KR100612742B1 - Device for removing smell from food waste disposer - Google Patents

Device for removing smell from food waste disposer Download PDF

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KR100612742B1
KR100612742B1 KR1020040051820A KR20040051820A KR100612742B1 KR 100612742 B1 KR100612742 B1 KR 100612742B1 KR 1020040051820 A KR1020040051820 A KR 1020040051820A KR 20040051820 A KR20040051820 A KR 20040051820A KR 100612742 B1 KR100612742 B1 KR 100612742B1
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South Korea
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culture
culture tank
odor
water
sprinkler
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KR1020040051820A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20040074641A (en
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권상동
이광재
김준연
권태만
권태혁
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권상동
권태혁
권태만
김준연
이광재
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/84Biological processes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/01Deodorant compositions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/346Controlling the process
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F3/153Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification with subsequent heating, i.e. with the air, given the required humidity in the central station, passing a heating element to achieve the required temperature
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0275Other waste gases from food processing plants or kitchens
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

본 발명은 음식물 쓰레기 처리에 있어 발생하는 악취를 제거하기 위한 탈취장치에 관한 것으로, 보다 상세하게는 물의 수막현상을 이용 악취성분을 흡착하고 흡착된 악취성분을 미생물을 이용 분해, 제거하는 악취탈취방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a deodorizing apparatus for removing odor generated in the treatment of food waste, and more particularly, odor deodorizing method of adsorbing odor components using water film phenomenon of water and decomposing and removing the odor components absorbed by using microorganisms. It is about.

이를 위하여 본 발명은, 일정한 용기에 미생물을 배양하여 저장하는 배양조를 구성하고, 상기 배양조의 수면 위로 악취를 포함하는 가스를 도입하여 상승케 하고, 순환 펌프와 다단계의 스프링클러를 이용, 배양액을 위에서 아래로 분사, 수막을 만들며, 위의 만들어진 배양액 수막의 안쪽 면에 악취성분이 흡착되어 배양액과 함께 아래로 흐르며, 위의 흡착된 악취성분은 미생물의 생물학적 분해과정에 의해 제거, 탈취되며; 여름철 배양액의 과다한 온도 상승으로 인한 미생물 폐사를 방지하고, 탈취기 내로 유입되는 악취성분의 흡착율을 높이기 위해, 순환 펌프에서 스프링클러로 이어지는 중간 과정에 온도조절이 가능한 냉각기가 부착되며; 그와 반대로 겨울철 배양액의 급격한 온도 하강을 방지하기 위해, 배양조 외벽에서부터 내벽으로 이어지는 온도조절이 가능한 히터가 부착되며; 유입되는 악취 속에 포함된 수증기가 수막에 접촉, 액화 되어 아래로 유입되어 배양조의 수면이 올라가게 되는데, 이에 배양조의 일정한 수위를 유지하기 위하여, 배양조 수면 위의 일정한 지점에 안에서 밖으로 45도 위로 기울게 배수관을 부착하여 늘어나는 물을 밖으로 배출되게 하며, 위의 배수관을 통해 배출되는 물은 가습기를 이용, 밖으로 방출되게 하는 특징을 갖는다.To this end, the present invention comprises a culture tank for culturing and storing microorganisms in a predetermined container, by introducing a gas containing odor above the surface of the culture tank to rise, using a circulation pump and a multi-stage sprinkler, the culture medium from above Spraying down to form a water film, and the malodorous component is adsorbed to the inner surface of the above-described culture medium water film and flows down with the culture liquid, and the adsorbed malodorous component is removed and deodorized by the biological decomposition process of the microorganism; In order to prevent microbial death due to excessive temperature rise of the summer culture medium and to increase the adsorption rate of the malodorous components introduced into the deodorizer, a temperature controllable cooler is attached to the intermediate process from the circulation pump to the sprinkler; On the contrary, in order to prevent a sudden temperature drop of the winter culture solution, a heater capable of controlling the temperature from the outer wall to the inner wall is attached; Water vapor contained in the incoming odor comes into contact with the water film and is liquefied and flows down to raise the surface of the culture tank. In order to maintain a constant level of the culture tank, the water vapor is inclined upward 45 degrees outward from a certain point on the surface of the culture tank. Attached to the drain pipe to the drained water is discharged out, the water discharged through the drain pipe is characterized by being discharged out by using a humidifier.

