JP6056001B2 - Light source device and projection display device - Google Patents

Light source device and projection display device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP6056001B2
JP6056001B2 JP2012126770A JP2012126770A JP6056001B2 JP 6056001 B2 JP6056001 B2 JP 6056001B2 JP 2012126770 A JP2012126770 A JP 2012126770A JP 2012126770 A JP2012126770 A JP 2012126770A JP 6056001 B2 JP6056001 B2 JP 6056001B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
light
plate
wavelength
light source
dichroic mirror
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2012126770A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2013250494A (en
Inventor
田中 孝明
孝明 田中
Original Assignee
パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 filed Critical パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社
Priority to JP2012126770A priority Critical patent/JP6056001B2/en
Publication of JP2013250494A publication Critical patent/JP2013250494A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP6056001B2 publication Critical patent/JP6056001B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Description

  The present invention relates to a light source device and a projection display device, and more particularly, to a projection display device that irradiates a small image forming device with a light source device using a fluorescent material and enlarges and projects it onto a screen with a projection lens.

  In recent years, a projection display device using a solid-state light source of a semiconductor laser or a light emitting diode is known as a light source of a projection display device using an image forming unit of a liquid crystal panel or a mirror deflection type DMD (Digital Micromirror Device). (See especially Patent Document 1).

  The light source device of Patent Document 1 has a plurality of segment regions, and a part of the segment regions includes a reflection region in which a phosphor layer that emits light upon receiving excitation light is formed, and a transmission in which the phosphor layer is not formed. And a phosphor wheel having a region. A light source that improves the brightness of a projection display device by a condensing optical system that condenses fluorescent light, light from an excitation light source, and light from a light source that emits light having a wavelength different from that of the excitation light on the same optical path. The device is known.

JP 2011-170363 A

  However, in general, solid-state light sources such as semiconductor lasers and light-emitting diodes have a problem in that they emit less luminous flux than discharge lamps.

  Therefore, as a technique for increasing the brightness of a projection display apparatus using a solid light source, an object is to increase the luminous flux by exciting a phosphor using a plurality of solid light sources and emitting fluorescence.

  The emission spectrum of the phosphor depends on the phosphor components, but generally has a small blue component. Therefore, it is beneficial to configure a light source device and a projection display device with high light utilization efficiency by combining a blue semiconductor laser or blue light emitting diode as a blue component and a fluorescent light source.

  In order to achieve the above object, a light source device and a projection display device according to the present invention provide a light source that outputs excitation light having a wavelength in the visible light region and light having a wavelength in the visible light region that is S-polarized light. A cutoff wavelength is set so as to have a high reflection characteristic and a high transmission characteristic for P-polarized light, and a light separation element that separates light from a light source, and light separated by the light separation element A phosphor irradiated with one light, a first reflecting element that reflects the light emitted by the phosphor to the light separating element, and adjusting the polarization of the other light out of the light separated by the light separating element 1 / 4 retardation plate, a diffusion plate capable of diffusing the other light and maintaining the polarization direction of the other light, and the other light transmitted through the ¼ retardation plate through the ¼ retardation plate And a second reflecting element that leads to the light separating element. Thereby, a long-life light source device can be configured.

  According to said structure, a light source device and a projection display apparatus with high light utilization efficiency can be provided.

1 is a configuration diagram of a light source device according to Embodiment 1. FIG. It is a graph which shows the spectral characteristic of a dichroic mirror. It is a graph which shows the polarization characteristic with respect to the diffusion angle of a diffusion plate. 1 is a configuration diagram of a projection display device according to Embodiment 1. FIG. 6 is a configuration diagram of a projection display apparatus according to Embodiment 2. FIG.

(Embodiment 1)
[1. Overview of light source device configuration]
Hereinafter, embodiments for carrying out the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of a light source device 40 according to the first embodiment.

  The light source device 40 includes a solid light source unit 23, a dichroic mirror 29, a phosphor layer 31, a reflective film 32, a quarter phase plate 36, a diffusion plate 38, and a reflective plate 39.

  The solid light source unit 23 includes a semiconductor laser 20 that is a solid light source, a heat radiating plate 21, and a condenser lens 22.

  The heat sink 24 is connected to the solid light source unit 23. Each light beam 25 indicates a light beam emitted from the semiconductor laser 20.

