KR100910348B1 - Coordinate input apparatus - Google Patents

Coordinate input apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100910348B1
KR100910348B1 KR1020070098801A KR20070098801A KR100910348B1 KR 100910348 B1 KR100910348 B1 KR 100910348B1 KR 1020070098801 A KR1020070098801 A KR 1020070098801A KR 20070098801 A KR20070098801 A KR 20070098801A KR 100910348 B1 KR100910348 B1 KR 100910348B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
pointer
lines
antenna
tablet
data
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KR1020070098801A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20090033659A (en
Inventor
아즈마 무라카미
정민화
Original Assignee
아즈마 무라카미
정민화
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Priority to KR1020070098801A priority Critical patent/KR100910348B1/en
Publication of KR20090033659A publication Critical patent/KR20090033659A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100910348B1 publication Critical patent/KR100910348B1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/046Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means by electromagnetic means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/033Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor
    • G06F3/0354Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor with detection of 2D relative movements between the device, or an operating part thereof, and a plane or surface, e.g. 2D mice, trackballs, pens or pucks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/0416Control or interface arrangements specially adapted for digitisers

Abstract

According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a coordinate input device, comprising: an excitation coil portion including a pointer having a resonant circuit and a coil having a loop shape to supply energy for generating an induced voltage to the resonant circuit; A horizontal antenna having a plurality of lines arranged in parallel and having both ends, and a vertical antenna having both ends arranged in parallel with each other and arranged to be perpendicular to the horizontal antenna and having both ends, one end of the horizontal antenna and One end of the vertical antenna is connected to each other between the lines, the horizontal antenna and the vertical antenna is a differential antenna which is disposed inside the loop form of the excitation coil portion to detect the position of the electromagnetic wave emitted from the pointer Wealth; And selecting three lines from at least one of the other end of the horizontal antenna unit and the other end of the vertical antenna unit, and connecting the other ends of the lines on both sides of the selected three lines to form a closed loop. It comprises a tablet comprising; coordinate recognition means for detecting the position of the pointer using the voltage output from the center line of the selected three lines.
Pointing device, pointer, differential coil

Description

Coordinate Input Device {COORDINATE INPUT APPARATUS}

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a coordinate input device, and more particularly, to a coordinate input device including a pointer that causes an electromagnetic induction phenomenon and a tablet that detects a position of the pointer and inputs it to a computer.

Coordinate input devices comprising a pointer which causes electromagnetic induction and a tablet which senses the position of the pointer and inputs it to a computer by the electromagnetic induction phenomenon have come into the spotlight as a man-machine interface due to the convenience in graphics work and various applications. .

As such a coordinate input device, as disclosed in Korean Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 2000-6367, a plurality of points for exciting electromagnetic waves with respect to a pointer having a resonant circuit and at the same time detecting a position of electromagnetic waves generated by resonance of the pointer. A technique using a coil antenna is disclosed.

However, in this type of configuration, since a large number of individual coil antennas must be arranged in an insulated state on one substrate, the substrate becomes thick and requires a large number of through holes, thereby making it easy to design and manufacture. There is a problem with complexity. In addition, since two operations for supplying driving energy to the pointer through electromagnetic waves and sensing electromagnetic waves generated from the pointer are simultaneously performed at the coil antenna, signal processing for performing each operation is complicated, and thus the pointer There is a problem that it is difficult to implement various functions by.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object thereof is to provide a coordinate input device that does not use a plurality of superimposed coil antennas, thereby improving the above-described design and manufacturing problems.

In addition, to enable digital communication between the pointer and the tablet constituting the coordinate input device.

In addition, as digital communication becomes possible, various functions are added to the pointer to improve the applicability of the coordinate input device using the same.

In order to achieve the above object, the RFID input technology has developed a coordinate input device capable of digital communication between the tablet and the pointer, and at the same time it is possible to detect the position of the pointer as a two-dimensional coordinate in the tablet.

Such a coordinate input device includes: an excitation coil portion comprising a pointer having a resonant circuit and a coil having a loop shape for supplying energy for generating an induced voltage to the resonant circuit; A horizontal antenna having a plurality of lines arranged in parallel and having both ends, and a vertical antenna having both ends arranged in parallel with each other and arranged to be perpendicular to the horizontal antenna and having both ends, one end of the horizontal antenna and One end of the vertical antenna is connected to each other between the lines, the horizontal antenna and the vertical antenna is a differential antenna which is disposed inside the loop form of the excitation coil portion to detect the position of the electromagnetic wave emitted from the pointer Wealth; And selecting three lines from at least one of the other end of the horizontal antenna unit and the other end of the vertical antenna unit, and connecting the other ends of the lines on both sides of the selected three lines to form a closed loop. It comprises a tablet comprising; coordinate recognition means for detecting the position of the pointer using the voltage output from the center line of the selected three lines.

Further, the vertical antenna and the horizontal antenna are each composed of m (here, m> = 3) lines, and the coordinate recognizing means includes a multiplexer unit for selecting the three lines from the m lines. .

The multiplexer unit includes three multiplexers, 1 to m-2 lines for a first multiplexer for selecting one of the external lines, and 2 to m− for a second multiplexer for selecting the center line. 3 to m lines are connected to a third multiplexer that selects one line and the other of the external lines.

Further, the coordinate recognizing means changes the selection of the outer lines and the center line toward the direction in which the position of the pointer is sensed.

In addition, the plurality of lines are formed of a conductive transparent material.

The tablet may further include data transmitting and receiving means for transmitting and receiving data to and from the resonant circuit through the excitation coil unit.

The data transmission / reception means also changes the phase of the voltage applied to the excitation coil section so as to transmit data to the pointer.

