JPH0731102B2 - Grain test dryer - Google Patents

Grain test dryer

Info

Publication number
JPH0731102B2
JPH0731102B2 JP24013786A JP24013786A JPH0731102B2 JP H0731102 B2 JPH0731102 B2 JP H0731102B2 JP 24013786 A JP24013786 A JP 24013786A JP 24013786 A JP24013786 A JP 24013786A JP H0731102 B2 JPH0731102 B2 JP H0731102B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
sample
container
paddy
hopper
grain
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP24013786A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPS6394131A (en
Inventor
孝道 下村
致 北岸
Original Assignee
ヤンマー農機株式会社
近江度量衡株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ヤンマー農機株式会社, 近江度量衡株式会社 filed Critical ヤンマー農機株式会社
Priority to JP24013786A priority Critical patent/JPH0731102B2/en
Publication of JPS6394131A publication Critical patent/JPS6394131A/en
Publication of JPH0731102B2 publication Critical patent/JPH0731102B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 「産業上の利用分野」 本発明は米を主として麦などを対象穀物とし、荷受部・
乾燥部・貯留部・調製出荷部などで構成されるライスセ
ンタ・カントリエレベータ・ドライストアなどの穀物共
同乾燥施設において、荷受計量機から採取された各荷受
ロット毎のサンプル穀粒を略一定含水量に乾燥する多数
のサンプル容器を備えた穀物用テストドライヤに関す
る。
[Detailed Description of the Invention] [Industrial field of application] The present invention is mainly applied to rice, such as wheat, and is intended for use as a cargo receiving unit.
At a grain co-drying facility such as a rice center, a cantilever elevator, and a dry store, which is composed of a drying section, a storage section, a preparation and shipping section, etc., a sample grain of each consignment lot collected from a consignment weighing machine has a substantially constant water content. It relates to a grain test dryer with a large number of drying sample containers.
「従来の技術」 当出願人にあっては既に特願昭61−74431号特開昭にお
いて、サンプル穀粒の乾燥を自動的に行わしめるように
した手段の穀物用テストドライヤを出願している。
"Prior Art" The applicant of the present invention has already filed an application for a grain test dryer as a means for automatically drying sample grains in Japanese Patent Application No. 61-74431. .
「発明が解決しょうとする問題点」 しかし乍ら上記手段のものにあっては、テストドライヤ
にサンプル穀粒を供給する投入ホッパーは一つのみしか
設置されていないため、サンプル容器より一旦取出され
たサンプル穀粒が乾燥不充分で再びサンプル容器に戻さ
れるときにも投入ホッパーに供給されて、荷受計量機か
ら送り込まれてくる新規のサンプル穀粒と供給作業が重
複する状態となり荷受計量機からの供給つまり荷受作業
を一時中断させなければならないなどの問題があった。
"Problems to be solved by the invention" However, in the case of the above means, since only one input hopper for supplying the sample grain to the test dryer is installed, it is once taken out from the sample container. Even when the sample grain is not dried enough and is returned to the sample container again, it is supplied to the input hopper and the new sample grain sent from the load receiving and weighing machine overlaps with the feeding work, and There was a problem that the supply of goods, that is, the receiving work had to be suspended.
「問題点を解決するための手段」 したがって本発明は、前記荷受計量機からのサンプル穀
粒を適宜サンプル容器に供給する供給ホッパーと、前記
サンプル容器より取出されるサンプル穀粒の乾燥状態を
検知する水分センサと、該水分センサがサンプル穀粒の
含水量の一定以上を検知するときこのサンプル穀粒をサ
ンプル容器に戻す還元用ホッパーを備えるように構成し
たものである。
[Means for Solving Problems] Accordingly, the present invention detects a dry state of a supply hopper that appropriately supplies the sample grain from the load receiving and weighing machine to a sample container, and a sample grain that is taken out from the sample container. And a reducing hopper for returning the sample grain to the sample container when the moisture sensor detects a certain amount or more of the water content of the sample grain.
「作用」 而して本発明によれば、サンプル穀粒の水分検知位置近
傍に前記還元用ホッパーを設けることによって再乾燥時
の穀粒搬送経路を最短とすることができると共に、再乾
燥のサンプル穀粒と荷受からのサンプル穀粒の供給が重
複するようなときにも再乾燥のサンプル穀粒を還元用ホ
ッパーに一時待機させ荷受からのサンプル穀粒を優先し
てサンプル容器に投入されることが可能にできるもの
で、荷受作業を中断させることのない能率良い一連の作
業が行える。
[Operation] According to the present invention, by providing the reducing hopper in the vicinity of the moisture detection position of the sample grain, the grain transport path at the time of re-drying can be minimized, and the sample for re-drying can be obtained. Even when the grain and the sample grain from the consignment overlap, the re-dried sample grain should be put on standby for a time in the reducing hopper and the sample grain from the consignment should be preferentially placed in the sample container. It is possible to perform a series of work efficiently without interrupting the receiving work.
