JP6242220B2 - Crusher - Google Patents

Crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6242220B2
JP6242220B2 JP2014016470A JP2014016470A JP6242220B2 JP 6242220 B2 JP6242220 B2 JP 6242220B2 JP 2014016470 A JP2014016470 A JP 2014016470A JP 2014016470 A JP2014016470 A JP 2014016470A JP 6242220 B2 JP6242220 B2 JP 6242220B2
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die
core
grinding
groove
rubbing
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JP2015142878A (en
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秀和 志摩
秀和 志摩
勝 三角
勝 三角
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シャープ株式会社
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J42/00Coffee mills; Spice mills
    • A47J42/12Coffee mills; Spice mills having grinding discs
    • A47J42/16Coffee mills; Spice mills having grinding discs mechanically driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J42/00Coffee mills; Spice mills
    • A47J42/12Coffee mills; Spice mills having grinding discs
    • A47J42/20Grinding discs

Description

  The present invention relates to a pulverizing apparatus for pulverizing an object to be pulverized.

  Conventionally, a stone mill method has been used as means for pulverizing tea leaves, grains, and other objects to be crushed. In the stone mill method, the lower die and the upper die are rubbed and rotated, and the object guided to the gap between the lower die and the upper die through the opening near the rotation center of the upper die is rubbed. Are pulverized using a flat part and a groove part respectively provided in the mortar, and the powder is discharged from the outer periphery of the mortar.

  The stone mill method has a feature that a finer particle size can be obtained than a blade-type grinding such as a general mixer. For example, a stone mill type electric grinding machine for tea leaves and the like has been developed.

  Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-128863 (Patent Document 1) discloses a tea leaf grinder. According to this document, it is possible to provide a rib on a hopper into which tea leaves are put, and to pulverize elongated tea leaves in advance with a gap between the rotating blades. Further, a columnar type, a spiral or a screw type is disclosed as the blade shape. Thereby, the supply amount variation due to the catch of the tea leaves is eliminated, and the pulverization process is stably realized.

JP 2001-128863 A

  However, in the pulverizer disclosed in Patent Document 1 described above, it has been found that it is difficult to pulverize the object to be pulverized to a desired particle size, particularly when the area of the rubbing surface of the mortar is reduced.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a pulverizing apparatus that can make the pulverization particle size finer and reduce the size of the mortar.

  In the pulverizing apparatus according to the present invention, a pulverizing apparatus for pulverizing an object to be pulverized, a cylindrical hopper for introducing the pulverized object from above, and an upper die rubbing surface located below the hopper And an upper die including an opening at the center of the upper die rubbing surface, a lower die including a lower die rubbing surface that is positioned below the upper die and rotates and abuts on the upper die rubbing surface; And a core that is provided on the lower die and extends upward and is disposed so as to be positioned in the hopper from the opening provided on the upper die.

  The core includes a spiral blade whose screw direction is opposite to the rotational direction of the core, and the upper die is pulverized in a region from an inner peripheral surface defining the opening to the upper die rubbing surface. An outer peripheral surface of the core having a pull-in groove for drawing an object from the opening to a rubbing surface where the upper mortar rubbing surface and the lower mortar rubbing surface are in contact, and facing the opening of the upper mortar The region is located inside the outer diameter of the core in a region wider than the depth of the drawing groove.

  In another form of the pulverizer, the outer diameter D1 of the spiral blade and the inner diameter D2 of the hopper satisfy the relationship of 1.7 ≦ D2 / D1 ≦ 2.2.

  In another form of the pulverizing apparatus, the core is placed on a core attachment surface provided on the lower die, and the core attachment surface is located below the lower die rubbing surface. .

  In another form of the pulverizing apparatus, the hopper includes a rib that partially shields the inner diameter of the hopper above the core, and the rib has a convex shape that extends upward.

  In another form of the pulverizing apparatus, the distance between the spiral blades is larger in the upper part than in the lower part.

  According to this pulverization apparatus, it is possible to provide a pulverization apparatus that can make the pulverization particle size finer and can reduce the size of the die.

1 is an overall perspective view of a beverage production apparatus according to Embodiment 1. FIG. FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line II-II in FIG. 1. It is a whole perspective view which shows the schematic component of the drink manufacturing apparatus in Embodiment 1. It is a 1st manufacturing flow which shows Japanese tea discharge using the beverage manufacturing apparatus in Embodiment 1. FIG. It is a 2nd manufacturing flow which shows Japanese tea discharge using the drink manufacturing apparatus in Embodiment 1. FIG. It is a 3rd manufacturing flow which shows Japanese tea discharge using the drink manufacturing apparatus in Embodiment 1. FIG. It is a perspective view which shows only the internal structure of the drink manufacturing apparatus in Embodiment 1. FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a grinding unit in Embodiment 1. FIG. FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the grinding unit in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the grinding unit in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a stirring unit in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of a stirring unit in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing an assembled view of a core, a lower die, and an upper die in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view from the upper side of the core, the lower die, and the upper die in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view from the lower side of the core, the lower die, and the upper die in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a front view of the core in the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a side view of the core in the first embodiment. 4 is a perspective view of a core in the first embodiment. FIG. It is a front view of the core of the other form in Embodiment 2. FIG. FIG. 5 is a plan view of a grinding unit in a second embodiment. It is XXI-XXI sectional view taken on the line in FIG. FIG. 5 is a conceptual cross-sectional view of grinding of a grinding unit in Embodiment 2. It is a figure which shows the result evaluated about the relationship between the outer diameter of the core in Embodiment 2, and the inner diameter of a hopper. FIG. 6 is a plan view of a grinding groove and a drawing groove provided on a rubbing surface of an upper die in a second embodiment. FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a grinding groove and a drawing groove provided on the rubbing surface of the upper die in the second embodiment. It is a top view when only the crushing groove is provided in the rubbing surface of the upper die. FIG. 10 is a plan view of a grinding groove and a drawing groove provided on the rubbing surface of the upper die in the third embodiment. FIG. 10 is a plan view of pulverization grooves and pull-in grooves provided on the rubbing surface of the upper die in the fourth embodiment. FIG. 10 is a plan view of pulverization grooves and pull-in grooves provided on the rubbing surface of the upper die in the fifth embodiment. It is a perspective view of the upper mill shown in FIG. It is a perspective view of the grinding unit in Embodiment 6. FIG. FIG. 32 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXII-XXXII in FIG. 31. It is a top view of the grinding unit in the 1st related art. It is a top view of the grinding unit in the 2nd related technology. FIG. 35 is a sectional view taken along line XXXV-XXXV in FIG. 34.

