JP6376507B2 - Air conditioner - Google Patents

Air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6376507B2
JP6376507B2 JP2014066183A JP2014066183A JP6376507B2 JP 6376507 B2 JP6376507 B2 JP 6376507B2 JP 2014066183 A JP2014066183 A JP 2014066183A JP 2014066183 A JP2014066183 A JP 2014066183A JP 6376507 B2 JP6376507 B2 JP 6376507B2
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filter
light
unit
light receiving
air conditioner
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JP2015190639A5 (en
JP2015190639A (en
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橋詰 賢二
賢二 橋詰
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Toto株式会社
Toto株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an air conditioner that performs indoor air conditioning.

  Conventional air conditioners are provided with a housing in which an air inlet and an air outlet are formed. The temperature and humidity of the air sucked from the air inlet are adjusted by a circulating refrigerant, and the air whose temperature and humidity are adjusted is blown. It is comprised so that it may ventilate from an exit. Moreover, in order to prevent intrusion of dust, the filter which covers a suction inlet is provided (for example, refer patent document 1).

  For example, the air conditioner described in Patent Document 1 includes a reflective photointerrupter that detects dust accumulated on the filter, and determines whether dust is accumulated on the filter based on the detection result of the photointerrupter. The control corresponding to the determination is executed. Thereby, the accumulation amount of the dust accumulated on the filter can be detected, and the processing relating to the cleaning of the filter can be executed. In addition, when a predetermined time stored in advance is provided for measuring the accumulated operation time, it is possible to prevent false notification of filter cleaning as compared with an air conditioner configured to prompt filter cleaning.

JP 2007-333236 A JP-A-63-190613

  However, for example, in the air conditioner described in Patent Document 1, the photo interrupter includes a light emitting unit that irradiates light to the filter, and a light receiving unit that receives the reflected light reflected by the filter. The light receiving unit is disposed on either the back side of the filter or on the suction port side of the filter. For this reason, a variation in the amount of light received by the light receiving unit due to a variation in parts and a difference in how dust is attached may cause a malfunction.

  On the other hand, for example, the air conditioner described in Patent Document 2 includes a light emitting unit and a light receiving unit that receives light emitted from the light emitting unit, and the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit face each other with a filter interposed therebetween. Arranged in position. Accordingly, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of malfunction due to the variation in the amount of light received by the light receiving unit due to the variation in components and the way in which dust adheres.

  However, for example, in the air conditioner described in Patent Document 2, the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit are disposed at positions facing each other with the filter interposed therebetween, and thus either the light emitting unit or the light receiving unit is connected to the air conditioner. It is necessary to attach to a member other than the housing, that is, a member removable from the housing, or to form the housing so that the cross section has a U-shape or the like. In the former case, there is a problem that the wiring has to be drawn and it takes time to install the air conditioner. In the latter case, there is a problem that the shape becomes complicated. That is, there is a problem that the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit have a complicated configuration in order to be disposed at positions facing each other with the filter interposed therebetween.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide an air conditioner that can accurately detect the degree of dust accumulation in a filter without a complicated configuration.

  In order to achieve the above object, in the air conditioner according to the first aspect of the present invention, a suction port for sucking air and a filter that is detachably provided and collects dust sucked together with air from the suction port. And an air outlet that blows in air that has been sucked in from the suction port and that has passed through the filter, and in an air conditioner that blows air by adjusting the state of air that has passed through the filter, the state of air that has passed through the filter From the air conditioner main body incorporating a function unit to be adjusted, a light emitting unit that irradiates light to the filter, a reflecting unit that reflects light emitted from the light emitting unit, and the light emitting unit reflected by the reflecting unit The first light receiving unit that receives the reflected light and the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit are used to determine the degree of dust accumulation in the filter, and the control corresponding to the determination result. A light emitting unit and the first light receiving unit are disposed in the air conditioner body, and the light emitting unit and the reflecting unit are disposed with the filter interposed therebetween. Features.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, the light emitting unit and the first light receiving unit are disposed in the air conditioner body, and the light emitting unit and the reflecting unit are disposed with the filter interposed therebetween. Thereby, the light irradiated from the light emitting part is transmitted through the filter and reflected by the reflecting part, and the first light receiving part receives the reflected light reflected. Therefore, it is possible to accurately detect the degree of dust accumulation on the filter without a complicated configuration.