「実施例」 以下、本発明の実施例を図面に基づいて詳述する。第1
図はテストドライヤの断面説明図、第2図は施設全体の
説明図であり、荷受計量部(1)からサンプル籾を取出
して乾燥並びに自主検査を行うもので、個人別・荷口別
に生籾を投入してこの重量を計る荷受ホッパー(2)
と、前記ホッパー(2)の生籾をコンベア(3)(4)
により搬入して籾中の藁屑などを除去する粗選機(5)
と、前記粗選機(5)からの籾を貯留し重量を計る荷受
計量機(6)と、前記荷受計量機(6)で自主検査用の
サンプル籾が採取されるオートサンプラ(7)などによ
り、前記荷受計量部(1)を構成するもので、籾の重量
並びに水分を連続的に測定すると共に、その籾は乾燥部
から籾摺選別を行う調製出荷部に運ばれ、玄米に調製さ
れて貯留又は出荷される一方、事務演算器(8)に接続
している集中制御器(9)に荷受操作盤(10)からの荷
受(コード)番号と計量機(6)の出力部からの荷受デ
ータ(籾重量及び水分量)とを入力するように構成して
いる。
[Example] Hereinafter, an example of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. First
The figure is a cross-sectional explanatory view of the test dryer, and Fig. 2 is an explanatory view of the entire facility. Sampled paddy is taken out from the cargo receiving and weighing section (1) for drying and voluntary inspection. Load receiving hopper (2) to load and weigh this
And the raw rice from the hopper (2) on the conveyor (3) (4)
Coarse sorter (5) that removes straw waste etc.
And a load receiving and weighing machine (6) for storing and weighing the paddy from the rough selecting machine (5), an auto sampler (7) for collecting sample paddy for voluntary inspection by the load and receiving weighing machine (6), etc. According to the above, which constitutes the cargo receiving and weighing section (1), the weight and moisture of the paddy are continuously measured, and the paddy is transported from the drying section to the preparing and shipping section which conducts the hull sorting, and is prepared into brown rice. While being stored or shipped, the central control unit (9) connected to the office computing unit (8) receives the load (code) number from the load receiving operation panel (10) and the output from the weighing machine (6). It is configured to input the receipt data (paddy weight and water content).
さらに自主検査を行うためのサンプル籾を取出す定量取
出装置(11)を備え、前記計量機(6)で計量済みの生
籾の一部をオートサンプラ(7)を介しサンプル籾とし
て取出装置(11)に取出し、出荷された未調製生籾から
均一に取出された定量(約800グラム)のサンプル籾を
サンプル移送装置(12)により後述するテストドライヤ
(13)に移送し、個人別・荷口別に出荷計量するロット
毎にこの作業の途中で一定量のサンプル籾をサンプル移
送装置(12)に取出すように構成している。
Furthermore, a quantitative extraction device (11) for taking out sample paddy for voluntary inspection is provided, and a part of the raw paddy that has been weighed by the weighing machine (6) is taken out as a sample paddy through the autosampler (7). ), And a fixed amount (approximately 800 grams) of sampled rice uniformly extracted from the unprepared raw rice shipped to the test dryer (13) described later by the sample transfer device (12) for individual and cargo A certain amount of sample paddy is taken out to the sample transfer device (12) in the middle of this work for each lot to be shipped and weighed.
また前記サンプル移送装置(12)から送り込まれるサン
ル籾を略一定含水量に乾燥させるテストドライヤ(13)
を備え、前記移送装置(12)からドライヤ(13)にサン
プル籾を送り込むときサンプル籾の受入番号をナンバー
リーダにより読取ると共に、乾燥後のサンプル籾を送出
口(14)から放出するとき放出されるサンプル籾の受入
番号をナンバーリーダにより読取ってこのサンプル籾の
移動位置を集中制御器(9)に操作盤(15)を介し入力
するように構成している。
Further, a test dryer (13) for drying the sanlud rice fed from the sample transfer device (12) to a substantially constant water content.
When the sample paddy is sent from the transfer device (12) to the dryer (13), the acceptance number of the sample paddy is read by a number reader, and the dried sample paddy is released when the sample paddy is released from the outlet (14). The acceptance number of the sample paddy is read by a number reader, and the moving position of the sample paddy is input to the centralized controller (9) via the operation panel (15).