  The lens 26 is disposed at a position to receive each light beam 25 emitted from the solid light source unit 23. The lens 26 has a function of superimposing the light beams 25 while condensing them. The lens 27 is disposed at a position for receiving the light that has passed through the lens 26. The lens 27 has a function of converting the light beam collected by the lens 26 into a parallel light beam.

  The diffusion plate 28 is disposed at a position for receiving the light that has passed through the lens 27.

  The dichroic mirror 29 is disposed at a position to receive the light that has passed through the diffusion plate 28 and is a light separation element that separates light from the semiconductor laser 20 in two directions. The cut-off wavelength of the dichroic mirror 29 is set to be approximately equal to the wavelength of light emitted from the semiconductor laser 20, and is highly reflective to S-polarized light out of the light emitted from the semiconductor laser 20. And has high transmission characteristics for P-polarized light.

  The condenser lens 30 is a first light collecting element. The condenser lens 30 is arranged at a position for receiving the light (one light) reflected by the dichroic mirror 29.

  The fluorescent substrate 35 includes an aluminum substrate 33 and a motor 34. The aluminum substrate 33 includes a phosphor layer 31 and a reflective film 32.

  The phosphor layer 31 is a phosphor and is irradiated with one of the lights separated by the dichroic mirror 29 that is a light separation element.

  The reflection film 32 is a first reflection element, and reflects the light emitted from the phosphor layer 31 to the dichroic mirror 29 that is a light separation element.

  The condenser lens 30 collects the light reflected by the dichroic mirror 29 and irradiates the phosphor layer 31, and the return light from the fluorescent substrate 35 is irradiated as a light beam parallel to the dichroic mirror 29. It has the function to condense like.

  The quarter phase plate 36 is disposed at a position for receiving the light transmitted through the dichroic mirror 29, and adjusts the polarization of the other light out of the light separated by the dichroic mirror 29.

  The condenser lens 37 is a second light collecting element. The condenser lens 37 condenses the light that passes through the retardation plate that is the quarter retardation plate 36.

  The diffusion plate 38 diffuses the other light among the lights separated by the dichroic mirror 29. Further, the diffusion plate 38 is a diffusion plate capable of maintaining the polarization direction of the other light. The diffusion plate 38 is disposed between the condenser lens 37 and the reflection plate 39.

  The reflection plate 39 is a second reflection element configured by a mirror or the like. The reflection plate 39 is configured to guide the other light transmitted through the phase difference plate that is the ¼ phase difference plate 36 to the dichroic mirror 29 via the ¼ phase difference plate 36.

[2. Configuration details of light source device]
Hereinafter, the detailed configuration of the light source device will be described with reference to the drawings.

  In FIG. 1, a solid-state light source unit 23 is a unit in which 24 (6 × 4) semiconductor lasers 20 and condenser lenses 22 are arranged two-dimensionally at regular intervals on a heat sink 21. The semiconductor laser 20 and the condenser lens 22 are squarely arranged on the xy-axis plane so as to be symmetric with respect to the optical axis. The semiconductor laser 20 is a blue laser.

  The heat sink 24 is for cooling the solid light source unit 23. The semiconductor laser 20 emits blue color light at a wavelength of 440 nm to 455 nm and emits linearly polarized light. About 80% of the number of semiconductor lasers 20 emitted from the semiconductor laser 20 is P-polarized with respect to the incident surface of the dichroic mirror 29, and about 20% is S-polarized.

  Light emitted from the plurality of semiconductor lasers 20 is collected by the corresponding condenser lens 22 and converted into a parallel light beam 25. The luminous flux 25 group is further reduced in diameter by a convex lens 26 and a concave lens 27 and is incident on the diffusion plate 28.

  The diffusing plate 28 is made of glass and diffuses light with a fine uneven shape on the surface. The diffusion angle, which is a half-value angle width that is 50% of the maximum intensity of the diffused light, is as small as about 3 degrees. For this reason, polarization characteristics are maintained.

  FIG. 2 is a graph showing the spectral characteristics of the dichroic mirror. The spectral characteristic indicates the transmittance with respect to the wavelength. The dichroic mirror 29 transmits the P-polarized light of the semiconductor laser light having a wavelength near 445 nm with high transmittance and reflects the S-polarized light with high reflectance. Further, it transmits green and red light.

  Returning to FIG. 1, the S-polarized light beam reflected by the dichroic mirror 29 is condensed by a condenser lens 30 which is a condensing element. The condensed light is superimposed on the spot light having a diameter of 1 mm to 2 mm with a light intensity of 13.5% with respect to the peak intensity, and is incident on the fluorescent substrate 35. The diffuser plate 28 diffuses the light so that the spot light has a desired diameter.

