JP5910695B2 - Combined radial and thrust needle bearings - Google Patents

Combined radial and thrust needle bearings Download PDF

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JP5910695B2
JP5910695B2 JP2014205577A JP2014205577A JP5910695B2 JP 5910695 B2 JP5910695 B2 JP 5910695B2 JP 2014205577 A JP2014205577 A JP 2014205577A JP 2014205577 A JP2014205577 A JP 2014205577A JP 5910695 B2 JP5910695 B2 JP 5910695B2
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thrust
radial
raceway
ring
race
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JP2015004440A (en
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豊 石橋
豊 石橋
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日本精工株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C19/00Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement
    • F16C19/22Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing rollers essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows, e.g. needle bearings
    • F16C19/34Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing rollers essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows, e.g. needle bearings for both radial and axial load
    • F16C19/38Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing rollers essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows, e.g. needle bearings for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of rollers
    • F16C19/381Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing rollers essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows, e.g. needle bearings for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of rollers with at least one row for radial load in combination with at least one row for axial load
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C19/00Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement
    • F16C19/22Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing rollers essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows, e.g. needle bearings
    • F16C19/44Needle bearings
    • F16C19/48Needle bearings with two or more rows of needles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2361/00Apparatus or articles in engineering in general
    • F16C2361/61Toothed gear systems, e.g. support of pinion shafts

Description

  The present invention relates to an improvement of a radial / thrust combination type needle bearing in which a radial bearing and a thrust bearing combined in a rotation support portion of an automobile transmission or the like are combined. Specifically, it has a structure including a pair of radial raceway surfaces and a pair of thrust raceway surfaces, and the constituent members are not separated even before being assembled into the rotation support portion. Therefore, it is possible to realize a structure that has excellent handleability and can be manufactured at low cost.

  For example, a gear arranged around a power transmission shaft to constitute a transmission for an automobile rotates with the power transmission shaft or rotates relative to the power transmission shaft by the action of a synchromesh mechanism ( Or remain stationary regardless of the rotation of the power transmission shaft). In addition, since a helical gear is used as the gear, a thrust load is applied to the gear in addition to the radial load as power is transmitted. Furthermore, since the installation space for the rotation support portion of the automobile transmission is limited, the bearings constituting the rotation support portion need to be small. Under such circumstances, conventionally, a radial needle bearing and a thrust needle bearing have been incorporated between the power transmission shaft and the gear. Further, a radial / thrust combination type needle bearing in which these both bearings are combined has been conventionally known, for example, as described in Patent Documents 1 to 3, and is partially implemented.

  FIG. 16 shows an example of a conventional structure described in Patent Document 3 among them. The combination needle bearing 1 shown in FIG. 16 is formed by combining a radial bearing 2 and a thrust bearing 3. In order to configure these bearings 2 and 3, the combined needle bearing 1 includes first and second radial raceways 4 and 5, a plurality of radial needles 6 and 6, a radial cage 7, One thrust raceway ring 8, a cylindrical flange 9, a second thrust raceway ring 10, a plurality of thrust needles 11 and 11, and a thrust cage 12 are provided.

Among these components, the first and second radial race rings 4 and 5 are each formed in a cylindrical shape and are arranged concentrically with each other. Of these radial raceways 4 and 5, the inner peripheral surface of the first radial raceway 4 arranged radially outward is an outer raceway 13, and the outer circumference of the second radial raceway 5 also arranged radially inside. The surface is an inner ring raceway 14.
The radial needles 6 and 6 are held by the radial cage 7 with their respective central axes parallel to the central axes of the radial raceways 4 and 5, and the outer ring raceway 13 and the inner ring raceway. 14 is provided so as to be freely rollable.
The first thrust raceway ring 8 is provided integrally with the first radial raceway ring 4 in a state of being bent at a right angle outward from the axial end of the first radial raceway ring 4. . The cylindrical flange 9 is formed by bending the outer peripheral edge of the thrust raceway ring 8 toward one end in the axial direction.
The second thrust race ring 10 is in the shape of a ring and is disposed in a state of facing the first thrust race ring 8 in the axial direction.
Further, the thrust needles 11 and 11 are held by the thrust holder 12 with their respective central axes arranged in the radial direction (radial direction) of the two thrust raceways 8 and 10. 8 and 10 are provided so as to be freely rollable between the axial side surfaces facing each other. In the case of the structure shown in FIG. 16, a backup race 15 is disposed between the first thrust raceway ring 8 and the thrust needles 11 and 11.

  The combination needle bearing 1 as described above can reduce installation space as compared with a case where a radial needle bearing and a thrust needle bearing which are independent from each other are assembled. However, in the case of the conventional structure shown in FIG. 16 described above, in the state before the combination needle bearing 1 is assembled to the rotation support portion, each component of the combination needle bearing 1 is not suppressed unless the components are suppressed. They are separated from each other. For this reason, both parts management and assembly work become troublesome. This also applies to the structure of the invention described in Patent Document 2.