스프링클러, 수막현상, 배양조, 냉각기, 히터, 가습기, 순환모터Sprinkler, water film phenomenon, culture tank, cooler, heater, humidifier, circulation motor

Description

음식물 쓰레기 처리기의 냄새탈취 장치{DEVICE FOR REMOVING SMELL FROM FOOD WASTE DISPOSER}Deodorization device of food waste disposal equipment {DEVICE FOR REMOVING SMELL FROM FOOD WASTE DISPOSER}

도 1은 본 발명에 따른 냄새탈취장치의 단면도1 is a cross-sectional view of the deodorizing apparatus according to the present invention

본 발명은 각종 악취를 제거하기 위한 탈취장치에 관한 것으로, 보다 상세하게는 액체를 분사 또는 분무하여 형성한 수막을 이용하여 악취성분을 흡착함과 동시에, 흡착된 악취성분을 상기 액체 상에 배양한 미생물을 이용하여 분해 및 제거하는 음식물 쓰레기 처리에 있어 발생하는 악취를 제거하기 위한 장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a deodorizing apparatus for removing various malodors, and more particularly, by adsorbing malodorous components using a water film formed by spraying or spraying a liquid, and adsorbing malodorous components on the liquid The present invention relates to a device for removing odor generated in the treatment of food waste which is decomposed and removed using microorganisms.

현대사회에 들어서면서 환경문제가 심각하게 대두되고 있는 요즘 음식물 쓰레기 문제도 빼놓을 수 없는 중요한 과제중 하나이다. 그러한 이유로 현재까지 음식물 쓰레기 문제를 해결하기 위해 수많은 방법이 강구되어 왔는데 그 중에서도 "음식물 쓰레기 처리기"를 들 수 있다. 종래 수종의 음식물 쓰레기 처리기가 보급되어 있으나 소비자로부터 호응을 받지 못하고 있는데, 그 이유는 발효 소멸식, 또는 건조식 처리기에 있어서 음식물 쓰레기의 처리과정 중 발생하는 악취 때문이다. 특히 업소용 음식물 쓰레기 처리기의 경우 하루에 처리하는 음식물 쓰레기의 양이 많다보니 발생하는 악취성분도 상당하여 사람들에게 심한 불쾌감을 주고 있다. 이러한 악취 문제를 해소하기 위해 다양한 방법이 고안되었으나 큰 효과를 거두지 못하고 있는 실정이다.One of the important tasks is the food waste problem, which is a serious environmental problem in the modern society. For that reason, a number of methods have been devised to solve the food waste problem so far, including the "food waste disposer". Although several kinds of food waste disposal machines have been widely used, they have not been accepted by consumers because of the odor generated during the processing of food waste in a fermentation annihilation type or a dry processing machine. In particular, in the case of a commercial food waste disposal system, the amount of food waste processed in a day is high, and the odor component that is generated is also significant, causing severe discomfort to people. Various methods have been devised to solve the problem of odor, but the situation is not great effect.

본 발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해소하기 위해, 수막을 통한 악취성분의 포집작용과, 악취성분의 포집에 사용한 액체에 악취성분을 생물학적으로 분해, 제거하는 작용을 이용한 탈취장치를 제공함으로써, "음식물 쓰레기 처리기"의 사용을 확대하여, 음식물 쓰레기로 인한 환경오염을 해소하는데 그 목적이 있다.The present invention to solve the above problems, by providing a deodorizing device using the action of collecting the malodorous component through the water film and the biological decomposition and removal of the malodorous component in the liquid used for collecting the malodorous component, Its purpose is to expand the use of "waste handlers" to address environmental pollution caused by food waste.

