KR101216549B1 - the complex insulator with insulator and fabric sheet and the construct method for insulation of outer wall of structure - Google Patents

the complex insulator with insulator and fabric sheet and the construct method for insulation of outer wall of structure Download PDF

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KR101216549B1
KR101216549B1 KR1020100075083A KR20100075083A KR101216549B1 KR 101216549 B1 KR101216549 B1 KR 101216549B1 KR 1020100075083 A KR1020100075083 A KR 1020100075083A KR 20100075083 A KR20100075083 A KR 20100075083A KR 101216549 B1 KR101216549 B1 KR 101216549B1
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South Korea
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insulation panel
composite
composite insulation
fixing
panel
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KR1020100075083A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20120012932A (en
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김기태
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김기태
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a composite insulation panel in which a heat insulating material and a fiber sheet are combined, and a method for external insulation using the composite heat insulating panel, comprising a composite heat insulating panel in which a fiber sheet is integrally attached to one or both sides of the heat insulating material, Self-adhesive reinforcing mesh of adhesive strip is further provided, and the composite insulation panel is installed on the outer wall of the structure, and the fiber sheet is exposed on the front side, and then the self-adhesive along the front joint of the composite insulation panel is installed. Reinforcement mesh is attached and the surface of installed composite insulation panel and self-supporting reinforcement mesh Plastering with a plastering material, after curing, the surface is finished with a surface finish material, the construction of the external insulation is completed, it is easy to install the external insulation of high-rise structures as well as general buildings.

Description

The composite insulator with insulator and fabric sheet and the construct method for insulation of outer wall of structure}
The present invention relates to a composite insulation panel in which a heat insulating material and a fiber sheet are combined, and a method for external insulation using the composite heat insulating panel, comprising a composite heat insulating panel in which a fiber sheet is integrally attached to one or both sides of the heat insulating material, Self-adhesive reinforcing mesh of adhesive strip is further provided, and the composite insulation panel is installed on the outer wall of the structure, and the fiber sheet is exposed on the front side, and then the self-adhesive along the front joint of the composite insulation panel is installed. Reinforcement mesh is attached, and the surface of installed composite insulation panel and self-supporting reinforcement mesh are plastered with plastering material. After curing, the surface is finished with surface finisher to complete external insulation. The outer insulation of the construction will be easy.
In general, the internal and external insulation to insulate the structure (wall) is divided into the inner insulation when the insulation is located on the indoor side, and the outer insulation when the insulation is located on the outdoor side, and looking at the general construction method for such an insulation, foamed polystyrene Attaching such a heat insulating material to the outer wall of the structure, looking at an example of the construction method of the outer insulation in detail as follows.
First, the outer wall of the structure to be constructed is arranged, and the insulation is attached to the front surface of the outer wall with an adhesive (mainly a lump-shaped adhesive, leveling the insulation, and then fixing the neighboring insulation with a pin). The glass mesh is pinned to the entire surface of the insulated material, plastered with mortar on the fixed glass mesh, and cured for a certain period of time after plastering the mortar, and then the surface is finished with a coating material or a finishing material to complete external insulation of the structure. do.
In addition, recently, an outer insulation panel in which an exterior board is integrated on one or both sides of an insulation material has been developed, and there is a construction method of fixing such an insulation panel to an outer wall.
However, the general method of external insulation, because the pin between the adjacent heat insulating material is fixed, the bonding between neighboring heat insulating material is inferior, the glass mesh is fixed by pinning the entire surface of the heat insulating material. , When the height of the structure is high, the amount of glass mesh used increases, because of the weight of the glass mesh, there is a problem that the risk of the operator increases in the installation.
In addition, the surface of the glass mesh to which the insulation is fixed is plastered to a very thin thickness such that the glass mesh is embedded by mortar. If the glass mesh is not installed in close contact with the insulation, the glass mesh may protrude. The protruding glass mesh protrudes at the time of mortar plastering, making it difficult to plaster and aesthetically deteriorated. Also, because of the structure of the glass mesh, the glass mesh is protruded according to the skill of the operator during the plastering process. Since the outer wall surface is not smooth after the plastering by using the glass mesh, there is a problem that the aesthetics of the outer wall is inferior.
In addition, in the case of additionally installing a separate exterior material on the surface of the heat insulating material, there is a problem in that the adhesive strength and safety is inferior when the exterior material is attached using an adhesive, and screws, nails, anchors, etc. to increase the fixing of the heat insulating material and the exterior material to the outer wall. When the fixing member is installed to be fixed to the inside of the outer wall, since the heat insulating material is low in strength to hold the nail, there is a problem that the fixing force is lowered when fixing the heat insulating material and the exterior material using the fixing member.
In addition, in the case of an external insulation panel in which an external board is integrated, the unit cost is higher than that of a general heat insulator and the installation method is different, and the construction cost is increased. There was a problem in the installation process and safety after installation of the external insulation panel.
Therefore, to solve the above problems, the present invention is provided with a composite insulation panel in which a fiber sheet is integrally attached to one side or both sides of a heat insulating material, and has a strip shape, and further includes a reinforcing mesh having a strip structure coated with an adhesive on one side thereof. To install the composite insulation panel on the outer wall of the structure, the fiber sheet is exposed to the front, and then attach a self-supporting reinforcing mesh along the front joint of the composite insulation panel, the installed composite insulation panel and self-reinforcement Finishing the surface of the mesh in a conventional manner is completed the construction of the outer insulation, to facilitate the construction of the outer insulation of the high-rise structure.
