 조절하기 위한 물을 구성성분으로 포함하는, 인접한 벽판 모서리사이의 이음매를 마무리질하는데 사용되는 경량결합제. And, light weight binding agent used to be complete the seam between the adjacent edge wall plate containing the water component to adjust the appropriate viscosity of the binder.
  2. 팽창 퍼얼라이트가 실리콘 화합물로 처리된 것인, 청구범위 1에 따른 경량 결합제. The expanded pearlite is being treated with a silicone compound, light weight binding agent according to claims 1.
  3. 결합제 건조중량의 약 38-93%가 충진재로 구성된, 청구범위 2에 따른 경량 결합제. About 38-93% of the dry weight of the binder is comprised of a filler, weight binder according to claims 2.
  4. 충진재가 탄산칼슘인, 청구범위 3에 따른 경량결합제. The filler is calcium carbonate, light weight binding agent according to claims 3.
  5. 충진재가 황산칼슘인, 청구범위 3에 따른 경량결합제. The filler is calcium sulfate, light weight binding agent according to claims 3.
  6. 비평준화제가 결합제 건조중량의 약 0.5-7%로 포함된, 청구범위 2에 따른 경량 결합제. Bipyeongjunhwa I, the weight binder according to claims 2 comprising about 0.5-7% of binding agent by dry weight.
  7. 비평준화제가 점토(attapulgus clay)인, 청구범위 6에 따른 경량결합제. Bipyeongjunhwa I clay (attapulgus clay) of light weight binding agent according to claims 6.
  8. 비평준화제가 중량비 1 : 5의 점토(clay)와 아미로펙틴전분의 혼합물로 구성된, 청구범위 6에 따른 경량결합제. Bipyeongjunhwa I weight ratio of 1: consisting of clay (clay) and the amides 5 of a mixture of pectin, starch, light weight binding agent according to claims 6.
  9. 접합재가 결합제 건조중량으로 약 0.5-10% 존재구성되는, 청구범위 2에 따른 경량결합제. The bonding material is about 0.5-10% by dry weight of the binder existing light binding agent according to the claims 2 to be configured.
  10. 접합재가 폴리비닐 아세테이트인, 청구범위 9에 따른 경량결합제. A bonding material is polyvinyl acetate, light weight binding agent according to claims 9.
  11. 농조화제의 구성비가 0.3-1.8%인, 청구범위 2에 따른 경량결합제. The ratio of thickening agent is 0.3-1.8% weight binder according to claims 2.
  12. 농조화제가 하이드록시프로필 메틸셀룰로우즈인, 청구범위 11에 따른 경량결합제. Thickener in the woods of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, light weight binding agent according to claims 11.
  13. 농조화제가 하이드록시 에틸셀룰로우즈인, 청구범위 1에 따른 경량결합제. Thickener in the woods of hydroxyethyl cellulose, light weight binding agent according to claims 1.
  14. 본질적으로 운모가 조성에서 제외된, 청구범위 1에 따른 경량결합제. Weight binding agent according to the mica is essentially excluded from the compositions, claims 1.
  15. 탄산칼슘 및 황산칼슘으로부터 선택된 충진재 ; Filler selected from calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate; 비평준화제 ; Bipyeongjunhwa claim; 결합제 건조중량의 약 3.5-25%의 비율로 존재하며 물에 영향을 받지않도록 처리된 팽창퍼얼라이트 ; Present in a proportion of about 3.5-25% of the weight of dry binder and pearlite processed expansion not to be affected in the water; 농조화제 ; Thickeners; 접합재 ; The bonding material; 및 결합제의 적정점도를 조절하기 위한 물을 구성성분으로 포함하는 경량결합제를 가한후 결합제를 건조시키고 이어 매끈한 이음매를 얻기위하여 결합제에 모래질을 행함을 특징으로 하는, 인접한 석고벽판 판넬의 가장자리를 결합하는 방법. And to join the edge of the gypsum wallboard panel adjacent, characterized by doing the sandy the binding agent in order to obtain the proper viscosity and dried and then the binder is added a light-weight binders, including water as a component for adjusting the ear smooth seam of the binder Way.
  16. 팽창퍼얼라이트가 실리콘 화합물로 처리된 것인, 청구범위 15에 따른 방법. The expanded pearlite is being treated with a silicone compound, the process according to claims 15.
  17. 충진제가 결합제 건조중량의 약 38-93%의 비율로 존재하는, 청구범위 16에 따른 방법. Method according to which the filler is present in a proportion of about 38-93% of the binder by dry weight, 16 claims.
