KR0172570B1 - Food garbage disposer - Google Patents

Food garbage disposer Download PDF

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Publication number
KR0172570B1
KR0172570B1 KR1019960051549A KR19960051549A KR0172570B1 KR 0172570 B1 KR0172570 B1 KR 0172570B1 KR 1019960051549 A KR1019960051549 A KR 1019960051549A KR 19960051549 A KR19960051549 A KR 19960051549A KR 0172570 B1 KR0172570 B1 KR 0172570B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
food waste
tank
primary
shredder
food
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KR1019960051549A
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Korean (ko)
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KR970005419A (en
Inventor
최창락
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최창락
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Priority to KR1019960051549A priority Critical patent/KR0172570B1/en
Publication of KR970005419A publication Critical patent/KR970005419A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR0172570B1 publication Critical patent/KR0172570B1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B2101/00Type of solid waste
    • B09B2101/02Gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans or cooling systems of refrigerators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F23/00Mixing according to the phases to be mixed, e.g. dispersing or emulsifying
    • B01F23/20Mixing gases with liquids
    • B01F23/23Mixing gases with liquids by introducing gases into liquid media, e.g. for producing aerated liquids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories

Abstract

본 발명은 가정, 식당 및 음식물가공공정 등지에서 발생된 각종 음식물쓰레기를 파쇄, 폭기, 및 압축방법에 의해 처리되게 하며, 최종처리된 것은 필요에 따라 가축사료 또는 유기비료 등으로 이용되도록 한 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention is to treat various food wastes generated in homes, restaurants and food processing processes by shredding, aeration, and compression methods, and the final processed food wastes to be used as livestock feed or organic fertilizers as necessary. It relates to a processing apparatus.

본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는, 차량으로 실려온 음식물쓰레기를 수집시키는 수집조(1), 수집조(1)내의 음식물쓰레기를 처리장치의 투입호퍼로 이송시키는 콘베이어(2), 상기 콘베이어(2)에 실려 이송되어온 음식물쓰레기를 처리장치내로 투입하기 전에 일시적으로 저장하는 투입호퍼(3), 투입호퍼(3)로부터 일정량을 하방으로 유입시켜 유입된 것의 봉지를 터트림과 동시에 일정한 크기로 분쇄하는 1차파쇄기(4), 1차파쇄기(4)를 구동시키는 구동모터(M1), 상기 1차파쇄기(4)와 수직으로 연결되어 1차파쇄기(4)에서 파쇄된 음식물찌꺼기를 미세한 입자로 재 파쇄시키는 2차파쇄기(5), 2차파쇄기(5)를 구동시키는 구동모터(M2), 상기 2차파쇄기(5)에서 파쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 유입시켜 물과 희석시키면서 에어로 폭기시켜 완전희석시켜 주고 금속성같은 비중이 큰 물질은 저장조바닥에 저장되도록 하는 저장폭기조(6), 상기 1차파쇄기(4), 2차파쇄기(5), 저장폭기조(6)에 물을 공급시키는 물공급관(7) 및 저장폭기조(6)에 공기를 공급시키는 에어공급관(8), 1,2차에 걸쳐 파쇄되고 폭기된 음식물찌꺼기 중 입자가 비교적 큰 물질을 걸려주도록 상기 2차파쇄기(5)의 구동모터(M2)로 구동되는 로타리스크린(9), 상기 로타리스크린(9)에서 걸려진 협잡물을 탈수,배출시키도록 압축스크류(11)와 거름망(12)를 구빗하고 토출구(13)를 형성한 압축기(10), 그리고 상기 로타리스크린(9) 및 압축기(10)로부터 발생된 탈리액을 저장하는 탈리액저장조(14)를 포함하여 이루어진 것을 특징으로 한다.The food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention includes a collection tank (1) for collecting food waste loaded into a vehicle, a conveyor (2) for transferring the food waste in the collection tank (1) to an input hopper of the processing apparatus, and the conveyor (2). 1 to temporarily feed the food waste, which is temporarily stored in the input hopper 3 and the input hopper 3, before the food waste is transported into the processing apparatus. The primary shredder 4, the drive motor M1 for driving the primary shredder 4, and the food wastes shredded in the primary shredder 4 by being vertically connected to the primary shredder 4 are re-crushed into fine particles. The secondary crusher 5, the drive motor M2 for driving the secondary crusher 5, the food waste crushed in the secondary crusher 5 is introduced into the dilution with water and aerated with air to completely dilute and metallic Equal specific gravity Large material is stored in the reservoir aeration tank (6), the primary crusher (4), the secondary crusher (5), the water supply pipe (7) for supplying water to the storage aeration tank (6) and the storage aeration tank (6) Rotary driven by the drive motor (M2) of the secondary crusher (5) to supply a relatively large material in the air supply pipe (8) for supplying air to the air, the food waste crushed and aerated over the first and second Compressor (10) with a compression screw (11) and a strainer (12) to form a discharge port (13) to dewater and discharge debris from the screen (9) and the rotary screen (9), and the rotary screen (9) and a desorption liquid storage tank 14 for storing the desorption liquid generated from the compressor 10.

