JP6654441B2 - Outdoor structure and construction method of outdoor structure - Google Patents

Outdoor structure and construction method of outdoor structure Download PDF

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JP6654441B2
JP6654441B2 JP2016008337A JP2016008337A JP6654441B2 JP 6654441 B2 JP6654441 B2 JP 6654441B2 JP 2016008337 A JP2016008337 A JP 2016008337A JP 2016008337 A JP2016008337 A JP 2016008337A JP 6654441 B2 JP6654441 B2 JP 6654441B2
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roof
tip
outdoor
locking
base
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JP2017128900A (en
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浩司 北原
浩司 北原
慎也 宮▲崎▼
慎也 宮▲崎▼
聖士 市川
聖士 市川
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株式会社Lixil
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本発明は、屋外用構造物及び屋外用構造物の施工方法に関する。   The present invention relates to an outdoor structure and a method for constructing an outdoor structure.
バス停、駐車場、駐輪場や、屋外の通路等において、雨避け等の目的で屋根が設置される場合がある。例えば、屋根や支柱等を構成する所定の部品を工場で作製し、この部品を設置現場で組み立てて施工する屋外用構造物が知られている(特許文献1)。従来、特許文献1の簡易屋根等、屋根の一辺の側方のみに複数の柱を設けて屋根材を支持する片持ち型の屋外用構造物がある。   Roofs may be installed at bus stops, parking lots, bicycle parking lots, outdoor passageways, etc. for the purpose of avoiding rain. For example, there is known an outdoor structure in which predetermined parts constituting a roof, a pillar, and the like are manufactured in a factory, and these parts are assembled and installed at an installation site (Patent Document 1). BACKGROUND ART Conventionally, there is a cantilevered outdoor structure in which a plurality of pillars are provided only on one side of a roof to support a roof material, such as a simplified roof disclosed in Patent Document 1.
特開2010−59716号公報JP 2010-59716 A
特許文献1の簡易屋根では、梁が支柱の上部から屋根材の上面側に向けて突設され、屋根材の上面において、吊り部材を介して梁と、屋根材とが固定される。したがって、施工時は、支柱を地面に固定した後に、梁と屋根材の上面とに吊り部材を固定する。そのため、屋根材を現場で配置して、屋根材を支柱に取り付ける必要がある。このように、上記従来の吊り下げ式の屋外用構造物では、柱を施工現場に設置して、梁と屋根の骨組みとを固定した後に、屋根面を構成する屋根板を取り付ける必要がある。そのため、予め、工場にて屋根枠や屋根板を組み立てたユニット部材を作製出来ず、施工現場で作業負担が大きかった。さらに、支柱を地面に固定した後に、梁と屋根材とを取り付ける作業及び屋根材を組み立てる作業を行う。このとき、屋根を仮支持しながら固定するために、屋根を持って支持する作業者と、梁と屋根の固定する作業者が必要となる。そのため、施工現場では、長時間の高所作業が必要となる上に複数の作業者が必要となり、施工時の作業負担が大きかった。   In the simple roof disclosed in Patent Literature 1, a beam is protruded from an upper part of a pillar toward an upper surface side of a roof material, and the beam and the roof material are fixed to the upper surface of the roof material via a suspension member. Therefore, at the time of construction, the suspension members are fixed to the beams and the upper surface of the roofing material after fixing the columns to the ground. Therefore, it is necessary to arrange the roofing material on site and attach the roofing material to the support. As described above, in the above-mentioned conventional suspended outdoor structure, it is necessary to install the columns at the construction site, fix the beams and the framework of the roof, and then attach the shingles constituting the roof surface. For this reason, a unit member in which a roof frame and a shingle have been assembled cannot be produced in a factory in advance, and the work load on the construction site is large. Further, after the pillars are fixed to the ground, the work of attaching the beams and the roof material and the work of assembling the roof material are performed. At this time, in order to temporarily support and fix the roof, an operator who holds and supports the roof and an operator who fixes the beams and the roof are required. Therefore, at the construction site, long-time high-place work is required, and a plurality of workers are required.
上記事情を踏まえ、本発明は、屋外用構造物において、設置現場での作業効率を向上させることができる屋外用構造物を提供することを目的とする。   In view of the above circumstances, an object of the present invention is to provide an outdoor structure capable of improving work efficiency at an installation site.
本発明に係る屋外用構造物は、地面に立設される支持部材と、前記支持部材の上端部から延設された梁と、前記梁に固定される屋根部と、を備え、前記梁の先端部には、梁先端係止部が設けられ、前記屋根部の先端部には、前記梁先端係止部と係止する屋根先端係止部が設けられ、前記屋根先端係止部は、前記屋根部との固定部から前記屋根部の基端部に向かって延びる先端フック部を有し、前記梁は前記先端部に開口が形成されており、前記先端フック部は、前記梁の前記開口に挿入されることにより、前記梁先端係止部と前記屋根先端係止部とが前記梁の延設方向に係合され、且つ前記屋根部が前記梁の基端部に固定されることにより、前記屋根部が前記梁を介して前記支持部材に支持されていることを特徴とする。 An outdoor structure according to the present invention includes a support member erected on the ground, a beam extending from an upper end of the support member, and a roof fixed to the beam, The tip portion is provided with a beam tip locking portion, and the tip portion of the roof portion is provided with a roof tip locking portion that locks with the beam tip locking portion. A tip hook portion extending from a fixing portion with the roof portion toward a base end portion of the roof portion, the beam is formed with an opening at the tip portion, and the tip hook portion is formed of the beam. By being inserted into the opening, the beam tip locking part and the roof tip locking part are engaged in the extending direction of the beam , and the roof part is fixed to the base end of the beam. Thereby, the roof portion is supported by the support member via the beam.
この発明によれば、屋根部の先端部と基端部とが梁に取り付けられるという簡易な構成により屋根部を支持することができる。したがって、施工現場での作業効率を向上させることができる。また、施工現場での高所作業の時間を短縮できる。また、施工時に、屋根材を梁に対して先端部側から基端部側に向かって移動させることにより、屋根部の先端部が梁に係止される。したがって、簡単な作業で屋根部を梁に係止させることができ、施工現場での高所作業の時間を大幅に短縮できる。また、先端フック部が開口縁部に挿入されて支持されるので、屋根材を梁に固定する前に、屋根材と梁との係止状態が解除され難く、梁に対して屋根材を安定して係止させることができる。さらに、先端フック部が開口縁部内に収容されるので、屋根先端係止部が屋外用構造物の外部に露出することを抑え、意匠性を高めることができる。 ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, a roof part can be supported by the simple structure that the front-end | tip part and the base end part of a roof part are attached to a beam. Therefore, work efficiency at the construction site can be improved. In addition, the time for working at heights at the construction site can be reduced. Further, at the time of construction, by moving the roofing material from the distal end toward the base end with respect to the beam, the distal end of the roof is locked to the beam. Therefore, the roof portion can be locked to the beam by a simple operation, and the time of working at a high place at the construction site can be greatly reduced. In addition, since the tip hook is inserted into the opening edge and supported, it is difficult to release the locked state between the roof material and the beam before fixing the roof material to the beam, and the roof material is stabilized against the beam Can be locked. Furthermore, since the tip hook portion is accommodated in the opening edge portion, it is possible to suppress the roof tip locking portion from being exposed to the outside of the outdoor structure, and to enhance the design.
本発明に係る屋外用構造物において、前記屋根部が前記梁に吊り下げられて支持可能に構成されてもよい。   In the outdoor structure according to the present invention, the roof portion may be configured to be suspended and supported by the beam.
この発明によれば、屋根部を梁に吊り下げて支持できるので、屋根部の下面(天井)を平坦にすることができ、意匠性に優れた屋外用構造物を提供できる。また、施工時に屋根部を梁に係止させる作業が容易に行える。   According to the present invention, since the roof can be suspended from the beam and supported, the lower surface (ceiling) of the roof can be flattened, and an outdoor structure excellent in design can be provided. Also, the work of locking the roof to the beam during construction can be easily performed.
前記屋根部は、屋根材と、前記屋根材の側面を囲む枠体とを備え、前記屋根先端係止部は前記枠体に設けられていてもよい。   The roof may include a roof material and a frame surrounding a side surface of the roof material, and the roof tip locking portion may be provided on the frame.
