KR100699214B1 - Body fluid testing device, test cassette, method of providing test medium, and method of analyzing body fluid - Google Patents

Body fluid testing device, test cassette, method of providing test medium, and method of analyzing body fluid Download PDF

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KR100699214B1
KR100699214B1 KR1020057011907A KR20057011907A KR100699214B1 KR 100699214 B1 KR100699214 B1 KR 100699214B1 KR 1020057011907 A KR1020057011907 A KR 1020057011907A KR 20057011907 A KR20057011907 A KR 20057011907A KR 100699214 B1 KR100699214 B1 KR 100699214B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
tape
test
test medium
housing
sealing means
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KR1020057011907A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20050088217A (en
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베르너 룰
후고 슈렘
볼커 침머
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에프. 호프만-라 로슈 아게
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/145Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/145Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue
    • A61B5/14507Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue specially adapted for measuring characteristics of body fluids other than blood
    • A61B5/1451Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue specially adapted for measuring characteristics of body fluids other than blood for interstitial fluid
    • A61B5/14514Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue specially adapted for measuring characteristics of body fluids other than blood for interstitial fluid using means for aiding extraction of interstitial fluid, e.g. microneedles or suction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150015Source of blood
    • A61B5/150022Source of blood for capillary blood or interstitial fluid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150358Strips for collecting blood, e.g. absorbent
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/151Devices specially adapted for taking samples of capillary blood, e.g. by lancets, needles or blades
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/157Devices characterised by integrated means for measuring characteristics of blood
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/48Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers
    • G01N33/483Physical analysis of biological material
    • G01N33/487Physical analysis of biological material of liquid biological material
    • G01N33/4875Details of handling test elements, e.g. dispensing or storage, not specific to a particular test method
    • G01N33/48764Test tape taken off a spool
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/0096Casings for storing test samples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/0045Devices for taking samples of body liquids
    • A61B2010/008Interstitial fluid
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00009Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor provided with a sample supporting tape, e.g. with absorbent zones
    • G01N2035/00019Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor provided with a sample supporting tape, e.g. with absorbent zones cassette structures

Abstract

A bodily fluid inspection apparatus for analyzing bodily fluids, comprising: a test media tape (30) for collecting bodily fluid, the test media tape having a tape and a test medium portion, and a free tape portion without a test medium Located between successive test medium portions, the inspection device further comprises a supply, the supply having a housing comprising uncontaminated test medium tape, the housing having an opening for removing the test medium tape from the housing. Further comprising a sealing means for closing the opening with respect to the periphery, wherein the free tape portion of the test media tape is disposed between the wall of the housing and the sealing means when the sealing means closes the opening. Is located in. The present application also relates to a test medium cassette with sealing means and also to a method for providing a test medium while maintaining the sealing of the test medium against moisture during onboard storage.

Description

Body fluid testing device, test cassette, test medium delivery method, and fluid analysis method {BODY FLUID TESTING DEVICE, TEST CASSETTE, METHOD OF PROVIDING TEST MEDIUM, AND METHOD OF ANALYZING BODY FLUID}

The present invention relates to a bodily fluid testing device, and more particularly, to a bodily fluid testing device in which a test medium cassette including a test medium used for testing a bodily fluid is combined.

General fluid testing

Acquisition and testing of body fluids is useful for a variety of purposes, so the importance of their use in medical analysis and treatment, and various other applications continues to increase. In the medical field, it is desirable for an operator to perform the test regularly, quickly and reproducibly outside of a laboratory setting, to obtain rapid results and reading of the test information. Tests are carried out in various body fluids, which relate to the examination of blood and / or interstitial fluids, especially for applications in certain fields. Such body fluids can be examined for various characteristics of the body fluids or analytes contained in the body fluids to confirm medical conditions, determine treatment response, and evaluate the course of treatment, and the like.

General inspection steps

Examination of the bodily fluid basically includes obtaining a bodily fluid sample, transferring the sample to the inspection device, inspecting the bodily fluid sample, and displaying the test result. These steps are generally executed by a plurality of individual tools or devices.

Acquisition- Vascular

The method for obtaining a bodily fluid sample includes inserting a hollow needle or syringe into a vein or artery to draw a blood sample. However, blood sampling of such direct blood vessels can have a number of limitations, including complications due to pain, infection, hematoma, and other bleeding. In addition, direct blood sampling of blood vessels is not suitable for regular repetition and can be very difficult, so it is not recommended to perform on the patients themselves.

Acquisition-Incising

Another common technique for collecting bodily fluid samples is by cutting the skin to collect bodily fluid at the surface of the skin. Lancets, knives or other incision tools are used to make incisions in the skin. The blood or interstitial fluid is then collected in small tubes or other containers or placed in direct contact with the test strip. Fingertips are often used as a source of bodily fluids because of the large amount of blood vessels at the fingertips, which allows sufficient blood to be obtained. However, the nerve endings are concentrated at the fingertips, so cutting the fingertips can be painful. Optional sampling sites such as palms, forearms, earlobes, etc. can be used for sampling, which areas are less painful. However, these areas do not have enough blood. Therefore, these optional sites are suitable for use only for testing systems that require relatively small amounts of body fluid, or else steps are taken to facilitate extrusion of the body fluid from the incision site.

Various methods and systems for incising skin are known in the art. See, for example, US Pat. No. 35,803, issued May 19, 1998, to Lange et al .; US Patent No. 4,924,879, issued May 15, 1990, to O'Brien; US Patent No. 5,879,311, issued February 16, 1999 to Dunchon et al .; US Patent No. 5,857,983 to Douglas, issued January 12, 1999; US Patent No. 6,183,489 (February 6, 2001) to Douglas et al .; US Patent No. 6,332,871, issued December 25, 2001, to Douglas et al .; And US Pat. No. 5,964,718 (October 12, 1999) to Dunchon et al., Which discloses an exemplary dissection device. Typical incisions on the market include the Accu-Chek Softclix lancet.

