KR20030042782A - Prefabricated sandwich panel for a structure - Google Patents

Prefabricated sandwich panel for a structure Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20030042782A
KR20030042782A KR1020010073550A KR20010073550A KR20030042782A KR 20030042782 A KR20030042782 A KR 20030042782A KR 1020010073550 A KR1020010073550 A KR 1020010073550A KR 20010073550 A KR20010073550 A KR 20010073550A KR 20030042782 A KR20030042782 A KR 20030042782A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
sandwich panel
foaming
prefabricated sandwich
building
fiber
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KR1020010073550A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
김진웅
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김진웅
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Priority to KR1020010073550A priority Critical patent/KR20030042782A/en
Publication of KR20030042782A publication Critical patent/KR20030042782A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/292Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and sheet metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/94Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against fire
    • E04B1/941Building elements specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/942Building elements specially adapted therefor slab-shaped

Abstract

PURPOSE: A prefabricated sandwich panel for a building is provided to improve fire resistance, thermal and sound insulating efficiencies. CONSTITUTION: The prefabricated sandwich panel(1) for a building is formed triple by foaming a fireproof/adiabatic form layer whose main ingredient is inorganic fiber in a space between incombustible exterior boards, wherein the fireproof/adiabatic form layer is formed by mixing inorganic fiber such as glass fiber, rock wool and slag fiber with binder, then foaming or foaming a nitrogen foam and curing the surface.

