KR100814775B1 - Agricultural and fishery products drier - Google Patents

Agricultural and fishery products drier Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100814775B1
KR100814775B1 KR1020070042543A KR20070042543A KR100814775B1 KR 100814775 B1 KR100814775 B1 KR 100814775B1 KR 1020070042543 A KR1020070042543 A KR 1020070042543A KR 20070042543 A KR20070042543 A KR 20070042543A KR 100814775 B1 KR100814775 B1 KR 100814775B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
drying
agricultural
air
hot air
freezer
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020070042543A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
김성원
한창진
Original Assignee
김성원
한창진
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Priority to KR1020070042543A priority Critical patent/KR100814775B1/en
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Publication of KR100814775B1 publication Critical patent/KR100814775B1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B7/00Preservation or chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables
    • A23B7/02Dehydrating; Subsequent reconstitution
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B7/00Preservation or chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables
    • A23B7/005Preserving by heating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B7/00Preservation or chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables
    • A23B7/005Preserving by heating
    • A23B7/01Preserving by heating by irradiation or electric treatment
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B7/00Preservation or chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables
    • A23B7/04Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/02Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by convection, i.e. heat being conveyed from a heat source to the materials or objects to be dried by a gas or vapour, e.g. air

Abstract

The present invention relates to an internal air circulation type agricultural and aquatic product drying apparatus using a freezer, and more particularly, the heater 16 is installed on the upper left side of the drying chamber 10 forming the agricultural and marine product drying apparatus 1, A hot air conveying path 18 in which an air circulation fan 20 is installed is formed, and on the right side, a closed circulation hot air conveying path 26 formed by inner and outer reverse rib partitions 28 and 29 is formed, and the upper center is formed. By installing the refrigerator 30 and the temperature compensation heating coil 32 as described above, the agricultural and marine products drying apparatus of the present invention configured as described above is a hot air heated by the heater 16 by the air circulation fan 20 drying chamber ( Forced air to the agricultural and marine products loaded on 10) to dry the agricultural and aquatic products and at the same time the waste hot air discharged in a humid state through the drying chamber 10 is removed by the freezer (30) and preheated by the heating coil (32) In the state of preheat By circulating to the (16) side, the air inside the drying apparatus 1 can be circulated from the inside without discharging to the outside to shorten the drying time of the agricultural and marine products to obtain a dry agricultural product excellent in the dry state, the waste passed through the agricultural and marine products By removing only the moisture and recirculating it to a preheated state without discharging the warm air to the outside of the drying apparatus 1, the internal heat loss of the drying apparatus 1 is minimized, and the power and fuel are operated as the heater 16 is operated. There is a very economical effect to reduce the maintenance cost by reducing the consumption.

Description

Internal air circulating agricultural and marine product drying device using a freezer {AGRICULTURAL AND FISHERY PRODUCTS DRIER}

1 is a schematic front view showing a drying apparatus of the present invention.

Figure 2 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view showing a drying apparatus of the present invention.

Figure 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a drying apparatus of the present invention.

Explanation of symbols on the main parts of the drawings

1 Drying device 3 One side outer wall 5 The other outer wall

10 Drying Room 12 Doorway 14 Drying Rack

15 trays 16 heaters 18 hot air transport

20 Air circulating fan 20a Automatic wind vane 21 Motor 22 Bulkhead

24 Songpung-gu 26 Waste circulation hot air path 28 Internal reverse bulkhead

28a Upper open part 28b Forced suction hole 29 Outside reverse bulkhead

29a Lower part open 30 Refrigerator 31 Water discharge pipe

32 heating coil

The present invention relates to an internal air circulation type agricultural and marine product drying apparatus using a freezer, and more particularly, in a known agricultural and marine product drying apparatus formed with a drying chamber in which a drying table on which a plurality of trays are loaded is formed, the entrance to the front and rear. Is formed to form a drying chamber in which a drying rack is installed, and a hot air transport path in which a plurality of air circulation fans are installed is partitioned by a partition wall in which a heater is installed on the upper left side of the drying chamber and a plurality of air vents are formed on the lower side of the drying chamber. By the inner and outer reverse partition partition is formed a closed circulation hot air transport path circulating waste hot air, forming a refrigerator and a temperature compensation heating coil formed with a water discharge pipe in the upper center of the drying chamber, the present invention Air circulating agricultural and marine product drying device using a freezer of air circulates hot air heated by a heater The fan is forcedly blown to the agricultural and marine products loaded in the drying chamber to dry the agricultural and marine products, and the waste hot air discharged through the drying chamber to the wet state is removed by the freezer and is heated to the heater side with the preheated air preheated by the heating coil. By circulating, the air inside the drying apparatus is circulated inside without discharging to the outside to shorten the drying time of the agricultural and marine products to obtain dry agricultural products having excellent drying conditions, and the waste warm air passing through the agricultural and marine products to the outside of the drying apparatus. By removing only moisture and recirculating and supplying it in the preheated state, it minimizes the internal heat loss of the drying device and reduces the power and fuel consumption by operating the heater. It is to be minimized.