  A drawing object pulling mechanism and a crusher in an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the drawings of the respective embodiments, the same reference numerals represent the same or corresponding parts, and redundant description may not be repeated. In each embodiment, when referring to the number, amount, or the like, the scope of the present invention is not necessarily limited to the number, amount, or the like unless otherwise specified.

  In this embodiment, as an example, a case where tea leaves are used as an object to be crushed and tea is produced as a beverage will be described. However, the object to be crushed is not limited to tea leaves, but grains, dry matter, and other objects to be crushed It is possible to apply also when manufacturing a drink using

  In the following, tea leaves means a solid state before pulverization, powdered tea leaves mean crushed tea leaves, and tea means a beverage in which powdered tea leaves and hot water are agitated (mixed). To do.

<Embodiment 1>
(Beverage production device 1)
With reference to FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, a beverage manufacturing apparatus 1 in the present embodiment will be described. 1 is an overall perspective view of the beverage production apparatus 1, FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along the line II-II in FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is an overall perspective view showing schematic components of the beverage production apparatus 1.

  With reference to FIG. 1, the beverage manufacturing apparatus 1 uses tea leaves as an object to be crushed, and pulverizes the tea leaves to obtain tea leaf powder. Tea is produced as a beverage using the obtained tea leaf powder. The beverage production apparatus 1 includes an apparatus main body 100, a grinding unit 300 as a pulverizer, an agitation unit 500, a water tank 700, a tea leaf powder tray 800, and a mounting base 900. The mounting base 900 is provided so as to protrude forward in the lower front side of the apparatus main body 100, and a cup (not shown) and the tea leaf powder tray 800 can be mounted thereon.

(Grinding unit 300)
Referring to FIG. 3, a grinding unit 300 as a grinding device is detachably mounted on a grinding unit mounting area 180 provided on the front side of apparatus main body 100. In the grinding unit mounting area 180, a grinding driving force coupling mechanism 130 is provided so as to protrude forward, and the grinding unit 300 is detachably attached to the grinding driving force coupling mechanism 130. The grinding unit 300 is connected to the grinding driving force coupling mechanism 130 to obtain a driving force for grinding tea leaves that are objects to be ground.

  Tea leaves put into the inside of the grinding unit 300 from the upper part of the grinding unit 300 are finely pulverized in the inside of the grinding unit 300, and the tea leaves are placed on the tea leaf powder tray 800 placed below the grinding unit 300 as tea leaf powder. Fall and collect. The detailed structure of the grinding unit 300 will be described later with reference to FIGS.

(Stirring unit 500)
With reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, agitation unit 500 is detachably attached to agitation unit attachment region 190 provided on the front side of apparatus main body 100. In the stirring unit mounting area 190, a stirring motor non-contact table 140A is provided, and a stirring blade 550 (see FIG. 12 described later) provided in the stirring unit 500 is rotationally driven using a magnetic force.

  A hot water supply nozzle 170 is provided above the stirring unit mounting region 190 of the apparatus main body 100. In the apparatus main body 100, the water in the hot water supply pipe 150 is raised to a predetermined temperature, and hot water is supplied from the hot water supply nozzle 170 into the stirring tank 510. In the stirring tank 510, hot water created in the apparatus main body 100 and the tea leaf powder obtained by the grinding unit 300 are charged, and the hot water and the tea leaf powder are stirred by the stirring blade 550 of the stirring tank 510. . Thereby, tea is manufactured in the stirring tank 510.

  The Japanese tea produced in the stirring unit 500 is a cup (not shown) placed on the placement base 900 by operating the operation lever 542 of the discharge opening / closing mechanism 540 provided below the stirring unit 500. You can pour tea. The detailed structure of the grinding unit 300 will be described later with reference to FIGS.

(Manufacturing flow of Japanese tea (beverage))
Next, with reference to FIG. 4 to FIG. 6, a manufacturing flow of Japanese tea (beverage) using the beverage manufacturing apparatus 1 will be described. 4 to 6 are diagrams showing first to third production flows showing Japanese tea discharge using the beverage production apparatus 1. Note that a predetermined amount of Japanese tea leaves is input to the grinding unit 300, and a predetermined amount of water is stored in the water tank 700.

(First production flow)
The first manufacturing flow will be described with reference to FIG. This first production flow is a flow in which tea leaves are pulverized in the grinding unit 300 and hot water is supplied from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 at the same time.

