JPS61122454A - Radiation electric fan heater - Google Patents

Radiation electric fan heater

Info

Publication number
JPS61122454A
JPS61122454A JP24373184A JP24373184A JPS61122454A JP S61122454 A JPS61122454 A JP S61122454A JP 24373184 A JP24373184 A JP 24373184A JP 24373184 A JP24373184 A JP 24373184A JP S61122454 A JPS61122454 A JP S61122454A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
heater
air
radiant
hot air
wind tunnel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP24373184A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Nobumori Kuwabara
桑原 伸盛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Panasonic Holdings Corp
Original Assignee
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Matsushita Electric Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical Matsushita Electric Industrial Co Ltd
Priority to JP24373184A priority Critical patent/JPS61122454A/en
Publication of JPS61122454A publication Critical patent/JPS61122454A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H3/00Air heaters
    • F24H3/02Air heaters with forced circulation
    • F24H3/04Air heaters with forced circulation the air being in direct contact with the heating medium, e.g. electric heating element
    • F24H3/0405Air heaters with forced circulation the air being in direct contact with the heating medium, e.g. electric heating element using electric energy supply, e.g. the heating medium being a resistive element; Heating by direct contact, i.e. with resistive elements, electrodes and fins being bonded together without additional element in-between
    • F24H3/0411Air heaters with forced circulation the air being in direct contact with the heating medium, e.g. electric heating element using electric energy supply, e.g. the heating medium being a resistive element; Heating by direct contact, i.e. with resistive elements, electrodes and fins being bonded together without additional element in-between for domestic or space-heating systems

Abstract

PURPOSE:To facilitate the setting of the ratio between hot air and radiation energies by means of the transmissivity of infrared rays through a heating pipe by drafting air to the heating pipe to generate hot air which is discharged from a grill, and also radiating the light and infrared rays from the heating pipe from the grill to the front space. CONSTITUTION:The radiation electric fan heater has a radiation heater 1 which has a heater element 2 that is supported in a heat-resistant pipe 4 and is thermally insulated, and said high-temperature radiation heater 1 is enclosed by a grill 7 in the front that comprises multiple thin plates and a reflector 6 in the back. A wind-tunnel unit 10 consists of side plates 8, 9. When air is drafted to the pipe 4 which is heated by the heater element 2, it is heated to become hot air and discharged through the grill 7 to the front space. The light and infrared rays from the heater element 2 pass through the pipe 4, and are radiated through the grill 7 to the front space directly or after being reflected by a reflector.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 産業上の利用分野 本発明は人又は物体を輻射熱、対流熱で暖める輻射電気
温風機に関するものである。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Field of Industrial Application The present invention relates to a radiant electric hot air fan that warms people or objects using radiant heat or convection heat.

従来の技術 従来の輻射電気温風機は第7図及び第9図で示す従来例
2例で代表される。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventional radiant electric hot air fans are represented by two conventional examples shown in FIGS. 7 and 9.

第1の例は第7図に示す如く高温輻射ヒータ1を固定す
る上下側板8.9と凹面反射板6によって形成する反射
板ユニットを前面に設け、筐体12と反射板ユニットの
後部及び上下部との間に風洞を形成する。筐体12の下
部には吸気孔12aを上部前面には吹出し口12bを設
け、前記吸気孔12aの内側に送風ユニット11を設け
ている。尚、16はガードである。
In the first example, as shown in FIG. 7, a reflector unit formed by upper and lower side plates 8 and 9 for fixing the high-temperature radiant heater 1 and a concave reflector 6 is provided at the front, and a rear and upper and lower sides of the housing 12 and the reflector unit are provided. A wind tunnel is formed between the two parts. An air intake hole 12a is provided in the lower part of the housing 12, an air outlet 12b is provided in the upper front surface, and a blower unit 11 is provided inside the air intake hole 12a. Note that 16 is a guard.