이와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위하여 본 발명은, 일정한 용기에 미생물과 물을 혼합, 배양하는 배양조를 두고, 상기의 배양조 위로 음식물 쓰레기 처리기의 사용시 발생하는 악취를 유발하는 가스를 투입시키며, 상기의 투입된 가스위로 배양조의 배양액을 순환모타와 스프링클러를 이용, 분사하여 수막을 형성하며, 형성된 수막으로 악취유발 가스를 흡착하며, 흡착된 악취성분은 배양된 미생물을 이용 생물학적 분해과정을 거쳐 제거하는 특징을 가진다.In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a culture tank for mixing and culturing microorganisms and water in a predetermined container, and injecting the gas causing the odor generated when using the food waste treatment machine above the culture tank, The culture medium of the culture tank is sprayed on the injected gas by using a circulating motor and a sprinkler to form a water film, and the odor-causing gas is adsorbed by the formed water film, and the adsorbed odor component is removed through a biological decomposition process using cultured microorganisms. Have

이하 첨부된 도면에 의해 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, described in detail by the accompanying drawings as follows.

도 1에 도시된 바와 같이, 일정한 용기에 미생물을 배양한 배양조(10)를 구성하고; 그 위로 다단계의 스프링클러(3)를 부착하며, 상기 스프링클러의 상부에 미생물 필터(2)를 구성하며; 상기 필터 위로는 미생물에 의해 분해 제거하고 남는 기체를 최종적으로 배출하는 배기팬이 부착된 튜브 형상의 배출구(1)를 부착 형성하며; 아래로는 배양조 안에서 배양된 미생물 배양액을 스프링클러로 이송하기 위한 순환 모타와(9); 겨울철 배양조의 온도유지를 위한 온도센서가 부착된 히터와(8); 여름철 배양조 안의 과다한 온도 상승으로 인한 미생물의 폐사를 방지하기 위하여 온도센서가 부착된 팬(7)을 포함하는 냉각기(6)와; 음식물 쓰레기 처리기로부터 유입되는 고온의 수증기를 다량 포함하고 악취성분을 포함하는 가스(12)가 낮은 온도의 수막과 반응하여 발생하는 수분을 수증기로 배출하기 위한 가습기(5)로 구성되는 것을 특징으로 한다.As shown in Figure 1, to constitute a culture tank 10 cultured microorganisms in a predetermined container; Attach a multistage sprinkler (3) thereon and constitute a microbial filter (2) on top of the sprinkler; A tube-shaped outlet 1 attached to the filter is attached to an exhaust fan which is decomposed and removed by the microorganism and finally discharges the remaining gas; Below, the circulation motor (9) for transferring the microbial culture cultured in the culture tank to the sprinkler; A heater equipped with a temperature sensor for maintaining the temperature of the winter culture tank (8); A cooler 6 including a fan 7 attached with a temperature sensor to prevent the death of microorganisms due to excessive temperature rise in the culture tank in summer; It characterized in that it comprises a humidifier (5) for containing a large amount of high temperature water vapor flowing from the food waste disposal system and the gas containing the odor component (12) to discharge the water generated by reaction with the water film of the low temperature to the water vapor. .

