KR20170000978U - Soil wall without mould - Google Patents

Soil wall without mould Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20170000978U
KR20170000978U KR2020150005960U KR20150005960U KR20170000978U KR 20170000978 U KR20170000978 U KR 20170000978U KR 2020150005960 U KR2020150005960 U KR 2020150005960U KR 20150005960 U KR20150005960 U KR 20150005960U KR 20170000978 U KR20170000978 U KR 20170000978U
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
wire
wire net
earthen
soil
frame
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KR2020150005960U
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Korean (ko)
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KR200483455Y1 (en
Inventor
길인환
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(주)남영산업
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Priority to KR2020150005960U priority Critical patent/KR200483455Y1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls

Abstract

This invention relates to an earthenware structure without a mold.
According to the present invention, in an earthen frame structure 1 having no form,
A wire mesh frame 100 in which a plurality of mesh-type wire meshes 110 connected with the horizontal lines 111 and the vertical lines 112 at regular intervals are connected to each other at a predetermined size to form a frame of an oblong wall structure; A vegetation mat or foot-shaped float 200 coupled to the wire net framework 100 is connected to each other organically to fill the space between the spaces formed in the wire net framework 100 to form an earth wall .
At this time, the wire net 110 is bent at a predetermined length in the upper, lower, left, and right portions of the wire net 110 corresponding to the front and rear surfaces of the earthenware structure to reduce the number of the wire net 110 A plurality of auxiliary wire meshes 120 to increase the durability of the earthen wall; Or an intermediate support wire net 130 to enhance the durability and adiabatic effect of the earthen wall.
In addition, the mugwort 200 is composed of one or more of eco-friendly materials such as vegetation mat, reed, rice straw, bamboo, sorghum and cedar, and the soil dough (B) (B) and lightweight aggregates such as pearlite, fly ash, bottom ash or various functional mineral powders or elvan.
The soil dough (B) is sprayed on the outer surface of the dirt wall structure (1) having no dough or finely finished.
Therefore, the present invention has an advantage in that it is easy to install with a simple structure, and a mold is not needed, so that installation work and dismantling work of the formwork are omitted, thereby reducing the overall economic cost.

Description

{Soil wall without mold}

The present invention relates to an eccentric wall structure having no form, and more particularly, to an eccentric wall structure that forms a framework of an eccentric wall structure, a vegetative mat or a foot-shaped resilient material, This is an earthenware structure that does not have a mold for constructing an earthen wall as it is.

Soil architecture means the construction method of building the main part of the wall of the building using soil.

Soil architecture is not only beneficial to the human body because it uses natural materials, but also has the advantage of having excellent temperature and humidity control ability due to the nature of the soil and having appropriate insulation effect according to the external temperature .

In addition, since the amount of carbon dioxide generated during the concrete manufacturing process can be reduced, it is eco-friendly, and it does not pollute the environment at the time of manufacturing or disposal, and does not require a separate manufacturing process.

Typical methods of construction using soil include compaction method and soil brick construction method.

The compaction method uses a wooden formwork to fill the formwork with soil and build up the wall by the tilting of the ball.

If the wall constructed by such compaction method can be densely compacted, it can exhibit considerable strength and durability.

However, when the compaction method is used, it is necessary to dispose the formwork for the entire wall and to remove the soil after the completion of the construction. Therefore, the construction period is increased due to the installation and disassembly of the formwork, and the labor cost and material cost are further increased have.

On the other hand, the method using the soil brick is a method of constructing the wall by stacking the soil bricks made in various ways, and in spite of various advantages by the soil bricks, it takes a separate step of producing the soil bricks, to be.

In recent years, there has been used a method in which a column is installed at a predetermined interval in a portion where a wall is to be formed, and a soil is filled in a wall frame formed by connecting a column and a column with a connecting member such as a wooden plate. It is also known to provide a net lattice net to construct the wall by applying soil to the net lattice net.

However, according to the construction for constructing such a conventional earth wall, there is an ineffective aspect such as construction period and cost since a separate form is installed and dismantled or soil bricks must be separately manufactured. The built- It is vulnerable to stress acting on the surface.

