KR20100108410A - Standing-position type passive exercise machine - Google Patents

Standing-position type passive exercise machine Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20100108410A
KR20100108410A KR1020107016848A KR20107016848A KR20100108410A KR 20100108410 A KR20100108410 A KR 20100108410A KR 1020107016848 A KR1020107016848 A KR 1020107016848A KR 20107016848 A KR20107016848 A KR 20107016848A KR 20100108410 A KR20100108410 A KR 20100108410A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
foot support
left foot
right foot
motion
left
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020107016848A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
다카오 고토
이즈미 미하라
요이치 시노미야
다카히사 오자와
가즈히로 오치
Original Assignee
파나소닉 전공 주식회사
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Priority to JP2007341354 priority Critical
Priority to JPJP-P-2007-341354 priority
Application filed by 파나소닉 전공 주식회사 filed Critical 파나소닉 전공 주식회사
Publication of KR20100108410A publication Critical patent/KR20100108410A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/16Platforms for rocking motion about a horizontal axis, e.g. axis through the middle of the platform; Balancing drums; Balancing boards or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/005Moveable platform, e.g. vibrating or oscillating platform for standing, sitting, laying, leaning
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/14Platforms for reciprocating rotating motion about a vertical axis, e.g. axis through the middle of the platform
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0405Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs involving a bending of the knee and hip joints simultaneously
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/08Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs for ankle joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B26/00Exercising apparatus not covered by groups A63B1/00 - A63B25/00
    • A63B26/003Exercising apparatus not covered by groups A63B1/00 - A63B25/00 for improving balance or equilibrium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1207Driving means with electric or magnetic drive
    • A61H2201/1215Rotary drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/14Special force transmission means, i.e. between the driving means and the interface with the user
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/14Special force transmission means, i.e. between the driving means and the interface with the user
    • A61H2201/1418Cam
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1657Movement of interface, i.e. force application means
    • A61H2201/1664Movement of interface, i.e. force application means linear
    • A61H2201/1666Movement of interface, i.e. force application means linear multidimensional
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1657Movement of interface, i.e. force application means
    • A61H2201/1676Pivoting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2203/00Additional characteristics concerning the patient
    • A61H2203/04Position of the patient
    • A61H2203/0406Standing on the feet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg
    • A61H2205/106Leg for the lower legs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/08Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs for ankle joints
    • A63B23/085Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs for ankle joints by rotational movement of the joint in a plane substantially parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane

Abstract

The passive exercise assisting device includes a left foot support, a right foot support, and a drive unit. The left foot support and the right foot support are configured to support each of the user's left and right feet. The drive unit is configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support to give the left foot support and the right foot support an interlocking motion with each other. The drive unit includes at least one of a horizontal motion imparting mechanism and a rotational motion imparting mechanism. The horizontal motion imparting mechanism is configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support in the left and right directions. The rotational motion imparting mechanism is configured to rotate the left foot support and the right foot support about the horizontal axis. The passive exercise assisting apparatus further includes a vertical motion imparting mechanism configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support in the vertical direction.

Description

Standing passive exercise equipment {STANDING-POSITION TYPE PASSIVE EXERCISE MACHINE}

The present invention relates to a passive exercise assisting device for training the muscles of the lower legs.

Japanese Patent Utility Model No. 3112751 and Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2002-253700 disclose a conventional exercise assisting device for training muscle strength of the lower limb. This conventional exercise device of stepping type is a device that a user uses to easily train the lower limb at home. Conventional exercise assisting devices of the stepping type include a left foot support, a right foot support, a spring, and an air cylinder. The user places the user's left foot and the right foot on the left foot support and the right foot support, respectively. Thereafter, the user moves the left foot and the right foot up and down alternately. As such, the user uses a stepping exercise assisting device. By using this stepping exercise assisting device, the user can exercise similar to walking. As a result, the user can promote health.

However, when the user uses this conventional exercise assisting device, the user must step on the left foot support and the right foot support by themselves. When the user steps on the left foot support and the right foot support of the conventional exercise equipment, the user bends and stretches the knee joint. Therefore, it is difficult for a person or elderly person with knee pain to use a conventional exercise device of stepping type. In addition, the use of stepping-type conventional exercise equipment is required to move actively. That is, a user of a conventional exercise device must involve efforts to continue exercising. This effort is a burden on the user. Also, the simple vertical movement of the left foot support and the right foot support is not fun. Thus, the user easily gives up the exercise.

