KR200412274Y1 - Drier - Google Patents

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Publication number
KR200412274Y1
KR200412274Y1 KR2020060000503U KR20060000503U KR200412274Y1 KR 200412274 Y1 KR200412274 Y1 KR 200412274Y1 KR 2020060000503 U KR2020060000503 U KR 2020060000503U KR 20060000503 U KR20060000503 U KR 20060000503U KR 200412274 Y1 KR200412274 Y1 KR 200412274Y1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
drying
agricultural
heater
hot air
drying chamber
Prior art date
Application number
KR2020060000503U
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
강종욱
Original Assignee
강종욱
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 강종욱 filed Critical 강종욱
Priority to KR2020060000503U priority Critical patent/KR200412274Y1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR200412274Y1 publication Critical patent/KR200412274Y1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B7/00Preservation or chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables
    • A23B7/02Dehydrating; Subsequent reconstitution
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/001Heating arrangements using waste heat
    • F26B23/002Heating arrangements using waste heat recovered from dryer exhaust gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B9/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards
    • F26B9/06Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers
    • F26B9/066Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers the products to be dried being disposed on one or more containers, which may have at least partly gas-previous walls, e.g. trays or shelves in a stack
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2300/00Processes
    • A23V2300/10Drying, dehydrating

Abstract

The present invention relates to a agricultural and marine products dryer.
The agricultural and marine products dryer 1 of the present invention is equipped with wheels 20 at the bottom of the floor, the ceiling 14 and the bottom surface 15 and both sides 16, 16a, the back 17, one hinge Insulating material 19 is built into the door 18 which opens and closes to the center to prevent heat loss, and each drying chamber 2 (2a) which can be dried by selective operation by installing a partition 21 vertically in the inner center. Configured to have; Hot air supply chambers 13 and 13a are formed on both sides of the partition 21 in the center partitioning the drying chambers 2 and 2a, respectively, each of the panels 21 and 21a having several hot air blowout holes 11 and 11a. ), And side plates 16 and panel 22 of one drying chamber 2 and side panels 16a and panel 22a of the other drying chamber 2a are formed in multiple stages. And to be configured to accommodate the chaeban 13 that can be dried to contain agricultural and marine products; Heater box equipped with a blower (7) (7a) for continuously circulating while blowing the hot air of hot air generated in the electric heater (4) (4a) by mixing the outside air and waste heat while blowing into the drying chamber (2) (2a) (5) The electric heaters (4) and (4a) are respectively embedded in the inside of the heater (5a), and then the drying chambers (2) and (2a) are formed in the center and partitioned into partitions (21), and the upper part of the hot air supply chamber (13) is opened. The heater boxes 5 and 5a are respectively placed on the upper surface of the ceiling 14 above the cover 13a and covered with the air inlets 10 and 10a formed therein, and then the ceiling of the drying chamber 2 The duct 8 is connected between the exhaust port 9 formed in the 14 and the box 6 on the side of the brower 7 mounted on the heater box 5, and the exhaust port formed in the ceiling 14 of the drying chamber 2a. The duct 8a is connected between the 9a and the box 6a on the side of the brower 7a mounted on the heater box 5a to supply hot wind for drying the agricultural and aquatic products into the respective drying chambers 2 and 2a. Waste heat at the same time Remove the water over the next one to be characterized by re-circulation.
According to the present invention, the operation efficiency is increased by selecting the operation of the drying compartment divided into two according to the amount of agricultural and aquatic products to be dried, and the hot wind generated from the electric heater is continuously circulated to the blower through the hot air supply chamber formed at the center of the drying chamber. There is an effect of increasing the drying efficiency by suppressing the generation of water droplets by the moisture of the outside air introduced during drying of agricultural products such as red peppers.
Dryer, Drying Room, Hot Air Supply Room, Heater, Blower, Box, Duct, Partition

Description

Agricultural and Marine Product Dryer {Drier}

1 is a perspective view of the agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention

2 is a cross-sectional view of the agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention

3 is a side view of the agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention

4 is a plan view of the agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention.

*** Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawing ***

1: dryer 2. 2a: drying chamber

3. 3a: Hot air supply room 4. 4a: Electric heater

5. 5a: Heater box 6: box

7. 7a: Blower 8. 8a: Duct

9. 9a: exhaust port 10. 10a: air inlet hole

11.11a: hot air blowout hole 13

21: partition

The present invention relates to a agricultural and marine products dryer, more specifically, to increase the operating efficiency by selecting the operation of the drying compartment divided into two according to the amount of agricultural and marine products to be dried, hot wind generated from the electric heater through the hot air supply chamber formed in the center of the drying chamber It relates to a agricultural and aquatic product dryer to increase the drying efficiency by suppressing the generation of water droplets by the moisture of the outside air introduced while drying the agricultural and aquatic products, such as red peppers contained in the tray by continuously circulating in a brower.

The problem is described below using one example of a pepper dryer widely used in farms among agricultural and marine product dryers.

Generally, in the farm, when the amount of peppers harvested is small, it is dried by drying in the sun, but when the yield is large, the pepper is dried using a pepper dryer which is forced to blow the combustion heat of the burner to dry.

However, in the case of the pepper dryer, it is economically expensive to purchase and use it in individual farms due to its large capacity while using oil, which is a high oil price, and in order to dry a small amount of pepper, the farmhouse avoids the use of pepper dryer. Is true.

In order to overcome the problem of the pepper dryer in recent years, a small pepper dryer using an electric heater has been widespread, and a typical example thereof is a pepper dryer that is easy to dry registration No. 20-0387353.

The pepper dryer is a blowing fan that is rotated by a motor installed in the upper part of the pepper drying chamber to blow hot wind generated from the electric heater into the pepper drying chamber, and then forcedly blows it by several blowing fans provided between the respective trays to make pepper. It is a structure to dry.

However, in the case of the pepper dryer, since only one drying chamber is provided, the whole pepper dryer must be operated regardless of the amount of pepper to be dried. There is a high risk of safety accidents due to the blowing fan exposed between the rake and the rake as the burden of manufacturing and equipment is high.

The pepper dryer has a number of drawbacks such as the drying efficiency of the pepper is reduced because the fresh air containing water is continuously introduced into the pepper drying chamber in which the hot air flow is formed and water droplets are generated.

The present invention has been devised to solve the above problems, by providing two drying chambers in one agricultural and marine product dryer to be able to select and operate each according to the quantity of agricultural and marine products to be dried, the most economical and convenient agricultural and marine products dryer Its purpose is to make it available for distribution.

Another object of the present invention is to circulate the hot wind generated in the electric heater through the hot air supply chamber formed in the center of the drying chamber to the brower to generate water droplets caused by moisture from the outside air introduced during drying of agricultural products such as red peppers in the tray. By suppressing, the drying efficiency is increased and the quality of the red pepper, which is a drying object, can be improved.

Hereinafter, the configuration of the agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention is characterized in that it consists of two drying chambers for the purpose of achieving the purpose, and then each can be selectively operated.

The agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention mixes the cold air introduced from the outside with the waste heat exhausted from the drying room to remove moisture by the hot wind generated from the electric heater, and then continuously circulates to the blower through the hot air supply chamber formed at the center of the drying room. It is characterized in that to increase the drying efficiency by suppressing the generation of water droplets in the drying chamber.

Pepper dryer (1) of the present invention is equipped with wheels 20 on the bottom of the bottom to facilitate movement, each drying chamber (2) which can be dried by selective operation by installing the partition 21 vertically in the inner center (2a) is comprised. And the ceiling 14 and the bottom surface 15 constituting the drying chamber (2) (2a) and both sides (16) (16a), the rear surface (17), the door 18 that opens and closes around one hinge is Insulating material 19 such as styrofoam is embedded to prevent loss of drying heat.

Hot air supply chambers 13 and 13a are formed on both sides of the partition 21 in the center partitioning the drying chambers 2 and 2a, respectively, each of the panels 21 and 21a having several hot air blowout holes 11 and 11a. ), And side plates 16 and panel 22 of one drying chamber 2 and side panels 16a and panel 22a of the other drying chamber 2a are formed in multiple stages. It was to be able to accommodate the farm (13) that can be dried to contain agricultural and marine products. Of course, a number of fine holes are drilled in the bottom surface of the tray 13 so that hot wind supplied from the hot air supply chambers 13 and 13a can be circulated upward through the tray 13 and the tray.