In addition, there is further provided a fixing member having an el supporting portion having an L-shaped cross section, the lower fixing member having an upper fitting portion at the end of the el supporting portion, the middle fixing member formed with an upper fitting portion and a lower fitting portion at the end of the el supporting portion Further, the upper end fixing member is formed at the end of the el supporting portion formed with a downward fitting portion, before installing the composite insulation panel on the outer wall, the lowermost fixing member is installed as a nail member along the bottom of the outer wall, and then the composite insulation panel in one row After installing, install the composite insulation panel to the desired height by repeating the process of installing the intermediate fixing member using the nail member on the installed composite insulation panel and installing the composite insulation panel. The uppermost fixing member is installed using the member so that the vertical connection of the composite insulating panel using the fixing member is tight.
Further, there is further provided a composite intermediate fixing member in which a pair of downward fitting portions are formed at both ends of the end of the el supporting portion, and an upward fitting portion is formed between the downward fitting portions. In the case of installation so as to deviate, the lower fitting parts of the composite intermediate fixing member are fitted one by one to two compound insulating panels adjacent to the lower side, and the composite insulating panel installed at the upper part is fitted to the upper fitting part of the center. Even if the composite insulating panel is installed with the upper and lower positions offset, the vertical insulating panel is closely connected.
In addition, the connection pin and the straight structure of the U-shaped structure is further provided to install the connection pins to be fitted to each of the composite insulation panels positioned to the left or right, or to connect each of the connection pins to the composite insulation panels positioned up and down. In addition, or by a construction method in which the pins are diagonally inserted into one side of the composite insulation panel and inserted into the adjacent composite insulation panel, the vertical insulation panels of the composite insulation panel are closely connected.
And while installing the composite insulation panel in advance to apply the lump-like adhesive to the outer wall, or if the installation of the preliminary material in advance, even if the outer wall is uneven, the composite insulation panel can be installed vertically.
If the finish of the installed composite insulation panel is plastered with plastering material and the surface is finished with surface finish after curing of the plastering material, the surface is smooth and the surface cracks are prevented by the fiber sheet and self-reinforcing mesh of the composite insulation panel. Prevent it.
In addition, the finish of the composite insulation panel, the exterior board is installed with an adhesive and nail member, but the nail member is installed to pass through the fiber sheet of the composite insulation panel at least, so that the exterior board is firmly fixed by the screw holding force of the fiber sheet. .
Finally, in the method of construction of the outer insulation, by applying a composite insulation panel having a fiber sheet formed with embossing, the finish of the composite insulation panel is finished with a surface finish material, to enhance the aesthetics by the formation of embossing.
Therefore, to solve the above problems, the present invention is provided with a composite insulation panel in which a fiber sheet is integrally attached to one side or both sides of a heat insulating material, and has a strip shape, and further includes a reinforcing mesh having a strip structure coated with an adhesive on one side thereof. To install the composite insulation panel on the outer wall of the structure, the fiber sheet is exposed to the front, and then attach a self-supporting reinforcing mesh along the front joint of the composite insulation panel, the installed composite insulation panel and self-reinforcement When the surface of the mesh is finished in a conventional manner, the construction of the outer insulation is completed, and the outer insulation construction of the high-rise structure is easy.
In addition, there is further provided a fixing member having an el supporting portion having an L-shaped cross section, the lower fixing member having an upper fitting portion at the end of the el supporting portion, the middle fixing member formed with an upper fitting portion and a lower fitting portion at the end of the el supporting portion Further, the upper end fixing member is formed at the end of the el supporting portion formed with a downward fitting portion, before installing the composite insulation panel on the outer wall, the lowermost fixing member is installed as a nail member along the bottom of the outer wall, and then the composite insulation panel in one row After installing, install the composite insulation panel to the desired height by repeating the process of installing the intermediate fixing member using the nail member on the installed composite insulation panel and installing the composite insulation panel. By installing the uppermost fixing member using the member, there is a close effect of the vertical connection of the composite insulation panel using the fixing member.
Further, there is further provided a composite intermediate fixing member in which a pair of downward fitting portions are formed at both ends of the end of the el supporting portion, and an upward fitting portion is formed between the downward fitting portions. In the case of installation so as to deviate, the lower fitting parts of the composite intermediate fixing member are fitted one by one to two compound insulating panels adjacent to the lower side, and the composite insulating panel installed at the upper part is fitted to the upper fitting part of the center. Even if the composite insulation panel is installed with the upper and lower positions offset, there is a close effect of the vertical connection of the composite insulation panel.
In addition, the connection pin and the straight structure of the U-shaped structure is further provided to install the connection pins to be fitted to each of the composite insulation panels positioned to the left or right, or to connect each of the connection pins to the composite insulation panels positioned up and down. By the installation method or by inserting a pin diagonally into one side of the composite heat insulation panel, and inserting it into the adjacent composite heat insulation panel, there exists a close effect of the vertical, left, right connection of a composite heat insulation panel.
In addition, when the composite insulation panel is installed, a mass adhesive is applied to the outer wall in advance, or when the shell material is installed in advance, the composite insulation panel can be vertically installed even if the outer wall is uneven.
If the finish of the installed composite insulation panel is plastered with a plastering material and the surface is finished with a surface finisher after curing of the plastering material, the surface is smooth and the surface cracks are caused by the fiber sheet and self-reinforcing mesh of the composite insulation panel. It is effective to prevent.
In addition, the finish of the composite insulation panel, the exterior board is installed with an adhesive and nail member, but the nail member is installed so as to pass through at least the fiber sheet of the composite insulation panel, the fixing of the exterior board by the screw holding force of the fiber sheet is a solid effect. There is.
Finally, in the method of constructing the outer insulation, by applying a composite insulation panel having a fiber sheet formed with embossing, the finish of the composite insulation panel is finished with a surface finish, there is a high aesthetic effect by the formation of embossing.
1 is a perspective view and a cross-sectional view of a composite insulation panel according to the present invention.
Figure 2 (A), (B), (C) is another exemplary cross-sectional view of the composite insulating panel according to the present invention.
