JPH06322848A - Waterproof structure of vertical outer wall joint - Google Patents

Waterproof structure of vertical outer wall joint

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Publication number
JPH06322848A
JPH06322848A JP10922393A JP10922393A JPH06322848A JP H06322848 A JPH06322848 A JP H06322848A JP 10922393 A JP10922393 A JP 10922393A JP 10922393 A JP10922393 A JP 10922393A JP H06322848 A JPH06322848 A JP H06322848A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
wall
material
vertical
side
joint
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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JP10922393A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Masanori Morita
賢範 森田
Original Assignee
Sekisui Chem Co Ltd
積水化学工業株式会社
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Application filed by Sekisui Chem Co Ltd, 積水化学工業株式会社 filed Critical Sekisui Chem Co Ltd
Priority to JP10922393A priority Critical patent/JPH06322848A/en
Publication of JPH06322848A publication Critical patent/JPH06322848A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To allow easy and quick construction, and attain perfect and sure waterproofness against violent wind and rain.
CONSTITUTION: In the waterproof construction of a vertical outer wall joint M formed between a wall panel 4a and the adjacent wall panel 4b, a pair of thin plate throating materials 6a, 6n are adhered and fixed to the vertical header surface of the wall panel 4a and the vertical header surface of the adjacent panel 4b which are mutually opposed with a joint clearance G through butyl rubber 5a, 5b. The throating materials 6a, 6b have fitting pieces 62a, 62b formed by curling in a curved state toward the mutually opposed sides and the outdoor side in respective prescribed indoor side positions. A gasket 7 is press-fitted between the throating materials 6a, 6b from the outdoor side, and the fitting pieces 62a, 62b are nipped by nipping pieces 74b, 74b provided on the indoor side top end of the gasket 7.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1994,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】この発明は、壁材又は壁パネルと隣の壁材又は壁パネルとの間の隙間を塞いで防水するための外壁縦目地の防水構造に関する。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a waterproof structure of the outer wall longitudinal joints for waterproofing closing the gap between the wall material or wall panel and the adjacent wall material or wall panel.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】壁材又は壁パネルを複数枚並べて建物の壁部分に取り付けると、壁材又は壁パネルと隣の壁材又は壁パネルとの間に縦目地と称する隙間が生じる。 When attaching the Related Art wall material or wall panel on a plurality aligned wall part of the building, the gap called longitudinal joint between the wall material or wall panel and the adjacent wall material or wall panel occurs. このような隙間(以下、他の隙間と区別するために、目地隙間という)をそのままに放置していると、この目地隙間から雨水が浸入し、室内が濡れたり、また、寒期においては、浸入した雨水が壁内の微小な隙間の中で凍結膨張して、隙間を広げ、壁材又は壁パネルを破砕する等のいわゆる凍害が発生する。 Such gap (hereinafter, to distinguish them from other gaps, that joint gaps) if there is no activity for the intact, rain water infiltrates from the joint gap, or wet room, also in cold period, intruding rain water is frozen expanded in a small gap in the wall, spread the gap, so-called frost damage, such as fracturing the wall material or wall panel is generated. そこで、従来から、目地隙間を防水するための工夫が数多くなされているが、目地隙間に屋外側からガスケット(目地材)を挿入する、いわゆる乾式の防水構造が、セメントモルタル等を塗り込む、 Therefore, conventionally, although contrivances have been many for waterproofing the joint gap, inserting the gasket (joint member) from the weather side to the joint gap, waterproof structure of the so-called dry is, rub cement mortar,
いわゆる湿式の防水構造よりは、施工が簡単であり、施工後、乾燥してひび割れ等がないため、広く採用されている。 More waterproof structure of the so-called wet, construction is simple, after construction, since there is no cracking or the like and dried, are widely employed. 乾式の防水構造としては、例えば、特開平3−2 The waterproof structure of a dry, for example, JP-A-3-2
60240号公報に記載されているように、ユニット建物を組立施工する際に、壁パネルと、隣の壁パネルとの間に生じる目地隙間をファスナー付きの防水シートで塞ぎ、さらに、外側からガスケットを挿入して防水する方式のものが知られている。 As described in 60240 JP-unit building when assembled construction, and wall panels, a joint gap formed between the adjacent wall panels closed with tarpaulin zippered, further the gasket from the outside It has been known of the scheme to be waterproof and inserted.