The present invention is to solve the above problems. It is an object of the present invention to manufacture passive passive exercise assisting devices. This standing passive exercise device gives a passive exercise that moves up and down to the left leg and the right leg, thereby strengthening the user's body balance and lower extremity strength.

In order to solve the said subject, the standing passive exercise assisting apparatus of this invention contains a left foot support, a right foot support, and a drive unit. The left foot support and the right foot support are configured to support the user's left and right feet, respectively. The drive unit is configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support, to impart motion to each other to the left foot support and the right foot support. The drive unit includes at least one of a horizontal motion applying mechanism or a rotation motion applying mechanism. The drive unit also includes a vertical motion applying mechanism. The horizontal motion imparting mechanism is configured to impart horizontal motion to the left foot support and the right foot support to move the left foot support and the right foot support in the horizontal direction. The rotational motion imparting mechanism is configured to impart rotational motion to rotate each of the left foot support and the right foot support about a horizontal axis along the horizontal direction. The up-and-down motion imparting mechanism imparts up and down motion to the left foot support and the right foot support in synchronization with the horizontal motion or the rotational motion, so that the left foot support and the right foot support are moved by the horizontal motion imparting mechanism or rotated by the rotational motion imparting mechanism. And the right foot support in the vertical direction.

In this case, the standing passive exercise assisting device is configured to slid the user's left foot and right foot passively along the horizontal direction by the horizontal motion applying mechanism while the user stands on the left foot support and the right foot support. Or the passive passive exercise assisting device is configured to passively dorsiflex the knee joint by rotating the left and right feet about each horizontal axis while the user stands on the left and right foot supports. In addition, the horizontal slide movement or the rotational movement causes the user's weight shift. Therefore, the up and down motion imparting mechanism is configured to impart an up and down motion simultaneously with the horizontal slide motion or the rotational motion with respect to the left foot support and the right foot support. As a result, the user can improve the balance ability by placing the weight on the foot support while alternately moving the left femoral area and the right thigh. In addition, the balance ability, the ability to support the user's weight with either the left leg or the right leg, and the ability of the muscle strength of the lower leg are all improved by swinging the user's body side to side to break the balance of the user, and the user has fun exercising You can continue. In addition, the passive exercise assisting device provides a three-dimensional motion including a vertical motion in combination with the horizontal motion. Therefore, the exercise effect imparted to the lower leg is increased. In addition, even if the passive exercise assisting device provides three-dimensional motion, the passive exercise assisting device hardly stretches the knee joint. Accordingly, the passive exercise assisting device enables the user to lower the muscle strength of the lower limb without the risk of affecting the knee joint.

The drive unit is preferably configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support such that the left foot support is interlocked with the right foot support.

It is preferable that the vertical motion imparting mechanism includes vertical motion imparting means. The vertical movement imparting means is configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support in the vertical direction. The up and down motion imparting means is configured to change the height of the left foot support relative to the right foot support.

In this case, the vertical movement applying means is configured to impart a seesaw motion to the left foot support and the right foot support to move the left foot support and the right foot support alternately in the up and down direction.

The left foot support and the right foot support are preferably configured to be rotatable about the axis of rotation. The axis of rotation is perpendicular to the horizontal plane.

The passive exercise assisting device preferably also includes a rotate plate. The turntable has a rotation axis. The axis of rotation is perpendicular to the horizontal plane. The turntable rotates around the axis of rotation. Both the left foot support and the right foot support are mounted to the turntable. As a result, the left foot support and the right foot support are rotated when the turntable is rotated. The axis of rotation is located between the left foot support and the right foot support.

In this case, the passive exercise assisting device is configured to give a twisting motion of twisting the superior limb to the lower extremity. As a result, the passive exercise assisting device can stimulate various muscles, such as lower back and lower limbs, especially adducent muscles, so that passive exercise can help the user develop his or her strength more effectively. To exercise.

The vertical movement imparting means, when the horizontal motion imparting mechanism imparts horizontal movement to the left foot support and the right foot support to move the left foot support and the right foot support from the rear to the front, the left foot support imparts up and down motion to the left foot support And to move downward on the right foot support.

In this case, the user's weight acts on the left foot support and the right foot support moving back and forth. Thus, the user can train the balance ability more effectively.

The vertical movement imparting means, when the rotational motion imparting mechanism moves the left foot support from the forward tilting postrue to the backward tilting postrue, imparts up and down motion to the left foot support to provide left foot support. It is preferred to be configured to move downward. The vertical motion applying means is configured to move the right foot support downward by applying the vertical motion to the right foot support when the rotational motion applying mechanism moves the right foot support from the forward inclined posture to the backward inclined posture.