次いで、前記テストドライヤ(13)から送り出される乾
燥後のサンプル籾をサンプル移送装置(16)を介し適宜
取出す手動取出弁(17)と、前記ドライヤ(13)からの
サンプル籾を一時待機させる待機ボックス(18)と、前
記待機ボックス(18)からのサンプル籾を整粒(整玄
米)と屑粒(屑米)とに分けてこれらの割合を測定する
自主検査機(19)と、前記取出弁(17)からのサンプル
籾を自主検査機(19)に直接送り込む切換弁(20)とを
備え、前記待機ボックス(18)に送り込むとき及び該ボ
ックス(18)より放出するときのサンプル籾の受入番号
を集中制御器(9)に操作盤(21)を介し入力すると共
に、前記待機ボックス(18)からの乾燥サンプル籾をサ
ンプル移送装置(22)及び定量分岐弁(23)を介して1
回の自主検査に必要な量(約300グラム)だけ自主検査
機(19)の受入ホッパーに投入し、またサンプル包装機
(24)により余分な乾燥サンプル籾を密封包装し、その
袋に荷受番号を印刷或いは荷受番号をカードに付してそ
の袋内にこのカードを封入して再テスト用として保管す
ると共に、自主検査機(19)から取出される玄米をサン
プル玄米としてサンプル移送装置(25)を介しサンプル
包装機(26)により密封包装し、その袋に自主検査機
(19)の操作盤(27)よりの信号に基づき荷受番号を印
刷して保管するもので、整玄米と屑米の量を集中制御器
(9)に入力し、この割合を算出して記録するように構
成している。
Next, a manual take-out valve (17) for taking out the dried sample paddy sent out from the test dryer (13) through a sample transfer device (16) and a waiting box for temporarily holding the sample paddy from the dryer (13). (18), a voluntary inspection machine (19) that divides the sample paddy from the standby box (18) into sized (sized brown rice) and shavings (scraped rice), and measures the ratio of these, and the extraction valve. A switching valve (20) for directly sending the sample paddy from (17) to the self-inspection machine (19), and receiving the sample paddy when sending it to the standby box (18) and discharging it from the box (18). The number is input to the centralized controller (9) through the operation panel (21), and the dry sample paddy from the standby box (18) is transferred to the central controller (9) through the sample transfer device (22) and the quantification branch valve (23).
Only the amount (about 300 grams) necessary for one time self-inspection is put into the receiving hopper of the self-inspection machine (19), and the sample packing machine (24) seals and wraps excess dry sample paddy, and the bag has the consignment number. Print or attach the receipt number to the card and enclose this card in the bag and store it for retesting. Also, brown rice taken out from the self-inspection machine (19) is used as sample brown rice and a sample transfer device (25). It is sealed and packaged by the sample wrapping machine (26) through the bag, and the bag is printed with the receipt number based on the signal from the operation panel (27) of the self-inspection machine (19) and stored. The amount is input to the centralized controller (9), and this ratio is calculated and recorded.
第3図乃至第4図に示す如く、前記テストドライヤ(1
3)は、供給ホッパー(28)から投入されるサンプル籾
をその都度各別に留め込んでいく多数のサンプル容器
(29)…と、供給ホッパー(28)からの投入サンプル籾
を所定のサンプル容器(29)に受継ぎする単一の供給移
動ホッパー(30)と、乾燥後サンプル容器(29)より排
出されるサンプル籾をドライヤ機筺(31)内一側に移動
させる二つの平行な移送コンベア(32)と、前記移送コ
ンベア(32)からのサンプル籾をさらに送出口(14)に
移動させる排出コンベア(33)と、前記機筺(31)内下
部に配設して吸気口(34)よりヒータ室(35)に熱風を
取入れる電気ヒータ(36)と、前記ヒータ室(35)に取
入れた熱風を機筺(31)内の上部乾燥室(37)に上下連
通口(38)(39)を介し送気するエアダクト(40)と、
前記乾燥室(37)の空気を排気口(41)を介し外側に吸
排出する排気ファン(42)とを備え、前記サンプル容器
(29)内のサンプル籾の含有水分が設定状態に乾燥した
とき各コンベア(32)(33)を介し送出口(14)より外
側に取出すように構成している。
As shown in FIGS. 3 to 4, the test dryer (1
3) is a large number of sample containers (29) that hold the sample paddy fed from the supply hopper (28) for each case, and the sample paddy fed from the supply hopper (28) into a predetermined sample container ( 29), a single feed transfer hopper (30), and two parallel transfer conveyors (30) for moving the sample paddy discharged from the sample container (29) after drying to one side in the dryer machine (31). 32), a discharge conveyor (33) for further moving the sample paddy from the transfer conveyor (32) to the delivery port (14), and an intake port (34) arranged in the lower part of the machine casing (31). The electric heater (36) for introducing hot air into the heater chamber (35) and the upper and lower communication ports (38) (39) for the hot air introduced into the heater chamber (35) to the upper drying chamber (37) inside the machine (31). ) Through the air duct (40),
An exhaust fan (42) for sucking and discharging the air in the drying chamber (37) to the outside through the exhaust port (41), and when the water content of the sample paddy in the sample container (29) is dried to a set state The conveyor (32) (33) is used to take out to the outside of the delivery port (14).
