KR100697499B1 - Framing system for solar panels - Google Patents

Framing system for solar panels Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100697499B1
KR100697499B1 KR1020027013335A KR20027013335A KR100697499B1 KR 100697499 B1 KR100697499 B1 KR 100697499B1 KR 1020027013335 A KR1020027013335 A KR 1020027013335A KR 20027013335 A KR20027013335 A KR 20027013335A KR 100697499 B1 KR100697499 B1 KR 100697499B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
frame
solar
channel
undercut
elongated
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020027013335A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
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KR20030005260A (en
Inventor
피터 스튜어트 어링
Original Assignee
피터 스튜어트 어링
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPQ6682 priority Critical
Priority to AUPQ6682A priority patent/AUPQ668200A0/en
Application filed by 피터 스튜어트 어링 filed Critical 피터 스튜어트 어링
Priority to PCT/AU2001/000374 priority patent/WO2001075377A1/en
Publication of KR20030005260A publication Critical patent/KR20030005260A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100697499B1 publication Critical patent/KR100697499B1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/02Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant
    • E04D3/06Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor
    • E04D3/14Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor with glazing bars of other material, e.g. of glass
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • E04D3/366Connecting; Fastening by closing the space between the slabs or sheets by gutters, bulges, or bridging elements, e.g. strips
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/60Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings
    • F24S20/67Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings in the form of roof constructions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/20Peripheral frames for modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S80/00Details, accessories or component parts of solar heat collectors not provided for in groups F24S10/00-F24S70/00
    • F24S80/70Sealing means
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/02Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant
    • E04D3/06Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor
    • E04D3/08Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor with metal glazing bars
    • E04D2003/0818Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor with metal glazing bars the supporting section of the glazing bar consisting of several parts, e.g. compound sections
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S2020/10Solar modules layout; Modular arrangements
    • F24S2020/13Overlaying arrangements similar to roof tiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/6004Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules by clipping, e.g. by using snap connectors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/10Efficient use of energy, e.g. using compressed air or pressurized fluid as energy carrier
    • Y02P80/15On-site combined power, heat or cool generation or distribution, e.g. combined heat and power [CHP] supply

Abstract

The present invention relates to a frame system, and more particularly, to a frame system suitable for mounting a solar panel 12 in the form of a panel or sheet on the roof 10 of a building for mounting a solar cell PV panel. In the described frame system, long, extruded elements are used with sealing elements 37 in assembling PV panels as PV solar roof tiles. Each of the frame elements is effective to install solar tiles inside the frame itself. Only a few additional elements are needed to install the PV tile arrangement as part of the roof or as a PV wall system. PV panel installation can also be used to accumulate solar energy in buildings. Solar tile pedestal 11 is installed away from the roof brace because it is easy to renovate the roof, it is also possible to prevent the accumulation of moisture by air flow and weather resistance can also have a long term. The discharge of condensation of moisture behind the tiles to the outside is also an important feature of the frame system of the present invention.

Description

Solar System Frame System {FRAMING SYSTEM FOR SOLAR PANELS}

The present invention relates to a frame system, and more particularly to a system suitable for mounting panel members or plates to a support structure. The present invention describes the installation of a solar panel (also called a solar panel), also known as a PV (Phothvoltaic) panel, which is suitable for mounting at an angle that is appropriate to the sun and is horizontally inclined. It is not limited and can be applied to similar fields. In this description, the case of installing on the roof will be described as an example, but it goes without saying that it can also be used for vertical walls such as a PV exterior wall installation system.

In the field of solar PV panels, PV panels have the general characteristics of roof tiles so that PV laminates can be installed on, but not limited to, roof tiles. On the other hand, this panel can be made suitable for installation on a roof. However, an important consideration in the design and development of PV panels is that they can be effectively installed in the form of roofs architecturally. In addition to the PV electrical energy used inside the building where the PV tiles are installed, the panels installed on the roof have more opportunities to absorb solar energy, which is known as the solar energy development field known as PV / T (thermal). When installing these panels on a typical roof, the most important are the tiles, metal systems, convenient mounting elements inside the roof, and effective sealing elements.

One of the known ones is to have a structural feature that makes it easy to mount solar panels or tiles with a frame for mounting PV laminates to the roof supports by sealing them around the PV laminate. However, the frame is fixed in size and may not be suitable in some cases, for example, it may not fit the standard shoring spacing. If the size is fixed, the number of PV sheets that can be installed in the frame is also severely limited. If PV sheet size is specially ordered, the price rises and market competitiveness decreases.

