KR20160130562A - Orthosis for degenerative joint disease and person who are an uncomfortable to walking - Google Patents

Orthosis for degenerative joint disease and person who are an uncomfortable to walking Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20160130562A
KR20160130562A KR1020150062454A KR20150062454A KR20160130562A KR 20160130562 A KR20160130562 A KR 20160130562A KR 1020150062454 A KR1020150062454 A KR 1020150062454A KR 20150062454 A KR20150062454 A KR 20150062454A KR 20160130562 A KR20160130562 A KR 20160130562A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
support
protector
fixing
calf
orthosis
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Application number
KR1020150062454A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
유영수
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유영수
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Priority to KR1020150062454A priority Critical patent/KR20160130562A/en
Publication of KR20160130562A publication Critical patent/KR20160130562A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/008Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about using suspension devices for supporting the body in an upright walking or standing position, e.g. harnesses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/165Wearable interfaces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/12Feet

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Epidemiology (AREA)
  • Pain & Pain Management (AREA)
  • Physical Education & Sports Medicine (AREA)
  • Rehabilitation Therapy (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Orthopedics, Nursing, And Contraception (AREA)
  • Rehabilitation Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention can reduce the pressure of the weight concentrated on the knees by fixing the thighs, and it is possible to reduce the force required for muscles and tendons by supporting the ankle joint by wrapping and fixing the calf, The present invention relates to an orthosis for regressive wrist joints and gait disabilities that can minimize unnecessary movements by using fastening means for wrapping the soles of the feet and the foot, and includes a support portion 10 for supporting the thighs to support the pressure of the body weight, A control unit 20 connected to the lower end of the support unit 10 to support and secure the calf and to support the ankle joint and a fixing unit 20 connected to the lower end of the control unit 20 to enclose the foot and the foot, 30). ≪ / RTI >

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to an orthosis for degenerative joints and gait disabilities,

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to an orthosis for a degenerative joint and a gait disorder, which are provided in a structure in which a knee and an ankle joint auxiliary unit are integrated in order to specialize related structures so that assembly can be carried out in a more improved form, It relates to the technical idea of the orthosis.

More specifically, it is possible to reduce the pressure of the weight concentrated on the knees by fixing the thighs, and it is also possible to reduce the force required for the muscles and tendons by supporting the ankle joint by holding and fixing the calf, The present invention relates to an orthosis for degenerative joints and gait disabilities that can minimize unnecessary movements by using fastening means for wrapping the soles of the feet and the foot.

Generally, the orthosis is used for the patients who have undergone knee or orthopedic wound healing, and it is applied to the knee and its surroundings to control and secure the lateral movement of the knee joint, Restricting or correcting the pain of the knee joint, preventing the recurrence of knee injury by a generally controllable method, as well as alleviating the progression and pain of arthritis of the knee.

Here, osteoarthritis is an inflammation caused by weakening the ability of cartilage constituting the knee to protect the joint from external impact, and when such inflammation occurs, the weight concentrated by gravity and the injured knee joint This causes severe pain by the applied friction.

For example, Korean Patent Registration No. 20-0412396 discloses an " orthopedic knee joint assist device ".

An orthopedic knee joint ancillary device having an upper assembly that supports the thigh in response to an anatomical configuration and a lower assembly that is spaced apart from the lower portion of the upper assembly, And a pair of damping pivot assemblies that connect opposite ends of the damping pivot assembly to each other with reference to both sides of the damping pivot assembly, wherein the damping pivot assembly includes a multiple pivot linkage structure and a guide damping cushion structure corresponding to the joint motion of the knee joint As shown in FIG.

Conventionally, in order to reduce knee pain, a method of wrapping a knee with an elastic fiber such as a compression bandage is widely used. However, blood circulation is not smooth and it is difficult to re-wear the knee once it is removed.

In order to compensate for these disadvantages, there have been provided various types of structures and designs in which a support bar is mounted on the left and right sides of the leg, and a hinge structure is formed so that a portion corresponding to the knee can be bent.

However, all of the conventional technical ideas including the above-mentioned registration practice are intended to reduce the pain of the knee joint. In addition to the limitation of the use of the walking uncomfortable patient other than the surgical patient, there is a problem in that the calf and ankle joint pain And may result in a large amount of energy being consumed by the knee and ankle joints in exercises such as fast walking or mountain climbing.

Disclosure of Invention Technical Problem [8] Accordingly, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a support force capable of relieving pain in a knee by reducing a weight pressure.

Another challenge is to connect the calf and ankle with a spring and a clutch so that elasticity can be used to reduce the force required to roll the calf muscles and tendons.

In addition, it is another problem to provide an appropriate coupling means so as to be able to fix the orthosis in the state of wearing shoes, so that the fitting type can be easily induced.