The pointer also includes a modulator for varying the magnitude of the voltage applied to the resonant circuit to transmit data to the excitation coil section.

The present invention has only two antennas of a vertical antenna consisting of a plurality of lines arranged only in the X-axis direction and a horizontal antenna consisting of a plurality of lines arranged in the Y-axis direction. The structure is simplified. Therefore, it is possible to provide a coordinate input device which is simple in manufacturing and inexpensive.

In addition, since the digital communication between the tablet and the pointer constituting the coordinate input device is possible, various functions can be added to the pointer, thereby diversifying the field of use of the coordinate input device.

In addition, as the circuit configuration of the horizontal and vertical antennas is simplified, the size and thickness of the tablet may be minimized.

Hereinafter, with reference to the drawings will be described the principle and operation of the coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 1 is a diagram schematically illustrating a configuration of a coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention, and illustrates a configuration in which an RFID wireless communication system and a battery-less / wireless tablet system are integrated. The pointer 200 has a structure similar to a known RFID transponder. The tablet 300 is provided with an excitation coil 310 for transmitting energy to the resonant circuit 210 of the pointer 200 and simultaneously transmitting and receiving data. As a result, the driving energy is supplied to the pointer 200 so that the pointer 200 can be driven so that the pointer 200 transmits switching data or data stored in the internal memory 262 (see FIG. 15). have.

Meanwhile, differential antenna units 325 and 325 ′ are installed to detect the position of the pointer 200. The differential antennas 325 and 325 'are vertical antennas composed of m (here, m> = 3) lines arranged in parallel with one end connected to each other in a loop formed by the excitation coil part 310 ( 325 and a horizontal antenna 325 'having the same configuration as that of the vertical antenna 325 and disposed perpendicularly to the vertical antenna 325.

In order to detect the position of the pointer 200, at least three lines of the vertical antenna 325 and at least three lines of the horizontal antenna 325 ′ are selected, respectively, and voltages output from the lines are measured. The principle of the coordinate measurement by the selected line will be described later. Since the operation principle of the vertical antenna 325 and the horizontal antenna 325 'is the same, only the vertical antenna 325 will be described.

As such, the position of the pointer 200 measured by the vertical antenna 325 is merely a one-dimensional position along the horizontal direction, and a two-dimensional position in combination with the position along the vertical direction measured by the horizontal antenna 325 '. Can be determined. Meanwhile, each line selected by the vertical antenna 325 is defined as the first external line 321, the center line 322, and the second external line 323. The loop structure formed by the first outer line 321, the center line 322, and the second outer line 323 is hereinafter referred to as a differential coil 320.

The operation of transmitting and receiving data and detecting the position between the pointer 200 and the tablet 300 is divided in time and alternately for the purpose of eliminating interference of the signal between the excitation coil unit 310 and the differential coil 320. It works. That is, the position recognition operation by the differential coil 320 is stopped while the excitation coil unit 310 transmits and receives data to and from the pointer 200, and while the energy is transmitted from the excitation coil unit 310 to the pointer 200. Only location recognition operation is performed.

Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the principle of sensing the position of the pointer 200 in the coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described. 2 illustrates a change in the magnitude of the voltage induced by the test coil 205 to the antenna when the test coil 205 that receives the AC voltage from the outside is located inside the loop-shaped antenna. Here, Figure 2 (a) shows the arrangement of the antenna and the test coil 205, Figure 2 (b) shows the magnitude of the induced voltage according to the position of the test coil 205 relative to the antenna.

 Here, when the test coil 205 is located in the center of the loop of the antenna, the output voltage becomes the maximum, and it can be seen that the output voltage decreases as the deviation from the center position occurs. In addition, after the test coil 205 passes through the outside (S or -S) of the loop of the antenna, it can be seen that the phase of the voltage is reversed by 180 degrees.

3 illustrates a closed loop of the test coil 205, which receives an AC voltage from the outside, of both external lines 321 and 323 of the differential antenna units 325 and 325 'and the external lines 321 and 323, respectively. When moving the inside of the differential coil 320 consisting of a center line 322 that traverses the center parallel to the outer lines 321 and 323, changes in the magnitude and phase of the voltage output through the center line 322 are observed. To illustrate. Here, FIG. 3 (a) shows the arrangement of the differential coil 320 and the test coil 205, and FIG. 3 (b) shows the center line (depending on the position of the test coil 205 relative to the differential coil 320). The magnitude and phase of the voltage output from 322 are shown.

When the test coil 205 is located on the center line 322, the voltage output from the center line 322 has a value of 0 V, but the output voltage when the test coil 205 moves in the positive direction from the center line 322. The output voltage decreases while increasing in the positive direction and approaching the external line 323 again. On the contrary, when the test coil 205 moves in the negative direction, the output voltage increases and decreases in an inverted form with a phase difference of 180 degrees. By using this characteristic, the position of the test coil 205 located in the differential coil 320 may be sensed. In particular, in a section where the output voltage increases or decreases linearly (a section in which the test coil 205 is adjacent to the center line 322), the position detection of the test coil 205 may be performed by using a change in the magnitude of the output voltage. More precisely.

Using this characteristic, a method of more accurately detecting the position of the pointer 200 using the plurality of differential coils 320 will be described. In the present invention, by using a simple circuit structure using the multiplexer unit 330 having three multiplexers 331, 332, 333, the same effect as that of the plurality of differential coils 320 arranged in parallel can be obtained. . In this case, the multiplexer unit 330 is composed of three multiplexers 331, 332, 333 applied to the vertical antenna 325, and another three multiplexers (not shown) applied to the horizontal antenna 325 ′. The coordinate input device 100 detects the coordinates of the pointer 200 using all of them, but in this specification, only the multiplexers 331, 332, and 333 connected to the vertical antenna 325 will be described.