  18. 충진재가 탄산칼슘인, 청구범위 17에 따른 방법. The filler is calcium carbonate, the method according to claims 17.
  19. 충진재가 황산칼슘인, 청구범위 17에 따른 방법. The filler is calcium sulphate, the method according to claims 17.
  20. 비평준화제가 결합제 건조중량의 약 0.5-7%의 비율로 존재하는, 청구범위 16에 따른 방법. I bipyeongjunhwa method according to claims 16 to present in a proportion of about 0.5-7% of binding agent by dry weight.
  21. 비평준화제가 점토(attapulgas clay)인, 청구범위 20에 따른 방법. Bipyeongjunhwa I clay (clay attapulgas) The method according to claims 20.
  22. 비평준화제가 중량비 1 : 5의 점토(Clay)와 아미로펙틴전분의 혼합물로 구성된 것인, 청구범위 20에서 따른 방법. Bipyeongjunhwa I weight ratio of 1: would consisting of clay (Clay) and the amides 5 of a mixture of pectin, starch, in the method according to claims 20.
  23. 접합재가 결합재 건조중량의 약 0.5-10%의 비율로 존재하는, 청구범위 16에 따른 방법. The bonding material is present in a proportion of about 0.5-10% of the binder by dry weight, the process according to claims 16.
  24. 접합재가 폴리비닐 아세테이트인, 청구범위 16에 따른 방법. A bonding material is polyvinyl acetate, the method according to claims 16.
  25. 농조화제가 결합제 건조중량의 약 0.3-1.8%의 비율로 존재하는, 청구범위 16에 따른 방법. The thickener is present in a proportion of about 0.3-1.8% of the dry weight of the binder, the method according to claims 16.
  26. 농조화제가 하이드록시프로필메틸셀룰로우즈인, 청구범위 25에 따른 방법. Thickener in the woods of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, the method according to claims 25.
  27. 농조화제가 하이드록시에틸셀룰로우즈인, 청구범위 25에 따른 방법. The method according to claims 25, the thickener Woods as hydroxyethyl cellulose.
  28. 결합제 조성에서 본질적으로 운모가 제외된 것인, 청구범위 15에 따른 방법. The method according to claims 15 to essentially the mica is excluded from the binder composition.
  29. 실리콘 화합물이 폴리디메틸 실록산인, 청구범위 2에 따른 경량결합제. The silicone compound is a polydimethylsiloxane, light weight binding agent according to claims 2.
  30. 실리콘 화합물이 폴리디메틸실록산인, 청구범위 16에 따른 방법. The silicone compound is polydimethylsiloxane, the method according to claims 16.
KR8305835A 1982-12-20 1983-12-09 Light weight joint compound KR860001881B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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US06/450,823 US4454267A (en) 1982-12-20 1982-12-20 Lightweight joint compound
US450823 1999-11-29

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JP (1) JPH0480958B2 (en)
KR (1) KR860001881B1 (en)
AU (1) AU571473B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1190342A (en)
DE (1) DE3372373D1 (en)
DK (1) DK164111C (en)
ES (1) ES8605017A1 (en)
FI (1) FI76101C (en)
GB (1) GB2132185B (en)
IE (1) IE56439B1 (en)
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EP0128157A4 (en) 1985-07-30
DK164111C (en) 1992-10-05
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DE3372373D1 (en) 1987-08-13
DK164111B (en) 1992-05-11
EP0128157B1 (en) 1987-07-08
IE832992L (en) 1984-06-20
CA1190342A1 (en)
FI843006A0 (en) 1984-07-27
EP0128157A1 (en) 1984-12-19
MX164897B (en) 1992-09-30
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DK394884D0 (en) 1984-08-17
CA1190342A (en) 1985-07-09
GB2132185B (en) 1986-09-10
GB2132185A (en) 1984-07-04
AU571473B2 (en) 1988-04-21
ES8605017A1 (en) 1986-02-16
KR840006959A (en) 1984-12-04
ES528149A0 (en) 1986-02-16
JPS60500134A (en) 1985-01-31
IE56439B1 (en) 1991-07-31
NZ206023A (en) 1986-07-11
GB8332700D0 (en) 1984-01-11
JPH0480958B2 (en) 1992-12-21
WO1984002531A1 (en) 1984-07-05
US4454267A (en) 1984-06-12
DK394884A (en) 1984-08-17
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AU2202683A (en) 1984-07-17

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