In general, the agricultural and marine product dryers place a table containing dried goods on a multi-stage supporting rail installed inside the drying chamber, supply hot air to the drying room from one side of the hot wind supply unit, and dry some of the waste heat to the hot air supply unit, and the rest is sent to the outside through the vent. To get out.

That is, the hot air supply unit of the agricultural product dryer generates hot air by heating the air introduced from the outside using a burner or an electric heater type energy source using diesel fuel as a predetermined temperature according to the temperature of the external air introduced into the hot air supply unit. Energy consumption for generating hot air of temperature will be different.

However, conventionally, the agricultural and marine products in the drying room are dried by hot air, and then a part of the waste heat is sent to the hot air supply unit along with the external air and the remaining air is discharged through the vents, which causes a lot of energy waste and external air at atmospheric temperature is sent to the hot air supply unit. Since it requires a lot of energy in order to generate a large amount of agricultural and fishery drying costs, the competitiveness of agricultural and marine products was reduced.

In addition, the hot wind stagnation caused by the reverse wind on the side of the vent hole keeps the supply of the hot air continuously and stays in the chamber, so the moisture removal rate of the hot air applied to the agricultural and aquatic products by the back wind containing the wet ingredients is low, and the drying time is long. There is a drawback that takes a long time, because the outside air is continuously inhaled and operated, during the rainy season when there is a lot of rain, there is a drawback that the drying efficiency of agricultural and marine products is reduced by the inflow of wet outside air.

In addition, most conventional dryers have a structure using diesel oil, and thus, the drying effect of agricultural and aquatic products as much as expensive diesel oil cannot be achieved, and the air is contaminated by the smoke generated during combustion of diesel oil. Most farming and fishing villages that use them have the disadvantage of causing environmental pollution.

Therefore, the present invention is intended to reduce the conventional drawbacks as described above, by forcibly blowing hot air warmed by the heater to the agricultural and marine products loaded in the drying chamber by the air circulation fan to dry the agricultural and marine products at the same time through the drying chamber in a humid state The waste hot air discharged is circulated to the heater side in the state of the preheating air preheated by the heating coil by removing the moisture from the freezer, thereby circulating the air inside the drying apparatus without releasing it to the outside to dry the agricultural and marine products. It is possible to obtain a dry aquatic products with excellent drying conditions by shortening, to minimize the internal heat loss of the drying apparatus by recycling the preheated state by removing only the moisture without exhausting the waste warm air passing through the agricultural and aquatic products to the outside of the drying apparatus Maintenance costs by reducing power and fuel consumption The purpose is to provide an internal air circulation agricultural and marine products drying apparatus using a freezer that can reduce the.

In the present invention for achieving the above object is a known agricultural and marine product drying apparatus is provided with a drying chamber is installed to dry a plurality of trays are loaded,

The agricultural and marine product drying apparatus 1 includes a drying chamber 10 in which an entrance 12 is formed in front and rear and a drying rack 14 is installed,

A heater 16 installed at an upper left side of the drying chamber 10 to heat circulated air to generate hot air;

Hot air transport path 18 is partitioned by the partition wall 22 is formed with a plurality of air vents 24 in the lower portion of the heater 16, the plurality of air circulation fan 20 is installed,

A waste circulation hot air transport path 26 partitioned by inner and outer reverse partition walls 28 and 29 formed in a double side of the partition wall 22 on which the tuyeres 24 are formed, and the waste hot air circulates;

A refrigerator 30 formed at an upper center of the drying chamber 10 and having a water discharge pipe 31 connected thereto;

It is installed to one side of the refrigerator 30 is characterized in that consisting of the temperature compensation heating coil 32 for preheating the dry air circulated through the freezer (30).

Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described in detail the effect of the present invention.

As shown in Figures 1 to 3, the agricultural and marine products drying apparatus 1 constituting the present invention is formed with a drying chamber 10 that forms a predetermined space portion in which the drying table 14 on which the tray 15 is placed is formed. The front and rear of the drying chamber 10 is formed with an entrance (12) for entering and exiting the chaeban 15 containing the worker or agricultural and marine products, and the left, right and upper portions except the entrance (12) is sealed.