  The fluorescent substrate 35 is a circular substrate that is provided with an aluminum substrate 33 and a motor 34 at the center and that can be rotated. A phosphor layer 31 and a reflective film 32 are formed on the aluminum substrate 33.

The phosphor layer 31 is formed with a Ce-activated YAG yellow phosphor that is excited by blue light and emits yellow light containing green and red components. A typical chemical structure of the crystal matrix of this phosphor is Y 3 Al 5 O 12 .

  The phosphor layer 31 is formed in an annular shape. The phosphor layer 31 excited by the spot light emits yellow light including green and red component lights. The reflective film 32 is a metal film that reflects visible light. By rotating the fluorescent substrate 35, the temperature rise of the phosphor layer 31 due to the excitation light is suppressed. Thereby, the fluorescence conversion efficiency can be stably maintained. The light incident on the phosphor layer 31 emits green and red component color light and is emitted from the fluorescent substrate 35. Further, the light emitted toward the reflective film 32 is reflected by the reflective film 32 and is emitted from the fluorescent substrate 35. The green and red color lights emitted from the fluorescent substrate 35 are condensed again by the condenser lens 30, converted into substantially parallel light, and then transmitted through the dichroic mirror 29.

  On the other hand, the P-polarized blue light transmitted through the dichroic mirror 29 is incident on a quarter-phase plate 36 that is a phase plate. The quarter retardation plate 36 is a retardation plate whose phase difference becomes a quarter wavelength near the emission wavelength of the semiconductor laser 20. The quarter retardation plate 36 is made of quartz or stretched film. Incident P-polarized light is converted into circularly polarized light by the quarter phase plate 36. The light transmitted through the quarter retardation plate 36 is condensed by a condenser lens 37 that is a condensing element. The focal length of the condenser lens 37 is approximately the same as that of the condenser lens 30 that is a condenser element, and a condenser spot is formed in the vicinity of the reflector 39. The spot diameter to be collected is about the same as the excitation light.

  The diffusing plate 38 is disposed in the vicinity of the reflecting plate 39 and diffuses incident laser focused light. As a result, the light intensity distribution is made uniform and the speckle noise of the laser light is eliminated.

  The diffusion layer of the diffusion plate 38 is formed by forming a fine uneven shape on a thin glass surface. The diffusion angle is a half angle of an angular width of 50% with respect to the maximum intensity of the diffused light. The reflection plate 39 is made of a reflection film such as a dielectric film or aluminum.

  If the diffusibility of the laser light emitted from the diffusion plate 38 toward the condenser lens 37 is small, the uniformity of the projected image is reduced. Further, if the diffusibility of the laser light emitted from the diffusion plate 38 toward the condenser lens 37 is large, the condensing rate of the laser light decreases. When the diffusing plate 38 is used between the quarter phase plate 36 and the reflecting plate 39 without using the condenser lens 37 that is a condensing element, if the diffusibility of the diffusing plate 38 is increased, Since there is no means for condensing light, the light condensing rate decreases.

  The condenser lens 37 is configured to collect light at a larger angle in consideration of the diffusion angle than the maximum light collection angle at which light is condensed on the diffusion plate 38. For this reason, the condenser lens 37 can efficiently capture even light with high diffusibility. Further, the diffusion plate 38 is provided at a position for condensing the light that has passed through the condenser lens 37. For this reason, the diffusion plate 38 can be reduced in size.

  The diffused light that has passed through the diffusion plate 38 is reflected by the reflection plate 39. The reflected light reverses the phase of the circularly polarized light. Then, the light again enters the diffusion plate 38 and is diffused. As the distance between the reflecting layers of the diffusing plate 38 and the reflecting plate 39 is narrower, the spread of the diffusely reflected light is suppressed. Thereby, a condensing spot can be made small and the condensing rate in the condenser lens 37 becomes high. For this reason, the diffusing surface of the diffusing plate 38 is disposed on the reflecting plate 39 side. The thickness of the glass plate is 0.55 mm or less.

  FIG. 3 is a graph showing polarization characteristics with respect to the diffusion angle of the diffusion plate 38. This indicates the polarization holding ratio with respect to the diffusion angle of the diffusion plate 38. The polarization holding ratio is the ratio of the transmittance when the diffusing plate 38 is disposed to the transmittance when the transparent glass plate is disposed between two polarizers disposed in parallel. is there. When the diffusion angle is increased, the polarization is disturbed and the polarization retention is decreased. The polarization retention when the diffusion angle is 30 degrees or less is 95% or more.