  On the other hand, Patent Document 1 includes only one of the radial raceway surface and the thrust raceway surface that are required for each pair, and the other radial raceway surface and the thrust raceway surface are provided as the other radial raceway surface and the thrust raceway surface. A structure is described in which the surface of the rotating member is directly used to prevent separation of the constituent members. Such a structure described in Patent Document 1 requires that the hardness and surface roughness of the rotating member be such that it can be used as a bearing ring member, and its application is limited. Further, finishing for making the surface roughness of the rotating member appropriate is indispensable, which may increase the cost.

JP 2009-14043 A JP 2010-91038 A U.S. Pat. No. 3,829,181

  In view of the circumstances as described above, the present invention has a structure including all of a pair of radial raceway surfaces and a pair of thrust raceway surfaces. The invention was invented to realize a structure that does not separate, has excellent handleability, and can be manufactured at low cost.

As in the conventional structure shown in FIG. 16, each of the radial and thrust combination type needle bearings of the present invention has both first and second radial raceways, a plurality of radial needles, and a first thrust raceway. And a cylindrical flange, a second thrust race, a plurality of thrust needles, and a thrust retainer.
Of these, the first and second radial race rings are formed in a cylindrical shape and are arranged concentrically with each other.
The radial needles are provided so as to be able to roll between the circumferential surfaces of the radial raceways facing each other in a state where the central axes thereof are parallel to the central axes of the radial raceways. .
The first thrust raceway is bent at a right angle outward from the one end in the axial direction of the first radial raceway.
The cylindrical flange is bent from the outer peripheral edge of the first thrust raceway to one end side in the axial direction.
The second thrust raceway is in the shape of a ring and is disposed in a state of facing the first thrust raceway in the axial direction.
The thrust needles roll between the axial side surfaces of the thrust bearing rings facing each other in a state where the respective central axes are arranged in the radial direction (radially) of the thrust bearing rings. It is provided freely.
Further, the thrust retainer is formed in an annular shape as a whole, and holds the thrust needles in a state in which relative rotation with respect to both thrust raceways is freely arranged between the thrust raceways. Yes.

In particular, in the radial / thrust combined type needle bearing of the present invention, by adopting the following configuration, it is possible to prevent the components from separating from each other even in a state before being incorporated into the rotation support portion ( Each component is combined in a non-separable manner).
First, an annular backup race made of hard metal is provided between the first thrust raceway and each thrust needle. This backup race is superimposed on one side surface in the axial direction of the first thrust raceway without a gap.
In addition, a thrust collar portion that is bent radially inward from the other axial end portion is provided at the other axial end portion of the first radial race. And by making this thrust collar part and the axial direction one end surface of the said 2nd radial track ring oppose to an axial direction, the above-mentioned 1st radial track ring is set to the axial direction one end side to this 2nd radial track ring. Prevents displacement.
Further, due to the engagement between the second radial bearing ring and a member facing the second radial bearing ring in the axial direction, the second radial bearing ring is displaced relative to the first radial bearing ring toward one end in the axial direction. To stop doing.
In particular, in the case of the invention described in claim 1, the second radial raceway is engaged with the second radial raceway and the backup race facing the second radial raceway in the axial direction. Relative displacement to one axial end with respect to one radial raceway is prevented.
On the other hand, in the case of the invention described in claim 2, a projecting portion provided in a state of projecting radially outward at the other axial end portion of the second radial raceway, and each of the radial needles or these A radial cage that holds each radial needle is axially opposed, and an axial end of the radial cage and the backup race are axially opposed, whereby the second radial race ring is Relative displacement to one axial end with respect to one radial raceway is prevented.
Further, a first locking portion that is bent radially inward from the tip edge is provided at the tip edge of the cylindrical flange. The first retainer and the outer peripheral edge of the thrust retainer are engaged to prevent the thrust retainer from being separated from the first thrust race.
In addition, a second cylindrical flange is provided on the other end side in the axial direction from the inner peripheral edge of the second thrust raceway ring in a state of being bent with respect to the main body portion of the second thrust raceway ring. Moreover, the 2nd latching | locking part is formed in the state bent to the radial direction outer side from the front end edge of the said 2nd cylindrical flange. The second thrust race is prevented from being separated from the thrust retainer by the engagement between the second locking portion and the inner peripheral edge of the thrust retainer.