Figure 3 is a process diagram of the outer insulation construction method according to the invention.
4 is a perspective view of the construction process by the construction method according to the present invention.
5 is an assembled perspective view of the portion (D) of FIG.
Figure 6 is a bottom cross-sectional view of the construction process of the present invention.
Figure 7 is an assembled perspective view of the molding bar is applied to the bottom fixing member in the construction method according to the invention.
8 is a cross-sectional view of the molding bar and the composite insulating panel assembled in the construction method according to the present invention.
9 is an assembled perspective view of part (E) of FIG. 5.
FIG. 10 is an assembled perspective view of the portion (F) of FIG. 5. FIG.
11 is a perspective view of the installation according to the coincidence type installation method of the composite insulation panel in the construction method according to the invention.
12 is an installation front view according to the coincidence installation method of the composite insulation panel in the construction method according to the present invention.
Figure 13 is an installation perspective view according to the offset type installation method of the composite insulation panel in the construction method according to the present invention.
FIG. 14 is an assembled perspective view of the portion (G) of FIG. 13. FIG.
Figure 15 is a cross-sectional view showing the installation of a composite insulation panel using a shell in the construction method according to the present invention.
Figure 16 is a front view of the construction of the self-reinforced mesh in the construction method according to the present invention.
Figure 17 is a cross-sectional view using a plastering and surface finish in the construction method according to the invention.
18 is a cross-sectional view using an exterior board in the construction method according to the invention.
The present invention relates to a composite insulation panel in which a heat insulating material and a fiber sheet are combined, and a method for external insulation using the composite heat insulating panel, comprising a composite heat insulating panel in which a fiber sheet is integrally attached to one or both sides of the heat insulating material, Self-adhesive reinforcing mesh of adhesive strip is further provided, and the composite insulation panel is installed on the outer wall of the structure, and the fiber sheet is exposed on the front side, and then the self-adhesive along the front joint of the composite insulation panel is installed. Reinforcement mesh is attached, and the surface of installed composite insulation panel and self-supporting reinforcement mesh are plastered with plastering material. After curing, the surface is finished with surface finisher to complete external insulation. The outer insulation of the construction will be easy.
The structure of the composite insulation panel according to the present invention will be described, and the outer insulation construction method using the composite insulation panel will be described in sequence.
First, the composite insulation panel 10 according to the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, the heat insulating material 11 and the fiber sheet 12 is configured by an adhesive, the heat insulating material 11 is a conventional foamed polystyrene Boards, or flame retardant polystyrene boards (also called flame retardant EPS boards) having fire retardant coating on unit particles of expanded polystyrene, or using insulating boards such as urethane foam boards. In consideration of thermal insulation, an insulating material 11 having an appropriate thickness is used.
As the fiber sheet 12, a nonwoven fabric containing LMF fibers (LMF) is used. The fiber sheet 12 is formed to a thickness of 2 to 5 mm by a thermal bond method or a chemical bond method.
First, the fibrous sheet 12 manufactured by the thermal bond method has a low melting fiber (melting point of 100 to 200 ° C., thermoplastic synthetic fiber and good thermal compression) of 5 to 55%. And 45 to 95% of other highly durable synthetic fibers are mixed in a web and treated with heat, pressure, a solvent, or the like to prepare a fiber sheet 12 having a sheet structure.
In addition, the fibrous sheet 12 manufactured by the chemical bond method can bond webs of 5 to 55% of low melting fibers and 45 to 95% of other durable synthetic fibers. At this time, the adhesive (adhesive is preferably a waterproof adhesive resin, if necessary) is permeated into the fiber and then dried to produce a fiber sheet 12, the fiber sheet 12 of the general sheet structure To manufacture.
In addition, the fiber sheet 12 has a sheet structure, but can produce a fiber sheet 12 having an embossed pattern on the surface thereof, provided with a press having a mold formed with an embossed pattern, the fiber sheet 12 When pressing during web bonding during the manufacturing process, it is possible to manufacture a fiber sheet 12 having a desired embossed pattern.
Thus prepared fiber sheet 12 has a good tensile strength, the pores formed therein has a good sound absorption, heat insulation and heat insulation.
The heat insulating material 11 and the fiber sheet 12 are attached to each other by an adhesive, and the adhesive to be used may be a variety of adhesives such as a filling adhesive such as urethane and an organic adhesive such as epoxy. According to, use waterproof adhesive resin)
In addition, the heat insulating material 11 and the fiber sheet 12 are attached at an appropriate pressure, and a portion of the adhesive is impregnated into the fiber sheet 12 during the attachment process, and after a certain time after the attachment, the fiber sheet 12 is also adhesive It becomes somewhat hard with the hardening, and thus the heat insulating material 11 and the fiber sheet 12 comprise the composite insulating panel 10 of the structure attached by the adhesive agent.
In addition, the composite insulation panel 10 has a structure in which the heat insulating material 11 and the fiber sheet 12 are integrated, and has various examples according to the attachment structure, as shown in FIG. 1, the fiber on one surface of the heat insulating material 11. There is a structure in which the sheet 12 is attached, and as shown in Fig. 2A, there is a structure in which the fiber sheets 12 and 12 'are attached to both surfaces of the heat insulating material 11.
In addition, as shown in Fig. 2B, there is a structure in which the fiber sheet 12, the heat insulating material 11, the fiber sheet 12 " and the heat insulating material 11 'are sequentially attached, and Fig. 2 As shown in (C), there is a structure in which the fiber sheet 12, the heat insulating material 11, the fiber sheet 12 ″, the heat insulating material 11 ', and the fiber sheet 12' are sequentially attached. In order to increase the thermal insulation and tensile strength, the insulation and the fiber sheet may be sequentially attached to one surface or both surfaces, and then integrated.