FIG. 4 illustrates a voltage Vo that is induced and output by the pointer 200 while moving a contact point for at least three lines in a structure having a vertical antenna 325 having a plurality of parallel lines connected at one end thereof. By measuring, it is intended to explain the principle that it is possible to obtain the same effect as a plurality of differential coils 320 are arranged. That is, the contacts to the vertical antenna 325 for selecting the center line 322 and the external lines 321 and 323 are sequentially moved using the multiplexers 331, 332, and 333, and the multiplexers 331, 332. , 333 to a single amplification circuit, it is possible to achieve the same effect as the plurality of differential coils 320 are arranged in parallel overlap without having a plurality of differential coils 320 each made separately. Will be.

At this time, the configuration method of the multiplexers 331, 332, and 333 for selecting each line to be connected is as follows. FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a connection method between the vertical antenna 325 and each terminal of the multiplexers 331, 332, and 333. In the drawing, the vertical antenna 325 has 12 lines represented by 1 to 12, and the multiplexer 331 for selecting the external lines 321 and 323 and the center line 322 of the differential coil 320 is shown. 332 and 333 are assumed to have 10 terminals (ie, 12-2 lines), respectively. Here, the multiplexer 331 for selecting the first outer line 321, which is one of the outer lines 321 and 323, is connected to 1 to 10 lines sequentially, and for selecting the center line 322. The multiplexer 332 is sequentially connected to 2 to 11 lines, and the multiplexer 333 for selecting the third external line 323, which is another one of the external lines 321 and 323, may be connected to 3 to 12 lines. Are connected sequentially. With this configuration, by selecting three adjacent lines in each multiplexer 331, 332, and 333 and sequentially changing the lines at the same time, the differential coil 320 having the first and second external lines and the center line is formed. It is possible to realize the same configuration as that arranged in large numbers.

Here, each line selected is not necessarily three adjacent lines, but may be selected by skipping one or more lines. However, the number of lines skipped at this time is preferably limited to the range within which the increase or decrease of the output voltage is linear in the form of the output voltage as shown in FIG.

Meanwhile, after all 12 lines are connected to each of the multiplexers 331, 332, and 333, a method of selecting the connected lines may be appropriately changed. However, the number of terminals required for the multiplexers 331, 332, and 333 may be changed. The disadvantage is that it increases.

When the test coil 205 is horizontally moved perpendicularly to the differential coil 320 in the state where the differential coil 320 having the first and second external lines and the center line is set, the voltage output through each line The magnitude and phase are shown in Figures 6-8.

That is, as shown in FIG. 6, when the coil is positioned between the first outer line 321 and the center line 322 of the differential coil 320, the output voltage from the center line 322 is in the negative direction. Becomes In addition, as shown in FIG. 7, when the test coil 205 is positioned on the center line 322, the output voltage from the center line 322 becomes 0 (zero). On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 8, when the test coil 205 is positioned between the center line 322 and the second external line 323, the output voltage of the center line 322 has a positive direction. do.

In the meantime, the method of selecting the first and second external lines and the center line of the differential coil 320 by the multiplexers 331, 332, and 333 may also be configured to be programmable using the directions of the output voltages described above. . FIG. 9 is a diagram for explaining the method, which detects the position of the pointer 200 at high speed by varying the first and second external lines 321 and 323 and the center line 322 of the differential coil 320. The method is shown.

That is, the first differential coil 320 sets the first external line 321 to one line of the vertical antenna 325 and the second external line 323 to the vertical antenna 325 as shown in FIG. 9 (a). M line, which is the last line, is set, and the center line 322 is set to the line which becomes m / 2. In this state, the pointer 200 is detected as being positioned between the first external line 321 and the center line 322 by the output voltage of the center line 322. Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 9B, the first outer line 321 is maintained, the second outer line 323 is set to the line that has been set as the center line 322, and the center line 322 is the first outer line. It is set to a line which is the center of the line 321 and the second external line 323. In this state, the pointer 200 is detected to be positioned between the center line 322 and the second outer line 323. Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 9C, the line that was the center line 322 is set as the first outer line 321, the second outer line 323 is maintained, and the center line 322 is again the first outer line. It is set to the center of the line 321 and the second external line 323. As a result, the position of the pointer 200 may be limited to the differential coil 320 in a narrower range.

Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 9 (d), the range of the differential coil 320 is limited to a minimum setting width that can be set as the first and second external lines and the center line, and then has the minimum range as shown in FIG. 9 (e). The position of the pointer 200 may be more accurately measured by horizontally moving the first and second external lines and the center lines 321, 322, and 323 of the differential coil 320.

Meanwhile, the vertical antenna 325 and the horizontal antenna 325 'for forming the differential coil 320 are disposed in two non-parallel axial directions, more specifically, orthogonal directions, and independently positions positions in each direction. By measuring and combining, the position of the pointer 200 can be detected in various coordinate formats including a rectangular coordinate system.

Next, coordinate input according to an embodiment of the present invention using the position recognition principle by the differential coil 320 having the first and second external lines and the center lines 321, 322, and 323 as described above. The configuration and operation of the apparatus 100 will be described.

10 is a diagram showing the overall configuration of a coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention. According to the drawing, the coordinate input device 100 includes a tablet 300 having a pointer 200, an excitation coil unit 310, differential antenna units 325 and 325 ′, and a tablet circuit unit 305.

The pointer 200 includes a resonant circuit 210 and a pointer circuit unit 220.

