JP5903130B2 - Nori making machine - Google Patents

Nori making machine Download PDF

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JP5903130B2
JP5903130B2 JP2014141300A JP2014141300A JP5903130B2 JP 5903130 B2 JP5903130 B2 JP 5903130B2 JP 2014141300 A JP2014141300 A JP 2014141300A JP 2014141300 A JP2014141300 A JP 2014141300A JP 5903130 B2 JP5903130 B2 JP 5903130B2
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吉田 直人
直人 吉田
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株式会社イツワ工業
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本発明は、抄製した海苔生地を乾燥させて乾燥海苔を製造するために建屋の内部に設置された海苔製造機に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a laver making machine installed inside a building in order to dry the produced laver dough and produce dried laver.

従来より、食用に供される乾燥海苔は、水分を多く含んだ海苔生地を矩形シート状に乾燥させることによって製造されており、そのために、建屋の内部に設置された海苔製造機が広く用いられている。   Conventionally, dried laver used for edible purposes has been manufactured by drying a laver dough containing a lot of moisture into a rectangular sheet, and for this reason, laver making machines installed inside buildings are widely used. ing.

この海苔製造機は、スノコ状の海苔簀に海苔生地を抄製するための抄製装置に海苔生地を乾燥させるための乾燥装置を連設し、抄製装置で抄製した海苔生地を海苔簀ごと乾燥装置に受け渡し、乾燥装置によって海苔簀に抄製した海苔生地を乾燥させるようにしている。   This laver making machine is connected to a paper making machine for making a laver dough on a scallop-like seaweed rice cake, and a drying device for drying the seaweed dough is connected continuously. They are handed over to the drying device, and the nori dough made into the laver is dried by the drying device.

この乾燥装置は、海苔生地を抄製した海苔簀を搬送しながら海苔生地を乾燥させる乾燥室と、加熱した空気を乾燥室に供給する加熱室とを並設している。   This drying apparatus is provided with a drying chamber for drying a laver dough while conveying a laver made from the laver dough, and a heating chamber for supplying heated air to the drying chamber.

そして、乾燥装置では、加熱室の上部に形成された吸気部から吸気した空気を加熱室の内部で加熱し、加熱室の下部及び乾燥室の下部に連通状に形成された供給部を介して加熱した空気を加熱室から乾燥室に供給し、加熱空気を用いて乾燥室の内部で海苔生地を乾燥させ、その後、海苔生地の乾燥に使用した加熱空気を乾燥室の上部に形成された排気部から排気する(たとえば、特許文献1参照。)。   In the drying apparatus, the air sucked from the intake portion formed in the upper portion of the heating chamber is heated inside the heating chamber, and the supply portion is formed in communication with the lower portion of the heating chamber and the lower portion of the drying chamber. The heated air is supplied from the heating chamber to the drying chamber, the nori dough is dried inside the drying chamber using the heated air, and then the heated air used for drying the nori dough is formed in the upper part of the drying chamber. The air is exhausted from the part (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

特開2010−45981号公報JP 2010-45981 A

ところが、上記従来の海苔製造機では、建屋の内部に設置されているために、海苔生地の乾燥に使用された加熱空気が全て建屋の外部に排出されるのではなく、乾燥に使用された加熱空気の一部が、乾燥室の排気部から排気された後に、再び加熱室の吸気部から吸気される。   However, since the conventional laver production machine is installed inside the building, the heating air used for drying the laver dough is not exhausted to the outside of the building, but is used for drying. After a part of the air is exhausted from the exhaust section of the drying chamber, it is sucked again from the intake section of the heating chamber.

この海苔生地の乾燥に使用された加熱空気は、海苔生地に含有されていた水分を多く含んでいるために、湿度の高い空気となっている。   The heated air used for drying the nori dough contains a large amount of moisture contained in the nori dough, and therefore has high humidity.

そのため、湿度の高い空気が再び加熱室で加熱されて乾燥室に供給されるために、乾燥室の内部の湿度が高くなってしまい、海苔生地を良好に乾燥させることができず、乾燥海苔の商品価値を損ねるおそれがあった。   For this reason, since the high humidity air is heated again in the heating chamber and supplied to the drying chamber, the humidity inside the drying chamber becomes high, and the nori dough cannot be dried well. There was a risk of damaging the commercial value.