Description

음식물쓰레기 처리장치Food waste treatment device

본 발명은 가정, 식당 및 음식물가공공정 등지에서 발생된 대량의 각종 음식물쓰레기를 연속적으로 파쇄, 폭기, 압축 및 기존시설과 연계시키는 방법으로 처리되게 하고, 최종처리된 것은 필요에 따라 가축사료 또는 유기비료 등으로 이용되도록 한 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention is to be processed by a method of continuously crushing, aeration, compression and existing facilities in a large amount of various food waste generated in homes, restaurants and food processing processes, etc., the final treatment is a livestock feed or organic The present invention relates to a food waste processing apparatus adapted to be used as a fertilizer.

일반적으로 가정, 식당 및 음식물가공공정 등지에서 발생된 각종 음식물쓰레기는 비닐봉지 등에 수거하여 그대로 폐기되었기 때문에 함유된 수분에 의한 소각이 거의 불가능하였고, 가축사료로 이용하기에도 각종 오물 및 이물질 때문에 적합하지 않을 뿐만아니라, 환경오염의 주원인이 되었다.In general, since various food wastes generated at home, restaurants and food processing processes are collected in plastic bags and disposed of as they are, it is almost impossible to incinerate by containing moisture, and it is not suitable for use as livestock feed because of various wastes and foreign substances. Not only that, but also the main cause of environmental pollution.

이러한 문제점을 감안하여 대한민국 실용실안공보 공고번호 86-2697호에는 음식물찌꺼기 자체를 분쇄하여 하수도로 그대로 흘려 버리게 하는 디스포져(disposer)의 기술이 안출되어 있다.In view of such a problem, Korean Utility Model Publication No. 86-2697 discloses a technique of a disposer that causes food waste itself to be crushed and spilled as it is.

상기 디스포져는 씽크대 등의 음식물찌꺼기가 발생하는 장소에 설치되어 바로 처리되게 하므로써 별도로 수거하여야 하는 번거러움을 줄이며, 외부적으로 노출되지 않아 혐오성을 배제시키게 되며, 수거, 운반, 집하, 매립처리 등의 단계를 생략할 수 있어 경제적인 잇점을 주게 되는 등의 효과를 기대할 수 있다.The disposer is installed in a place where food waste such as a sink is generated and is immediately processed to reduce the hassle to be collected separately, and excludes aversion because it is not exposed to the outside, and is collected, transported, collected, or landfilled. This step can be omitted so that the economic benefit can be expected.

그러나 이러한 처리방법은 단지 음식물찌꺼기를 분쇄하여 주는 것에 불과하여 분쇄된 음식물찌꺼기가 그대로 하수도로 배출되어 수질을 오염시키게 할 뿐 아니라 쉽게 썩기 때문에 악취를 발생시키는 근본적인 원인이 되고, 특히 가정이나 업소에 개별적으로 구입,설치,관리하여야 하는 까닭에 경제적부담과 함께 제대로 운영되어진다는 보장이 없게 되며, 또한 많은 양의 음식물쓰레기를 일시에 처리할 수 없는 등의 문제점을 안고 있다.However, this method of treatment is merely to crush food wastes, and the crushed food wastes are discharged to the sewage system as they are not only polluting water quality, but also become a fundamental cause of odor because they easily rot, especially in homes and businesses. Therefore, there is no guarantee that it is properly operated with economic burden because it must be purchased, installed, and managed, and also there is a problem that a large amount of food waste cannot be processed at one time.

