JPH0314321Y2 - - Google Patents

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Publication number
JPH0314321Y2
JPH0314321Y2 JP11968686U JP11968686U JPH0314321Y2 JP H0314321 Y2 JPH0314321 Y2 JP H0314321Y2 JP 11968686 U JP11968686 U JP 11968686U JP 11968686 U JP11968686 U JP 11968686U JP H0314321 Y2 JPH0314321 Y2 JP H0314321Y2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
pressure
conveying belt
pneumatic cylinder
detector
belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
JP11968686U
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPS6325504U (en
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed filed Critical
Priority to JP11968686U priority Critical patent/JPH0314321Y2/ja
Publication of JPS6325504U publication Critical patent/JPS6325504U/ja
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JPH0314321Y2 publication Critical patent/JPH0314321Y2/ja
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【考案の詳細な説明】 イ 考案の目的 (産業上の利用分野) 本考案は、木材からの突板の削成、木材表面の
仕上げ等を行う木材切削装置において、送材ベル
トの加圧力を材料を戻す時は減少させる装置に関
するものである。
[Detailed explanation of the invention] A. Purpose of the invention (industrial application field) This invention is a wood cutting device that cuts veneers from wood, finishes wood surfaces, etc. When it comes to returning, it concerns the device that reduces it.

(従来の技術) 従来、木材からの突板の削成や木材表面の仕上
げに用いる木材切削装置は、図面第4図に示すよ
うに刃物21を装備したテーブル22に、駆動と
従動のローラ23,24に懸張した送材ベルト2
5を対設し、この送材ベルト25を空圧シリンダ
26により加圧させ、前記テーブル22と送材ベ
ルト25との間の送材路aの側方に材料の端末を
検知させる検知器Sを設けた構成のもので、送材
ベルト25を加圧させる空圧シリンダ26に材料
の送り時も戻し時も同じ圧力を加えていた。
(Prior Art) Conventionally, a wood cutting device used for cutting veneers from wood or finishing wood surfaces has a table 22 equipped with a cutter 21, a driving roller 23, a driven roller 23, Material conveying belt 2 suspended on 24
5 are arranged opposite to each other, the material feeding belt 25 is pressurized by a pneumatic cylinder 26, and the detector S detects the end of the material on the side of the material feeding path a between the table 22 and the material feeding belt 25. The same pressure is applied to the pneumatic cylinder 26 that pressurizes the material conveying belt 25 both when feeding and returning the material.

(考案が解決しようとする問題点) 前記した従来の木材切削装置は、材料が刃物2
1により削られながら送られる時も、刃物21の
刃先を後からこすりながら戻る時も、空圧シリン
ダ26により同様の強加圧力を加えられるため、
材料の表面が刃物21の刃先によりかじられて擦
り傷を生じ、突板製造においては、製品の表面と
なる部分の肌が荒れ、商品の品位を著しく低下さ
せるだけでなく、刃物21の刃先を後ろから強く
こすると、刃先きの摩耗も増大して刃物21の刃
持ちを悪くする問題点があつた。
(Problem to be solved by the invention) In the conventional wood cutting device described above, the material is cutter 2.
1, as well as when returning while scraping the cutting edge of the blade 21, the same strong pressure is applied by the pneumatic cylinder 26.
The surface of the material is scratched by the cutting edge of the knife 21, causing scratches, and in the production of veneer, the skin of the surface of the product becomes rough and the quality of the product is significantly reduced. If the blade is rubbed too hard, there is a problem in that the wear of the cutting edge increases and the durability of the blade 21 deteriorates.

本考案は、前記した従来の問題点を解決するた
めになされたもので、送材ベルトを加圧する空圧
シリンダに加える空気の圧力を材料の戻し時は、
必要最少限迄弱くして、材料の刃物の刃先による
かじりを軽減させ、製品の品位と刃持ちが向上さ
れる装置を提供することを目的としている。
The present invention was made to solve the above-mentioned conventional problems, and when returning the material, the air pressure applied to the pneumatic cylinder that pressurizes the material conveying belt is
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a device that weakens the material to the minimum necessary level, reduces galling of the material by the cutting edge of the cutter, and improves the quality of the product and the durability of the blade.