【0003】図5は上記公報記載の防水構造を示し、この防水構造を得るには、まず、噛合片がゴムで被覆されているファスナー11a,11bを防水シート1a,1 [0003] Figure 5 shows a waterproof structure disclosed in the above publication, to obtain the waterproof structure, first, the fastener 11a which mesh piece is coated with rubber, 11b waterproof sheet 1a, 1
bの長手側の一側縁部に取り付ける。 Attached to one side edge portion of the longitudinal side of b. 次に、工場において、防水シート1a,1bの他方の側縁部を壁パネル2 Then, in a factory, tarpaulins 1a, 1b other side edge portion of the wall panels 2
a,2bの最外側の縦枠21a,21bの屋外側側面に接着すると共に、この縦枠21a,21bと壁パネル2 a, outermost vertical frame 21a of 2b, as well as adhere to the outdoor side surface of the 21b, the vertical frame 21a, 21b and the wall panels 2
a,2bの屋外側の面材22a,22bとで挟着することにより、ファスナー11a,11bの付いた防水シート1a,1bを壁パネル2a,2bの垂直小口面に取り付ける。 a, weather side plate member 22a of 2b, by pinched between 22b, fasteners 11a, tarpaulins 1a marked with 11b, mount the 1b wall panel 2a, a vertical small faces of 2b. そして、これら壁パネル2a,2bを、それぞれの床パネルの側縁に沿って立設することにより、相互に隣接関係を有する建物ユニットを生産する。 Then, these wall panels 2a, a 2b, by vertically along the side edges of the respective floor panels, to produce a building unit having a mutually adjacent relationship. 次に、これら生産された建物ユニットを建築現場に輸送して、基礎の上に隣接配置する。 Then transport these production has been building units in a building site, adjacent placed on top of the foundation. このとき、一方の建物ユニットの壁パネル2aと、隣の建物ユニットの壁パネル2bとの間に、目地隙間Gが生じる。 In this case, the wall panels 2a of one of the building units, between the wall panel 2b of the neighboring building units, joint gap G occurs. そこで、 まず、目地隙間Gから一対の防水シート1a,1bを引き出し、 Therefore, first, pull out the pair of waterproof sheets 1a, 1b from the joint gap G,
互いのファスナー11a,11bを噛み合わせて両者を接合する。 Bonding them together engage each other of the fastener 11a, the 11b. 次いで、 接合によって一体化された防水シート1a,1bを再びそれぞれの目地隙間Gへ挿入し、この後、 ガスケット3を目地隙間Gへ屋外側から圧入する。 Then, tarpaulin 1a which is integrated by bonding, 1b and reinserted each into joints gap G, then this will be pressed from the weather side the gasket 3 to the joint gap G.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記公報記載の防水方式において必須の要件とされる、 防水シート1a,1bを目地隙間Gから引き出す作業、 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION However, the work of pulling out the essential requirement in waterproof manner disclosed in the above publication, the waterproof sheet 1a, and 1b from joint gap G,
ファスナー11a,11bを噛み合わせる作業、防水シート1a,1bを目地隙間Gへ再挿入する作業等は、いずれも大変煩雑な作業である。 Fasteners 11a, the work engaging the 11b, operations such as re-inserted waterproof sheet 1a, and 1b to joints gap G is either hard troublesome work. また、壁パネルの垂直小口面は、建物の外からは見えず、建物の美的外観を構成しないため、不陸のままとされることが多く、加えて、表面塗装時に付着した塗液の飛沫が固化して、凸部や凹部が形成されている。 The vertical small faces of the wall panels are not visible from outside the building, because it does not constitute the aesthetic appearance of the building, often are left uneven surface, in addition, the coating liquid splashes adhering during surface coating There solidified, the convex portion or concave portion is formed. それ故、目地隙間に挿入されたガスケットと垂直小口面との間には、小さな隙間が散在し、激しい風雨の際には、この隙間から風雨が進入して、防水シートを膨らませ、これにより、ファスナーの噛合が緩んで雨水が進入する畏れがあった。 Therefore, between the inserted gasket and vertical small plane joint gap, when a small gap is scattered, severe weather, the wind and rain from the gap enters inflate tarpaulin, thereby, rain water there was a fear enters loose engagement of the fastener. また、図6に示すように、面材22c,22dの端部が、最外側の縦枠21c,21dの側面側にまで回り込んでいる構造の壁パネル2c,2dの場合には、目地隙間gから防水シートを引き出す作業等は実際上困難であり、上記公報記載の方式を適用することは不可能であった。 Further, as shown in FIG. 6, the face material 22c, the ends of the 22 d, the wall panels 2c of structure wraps around to a vertical frame 21c, the side surface side of the 21d of the outermost, in the case of 2d is joint gap work and the like from g elicit tarpaulin is practically difficult, it was not possible to apply the method disclosed in the above-mentioned publication.

【0005】この発明は、上述の事情に鑑みてなされたもので、簡易かつ迅速に施工できると共に、屋外側の面材の端部が最外側の縦枠の側面側にまで回り込んでいる構造の壁パネル間にも適用でき、しかも激しい風雨に対しても、完全確実に防水を達成することができる外壁縦目地の防水構造を提供することを目的としている。 [0005] The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, a simple and it is possible to quickly construction, the end portion of the outdoor side surface member goes around to the side surface of the vertical frame of the outermost structure it can be applied between the wall panels, yet even for severe weather, and its object is to provide a waterproof structure of the outer wall longitudinal joint which can be achieved fully reliable waterproofing.