そこで、請求項1に係る本発明では、建屋の内部に設置された海苔製造機であって、抄製した海苔生地を加熱空気で乾燥させる乾燥室と、乾燥室に加熱空気を供給する加熱室とを有し、加熱室の吸気部から吸気した空気を加熱して乾燥室に供給するとともに、海苔生地の乾燥に使用した加熱空気を乾燥室の排気部から排気する海苔製造機において、乾燥室の排気部と加熱室の吸気部との間に乾燥室の排気部から加熱室の吸気部へと流入する空気の流入量を規制するための空気流入量規制装置を介設し、前記加熱室に複数の加熱装置を設けるとともに、各加熱装置に対応する空気流入量規制装置を設け、乾燥室の内部の湿度に応じて空気の流入量を規制するよう空気流入量規制装置を制御するコントローラーを有し、コントローラーは、各空気流入量規制装置を別個に制御し、乾燥室の後側部分の湿度が所定湿度(第2後側所定湿度)よりも高い場合に、後側部分の空気流入量規制装置を制御して乾燥室の排気部から加熱室の前側の吸気部に流入する空気の量を減少させることにした。
Therefore, in the present invention according to claim 1, a laver maker installed inside the building, a drying chamber for drying the paper-dried laver dough with heated air, and a heating chamber for supplying heated air to the drying chamber In the laver making machine that heats the air sucked from the suction part of the heating chamber and supplies it to the drying room, and exhausts the heated air used for drying the laver dough from the exhaust part of the drying room, An air inflow amount regulating device for regulating an inflow amount of air flowing from the exhaust portion of the drying chamber to the intake portion of the heating chamber between the exhaust portion of the heating chamber and the intake portion of the heating chamber, A controller for controlling the air inflow rate regulating device so as to regulate the air inflow rate according to the humidity inside the drying chamber is provided. Have a controller for each air The Iriryou restricting device separately controlled, when the humidity of the rear portion of the drying chamber is higher than a predetermined humidity (after second side predetermined humidity), the rear portion of the air inflow amount regulating device controlled by the drying chamber It was decided to reduce the amount of air flowing from the exhaust part of the air into the intake part on the front side of the heating chamber.

また、請求項2に係る本発明では、前記請求項1に係る本発明において、前記コントローラーは、乾燥室の後側部分の湿度が前記第2後側所定湿度よりも高い所定湿度(第1後側所定湿度)よりも高い場合に、後側部分の空気流入量規制装置を制御して乾燥室の排気部から加熱室の後側の吸気部に流入する空気の量を減少させることにした。 Also, in the present invention according to claim 2, in the present invention according to claim 1, the controller has a predetermined humidity (first rear) in which the humidity in the rear portion of the drying chamber is higher than the second predetermined humidity on the second rear side. In the case where the humidity is higher than the predetermined humidity on the side, the amount of air flowing from the exhaust part of the drying chamber to the intake part on the rear side of the heating chamber is reduced by controlling the air inflow control device in the rear part.

そして、本発明では、以下に記載する効果を奏する。   And in this invention, there exists an effect described below.

すなわち、本発明では、建屋の内部に設置された海苔製造機であって、抄製した海苔生地を加熱空気で乾燥させる乾燥室と、乾燥室に加熱空気を供給する加熱室とを有し、加熱室の吸気部から吸気した空気を加熱して乾燥室に供給するとともに、海苔生地の乾燥に使用した加熱空気を乾燥室の排気部から排気する海苔製造機において、乾燥室の排気部と加熱室の吸気部との間に乾燥室の排気部から加熱室の吸気部へと流入する空気の流入量を規制するための空気流入量規制装置を介設し、乾燥室の内部の湿度に応じて空気の流入量を規制するよう空気流入量規制装置を制御することにしているために、乾燥室で海苔生地の乾燥に使用された水分を多く含んだ空気が加熱室に流入するのを抑制することができるので、乾燥室の内部の湿度を良好に維持することができ、海苔生地を良好に乾燥させて乾燥海苔の商品価値を向上させることができる。   That is, in the present invention, it is a laver maker installed inside the building, and has a drying chamber for drying the paper-dried laver dough with heated air, and a heating chamber for supplying heated air to the drying chamber, In the laver production machine that heats the air sucked from the air intake of the heating chamber and supplies it to the drying chamber, and exhausts the heated air used to dry the laver dough from the exhaust air of the drying chamber, heating with the exhaust of the drying chamber An air inflow control device is provided between the air intake of the drying chamber and the air inflow from the exhaust of the drying chamber to the air intake of the heating chamber, depending on the humidity inside the drying chamber. The air inflow control device is controlled so as to control the inflow of air, so that the moisture-rich air used for drying the laver dough in the drying chamber is prevented from flowing into the heating chamber. Good humidity inside the drying chamber so you can Can be maintained, it is possible to improve the commercial value of the dried seaweed in well dried laver dough.

特に、加熱室に複数の加熱装置を設けるとともに、各加熱装置に対応する空気流入量規制装置を設け、各空気流入量規制装置を別個に制御することにした場合や、一つの加熱装置を制御する際に他の加熱装置に対応する空気流入量規制装置を制御することにした場合には、乾燥室の内部全体の湿度を均一にすることができ、より一層海苔生地を良好に乾燥させて乾燥海苔の商品価値を向上させることができる。   In particular, when a plurality of heating devices are provided in the heating chamber and an air inflow amount regulating device corresponding to each heating device is provided, and each air inflow amount regulating device is controlled separately, or one heating device is controlled. When controlling the air inflow control device corresponding to the other heating device, the humidity inside the drying chamber can be made uniform, and the laver dough can be further dried well. The commercial value of dried nori can be improved.