Extrusion

Patients are often advised to squeeze or pump body fluids from the incision site, for example by forcing pressure on the area surrounding the incision site. In addition, mechanical devices are known to facilitate the extrusion of body fluids from the incision site. Such devices are described, for example, in US Pat. No. 5,879,311 (February 16, 1999) to Dunchon et al .; US Patent No. 5,857,983 to Douglas, issued January 12, 1999; US Patent No. 6,183,489 (February 6, 2001) to Douglas et al .; US Patent No. 5,951,492, issued September 14, 1999 to Douglas et al .; US Patent No. 5,951,493, issued September 14, 1999 to Douglas et al .; US Patent No. 5,964,718, filed October 12, 1999, to Dunchon et al .; And US Pat. No. 6,086,545 (July 11, 2000) to Roe et al. A commercially available product that promotes the extrusion of body fluids from the incision is the Amira AtLast blood glucose system.

Sampling

Acquisition of the generated body fluid (hereinafter referred to as "sampling" of the body fluid) can take various forms. If a body fluid sample is taken from the skin surface of the incision, the sampling device is placed in contact with the body fluid. For example, such a device may include a system in which a tube or test strip is positioned adjacent to the incision site before the incision is formed or moved to the incision site immediately after the incision is formed. The sampling tube can obtain body fluid by suction or capillary action. Such sampling systems are described, for example, in US Pat. No. 6,048,352, issued April 11, 2000; US Patent No. 6,099,484, filed August 8, 2000, to Douglas et al .; And US Pat. No. 6,332,871, filed December 25, 2001, to Douglas et al. Examples of commercially available sampling devices are the Roche Compact, Amira AtLast, Glucometer Elite, and Therasense FreeStyle test strips.

Testing General

Body fluid samples can be degraded for various properties or components, as known in the art. For example, it can be broken down into hematocrit, blood sugar, coagulation, lead, iron and the like. Inspection systems include optical (eg, reflectance, absorption, fluorescence, Raman, etc.), electrochemical and magnetic means, etc. to resolve the bodily fluid sample. Such inspection systems are described, for example, in US Pat. No. 5,824,491 (October 20, 1998) to Priest et al .; US Patent No. 5,962,215, filed October 5, 1999 to Douglas et al .; And US Pat. No. 5,776,719, filed Jul. 7, 1998, to Douglas et al.

Typically, a test system takes advantage of the reaction between the fluid under test and the reagent present in the test system. For example, optical test strips generally follow a change in color, i.e., a change in wavelength absorbed or reflected by the color formed by the reagent system used (e.g., U.S. Pat. Reference).

Blood Glucose

General medication tests are performed to measure blood glucose levels. Levels of blood glucose can be determined either directly by analysis of blood or indirectly by analysis of other body fluids, such as interstitial fluid. Diabetics are generally instructed to measure blood glucose several times a day, depending on the nature and severity of their diabetes. Based on the observed pattern of blood glucose levels measured, and also taking into account diet, exercise, or other factors, the patient or doctor determines the appropriate level of insulin to be administered. Properly controlling the level of blood sugar helps to avoid hypoglycemia, which can lead to insomnia and sudden death, as well as hyperglycemia that leads to blindness and truncation due to prolonged illness. Therefore, blood glucose is a very important analyte to be monitored.

In testing for the presence of analytes, such as blood sugar in body fluids, test systems are commonly used to take advantage of the oxidation / reduction reactions that occur using oxidase / peroxidase detection chemistry. The test reagent is exposed to a sample of bodily fluid for a suitable time and discolors if analyte (blood glucose) is present. Typically, the intensity of this change is proportional to the concentration of the analyte in the sample. The color of the reagent is then compared to a known standard, which can determine the amount of analyte present in the sample. For example, this determination may be made by visual inspection or by a blood glucose meter or by a tool such as a reflectance spectrophotometer at a selected wavelength. Electrochemical systems and other systems are already known for bodily fluid testing for the properties of the constructs.

Testing Media

As mentioned above, diabetics must monitor their blood sugar levels throughout the day to ensure that their blood sugar is kept within an acceptable range. Some sampling devices require the use of test strips that contain a medium for the absorption and / or test of body fluids such as blood. After the test, the test medium contaminated with blood is considered a biohazard and needs to be easily processed so that the contaminated test strip is not exposed to others. This is particularly inconvenient when the patient is away from home, such as in a restaurant. In addition, each test element can easily mix with other test strips with different shelf life. The use of out-of-date test elements may lead to false readings, resulting in inadequate treatment for patients, such as inappropriate insulin administration in diabetics. In particular, most of these test elements are sensitive to moisture.

Test Media Cassettes

Assay systems with test media cassettes that allow multiple tests are disclosed in the prior art. For example, a dispenser containing a limited number of test elements as a separately sealed dozen or two dozen strips is available. Blood glucose meters using such test strip dispensers are commercially available under the trade names Roche Diagnostics GmbH, and Bayer Corporation. However, consumers want a system that reduces the loading work performed by the user, including more strips. Suitable methods for packaging more test elements are, for example, the inspection films disclosed in US Pat. No. 4,218,421 and US Pat. No. 5,077,010. However, these test systems are designed to be used in an automated laboratory system environment and are therefore not suitable for testing with the patient's own strength. German Patent No. 198 19 407 discloses a test element cassette to which a test medium tape is applied for use in an environment of examination by the patient's own forces. However, according to the device disclosed in German patent 198 19 407, several practical problems are still not solved. Test media used for blood glucose testing and other analytes tend to be exacerbated by moisture from the atmosphere. Therefore, keeping the unused test medium free from moisture is a major problem to avoid deterioration that results in inaccurate assay results. U. S. Patent No. 5,077, 010 discloses a container for test media tape having an outlet of the tape sealed by a blocking member or a resilient member (see the corresponding figures Figures 21-33). This sealing method is comparable to the known sealing form from photographic film boxes. The automated analysis tool of US Pat. No. 5,077,010 has a high throughput, so the stability required for mounting is short (typically only one or two days). In contrast, the stability required for mounting in home diagnostic shops is longer. Assuming a patient is tested twice a day with a test medium dose of a cassette having a range of 100, stability of the test medium cassette after insertion into the meter is required within a range of at least 50 days. However, if the patient has a second meter and only uses the current meter only occasionally, the situation may worsen. Therefore, the on-board stability of the blood glucose test should appear for at least 3 months. The seal type disclosed in US Pat. No. 5,077,010 is not sufficient to achieve the required mounting stability in home surveillance environments.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a bodily fluid testing apparatus and a test medium cassette, which include a plurality of test media than currently available bodily fluid testing systems, and which ensure a longer loading stability of the test medium. It is also an object of the present invention to provide a multi-inspection measuring instrument that is easy to operate and can be held by hand.