この発明によれば、屋根先端係止部は枠体に設けられるため、梁の長手方向の端部と屋根部の枠体とが係止され、屋根部を梁に容易に取り付けることができる。   According to this invention, since the roof front end locking portion is provided on the frame, the longitudinal end of the beam and the frame of the roof are locked, and the roof can be easily attached to the beam.
本発明に係る屋外用構造物において、前記屋根部に固定され、前記先端フック部を覆うように前記梁の前記開口に内嵌されて前記開口を塞ぐ梁キャップをさらに備えてもよい。   The outdoor structure according to the present invention may further include a beam cap that is fixed to the roof portion and that is fitted into the opening of the beam so as to cover the tip hook portion and closes the opening.
この発明によれば、梁キャップにより屋根先端係止部と開口縁部との係止状態をより安定させることができる。また、梁の先端部の開口を塞ぐとともに屋根先端係止部を覆うことができるので、意匠性を高めることができる。   According to this invention, the locking state between the roof tip locking portion and the opening edge can be further stabilized by the beam cap. Further, since the opening at the tip of the beam can be closed and the roof tip locking portion can be covered, the design can be improved.
本発明に係る屋外用構造物において、前記屋根部に雨樋が設けられていてもよい。   In the outdoor structure according to the present invention, a rain gutter may be provided on the roof.
この発明によれば、屋根部に降った雨水が雨樋を経由して排水されるので、雨水が屋根部の周囲から直接落下することを防ぐことができる。   According to the present invention, since the rainwater falling on the roof is drained through the rain gutter, it is possible to prevent the rainwater from directly falling from around the roof.
本発明に係る屋外用構造物において、前記屋根部は、二枚の薄板の間に発泡体で形成された芯材が配置された屋根材を備えてもよい。   In the outdoor structure according to the present invention, the roof portion may include a roof material in which a core material formed of a foam is disposed between two thin plates.
この発明によれば、屋根部が二枚の薄板の間に発泡体で形成された芯材が配置された屋根材を備えるため、屋根材を軽量化することができ、且つ十分な強度が得られる。従来の屋外用構造物で用いられているポリカーボネート製の屋根材に比べて強度を高くできるため、垂木や母屋等の屋根を構成する部品が不要となり、連結部材を介する簡単な構成により、隣り合う屋根部同士を連結することができる。この結果、複数の屋根部が連結された屋外用構造物を施工する施工現場での負担を軽減することができる。また、屋根材が軽量化されることにより、施工現場での負担を軽減することができる。また、屋根材の下面(天井)を平坦にすることができ、意匠性に優れた屋外用構造物を提供できる。さらに、屋根が遮光性に優れる。   According to the present invention, since the roof portion includes the roof material in which the core material formed of the foam is arranged between the two thin plates, the roof material can be reduced in weight and sufficient strength can be obtained. Can be Since the strength can be increased as compared with the polycarbonate roofing material used in the conventional outdoor structure, parts constituting the roof such as rafters and purlins are not required, and the adjacent structures are formed by a simple configuration via a connecting member. The roofs can be connected to each other. As a result, it is possible to reduce the burden on the construction site where the outdoor structure in which the plurality of roof portions are connected is constructed. In addition, the load on the construction site can be reduced by reducing the weight of the roofing material. Further, the lower surface (ceiling) of the roof material can be flattened, and an outdoor structure excellent in design can be provided. Furthermore, the roof is excellent in light-shielding properties.
本発明に係る屋外用構造物において、前記屋根部は、二枚の薄板の間にハニカム構造体で構成された芯材が配置された屋根材を備えてもよい。   In the outdoor structure according to the present invention, the roof portion may include a roof material in which a core made of a honeycomb structure is disposed between two thin plates.
この発明によれば、屋根部が二枚の薄板の間にハニカム構造体で構成された芯材が配置された屋根材を備えるため、屋根材を軽量化することができ、且つ十分な強度が得られる。従来の屋外用構造物で用いられているポリカーボネート製の屋根材に比べて強度を高くできるため、垂木や母屋等の屋根を構成する部品が不要となり、連結部材を介する簡単な構成により、隣り合う屋根部同士を連結することができる。この結果、複数の屋根部が連結された屋外用構造物を施工する施工現場での負担を軽減することができる。また、屋根材が軽量化されることにより、施工現場での負担を軽減することができる。また、屋根材の下面(天井)を平坦にすることができ、意匠性に優れた屋外用構造物を提供できる。さらに、屋根が遮光性に優れる。   According to the present invention, since the roof portion includes the roof material in which the core material composed of the honeycomb structure is disposed between the two thin plates, the roof material can be reduced in weight, and sufficient strength can be obtained. can get. Since the strength can be increased as compared with the polycarbonate roofing material used in the conventional outdoor structure, parts constituting the roof such as rafters and purlins are not required, and adjacent structures are formed by a simple structure via a connecting member. The roofs can be connected to each other. As a result, it is possible to reduce the burden on the construction site where the outdoor structure in which the plurality of roof portions are connected is constructed. In addition, the load on the construction site can be reduced by reducing the weight of the roofing material. Further, the lower surface (ceiling) of the roof material can be flattened, and an outdoor structure excellent in design can be provided. Furthermore, the roof is excellent in light-shielding properties.
本発明に係る屋外用構造物の施工方法は、上端部に梁の基端部が固定された支持部材を立設する工程と、根部の先端部に設けられた屋根先端係止部と前記梁の先端部に設けられる梁先端係止部とを係止させる工程であって、前記屋根先端係止部に設けられ、前記屋根部の基端部に向かって延びる先端フック部を、前記梁の先端部に形成された開口に挿入して前記屋根先端係止部と前記梁先端係止部とを前記梁の延設方向に係止する工程と、前記梁の基端部側に前記屋根部を固定する工程と、前記屋根先端係止部と前記梁先端係止部との係止部を固定することにより、前記屋根部を前記梁に固定する工程と、を備えることを特徴とする。 Construction method of outdoor structures according to the present invention, the an upper end portion comprising the steps of erecting the support member having a base end portion fixed beams, the roof tip engaging portion provided at a front end portion of the roof portion A step of locking a beam tip locking portion provided at a tip portion of the beam, wherein a tip hook portion provided at the roof tip locking portion and extending toward a base end portion of the roof portion is attached to the beam. Inserting the roof tip locking portion and the beam tip locking portion in the direction in which the beam extends by inserting the opening into the opening formed at the tip of the beam, and installing the roof on the base end side of the beam. Fixing the roof portion to the beam by fixing a locking portion between the roof tip locking portion and the beam tip locking portion. .
この発明によれば、屋根部を梁に容易に取り付けることができ、施工現場での作業者の数を減らすことが可能となり、作業効率を向上させることができる。また、施工現場での高所作業の時間を短縮できる。   ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, a roof part can be easily attached to a beam, it becomes possible to reduce the number of workers at a construction site, and to improve work efficiency. In addition, the time for working at heights at the construction site can be reduced.
本発明の屋外用構造物によれば、屋外用構造物において、施工現場での作業効率を向上させることができる。   ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to the outdoor structure of this invention, in the outdoor structure, the working efficiency in a construction site can be improved.
本発明の一実施形態に係る屋外用構造物の斜視図である。1 is a perspective view of an outdoor structure according to an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の一実施形態に係る屋外用構造物の側面図である。1 is a side view of an outdoor structure according to an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の一実施形態に係る屋根部の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the roof part which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の一実施形態の支柱及び梁の分解斜視図である。FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a column and a beam according to the embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の一実施形態に係る屋外用構造物の先端部を示す分解斜視図である。It is an exploded perspective view showing the tip part of the outdoor structure concerning one embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の一実施形態に係る屋外用構造物の先端部を示す断面図である。It is sectional drawing which shows the front-end | tip part of the outdoor structure which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の一実施形態に係る屋外用構造物の施工方法を示す図である。It is a figure showing the construction method of the outdoor structure concerning one embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の一実施形態の雨樋の排水部を示す分解斜視図である。It is an exploded perspective view showing the drainage part of the gutter of one embodiment of the present invention.