  In the beverage production apparatus 1, tea leaf grinding by the grinding unit 300 in step 11 and hot water supply from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 in step 13 are started simultaneously. Next, in step 12, the grinding of tea leaves by the grinding unit 300 is finished, and the hot water supply from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 in step 14 is finished.

  In step 15, the tea leaf powder obtained in step 12 is put into the stirring unit 500 by the user.

  Next, in step 16, stirring of the tea leaf powder and hot water in the stirring unit 500 is started. In step 17, the stirring of the tea leaf powder and hot water in the stirring unit 500 is completed. In step 18, the user discharges tea to the cup placed on the placement base 900 by operating the operation lever 542 of the discharge port opening / closing mechanism 540 provided below the stirring unit 500. .

(Second production flow)
The second manufacturing flow will be described with reference to FIG. This second manufacturing flow is a flow in which hot water is supplied from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 after the tea leaves in the grinding unit 300 are crushed.

  In step 21, the beverage production apparatus 1 starts the grinding of tea leaves by the grinding unit 300. In step 22, the grinding of tea leaves by the grinding unit 300 is completed. In step 23, the tea leaf powder obtained in step 22 is put into the stirring unit 500 by the user.

  In step 24, hot water supply from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 is started. In step 25, the hot water supply from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 is completed.

  Next, in step 26, stirring of the tea leaf powder and hot water in the stirring unit 500 is started. In step 27, stirring of the tea leaf powder and hot water in the stirring unit 500 ends. In step 28, the user operates the operation lever 542 of the discharge port opening / closing mechanism 540 provided below the stirring unit 500, thereby discharging tea to the cup placed on the placement base 900. .

(Third manufacturing flow)
The third manufacturing flow will be described with reference to FIG. This third manufacturing flow includes a step of cooling hot water by stirring in the stirring unit 500.

  In the beverage production apparatus 1, tea leaf grinding by the grinding unit 300 in step 31 and hot water supply from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 in step 33 are started simultaneously. The hot water supply from the apparatus main body 100 to the stirring unit 500 in step 34 is completed.

  Next, in step 32, the grinding of tea leaves by the grinding unit 300 is completed, and in step 35, the stirring unit 500 starts cooling and stirring the hot water supply. In step 36, the cooling and stirring of the hot water supply is completed in the stirring unit 500. The cooling and stirring of the hot water supply is performed by rotating the stirring blade 2D in a predetermined direction so that the hot water touches the air (takes outside air from the water surface) and the temperature of the hot water is lowered to a desired temperature. Let For example, in the case of tea leaf powder, the desired temperature means an optimum temperature for extracting a component at a desired ratio.

  In steps 35 and 36, the stirring blade 2D is rotated to cool the hot water. However, the present invention is not limited to this method. For example, a separate cooling unit 195 (see FIG. 2) may be provided in the beverage manufacturing apparatus 1 to cool the stirring tank 510. The cooling unit 195 is preferably cooled by, for example, fan blowing or water cooling.

  In step 37, the tea powder obtained in step 32 is put into the stirring unit 500 by the user.

  Next, in step 38, stirring of the tea leaf powder and hot water in the stirring unit 500 is started. In step 39, stirring of the tea leaf powder and hot water in the stirring unit 500 ends. In step 40, the user operates the operation lever 542 of the discharge port opening / closing mechanism 540 provided below the stirring unit 500 to discharge tea to the cup placed on the placement base 900. .

(Internal structure of apparatus main body 100)
Next, the internal structure of the beverage manufacturing apparatus 1 will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing only the internal structure of the beverage production apparatus 1. In the apparatus main body 100 of the beverage manufacturing apparatus 1, a control unit 110 using a printed wiring board on which electronic components are mounted is disposed on the front side of the water tank 700. The tea production flow is executed by the control unit 110 based on the input of the start signal by the user.

  A grinding motor unit 120 for applying a driving force to the grinding unit 300 is disposed below the control unit 110. A grinding driving force coupling mechanism 130 is provided at a lower position of the grinding motor unit 120 so as to protrude forward, and the driving force of the grinding motor unit 120 is transmitted to the grinding unit 300. Yes.

  One end of a hot water supply pipe 150 that extends downward from the bottom surface and extends upward in a U shape is connected to the bottom surface of the water tank 700. A hot water supply nozzle 170 for pouring hot water into the stirring tank 510 of the stirring unit 500 is connected to the upper end of the hot water supply pipe 150. A U-shaped heater 160 for heating water passing through the hot water supply pipe 150 is attached to an intermediate region of the hot water supply pipe 150.

(Structure of the grinding unit 300)
Next, with reference to FIGS. 8 to 10, the structure of a grinding unit 300 as a grinding device will be described. 8 is a perspective view of the grinding unit 300, FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the grinding unit 300, and FIG. 10 is a longitudinal sectional view of the grinding unit 300.

  The grinding unit 300 has a grinding case 310 having a cylindrical shape as a whole, and a connecting window 310w into which the grinding driving force coupling mechanism 130 is inserted is provided on the lower side surface. At the lowermost end portion of the grinding case 310, a takeout port 310a from which the tea leaf powder crushed by the grinding unit 300 is taken out (dropped) is formed.

  Inside the grinding case 310, a powder scraper 340, a lower mill 350, and an upper mill 360 are provided in this order from below. A grinding shaft 345 extending downward is provided on the lower surface of the dust scraper 340, and the grinding shaft 345 is connected to the grinding driving force coupling mechanism 130 to rotate the lower die 350.