【0006】 [0006]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記課題を解決するために、請求項1記載の外壁縦目地の防水構造は、上記隙間を隔てて互いに向かい合う、上記壁材又は壁パネルの垂直小口面、及び上記隣の壁材又は壁パネルの垂直小口面に、一対のフィルム状の水切り材が設けられ、これら一対の水切り材は、それぞれの屋内側の所定の位置にて互いに向かい合う側にかつ屋外側に向けて折曲状態又は湾曲状態に癖付けされることで形成された合わせ片を備え、これら一対の水切り材の間には、屋内側の側面に縦に延びる溝部を有するガスケットが屋外側から圧入され、しかも上記両合わせ片の少なくとも屋外側先端部が上記溝部内に挿入され、かつ、上記溝部の両縁から突設される一対の挟持片によって挟持されていることを特徴としている。 In order to solve the above problems SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The waterproof structure of the outer wall longitudinal joint according to claim 1, wherein the face each other with the gap, the vertical small faces of the wall material or wall panels, and a vertical small faces of the wall material or wall panel of the adjacent pair of film-like draining member are provided, the pair of draining material, the outdoor side and on opposite sides from each other at a predetermined position of the respective indoor side comprising a combined pieces formed by being style the bent state or a curved state toward, between the pair of draining material, gasket pressed outdoor side having a groove extending vertically to the side of the indoor side are, moreover, at least the outdoor side tip of both mating piece is inserted into the groove, and is characterized by being sandwiched by the pair of holding pieces which are protruded from the both edges of the groove.

【0007】また、請求項2記載の外壁縦目地の防水構造は、上記一対の挟持片が、上記溝部の両縁から、互いに近接すると共に、溝底の方向に向かう状態に突設されていることを特徴としている。 Further, a waterproof structure of the outer wall longitudinal joint according to claim 2, said pair of holding pieces, the edges of the groove, are projected with, in a state directed toward the groove bottom adjacent to each other it is characterized in that.

【0008】また、請求項3記載の外壁縦目地の防水構造は、上記各水切り材と、上記壁材又は壁パネルの対応する垂直小口面との間には、防水層が設けられていることを特徴としている。 Further, a waterproof structure of the outer wall longitudinal joint according to claim 3, said each draining material between the vertical small faces a corresponding one of the wall material or wall panel that the waterproof layer is provided It is characterized in.

【0009】 [0009]

【作用】この発明の構成において、各水切り材は、予め工場において、例えば、壁パネルの垂直小口面に取付固定される。 [Action] In the structure of this invention, each draining material in advance factories, for example, is attached and fixed to a vertical small faces of the wall panel. この壁パネルは、床パネルの側縁に立設されることにより、建物ユニットを構成する。 The wall panel, by being erected on the side edges of the floor panel to form a building unit. 建築現場において、複数の建物ユニットが基礎の上に相互に隣接配置されることにより、上記壁パネルが並べられて縦目地が形成される。 In building site, by a plurality of building units are mutually adjacently disposed on the foundation, the longitudinal joint is formed by the wall panels are aligned. このとき、目地隙間内において、両側の水切片の合わせ片同士が互いに接触し、目地隙間を閉ざす。 At this time, in the joint clearance, the combined pieces together on both sides of the water sections are in contact with each other, closing the joint gap. この後、上記ガスケットが目地隙間に屋外側から挿入される。 Thereafter, the gasket is inserted from the weather side to the joint gap. ガスケットは、各水切り材の合わせ片の少なくとも先端部が溝部内に入り込むまで、目地隙間に圧入される。 Gasket, at least the tip portion of the mating piece of the draining material to enter into the groove, is pressed into the joint gap. そして、ガスケットが目地隙間に圧入されることにより、ガスケットの弾力で水切り材と壁パネルの垂直小口面との間に散在する隙間がシールされる。 The gasket by being pressed into the joint gap, the gap interspersed between the vertical small faces of the draining material and wall panels of a resilient gasket is sealed. また、 Also,
ガスケットの溝部内に両水切り材の合わせ片の少なくとも先端部が収容され、かつ溝部の両挟持片により合わせ片が挟まれるので、合わせ片周辺もシールされる。 At least the tip portion of the mating piece in both draining material in the groove of the gasket is housed, and since pieces combined by supporting pieces of the groove is interposed, combined pieces around is also sealed. また、水切り材の合わせ片は、フィルム部材を折曲状態又は湾曲状態に癖付けすることにより形成されたものであり、この癖は経時的に解かれるので、両合わせ片は日を追って互いに密着状態になる。 Also, the mating piece draining material, which has been formed by attaching habit film member in folded state or curved state, this habit is time solved, both combined pieces in close contact with each other step by day It becomes a state. それ故、合わせ片周辺は、日を追う毎に、確実にシールされてゆく。 Therefore, the mating piece peripheral is, in every passing day, Yuku is securely sealed.

【0010】なお、上記ガスケットにおいて、上記溝部の両挟持片を、溝底の方向に向かう状態に設けるようにすれば、合わせ片が溝部に挿入され易くなる一方、溝部から離脱しにくくなる。 [0010] In the above gasket, the supporting pieces of the groove, if such is provided in a state directed toward the groove bottom, while the combined pieces is easily inserted into the groove, hardly disengaged from the groove. また、水切り材と、壁パネル等の対応する垂直小口面との間に、防水層を設けるようにすれば、ガスケットの弾力が一段と効果的となるので、 Further, a draining material, between the corresponding vertical small surface such as a wall panel, by providing the waterproof layer, the elasticity of the gasket is more effective,
好ましい。 preferable. 防水層の設置の例としては、例えば、水切り材を、防水性粘着材を介して、壁パネル等の垂直小口面に粘着固定する場合が挙げられる。 Examples of the installation of the waterproof layer, for example, a draining material, via a waterproof adhesive, and may be adhesive secured to the vertical small surface such as a wall panel.