本発明の一実施形態に係る屋外用構造物について説明する。本実施形態では駐輪場に設けられる屋外用構造物1を例に説明する。図1は屋外用構造物1の斜視図である。図2は屋外用構造物1の上部の側面図である。   An outdoor structure according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described. In this embodiment, an outdoor structure 1 provided in a bicycle parking lot will be described as an example. FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the outdoor structure 1. FIG. 2 is a side view of the upper part of the outdoor structure 1.
図1及び図2に示すように、本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1は、屋根部2と、支柱(支持部材)3と、梁7とを備える。屋根部2は、略長方形の平板形状を有する。図1に示すように、屋外用構造物1は、屋根部2の長辺の一方側のみに2本の支柱3,3が立設されて屋根部2を支持するように構成されている。以下の説明では、屋根部2において支柱3,3が設けられている縁端部を屋根部2の基端部21と称し、基端部21と平行に延びて支柱3が設けられていない縁端部を屋根部の先端部22と称する。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, an outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment includes a roof 2, a support (support member) 3, and a beam 7. The roof 2 has a substantially rectangular flat plate shape. As shown in FIG. 1, the outdoor structure 1 is configured such that two pillars 3, 3 are erected only on one long side of the roof 2 to support the roof 2. In the following description, the edge of the roof 2 at which the columns 3 and 3 are provided is referred to as the base 21 of the roof 2, and the edge extending parallel to the base 21 and having no column 3 provided thereon. The end is referred to as the roof tip 22.
図3は、屋外用構造物1の屋根材4の短辺方向の断面図である。図3に示すように、屋根部2は、屋根材4と、外装材45とを備える。屋根材4は、芯材41と、芯材41の両面に配置された薄板421、422とが積層されて構成されている。   FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the roofing material 4 of the outdoor structure 1 in a short side direction. As shown in FIG. 3, the roof section 2 includes a roof material 4 and an exterior material 45. The roofing material 4 is configured by laminating a core material 41 and thin plates 421 and 422 disposed on both sides of the core material 41.
芯材41は、押出発泡ポリスチレンからなる板材である。具体的には、ポリスチレン又はポリスチレンの共重合体に発泡剤等を添加して溶融させた原料を押し出し発泡成形して形成された厚さ3cmの板材である。
薄板は、上側薄板421と下側薄板422とで構成される。上側薄板421は、厚さ0.5mmのアルミニウム板からなる。下側薄板422は、厚さ3mmのアルミニウム樹脂複合板からなる。アルミニウム樹脂複合板は、例えば、ポリエチレン等の樹脂芯材の両面にアルミニウム面材が積層されて構成されたものを使用できる。上側薄板421及び下側薄板422は、芯材41の上下面にそれぞれ接着剤で貼り付けられて屋根材4が形成されている。
The core 41 is a plate made of extruded polystyrene. Specifically, it is a 3 cm-thick plate material formed by extruding and foaming a raw material obtained by adding a foaming agent or the like to polystyrene or a copolymer of polystyrene and melting.
The thin plate includes an upper thin plate 421 and a lower thin plate 422. The upper thin plate 421 is made of an aluminum plate having a thickness of 0.5 mm. The lower thin plate 422 is made of an aluminum resin composite plate having a thickness of 3 mm. As the aluminum resin composite plate, for example, a plate formed by laminating aluminum face materials on both sides of a resin core material such as polyethylene can be used. The upper thin plate 421 and the lower thin plate 422 are respectively adhered to the upper and lower surfaces of the core material 41 with an adhesive to form the roof material 4.
外装材45は、屋根材4の少なくとも下面に接着材により貼り付けられるシートである。外装材45は、屋根材4の表面の保護及び意匠性を高めるために設けられる。本実施形態では、外装材45は、木目模様が印刷されたシートで構成されており、屋根材4の上下面に貼り付けられている。この外装材45を屋根材4に張り付けると、屋根材4が木製の板屋根のような外観となる。なお、外装材45は、色、模様等を適宜選択して設けることができる。また、外装材45はシートに限らず、金属や樹脂製の建材や塗装、印刷等であってもよい。   The exterior material 45 is a sheet attached to at least the lower surface of the roofing material 4 with an adhesive. The exterior material 45 is provided to protect the surface of the roofing material 4 and enhance the design. In the present embodiment, the exterior material 45 is formed of a sheet on which a wood grain pattern is printed, and is attached to the upper and lower surfaces of the roof material 4. When this exterior material 45 is attached to the roof material 4, the roof material 4 has an appearance like a wooden plank roof. The exterior material 45 can be provided by appropriately selecting a color, a pattern, and the like. Further, the exterior material 45 is not limited to a sheet, and may be a building material made of metal or resin, painting, printing, or the like.
屋根部2は、屋根材4の周囲に枠体6が設けられている。図3に示すように、枠体6は、枠本体61と、枠本体61の外周面を覆うカバー62とを備える。枠本体61及びカバー62は、アルミニウム製の押し出し形材である。枠体6は、外装材45と同じ柄のシートが貼られたラッピング形材である。   The roof 2 has a frame 6 provided around a roof material 4. As shown in FIG. 3, the frame 6 includes a frame main body 61 and a cover 62 that covers an outer peripheral surface of the frame main body 61. The frame body 61 and the cover 62 are extruded members made of aluminum. The frame 6 is a wrapping shape member on which a sheet having the same pattern as the exterior member 45 is attached.
枠本体61は、略H字形の断面を有する長尺部材である。枠本体61の一方の内側凹部611に屋根材4の外縁部43が内嵌される。枠本体61の他方の外側凹部612の上下端部には、枠本体61の長手方向に沿って係止部613、614が形成されている。枠本体61は、屋根部2の基端部21及び先端部22の両方に使用できる共通部品である。   The frame main body 61 is a long member having a substantially H-shaped cross section. The outer edge 43 of the roofing material 4 is fitted into one inner recess 611 of the frame body 61. Locking portions 613 and 614 are formed at the upper and lower ends of the other outer concave portion 612 of the frame main body 61 along the longitudinal direction of the frame main body 61. The frame main body 61 is a common component that can be used for both the base end 21 and the front end 22 of the roof 2.
カバー62は、長尺な略板状の部材であり、背面622の上部及び下部に係止爪623、624が形成されている。カバー62は、枠本体61の外側凹部612を覆うように配置されて枠本体61の係止部613、614と、係止爪623、624とがそれぞれ係合される。   The cover 62 is a long and substantially plate-shaped member, and has locking claws 623 and 624 formed on the upper and lower portions of the back surface 622. The cover 62 is arranged so as to cover the outer concave portion 612 of the frame main body 61, and the locking portions 613 and 614 of the frame main body 61 and the locking claws 623 and 624 are respectively engaged.
カバー62に代えて、雨樋5が設けられていてもよい。例えば、図3に示すように屋根部2の先端部22にはカバー62が設けられ、基端部21には雨樋5が設けられる構成でもよい。雨樋5は、雨樋として機能する雨樋本体51と、枠本体61に係止される係止部とを有する。係止部は、雨樋本体51の下端部から略水平方向に延出した下側係止爪52と、雨樋本体51の上端部から水平方向に延びる上面部53とを備える。雨樋本体51の上端部と上面部53との間に段部54が形成されている。   Instead of the cover 62, a rain gutter 5 may be provided. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, a configuration may be employed in which a cover 62 is provided on the distal end portion 22 of the roof portion 2 and the rain gutter 5 is provided on the base end portion 21. The rain gutter 5 has a rain gutter main body 51 functioning as a rain gutter, and a locking portion locked to the frame main body 61. The locking portion includes a lower locking claw 52 extending substantially horizontally from a lower end of the rain gutter main body 51 and an upper surface 53 extending horizontally from the upper end of the rain gutter main body 51. A step 54 is formed between the upper end of the gutter main body 51 and the upper surface 53.
枠体6は、屋根材4の側面にそれぞれ外嵌されている。枠体6と屋根材4の外嵌部分の隙間は、シール材(不図示)により塞がれて防水処理が施されている。シール材は、例えば、フィルムにアクリル系感圧型粘着剤が設けられた接着テープが用いられる。なお、図3には、屋根材4のみが外装材45で被覆される構成を示すが、屋根材4及び枠体6が外装材45で被覆される構成でもよい。また、シール材として、コーキング材を塗布してもよい。   The frame 6 is fitted on the side surface of the roofing material 4. The gap between the frame body 6 and the outer fitting portion of the roofing material 4 is closed by a sealing material (not shown) and subjected to waterproof treatment. As the sealing material, for example, an adhesive tape in which an acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive is provided on a film is used. Although FIG. 3 shows a configuration in which only the roof material 4 is covered with the exterior material 45, a configuration in which the roof material 4 and the frame 6 are covered with the exterior material 45 may be used. Further, a caulking material may be applied as a sealing material.