第5図乃至第6図にも示す如く、前記サンプル容器(2
9)…は略正四角面体形に形成し、碁盤目状に保持板(4
3)に配設し、該容器(29)上端を保持板(43)上面に
面一とするように設けている。そして前記容器(29)は
上側面部と四側面部の一側面部を開口(44)させると共
に、下側面部に網体(45)を張設し、対向する左右側面
部(29a)(29a)を前記保持板(43)に回動軸(46)及
び軸受(47)を介して回動可能に指示させている。また
前記容器(29)は左右一側面部(29a)と保持板(43)
間にピン(48)(49)を介して支点越えバネ(50)を張
架させると共に、左右他側面部(29a)に該容器(29)
を略90゜正逆転させる正逆反転部材(51)(52)を各軸
(51a)(52a)を介して固設させ、これら反転部材(5
1)(52)を上方より押圧操作する切換部材であるプツ
シュロッド(53)(54)をそれぞれ戻しバネ(55)及び
ガイド部材(56)を介し前記保持板(43)に取付けて、
容器(29)にサンプル籾投入時及び乾燥状態時にあって
は底面に網体(45)を臨ませ上面を開放させる受入態勢
に容器(29)を維持させる一方、サンプル籾排出時にあ
っては一方の前記反転部材(51)に対するプッシュロッ
ド(53)の押圧操作でもって軸(46)を中心に容器(2
9)を略90゜正転させて前記開口(44)を下方に臨ませ
る排出態勢に容器(29)を維持させて容器(29)内のサ
ンプル籾を下方に落下させるように設けている。さらに
この容器(29)の排出態勢時にあっては他方の前記反転
部材(52)に対するプッシュロッド(54)の押圧操作で
もって軸(46)を中心に容器(29)を略90゜逆転させて
元の受入態勢に戻すもので、このようなプッシュロッド
(53)(54)の択一的な押圧操作でもってこの容器(2
9)での単一の開口(44)による投入口及び排出口の切
換えが行われるように構成している。なお(43a)は前
記容器(29)の受入態勢時にあって該容器(29)の一側
面部の開口(44)を覆う前記保持板(43)の遮蔽板であ
り、前記容器(29)の受入及び排出態勢時網体(45)の
両側縁部(45a)(45b)を遮蔽板(43a)の下端部及び
保持板(43)の上面部に前記バネ(50)力で当接保持さ
せることによってこれら受入及び排出態勢時のストッパ
とするように設けたものである。
As shown in FIGS. 5 to 6, the sample container (2
9)… is formed into an approximately regular tetrahedron shape, and the holding plate (4
The container (29) is disposed so as to be flush with the upper surface of the holding plate (43). Then, the container (29) has an upper side surface portion and one side surface portion of the four side surface portions opened (44), and a net body (45) is stretched on the lower side surface portion so as to oppose the left and right side surface portions (29a) (29a ) Is rotatably instructed to the holding plate (43) via a rotary shaft (46) and a bearing (47). In addition, the container (29) has one side surface (29a) and a holding plate (43).
A fulcrum crossing spring (50) is stretched via a pin (48) (49), and the container (29) is attached to the left and right side surfaces (29a).
The forward / reverse reversing members (51) (52) for reversing the reciprocating direction by about 90 ° are fixedly mounted via the respective shafts (51a) (52a).
1) The push rods (53) (54), which are switching members for pressing the (52) from above, are attached to the holding plate (43) via the return spring (55) and the guide member (56), respectively.
When the sample paddy is put into the container (29) and when it is in a dry state, the net (45) is exposed to the bottom surface to keep the container (29) in an accepting state where the top surface is opened, while one is placed when the sample paddy is discharged. By pushing the push rod (53) against the reversing member (51), the container (2) is centered around the shaft (46).
The container (29) is maintained so that the container (29) is rotated in the forward direction by about 90 ° so that the opening (44) faces downward, and the sample paddy in the container (29) is dropped downward. Further, when the container (29) is ready to be discharged, the container (29) is rotated about the shaft (46) about 90 ° by pressing the push rod (54) against the other reversing member (52). The container is returned to its original receiving condition, and the container (2) is operated by the selective pushing operation of the push rods (53) (54).