  Therefore, when the diffusion angle of the diffusion plate 38 is taken into consideration, the diffusion plate 38 can maintain polarized light at 95% or more by setting the diffusion angle to 13 degrees or less. For this reason, the diffusion plate 38 has a diffusion angle of approximately 13 degrees or less.

  The diffused light emitted from the diffusion plate 38 passes through the condenser lens 37 while maintaining the polarization characteristics, and enters the quarter phase plate 36. The light incident on the quarter retardation plate 36 is converted from circularly polarized light to S polarized light. The blue light is reflected by the dichroic mirror 29. In this way, the green and red component fluorescent lights from the fluorescent substrate 35 and the blue light that is efficiently condensed and uniformed while maintaining the polarization characteristics are synthesized by the dichroic mirror 29, and the white light is synthesized. Emitted. Good white balance emission characteristics can be obtained by the yellow light containing green and red components of the fluorescent light emission and the blue light of the semiconductor laser 20. Even if this emission spectrum characteristic is separated into three primary color lights of blue, green and red by the optical system of the projection display device, monochromatic light having a desired chromaticity coordinate can be obtained.

  The diffusing plate 38 has a configuration having a concavo-convex shape on the glass surface, but may be any material as long as it retains polarization characteristics. For example, it is good also as a structure diffused with the particulate material using reflection and scattering with a refractive index different from the material used as a base material.

  In FIG. 1, one solid light source unit 23 is used, but a plurality of solid light source units 23 may be combined by a mirror. The dichroic mirror 29 has been described by taking as an example the characteristic of transmitting blue and reflecting green and red, but may have characteristics of transmitting blue and green and red. In this case, the laser beam is set to S polarization.

As described above, the light source device 40 of the present embodiment is configured to separate the blue light from the solid light source unit 23 by the dichroic mirror 29 by the solid light source unit 23 including the plurality of semiconductor lasers 20 and the dichroic mirror 29. To do. White light is obtained by synthesizing the blue light and the color light excited and emitted by the separated one light. Blue light is efficiently condensed and made uniform by a condenser lens 37 that is a condensing element and a diffuser plate 38 that holds polarized light. For this reason, the light source device 40 which is uniform, small and highly efficient can be configured.
[3. Detailed Configuration of Projection Display Device with Light Source Device]
Details of the configuration of the projection display device including the light source device will be described below with reference to the drawings. FIG. 4 is a configuration diagram of the projection display apparatus 125 according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

  As the image forming unit 215, a TN (Twisted Nematic) mode or a VA (Vertical Alignment) mode, which is an active matrix type transmissive liquid crystal panel in which a thin film transistor is formed in a pixel region, is used.

  The projection display apparatus 125 in the present embodiment includes a light source device 40, an image forming unit 215, and a light guide unit having various lenses and mirrors. The image forming unit 215 includes incident-side polarizing plates 114, 115, and 116, liquid crystal panels 117, 118, and 119, and outgoing-side polarizing plates 120, 121, and 122. Light from the light source device 40 is guided to the image forming unit 215.

  In the present embodiment, an image is formed by three liquid crystal panels 117, 118 and 119. In the present embodiment, a color combining prism 123 composed of a red reflecting dichroic film and a blue reflecting dichroic film is further provided. The color-combined image light is projected through the projection lens 124.

  As the details of the light guide, the first lens array plate 100, the second lens array plate 101, the polarization conversion optical element 102, the superimposing lens 103, the blue reflecting dichroic mirror 104, the green reflecting A dichroic mirror 105, reflection mirrors 106, 107, and 108, relay lenses 109 and 110, and field lenses 111, 112, and 113 are provided.

  In FIG. 4, the white light from the light source device 40 first enters the first lens array plate 100 composed of a plurality of lens elements. The light beam incident on the first lens array plate 100 is divided into a number of light beams. A large number of the divided light beams converge on the second lens array plate 101 composed of a plurality of lenses.

  The lens elements of the first lens array plate 100 have an opening shape similar to the liquid crystal panels 117, 118, and 119.

  The focal length of the lens elements of the second lens array plate 101 is provided at a position where the first lens array plate 100 and the liquid crystal panels 117, 118, and 119 are substantially conjugated. The light emitted from the second lens array plate 101 enters the polarization conversion optical element 102.