본 발명은 상기 종래의 문제점을 해결하기 위해 안출된 것으로서, 대량의 각종 음식물쓰레기를 파쇄, 폭기, 압축 및 다른시설과는 연계방법에 의해 연속적으로 처리되게 하며, 최종처리된 것은 필요에 따라 가축사료 또는 유기비료 등으로 이용되도록 하므로써 환경오염문제의 해소와 함께 생산적으로 재이용이 되도록 한 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 제공함에 그 목적이 있다.The present invention has been made in order to solve the above-mentioned problems, and a large amount of various food wastes are continuously processed by a method of crushing, aeration, compression and other facilities in connection with the final treatment, animal feed as needed In addition, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a food waste treatment apparatus that can be used productively and with the elimination of environmental pollution by being used as an organic fertilizer.

상기 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는, 처리기에 투입하기 전에 일시적으로 저장하는 수집조, 수집조로부터 일정량을 파쇄기로 이송시키는 콘베이어, 상기 콘베이어로부터 이송된 것의 봉지를 터트림과 동시에 일정한 크기로 분쇄하는 1차파쇄기, 1차파쇄기에서 분쇄된 음식물찌꺼기를 미세한 입자로 재 파쇄시키는 2차파쇄기, 2차에 걸쳐 분쇄된 음식물찌꺼기를 물과 희석시키면서 에어로 폭기시켜 완전희석시켜 주고 금속성물질과 같은 비중이 큰 물질은 저장바닥에 저장되도록 하는 저장폭기조, 1,2차에 걸쳐 파쇄된 찌꺼기중 입자가 큰 물질을 걸려줌과 동시에 1차탈수시키는 로타리스크린, 그리고 상기 로타리스크린에서 걸려진 협잡물을 최종탈수 및 배출하는 스크류프레스(압축기)를 포함한 구성을 특징으로 한다.Food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention for achieving the above object is a collection tank for temporarily storing before input to the processor, a conveyor for transferring a certain amount from the collection tank to the shredder, and at the same time burst the bag of the conveyed from the conveyor Primary shredder crushed to a certain size, secondary shredder to shred the food scraps ground at the first shredder into fine particles, diluting the food dregs that have been crushed over 2 hours with air while diluting with water to completely dilute and metallic material Materials with a large specific gravity, such as a storage aeration tank to be stored on the storage floor, a rotary screen that first catches the large particles of debris that is crushed in the first and second, and at the same time dehydrated, and the contaminants caught in the rotary screen It features a configuration including a screw press (compressor) for the final dehydration and discharge.

또한 상기 로타리스크린 및 압축기 단계에서 얻어진 탈리액 및 협잡물은 기존시설인 농축조, 소화조, 및 미세협잡물 드럼스크린으로 연계시켜 재차 처리되게 한 것을 특징으로 한다.In addition, the desorption liquid and the condensate obtained in the rotary screen and the compressor step is characterized in that it is processed again in connection with the existing facilities, such as a thickening tank, digester, and fine contaminant drum screen.

제1도는 본 발명에 따른 장치의 전체적인 구성을 설명하기 위한 도면.1 is a view for explaining the overall configuration of the apparatus according to the present invention.

제2도는 제1도의 측면도.2 is a side view of FIG.

제3도는 본 발명의 공정도이다.3 is a process diagram of the present invention.

* 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명* Explanation of symbols for main parts of the drawings

1 : 수집조 2 : 콘베이어1: Collector 2: Conveyor

3 : 투입호퍼 4 : 1차파쇄기3: input hopper 4: primary crusher

5 : 2차파쇄기 6 : 저장폭기조5: secondary crusher 6: storage aeration tank

7 : 물공급관 8 : 에어공급관7: water supply pipe 8: air supply pipe

9 : 로타리스크류 10 : 압축기9: rotary screw 10: compressor

11 : 압축스크류 12 : 거름망11: compression screw 12: sieve

13 : 토출구 14 : 탈리액저장조13 discharge port 14 desorption liquid storage tank

15 : 농축조 16 : 소화조15: thickening tank 16: digester

17 : 드럼스크린 M1, M2 : 구동모터17: drum screen M1, M2: drive motor

이하 첨부된 도면을 참조하여 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 상술한다.Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

제1도는 본 발명에 따른 장치의 전체적인 구성을 설명하기 위한 도면이고, 제2도는 제1도의 측면구성도이며, 제3도은 본 발명의 처리공정도이다.1 is a view for explaining the overall configuration of the apparatus according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is a process chart of the present invention.

