KR101275103B1 - Precast ocher wall framework and its manufacturing method - Google Patents

Precast ocher wall framework and its manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101275103B1
KR101275103B1 KR1020130028795A KR20130028795A KR101275103B1 KR 101275103 B1 KR101275103 B1 KR 101275103B1 KR 1020130028795 A KR1020130028795 A KR 1020130028795A KR 20130028795 A KR20130028795 A KR 20130028795A KR 101275103 B1 KR101275103 B1 KR 101275103B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
frame
precast
ocher
steel plate
hardware
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020130028795A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
김왕직
김상협
Original Assignee
명지대학교 산학협력단
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Priority to KR1020130028795A priority Critical patent/KR101275103B1/en
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Publication of KR101275103B1 publication Critical patent/KR101275103B1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/562Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with fillings between the load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8635Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with ties attached to the inner faces of the forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/70Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of wood

Abstract

PURPOSE: A precast yellow ocher wall and a manufacturing method thereof are provided to stably form a wall by improving the insulation performance and wall frame fixing strength. CONSTITUTION: A precast yellow ocher wall manufacturing method comprises the following steps: assembling a lattice wall frame(100) using a wooden material; forming a wall framework(300) by fixing a joint hardware(200) while offsetting the wall frame; and attaching a steel plate(400) to the outside of the wall framework and filling a filler(600) which is made of chaff charcoal and yellow ocher into the wall framework. The joint hardware is made of band steel. Both ends of the band steel are formed with a curved part. The band steel and the curved part are equipped with a borehole.

Description

Precast ocher wall framework and its manufacturing method

The present invention relates to a precast ocher wall and a method for producing the same, and more particularly, to a precast ocher wall using chaff charcoal and ocher with heat insulating performance and natural properties and a method for producing the same.

In general, Hanok is a structure that forms pillars with various wooden blocks and forms walls with soil or ocher between the pillars, and it is cool in summer and heat insulation in winter. This is increasing.

In addition, the wall of the hanok is generally called the earth wall, and the material used to hit the wall of the hanok is lime, Seobyol proportion, loess, etc., and it is called samhwa clay.

Here, in order to form a wall by applying triangular soil (ocher) between the pillar and the pillar, install a middle feather between the pillar and the pillar, and then install the thorn bird horizontally by relying on the middle feather, lath).

Press down horizontally; The outside is installed vertically is called lingual, and it is sometimes used only NUUL.

It is installed at intervals of about 2.5 centimeters between the shells and other materials, such as bamboo, fern, or sorghum.

When the preparation stage is completed, the wall of Hanok is completed by performing a full-scale mud wall chuck.

However, the wall of the hanok by the traditional method as described above should be built up the middle weight, install the horizontal thorn bird to rely on the middle feather, and then we need to perform the process of weaving the outside by relying on the middle thorn and the thorn bird. there is a problem.

In addition, there is a problem that the thickness of the wall is so thin that the heat insulation falls.

In addition, as a finishing material of the wall by simply plastering the wall using a dough mixed with crushed straw and the like on the triangular soil, there is a problem that the thermal insulation effect is inferior due to problems such as cracking easily on the wall. .

Accordingly, in order to solve the above problems, a wall structure and construction method of Hanok have been proposed.

1 and 2, the conventional hanok wall structure, in the wall structure of the hanok, a plurality of inner vertical installed at equal intervals in the horizontal direction and vertically spaced apart at a first predetermined interval Steel wires and a plurality of outer vertical steel wires extending in a vertical direction spaced apart from the inner one of the inner vertical steel wires at a second interval narrower than the first interval, and horizontal in the inner vertical steel wires and the outer vertical steel wires. The inner vertical steel wires and the outer vertical steel wires are fixedly connected to the inner vertical steel wires and the outer vertical steel wires so that the inner vertical steel wires and the outer vertical steel wires extend in regular intervals in a lattice form and are held in parallel at regular intervals. Consists of a number of horizontal steel wires forming a block insertion space and a support space between the outer vertical steel wires Now framing and; A plurality of heat insulation units filled with chaff filling the inside of the mesh form and inserted into the insertion space of the grid frame respectively; It is characterized in that it is formed as a finishing material dough layer is attached to the outside from the surface of the thermal insulation unit located therein through the support space formed on the outside of the grid frame.