Description

건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널{Prefabricated sandwich panel for a structure}Prefabricated sandwich panel for a structure}
본 발명은 건축물의 내벽 및 외벽 구조물로 시공되는 조립식 샌드위치 패널에 관한 것으로서, 특히 외장판재 사이의 중간에 내화단열폼층을 발포 형성하여 내화성, 단열성 및 차음성을 향상시킬 수 있도록 한 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a prefabricated sandwich panel constructed of the inner wall and outer wall structure of the building, and in particular, the assembled sandwich panel for building to improve the fire resistance, heat insulation and sound insulation by foaming a fire-resistant insulation foam layer in the middle between the exterior plate material. It is about.
일반적으로 빌딩이나 아파트 및 공장 등과 같은 건축물에서는 실내 공간을 구획하는 내벽 구조물인 칸막이 벽이나, 외벽 구조물을 시공하기 위해 조립식 샌드위치 패널을 많이 사용하고 있다.In general, in buildings such as buildings, apartments and factories, prefabricated sandwich panels are frequently used to construct partition walls, which are inner wall structures that partition interior spaces, or outer wall structures.
샌드위치 패널은 블록이나 벽돌을 쌓아 시공하는 공법과 달리, 경량으로 건축물에 부담을 주지 않는 상태에서 시설이 가능하며 시공이 간편하고 신속한 작업 및 시설비가 저렴한 이점이 있다.Unlike the construction method of stacking blocks or bricks, sandwich panels are lightweight and can be installed without burdening the building.
이러한 샌드위치 패널은 기본적으로 단열성과 차음성을 갖추어야 하며 구조적인 강도를 갖추어야 한다. 이를 위하여 통상 샌드위치 패널은 불연성 외장판재의 사이 공간에 플라스틱폼, 스치로폼, 우레탄폼(Poly-Urethane Foam) 혹은 PIR폼(Poly Isocyanurate Foam)를 발포 충전하여 3중화 구조로 일체화 한다.These sandwich panels should basically have insulation, sound insulation and structural strength. To this end, a sandwich panel is usually foamed and filled with a plastic foam, styrofoam, urethane foam (Poly-Urethane Foam) or PIR foam (Poly Isocyanurate Foam) in the space between the non-flammable exterior panels to be integrated into a triple structure.
이렇게 구성된 종류의 샌드위치 패널은 경량이지만 내열성과 내화성이 떨어지는 단점이 있었다.This kind of sandwich panel is lightweight but has a disadvantage of poor heat resistance and fire resistance.
이와 같은 종래 샌드위치 패널의 단점을 해소하기 위한 것으로서, 국내 등록특허공보 제 10-0180246호(1998. 12. 1)에는 불연성의 표면재 및 이면재 사이에 심재로서 페놀 혹은 이소시아누레이트로 된 합성수지 발포층을 형성하고, 이 합성수지 발포층에 무기입자 형상물 및 무기섬유의 1종 이상을 혼재시킴과 동시에, 상기 표면재 및 이면재의 적어도 한쪽의 상기 합성수지 발포층쪽에, 분리층으로써 부직포를 접착 개재시킨 내화·단열패널이 개시되어 있다.In order to solve the disadvantages of the conventional sandwich panel, Korean Patent Publication No. 10-0180246 (1998. 12. 1) is a synthetic resin foam layer made of phenol or isocyanurate as a core material between the non-combustible surface material and the back material And at least one of inorganic particulate matter and inorganic fibers are mixed in the synthetic resin foam layer, and at least one of the surface material and the back material is bonded to a non-woven fabric as a separation layer. A panel is disclosed.
상술한 종래의 내화·단열패널 구조는 플라스틱폼, 스치로폼, 우레탄폼 혹은 PIR폼을 발포 충전하였던 통상적인 종래 구조의 샌드위치 패널 보다 내화 및 단열 특성을 어느 정도 개선하고 있다.The above-mentioned conventional fireproof and heat insulation panel structure improves to some extent the fireproof and heat insulation characteristic compared with the sandwich panel of the conventional conventional structure which foam-filled plastic foam, styrofoam, urethane foam, or PIR foam.
그러나 상기한 내화·단열패널은 심재로서 여전히 합성수지 발포층을 주재료로 사용하고 있고, 이는 화재시 가연성 물질로 작용하게 되며, 특히 유독가스를 발생시켜 인명을 살상하게 되는 문제점이 있다.However, the fire-resistant insulation panel still uses a synthetic resin foam layer as a main material, which acts as a combustible material in case of fire, and in particular, has a problem of killing human life by generating toxic gas.
이와 관련하여 근래에는 화재의 위험성을 고려하여 내화성능 규정을 강화하여야 한다는 사회적인 요구가 증대되고 있으며, 특히 유독가스 발생 물질에 대하여는 건축자재로써의 사용을 규제할 법안이 준비되고 있는 실정이다.In this regard, recently, social demands for strengthening fire resistance regulations have been increased in consideration of the danger of fire. In particular, legislation is being prepared to regulate the use of building materials for toxic gas generating materials.
이러한 종래 기술의 제반 문제점과 규제 강화를 해결하기 위한 방안으로서, 본 발명에서는 외장판재 사이의 중간 심재로서 무기섬유(inorganic fiber)를 주성분으로 하는 내화단열폼층을 발포 형성하여 단열성과 차음성은 물론 내화 특성을 향상시킬 수 있도록 한 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널을 제공함에 그 목적을 두고 있다.As a solution for solving the above-mentioned problems of the prior art and the strengthening of regulations, the present invention forms a fire-resistant insulation foam layer mainly composed of inorganic fibers as an intermediate core material between the exterior plate members, thereby foaming insulation and sound insulation as well as fire resistance. The aim is to provide a prefabricated sandwich panel for buildings that can improve its properties.
도 1은 본 발명에 의한 조립식 건축물을 도시한 외관 사시도.1 is a perspective view showing the prefabricated building according to the present invention.
도 2는 본 발명의 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널을 도시한 사시도.Figure 2 is a perspective view of a prefabricated sandwich panel for buildings of the present invention.
도 3은 도 2의 단면도.3 is a cross-sectional view of FIG.
*도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명** Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings *
1-샌드위치 패널3-외장판재1-sandwich panel 3-exterior panel
5-내화단열폼층5- fireproof insulation foam layer
상기 목적에 따라 본 발명에서는 불연성 외장판재의 사이 공간에 무기섬유를 주성분으로 하는 내화단열폼층을 발포 형성하여 3중 구조로 일체화 형성한 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널을 제안한다.In accordance with the above object, the present invention proposes a prefabricated sandwich panel for buildings in which a fire-resistant insulation foam layer containing inorganic fibers as a main component is formed in a space between non-combustible exterior plate materials and integrally formed in a triple structure.