In this case, the user may easily place the weight on the left foot support or the right foot support which is moved downward in an inclined backward position. When the user's weight acts on the left foot support or the right foot support, the user's weight acts on the back of the knee, thus contracting the front of the thigh when the user's weight acts on the left foot support or the right foot support. In this way, the passive exercise assisting device effectively imparts flexion exercise to the knee joint.

The vertical movement imparting means is preferably configured to move the left foot support downward by applying the vertical motion to the left foot support when the rotational motion imparting mechanism moves the left foot support from the inclined backward position to the forward inclined position. The up-and-down motion imparting means is preferably configured to move the right foot support downward by applying the up and down motion to the right foot support when the rotational motion imparting mechanism moves the right foot support from the inclined backward position to the forward inclined position.

In this case, the user may easily put the weight on the left foot support or the right foot support which is moved downward in an inclined forward position. When the user's weight acts on the left foot support or the right foot support, the user's weight acts on the back of the knee, so that the front of the thigh contracts when the user's weight acts on the left foot support or the right foot support. In this way, the passive exercise assisting device effectively imparts flexion exercise to the knee joint.

These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the best mode for carrying out the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

1 is a passive exercise assisting device of the standing embodiment of the present invention. The passive exercise assisting apparatus of FIG. 1 includes a left foot support and a right foot support which are movable in the vertical direction.
2 is an explanatory view of the left foot support and the right foot support. The left foot support and the right foot support are moved in the vertical direction by the vertical movement applying means.
Fig. 3 (a) is a plan view of the horizontal slide motion applying mechanism of the embodiment.
3 (b) is an explanatory diagram showing a base plate supported like a scale.
3 (c) is an explanatory view showing the foot support moving downward when the foot support moves forward.
It is a top view explaining the horizontal slide motion provision mechanism and the rotational motion provision mechanism of another embodiment.
4B is an explanatory view showing a base board supported like a scale.
4C is an explanatory diagram of a low flexion motion for flexing an knee joint.
5A is an explanatory view of the foot support. In FIG. 5A the foot support is in an inclined backward position and is moved downward.
5B is an explanatory view of the foot support. In FIG. 5B the foot support is in an inclined forward position and is moved downwards.
It is explanatory drawing of the passive exercise assisting apparatus which includes a twist rotation means and a vertical movement provision means.
6B is an explanatory view showing a base board supported like a scale.
6C is an explanatory diagram showing a mechanism and a turntable. The turntable supports the foot support. The mechanism includes a motor configured to rotate the turntable.
7 is a view showing the rotating mechanism.
8 is an explanatory diagram of a horizontal slide motion applying mechanism according to still another embodiment.
It is explanatory drawing of the horizontal slide motion provision mechanism of another embodiment.
It is explanatory drawing of the horizontal slide motion provision mechanism of another embodiment.
It is explanatory drawing of the vertical motion provision mechanism of another embodiment.
It is explanatory drawing of the vertical motion provision mechanism of another embodiment.
It is explanatory drawing of the vertical motion provision mechanism of another embodiment.
It is explanatory drawing of the vertical motion provision mechanism of another embodiment.
11C is an explanatory view of the vertical motion applying means including a motor configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support separately, respectively.
It is explanatory drawing of the said up-and-down movement provision means.
It is explanatory drawing of the said up-and-down movement provision means.

EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION Hereinafter, this invention is demonstrated based on an accompanying drawing.

The passive exercise assisting device 5 of the present invention includes a left foot support 1, a right foot support 2, and a drive unit. The left foot support 1 is shaped to support the user's left foot A1. The right foot support 2 is shaped to support the user's right foot A2. The drive unit is configured to impart movement to the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 such that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 interlock with each other. The drive unit includes at least one of a horizontal motion imparting mechanism and a rotational motion imparting mechanism. The rotational motion applying mechanism is configured to impart a rotational motion for rotating the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 around the horizontal axis 3 to each of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2. The horizontal axis 3 extends along the horizontal plane. Moreover, a drive unit contains a vertical motion provision mechanism. The up-and-down motion applying mechanism performs the up-and-down motion of moving the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 in the up-down direction B to the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 in synchronization with the horizontal motion or the rotational motion. It is configured to grant.

1 to 3 show one embodiment of a passive exercise assisting device of standing. 1 is a schematic view of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 which are individually movable in the vertical direction. 2 is a schematic view of the left foot support 1, the right foot support 2, and the vertical motion applying means 13 of the vertical motion applying mechanism. The vertical movement imparting means 13 is configured to move the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 separately in the up and down direction. 3 is a schematic view of a standing passive exercise assisting device which also includes a horizontal slide motion applying mechanism 11 and a vertical motion applying means 13.