Further, in the radial / thrust combined type needle bearing according to another invention deviating from the technical scope of the present invention, by adopting the following configuration, the constituent members even in the state before being incorporated into the rotation support portion. It prevents that they are separated from each other (combining the constituent members in a non-separable manner).
First, an annular backup race made of hard metal is provided between the first thrust raceway and each thrust needle. The backup race is configured integrally with the second radial raceway and is overlapped with no gap on one axial side surface of the first thrust raceway.
In addition, a thrust collar portion that is bent radially inward from the other axial end portion is provided at the other axial end portion of the first radial race. And by making this thrust collar part and the axial direction one end surface of this 2nd radial bearing ring oppose to an axial direction, the said 1st radial bearing ring will be in an axial direction one end side with respect to this 2nd radial bearing ring. Prevents displacement.
In addition, by providing the second radial raceway and the backup race integrally, the second radial raceway is prevented from being displaced relative to the first radial raceway toward one end in the axial direction.
Further, a first locking portion that is bent radially inward from the tip edge is provided at the tip edge of the cylindrical flange. The first retainer and the outer peripheral edge of the thrust retainer are engaged to prevent the thrust retainer from being separated from the first thrust race.
In addition, a second cylindrical flange is provided on the other end side in the axial direction from the inner peripheral edge of the second thrust raceway ring in a state of being bent with respect to the main body portion of the second thrust raceway ring. Moreover, the 2nd latching | locking part is formed in the state bent to the radial direction outer side from the front end edge of the said 2nd cylindrical flange. The second thrust race is prevented from being separated from the thrust retainer by the engagement between the second locking portion and the inner peripheral edge of the thrust retainer.

Further, in the radial / thrust combined type needle bearing according to another invention deviating from the technical scope of the present invention, by adopting the following configuration, the constituent members even in the state before being incorporated into the rotation support portion. It prevents that they are separated from each other (combining the constituent members in a non-separable manner).
First, unlike the above-described present invention and the above-described another invention, a backup race is omitted, and a plurality of thrust needles can be directly rolled between the axially opposite side surfaces of the two thrust raceways. Provided.
In addition, a thrust collar portion that is bent radially inward from the other axial end portion is provided at the other axial end portion of the first radial race. And by making this thrust collar part and the axial direction one end surface of this 2nd radial bearing ring oppose to an axial direction, the said 1st radial bearing ring will be in an axial direction one end side with respect to this 2nd radial bearing ring. Prevents displacement.
In addition, the outer circumferential surface of the second radial raceway is recessed in the radial direction from the raceway surface portion at a portion closer to one end in the axial direction that deviates from the raceway surface portion on which the radial needles are arranged. A step surface is provided between the surface portion and the portion near one end. And by making this step surface face the tip edge of the second cylindrical flange bent from the inner peripheral edge to the other axial end side of the second thrust raceway, the second radial raceway can be Relative displacement to one axial end with respect to one radial raceway is prevented.
Further, a first locking portion that is bent radially inward from the tip edge is provided at the tip edge of the cylindrical flange. The first retainer and the outer peripheral edge of the thrust retainer are engaged to prevent the thrust retainer from being separated from the first thrust race.
In addition, a second cylindrical flange is provided on the other end side in the axial direction from the inner peripheral edge of the second thrust raceway ring in a state of being bent with respect to the main body portion of the second thrust raceway ring. Moreover, the 2nd latching | locking part is formed in the state bent to the radial direction outer side from the front end edge of the said 2nd cylindrical flange. The second thrust race is prevented from being separated from the thrust retainer by the engagement between the second locking portion and the inner peripheral edge of the thrust retainer.

According to the radial thrust combined type needle bearing of the present invention as described above, it has a structure including a pair of radial raceway surfaces and a pair of thrust raceway surfaces, and even in a state before being incorporated in the rotary support portion. It is possible to prevent the constituent members from separating from each other. That is, when the first and second radial raceways are displaced in the axial direction, the engagement between the first and second radial raceways and a member facing the second radial raceway in the axial direction It is blocked by the engagement. Also, first, by the engagement of the inner and outer peripheral portions of the second double locking part and the thrust cage, preventing that this thrust cage and the second thrust bearing ring is separated from the first thrust bearing ring To do. Since the first radial raceway and the first thrust raceway are integrated, the above-described configuration is prevented from being separated from each other, so that the radial / thrust combination type needle bearing is in a state before being assembled to the rotation support portion. Even if the constituent members of the radial and thrust combined needle bearing are not suppressed, the constituent members are not separated from each other. For this reason, both parts management and assembly work can be simplified, and excellent handling can be achieved. In addition, the structure for preventing separation described above can be easily constructed without using special parts or complicated structures, so that it can be manufactured at low cost.

  In addition, if a backup race is used as in the present invention, the first thrust raceway is formed on the basis of the rolling contact between the first thrust raceway and the thrust needles that are formed by bending a metal plate. A large surface pressure can be prevented from being applied to the side surface in the axial direction. The durability of the first thrust race can be sufficiently secured.

