JPH08144284A - Landslide protection wall timbering - Google Patents

Landslide protection wall timbering

Info

Publication number
JPH08144284A
JPH08144284A JP28326994A JP28326994A JPH08144284A JP H08144284 A JPH08144284 A JP H08144284A JP 28326994 A JP28326994 A JP 28326994A JP 28326994 A JP28326994 A JP 28326994A JP H08144284 A JPH08144284 A JP H08144284A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
main
waling
parallel
materials
waving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP28326994A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kazuo Akiyama
和雄 秋山
Osamu Yamashita
治 山下
Shinzou Hirata
伸蔵 平田
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nishimatsu Construction Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nishimatsu Construction Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nishimatsu Construction Co Ltd filed Critical Nishimatsu Construction Co Ltd
Priority to JP28326994A priority Critical patent/JPH08144284A/en
Publication of JPH08144284A publication Critical patent/JPH08144284A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE: To simplify a temporary construction, and to reduce the quantity of a steel material by bonding a waling material formed in a frame structure and a strut material and increasing rigidity. CONSTITUTION: A plurality of waling main materials of a waling material 21 are installed along a landslide protection wall. Brackets 13 are mounted among the adjacent waling main materials while strut main materials are combined with the waling main materials through the brackets 13. Connecting materials 14 crossed at right angles with the waling main materials are set up mutually at intervals. Parallel materials 15 parallel with the waling main materials are fitted among the end sections of the connecting materials 14. Tie rods 16 are stretched obliquely to the brackets 13 from the end sections of the parallel materials 15.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、建物の地下階部分の構
築や地下構造物の構築などで、基礎工事としての開削工
事を行う場合の山留め支保工に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a mountain retaining support for excavation work as a foundation work such as construction of a basement floor of a building or construction of an underground structure.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】山留め支保工は、図8に示すように山留
め壁1に沿わせる腹起し主材2とこの腹起し主材2に直
交するように結合して掛渡す切梁り主材3などからな
る。
2. Description of the Related Art As shown in FIG. 8, a mountain retaining support is constructed by a main beam 2 of a rising member along a retaining wall 1 and a main beam of a girder which is connected to the rising main member 2 so as to be orthogonal thereto. It consists of material 3 and so on.

【0003】図中4は長さを調整を行う調整材、5はプ
レロードを与えるためのキリンジャッキ5、6は火打主
材、7は火打受ピース、8は隅部ピース、9はジャッキ
補強ピース、10は交差部ピースである。また、11は中間
杭である。なお、山留め壁1の構成は図示のごとくH型
鋼・横矢板やシートパイル方式の場合の他、鋼管杭やコ
ンクリート柱列杭の場合など種々である。
In the drawing, 4 is an adjusting material for adjusting the length, 5 is a giraffe jack 5 for giving a preload, 6 is a main material for hitting, 7 is a hitting piece, 8 is a corner piece, and 9 is a jack reinforcing piece. , 10 are intersection pieces. 11 is an intermediate pile. The construction of the mountain retaining wall 1 is not limited to the case of the H-shaped steel / lateral sheet pile or sheet pile system as shown in the figure, but is also various such as the case of a steel pipe pile or a concrete column pile.

【0004】図9に土圧に対する力の関係をしめすが、
開削部分が大きく、大深度となるに応じて図10に示すよ
うに切梁り主材3の間隔が密になり、また、中間杭11の
数が多くなる。
FIG. 9 shows the relationship of force to earth pressure.
As the excavated portion is large and the depth becomes large, the intervals between the main beams 3 of the beam are narrowed as shown in FIG. 10, and the number of the intermediate piles 11 is increased.

【0005】これに対して切梁り主材3の間隔を大きく
確保して広い作業空間を得るには、腹起しの剛性を高め
ることが望ましいが、腹起し主材2に剛性の大きい部材
を使用するか、図11に示すように火打主材6の本数を増
やして集中切梁りとし、これによる補強を高める方法が
考えられる。
On the other hand, in order to secure a large space between the main beams 3 for cutting and to obtain a large working space, it is desirable to increase the rigidity of the waving, but the main material 2 having the waving has a large rigidity. It is conceivable to use a member or increase the number of batted main materials 6 as shown in FIG.