Other existing roofing frame systems use extruded frame sections that require additional structures under the PV sheet to ensure weather resistance, or require more elements to connect to the roof, and in some cases are notable for external environmental conditions. In appearance, the aesthetics may be less apparent. These systems often require many inventory elements to be manufactured, stored, transported and installed, and are not necessarily PV installation systems applied to simple frames that inevitably enclose PV sheets. An ideal PV laminate frame system is simply installed in a building by simply being bonded to the PV laminate during the manufacturing process.

This makes it a new and useful system that can be easily assembled at the factory with its standard size, its size enough to be applied to the PV sheet of a standard manufacturing line, yet it can be easily installed on the roof with minimal additional cost, and can be effectively weathered. need.

The present invention provides a frame system for mounting a solar thin plate to form a solar panel to be installed obliquely in a building:

Elongated upper frame; And

Elongated underframe; And

측면 two side frames;

(I) each of the frames has an elongated channel to be combined with weather resistance in the associated edge of the solar sheet and is adapted to be connected to each other at each corner of the solar sheet;

The upper frame has a downward limiting element that restricts the frame system from moving below the building, a supporting element for supporting the frame system to the brace of the building, and an upper portion for sealing purposes;

측면 Each of the side frames is provided with a frame system, characterized in that it has an upstanding wall element on the top side that cooperates with a cover element suitable for connecting between adjacent solar panels to form a seal.

Preferably, at least one of the sidewall elements of the upstanding edge face has means for mounting a resiliently deformable seal such that the panels are coupled through the seal to allow tolerance while adjusting the spacing between adjacent panels.

Preferably, there is an undercut in the upstanding wall element of each frame to snap into the corresponding downward wall of the lid element.

Preferably, each of the top wall element and the bottom wall element is formed by extrusion of an open box structure and includes a threaded cavity to secure the corner joints by tightening a set screw tightened from the side outside of the side frame.                 

In order to disperse the moisture on the bottom of the solar panel without condensation, it is preferred that there is an upright protrusion in the upper frame upper region which then directs all condensed water from the solar panel assembled above to the upper surface of the upper frame. Preferably, the lower frame then has a tip portion coupled to the upper surface of the upper frame of the inner assembly solar panel and extends to a cover element that engages the inner solar panel while covering the elongated channel of the upper frame of the inner assembled solar panel so as not to be exposed. .

Preferably, the lower frame is composed of two parts, small and large, and one portion is a small snap coupling portion and snaps to the large portion while forming the upper wall of the elongated channel for sealing the lower frame to the solar plate. The undercut of the lower ends of the two downward walls of the small part engages with the corresponding undercut of the large part, and the small snap-in section has a sealing groove at the bottom to form a seal for the solar thin plate when it is snipped in place. Silver retains a polymer sealing compound that can be applied in a moist or sticky state to form a weather / waterproof seal between the inner upper edge of the lower frame and the enclosed solar plate.

This connection is the most important location for the waterproofing of solar tiles. In assembling the frame to the solar panel, the moist sealing compound is used for snap bonding because it is easy to use and finishes, and the compound can be easily removed after snap bonding.

Preferably, each side frame is an extrudate having a hollow body portion and an outer wall with an elongated channel opposite the undercut that limits the flange of the seal is fitted with a solar foil plate to protect it from the climate and to protect the polymer against specific ultraviolet exposure. A cover strip is provided to protect the channel being sealed using a sealing strip.

Preferably, at the bottom of each side frame there is a mushroom-shaped undercut for fitting a plastic retaining element or metal screw head into the snap-in element for the connection of the transverse mounting elements for supporting the solar panel away from the roof brace.

Preferably, the elongated mushroom-shaped groove of the elongate side element allows the transverse mounting element to adjust its relative position on the frame, allowing for tolerances to changes in the interior space of the roof brace.