In addition, the conventional wall construction method of the hanok is a wall construction method of the hanok to form a frame of the building with wooden pillars and formed between the pillars, a grid having a plurality of vertical axis and horizontal axis and a constant size in the horizontal and vertical direction Forming a plurality of auxiliary insertion spaces of a type, and manufacturing a grid frame having support spaces protruding to both sides of the auxiliary insertion space; Inserting a heat-insulated bag filled with chaff to a bag-type bag into the bag insertion space of the grid frame, and installing the grid frame with the heat-insulated bag inserted between the pillars; It is characterized in that the lattice frame is installed between the pillars and fixed to the pillar and filling the finish dough in the support space formed on both sides of the grid frame and characterized in that the step of plastering.

The wall structure of the conventional hanok and its construction method made of the configuration and construction as described above has the following problems.

First, the prior art has a problem that it is difficult to insert the heat insulating member filled with chaff in the insertion space of the grid frame.

In other words, the weight of the heat insulating member inserted into the chaff is not only heavy, but in order to insert the heat insulating member of the cylindrical body into the lattice-shaped lattice frame, the heat-insulating member must be inserted with the left and right sides of the lattice frame open. There is.

Second, in the prior art, there is a problem that the insulation is virtually impossible at the portion where the cylindrical insulation member is inserted into the lattice frame, that is, the intersection of the right angle and the curved surface.

Third, after inserting the cylindrical insulation member in the grid frame in the prior art, there is a problem in that the finishing method with the finishing material kneading, or because the adhesion area between the laminated insulation member and the finishing material kneading is small, so that the finishing material kneading off.

Republic of Korea Patent Publication 10-2012-0021834

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a precast ocher wall and a method of manufacturing the same, which are designed to solve the problems described above, which can reduce naturalness, durability, construction efficiency, and construction cost.

Precast ocher wall according to the present invention for achieving the above object is to assemble a lattice-shaped wall frame using wood, and to fix the wall frame in a state spaced at a predetermined interval to form a wall frame frame, the The iron plate is attached to the outside of the wall frame, characterized in that the filling is filled in the wall frame.

In addition, the precast ocher wall manufacturing method according to the present invention for achieving the above object comprises the steps of assembling a grid-like wall frame using wood (S 1); Forming a wall frame skeleton by fixing the wall frame with a connecting hardware in a state spaced at a predetermined interval (S 2); Attaching an iron plate to the outside of the wall frame (S 3); Characterized in that the step (S 4) for filling the interior of the frame frame.

As described above, the precast loess wall and its manufacturing method according to the present invention has the following effects.

First, the present invention has an advantage in that the heat insulation performance is improved in the production of walls secured using chaff charcoal and ocher.

Second, the present invention can form a stable wall by increasing the rigidity of the wall frame fixed by forming a wall frame frame using the connecting frame wall.

Third, the present invention is produced in a factory has excellent quality and performance, and has the effect of reducing the air and construction costs by the prefabrication method.

1 is a perspective view showing a conventional hanok wall structure,
Figure 2 is a perspective view showing a state in which the conventional hanok wall construction,
3 is a perspective view showing a precast ocher wall according to the present invention;
Figure 4 is a perspective view showing the connecting hardware of the precast loess wall according to the present invention,
5 is a front view showing the connecting hardware of the precast loess wall according to the present invention,
Figure 6 is a side view showing the connecting hardware of the precast loess wall according to the invention,
7 is a plan view showing the connecting hardware of the precast loess wall according to the present invention,
8a to 8e is a process chart showing the procedure for constructing the precast loess wall according to the present invention,

Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be described in detail.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the precast ocher wall in accordance with the present invention.

As shown in this figure, the precast ocher wall (W) according to the present invention is to assemble a grid-shaped wall frame 100 using wood, the connecting frame in a state spaced apart the wall frame 100 It is fixed to the (200) to form a wall frame skeleton 300, the iron plate 400 is attached to the outside of the wall frame frame 300, the filling structure 600 is filled in the interior of the wall frame frame (300). .

That is, the precast ocher wall (W) according to the present invention is organically coupled to the wall frame 100, the connecting hardware 200, the frame frame 300, the iron plate 400, the finishing material 500 and the filler 600 It is a structure made up of.

Here, the wall frame 100 is woven in a grid shape using wood.

In addition, the connecting hardware 200 is a member for fixing the wall frame 100 on one side and the wall frame 100 on the other side spaced apart at a predetermined interval to form a wall frame skeleton 300.