In accordance with the present invention, it can be seen that the concept of a test test meter can be further improved. Each test medium is used spaced apart from each other so that the free tape portion is positioned between successive test media. This test medium tape is included in a supply container that protects the test medium tape against moisture. The test medium is taken out of the container through the opening by using a tape as the transfer means. The test medium still located in the supply container is protected against moisture by using a sealing means for sealing the opening of the container, and the free tape portion is located between the sealing means and the surface of the supply container. This seal type allows for a very practical experimental setup that can provide a variety of test media without the user having to mount an inspection apparatus with separate test components. Due to the space of the test medium, the material of the free tape portion can usually be selected irrespective of the test medium material to achieve proper sealing by the described sealing means. Typically, the test medium tape is equal to or wider than the width of the test medium. However, the width of the tape is smaller than the width of the test medium and may have the shape of a thread connecting each test medium. For reasons of positioning or test medium guidance, in the case of a small width type, it is desirable to have two tape lines on opposite edges of the test medium. However, in all examples, the tape serves to transport the test medium in an orderly manner.

As tape material, for example, plastic for audio cassettes is shown to be very suitable for this use. Suitable tape materials are polyesters, polycarbonates, cellulose derivatives and polystyrene plastic foils. However, it is desirable to choose non-hygroscopic materials that do not deliver water or water vapor to very high grades. Thus, the tape without free tape portion between successive test media cannot be properly sealed, which allows the test medium material to be porous, allowing the flow of moisture into the supply vessel even when the tape is sealed in accordance with the present invention. Because you can. In addition, the thickness of the tape in the free tape portion is an important parameter to properly control the sealing. The inventors of the present invention have found that the leakage of moisture into the storage housing is reduced by reducing the thickness of the tape. Although there are a number of parameters that interact, the peculiar effect of the thickness of the tape can be seen from FIG. 1. The tape T is located between the sealing means S with the deformable gasket G and the surface of the container housing H. The sealing means pressurizes in the direction of the housing, thus forcing the gasket onto the tape and the housing surface. The gasket is pressed more strongly in the tape area on the left and right sides of the tape. Leakage areas (L) not filled with tape or gasket material are allowed to enter wet air. Thus, the reduction of the tape thickness reduces the cross section of the leaked portion. Tapes with a thickness of less than 100 μm are well suited to limit the ingress of moisture into the housing even if the gasket is relatively rigid. The thickness of the tape is more preferably less than 50 μm.

The sealing means is a means for closing the opening of the housing (container) in which the uncontaminated test media tape is stored. The sealing means is preferably the body of the material to which the gasket is fixed or the body of the gasket material. Optionally, the gasket may be secured to the surface on which the sealing means presses the container opening. It is also possible for embodiments in which the gasket material is present on the surface and the body of the sealing means. In addition, an increase in the flexibility of the gasket can be seen from the figure of FIG. 1 as reducing the ingress of moisture. The gasket has a Shore hardness (A) of less than 70 and preferably has a Shore hardness in the range of 30 to 50, more preferably a Shore hardness of less than 30 is very suitable. Shore hardness (A) is defined by DIN 53505 (June 1987). Suitable gasket materials for realizing the present invention are thermoset elastomers and vulcanized rubber. Particularly suitable are those elastomers comprising polystyrene as the hard component and polymers of butadiene or isoprene as the soft component. Suitable gasket materials include Kraton D, Kraton G and Cariflex TR from Shell, and Solprene from Philips. In view of the low water absorption of the gasket, an elastomer based on an olefinic thermoplastic polymer is preferred.

Preference is given to a gasket having an annular shape such that the gasket annularly surrounds the container opening. Proper sealing can be achieved by such annular gaskets, but proper sealing of non-annular gaskets (eg straight gaskets) is more difficult to seal because it is more difficult to close the leak at the end of such a gasket.

It may also have a sealing means without a flexible gasket. The sealing means can be designed to fit snugly between the surface of the sealing means and the surface of the housing and the tape. By doing so, the cross section of the leak channel is reduced to such a size that the vapor flow / humidity transfer becomes very low. Preferably, these embodiments are designed to have leak channels having a length of at least 8 mm. In this tight embodiment, the sealing means is opened to take out the test medium by the movement of the tape, and the sealing means is closed in the shape fit to protect the test medium which is not used in the supply. In addition, hydraulic sealing means can be used. In this embodiment, the deformable pouch filled with fluid or gel is located in a channel that passes the tape from the inside of the supply housing to the outside. The pouch is mechanically driven by hydraulic pressure to deform from the open position (tape is taken out) into the closed position to shape fit the pouch and seal the tape. Hydraulic pouches are advantageous because of the possibility of hydraulic transmission that can be easily applied to actuator mechanisms.

The body of the sealing means and the body of the storage container should usually be made of a material impermeable to moisture. This can be done by a number of materials. However, due to the aspect of manufacture, plastics such as polypropylene and polyethylene are preferred. However, this material does not need to be completely impermeable to moisture because it can capture moisture diffused by the desiccant.

The sealing means further comprises pressing means for acting to pressurize the sealing means body to effect a seal. Such pressurizing means are, for example, coil springs, pneumatic actuators, motors, electromagnets, compression materials or stress materials. From the preferred embodiment, the elastic sealing means for pressing onto the sealing means body, in particular in the resting position, is easy to manufacture and inexpensive.