建屋の内部に設置された海苔製造機を示す正面断面図。Front sectional drawing which shows the laver making machine installed in the inside of a building. 海苔製造機を示す平面図。The top view which shows a laver production machine. 同右側面図。The right side view. 同左側面図。The left side view.

以下に、本発明に係る海苔製造機の具体的な構成について図面を参照しながら説明する。   Below, the specific structure of the laver making machine which concerns on this invention is demonstrated, referring drawings.

本発明に係る海苔製造機1は、図1に示すように、建屋2の内部に設置されて使用され、海苔生地を乾燥させることで矩形シート状の乾燥海苔を製造するものである。   As shown in FIG. 1, a laver maker 1 according to the present invention is installed and used inside a building 2, and produces a rectangular sheet-like dried laver by drying a laver dough.

この海苔製造機1は、図1〜図4に示すように、海苔生地の抄製を行う抄製装置3と海苔生地の乾燥を行う乾燥装置4とを連設した構成となっている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, the laver making machine 1 has a configuration in which a paper making device 3 for making a seaweed dough and a drying device 4 for drying the seaweed dough are connected.

抄製装置3は、複数枚の海苔簀5を並設した簀枠6を搬送するための無端状の搬送機構7を内蔵しており、搬送機構7の搬送経路に沿って、海苔簀5に海苔生地を抄くための抄き機構8と、吸引によって海苔生地の脱水を行うための吸引脱水機構9と、スポンジの押圧によって海苔生地の脱水を行う押圧脱水機構10と、海苔簀5から乾燥海苔を剥離するための剥離機構11とを順に配置している。   The paper making apparatus 3 incorporates an endless transport mechanism 7 for transporting the reed frame 6 in which a plurality of laver reeds 5 are juxtaposed, and along the transport path of the transport mechanism 7, Drying mechanism 8 for making nori dough, suction dehydration mechanism 9 for dehydrating nori dough by suction, pressing dehydration mechanism 10 for dehydrating nori dough by pressing sponge, A peeling mechanism 11 for peeling the seaweed is arranged in order.

そして、抄製装置3は、搬送機構7で簀枠6ごと海苔簀5を搬送しながら、抄き機構8で海苔簀5に海苔生地を抄製し、吸引脱水機構9と押圧脱水機構10とで海苔生地の脱水を行い、その後、乾燥装置4に簀枠6ごと受け渡すとともに、乾燥装置4で乾燥した後の簀枠6を再び受け取り、剥離機構11で海苔簀5から乾燥海苔を剥離するように構成している。   Then, the paper making device 3 makes the seaweed dough into the seaweed rice cake 5 by the paper making mechanism 8 while carrying the seaweed rice cake 5 together with the frame 6 by the conveying mechanism 7, and the suction dewatering mechanism 9 and the pressure dewatering mechanism 10. Then, the laver dough is dehydrated, and then, the whole frame 6 is transferred to the drying device 4, and the frame 6 after being dried by the drying device 4 is received again. It is configured as follows.

乾燥装置4は、前後方向に伸延させた矩形箱型状の乾燥室12の右側部に前後方向に伸延させた矩形箱型状の加熱室13を並設している。   The drying device 4 is provided with a rectangular box-shaped heating chamber 13 extended in the front-rear direction on the right side of a rectangular box-shaped drying chamber 12 extended in the front-rear direction.

乾燥室12の内部には、簀枠6を搬送するための搬送機構14,15が上下に収容されている。   Inside the drying chamber 12, transport mechanisms 14 and 15 for transporting the gutter frame 6 are accommodated vertically.

加熱室13には、空気を加熱して乾燥室12の内部に供給する加熱装置16,17が前後に配設されている。   In the heating chamber 13, heating devices 16 and 17 for heating and supplying air to the inside of the drying chamber 12 are arranged in the front and rear.