Here, the connecting hardware 200 is formed as a band-shaped steel plate 210 as a whole, a predetermined protrusion 220 is formed along the longitudinal direction of the outer circumferential surface of the band steel plate 210, the band steel plate 210 The both ends of the bent portion 230 is bent in multiple stages are formed inward, the band steel plate 210 and the bent portion 230 is formed with a predetermined shape of the hole (240).

In particular, the connection hardware 200 can be widened by the thickness of the thin steel strip long steel plate 210 is fixed to the wall frame 100 to widen the wall frame 100, the connection hardware 200 is chaff charcoal and ocher It is possible to secure the airtightness by significantly reducing the gap of the portion where the filling 600 consisting of.

In addition, by forming a punched hole 240 by perforating the band steel plate 210, it is possible to ensure heat insulation performance by minimizing heat transfer between the inner and outer wall (W).

And, when installing the connecting hardware 200 in the wall frame 100 by installing the connecting hardware 200 in the vertical direction in the wall frame 100, the filling consisting of chaff charcoal and ocher filled in the wall frame 100 ( Make sure to charge 600) tightly.

 In addition, the iron plate 400 is attached to the outside of the wall frame frame 300, and has a structure in which a perforation hole 410 is formed as a whole.

Such a hole 410 is formed to enhance the adhesion between the loess or quicklime used as the finishing material 500.

And, the finishing material 500 is composed of loess or quicklime.

On the other hand, the filler 600 is composed of any one of chaff charcoal, ocher, heat insulating material, sawdust, or is composed of chaff charcoal and ocher.

The reason for using ocher and yellow bran charcoal as the filling 600 is as follows.

Here, the ocher is a material that is very beneficial to the human body by the excellent ability to control the humidity and radiate far infrared rays, it is excellent in water and soil improvement and treatment, cosmetic effects, etc. by the action of various minerals and enzymes.

In addition, ocher is a natural dyeing material, which is free from allergic and other skin diseases, and has excellent affinity with the skin, thus increasing the flexibility of the skin, removing wastes from the pores, and detoxifying effects.The particles are fine and contain a lot of oxygen. Excellent cleansing ability, deodorizing, degreasing properties.

And the loess is close to the energy curve that is most beneficial to the human body because the far-infrared radiation is superior, the central part of the human body maintains the body temperature of 35˚C, it plays a role in releasing fatigue by promoting metabolism, and in 1 g of loess About 200 to 250 million microorganisms live, various enzymes not only circulate complexly but also emit far infrared rays that are beneficial to the human body, which is excellent in detoxification, absorption and self-cleaning power. Prevents the harmful effects of

In addition, it has a very high function of blocking the growth of mold and various bacteria along with the removal of moisture and odor.

On the other hand, the chaff charcoal makes a myriad of holes such as a fine honeycomb in the process of carbonization, the surface area of which is more than 200 pyeong per 1g of chaff charcoal, because it is in the form of chaff itself, it is more adsorptive and breathable than any other charcoal It emits far-infrared rays and 200g of charcoal per 1 square meter emits anion temperature of 7 ° C.

Hereinafter, the production of the precast loess walls having the above-described configuration will be described.

8A to 8E are process drawings showing the procedure for constructing the precast loess walls according to the present invention.

As shown in these figures, the precast loess wall manufacturing method according to the present invention comprises the steps of assembling a grid-shaped wall frame 100 using wood (S 1); Fixing the wall frame (100) with the connecting hardware (200) in a state spaced at a predetermined interval (S 2); Attaching an iron plate (400) to the outside of the wall frame frame (300) (S 3); Filling the filling 600 in the interior of the frame 300 (S 4) is made.

That is, in the precast loess wall manufacturing method according to the present invention, the lattice-shaped wall frame 100 is assembled using wood, and the wall frame 100 is generally formed as a strip-shaped steel sheet 210 in a state in which a predetermined interval is spaced apart. Is formed, a protrusion 220 of a predetermined shape is formed in the longitudinal direction of the outer peripheral surface of the strip steel plate 210, both ends of the strip steel plate 210 is formed with a bent portion 230 that is bent in multiple stages, After fixing the band steel plate 210 and the bent portion 230 is formed with a connecting hardware 200 formed with a hole (240) having a predetermined shape, the wall frame frame 300, the outer side of the wall frame frame 300 After attaching the iron plate 400, the perforated hole 410 is formed, after plastering the finishing material 500 consisting of ocher or quicklime on the outer surface of the iron plate 400, chaff charcoal, ocher, Insulating material, or any one of sawdust, or 600 consisting of chaff charcoal and ocher Handed down to manufacture.