바람직하게 상기한 내화단열폼층은 유리섬유, 락울(rock wool), 슬래그섬유와 같은 무기섬유와 바인더를 혼합하여 발포하거나 질소폼을 발포하고, 이를 양생하여 형성할 수 있다.Preferably, the refractory insulation foam layer may be formed by mixing an inorganic fiber such as glass fiber, rock wool, slag fiber and a binder, or foaming nitrogen foam and curing the same.
이하, 첨부 도면에 의거하여 본 발명의 바람직한 실시 형태를 설명하기로 한다.EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION Hereinafter, preferred embodiment of this invention is described based on an accompanying drawing.
도 1은 본 발명에 의해 실현되는 조립식 건축물의 일 예를 보여주고 있다.1 shows an example of a prefabricated building realized by the present invention.
도면을 통하여 알 수 있는 바와 같이 본 발명의 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널(1)은 빌딩이나 아파트 및 공장 등과 같은 건축물(S)의 실내 공간을 구획 및 분할하는 내벽 구조물이나 외벽 구조물로 시공되어 진다.As can be seen through the drawings, the assembled sandwich panel 1 of the present invention is constructed as an inner wall structure or an outer wall structure that partitions and divides the interior space of the building S, such as a building, an apartment, and a factory.
벽체 구조물로 시공되는 본 발명의 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널(2)의 내부 구조를 도 2 및 도 3에 의거하여 보다 상세하게 설명하면 다음과 같다.The internal structure of the assembled sandwich panel 2 for buildings of the present invention constructed as a wall structure will be described in more detail based on FIGS. 2 and 3 as follows.
도면에서 설명부호 (3)은 불연성 소재로 이루어진 외장판재이다. 외장판재(3)은 벽체 구조물의 표면 및 이면에 위치되고, 무기질재료나 금속판재 예를들어 철, 알루미늄, 동, 스테인레스, 티탄, 아연합금도금강판, 법랑강판, 클래드강판(clad steel sheet), 라미네이트강판, 샌드위치강판, 세라믹판 및 상기 재료들에 각종 색조를 도장한 컬러강판으로 형성되며, 롤성형, 프레스성형, 압출성형 등에 의하여 일체 혹은 표면 및 이면의 판재가 각각 별개로 형성된 후 합체되는 형태로 이루어진다.In the drawings, reference numeral 3 denotes an exterior plate made of a non-combustible material. The exterior plate material 3 is located on the surface and the rear surface of the wall structure, and is made of inorganic material or metal plate material such as iron, aluminum, copper, stainless steel, titanium, zinc alloy plated steel sheet, enamel steel sheet, clad steel sheet, It is formed of a laminated steel sheet, a sandwich steel sheet, a ceramic plate, and color steel sheets coated with various color tones of the above materials, and are integrally formed by roll molding, press molding, extrusion molding, or the like, and then the surface and back plates are separately formed and then merged. Is made of.
이렇게 형성된 표면 및 이면 판재의 사이에는 소정 공간이 형성되는바, 외장판재(3)의 내부 공간에는 본 발명의 특징적인 구성으로서 내화단열폼층(5)을 형성한다. 내화단열폼층(5)은 샌드위치 패널의 심재로서 기능하여 주로 내화성, 단열성 및 차음성을 향상시키게 된다.A predetermined space is formed between the thus formed surface and the back plate, and the fire resistant insulation foam layer 5 is formed in the inner space of the exterior plate 3 as a characteristic configuration of the present invention. The fire resistant insulation foam layer 5 functions as a core material of the sandwich panel to mainly improve fire resistance, heat insulation, and sound insulation.
특히 본 발명의 내화단열폼층(5)은 외장판재(3)의 사이 공간에 이음매가 없도록 일체로 발포 충전되고, 이를 양생하여 일체 성형되므로 단열 및 차음 특성이 탁월하다. 또한 본 발명의 내화단열폼층(5)은 내화성을 고려하여, 유리섬유, 락울, 슬래그섬유 등을 포함하는 무기섬유와 바인더를 혼합하고 이를 발포 형성하거나, 질소폼을 발포 형성함으로써, 종래 합성수지 발포층에 무기입자 형상물을 혼재 형성하였던 것과 달리 퍼펙트한 내화성을 실현할 수 있다.In particular, the fire-resistant insulation foam layer 5 of the present invention is foam-filled integrally so that there is no seam in the space between the exterior plate material 3, it is cured and integrally molded, so excellent insulation and sound insulation properties. In addition, the refractory insulating foam layer 5 of the present invention, in consideration of the fire resistance, by mixing the inorganic fibers and glass binder, including glass fibers, rock wool, slag fibers and the like and foaming them, or by forming a foam of nitrogen, the conventional synthetic resin foam layer It is possible to realize perfect fire resistance unlike the case where the inorganic particles are formed in a mixture.
상기한 바인더로는 라텍스계 수용성 바인더를 사용하는 것이 좋다.It is preferable to use a latex-based water-soluble binder as the binder.
이와같이 구성된 본 발명의 샌드위치 패널(1)은 조립식 건축물을 시공함에 있어, 먼저 거스(girth)를 설치하고, 상기 거스를 지지부재로 하여 샌드위치 패널(1)을 직립 설치하며, 스크류와 같은 별도 체결수단(7)을 이용하여 고정함에 의해 용이하게 설치 완료할 수 있다.In the sandwich panel 1 of the present invention configured as described above, in constructing a prefabricated building, a girth is first installed, and the sandwich panel 1 is installed upright using the girth as a support member, and a separate fastening means such as a screw ( 7) can be easily installed by fixing.
이상에서 설명한 구성을 통하여 알 수 있는 바와 같이, 본 발명의 내화단열폼층은 외장판재 사이의 중간 심재로서 이음매와 틈이 없이 완전 충전되어 일체로 형성되므로, 단열 및 차음 특성이 향상을 실현할 수 있다.As can be seen through the above-described configuration, the fire-resistant insulation foam layer of the present invention is formed as an intermediate core material between the exterior plate members and is integrally formed without a seam and a gap, thereby improving heat insulation and sound insulation characteristics.
특히 본 발명의 내화단열폼층은 무기섬유를 주성분으로 하여 발포 형성되므로 내화 특성을 향상시킬 수 있다.In particular, the refractory insulating foam layer of the present invention is formed by foaming the inorganic fiber as a main component can improve the fire resistance characteristics.
한편 본 발명은 구체적인 실시 형태에 대하여만 상세히 설명하였지만 본 발명의 기술적 사상의 범위 내에서 변형이나 변경할 수 있음은 본 발명이 속하는 분야의 당업자에게는 명백한 것이며, 그러한 변형이나 변경은 본 발명의 특허청구범위에 속한다 할 것이다.Meanwhile, although the present invention has been described in detail only with respect to specific embodiments, it can be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications or changes can be made within the scope of the technical idea of the present invention, and such modifications or changes are the claims of the present invention. Will belong to.