加熱装置16,17は、前後対称の構造となっており、前側の加熱装置16について説明すると、加熱装置16は、加熱室13の外側前端下部に燃焼バーナー18を取付けるとともに、加熱室13の内側に円筒状の加熱ダクト19と排気ダクト20とを加熱ダクト19を下側にして上下に取付け、加熱室13の前端部において加熱ダクト19の始端部に燃焼バーナー18を連通連結するとともに、加熱室13の中央部において加熱ダクト19の終端部に排気ダクト20の始端部を連通連結し、排気ダクト20の終端部を加熱室13の前端上部から外部に突出させ、排気ダクト20の終端部に上下方向に垂直に伸延する排気筒21の基端部を連通連結している。   The heating devices 16 and 17 have a symmetric structure, and the front heating device 16 will be described. The heating device 16 has a combustion burner 18 attached to the lower part of the outer front end of the heating chamber 13 and the inner side of the heating chamber 13. A cylindrical heating duct 19 and an exhaust duct 20 are mounted vertically with the heating duct 19 facing down, and a combustion burner 18 is connected to the start end of the heating duct 19 at the front end of the heating chamber 13, and the heating chamber The start end of the exhaust duct 20 is connected in communication with the end of the heating duct 19 at the center of 13, the end of the exhaust duct 20 protrudes from the upper front end of the heating chamber 13 to the outside, and the end of the exhaust duct 20 is The base end portion of the exhaust tube 21 extending perpendicularly to the direction is connected in communication.

また、前側の加熱装置16は、加熱室13の前側上部に3個の円形開口状の吸入口(吸気部22)を前後に間隔を開けて形成するとともに、各吸気部22に吸入用のファン23を取付け、一方、加熱室13の左側下部に乾燥室12に連通する矩形開口状の供給口(供給部24)を形成し、供給部24に4枚の整流板25を上下に間隔を開けて取付けている。   The front heating device 16 is formed with three circular opening-like suction ports (intake portions 22) at the front upper portion of the heating chamber 13 with a space in the front and rear, and a suction fan is provided in each intake portion 22. On the other hand, a rectangular opening-shaped supply port (supply unit 24) communicating with the drying chamber 12 is formed in the lower left part of the heating chamber 13, and four rectifying plates 25 are vertically spaced in the supply unit 24. Are installed.

同様に、後側の加熱装置17は、加熱室13の外側後端下部に燃焼バーナー26を取付けるとともに、加熱室13の内側に円筒状の加熱ダクト27と排気ダクト28とを加熱ダクト27を下側にして上下に取付け、加熱室13の後端部において加熱ダクト27の始端部に燃焼バーナー26を連通連結するとともに、加熱室13の中央部において加熱ダクト27の終端部に排気ダクト28の始端部を連通連結し、排気ダクト28の終端部を加熱室13の後端上部から外部に突出させ、排気ダクト28の終端部に上下方向に垂直に伸延する排気筒29の基端部を連通連結している。   Similarly, the heating device 17 on the rear side has a combustion burner 26 attached to the lower portion of the outer rear end of the heating chamber 13, and a cylindrical heating duct 27 and an exhaust duct 28 are placed inside the heating chamber 13 and the heating duct 27 is lowered. The combustion burner 26 is connected to the start end of the heating duct 27 at the rear end of the heating chamber 13 and is connected to the end of the heating duct 27 at the center of the heating chamber 13. The end of the exhaust duct 28 protrudes from the upper part of the rear end of the heating chamber 13 to the outside, and the base end of the exhaust tube 29 extending vertically in the vertical direction is connected to the end of the exhaust duct 28. doing.

また、後側の加熱装置17は、加熱室13の後側上部に3個の円形開口状の吸入口(吸気部30)を前後に間隔を開けて形成するとともに、各吸気部30に吸入用のファン31を取付け、一方、加熱室13の左側下部に乾燥室12に連通する矩形開口状の供給口(供給部32)を形成し、供給部32に4枚の整流板33を上下に間隔を開けて取付けている。   The heating device 17 on the rear side is formed with three circular opening-like suction ports (intake units 30) at the rear upper part of the heating chamber 13 with a space in the front and rear, and each intake unit 30 has an intake On the other hand, a rectangular opening supply port (supply unit 32) communicating with the drying chamber 12 is formed in the lower left part of the heating chamber 13, and four rectifying plates 33 are vertically spaced in the supply unit 32 Open and install.

そして、乾燥装置4は、加熱室13の燃焼バーナー18,26によって加熱ダクト19,27の外周部を加熱し、ファン23,31の作用で吸気部22,30から空気を吸入し、内部において加熱ダクト19,27によって空気を加熱し、その加熱した空気(加熱空気)を供給部24,32から乾燥室12に供給するようにしている。なお、加熱室13は、燃焼バーナー18,26によって生じた排気を加熱ダクト19,27と排気ダクト20,28を介して排気筒21,29から外部に排出するようにしている。   Then, the drying device 4 heats the outer peripheral portions of the heating ducts 19 and 27 by the combustion burners 18 and 26 in the heating chamber 13, sucks air from the intake portions 22 and 30 by the action of the fans 23 and 31, and heats the inside. Air is heated by the ducts 19 and 27, and the heated air (heated air) is supplied from the supply units 24 and 32 to the drying chamber 12. The heating chamber 13 discharges the exhaust generated by the combustion burners 18 and 26 from the exhaust pipes 21 and 29 to the outside through the heating ducts 19 and 27 and the exhaust ducts 20 and 28.