As shown in Fig. 9 (a), as a prior art related to an earthen wall structure having no form, Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1454276 entitled "Method for constructing soil dry matter" And the soil is dumped into the above-mentioned mold by a mechanical extrusion device to fill the soil dough in a butt-up manner, and then the above-mentioned mold is immediately removed and dried. Thus, the soil structure such as a house or a retaining wall can be quickly and easily So that it can be built.

However, the prior art "method for constructing the soil-like structure" also requires a form called a hypothetical form, so that it is accompanied with the work of dismantling and installing a hypothetical form, which can not save construction cost and construction time.

As another prior art, as shown in Fig. 9 (b), Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1374806 entitled "Non-shaped heat insulating panel panel wall" is formed by a metal wire as a three dimensional lattice structure, The heat insulating board is formed as a three dimensional lattice structure by an inner wire panel and a metal wire integrally formed by being eccentrically inwardly inward, and a second heat insulating board is integrally formed eccentrically outwardly in the inside, and an outer side which is symmetrically joined to the inner side wire panel A wall filler disposed between the wire panel and the first heat insulating board and the second heat insulating board, an inner finishing material disposed on the first heat insulating board of the inner wire panel, and an outer covering material disposed on the second heat insulating board of the outer wire panel But rather the effect of the wall filler between the heat insulating boards due to the insulative boards bonded to the interior There is a limitation in that it can not highlight the advantage as an earthen wall.

Korean Registered Patent No. 10-1454276 (Oct. 17, 2014) Korean Registered Patent No. 10-1374806 (Apr. 31, 2014)

The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems occurring in the prior art,

According to the present invention, an earthen wall structure without a form is intended to provide an earthen wall structure that does not require a formwork in construction of an earthen wall.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a simple and easy to install structure and a vegetable mat made of eco-friendly material or a foot-shaped float to reduce the work cost and the work time, thereby reducing the cost of construction And it is also intended to improve the adiabatic effect and the appearance of the exterior because it is possible to differentiate between the joining of the intermediate support wire and the material of the bristles depending on the user's needs.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention has been made in order to achieve the object to be solved,

In an earthenware structure without a mold,

A wire mesh frame forming a framework of an earthen wall structure by connecting a plurality of wire mesh networks connected with each other by a predetermined distance and intersecting a horizontal line and a vertical line at a predetermined size corresponding to each location;

A vegetation mat or foot-shaped fence joined to the wire mesh frame; And

And earth mats filled between spaces formed in the wire net framework are organically bonded to each other to form an earth wall.

In this case, since the wire mesh can be formed by bending the upper, lower, left, and right portions of the wire mesh corresponding to the front and rear sides of the earthen structure, it is possible to reduce the number of wire mesh forming the wire mesh frame, A plurality of auxiliary wire meshes for enhancing durability; Or an intermediate support wire net to enhance the durability and adiabatic effect of the earthen wall.

In addition, the marsh water is composed of one or more of eco-friendly materials such as vegetation mat, reed, rice straw, bamboo, sorghum and cedar, and the soil dough is composed of only yellow soil or soil dough and pearlite, Ash, bottom ash, or lightweight aggregate such as various functional mineral powders or elvan.

Further, it is characterized in that the dough is sprayed on the outer surface of the dug-wall structure without the dies or finely finished.

In the meantime, the present specification should not be construed as limiting the terms or words used in the claims of utility model registration to ordinary or dictionary terms, and the inventor shall designate the term It must be interpreted as a meaning and a concept consistent with the technical idea of the present invention, on the basis that the concept can be defined properly. Therefore, the embodiments described in the present specification and the configurations shown in the drawings are merely the most preferred embodiments of the present invention and do not represent all the technical ideas of the present invention. Therefore, It is to be understood that equivalents and modifications are possible.

As described above, according to the present invention,

Since the dug-wall structure without dies does not require a separate dies in the construction of the dug walls, it is possible to omit the installation work and disassembly of the dies, so that the overall economic cost .