ロ 考案の構成 (問題点を解決するための手段) 本考案に関する送材ベルトの材料戻し時の減圧
装置は、刃物3を装備したテーブル2に、駆動、
従動のローラー7,8に懸張した送材ベルト9を
対設し、この送材ベルト9を空圧シリンダ11に
より加圧させ、前記テーブル2と送材ベルト9の
間の送材路aの側方に材料の端末を検知させる検
知器Sを設けた木材切削装置において、前記空圧
シリンダ11の制御回路に前記検知器Sにより作
動されて、空圧シリンダ11へ供給する空気の圧
力を、材料の送り時は高圧に、戻し時は低圧に変
換される切換弁15を装備させた構成のものであ
る。
B. Composition of the invention (means for solving problems) The decompression device for returning the material from the material conveying belt according to the invention has a table 2 equipped with a cutter 3 with a drive,
A material conveying belt 9 suspended between driven rollers 7 and 8 is disposed oppositely, and this material conveying belt 9 is pressurized by a pneumatic cylinder 11 to form a material conveying path a between the table 2 and the material conveying belt 9. In a wood cutting device equipped with a detector S that detects the end of the material on the side, the control circuit of the pneumatic cylinder 11 is activated by the detector S to control the pressure of air supplied to the pneumatic cylinder 11. It is equipped with a switching valve 15 that converts the pressure to high pressure when feeding the material and to low pressure when returning the material.

(作用) 前記の様に構成される装置は、駆動、従動のロ
ーラー7,8に懸張した送材ベルト9により材料
が刃物3により削られる方向へ送られる時は、切
換弁15が空圧源17から空圧シリンダ11へ高
圧空気を送るため、空圧シリンダ11は強力に送
材ベルト9を加圧し、送材ベルト9と材料間に大
きな摩擦力を発生させ、刃物3により削られなが
らの材料の送りを確実に行なわせる。
(Function) In the device configured as described above, when the material is fed in the direction to be scraped by the cutter 3 by the material feeding belt 9 suspended between the driving and driven rollers 7 and 8, the switching valve 15 is operated by pneumatic pressure. In order to send high-pressure air from the source 17 to the pneumatic cylinder 11, the pneumatic cylinder 11 strongly pressurizes the material conveying belt 9 and generates a large frictional force between the material conveying belt 9 and the material. Ensure that materials are fed reliably.

こうして削られた材料の端末が検知器Sの位置
を通過すると、検知器Sが切削完了を検知し、送
材ベルト9を一次停止させると共に、切換弁15
を切り換え、調圧弁19から空圧シリンダ11へ
低圧空気を送つて、送材ベルト9の加圧力を送材
ベルト9がスリツプを生じない程度迄弱め、これ
に伴い送材ベルト9は逆回転し材料を戻すから、
戻される材料の刃物3によるかじりを殆ど生じな
いものである。
When the end of the material scraped in this way passes the position of the detector S, the detector S detects the completion of cutting, temporarily stops the material conveying belt 9, and at the same time, the switching valve 15
is switched, low-pressure air is sent from the pressure regulating valve 19 to the pneumatic cylinder 11, and the pressurizing force on the material feeding belt 9 is weakened to the extent that the material feeding belt 9 does not slip.As a result, the material feeding belt 9 rotates in the opposite direction. I will return the materials,
There is almost no galling of the returned material by the cutter 3.

又、戻される材料の端末が検知器Sを通過する
と、検知器Sは送材ベルト9の一次停止と共に、
切換弁15の切り換えを行ない、空圧シリンダ1
1に高圧空気を送つて送材ベルト9の加圧力を強
化し、材料を刃物3により削られながら確実に送
られる様にするものである。
Moreover, when the end of the material to be returned passes the detector S, the detector S temporarily stops the material conveying belt 9 and
The switching valve 15 is switched, and the pneumatic cylinder 1
High-pressure air is sent to the belt 1 to strengthen the pressing force of the material conveying belt 9, so that the material is reliably fed while being scraped by the cutter 3.

(実施例) 次に本考案に関する装置の実施の一例を図面に
基づいて説明する。
(Example) Next, an example of implementation of an apparatus related to the present invention will be described based on the drawings.