Preferably, the transverse support elements comprise an elongate element spanning from the elongate side frame element of the solar tile to the other side frame element and screwed or snapped to them;

The spacers in this span of elements
i) fill in the gap between the bottom of the solar panel and the top of the spanning element,
ii) filling the gap between the bottom surface of the transverse element and the roof brace;

The shape of these spacers is a series of vertically running ribs, formed at either of the ends, with a lower undercut for snapping the spacers to the transverse support elements, fixed to each other by a horizontal runner,
iii) at each spacer end there is another pair of vertical ribs with an undercut shape for snapping to the undercut channel on the underside of the side frame, acting to snap the transverse support elements to the side frame elongate element,
iv) Provide gaps and supports to allow moisture, such as condensation on the bottom of the panel, to flow freely without being blocked by any intersecting elements.

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

1 is a schematic diagram of a solar tile mounted to a roof according to one embodiment of the present invention;

2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line A-A of FIG.

3 is a schematic plan view showing a state in which two solar panel thin tiles used in FIGS. 1 and 2 are installed in a solar panel thin plate not shown;

4 is a plan view of a solar tile showing the transverse supports and details of the snap-in elements used to secure them;

5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing weathering joints between adjacent side frames of the solar tile used in FIGS. 1-3;

Figure 6 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing the interrelationship of the upper frame of the first inner solar tile supporting the lower frame of the second upper solar tile.

First, according to FIGS. 1-3, the roof structure includes parallel rafters 10 and square cross-sectional horizontal pedestals 11 spaced apart at about half the length of the solar tile. The arrangement of the solar tiles 12 shown in FIG. 1 is identical to each other and connected by weather cover 37 to be weather resistant.

According to FIG. 3, a plan perspective view of two solar tiles is shown, each solar tile having an upper frame 13, a side frame 14 and a lower frame 15, which are fixed to each other and are made of solar panels. The thin plate 16 having the characteristics of is maintained to have weather resistance. In the middle portion, the horizontal support 17 is disposed to be fixed to the side frame 14 at both ends. Larger solar tiles can be used to place one or more of these cross supports, but usually two. 3 also shows an electrical connector box 18 that is electrically connected to a solar panel to provide electricity.

4 is a plan view in which a portion of the solar tile is turned upside down, with the transverse support 134 provided at about an intermediate position and each end held snapped to the side frame element 138. In one embodiment, the transverse support 134 is an aluminum extrudate and is associated with plastic molded arrays 135, 135A with parallel ribs. An array 135 of spacer ribs is positioned below the horizontal support between the backside of the thin plate 136 and the horizontal support to form a vertical hollow channel on the rear face of the thin plate that allows condensate to flow freely across the horizontal support. Space array 135A is also located on the transverse supports to space it away from additional batten in the building structure. The spacer rib array is snap-fitted to the transverse support by an undercut snap finger 137 at the end of each rib. The two ribs 137 located at the distal end of each array have an undercut that snaps to the mushroom shaped undercut channel 139 in the side frame element 138, thus attaching the cross support to the side frame element.

delete

5 shows a joint between adjacent solar tiles. The side frame 14 is an aluminum extrusion, but may be a plastic extrusion. These extrudates have a channel 24 between the tubular body portion 23 and the walls, and sandwich the solar tile sheet 25 into the channel 24 to be hermetically sealed to the polymer channel seal 26. The top 28 edge 28 is secured over the tip 29 of the polymer seal and thus protected from the effects of rain, ultraviolet light, or the like, so that a reliable seal can be established and maintained. The upright sidewall 31 of the tubular body portion 23 has an undercut for inserting the T-shaped rib 32 of the elastically deformable tubular seal 33.

The tubular seals are designed to precisely adjust the gap between the upright confinement walls 35 of the tubular body part while the solar panels are slightly apart from each other. Each of the walls 35 protrudes upwards from the shoulder 36 which snaps into the protruding cover strip 37. The cover strip 37 may be conveniently screwed in place in the lower frame of the next tile in the system 63 shown in FIG. 2. Since the fixing screw penetrates the pedestal 11, the entire solar tile can be firmly fixed to the supporting structure so as not to be dropped by the wind.

The mushroom groove 38 in Fig. 5 is formed integrally with the side extrusion element so as to fit a snap or screw fastening element of a corresponding shape that secures the transverse support in place.

In FIG. 6, the upper frame 40 for the inner solar tile is shown together with the lower frame, and the lower frame is composed of two parts 41 and 41A (snap coupling parts) so as to overlap each other at an installation position. As shown in FIG. 3, joints are formed at each corner of the rectangular frame, and two screws 42 are fastened to the side wall 31 of the side frame to correspond to the corresponding storage spaces in the upper and lower frames 40, 41, and 41A. Screw on the wire 43).