  In the air conditioner according to the second aspect of the present invention, the light emitting unit is disposed downstream of the filter, and the first light receiving unit is downstream of the filter, and the light emitting unit The reflector is disposed at a predetermined interval along the planar direction of the filter, and the reflection part is upstream of the filter, and the light emitted from the light emitting part has a reflection angle at an acute angle. It is arranged in that.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, the light emitting unit is disposed on the downstream side of the filter, and the first light receiving unit is on the downstream side of the filter, and is along the plane direction of the filter with respect to the light emitting unit. The reflecting portion is disposed upstream of the filter and at a position where the reflection angle of the light emitted from the light emitting portion is an acute angle. Thereby, the light irradiated from the light emission part will permeate | transmit two places of a filter. Therefore, compared with the case where the light irradiated from the light emission part permeate | transmits one place of a filter, the accumulation degree of the dust in a filter can be detected with a sufficient precision.

  In the air conditioner according to a third aspect of the present invention, the control unit determines the degree of dust accumulation in the filter when the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit is within the accumulation degree determination region. It is characterized by doing.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, the control unit determines the degree of dust accumulation on the filter when the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit is within the clogging determination region. Therefore, the degree of dust accumulation on the filter can be determined based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit.

  An air conditioner according to a fourth aspect of the present invention is provided on the upstream side of the filter, and includes a surface panel that is movable with respect to the air conditioner main body from an attachment position to a non-attachment position, The front panel is mounted when the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit is within a panel presence / absence determination region lower than the accumulation degree determination region. It is determined that the condition is not met, and control corresponding to the determination result is executed.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, the reflection unit is disposed on the front panel, and the control unit has a light reception amount received by the first light receiving unit in the panel presence / absence determination region that is lower than in the accumulation degree determination region. In some cases, it is determined that the front panel is not attached to the air conditioner body, that is, the front panel is not in the attachment position with respect to the air conditioner body, and control corresponding to the determination result is executed. Accordingly, it is possible to determine that the front panel is not attached to the air conditioner body based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit, and to accurately detect the degree of dust accumulation on the filter. Can do.

  In the air conditioner according to the fifth aspect of the present invention, when the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit is in a filter presence / absence determination region higher than in the accumulation degree determination region, It is determined that the filter is in a removed state, and control corresponding to the determination result is executed.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, the control unit is in a state where the filter is removed when the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit is in the filter presence / absence determination region higher than in the accumulation degree determination region. And control corresponding to the determination result is executed. Thereby, it can be determined that the filter has been removed based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit, and the degree of dust accumulation on the filter can be detected with high accuracy.

  An air conditioner according to a sixth aspect of the present invention includes a second light receiving unit that receives reflected light from the light emitting unit reflected by the filter, and the second light receiving unit emits the light to the filter. The control unit is configured such that the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit is within the panel presence / absence determination region and the amount of received light received by the second light receiving unit is first. When it is lower than the threshold value, it is determined that the surface panel is not attached.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, the second light receiving unit that receives the reflected light from the light emitting unit reflected by the filter is provided, and the second light receiving unit is disposed on the side where the light emitting unit is disposed with respect to the filter. The front panel is attached when the received light amount received by the first light receiving unit is within the panel presence / absence determination region and the received light amount received by the second light receiving unit is lower than the first threshold value. It is determined that it is not in a state. That is, it can be determined that the front panel is not attached based on the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit. Therefore, it can be determined that the surface panel is not attached with higher accuracy. As a result, the degree of dust accumulation on the filter can be detected with higher accuracy.

  In the air conditioner according to a seventh aspect of the present invention, the control unit is configured such that the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit is within the filter presence / absence determination region and the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit is When it is lower than the first threshold value, it is determined that the filter is in a removed state.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, the control unit is configured such that the received light amount received by the first light receiving unit is within the filter presence / absence determination region and the received light amount received by the second light receiving unit is lower than the first threshold value. Then, it is determined that the filter has been removed. That is, it can be determined that the filter has been removed based on the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit. Therefore, it can be determined that the filter has been removed with higher accuracy. As a result, the degree of dust accumulation on the filter can be detected with higher accuracy.

  In the air conditioner according to an eighth aspect of the present invention, the filter removes dust attached to at least one of the light emitting unit, the first light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit when the filter is removed. It has the brush which performs.

  According to the air conditioner having such a configuration, when the filter is removed, since the brush has a brush for removing dust attached to at least one of the light emitting unit, the first light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit, the filter is removed. At the same time, dust adhering to at least one of the light emitting unit, the first light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit can be removed. Therefore, erroneous determination due to attached dust can be suppressed.

  According to the aspect of the present invention, it is possible to provide an air conditioner that can accurately detect the degree of dust accumulation in a filter without a complicated configuration.