また、乾燥装置4は、乾燥室12の内部において搬送機構14,15で簀枠6ごと海苔簀5を2往復搬送し、その間に、加熱室13の左側下部と乾燥室12の右側下部とを連通する供給部24,32から供給された加熱空気を用いて海苔簀5に抄製された海苔生地を乾燥させるようにしている。海苔生地の乾燥に使用された加熱空気は、乾燥室12に形成された排気部34から乾燥室12の外部に排出される。なお、上段の搬送機構14の前端上部で抄製装置3から簀枠6を受け取り、上段の搬送機構14で簀枠6を1往復搬送し、上段の搬送機構14の前端下部から下段の搬送機構15の前端上部に簀枠6を受け渡し、下段の搬送機構15で簀枠6を1往復搬送し、その後、下段の搬送機構15の前端下部で抄製装置3へ簀枠6を受け渡すようにしている。   In addition, the drying device 4 transports the laver cocoon 5 together with the cocoon frame 6 by the transport mechanisms 14 and 15 in the drying chamber 12 in two reciprocations, and between the lower left portion of the heating chamber 13 and the lower right portion of the drying chamber 12. The seaweed dough produced in the laver cocoon 5 is dried using the heated air supplied from the communicating supply parts 24 and 32. The heated air used for drying the seaweed dough is discharged to the outside of the drying chamber 12 from an exhaust section 34 formed in the drying chamber 12. The upper frame transport mechanism 14 receives the reed frame 6 from the paper making apparatus 3 at the upper front end, and the upper transport mechanism 14 reciprocates the reed frame 6 once. The lower transport mechanism from the lower front end of the upper transport mechanism 14 The frame 6 is delivered to the upper part of the front end of 15, the reed frame 6 is reciprocated once by the lower conveyance mechanism 15, and then the frame 6 is delivered to the paper making apparatus 3 at the lower front end of the lower conveyance mechanism 15. ing.

建屋2の内部に設置された海苔製造機1では、建屋2の内部に乾燥室12の排気部34と加熱室13の吸気部22,30との間に連通状の連通路35が形成される。この連通路35には、乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の吸気部22,30へと流入する空気の流入量を規制するための4個の空気流入量規制装置36〜39を前後に並べて配置している。このうち、前側の2個の空気流入量規制装置36,37は、前側の加熱装置16と対応する位置(後側の加熱装置17の吸気部30よりも前側の加熱装置16の吸気部22に近い位置)に配置され、後側の2個の空気流入量規制装置38,39は、後側の加熱装置17と対応する位置(前側の加熱装置16の吸気部22よりも後側の加熱装置17の吸気部30に近い位置)に配置されている。   In the laver maker 1 installed in the building 2, a communication path 35 is formed in the building 2 between the exhaust part 34 of the drying chamber 12 and the intake parts 22 and 30 of the heating chamber 13. . The communication passage 35 includes four air inflow amount regulating devices 36 to 39 for restricting the inflow amount of air flowing from the exhaust portion 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake portions 22 and 30 of the heating chamber 13. Are arranged side by side. Among these, the two front air inflow regulating devices 36 and 37 are located at positions corresponding to the front heating device 16 (the intake portion 22 of the front heating device 16 relative to the intake portion 30 of the rear heating device 17). The rear two air inflow regulating devices 38 and 39 are arranged at positions close to each other, and the rear side heating device 17 corresponds to the rear side heating device 17 (the rear side heating device 22 of the front side heating device 16). (Position close to 17 intake portions 30).

各空気流入量規制装置36〜39は、矩形枠状の枠体40に上下に並べた3枚の横長矩形板状の開閉フィン41を上下回動自在に取付け、モーター等の駆動機構で開閉フィン41を回動させることで乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の吸気部22,30へと流入する空気の流入量を規制するようにしている。なお、各空気流入量規制装置36〜39は、開閉フィン41の回動角度によって開口面積を変化させて空気の流入量を規制するとともに、空気の流入を阻止するように遮蔽することもできる。   Each of the air inflow control devices 36 to 39 includes three horizontally long rectangular plate-like opening / closing fins 41 arranged vertically on a rectangular frame-like frame body 40, and is attached to the opening / closing fins by a drive mechanism such as a motor. By rotating 41, the inflow amount of air flowing from the exhaust section 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake sections 22 and 30 of the heating chamber 13 is regulated. Each of the air inflow amount regulating devices 36 to 39 can change the opening area according to the rotation angle of the opening and closing fins 41 to regulate the air inflow amount, and can also shield the air inflow.