  A core 355 extending upward along the rotation axis is provided at the center of the lower die 350. The upper die 360 is held by an upper die holding member 370, and a spring 380 and a spring holding member 390 that press the upper die 360 downward are housed inside the upper die holding member 370.

  A core 355 provided in the lower die 350 extends upward so as to penetrate the upper die 360. The detailed structure of the grinding mechanism using the lower die 350, the core 355, and the upper die 360 will be described later with reference to FIGS.

(Structure of stirring unit 500)
Next, the structure of the stirring unit 500 will be described with reference to FIGS. 11 and 12. FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the stirring unit 500, and FIG. 12 is a longitudinal sectional view of the stirring unit 500.

  The stirring unit 500 includes a stirring tank 510. The stirring tank 510 includes a resin exterior holder 511 and a heat retaining tank 512 held by the exterior holder 511. The exterior holder 511 is provided with a grip 520 that is integrally formed of resin. A stirring cover 530 for opening and closing the opening is provided at the upper surface opening of the stirring tank 510. The stirring cover 530 is provided with a powder inlet 531 for charging the tea leaf powder crushed by the grinding unit 300 and a hot water outlet 532 through which hot water formed by the apparatus main body 100 is poured from the hot water nozzle 170. .

  A stirring blade 550 is placed on the bottom of the stirring tank 510. A rotating shaft 560 extending upward is provided at the bottom of the stirring tank 510, and the rotating shaft 560 is inserted into the bearing portion 551 of the stirring blade 550.

  A magnet is embedded in the stirring blade 550. In the stirring motor non-contact table 140A, the magnet embedded in the stirring blade 550 and the magnet provided on the stirring motor unit 140 side are magnetically coupled in a non-contact state, so that the rotational driving force of the stirring motor unit 140 is increased. , Transmitted to the stirring blade 550.

  At the bottom of the stirring tank 510, a discharge port 541 for discharging the stirred tea is provided. The discharge port 541 is provided with a discharge port opening / closing mechanism 540. The discharge port opening / closing mechanism 540 includes an open / close nozzle 543 inserted into the discharge port 541 and an operation lever 542 for controlling the position of the open / close nozzle 543 so that the discharge port 541 can be opened and closed. The opening / closing nozzle 543 is biased so as to close the discharge port 541 by a biasing member (not shown) such as a spring in a normal state. When the user moves the operation lever 542 against the urging force, the open / close nozzle 543 moves and the discharge port 541 is opened. Thereby, the tea in the stirring tank 510 is poured into a cup (not shown) placed on the placement base 900.

(Detailed structure of grinding mechanism)
Next, with reference to FIGS. 13 to 15, the detailed structure of the grinding mechanism using the lower die 350, the core 355, and the upper die 360 will be described. 13 is a perspective view showing an assembled view of the core 355, lower mill 350, and upper mill 360 in the present embodiment, and FIG. 14 is an upper side of the core 355, lower mill 350, and upper mill 360 in the present embodiment. FIG. 15 is an exploded perspective view from the lower side of the core 355, the lower die 350, and the upper die 360 in the present embodiment.

  Referring to FIG. 13, in lower mill 350 and upper mill 360, rubbing surface 350a of lower mill 350 and rubbing surface 360a of upper mill 360 are in contact. The core 355 is installed in the lower die 350 and protrudes to the upper portion of the upper die 360 through the opening 361 of the upper die 360.

  Referring to FIG. 14, core 355 is fixed to the center of lower die 350. A plurality of grinding grooves 350b for grinding extending from the center toward the circumference are formed on the rubbing surface 350a of the lower die 350. The lower mill 350 and the core 355 rotate in the direction of the arrow A illustrated with respect to the upper mill 360. The upper mill 360 has a bottomed hole 362 into which the rotation stop pin 390p (see FIG. 21) is inserted, and is held by the upper mill holding member 370 (see FIG. 10) so as not to rotate.

  Referring to FIG. 15, core 355 passes through center hole 350c of lower die 350 and is fixed to lower die 350 by a claw shape. A plurality of bottomed holes 350d into which rotational drive pins 345p (see FIG. 21) are provided are provided on the back surface of the lower die 350.

  In addition to the pulverization grooves 360b for pulverization extending from the center toward the circumference, the object to be crushed that has passed through the opening 361 is fed into the rubbed surfaces 350a and 360a on the rubbed surface 360a of the upper mill 360. The lead-in groove 360c is formed. The lead-in groove 360c is a groove extending spirally from the center toward the outside. The lower die 350 and the upper die 360 are made of alumina, and the diameters of the rubbing surfaces 350a and 360a are preferably about 50 mm, for example.

  Next, the shape of the core 355 in the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 16 to 18. 16 is a front view of the core 355, FIG. 17 is a side view of the core 355, and FIG. 18 is a perspective view of the core 355.

Referring to FIG. 16, core 355 includes a spiral blade 355 a facing left-handed screw whose direction of thread is opposite to the direction of right rotation of core 355 (the direction of arrow A in the figure). The spiral blades 355a are provided to have a pitch P and an inclination θ. The object to be crushed that hits the spiral blade 355a with respect to the rotation direction A is sent downward by the inclination θ. In addition,
The pitch P and the inclination θ depend on the type of the object to be pulverized and the expected pulling speed of the object to be pulverized. For example, when the object to be crushed is tea leaves, it is desirable that P = 6 mm and θ = 40 °. . Furthermore, it is desirable to secure a clearance S of about 3 mm between the spiral blades 355a excluding the thickness of the spiral blade 355a so that the tea leaves are not clogged. The core 355 is in contact with a seating surface of a counterbore 350z (see FIGS. 21 and 22) of the lower die 350, which will be described later, on the reference surface B, and is engaged and fixed to the lower die 350 by the claw portion 355b.