以上の構成にてなる為、高温輻射ヒータ1の輻射熱のう
ち第8図に示す如く凹面反射板6によって前方以外への
輻射は前方へ反射され、輻射ストーブと同様の性能を発
揮するが、温風機能としては凹面反射板6の熱によって
風を暖ため前方に吹き出すだけなので供給熱量が低く風
量が多いと涼風になる問題がある。また風量を低く抑え
ると到達距離が短かく暖房としての効果が少ないもので
あった。
With the above configuration, the radiant heat of the high-temperature radiant heater 1, which is directed away from the front, is reflected forward by the concave reflector 6, as shown in FIG. As for the wind function, the heat of the concave reflector plate 6 warms the wind and only blows it forward, so there is a problem that the amount of heat supplied is low and if the air volume is large, it becomes a cool breeze. Furthermore, when the air volume is kept low, the range is short and the heating effect is low.

又、第9図の例は後面に吸気孔12aを有する筐体12
の前面に中央に筒形高温ヒータ1を、及びその周囲に吹
き出し口6aを設けた凹面反射板6を設け、前記反射板
6と吸気孔12aとの間に送風ユニット11を設けてな
る構成で輻射熱としては吹き出し孔6a部での熱反射が
ない為、反射効率が低く、又風が直接ヒータ1に作用す
る為、その温度を低下させ輻射エネルギーが低くなって
しまう。
Further, the example shown in FIG. 9 is a case 12 having an intake hole 12a on the rear surface.
A cylindrical high-temperature heater 1 is provided in the center on the front surface of the heater, a concave reflector 6 is provided around the heater with an air outlet 6a, and a blower unit 11 is provided between the reflector 6 and the intake hole 12a. Since the radiant heat is not reflected at the blow-off hole 6a, the reflection efficiency is low, and since the wind acts directly on the heater 1, its temperature is lowered and the radiant energy is lowered.

又、赤熱度が低下して暖かさを感じる視覚効果を損うな
どの問題があった。
In addition, there was a problem in that the degree of redness decreased and the visual effect of giving a sense of warmth was impaired.

発明が解決しようとする問題点 単一ヒータによって構成する輻射電気温風機に於いて温
風性能強化による輻射効果9低下を防ぎ、温風、輻射両
機能の能力設定を容易として、室温を高めつつ輻射によ
る適度な暖房刺激と視覚効果へ      か得られる
快適な暖房性能を実現しようとするものである。
Problems to be Solved by the Invention In a radiant electric hot air fan configured with a single heater, it is possible to prevent a reduction in the radiant effect 9 due to enhanced hot air performance, to easily set the capacity of both hot air and radiation functions, and to raise the room temperature. The aim is to achieve comfortable heating performance through the use of radiation and appropriate heating stimulation and visual effects.

問題点を解決する為の手段 以上の従来技術の課題に鑑み本発明の輻射電気温風機は
、耐熱性管体内にヒータエレメントを支持して熱的に絶
縁してなる輻射ヒータと、その高温輻射ヒータを囲んで
、前面の多数の薄板で構成する格子体、後面の反射板、
側板によって形成する風洞ユニットと、送風ユニットで
構成し、ヒータエレメントによって加熱された管体に送
風し、温風となして格子体より吐き出し、管体を透過す
る光及び赤外線は直接又は反射して格子体より前方へ放
射する構成とした。
In view of the problems of the prior art, which are more than a means for solving the problems, the radiant electric hot air fan of the present invention includes a radiant heater in which a heater element is supported and thermally insulated within a heat-resistant tube, and its high-temperature radiant air heater. Surrounding the heater, there is a grid made up of many thin plates on the front, a reflector on the back,
It consists of a wind tunnel unit formed by a side plate and a blower unit, which blows air into a pipe heated by a heater element and discharges it as warm air from a grid body, and the light and infrared rays that pass through the pipe are either direct or reflected. The configuration was such that the light radiates forward from the grid.

作用 以上の構成にてなる為にヒータエレメントから放射する
光及び赤外線の内、管体を透過するものは直接又は反射
板にて反射され格子体の前方へ光及び輻射エネルギーと
して放射される。又、管体に吸収される赤外線は管体の
温度を上昇せしめ送風ユニットから送り込まれる風にそ
の熱を吸収させて温風とし、格子体より前方へ吐き出す
こととなる。
Due to the above-described structure, of the light and infrared rays emitted from the heater element, those that pass through the tubular body are reflected directly or by a reflector and radiated forward as light and radiant energy to the front of the grid body. In addition, the infrared rays absorbed by the pipe raise the temperature of the pipe, and the air sent from the blower unit absorbs the heat to generate warm air, which is then discharged forward from the grid.