【0011】 [0011]

【実施例】以下、図面を参照してこの発明の実施例について説明する。 EXAMPLES Hereinafter, with reference to the drawings will be described embodiments of the present invention. 図1は、この発明の一実施例である外壁縦目地の防水構造を示す水平断面図、図2は、同防水構造に適用される水切り材の取付状態を示す斜視図、また、図3は、同防水構造の施工手順を示す水平断面図である。 Figure 1 is a horizontal sectional view showing the waterproof structure of the outer wall vertical joints of one embodiment of the invention, FIG 2 is a perspective view showing a mounting state of draining material which is applied to the waterproof structure, also, FIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional view showing the construction process of the waterproof. 図1において、符号Mは、この例の防水構造が適用される外壁縦目地を示し、この外壁縦目地Mは、ユニット建物を組み立てる際に、基礎等の上に据え付けらた建物ユニットの壁パネル4aと、その隣に据え付けられた建物ユニットの壁パネル4bとの間に生じる。 In Figure 1, reference numeral M denotes an outer wall vertical joints waterproof structure of this embodiment is applied, the outer wall vertical joint M, when assembling the unit building, wall panels of the building unit installation et al were on a foundation such as and 4a, occurring between the wall panel 4b of the building unit mounted next to it. 上記建物ユニットは、建物の床部分となる方形の床パネルの側縁に壁パネルを立設することにより運搬可能な所定の大きさの箱形のものとし構成され、上記壁パネルは、上枠、下枠及び複数の縦枠によって組み立てられた壁枠組の内外両側に石膏ボードや木片セメント板等の面材を取り付けることによって耐力壁として構成されている。 It said building unit is configured as a box-shaped transportable predetermined size by upright wall panels to the side edges of the floor panel of rectangular as a floor portion of the building, the wall panels, the upper frame It is configured as a bearing wall by attaching a surface material of gypsum board or wood chip cement board, etc. in and out both sides of the wall framework assembled by the lower frame and a plurality of vertical frames.

【0012】上記外壁縦目地Mには、2つの壁パネル4 [0012] the outer wall vertical joint M is two wall panels 4
a,4bが、垂直小口面間を10mm〜20mm隔てた状態で、並べて配置されることにより、幅10mm〜2 a, 4b is in a state of separated 10mm~20mm between vertical small faces, by being disposed side by side, the width 10mm~2
0mmの目地隙間Gが形成されている。 0mm grout gap G is formed. ここで、各壁パネル4a,4bの垂直小口面は、最外側の縦枠41a, Here, a vertical small faces of each wall panels 4a, 4b are outermost vertical frame 41a,
41bの側面と屋外側の面材42a,42bの垂直小口面とによって概略構成され、面材42a,42bの外表面には、防水塗装43a,43bが施されている。 41b side and outdoor side plate member 42a, is schematically constituted by the vertical small faces of the 42b, the surface material 42a, on the outer surface of the 42b, waterproof paint 43a, 43b is applied. 上記目地隙間Gは、一対のブチルゴム膜5a,5bと、一対の水切り材6a,6bと、ガスケット7とによって、閉塞され、止水されている。 The joint gap G, a pair of butyl rubber film 5a, and 5b, a pair of draining material 6a, 6b, by the gasket 7, is closed, are water stop. 上記ブチルゴム膜5a,5b The butyl rubber membrane 5a, 5b
は、自己粘着力を有し、かつ防水性に富む軟質ゴムであり、厚さ略2mm、横幅略20mmの帯状のものとして形成され、目地隙間Gを画成する面材42a,42bの相対向する垂直小口面に、上端から下端に亘って取り付けられている。 Has a self-adhesive strength, and a soft rubber-rich waterproof, thickness of about 2 mm, is formed as a strip of width approximately 20 mm, the surface material 42a defining the joint gap G, opposite the 42b a vertical small surface that is attached across the bottom from the top.

【0013】上記水切り材6a,6bは、それぞれ、厚さ略0.3mm、横幅略85mmの帯状の例えばポリプロピレンフィルムからなり、横幅略20mmの屋外側側縁部61a,61bがブチルゴム膜5a,5bを介して、それぞれの面材42a,42bの垂直小口面に、上端から下端に亘って均一に粘着固定され、さらに、屋外側側端縁から幅略55mmの位置にて、互いに向かい合う側にかつ屋外側に向けて折曲状態に癖付けされることで形成され、その結果、互いに当接状態に配設された幅略30mmの合わせ片62a,62bを備えている。 [0013] The draining member 6a, 6b, respectively, thickness of about 0.3 mm, made of a strip-shaped for example polypropylene film width approximately 85 mm, an outdoor-side side edge portion 61a of the lateral width approximately 20 mm, 61b butyl rubber film 5a, 5b through each plate member 42a, a vertical small faces of 42b, is uniformly of adhesive over from the upper end to the lower end, further, at the position of width approximately 55mm from the outdoor side side edge, and on opposite sides from each other towards outdoor side is formed by being style the folded state, as a result, a combined pieces 62a, 62b of width approximately 30mm disposed abutting each other. ここで、各水切り材6a,6bの折曲部分は、断面V字状ないしはU字状に湾曲され、万が一、雨水が内部に進入した場合に、雨水がさらに先へ進むのを阻止するための水切り部63a,63bとされている。 Here, bent portions of the draining material 6a, 6b are bent in a V-shape or U-shape, by any chance, if rainwater enters inside, to prevent the rain water goes further to above draining portion 63a, there is a 63b.