Sectional drawing which shows the 1st example of embodiment of this invention. FIG. 6 is a half sectional view showing a state in which a gear is externally fitted in advance and further fitted on a shaft. Sectional drawing which shows the 2nd example of embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the 3rd example. FIG. 6 is a half sectional view showing a state in which a gear is further externally fitted from a state of being externally fitted to a shaft in advance. Sectional drawing which shows the 4th example of embodiment of this invention. FIG. 6 is a half sectional view showing a state in which a gear is externally fitted in advance and further fitted on a shaft. FIG. 6 is a half sectional view showing a state in which a gear is further externally fitted from a state of being externally fitted to a shaft in advance. Sectional drawing which shows the 5th example of embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the 1st example of the reference example regarding this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the 2nd example. Sectional drawing which shows the 3rd example. Sectional drawing which shows the 4th example. Sectional drawing which shows the 5th example. Sectional drawing which shows the 6th example. Sectional drawing which shows an example of a conventional structure.

[First example of embodiment]
1 and 2 show a first example of an embodiment of the present invention. The combination needle bearing 1a of this example is formed by integrally combining a radial bearing 2a and a thrust bearing 3a, each of which is a needle bearing. For this purpose, the combined needle bearing 1a includes first and second radial raceways 4a and 5a, a plurality of radial needles 6 and 6, a radial cage 7a, a first thrust raceway 8a, a backup race. 15a, a second thrust raceway ring 10a, a plurality of thrust needles 11 and 11, and a thrust holder 12a. These constituent members 4a, 5a, 6, 7a, 8a, 15a, 10a, 11, 12a are combined in a non-separable manner so that the necessary portions can be rotated relative to each other. In other words, even before the combination needle bearing 1a is assembled into the rotation support portion, each of the constituent members 4a, 5a, 6, 7a, 8a, 15a, 10a, 11, 12a is separated from the adjacent members. Is preventing.

  Of the component parts 4a, 5a, 6, 7a, 8a, 15a, 10a, 11, 12a, the first and second radial race rings 4a, 5a are each formed in a cylindrical shape and arranged concentrically with each other. doing. In the case of this example, the first radial raceway ring 4a of these radial raceway rings 4a and 5a is integrated with the first thrust raceway ring 8a. That is, at least one surface of a cylindrical material such as case-hardened steel that can be hardened at least by heat treatment, such as a drawn steel pipe made of carbon steel, is oriented perpendicularly to the radially outward direction. It is bent into a ring-shaped portion with an outward flange shape. Of these, the cylindrical portion is the first radial race ring 4a, and the annular portion is the first thrust race ring 8a. Further, the inner peripheral surface of the first radial raceway 4 a is an outer raceway 13.

  Further, the other end portion in the axial direction of the cylindrical portion is bent at a right angle inward in the radial direction to form a thrust flange portion 17 having an inward flange shape. Further, the radially outer end portion of the annular portion is bent at a right angle toward the opposite side to the first radial raceway ring 4a in the axial direction to form a short cylindrical tubular flange 9a. Further, the first locking portion 18 is formed by bending (projecting) a plurality of circumferential locations (for example, 3 to 4 locations) in the circumferential direction at the distal end of the cylindrical flange 9a. . The diameter of the inscribed circle of each of the first locking portions 18 is slightly smaller than the outer diameter of the thrust retainer 12a.

  On the other hand, the second radial race 5a is formed by subjecting a material made of an iron-based alloy such as carbon steel (including bearing steel) to be hardened by hardening, such as plastic working such as forging or turning. The whole is processed into a cylindrical shape. In the case of this example, the inner ring raceway 14 is the axial direction middle part to the other end portion of the outer peripheral surface of the second radial race ring 5a. The radial needles 6 and 6 have their respective central axes parallel to the central axes of the radial raceways 4a and 5a, and are held by the radial cage 7a. Between them. In addition, a portion of the outer peripheral surface of the second radial raceway ring 5a that is close to one end in the axial direction that is disengaged from the inner raceway raceway 14 is recessed inwardly in the radial direction from the inner ring raceway portion 14 as a small diameter step portion 19. Yes. A step surface 20 is provided between the inner ring raceway 14 and the small diameter step portion 19.

The stepped surface 20 is opposed to one side surface in the axial direction of the end portion closer to the inner diameter of the backup race 15a. The backup race 15a has an annular shape as a whole by a plate material made of an iron-based alloy, such as bearing steel and case-hardened steel, which can be heat-hardened at least on its surface. The outer diameter of such a backup race 15a is the same as or slightly smaller than the inner diameter of the cylindrical flange 9a. Similarly, the inner diameter is smaller than the outer diameter of the inner ring raceway 14 and larger than the outer diameter of the small diameter step portion 19. In addition, in the state where the backup race 15a and the first thrust raceway ring 8a are overlapped with no gap, the distance between one axial side surface of the backup race 15a and the inner side surface of the thrust collar 17 is the second. It is slightly larger than the width (axial length) of the portion of the radial raceway 5a where the inner raceway 14 is formed. In the case of this example, the portion where the inner ring raceway 14 is formed in the second radial raceway ring 5a between the radial inner end portion of the backup race 15a and the thrust flange 17 is formed on both axial sides. Therefore, the relative displacement in the axial direction of the first and second radial race rings 4a and 5a is suppressed. With this configuration, it is possible to prevent separation of the constituent members of the radial bearing 2a.