The pressure required for proper sealing depends not only on the area being sealed but also on the shore hardness of the gasket used. However, the required pressure is in the range of several newtons or less.

In addition, any criteria for increasing the mounting stability of the test medium are described below in connection with specific examples.

A first general concept of the invention relates to a body fluid testing device containing a test medium tape. The test medium tape holds the test medium used to collect the bodily fluid sample analyzed by the sensor. Preferably, after the cassette's test media tape is used up, the test media tape is received in the cassette so that a new test media cassette can be inserted into the test apparatus. The test medium is indexed before and after each test so that successive tests can be performed without the need for disposal of the test medium used. Test media can be indexed manually or automatically.

Test medium is a medium containing test chemistry that induces results detectable by an analyte from a sample. For a detailed description of test chemistry and tests, please refer to "Test General". The test medium is designed to suck up all of the test fluid sample. This prevents the test apparatus from being contaminated by body fluid samples. As will be described in more detail below, it is preferred to use a test medium tape with a tape on the test medium located in the free tape portion between successive test media. Thus, the preferred position has a structure having the following parts; A tape having a test medium—a tape without a test medium—a tape with a test medium—and the like. For example, this tape can be made from conventional plastic tape used for audio cassettes. For example, this test medium is attached to the tape by the use of glue, welding or adhesive tape.

According to one aspect of the present invention, a body fluid testing apparatus for analyzing a body fluid is provided. The testing apparatus includes a test medium cassette comprising test medium tapes to be used to secrete body fluids. The cassette includes a supply for storing an uncontaminated portion of the test medium tape. A reservoir is further used to store the contaminated portion of the test medium tape. In contrast to a supply designed to protect the test medium tape from ambient moisture, it is desirable that the reservoir for the contaminated tape be designed to open to some extent so that the test medium into which the sample is sucked can be dried. This opening can be realized by a plastic container having slits or grooves for exchanging gas with the surroundings.

An important criterion that can be preferably used in the embodiments of the present invention is the presence of a desiccant in the test medium tape supply container. Moisture entering the vessel by diffusion during the open cycle or through the wall material is absorbed so that the test medium does not deteriorate. However, the concept of sealing according to the present invention is not trivial due to the use of desiccant, since the amount of moisture entering without a sealing means during mounting may be more than treated by a reasonable amount of desiccant. Suitable desiccants are already known in the art, for example, these desiccants are molecular sieves, silica gels and the like.

The present invention further proposes a disposable device in which the test medium tape belongs to the inspection device so that when the test medium tape is used up, the entire device is discarded. Optionally, the test media tape may be placed in a disposable cassette that is removably received in the inspection apparatus. The term "bodily fluid testing apparatus" is used within this application in both embodiments (eg, one with a cassette and one without cassette). However, if an embodiment using a test medium cassette is contemplated, the term is used to refer to the device into which the cassette is inserted.

As described in European Patent Application No. 02026242.4, test medium tapes to which body fluids are preferably applied can be exposed in a tip-like shape, simplifying the application of body fluids to the test medium. For this reason, the test medium tape may be guided to a convex tip portion that may belong to the test device or test medium cassette.

The inspection device further comprises a prickling unit that pierces the body part. The lancing opening of the poke device can be located in or close to the ridge so that the tip portion (if present) can be used in a conventional poke device. The sting device may be positioned under the test medium tape, and the incision device may pass through the test medium tape or extend through the grooves of the test medium tape.

The inspection device may further use visual user guidance for the application of a bodily fluid sample. According to this embodiment, the inspection device has an illumination device which is indicated by illuminating the part of the test element to which the body fluid is to be applied. The illumination provides timely and / or spatial guidance for the user to apply fluids. The illumination may also function to indicate the location of the stabbing body part. The area illuminated on the test medium may also indicate the amount of body fluid (or droplet size) required by the testing device.

Another aspect of the invention relates to a test cassette for collecting a bodily fluid sample. The cassette includes a housing having a supply portion in which uncontaminated test medium tape is received. The housing includes a reservoir in which the contaminated portion of the test medium tape is received after contamination. To seal test media that has not been used against moisture, a tape with free tape portions between successive test media is used as already described above so that the sealing concept of the present invention is used. The sealing means of the present invention may belong to a test medium cassette or an inspection apparatus. Further embodiments are also possible in which a sealing means part, such as a pressure application plate, belongs to the inspection apparatus and another part, such as a gasket, belongs to the cassette. The container containing the uncontaminated test media tape is preferably closed against moisture except for openings that can be closed by sealing means. The cassette may further comprise a convex tip portion through which the test medium tape is exposed to body fluid and through which the test medium tape passes. In particular, a supply reel is positioned in the supply portion of the housing in which the uncontaminated portion of the test medium tape is wound, and a storage reel is placed in the storage portion of the housing in which the contaminated portion of the test medium tape is wound. In embodiments that use reels to store contaminated test media tape, it is desirable when the axis of the supply reel does not penetrate the supply vessel housing to avoid leakage of moist air into the vessel.

Most test media are destroyed or deformed by moisture, sunlight, and the like. Therefore, criteria should be taken to protect the test medium before it is used for mounting the test apparatus. The first criterion is to pack the entire test medium cassette before use to prevent contact of moisture from the surroundings. This can be done, for example, by a blister package. Optionally, the cassette housing can be closed against moisture except where the test medium is exposed for bodily fluid application. Embodiments using a moisture proof cover over an exposed portion that can be removed prior to use of the cassette are also possible.

In addition, the present invention

Providing a supply having a container comprising an uncontaminated test medium tape, the container further comprising an opening for removing the test medium tape from the container,

Providing a sealing means capable of closing said opening about the periphery,

Driving said sealing means to open said opening of the container, and

Removing the portion of the test medium tape from the container to expose the unused test medium.