상기 탈취장치의 작동 원리를 설명하면 다음과 같다. 최초 음식물 쓰레기 처리기로 음식물 쓰레기를 분해할 때 처리기로부터 발생하는 악취를 유발하는 고온 다습한 가스는 가스도입관(4)을 통하여 탈취기 내부로 유입되어 위로 상승하게 되며, 최하위에 부착된 스프링클러의 배양액 수막(16)을 통과하면서 악취가 일부 흡착됨과 동시에 가스가 지니고 있던 열을 빼앗겨 위로 상승 될 때 온도가 낮아지며, 계속하여 상승하면서 스프링클러의 수막을 통과할 때마다 지니고 있던 열을 점차 빼앗기게 된다. 그로 인해 가스는 상승하면 할수록 냉각되어 스프링클러에 의해 수막을 이루는 배양액에 악취성분의 흡착이 가속화 되어 상부의 스프링클러의 배양액 수막(13)과 상부의 수막을 통과하여 최상부에 위치한 스프링클러 수막(15)을 통과할 때는 최초 도입 가스(12)가 지니고 있던 모든 악취가 배양액 속으로 흡착되게 된다. 이러한 과정을 통해 악취성분가스를 배양액 안으로 완전히 흡착할 수 있으며, 이렇게 흡착된 악취성분은 배양액 속에 존재하는 미생물에 의해 생물학적 분해과정을 거쳐 완전하게 제거되어 배출구를 통해 배출되게 된다. 그리고 겨울철 추운 날씨로 인해 배양조 내의 온도가 급격하게 저하하는 것을 막아, 미생물의 생존을 유지하기 위해 배양조안의 물을 미생물 활성 최적 온도(30℃)로 유지해주는 온도센서가 부착된 히터를 부착하며; 여름철 배양조 안의 과다한 온도 상승으로 인한 미생물의 활동저하를 방지하기 위하여 온도센서가 부착된 냉각기를 부착하며; 상기의 수막을 통과하면서 열을 빼앗긴 기체 속에 존재하던 수증기는 액화되어 아래의 배양조에 유입, 저장되어 배양조의 수위를 높이므로 이를 해소하기 위해 가습기(5)를 배양액의 최초 수위지점과 연결 부착하여 밖으로 흐르게 하여 열을 가해 수증기로 배출하게 한다. 이때 가습기로 연결 부착된 배수관(18)은 배양조의 바같쪽으로 45도 위로 기울게 하여 가습기에 의해 기화된 수증기가 배양조 내로 유입되는 것을 방지하였다.Referring to the operating principle of the deodorizing device as follows. When decomposing food waste with the first food waste processor, the hot and humid gas causing odor generated from the processor is introduced into the deodorizer through the gas introduction pipe (4) and rises upward, and the culture solution of the sprinkler attached to the bottom is attached. As the odor is partially adsorbed while passing through the water film 16, the heat of the gas is taken away and the temperature is lowered when it is raised upward. As the water continues to rise, the heat of the sprinkler is gradually taken away. Therefore, as the gas rises, the adsorbed odor component is accelerated by the sprinkler to form a water film, and the sprinkler water film 15 of the upper sprinkler passes through the culture water film 13 of the sprinkler and the water film of the upper part. In this case, all odors of the first introduction gas 12 are adsorbed into the culture medium. Through this process, the malodorous component gas can be completely adsorbed into the culture medium, and the adsorbed malodorous component is completely removed through the biodegradation process by the microorganisms present in the culture medium and discharged through the outlet. And it prevents the temperature in the culture tank from dropping rapidly due to the cold weather in winter, and attaches a heater with a temperature sensor to keep the water in the culture tank at the optimum temperature for microbial activity (30 ℃) to maintain the survival of microorganisms. ; Attach a cooler with a temperature sensor to prevent deterioration of microorganism activity due to excessive temperature rise in the culture tank in summer; Water vapor in the gas deprived of heat while passing through the water membrane is liquefied and flows into and stored in the culture vessel below to increase the level of the culture vessel. In order to solve this problem, the humidifier 5 is connected to the initial water level point of the culture solution to the outside. Flow to heat and discharge to water vapor. At this time, the drain pipe 18 attached to the humidifier was inclined upward by 45 degrees toward the bar of the culture tank to prevent the vaporized water vapor from being introduced into the culture tank.

그러므로 상기의 일련된 과정을 통해 음식물 쓰레기 처리기의 작동 중 발생하는 다량의 악취를 효률적으로 제거할 수 있게 되었다.Therefore, through the above series of processes, it is possible to efficiently remove a large amount of odor generated during the operation of the food waste processor.