然るに管体の赤外線透過率によって温風と輻射の° エ
ネルギー比率が決定されそれぞれの能力及び比率を容易
に設定できる。
However, the infrared transmittance of the pipe body determines the energy ratio of hot air and radiation, and the respective capacities and ratios can be easily set.

又、ヒータエレメントが風に直接作用されない為、従来
のように風で温度が低下し、輻射エネルギーや視覚効果
が低下することもなく十分な温風性能を4発揮しつつ輻
射効果も十分に発揮しうるものである。
In addition, since the heater element is not directly affected by the wind, the temperature is not lowered by the wind and the radiant energy and visual effects are not degraded as in the conventional case, so it provides sufficient hot air performance and the radiant effect. It is possible.

実施例 第1図は本輻射電気温風機の縦断面略図で、ヒタエレメ
ント2を支持板3により石英ガラス管、アルミナ磁器管
等でなる耐熱性管体4と接触しないように中心部に固定
してなる高温輻射ヒータ1は取付金具5により凹面反射
板6の焦点に固定されている。又、凹面反射板6の前面
にはアルミニウム、ステンレスなどの薄板で第4図の如
く構成する格子体7を、右面には右側板8、左面には吹
き込み口9aを有する左側板9を取付けて風洞二二ノ)
10を形成している。送風ユニット11部の吸気孔12
aは筐体12の前面に設けられている。
Embodiment FIG. 1 is a schematic longitudinal cross-sectional view of the present radiant electric hot air fan, in which a heater element 2 is fixed at the center by a support plate 3 so as not to come into contact with a heat-resistant tube body 4 made of a quartz glass tube, an alumina porcelain tube, etc. A high-temperature radiant heater 1 is fixed to the focal point of a concave reflector 6 by a mounting bracket 5. Further, on the front surface of the concave reflecting plate 6, a grid body 7 made of a thin plate of aluminum, stainless steel, etc., as shown in FIG. Wind tunnel 22)
10 is formed. Air intake hole 12 of ventilation unit 11 part
a is provided on the front surface of the housing 12.

又、前記風洞ユニット10の吹き込み口9aに当接して
送風ユニット11が取付けられ、高温輻射ヒータ1と送
風ユニット11は並列にしスイッチ13を介して電源コ
ード14と接続される。
Further, a blower unit 11 is attached in contact with the air inlet 9a of the wind tunnel unit 10, and the high temperature radiant heater 1 and the blower unit 11 are connected in parallel to a power cord 14 via a switch 13.

以上の構成にてなる本実施例ではヒータエレメント2が
支持板3によって管体4から浮いた状態でちる為、伝導
熱を奪われず素早く昇温し光線及び赤外線を放射する。
In this embodiment having the above-described configuration, the heater element 2 is suspended from the tube body 4 by the support plate 3, so that conductive heat is not lost, the temperature rises quickly, and light and infrared rays are emitted.

この放射線の内管体4t−透過するものは前方へは直接
、その他の方向のものは凹面反射板6によって反射され
て格子体7の前方へ放射され輻射熱として使用者又は物
を暖ためる。
The radiation that passes through the inner tube body 4t is directed forward, and the radiation in other directions is reflected by the concave reflecting plate 6 and radiated forward of the grid body 7, warming the user or objects as radiant heat.