図4は、支柱3及び梁7の分解斜視図である。図4に示すように、支柱3及び梁7は、例えば、アルミニウム形材からなり、略角柱形状を有する。支柱3の上端部31及び梁7の基端部71にはそれぞれ中空部が形成されている。梁7の先端部72は傾斜しており、先端部72に開口75(梁先端係止部)が形成されている。   FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the column 3 and the beam 7. As shown in FIG. 4, the column 3 and the beam 7 are made of, for example, an aluminum shape and have a substantially prismatic shape. Hollow portions are formed at the upper end 31 of the column 3 and the base end 71 of the beam 7, respectively. The tip 72 of the beam 7 is inclined, and an opening 75 (beam tip locking portion) is formed in the tip 72.
支柱3と梁7とは連結部材9を介して連結されている。図4に示すように、連結部材9は、上下方向に延びて支柱3に固定される支柱側連結部92と、支柱側連結部92から横方向に延びる梁側連結部91とでL字型に形成された角柱部材である。梁側連結部91は、水平方向に対する屋根部2の傾斜角度に対応して、支柱側連結部92に固定される。例えば、屋根部2が水平に設けられる場合は、梁側連結部91は支柱側連結部92に直交するように固定される。図2に示すように、本実施形態では、先端部22が高くなるように屋根部2が傾斜しているので、梁側連結部91は、支柱側連結部92に対して傾斜して固定されている。   The column 3 and the beam 7 are connected via a connecting member 9. As shown in FIG. 4, the connecting member 9 includes a column-side connecting portion 92 extending vertically and fixed to the column 3, and a beam-side connecting portion 91 extending laterally from the column-side connecting portion 92. It is a prism member formed in the above. The beam-side connecting portion 91 is fixed to the column-side connecting portion 92 corresponding to the inclination angle of the roof 2 with respect to the horizontal direction. For example, when the roof 2 is provided horizontally, the beam-side connecting portions 91 are fixed to be orthogonal to the support-side connecting portions 92. As shown in FIG. 2, in the present embodiment, since the roof 2 is inclined so that the tip end portion 22 becomes higher, the beam-side connecting portion 91 is fixed to the column-side connecting portion 92 while being inclined. ing.
連結部材9の梁側連結部91が梁7の基端部71の中空部に挿入されてビス713で固定されている。連結部材9の支柱側連結部92が支柱3の上端部31の中空部に挿入されてビス313で固定されている。連結部材9が固定された支柱3の上端部31の開口は上端キャップ32で塞がれている。上端キャップ32は、ビス323で連結部材9に固定されている。   The beam-side connecting portion 91 of the connecting member 9 is inserted into a hollow portion of the base end portion 71 of the beam 7 and is fixed by screws 713. The support-side connecting portion 92 of the connecting member 9 is inserted into the hollow portion of the upper end portion 31 of the support 3 and is fixed by screws 313. The opening of the upper end 31 of the column 3 to which the connecting member 9 is fixed is closed by an upper end cap 32. The upper end cap 32 is fixed to the connecting member 9 with screws 323.
図5は、屋根部2及び梁7の先端部を示す分解斜視図である。図6は、屋根部2の先端部22と、梁7の先端部72との連結部分を示す断面図である。図2、図5及び図6に示すように、屋根部2の先端部22側の屋根先端係止部8は、枠本体61の外側凹部612の上面に載置され、外側凹部612の内面に配置された裏板63で外側凹部612を挟んでネジ85で固定されている。   FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view showing the roof 2 and the tip of the beam 7. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing a connection portion between the tip portion 22 of the roof portion 2 and the tip portion 72 of the beam 7. As shown in FIGS. 2, 5, and 6, the roof tip locking portion 8 on the tip portion 22 side of the roof portion 2 is placed on the upper surface of the outer concave portion 612 of the frame main body 61, and is provided on the inner surface of the outer concave portion 612. It is fixed with screws 85 with the outer recess 612 sandwiched by the arranged back plate 63.
図6に示すように、屋根先端係止部8は、枠本体61の上面に固定される固定部81と、固定部81から屋根部2の基端部21に向かって延びる先端フック部82とを備える。先端フック部82において、基端部21側に位置する端部にはネジ固定部83が形成されている。ネジ固定部83は、枠本体61に屋根先端係止部8が取り付けられた状態で枠本体61の長手方向と平行に延びる略円筒状であり、下端が開口した形状を有する。   As shown in FIG. 6, the roof tip locking portion 8 includes a fixing portion 81 fixed to the upper surface of the frame main body 61, a tip hook portion 82 extending from the fixing portion 81 toward the base end 21 of the roof 2. Is provided. In the distal hook portion 82, a screw fixing portion 83 is formed at an end located on the base end portion 21 side. The screw fixing portion 83 has a substantially cylindrical shape extending in parallel with the longitudinal direction of the frame main body 61 in a state in which the roof front end locking portion 8 is attached to the frame main body 61, and has a shape with an open lower end.
先端キャップ74は、梁7の先端部72の開口75を塞ぐ部材である。先端キャップ74は、枠側固定部741と、蓋部742と、梁側固定部743とを備える。枠側固定部741には、ビス孔745が形成されており、枠側固定部741において、先端キャップ74がネジ748aで枠本体61に固定される。蓋部742は、枠側固定部741から梁7の開口75の傾斜面と略等しい傾斜角度で傾斜して形成されている。蓋部742には梁7の開口75に挿入された状態で、開口75の内面に当接する壁部746が形成されている。梁側固定部743は、蓋部742の上端に設けられている。蓋部742には、ネジ孔747が形成されており、梁側固定部743において、先端キャップ74がネジ748bで梁7の上部に固定される。   The tip cap 74 is a member that closes the opening 75 of the tip 72 of the beam 7. The tip cap 74 includes a frame-side fixing part 741, a lid part 742, and a beam-side fixing part 743. A screw hole 745 is formed in the frame-side fixing portion 741. In the frame-side fixing portion 741, the tip cap 74 is fixed to the frame main body 61 with a screw 748a. The lid portion 742 is formed to be inclined from the frame-side fixing portion 741 at an inclination angle substantially equal to the inclined surface of the opening 75 of the beam 7. The lid portion 742 is formed with a wall portion 746 that is in contact with the inner surface of the opening 75 when inserted into the opening 75 of the beam 7. The beam-side fixing portion 743 is provided at an upper end of the lid portion 742. A screw hole 747 is formed in the lid portion 742, and the tip cap 74 is fixed to the upper portion of the beam 7 with a screw 748 b in the beam side fixing portion 743.
なお、雨樋5を設ける場合の縦樋50は支柱3に沿って設けられる。図8は、縦樋50の設置例を示す分解斜視図である。縦樋は公知のものが利用でき、雨樋5の底部に設けられた貫通孔(不図示)に取り付けられる雨樋アタッチメント57に上端部が接続され、下端部は排水部58に接続される。   Note that the vertical gutter 50 provided with the rain gutter 5 is provided along the column 3. FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view showing an installation example of the downspout 50. As the downspout, a known one can be used. The upper end is connected to a rain gutter attachment 57 attached to a through hole (not shown) provided at the bottom of the rain gutter 5, and the lower end is connected to a drainage section 58.
