JPH11117479A - Fitting structure for solar battery module - Google Patents

Fitting structure for solar battery module

Info

Publication number
JPH11117479A
JPH11117479A JP9310986A JP31098697A JPH11117479A JP H11117479 A JPH11117479 A JP H11117479A JP 9310986 A JP9310986 A JP 9310986A JP 31098697 A JP31098697 A JP 31098697A JP H11117479 A JPH11117479 A JP H11117479A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
solar cell
frame
mounting
rail
cell module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP9310986A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yukio Ide
幸男 井出
Original Assignee
Msk:Kk
株式会社エム・エス・ケイ
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Msk:Kk, 株式会社エム・エス・ケイ filed Critical Msk:Kk
Priority to JP9310986A priority Critical patent/JPH11117479A/en
Publication of JPH11117479A publication Critical patent/JPH11117479A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/40Preventing corrosion; Protecting against dirt or contamination
    • F24S40/44Draining rainwater or condensation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/20Peripheral frames for modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/30Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors
    • F24S25/33Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles
    • F24S25/35Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles by means of profiles with a cross-section defining separate supporting portions for adjacent modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/63Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing modules or their peripheral frames to supporting elements
    • F24S25/634Clamps; Clips
    • F24S25/636Clamps; Clips clamping by screw-threaded elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To prevent a water leakage by providing horizontal sash bar members in the crossing direction with fitting rails installed on a roof, and butting the frames of adjacent solar battery modules on the horizontal sash bar members. SOLUTION: Multiple fitting rails 5 extended in the flowing direction of a roof are installed on a sheathing roof board 1, and horizontal sash bar members 7 are fixed to the fitting rails 5 in the crossing direction with the fitting rails 5. Second frames 17 are partially inserted into the fixing gaps 15 between the lower support pieces 11 and upper support pieces 13 of the horizontal sash bar members 7 to fix solar battery modules 9 to the horizontal sash bar members 7. Rainwater flows on the surfaces of the solar battery modules 9 along the flowing direction, infiltrates from frame butt sections, reaches the horizontal sash bar members 7, reaches the gutter sections of the fitting rails 5 from the end sections of the horizontal sash bar members 7, and is discharged to the outside. The fitting work can be simplified accordingly.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、屋根等に太陽電池
モジュールを建材一体型構造で多数枚設置する場合の取
り付け技術の分野に属し、一般的な汎用太陽電池モジュ
ールのフレーム構造でも水漏れがなく、しかも強度の点
でも優れた取り付け構造を実現するためのものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention belongs to the field of mounting technology in which a large number of solar cell modules are installed on a roof or the like in a building material integrated structure, and water leakage occurs even in a general frame structure of a general-purpose solar cell module. However, it is intended to realize a mounting structure which is excellent in strength.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】最近は太陽光発電に代表されるように、
代替エネルギーの普及には目ざましいものがあり、一般
住宅の屋根への太陽電池モジュール設置実績も年を追う
ごとに増加している。住宅の屋根に太陽電池モジュール
を設置する場合、屋根瓦等の屋根材を貫通して野地板か
ら瓦棒と称する棒を立設し、その上に複数の太陽電池モ
ジュールによる太陽電池アレイを構築する方法と、瓦を
用いず野地板上に直接太陽電池アレイを構築する方法の
いずれかが採られる。後者は建材一体型と称し、外観・
信頼性の両面で前者の方法に優るとして市場から高い評
価を得ている。この建材一体型の構造は、戸建て住宅の
野地板上に流れ方向のアルミレールを取り付け、この上
に複数の太陽電池モジュールを取り付けて太陽電池アレ
イを構築した後に、棟側、軒側、けらば側のそれぞれに
役物を取り付けて完成する。野地板上には防水シートが
被せられ、その上にアルミレールを取り付け、このアル
ミレールに対して太陽電池モジュールのフレームが取り
付けられている。従って、太陽電池モジュールが瓦の機
能をも併せ持っている。
2. Description of the Related Art Recently, as represented by photovoltaic power generation,