  A notch 355c that is recessed inward is formed between the lower end of the spiral blade 355a and the reference plane B. Here, the notch 355c is provided so as to be located inside the outer diameter D1 of the spiral blade 355a, and the minimum outer diameter D11 of the notch 355c is smaller than the outer diameter D1 of the spiral blade 355a. The outer diameter D1 of the spiral blade 355a is preferably about 10 mm, for example.

  Referring to FIG. 17, spiral blade 355a is formed to be continuous with both surfaces, and has a shape similar to a screw shape. Since the spiral blade 355a does not have an undercut portion, it can be molded with a mold. A reinforcing rib 355d is provided below the lower end of the spiral blade 355a. The reinforcing rib 355d is also provided so as to be located inside the outer diameter D1 of the spiral blade 355a, and the maximum outer width D12 of the reinforcing rib 355d is smaller than the outer diameter D1 of the spiral blade 355a.

  In addition, since the notch part 355c and the reinforcement rib 355d comprise the outer peripheral surface area | region of the core 355 which opposes the opening part 361 of the upper mill 360, hereafter, it names generically and it is called the retraction outer peripheral surface area | region 355e. As will be described later, the receding outer peripheral surface region 355e is located inside the outer diameter D1 of the core 355 in a region wider than the depth d1 of the drawing groove 360c (see FIG. 22).

  With reference to FIG. 18, a continuous screw shape is adopted for the spiral blade 355 a, and the object to be crushed is sequentially sent from top to bottom as the core 355 rotates.

<Embodiment 2>
FIG. 19 shows a core 355A in the second embodiment. However, since the structure below the receding outer peripheral surface region 355e is the same as the core 355, the illustration is omitted. In the core 355 </ b> A shown in FIG. 19, the pitch of the spiral blade 355 a is provided such that the upper pitch P <b> 1 is larger than the lower pitch P <b> 2. Each spiral blade 355a forms a continuous pseudo screw, similar to the core 355 described above.

  With the form of the core 355A, even if a large object is mixed in the object to be crushed, it can first be pulled downward by the upper spiral blade 355a having a large pitch. Further, in the process of sending the object to be pulverized downward, the object to be crushed can be pulverized in advance in accordance with the changing pitch of the spiral blade 355a. Therefore, the object to be crushed can be efficiently and stably fed into the die. Note that the change in the pitch may be gradually changed for each round of the core 355A, or may be changed step by step for each of a plurality of rounds.

  With reference to FIGS. 20-22, the structure of the grinding unit 300 in this Embodiment is demonstrated in detail. 20 is a plan view of the grinding unit 300, FIG. 21 is a sectional view taken along the line XXI-XXI in FIG. 20, and FIG. 22 is a conceptual sectional view of grinding of the grinding unit 300.

  As described above, the core 355 is fixed to the lower die 350 and installed so as to enter the hopper 313 through the opening 361 of the upper die 360. The lower die 350 and the upper die 360 are applied with surface pressures of the rubbing surfaces 350 a and 360 a by a spring 380. The upper die 360 is fixed by inserting a rotation stop pin 390p into the bottomed hole 362, and the lower die 350 is rotated in the direction indicated by the arrow A by a rotation drive unit (not shown) by inserting the rotation drive pin 345p into the bottomed hole 350d. Driven.

  Next, the positional relationship between the core 355 and the upper mill 360 will be described with reference to FIGS. 21 and 22. The receding outer peripheral surface region 355e of the core 355 is formed in a region wider than the depth of the drawing groove 360c of the upper die 360. That is, the gap between the receding outer peripheral surface region 355e and the inner diameter of the opening 361 around the drawing groove 360c is secured wider than the gap between the outer diameter of the spiral blade 355a of the core 355 and the inner diameter of the opening 361.

  Therefore, as shown in FIG. 22, the tea leaves (object to be crushed) C are forcibly sent downward by the spiral blade 355 a up to the upper part of the drawing groove 360 c, but the inner diameter of the receding outer peripheral surface region 355 e and the opening 361. It is not forcibly sent toward the gap. The core 355 is fixed in contact with a counterbore hole 350z as a core mounting surface provided on the rubbing surface 350a side of the center hole 350c of the lower die 350. The counterbore hole 350z is positioned below the lower mortar rubbing surface 350a. Thus, the receding outer peripheral surface region 355e is formed up to the region reaching the rubbing surface 350a.

  Thereby, even when the opening 361 of the upper mill 360 is made small, a predetermined space is formed around the receding outer peripheral surface region 355e, and the core 355 that does not apply excessive pressure to the drawing groove 360c is formed. Can be provided.

  When the spiral blade 355a is provided to the periphery of the pulling groove 360c, excessive pressure is applied between the pulling groove 360c and the spiral blade 355a, and the particle size becomes coarse due to an increase in motor load and excessive feeding of the object to be crushed. . In order to obtain a desired particle size (for example, 20 microns) with a smaller die, it is necessary to eliminate the spiral blade 355a in the vicinity of the lead-in groove 360c.

  In order to adjust the processing speed and the particle size to the desired values, the space between the lower die 350 and the upper die 360 is always filled with the object to be crushed, and the inside of the retracting groove 360c of the upper die 360 is The object to be crushed needs to be sent by the action of the groove surface.