縦樋50は、図8に示す縦樋カバー59で周囲が覆われる。縦樋カバー59は三面の壁部からなる矩形の縦樋カバー本体59aと、縦樋カバー本体59aの長手方向(上下方向)に延びる開口に対向して配置され、縦樋カバー本体59aを塞ぐ蓋部59bとを備える。縦樋カバー本体59aは、支柱3にねじで固定され、縦樋カバー本体59aの上端部は雨樋5に当接し、下端部は排水部58に接続されている。縦樋カバー本体59aの三面の壁部内に縦樋50が配置され、蓋部59bが縦樋カバー本体59aの開口縁部59cと係合されて縦樋50が縦樋カバー59で覆われる。縦樋カバー59は、支柱3と同じ幅且つ同じ材料で形成されており、縦樋カバー59と支柱3とが一体的な外観が得られる。縦樋カバー59内に縦樋50が収納されることにより、縦樋50を隠すことができ、意匠性に優れた屋外用構造物1にできる。   The downspout 50 is covered by a downspout cover 59 shown in FIG. The downspout cover 59 is disposed so as to face a rectangular downspout cover main body 59a composed of three walls, and an opening extending in the longitudinal direction (vertical direction) of the downspout cover main body 59a, and closes the downspout cover main body 59a. A portion 59b. The downspout cover main body 59a is fixed to the column 3 with screws, and the upper end of the downspout cover main body 59a is in contact with the rain gutter 5 and the lower end is connected to the drainage section 58. The downspout 50 is arranged in three walls of the downspout cover body 59 a, and the lid 59 b is engaged with the opening edge 59 c of the downspout cover body 59 a so that the downspout 50 is covered with the downspout cover 59. The downspout cover 59 is formed of the same width and the same material as the column 3, and an integrated appearance of the downpipe cover 59 and the column 3 is obtained. Since the downspout 50 is stored in the downspout cover 59, the downspout 50 can be hidden, and the outdoor structure 1 excellent in design can be obtained.
次に、屋外用構造物1の支持構造について説明する。
図2に示すように、梁7は、連結部材9を介して取り付けられている。梁7は、支柱3に対して梁の先端部72側が高くなるように傾斜している。屋根部2は梁7の下方に配置されている。屋根部2は、梁7の先端部72の開口縁部751(梁先端係止部)と屋根先端係止部8とが係合し、且つ、屋根部2の基端部21と梁7の基端部71とがねじ78で固定されることにより、屋根部2が梁7を介して支柱3に支持されている。基端部21と梁7の基端部71との固定部分には梁7の基端部71の内側に裏板73(図4参照)が設けられており、ねじ78が、枠本体61の外側凹部612側から、梁7及び裏板73まで貫通して、屋根部2の基端部21と梁7とが固定されている。
Next, a support structure of the outdoor structure 1 will be described.
As shown in FIG. 2, the beam 7 is attached via a connecting member 9. The beam 7 is inclined so that the tip end 72 side of the beam is higher than the column 3. The roof 2 is arranged below the beam 7. The roof 2 has an opening edge 751 (beam tip locking portion) of the tip 72 of the beam 7 and the roof tip locking portion 8 engaged with each other, and the base end 21 of the roof 2 and the beam 7 The roof 2 is supported on the support 3 via the beam 7 by fixing the base end 71 and the screw 78 with the screw 78. A back plate 73 (see FIG. 4) is provided inside the base end 71 of the beam 7 at a portion where the base end 21 and the base end 71 of the beam 7 are fixed. The base end 21 of the roof 2 and the beam 7 are fixed so as to penetrate from the outer concave portion 612 side to the beam 7 and the back plate 73.
屋根先端係止部8の先端フック部82が梁7の開口75に挿入されて、梁7の先端部72の両側面に形成されたネジ孔76、76(図4参照)に挿入されたネジ77、77(図2、図6参照)がネジ固定部83に挿入されている。梁7の開口縁部751の下部は先端フック部82の下面に当接している。このように、屋根先端係止部8が開口75に挿入されてネジ77、77により梁7と係合されている。   The tip hook portion 82 of the roof tip locking portion 8 is inserted into the opening 75 of the beam 7, and the screws inserted into the screw holes 76, 76 (see FIG. 4) formed on both side surfaces of the tip portion 72 of the beam 7. 77, 77 (see FIGS. 2 and 6) are inserted into the screw fixing portion 83. The lower part of the opening edge part 751 of the beam 7 is in contact with the lower surface of the tip hook part 82. In this way, the roof tip locking portion 8 is inserted into the opening 75 and is engaged with the beam 7 by the screws 77.
先端キャップ74は、梁側固定部743及び壁部746が梁7の開口75に挿入されて、枠側固定部741がネジ748aで枠本体61に固定され、梁側固定部743がネジ748bで梁7の先端部72の上部に固定されている。図6に示すように、屋根先端係止部8の先端フック部82の上面は先端キャップ74の下面と当接している。また、図示は省略するが、ネジ85のネジ頭は、梁キャップ74の内部に下側に延びて形成された凸部と当接している。したがって、屋根先端係止部8は、先端キャップ74により上方から押さえられている。このため、屋外用構造物1が設置された後に、風雪等の外力によりネジ85が緩むことを防ぎ、梁7の先端部72を屋根先端係止部8で安定して支持できる。   The tip end cap 74 has the beam-side fixing portion 743 and the wall portion 746 inserted into the opening 75 of the beam 7, the frame-side fixing portion 741 is fixed to the frame main body 61 with screws 748a, and the beam-side fixing portion 743 is fixed with screws 748b. The beam 7 is fixed to an upper portion of the tip 72. As shown in FIG. 6, the upper surface of the tip hook portion 82 of the roof tip locking portion 8 is in contact with the lower surface of the tip cap 74. Although not shown, the screw head of the screw 85 is in contact with a protruding portion formed to extend downward inside the beam cap 74. Therefore, the roof tip locking section 8 is pressed from above by the tip cap 74. Therefore, after the outdoor structure 1 is installed, the screws 85 are prevented from loosening due to external force such as wind and snow, and the front end portion 72 of the beam 7 can be stably supported by the roof front end locking portion 8.
図1及び図2に示すように、雨樋5は、屋根部2の基端部21側に設けられている。屋根部2の枠本体61の外側凹部612を覆うように配置される。雨樋5の下側係止爪52は枠本体61の係止部614に係止されている。上面部53は、外側凹部612の上側の内面と当接し、段部65が枠本体61の係止部613と当接することにより、枠本体61に雨樋5が係止され、ねじ56で固定されている。雨樋5の下端は、屋根部2の下面と略面一に設けられているので、雨樋5が屋根部2の意匠性を阻害することなく、雨樋5を設けても意匠性に優れた屋根部2を形成できる。また、屋根部2の基端部21と支柱3との間に配置すると、外観上、雨樋5が目立たないように配置できる。また、縦樋50を支柱3に沿って配置し、且つ、縦樋カバー59内に収容すると、縦樋50を目立たないように配置できる。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the rain gutter 5 is provided on the base end 21 side of the roof 2. It is arranged so as to cover the outer concave portion 612 of the frame main body 61 of the roof portion 2. The lower locking claw 52 of the rain gutter 5 is locked to a locking portion 614 of the frame main body 61. The upper surface portion 53 contacts the upper inner surface of the outer concave portion 612, and the step portion 65 contacts the locking portion 613 of the frame main body 61, so that the rain gutter 5 is locked to the frame main body 61 and fixed with the screw 56. Have been. Since the lower end of the rain gutter 5 is provided substantially flush with the lower surface of the roof 2, the rain gutter 5 does not hinder the design of the roof 2, and the design is excellent even if the rain gutter 5 is provided. Roof 2 can be formed. Moreover, when it arrange | positions between the base end part 21 of the roof part 2, and the support | pillar 3, it can arrange | position so that the rain gutter 5 may be inconspicuous in appearance. When the downspout 50 is arranged along the column 3 and is housed in the downspout cover 59, the downspout 50 can be arranged so as to be inconspicuous.
次に、本実施形態の屋外用構造物1の施工方法を示す。
屋外用構造物1の屋根部2及び支柱3は予め工場で作製されており、これらを施工現場で組み立てることにより屋外用構造物1が得られる。まず、敷地に埋設または固定された複数の土台部(不図示)にそれぞれ2本の支柱3が固定されて立設される(支持部材を立設する工程)。
Next, a construction method of the outdoor structure 1 of the present embodiment will be described.
The roof part 2 and the pillar 3 of the outdoor structure 1 are prepared in advance in a factory, and the outdoor structure 1 is obtained by assembling them at a construction site. First, two columns 3 are fixed to a plurality of bases (not shown) buried or fixed on the site, respectively, and are erected (step of erecting a support member).