It is a figure which shows typically the state which attached the air conditioner which concerns on embodiment of this invention to the ceiling panel. It is the elements on larger scale which show the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part of the air conditioning apparatus which concerns on embodiment of this invention, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part. It is the elements on larger scale which show the brush of the filter of the air conditioner which concerns on embodiment of this invention. It is a flowchart which shows the dust accumulation degree determination operation | movement in the filter of the air conditioner which concerns on embodiment of this invention. It is the elements on larger scale which show the 1st modification of the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part which concerns on embodiment of this invention, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part. It is the elements on larger scale which show the 2nd modification of the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part which concerns on embodiment of this invention, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part. It is the elements on larger scale which show the 3rd modification of the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part which concerns on embodiment of this invention, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In addition, in each drawing, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the same component and detailed description is abbreviate | omitted suitably.

  First, an air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 1 is a diagram schematically showing a state where an air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present invention is attached to a ceiling panel.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the air conditioner 1 includes an air conditioner body 2 and a front panel 10. The air conditioner main body 2 is formed so as to be a substantially rectangular parallelepiped as a whole, and has a functional unit that adjusts the state of indoor air and blows air therein. Here, examples of the adjustment of the air state include temperature adjustment, humidity adjustment, mist mixing, and ion mixing. The bottom surface of the air conditioner body 2 is open, and a flange 3 is formed at the lower end of the side surface (side wall).

  The air conditioner body 2 is formed so that the outer shape of the portion excluding the flange 3 is slightly smaller than the opening 20a of the ceiling panel 20 when viewed from above. Moreover, the outer shape of the flange 3 is formed larger than the opening 20a.

  When attaching the air conditioner 1 to the ceiling panel 20, the air conditioner body 2 is inserted into the opening 20 a from below the ceiling panel 20, and then the flange 3 and the ceiling panel 20 are fixed with bolts (not shown). Furthermore, after attaching the surface panel 10 so as to cover the flange 3, the surface panel 10 is fixed to the flange 3 with a bolt (not shown). Thus, the front panel 10 is attached to the air conditioner body 2.

  Inside the air conditioner main body 2, that is, above the surface panel 10, an internal flow path 4 that connects the suction port 12 and the air outlet 14 is formed. The internal flow path 4 is a flow path for the air sucked from the suction port 12 to flow to the blower outlet 14. In the present specification, the terms “upstream” and “downstream” are based on the direction of the airflow from the suction port 12 toward the blowout port 14.

  The fan 6 is a blower disposed in the internal flow path 4 and generates an air flow in the internal flow path 4. A fan motor 7 that rotationally drives the fan 6 is provided above the fan 6. The fan 6 is a so-called sirocco fan in which a plurality of blades are arranged in a circle. When the fan motor 7 rotates, the fan 6 is driven to rotate, sucks air from below the fan 6, and discharges air from the side surface of the fan 6 in the horizontal direction.

  The air flowing downstream from the fan 6 passes through the air outlet 14 via the heater 8 and blows out into the room. The heater 8 is an electric heater disposed immediately above the air conditioning plate 9 and heats the air blown out from the air outlet 14. The heater 8 does not always heat the air, and heating ON / OFF is appropriately controlled by a control unit (not shown) according to the operation mode of the air conditioner 1.

  The air conditioner body 1 has a control unit (not shown) that controls the operations of the fan motor 7 and the heater 8.

  Thus, in this embodiment, the fan 6, the fan motor 7, the heater 8, and the control part (not shown) are built in as a function part which adjusts the state of indoor air and blows air.

  The front panel 10 is disposed on the upstream side of the filter 16 and is movable with respect to the air conditioner main body 1 from the attachment position to the non-attachment position. The front panel 10 includes a suction port 12 that sucks air, a blower port 14 that blows out air that has been sucked from the suction port 12 and passed through the filter, and a filter 16. The front panel 10 may be movable with respect to the air conditioner main body 1 from the attachment position to the non-attachment position. It may be fixed by, for example, and other parts can be opened and closed from the attachment position to the non-attachment position. In other words, the surface panel 10 may be one in which the entire surface panel 10 can be removed from the air conditioner body 1, or a part of the surface panel 10 can be opened and closed with respect to the air conditioner body 1. It may be removable.

  The filter 16 is for collecting dust sucked together with air from the suction port 12, and is disposed on the upstream side of the fan 6 and on the downstream side of the suction port 12. The filter 16 is provided so as to be removable from the front panel 10. In the present embodiment, the filter 16 is detachably provided on the front panel 10, but may be attached to a member other than the front panel 10, for example.