According to the grinding unit 300 in the present embodiment, the receding outer peripheral surface region 355e, which is the outer peripheral surface region of the core 355 facing the opening 361 of the upper mill 360, is a region d2 wider than the depth d1 of the drawing groove 360c. In FIG. 5, the core 355 is located inside the outer diameter D1. As a result, when the lower die 350 and the core 355 are rotated, the tea leaves (crushed object) in the hopper 313 can be efficiently drawn downward, and at the same time, excessive pressure is applied to the drawing groove 360c of the upper die 360. There is nothing. Therefore, even when the mortar area is reduced, it is possible to keep the grain size fine while stabilizing the supply amount of tea leaves (crushed object).

  FIG. 23 shows the result of evaluating the relationship between the outer diameter D1 of the core 355 and the inner diameter D2 of the hopper 313 in FIG. “◯” in the figure means pass and “x” means fail. According to FIG. 23, when the value of D2 / D1 is too small (1.5 or less), the capacity of the hopper 313 is less than a desired amount (for example, 5 g of tea leaves). If the value of D2 / D1 is too large (2.5 or more), the capacity of the hopper 313 increases, but the tea leaf (crushed object) is lost in an area that is not affected by the rotation of the core 355 in the hopper 313. Will be left as. Accordingly, in order to reduce the size of the grinding unit 300 itself as much as possible, it is desirable that D2 / D1 is 1.7 ≦ D2 / D1 ≦ 2.2.

  This makes it possible to stably maintain the processing capacity while securing the capacity of the hopper 313 and to reduce the loss of tea leaves (crushed object) remaining in the hopper 313 at the end.

(Description of lead-in groove shape)
Next, with reference to FIG. 24 to FIG. 30, the form of the grinding grooves 360b and the drawing grooves 360c provided on the rubbing surface 360a of the upper mill 360 will be described. 24 and 25 are a plan view and a perspective view of the grinding groove 360b and the retracting groove 360c provided on the rubbing surface 360a of the upper mill 360, and FIG. 26 shows only the grinding groove 360b on the rubbing surface 360a of the upper mill 360. It is a top view in the case of being provided.

<Embodiments 3 to 5>
Next, referring to FIG. 27, the planar structure of grinding groove 360b and drawing groove 360c provided on rubbing surface 360a of upper mill 360A in the third embodiment, and the upper structure in the fourth embodiment with reference to FIG. With reference to FIG. 29 and FIG. 30 and FIG. 29 and FIG. 30, the grinding | pulverization provided in the rubbing surface 360a of the upper die 360C in Embodiment 5 with reference to the planar structure of the grinding | pulverization groove | channel 360b and the drawing groove | channel 360c provided in the rubbing surface 360a of the die 360B. The plane and perspective structure of the groove 360b and the lead-in groove 360c will be described.

  First, referring to FIG. 24 and FIG. 25, the grinding surface 360 a of the upper mill 360 is provided with a grinding groove 360 b and a drawing groove 360 c. The crushing groove 360b includes a plurality of shearing grooves 360b1 and three feeding grooves 360b2. A plurality of shear grooves 360b1 are provided in rotational symmetry with respect to the rotation center C. A plurality of three feed grooves 360b2 are also provided in rotational symmetry with respect to the rotation center C. The shear groove 360b1 is a groove for mainly pulverizing an object to be crushed, and the feed groove 360b2 is a groove for mainly feeding pulverized powder tea leaves (crushed tea leaves) from the central part of the mortar to the outer peripheral part. is there. Each of the shear groove 360b1 and the feed groove 360b2 has a form along an equiangular spiral.

  The equiangular spiral S with the center of rotation C as the origin is expressed by the following equation 1 using parameters a and b.

S = a · exp (b · θ) (Formula 1)
The angle α (α1, α2) formed by the equiangular spiral with the half straight line L extending from the rotation center C is expressed by the following equation 2.

α = arccot (b) (Formula 2)
The equiangular spiral S1 suitable for the shear groove 360b1 is a = 5 and b = 0.306 in (Expression 1), and α = 17.0 ° in (Expression 2). Actually, the angle α1 formed by the half line L and the equiangular spiral S1 (shear groove 201) may be 0 ° <α1 <45 °, and preferably 10 ° ≦ α1 ≦ 20 °, More preferably, α1 = 17.0 °.

  The equiangular spiral S2 suitable for the feed groove 360b2 is a = 5 and b = 3.7 in (Expression 1), and α = 74.9 ° in (Expression 2). Actually, the angle α2 formed by the half line L and the equiangular spiral S2 (feed groove 202) may be 45 ° <α2 <90 °, and preferably 70 ° ≦ α2 ≦ 80 °, More preferably, α2 = 74.9 °.

  The groove width w of the shear groove 360b1 and the feed groove 360b2 is preferably 0.5 mm ≦ w ≦ 1.5 mm. Further, the groove depth d of the shear groove 360b1 and the feed groove 360b2 is preferably about 0.1 mm ≦ d ≦ 1 mm.

  In the region from the inner peripheral surface 361a of the opening 361 of the upper mill 360 toward the rubbing surface 360a, three lead-in grooves 360c extending spirally are provided. In the plan view of FIG. 24, dot hatching is given to the region of the lead-in groove 360c (the same applies to FIGS. 27, 27, and 28). The drawing grooves 360c are provided at a 180 degree pitch with respect to the rotation center C. The lead-in groove 360c may be an equiangular spiral.