Also, since the construction is simple and easy to install, among the constituent elements of the present invention, due to the shape characteristics of the wire net, the joining area required for the joining work is reduced in constructing the earth wall, thereby increasing the work efficiency.

In addition, by using a vegetative mat made of an eco-friendly material or coarse material in the form of a foot, the material of the coarse material can be changed according to the needs of the user, thereby maximizing the appearance of the coarse material. It is possible to increase the durability and insulation effect of the earth wall.

And, it is a very effective design because there is no toxic gas harmful to human body in case of fire.

1 is an exploded perspective view of an earthenware structure without a mold according to the present invention.
2 is an exploded perspective view of a wire mesh frame among constituent elements of an unshaped earthenware structure according to the present invention.
3 is a sectional view of an earthenware structure without a mold according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 shows an embodiment of a wire net among constituent elements of a dirt-free wall structure according to the present invention.
5 is a cross-sectional view of an earthenware structure without a mold coupled with an intermediate support wire net, which is a component of a dirt-free dirt structure according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 shows an embodiment of an intermediate support wire net, which is a component of a dirt wall structure without a mold according to the present invention.
7 is a cross-sectional view of the earthenware structure without mold after finishing work according to the present invention.
FIG. 8 shows an embodiment of a completed building using the dirt-free wall structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a representative view of a prior art for an earthenware structure without a mold according to the present invention.

Hereinafter, the function, construction, and operation of the dirt-walled structure without dies, which is the present invention, will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of an unshrunk earthenware structure according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a wire mesh frame among constituent elements of the present invention.

The present invention relates to an earthenware structure 1 having no mold,

A wire mesh frame 100 in which a plurality of mesh-type wire meshes 110 connected with the horizontal line 111 and the vertical line 112 at regular intervals are connected to each other at a predetermined size to form a frame of an oblong wall structure;

A vegetation mat or foot-shaped float 200 coupled to the wire net framework 100; And

(B) filled between spaces formed in the wire mesh frame (100) are combined with each other to constitute an earth wall.

At this time, as shown in FIG. 2, a plurality of auxiliary wire meshes 120 may be coupled to the inside of the wire net framework 100 to enhance durability as an earth wall.

As shown in FIG. 2 or FIG. 4, the auxiliary wire net 120 is equally spaced in the wire netting frame 100 to form a partition wall. In the present embodiment, two auxiliary wire net 120 However, the number of the auxiliary metal wires 120 may be increased according to the needs of the user, so that more dense partition walls can be formed.

4 (a) and 4 (b), the upper, lower, left, and right portions of the wire net 110 corresponding to the front and rear surfaces of the earthen structure are bent to a predetermined length It is possible to reduce the number of the wire net 110 when forming the wire net framework 100. [

For example, as shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2, the wire net 110 may include upper, lower, left, right, front, rear, and auxiliary wire net 120 that is coupled to increase the durability of the earth wall 4, the front, rear, left, and right sides, the auxiliary wire net 120, or (b) are arranged in the order of front, rear, top, and bottom And the auxiliary wire net 120, respectively, so that the earth wall can be manufactured.

Generally, the wire net 110 is formed by forming the wire net framework 100 by various combinations of welding, hogging and binding wire joining of the upper, lower, left, right, front and rear corners, 4 (a) of FIG. 4, the bent upper and lower ends of the wire net 110 are opposed to each other to form the upper and lower surfaces, and the wire net 110 to be the left and right sides are coupled to the respective edges Thereby forming a wire net framework 100.

4 (b), the left and right ends of the folded left and right sides are opposed to each other to form a seating surface and a right side, and a wire net 110, which is to be a top surface and a bottom surface, (100).

5, the wire net framework 100 may further include an intermediate support wire net 130 to enhance the durability and adiabatic effect of the earthen wall, and FIGS. 6 (a), 6 (b) can be selected in various ways according to the needs of the user as shown in (c) of FIG.