次に、支柱3の上端部31に梁7を固定する。支柱3と梁7とは連結部材9を介して連結されている。図4に示すように、連結部材9の梁側連結部91を梁7の基端部71の中空部に挿入して固定する。次に、支柱3の上端部31の開口から中空部に連結部材9の支柱側連結部92を挿入して固定する。これにより連結部材9を介して梁7の基端部71を支柱3に固定する。その後、支柱3の上端部31の開口を上端キャップ32で塞ぐ。なお、支柱3と梁7とは、支柱3を立設する前に連結させてもよい。   Next, the beam 7 is fixed to the upper end 31 of the column 3. The column 3 and the beam 7 are connected via a connecting member 9. As shown in FIG. 4, the beam-side connecting portion 91 of the connecting member 9 is inserted and fixed into the hollow portion of the base end 71 of the beam 7. Next, the column-side connecting portion 92 of the connecting member 9 is inserted into the hollow portion from the opening of the upper end portion 31 of the column 3 and fixed. Thus, the base end 71 of the beam 7 is fixed to the column 3 via the connecting member 9. After that, the opening of the upper end 31 of the column 3 is closed with the upper end cap 32. The support 3 and the beam 7 may be connected before the support 3 is erected.
次に、屋根部2を梁7に取り付ける。図7に示すように、屋根部2を梁7の下方に配置して、梁7の先端部72側から基端部71側(図7に示す矢印A方向)に移動させる。このとき、屋根部2の先端部22側の屋根先端係止部8を梁7の先端部72の開口75に挿入する(屋根部2を梁7に支持させる工程)。このとき、本実施形態の屋根部2は、上述の通り、軽量であるため、施工者は容易に屋根部2を梁7の近傍に配置して固定できる。したがって、施工現場での負担が大幅に軽減される。   Next, the roof 2 is attached to the beam 7. As shown in FIG. 7, the roof 2 is arranged below the beam 7, and is moved from the distal end 72 side of the beam 7 to the base end 71 side (the direction of arrow A shown in FIG. 7). At this time, the roof tip locking part 8 on the tip part 22 side of the roof part 2 is inserted into the opening 75 of the tip part 72 of the beam 7 (step of supporting the roof part 2 on the beam 7). At this time, since the roof 2 of the present embodiment is lightweight as described above, the installer can easily arrange and fix the roof 2 near the beam 7. Therefore, the burden on the construction site is greatly reduced.
図5に示すように、屋根先端係止部8は、梁7の開口75の内側の寸法よりやや小さい寸法を有するので、屋根先端係止部8が開口75に挿入されると、屋根先端係止部8と梁7とが係合し、屋根部2が長辺方向に移動することを防ぐことができる。したがって、屋根部2が梁7に係止された状態で、屋根部2が長辺方向にずれて屋根部2の梁7に対する係止状態が外れることを防ぐことができる。   As shown in FIG. 5, since the roof tip locking portion 8 has a dimension slightly smaller than the inside size of the opening 75 of the beam 7, when the roof tip locking portion 8 is inserted into the opening 75, the roof tip locking portion 8 has a smaller size. The stop 8 and the beam 7 are engaged with each other, so that the roof 2 can be prevented from moving in the long side direction. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the roof 2 from being disengaged in the long side direction and the locked state of the roof 2 from being released from the beam 7 while the roof 2 is locked to the beam 7.
次に、屋根部2の基端部21側の枠本体61を梁7の基端部71に近付けて、枠本体61の外側凹部612側から、ねじ78を梁7及び裏板73に貫通して、屋根部2の基端部21を梁7の基端部71に固定する。   Next, the frame body 61 on the base end portion 21 side of the roof portion 2 is brought closer to the base end portion 71 of the beam 7, and the screw 78 penetrates the beam 7 and the back plate 73 from the outer concave portion 612 side of the frame body 61. Then, the base end 21 of the roof 2 is fixed to the base end 71 of the beam 7.
次に、梁7の先端部72の両側面のネジ孔76、76(図4参照)及び屋根先端係止部8のネジ固定部83にネジ77、77(図6参照)を挿入して屋根先端係止部8を梁7の先端部72にネジ77、77で固定して屋根部2を梁7に固定する(屋根部2を梁7に固定する工程)。   Next, screws 77, 77 (see FIG. 6) are inserted into the screw holes 76, 76 (see FIG. 4) on both side surfaces of the tip portion 72 of the beam 7 and the screw fixing portion 83 of the roof tip locking portion 8 to insert the roof. The roof portion 2 is fixed to the beam 7 by fixing the front end locking portion 8 to the front end portion 72 of the beam 7 with screws 77, 77 (a process of fixing the roof portion 2 to the beam 7).
次に、梁7の先端部72の開口75を梁キャップ74で塞ぐ。梁キャップ74の梁側固定部743をネジ748a、748aで枠本体61に固定し、梁側固定部743をネジ748bで梁7の先端部72の上部に固定する。続いて、枠本体61に、カバー62を係合させて固定し、屋外用構造物1が完成する。   Next, the opening 75 of the tip 72 of the beam 7 is closed with the beam cap 74. The beam-side fixing portion 743 of the beam cap 74 is fixed to the frame main body 61 with screws 748a and 748a, and the beam-side fixing portion 743 is fixed above the distal end portion 72 of the beam 7 with the screw 748b. Subsequently, the cover 62 is engaged with and fixed to the frame body 61, and the outdoor structure 1 is completed.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、屋根部2の先端部22と基端部21とが梁7に取り付けられるという簡易な構成により屋根部2を支持することができる。したがって施工現場での作業効率を向上させることができる。また、施工現場での高所作業の時間を短縮できる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, the roof portion 2 can be supported by a simple configuration in which the distal end portion 22 and the base end portion 21 of the roof portion 2 are attached to the beam 7. Therefore, work efficiency at the construction site can be improved. In addition, the time for working at heights at the construction site can be reduced.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、屋根部2を梁7に吊り下げて支持できるので、屋根部2の下面(天井)を平坦にすることができ、意匠性に優れた屋外用構造物1を提供できる。また、施工時に屋根部2を梁7に係止させる作業が容易に行える。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, the roof portion 2 can be suspended from the beams 7 and supported, so that the lower surface (ceiling) of the roof portion 2 can be flattened, and the outdoor structure with excellent design properties can be provided. Structure 1 can be provided. In addition, the work of locking the roof 2 to the beam 7 during construction can be easily performed.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、屋根先端係止部8は枠本体61に設けられるため、梁7の長手方向の端部と屋根材4の枠体6とが係止され、屋根部2を梁7に容易に取り付けることができる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, since the roof tip locking portion 8 is provided on the frame main body 61, the longitudinal end of the beam 7 and the frame 6 of the roofing material 4 are locked. The roof 2 can be easily attached to the beam 7.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、施工時に、屋根部2を梁7に対して先端部72側から基端部71側に向かって移動させることにより、屋根部の先端部が梁7に係止される。したがって、簡単な作業で屋根部2を梁7に係止させることができ、施工現場での高所作業の時間を大幅に短縮できる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, at the time of construction, the roof 2 is moved from the front end 72 side toward the base end 71 side with respect to the beam 7, so that the front end of the roof portion is moved. Locked to beam 7. Therefore, the roof portion 2 can be locked to the beam 7 with a simple operation, and the time of working at a high place at the construction site can be greatly reduced.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、梁7の先端部72の開口縁部751と屋根先端係止部8とを係止させるので、梁7に対して屋根部2を安定して係止させることができる。また、先端フック部82が開口縁部751に挿入されて支持されるので、屋根部2を梁7に固定する前に、屋根部2と梁7との係止状態が解除され難い。さらに、先端フック部82が開口縁部751内に収容されるので、屋根先端係止部8が屋外用構造物1の外部に露出することを抑え、意匠性を高めることができる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, since the opening edge 751 of the tip 72 of the beam 7 and the roof tip locking portion 8 are locked, the roof 2 is stabilized with respect to the beam 7. Can be locked. Further, since the tip hook portion 82 is inserted into and supported by the opening edge portion 751, it is difficult to release the locked state between the roof portion 2 and the beam 7 before fixing the roof portion 2 to the beam 7. Further, since the tip hook portion 82 is housed in the opening edge portion 751, the roof tip locking portion 8 can be suppressed from being exposed to the outside of the outdoor structure 1, and the design can be enhanced.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、梁キャップ74により屋根先端係止部8と開口縁部751との係止状態をより安定させることができる。また、梁7の先端部72の開口75を塞ぐとともに屋根先端係止部8を覆うことができるので、意匠性を高めることができる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, the locking state between the roof tip locking portion 8 and the opening edge portion 751 can be further stabilized by the beam cap 74. Further, since the opening 75 of the front end portion 72 of the beam 7 can be closed and the roof front end locking portion 8 can be covered, the design can be enhanced.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、屋根部2に降った雨水が雨樋5を経由して排水されるので、雨水が屋根部2の周囲から直接落下することを防ぐことができる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, since the rainwater that has fallen on the roof 2 is drained through the rain gutter 5, it is possible to prevent rainwater from directly falling from around the roof 2. it can.