The method may further comprise driving and inspecting a sealing means to close said opening of the container. Drive preferably means to press the sealing means onto the surface of the supply container.

The closure means preferably have two characteristic positions.

In the first closed position, the sealing means is sealingly engaged with the surface of the feed container to close the container and protect the test medium against moisture. In the second open position, the sealing means is opened to cause the test medium tape to leave the feed container. The opening should have a width (typically thicker than the thickness of the tape alone) for the test medium tape with the test medium to pass through.

Thus, the method of providing the test medium

Providing a supply having a container comprising an uncontaminated test medium tape, the container further comprising an opening for removing the test medium tape from the container,

Providing a sealing means capable of closing said opening about the periphery,

Moving the sealing means from the first closed position to the second open position to open the opening of the container,

Removing a portion of the test medium tape from the container to expose the unused test medium, and

Moving the sealing means from the second open position to the first closed position to close the opening of the container.

 In addition, if the sealing means is closed, a free tape portion can be located between the sealing means and the surface when the tape is at rest. The surface is usually the surface of the supply vessel. Closing through the sealing means preferably means that the sealing means is pressed onto another surface (usually the container surface) to produce a seal of the test medium tape that is not contaminated with moisture.

Other forms, examples, objects, configurations, advantages, features and aspects of the present invention will become apparent from the following drawings and specification.

1 is a schematic diagram showing a leaked portion.

2 is a perspective view of the inspection apparatus.

3 is a perspective view of a sealing concept.

4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line A-A of FIG.

5 shows a test medium cassette with trapezoidal sealing means.

6 shows a test medium cassette with form fitting sealing means.

7 shows a test medium cassette having a lever that opens a supply container by tensioning the test medium tape.

8 shows a test medium cassette having a lever that opens a supply container by tensioning the test medium tape.

9 shows an inspection apparatus and an operation step.

10 shows an inspection magazine with magnetic sealing means.

11 shows the hydraulic sealing means.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In order to facilitate understanding of the principles of the present invention, reference is made to the embodiments described in the drawings below, and the same parts will be described using the same terms. However, this is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, but it will be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications and further modifications of the illustrated apparatus and further applications of the principles of the present invention may be made. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that some of the configurations not related to the present invention are not shown for clarity.

The moisture sealing principle is shown in FIG. 1, which has already been described above. Preferably, the test-carrier-tape T is pressed by the sealing material G on the housing surface H with low roughness. Sealing force (F) presses the flexible gasket around the test medium tape. The remaining leak channel L is minimized by the gasket material portion, the tape thickness, the sealing force, and the time pattern in which the sealing means moves.

Body fluid testing device 10 is shown in FIG. 2. In the drawings of the device, the housing 11 and the display device 12 are shown to show test results and instructions for use. At the front end of the device, there may be a tip portion 20 through which the test media tape 30 passes. The test medium at the front end of the inspection device is exposed to the tip portion in the same manner as the tip to facilitate the application of body fluids. For this reason, the tip portion protrudes at least partially out of the contour of the housing 11 of the inspection device to be accessible to the body part (eg a finger or arm). At the tip part, one can see the illumination area 30 'which indicates the position for the same application.

3 shows an improved embodiment of the sealing concept of the present invention. A portion of the test media tape 30 is located outside the housing 50 of the supply. The housing has an opening 51 through which the tape can be pulled out. The rectangles 52, 53 shown in the housing indicate the position on the housing surface on which the gasket of the sealing means (not shown) is pressed over during the sealing of the opening. Using two (or more) gaskets for sealing can improve leakage protection. It is preferred to use an annular gasket as shown, which is pressurized annularly over the portion around the opening 51 to include the opening in the cross-sectional area of the annular gasket. When two or more annular gaskets are used, it is preferred that the annular gaskets completely comprise the following small annular gaskets.

In FIG. 4, a cross-sectional view of FIG. 3 taken along the line A-A is shown. It can be seen that the gasket is not located perpendicular to the surface of the housing 50 but is located close to the vertical. The outer gasket 53 is inclined in the direction from the base 53b of the gasket to the free end 53e of the gasket, away from the opening 51. The inner gasket 52 is inclined toward the opening in the direction from the base 52b of the gasket to the free end 52e of the gasket. The slope of the outer gasket acts more effectively to block the ingress of air than a gasket that does not make this slope. Due to the inclination, when air tries to enter the housing (which is when the pressure inside the housing is lower than the external pressure), the sealing is further strengthened, because the air pressure causes the pressure at the end 53e of the gasket to retract from the container 50. Because it increases above the surface 54. The same principle applies to the inner gasket in the opposite case where the pressure inside the housing is above the outside pressure.

As can be seen further in FIG. 4, it is preferred when the gasket is tapered from the base toward the free end portion. The smaller the gasket end portion, the more flexible it is, which matches the shape of the tape, thereby reducing the cross section of the leak area. The smaller the area enclosed by the annular gasket around the opening 51, the lower the force required to form a small leak channel L. In this embodiment, the pressing means 55 (not shown in Fig. 3) has a plate shape in which a gasket is fixed to the lower side. In particular, it is preferable to fix the gasket to the plate by forming two parts of the plate and the gasket. Spring means (not shown) belong to the inspection device to apply pressure to the pressure plate 55. In addition, it can be seen from FIG. 4 that the test medium tape does not necessarily need to be wound on a reel. The position of the tape in the reservoir is somewhat arbitrary, but it is necessary to avoid jams or blockages.

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view cut through the embodiment with parallelogram sealing means 60 pressed against the inclined surface 62 of the supply vessel 50. The sealing means itself may be made of a sealing material (eg rubber) or may be present on the surface of the sealing means in which the sealing material (gasket) is pressed onto the surface of the supply container. When the free tape portion is positioned in the sealing means portion that is pressed against the test medium tape, the sealing in this embodiment is made again. The angle shown in FIG. 5 is preferably in the range of 0 to 45 degrees.