Claims (2)

  1. 불연성 외장판재의 사이 공간에 무기섬유를 주성분으로 하는 내화단열폼층을 발포 형성하여 3중 구조로 형성한 것임을 특징으로 하는 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널.Prefabricated sandwich panel for building, characterized in that formed in a triple structure by foaming the refractory insulation foam layer mainly composed of inorganic fibers in the space between the non-flammable exterior plate material.
  2. 제 1 항에 있어서, 상기 내화단열폼층은 유리섬유, 락울, 슬래그섬유와 같은 무기섬유와 바인더를 혼합하여 발포 형성하거나, 혹은 질소폼을 발포 형성한 것임을 특징으로 하는 건축물용 조립식 샌드위치 패널.The prefabricated sandwich panel according to claim 1, wherein the refractory insulation foam layer is foamed by mixing an inorganic fiber such as glass fiber, rock wool, slag fiber and a binder or foamed nitrogen foam.
KR1020010073550A 2001-11-24 2001-11-24 Prefabricated sandwich panel for a structure KR20030042782A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100472932B1 (en) * 2001-11-24 2005-03-08 주식회사 유 창 Fire door for a structure
KR100814659B1 (en) * 2003-09-23 2008-03-18 로디아 인더스트리얼 얀스 아게 Composite structure
KR102100755B1 (en) 2019-04-10 2020-04-14 돌나라한농 주식회사 Exterior panel for construction

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100472932B1 (en) * 2001-11-24 2005-03-08 주식회사 유 창 Fire door for a structure
KR100814659B1 (en) * 2003-09-23 2008-03-18 로디아 인더스트리얼 얀스 아게 Composite structure
KR102100755B1 (en) 2019-04-10 2020-04-14 돌나라한농 주식회사 Exterior panel for construction

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