【0006】[0006]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】腹起し主材2そのもの
の剛性を高める方法では鋼材が大型化し、重量も重くな
るので支工材を組む作業は極めて困難である。また、火
打による補強により剛性を高める方法でも作業に手間が
大変である。
In the method of raising the rigidity of the main material 2 itself by raising the steel material, the steel material becomes large in size and heavy in weight, so that it is extremely difficult to assemble the supporting materials. In addition, it is troublesome to work even with a method of increasing rigidity by reinforcing by flint.

【0007】本発明の目的は前記従来例の不都合を解消
し、腹起し材の剛性を効果的に高めることにより、仮設
の簡易性や鋼材量の減少を図ることができる山留め支保
工を提供することにある。
An object of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problems of the conventional example, and to effectively increase the rigidity of the upholstery material, thereby providing a mountain retaining support work capable of simplifying temporary installation and reducing the amount of steel material. To do.

【0008】[0008]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は前記目的を達成
するため、第1に、腹起し材と切梁り材とからなる山留
め支保工において、腹起し材はこれをフレーム構造とし
たこと、第2に、腹起し材は、腹起し主材と、この腹起
し主材と切梁り材との結合部相互間で腹起し主材に台形
状に枠組む枠組み材とでフレーム構造としたこと、第3
に、枠組み材は、腹起し主材に直交する連結材と、この
連結材端間に掛渡して腹起し主材に平行する平行材と、
平行材端から腹起し主材と切梁り材との結合部へと斜め
に掛渡すタイロッドとからなること、もしくは、第5
に、腹起し材は、トラス構造によりフレーム構造とした
ことを要旨とするものである。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the present invention is, firstly, in a mountain retaining support which is composed of an uprising member and a beam member, which is used as a frame structure. Secondly, the waving material is a frame in which the waving main material and the joining parts of the waving main material and the beam members are framed in the trapezoidal shape of the waving main material. A frame structure made of wood, No. 3
In addition, the frame material is a connecting material that is angulated and orthogonal to the main material, and a parallel material that is hung between the ends of the connecting material and that is angulated and parallel to the main material,
Or a tie rod which is angulated from the end of the parallel material and obliquely hung on the joint between the main material and the beam material, or
The gist of the uprising member is that it has a frame structure with a truss structure.

【0009】[0009]

【作用】請求項1記載の本発明によれば、腹起し材はこ
れをフレーム構造とすることにより、腹起し材の剛性を
効果的に高めることができ、切梁り材や中間杭をを増や
さずにすむので広い空間を確保できる。
According to the present invention as set forth in claim 1, since the upholstery member has a frame structure, the rigidity of the upholstery member can be effectively enhanced, and the beam member and the intermediate pile are provided. A large space can be secured because it does not need to be increased.

【0010】請求項2記載の本発明によれば、前記作用
に加えて、フレーム構造を台形状に枠組むものとするこ
とで、この台形状の斜め材部分により土圧に対する応力
を効果的に分散できるものとなる。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, in addition to the above-mentioned action, the frame structure is framed in a trapezoidal shape, whereby the trapezoidal diagonal member portion can effectively disperse the stress against earth pressure. Becomes

【0011】請求項3記載の本発明によれば、さらに、
台形状に枠組むフレーム構造とするのに、少ない部材数
で構成でき、しかもタイロッドは長さや緊張力の調整材
としてこれを利用できる。
According to the present invention of claim 3, further,
Although the frame structure has a trapezoidal frame structure, the number of members can be reduced, and the tie rod can be used as a material for adjusting the length and tension.

【0012】請求項4記載の本発明によれば、フレーム
構造をトラス構造とすることで腹起し材の剛性を効果的
に高めることができる。
According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the rigidity of the uprising member can be effectively increased by using the truss structure as the frame structure.