도시된 바와 같이 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는, 차량으로 실려온 음식물쓰레기를 수집시키는 수집조(1), 수집조(1)내의 음식물쓰레기를 처리장치의 투입호퍼로 이송시키는 콘베이어(2), 상기 콘베이어(2)에 실려 이송되어온 음식물쓰레기를 처리장치내로 투입하기 전에 일시적으로 저장하는 투입호퍼(3), 투입호퍼(3)로부터 일정량을 하방으로 유입시켜 유입된 것의 봉지를 터트림과 동시에 일정한 크기로 분쇄하는 1차파쇄기(4), 1차파쇄기(4)를 구동시키는 구동모터(M1), 상기 1차파쇄기(4)와 수직적으로 연결되어 1차파쇄기(4)에서 파쇄된 음식물찌꺼기를 미세한 입자로 재 파쇄시키는 2차파쇄기(5), 2차파쇄기(5)를 구동시키는 구동모터(M2), 상기 2차파쇄기(5)에서 파쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 유입시켜 물과 희석시키면서 에어로 폭기시켜 완전희석시켜 주고 금속성물질과 같은 비중이 큰 물질은 저장조바닥에 저장되도록 하는 저장폭기조(6), 상기 1,2차파쇄기(4)(5) 및 저장폭기조(6)에 물을 공급시키는 물공급관(7), 저장폭기조(6)에 공기를 공급시키는 에어공급관(8), 1,2차에 걸쳐 파쇄되고 폭기된 음식물찌꺼기 중 입자가 비교적 큰 물질을 걸려줌과 동시에 1차탈수시키며 상기 2차파쇄기(5)의 구동모터(M2)로 구동되는 로타리스크린(9), 상기 로타리스크린(9)에서 걸려진 협잡물을 탈수,배출시키도록 압축스크류(11)와 거름망(12)를 구비하고 토출구(13)를 형성한 압축기(10), 그리고 상기 로타리스크린(9) 및 압축기(10)로부터 발생된 탈리액을 저장하는 탈리액저장조(14)를 포함한다.As shown, the food waste processing apparatus of the present invention includes a collection tank 1 for collecting food waste loaded into a vehicle, a conveyor 2 for transporting food waste in the collection tank 1 to an input hopper of the processing apparatus, and The input hopper 3 temporarily stores the food waste conveyed by the conveyor 2 before inputting it into the processing device, and a certain amount flows downward from the input hopper 3 to burst the bag of the introduced material. Primary shredder (4) to be crushed with a drive motor (M1) for driving the primary shredder (4), the food shredded by the primary shredder (4) vertically connected to the primary shredder (4) Secondary shredder (5) for re-crushing into particles, drive motor (M2) for driving the second shredder (5), food waste shredded in the secondary shredder (5) is introduced into a dilution with water while aerated with air to complete Dilute Note A material having a high specific gravity such as metallic material may be stored in the storage aeration tank 6 for storing at the bottom of the reservoir, the water supply pipe 7 for supplying water to the first and second crushers 4, 5 and the storage aeration tank 6, Air supply pipe (8) for supplying air to the storage aeration tank (6), the secondary shredder (5) and the first dehydration at the same time to catch the relatively large particles of the food waste crushed and aerated over the first and second Rotary screen (9) driven by the drive motor (M2) of the rotary screen (9) is provided with a compression screw (11) and a sieve (12) to dehydrate, discharge the contaminant caught in the rotary screen (9) One compressor 10, and the rotary screen 9 and the desorption liquid storage tank 14 for storing the desorption liquid generated from the compressor (10).

상기 탈리액저장조(14)의 탈리액은 기존시설인 농축조(15), 소화조(16) 및 미세협잡물 드럼스크린(17)과 연계시켜 다시 재처리되도록 한다.The desorption liquid of the desorption liquid storage tank 14 is to be reprocessed again in association with the existing facility concentration tank 15, digestion tank 16 and the fine contaminant drum screen 17.