The resonant circuit 210 generates an induced voltage by tuning to electromagnetic waves supplied from the excitation coil unit 310 of the tablet 300. The induced voltage again generates an electromagnetic wave by the resonant circuit 210, and enables the generation position of the electromagnetic wave to be sensed by the differential antenna units 325 and 325 ′ of the tablet 300. As a result, the position of the pointer 200 is detected.

The pointer circuit unit 220 changes the magnitude of the electromagnetic wave generated in the resonance circuit 210 by changing the magnitude of the voltage applied to the resonant circuit 210, and this change results in an excitation coil 310 of the tablet 300. This causes a drastic change in the magnitude of the induced voltage generated at This phenomenon is used as a means for transmitting data from the pointer 200 to the tablet 300.

A more detailed description of the structure of the pointer 200 will be described later.

The tablet 300 supplies driving energy to the pointer 200 and the excitation coil part 310 and the differential antenna parts 325 and 325 'for sensing the position of the pointer 200 by the supplied energy, and The excitation coil part 310 and the tablet circuit part 305 for driving the differential antenna parts 325 and 325 'are included. In addition, the tablet 300 may be provided with a predetermined power supply, but since it may use a general technique, it will be omitted in the drawings and description.

The excitation coil 310 is disposed in the form of a loop on the outside of the area for detecting the position of the pointer 200 in the tablet 300. The excitation coil part 310 supplies energy for emitting an electromagnetic wave corresponding to the waveform of the voltage applied to the coil to generate an induced voltage in the resonant circuit 210 of the pointer 200.

On the other hand, the phase of the voltage waveform applied to the coil of the excitation coil unit 310 may be arbitrarily changed by the MCU of the tablet circuit unit 305, the phase of the electromagnetic wave emitted by using it changes, and consequently the pointer The magnitude of the induced voltage generated in the resonant circuit 210 of 200 is rapidly changed. This phenomenon is used as a means for transmitting predetermined data to the pointer 200 in the tablet 300.

The differential antenna portions 325, 325 ′ are arranged inside the loop formed by the excitation coil portion 310, and are arranged along two axes that are not parallel to each other, for example, the X and Y axis directions orthogonal to each other. A vertical antenna 325 and a horizontal antenna 325 'each having a plurality of parallel lines. At this time, each of the vertical and horizontal antennas 325, 325 'arranged in each axial direction is connected to each other, the other end of the at least three multiplexers 331 for setting the first and second external line, the center line 332 and 333 are simultaneously connected. Therefore, in this circuit configuration, at least six multiplexers are required, three for each of the differential antenna portions 325 and 325 'in the axial direction. The other ends of the vertical and horizontal antennas 325 and 325 'and the three multiplexers 331, 332 and 333 are variably connected to each other so as to move the first and second external lines and the center line. This configuration enables the line selection operation as described with reference to FIG. 5. The line selection operation by the multiplexer is performed by the control of the tablet circuit unit 305.

The tablet circuit unit 305 includes an energy / data transmission unit 340, a data reception unit 350, and a coordinate recognition unit 360.

The energy / data transmission means 340 comprises a signal source 342, a modulator 344 and an antenna driver 346 and supplies driving energy (induction voltage) to the pointer 200 using electromagnetic waves and simultaneously tablets. The voltage applied to the excitation coil unit 310 is controlled to transmit data from the 300 to the pointer 200.

The data receiving unit 350 includes a differentiator 352, a low pass filter 354, and a digitalizer 356, and receives data transmitted from the pointer 200.

The coordinate recognition means 360 includes a bandpass filter 362, a sample / hold signal generator 366, a sample / hold processor 364, and an A / D converter 368, which is generated by the pointer 200. The electromagnetic wave is detected to recognize the coordinates of the pointer 200.

In addition, the tablet circuit unit 305 includes a second MCU 370 for controlling operations of each means of the tablet 300.

In the energy / data transmission means 340, the signal source 342 generates an electrical signal having a predetermined frequency and a predetermined waveform, and the modulator 344 generates this signal under the control of the second MCU 370. A signal for transmitting or a signal for transmitting data is modulated, and a voltage corresponding to the modulated signal is applied to the excitation coil unit 310 by the antenna driver 346. This process will be described later with reference to FIG.

In the data receiving means 350, the induced voltage generated in the excitation coil part 310 by the electromagnetic wave of the pointer 200 is differentiated by the differentiator 352 after being rectified and passes through the low pass filter 354. Thereafter, the digitalizer 356 converts the digital signal into a digital signal, thereby demodulating the data transmitted from the pointer 200, and the demodulated data is processed by the second MCU 370. This process will be described later with reference to FIG.

In the coordinate recognizing means 368, the voltage induced by the electromagnetic wave of the pointer 200 and output from the center line 322 of the differential coil 320 passes through the bandpass filter 362 and then the sample / hold signal generator. The peak is sampled by 366 and the sample / hold processor 364, and the value is digitized to allow the second MCU 370 to recognize the location of the pointer 200 as two-dimensional coordinates.

The flow of signals in the pointer 200 and the tablet 300 which perform such a configuration and operation will be described with reference to FIGS. 11 to 14.

FIG. 11 is a diagram showing waveforms of voltage applied and induced to the resonant circuit of the pointer and the excitation coil of the tablet. The waveform shown in the upper part of the figure is a waveform appearing in the resonant circuit 210 of the pointer 200, and the waveform shown in the lower part is a waveform appearing in the excitation coil part 310 of the tablet 300.