各空気流入量規制装置36〜39は、コントローラー42で制御される。このコントローラー42には、乾燥室12の内部の温度や湿度を計測するセンサー43が接続されており、センサー43で計測された温度や湿度に応じて加熱装置16,17や空気流入量規制装置36〜39を制御するようにしている。なお、センサー43は、乾燥室12の内部に複数個設けられており、乾燥室12の前側部分と後側部分などのように乾燥室12の内部の温度や湿度を部分的に計測できるようにしている。また、図1において、44は空気を供給するダクト、45は排気ファン、46は仕切壁を示しており、ダクト44から供給された空気を加熱室13で加熱して乾燥室12に供給し、乾燥室12から排気された加熱空気を排気ファン45から排出する。その際に、一部の加熱空気は、乾燥室12から加熱室13へと流入する。   Each air inflow regulating device 36 to 39 is controlled by the controller 42. A sensor 43 for measuring the temperature and humidity inside the drying chamber 12 is connected to the controller 42. Depending on the temperature and humidity measured by the sensor 43, the heating devices 16 and 17 and the air inflow control device 36 are connected. I try to control ~ 39. A plurality of sensors 43 are provided inside the drying chamber 12 so that the temperature and humidity inside the drying chamber 12 can be partially measured, such as the front and rear portions of the drying chamber 12. ing. In FIG. 1, 44 is a duct for supplying air, 45 is an exhaust fan, 46 is a partition wall, the air supplied from the duct 44 is heated in the heating chamber 13 and supplied to the drying chamber 12, The heated air exhausted from the drying chamber 12 is exhausted from the exhaust fan 45. At that time, part of the heated air flows from the drying chamber 12 into the heating chamber 13.

そして、コントローラー42は、センサー43によって乾燥室12の前側部分の湿度が所定湿度(第1前側所定湿度)よりも高くなっていることを検出した場合には、前側の加熱装置16に対応する空気流入量規制装置36,37を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の前側の吸気部22に流入する空気の量を減少させる。これにより、乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の前側の吸気部22に流入する空気、すなわち、乾燥室12で海苔生地の乾燥に使用され水分を多量に含んだ(湿度の高い)空気が再び加熱室13で加熱されて乾燥室12に供給されるのを防止し、乾燥室12の前側部分の湿度を良好に低下させることができる。   When the controller 42 detects that the humidity in the front portion of the drying chamber 12 is higher than the predetermined humidity (first front predetermined humidity) by the sensor 43, the air corresponding to the heating device 16 on the front side is detected. The inflow amount regulating devices 36 and 37 are controlled to reduce the amount of air flowing from the exhaust unit 34 of the drying chamber 12 into the intake unit 22 on the front side of the heating chamber 13. As a result, air that flows from the exhaust section 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake section 22 on the front side of the heating chamber 13, that is, air that is used to dry the laver dough in the drying chamber 12 and contains a large amount of moisture (high humidity). Can be prevented from being heated again in the heating chamber 13 and supplied to the drying chamber 12, and the humidity of the front portion of the drying chamber 12 can be satisfactorily reduced.

その際に、コントローラー42は、後側の加熱装置17に対応する空気流入量規制装置38,39を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の前側の吸気部22に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよい。これにより、乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の前側の吸気部22に流入する空気、すなわち、乾燥室12の後側部分で海苔生地の乾燥に使用され水分を多量に含んだ(湿度の高い)空気の一部が再び加熱室13で加熱されて乾燥室12に供給されるのを防止し、乾燥室12の前側部分の湿度を良好に低下させることができる。なお、コントローラー42は、センサー43によって乾燥室12の後側部分の湿度が所定湿度(第2後側所定湿度:後述する第1後側所定湿度よりも低く設定された湿度)よりも高くなっていることを検出した場合にのみ、後側の加熱装置17に対応する空気流入量規制装置38,39を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の前側の吸気部22に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよい。   At that time, the controller 42 controls the air inflow amount regulating devices 38 and 39 corresponding to the heating device 17 on the rear side, and the air flowing from the exhaust unit 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake unit 22 on the front side of the heating chamber 13 The amount of may be reduced. As a result, the air flowing from the exhaust part 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the air intake part 22 on the front side of the heating chamber 13, that is, a large amount of moisture used for drying the laver dough at the rear side part of the drying chamber 12 (humidity) It is possible to prevent a part of the air from being heated again in the heating chamber 13 and supplied to the drying chamber 12, and to reduce the humidity of the front portion of the drying chamber 12 satisfactorily. The controller 42 causes the sensor 43 to increase the humidity of the rear portion of the drying chamber 12 to be higher than a predetermined humidity (second rear predetermined humidity: a humidity set lower than a first rear predetermined humidity described later). Only when it is detected that the air inflow rate regulating devices 38 and 39 corresponding to the heating device 17 on the rear side are controlled to flow from the exhaust portion 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake portion 22 on the front side of the heating chamber 13 The amount of air may be reduced.