  The second thrust race 10a has an L-shaped cross section by punching and bending, for example, by pressing a base plate made of an iron alloy that can be hardened at least by heat treatment, such as case-hardened steel. The whole is formed in an annular shape. That is, a short cylindrical second cylindrical shape is formed by bending an end portion near the inner diameter of a flat ring-shaped portion, which is a main body portion of the second thrust raceway ring 10a, toward the first thrust raceway ring 8a at a right angle. A flange 16 is provided. Further, a plurality of circumferential locations (for example, 3 to 4 locations) at the tip of the second cylindrical flange 16 are bent outward (projected) to form the second locking portion 21. ing. The diameter of the circumscribed circle of each of the second locking portions 21 is slightly larger than the inner diameter of the thrust retainer 12a.

  The thrust needles 11 and 11 have their respective central axes arranged radially (radially) of the thrust bearing rings 8a and 10a, and are held by the thrust retainer 12a. 10a is provided so as to be able to roll between the axial side surfaces (thrust track surfaces) facing each other. In this state, the engagement between the outer peripheral edge of the thrust retainer 12a and each of the first locking portions 18 prevents the thrust retainer 12a from being displaced in a direction away from the first thrust raceway ring 8a. . Further, the engagement between the inner peripheral edge of the thrust retainer 12a and each of the second locking portions 21 prevents the second thrust raceway ring 10a from being displaced in a direction away from the thrust retainer 12a. As a result, the constituent members of the thrust bearing 3a can be prevented from being separated from each other.

  As described above, the constituent members of the radial bearing 2a are not separated from each other. The first radial raceway ring 4a constituting the radial bearing 2a and the first thrust raceway ring 8a constituting the thrust bearing 3a. Is one. Therefore, the constituent members 4a, 5a, 6, 7a, 8a, 15a, 10a, 11, and 12a of the combined needle bearing 1a are combined in a non-separable manner with a necessary portion being capable of relative rotation. Therefore, before the combination needle bearing 1a is assembled to the rotation support portion, the constituent members 4a, 5a, 6, 7a, 8a, 15a, 10a, 11, 12a of the combination needle bearing 1a must be suppressed. However, these constituent members 4a, 5a, 6, 7a, 8a, 15a, 10a, 11, 12a are not separated from each other. For this reason, both parts management and assembly work can be simplified, and excellent handling can be achieved.

  FIG. 2 shows a state in which the combination needle bearing 1a of the present example is assembled between the inner peripheral surface of the gear 22 and the outer peripheral surface of the power transmission shaft 23 constituting the automobile transmission. In the case of this example, first, the gear 22 is externally fitted to the first radial raceway ring 4a by an interference fit. At this time, the gear 22 is externally fitted to the first radial raceway ring 4a in a state where the right end face of FIGS. Along with this external fitting work, a thrust load directed rightward in FIGS. 1 and 2 is applied to the first radial raceway ring 4a, and this thrust load is out of both axial end faces of the second radial raceway ring 5a. It supports by the contact | abutting with the left end surface of FIGS. 1-2, and the inner surface of the said thrust collar part 17. FIG. Therefore, the thrust load accompanying the external fitting work is not applied to the rolling contact portion of the thrust bearing 3a.

As described above, the combined needle roller bearing 1a fitted and held on the inner diameter side of the gear 22 then externally fixes the second radial race 5a to the power transmission shaft 23 by an interference fit. This external fitting fixing work is performed by pressing the right end surface of FIGS. 1 and 2 among the axial end surfaces of the second radial race 5a. Therefore, the thrust load associated with the external fitting operation is not applied to the rolling contact portion of the thrust bearing 3a.
By the above assembling operation, the gear 22 and the rotation transmission shaft 23 are combined concentrically with each other and capable of relative rotation. Before and after this combination work, the constituent members 4a, 5a, 6, 7a, 8a, 15a, 10a, 11, and 12a of the combination needle bearing 1a are not separated from each other. In addition, the combination work can be easily performed.

  Further, the combination needle bearing 1a of the present example can be manufactured at low cost because the structure for preventing separation described above can be easily configured without using special parts or complicated structures. In the case of this example, since the backup race 15a is installed while being attached to the first thrust raceway ring 8a, a large surface pressure is applied to the side surface in the axial direction of the first thrust raceway ring 8a. You can prevent things. That is, even if the flatness of the surface of the first thrust race 8a produced by bending a metal plate such as case-hardened steel is not particularly high (even if there are slight irregularities on the surface), The rolling contact state between the rolling surface of each thrust needle 11, 11 and the mating surface (thrust track surface) can be made favorable, and the contact area between each rolling surface and the mating surface can be ensured, and the first thrust track. Sufficient durability of the wheel 8a can be secured.