【0014】なお、水切り材6a,6bの材質として、 [0014] It should be noted, draining material 6a, as the material of the 6b,
ポリプロピレンフィルムを用いるようにしたのは、ポリプロピレンには、耐候性やヒンジ性等に優れることに加えて、自身に強制的に付けられた癖を経時的に解除しようとする性質があるからである。 It was to use a polypropylene film, a polypropylene, because in addition to superior weather resistance and hinges, etc., have the property to be time released forcibly Tagged habit itself . このポリプロピレンフィルムの持つ経時的癖解除力の作用により、両合わせ片62a,62bは、経時的に押し合いを強めることなり、この結果、両合わせ片は時の経過に伴って密着状態で安定する。 By the action of time habit release force of a the polypropylene film, both combined pieces 62a, 62b it may over time become possible enhance jostling, as a result, both the combined pieces is stable at close contact with the passage of time.

【0015】また、上記ガスケット7は、EPDM(エチレン−プロピレン−ジエン−ターポリマ)等の合成ゴム系成形材料を押出成形して、耐候性、弾力性、防水性に優れる縦目地材として得られ、このガスケット7は、 Further, the gasket 7, EPDM (ethylene - propylene - diene - terpolymer) extruding a synthetic rubber molded material such as weather resistance, elasticity, obtained as a longitudinal joint material excellent in water resistance, the gasket 7,
目地隙間Gよりも広幅で、縦目地Mを覆い隠す表面部7 In wider than the joint gap G, the surface portion 7 which covers the longitudinal joint M
1と、表面部71の裏面中央から垂直に突設され、目地隙間Gに挿入される基部72と、この基部72の両側面から外方に突出する複数のひれ部73,73,…と、基部72の先端に設けられた挟持部74とからなっている。 1, is projected vertically from the center of the back surface of the surface portion 71, a base portion 72 which is inserted into the joint gap G, a plurality of fins 73, 73 projecting from both sides of the base portion 72 outwardly, ... and, It consists sandwiching part 74. which is provided at the tip of the base 72. 上記ひれ部73,73,…は、基部72に伴って目地隙間Gに圧入され、水切り材6a,6bの屋外側側縁部61a,61bとブチルゴム膜5a,5bとを面材4 The fin portions 73, 73, ... are pressed into the joint gap G with the base 72, draining material 6a, outdoor-side side edge portion 61a of 6b, 61b and butyl rubber film 5a, and 5b face material 4
2a,42bの垂直小口面に押しつける作用をする。 2a, the effect of pressing in vertical retail surface of 42b. この作用により、面材42a,42bの垂直小口面とブチルゴム膜5a,5b、ブチルゴム膜5a,5bと水切り材6a,6bの屋外側側縁部61a,61b、及び水切り材6a,6bの屋外側側縁部61a,61bとひれ部73,73,…とが、それぞれ、互いに密着状態にされ、これらの間が止水されるようになされている。 This action face material 42a, a vertical small faces and butyl rubber film 5a 42b, 5b, butyl rubber film 5a, 5b and draining member 6a, an outdoor-side side edge portion 61a of 6b, 61b, and draining materials 6a, 6b outdoor side side edges 61a, 61b and the fin portions 73, 73, ... and, respectively, are in close contact with each other, between which are adapted to be water shut-off.

【0016】また、上記挟持部74は、屋内側側面に縦に延びる深い溝部74aを有し、この溝部74aの両上縁から、相互に近接する方向に、かつ溝底に向かう方向に突出する一対の挟持片74b,74bによって、所定幅のスリット74cが形成されている。 Further, the clamping portion 74 has a deep groove portion 74a extending vertically indoor side surface, projects from both the upper edge of the groove 74a, in the direction coming close to each other, and the direction toward the groove bottom a pair of holding pieces 74b, by 74b, a slit 74c having a predetermined width is formed. このスリット7 This slit 7
4cを経由して、水切り材6a,6bの合わせ片62 Via 4c, draining materials 6a, 6b of the mating piece 62
a,62bの先端部が、溝部74aに挿入され、一対の挟持片74b,74bによって、挟持されている。 a, tip of 62b is inserted into the groove 74a, a pair of holding pieces 74b, by 74b, is held. それ故、合わせ片62a,62bは、ポリプロピレンフィルムの持つ経時的癖解除力が、作用しなくなった場合でも、密着状態を維持し得るようになっている。 Therefore, the combined pieces 62a, 62b are time habit release force of a polypropylene film, even if no longer act, and is able to maintain a close contact state. なお、両挟持片74b,74bを、溝底の方向に向かう状態に設けることとしたのは、合わせ片62a,62bが溝部7 Note that supporting pieces 74b, a 74b, to that with the provision of the state toward the direction of the groove bottom, mating pieces 62a, 62b are grooves 7
4aに挿入され易くする一方、溝部74aから離脱しにくくするためである。 While easily inserted 4a, in order to hardly detached from the groove 74a.