同様に、コントローラー42は、センサー43によって乾燥室12の後側部分の湿度が所定湿度(第1後側所定湿度)よりも高くなっていることを検出した場合には、後側の加熱装置17に対応する空気流入量規制装置38,39を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の後側の吸気部30に流入する空気の量を減少させる。これにより、乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の後側の吸気部30に流入する空気、すなわち、乾燥室12で海苔生地の乾燥に使用され水分を多量に含んだ(湿度の高い)空気が再び加熱室13で加熱されて乾燥室12に供給されるのを防止し、乾燥室12の後側部分の湿度を良好に低下させることができる。   Similarly, if the controller 42 detects that the humidity of the rear portion of the drying chamber 12 is higher than the predetermined humidity (first rear predetermined humidity) by the sensor 43, the heating device 17 on the rear side is detected. The amount of air flowing from the exhaust section 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake section 30 on the rear side of the heating chamber 13 is reduced by controlling the air inflow amount regulating devices 38 and 39 corresponding to the above. As a result, air flowing from the exhaust section 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake section 30 on the rear side of the heating chamber 13, that is, a large amount of moisture used for drying the laver dough in the drying chamber 12 (high humidity) It is possible to prevent the air from being heated again in the heating chamber 13 and supplied to the drying chamber 12, and to reduce the humidity of the rear portion of the drying chamber 12 satisfactorily.

その際に、コントローラー42は、前側の加熱装置16に対応する空気流入量規制装置36,37を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の後側の吸気部30に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよい。これにより、乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の後側の吸気部30に流入する空気、すなわち、乾燥室12の前側部分で海苔生地の乾燥に使用され水分を多量に含んだ(湿度の高い)空気の一部が再び加熱室13で加熱されて乾燥室12に供給されるのを防止し、乾燥室12の後側部分の湿度を良好に低下させることができる。なお、コントローラー42は、センサー43によって乾燥室12の前側部分の湿度が所定湿度(第2前側所定湿度:前述した第1前側所定湿度よりも低く設定された湿度)よりも高くなっていることを検出した場合にのみ、前側の加熱装置16に対応する空気流入量規制装置36,37を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の後側の吸気部30に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよい。   At that time, the controller 42 controls the air inflow amount regulating devices 36 and 37 corresponding to the front heating device 16 to flow air from the exhaust portion 34 of the drying chamber 12 into the intake portion 30 on the rear side of the heating chamber 13. The amount of may be reduced. As a result, air flowing from the exhaust section 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake section 30 on the rear side of the heating chamber 13, that is, a large amount of moisture used for drying the laver dough in the front portion of the drying chamber 12 (humidity) It is possible to prevent a part of the air from being heated again in the heating chamber 13 and supplied to the drying chamber 12, and to reduce the humidity of the rear portion of the drying chamber 12 satisfactorily. The controller 42 confirms that the humidity of the front portion of the drying chamber 12 is higher than the predetermined humidity (second front predetermined humidity: humidity set lower than the first predetermined humidity described above) by the sensor 43. Only when it is detected, the amount of air flowing from the exhaust unit 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake unit 30 on the rear side of the heating chamber 13 by controlling the air inflow amount regulating devices 36 and 37 corresponding to the front heating device 16 May be reduced.

またコントローラー42は、センサー43によって乾燥室12の前側部分の温度が所定温度(前側所定温度)よりも低くなっていることを検出した場合には、前側の加熱装置16を制御して加熱室13から乾燥室12の前側部分に供給する高温の加熱空気の量を増大させる。その際に、前側の加熱装置16に対応する空気流入量規制装置36,37を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の前側の吸気部22に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよく、また、同時に又は独立して、後側の加熱装置17に対応する空気流入量規制装置38,39を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の前側の吸気部22に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよい。   In addition, when the controller 42 detects that the temperature of the front portion of the drying chamber 12 is lower than the predetermined temperature (the predetermined temperature on the front side) by the sensor 43, the controller 42 controls the heating device 16 on the front side to control the heating chamber 13. The amount of hot heated air supplied to the front part of the drying chamber 12 is increased. At that time, the air inflow control devices 36 and 37 corresponding to the front heating device 16 are controlled to reduce the amount of air flowing from the exhaust section 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the front intake section 22 of the heating chamber 13. Alternatively, simultaneously or independently, the air inflow control devices 38 and 39 corresponding to the heating device 17 on the rear side are controlled so that the exhaust portion 34 of the drying chamber 12 and the intake portion 22 on the front side of the heating chamber 13 are controlled. You may reduce the quantity of the air which flows in.