The size of the interior space of the drying chamber 10 is produced in small tongue, medium, large according to the use of the drying apparatus 1 to be installed, the drying table 14 installed in the drying chamber 10 may be fixedly installed, If necessary, the movement can be installed as a mobile dry cart (not shown), which is easy to move by installing a moving wheel (not shown) below the drying rack 14.

In the upper left side of the drying chamber 10 formed as described above (referred to as the left side, and installed to any one side of the drying apparatus), a heater 16 is formed to heat the air to generate heat.

On the left side of the drying chamber 10 in which the heater 16 is installed, a partition wall 22 in which a plurality of air vents 24 are formed is installed, and one partition outer wall 3 of the drying apparatus 1 is formed by the partition wall 22. The drying chamber 10 is partitioned to form a hot air transport path 18.

A plurality of air vents 24 formed in the partition wall 22 are provided with an air circulation fan 20 so that the motor 21 for operating the air circulation fan 20 is one outer wall 3 of the drying apparatus 1. It is fixed to the installation.

The air circulation fan 20 installed as described above rotates by the operation of the motor 21 and draws the hot air generated by the heater 16 through the hot air transport path 18 to form a drying chamber through the blower opening 24. Blow on (10).

In front of the air circulation fan 20, an automatic wind vane (20a) is installed in the lower portion, that is, the upper portion of the drying rack (14) on which the hot plate blown by the air circulation fan 20 is mounted 15 The air is distributed evenly from the top to the bottom of the drying chamber 10 so that the agricultural and marine products placed on the drying table 14 are uniformly dried.

On the other hand, the inner and outer reverse partition wall formed in a double to the other side (right side of the drying device 1 in the description) of the drying device 1 is provided with the partition wall 22 partitioning the hot air transport path ( The closed circulation hot air transport path 26 is formed by the 28 and 29, and the inner reverse bulkhead 28 is closed at a predetermined interval to the middle by opening the upper part and closing the lower part by the upper opening part 28a. A plurality of forced suction holes 28b through which warm air is forcedly sucked are formed by drilling.

In addition, the outer reverse partition wall 29 which maintains an appropriate distance to the inner reverse partition wall 28 and is opened by the lower open part 29a to the other outer wall 5 side of the drying apparatus 1 and the upper part is closed. This is formed by the inner and outer reverse partition walls 28, 29 to form a closed circulation hot air transport path (26).

Particularly, the forced air suction hole 28b formed in the inner reverse partition 28 and the lower open part 29a formed below the outer reverse partition 29 have hot air blown from the air circulation fan 20 in the drying chamber 10. When drying the agricultural and aquatic products while passing through)) and then transported to the freezer (30) side, it is forcibly sucked by the forced suction hole (28b), passing through the closed circulation hot air transport path (26) through the lower open portion (29a) The waste warm air circulating in the drying chamber 10 by preventing the backwind or stagnation caused by hitting the inner and outer reverse rib bulkheads 28 and 29 or the upper edge or wall of the drying chamber 10 by being transferred to the 30 side. By smoothly flowing the hot air blown to the agricultural and aquatic products is evenly applied so that a large amount of agricultural and aquatic products are dried well at the same time.

As such, the waste hot air forcedly sucked through the forced suction hole 28b of the inner reverse bulkhead 28 is discharged in a zigzag form through the lower open portion 29a of the outer reverse bulkhead 29. 26).

On the other hand, in the upper center of the drying chamber 10 is provided with a freezer (30) is connected to the water discharge pipe 31 is dried in the agricultural product while passing through the drying chamber 10, the moisture contained in the waste hot air discharged to the freezer Moisture is taken away while passing through the cold surface of the (30) and is transferred to the air of low and medium temperature in the dry state, the moisture removed from the freezer (30) to the outside of the drying apparatus (1) through the water discharge pipe (31) Discharged.

In addition, a temperature compensation heating coil 32 is formed at one side of the refrigerator 30 so that moisture is removed from the refrigerator 30 and the temperature is lowered, and low temperature dry air is used to cool the heating coil 32. It passes through the preheated preheated wind to compensate for the lowered temperature as it passes.

The heating coil 32 is to recover the waste heat generated when operating the refrigerator 30 is used as a heat source to generate a high temperature of about 70 ℃, heating the separate heating coil 32 There is no need for energy to save energy.