【0017】次に、この例の防水構造の施工手順について説明する。 Next, a description will be given construction process of a waterproof structure of this example. まず、工場において、床パネルの側縁に複数枚の壁パネル4a(4b),…を立設して略箱形の建物ユニットを必要個数形成した後に、図2に示すように、外壁となる壁パネル4a(4b)の屋外側の垂直小口面に、ブチルゴム5a(5b)を自己粘着させて貼着し、さらに、ブチルゴム5a(5b)の表面に水切り材6a(6b)の屋外側側縁部61a(61b)を押し当てて、壁パネル4a(4b)の垂直小口面に水切り材6 First, in the factory, the wall panels 4a of a plurality the side edges of the floor panels (4b), ... after necessary number formed by the building unit of a substantially box-shaped and erected, as shown in FIG. 2, the outer wall a vertical small faces of outdoor side of the wall panel 4a (4b), butyl rubber 5a and (5b) by self-adhesive bonded, furthermore, an outdoor-side side edge of the draining material 6a on the surface of the butyl rubber 5a (5b) (6b) by pressing parts 61a and (61b), the draining vertical small faces of the wall panels 4a (4b) member 6
a(6b)を取り付ける。 Attaching the a (6b). 水切り材6a(6b)の取付後、壁パネル4a(4b)の保管期間が長い場合には、 After mounting of the draining material 6a (6b), when the long storage period of the wall panels 4a (4b) is
上記水切り材6a(6b)の折曲状態(癖付け)が徐々に解除される畏れがある。 The bent state (shaping) of draining material 6a (6b) is fear gradually be released. そこで、例えば、仮着フィルムの助けを借りて、合わせ片62a(62b)の先端と屋外側側縁部61a(61b)とを連結して、上記水切り材6a(6b)の折曲状態を維持するようにする。 Accordingly, maintenance for example, with the aid of the temporarily stuck film, and connects the tip and an outdoor-side side edge portion 61a of the mating piece 62a (62b) (61b), the bending state of the draining material 6a (6b) to be in.

【0018】上記建物ユニットは、建築現場に輸送されて、仮着フィルムを除去した後、基礎の上に据え付けられてユニット建物を構成する。 [0018] The building unit is being transported to the building site, after removal of the temporary wearing film, seated on top of the foundation to construct the unit building. このとき、相隣る建物ユニット間には、図3に示すように、目地隙間Gが形成され、形成された目地隙間G内において、両水切り材6 At this time, between the Aitonaru building units, as shown in FIG. 3, joint gap G is formed, the formed joint gaps in G, both draining material 6
a,6bの合わせ片62a,62bが、これらの先端部を屋外側に向けて互いに密着させられた状態になっている。 a, combined piece 62a of 6b, 62b is, in a state that is brought into close contact with each other towards these tip weather side. そこで、目地隙間Gへ、同図に示すように、外側からガスケット7を、その溝部74a内にスリット74c Therefore, the joint gap G, as shown in the figure, the slit 74c of the gasket 7 from the outside, in the groove portion 74a
を経由して水切り材6a,6bの合わせ片62a,62 Via the draining material 6a, 6b of the mating pieces 62a, 62
bが入り込むようにして、圧入する。 b as enters, it is press-fitted. そして、ガスケット7の表面部71が目地隙間Gの両縁に突き当たった段階で圧入操作を止める。 Then, stop the press-fitting operation at a stage where the surface portion 71 of the gasket 7 is abutted against the edges of the joint gap G.

【0019】このように、この例の防水構造によれば、 [0019] Thus, according to the waterproof structure of this example,
建築現場においては、ガスケット7の挿入作業のみで防水施工が完了するので、施工が非常に簡易かつ迅速となる。 In the construction site, since the insertion work only in the waterproof construction of the gasket 7 is completed, the construction is very simple and quick. また、図4に示すように、面材42c,42dの端部が縦枠41c,41dの側面側にまで回り込んでいる構造の壁パネル4c,4d間の目地隙間gにも適用できる。 Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the surface material 42c, an end of 42d are vertical frames 41c, wall panels 4c of structure wraps around to the side surface of the 41d, it can also be applied to joints gap g between 4d. また、壁パネル4a,4b(面材42a,42b) Furthermore, wall panels 4a, 4b (face material 42a, 42b)
の垂直小口面が不陸であるために、ブチルゴム膜5a, For vertical small faces of which is not land, butyl rubber film 5a,
5bと垂直小口面との間、又は水切り材6a,6bとブチルゴム膜5a,5bとの間に浮き上がりや隙間等の非密着領域が散在する場合でも、水切り材6a,6b及びブチルゴム膜5a,5bが、屋外側から挿入されるガスケット7のひれ部73,73,…の弾力により押圧されるので、非密着領域も密着領域に移行して、浮き上がりや隙間は完全に閉塞される。 5b and between the vertical small surface, or draining materials 6a, 6b and butyl rubber film 5a, even when the non-contact region, such as floating or gaps between 5b are scattered, draining materials 6a, 6b and butyl rubber layer 5a, 5b but fin portions 73, 73 of the gasket 7 that is inserted from the outdoor side, because it is pressed by ... elasticity of the non-contact area also moves to contact area, the lift and the gap is completely closed.