The spread of alternative energy has been remarkable, and the number of solar modules installed on the roofs of ordinary houses has been increasing each year. When installing a solar cell module on the roof of a house, a rod called a tile rod is erected from a base plate through a roof material such as a roof tile, and a solar cell array of a plurality of solar cell modules is built thereon. Either a method or a method of constructing a solar cell array directly on a field board without using a roof tile is adopted. The latter is called a building material integrated type,
It has been highly evaluated by the market as being superior to the former method in terms of reliability. In this integrated construction material structure, a flow direction aluminum rail is mounted on a base plate of a detached house, a plurality of solar cell modules are mounted on this, and a solar cell array is constructed. Attach an accessory to each side and complete. A waterproof sheet is placed on the base plate, and an aluminum rail is mounted thereon, and a frame of the solar cell module is mounted on the aluminum rail. Therefore, the solar cell module also has a tile function.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】ところが、このような
建材一体型の場合、太陽電池モジュールの下には瓦がな
いため、太陽電池モジュールを取り付けた状態で完全な
防水を取る必要がある。また、建材一体型構造でなくと
も、できるだけ太陽電池モジュール上で雨水を下方に流
すことが望ましい。このため、特に屋根の流れ方向にお
ける太陽電池モジュール間のフレームの突き合わせ部分
での防水が、重要不可欠の要素となる。従って、各太陽
電池メーカーは独自のフレーム構造を各種開発してお
り、その構造は各社各様のものとなっている。またこの
ような理由により、汎用品とは別に、住宅用の太陽電池
モジュールとして設計されているのが現状である。一方
で、太陽電池モジュールは市場からのコストダウン要求
も強く、住宅用のものとしても、メーカー自身の汎用品
が使用できれば、そのコストダウン効果は大きい。この
汎用品は、太陽電池モジュールが通常のH鋼等に設置さ
れることを前提としているため、大半は図4のような構
造を有している。以下、図4の太陽電池モジュールにつ
いて説明する。図例は、現在各社の汎用品として共通的
に見られる、最も一般的な太陽電池モジュール9の構造
を描いたものである。一枚のガラス板に複数の太陽電池
素子を配列した太陽電池パネル19の相対向する辺のそ
れぞれに、2本ずつの構造の異なるフレーム17,23
が嵌合固定されている。図の長辺方向のフレーム(第二
フレーム)17はその下部に板状の延設片25が設けら
れ、この延設片25には図示しない取り付け用穴が開設
されている。短辺方向のもの(第一フレーム)23につ
いてはこのような延設片は無く、単なる板形状となって
いる。すなわち、断面視でおよそコ字状のものと板状の
ものを組み合わせ、コーナー部で第二フレーム17の延
設片25と第一フレームとを突き合わせる構造となって
いる。これは、フレームに用いる材料を低減しつつ、ね
じり強度を確保するためである。この構造は、太陽電池
モジュールとして最も経済的な構造であり、実質的な標
準構造と見なすことができる。従って、各社の汎用太陽
電池モジュールも、大半はこのような形状を有している
のである。
However, in the case of such a building material integrated type, since there is no tile under the solar cell module, it is necessary to take complete waterproofness with the solar cell module attached. Even if it is not a building material integrated structure, it is desirable to flow rainwater downward on the solar cell module as much as possible. For this reason, waterproofing is particularly important at the butting portion of the frames between the solar cell modules in the flow direction of the roof. Therefore, each solar cell maker has developed various unique frame structures, and the structure is unique to each company. Further, for these reasons, at present, they are designed as residential solar cell modules separately from general-purpose products. On the other hand, there is a strong demand for cost reduction from the market for solar cell modules, and the cost reduction effect is great if residential manufacturers can use general-purpose products. This general-purpose product is premised on the fact that the solar cell module is installed on ordinary H steel or the like, and thus has a structure as shown in FIG. 4 in most cases. Hereinafter, the solar cell module of FIG. 4 will be described. The drawing illustrates the structure of the most general solar cell module 9 commonly seen as a general-purpose product of each company at present. Frames 17 and 23 each having two different structures are provided on each of opposing sides of a solar cell panel 19 in which a plurality of solar cell elements are arranged on one glass plate.
Are fitted and fixed. A frame (second frame) 17 in the long side direction in the figure is provided with a plate-like extending piece 25 at a lower portion thereof, and the extending piece 25 is provided with a mounting hole (not shown). The short side direction (first frame) 23 does not have such an extended piece, and has a simple plate shape. That is, an approximately U-shaped plate and a plate-shaped one are combined in a sectional view, and the extended piece 25 of the second frame 17 and the first frame are abutted at the corners. This is to secure the torsional strength while reducing the material used for the frame. This structure is the most economical structure as a solar cell module, and can be regarded as a substantial standard structure. Therefore, most of the general-purpose solar cell modules of each company also have such a shape.