FIG. 6 is an embodiment similar to that shown in FIG. 5. Instead of the parallelogram sealing means, a shape fitting sealing means 61 is used. The surface of the housing 50 has a contour 62 in the opening which is fitted to the contour 63 of the sealing means 61. The contour of the sealing means may be made of a material which acts as the gasket itself (eg rubber) or the gasket may be present on the surface of the sealing means. However, on the contrary, a sealing principle with a gasket fixed to the surface of the housing may be employed.

7 is a cross-sectional view cut through the test medium tape container 50 with sealing means. Test medium tape 30 is wound on reel 57. The tape from the reel is guided through the diffusion channel 70 and exits the container through the opening of the container. The opening is sealed by an annular gasket 53 which is fixed to the first arm of the lever 80. Such levers are also known to the person skilled in the art as "dancers". The lever has a center of rotation 81. The spring element 82 maintains pressurization of the gasket on the container face. The test medium tape 30 is positioned between the gasket and the container surface as described above (ie, the free end is located between the gasket and the container surface). The tape located outside the container is guided to the wheel on the other arm of the lever. When the tape is taken out in the direction shown in FIG. 7, the tape tension rotates the lever 80 around the center of rotation 81 against the spring force of the spring element 82. This movement reduces the contact pressure of the gasket 53. The tape begins to slide through the gasket. As a result, the tape portion inside the housing is tensioned. In further motion, the friction of the reel increases tape tension, causing the gasket to be lifted larger. The opening thus formed is large enough to exit through the test medium without contacting the gasket. The tape may be taken out of the container. When enough tape portion is taken out of the container, the inspection device (or user) stops tearing the tape and the seal is closed due to the movement of the lever caused by the spring element. In this embodiment, this is preferable when friction is imposed on the reel 57, because the force acting on the lever is generated by the retention of the tape. In another embodiment, frictional imposition of the supply reel is also desirable because it can avoid uncontrolled winding of the tape, which can cause jamming. In addition, the tape properly wound on the reel has the advantage that the test medium under the outermost tape layer is protected against moisture already entering the housing.

An important (optional) criterion for keeping unused test media moisture free is the diffusion channel 70 of FIG. 7. This channel serves to reduce the convective exchange of air between the interior and the surroundings of the vessel during the opening of the seal. This channel limits the air exchange of the opening, i.e. the intake of moisture, during the time that fresh test medium comes out of the container. The channel reduces moisture along the path of the reel from the opening. The prevention of air convection by the channels usually limits the intake of moisture into the vessel to diffusion which is much slower in material transfer than convection.

8 shows a further example of a self sealing test medium cassette. Self-seal herein means closing the opening of the cassette by itself without requiring a force from outside to act on the opening and close the sealing of the opening. The cassette further opens the seal with the tension of the test media tape, which is the preferred embodiment. The lever of this embodiment has a first lever arm inside the test medium supply container 50. As in the foregoing figures, the test media tape 30 is guided to the roller at one arm of the lever, and the other arm of the lever holds an annular sealing gasket that seals the container opening. When the test media tape is tensioned, the lever is actuated to open the seal to free the tape so that a new portion of the test media tape with unused test media can be pulled out. Thereafter, the tension applied to the tape can be reduced, and the lever is driven to rotate by the spring means 82 'of the cassette to close the container opening.

9 shows a test medium cassette 50 inserted into the inspection apparatus 10 and the steps of using the inspection apparatus.

As shown in Fig. 9A, the inspection apparatus has a housing 100 in which a cassette is accommodated. The cassette has a supply portion 50a including a supply reel 57 on which the uncontaminated test medium tape 30 is wound. 9 shows the test medium section 31 as a pad fixed to a tape. The test pad is fixed to the tape via a double sided adhesive tape. Thus, the preparation of the test medium tape first removes the protective foil from the first side of the double sided adhesive, applies the test medium pad to that side, then removes the protective foil from the second side of the double sided adhesive, and It can be easily done by applying the synthetic structure of the adhesive tape to the tape. This process can be very well automated. Optionally, a double sided adhesive may be applied first to the tape and then to the test media pad. In addition, other manufacturing methods are also possible, such as, for example, glueing the test medium to the tape.

The used (contaminated) test media tape is wound on a storage reel 58 in the reservoir of the test medium cassette. The transfer of the test medium tape is made by the motor 101 of the inspection apparatus 10, which has a gear wheel that meshes with the gear of the storage reel to rotate the storage reel. Usually it is sufficient to use only a single motor that winds the storage reel in the direction of moving the tape from the supply reel to the storage reel. For proper positioning of the test medium for sampling and / or testing, the tape is preferably moved in the opposite direction as described above. This can be done by a machine that allows movement of the supply reel with a separate motor winding the supply reel or a motor that rotates the storage reel. It is also possible to use a spring mechanically connected to the frictional imposing means connected to the supply reel. Once the tape is pulled from the supply reel by winding the tape over the storage reel, the spring is loaded and a spring tension can be used to move the tape back slightly. This can be done by reversing the motor, and the feed reel also reverses by spring tension, so that the tape is under stress enough to press the tape over the tip for proper detection and to avoid jams caused by the baggy tape. maintain. By this instrument, the test medium can first be properly positioned for measurement (eg, on tip 20) when the instrument is moved far away.

However, such a process of positioning the test medium by appropriately moving in only one direction (feed direction) is preferably avoided. Positioning the test medium on the tip can be done by the same optical device employed to read the test medium. However, it is also possible to use a separate position detection means which optically preferably works. Detection of proper positioning can be achieved by using a tape and a test medium of different reflectivity so that reflectivity monitoring during tape transfer shows a change in reflectivity when the test medium is at the read position. However, it is also preferable to use an indication mark (e.g. a black bar) as the optically detected tape when detected by the positioning detection means.

The inspection apparatus further includes a control device for controlling the transfer of the tape, the opening and closing of the seal, and the reading of the test medium. A control device or a separate computing device is used for the calculation of the analysis results from the readings obtained. In addition, the positioning detection means can be controlled by the control device.