6 (a) is an embodiment for enhancing durability as an earth wall since the intermediate supporting wire net 130 has a simple wire netting shape, and FIG. 6 (b) 200 or the insulator can be combined to increase the durability and thermal insulation effect of the earth wall. (C) can be achieved by joining the rough water 200 or the heat insulating material to the same area as the area of the intermediate support wire net 130 Thereby maximizing the durability and insulation effect of the earth wall.

6 (a) and 6 (b) show the flow of the soil dough B filled around the partition walls formed by the intermediate support wire net 130 coupled to the inside of the wire net framework 100, It is not necessary to separately fill the soil dough B between the spaces, but since the flow of the soil dough B is limited by the partition wall, the soil dough B must be separately filled between the respective spaces do.

The characteristics of the wire net 110 are disclosed in Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1490404 entitled " Garbons for Wall Panels and Art Fences and Manufacturing Method ", registered as prior arts, But is limited to the characteristic that the wire net 110 is bent to a predetermined length as required.

This is to improve the stability of the earth wall by securing the contact surface when the bottom wall of the earth wall is in contact with the ground and is vertically erected in constructing the earth wall.

The mugwort water 200 is composed of one or more eco-friendly materials such as vegetation mat, reed, rice straw, bamboo, sorghum and cedar, and is used as a mold substitute It plays a role in constructing an earthen wall.

3, the rough water 200 is fixed to the inner surface of the wire net 110 on the basis of the wire net 110 so that the soil paste B filled in spaces between the wire net frameworks 100 is separated from the wire net framework 100) to form walls in shape without falling out.

In other words, the mugwort 200 made of an eco-friendly material becomes a structure of an earthenware structure 1 having no form, which is an integral part of the earthen dough B when the earthen wall is formed, Because it is the material, it plays a role to highlight the advantages of the above-mentioned earthen wall.

In addition, the giant water 200 may be located outside the wire net 110 based on the wire net 110. In this case, since the texture as the earthen wall can be expressed, it can be manufactured according to the needs and choices of the user.

The soil dough (B) consists of only yellow soil or a mixture of soil dough (B) and lightweight aggregates such as pearlite, fly ash, bottom ash or various functional mineral powders or elvan.

Depending on the characteristics of the building, it may be constituted only by adding yellow clay or quartz and various functional mineral powders depending on the place where the clay wall is installed. In order to improve the durability of the clay wall, the pearlite, fly ash, And the same lightweight aggregate may be mixed together.

In addition, the soil dough (B) may be mixed with auxiliary materials for enhancing the strength and lightness of the yellow soil and the finely chopped rice straw, salt and other yellow clay. In order to increase the viscosity of the soil dough (B) .

After the earth wall is constructed as described above, the earth dough is finally sprayed on the outer surface of the earth wall or finely finished to finish the appearance more beautifully.

That is, in the present invention, the constituent elements are combined with each other to fill the soil paste B between the spaces formed in the wire net framework 100 to form an earth wall.

Accordingly, the deck structure 1 without the form of the present invention reduces the combined area of each of the wire net 110 forming the wire net framework 100, thereby shortening the working time. In addition, the vegetation mat and the foot- The use of the water 200 makes it unnecessary to install the conventional formwork and the workpiece disassembly work after the earthen wall is completed, which can save the work cost and the work time required for the installation / disassembly work of the formwork.

In addition, although not shown in the drawings, it is also possible to construct a wall structure that is kept warm in the winter season by connecting a hot wire apparatus to the wire net 110 as an embodiment.

These chemical substances, which consist of asbestos, styrofoam, rock wool, glass wool, etc. made of chemical materials such as inner, outer and insulation materials installed in general buildings, release environmental hormones and cause sick house syndrome.

In addition, they are self-ignited when a fire occurs, producing a toxic gas, which has a fatal effect on the human body, and most of them are not recyclable.

Accordingly, incineration or landfilling is carried out at the time of disposal. When they are incinerated, they are not decomposed promptly and harmful substances such as poisonous gases are generated at the time of incineration. Therefore, inside, exterior and insulation materials of buildings made of chemical materials, It causes great damage to the environment.

Therefore, as shown in FIG. 8, the deck structure 1 without the form of the present invention can be manufactured in various shapes to complete a building advantageous to the human body and the environment.