【0004】このような汎用の太陽電池モジュールは、
その設置状態として屋根への建材一体型を想定していな
いため、このまま屋根上に設置した場合、その突き合わ
せ部分から確実に雨水が浸入してしまう。建材一体型の
構造では太陽電池モジュールの下には瓦がないため、雨
水は確実にカットしなければならない。以上のような理
由により、現在の建材一体型の住宅用太陽電池モジュー
ルは、専用のフレームを用いた高価なものになってお
り、汎用のものを使用しつつ、高い信頼性を確保するこ
とが、業界全体の大きな課題になっている。
[0004] Such a general-purpose solar cell module includes:
Since it is not assumed that the building material is integrated with the roof as an installation state, rainwater will surely penetrate from the abutting portion when the roof material is installed as it is. Since there is no roof tile under the solar cell module in the construction material integrated type structure, rainwater must be reliably cut. For the above reasons, the current building material-integrated residential solar cell module is expensive using a dedicated frame, and it is possible to secure high reliability while using a general-purpose module. , Has become a major challenge for the entire industry.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】このような現状のもと、
本発明者は上記のような汎用のフレーム構造を使用しな
がら、信頼性の高い建材一体型の設置構造を開発した。
上記の課題は、「一端側に太陽電池パネル端部の嵌合溝
を有し、他端側が太陽電池パネル面と交差する方向に延
びた板状の第一フレームと、一端側に太陽電池パネル端
部の嵌合溝を有し、他端側が太陽電池パネル面と交差す
る方向に延びるとともに、他端部から太陽電池パネル面
と略平行で内側に向かう延設片が構成された断面視略コ
字状の第二フレームとが、方形状の太陽電池パネルの相
対向する辺のそれぞれに2本ずつ取り付けられた太陽電
池モジュールが、太陽電池モジュール設置面の一方向に
延びて設置された複数の取り付けレールに対して、前記
第一フレームが取り付けレールと同一方向、前記第二フ
レームが取り付けレールと交差する方向に取り付けられ
た太陽電池モジュールの取り付け構造であって、隣合う
2本の取り付けレール間に、前記第二フレームの延設片
よりも幅広の下部支持片と、この下部支持片との間で第
二フレームの延設片がその厚さ方向で挟持されうる固定
用間隙をおいて下部支持片と平行して上部支持片が垂片
から突設された横桟部材が架設されるとともに、この横
桟部材の前記固定用間隙に太陽電池モジュールの第二フ
レームの延設片が挿入され、隣設する太陽電池モジュー
ルの第二フレーム同士がこの横桟部材上で当接されると
ともに、取り付けレール上で隣設する太陽電池モジュー
ルにあっては、第一フレーム同士が目地用間隙をおいて
対向設置され、取り付けレールにあっては、横桟部材の
架設部位よりも太陽電池モジュールの内側方向に、取り
付けレールの長さ方向に沿った樋部が張り出しており、
太陽電池モジュール間から浸入した水が前記樋部に集約
されるよう構成されたことを特徴とする、太陽電池モジ
ュールの取り付け構造」とすることで、解決することが
できる。
[Means for Solving the Problems] Under these circumstances,
The present inventor has developed a highly reliable building material integrated type installation structure while using the above-described general-purpose frame structure.
The above-mentioned subject is to provide a first plate-shaped frame having a fitting groove at an end of a solar cell panel at one end and extending in a direction intersecting the solar cell panel at the other end, and a solar cell panel at one end. It has a fitting groove at an end, and the other end side extends in a direction intersecting with the solar cell panel surface, and an extension piece substantially parallel to the solar cell panel surface and inward from the other end is formed. A plurality of solar cell modules, each having two U-shaped second frames attached to two opposing sides of a rectangular solar cell panel and extending in one direction of a solar cell module installation surface, are provided. A mounting structure for a solar cell module in which the first frame is mounted in the same direction as the mounting rail and the second frame is mounted in a direction intersecting the mounting rail with respect to the mounting rail of Between the lower support pieces, which are wider than the extension pieces of the second frame, and a fixing gap between the lower support pieces, in which the extension pieces of the second frame can be sandwiched in the thickness direction. A horizontal rail member having an upper support member protruding from a vertical piece is installed in parallel with the lower support member, and an extension piece of the second frame of the solar cell module is provided in the fixing gap of the horizontal rail member. The second frames of the inserted solar cell modules are brought into contact with each other on the horizontal rail member, and the adjacent first solar cell modules on the mounting rail are separated from each other by the joint space. In the mounting rail, the gutter portion along the length direction of the mounting rail projects inward of the solar cell module from the erection site of the horizontal rail member,
It is possible to solve the problem by adopting a structure in which water entering from between the solar cell modules is collected in the gutter portion.