The horizontal slide motion giving mechanism 11 shown in FIG. 3 is equivalent to the horizontal motion giving mechanism. The horizontal slide motion applying mechanism 11 moves the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 forward and backward and left and right directions so that the combination of the trajectory of the left foot support 1 and the trajectory of the right foot support 2 draws a V shape. It is also configured to move. As a result, the horizontal slide exercise applying mechanism 11 stretches the leg muscles of the user. The horizontal slide motion applying mechanism 11 includes a base plate 6, a rail 8 on the left side and a rail 8 on the right side. The rail 8 on the left side and the rail 8 on the right side are fixed to the upper surface of the base plate 6. The rail 8 on the left side has a longitudinal direction Y1. The rail 8 on the right side has a longitudinal direction Y2. When the left rail 8 and the right rail 8 extend forward, the left rail 8 and the right rail 8 extend in the left direction and the right direction, respectively. Therefore, when the rail 8 on the left side and the rail 8 on the right side extend toward the front, the longitudinal direction Y1 is extended in the longitudinal direction so that the rail 8 on the left side and the rail 8 on the right side extend away from each other. Y2) and intersect at a predetermined angle. When the motor 21 is started, the motor 21 rotates the worm wheel 9 to reciprocate the truck 20 on the left side along the longitudinal direction Y1 of the rail 8 on the left side and also to the right side. The truck 20 is reciprocated along the longitudinal direction Y2 of the rail 8 on the right side. When the truck 20 on the left side and the truck 20 on the right side are moved back, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 which hold the left truck 20 and the right truck 20 respectively are rails on the left side. It reciprocates along the longitudinal direction Y1 and the longitudinal direction Y2 of (8) and the right rail 8.

On the other hand, the vertical motion imparting means 13 shown in FIG. 3 (b) supports the center of the lower surface of the base plate 6 to support the base plate 6 like a scale and to adjust the lower surface of the base plate 6. The center serves as a fulcrum 13a. As a result, the vertical movement applying means 13 is configured to hold the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 so that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 can alternately move up and down like a seesaw movement. do.

It should be noted that the up-and-down movement imparting means 13 moves the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 like a scale that can move like a seesaw when the user's weight is moved to the left foot support 1 or the right foot support 2. It is configured to support. In other words, it is also possible to employ a vertical motion imparting means 13 embodied as a ball or roller. When the ball or roller serves as the pedestal 13a, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are swung 360 degrees with respect to the pedestal 13a. This configuration may also be employed in the following embodiments.

As described above, the standing passive passive exercise assisting apparatus 5 used by the user standing without bending the knee A4 is manufactured. In this passive exercise assisting device 5, when the user A drives the motor while standing on the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are driven to the left foot. The trajectories of the support 1 and the right foot support 2 move to draw a V shape. In addition, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are driven so that the left foot support 1 moves with the right foot support 2 with a phase difference of 180 degrees. By this arrangement, the passive exercise assisting device can provide a pseudo-walking exercise to the user. In addition, when the user trains the walking ability by the passive exercise assisting device, the passive exercise assisting device moves the user's weight in the front-back direction. As a result, the base plate 6 holding the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 is moved like a seesaw. Thus, the user's weight is applied to either the left foot support 1 or the right foot support 2 positioned lower than the other foot support. That is, when the user stands on the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2, the user is in a very unstable balance state. The user then tries to recover from an unstable balance state to maintain balance using the muscles of the whole body. That is, even if the weight of the user is slightly moved by the passive exercise assisting device, the leg muscle of the user initiates an operation for maintaining balance by the command from the brain. As such, the user's brain, motorius, and balance skills are trained. In addition, anti-aging of the brain, motor neuron, and balance ability is also trained. In addition, when the left foot support 1 or the right foot support 2 is moved downward, the load acting on the lower leg A3 is increased. Therefore, the user can train the three-dimensional balance ability by placing the weight on the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 while alternately moving the left thigh and the right thigh. As such, a user using a passive exercise assisting device may be capable of (a) balancing ability while performing pseudo walking exercise, (b) ability to support weight only with left foot A1 or right foot A2, and (c) lower limb ( You can train the strength of A3) at once. Accordingly, the passive exercise assisting device can provide a three-dimensional complex motion including not only two-dimensional motion but also planar motion in combination with motion maintaining balance in the vertical direction. Therefore, the load on the lower surface A3 is increased. The passive exercise assisting device is used by the user in a standing posture, but the user does not need to bend the knee A4. Therefore, there is no possibility that a large load is applied to the knee joint. Therefore, the user can train the muscles of the lower limb without injuring the knee joint. As a result, even the elderly who are difficult to move their weight back and forth can easily use the passive exercise assisting device. Therefore, elderly people can also train walking ability with a passive exercise assistive device.