  Although not shown in FIG. 1, the air conditioner body 1 includes a light emitting unit 31, a reflecting unit 32, a first light receiving unit 33, and a second light receiving unit 34. The light emitting unit 31 irradiates the filter 16 with light. The reflecting unit 32 reflects the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31. The first light receiving unit 33 receives the reflected light from the light emitting unit 31 reflected by the reflecting unit 32. The second light receiving unit 34 receives the reflected light from the light emitting unit 31 reflected by the filter 16. Each arrangement relationship will be described later. The control unit (not shown) determines the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33, and executes control corresponding to the determination result.

  Next, the arrangement relationship of the light emitting unit, the light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit of the air conditioner according to the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3. FIG. 2 is a partially enlarged view showing an arrangement relationship of the light emitting unit, the light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit of the air conditioner according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a partially enlarged view showing a filter brush of the air conditioner according to the embodiment of the present invention. In addition, the arrow shown in FIG. 2 has shown the maximum directivity direction.

  As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the light emitting unit 31 and the first light receiving unit 33 are disposed in the air conditioner body 1 and are disposed downstream of the filter 16. The first light receiving unit 33 is disposed at a predetermined interval along the plane direction of the filter 16 with respect to the light emitting unit 31. The second light receiving unit 34 is disposed on the side where the light emitting unit 31 is disposed with respect to the filter 16, that is, on the downstream side of the filter 16.

  The reflecting portion 32 is disposed on the surface panel 10 on the upstream side of the filter 16. In other words, the reflecting portion 32 is disposed with the light emitting portion 31 across the filter 16. The reflection unit 32 is disposed at a position where the reflection angle of the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 is an acute angle. In other words, the reflection unit 32 is disposed so that the maximum directivity direction of the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 and the maximum directivity direction of the reflected light reflected from the reflection unit 32 are not on the same straight line.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the filter 16 includes a brush 17 that removes dust attached to the light emitting unit 31, the reflecting unit 32, the first light receiving unit 33, and the second light receiving unit 34 when the filter 16 is removed. The brush 17 is provided at the end opposite to the direction in which the filter 16 is removed (the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. 4). Therefore, when removing the filter 16 by moving the filter 16 in the removal direction in order to remove the filter 16 from the front panel 10, the brush 17 has the light emitting unit 31, the reflecting unit 32, the first light receiving unit 33, and the second light receiving unit. It is possible to remove dust adhering to each of the surfaces of 34.

  Next, an operation procedure for determining the degree of dust accumulation in the filter of the air conditioner according to the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 4 is a flowchart showing a dust accumulation degree determination operation in the filter of the air conditioner according to the embodiment of the present invention.

  As illustrated in FIG. 4, the control unit causes the light emitting unit to emit light at a predetermined timing (step S10). The predetermined timing is when a signal is received from a remote controller (not shown) that operates the air conditioner 1 or when the driving time of the air conditioner 1 exceeds a predetermined time.

  Next, the control unit calculates the intensity (light reception amount) of the light received by the first light receiving unit 33 and the second light receiving unit 34 (step S12). Then, the control unit determines whether or not the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is within the accumulation degree determination region (step S14). When it is determined that the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is within the accumulation degree determination region (step S14-Yes), the control unit determines the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 (step S16). Subsequently, the control unit executes control corresponding to the determination result of the degree of dust accumulation (step S18). Then, the determination of the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 ends.

  Here, the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 is reflected by the filter 16 or transmitted through the filter 16. The light that has passed through the filter 16 is reflected by the reflecting section 32, and the first light receiving section 33 receives this reflected light. For this reason, the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 varies depending on the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16. Specifically, when the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 is high, the amount of light transmitted through the filter 16 by the dust accumulated on the filter 16 is reduced, and the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is reduced ( Less). On the other hand, when the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 is small, the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is larger (increased) than when the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 is high. Note that the control corresponding to the determination result of the degree of dust accumulation is, for example, when the user determines that the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 is high based on the determination result of the degree of dust accumulation, depending on the lighting of the lamp or sound. Control for prompting cleaning, control for adjusting the rotation of the fan 6, control for adjusting the output of the heater 8, and the like.

  On the other hand, if it is determined in step S14 that the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is not within the accumulation degree determination region (No in step S14), the control unit determines that the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is within the panel presence / absence determination region. It is determined whether or not there is (step S20). The panel presence / absence determination region is a region lower than the accumulation degree determination region. If it is determined that the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is within the panel presence / absence determination region (step S20—Yes), the control unit determines whether the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is lower than the first threshold value. (Step S22). When it is determined that the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is lower than the first threshold (step S22—Yes), the control unit determines that the front panel 10 is not attached and performs control corresponding to the determination result. Execute (step S24). Then, the determination of the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 ends. On the other hand, if it is determined in step S22 that the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is higher than the first threshold value (step S22-No), the control unit performs control when the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 is high. (Step S26). Specifically, for example, a control that prompts the user to clean the filter 16 is executed. Then, the determination of the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 ends.