[Second Example of Embodiment]
FIG. 3 shows a second example of the embodiment of the present invention. In the case of the combination needle bearing 1b of the present example, the thickness dimension in the radial direction of the second radial raceway ring 5b constituting the radial bearing 2b is smaller (thinner) than in the first example of the above-described embodiment. doing. Accordingly, the fact that the second radial raceway ring 5b is displaced in the direction of coming out of the first radial raceway ring 4a, an engagement projection 24 projecting on the outer peripheral surface of the end portion of the second radial raceway ring 5b, The radial needles 6 and 6 are blocked by engagement with one end face in the axial direction. The radial retainer 7a holding the radial needles 6 and 6 is prevented from being displaced in the direction of coming out of the first radial raceway ring 4a by the inner diameter side end of the backup race 15a. Further, displacement of the constituent members of the thrust bearing 3a including the backup race 15a in the direction away from the first thrust raceway ring 8a is prevented by the same structure as the first example of the above-described embodiment. .

  Therefore, also in the case of the structure of this example, as in the first example of the above-described embodiment, even in the state before the combination needle bearing 1b is assembled to the rotation support portion, the constituent members of the combination needle bearing 1b are There is no separation. Since the configuration and operation other than those described above are the same as those in the first example of the above-described embodiment, the same reference numerals are assigned to the same components, and redundant description is omitted.

[Third example of embodiment]
4 to 5 show a third example of the embodiment of the present invention. In the case of the combination needle bearing 1c of this example, the second radial race 5c constituting the radial bearing 2c is formed by bending a metal plate such as case-hardened steel. An outward flange-like flange 25 is formed at one end of the second radial race 5c by bending the metal plate at a right angle outward in the radial direction. The flange 25 is opposed to one end edge in the axial direction of the radial cage 7a to prevent the second radial race ring 5c from being displaced in the direction of exiting the first radial race ring 4a.

When the combination needle bearing 1c of this example is assembled between the inner peripheral surface of the gear 22 and the outer peripheral surface of the power transmission shaft 23, for example, as shown in FIG. The power transmission shaft 23 is externally fitted with an interference fit. During this external fitting operation, the flange 25 is pressed through the thrust flange 17 of the first radial raceway ring 4 a, and the second radial raceway 5 c provided with the flange 25 is connected to the power transmission shaft 23. Push it into place. Next, in the case of this example, while the second thrust race ring 10a is supported by the support jig 26, the gear 22 is externally fitted to the first radial race ring 4a by an interference fit. At this time, a force for pushing the first radial raceway ring 4a is applied as a thrust load to the rolling contact portion of the thrust bearing 3a. However, since the interference fit between the first radial raceway ring 4a and the gear 22 is small, the increase in the surface pressure of each rolling contact portion is limited, and the first and second thrust raceway rings 8a and 10a are placed on the raceway surface. There will be no damage such as indentation. If the thrust load is supported by the power transmission shaft 23 via the second radial raceway ring 5c based on the contact between the flange portion 25 and the thrust flange portion 17, damage prevention such as the indentation is prevented. It can be planned more reliably.
Since the configuration and operation of the other parts are the same as in the second example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 described above, the same parts are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description is omitted.

[Fourth Example of Embodiment]
6 to 8 show a fourth example of the embodiment of the present invention. In the case of the combination needle bearing 1d of this example, the outer peripheral surface of the second radial raceway ring 5d is separated from the inner ring raceway 14 in which the radial needles 6 and 6 are arranged around the end portion on the opposite side to the thrust bearing 3a. This portion is recessed radially inward from the inner ring raceway 14. And the said part is made into the thin part 27 whose thickness regarding a radial direction is smaller than the part which provided this inner ring track 14. Further, the thin portion 27 is projected from the thrust flange portion 17 provided at the end portion of the first radial raceway ring 4a to the opposite side to the internal space in which the radial needles 6 and 6 are disposed.

For this reason, as shown in FIG. 7, when the second radial raceway ring 5d is externally fixed to the power transmission shaft 23 by an interference fit, the thin portion 27 which is the axial end surface of the second radial raceway ring 5d. It is possible to directly and efficiently press the front end surface of the. As a result, even if the tightening margin of the fitting portion between the second radial raceway ring 5d and the power transmission shaft 23 is increased, the second radial raceway ring 5d is not damaged without causing any damage. The power transmission shaft 23 can be externally fitted and fixed. Note that the gear 22 is externally fitted to the first radial raceway ring 4a of the combination needle bearing 1d before the second radial raceway ring 5d is externally fitted to the power transmission shaft 23 as shown in FIG. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 8, it may be after the second radial race ring 5d is externally fitted to the power transmission shaft 23.
Since the configuration and operation of the other parts are the same as those in the first example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the same parts are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description is omitted.