4A-4C and FIGS. 5A-5B show another embodiment. In the present embodiment, the drive unit includes a rotational motion imparting mechanism 12 in addition to the horizontal slide motion imparting mechanism 11 and the vertical motion imparting means 13. This rotary motion applying mechanism 12 is configured to rotate each of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 around the horizontal axis 3. The horizontal axis 3 extends along the horizontal direction. The horizontal slide motion applying mechanism 11 and the vertical motion applying means 13 are the same as the horizontal slide motion applying mechanism 11 and the vertical motion applying means 13 in FIG. 3, respectively. The rotary motion imparting mechanism 12 is configured to rotate the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 about each horizontal axis 3. By this structure, the rotational motion provision mechanism 12 allows the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 to move to the forward inclination and backward inclination positions, respectively, so that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 can be moved. ) Can provide a rotational movement of tilting the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 together with the horizontal plane. When the feet A1 and A2 are flexed and in a forward tilted position where the toes are positioned lower than the heel, the user's load acts on the front of the knee, causing the back of the thigh to contract. Conversely, when the foot A1 (A2) is flexed (shown in FIG. 5A) so that the heel is in the backward tilting position where it is positioned lower than the toes, the user's load acts on the back of the knee, so that the front of the thigh contracts. do. To impart low buckling motion and back flexing motion, as shown in FIG. 4A, the rotary motion imparting mechanism 12 includes a motor 30 integrally with respect to each of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2. Each motor 30 is configured to rotate forward and backward. Each motor 30 is configured to perform a rotational movement for moving the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) between a forward tilting position and a backward tilting position. The rotational movement of the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) is linked with the V-shaped motion of the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2). For example, the motor 30 is in a position in which the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) moves forward D, or the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) is inclined forward or backward. Move to a tilted position. As a result, the user can perform the low buckling exercise and the back flexion exercise in addition to the V-shaped exercise and the seesaw exercise.

As shown in FIG. 5A, when the left foot support 1 supporting the backed foot A1 is moved downward B1, force is entered into the user's shin to endure the movement of the foot where the user's shin is excavated. As a result, the strength of the knee is strengthened. Meanwhile, as shown in FIG. 5B, when the left foot support 1 supporting the flexed foot A1 moves downward (B1), a force enters the calf of the user and endures the movement of the calf of the user's calf. Serve As a result, the calf's strength is strengthened. In addition, it is possible to reduce the shear force applied to the knee A4 when the foot is bent or bottomed. Therefore, there is no possibility of injuring the knee, so that it is possible to perform the exercise of back and bottom flexion without the risk of knee pain. In addition, when the inclination angle of the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) with respect to the horizontal plane is changed by the motor 30, the inclination angle of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 with respect to the horizontal plane is changed. It is possible to.

In addition, in the present embodiment, when the knee joint is moved and becomes in the refraction state or the low refraction state, the refraction or refraction is performed in the untwisted direction. That is, as shown in Fig. 4C, each horizontal axis 3 is located under each of the heel of the feet A1 and A2. Therefore, the feet A1 and A2 are not subjected to force other than the force in the direction of refraction and low buckling. As a result, there is no possibility of twisting the ankle, so that the user can exercise the back and bottom flexion without the risk of twisting the ankle. This advantage can also be obtained in embodiments other than the present embodiment.