Therefore, the dry air removed by the refrigerator 30 as described above is circulated to the heater 16 in the preheated preheating state of about 70 ° C. while passing through the heating coil 32, thereby preventing external air from entering. Since it is dried by recirculating the internal air without drying, it is possible to reduce the consumption of power and fuel for operating the drying apparatus 1, thereby reducing the maintenance cost, and at the same time as in rainy weather. It is possible to dry high-quality agricultural products without being particular about it.

As described above, the present invention forcibly blows the hot air heated by the heater to the agricultural and marine products loaded in the drying chamber by the air circulation fan to dry the agricultural and marine products, and at the same time, the waste hot air discharged in the wet state through the drying chamber removes moisture by the freezer. And by circulating to the heater side in the state of preheating air preheated by the heating coil, by circulating the air inside the drying apparatus without discharging to the outside to shorten the drying time of agricultural and marine products to obtain a dry agricultural product with excellent drying conditions It is possible to minimize the internal heat loss of the drying apparatus by using the recycled hot water by removing only the moisture without discharging the waste hot air passing through the agricultural and aquatic products to the outside of the drying apparatus, and reducing the power and fuel consumption by operating the heater. It can reduce the maintenance cost by reducing Without regard to any impact of the dry seeds is possible and the quality of agricultural products in a short period of time, the use of electricity, not the generation of soot is to prevent the pollution of most of the rural areas to clean the dryer.

Claims (2)

  1.  In a well-known agricultural and marine product drying apparatus, in which a drying chamber on which a plurality of trays are loaded is formed to form a drying chamber for drying,
    The agricultural and marine product drying apparatus 1 has a drying chamber 10 in which an entrance and exit 12 is formed in front and rear, and a drying rack 14 is installed, and the air circulated by heating to the upper left side of the drying chamber 10 is heated. And a hot air transport path 18 in which a plurality of air circulation fans 20 are installed and partitioned by a heater 16 for generating a heat sink, and a partition wall 22 having a plurality of blow holes 24 formed below the heater 16. A waste circulation hot air transport path 26, which is divided by inner and outer reverse partition walls 28 and 29 formed in a double side of the partition wall 22 on which the air vent 24 is formed and circulates the waste hot air, and the drying chamber ( 10) the temperature compensation for preheating the drying air installed in the upper center of the freezer (30) and the water discharge pipe (31) connected to, and installed on one side of the freezer (30) to circulate through the freezer (30) Internal air circulation using a freezer, characterized in that consisting of a heating coil (32) Aquatic drying apparatus.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The blower 24 is an internal air circulation agricultural and marine products drying apparatus using a freezer, characterized in that the automatic wind vane (20a) is installed.
KR1020070042543A 2007-05-02 2007-05-02 Agricultural and fishery products drier KR100814775B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020070042543A KR100814775B1 (en) 2007-05-02 2007-05-02 Agricultural and fishery products drier

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020070042543A KR100814775B1 (en) 2007-05-02 2007-05-02 Agricultural and fishery products drier

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KR100814775B1 true KR100814775B1 (en) 2008-03-19

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101034730B1 (en) * 2010-06-29 2011-05-17 배덕수 Instant capsosiphon fulvescens food and manufacturing method thereof
KR101884650B1 (en) 2018-06-07 2018-08-02 (주)수성쿨테크 Drying device for agriculture and marineproducts
CN109808568A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-05-28 杭州富阳福士得食品有限公司 A kind of food transport device of environmental protection and energy saving
KR102066023B1 (en) 2018-10-08 2020-01-14 (주)동일 디엠시 Dry apparatus

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100663842B1 (en) 2006-09-29 2007-01-04 박숙희 A drier
KR100665659B1 (en) 2006-03-16 2007-01-09 유한회사 유일 Apparatus for grain drying by using hot aircirculation

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100665659B1 (en) 2006-03-16 2007-01-09 유한회사 유일 Apparatus for grain drying by using hot aircirculation
KR100663842B1 (en) 2006-09-29 2007-01-04 박숙희 A drier

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101034730B1 (en) * 2010-06-29 2011-05-17 배덕수 Instant capsosiphon fulvescens food and manufacturing method thereof
KR101884650B1 (en) 2018-06-07 2018-08-02 (주)수성쿨테크 Drying device for agriculture and marineproducts
KR102066023B1 (en) 2018-10-08 2020-01-14 (주)동일 디엠시 Dry apparatus
CN109808568A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-05-28 杭州富阳福士得食品有限公司 A kind of food transport device of environmental protection and energy saving

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