As described above, the precast ocher wall and its manufacturing method according to the present invention in producing a natural wall secured using ocher and chaff charcoal, the thermal insulation performance is superior to the existing products, the rigidity of fixing the wall frame It is effective for stable wall construction, and it can be useful for furniture-style Hanok wall. Especially, it is produced at the factory and has excellent quality and performance, and it has the effect of reducing air and construction cost by prefabrication method. .

100: wall frame 200: connecting hardware
210: strip steel plate 220: protrusion
230: bend portion 240: drilling hole
300: frame skeleton 400: iron plate
410: punched hole 500: finishing material
600: Filling W: Precast Ocher Wall

Claims (10)

  1. Assembling a grid-shaped wall frame 100 using wood, fixing the wall frame 100 with the connecting hardware 200 in a state spaced at a predetermined interval to form a wall frame frame 300, the wall frame frame 300 Attached to the outside of the iron plate 400, and filling the filler 600 in the interior of the frame 300,
    The connecting hardware 200 is formed as a strip-shaped steel plate 210 as a whole, and a protrusion 220 having a predetermined shape is formed along a longitudinal direction of the outer circumferential surface of the strip steel plate 210, and both ends of the strip steel plate 210. The precast ocher wall, characterized in that the bent portion 230 is bent in multiple stages inwardly formed, the perforated hole 240 of a predetermined shape is formed in the band steel plate 210 and the bent portion 230.
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  6. Assembling the grid-shaped wall frame 100 using wood (S 1); Fixing the wall frame (100) with the connecting hardware (200) in a state spaced at a predetermined interval (S 2); Attaching an iron plate (400) to the outside of the wall frame frame (300) (S 3); Filling the filling 600 in the interior of the frame 300 (S 4),
    The connecting hardware 200 is formed as a strip-shaped steel plate 210 as a whole, and a protrusion 220 having a predetermined shape is formed along a longitudinal direction of the outer circumferential surface of the strip steel plate 210, and both ends of the strip steel plate 210. The precast loess wall manufacturing method, characterized in that the bent portion is bent in multiple stages inward 230 is formed, the perforated hole 240 of a predetermined shape is formed in the band steel plate 210 and the bent portion (230).
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KR1020130028795A 2013-03-18 2013-03-18 Precast ocher wall framework and its manufacturing method KR101275103B1 (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20160108651A (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-09-20 윤병성 Construction wall using eco-friendly row material
KR20160124021A (en) 2015-04-17 2016-10-26 구병회 Yellow Soil Wall for controlling thickness and Construction Method thereof
KR101714637B1 (en) 2016-08-22 2017-03-09 구병회 Yellow Soil Wall Structure Having Earthquake Resistant Function
KR20180092477A (en) 2017-02-09 2018-08-20 주식회사 누리가온 Prefabricated wall with precast concrete inner and outer panel

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100435045B1 (en) * 2001-09-04 2004-06-09 주식회사 아키플랜종합건축사사무소 Prefabricated Construction Wall
KR100647557B1 (en) 2005-11-18 2006-11-23 전남대학교산학협력단 Environment-friendly wall components
KR20100026206A (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-10 김동호 Assemble type latticed frame system and construction method applying the same
KR101036229B1 (en) * 2009-02-23 2011-05-20 주식회사 월드와이즈월 Wall panel having improved structure for waterproofing, soundproofing and insulating wall

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100435045B1 (en) * 2001-09-04 2004-06-09 주식회사 아키플랜종합건축사사무소 Prefabricated Construction Wall
KR100647557B1 (en) 2005-11-18 2006-11-23 전남대학교산학협력단 Environment-friendly wall components
KR20100026206A (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-10 김동호 Assemble type latticed frame system and construction method applying the same
KR101036229B1 (en) * 2009-02-23 2011-05-20 주식회사 월드와이즈월 Wall panel having improved structure for waterproofing, soundproofing and insulating wall

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20160108651A (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-09-20 윤병성 Construction wall using eco-friendly row material
KR101669442B1 (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-10-27 윤병성 Construction wall using eco-friendly row material
KR20160124021A (en) 2015-04-17 2016-10-26 구병회 Yellow Soil Wall for controlling thickness and Construction Method thereof
KR101714637B1 (en) 2016-08-22 2017-03-09 구병회 Yellow Soil Wall Structure Having Earthquake Resistant Function
KR20180092477A (en) 2017-02-09 2018-08-20 주식회사 누리가온 Prefabricated wall with precast concrete inner and outer panel

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