상기와 같이 구성된 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 다음과 같이 작용한다.Food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention configured as described above acts as follows.

먼저 차량으로 실려온 음식물쓰레기는 수집조(1)에 수용되어 지고, 상기 수집조(1)내의 음식물쓰레기는 콘베이어(2)에 실리어 투입호퍼(3)에 반입된다.First, the food waste loaded into the vehicle is accommodated in the collection tank 1, and the food waste in the collection tank 1 is carried in the conveyor input hopper 3 to the conveyor 2.

투입호퍼(3)에 반입된 음식물쓰레기는 일정량씩 하방의 1차파쇄기(4)로 유입되고 구동모터(M1)의 구동력에 의해 쓰레기봉지를 터뜨림과 동시에 일정한 크기로 분쇄가 개시된다.Food waste brought into the input hopper 3 is introduced into the primary crusher 4 downward by a predetermined amount, and the crushing is started to a certain size at the same time as the garbage bag is burst by the driving force of the driving motor M1.

이때 물공급관(7)을 통해 세척수가 공급되어 1차파쇄기(4)의 세척과 함께 자연유하방식으로 다음단계로의 이송을 용이하게 하고, 또한 저염화되게 하여 유기비료로의 이용을 적합하게 하며, 이때부터 음식물쓰레기는 발효를 개시한다.At this time, the washing water is supplied through the water supply pipe (7) to facilitate the transfer to the next step in the natural flow method with the washing of the primary shredder (4), and also to reduce the salt to suit the use as organic fertilizer From this point on, food waste starts fermentation.

1차파쇄기(4)에서 1차분쇄되고 다량의 물을 함유한 음식물쓰레기는 상기 1차파쇄기(4)와 수직적으로 연결된 2차파쇄기(5)내로 유입되고, 구동모터(M2)의 구동력에 의해 약 5mm이하의 미세한 입자로 재 분쇄된다.Food waste that is primarily ground in the primary shredder 4 and contains a large amount of water flows into the secondary shredder 5 vertically connected to the primary shredder 4 and is driven by the driving force of the driving motor M2. Regrind into fine particles of less than about 5mm.

이때에도 물공급관(7)을 통해 세척수가 공급되어 2차파쇄기(5)의 세척수 기능과 함께 자연유하방식으로 다음단계로의 이송을 용이하게 하고, 또한 저염화되게 하고, 계속적인 발효를 일으키게 한다.At this time, the washing water is supplied through the water supply pipe (7) to facilitate the transfer to the next step in the natural flow method with the washing water function of the secondary crusher (5), and also to lower the salt and to cause continuous fermentation. .

다음으로 1,2차 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기는 상기 2차파쇄기(5)의 하방에 연결설치된 저장폭기조(6)에 유입되어져 물공급관(7)을 통해 공급된 희석수에 의해 더욱 희석되고, 에어공급관(8)을 통해 공급된 공기에 의해 폭기되는 단계를 수행하게 된다.Next, the first and second crushed food waste is introduced into the storage aeration tank 6 connected to the lower side of the secondary crusher 5, and further diluted by dilution water supplied through the water supply pipe 7, and an air supply pipe. Aeration is carried out by the air supplied through (8).

이때 금속성물질과 같은 비교적 비중이 큰 물질은 저장폭기조(6)의 바닥에 침전, 저장되어져 정기점검때 수거폐기되도록 한다.At this time, a relatively large specific material such as metallic material is settled and stored at the bottom of the storage aeration tank (6) to be collected and discarded at regular inspection.

1,2차에 걸쳐 파쇄되고 폭기된 음식물찌꺼기는 상기 구동모터(M2)와 연결된 로타리스크린(9)으로 유입되고, 구동모터(M2)의 구동력으로 회전하여 원심력에 의해 협잡물과 탈리액으로 분리된다.Food wastes broken and aerated in the first and second stages are introduced into the rotary screen 9 connected to the driving motor M2, and are rotated by the driving force of the driving motor M2 and separated into the contaminants and the desorption liquid by centrifugal force.