6A to 6C (hereinafter referred to as FIG. 6) and FIG. 7 show yet another embodiment. The passive exercise assisting apparatus of FIG. 6 and FIG. 7 includes the rotational motion provision mechanism 12, the vertical motion provision means 13, and the twist rotation means 15. As shown in FIG. The twist rotating means 15 is configured to rotate the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 around a vertical axis perpendicular to the horizontal plane. It is to be noted that the vertical motion imparting means 13 of Figs. 6 and 7 is the same as the vertical motion imparting means 13 of Fig. 3. On the other hand, the passive exercise assisting apparatus of the present embodiment does not include the horizontal slide movement providing mechanism 11. The rotary motion imparting mechanism 12 of this embodiment shown in FIG. 7 includes a worm 36 and a pair of worm wheels 37. The worm 36 is connected to the output shaft of the motor 35 which is configured to rotate forward and backward. The jab 36 engages a pair of worm wheels 37. Each worm wheel 37 is connected to the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2, respectively. The motor 35 is configured to cause rotation to rotate the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 around the horizontal axis 3, respectively. The twist rotating means 15 shown in FIG. 6A is configured to rotate the rotary disk 7 in the direction indicated by the arrow F with respect to the base panel 6. The left foot support 1 attached to the turntable 7 and the twist rotation means 15 configured to be actively rotated by the user on the right foot support 2 may be employed. Moreover, it is also possible to employ | adopt the twist rotation means 15 comprised so that the rotating disk 7 may be rotated by the motor 40 passively. The rotary disk 7 has a drive shaft 41 for holding the worm wheel 42. The worm wheel 42 meshes with a worm 43 fixed to the output shaft of the motor 40 configured to rotate forward and backward. By this configuration, the twist rotating means 15 is configured to rotate the rotary foot 7 around the drive shaft by the motor 40 which is rotated forward and backward.

Thus, the twist motion which twists the upper limb A5 with respect to the lower limb A3 other than the refraction motion and the low buckling motion by the rotational motion provision mechanism 12 (shown in FIG. 7), and the vertical motion provision means 13 ( It is possible to provide seesaw motions B1 and B2 by way of example). Therefore, the muscles of the lower back A6 and the lower limb A3, particularly the adductor muscle group, can be stimulated, and muscle strength can be enhanced more efficiently. In addition, the passive twist rotation generated by the rotary disk 7 using the motor 40 can strengthen the muscle strength of the lower leg A3. In addition, the passive exercise assisting apparatus of this embodiment does not include a horizontal slide exercise applying mechanism. However, the passive exercise assisting apparatus of the present embodiment may further include a horizontal slide exercise applying mechanism.

The above embodiment imparts a horizontal slide movement configured to move the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 such that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 move along the V-shaped trajectory to cause a V-shaped movement. Show instrument (11). However, the movement of the horizontal slide movement providing mechanism 11 is not limited to this. That is, the horizontal slide motion applying mechanism 11 is necessary only to give horizontal motion to the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 which move the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 in the horizontal direction. 8 and 9A and 9B (hereinafter, referred to as Fig. 9) show respective embodiments.

8 shows a left foot support 1 and a right foot support 2 which are moved in directions parallel to each other. The left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are alternately moved forwardly (D) and rearwardly (C). The left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved along the guide portion 60 and the guide portion 61, respectively. In this embodiment, the motor 50 has an output shaft 51 which is rotated forward and backward. This output shaft 51 has a main gear 52. The main gear 52 meshes with the sub gear 53 and the driven gear 54. The driven gear 53 and the driven gear 54 are arranged on both sides of the main gear 52. The end face of the left foot support 1 is provided with a rack 55 that meshes with the driven gear 53. A cross section of the right foot support 2 is provided with a rack 56 that meshes with the driven gear 54. When the motor 50 is driven to cause reverse rotation, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are alternately moved in the front-rear direction. Therefore, the passive exercise assisting device is suitable for use in pseudo ski training.

FIG. 9 shows that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are driven to move horizontally in the horizontal direction E, so that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 come closer and farther from each other. The left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved along the guide portion 62 and the guide portion 63, respectively. The guide portion 62 and the guide portion 63 guide the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 in the horizontal direction E, so that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are close to each other. It is configured to move away. Each of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 is connected to a first end of a link 60. The link 60 is in the form of a rhomboid and is configured to stretch in the transverse direction. The link 60 is connected to a piston rod 62 of the hydraulic cylinder 61. As shown in FIG. 9B, when the piston rod 62 is extended, the link 60 is extended in the horizontal direction. As a result, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved away from each other. On the other hand, when the piston rod 62 is returned, the link 60 extends in the front-rear direction. As a result, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved toward each other. In this way, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved closer to each other in the transverse direction E and away from each other. Therefore, it is suitable for opening exercise with both legs apart.

Each of FIGS. 10A-12B represents another embodiment. These embodiments show an example of the up and down motion imparting means 14 of the up and down motion imparting mechanism. Each of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 has a representative point in the vertical direction B. As shown in FIG. The vertical motion imparting mechanism is configured to move the representative point of the left foot support 1 with respect to the representative point of the right foot support 2. That is, the up-and-down motion imparting mechanism is configured to move the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 in the up-down direction B. FIG. The vertical motion applying means is configured to move the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 such that the height of the left foot support 1 is moved relative to the height of the right foot support 2.