本実施形態の屋外用構造物1によれば、屋根材4が二枚の薄板421,422の間に発泡体で形成された芯材41が配置されて構成されているため、十分な強度が得られる。この結果、従来の屋外用構造物で用いられているポリカーボネート製の屋根材に比べて強度を高くできるため、垂木や母屋等の屋根を構成する部品が不要となり、工場及び施工現場での製造効率が向上する。さらに、屋根部2の下面(天井)を平坦にすることができ、意匠性に優れた屋外用構造物1を提供できる。また、屋根部2の遮光性に優れる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 of the present embodiment, since the roofing material 4 is configured by disposing the core material 41 formed of a foam between the two thin plates 421 and 422, sufficient strength is obtained. can get. As a result, the strength can be increased as compared with the polycarbonate roofing material used in conventional outdoor structures, so that the components that make up the roof, such as rafters and purlins, are unnecessary, and the production efficiency at factories and construction sites is reduced. Is improved. Furthermore, the lower surface (ceiling) of the roof 2 can be flattened, and the outdoor structure 1 excellent in design can be provided. In addition, the roof 2 has excellent light-shielding properties.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、芯材は押出発泡ポリスチレンからなるため、屋根材4の軽量化と、耐熱性、断熱性を向上させることができる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, the core material is made of extruded expanded polystyrene, so that the roof material 4 can be reduced in weight, and heat resistance and heat insulation can be improved.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、屋根材4の強度が高いので、梁が不要となり、枠体6に直接支柱3を連結することにより屋根部2が支持可能となる。したがって、簡便な支持構造となり、屋外用構造物の施工時の作業性を向上させることができる。また、従来の屋外用構造物1に比べて、連結部分の構造が露出しないため、意匠性に優れた屋外用構造物を提供できる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, since the strength of the roof material 4 is high, a beam is not required, and the roof portion 2 can be supported by directly connecting the support 3 to the frame 6. Therefore, it becomes a simple support structure, and the workability at the time of construction of an outdoor structure can be improved. Moreover, since the structure of the connecting portion is not exposed as compared with the conventional outdoor structure 1, an outdoor structure excellent in design can be provided.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、発泡体で形成された芯材を軽量且つ耐久性に優れた薄板421,422で挟む構成を備えるので、屋根材4を軽量化でき、且つ、屋根材4の耐熱性、遮光性、及び耐久性を向上させることができる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, the roof material 4 can be reduced in weight because the core material formed of the foam is sandwiched between the thin plates 421 and 422 having light weight and excellent durability. In addition, the heat resistance, the light shielding property, and the durability of the roofing material 4 can be improved.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物1によれば、片持ち支持構造の屋外用構造物を、簡易な構成で実現できる。また、屋根部2に十分な強度を保持しながら軽量化できるため、屋根材4の面積が大きい場合にも安定して屋根部2を支持できる。   According to the outdoor structure 1 according to the present embodiment, an outdoor structure having a cantilever support structure can be realized with a simple configuration. Further, since the weight can be reduced while maintaining sufficient strength in the roof 2, the roof 2 can be stably supported even when the area of the roof material 4 is large.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物の施工方法によれば、屋根部2を梁7に容易に係止させることができる。施工現場での作業効率を向上させることができる。また、施工現場での高所作業の時間を短縮できる。   According to the method for constructing an outdoor structure according to the present embodiment, the roof 2 can be easily locked to the beam 7. Work efficiency on the construction site can be improved. In addition, the time for working at heights at the construction site can be reduced.
本実施形態に係る屋外用構造物の施工方法によれば、屋根部2を梁7に対して先端部72側から基端部71側に向かって移動させることにより、屋根部2を梁7に係止させる作業が容易に行える。したがって、簡単な作業で屋根部2を梁7に係止させることができ、施工現場での高所作業の時間を大幅に短縮できる。   According to the method for constructing an outdoor structure according to the present embodiment, the roof 2 is moved to the beam 7 by moving the roof 2 from the tip 72 toward the base 71 with respect to the beam 7. The work of locking can be performed easily. Therefore, the roof portion 2 can be locked to the beam 7 with a simple operation, and the time of working at a high place at the construction site can be greatly reduced.
以上、本発明の実施形態について図面を参照して詳述したが、具体的な構成はこの実施形態に限られるものではなく、本発明の要旨を逸脱しない範囲の設計変更等も含まれる。
また、上述の各実施形態及び各変形例において示した構成要素は適宜に組み合わせて構成することが可能である。
As described above, the embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail with reference to the drawings. However, the specific configuration is not limited to the embodiments, and includes design changes and the like without departing from the gist of the present invention.
Further, the components shown in each of the above-described embodiments and modifications can be appropriately combined and configured.
本変形例では、支柱3とは別の部材で梁7を構成して、支柱3に固定する例を示したが、梁7と支柱3とが一部材として形成された構成でも良い。従来の屋外用構造物では、屋根部が本実施形態の屋根部に比べて重いため、別の部材で構成した梁7を用いた強固な支持構造が採用されていた。しかし、本発明に係る屋外用構造物は、屋根材を軽量化できるので、梁7と支柱3とを一部材で形成した構成でも屋根部2を安定して支持可能である。   In the present modification, an example is shown in which the beam 7 is formed of a member different from the column 3 and is fixed to the column 3. However, a configuration in which the beam 7 and the column 3 are formed as one member may be used. In a conventional outdoor structure, since the roof is heavier than the roof of the present embodiment, a strong support structure using beams 7 made of another member has been employed. However, since the outdoor structure according to the present invention can reduce the weight of the roof material, the roof portion 2 can be stably supported even in a configuration in which the beam 7 and the column 3 are formed by one member.
上記実施形態及び変形例では、支持部材として支柱3を例示したが、屋根部2を支持可能なものであればよく、例えば、壁体であってもよい。また、上記変形例では、屋根部2の基端部21側のみに2本の支柱3,3を設け、屋根部2を片持ちで支持する例を示したが、屋根部の支持構造はこれに限定されない。例えば、支持部材を屋根部の短辺に設ける構成であってもよい。この他、3本以上の支柱で屋根部を支持する構成や、支柱と壁体とを組み合わせて屋根部を支持する構成であってもよい。   In the above-described embodiment and modified examples, the support columns 3 are illustrated as the support members. However, any support members may be used as long as the support portions 2 can be supported, and for example, a wall body may be used. Further, in the above-described modified example, an example is described in which the two pillars 3 and 3 are provided only on the base end portion 21 side of the roof portion 2 and the roof portion 2 is supported in a cantilever manner. It is not limited to. For example, the support member may be provided on the short side of the roof. In addition, a configuration in which the roof is supported by three or more columns or a configuration in which the roof is supported by combining columns and walls may be used.
上記実施形態では、屋根部2が略長方形である例を示したが、屋根部2の平面形状はこれに限定されない。上述の通り、屋根材は、押出発泡ポリスチレン等の板材からなるので形状の自由度が高い。例えば、屋根部2の形状が正方形や、三角形、多角形であってもよい。この他、屋根材が軽量であるため、多角形の屋根材であっても、支持部材をバランス良く配置することにより、少ない支持部材で屋根部2を支持可能である。したがって、屋外用構造物の立地条件や意匠性の自由度が高い。   In the above embodiment, the example in which the roof 2 is substantially rectangular has been described, but the planar shape of the roof 2 is not limited to this. As described above, since the roofing material is made of a plate material such as extruded polystyrene, the degree of freedom in shape is high. For example, the shape of the roof 2 may be a square, a triangle, or a polygon. In addition, since the roof material is lightweight, even if it is a polygonal roof material, it is possible to support the roof portion 2 with a small number of support members by arranging the support members in a well-balanced manner. Therefore, there is a high degree of freedom in the location conditions and design of the outdoor structure.