図面第1図において1はスライサーのフレーム
で、その上部にテーブル2を設け、このテーブル
2の中央部に刃物3を取付け、前記テーブル2の
一側においてフレーム1上にコラム4,4を立設
し、これらコラム4,4に送りねじ5により昇降
される支持枠6を支持させ、該支持枠6に駆動と
従動のローラー7,8を軸支して、これらローラ
7,8に送材ベルト9を懸張し、この送材ベルト
9を減速機モータ10により正逆に回転させて往
復送材が行えるようにしてある。
In Figure 1 of the drawings, 1 is a frame of a slicer, a table 2 is provided on the top of the frame, a cutter 3 is attached to the center of the table 2, and columns 4, 4 are erected on the frame 1 on one side of the table 2. A support frame 6 that is raised and lowered by a feed screw 5 is supported by these columns 4, 4, driving and driven rollers 7, 8 are supported pivotally by the support frame 6, and a material conveying belt is attached to these rollers 7, 8. 9 is suspended, and the material conveying belt 9 is rotated in forward and reverse directions by a speed reducer motor 10 so that reciprocating material can be conveyed.

aは前記したテーブル1と送材ベルト2との間
の送材路で、その中間部、即ち刃物3の横に材料
の端末を検知させる光電式の検知器Sを設け、こ
の検知器SにタイマーT1とT2とを組合せ、材料
の送り及び戻しにおいて材料を検知器Sが検知す
ると、タイマーT1が作動して材料の端末が刃物
3より完全に外れた後に、送材ベルト9の駆動用
減速機モータ10を一次停止させると共に、後記
する切換弁の切換えを行ない、タイマーT2は一
時停止したモータ10の惰性が減少した後、モー
タ10を逆回転させる動作を行う様に回路構成し
てある。
A is the material feeding path between the table 1 and the material feeding belt 2 described above, and a photoelectric detector S for detecting the end of the material is provided in the middle part, that is, next to the cutter 3. Timers T 1 and T 2 are combined, and when the detector S detects the material during feeding and returning, the timer T 1 is activated and after the end of the material is completely removed from the cutter 3, the material feeding belt 9 is activated. The circuit configuration is such that the driving reducer motor 10 is temporarily stopped, the switching valve described later is switched, and the timer T 2 is configured to reversely rotate the motor 10 after the inertia of the temporarily stopped motor 10 has decreased. It has been done.

11は前記した送材ベルト9に加圧力を与えさ
せる空圧シリンダで、前記した支持枠6に所定の
間隔で複数個取付け、各シリンダ11のロツド1
2にそれぞれローラ枠13を取付け、これらロー
ラ枠13に送材ベルト9の裏面に接触して回転す
るローラ14を数個ずつ取付けて、全ローラ14
により送材ベルト9の各部が平均に加圧される様
にしてある。
Reference numeral 11 designates a plurality of pneumatic cylinders that apply pressure to the material conveying belt 9, which are attached to the support frame 6 at predetermined intervals.
A roller frame 13 is attached to each of the roller frames 13, and several rollers 14 that rotate in contact with the back surface of the material conveying belt 9 are attached to these roller frames 13.
This ensures that each part of the material conveying belt 9 is evenly pressurized.

第3図において15は前記空圧シリンダ11へ
高圧と低圧の空気を切換え供給させる二位置切換
弁で、ソレノイド16へ給電されると、空圧源1
7が空圧シリンダ11へ連通し、ソレノイドへの
給電が止まると、ばね18により調圧弁19とシ
リンダが連通するように切換え動作を行う。
In FIG. 3, reference numeral 15 denotes a two-position switching valve that selectively supplies high-pressure and low-pressure air to the pneumatic cylinder 11. When power is supplied to the solenoid 16, the pneumatic source 1
7 communicates with the pneumatic cylinder 11, and when power supply to the solenoid is stopped, a switching operation is performed by the spring 18 so that the pressure regulating valve 19 and the cylinder communicate with each other.

20は前記した切換弁15と直列に回路に挿入
した残圧排除用の切換弁で、高圧空気から低圧空
気への切換えに際し、一時的に空圧シリンダ11
を解放し、内部の高圧空気を放出させた後に閉じ
て、低圧空気の送り込みを行なわせる様にするも
のである。
Reference numeral 20 designates a switching valve for eliminating residual pressure inserted in series with the switching valve 15 described above, which temporarily closes the pneumatic cylinder 11 when switching from high pressure air to low pressure air.
is opened to release the high pressure air inside, and then closed to allow low pressure air to be fed.