The cassette further has a tip 20 on which the tape is guided. This (optional) tip serves for convenient sample application, for example at the fingertips. For details on the tip and how the tape falls off the tip, see pending European patent application 02026242.4. The cassette further has a groove for receiving the metering optics 102 belonging to the inspection apparatus. The optical device portion, which can be seen in FIG. 9, is a light coupling element that couples light to tip 20 to illuminate a test medium located at the tip. When a sample is applied to this test medium, the intensity of light reflected back from the bottom side of the test medium changes, and the reflection intensity (preferably in particular the range of wavelengths) can be read by a detector (not shown). This intensity can be converted into analytical concentration by a control device or arithmetic device. Tapes with grooves under the test medium known as optical test elements commercially available as Glucotrend®, for example, employing a tape material that is mostly transparent to the light to be detected for the purpose of making optical readings from the test medium. It is preferable to employ. (Apart from the embodiment shown in Figure 9, a test medium may also be used that operates as known as an electrochemical test element. In such an embodiment, the test device may contact the test medium using an electrode and Employs an inspection device that controls the application and measurement of current or voltage to achieve readings that can be converted to concentrations. However, since optical and electrochemical composition measurements by disposable test elements are already known in the art, Detailed description will be omitted.

FIG. 9A shows an inspection device (which may be referred to as an inspection system, because the inspection device houses the test medium cassette) in the storage position of the inspection device with the closed (closed position) seals 52, 55. do. The inspection apparatus is provided with a pressure actuator (for example, a coil spring) for urging the sealing plate 55 on the side facing away from the actuator over the opening of the cassette 50. When the seal is closed, a free tape portion is positioned between the opening of the cassette and the gasket. This example has a diffusion channel 70 connecting the supply portion containing the uncontaminated test media tape to the opening. In addition, the supply portion 50a is closed about the circumference when the seal is closed, and the reservoir 50b is partially open to the circumference. The test medium cassette further includes a roller or pin 59 through which the tape is guided.

9 (b) shows the inspection device in the “open position” with an open seal. It can be opened by moving the pressure plate 55 away from the opening with respect to the force of the pressure actuator. This can be done by a reverse attractor (eg, an electromagnet that pulls the pressure plate) away from the opening. FIG. 9B also shows that the test medium 31a is moved from a position on the supply reel (see FIG. 9A) to a position in the diffusion channel, but still located in the supply portion. 9 (b) is a snapshot of the intermediate state of the test medium transfer. The depicted position of the test medium is not a normal atmospheric position, but a position that lasts only as short as possible to keep the seal open time period as short as possible. This arrow shows the conveying direction of the tape.

In FIG. 9C, the sampling position at which the body fluid is sampled can be known. Test medium 31a is placed on the tip and the seal is closed again. After the bodily fluid is applied to the test medium on the tip, the inspection device reads the light reflected from the lower side of the test medium to obtain a reading that can be converted into the analyte composition. It can be seen that the bodily fluid application and reading is preferably made at the same tape position so that no additional tape transfer is required to open the seal. However, it may be desirable to use a reading position that is separate from the sampling position because it enables optical or electrochemical readout analysis within the inspection apparatus at other locations. The closed seal of Fig. 9C can be made by deactivating the opposite actuator, so that the pressurizing actuator again presses the pressure plate over the opening of the supply portion.

9 (d) is a snapshot taken during transfer to the reservoir 50b of the used test medium. Once the used test medium is placed inside the reservoir, the seal is closed again. As shown in Fig. 9D, it is preferable that two successive test media are large enough that the subsequent test medium is still located in the supply when the preceding test medium is already located in the reservoir. If the subsequent test medium is still on the reel, it is more preferable to be covered by the tape layer to protect against moisture.

FIG. 10 shows a test medium cassette 50 having a supply portion 50a positioned in the supply reel 57. The test medium tape leaves the feed through the diffusion channel 70. In the opening of the feed located at the outer end of the diffusion channel, a sealing means 80 'is positioned. This sealing means has an axis 81 'rotatably fixed to the housing of the cassette. This sealing means has a seal to which an annular gasket (not shown) is fixed. When the cassette is at rest (i.e. no tearing force is applied to the tape), the seal presses the face surrounding the opening of the cassette (i.e. at the outer end of the diffusion channel in this embodiment). The force for effecting this pressing action is applied to the sealing means 80 'via a spring means 59 (integral or the same spring means not belonging to the cassette may be envisaged) belonging integrally to the cassette. The integral spring means in the case shown is a nose of plastic material which can be produced in the same manufacturing steps as the cassette housing (eg injection molding). Once the sealing means 80 'is assembled, the nose is deformed and an attempt is made to bring the spring tension acting on the sealing means back to the non-stress condition. When the tape 30 is taken out of the supply, the tape needs to be tensioned to overcome the holding force of the sealing means and / or the friction of the supply reel. As can be seen, the sealing means has a curved portion which together forms a taped winding channel in the cassette housing. When a stress acts on the tape, the tape tends to be in a straight direction, and thus acts on the curved portion of the sealing means in order to move the sealing means against the force of the spring means 59. This movement opens the seal and allows the test media tape to pass through. FIG. 10 shows a chamber connected to a supply filled with a desiccant 71, which is a molecular sieve in the case shown.

11 is a diagram illustrating the concept of a hydraulic seal. The housing has a top 100a and a bottom 100b, which form a channel at the outlet of the reservoir in which the test medium tape moves. Within this channel portion, a pouch 105 filled with fluid is located. This pouch is made of a flexible material (eg polyethylene), which has a shape as shown in FIG. 11 in its resting position. In this position, the channel can be opened so that the test medium tape can be removed from the supply and the tape medium 31 can be passed through. When pressure is applied to the portion of the pouch located outside the channel, the portion of the pouch located in the channel portion expands and fits and fits with the tape in the channel. The application of the pressure can be made, for example, by the stamp 110. To obtain a tight seal of the supply against moisture, the channel is closed by the pouch when the unused test medium is taken out. In this closed position, the free tape portion between two successive test media is positioned in the channel to form a custom seal by hydraulic sealing means.