【0006】このような本発明の取り付け構造は、屋根
上に設置される取り付けレールと交差する方向に横桟部
材を設け、この横桟部材上で隣合う太陽電池モジュール
のフレーム同士を突き合わせ、この部分で浸入した水
を、横桟部材を伝って取り付けレールのところまで流す
構造となっている。そして取り付けレールについては、
その長手方向に沿って樋部が設けられているので、横桟
部材を伝ってきた浸入水は、この樋部に流れて屋根外部
に排出される。従って、太陽電池モジュールの設置面、
この場合は屋根の野地板に、雨水が滴下することはな
い。以下、実施形態を示しつつ、詳細に説明する。
[0006] In such a mounting structure of the present invention, a horizontal rail member is provided in a direction intersecting with a mounting rail installed on a roof, and frames of adjacent solar cell modules are butted on the horizontal rail member. The structure is such that the water that has penetrated in the part flows down the horizontal rail member to the mounting rail. And for the mounting rail,
Since the gutter portion is provided along the longitudinal direction, the intruding water transmitted through the horizontal rail member flows into the gutter portion and is discharged to the outside of the roof. Therefore, the installation surface of the solar cell module,
In this case, rainwater does not drip on the roof base plate. Hereinafter, the embodiment will be described in detail.
【0007】[0007]
【発明の実施の形態】図1において、本発明の取り付け
構造の概要を説明する。野地板1上に屋根3の流れ方向
に延びる複数本の取り付けレール5が設置され、この取
り付けレール5に交差する方向で、取り付けレール5に
対して横桟部材7が固定設置されている。そして、太陽
電池モジュール9は、この横桟部材7の下部支持片11
と上部支持片13との間に形成されている固定用間隙1
5にその第二フレーム17の一部を挿入することで、横
桟部材7に対して固定されている。以下、断面図を参照
しつつ、さらに詳細に説明する。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIG. 1, an outline of a mounting structure according to the present invention will be described. A plurality of mounting rails 5 extending in the flow direction of the roof 3 are installed on the base plate 1, and the horizontal rail member 7 is fixedly installed on the mounting rail 5 in a direction crossing the mounting rails 5. The solar cell module 9 is provided with a lower support piece 11 of the horizontal rail member 7.
Gap 1 formed between the upper support piece 13 and
By inserting a part of the second frame 17 into the fifth frame 5, the second frame 17 is fixed to the cross beam member 7. Hereinafter, a more detailed description will be given with reference to the cross-sectional views.
【0008】図2には、本発明の流れ方向(取り付けレ
ールと平行)断面図を、図3には流れ方向と交差する方
向(取り付けレールと交差)の断面図をそれぞれ示す。
図例は、一端側に太陽電池パネル19の端部の嵌合溝2
1を有し、他端側が太陽電池パネル19の面と交差する
方向に延びた板状の第一フレーム23と、一端側に太陽
電池パネル19の端部の嵌合溝21を有し、他端側が太
陽電池パネル19の面と交差する方向に延びるととも
に、他端部から太陽電池パネル19の面と略平行で内側
に向かう延設片25が構成された、断面視略コ字状の第
二フレーム17とが、方形状の太陽電池パネル19の相
対向する辺のそれぞれに2本ずつ取り付けられた太陽電
池モジュール9が、太陽電池の設置面(屋根3)上に取
り付けレール5によって固定設置されたものである。ま
た本図例では、取り付けレール5は野地板1を貫通して
垂木27に釘29によって固定されている。しかし、太
陽電池モジュール9の幅と垂木27のピッチとの関係で
は、必ずしも取り付けレール5と垂木27の位置が一致
しない場合もありうるが、このような場合には、取り付
けレール5は野地板1のみに対して釘29によって固定
すればよい。
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view in the flow direction (parallel to the mounting rail) of the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view in a direction crossing the flow direction (crossing the mounting rail).
In the illustrated example, the fitting groove 2 at the end of the solar cell panel 19 is provided at one end.
1 and a plate-shaped first frame 23 whose other end extends in a direction intersecting the surface of the solar cell panel 19, and a fitting groove 21 at one end of the solar cell panel 19, An end piece extending in a direction intersecting with the surface of the solar cell panel 19, and an extension piece 25 that is substantially parallel to the surface of the solar cell panel 19 and extends inward from the other end is formed. Two solar cell modules 9 each having two frames 17 mounted on each of opposing sides of a rectangular solar cell panel 19 are fixedly mounted on mounting surfaces (roof 3) of solar cells by mounting rails 5. It was done. Further, in the illustrated example, the mounting rail 5 penetrates the base plate 1 and is fixed to the rafter 27 by a nail 29. However, depending on the relationship between the width of the solar cell module 9 and the pitch of the rafters 27, the positions of the mounting rails 5 and the rafters 27 may not always coincide with each other. Only the nail 29 needs to be fixed.