  The polarization conversion optical element 102 includes a polarization separation prism and a ½ phase difference plate, and converts natural light from the light source into light of one polarization direction. Light from the polarization conversion optical element 102 enters the superimposing lens 103.

  The superimposing lens 103 is a lens for superimposing and illuminating the light emitted from each lens element of the second lens array plate 101 on the liquid crystal panels 117, 118, and 119. The first and second lens array plates 100 and 101, the polarization conversion optical element 102, and the superimposing lens 103 are used as illumination means.

  The light from the superimposing lens 103 is separated into blue, green, and red color light by a blue reflecting dichroic mirror 104 and a green reflecting dichroic mirror 105 as color separation means. The green color light passes through the field lens 111 and the incident side polarizing plate 114 and enters the liquid crystal panel 117. The blue color light is reflected by the reflection mirror 106, passes through the field lens 112 and the incident side polarizing plate 115, and enters the liquid crystal panel 118. The red color light is transmitted through the relay lens 109. Thereafter, the red color light is reflected by the reflection mirror 107 and passes through the relay lens 110. Further, the red color light is reflected by the reflection mirror 108, passes through the field lens 113 and the incident-side polarizing plate 116, and enters the liquid crystal panel 119.

  The three liquid crystal panels 117, 118, and 119 change the polarization state of incident light by controlling the voltage applied to the pixels according to the video signal.

  On the incident side and the emission side of the liquid crystal panel 117, an incident side polarizing plate 114 and an emission side polarizing plate 120 are provided so that the transmission axes are orthogonal to each other. On the incident side and the emission side of the liquid crystal panel 118, an incident-side polarizing plate 115 and an emission-side polarizing plate 121 arranged so that the transmission axes are orthogonal to each other are provided. On both sides of the liquid crystal panel 119, an incident side polarizing plate 116 and an output side polarizing plate 122 are provided so that the transmission axes are orthogonal to each other. These are combined to modulate light and form green, blue and red images.

  Each color light transmitted through the output side polarizing plates 120, 121 and 122 is combined with green color light by the color combining prism 123. The red color light is reflected by a dichroic mirror that reflects red. The blue color light is reflected by a blue reflecting dichroic mirror. These lights are combined with green color light by the color combining prism 123 and incident on the projection lens 124.

  The light incident on the projection lens 124 is enlarged and projected on a screen (not shown). Since the light source device 40 is composed of a plurality of solid light sources and emits white light with high brightness and good white balance, the projection display device 125 with long life and high brightness can be realized. In addition, since the image forming unit 215 uses three liquid crystal panels that use polarized light instead of the time-division method, color breaking is reduced, color reproduction is good, and a bright and high-definition projected image can be obtained. Can do.

  As described above, the projection display apparatus 125 according to the present embodiment includes the solid-state light source unit 23 including the plurality of semiconductor lasers 20 and the dichroic mirror 29. As a result, the blue light from the solid light source unit 23 is polarized and separated by the dichroic mirror 29, and the color light emitted by being excited by the one separated light and the other blue light are held by the light collecting means and the polarized light. Synthesis is performed by the diffusion plate 28. Thereby, white light is obtained. Therefore, a small and highly efficient projection display apparatus 125 can be configured.

  In this embodiment mode, a transmissive liquid crystal panel is used as the image forming unit 215. However, a reflective liquid crystal panel may be used. By using a reflective liquid crystal panel, a projection display device 125 that is smaller and has higher definition can be configured.

As described above, the projection display apparatus 125 according to the present embodiment includes the semiconductor laser 20 that outputs excitation light having a wavelength in the visible light region, and light having a wavelength in the visible light region that is higher than S-polarized light. A dichroic mirror 29, which is a light separation element that separates light from the semiconductor laser 20, is set so as to have a reflection characteristic and a high transmission characteristic with respect to P-polarized light, and a dichroic mirror 29. A phosphor layer 31 that is a phosphor irradiated with one of the separated lights, a reflective film 32 that is a first reflective element that reflects the light emitted by the phosphor layer 31 to the dichroic mirror 29, and Of the light separated by the dichroic mirror 29, a quarter phase plate 36 for adjusting the polarization of the other light, and diffusing the other light and changing the polarization direction of the other light A diffusing plate 38 that can be held, and a reflecting plate 39 that is a second reflecting element that guides the other light transmitted through the quarter retardation plate 36 to the dichroic mirror 29 through the quarter retardation plate 36. Prepare.
(Embodiment 2)
The second embodiment will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 4 shows a projection display device according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5 shows a configuration diagram of a projection display apparatus according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.