  The lead-in groove 360c has a shape opened to the opening (input port) 361 and is a groove inclined toward the lead-in terminal diameter D21. It has a shape to feed to the inside while hooking the object to be crushed. In particular, in the case where the object to be crushed is tea leaves, it starts with a groove having a depth of 2 mm and a width of 7 mm at the opening (input port) 361, and when the lead-in groove end diameter D21 is φ18 mm, the depth is 0.5 mm and the width is 0.8 mm. It is inclined smoothly so as to be continuous with the feed groove 360b2 and has an optimum size of the object to be crushed (tea leaves). As described above, the end of the drawing groove 360c is smoothly connected to the tip of the feed groove 360b2, and the drawn object to be crushed can enter the friction surface between the upper die 360 and the lower die 350. It becomes.

  FIG. 26 is a plan view and a perspective view showing the rubbing surface 360a of the upper mill 360 when the pull-in groove 360c is not provided. A shear groove 360b1 and a feed groove 360b2 are provided from the inner peripheral surface 361a of the opening 361.

<Embodiment 3>
FIG. 27 shows the rubbing surface 360a of the upper mill 360A in the third embodiment. The difference between this upper die 360A and the upper die 360 shown in FIG. 24 shows a case where only one feed groove 360b2 is provided and only one retracting groove 360c is provided. The number of shear grooves 360b1 is the same as that of the upper mill 360, but the number of shear grooves 360b1, the number of feed grooves 360b2, and the number of lead-in grooves 360c are appropriately selected according to the required crushing ability. Is possible.

<Embodiment 4>
FIG. 28 shows the rubbing surface 360a of the upper mill 360B in the fourth embodiment. A difference between the upper mill 360B and the upper mill 360 shown in FIG. 24 is that the feed groove 360b2 is not provided. Other forms are the same.

<Embodiment 5>
29 and 30 show the rubbing surface 360a of the upper mill 360C in the fifth embodiment. In the upper mill 360C, a lead-in groove 360c toward the rubbing surface 360a is provided on the entire circumference of the inner peripheral surface 361a of the opening 361.

  Thus, the form and quantity of the crushing groove 360b and the drawing groove 360c provided on the rubbing surface of the lower die can be appropriately selected according to the required crushing ability.

  In the pulverizing mechanism, the upper mortar 360 and the lower mortar 350 are designed based on the spiral blade 355a in the direction of the left screw whose screw direction is opposite to the right rotation direction of the core 355 (the direction of arrow A in the figure). However, the core 355 may be provided with a spiral blade 355a having a right-handed screw direction opposite to the left-turning direction. In this case, the upper die 360 and the lower die 350 may be designed so that the rotation directions are reversed.

<Embodiment 6>
(Safety structure of the grinding unit 300)
Next, with reference to FIG. 31 to FIG. 35, the safety structure of the grinding unit 300 in the sixth embodiment will be described. 31 is a perspective view of the grinding unit 300, FIG. 32 is a sectional view taken along the line XXXII-XXXII in FIG. 31, FIG. 33 is a plan view of the grinding unit 300 in the first related technology, and FIG. 2 is a plan view of the grinding unit 300 in the related technology, and FIG. 35 is a sectional view taken along line XXXV-XXXV in FIG.

  With reference to FIGS. 31 and 32, a description will be given of how to secure the safety of the user whose lower die 350 and core 355 are rotating. In the opening 313a of the hopper 313, a convex safety rib 315 is formed above the core 355. In the present embodiment, the safety rib 315 has a substantially triangular section with an acute angle toward the top, but is not limited to this shape.

  The safety rib 315 has a slope 315r that slopes downward while ensuring the opening area of the opening 313a at the upper end of the hopper 313. Thereby, even if a tea leaf (object to be crushed) is introduced from above, it does not slide and is not easily clogged.

  FIG. 32 shows a state in which the test finger TF is inserted from above the hopper 313 toward the core 355 during the rotating operation. According to FIG. 32, it can be seen that the intrusion of the test finger 6 is prevented by the safety rib 315 that does not prevent the intrusion of the tea leaf (crushed object). Note that the test finger TF is a test finger size based on the Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law. Therefore, in the grinding unit 300 according to the present embodiment, it is possible to ensure the safety of the user without hindering the charging of tea leaves (objects to be crushed).

  As long as the safety rib 315 has an outer shape with an acute slope 315r upward, for example, the uppermost surface may be curved or the end surface may be curved (arc). The length of the slope 315r extending on both sides may not be symmetric. Further, the slope 315r may be provided with a partial cutout or an opening. For example, it may have a conical shape in which the uppermost surface is a substantially spherical surface.

  Thus, by using the safety rib 315 in the present embodiment, the user can ensure safety without touching the rotating core 355 and the tea leaf (crushed object) is caught by the safety rib 315. This makes it possible to provide a grinding unit 300 that can be dropped into the hopper 313 without any problems.

  The usefulness of the shape of the safety rib 315 in the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. FIGS. 33 to 35 show other forms of safety ribs 315X and 315Y in order to prevent the test finger TF from entering the opening 313a of the hopper 313. FIG. FIG. 33 shows a cross-shaped safety rib 315X, and FIG. 34 shows a safety rib 315Y in which two ribs are arranged in parallel. FIG. 35 shows a state in which tea leaves (objects to be crushed) T are introduced from above in the safety rib 315y of FIG.