【0013】[0013]

【実施例】以下、図面について本発明の実施例を詳細に
説明する。図1は本発明の山留め支保工の第1実施例を
示す要部の平面図、図2は同上全体の平面図である。
Embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a plan view of an essential part showing a first embodiment of a mountain retaining support work of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a plan view of the same as above.

【0014】本発明も図2に示すように山留め支保工と
して山留め壁1に沿わせる腹起し材12とこの腹起し材12
に結合して架設する切梁り主材3とからなるが、腹起し
材12は、腹起し主材2と、この腹起し主材2と切梁り主
材3との結合部であるブラケット13の相互間で腹起し主
材2に対して台形状に枠組む枠組み材18とでフレーム構
造とした。
In the present invention, as shown in FIG. 2 as well, as a mountain retaining support work, a material 12 to be laid along the mountain retaining wall 1 and this material 12 is provided.
It is composed of a main member 3 of the beam to be erected by connecting to the main body 2, and the waving member 12 is a main member 2 of the waving member and a joint portion between the main member 2 of the waving member and the main member 3 of the shaving beam. The frame structure is composed of the brackets 13 which are angulated between the brackets 13 and the frame members 18 which form a trapezoidal frame with respect to the main member 2.

【0015】かかる台形状に枠組む枠組み材としては、
腹起し主材2に直交する連結材14と、この間隔を存して
相互に並列する連結材14端間に掛渡して腹起し主材2に
平行する平行材15と、この平行材15端から前記ブラケッ
ト13へと斜めに掛渡すタイロッド16とからなる。
[0015] As a frame material for forming such a trapezoidal frame,
A connecting member 14 that is angulated and orthogonal to the main member 2, a parallel member 15 that hangs between the ends of the connecting members 14 that are parallel to each other with this interval, and is parallel to the main member 2 and this parallel member. A tie rod 16 slantingly extends from the 15th end to the bracket 13.

【0016】前記連結材14や平行材15は腹起し主材2と
同様なH型鋼材を利用でき、また、タイロッド16は図3
に示すように中間にネジ結合部16aを有する緊張および
長さ調整可能なものである。
The connecting member 14 and the parallel member 15 can be made of the same H-shaped steel material as the main member 2 by raising the tie rod 16, and the tie rod 16 shown in FIG.
As shown in FIG. 5, the threaded portion 16a is provided in the middle so that the tension and the length can be adjusted.

【0017】このタイロッド16は前記ブラケット13や平
行材15の端にピン結合により回転自在に結合するが、図
4にこの結合用のジョイント金物17を示す。
The tie rod 16 is rotatably connected to the ends of the bracket 13 and the parallel member 15 by pin connection. FIG. 4 shows a joint metal piece 17 for this connection.

【0018】このようにして、腹起し材12は腹起し主材
2に対して台形状に枠組む枠組み材18とでフレーム構造
となり、図5に示すようにタイロッド16による斜材での
力の分散もあり、土圧に対しては効果的に対処できるも
のとなる。
In this way, the upholstery material 12 forms a frame structure with the upholstery material 12 and the frame material 18 that is framed in a trapezoidal shape with respect to the main material 2, and as shown in FIG. There is also a dispersion of force, which makes it possible to effectively deal with earth pressure.

【0019】なお、中間杭11は図2に示す通りであり、
図10の従来例と比べて極端に少なくてよいが、図6に示
すように吊り材19により枠組み材18を吊り支承するよう
にすれば、この中間杭11を省略することも可能である。
The intermediate pile 11 is as shown in FIG.
Although it may be extremely small compared with the conventional example of FIG. 10, if the frame member 18 is suspended and supported by the suspending member 19 as shown in FIG. 6, the intermediate pile 11 can be omitted.

【0020】図7は本発明の第2実施例を示すもので、
腹起し材12はこれをトラス構造として組むことによりフ
レーム構造とした。
FIG. 7 shows a second embodiment of the present invention.
The uprising member 12 has a frame structure by assembling it as a truss structure.