【0009】太陽電池モジュール9は、設置面の一方
向、本例では屋根3の流れ方向(矢印で表示)に延びて
設置された複数の取り付けレール5に対して、前記第一
フレーム23が取り付けレール5と同一方向、前記第二
フレーム17が取り付けレール5と交差する方向に取り
付けられている。そして太陽電池モジュール9同士の、
流れ方向に並ぶ突き合わせ部としては、互いに隣合う2
本の取り付けレール5の間に、前記第二フレーム17の
延設片25よりも幅広の下部支持片11と、この下部支
持片11との間で第二フレーム17の延設片25がその
厚さ方向で挟持されうる固定用間隙15をおいて下部支
持片11と平行して上部支持片13が垂片31から突設
された横桟部材7が、横桟固定ネジ33によって架設固
定され、この横桟部材7の前記固定用間隙15に太陽電
池モジュール9の第二フレーム17の延設片25が挿入
されるとともに、隣設する太陽電池モジュール9の第二
フレーム17同士がこの横桟部材7上で当接されてい
る。この当接面には、必要に応じて防水パッキン等を挟
持させておけばよい。他方、取り付けレール5の上で互
いに隣設する太陽電池モジュール9同士、すなわち流れ
方向と交差する方向に並ぶ突き合わせ部としては、第一
フレーム23同士が目地用間隙35をおいて対向設置さ
れている。この目地用間隙35には、上部両側に張り出
した鍔部37を有する断面略コ字状のカバー部材39が
挿入され、このカバー部材39の底部と取り付けレール
5の中央部との間が、カバー部材固定用ネジ41によっ
て螺着固定されている。これによって、太陽電池モジュ
ール9の取り付けレール5に沿ったフレーム部分の耐引
き離し強度が確保されている。そして、取り付けレール
5にあっては、横桟部材7の架設部位よりも太陽電池モ
ジュール9の内側でかつ下側方向に、取り付けレール5
の長さ方向に沿った樋部43が張り出しており、太陽電
池モジュール9の間から浸入した水が、樋部43に集約
されるよう構成されている。このような取り付け構造に
より、図1のような屋根構造となる。図1では描画の便
宜上、軒先側の太陽電池モジュールを最後に設置するよ
うになっているが、図2および図3の説明からわかるよ
うに、軒先側から棟側に向かって順次太陽電池モジュー
ルが取り付けられていくことになる。
The first frame 23 is mounted on a plurality of mounting rails 5 extending in one direction of the installation surface, in this example, the flow direction of the roof 3 (indicated by an arrow) in the present embodiment. The second frame 17 is mounted in the same direction as the rail 5, in a direction crossing the mounting rail 5. And between the solar cell modules 9,
As the abutting part lined up in the flow direction,
A lower support piece 11 wider than the extension piece 25 of the second frame 17 between the mounting rails 5 and an extension piece 25 of the second frame 17 between the lower support piece 11 and The horizontal rail member 7 in which the upper support piece 13 protrudes from the vertical piece 31 in parallel with the lower support piece 11 with a fixing gap 15 that can be sandwiched in the vertical direction, is erected and fixed by a horizontal rail fixing screw 33, The extension piece 25 of the second frame 17 of the solar cell module 9 is inserted into the fixing gap 15 of the horizontal rail member 7, and the second frames 17 of the adjacent solar cell modules 9 are connected to each other by the horizontal rail member. 7 is abutted. A waterproof packing or the like may be held between the contact surfaces as necessary. On the other hand, as solar cell modules 9 adjacent to each other on the mounting rail 5, that is, as butting portions arranged in a direction intersecting with the flow direction, the first frames 23 are opposed to each other with a joint gap 35 therebetween. . Into the joint gap 35, a cover member 39 having a substantially U-shaped cross section and having flanges 37 protruding on both upper sides is inserted, and a cover is provided between the bottom of the cover member 39 and the center of the mounting rail 5. It is screwed and fixed by a member fixing screw 41. Thereby, the separation resistance of the frame portion along the mounting rail 5 of the solar cell module 9 is secured. Then, in the mounting rail 5, the mounting rail 5 is located inside the solar cell module 9 and below the erection site of the horizontal rail member 7.
The gutter 43 extends along the length of the solar cell module 9, and water entering from between the solar cell modules 9 is collected in the gutter 43. With such a mounting structure, a roof structure as shown in FIG. 1 is obtained. In FIG. 1, for convenience of drawing, the solar cell module on the eaves side is installed last, but as can be seen from the description of FIGS. 2 and 3, the solar cell modules are sequentially arranged from the eaves side to the ridge side. It will be attached.