(第5図イ)又、放射線の内管体4に吸収されるものや
近辺の空気に吸収されるものは送風ユニット11より送
風される風が風洞10内を通過する間に熱を風に吸収さ
せて温風と1、格子体7の前方へ吐き出して使用者や物
を直接暖ため、又は室内全体を暖ためる。(第6図イ)
又、第3図は、高温輻射ヒータ1及び風洞ユニット10
を床面に対して垂直に配置し、風洞ユニット10の下方
に送風ユニット11を設け、風洞ユニット10と筐体1
2の間を経て風を上方へ導びき整風板15によシ上側板
8に設けた吹込み口8aより風洞ユニッl−10内へ吹
込むもので、輻射熱を放射する作用(第6図口)は第1
の実施例と同様であるが、温風の作用は風洞ユニット1
0の上面より吹込まれる為、格子体7の圧力損失を低く
抑えれば風洞内の圧力分布は風の動圧により下方程高く
なって格子体7の前方での風速分布が下方根強くなシ。
(Figure 5 A) In addition, radiation absorbed by the inner tube body 4 or by the surrounding air is transferred to the wind while the air blown from the air blower unit 11 passes through the wind tunnel 10. The warm air is absorbed and discharged to the front of the grid body 7 to directly warm the user or objects, or to warm the entire room. (Figure 6 A)
Moreover, FIG. 3 shows the high temperature radiant heater 1 and the wind tunnel unit 10.
is arranged perpendicularly to the floor surface, a blower unit 11 is provided below the wind tunnel unit 10, and the wind tunnel unit 10 and the housing 1
2, the wind is guided upward through the air conditioning plate 15, and is blown into the wind tunnel unit l-10 through the air inlet 8a provided on the upper plate 8, which radiates radiant heat (Fig. ) is the first
This is the same as the embodiment described above, but the action of the hot air is in the wind tunnel unit 1.
Since the air is blown in from the upper surface of the grid 7, if the pressure loss of the grid 7 is kept low, the pressure distribution inside the wind tunnel will be higher in the downward direction due to the dynamic pressure of the wind, and the wind speed distribution in front of the grid 7 will be a downward-rooted downward pattern. .

(第6図口)しかも下方に行く程風温が高くなる為、使
用者に対して頭寒足熱の快適な温度分布となる。
(Exit in Figure 6) Moreover, the wind temperature increases as it goes downward, resulting in a comfortable temperature distribution for the user, keeping his head cool and his feet warm.

発明の効果 以上の構成作用によシ本発明の輻射電気温風機は単一ヒ
ータによって温風機能と輻射機能を発揮するにもかかわ
らず温風機能が輻射機能に与える影響を軽減し、しかも
ヒータエレメントを覆う管体の選定だけで両機能のエネ
ルギー比率を設定できる容易さを併せもち、温風、輻射
両機能の適切、     な設定で、室内温度分布の均
一化、ソフト感等の温風暖房の長所と速熱性、適度な暖
房刺激、指向性、視覚効果等の輻射暖房の長所を併せも
つ快適な暖房特性を発揮する。
Due to the structural action that goes beyond the effects of the invention, the radiant electric hot air fan of the present invention reduces the influence of the hot air function on the radiant function, even though the hot air function and the radiant function are performed by a single heater. It is easy to set the energy ratio for both functions simply by selecting the pipe body that covers the element, and by appropriately setting both warm air and radiation functions, it achieves warm air heating with uniform indoor temperature distribution and a soft feel. It exhibits comfortable heating characteristics that combine the advantages of radiant heating, such as quick heating, moderate heating stimulation, directivity, and visual effects.

又、輻射ヒータと風洞ユニノトヲ床面に対して垂直に配
置し風洞の上面から送風することにより前記の効果と頭
寒足熱の温度分布で経済性と快適性をさらに高める効果
があり、使用価値の高いものである。
In addition, by arranging the radiant heater and the wind tunnel unit perpendicular to the floor surface and blowing air from the top of the wind tunnel, the above-mentioned effect and the temperature distribution of cold feet and heat can further improve economic efficiency and comfort, making it a highly useful product. It is.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief explanation of drawings]