A control unit 20 connected to a lower end of the support unit 10 to support the calf and to support the ankle joint, And a fixing unit 30 connected to the lower end of the arm 20 and fastening the foot and the foot by wrapping them.

The support portion 10 includes a first protector 11 having an elliptical shape with one side open, a plurality of first compression holes 12 provided at both ends of the first protector 11, A pair of supporting rods 13 connected to the guards 11 and horizontally arranged to fix between the thighs and the knees, a rotation portion 14 provided to support the supporting rods 13 in the same motion as the thighs; And a control unit.

The control unit 20 includes a pair of support bars 21 horizontally arranged to support the calf, an elliptical second support bar 22 assembled inside the support bar 21, A plurality of second pressing holes 23 provided at both ends of the protector 22 and a plurality of second pressing holes 23 provided at both ends of the protector 22; a coupling portion 24 connected to one end of the fixing table 21; A spring 26 connected diagonally to the center of the second protector 22 from the center of the auxiliary pole 25 and a second protector 25 wound around the second protector 22, And a clutch (27) fastened to the outer side of the clutch (27).

In particular, the fixing part 30 includes a connection cord 31 whose length is adjustable, and a fastening unit 32 which is assembled at the end of the connection cord 31 and can be fitted to the fastening part 32 do.

According to the present invention configured as described above, it is possible to reduce the pressure of the body weight, thereby exerting a supporting force capable of relieving the pain in the knee, and in addition, It is effective.

In addition, by connecting the calf and ankle with the spring and clutch, elasticity can be used to reduce the force required to roll the calf muscles and tendons to the ground, so that the walking cycle of the stance and wakefulness can be corrected. The efficiency is maximized in all aspects of exercise.

In particular, since the fitting means can be provided to fix the orthosis in a state where the shoe is worn, it is possible to easily induce the fitting type, thereby minimizing inconvenience in wearing and detaching, and in addition, A great advantage is expected in use.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an orthosis for a degenerative joint and a walking discomfort according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
2 to 3 are exploded perspective views of the essential part of Fig.
Fig. 4 is a view showing the state of use of the fixing part, which is another essential part of the present invention. Fig.

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the present invention will be described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments.

In addition, advantages and features of the present invention and methods of achieving them will be apparent from and elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, it is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, but may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. It is intended that the disclosure of the present invention be limited only by the terms of the appended claims. And, throughout the specification, like reference numerals refer to like elements.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an orthosis for a degenerative joint and a gait discomfort according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and FIGS. 2 to 3 are exploded perspective views of the essential part.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to an orthosis for a degenerative joint and a gait disorder, which are provided in a structure in which a knee and an ankle joint auxiliary unit are integrated in order to specialize related structures so that assembly can be carried out in a more improved form, Related to the technical idea of the auxiliary device 100. Fig.

Above all, it is possible to reduce the pressure of the weight concentrated on the knees by fixing the thighs, and it can also reduce the force required for muscles and tendons by supporting the ankle joint by holding and fixing the calf. The present invention is directed to an orthosis 100 for degenerative joints and gait disabilities that can minimize unnecessary movement by use of fastening means that surround the soles and feet of a person.

As shown in FIG. 1, the orthosis 100 for the degenerative joint and the gait is provided with a support 10 for supporting the thigh to support the pressure of the body weight, And a fixing unit 30 connected to the lower end of the regulating unit 20 to enclose the foot and the foot and fasten the same.

In particular, the support 10 includes an elliptical first protector 11 having one open side, a plurality of first compression holes 12 vertically provided at both ends of the first protector 11, A pair of supporting rods 13 connected to the guards 11 and horizontally arranged to fix between the thighs and the knees, a rotation portion 14 provided to support the supporting rods 13 in the same motion as the thighs; And is characterized in that it is constituted by including.

The first protector surrounds the thigh and fixes the thigh using a fastening means such as a string to at least two first pressing holes provided at both ends of the first protector, and serves as a skeleton of the thigh due to the support, Due to the corresponding disposition of the rotating parts,

In other words, it is effective to reduce the pressure of the weight and to exert the supporting force capable of relieving the pain in the knee, thereby enabling the walking of the patient and the elderly.

The control unit 20 includes a pair of support bars 21 horizontally arranged to support the calf, an elliptical second support bar 22 assembled inside the support bar 21, A plurality of second pressing holes 23 provided at both ends of the protector 22 and a plurality of second pressing holes 23 provided at both ends of the protector 22; a coupling portion 24 connected to one end of the fixing table 21; A spring 26 connected diagonally to the center of the second protector 22 from the center of the auxiliary pole 25 and a second protector 25 wound around the second protector 22, And a clutch (27) fastened to the outer side of the clutch (27).