【0010】以下、太陽電池モジュール9の間より浸入
した雨水の流路によって、本発明の主たる作用がどのよ
うなものになるかについて説明する。降雨時の雨水は、
図2の流れ方向に沿って、太陽電池モジュール9の表面
を流れるので、当然フレーム突き合わせ部より浸入する
ことになる。この部分で浸入した雨水は突き合わせ部を
伝って横桟部材7のところまで到達する。横桟部材7に
到達した雨水はその長手方向にそって伝わり、横桟部材
の端部から滴下することになる。端部から滴下した雨水
は、図3に示すように取り付けレール5の幅方向内側に
滴下するので、最終的に取り付けレール5の樋部43に
到達して屋根3の外部に排出される。これは、取り付け
レール5が、屋根3の流れ方向に延びているからであ
る。また、取り付けレール上における太陽電池モジュー
ル間への雨水の浸入については、次のようになる。カバ
ー部材39の溝部45に流入してくる雨水の大部分は、
同溝部45の中を軒先まで流れて屋根上から排出され
る。一方、一部の雨水については、カバー部材固定用ネ
ジ41の貫通部隙間から浸入するものの、取り付けレー
ル5の中央部に設けられたを排水路47を通って軒先ま
で流れ、屋根上から排出される。他にも、カバー部材3
9の鍔部37と第一フレーム23との隙間からの雨水浸
入が考えられる。これについても、取り付けレール5の
上面5aに浸入した後、この上面5aの他に、樋部43
やカバー部材固定用ネジ41の隙間から排水路47に分
流し、同様に軒先まで流れて行って排出される。以上説
明したように、本発明においては雨水は決して野地板上
に滴下することがなく、汎用品のフレーム構造を有する
太陽電池モジュールを用いながら、信頼性の高い建材一
体型の太陽電池屋根を構築することができる。
A description will now be given of the main operation of the present invention depending on the flow path of rainwater that has entered from between the solar cell modules 9. Rainwater during rainfall is
Since it flows on the surface of the solar cell module 9 along the flow direction in FIG. 2, it naturally enters from the frame abutting portion. The rainwater that has entered at this portion reaches the horizontal rail member 7 along the butting portion. The rainwater that has reached the horizontal rail member 7 is transmitted along the longitudinal direction and drops from the end of the horizontal rail member. Since the rainwater dripped from the end portion is dripped in the width direction inside of the mounting rail 5 as shown in FIG. 3, it finally reaches the gutter portion 43 of the mounting rail 5 and is discharged to the outside of the roof 3. This is because the mounting rail 5 extends in the flow direction of the roof 3. Also, the infiltration of rainwater between the solar cell modules on the mounting rail is as follows. Most of the rainwater flowing into the groove 45 of the cover member 39 is
The gas flows through the groove 45 to the eaves and is discharged from the roof. On the other hand, some of the rainwater enters through the gap of the cover member fixing screw 41, but flows through the drainage channel 47 provided at the center of the mounting rail 5 to the eaves, and is discharged from the roof. You. In addition, cover member 3
Rainwater infiltration from a gap between the collar portion 37 of the ninth and the first frame 23 is considered. Also in this case, after penetrating into the upper surface 5a of the mounting rail 5, the gutter portion 43 is provided in addition to the upper surface 5a.
And from the gap of the cover member fixing screw 41 to the drainage channel 47, and similarly flows to the eaves and is discharged. As described above, in the present invention, the rainwater never drops on the base plate, and a highly reliable building material-integrated solar cell roof is constructed using a solar cell module having a general-purpose frame structure. can do.