ハ 考案の効果 本考案に関する送材ベルトの材料の戻し時の減
圧装置は、材料が刃物の刃先を後からこすつて戻
るときは、空圧シリンダによる材料の加圧力を弱
くし、材料が刃先によりかじられないようにした
から、材料表面の肌荒れが防止され、刃先の摩耗
も軽減されて、製品の品位向上と刃物の刃持ち向
上とが計れる。
C. Effect of the invention The depressurizing device of the present invention when returning the material of the material conveying belt weakens the pressure applied to the material by the pneumatic cylinder when the material scrapes the cutting edge of the cutter and returns, so that the material is returned to the cutting edge. By preventing scratching, the surface of the material is prevented from becoming rough and wear on the cutting edge is reduced, improving the quality of the product and the durability of the cutlery.

材料を刃物により削りながら送る時は、シリン
ダの加圧力を大きくして、確実で安定した送材を
行なわせ、良好で能率の良い切削を行なわせ得
る。
When feeding the material while cutting it with a cutter, the pressurizing force of the cylinder is increased to ensure reliable and stable material feeding and to perform good and efficient cutting.

等の特有の効果を奏するものである。 It has the following unique effects.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief explanation of the drawing]

第1図は本考案に関する装置の一例を実施した
木材切削装置の一部を破断して示す側面図。第2
図は同上装置の一部を拡大して示す一部の破断側
面図。第3図は同上の空圧シリンダとその制御系
統を示す回路図。第4図は従来の木材切削装置の
一部を破断して示す側面図である。 図において2はテーブル、3は刃物、7,8は
駆動と従動のローラ、9は送材ベルト、11は空
圧シリンダ、aは送材路、Sは検知器、15は切
換弁である。
FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway side view of a wood cutting device implementing an example of the device related to the present invention. Second
The figure is a partially cutaway side view showing an enlarged part of the same device. FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram showing the pneumatic cylinder and its control system. FIG. 4 is a partially cutaway side view of a conventional wood cutting device. In the figure, 2 is a table, 3 is a cutter, 7 and 8 are driving and driven rollers, 9 is a material feeding belt, 11 is a pneumatic cylinder, a is a material feeding path, S is a detector, and 15 is a switching valve.

Claims (1)

【実用新案登録請求の範囲】[Scope of utility model registration request] 刃物を装備したテーブルに、駆動、従動のロー
ラに懸張した送材ベルトを対設し、この送材ベル
トを空圧シリンダにより加圧させ、前記テーブル
と送材ベルトの間の送材路の側方に材料の端末を
検知させる検知器を設けた木材切削装置におい
て、前記シリンダの制御回路に前記検知器により
作動されて、シリンダへ供給する空気の圧力を、
材料の送り時は高圧に、戻し時は低圧に変換させ
る切換弁を装備させたことを特徴とする送材ベル
トの材料戻し時の減圧装置。
A material feeding belt, which is suspended between driving and driven rollers, is installed opposite to a table equipped with a cutter, and this material feeding belt is pressurized by a pneumatic cylinder to create a material feeding path between the table and the material feeding belt. In a wood cutting device equipped with a detector that detects the end of the material on the side, the control circuit of the cylinder is activated by the detector to control the pressure of air supplied to the cylinder.
A pressure reducing device for returning material from a material conveying belt, characterized by being equipped with a switching valve that converts the pressure to high when feeding the material and to low pressure when returning the material.
JP11968686U 1986-08-04 1986-08-04 Expired JPH0314321Y2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP11968686U JPH0314321Y2 (en) 1986-08-04 1986-08-04

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP11968686U JPH0314321Y2 (en) 1986-08-04 1986-08-04

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPS6325504U JPS6325504U (en) 1988-02-19
JPH0314321Y2 true JPH0314321Y2 (en) 1991-03-29

Family

ID=31007289

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP11968686U Expired JPH0314321Y2 (en) 1986-08-04 1986-08-04

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH0314321Y2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5711489B2 (en) * 2010-09-27 2015-04-30 宮川工機株式会社 Wood processing equipment
DE102021105832A1 (en) * 2021-03-10 2022-09-15 Ima Schelling Deutschland Gmbh Transport device for panel-shaped workpieces

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPS6325504U (en) 1988-02-19

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