In addition, such a composite insulation panel 10 is used for external insulation construction, prior to the construction of the external insulation construction method, the adhesive, the lumber 20, self-supporting reinforcing mesh 30, the fixing member, the finishing material required for this construction When described as follows.
First, as the adhesives 80, 81, 82, cement adhesives, other oil, inorganic adhesives, putty, caulking materials, and the like can be used, and such adhesives 80, 81, 82 are appropriate depending on where they are used. Is used.
In addition, as shown in Fig. 15, the shell member 20 is constituted by a square pipe having a predetermined length, and in order to fix such square pipe, an El-shaped member 21 having an L-shaped cross section is used.
In addition, the self-supporting reinforcement mesh 30 is composed of a glass fiber, a tancer fiber mesh, etc. in the form of a mesh, as shown in Figure 16 and 17, but in a narrow form in the form of a band, and on one side The adhesive is applied, the self-supporting reinforcing mesh 30 provided in a rolled form in a rolled state is easy to attach when spreading to the desired place.
The fixing member includes a nail member 90, a pin member, a bottom fixing member, an intermediate fixing member 60, and an uppermost fixing member 70. The nail member 90 is shown in FIGS. As such, there are nails, screws, anchors, screws, screws and the like.
In addition, the pin member has a pin 100 and a connecting pin 101 (101 ′), the pin 100, as shown in Figure 14, has a one-piece structure having a predetermined length, the connecting pin 11 and 13 ', as shown in Figs. 11 and 13, are bent in a U-shape, one end or both ends of the pin 100 are sharp, and the connecting pins 101 and 101' Each end is also preferably pointed.
In addition, the bottom fixing member, the intermediate fixing member 60, and the uppermost fixing member 70 connect neighboring composite insulation panels 10, and further, the composite insulation panels 10 are connected to the bottom, outer wall, and adjacent composite. In order to connect with the heat insulation panel 10, the basic cross-sectional structure is formed of the el supporting portion (41) (51) (61) (71) having an L-shaped cross section, and each of the el supporting portion (41) (51) (61) A plurality of through holes 41 ', 51', 61 ', and 71' are respectively formed on two surfaces constituting the 71. As shown in FIG.
First, there are two types of bottom fixing members, the molding bar 40 and the lowermost fixing member 50. First, the molding bar 40 has an L-shaped cross section as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. One end of the branch 41 is perpendicular to its end and parallel to the other end, but is perpendicular to the vertical portion 42 protruding in the same direction, and perpendicular to the vertical portion 42, and the el support portion 41. The horizontal portion 43 protruding in the inward direction of the integrally formed structure, the el support portion 41 is formed with a plurality of through holes (41 '), the molding bar 40 is the horizontal portion 43 and The distance between the opposing el support portion 41 corresponds to the width of the composite insulation panel 10, so that the composite insulation panel 10 is seated in the molding bar 40.
5 and 6, the lowermost fixing member 50 is perpendicular to the end of the el supporting portion 51 having an L-shaped cross section, parallel to the other end thereof, and parallel to the other end thereof, but in the same direction. The upper fitting portion 52 is a structure configured to at least one projecting upward, the upper fitting portion 52 is narrowed to the end to the pointed pointed structure, the el support portion 51 has a through hole 51 ' Form a plurality.
And the intermediate fixing member 60, as shown in Figure 9, at the end of the el supporting portion 61 having an L-shaped cross section, perpendicular to the end, parallel to the other end, but protruding in the same direction At least one direction fitting portion 62 and at least one downward fitting portion 63 protruding in the opposite direction are configured, and the upper fitting portion 62 and the downward fitting portion 63 are narrowed to the ends thereof. It has a pointed structure, and the elevating portion 61 forms a plurality of through holes 61 '.
On the other hand, as another example of the intermediate fixing member 60, as shown in Figure 14, there is a composite intermediate fixing member (60 '), but less than or equal to the structure of the intermediate fixing member 60, The pair of downward fitting portions 63 and 63 'are formed at regular intervals, and the upward fitting portions 62 are formed therebetween.
In addition, the uppermost fixing member 70 is perpendicular to the end of the el support portion 71 having an L-shaped cross section, and parallel to the other end, but has a lower fitting portion 72 protruding in the opposite direction. Each of the at least one fitting portion 72 has a narrow structure that is narrowed to the end and has a pointed structure, and the plurality of holes 71 'are formed in the el support portion 71.
Lastly, the finishing materials include a plastering material 200, an exterior board 300, a surface finishing material 400, and the like, and the plastering material 200 includes general mortar and fiber-reinforced mortar, as shown in FIG.
And the outer board 300, as shown in Figure 18, an inorganic material, such as magnesium board, cement board or fiber reinforced cement board (CRC Board, Cellulose fiber Reinforced Cement Board), calcium silicate board, calcium silicate silicate board, etc. Through the use of non-flammable, non-flammable material through the board, in addition to the various external boards that can be fixed by the adhesive 82 or nail member 90 may be applied.
In addition, as the surface finish material 400, it can be used as a paint, a coating agent, and other coating agents, in particular, using a ceramic coating, it increases the surface durability, stain resistance, heat resistance and beautiful appearance.
The external insulation construction method using the composite insulation panel 10, the adhesives 80, 81, 82, the lumber 20, the self-reinforcing mesh 30, the fixing member, and the finishing material described above is illustrated in the process diagram of FIG. According to the sequential order as follows.
First, the ground surface cleaning process (S1) is a process of arranging the surface of the outer wall of the structure for constructing the outer insulation, in the case of the newly constructed structure clean the surface only, if the existing structure, the cracks fill the gap It is advisable to repair and fill up the dents and flatten the surface, and grind the raised parts with a grinder to arrange the surface evenly.