An electric heater (4) (4a) is installed at the upper portion of the agricultural and marine product dryer (1), the drying chamber (2) to heat the hot hot wind generated from the electric heater (4) (4a) while mixing and sucking outside air and waste heat (2a) The electric heaters (4) and (4a) are respectively built in a heater box (5) (5a) equipped with a blower (7) (7a) for continuous circulation while blowing therein, and then the drying chamber (2) (2a). ) Is formed in the center and partitioned into partitions 21, and the heater boxes 5 and 5a are respectively placed on the upper surface of the ceiling 14 above the hot air supply chambers 13 and 13a, which are open at the top, and the air inlet hole ( 10) (10a) is covered with a box (6) formed, and then between the exhaust port (9) formed in the ceiling 14 of the drying chamber (2) and the box (6) on the side of the blower (7) mounted to the heater box (5) The duct 8 is connected to the duct 8a between the exhaust port 9a formed in the ceiling 14 of the drying chamber 2a and the box 6 on the side of the blower 7a mounted to the heater box 5a. In each drying chamber (2) (2a) And in recovering the waste heat of hot wind for drying the agricultural products and supplying at the same time it was to remove moisture, and then re-circulated.

Of course, the pepper dryer (1) is provided with a control box for controlling the operation of the sensor and timer for detecting the internal temperature of the drying chamber (2) (2a).

Looking at the operation of the agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention configured as described above are as follows.

First, the case where one of the two drying chambers 2 and 2a provided in the agricultural and marine product dryer 1 is used due to the small amount of agricultural and marine products to be dried will be described. The drying chamber 2 divided by the partition 21 will be described. Using the tray holder 12 formed in multiple stages therein to store the tray 13 containing the agricultural and marine products, close the front door 18 and supply power to the agricultural and marine products dryer (1), the heater box by the control box ( The electric heater 4 built in 5) and each blower 7 operate.

When the brower 7 mounted to the heater box 5 operates, the outside air introduced through the air inlet hole 10 formed on one side of the box 6 surrounding them is blown by a blower fan constituting the brower 7. It is sucked into the heater box 5 and is converted into hot wind by the high temperature heat generated by the electric heater 4 (the temperature required for drying the pepper is about 52 ° C.) and forcedly blows it into the hot air supply chamber 3. do.

Since the hot wind forcedly blown into the hot air supply chamber 3 is wide from the ceiling 14 by a predetermined height and narrowly below, the side surface of the panel 22 is smoothly supplied to the bottom of the hot air supply chamber 3. Through the several hot air blowout holes 11 drilled in the air is blown between the tray 13 and the tray accommodated in multiple stages in the drying chamber 2 to dry the agricultural and marine products contained in the tray 13.

The hot wind forcibly blown between the tray 13 and the tray accommodated in the drying chamber 2 to dry the agricultural and marine products passes through between the tray 13 accommodated in multiple stages because the brower 7 continues to operate. As it is raised, the exhaust port 9 and the duct 8 formed in the ceiling 14 of the drying chamber 2 are exhausted to the inside of the furnace 6, and continuously circulated.

At this time, the outside air introduced into the air inlet hole 10 of the box 6 is exhausted from the drying chamber 2 and mixed with waste heat (warm wind) introduced into the inside of the box 6 to remove the moisture in the air to some extent. The hot wind in which the residual moisture in the air is completely removed by the high temperature heat generated from the electric heater 4 by being re-introduced into the heater box 5 by suction and forced blowing by the blower 7 in the state. (2) Since the air is blown inside, the drying efficiency of the agricultural and aquatic products is increased by acting to prevent the generation of water droplets due to the temperature difference of the air flow formed in the drying chamber 2.

Of course, if there is a large amount of agricultural and aquatic products to be dried, by operating both drying chambers (2) (2a) provided in the agricultural and marine product dryer (1) it is possible to dry a large amount of agricultural and aquatic products by the above-described action.