  The projection display device 225 according to the second embodiment includes a light source device 40, a light guide unit 214, and an image forming unit 215. The image forming unit 215 includes a DMD 210, a DMD 211, and a DMD 212, which are three DMDs.

  The projection display device 225 according to the second embodiment includes the light source device 40 according to the first embodiment.

  The light guide unit 214 guides light from the light source device 40 to the illuminated area. The light guide unit 214 includes a condenser lens 200, a rod 201, a relay lens 202, and a reflection mirror 203.

  The image forming unit 215 forms an image according to the video signal. A field lens 204, a total reflection prism 205, an air layer 206, a color prism 207, a red reflection dichroic mirror 209, a DMD 210, a DMD 211, and a DMD 212 are provided.

  First, the white light emitted from the light source device 40 enters the condenser lens 200 and is condensed on the rod 201. The light incident on the rod 201 is reflected a plurality of times inside the rod 201, so that the light intensity distribution is made uniform. Light emitted from the rod 201 is collected by the relay lens 202, reflected by the reflection mirror 203, transmitted through the field lens 204, and enters the total reflection prism 205.

  The total reflection prism 205 is composed of two prisms, and a thin air layer 206 is formed on the adjacent surfaces of the prisms. The air layer 206 totally reflects light incident at an angle greater than the critical angle. The light from the field lens 204 is reflected by the total reflection surface of the total reflection prism 205 and enters the color prism 207.

  The color prism 207 includes three prisms, and a blue reflecting dichroic mirror 208 and a red reflecting dichroic mirror 209 are formed on the adjacent surfaces of the prisms. The light is separated into blue, red, and green color lights by the blue reflecting dichroic mirror 208 and the red reflecting dichroic mirror 209 of the color prism 207, and is incident on the DMDs 210, 211, and 212, respectively.

  DMDs 210, 211, and 212 deflect the micromirror according to the video signal, and reflect the light incident on the projection lens and the light traveling out of the projection lens. The light reflected by the DMDs 210, 211, and 212 passes through the color prism 207 again.

  In the process of passing through the color prism 207, the separated blue, red, and green color lights are combined and enter the total reflection prism 205. Since the light incident on the total reflection prism 205 is incident on the air layer 206 at a critical angle or less, it is transmitted and incident on the projection lens 213. In this manner, the image light formed by the DMDs 210, 211, and 212 is enlarged and projected on a screen (not shown).

  Since the light source device 40 is composed of a plurality of solid light sources and emits white light with high brightness and good white balance, it is possible to realize a projection display device 225 with long life and high brightness. In addition, since DMD is used for the image forming unit 215, a projection display device 225 having higher light resistance and heat resistance than the image forming unit 215 using liquid crystal can be configured. Furthermore, since three DMDs are used, color reproduction is good and a bright and high-definition projected image can be obtained.

  As described above, the projection display apparatus 225 according to the second embodiment of the present invention uses the solid light source unit 23 including the plurality of semiconductor lasers 20 and the dichroic mirror 29 to emit blue light from the solid light source unit 23. A light source device that obtains white light by separating the polarized light by the mirror 29 and combining the colored light excited by the separated light and the other blue light by the condensing element and the diffusing element that holds the polarized light. 40 is used, a compact and highly efficient projection display device 225 can be configured.

  The present disclosure relates to a light source device and a projection display device, and is particularly applicable to a projection display device that irradiates an image formed on a small image forming device with illumination light and enlarges and projects the image on a screen by a projection lens. is there. Specifically, the present disclosure is applicable to a projection display device using an image forming unit.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 20 Semiconductor laser 21 Heat sink 22 Condensing lens 23 Solid light source unit 24 Heat sink 25 Light flux 26, 27 Lens 28, 38 Diffuser plate 29 Dichroic mirror 30, 37 Condenser lens 31 Phosphor layer 32 Reflective film 33 Aluminum substrate 34 Motor 35 Fluorescent substrate 36 1/4 phase difference plate 39 reflection plate 40 light source device 100 first lens array plate 101 second lens array plate 102 polarization conversion optical element 103 superposition lens 104, 208 blue reflection dichroic mirror 105 green reflection dichroic mirror 106, 107, 108, 203 Reflection mirror 109, 110, 202 Relay lens 111, 112, 113, 204 Field lens 114, 115, 116 Incident-side polarizing plate 117, 118, 119 Liquid crystal panel 12 0, 121, 122 Emission side polarizing plate 123 Color synthesis prism 124, 213 Projection lens 125, 225 Projection display device 200 Condensing lens 201 Rod 205 Total reflection prism 206 Air layer 207 Color prism 209 Red reflection dichroic mirror 210, 211 212 DMD
214 Light guide unit 215 Image forming unit