【0011】[0011]
【発明の効果】本発明は以上に説明したように、横桟部
材を用いることで太陽電池モジュール間の連結固定を行
い、同時に浸入した雨水をその横桟に沿って横方向に逃
がし、流れ方向に配置された取り付けレールを樋として
機能させて軒先まで導いて排出するものである。また、
横桟部材への太陽電池モジュールの取り付けは、そのフ
レームを固定用間隙に嵌装するたげであるので、取り付
け作業も簡便化できる。また、横桟部材は取り付けレー
ル間に架設される構造であるので、太陽電池モジュール
の引き離し強度は、取り付けレールの部分のみ、すなわ
ち取り付けレールと屋根下地面(野地板)との間の取り
付け強度のみを考慮すればよく、強度的な信頼性確保の
ための対象箇所が少なくなる結果、設置工事や品質管理
面で簡素化できる。このように、本発明の取り付け構造
を採用することで、汎用性の高いフレーム構造の安価な
太陽電池モジュールを使用しつつ、防水信頼性が高くか
つ設置の手間もかからない建材一体型構造を実現するこ
とができる。
As described above, according to the present invention, the connecting and fixing between the solar cell modules is performed by using the horizontal rail members, and at the same time, the infiltrated rainwater is released in the horizontal direction along the horizontal rails, and the flow direction is reduced. The mounting rails located in the area function as gutters and lead to the eaves to discharge. Also,
Attachment of the solar cell module to the horizontal rail member is performed by fitting the frame into the fixing gap, so that the attachment operation can be simplified. In addition, since the horizontal rail member is constructed to be installed between the mounting rails, the detachment strength of the solar cell module is limited to only the mounting rail portion, that is, only the mounting strength between the mounting rail and the roof ground surface (field board). Therefore, the number of target portions for ensuring the reliability in terms of strength is reduced, so that installation work and quality control can be simplified. As described above, by adopting the mounting structure of the present invention, it is possible to use a low-cost solar cell module having a highly versatile frame structure, and realize a building material-integrated structure with high waterproof reliability and low installation effort. be able to.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】本発明の建材一体型太陽電池屋根の全体構造を
表す説明図
FIG. 1 is an explanatory view showing the overall structure of a building material-integrated solar cell roof according to the present invention.
【図2】本発明の建材一体型太陽電池屋根の流れ方向断
面を表す説明図
FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram showing a cross section in the flow direction of a building material-integrated solar cell roof according to the present invention.
【図3】本発明の建材一体型太陽電池屋根の流れ方向と
交差する方向断面を表す説明図
FIG. 3 is an explanatory diagram showing a cross section in a direction intersecting with the flow direction of the building material-integrated solar cell roof of the present invention.
【図4】汎用品として共通的に見られる最も一般的な太
陽電池モジュールの構造説明図
FIG. 4 is a structural explanatory view of the most common solar cell module commonly seen as a general-purpose product
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 野地板 29 釘 3 屋根 31 垂片 5 取り付けレール 33 横桟固定ネ
ジ 7 横桟部材 35 目地用間隙 9 太陽電池モジュール 37 鍔部 11 下部支持片 39 カバー部
材 13 上部支持片 41 カバー部
材固定用ネジ 15 固定用間隙 43 樋部 17 第二フレーム 45 溝部 19 太陽電池パネル 47 排水路 21 嵌合溝 23 第一フレーム 25 延設片 27 垂木
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Field board 29 Nail 3 Roof 31 Vertical piece 5 Mounting rail 33 Horizontal beam fixing screw 7 Horizontal beam member 35 Joint space 9 Solar cell module 37 Flange section 11 Lower supporting piece 39 Cover member 13 Upper supporting piece 41 Screw for fixing a cover member 15 Fixing gap 43 Gutter 17 Second frame 45 Groove 19 Solar cell panel 47 Drainage channel 21 Fitting groove 23 First frame 25 Extension piece 27 Rafter

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】一端側に太陽電池パネル端部の嵌合溝を有
    し、他端側が太陽電池パネル面と交差する方向に延びた
    板状の第一フレームと、一端側に太陽電池パネル端部の
    嵌合溝を有し、他端側が太陽電池パネル面と交差する方
    向に延びるとともに、他端部から太陽電池パネル面と略
    平行で内側に向かう延設片が構成された断面視略コ字状
    の第二フレームとが、方形状の太陽電池パネルの相対向
    する辺のそれぞれに2本ずつ取り付けられた太陽電池モ
    ジュールが、太陽電池モジュール設置面の一方向に延び
    て設置された複数の取り付けレールに対して、前記第一
    フレームが取り付けレールと同一方向、前記第二フレー
    ムが取り付けレールと交差する方向に取り付けられた太
    陽電池モジュールの取り付け構造であって、隣合う2本
    の取り付けレール間に、前記第二フレームの延設片より
    も幅広の下部支持片と、この下部支持片との間で第二フ
    レームの延設片がその厚さ方向で挟持されうる固定用間
    隙をおいて下部支持片と平行して上部支持片が垂片から
    突設された横桟部材が架設されるとともに、この横桟部
    材の前記固定用間隙に太陽電池モジュールの第二フレー
    ムの延設片が挿入され、隣設する太陽電池モジュールの
    第二フレーム同士がこの横桟部材上で当接されるととも
    に、取り付けレール上で隣設する太陽電池モジュールに
    あっては、第一フレーム同士が目地用間隙をおいて対向
    設置され、取り付けレールにあっては、横桟部材の架設
    部位よりも太陽電池モジュールの内側方向に、取り付け
    レールの長さ方向に沿った樋部が張り出しており、太陽
    電池モジュール間から浸入した水が前記樋部に集約され
    るよう構成されたことを特徴とする、太陽電池モジュー
    ルの取り付け構造。