Here, if the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is lower than the accumulation degree determination threshold, two causes are considered. The first is that the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 is high, and the second is that the surface panel 10 is not attached.
The light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 is reflected by the filter 16 or transmitted through the filter 16. The reflected light reflected by the filter 16 is received by the second light receiving unit 34. For this reason, the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit is reduced (decreased) when the filter 16 is not attached.
Therefore, when the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is lower than the first threshold, it is determined that the reason why the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is low is that the front panel 10 is not attached. can do. On the other hand, when the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is higher than the first threshold, it can be determined that the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 is high. Note that the control corresponding to the determination result that the front panel 10 is not attached is, for example, control or operation for notifying the user that the front panel 10 is not attached by lighting or sound of a lamp. For example, control for prohibiting the operation and control for stopping the operation.

  On the other hand, if it is determined in step S20 that the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is not within the panel presence / absence determination region (step S20-No), the control unit receives the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 lower than the first threshold value. Whether or not (step S28). Here, in the present embodiment, the region of the light receiving amount of the first light receiving unit 33 is classified into a deposition degree determining region for determining the degree of dust accumulation according to the light receiving amount of the first light receiving unit 33, and the accumulation degree determining region. The area is divided into three areas: a filter presence / absence determination area which is an area where the amount of received light is higher, and a panel presence / absence determination area where the amount of received light is lower than the accumulation degree determination area. For this reason, the fact that the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is not within the accumulation degree determination region and not within the panel presence / absence determination region means that it is within the filter presence / absence determination region.

  If it is determined that the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is lower than the first threshold value (step S28—Yes), the control unit determines that the filter 16 has been removed, and performs control corresponding to the determination result. Execute (Step S30). Then, the determination of the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 ends. On the other hand, when it is determined in step S28 that the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is higher than the first threshold value (step S22-No), the control unit performs control when the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 is low. (Step S32). Specifically, for example, control for notifying that the filter 16 is normal is executed. Then, the determination of the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 ends.

Here, when the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is relatively high, two causes are considered. The first is that the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 is low, and the second is that the filter 16 is removed.
Therefore, when the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is lower than the first threshold, the cause of the low amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is that the filter 16 is removed. Can be determined. On the other hand, when the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34 is higher than the first threshold, it can be determined that the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 is low. The control corresponding to the determination result that the filter 16 is in the removed state is, for example, control or operation for notifying the user that the filter 16 is in the removed state by lighting or sound of the lamp. For example, control for prohibiting the operation and control for stopping the operation.

  In the present embodiment, it is determined in step S20 whether or not the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit is within the panel presence / absence determination region. It may be determined whether or not it is within.

  As described above, in the air conditioner 1 according to this embodiment, the light emitting unit 31 and the first light receiving unit 33 are disposed in the air conditioner body 2, and the light emitting unit 31 and the reflecting unit 32 are disposed with the filter 16 interposed therebetween. Is done. As a result, the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 passes through the filter 16 and is reflected by the reflecting unit 32, and the first light receiving unit 33 receives the reflected light. Therefore, it is possible to accurately detect the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 without using a complicated configuration.

  In the air conditioner 1 according to the present embodiment, the light emitting unit 31 is disposed on the downstream side of the filter 16, and the first light receiving unit 33 is on the downstream side of the filter 16, with respect to the light emitting unit 31. The reflector 32 is disposed at a predetermined interval along the plane direction of the filter, and the reflector 32 is disposed upstream of the filter 16 and at a position where the reflection angle of the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 is an acute angle. Is done. As a result, the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 passes through two places of the filter 16. Therefore, compared with the case where the light irradiated from the light emission part 31 permeate | transmits one place of a filter, the accumulation degree of the dust in the filter 16 can be detected with a sufficient precision.

  In the air conditioner 1 according to the present embodiment, the control unit determines the degree of dust accumulation in the filter 16 when the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is within the accumulation degree determination region. Accordingly, the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 can be determined based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33.

  In the air conditioner 1 according to the present embodiment, the reflection unit 32 is disposed on the front panel 10, and the control unit determines the panel determination in which the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is lower than in the accumulation degree determination region. If it is within the region, it is determined that the surface panel 10 is not attached, and control corresponding to the determination result is executed. Accordingly, it can be determined that the front panel 10 is not attached based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33, and the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 can be accurately detected. .