In FIG. 11, the meanings of the sections A to H are referred to Table 1.

section function Explanation A Coordinate measurement mode A section in which energy is transmitted from the excitation coil portion of the tablet and emits electromagnetic waves of a certain size in the resonant circuit of the pointer. The position of the pointer is measured by detecting the position of electromagnetic waves in the differential coil. B Receive mode An interval in which data is transmitted to the tablet by changing the magnitude of the voltage applied from the pointer to the resonant circuit. As a result, a sudden change in voltage magnitude (rising) occurs in the excitation coil portion of the tablet. C Receive mode Same as above D Coordinate measurement mode The data transmission of the pointer ends, and the mode returns to the coordinate measuring mode by the differential coil. E Coordinate measurement mode Same as above F Transmission mode A section in which data is transmitted to the pointer by changing the phase of the voltage applied to the excitation coil section in the tablet. As a result, a sudden change (fall) in voltage magnitude occurs in the resonant circuit of the pointer. G Transmission mode Same as above H Coordinate measurement mode The tablet's data transmission ends and the unit returns to coordinate measuring mode by the differential coil.

12 is a diagram illustrating a process of applying a voltage to an excitation coil portion of a tablet and a process of processing an induced voltage generated in a differential coil by an electromagnetic wave generated by a pointer. 12A illustrates a square wave signal having a predetermined frequency output from the signal source 342. If there is no data transmission / reception between the pointer 200 and the tablet 300, the output of the modulator 344 is the same as the output of the signal source 342 and thus is omitted in the drawing. The modulated signal is converted into a signal having a waveform as shown in FIG. 12B by the antenna driver 346 and is output as an electromagnetic wave through the excitation coil unit 310.

The resonant circuit 210 of the pointer 200 is supplied with energy by the electromagnetic wave, and generates the electromagnetic wave by the resonant circuit 210 to generate an induced voltage in the differential coil 320 of the tablet 300. . At this time, the induced voltage becomes a waveform as shown in FIG. 12 (c) after passing through the band pass filter 362. The inverted voltage becomes a waveform as shown in FIG. 12 (c ') by inverting the phase of the waveform by 180 degrees.

In order to sample / hold the maximum value of the signal, a sample / hold signal as shown in FIG. 12 (d) is generated in the sample / hold signal generator 366 using a signal output from the modulator 344, 12 (e) or 12 (e ') are obtained from the signal of FIG. 12 (c) or 12 (c'). FIG. 12 (f) shows the next differential in one differential coil 320 in the configuration of setting each line of the differential coil 320 using multiplexers 331, 332, and 333 from the plurality of vertical antennas 325. FIG. A signal to change the line with the coil 320 is shown. As the differential coil 320 moves as described above, signal changes occur as shown in FIGS. 12 (c) and 12 (e).

13 is a diagram illustrating a process for transmitting data to a pointer by modulating a signal in a modulator. FIG. 13A illustrates a signal output from the signal source 342, and FIG. 13B illustrates a modulator 344 controlled by the second MCU 370 to transmit data to the pointer 200. Some waveforms in the signal are delayed by 180 degrees. The waveform of the signal is also synchronized with the sample / hold signal to generate a waveform as shown in FIG. 13 (c), and is then used for sampling / holding the signal generated by the differential coil 320. On the other hand, the signal having the waveform of Figure 13 (b) is shown by the antenna driver 346 as a waveform with a sharp phase change as shown in Figure 13 (d). Thereafter, such a signal causes a sudden change in voltage in the pointer 200 as in the F and G sections of FIG. 11. Using this phenomenon, data transmission from the tablet 300 to the pointer 200 becomes possible.

FIG. 14 is a diagram illustrating a waveform of a voltage appearing in an excitation coil part of a tablet and a process of processing the same when a signal is transmitted by changing a voltage as in the sections B and C of FIG. 11. FIG. 14A illustrates a state in which the voltage is changed in the excitation coil part 310 by the change of the voltage at the pointer 200. This signal is first rectified to form a waveform as shown in FIG. 14 (b), which is represented by the differentiator 352 as the waveform of FIG. 14 (c), and then by the low pass filter 354 to FIG. 14 (d). Is a signal having a waveform such as This signal is then converted by the digitalizer 356 into a binary signal as shown in Fig. 14E. The converted signal is input to the second MCU 370 to read the data transmitted by the pointer 200.

By transmitting and receiving such a signal, the tablet 300 and the pointer 200 may transmit and receive each other's digital ID or data stored in each of the internal memory, a signal related to the operation of the pointer 200 and the tablet 300, and the like. Will be.

Next, a signal processing method for implementing the structure of the pointer 200 and various functions of the pointer 200 will be described with reference to FIGS. 15 to 18. 15 is a diagram illustrating the structure of a pointer. The pointer 200 rectifies the induction voltage generated by the resonant circuit 210 and the induction voltage generated by the resonant circuit 210 by resonating by the electromagnetic wave generated by the excitation coil part 310, and thus, each part of the pointer 200. Power supply means 230 including a rectifier 232, a current limiter 234, and a voltage limiter 236 for supplying operating power to the excitation coil, and an excitation coil portion from an induced voltage generated in the resonant circuit 210. Data demodulation means 240 including a demodulator 242 for separating data transmitted from the electromagnetic wave from the electromagnetic wave, and modulating the data to be transmitted under the control of the first MCU 260 and through the resonant circuit 210. And data transmitting means 250 including a modulator 252 for outputting.

In FIG. 15, the output of the modulator 252 is connected to the switching element, and the data is transmitted by interrupting electromagnetic waves output from the resonant circuit 210. However, the data may be changed by changing the resistance and capacitance of the resonant circuit 210. It is also possible to further use a configuration for transmitting.

In addition, the pointer 200 may include a data memory 262 that stores data such as a digital ID of the pointer 200, a plurality of buttons, a scroll wheel, and a pointer 200 that perform various functions of the pointer 200. It may further include a pressure sensor 274 for detecting the contact pressure. In this embodiment, the first switch 271 and the second switch 272 are provided as buttons, and the pressure sensor 274 is provided with a variable capacitor or a variable resistor (see FIGS. 17 and 18).