    A first frame having a fitting groove formed at one end of the solar cell panel and having a second end extending in a direction intersecting the surface of the solar cell panel; Section having a fitting groove, the other end side extending in a direction intersecting with the solar cell panel surface, and an extending piece extending substantially parallel to the solar cell panel surface and inward from the other end portion. And a plurality of solar cell modules, each of which is attached to each of two opposing sides of a square-shaped solar cell panel, extending in one direction of a solar cell module installation surface. A mounting structure for a solar cell module, wherein the first frame is mounted in the same direction as the mounting rail and the second frame is mounted in a direction intersecting the mounting rail with respect to the mounting rail, wherein two adjacent mounting rails are provided. A lower support piece wider than the extension piece of the second frame, and a lower fixing gap between the lower support piece and a fixing gap where the extension piece of the second frame can be sandwiched in its thickness direction. A horizontal rail member having an upper support member projecting from a vertical piece is installed in parallel with the support member, and an extension piece of the second frame of the solar cell module is inserted into the fixing gap of the horizontal rail member. In addition, the second frames of the adjacent solar cell modules are brought into contact with each other on this horizontal rail member, and in the solar cell modules adjacent to each other on the mounting rail, the first frames have a joint gap. In the mounting rail, a gutter extending along the length of the mounting rail extends inward of the solar cell module from the portion where the horizontal rail member is erected, and enters from between the solar cell modules. The water Characterized in that it is configured to be aggregated into Kitoi portion, the mounting structure of a solar cell module.
JP9310986A 1997-10-08 1997-10-08 Fitting structure for solar battery module Pending JPH11117479A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP9310986A JPH11117479A (en) 1997-10-08 1997-10-08 Fitting structure for solar battery module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP9310986A JPH11117479A (en) 1997-10-08 1997-10-08 Fitting structure for solar battery module

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH11117479A true JPH11117479A (en) 1999-04-27

Family

ID=18011782

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP9310986A Pending JPH11117479A (en) 1997-10-08 1997-10-08 Fitting structure for solar battery module

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH11117479A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2955130A1 (en) * 2010-01-12 2011-07-15 Jma Sol SOLAR PANEL MOUNTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING SOLAR PANELS
JP2013060709A (en) * 2011-09-12 2013-04-04 Takigen Mfg Co Ltd Retainer for solar cell module
JP2013256807A (en) * 2012-06-13 2013-12-26 Hiroaki Ishihara Construction method of photovoltaic power generation panels
KR101355881B1 (en) * 2007-06-11 2014-01-28 가부시키가이샤 야네기주쓰켄큐조 Fixing structure of solar battery module, frame for the solar battery module, and fixing member
KR101368923B1 (en) * 2013-04-24 2014-03-04 (주)에이비엠그린텍 A roof panel which using photovoltanic modules as a closing means
JP2019011567A (en) * 2017-06-29 2019-01-24 連豐 薛 Improvement structure of solar cell roof
KR20190128436A (en) * 2018-05-08 2019-11-18 (주)성익에너지산업 Installation structure of condenser module for photovoltaic power generation

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101355881B1 (en) * 2007-06-11 2014-01-28 가부시키가이샤 야네기주쓰켄큐조 Fixing structure of solar battery module, frame for the solar battery module, and fixing member
FR2955130A1 (en) * 2010-01-12 2011-07-15 Jma Sol SOLAR PANEL MOUNTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING SOLAR PANELS
WO2011086325A3 (en) * 2010-01-12 2012-01-26 Jma Sol Device for attaching solar panels and method for installing solar panels
JP2013060709A (en) * 2011-09-12 2013-04-04 Takigen Mfg Co Ltd Retainer for solar cell module
JP2013256807A (en) * 2012-06-13 2013-12-26 Hiroaki Ishihara Construction method of photovoltaic power generation panels
KR101368923B1 (en) * 2013-04-24 2014-03-04 (주)에이비엠그린텍 A roof panel which using photovoltanic modules as a closing means
JP2019011567A (en) * 2017-06-29 2019-01-24 連豐 薛 Improvement structure of solar cell roof
KR20190128436A (en) * 2018-05-08 2019-11-18 (주)성익에너지산업 Installation structure of condenser module for photovoltaic power generation

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