  Further, the air conditioner 1 according to the present embodiment includes the second light receiving unit 34 that receives the reflected light from the light emitting unit 31 reflected by the filter 16, and the second light receiving unit 34 has the light emitting unit 31 with respect to the filter 16. The control unit is disposed in the panel determination region where the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is lower than the accumulation degree determination region, and the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34. Is lower than the first threshold value, it is determined that the surface panel 10 is not attached. That is, it is possible to determine that the front panel 10 is not attached based on the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34. Therefore, it can be determined that the surface panel 10 is not attached with higher accuracy. As a result, the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 can be detected with higher accuracy.

  In the air conditioner 1 according to the present embodiment, the control unit removes the filter 16 when the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is in the filter determination region higher than in the accumulation degree determination region. It is determined that the state is in the state, and control corresponding to the determination result is executed. Accordingly, it can be determined that the filter 16 is in a removed state based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33, and the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 can be accurately detected. .

  In the air conditioner 1 according to the present embodiment, the control unit receives the light received by the second light receiving unit 34 in the filter determination region in which the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 33 is higher than the accumulation degree determination region. When the amount is lower than the first threshold, it is determined that the filter 16 is in a removed state. That is, it is possible to determine that the filter 16 has been removed based on the amount of light received by the second light receiving unit 34. Therefore, it can be determined that the filter 16 has been removed more accurately. As a result, the degree of dust accumulation on the filter 16 can be detected with higher accuracy.

  Further, in the air conditioner 1 according to the present embodiment, when removing the filter 16, a brush that removes dust attached to each of the light emitting unit 31, the reflecting unit 32, the first light receiving unit 33, and the second light receiving unit 34 is provided. Therefore, at the same time as the filter 16 is removed, dust attached to each of the light emitting unit 31, the reflecting unit 32, the first light receiving unit 33, and the second light receiving unit 34 can be removed. Therefore, erroneous determination due to attached dust can be suppressed.

  In addition, the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part of the air conditioning apparatus 1 which concerns on this embodiment, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part is the light irradiated from the light emission part 31 2 places of the filter 16 like the air conditioning apparatus 1 which concerns on this embodiment. In order to transmit light, the light emitting unit 31, the first light receiving unit 33, and the second light receiving unit 34 may be disposed on the downstream side of the filter 16, and the reflecting unit 32 may be disposed on the upstream side of the filter 16. Desirable, but not limited to this arrangement. For example, the arrangement relationship shown in FIG. FIG. 5 is a partially enlarged view showing a first modification of the arrangement relationship of the light emitting unit, the light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit according to the embodiment of the present invention. In addition, the arrow shown in FIG. 5 has shown the maximum directivity direction.

  Hereinafter, with reference to FIG. 5, the 1st modification of the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part which concerns on embodiment of this invention, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part is demonstrated.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the light emitting unit 31 and the first light receiving unit 33 are disposed in the air conditioner body 1. The light emitting unit 31 is disposed on the downstream side of the filter 16, and the first light receiving unit 33 is disposed on the upstream side of the filter 16. The second light receiving unit 34 is disposed on the side where the light emitting unit 31 is disposed with respect to the filter 16, that is, on the downstream side of the filter 16.

  The reflecting portion 32 is disposed on the surface panel 10 on the upstream side of the filter 16. In other words, the reflecting portion 32 is disposed with the light emitting portion 31 across the filter 16. The reflection unit 32 is disposed at a position where the reflection angle of the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 is an acute angle. In other words, the reflection unit 32 is disposed so that the maximum directivity direction of the light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 and the maximum directivity direction of the reflected light reflected from the reflection unit 32 are not on the same straight line. The reflector 32 is disposed so that the maximum directivity direction of the reflected light is the horizontal direction. The first light receiving unit 33 is arranged so that the light receiving surface of the first light receiving unit 33 is perpendicular to the maximum directional direction of the reflected light in order to receive the reflected light reflected in the horizontal direction by the reflecting unit 31. It is installed.

  The light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 toward the reflecting unit 32 passes through the filter 16 and reaches the reflecting unit 32. Then, the reflection unit 32 reflects the reflected light so that the maximum directional direction of the reflected light is the horizontal direction. The first light receiving unit 33 receives the reflected light reflected by the reflecting unit 32.

  Moreover, although it is desirable to provide the 1st light-receiving part and the 2nd light-receiving part like the air conditioner 1 which concerns on this embodiment, only a 1st light-receiving part may be sufficient. For example, the arrangement relationship shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 may be used. In this case, the operation procedure for determining the degree of dust accumulation in the filter of the air conditioner 1 is, for example, a form obtained by deleting step S22, step S26, step 28, and step 32 in FIG. FIG. 6 is a partially enlarged view showing a second modification of the arrangement relationship of the light emitting unit, the light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a partially enlarged view showing a third modification of the arrangement relationship of the light emitting unit, the light receiving unit, and the reflecting unit according to the embodiment of the present invention. The arrows shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 indicate the maximum directivity direction.