16 is a diagram illustrating a process of transmitting data from a tablet and receiving the same from a pointer. FIG. 16A shows a part of the resonant circuit 210 and the data demodulation means 240 of the pointer 200. FIG. 16B illustrates the form of electromagnetic waves output from the excitation coil unit 310 of the tablet 300. By the waveform, the voltage of the waveform as shown in FIG. 16 (c) is induced in the resonant circuit 210 of the pointer 200. The voltage is demodulated as shown in FIG. 16 (d) while passing through the data receiving means 240. The high frequency component is removed and converted into a signal as shown in Fig. 16E. This signal is input to the first MCU 260, and the first MCU 260 reads data by detecting a falling edge.

FIG. 17 is a view for explaining a principle of operation of a pressure sensor for detecting a contact pressure of a button and a pointer which perform various functions in a pointer. In this figure, the LMC555 CMOS timer is used in place of the first MCU 260, and the principle of detecting the driving of the button and the pressure sensor 270 of the pointer 200 in the tablet 300 will be described using this timer. . As such, when the LMC555 CMOS timer is used as the first MCU 260, it is impossible to transfer data stored in the data memory 262 from the pointer 200 to the tablet 300, but only a plurality of buttons and pressures of the pointer. It is possible to transmit a signal relating to the operation of the sensor 274 or the like.

According to this figure, the pointer 200 uses switches 271 and 272 as buttons and resistors connected according to on / off of the switches 271 and 272, and the pressure sensor 274 uses the pointer 200 as a button. A variable capacitor whose capacitance value changes with contact pressure is used.

On the other hand, the pressure sensor 274 may be configured with a variable resistor (see Fig. 18), the operation principle is the same as the operation principle of the pressure sensor 274 using a variable capacitor.

19 is a diagram showing the frequency of the waveform output from the timer and the waveform at the time of driving the pressure sensor, which is the waveform of the voltage measured at point A of FIG. The timer 260 operates in a 50% duty mode, and the output frequency (or period) changes according to the pressure applied to the pressure sensor 274. That is, the period Tp according to the contact pressure is inversely proportional to the magnitude of the capacity of the variable capacitor which is the pressure sensor 274. Therefore, the contact pressure of the pointer 200 decreases as it moves from Fig. 19A to Fig. 19C.

20 is an exemplary diagram for explaining a change in a signal according to a button input. FIG. 20A is a signal output from a timer 260 and is a waveform of a voltage measured at point A of FIG. 17. b) to 20 (e) are waveforms measured at point B of FIG. 17 as a voltage waveform in which the signal output by the timer 260 is changed by the input of a button and has passed the NOT gate, and FIG. 20 (f) is a waveform after the waveform passing through the inverting amplifier passes the XOR gate and is measured at point C of FIG.

20 (b) is a state in which no switch of the first and second switches 271 and 272 is input, FIG. 20 (c) is a state in which the first switch 271 is input, and FIG. 20 (e) shows a state in which the first and second switches 271 and 272 are simultaneously input. Fig. 20 (f) is a signal in which pulses are detected for any of the waveforms in Figs. 20 (b) to 20 (e).

Referring to FIG. 20, since the period Tp of the square wave signal changes according to the pressure of the pointer 200 in the timer 260, the contact pressure of the pointer 200 may be sensed. As the button of the circuit is installed and the button is turned on / off, the width (T0 to T3) of the signal falling at the point B changes, so that the button can be detected on / off. That is, although the Tp of the signal output from the timer 260 is maintained at a constant state, it can be seen that as the button is pressed, the widths (T0 to T3) of the signal of the falling portion of the signal passing through the button portion become narrower. . As a result, the interval between adjacent pulses of the pulse signal output from the data transmission means 250 is narrowed as shown in Fig. 20 (e). By measuring this interval, it is possible to detect which button is pressed.

Fig. 21 shows a state in which the signal passing through the data modulation means of the pointer changes the waveform of the electromagnetic wave output from the resonant circuit, and this waveform is output from the excitation coil portion of the tablet. 21 (a) shows that the period of the signal output from the timer 260 is changed by the pressure sensor 274, and the width of the portion where the signal is lowered by the button having the first and second switches 271 and 272 is changed. After that, it passes through the data transmitting means 250 and appears as a pulse. FIG. 21B shows a state in which the magnitude (amplitude) of the electromagnetic waves output from the resonant circuit 210 is changed by the pulse of FIG. The change of the magnitude of the electromagnetic wave causes a sudden amplitude change of the induced voltage in the excitation coil portion 310 of the tablet 300 as shown in FIG. 21 (c). Subsequent processing has been described with reference to FIG.

Looking at this process, the driving of the pressure sensor 274 and the switches 271, 272 may be modulated independently of each other and transmitted to the tablet 300 by electromagnetic waves.

On the other hand, the transmission of the signal for the contact pressure and the pressing of the button by the operation of the button and the pressure sensor 270 is made by dividing in time with the output of the electromagnetic wave for sensing the position of the pointer 200. That is, since the operation of the button and the pressure sensor 270 continues, instead of transmitting a continuously modulated signal from the resonant circuit 210, the time domain is divided and modulated by the operation of the button and the pressure sensor 270. It has a section for transmitting a signal and a section for transmitting an unmodulated signal.

According to this configuration, the waveform of the electromagnetic wave output from the resonant circuit 210 is changed by the operation of the button and the pressure sensor 270 to eliminate the error that the position of the pointer 200 is incorrectly recognized by the differential coil 320. You can do it.