즉 로타리스크린의 원심력으로 음식물쓰레기는 1차로 탈수되어지고, 이때 얻어진 협잡물은 다음단계인 압축기(10)로 이송되며, 탈리액은 탈리액저장조(14)로 유입된다.That is, the food waste is firstly dehydrated by the centrifugal force of the rotary screen, and the obtained contaminants are transferred to the compressor 10, which is the next stage, and the desorption liquid is introduced into the desorption liquid storage tank 14.

압축기(10)로 이송된 협잡물은 구동모터(M2)의 구동력을 받는 압축스크류(11)의 회전에 의해 토출구(13)방향으로 압축이송되고, 이 과정에서 협잡물은 2차 탈수되어져 토출구(13)로 배출되며, 압축과정에서 발생한 탈리액은 압축스크류(11)의 카바체인 거름망(12)을 통해 빠져나와 탈리액저장조(14)로 유입된다.The condensate conveyed to the compressor 10 is compressed and conveyed in the direction of the discharge port 13 by the rotation of the compression screw 11 receiving the driving force of the driving motor M2, and in this process, the contaminant is secondarily dehydrated to discharge the discharge port 13. The desorption liquid generated in the compression process is discharged through the carba chain strainer 12 of the compression screw 11 and flows into the desorption liquid storage tank 14.

한편 탈리액저장조(14)에 유입된 탈리액은 기존시설인 농축조(15), 소화조(16) 및 미세협잡물 드럼스크린(17)으로 연계시켜 재차 협잡물과 탈리액을 얻게 하고, 상기 재차 처리되어 얻어진 협잡물은 수집조(1) 또는 투입호퍼(3)에 연계시켜 전기한 처리과정을 다시 밟게 하며, 탈리액은 방류 또는 기존시설인 오폐수정화처리장치로 연계시켜 최종 정화되도록 한다.On the other hand, the desorption liquid introduced into the desorption liquid storage tank 14 is connected to the concentration tank 15, the digestion tank 16, and the fine contaminant drum screen 17, which are existing facilities, to obtain the contaminants and the desorption liquid again, and the contaminants obtained by the treatment are collected again. The above-mentioned treatment process is restarted in connection with the tank (1) or the input hopper (3), and the desorption liquid is discharged or connected to the wastewater purification treatment device, which is an existing facility, for final purification.

또한 토출구(13)를 통해 배출된 탈수협잡물은 그 성분 및 질을 고려하여 폐기, 유기비료, 또는 가축사료 등으로의 이용방안을 결정한다.In addition, the dewatered condensate discharged through the discharge port 13 determines the use of the waste, organic fertilizer, or livestock feed in consideration of its composition and quality.

이상에서 설명한 바와 같이 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는, 대량의 각종 음식물쓰레기를 파쇄, 폭기, 압축 및 다른 시설과의 연계방법에 의해 연속적으로 처리되게 하고, 최종처리된 것은 필요에 따라 가축사료 또는 유기비료 등으로 이용되도록 하므로써, 환경오염문제의 해소와 함께 생산적인 재이용이라는 2중의 효과가 있는 유용한 발명이다.As described above, the food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention allows a large amount of various food wastes to be continuously processed by crushing, aeration, compression, and a linkage method with other facilities, and the final treatment is carried out with livestock feed or By using it as an organic fertilizer, it is a useful invention having the dual effect of solving the environmental pollution problem and productive reuse.

이상의 본 발명은 기재된 실시예에만 한정되는 것이 아니고 본 발명의 요지를 벗어나지 않는 범위내에서 당업자에 의해 본 발명을 다양하게 변경하여 실시할 수 있음은 자명하므로 이와 같이 변경된 실시예들은 첨부의 특허청구의 범위에 속한다 해야 할 것이다.The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the gist of the present invention. You will have to belong to the range.