上記実施形態では、薄板は上側薄板421がアルミニウム板からなり、下側薄板422がアルミニウム樹脂複合板からなる例を示したが、薄板はこれに限定されず、軽量且つ耐久性に優れた板材若しくはシートであればよい。例えば、繊維強化プラスチック板、鋼板のいずれか一つまたはいずれかの組み合わせからなる薄板でもよい。また、上側薄板及び下側薄板が同じ材料からなる薄板であってもよい。この他、例えば、薄板として、木目模様等を有するシートを直接発泡体に貼って屋根材を構成してもよい。   In the above-described embodiment, the thin plate has an example in which the upper thin plate 421 is made of an aluminum plate and the lower thin plate 422 is made of an aluminum resin composite plate. Any sheet is acceptable. For example, it may be a thin plate made of any one or any combination of a fiber reinforced plastic plate and a steel plate. Further, the upper thin plate and the lower thin plate may be thin plates made of the same material. In addition, for example, as a thin plate, a sheet having a woodgrain pattern or the like may be directly attached to a foam to constitute a roofing material.
上記実施形態では、屋根部2が水平方向に対して傾斜して支柱3に固定される例を示したが、屋根部2が水平に設けられていてもよい。   In the above-described embodiment, an example has been described in which the roof portion 2 is fixed to the column 3 while being inclined with respect to the horizontal direction. However, the roof portion 2 may be provided horizontally.
上記実施形態及び変形例では、芯材として、押出発泡ポリスチレンからなる板材を例示したが、芯材は発泡体で形成された軽量且つ屋根材として十分な強度を備えるものであればよく、例えば、発泡ポリエチレン、発泡スチロール等であってもよい。さらに、屋根材は、発泡ポリスチレン、発泡ポリエチレン、発泡スチロール、樹脂、金属等で形成されたハニカム構造体で構成される芯材を薄板で挟んで構成されてもよい。   In the above embodiments and modifications, as the core material, a plate material made of extruded polystyrene was exemplified.However, the core material may be any material that is formed of a foam and has sufficient strength as a roof material and, for example, It may be foamed polyethylene, foamed styrene, or the like. Further, the roofing material may be configured by sandwiching a core material composed of a honeycomb structure formed of expanded polystyrene, expanded polyethylene, expanded polystyrene, resin, metal, or the like with a thin plate.
本実施形態では、アルミニウム板(薄板)と枠体とが別の部材で構成される例を挙げたが、2枚の薄板と基端部及び先端部の枠体とを一体に形成して、2枚の薄板と基端部側の枠体と先端部側の枠体との間に芯材を収容する構成であってもよい。   In the present embodiment, an example is described in which the aluminum plate (thin plate) and the frame are formed of different members, but the two thin plates and the base end and the front end frame are integrally formed. A configuration in which a core material is accommodated between two thin plates, a frame on the base end side, and a frame on the tip end side may be employed.
1 屋外用構造物
2 屋根部
3 支柱(支持部材)
4 屋根材
6 枠体
7 梁
8 屋根先端係止部
82 先端フック部
74 梁キャップ
75 開口(梁先端係止部)
1 Outdoor Structure 2 Roof 3 Prop (Supporting Member)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 4 Roof material 6 Frame 7 Beam 8 Roof tip locking part 82 Tip hook part 74 Beam cap 75 Opening (beam tip locking part)

Claims (8)

  1. 地面に立設される支持部材と、
    前記支持部材の上端部から延設された梁と、
    前記梁に固定される屋根部と、を備え、
    前記梁の先端部には、梁先端係止部が設けられ、
    前記屋根部の先端部には、前記梁先端係止部と係止する屋根先端係止部が設けられ、
    前記屋根先端係止部は、前記屋根部との固定部から前記屋根部の基端部に向かって延びる先端フック部を有し、
    前記梁は前記先端部に開口が形成されており、
    前記先端フック部は、前記梁の前記開口に挿入されることにより、前記梁先端係止部と前記屋根先端係止部とが前記梁の延設方向に係合され、且つ前記屋根部が前記梁の基端部に固定されることにより、前記屋根部が前記梁を介して前記支持部材に支持されていることを特徴とする屋外用構造物。
    A support member standing on the ground,
    A beam extending from an upper end of the support member,
    A roof portion fixed to the beam,
    A beam tip locking portion is provided at the tip of the beam,
    At the tip of the roof portion, a roof tip locking portion that locks with the beam tip locking portion is provided,
    The roof tip locking portion has a tip hook portion extending from a fixing portion with the roof portion toward a base end portion of the roof portion,
    The beam has an opening at the tip,
    The tip hook portion is inserted into the opening of the beam, so that the beam tip locking portion and the roof tip locking portion are engaged in the extending direction of the beam , and the roof portion is An outdoor structure, wherein the roof portion is supported by the support member via the beam by being fixed to a base end of the beam.
  2. 前記屋根先端係止部が前記屋根部の上面に設けられ、
    前記屋根部が前記梁に吊り下げられて支持可能に構成されている請求項1に記載の屋外用構造物。
    The roof tip locking portion is provided on an upper surface of the roof portion,
    The outdoor structure according to claim 1, wherein the roof is suspended from the beam and is configured to be supported.
  3. 前記屋根部は、屋根材と、前記屋根材の側面を囲む枠体とを備え、
    前記屋根先端係止部は前記枠体に設けられている
    請求項1または請求項2に記載の屋外用構造物。
    The roof portion includes a roofing material and a frame surrounding side surfaces of the roofing material,
    The outdoor structure according to claim 1, wherein the roof tip locking portion is provided on the frame body.
  4. 前記屋根材は、二枚の薄板の間に発泡体で形成された芯材が配置されて構成されている請求項3に記載の屋外用構造物。  4. The outdoor structure according to claim 3, wherein the roof material is configured by disposing a core material formed of a foam between two thin plates. 5.
  5. 前記屋根材は、二枚の薄板の間にハニカム構造体で構成された芯材が配置されて構成されている請求項3に記載の屋外用構造物。4. The outdoor structure according to claim 3, wherein the roof member is configured by disposing a core member formed of a honeycomb structure between two thin plates. 5.
  6. 前記屋根部に固定され、前記先端フック部を覆うように前記梁の前記開口に内嵌されて前記開口を塞ぐ梁キャップをさらに備える
    請求項1から請求項5のいずれか一項に記載の屋外用構造物。
    The outdoor according to any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising a beam cap fixed to the roof portion and fitted inside the opening of the beam so as to cover the tip hook portion, and closing the opening. Structure.
  7. 前記屋根部に雨樋が設けられている
    請求項1から請求項6のいずれか一項に記載の屋外用構造物。
    The outdoor structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a rain gutter is provided on the roof portion.
  8. 上端部に梁の基端部が固定された支持部材を立設する工程と、
    根部の先端部に設けられた屋根先端係止部と前記梁の先端部に設けられる梁先端係止部とを係止させる工程であって、前記屋根先端係止部に設けられ、前記屋根部の基端部に向かって延びる先端フック部を、前記梁の先端部に形成された開口に挿入して前記屋根先端係止部と前記梁先端係止部とを前記梁の延設方向に係止する工程と、
    前記梁の基端部側に前記屋根部を固定する工程と、
    前記屋根先端係止部と前記梁先端係止部との係止部を固定することにより、前記屋根部を前記梁に固定する工程と、
    を備えることを特徴とする屋外用構造物の施工方法。
    Erecting a support member to which the base end of the beam is fixed at the upper end,
    A step of locking the the beam distal locking portion provided provided at the distal end portion of the roof portion and the roof tip engaging portion to the tip portion of the beam, it is provided on the roof tip engaging portion, the roof A tip hook portion extending toward a base end portion of the portion is inserted into an opening formed at a tip portion of the beam so that the roof tip locking portion and the beam tip locking portion extend in the beam extending direction. Locking step ;
    Fixing the roof to the base end side of the beam;
    Fixing the locking portion between the roof tip locking portion and the beam tip locking portion, thereby fixing the roof portion to the beam;
    A method for constructing an outdoor structure, comprising:
JP2016008337A 2016-01-19 2016-01-19 Outdoor structure and construction method of outdoor structure Active JP6654441B2 (en)

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