Next, a form of applying a coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described. 22 is a diagram illustrating an example in which a coordinate input device is superimposed and applied to a display device. FIG. 22 (a) shows a form in which a portion (hereinafter, the sensor surface 326) for detecting the position of the pointer in the conventional coordinate input device is mounted on the rear surface of a display device such as a TFT LCD or an OLED panel. That is, since a plurality of antenna coils are arranged on the conventional sensor surface 326 so as to excite the induced voltage to the pointer and simultaneously detect the position of the pointer, it is difficult to sufficiently secure the transparency of the circuit board. Therefore, in the conventional coordinate input device, the sensor surface is disposed on the rear side of the display device, whereby the error between the contact point and the measurement position of the pointer is large as shown in FIG.

However, the sensor surface 326 according to an embodiment of the present invention has a vertical antenna 325 parallel to the X-axis and a line antenna 325 parallel to the Y-axis of the differential antenna units 325 and 325 'arranged side by side. Since only two layers need to be stacked, sufficient transparency can be realized when the vertical antenna 325 is formed of a transparent electrode (for example, ITO).

In addition, since the excitation coil part 310 for supplying energy to the pointer 200 is configured separately from the differential coil 320 for sensing the position of the pointer 200, that is, the excitation coil part 310. Since is not formed on the sensor surface 326, the transparency of the sensor surface 326 is not inhibited by the structure for supplying energy to the pointer 200.

That is, the coil for exciting the electromagnetic wave to supply energy to the pointer 200 is preferably low in resistance, and the coil for sensing the electromagnetic wave from the pointer 200 is preferably high in resistance. On the other hand, since the transparent electrode ITO has a characteristic that the resistance increases as the transparency increases, the transparency decreases when the resistance of the coil is lowered to improve energy supply performance, and the transparency increases when the sensing performance of the pointer 200 is increased. At the same time, however, the resistance of the coil also increases.

Therefore, in the conventional configuration, since the resistance and the transparency of the coil were determined by appropriately compromising these mutually opposite characteristics, there was a limit in the transparency of the sensor surface 326.

However, in the coordinate input device 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention, by separately configuring the excitation coil unit 310 for exciting energy and the differential antenna units 325 and 325 ′ for detecting the pointer 200, respectively. The coil can be set to have the most desirable resistance and transparency. Accordingly, in the coordinate input device 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention, the sensor surface 326 is made as transparent as possible and placed on the front of the display device, thereby as shown in FIG. 22 (b). It is possible to minimize the error between the contact position and the measurement position of the).

In addition, in the coordinate input device 100 according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the differential antenna units 325 and 325 ′ may be formed on the substrate 328 in a pattern, which is easy to manufacture. The shape of the differential antenna units 325 and 325 'refers to FIG. 23. It is a figure which shows the structural form of a sensor surface. Referring to FIG. 23A, the pattern of the vertical antenna 325 arranged in the X-axis direction and the pattern of the horizontal antenna 325 'arranged in the Y-axis direction overlap orthogonally overlap on the transparent substrate 328. Illustrated form. In this case, each of the differential antenna units 325 and 325 ′ may be disposed on the top and bottom surfaces of the transparent substrate 328 as shown in FIG. 23 (b), as shown in FIG. 23 (c). Likewise, the transparent substrate 328 may be disposed in a form in which one surface of the transparent substrate 328 is overlapped with an insulating layer.

On the other hand, the sensor surface 326 may further provide a variety of applications by installing a touch screen.

Using the above-described principles, since the coordinate input device 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention enables various large-capacity data communication between the pointer 200 and the tablet 300, the pointer 200 may have various kinds of data. The function can be applied. 24 is a diagram illustrating the appearance of a pointer in which various functions are implemented as described above.

That is, in addition to the two buttons 271 and 272 which are generally used, the pointer 200 may add an erase button, a scroll wheel, a function volume, and the like, thereby further extending the application field of the coordinate input device 100. You can do it.

1 is a view showing the configuration of a coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

2 and 3 are views for explaining the principle of recognizing the position of the pointer 200 in the coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

4 is a view for explaining the principle of forming a differential coil in a structure having a vertical antenna according to an embodiment of the present invention.

5 is a view for explaining a connection method between the vertical antenna and each terminal of the multiplexer.

6 to 8 show the magnitude of the voltage output from each line of the vertical antenna by the test coil;

9 illustrates a method of sensing the position of the pointer by varying the outer and center lines of the differential coil.

10 is a diagram showing the overall configuration of a coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

11 shows waveforms of voltages applied to and induced by the resonant circuit of the pointer and the excitation coil portion of the tablet;

12 is a diagram illustrating a process of applying a voltage to an excitation coil portion of a tablet and a process of processing an induced voltage generated in a differential coil by a pointer;

13 illustrates a process of transmitting data for a pointer by modulating a signal in a modulator.

Fig. 14 shows waveforms of voltages appearing in the excitation coil portion of the tablet when a signal is transmitted by changing the voltage at the pointer.

Fig. 15 is a diagram schematically showing the configuration of a pointer.

16 is a diagram illustrating a process of receiving and processing data at a pointer when transmitting data from a tablet.

17 is a diagram showing the circuit configuration of a pointer according to FIG. 15;

FIG. 18 is a diagram illustrating a configuration in which a pressure sensor is configured of a variable resistor in the pointer of FIG. 17. FIG.

19 is a view showing a waveform output from the timer and a waveform changed when the pressure sensor is driven.

20 is a diagram for explaining a change in a signal according to an input of a button of a pointer.

Fig. 21 is a diagram showing a state in which a signal passing through the data transmission means of the pointer changes the waveform of the electromagnetic wave output from the resonant circuit, and this waveform is output from the excitation coil portion of the tablet.