[Fifth Example of Embodiment]
FIG. 9 shows a fifth example of the embodiment of the present invention. In the case of the combined needle bearing 1e of this example, the shape of the second radial raceway ring 5e is different from the structure of the fourth example of the above-described embodiment. Specifically, the small-diameter step portion 19 (see FIG. 6) of the second radial race ring 5d is removed from the structure of the fourth example.
Since the configuration and operation of the other parts are the same as in the fourth example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 described above, the same parts are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description is omitted.

[First example of reference example]
FIG. 10 shows a first example of a reference example relating to the present invention. In the case of the combined needle bearing 1f of this reference example, the second radial race 5a and the backup race 15a are integrated.
Since the configuration and operation of the other parts are the same as those in the first example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the same parts are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description is omitted.

[Second example of reference example]
FIG. 11 shows a second example of the reference example relating to the present invention. In the case of the combined needle bearing 1g of this reference example, the second radial race ring 5d and the backup race 15a are integrated.
Since the configuration and operation of the other parts are the same as in the fourth example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 described above, the same parts are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description is omitted.

[Third example of reference example]
FIG. 12 shows a third example of the reference example relating to the present invention. In the case of the combination needle bearing 1h of this reference example, the second radial race 5e and the backup race 15a are integrated.
Since the configuration and operation of the other parts are the same as those in the fifth example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 9, the same reference numerals are given to the equivalent parts, and duplicate descriptions are omitted.

[Fourth to fifth examples of reference examples]
13 to 14 show fourth to fifth examples of reference examples related to the present invention. In the case of the combined needle bearings 1i and 1j of both reference examples, the backup race is omitted, and instead of omitting the backup race, the axial side surface of the first thrust raceway ring 8a is directly the thrust raceway surface. The inner diameters of the thrust retainers 12b and 12c and the second thrust raceway ring 10b are reduced. And the 2nd cylindrical flange 16a formed in the inner peripheral part of this 2nd thrust track ring 10b is made to approach the circumference | surroundings of the small diameter step part 19 formed in the edge part of the 2nd radial track ring 5a. Therefore, in the case of both of these reference examples, the second radial race ring is engaged by the engagement between the tip edge of the second cylindrical flange 16a and the step surface 20 existing at the back end of the small diameter step portion 19. 5a is prevented from displacing in the direction of exiting from the inner diameter side of the first radial raceway ring 4a.
Since the structure and operation of the other parts are the same as those of the first example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the same reference numerals are given to the equivalent parts, and duplicate explanations are omitted.

[Sixth example of reference example]
FIG. 15 shows a sixth example of the reference example relating to the present invention. In the first to fifth examples of the embodiment described above and the first to fifth examples of the reference example, the first radial raceway is the outer ring and the second radial raceway is the inner ring. On the other hand, in the case of the combined needle bearing 1k of this reference example, the first radial race ring 4b is an inner ring and the second radial race ring 5f is an outer ring. In accordance with this, the first thrust raceway ring 8b is bent at a right angle from the end of the first radial raceway ring 4b inward in the radial direction, and the first embodiment of the first embodiment shown in FIG. In the example, the inside and outside in the radial direction are reversed.
Since the structure and operation of the other parts are the same as those of the first example of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the same reference numerals are given to the equivalent parts, and duplicate explanations are omitted.

  The radial and thrust combination type needle bearing of the present invention is not limited to a transmission for an automobile, and it is necessary to allow relative rotation of each of these members while supporting a radial load and a thrust load applied between adjacent members. It can be used for the rotation support part of various mechanical devices.

1, 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f, 1g, 1h, 1i, 1j, 1k Combination needle bearing 2, 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d Radial bearing 3, 3a, 3b Thrust bearing 4, 4a, 4b First One radial raceway 5, 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e, 5f Second radial raceway 6 Radial needle 7, 7a Radial cage 8, 8a, 8b First thrust raceway 9, 9a, 9b Cylindrical flange 10 10a, 10b, 10c Second thrust raceway ring 11 Thrust needle 12, 12a, 12b, 12c, 12d Thrust retainer 13 Outer ring raceway 14 Inner ring raceway 15, 15a, 15b Backup race 16, 16a, 16b Second cylindrical flange 17 , 17a Thrust collar portion 18, 18a First locking portion 19, 19a Small diameter step portion 20, 20a Step surface 2 1, 21a Second locking portion 22 Gear 23 Power transmission shaft 24 Engaging projection 25 Hook 26 Support jig 27 Thin portion

Claims (2)