The vertical motion imparting means 14 of FIGS. 10A and 10B (hereinafter referred to as FIG. 10) includes a hydraulic cylinder 70 and a piston rod 71. The base board 6 is configured to swing relative to the base 13a so that the base board 6 moves like a seesaw. One end of the base plate 6 is provided with a piston rod 71. When the piston rod 71 is extended, the base plate 6 swings around the base 13a. Arrow B1 and arrow B2 of FIG. 10 show the movement of the right foot support 2 when the piston rod 71 of the up-down movement provision means 14 is moved. In this way, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are passively moved like a seesaw, so that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved in the B1 and B2 directions, respectively.

The vertical motion imparting means 14 of FIGS. 11A to 11C includes a motor 80 and a pair of eccentric cams 81 and 82. In the present embodiment, two eccentric cams 81 and 82 are fixed to each other on the output shaft 80a of the motor 80. When the dimension L1 which protrudes above the eccentric cam 81 is maximized, the dimension L2 which protrudes above the eccentric cam 82 becomes minimum. The eccentric cam 81 is disposed below the left foot support 1. The eccentric cam 82 is disposed under the right foot support 2. When the motor 80 rotates the output shaft 80a, the rotational motion of each of the eccentric cam 81 and the eccentric cam 82 is converted to the vertical motion of each of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2. As a result, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are passively moved in the up and down directions B1 and B2, so that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved like a seesaw. Note that it is also possible to rotate the eccentric cam 81 and the eccentric cam 82 separately by employing the two motors 80A and 80B shown in Fig. 11C. As a result, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved separately or irregularly instead of alternately moving up and down like a seesaw. In this case, it is possible to adjust the speed, distance, and timing of the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 in the vertical direction. Accordingly, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are irregularly moved in the vertical direction. As a result, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved unpredictably and passively. Therefore, the effect of balance exercise can be increased.

The vertical motion imparting means 14 of FIGS. 12A and 12B (hereinafter referred to as FIG. 12) includes links 90 and 91 and a connection rod 92. Each of the link 90 and the link 91 is in the form of a convenience. The link 90 and the link 91 are arrange | positioned in the horizontal direction. The links 90 and 91 are configured to expand and contract in the vertical direction B, and are disposed below the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2, respectively. The link 90 is pivotally connected to the link 91 by the connecting rod 92. The upper end of the link 90 is connected to the piston rod 96 of the hydraulic cylinder 95. When the piston rod 96 is extended in the vertical direction, the link 90 is extended in the vertical direction and the link 91 is reduced in the vertical direction. On the other hand, when the piston rod 96 is contracted in the up and down direction, the link 90 is reduced in the up and down direction and the link 91 is extended in the up and down direction. As a result, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are alternately moved up and down so that the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are moved like a seesaw. Note that it is also possible to employ separate hydraulic cylinders 95 and two links 90, 91 that are spaced from each other. One of the hydraulic cylinders 95 is connected to the link 90, and the other of the hydraulic cylinders 95 is connected to the link 91 to move the links 90, 91 separately. As a result, the left foot support 1 and the right foot support 2 are individually moved in the up and down direction irregularly.

These explanations are made based on the vertical motion applying means 14 of Figs. When the horizontal slide movement applying mechanism 11 shown in FIG. 3A moves the left foot support 1 horizontally to move the left foot support 1 forward from the rear C, the vertical movement imparting means 14 moves to the horizontal motion. In synchronization, the left foot support 1 is moved up and down to move the left foot support 1 downward B1. Thus, the user can easily put the weight on the left foot support (1). Similarly, when the horizontal slide movement applying mechanism 11 shown in FIG. 3A horizontally moves the right foot support 2 to move the right foot support 2 forward from the rear C, the vertical movement imparting means 14 The right foot support 2 is moved up and down in synchronization with the horizontal motion to move the right foot support 2 downward B1. Thus, the user can easily put the weight on the right foot support (2). As a result, the user can effectively perform the balance exercise.

 Moreover, an Example is demonstrated based on the vertical movement provision means 14. The rotational motion applying mechanism 12 shown in FIG. 4A rotates the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2), and tilts the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) backward in an inclined forward position. When the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) moves to the inclined backward position shown in Fig. 5A, the upper and lower motion granting means 14 moves to the losing position, and the right foot support 2 )] Is moved downward (B1). According to this exercise, the user can easily put the weight on the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2). In this case, the weight of the user is carried on the back of the knee A4. As a result, the anterior femoral part is also contracted, and it is possible to effectively deflate the knee joint.