【0021】このようなトラス構造による腹起し材12の
場合でも、腹起し材12の剛性を効果的に高めることがで
き、切梁り材や中間杭をを増やさずにすむので広い空間
を確保できることは前記第1実施例と同様である。
Even in the case of the upholstery member 12 having such a truss structure, the rigidity of the upholstery member 12 can be effectively increased, and it is not necessary to increase the number of beam members and intermediate piles so that a large space can be obtained. That is, the same as in the first embodiment.

【0022】[0022]

【発明の効果】以上述べたように本発明の山留め支保工
は、大規模な開削工事においても、腹起し材の剛性を効
果的に高めることにより、切梁り材や中間杭を増やさず
にすみ、仮設の簡易性や鋼材量の減少を図ることができ
るものである。
As described above, the mountain clasp support of the present invention effectively increases the rigidity of the upholstery material even in a large-scale excavation work without increasing the number of beam members and intermediate piles. In addition, it is possible to facilitate temporary construction and reduce the amount of steel material.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本発明の山留め支保工の第1実施例を示す要部
の平面図である。
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a main part showing a first embodiment of a mountain clasp support work of the present invention.

【図2】本発明の山留め支保工の第1実施例を示す全体
の平面図である。
FIG. 2 is an overall plan view showing a first embodiment of the mountain retaining support work of the present invention.

【図3】本発明で使用するタイロッドの平面図である。FIG. 3 is a plan view of a tie rod used in the present invention.

【図4】本発明で使用するジョイント金物の正面図であ
る。
FIG. 4 is a front view of a joint metal piece used in the present invention.

【図5】本発明の山留め支保工の第1実施例の力の伝達
を示す説明図である。
FIG. 5 is an explanatory view showing the transmission of force in the first embodiment of the mountain clasp support work of the present invention.

【図6】本発明の山留め支保工の第1実施例の吊り支承
の例を示す側面図である。
FIG. 6 is a side view showing an example of the suspension bearing of the first embodiment of the mountain clasp support work of the present invention.

【図7】本発明の山留め支保工の第2実施例を示す全体
の平面図である。
FIG. 7 is an overall plan view showing a second embodiment of the mountain retaining support work of the present invention.

【図8】一般の山留め支保工の概要を示す斜視図であ
る。
FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing an outline of a general mountain retaining support work.

【図9】一般の山留め支保工の場合の力の伝達を示す説
明図である。
FIG. 9 is an explanatory diagram showing the transmission of force in the case of general mountain retaining support work.

【図10】従来例の一つを示す全体の平面図である。FIG. 10 is an overall plan view showing one of conventional examples.

【図11】従来例の他の一つを示す全体の平面図であ
る。
FIG. 11 is an overall plan view showing another conventional example.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1…山留め壁 2…腹起し主材 3…切梁り主材 4…調整材 5…キリンジャッキ 6…火打主材 7…火打受ピース 8…隅部ピース 9…ジャッキ補強ピース 10…交差部ピー
ス 11…中間杭 12…腹起し材 13…ブラケット 14…連結材 15…平行材 16…タイロッド 16a…ネジ結合部 17…ジョイント
金物 18…枠組み材 19…吊り材
1 ... Mountain retaining wall 2 ... Raised main material 3 ... Girder main material 4 ... Adjusting material 5 ... Kirin jack 6 ... Firing main material 7 ... Firing piece 8 ... Corner piece 9 ... Jack reinforcing piece 10 ... Crossing part Piece 11… Intermediate pile 12… Rise material 13… Bracket 14… Coupling material 15… Parallel material 16… Tie rod 16a… Screw joint 17… Joint hardware 18… Frame material 19… Suspending material