The rear wall 45 of the upper frame 40 extends downwardly the restriction wall 46 coupled to the back of the brace 61, fixing the solar tile and the solar tile support side wall 47 in place. All condensate falling from the upper solar tile sheet 49 flows along the upper surface of the wall 50 and then passes through the groove 47A and the gap between the upper and lower elements 41d provided for weathering purposes. An upright protrusion 48 to be discharged to the outside is formed on the rear wall 45.

The wall element 50 also acts as a grazing channel formed between the pair of wall surfaces 52 and 53, and the U-shaped polymer sealing element 54 is disposed between the pair of wall surfaces 52 and 53. do. The lower frames 41 and 41A likewise have a U-shaped polymer element 55 which is hermetically bonded to the thin plate 49, and further under the groove 41C of the snap-in portion 41A is a "moist" polymer seal 55A. Is provided. The snap coupling portion 41A is engaged by the underframe snap coupling portion 41B to be engaged with the lower frame 41, and the wet sealing polymer material 55A is halved through the orifice in the groove 41C of the snap coupling portion 41A. After coating in a liquid state is fixed in place on the solar panel (49).

The front wall of the lower frame 41 has a bottom wall 47 fixed to the shallow groove 47A of the upper surface of the upper frame 40 and supported on the upper surface of the upper frame 40, and is curved while extending downward from the bottom wall. The protrusion 58 covers the sealing element 54 for weathering purposes. The lower element 41D of the lower frame 41 does not directly contact the upper surface of the upper frame 40 but leaves a gap for discharging moisture to the outside of the inner solar panel 49A.

Various details of the system described above with reference to the drawings have obvious advantages, and summarize the important features as follows.

1. In order to protect the polymer sealing elements from the weather, in particular the outer cover is placed in the channel so that it is not directly exposed to ultraviolet light. In the case of the upper frame, the sealing element is exposed, but then covered and protected by the lid projection of the lower frame of the tile.

2. The transverse supports can be easily mounted in the desired position by snap coupling or screwing, and can be installed in the proper position for the existing braces, especially when repairing existing roofs. The height of these transverse supports can also be selected according to the position of the frame.

3. A pair of grooves 46A are formed in the leg portion of the upper frame of the preferred form to reduce the contact area between the leg portion and the brace, thereby minimizing the possibility of moisture between the legs to improve durability. For the same purpose, the groove 47A and the downward protrusion 62 are formed in the upper frame of the preferred form.

4. As shown in Fig. 5, an elastically deformable tubular element 33 is provided to form a suitable spacing between adjacent units, which allows for a constant spacing while permitting movement by thermal expansion or thermal contraction.

5. The preferred embodiment uses plastic spacer elements as shown in FIG. 4, which can avoid air circulation and moisture gathering, thereby preventing the wooden roof props from rotting. In addition, when these plastic elements are assembled to an aluminum extrusion cross support, the desired angle of inclination can be set. The downward protrusion 62 of the upper frame 40 also induces a pitch angle with respect to the roof brace of the upper frame. Since the pitch height is formed to fix the lower frame 41 to the correct height with respect to the braces below it, the upper frame 40 can be used to take a gap between the brace and the lower frame 41 when the lower tile is in place. have. Thus, internally installed tile members corresponding to the roof tile system are obtained.

Claims (14)