FIG. 22 illustrates an example of applying a coordinate input device according to an embodiment of the present invention to a display device. FIG.

23 is a view showing a form in which a differential antenna unit is formed in a pattern on a substrate.

24 is a diagram illustrating a form of a pointer in which various functions are implemented.

(Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawing)

100: coordinate input device

200: pointer

210: resonant circuit

220: pointer circuit

230: power supply means

240: data demodulation means

250: data transmission means

260: first MCU

270: Button and Pressure Sensor

300: tablet

305: tablet circuit portion

310: excitation coil part

320: differential coil

325, 325 ': differential antenna

330: Multiplexer Unit

340: means for transmitting and receiving energy / data

350: data receiving means

360: coordinate recognition means

370: second MCU

Claims (10)

  1. In the coordinate input device comprising a pointer having a resonant circuit and a tablet for sensing the position of the pointer,
    The tablet,
    An excitation coil part formed of a coil of a loop type to supply energy for generating an induced voltage to the resonant circuit;
    A horizontal antenna having a plurality of lines arranged in parallel and having both ends, and a vertical antenna having both ends arranged in parallel with each other and arranged to be perpendicular to the horizontal antenna and having both ends, one end of the horizontal antenna and One end of the vertical antenna is connected to each other between the lines, the horizontal antenna and the vertical antenna is a differential antenna which is disposed inside the loop form of the excitation coil portion to detect the position of the electromagnetic wave emitted from the pointer Wealth; And
    Selecting three lines from at least one of the other end of the horizontal antenna and the other end of the vertical antenna of the differential antenna unit, and connecting the other ends of the external lines on both sides of the selected three lines to form a closed loop; And coordinate recognition means for detecting the position of the pointer by using a voltage output from the center line among the three selected lines.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The vertical antenna and the horizontal antenna are each composed of m (here, m> = 3) lines,
    And said coordinate recognition means comprises a multiplexer unit for selecting said three lines from said m lines.
  3. The method of claim 2,
    The multiplexer unit includes three multiplexers,
    Selecting 1 to m-2 lines for the first multiplexer for selecting one of the external lines, 2 to m-1 lines for the second multiplexer for selecting the center line, and selecting another one of the external lines 3 to m lines are connected to the third multiplexer.
  4. The method according to claim 2 or 3,
    And the coordinate recognizing means changes the selection of the outer lines and the center line so that the loop by the outer lines is narrowed toward the direction in which the position of the pointer is sensed.
  5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    The plurality of lines, coordinate input device, characterized in that formed of a conductive transparent material.
  6. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    And the tablet further comprises energy / data transmission / reception means for supplying driving energy of the pointer and transmitting / receiving predetermined data with the pointer via the excitation coil unit.
  7. The method of claim 6,
    And the energy / data transmitting and receiving means changes a phase of a voltage applied to the excitation coil unit so as to transmit data to the pointer.
  8. The method of claim 6,
    And the pointer further comprises data transmitting means having a modulator for changing a magnitude of a voltage applied to the resonant circuit so as to transmit data to the tablet.
  9. The method of claim 8,
    And the data transmission by the data transmitting means divides a section for transmitting a signal modulated by the modulator and a section for transmitting an unmodulated signal in time.
  10. The method of claim 6,
    And transmitting and receiving data between the tablet and the pointer are performed by dividing a section for transmitting data from the tablet and a section for transmitting data from the tablet in time.
KR1020070098801A 2007-10-01 2007-10-01 Coordinate input apparatus KR100910348B1 (en)

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WO2013147456A1 (en) * 2012-03-26 2013-10-03 주식회사 윈터치 Tablet having improved power coil structure
WO2015002464A1 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 주식회사 더한 Tablet capable of sensing location using electromagnetic induction and electrostatic capacitance
KR20180092478A (en) 2017-02-09 2018-08-20 주식회사 더한 Multiple input device capable of detecting electrostatic touch and induced electromagnetic field
KR20190105292A (en) 2018-03-05 2019-09-17 주식회사 더한 Multiple input device
KR20190107495A (en) 2018-03-12 2019-09-20 주식회사 더한 Multiple input device

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KR100984036B1 (en) * 2008-05-28 2010-09-28 유영기 Tablet system and control method for the same
KR101136550B1 (en) * 2009-11-24 2012-04-17 주식회사 윈터치 Tablet having improved configration of antena
KR101298629B1 (en) * 2011-06-15 2013-08-27 주식회사 에코메트론 Wireless tablet device and method for locating electronic pen of the same
KR101355939B1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2014-01-28 주식회사 더한 Tablet with improved antenna pattern structure
KR101443311B1 (en) * 2011-11-28 2014-09-26 주식회사 더한 Touch and Tablet device based on near field radio wave communication technologies
KR102007690B1 (en) 2012-10-10 2019-10-21 삼성전자주식회사 Position sensing apparatus for sensing position of pen and method for controlling thereof
KR101516059B1 (en) 2012-12-26 2015-05-04 삼성전기주식회사 Touch screen and method for driving the same

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013147456A1 (en) * 2012-03-26 2013-10-03 주식회사 윈터치 Tablet having improved power coil structure
WO2015002464A1 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 주식회사 더한 Tablet capable of sensing location using electromagnetic induction and electrostatic capacitance
US9772660B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2017-09-26 The Han Inc. Tablet capable of sensing location using electromagnetic induction and electrostatic capacitance
KR20180092478A (en) 2017-02-09 2018-08-20 주식회사 더한 Multiple input device capable of detecting electrostatic touch and induced electromagnetic field
KR20190105292A (en) 2018-03-05 2019-09-17 주식회사 더한 Multiple input device
KR20190107495A (en) 2018-03-12 2019-09-20 주식회사 더한 Multiple input device

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