In addition, as shown in Fig. 15, the horn material fixing step S1 'is a step of fixing the horn material 20 at regular intervals to the arranged outer wall, and the horn material 20 is a nail member 90 directly to the outer wall. It is fixed to, or fixed to the outer wall to be supported by the el-shaped member 21, this horn member 20 is applied to the case where there is a severe bend on the outer wall surface, or vertical verticality is uneven.
In addition, as shown in Figs. 4 and 11 to 13, the composite insulation panel installation step (S2) is a step of installing the composite insulation panel 10 on the front side of the outer wall arranged above, and the composite insulation panel 10 Install one by one row with the fixing member in sequence, the process is described as follows.
First, the bottom fixing member installation step G1 is a step of installing a bottom fixing member, that is, the lowermost fixing member 50 or the molding bar 40, at the bottom of the outer wall, as shown in FIGS. 4 to 8. 5 or 6, the bottom fixing member is placed in consideration of the thickness of the composite insulation panel 10, and each hole 51 'of the lowermost fixing member 50, or the molding bar 40 is placed. Nail member 90 is inserted into each hole 41 'of the bottom), and the bottom fixing member is fixed to the outer wall and the bottom. In the case where the lumber 20 is installed on the outer wall by the lumber fixing process S1', , Considering the degree of protruding the lumber 20 is installed.
More specifically, in the bottom fixing member installation step G1, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the bottom fitting member 50 has an upper fitting portion 52 of the composite insulating panel 10. It is fixed to a position that can be fitted to the heat insulating material 11, and furthermore, the molding bar 40, as shown in Figures 7 and 8, is installed so that the composite insulation panel 10 can be fitted therein , The bottom fixing member is installed at regular intervals along the width of the outer wall, or is installed continuously.
And the lowest insulation composite insulation panel installation step (G2) is, as shown in Figure 4, 6 or 8, the step of installing the composite insulation panel 10 along the bottom fixing member installed earlier, Figure 4 and Figure As shown in FIG. 6, the composite insulation panel 10 is fitted to the upper fitting portion 52 of the lowermost fixing member 50, or as shown in FIG. 8, inside the molding bar 40. 10, and as shown in FIG. 10, an adhesive 81 is applied between the adjacent composite insulating panels 10 to the left and right so that the composite insulating panels 10 are firmly fixed to each other. If the adhesive 80 of the form is applied to the outer wall in advance and then the composite insulation panel 10 is installed, the composite insulation panel 10 is more firmly fixed to the outer wall, the fiber sheet 12 only on one surface of the composite insulation panel 10 ) Is formed so that the fiber sheet 12 is located outward.
On the other hand, in the method of installing the composite insulation panel 10 on the outer wall, the coincident type installation method for installing the vertical insulation of the composite insulation panel 10 positioned up and down and the composite insulation panel 10 positioned up and down There is an offset type mounting method in which the vertical position is shifted (mainly shifted by half width).
4, 11, and 12, when the composite insulation panel 10 is installed in a coincidence type installation method, the connecting pins are connected to the two composite insulation panels 10 installed above and successively from side to side. The adjacent composite insulation panels 10 are fitted together so that the neighboring composite insulation panels 10 are fixed to each other. As shown in FIG. 13, when the composite insulation panels 10 are installed in an offset type installation method, the composite insulation panels are installed in one row at the bottom. The pin 100 is inserted into the insulation panel 10 from the top or the front thereof so that neighboring composite insulation panels 10 are fixed to each other.
For reference, in the case where the molding bar 40 is installed in the bottom fixing member installation step G1, after installing all the composite insulation panels 10 in one row as the lowest insulation composite insulation panel installation step G2, The sealing material 500 (or waterproof caulking material) is applied between the composite insulation panel 10 and the vertical part 42 of the molding bar 40 to prevent water from flowing into the interior.
Next, the intermediate fixing member installation step G3 is a step of installing a plurality of intermediate fixing members 60 on the uppermost composite insulation panel 10 installed above, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 9. Likewise, a plurality of downward fitting portions of the intermediate fixing member 60 are installed so as to be fitted into the heat insulating material 11 of the composite insulation panel 10, and nails are not provided in each hole 61 'of the intermediate fixing member 60 installed. When the member 90 is driven and the intermediate fixing member 60 is firmly fixed to the outer wall and the composite insulation panel 10 at the bottom, the construction of the composite insulation panel 10 by the coincidence type installation method is shown in FIG. As shown in Fig. 12, not only the intermediate fixing member 60 but also the composite intermediate fixing member 60 'may be used.
On the other hand, when the composite insulation panel 10 is installed in an offset type installation method, a joint (joint refers to a portion in which neighboring composite insulation panels are opposed to each other) is installed on the upper surface side of the composite insulation panel 10 which is previously installed and continues from side to side. ), A plurality of composite intermediate fixing members 60 'are provided for each, and as shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, two downward fitting portions 63 and 63 of the composite intermediate fixing members 60' are provided. ´) is fixed to two neighboring composite insulation panels 10 (joints are positioned between the two inclined fittings), so that the upper fitting portion 62 is positioned on the upper joint of the two composite insulation panels 10 facing each other. ) So that the nail member 90 is inserted into each hole 61 ′ of the installed complex intermediate fixing member 60, and the intermediate fixing member 60 is formed of two composite insulation panels at the outer wall and the lower portion thereof. Make sure that it is firmly fixed to (10).
Subsequent to the composite insulation panel installation step (G4), as shown in Figure 4, while installing the composite insulation panel 10 along the upper portion of the composite insulation panel 10 previously installed, as shown in Figure 9 or 14 Likewise, the upper fitting portion 62 of the intermediate fixing member 60, or the upper fitting portion 62 of the composite intermediate fixing member 60 'is installed to be fitted to the heat insulating material 11, Also in this process, an adhesive 81 is applied between the upper and lower sides, or the adjacent composite insulating panels 10 to the left and right, so that the composite insulating panels 10 are firmly fixed to each other, and the adhesive 80 in the form of a mass is previously When the composite insulation panel 10 is installed on the outer wall, the composite insulation panel 10 is more firmly fixed to the outer wall, and the fiber sheet 12 is formed only on one surface of the composite insulation panel 10. ) So that it is positioned outward.