The agricultural and marine products dryer of the present invention described above uses an electric heater as a heat source, and mixes the outside air introduced from the outside with the warm wind exhausted from the drying room to prevent water droplets, and then completely removes moisture from the air by using the high temperature of the electric heater. It is a very practical design to increase the drying efficiency of agricultural and marine products by adopting the continuous circulation method to dry by forced air blowing in the state, and to reduce the energy consumption by selecting the operation of two drying chambers according to the quantity of agricultural and marine products to be dried.

Claims (1)

  1. In the agricultural and marine products dryer for drying the agricultural and marine products in the tray by forcibly blowing the hot wind generated by using the electric heat of the electric heater to the drying chamber with a blower fan,
    The agricultural and marine products dryer (1) is equipped with wheels 20 on the bottom of the floor, the ceiling 14 and the bottom surface 15 and both sides (16) (16a), the back (17), one of the hinges Insulating material 19 is built into the opening and closing door 18 to prevent heat loss, and the partition 21 is installed vertically in the inner center to have respective drying chambers 2 and 2a that can be dried by selective operation. Make up;
    Hot air supply chambers 13 and 13a are formed on both sides of the partition 21 in the center partitioning the drying chambers 2 and 2a, respectively, each of the panels 21 and 21a having several hot air blowout holes 11 and 11a. ), And side plates 16 and panel 22 of one drying chamber 2 and side panels 16a and panel 22a of the other drying chamber 2a are formed in multiple stages. And to be configured to accommodate the chaeban 13 that can be dried to contain agricultural and marine products;
    Heater box equipped with a blower (7) (7a) for continuously circulating while blowing the hot air of hot air generated in the electric heater (4) (4a) by mixing the outside air and waste heat while blowing into the drying chamber (2) (2a) (5) The electric heaters (4) and (4a) are respectively embedded in the inside of the heater (5a), and then the drying chambers (2) and (2a) are formed in the center and partitioned into partitions (21), and the upper part of the hot air supply chamber (13) is opened. The heater boxes 5 and 5a are respectively placed on the upper surface of the ceiling 14 above the cover 13a and covered with the air inlets 10 and 10a formed therein, and then the ceiling of the drying chamber 2 The duct 8 is connected between the exhaust mechanism 9 formed in the 14 and the box 6 on the side of the brower 7 mounted on the heater box 5, and formed in the ceiling 14 of the drying chamber 2a. The duct 8a is connected between the exhaust port 9a and the box 6 on the side of the brower 7a mounted on the heater box 5a to dry the aquatic products in the respective drying chambers 2 and 2a. Recover waste heat while supplying Remove the open water and then drying agricultural products, characterized in that configured to be re-circulated.
KR2020060000503U 2006-01-06 2006-01-06 Drier KR200412274Y1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR2020060000503U KR200412274Y1 (en) 2006-01-06 2006-01-06 Drier

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR2020060000503U KR200412274Y1 (en) 2006-01-06 2006-01-06 Drier

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100665659B1 (en) 2006-03-16 2007-01-09 유한회사 유일 Apparatus for grain drying by using hot aircirculation
KR101062143B1 (en) * 2008-10-17 2011-09-05 김나연 Hot pepper dryer
KR101226451B1 (en) 2010-09-14 2013-02-07 (주)거성에너지 Bidirectional dehumidifying/drying system of large warehouse
KR101499290B1 (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-03-05 현대제철 주식회사 Desiccator of polishing pad
KR101690092B1 (en) 2015-08-28 2016-12-27 백선희 Wicker tray products dryer

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100665659B1 (en) 2006-03-16 2007-01-09 유한회사 유일 Apparatus for grain drying by using hot aircirculation
KR101062143B1 (en) * 2008-10-17 2011-09-05 김나연 Hot pepper dryer
KR101226451B1 (en) 2010-09-14 2013-02-07 (주)거성에너지 Bidirectional dehumidifying/drying system of large warehouse
KR101499290B1 (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-03-05 현대제철 주식회사 Desiccator of polishing pad
KR101690092B1 (en) 2015-08-28 2016-12-27 백선희 Wicker tray products dryer

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