The inlet and outlet are switched by the single opening (44) in 9). Note that (43a) is a shield plate of the holding plate (43) that covers the opening (44) on one side surface of the container (29) when the container (29) is ready to be received. When receiving and discharging, both side edges (45a) (45b) of the mesh body (45) are held in contact with the lower end of the shield plate (43a) and the upper surface of the holding plate (43) by the force of the spring (50). Therefore, it is provided as a stopper at the time of these receiving and discharging states.
一方、前記移動ホッパー(30)は機筺(31)に走行機構
(57)を介し縦横移動自在に支持させたもので、前記ホ
ッパー(30)を縦方向(矢印a方向)に移動案内する一
対の縦送りチェン(58)(58)を機筺(31)内の左右両
側に各駆動スプロケット(59)及び従動スプロケット
(60)を介し配備させ、これらチェン(58)(58)を駆
動をギヤ伝動機構(61)を介し縦送りモータ(62)で行
うことにより、前記チェン(58)(58)に連結する横送
り案内体(63)と一体に前記ホッパー(30)を縦方向に
移動させるように構成している。
On the other hand, the moving hopper (30) is a machine (31) supported by a traveling mechanism (57) so as to be vertically and horizontally movable, and a pair for moving and guiding the hopper (30) in the vertical direction (direction of arrow a). The vertical feed chains (58) (58) of the machine are arranged on the left and right sides of the machine (31) via the drive sprockets (59) and the driven sprockets (60), and these chains (58) (58) are driven to gear. By the vertical feed motor (62) via the transmission mechanism (61), the hopper (30) is vertically moved integrally with the lateral feed guide body (63) connected to the chains (58) (58). Is configured as follows.
まだ前記ホッパー(30)を横方向(矢印b方向)に移動
案内する横送りチェン(64)を駆動スプロケット(65)
及び従動スプロケット(66)を介し前記横送り案内体
(63)に張架させ、該案内体(63)上に装設する横送り
モータ(67)でもってチェン(64)を駆動し前記ホッパ
ー(30)を横方向に移動させるように設け、前記集中制
御器(9)から出力される指令信号に基づいて所定の空
容器(29)位置に前記ホッパー(30)を移動案内させる
ように各モータ(62)(67)を駆動制御している。
A sprocket (65) for driving the transverse feed chain (64) that still guides the hopper (30) in the lateral direction (direction of arrow b).
And a lateral feed motor (67) mounted on the guide body (63) to stretch the chain (64) by driving the chain (64) via the driven sprocket (66). 30) is provided so as to move in the lateral direction, and each motor is provided to move and guide the hopper (30) to a predetermined empty container (29) position based on a command signal output from the centralized controller (9). (62) and (67) are drive-controlled.
ところで、前記ホッパー(30)は下部にシャッタ(68)
を備えていて、ソレノイド(69)操作でもって前記シャ
ッタ(68)を開放させるときホッパー(30)内のサンプ
ル籾を前記容器(29)に投入させるように設けている。
また前記プッシュロッド(53)(54)を押圧動作させる
ための駆動操作部材である一対のモータ(70)(71)を
フレーム(72)を介し前記ホッパー(30)に一体固設し
ていて、これらモータ(70)(71)にギヤケース(73)
及びネジ軸(74)を介してそれぞれ連動連結するロッド
操作具(75)(76)を、これらモータ(70)(71)の駆
動でもって上下動させることにより前記ホッパー(30)
移動位置のプッシュロッド(53)(54)を適宜押圧操作
してこの位置での容器(29)の投入口及び排出口の切換
えを行うように構成している。
By the way, the hopper (30) has a shutter (68) at the bottom.
Is provided so that the sample paddy in the hopper (30) can be put into the container (29) when the shutter (68) is opened by operating the solenoid (69).
Further, a pair of motors (70) (71), which are drive operation members for pressing the push rods (53) (54), are integrally fixed to the hopper (30) via a frame (72), Gear case (73) for these motors (70) (71)
The hopper (30) is moved by vertically moving rod operating tools (75) (76) which are interlockingly connected with each other via a screw shaft (74) by driving these motors (70) (71).
The push rods (53) (54) at the moving position are appropriately pressed to switch the inlet and outlet of the container (29) at this position.