Thus, when the composite insulation panel 10 is installed in a coincidence type installation method, as shown in Fig. 12, the connecting pin 101 is provided for each joint on the upper surface of the composite insulation panel 10 which is installed earlier and continues from side to side. Insert the connecting pin 101 so that the joint is positioned between both ends of the joint (the joint is preferably located in the middle of the connecting pin), so that two neighboring composite insulating panels 10 are fixed to each other, and the composite insulating panel 10 In the case of mounting by the offset type installation method, as shown in Fig. 14, the composite insulation panel 10 adjacent to the composite insulation panel 10 installed in one row at the bottom is inserted with the pin 100 at the top or the front thereof. It is inserted until, so that the two adjacent composite insulation panels 10 are fixed to each other by the pin (100).
The intermediate fixing member installation step G3 and the composite insulation panel installation step G4 are repeated to fix the composite insulation panel to the outer wall at a desired height.
So, the next step of installing the composite insulation panel 10 of the final height, the uppermost fixing member installation step (G5), as shown in Figure 4, Figure 10, the upper surface of the last composite insulation panel 10 installed The uppermost fixing member 70 is installed along the lower fitting portion 72 so as to be fitted into the heat insulating material 11 of the composite insulation panel 10, and each hole of the uppermost fixing member 70 is installed. Nail member 90 is driven into 71 'so that the uppermost fixing member 70 is firmly fixed to the outer wall and the composite insulating panel 10 at the bottom.
In addition, by inserting the connecting pin 101 from the top in the two composite insulation panel 10 installed to be continuous to the left and right so that the adjacent composite insulation panel 10 is fixed to each other.
Next, as shown in Figs. 11 to 13, the both sides fixing step G6 is formed between the both ends of the connecting pins 101 'for each side joint of the composite insulating panel 10 on both sides installed along the outer wall. Inserting the connecting pin 101 'so that the joint is positioned (preferably, the joint is positioned in the middle of the connecting pin). The connecting pin 101' is disposed from the side to the two vertically insulated panels 10 which are continuous up and down. ) So that neighboring composite panels up and down are firmly fixed to each other.
In this process, the composite insulation panel 10 is fixed to the outer wall. In order to fix the composite insulation panel 10 more firmly, as shown in FIG. 6, each time one composite insulation panel 10 is installed, After the nail member 90 is installed to be embedded to the outer wall, or after installing the composite insulation panel 10 all over the outer wall, the nail member 90 is installed to be embedded from the front surface of the composite insulation panel 10 to the outer wall. In particular, in the case where the corner member fixing step S1 'is added after the base surface cleaning step S1, as shown in FIG. 15, the nail member 90 is installed while the composite insulation panel 10 is installed. The compound insulation panel 10 is driven and fixed in the front, it is preferable that the nail member 90 is passed through the shell member 20 to be embedded to the outer wall.
In addition, the intermediate insulating member 60, the composite intermediate fixing member (10) between the composite insulating panel 10 to be installed is a space floating from the bottom by the bottom fixing member, and the composite insulating panel 10 positioned up and down ( 60 '), the space generated by the connecting pin 101 or the like is preferably filled with an adhesive or caulking material while the composite insulation panel 10 is installed or after the composite insulation panel 10 is installed.
In addition, while providing the composite insulation panel 10 composed of the fiber sheets 12 (12 ') on both sides, as shown in Fig. 17, an adhesive 80 (mainly a lump adhesive) is applied to the outer wall in advance, When the composite insulation panel 10 is provided, since the bonding force between the adhesive 80 and the fiber sheet 12 'is excellent, the composite insulation panel 10 is firmly installed on the outer wall.
Next, the self-reinforcing mesh installation process (S3) attaches the self-reinforcing reinforcing mesh 30 to the front side joint (joint refers to the portion where the neighboring composite insulation panel meets) of the composite insulation panel 10 previously installed. 16 and 17, the adhesive force of the self-supporting reinforcing mesh 30 is attached along the front side joint of the composite insulation panel 10 without the need for a separate adhesive.
And the finishing process (S4) is a process of finishing the surface of the plastering material 200, the exterior board 300, the surface finishing material 400, etc. in the composite insulation panel 10 and the self-supporting reinforcement mesh 30 installed before. .
First, in the case of finishing with the plastering material 200, as shown in Figure 17, the self-reinforcing mesh 30 on the front of the fiber sheet 12 and the self-reinforcing mesh 30 of the installed composite insulation panel 10 Plastering to a thickness enough to cover), flattening the surface, curing by finishing for a certain time, in addition, after curing, using the surface finish material 400 and to protect the surface finished with a plastering material (200) Try to increase aesthetics.
And when finishing with an outer board 300, as shown in Figure 18, the outer board 300 is attached to the front surface of the installed composite insulation panel 10 using the adhesive 82, nails from the front Fixing using the member 90, wherein the nail member 90 passes through the fiber sheet 12 of the composite insulation panel 10, the fixing of the exterior board 300 is sufficient, high-rise or exterior board 300 If it is heavy, nail nail member 90 to the outer wall, if necessary, additionally finish the surface of the installed exterior board 300 with a surface finish material (400).