Also,

In order to overcome the problems of the conventional ankle, the knee is wrapped with elastic fibers such as a compression bandage to reduce knee pain. However, The blood circulation is not smooth, and there is a great difficulty in re-wiping after the removal, and there are restrictions on the use of the gait other than the surgical patient, and the weight pressure causes calf and ankle joint pain , Which results in a large amount of energy being consumed by the knee and ankle joints in exercises such as fast walking or climbing.

In contrast to this, according to the present invention, it is possible to reduce the weight pressure concentrated on the knee by fixing and tightening the thigh, and it is possible to reduce the force required for muscles and tendons by supporting the ankle joint by wrapping and fixing the calf, The use of the fastening means for wrapping the soles of the feet and the foot in a state can maximize the efficiency in terms of minimizing unnecessary movements.

In addition, the present invention provides an associated fastening means for fastening the orthosis in the state of wearing shoes, thereby facilitating an easy fit. The reference drawing related thereto is 4, and detailed technical ideas relating to the fixed portion will be described based on the above drawings.

Fig. 4 is a view showing the state of use of the fixing part, which is another essential part of the present invention.

The fixing part 30 includes a connection cord 31 whose length is adjustable and a fastening part 32 which is assembled at the end of the connection cord 31 and can be fitted to each other.

In this case, the fixing part can be fixed regardless of the size or shape of the shoe because the connecting straps provided on both sides of the shoe are crossed at the bottom surface of the shoe so as to surround the foot,

In other words, it is possible to easily provide an engaging coupling by providing the related engaging means so that the auxiliary device can be fixed while the shoe is worn, thereby minimizing inconvenience in wearing and detaching, A great advantage is expected in use.

In contrast to this, according to the present invention, since the supporting part and the adjusting part can be combined to perform a complex function as compared with a general orthosis performing only a single function, it can be used in various applications such as a hospital physical therapy room, a public health center, a disabled facility, Which leads to maximization of efficiency.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, but, on the contrary, Should be clarified. Therefore, it is intended that the present invention cover the modifications and variations of this invention provided they come within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.

10. Support 11. Protector 1.
12. First compression hole 13. Support
14. Rotation part 20. Adjustment part
21. Fixture 22. The second protector
23. Second compression hole 24. Coupling portion
25. Accessory 26. Spring
27. Clutch 30. Fixing
31. Connecting strap 32. Connecting means
100. Orthoses for Degenerative Joints and Gait Disabilities

Claims (4)

A control unit 20 connected to a lower end of the support unit 10 to support the calf and to support the ankle joint, And a fixing part (30) connected to a lower end of the body part (20) to tightly fasten the foot and the foot.
The method according to claim 1,
The support portion 10 includes an elliptical first protector 11 whose one side is open, a plurality of first compression holes 12 provided at both ends of the first protector 11, A pair of support rods 13 connected to the support 11 and configured to horizontally arrange between the thighs and the knees and a rotation portion 14 provided to support the support rods 13 in the same motion as the thighs Characterized in that the ankle joint is comprised of an ankle joint.
The method according to claim 1,
The control unit 20 includes a pair of support members 21 horizontally arranged to support the calf, an elliptical second support member 22 assembled inside the support member 21, A plurality of second pressing holes 23 provided at both ends of the fixing table 21 and a pair of second pressing holes 23 provided at both ends of the fixing table 21; A spring 26 connected at an angle to the center of the second protector 22 from the center of the auxiliary pole 25 and a cord connected to the outer side of the second protector 25, And a clutch (27) fastened to the base (20).
The method according to claim 1,
The fixing part 30 includes a connection cord 31 whose length can be adjusted and a fastening part 32 which is assembled at the end of the connection cord 31 and can be fitted to each other. Orthoses for joints and walking disabilities.
KR1020150062454A 2015-05-04 2015-05-04 Orthosis for degenerative joint disease and person who are an uncomfortable to walking KR20160130562A (en)

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KR1020150062454A KR20160130562A (en) 2015-05-04 2015-05-04 Orthosis for degenerative joint disease and person who are an uncomfortable to walking

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KR1020150062454A KR20160130562A (en) 2015-05-04 2015-05-04 Orthosis for degenerative joint disease and person who are an uncomfortable to walking

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3315638A1 (en) 2016-07-11 2018-05-02 Ecopro Bm Co., Ltd. Lithium complex oxide for lithium secondary battery positive active material and method of preparing the same
CN108904225A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-11-30 广州市章和智能科技有限责任公司 Step device and walking rehabilitation training robot
KR102337390B1 (en) * 2021-03-24 2021-12-08 이춘식 Walking assistance apparatus for lower limb

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3315638A1 (en) 2016-07-11 2018-05-02 Ecopro Bm Co., Ltd. Lithium complex oxide for lithium secondary battery positive active material and method of preparing the same
CN108904225A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-11-30 广州市章和智能科技有限责任公司 Step device and walking rehabilitation training robot
KR102337390B1 (en) * 2021-03-24 2021-12-08 이춘식 Walking assistance apparatus for lower limb

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