さらに、前記排出コンベア(33)の送り終端部と送出口
(14)との間に介在させるサンプル籾排出樋(77)内に
は、該樋(77)に取出されるサンプル籾の含有水分を静
電容量変化で検知する板状水分センサ(78)を設置して
いて、サンプル籾が設定含水量値まで乾燥したとき切換
弁(79)を介しドライヤ(13)外側に取出すと共に、設
定含水量値に達しない乾燥不充分のとき前記供給ホッパ
ー(28)とは対角線状に配備させるドライヤ(13)上部
の還元用ホッパー(80)より移動ホッパー(30)を介し
再び元の容器(29)に戻し再乾燥させるように設けてい
る。またこのような還元作業時前記供給ホッパー(28)
に籾供給がある荷受時にはこの籾の容器(29)投入が還
元籾より優先されるように構成している。
Further, in the sample paddy discharge gutter (77) interposed between the feed end portion of the discharge conveyor (33) and the feed outlet (14), the water content of the sample paddy taken out to the gutter (77) is contained. A plate-shaped moisture sensor (78) that detects changes in capacitance is installed. When the sample paddy has dried to the set water content value, it is taken out to the outside of the dryer (13) via the switching valve (79) and the set water content is set. When the value does not reach the value and the drying is insufficient, the reducing hopper (80) above the dryer (13), which is arranged diagonally to the supply hopper (28), transfers it to the original container (29) again via the moving hopper (30). It is provided so that it can be returned and dried again. Further, during such a reduction operation, the supply hopper (28)
When the rice is supplied to the paddy, the paddy (29) is put into the paddy prior to the paddy.
なお、前記ドライヤ(13)一側に設ける操作盤(15)に
は乾燥中のサンプル籾の持込み個人別名や乾燥残り時間
や空容器(29)位置など各種データが電光表示されるも
のである。
The operation panel (15) provided on one side of the dryer (13) is used to electronically display various data such as a personal name of the sample paddy being dried, remaining drying time, and empty container (29) position.
本実施例は上記の如く構成しており、ライスセンタ、カ
ントリエレベータ、ドライストアなどに設置するもの
で、コンバインなどにより収穫した生籾を個人別・荷口
別に荷受ホッパー(2)に投入すると共に、荷受計量機
(6)によって計量済みの生籾から定量取出装置(11)
を介して一定量の均質化されたサンプル籾をサンプル移
送装置(12)に取出す一方、前記移送装置(12)のサン
プル籾をテストドライヤ(13)で設定含水量まで乾燥さ
せ、その乾燥済みのサンプル籾を自主検査機(19)に投
入して整玄米と屑米を計量してこれらの割合を算定する
もので、集中制御器(9)により荷受番号に基づいて各
部を作動制御し、その荷受番号に対応したサンプル籾の
自主検査データに基づいて個人別・荷口別の整玄米持ち
分が事務演算器(8)に登録されるものである。
This embodiment is configured as described above, and is installed in a rice center, a cantilever elevator, a dry store, etc., and the raw rice harvested by the combine and the like is put into the cargo receiving hopper (2) for each individual and each cargo port, and Quantitative take-out device (11) from raw rice that has been weighed by the cargo receiving and weighing machine (6)
A certain amount of the homogenized sampled rice is taken out to the sample transfer device (12) through the, while the sampled rice of the transfer device (12) is dried by the test dryer (13) to the set water content, and the dried sample The sampled paddy is put into the self-inspection machine (19) to measure the leveled brown rice and the scrapped rice to calculate the ratio of these, and the central controller (9) controls the operation of each part based on the consignment number. Based on the self-inspection data of the sample paddy corresponding to the consignment number, the proportion of flat-polished rice by individual and shipping port is registered in the office computing unit (8).