In addition, an Example is demonstrated based on the up-and-down movement provision means 14. The rotational motion applying mechanism 12 shown in FIG. 4A rotates the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2), and tilts the left foot support 1 (right foot support 2) forward in an inclined backward position. When the left foot support 1 (the right foot support 2) moves to the inclined forward position, the vertical movement imparting means 14 moves downward in the losing posture. Move on to (B1). Therefore, the user can easily put the weight on the left foot support 1. In addition, the weight of the user is carried on the front of the knee (A4). Therefore, it is possible to contract the back of the thigh. As a result, it is possible for the user to effectively flex the knee joint.

Although the present invention has been described with reference to the illustrated embodiments above, the present invention is not limited thereto and should be construed to include any combination of individual features of the embodiments.

Claims (8)

  1. As passive exercise assistive device of standing stock,
    A left foot support and a right foot support configured to support each of the user's left and right feet; And
    A drive unit configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support to impart motion to the left foot support and the right foot support to interlock with each other;
    Including,
    The drive unit includes at least one of a horizontal motion imparting mechanism or a rotary motion imparting mechanism; The horizontal motion applying mechanism is configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support in a horizontal direction by applying horizontal motion to the left foot support and the right foot support; The rotational motion imparting mechanism is configured to impart rotational motion to the left foot support and the right foot support to rotate the left foot support and the right foot support about a horizontal axis along a horizontal direction;
    The drive unit includes a vertical motion imparting mechanism configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support in a vertical direction by applying a vertical motion to the left foot support and the right foot support;
    The vertical motion imparting mechanism is configured to impart vertical motion to the left foot support and the right foot support in synchronization with the horizontal motion or the rotational motion.
    Passive exercise aids.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    And the drive unit is configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support such that the left foot support is interlocked with the right foot support.
  3. The method of claim 1,
    The vertical motion imparting mechanism includes vertical motion imparting means configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support in the vertical direction;
    The vertical movement imparting means is configured to move the left foot support and the right foot support to change the height of the left foot support relative to the right foot support.
  4. The method of claim 1,
    And the left foot support and the right foot support are configured to be rotatable about an axis of rotation perpendicular to a horizontal plane.
  5. The method of claim 1,
    Further comprising a rotate plate;
    The turntable has a rotation axis perpendicular to the horizontal plane;
    The turntable rotates around the rotation axis;
    Both the left foot support and the right foot support are mounted to the turntable so that the left foot support and the right foot support are rotated when the turntable is rotated;
    And the rotation axis is located between the left foot support and the right foot support.
  6. The method of claim 3,
    The vertical movement imparting means is provided to the left foot support and the right foot support when the horizontal motion imparting mechanism imparts horizontal motion to the left foot support and the right foot support to move the left foot support and the right foot support from the rear to the front. A passive exercise assisting device, configured to move downwards to the left foot support and the right foot support by applying an up and down motion.
  7. The method of claim 3,
    The vertical movement imparting means, when the rotational motion imparting mechanism imparts a rotational motion to the left foot support to move the left foot support from a forward tilting postrue to a backward tilting postrue, Impart an up and down motion to the left foot support to move the left foot support downward;
    The vertical movement imparting means may be configured to impart vertical motion to the right foot support when the rotary motion imparting mechanism imparts rotational motion to the right foot support to move the right foot support from an inclined forward position to an inclined backward position. A passive exercise assisting device, configured to move the right foot support downward.
  8. The method of claim 3,
    The vertical movement imparting means imparts a vertical motion to the left foot support when the rotary motion imparting mechanism imparts a rotational motion to the left foot support to move the left foot support from an inclined backward position to an inclined forward position. Is configured to move the left foot support downward;
    The vertical movement imparting means is configured to impart a vertical motion to the right foot support when the rotary motion imparting mechanism imparts a rotational motion to the right foot support to move the right foot support from an inclined backward position to an inclined forward position. A passive exercise assisting device, configured to move the right foot support downward.
KR1020107016848A 2007-12-28 2008-12-25 Standing-position type passive exercise machine KR20100108410A (en)

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EP (1) EP2226103A4 (en)
JP (1) JPWO2009084577A1 (en)
KR (1) KR20100108410A (en)
CN (1) CN101939064A (en)
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EP2226103A4 (en) 2013-11-27
WO2009084577A1 (en) 2009-07-09
EP2226103A1 (en) 2010-09-08
CN101939064A (en) 2011-01-05
TW200934553A (en) 2009-08-16
US20100273619A1 (en) 2010-10-28
JPWO2009084577A1 (en) 2011-05-19

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