Claims (2)

차량으로 실려온 음식물쓰레기를 수집시키는 수집조(1), 수집조(1)내의 음식물쓰레기를 처리장치의 투입호퍼로 이송시키는 콘베이어(2), 상기 콘베이어(2)에 실려 이송되어온 음식물쓰레기를 처리장치내로 투입하기 전에 일시적으로 저장하는 투입호퍼(3), 투입호퍼(3)로부터 일정량을 하방으로 유입시켜 유입된 것의 봉지를 터트림과 동시에 일정한 크기로 분쇄하는 1차파쇄기(4), 1차파쇄기(4)를 구동시키는 구동모터(M1), 상기 1차파쇄기(4)와 수직적으로 연결되어 1차파쇄기(4)에서 파쇄된 음식물찌꺼기를 미세한 입자로 재 파쇄시키는 2차파쇄기(5), 2차파쇄기(5)를 구동시키는 구동모터(M2), 상기 2차파쇄기(5)에서 파쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 유입시켜 물과 희석시키면서 에어로 폭기시켜 완전희석시켜 주고 금속성물질과 같은 비중이 큰 물질은 저장조바닥에 저장되도록 하는 저장폭기조(6), 상기 1차파쇄기(4), 2차파쇄기(5), 저장폭기조(6)에 물을 공급시키는 물공급관(7) 및 저장폭기조(6)에 공기를 공급시키는 에어공급관(8), 1,2차에 걸쳐 파쇄되고 폭기된 음식물찌꺼기 중 입자가 비교적 큰 물질을 걸려줌과 동시에 1차탈수시키며 상기 2차파쇄기(5)의 구동모터(M2)로 구동되는 로타리스크린(9), 상기 로타리스크린(9)에서 걸려진 협잡물을 탈수,배출시키도록 압축스크류(11)와 거름망(12)를 구비하고 토출구(13)를 형성한 압축기(10), 그리고 상기 로타리스크린(9) 및 압축기(10)로부터 발생된 탈리액을 저장하는 탈리액저장조(14)를 포함하여 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.Collecting tank (1) for collecting the food waste carried in the vehicle, conveyor (2) for transporting the food waste in the collection tank (1) to the input hopper of the processing device, the food waste transported on the conveyor (2) Primary crusher (4), primary crusher that crushes bags of the introduced hopper (3) and the input hopper (3), which is temporarily stored before being introduced into the container, and bursts the bags of the introduced one Drive motor M1 for driving (4), secondary shredder (5), 2 which is vertically connected to the primary shredder (4) to re-crush the food waste shredded in the primary shredder (4) into fine particles Drive motor (M2) for driving the secondary shredder (5), the food waste shredded by the secondary shredder (5), dilute with water while diluting with air to completely dilute the material, such as metallic material is a storage tank On the floor Supplying air to the water supply pipe (7) and the storage aeration tank (6) for supplying water to the storage aeration tank (6), the primary crusher (4), the secondary crusher (5), the storage aeration tank (6) to be installed Rotary supply driven by the drive motor (M2) of the secondary crusher (5), the primary dehydration at the same time to catch the relatively large particles of the food waste crushed and aerated over the first, second, and second stages The compressor (9) having a screen (9), a compression screw (11) and a strainer (12) to form a discharge port (13) to dewater and discharge the contaminants caught by the rotary screen (9), and the rotary screen. (9) and a food waste treatment apparatus comprising a desorption liquid storage tank (14) for storing the desorption liquid generated from the compressor (10). 제1항에 있어서, 상기 탈리액저장조(14)의 탈리액은 기존시설인 농축조(15), 소화조(16) 및 미세협잡물 드럼스크린(17)과 연계시켜 재처리되게 한 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물 쓰레기 처리장치.The food waste treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein the desorption liquid of the desorption liquid storage tank (14) is reprocessed in association with an existing facility, a concentration tank (15), a digester (16), and a fine contaminant drum screen (17). .
KR1019960051549A 1996-11-01 1996-11-01 Food garbage disposer KR0172570B1 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100266894B1 (en) * 1997-05-27 2000-09-15 최영수 Device for vegetable garbage
KR100238464B1 (en) * 1997-10-17 2000-01-15 오세헌 Disposer
KR100427047B1 (en) * 2001-06-01 2004-04-17 디아이(주) System of dealing food dregs

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6460789B2 (en) 2000-03-17 2002-10-08 At & G Co., Ltd. Automatic food waste processing system
CN102139276A (en) * 2011-05-04 2011-08-03 杭州鸿涛机电有限公司 Complete biochemical treatment device for organic garbage
CN102240586A (en) * 2011-05-04 2011-11-16 杭州鸿涛机电有限公司 Dual crusher for kitchen garbage
KR101431161B1 (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-19 한국환경기계주식회사 Filtering, dehydrating equipment of sand and impurities

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