In addition, in the case of finishing with the surface finish material 400, in the process of applying or coating a surface material on the front surface of the installed composite insulation panel 10 and the self-supporting reinforcement mesh 30, such surface finish material 400 as a finish alone In the case of using, the fiber sheet 12 applied to the composite insulating panel 10 is preferably to have a waterproof, for this purpose, when manufacturing the fiber sheet 12 by the chemical bond method, an adhesive for bonding the web Using the waterproof adhesive resin, or the adhesive for attaching the composite insulating panel 10 and the fiber sheet 12 to the waterproof sheet using a waterproof adhesive, in particular, embossed When the composite insulation panel 10 having the fiber sheet 12 having a pattern is finished with the surface finish material 400, the aesthetics can be further improved by the pattern of the embossing.
So the external insulation construction method using the composite insulation panel is completed in the finishing process (S4), this construction method can be easily applied to the structure of high height, the composite insulation panel is light and easy to install, and also installed The composite insulation panel has a structure in which the upper and lower sides and the left and right sides are tightly fixed to the outer wall by various fixing members.
If the surface of the outer wall is not uniform, the composite insulation panel can be installed vertically using a lump-shaped adhesive on the outer wall. If the outer wall is not very even, the composite insulation panel can be installed by installing each material before using the composite insulation panel. The vertical installation is characterized by easy.
In addition, the self-reinforcing mesh is attached only to the joint of the composite insulation panel, so it is easy to construct even if the height of the building (or structure) to be applied is high. Edo surface is easy to be plastered and uniform surface is obtained, and it has strong tensile strength by self-reinforcing reinforcing mesh and fiber sheet, and it is easy to connect joint part of neighboring composite insulation panel, and crack of surface There is a feature to prevent.
Moreover, when using a composite insulating panel composed of a fiber sheet on both sides, applying an adhesive to the outer wall and installing a composite insulating panel, the adhesive strength between the adhesive and the fiber sheet is high, thereby increasing the fixing force of the composite insulating panel to the outer wall, and similarly, The installed insulation panel is fixed to the external board by the adhesive and nail member to increase the fixing force of the external board.
On the other hand, using the existing heat insulating material and the composite insulation panel according to the present invention as a sample, the results of requesting the adhesion strength to the adhesive mortar for insulation boards to the Korea Institute of Construction and Living Environment Test Results are shown in the following [Table 1].
sample Adhesion strength
(N / mm2)
Test Methods
Existing Common Insulation 0.05 KS F 4936: 2008
Composite insulation panel 0.15 KS F 4936: 2008
As shown in [Table 1], while the adhesive strength of the existing general heat insulating material is 0.05N / mm2, the composite insulation panel according to the present invention is 0.15N / mm2, the composite insulation panel is three times better than the conventional general heat insulating material It can be seen that it has an adhesive strength.
In addition, when installing the composite insulation panel by the construction method according to the present invention, it is possible to fix the composite insulation panel with a nail member from the outside, and also to fix the exterior board with an adhesive and nail member to the installed composite insulation panel, such nail Even if the member passes through the fiber sheet, sufficient exterior board is fixed, because the strength of the fiber sheet applied to the composite insulation panel is excellent in holding the nail member.
Therefore, the existing general insulation and the composite insulation panel according to the present invention as a sample, and the result of requesting the screw retaining force to the Korea Institute of Construction and Environmental Testing in this sample is shown in the following [Table 2].
sample Screw Holding Force-Planar Direction
(N)
Test Methods
Conventional Common Insulation 103 KS F 3200: 2006
Existing Common Insulation 121 KS F 3200: 2006
Composite insulation panel 207 KS F 3200: 2006
Composite insulation panel 238 KS F 3200: 2006
As shown in [Table 2] above, the screw holding force of the existing general insulation material is 103N and 121N, while the composite insulation panel is the result of 207N and 238N, the composite insulation panel is about twice the conventional insulation It can be seen that it has an excellent screw holding force.
10: composite insulation panel 20: angle
30: self-reinforced mesh 40: molding bar
50: lowermost fixing member 60: intermediate fixing member
60´: Composite intermediate fixing member 70: Top fixing member
80: adhesive 90: nail member
100: pin 200: plastering
300: exterior board

Claims (11)

  1. The structure of the fiber sheet is integrated on one side or both sides of the insulation,
    The fiber sheet has a thickness of 2 to 5 mm,
    The fiber sheet is a composite heat insulating panel combined with a heat insulating material and a fiber sheet, characterized in that the non-woven fabric made of 5 to 55% of low-melting synthetic fibers and 45 to 95% of other synthetic fibers.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    On one side or both sides of the composite insulation panel,
    At least one heat insulating material, or at least one fiber sheet is a composite insulation panel combined with a heat insulating material and a fiber sheet, characterized in that the configuration is further integrated.
  3. The method of claim 1,
    Fiber insulation of the composite insulation pad is embossed to form a composite insulation panel combined with a heat insulating material and a fiber sheet.
  4. In the heat insulation construction method of insulating the outer wall of the structure,
    Composite insulation board according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    Self-adhesive reinforcing mesh of the band structure with an adhesive applied to one side is provided,
    A ground surface cleaning process (S1) for arranging the outer wall of the structure to be constructed;
    Installing a composite insulation panel on the outer wall arranged above, the rear or side of the composite insulation panel is attached to the outer wall or neighboring composite insulation panel by an adhesive while installing the composite insulation panel (S2);
    A self-reinforcing mesh installation process of attaching the self-reinforcing reinforcing mesh along the front side joint of the composite insulation panel installed in advance (S3);
    Insulation and fiber sheet is an external insulation construction method using a composite insulation panel, characterized in that the construction is completed by the finishing process (S4) to finish the composite insulation panel and the self-supported reinforcement mesh installed in the usual way.