  1. The first and second radial raceways, each formed in a cylindrical shape and arranged concentrically with each other, with the respective center axes parallel to the central axes of the two radial raceways. A plurality of radial needles, which are rotatably provided between circumferential surfaces facing each other, and a first thrust track bent at a right angle outward from an axial end of the first radial track ring. An annular ring-shaped second thrust track disposed in a state facing the first thrust track ring in the axial direction, a cylindrical flange bent from the outer peripheral edge of the first thrust track ring toward the one end side in the axial direction, and the first thrust track ring In a state where the wheels and the respective central axes are arranged in the radial direction of the two thrust raceways, a plurality of thrust rollers provided so as to be able to roll between the axial side surfaces of the two thrust raceways facing each other. A thrust retainer that is formed in an annular shape to freely hold these thrust needles and is relatively arranged relative to the thrust raceways between the thrust raceways, In a radial / thrust combined type needle bearing provided with a hard metal and annular backup race disposed between a first thrust raceway ring and each thrust needle,
    The backup race is superimposed on one side surface in the axial direction of the first thrust raceway without gaps,
    The first radial race ring is made to be axially opposed to a thrust collar portion bent radially inward from the other axial end portion of the first radial race ring and an axial end surface of the second radial race ring. Is prevented from displacing to the one end side in the axial direction with respect to the second radial raceway, and the engagement between the second radial raceway and the backup race facing the second radial raceway in the axial direction. This prevents the second radial raceway from being displaced relative to the first radial raceway in one axial direction,
    The thrust retainer is prevented from being separated from the first thrust raceway ring by the engagement between the first locking portion bent radially inward from the tip edge of the cylindrical flange and the outer peripheral edge of the thrust retainer. Of the second thrust raceway, the second locking portion bent radially outward from the tip edge of the second cylindrical flange bent from the inner peripheral edge to the other axial end side, and the thrust retainer The engagement with the inner peripheral edge prevents the second thrust raceway from being separated from the thrust cage,
    The first and second radial raceways, the radial needles, the first thrust raceway, the second thrust raceway, the thrust needles, the thrust retainer, and the backup race Radial-thrust combination type needle bearing, characterized by non-separable combination.
  2. The first and second radial raceways, each formed in a cylindrical shape and arranged concentrically with each other, with the respective center axes parallel to the central axes of the two radial raceways. A plurality of radial needles, which are rotatably provided between circumferential surfaces facing each other, and a first thrust track bent at a right angle outward from an axial end of the first radial track ring. An annular ring-shaped second thrust track disposed in a state facing the first thrust track ring in the axial direction, a cylindrical flange bent from the outer peripheral edge of the first thrust track ring toward the one end side in the axial direction, and the first thrust track ring In a state where the wheels and the respective central axes are arranged in the radial direction of the two thrust raceways, a plurality of thrust rollers provided so as to be able to roll between the axial side surfaces of the two thrust raceways facing each other. A thrust retainer that is formed in an annular shape to freely hold these thrust needles and is relatively arranged relative to the thrust raceways between the thrust raceways, In a radial / thrust combined type needle bearing provided with a hard metal and annular backup race disposed between a first thrust raceway ring and each thrust needle,
    The backup race is superimposed on one side surface in the axial direction of the first thrust raceway without gaps,
    The first radial race ring is made to be axially opposed to a thrust collar portion bent radially inward from the other axial end portion of the first radial race ring and an axial end surface of the second radial race ring. Is prevented from displacing to the one end side in the axial direction with respect to the second radial bearing ring , and a protrusion provided in a state of projecting radially outward at the other axial end of the second radial bearing ring. When, along with to face the radial cage holding the respective radial needle or respective radial needle axially, by which faces the said backup race and one axial end of the radial cage in the axial direction, the The second radial raceway is prevented from being displaced relative to the first radial raceway in one axial end direction,
    The thrust retainer is prevented from being separated from the first thrust raceway ring by the engagement between the first locking portion bent radially inward from the tip edge of the cylindrical flange and the outer peripheral edge of the thrust retainer. Of the second thrust raceway, the second locking portion bent radially outward from the tip edge of the second cylindrical flange bent from the inner peripheral edge to the other axial end side, and the thrust retainer The engagement with the inner peripheral edge prevents the second thrust raceway from being separated from the thrust cage,
    The first and second radial raceways, the radial needles, the first thrust raceway, the second thrust raceway, the thrust needles, the thrust retainer, and the backup race Radial-thrust combination type needle bearing, characterized by non-separable combination.
JP2014205577A 2014-10-06 2014-10-06 Combined radial and thrust needle bearings Active JP5910695B2 (en)

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DE102017111048A1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-22 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Axial-radial bearing arrangement

Family Cites Families (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1186221A (en) * 1967-01-31 1970-04-02 Torrington Co Improvements in and relating to Rolling Bearings.
US3829181A (en) * 1972-03-14 1974-08-13 Skf Ind Trading & Dev Combined axial radial bearing
JPS62132027A (en) * 1985-12-04 1987-06-15 Ntn Toyo Bearing Co Ltd Thrust roller bearing unit
JP2002206546A (en) * 2000-11-10 2002-07-26 Nsk Ltd Needle bearing

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