Claims (4)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 腹起し材と切梁り材とからなる山留め支
保工において、腹起し材はこれをフレーム構造としたこ
とを特徴とする山留め支保工。
1. A mountain retaining support structure comprising an uprising member and a beam member, wherein the uprising member has a frame structure.
【請求項2】 腹起し材は、腹起し主材と、この腹起し
主材と切梁り材との結合部相互間で腹起し主材に台形状
に枠組む枠組み材とでフレーム構造とした請求項1記載
の山留め支保工。
2. The waving material comprises a waving main material and a framing material with which the waving main material and the beam members are trapped in the trapezoidal frame between the connecting portions of the waving main material and the beam members. The mountain clasp support work according to claim 1, which has a frame structure.
【請求項3】 枠組み材は、腹起し主材に直交する連結
材と、この連結材端間に掛渡して腹起し主材に平行する
平行材と、平行材端から腹起し主材と切梁り材との結合
部へと斜めに掛渡すタイロッドとからなる請求項1また
は請求項2記載の山留め支保工。
3. The frame material includes a connecting member which is angulated and orthogonal to the main member, a parallel member which is hung between the ends of the connecting member and parallel to the main member, and a main member which is angulated from the parallel member end. The mountain retaining support according to claim 1 or 2, which comprises a tie rod slantingly hooked to a joint between the timber and the beam.
【請求項4】 腹起し材は、トラス構造によりフレーム
構造とした請求項1記載の山留め支保工。
4. The mountain retaining support according to claim 1, wherein the uprising member has a frame structure with a truss structure.
JP28326994A 1994-11-17 1994-11-17 Landslide protection wall timbering Pending JPH08144284A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP28326994A JPH08144284A (en) 1994-11-17 1994-11-17 Landslide protection wall timbering

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP28326994A JPH08144284A (en) 1994-11-17 1994-11-17 Landslide protection wall timbering

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08144284A true JPH08144284A (en) 1996-06-04

Family

ID=17663275

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP28326994A Pending JPH08144284A (en) 1994-11-17 1994-11-17 Landslide protection wall timbering

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH08144284A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004031510A3 (en) * 2002-10-07 2004-06-24 Man-Yop Han Innovative prestressed scaffolding system
CN100441782C (en) * 2002-10-07 2008-12-10 韩万烨 Innovative prestressed scaffolding system
KR100979717B1 (en) * 2010-02-19 2010-09-02 (주)도원토건 Prestressing system using screw joint
JP2010216121A (en) * 2009-03-16 2010-09-30 Hirose & Co Ltd Earth retaining support and construction method therefor
JP2011511190A (en) * 2008-02-01 2011-04-07 (ジュ)スポルテック Precast temporary structure and construction method thereof
WO2012008657A1 (en) * 2010-07-12 2012-01-19 No Yun Keun Prestress steel wale for earth retaining scaffolding and construction method thereof
CN105256809A (en) * 2015-09-25 2016-01-20 江苏东合南岩土科技股份有限公司 Prestressed H-type steel supporting structure and construction method thereof
JP6200550B1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-09-20 鹿島建設株式会社 Temporary deadline method, temporary deadline structure
JP2018204403A (en) * 2017-06-09 2018-12-27 ヒロセホールディングス株式会社 Jack cover

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004031510A3 (en) * 2002-10-07 2004-06-24 Man-Yop Han Innovative prestressed scaffolding system
US7144200B2 (en) 2002-10-07 2006-12-05 Han Man-Yop Innovative prestressed scaffolding system
CN100441782C (en) * 2002-10-07 2008-12-10 韩万烨 Innovative prestressed scaffolding system
JP2011511190A (en) * 2008-02-01 2011-04-07 (ジュ)スポルテック Precast temporary structure and construction method thereof
JP2010216121A (en) * 2009-03-16 2010-09-30 Hirose & Co Ltd Earth retaining support and construction method therefor
KR100979717B1 (en) * 2010-02-19 2010-09-02 (주)도원토건 Prestressing system using screw joint
WO2011102675A3 (en) * 2010-02-19 2012-02-02 (주)도원토건 Prestressing system using screw joining
WO2012008657A1 (en) * 2010-07-12 2012-01-19 No Yun Keun Prestress steel wale for earth retaining scaffolding and construction method thereof
CN105256809A (en) * 2015-09-25 2016-01-20 江苏东合南岩土科技股份有限公司 Prestressed H-type steel supporting structure and construction method thereof
JP6200550B1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-09-20 鹿島建設株式会社 Temporary deadline method, temporary deadline structure
JP2018204403A (en) * 2017-06-09 2018-12-27 ヒロセホールディングス株式会社 Jack cover

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