  5. 5. The method of claim 4,
    It is further provided with a fixing member having an el support portion having an L-shaped cross-section, an upper fitting portion projecting upward, or a downward fitting portion projecting downward at the end of the el supporting portion,
    A lower end fixing member having an upper fitting portion formed at an end of the el supporting portion;
    An intermediate fixing member having an upper fitting portion and a lower fitting portion formed at the end of the el supporting portion;
    The upper end fixing member is further provided with a downward fitting portion at the end of the el supporting portion,
    Installation of the composite insulation panel in the composite insulation panel installation step (S2),
    Before installing the composite insulation panel on the outer wall, the lowermost fixing member installation step of installing a plurality of lowermost fixing members along the lower end of the outer wall (G1);
    A lower thermally insulating composite insulating panel installation step (G2) of installing the composite thermal insulation panel in a row along the lowermost fixing member and the outer wall bottom installed above;
    An intermediate fixing member installation step (G3) of installing a plurality of intermediate fixing members along the upper portion of the composite insulation panel installed above;
    A composite thermal insulation panel installation step (G4) of installing the composite thermal insulation panel above the composite thermal insulation panel installed above;
    Installing the composite insulation panel to the desired height by repeating the intermediate fixing member installation step (G3) and the composite insulation panel installation step (G4) above;
    Insulation and fiber sheet is an outer insulation construction method using a composite insulation panel, characterized in that consisting of the uppermost fixing member installation step (G5) for installing a plurality of uppermost fixing members along the upper portion of the composite insulating panel was installed last.
  6. 6. The method of claim 5,
    A plurality of holes are formed in the el supporting portion of each fixing member, so that nail members are inserted into each hole while installing the fixing member, so that the fixing member is fixed to the outer wall and the lower part,
    Each composite insulation panel is installed so that the vertical position is the same,
    The U-shaped connecting pin is further provided,
    After installing the lowest insulation composite insulation panel (G2), install the connecting pins so that the joints are located in the middle of each joint of the upper insulation panels installed.
    After the composite insulation panel installation step (G4), install the connecting pins so that the joints are located in the middle of each of the installed composite insulation panel upper surface joints.
    After the uppermost fixing member installation step (G5), for each side joint of the composite insulation panel installed at both ends, inserting the connecting pin so that the joint is located in the middle, and adding both sides fixing step (G6) to install,
    Insulation and fiber sheet is characterized in that the composite insulation panel is firmly fixed up, down, left and right external insulation construction method using the composite insulation panel.
  7. 6. The method of claim 5,
    Each composite insulation panel is installed so that the vertical position is shifted,
    A pair of downward fitting portions are formed at the ends of the el supporting portion at intervals, and there is provided a complex intermediate fixing member in which the upward fitting portions are integrally formed therebetween.
    Further comprising a straight pin, the U-shaped connecting pin,
    After installing the lowest insulation composite insulation panel (G2), the pins are inserted diagonally into each composite insulation panel, and the neighboring composite insulation panels are also inserted.
    In the intermediate fixing member installation step (G3), for each of the composite insulation panel upper surface joints, the composite intermediate fixing member is further installed such that the joint is positioned between the two downward fitting portions.
    After the composite insulation panel installation step (G4), the pins are inserted diagonally into the composite insulation panel so as to be fitted to the neighboring composite insulation panel.
    After fixing the uppermost fixing member step (G5), for each side joint of the composite insulation panel installed at both ends, adding both side fixing step (G6) by inserting the connecting pin so that the joint is located in the middle,
    A plurality of holes are formed in the el supporting portion of each fixing member, and the nail member is driven into each hole while installing the fixing member, and the fixing member is fixed to the outer wall and the bottom,
    Insulation and fiber sheet is characterized in that the composite insulation panel is firmly fixed up, down, left and right external insulation construction method using the composite insulation panel.
  8. 5. The method of claim 4,
    The finishing process (S4), plastered with a plastering material so that the fiber sheet and the self-supporting reinforcing mesh of the front surface of the composite insulation panel is installed,
    After curing of the plastered plastering material, the insulating material and the fiber sheet, characterized in that the finish by applying a surface finish material, the outer insulation construction method using a composite insulation panel.
  9. 5. The method of claim 4,
    The finishing process (S4), the external insulation construction and the fiber sheet using the composite insulation panel, characterized in that the outer board is bonded with an adhesive on the front surface of the installed composite insulation panel, and the nail member is fixed on the front surface. Way.
  10. 5. The method of claim 4,
    The fiber sheet of the composite insulation panel to be applied to the outer insulation construction method is waterproof, the finishing process (S4), characterized in that the finish by applying a surface finish material to the fiber sheet and self-reinforced mesh of the front of the installed composite insulation panel. Insulation material and fiber sheet made by using a composite insulation panel.
  11. 5. The method of claim 4,
    After the base surface rearranging step S1, a corner member fixing step S1 'for installing a plurality of square pieces of square pipes along the arranged outer wall is added.
    While installing the composite insulation panel in the composite insulation panel installation step (S2), the nail member is fixed so as to be nailed to the outer wall through the composite insulation panel and the lumber,
    Insulation and fiber sheet is characterized in that the vertical installation of the composite insulation panel is an external insulation construction method using the composite insulation panel.
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WO2014204098A1 (en) * 2013-06-18 2014-12-24 Choi Eun Sook Dryvit finishing block of building and construction method therefor, dryvit finishing block structure of building and dryvit finishing block of building comprising same
KR101492331B1 (en) 2013-07-29 2015-02-11 최은숙 Building finishing block and construction method of finishing block

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KR101265280B1 (en) * 2012-08-07 2013-05-16 대보페인트 주식회사 External heat insulating panel and method for manufacturing the same
KR101486139B1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2015-01-26 신용순 Non-flammable unsulatior sheet and method for manufacturing the same having improved sound-absorbing structure
KR102214758B1 (en) * 2020-04-03 2021-02-10 (주) 혜암 Outside insulation panel construction method

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KR101492331B1 (en) 2013-07-29 2015-02-11 최은숙 Building finishing block and construction method of finishing block

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