Claims (4)

  1. A light source that outputs excitation light having a wavelength in the visible light region ;
    The cutoff wavelength of the P-polarized light is shorter on the short wavelength side than the wavelength of the visible light region so that it has a high reflection characteristic for the S- polarized light and a high transmission characteristic for the P-polarized light. S-polarized light cut-off wavelength is set on each side, and a light separation element that separates light from the light source into S-polarized light and P-polarized light by the set cut-off wavelength ,
    A phosphor irradiated with one of the lights separated by the light separation element;
    A first reflective element that reflects light emitted by the phosphor to the light separating element;
    A quarter phase plate for adjusting the polarization of the other light among the light separated by the light separation element;
    A diffusion plate that diffuses the other light by a minute uneven shape and maintains a polarization direction of the other light by setting a diffusion angle to 30 degrees or less ;
    A second reflecting element that guides the other light transmitted through the quarter retardation plate to the light separation element through the quarter retardation plate;
    A light collecting element disposed between the light separating element and the second reflecting element,
    The diffusion plate, a light source device according to claim Rukoto disposed between said light converging element and the second reflective element.
  2.   The light source device according to claim 1, wherein the light source is a blue laser.
  3. A blue laser ,
    With respect to the wavelength of the blue laser, the cutoff wavelength of the P-polarized light is shorter on the longer wavelength side than the wavelength of the blue laser so that it has high reflection characteristics for S- polarized light and high transmission characteristics for P-polarized light a dichroic mirror cutoff wavelength of the S-polarized light is set respectively, to polarize separate light from the blue laser by the set cut-off wavelength to the light of the S polarized light and P-polarized light,
    A phosphor irradiated with one of the lights separated by the dichroic mirror;
    A first mirror that reflects the fluorescence emitted by the phosphor to the dichroic mirror;
    A quarter phase plate for adjusting the polarization of the other light among the lights separated by the dichroic mirror;
    A diffusion plate that diffuses the other light by a minute uneven shape and maintains a polarization direction of the other light by setting a diffusion angle to 30 degrees or less ;
    A second mirror for guiding the other light transmitted through the ¼ retardation plate to the dichroic mirror through the ¼ retardation plate;
    A condenser lens disposed between the dichroic mirror and the second mirror ;
    The diffusion plate, a light source device according to claim Rukoto disposed between the condenser lens and the second mirror.
  4. A light source device according to claim 1;
    A light guide that guides light from the light source device to the illuminated area;
    An image forming unit disposed in the illuminated area and forming an image according to a video signal.
JP2012126770A 2012-06-04 2012-06-04 Light source device and projection display device Active JP6056001B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2012126770A JP6056001B2 (en) 2012-06-04 2012-06-04 Light source device and projection display device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2012126770A JP6056001B2 (en) 2012-06-04 2012-06-04 Light source device and projection display device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2013250494A JP2013250494A (en) 2013-12-12
JP6056001B2 true JP6056001B2 (en) 2017-01-11