斯る作業中、前記テストドライヤ(13)の供給ホッパー
(28)に投入されたサンプル籾は、通常の走行停止時に
は供給ホッパー(28)の下位置に保持される移動ホッパ
ー(30)に一旦受け取られれた後、前記集中制御器
(9)からの指令信号に基づいて走行機構(57)が操作
され空状態の所定の容器(29)位置に移動ホッパー(3
0)が走行移動し、該ホッパー(30)が所定の容器(2
9)位置に達したとき前記ソレノイド(69)操作によっ
てシャッタ(68)が開となってこの容器(29)内にホッ
パー(30)からのサンプル籾が排出される。その後荷受
時の水分換算によるタイマの時間設定分熱風による熱量
の供給を受けて水分の蒸発が行われ籾中の含有水分の設
定値までの低下が図られるもので、タイマでの設定時間
経過後容器(29)より下方の移送コンベア(32)にサン
プル籾の排出が行われる。つまり前記容器(29)は通常
の投入時及び乾燥時は第5図乃至第6図A状態に示す如
く前記網体(45)を下方にまた開口(44)を上方に臨ま
せる受入態勢に保持されていて、前記モータ(70)の駆
動でもってロッド操作具(75)及びプッシュロッド(5
3)を介し反転部材(51)が下方に押圧操作され軸(4
6)を中心に容器(29)が第5図時計方向に回動するこ
とによって、前記バネ(50)が支点越えして網体(45)
の一側縁部(45b)を保持板(43)の上面部にそのバネ
(50)力で当接保持されるとき、容器(29)は開口(4
4)を下方に臨ませるB状態の排出態勢に切換って容器
(29)内のサンプル籾の排出が行われる。このように容
器(29)が略90゜正逆転することによって、単一の開口
(44)がこの容器(29)の投入口或いは排出口に切換わ
るばかりでなく、排出口を閉封するためにシャッタ構造
とするなどの必要もなく、これら多数の容器(29)を配
列するこの種ドライヤ(13)において有効に活用できる
ものである。
During such work, the sample paddy put in the supply hopper (28) of the test dryer (13) is once received by the moving hopper (30) which is held at the lower position of the supply hopper (28) when the traveling is stopped normally. After that, the traveling mechanism (57) is operated based on the command signal from the centralized controller (9) to move to a predetermined empty container (29) position.
0) travels and the hopper (30) moves to the specified container (2
9) When it reaches the position, the shutter (68) is opened by the operation of the solenoid (69), and the sample paddy is discharged from the hopper (30) into the container (29). After that, the amount of heat set by the timer for moisture conversion at the time of receiving cargo is supplied by the amount of heat supplied by the hot air to evaporate the moisture and reduce the moisture content in the paddy to the set value. The sample paddy is discharged to the transfer conveyor (32) below the container (29). That is, the container (29) is kept in a receiving state in which the mesh body (45) faces downward and the opening (44) faces upward as shown in the states of FIGS. 5 to 6 during normal loading and drying. The rod operating tool (75) and the push rod (5) are driven by the drive of the motor (70).
The reversing member (51) is pressed downward via 3) and the shaft (4
By rotating the container (29) clockwise around the point 6) in FIG. 5, the spring (50) crosses the fulcrum and the net (45) is moved.
When the one side edge (45b) of the container (29) is held in contact with the upper surface of the holding plate (43) by its spring (50) force, the container (29) is opened (4).
The sample paddy in the container (29) is discharged by switching the discharge condition to the B condition in which 4) is faced downward. By rotating the container (29) forward and backward by approximately 90 ° in this way, not only is the single opening (44) switched to the inlet or outlet of this container (29), but also the outlet is closed. It is not necessary to provide a shutter structure, etc., and can be effectively utilized in this kind of dryer (13) in which a large number of these containers (29) are arranged.
一方、前記コンベア(32)(33)を介しサンプル籾排出
樋(77)に取出されたサンプル籾は、前記水分センサ
(78)によって含有水分量か検出され、設定含水量に達
したサンプル籾は次工程の待機ボックス(18)或いは直
接的に定量分岐弁(23)に移送されると共に、設定含水
量に達しない乾燥不充分のサンプル籾は切換弁(79)及
び還元用ホッパー(80)及び移動ホッパー(30)を介し
再び元の容器(29)に戻され、集中制御器(9)で水分
センサ(78)の検出値に基づいて算出される再乾燥時間
分乾燥が行われる。なお、供給ホッパー(28)及び還元
用ホッパー(80)の設置位置は限定するものでない。
On the other hand, the sample paddy taken out to the sample paddy discharge gutter (77) through the conveyors (32) (33) is detected by the moisture sensor (78) as to whether or not the sampled paddy has reached the set water content. While being transferred to the standby box (18) in the next step or directly to the metering branch valve (23), insufficiently dried sample paddy that does not reach the set water content will cause a changeover valve (79) and a reducing hopper (80) and It is returned to the original container (29) again via the moving hopper (30), and the central controller (9) performs drying for the re-drying time calculated based on the detection value of the moisture sensor (78). The installation positions of the supply hopper (28) and the reduction hopper (80) are not limited.