  Hereinafter, with reference to FIG. 6, the 2nd modification of the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part which concerns on embodiment of this invention, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part is demonstrated.

  As shown in FIG. 6, the light emitting unit 31 and the first light receiving unit 33 are disposed in the air conditioner body 1. The light emitting unit 31 is disposed on the downstream side of the filter 16, and the first light receiving unit 33 is disposed on the upstream side of the filter 16.

  The reflecting portion 32 is disposed on the surface panel 10 on the upstream side of the filter 16. In other words, the reflecting portion 32 is disposed with the light emitting portion 31 across the filter 16. The reflecting surface of the reflecting portion 32 is disposed so that the maximum directivity direction of the reflected light is the horizontal direction. The first light receiving unit 33 is arranged so that the light receiving surface of the first light receiving unit 33 is perpendicular to the maximum directional direction of the reflected light in order to receive the reflected light reflected in the horizontal direction by the reflecting unit 31. It is installed.

  The light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 toward the reflecting unit 32 passes through the filter 16 and reaches the reflecting unit 32. Then, the reflection unit 32 reflects the reflected light so that the maximum directional direction of the reflected light is the horizontal direction. The first light receiving unit 33 receives the reflected light reflected by the reflecting unit 32.

  Next, with reference to FIG. 7, the 3rd modification of the arrangement | positioning relationship of the light emission part which concerns on embodiment of this invention, a light-receiving part, and a reflection part is demonstrated.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the light emitting unit 31, the first light receiving unit 33, and the reflecting unit 32 are disposed in the air conditioner main body 1. The light emitting unit 31 is disposed on the upstream side of the filter 16, and the first light receiving unit 33 and the reflecting unit 32 are disposed on the downstream side of the filter 16. In other words, the reflecting portion 32 is disposed with the light emitting portion 31 across the filter 16. The light emitting unit 31 is arranged so that the maximum directivity direction of the irradiated light is a linear direction toward the reflecting unit 32. The reflecting surface of the reflecting portion 32 is disposed so that the maximum directivity direction of the reflected light is the horizontal direction. Further, the first light receiving unit 33 is arranged so that the light receiving surface of the first light receiving unit 33 is perpendicular to the maximum directional direction of the reflected light in order to receive the reflected light reflected in the horizontal direction by the reflecting unit 31. It is installed.

The light emitted from the light emitting unit 31 toward the reflecting unit 32 passes through the filter 16 and reaches the reflecting unit 32. Then, the reflection unit 32 reflects the reflected light so that the maximum directional direction of the reflected light is the horizontal direction. The first light receiving unit 33 receives the reflected light reflected by the reflecting unit 32.

The embodiment of the present invention has been described above. However, the present invention is not limited to these descriptions. As long as the features of the present invention are provided, those skilled in the art appropriately modified the design of the above-described embodiments are also included in the scope of the present invention. For example, the shape, size, material, arrangement, and the like of each element included in the air conditioner 1 and the like are not limited to those illustrated, and can be changed as appropriate.
Moreover, each element with which each embodiment mentioned above is provided can be combined as long as technically possible, and the combination of these is also included in the scope of the present invention as long as it includes the features of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Air conditioner 2 Air conditioner main body 3 Flange 4 Internal flow path 6 Fan 7 Fan motor 8 Heater 10 Surface panel 12 Suction port 14 Air outlet 16 Filter 17 Brush 20 Ceiling panel 20a Opening part 31 Light emission part 32 Reflection part 33 1st light-receiving part 34 Second light receiving portion

Claims (9)