Claims (28)

  1. In the body fluid testing device 10 for analyzing body fluids,
    A test media tape 30 for collecting body fluids,
    The test medium tape has a tape and a test medium portion, the free tape portion without the test medium is located between successive test medium portions,
    The body fluid testing device further includes a supply unit 50a,
    Said supply having a housing comprising uncontaminated test media tape, said housing further comprising an opening for removing said test media tape from said housing,
    The bodily fluid testing device further comprises sealing means for closing the opening with respect to the periphery, the free tape portion of the test medium tape having a surface (usually a wall of the housing) and the when the sealing means closes the opening. A bodily fluid testing device (10) for analyzing bodily fluids, which is located between sealing means.
  2. 2. A body fluid testing device according to claim 1, wherein said tape in said free tape portion has a thickness of less than 100 [mu] m.
  3. 2. A body fluid testing device according to claim 1, wherein said sealing means or said housing comprises a gasket having a shore hardness of less than 70.
  4. 2. The sealing means according to claim 1, wherein the sealing means has an annular gasket, and when the sealing means closes the opening, the annular gasket is pressed against a wall of the housing annularly positioned around the opening. Body fluid testing device.
  5. The method of claim 1, wherein the sealing means has first and second lips of sealing material, the first lip inclined away from the opening, and the second lip inclined toward the opening. Body fluid testing device characterized in that.
  6. 2. The housing of claim 1, wherein the housing has an inner channel (70), the inner channel being the sole air connection between the reservoir and the surroundings of the housing, when the test media tape leaves the housing through the opening of the housing. And bodily fluid testing apparatus, passing through the channel.
  7. 7. A body fluid testing device according to claim 6, wherein the length of the channel is equal to or shorter than the length of the free tape portion between successive test media.
  8. 2. A body fluid testing device according to claim 1, wherein said sealing means has a lever for opening a seal of the housing, said lever being driven by a tension applied to said test medium tape.
  9. 2. The body fluid testing device according to claim 1, wherein the apparatus further comprises a waste storage section (50b) for storing a contaminated portion of the test medium tape.
  10. 10. A body fluid testing apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the apparatus further comprises an exposed portion located between the supply portion and the waste storage portion, wherein the exposed portion exposes a portion of the test media tape to the body fluid.
  11. 2. A body fluid testing device according to claim 1, wherein said supply is a removable cassette (50).
  12. 11. The supply unit according to claim 10, wherein the supply unit comprises a supply reel 57, an uncontaminated portion of the test medium tape 30 is wound around the supply reel, and the waste storage unit comprises a storage reel 58, and a test medium A bodily fluid testing device, characterized in that a contaminated portion of the tape can be wound onto a storage reel.
  13. The body fluid testing device according to claim 1, further comprising a penetrating device penetrating the skin.
  14. The apparatus for testing body fluid according to claim 1, further comprising a sensor for detecting a change in a test medium induced by reacting with the body fluid.
  15. The method of claim 1, wherein the sealing means can take a first position in which the sealing means closes the opening of the container and a second position in which the opening is opened so that the test media tape can exit the housing. Body fluid testing device.
  16. 2. A body fluid testing device according to claim 1, wherein said sealing means is a form fitting sealing means.
  17. 2. A body fluid testing device according to claim 1, wherein said sealing means is a hydraulic sealing means.
  18. In the test cassette 50 containing a test medium tape for sampling body fluid,
    A housing 100 including a supply portion 50a in which an uncontaminated portion of the test medium tape 30 is received, the test medium tape having a tape and a test medium portion, and a free tape portion without a test medium Is positioned between successive test medium portions, the housing having an opening for removing the test medium tape from the housing,
    The test cassette further comprises sealing means for closing the opening, wherein the free tape portion of the test media tape is positioned between the surface (usually the wall of the housing) and the sealing means when the sealing means closes the opening. Test cassette, characterized in that.
  19. 19. The test cassette of claim 18, further comprising a waste storage portion for receiving test media tape contaminated by past samples of body fluids.
  20. 20. The test cassette of claim 19, wherein the cassette further comprises an exposed portion capable of exposing the test medium tape to the periphery.
  21. 19. The test cassette of claim 18, wherein the tape of the free tape portion has a thickness of less than 100 micrometers.
  22. 19. A test cassette according to claim 18, wherein the cassette has a groove for receiving a sensor from the test device (10).
  23. 19. The housing of claim 18, wherein the housing has an inner channel (70), the inner channel being a sole air connection between the reservoir of the housing and the opening of the housing in communication with the perimeter, wherein the test media tape is connected to the housing through the opening. When leaving the test cassette, characterized in that passing through the channel.
  24. 24. The method of claim 23, wherein the continuous test medium has a gap, wherein the gap is selected such that when the first test medium leaves the cassette through the opening, the continuous test medium is still located inside the reservoir. Inspection cassette.
  25. 19. The test cassette of claim 18, wherein the sealing means can take an open position to take the test medium tape from the supply.
  26. In the method for providing a test medium for body fluid testing,
    Providing a supply having a housing comprising uncontaminated test media tape, the housing further comprising an opening for removing the test media tape from the housing, wherein the supply closes the opening to the periphery. Further provided,
    Driving the sealing means to open the opening of the housing, and
    Removing the test medium tape from the housing and exposing unused test medium.
  27. 27. The method of claim 26, further comprising closing the opening after the unused test medium is exposed, wherein the tape portion without the test medium has a surface (typically a housing) when the sealing means closes the opening. And a sealing means).
  28. 28. A bodily fluid analysis method comprising the steps of claim 26 or 27, further comprising the step of performing an assay by adding the bodily fluid to the exposed test medium.
KR1020057011907A 2002-12-23 2003-12-22 Body fluid testing device, test cassette, method of providing test medium, and method of analyzing body fluid KR100699214B1 (en)

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