【0020】また、両水切り材6a,6bの合わせ片6 [0020] In addition, both draining material 6a, 6b of the mating piece 6
2a,62bが有する上述した経時的密着移行性に加えて、ガスケット7の溝部74a内に両合わせ片62a, 2a, in addition to the above-mentioned time adhesion migration 62b has both combined pieces 62a in the groove 74a of the gasket 7,
62bの少なくとも先端部が収容され、かつ溝部74a At least the tip portion of 62b is housed, and the groove 74a
の両挟持片74b,74bにより合わせ片62a,62 Supporting pieces 74b, combined with 74b piece 62a of 62
bが挟まれるので、合わせ片周辺も確実にシールされる。 Since b is sandwiched, it is reliably sealed even fit pieces around. さらに、ガスケット7に欠陥があるため、ガスケット7と水切り材6a,6bとの間に、万が一、隙間が生じても、屋外側に折り返された水切り部63a,63b Furthermore, since there is a defect in the gasket 7, a gasket 7 and the draining material 6a, between 6b, by any chance, even if a gap, draining portion 63a folded back outdoors side, 63 b
によって、その部位から先への雨水の進入は阻止される。 By, entry of rain water from the site to the destination is blocked. それ故、全体として、完全かつ確実に防水を達成することができる。 Therefore, it is possible to achieve overall, complete and reliable waterproofing.

【0021】以上、この発明の実施例を図面により詳述してきたが、具体的な構成はこの実施例に限られるものではなく、この発明の要旨を逸脱しない範囲の設計の変更等があってもこの発明に含まれる。 [0021] Having thus described in detail with reference to the drawings an embodiment of the present invention, the specific configuration is not limited to this embodiment, there is a change of the design within the range of not departing from the gist of the invention also included in this invention. 例えば、ガスケット7の成形材料としては、EPDMに限らず、他の合成ゴム、天然ゴムを用いても良く、軟質ウレタン樹脂、軟質塩化ビニル樹脂、アクリル酸樹脂等の軟質合成樹脂等を用いても良い。 For example, as a molding material for gaskets 7 is not limited to EPDM, other synthetic rubber, even using natural rubber good, soft urethane resin, soft vinyl chloride resin, be used soft synthetic resins such as acrylic resin good. また、ブチルゴム膜5a,5bに代えてアクリル系粘着部材を用いるようにしても良い。 Further, the butyl rubber layer 5a, may be used an acrylic pressure-sensitive member in place of 5b. また、水切り材6a,6bを形成する際のポリプロピレンフィルムに対する癖付けは、熱的であると、機械的であるとを問わない。 Moreover, shaping for polypropylene film in forming the draining material 6a, 6b, when a thermal, does not matter and the mechanical. なお、目地隙間Gが比較的広幅な場合には、外壁縦目地Mが形成された後に、ブチルゴム膜5 Note that when joints gap G is relatively wide, after the outer wall vertical joint M is formed, butyl rubber film 5
a,5b、水切り材6a,6b等を取付固定することも可能である。 a, 5b, draining material 6a, it is also possible to attach fix 6b or the like.

【0022】 [0022]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように、この発明の外壁縦目地の防水構造によれば、上記従来の防水構造においては必要とされる、 一対の水切り材(防水シート)を目地隙間から引き出して、 ファスナーでこれら水切り材を接合した後、 再び、水切り材を目地隙間へ挿入する等の煩雑な作業が不要となるのに加えて、壁パネル等の垂直小口面の不陸が、水切り材の貼着により緩和され、この結果、ガスケットを目地隙間内に円滑に挿入できるようになるので、防水施工を簡易かつ迅速に行うことができる。 As described in the foregoing, according to the waterproof structure of the outer wall vertical joints of the present invention, is required in the conventional waterproof structure, a pair of draining material (tarpaulin) pull the joint gap after joining the draining material in the fastener, again, in addition to complicated operations such as inserting a drainage member to the joint gap is not required, the vertical small surface such as a wall panel uneven surface is, the draining member is mitigated by adhering, as a result, since to the gasket can be smoothly inserted into the joint gap, it is possible to perform the waterproofing execution easily and quickly. また、屋外側の面材の端部が縦枠の側面側にまで回り込んでいる構造の壁パネル間の目地隙間(図6)にも、水切り材を容易に装着できると共に、確実にシールすることもできる。 Also, joint gaps between the wall panels of the structure in which the end portion of the outdoor side surface member goes around to the side surface of the vertical frame (6), with a draining material can be easily mounted and reliably sealed it is also possible. また、ガスケットの一部に欠陥があるため、ガスケットと水切り材との間に、万が一、隙間が生じても、水切り材が折り返された上で、 Moreover, since there is a defect in a part of the gasket, between the gasket and the draining material, by any chance, even if a gap, in terms of draining material is folded,
合わせ片が、ガスケットの溝部内に収容されているので、その部位から先への雨水の進入は阻止される。 The combined pieces, because it is housed in the groove of the gasket, ingress of rain water from the site to the above is prevented. この場合において、激しい風雨の時には、水切材の折り返し部分に大きな風圧が作用し、折り返し部分を膨らませようとする。 In this case, at the time of the fierce wind and rain, the act is a large wind pressure to the folded portion of the drained material, an attempt inflate the folded portion. この結果、合わせ片同士が互いに押し合いを行うので、両者間の隙間が一段と緊密に閉ざされる。 As a result, the combined pieces would perform jostling each other, the gap therebetween is more tightly closed. それ故、激しい風雨の時ほど、完全かつ確実に防水を達成することができる。 Therefore, as when the intense wind and rain, can be achieved fully and reliably waterproof.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】この発明の一実施例である外壁縦目地の防水構造を示す水平断面図である。 1 is a horizontal sectional view showing the waterproof structure of the outer wall vertical joints of one embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】同防水構造に適用される水切り材の取付状態を示す斜視図である。 2 is a perspective view showing a mounting state of draining material which is applied to the waterproof structure.