「発明の効果」 以上実施例からも明らかなように本発明は、荷受計量機
(6)から採取された各荷受ロット毎のサンプル穀粒
を、略一定含水量に乾燥する多数のサンプル容器(29)
を備えたテストドライヤ(13)構造において、前記荷受
計量機(16)からのサンプル穀粒を適宜サンプル容器
(29)に供給する供給ホッパー(28)と、前記サンプル
容器(29)より取出されるサンプル穀粒の乾燥状態を検
知する水分センサ(78)と、該水分センサ(78)がサン
プル穀粒の含水量の一定以上を検知するときこのサンプ
ル穀粒をサンプル容器(29)に戻す還元用ホッパー(8
0)を備えたものであるから、サンプル穀粒の水分検知
位置近傍に前記還元用ホッパー(80)を設けることによ
って再乾燥時の穀粒搬送経路を最短とすることができる
と共に、再乾燥のサンプル穀粒と荷受からのサンプル穀
粒の供給が重複するようなときにも再乾燥のサンプル穀
粒の還元用ホッパー(80)に一時待機させ荷受からのサ
ンプル穀粒を優先してサンプル容器(29)に投入させる
ことが可能にできるもので、荷受作業を中断させること
のない能率良い一連の作業が行えるなど顕著な効果を奏
する。
"Effects of the Invention" As is apparent from the above examples, according to the present invention, a large number of sample containers (dry sample granules for each cargo receiving lot sampled from the cargo weighing machine (6) to a substantially constant water content ( 29)
In a structure of a test dryer (13) equipped with, a supply hopper (28) for appropriately supplying the sample grains from the load receiving and weighing machine (16) to a sample container (29) and being taken out from the sample container (29). A moisture sensor (78) for detecting the dry state of the sample grain, and a reducing sensor for returning the sample grain to the sample container (29) when the moisture sensor (78) detects a certain water content of the sample grain or more. Hopper (8
0), the reduction hopper (80) is provided in the vicinity of the moisture detection position of the sample grain so that the grain transportation route at the time of re-drying can be minimized and the re-drying Even when the supply of the sample grain and the sample grain from the consignment overlaps, the re-drying sample grain reduction hopper (80) is made to stand by temporarily and the sample grain from the consignment is given priority to the sample container ( It is possible to put it in the 29), and it has a remarkable effect such as an efficient series of work that does not interrupt the load receiving work.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
第1図はテストドライヤの断面側面図、第2図は施設全
体の説明図、第3図はテストドライヤの断面正面図、第
4図は同平面図、第5図は同部分側面説明図、第6図は
前図の正面説明図である。 (6)……荷受計量機 (13)……テストドライヤ (28)……供給ホッパー (29)……サンプル容器 (78)……水分センサ (80)……還元用ホッパー
1 is a sectional side view of the test dryer, FIG. 2 is an explanatory view of the entire facility, FIG. 3 is a sectional front view of the test dryer, FIG. 4 is the same plan view, FIG. FIG. 6 is a front explanatory view of the previous figure. (6) …… Receiving weighing machine (13) …… Test dryer (28) …… Supply hopper (29) …… Sample container (78) …… Moisture sensor (80) …… Reduction hopper

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】荷受計量機から採取された各荷受ロット毎
    のサンプル穀粒を、略一定含水量に乾燥する多数のサン
    プル容器を備えたテストドライヤ構造において、前記荷
    受計量機からのサンプル穀粒を適宜サンプル容器に供給
    する供給ホッパーと、前記サンプル容器より取出される
    サンプル穀粒の乾燥状態を検知する水分センサと、該水
    分センサがサンプル穀粒の含水量の一定以上を検知する
    ときこのサンプル穀粒をサンプル容器に戻す還元用ホッ
    パーを備えたことを特徴とする穀物用テストドライヤ。
    1. A test dryer structure comprising a large number of sample containers for drying sample grains for each of the receiving lots collected from the receiving and weighing machine to a substantially constant water content. A supply hopper for appropriately supplying the sample container, a moisture sensor for detecting the dry state of the sample grain taken out from the sample container, and the sample when the moisture sensor detects a certain amount or more of the water content of the sample grain. A grain test dryer, comprising a reducing hopper for returning grains to a sample container.
JP24013786A 1986-10-08 1986-10-08 Grain test dryer Expired - Lifetime JPH0731102B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP24013786A JPH0731102B2 (en) 1986-10-08 1986-10-08 Grain test dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP24013786A JPH0731102B2 (en) 1986-10-08 1986-10-08 Grain test dryer

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPS6394131A JPS6394131A (en) 1988-04-25
JPH0731102B2 true JPH0731102B2 (en) 1995-04-10

Family

ID=17055049

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP24013786A Expired - Lifetime JPH0731102B2 (en) 1986-10-08 1986-10-08 Grain test dryer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH0731102B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2061212C1 (en) * 1988-05-06 1996-05-27 Йесма Матадор А/С Method of drawing metered samples and performing analysis of samples and device for realization of this method
JPH02128139A (en) * 1988-11-08 1990-05-16 Iseki & Co Ltd Independent inspection system for grain drying equipment

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPS6394131A (en) 1988-04-25

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