  In FIG. 35, when the crushed object T is, for example, tea leaves, the crushed objects T support each other through the inner wall of the safety rib 315y and the hopper 313, and are caught by the safety rib 313y so as to cover the opening 313a. It is conceivable to be held as it is. The trouble caused by this catching adversely affects the processing speed of the grinding unit 300 and the usability when the object to be crushed is charged.

  However, according to the shape of the safety rib 315 shown in FIG. 31 and FIG. 32, it is difficult to prevent the intrusion of the object to be crushed.

  In the above description, the case where the core 355 is provided on the lower die 350 is described as a preferred example of providing the safety rib 315. However, for the grinding unit 300 that does not have the core 355 on the lower die 350. A lever rib 315 may be provided.

  The object to be ground in the present embodiment is preferably tea leaves, but may be, for example, cereals or dry foods. Further, by changing the size while conforming to the ratio of each part disclosed this time, optimization according to the type and size of the object to be crushed is possible.

  As mentioned above, it should be thought that embodiment disclosed this time is an illustration and restrictive at no points. The scope of the present invention is defined by the terms of the claims, rather than the description above, and is intended to include any modifications within the scope and meaning equivalent to the terms of the claims.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Beverage manufacturing apparatus, 100 apparatus main body, 110 control unit, 120 grinding motor unit, 130 grinding connection mechanism, 140 stirring motor unit, 140A stirring motor non-contact table, 150 hot water supply pipe, 160 heater, 170 hot water supply nozzle, 180 powder Grinding unit mounting area, 190 Agitation unit mounting area, 300 Grinding unit, 310 Grinding case, 310a Extraction port, 310w Connecting window, 313 hopper, 313a opening, 315 Safety rib, 315r slope, 320 Grinding lid, 330 Grinding Object cover, 340 dust scraper, 345 grinding shaft, 345p rotary drive pin, 350 lower mill, 350a, 360a rubbing surface, 350b grinding groove, 350d, 362 bottomed hole, 350c center hole, 350z counterbored hole 355, 355A core, 355a spiral blade, 355b claw portion, 355c notch, 355d reinforcing rib, 355e receding outer peripheral surface region, 360 upper mill, 360b grinding groove, 360b1 shearing groove, 360b2 feeding groove, 360c pulling groove, 361 opening Part, 361a inner peripheral surface, 362 bottomed hole, 370 upper die holding member, 380 spring, 390 spring holding member, 390p rotation stop pin, 500 stirring unit, 510 stirring tank, 520 grip, 530 stirring cover, 531 powder inlet 532 Hot water supply port, 540 Discharge port opening / closing mechanism, 541 Discharge port, 542 Operation lever, 543 Open / close nozzle, 544 Tank bottom hole, 550 Stirring blade, 551 Bearing part, 560 Rotating shaft, 700 Water tank, 710 Tank body, 720 Tank Cover, 800 Tea leaf powder tray, 900 mounting base, C center of rotation.

Claims (5)

  1. A crusher for crushing an object to be crushed,
    A cylindrical hopper for introducing the object to be crushed from above;
    An upper die located below the hopper and including an opening at the center of the upper die rubbing surface and the upper die rubbing surface;
    A lower die including a lower die rubbing surface that is positioned below the upper die and rotates and abuts against the upper die rubbing surface;
    A core that is provided in the lower die and extends upward, and is disposed so as to be positioned in the hopper from the opening provided in the upper die;
    With
    The core includes a spiral blade whose screw direction is opposite to the rotational direction of the core,
    In the upper die, in the region from the inner peripheral surface defining the opening to the upper die rubbing surface, the object to be crushed is contacted by the upper die rubbing surface and the lower die rubbing surface from the opening. Has a pull-in groove that pulls into the contacting rubbing surface,
    The outer peripheral surface region of the core facing the opening of the upper mill is located inside the outer diameter of the core in a region wider than the depth of the drawing groove ,
    The crushing apparatus , wherein the spiral blade is not provided in the core in a region where the drawing groove is opposed .
  2. The pulverization apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an outer diameter D1 of the spiral blade and an inner diameter D2 of the hopper satisfy a relationship of 1.7 ≦ D2 / D1 ≦ 2.2.
  3. The core is placed on a core mounting surface provided in the lower die,
    The pulverizing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the core mounting surface is located below the lower mortar rubbing surface.
  4. The hopper includes a rib that partially shields the inner diameter of the hopper above the core,
    The pulverizing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the rib has a convex shape that extends upward.
  5.   The crushing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein an interval between the spiral blades is larger in the upper part than in the lower part.
JP2014016470A 2014-01-31 2014-01-31 Crusher Active JP6242220B2 (en)

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PCT/JP2015/052045 WO2015115372A1 (en) 2014-01-31 2015-01-26 Grinding device

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CN105618188A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-01 四川华益隆环保科技有限公司 Device used for refining drilling fluid particles
JP6146888B1 (en) * 2017-01-30 2017-06-14 ジャパンポーレックス株式会社 Millet pair and mill device

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US2549275A (en) * 1946-04-11 1951-04-17 Toledo Scale Co Coffee mill
JPS63286114A (en) * 1987-05-18 1988-11-22 Matsushita Refrigeration Grinder of coffee beans
JP2002370040A (en) * 2001-06-13 2002-12-24 Ueno Tekkusu Kk Pressurizing, volume-reducing, and granulating apparatus
ITFI20060281A1 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-15 Saeco Ipr Ltd grinding bodies for a coffee grinding device 'and a coffee machine' comprising such a device.
AT541492T (en) * 2009-08-21 2012-02-15 Schaerer Ag Grinding for a coffee machine

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