Family

ID=49849222

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2012126770A Active JP6056001B2 (en) 2012-06-04 2012-06-04 Light source device and projection display device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP6056001B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6237795B2 (en) * 2014-02-17 2017-11-29 株式会社リコー Light irradiation device and image display device having the same
JP6288704B2 (en) * 2014-03-04 2018-03-07 Necディスプレイソリューションズ株式会社 Mounting structure, light source device, projection display device, and mounting method
JP6344596B2 (en) * 2014-03-17 2018-06-20 カシオ計算機株式会社 Light source device and projection device
JP6202654B2 (en) * 2014-03-31 2017-09-27 Necディスプレイソリューションズ株式会社 Light source device and projector
WO2015151180A1 (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-10-08 Necディスプレイソリューションズ株式会社 Light source device and projector
CN105022216B (en) * 2014-04-16 2017-12-15 精工爱普生株式会社 Lighting device and projector
JP6364916B2 (en) * 2014-04-21 2018-08-01 株式会社リコー Light source device and image display device
CN104110618B (en) * 2014-07-29 2016-05-25 李达 Based on the episcopic illumination device of LASER Excited Fluorescence powder
WO2016080295A1 (en) * 2014-11-19 2016-05-26 コニカミノルタ株式会社 Light source device and projector
JP6273501B2 (en) * 2015-01-30 2018-02-07 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Projection display device
JP6557983B2 (en) * 2015-02-04 2019-08-14 セイコーエプソン株式会社 projector
US9645481B2 (en) 2015-02-12 2017-05-09 Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd. Light source apparatus and projection display apparatus
JP2016173391A (en) * 2015-03-16 2016-09-29 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Lighting device and projector
CN105116675B (en) 2015-06-03 2017-03-01 海信集团有限公司 A kind of LASER Light Source and projection display apparatus
JP6536202B2 (en) 2015-06-18 2019-07-03 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Light source device, lighting device and projector
JP6565362B2 (en) 2015-06-18 2019-08-28 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Light source device and projector
JP6627364B2 (en) 2015-09-24 2020-01-08 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Light source device, light source unit and projector
JP2018054718A (en) 2016-09-27 2018-04-05 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Illumination device and projector
JP2018136501A (en) 2017-02-23 2018-08-30 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Light source device and projector
JP2018151466A (en) 2017-03-10 2018-09-27 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Lighting device and projector
JP2019028361A (en) 2017-08-02 2019-02-21 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Illumination device and projector
JP2019032352A (en) 2017-08-04 2019-02-28 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Light source device and projector
JP2018124560A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-08-09 日本電気硝子株式会社 Fluorescent wheel for projector, and light-emitting device for projector

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4662185B2 (en) * 2008-05-15 2011-03-30 カシオ計算機株式会社 Light source device and projector
JP5770433B2 (en) * 2010-06-18 2015-08-26 ソニー株式会社 Light source device and image projection device
JP2012013891A (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-19 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Light source device and projection type video display apparatus
JP5573473B2 (en) * 2010-08-06 2014-08-20 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Light source device and projector
JP5534336B2 (en) * 2010-09-29 2014-06-25 カシオ計算機株式会社 Light source unit and projector
JP2012078537A (en) * 2010-09-30 2012-04-19 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Light source device and projection type video display device
JP5558996B2 (en) * 2010-09-30 2014-07-23 三洋電機株式会社 Light source device and projection display device
JP2012108486A (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-06-07 Panasonic Corp Light source device and image display
JP5895226B2 (en) * 2010-11-30 2016-03-30 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Light source device and projection display device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2013250494A (en) 2013-12-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9407886B2 (en) Illumination optical system and projector including fluorophore
US8657449B2 (en) Projection type display apparatus
JP6283932B2 (en) Lighting device and video display device
US8593580B2 (en) Projection-type display apparatus
US9057940B2 (en) Light source module and projection apparatus for switching illumination between wavelength conversion element and reflection element
US8915597B2 (en) Light source apparatus and image display apparatus
US8662678B2 (en) Solid-state light source device
US9081268B2 (en) Lighting device and projection-type display apparatus including lighting device
US20160033853A1 (en) Illuminator and projector
JP6085025B2 (en) Light source device and projection display device
US8562146B2 (en) Light source device and image display apparatus
JP4616577B2 (en) Video display device
JP5429079B2 (en) Light source device and projection display device
US20130229628A1 (en) Projector
KR100834976B1 (en) Video display apparatus
JP6136744B2 (en) Light source device and image display device
US8596795B2 (en) Projector
TWI452407B (en) Illumination device and image display apparatus
JP3747621B2 (en) Color projection display device
KR20140081885A (en) Tilted dichroic polarizing beamsplitter
EP2631713B1 (en) Lighting device and projection type display device using same
JP2015092224A (en) Light source device and projection type display device
US7810931B2 (en) Light source apparatus, optical modulation apparatus, display apparatus, light condense illumination apparatus and projection type color display apparatus
US9500937B2 (en) Light source device for emitting white light and projection display device using the same
JP5861348B2 (en) Illumination optical system and projection device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20150424

A711 Notification of change in applicant

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A711

Effective date: 20150520

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20160323

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20160329

RD01 Notification of change of attorney

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A7421

Effective date: 20160518

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20160530

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20161025

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20161107

R151 Written notification of patent or utility model registration

Ref document number: 6056001

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R151