7 is a cross-sectional view of the earthenware structure without mold after finishing work according to the present invention.

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the inventive concept as defined by the appended claims. Accordingly, the present invention can be embodied in many other forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof, so that the embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative in all aspects and should not be construed as limiting, and various modifications may be made.

Concrete such as concrete, which is widely used today as construction material, destroys nature and consumes a lot of energy from the manufacturing process. In addition to increasing the amount of carbon dioxide emissions, the concrete waste generated during dismantling pollutes the soil. There is a problem to damage.

On the other hand, soil is a kind of eco - friendly material in that it does not cause pollution or destruction of a natural ecosystem because it is restored to its natural condition even if it is dismantled through the lifetime of the building.

Therefore, the present invention can be applied to contribute to the promotion of various industrial fields such as manufacturing industry and construction industry in which an earthen wall is manufactured.

1: Elliptical structure without mold
100: wire mesh frame 110: wire mesh
111: horizontal line 112: vertical line
120: auxiliary wire net 130: intermediate support wire net
200: Big water B: Earth dough

Claims (7)

  1. In an earthen structure 1 having no form,
    A wire mesh framework (100) comprising a plurality of mesh-type wire meshes (110) intersecting at a predetermined interval between a horizontal line (111) and a vertical line (112) at a predetermined size corresponding to respective positions to form a frame of an oblong structure;
    A vegetation mat or foot-shaped float 200 coupled to the wire net framework 100; And
    (B) filled between spaces formed in the wire mesh frame (100) are organically bonded to each other to form an earth wall.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    The wire net 110 is characterized in that the upper, lower or right and left portions of the wire net 110 corresponding to the front and back surfaces of the earthen structure are bent to a certain length to reduce the number of the wire net 110 when forming the wire netting frame 100 A dull wall structure without mold.
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the wire net framework (100) further comprises a plurality of auxiliary wire meshes (120) to enhance durability as an earthen wall.
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the wire mesh frame (100) further comprises an intermediate support wire net (130) for enhancing durability and insulation effect as an earthen wall.
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the mugwort water (200) is mixed with one or more eco-friendly materials such as vegetation mat, reed, straw, bamboo, sorghum and cedar.
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    The soil dough (B) is composed of only yellow soil or is composed of one or more of lightweight aggregates such as earth dough (B) and pearlite, fly ash, bottom ash or various functional mineral powders or elvan A dull wall structure without mold.
  7. The method according to claim 1,
    Characterized in that the soil mud (B) is sprayed or finely finished on the outer surface of the earthenware structure (1) without the form.
KR2020150005960U 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 Soil wall without mould KR200483455Y1 (en)

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KR2020150005960U KR200483455Y1 (en) 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 Soil wall without mould

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR2020150005960U KR200483455Y1 (en) 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 Soil wall without mould

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KR20170000978U true KR20170000978U (en) 2017-03-15
KR200483455Y1 KR200483455Y1 (en) 2017-05-18

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102103555B1 (en) * 2017-07-04 2020-04-22 최광훈 Method for constructing building using strawbale block

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20120021834A (en) * 2010-08-19 2012-03-09 한진 Wall structure of korean style house and construction work method thereof
KR20120021670A (en) * 2010-08-12 2012-03-09 성지산업 주식회사 Reinforcement mattress gabion for afforestation environment and construction method
KR101374806B1 (en) 2011-04-11 2014-03-17 박은태 Form-free both insulation wall
KR101454276B1 (en) 2012-01-17 2014-10-23 정문형 method for constructing soil structure

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20120021670A (en) * 2010-08-12 2012-03-09 성지산업 주식회사 Reinforcement mattress gabion for afforestation environment and construction method
KR20120021834A (en) * 2010-08-19 2012-03-09 한진 Wall structure of korean style house and construction work method thereof
KR101374806B1 (en) 2011-04-11 2014-03-17 박은태 Form-free both insulation wall
KR101454276B1 (en) 2012-01-17 2014-10-23 정문형 method for constructing soil structure

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