【図3】同防水構造の施工手順を示す水平断面図である。 3 is a horizontal sectional view showing the construction process of the waterproof.

【図4】同防水構造の変形例を示す水平断面図である。 4 is a horizontal sectional view showing a modification of the waterproof structure.

【図5】従来における外壁縦目地の防水構造を示す水平断面図である。 5 is a horizontal sectional view showing the waterproof structure of the outer wall vertical joint in the prior art.

【図6】同外壁縦目地の変形例を示す水平断面図である。 6 is a horizontal sectional view showing a modification of the outer wall vertical joints.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

M 外壁縦目地 G,g 目地隙間(隙間) 4a 壁パネル(壁材又は壁パネル) 4b 隣の壁パネル(隣の壁材又は壁パネル) 5a,5b ブチルゴム膜(防水層) 6a,6b 水切り材 62a,62b 合わせ片 7 ガスケット 74a 溝部 74b 挟持片 M outer wall vertical joints G, g joint gap (clearance) 4a wall panels (wallboard or wall panels) 4b adjacent wall panels (next wall element or wall panel) of 5a, 5b rubber membrane (waterproof layer) 6a, 6b draining material 62a, 62b alignment piece 7 gasket 74a groove 74b clamping piece

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 壁材又は壁パネルと隣の壁材又は壁パネルとの間の隙間を塞いで防水するための外壁縦目地の防水構造であって、 前記隙間を隔てて互いに向かい合う、前記壁材又は壁パネルの垂直小口面、及び前記隣の壁材又は壁パネルの垂直小口面に、一対のフィルム状の水切り材が設けられ、 これら一対の水切り材は、それぞれの屋内側の所定の位置にて互いに向かい合う側にかつ屋外側に向けて折曲状態又は湾曲状態に癖付けされることで形成された合わせ片を備え、 これら一対の水切り材の間には、屋内側の側面に縦に延びる溝部を有するガスケットが屋外側から圧入され、しかも前記両合わせ片の少なくとも屋外側先端部が前記溝部内に挿入され、かつ、前記溝部の両縁から突設される一対の挟持片によって挟持されていることを 1. A waterproof structure of the outer wall longitudinal joints for waterproofing closing the gap between the wall material or wall panel and the adjacent wall material or wall panel, opposing each other with the gap, the wall vertical small faces of the timber or wall panels, and the vertical small faces of the wall material or wall panel of the adjacent pair of film-like draining member are provided, the pair of draining material, a predetermined position of the respective indoor side at comprising a combined pieces formed by being style the bent state or a curved state toward outdoor side and the opposite sides to each other, between the pair of draining material, vertically to the side of the indoor side gasket having a groove extending is pressed from the weather side, moreover at least an outdoor side tip portions of both mating piece is inserted into said groove, and, sandwiched between a pair of clamping pieces which are protruded from the both edges of the groove that is 特徴とする外壁縦目地の防水構造。 Waterproof structure of the outer wall longitudinal joint, characterized.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記一対の挟持片は、前記溝部の両縁から、互いに近接すると共に、溝底の方向に向かう状態に突設されていることを特徴とする請求項1記載の外壁縦目地の防水構造 Wherein said pair of holding pieces, the edges of the groove, as well as close to each other, the outer wall vertical joint according to claim 1, characterized in that it is projected in a state directed toward the groove bottom waterproof structure of
  3. 【請求項3】 前記各水切り材と、前記壁材又は壁パネルの対応する垂直小口面との間には、防水層が設けられていることを特徴とする請求項1又は2記載の外壁縦目地の防水構造。 And wherein the respective draining material between the wall material or corresponding vertical small faces of the wall panels, exterior wall vertical claim 1 or 2, wherein the waterproof layer is provided waterproof structure of the joint.
JP10922393A 1993-05-11 1993-05-11 Waterproof structure of vertical outer wall joint Pending JPH06322848A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10922393A JPH06322848A (en) 1993-05-11 1993-05-11 Waterproof structure of vertical outer wall joint

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10922393A JPH06322848A (en) 1993-05-11 1993-05-11 Waterproof structure of vertical outer wall joint

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH06322848A true JPH06322848A (en) 1994-11-22

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP10922393A Pending JPH06322848A (en) 1993-05-11 1993-05-11 Waterproof structure of vertical outer wall joint

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JP (1) JPH06322848A (en)

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US8844236B2 (en) 2006-07-11 2014-09-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a flexible bristle tongue
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