  1. In a frame system that mounts solar panels to form solar panels that will be installed on the building inclined:
    Elongated upper frame; And
    측면 two long side frames;
    (Iv) each of the frames has an elongated channel to be weatherproof and coupled to an associated edge of the solar panel and is adapted to be connected to each other at each corner of the frame system;
    The upper frame has a downward limiting element that restricts the frame system from moving below the building, a supporting element for supporting the frame system to the brace of the building, and an upper portion for sealing purposes, the upper portion being the elongated channel Spaced apart from and further overlapping the lower part of the solar panel to support weatherproof sealing,
    (B) each of the side frames has an upstanding wall element on its top surface that cooperates with a cover element suitable for connecting seals between adjacent solar panels to form a seal.
  2. 2. The frame system of claim 1, further comprising a bottom frame having an elongated channel coupled to a relevant edge of the solar plate by weatherproof sealing.
  3. The frame system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the upper frame has an upright protrusion for collecting and condensing moisture condensed therein.
  4. The frame system according to claim 1, further comprising a horizontal support for adjusting the position in the frame system.
  5. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein at least one of the sidewall frames of the outer upright edge face has means for mounting a resiliently deforming seal, such that the panels pass through the seal to allow tolerance while adjusting spacing between adjacent panels. Frame system, characterized in that coupled.
  6. 2. The frame system of claim 1, wherein there is an undercut in the upstanding wall elements of each side frame to snap into a corresponding downward wall of the lid element.
  7. The method according to claim 1, wherein the upper wall element and the lower wall element are formed by extrusion of an open box structure and include threaded cavities so that the corner joints can be fixed by tightening a set screw tightened from the side outside of the side frame. Frame system characterized by.
  8. 2. The elongated channel of claim 1, wherein there is a tip portion adjacent to the solar panel for joining the top surface of the upper frame and extending to an overhang protrusion for joining adjacent the solar panel. Frame system, characterized in that to protect from the weather.
  9. 2. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising an elongated lower frame in two parts, one portion being a small snap coupling portion that snaps to the large portion while forming an upper wall of the elongated channel for sealing the lower frame to the solar plate. The undercuts of the lower ends of the two downward walls of the small part engage with the corresponding undercut of the large part, the small part having a sealing groove at the bottom to form a weatherproof seal for the solar sheet when snapped in place, And the groove retains a polymeric sealing compound to form a weather resistant / waterproof seal between the inner upper edge of the elongated lower frame and the solar plate.
  10. 10. The elongated grazing channel of claim 1, wherein each sideframe is an extrudate, the outer body receiving a hollow body portion, an outer wall containing an undercut groove defining a flange of the seal, and an elongated grazing channel provided on the opposite side. And, therefore, provide an overhang to protect the grazing channel from weather and UV exposure when a seal is made.
  11. 2. The symmetric grading polymer seal of claim 1, wherein a projection on the lower wall portion extending beyond an edge of the lower grazing channel wall, providing an additional support on the underside of the solar panel, and below the grazing channel overhang projection. The frame system further comprises an upper wall fitted to the outside.
  12. 2. The frame system of claim 1, wherein the underside of each side frame interacts with a mushroom shaped undercut channel for fitting a snap coupling element.
  13. 13. The method of claim 12, wherein the undercut channels are used for snap coupling elements of the transverse support elements for supporting the solar panels away from the roof braces, wherein the transverse support elements are mounted in the side frames by snap coupling elements that can slide along the undercut channels. Frame system, characterized in that the position can be adjusted .
  14. The device of claim 1, wherein the transverse support element extends from one side frame to the other side frame and comprises an elongate element comprising additional attachment by snap coupling of a series of spacers,
    The spacer,
    i) having a vertical rib connected to the top of the horizontal support element and spanning between the bottom of the solar panel and the top of the horizontal support element,
    ii) having vertical ribs connected to the underside of the transverse support element and vertically interposed between the underside of the transverse support element and the roof brace;
    iii) a lower undercut for snapping spacers to the transverse support element at either end and having a vertically running rib set shape fixed to each other by a horizontal runner,
    iv) at each spacer end there is another pair of vertical ribs having an undercut shape for snapping to the undercut channel of the underside of the side frame, the frame system acting to snap to the side frame elongate elements.
KR1020027013335A 2000-04-04 2001-04-04 Framing system for solar panels KR100697499B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPQ6682 2000-04-04
AUPQ6682A AUPQ668200A0 (en) 2000-04-04 2000-04-04 Framing systems for solar panels
PCT/AU2001/000374 WO2001075377A1 (en) 2000-04-04 2001-04-04 Framing system for solar panels

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KR20030005260A KR20030005260A (en) 2003-01-17
KR100697499B1 true KR100697499B1 (en) 2007-03-20

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EP (1) EP1269091A4 (en)
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CN (1) CN1281905C (en)
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WO (1) WO2001075377A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1269091A1 (en) 2003-01-02
CN1427939A (en) 2003-07-02
CN1281905C (en) 2006-10-25
WO2001075377A1 (en) 2001-10-11
EP1269091A4 (en) 2006-05-03
JP2003529696A (en) 2003-10-07
AUPQ668200A0 (en) 2000-05-04
KR20030005260A (en) 2003-01-17

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