第1図は本発明の第1の実施例の縦断面図第2図は  
   同     横断面図第3図は本発明の第2の実
施例の縦断面図第4図は格子体の外観図 第5図は実施例の輻射分布図 第6図は 同 風速分布図 第7図は従来例の断面図 第8図は 同 輻射分布図 第9図は他の従来例の断面図である。 1・・・・・・輻射ヒータ、2・・・・・・ヒータエレ
メント3・・・・・・支持板、4・・・・・・管体、5
・・・・・・取付金具6・・・・・・凹面反射板、7・
・・・・・格子体、8・・・・・・左側板9・・・・・
・右側格、10・・・・・・風洞ユニット11・・・・
・・送風ユニット、12・・・・・・筐体13・・・・
・・スイッチ、14・・・・・・電源コード15・・・
・・・整風板、16・・・・・・ガード。 代理人の氏名 弁理士 中 尾 敏 男 はが1名第 
1 因 第3図 /?、l   // 第4図 第5図 第6図 (イJ                   O))
第7図 f 第8図 第9図
FIG. 1 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG.
3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4 is an external view of the lattice body. FIG. 5 is a radiation distribution diagram of the embodiment. FIG. 6 is a wind speed distribution diagram. 8 is a sectional view of a conventional example. FIG. 9 is a radiation distribution diagram. FIG. 9 is a sectional view of another conventional example. 1... Radiation heater, 2... Heater element 3... Support plate, 4... Tube body, 5
......Mounting bracket 6...Concave reflector, 7.
... Lattice, 8 ... Left side plate 9 ...
・Right case, 10...Wind tunnel unit 11...
...Blower unit, 12...Housing 13...
...Switch, 14...Power cord 15...
...Wind regulating board, 16... Guard. Name of agent: Patent attorney Toshio Nakao Haga 1st person
1 Cause Figure 3/? , l // Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 6 (I J O))
Figure 7 f Figure 8 Figure 9

Claims (2)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] (1)ヒータエレメントを耐熱性管体内に支持してなる
輻射ヒータと、その輻射ヒータを囲んで前面の多数の薄
板で構成する格子体、後面の反射板、側板の3者によっ
て形成する風洞ユニットと、送風ユニットで構成し、ヒ
ータエレメントによって加熱された管体に送風し、温風
となして格子体より吐き出し、管体を透過する光線及び
赤外線を直接又は反射して格子体前方へ放射する輻射電
気温風機。
(1) A wind tunnel unit formed by a radiant heater in which a heater element is supported in a heat-resistant tube, a lattice body made up of many thin plates on the front surrounding the radiant heater, a reflector on the rear, and side plates. It is composed of an air blower unit, which blows air into the pipe body heated by the heater element, discharges it as warm air from the grid body, and radiates the light and infrared rays that pass through the pipe body directly or by reflection to the front of the grid body. Radiant electric hot air fan.
(2)輻射ヒータ及び風洞ユニットを床面に対して垂直
に配置し、風洞ユニットの上面に吹込み口を設けて風洞
ユニット内に送風する特許請求の範囲第1項の輻射電気
温風機。
(2) The radiant electric hot air fan according to claim 1, wherein the radiant heater and the wind tunnel unit are arranged perpendicularly to the floor surface, and an air outlet is provided on the top surface of the wind tunnel unit to blow air into the wind tunnel unit.
JP24373184A 1984-11-19 1984-11-19 Radiation electric fan heater Pending JPS61122454A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP24373184A JPS61122454A (en) 1984-11-19 1984-11-19 Radiation electric fan heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP24373184A JPS61122454A (en) 1984-11-19 1984-11-19 Radiation electric fan heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPS61122454A true JPS61122454A (en) 1986-06-10

Family

ID=17108150

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP24373184A Pending JPS61122454A (en) 1984-11-19 1984-11-19 Radiation electric fan heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS61122454A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01277134A (en) * 1988-04-27 1989-11-07 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Radiant heating device
US6351602B1 (en) * 1992-12-21 2002-02-26 The W. B. Marvin Manufacturing Company Upright radiant electric heating appliance
FR2816394A1 (en) * 2000-11-06 2002-05-10 Butagaz DOMESTIC RADIATION AND CONVECTION HEATING APPARATUS

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01277134A (en) * 1988-04-27 1989-11-07 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Radiant heating device
US6351602B1 (en) * 1992-12-21 2002-02-26 The W. B. Marvin Manufacturing Company Upright radiant electric heating appliance
FR2816394A1 (en) * 2000-11-06 2002-05-10 Butagaz DOMESTIC RADIATION AND CONVECTION HEATING APPARATUS

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