  1. A suction port that sucks in air; a filter that is detachably provided and collects dust sucked together with air from the suction port; and a blowout port that blows in air sucked from the suction port and passed through the filter In the air conditioner that blows air by adjusting the state of the air that has passed through the filter,
    An air conditioner main body with a built-in function unit that adjusts the state of air that has passed through the filter;
    A light emitting unit for irradiating the filter with light;
    A reflecting portion that reflects light emitted from the light emitting portion;
    A first light receiving unit that receives reflected light from the light emitting unit reflected by the reflecting unit;
    A second light receiving unit that receives reflected light from the light emitting unit reflected by the filter;
    A control unit that determines the degree of dust accumulation in the filter based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit, and executes control corresponding to the determination result;
    With
    The light emitting unit and the first light receiving unit are disposed in the air conditioner body,
    The light emitting unit and the reflecting unit are disposed with the filter interposed therebetween ,
    The second light receiving unit is disposed on the side where the light emitting unit is disposed with respect to the filter,
    Wherein, based on the amount of received light said second light receiving portion and the first light receiving portion has received, an air conditioning apparatus characterized that you determine the mounted state of the filter.
  2.   A suction port that sucks in air; a filter that is detachably provided and collects dust sucked together with air from the suction port; and a blower port that blows out air that has been sucked from the suction port and passed through the filter In the air conditioner that blows air by adjusting the state of the air that has passed through the filter,
      An air conditioner main body with a built-in function unit that adjusts the state of air that has passed through the filter;
      A light emitting unit for irradiating the filter with light;
      A reflecting portion that reflects light emitted from the light emitting portion;
      A first light receiving unit that receives reflected light from the light emitting unit reflected by the reflecting unit;
      A second light receiving unit that receives reflected light from the light emitting unit reflected by the filter;
      A control unit that determines the degree of dust accumulation in the filter based on the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit, and executes control corresponding to the determination result;
      A surface panel that is disposed upstream of the filter and is movable from an attachment position to a non-attachment position with respect to the air conditioner body,
      With
      The light emitting unit and the first light receiving unit are disposed in the air conditioner body,
      The light emitting unit and the reflecting unit are disposed with the filter interposed therebetween,
      The reflective portion is disposed on the front panel,
      The second light receiving unit is disposed on the side where the light emitting unit is disposed with respect to the filter,
      The said control part determines the attachment state of the said surface panel based on the light reception amount which the said 1st light-receiving part and the said 2nd light-receiving part received.
  3. The light emitting unit is disposed downstream of the filter,
    The first light receiving unit is disposed downstream of the filter and is disposed at a predetermined interval along the planar direction of the filter with respect to the light emitting unit.
    The said reflection part is upstream from the said filter, Comprising: The light irradiated from the said light emission part is arrange | positioned in the position where a reflection angle becomes an acute angle, The Claim 1 or Claim 2 characterized by the above-mentioned. Air conditioner.
  4. Wherein, when the light receiving amount of the first light receiving portion has received is the accumulation degree determination area, any claims 1 to 3, characterized in that determining the accumulation degree of dust in the filter The air conditioner of Claim 1 .
  5. It is arranged on the upstream side of the filter, and includes a surface panel that is movable from an attachment position to a non-attachment position with respect to the air conditioner body
    The reflective portion is disposed on the front panel,
    The control unit determines the attachment state of the front panel when the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit is within a panel presence / absence determination region lower than the accumulation degree determination region, and responds to the determination result The air conditioning apparatus according to claim 4 , wherein the control is performed.
  6. The control unit determines an attachment state of the filter when the amount of received light received by the first light receiving unit is in a filter presence / absence determination region higher than in the accumulation degree determination region, and responds to the determination result. the air conditioner according to claim 4 or claim 5, characterized in that to perform the control.
  7. Before SL control unit, when the received light amount of the received light quantity of the first light receiving portion has received said a panel existence determination area and the second light receiving section has received is less than the first threshold value, said surface panels The air conditioner according to claim 5 , wherein the air conditioner is determined not to be attached.
  8. Before SL control unit, when the received light amount of the received light quantity of the first light receiving portion has received said a filter existence determination area and the second light receiving section has received is less than the first threshold value, the filter removed The air conditioner according to claim 6 , wherein the air conditioner is determined to be in a closed state.
  9. The said filter has a brush which removes the dust adhering to at least one among the said light emission part, a said 1st light-receiving part, and the said reflection part, when removing the said filter. Item 9. The air conditioner according to any one of items 8 .
JP2014066183A 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Air conditioner Active JP6376507B2 (en)

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JP2016149743A (en) 2015-02-15 2016-08-18 スカイワークス ソリューションズ,インコーポレイテッドSkyworks Solutions,Inc. Power amplifier reduced in size through elimination of matching network
CN107990432A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-04 芜湖美智空调设备有限公司 Except dust sensor and window machine
CN108333149A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-07-27 芜湖美智空调设备有限公司 Strainer mesh cleanliness detection method and strainer mesh cleanliness sensor, airhandling equipment

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JPS6248137B2 (en) * 1980-02-25 1987-10-12 Sanyo Denki Kk
JPH05137929A (en) * 1991-11-25 1993-06-01 Mita Ind Co Ltd Dustproof device
JPH07260231A (en) * 1994-03-18 1995-10-13 Toshiba Corp Detector for clogging of air filter
US7012685B1 (en) * 2001-08-06 2006-03-14 Wilson David J Clogged filter detector
JP2007333236A (en) * 2006-06-12 2007-12-27 Sharp Corp Air conditioner
JP2013160449A (en) * 2012-02-06 2013-08-19 Daikin Industries Ltd Clogging detector of air filter

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