이상에서 서술한 바와 같이 본 발명은, 스프링클러를 이용, 수막을 형성하여 악취를 흡착하고, 미생물을 이용하여 흡착된 악취를 분해함으로서, 음식물 쓰레기 처리기의 사용에 있어 발생하는 다량의 악취를 제거할 수 있게 되어 소비자로 하여금 음식물 쓰레기 처리기의 사용을 권장할 수 있게 되어 음식물 쓰레기로 인한 환경문제를 해소하는데 큰 기여를 할 수 있다.As described above, the present invention forms a water film using a sprinkler to adsorb odors and decomposes odors adsorbed using microorganisms to remove a large amount of odors generated in the use of a food waste disposal system. As a result, it is possible to encourage consumers to use food waste disposal machines, which can make a great contribution to solving environmental problems caused by food waste.

Claims (5)

일정한 용기에 악취성분을 분해하는 미생물을 포함하는 배양액을 배양하고 저장하는 배양조와;A culture tank for culturing and storing a culture solution containing microorganisms for decomposing odor components in a predetermined container; 상기 배양조 내로 악취성분을 포함하는 가스를 도입하는 가스도입관과;A gas introduction pipe for introducing a gas containing a malodorous component into the culture tank; 상기 악취성분을 흡착하기 위한 배양액 수막을 만들어주는 다단계로 설치된 스프링클러와;A sprinkler installed in multiple stages to make a culture water film for absorbing the malodorous component; 배양조의 외부에 배치되며 상기 스프링클러로 배양액을 이송하기 위한 순환펌프와;A circulation pump disposed outside the culture tank and configured to transfer the culture solution to the sprinkler; 상기 배양조 내에 배양액의 수위를 일정하게 유지하도록 배양조의 소정 위치에서 안에서 밖으로 45도 위로 향하게 부착된 배수관과;A drain pipe attached to the inside of the culture tank so as to be 45 degrees upward from the inside of the culture tank to maintain a constant level of the culture solution; 상기 배수관을 통해 배출되는 배양액을 기체화하여 배출하는 가습기와;A humidifier for discharging and discharging the culture solution discharged through the drain pipe; 상기 다단계로 배치된 스프링클러의 상부에 배치되는 미생물 필터를 포함하는 냄새탈취장치.Deodorization apparatus comprising a microbial filter disposed on the sprinkler disposed in the multi-stage. 제 1 항에 있어서, 상기 배양조에 상기 배양액의 온도를 측정하는 온도센서와, 이 온도센서의 신호에 따라 상기 배양액이 소정의 온도를 유지하도록 하는 냉각기와 히터를 추가로 포함하는 냄새탈취장치.The odor deodorizing apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a temperature sensor for measuring the temperature of the culture solution in the culture tank, and a cooler and a heater for maintaining the predetermined temperature according to the signal of the temperature sensor. 삭제delete 삭제delete 삭제delete
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KR101512990B1 (en) * 2013-10-10 2015-04-17 김원중 An integral system for removing a bad smell

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CN102059054A (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-05-18 天津泰达环保有限公司 System and method for controlling escape of offensive odor from waste pool in incineration plant

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KR960011037B1 (en) * 1993-09-09 1996-08-16 이대성 Exhaust gas purifying apparatus
KR19980037825U (en) * 1996-12-18 1998-09-15 이동헌 Deodorizer for Organic Fermenter
KR20010088935A (en) * 2001-08-10 2001-09-29 서영준 Method for removing malodor by using activated humic substance
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KR960011037B1 (en) * 1993-09-09 1996-08-16 이대성 Exhaust gas purifying apparatus
KR19980037825U (en) * 1996-12-18 1998-09-15 이동헌 Deodorizer for Organic Fermenter
KR20010088935A (en) * 2001-08-10 2001-09-29 서영준 Method for removing malodor by using activated humic substance
KR200341511Y1 (en) * 2003-11-06 2004-02-11 주식회사 에취켓 Biofilter System for Removal of Odor Gases and Volatile Organic Compounds

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101512990B1 (en) * 2013-10-10 2015-04-17 김원중 An integral system for removing a bad smell

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