同様に、コントローラー42は、センサー43によって乾燥室12の後側部分の温度が所定温度(後側所定温度)よりも低くなっていることを検出した場合には、後側の加熱装置17を制御して加熱室13から乾燥室12の後側部分に供給する高温の加熱空気の量を増大させる。その際に、後側の加熱装置17に対応する空気流入量規制装置38,39を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の後側の吸気部30に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよく、また、同時に又は独立して、前側の加熱装置16に対応する空気流入量規制装置36,37を制御して乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の後側の吸気部30に流入する空気の量を減少させてもよい。   Similarly, when the controller 42 detects that the temperature of the rear portion of the drying chamber 12 is lower than the predetermined temperature (rear predetermined temperature) by the sensor 43, the controller 42 controls the rear heating device 17. Thus, the amount of high-temperature heated air supplied from the heating chamber 13 to the rear portion of the drying chamber 12 is increased. At that time, the amount of air flowing from the exhaust part 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake part 30 on the rear side of the heating chamber 13 is controlled by controlling the air inflow amount regulating devices 38 and 39 corresponding to the heating device 17 on the rear side. The air intake amount regulating devices 36 and 37 corresponding to the front heating device 16 may be controlled simultaneously or independently to control the intake air on the rear side of the heating chamber 13 from the exhaust part 34 of the drying chamber 12. The amount of air flowing into the unit 30 may be reduced.

以上に説明したように、海苔製造機1は、建屋2の内部に設置されており、抄製した海苔生地を加熱空気で乾燥させる乾燥室12と、乾燥室12に加熱空気を供給する加熱室13とを有し、加熱室13の吸気部22,30から吸気した空気を加熱して乾燥室12に供給するとともに、海苔生地の乾燥に使用した加熱空気を乾燥室12の排気部34から排気する。これにより、海苔生地を乾燥させて乾燥海苔を製造する。   As described above, the laver maker 1 is installed inside the building 2, and the drying chamber 12 for drying the paper-dried laver dough with heated air, and the heating chamber for supplying heated air to the drying chamber 12. The air sucked from the intake portions 22, 30 of the heating chamber 13 is heated and supplied to the drying chamber 12, and the heated air used for drying the laver dough is exhausted from the exhaust portion 34 of the drying chamber 12. To do. As a result, the dried laver is produced by drying the laver dough.

そして、上記海苔製造機1では、乾燥室12の排気部34と加熱室13の吸気部22,30との間に乾燥室12の排気部34から加熱室13の吸気部22,30へと流入する空気の流入量を規制するための空気流入量規制装置36〜39を介設し、乾燥室12の内部の湿度に応じて空気の流入量を規制するよう空気流入量規制装置36〜39を制御するよう構成している。   In the laver making machine 1, the air flows from the exhaust unit 34 of the drying chamber 12 to the intake units 22 and 30 of the heating chamber 13 between the exhaust unit 34 of the drying chamber 12 and the intake units 22 and 30 of the heating chamber 13. The air inflow amount regulating devices 36 to 39 for restricting the inflow amount of air to be performed are provided, and the air inflow amount regulating devices 36 to 39 are arranged so as to regulate the air inflow amount according to the humidity inside the drying chamber 12. It is configured to control.

そのため、上記構成の海苔製造機1では、乾燥室12で海苔生地の乾燥に使用された水分を多く含んだ空気が加熱室13に流入するのを抑制することができるので、乾燥室12の内部の湿度を良好の維持することができ、海苔生地を良好に乾燥させて乾燥海苔の商品価値を向上させることができる。   Therefore, in the laver making machine 1 having the above-described configuration, it is possible to suppress the air containing a lot of moisture used for drying the laver dough from flowing into the heating chamber 13 in the drying chamber 12. The humidity can be maintained at a good level, and the nori dough can be dried well to improve the commercial value of the dried nori.

また、上記海苔製造機1では、加熱室13に複数の加熱装置16,17を設けるとともに、各加熱装置16(17)に対応する空気流入量規制装置36,37(38,39)を設け、各空気流入量規制装置36,37(38,39)を別個に制御するよう構成している。   In the laver making machine 1, a plurality of heating devices 16 and 17 are provided in the heating chamber 13, and air inflow amount regulating devices 36 and 37 (38 and 39) corresponding to the heating devices 16 (17) are provided. Each air inflow control device 36, 37 (38, 39) is configured to be controlled separately.

そのため、上記構成の海苔製造機1では、乾燥室12の内部全体の湿度を均一にすることができ、海苔生地を良好に乾燥させて乾燥海苔の商品価値を向上させることができる。   Therefore, in the laver maker 1 having the above configuration, the humidity inside the drying chamber 12 can be made uniform, and the seaweed dough can be dried well to improve the commercial value of the dried laver.

さらに、上記海苔製造機1では、一つの加熱装置16(17)を制御する際に他の加熱装置17(16)に対応する空気流入量規制装置38,39(36,37)を制御するように構成している。   Further, in the laver making machine 1, when one heating device 16 (17) is controlled, the air inflow amount regulating devices 38, 39 (36, 37) corresponding to the other heating devices 17 (16) are controlled. It is configured.

そのため、上記構成の海苔製造機1では、乾燥室12の内部全体の湿度をより一層均一にすることができ、海苔生地を良好に乾燥させて乾燥海苔の商品価値を向上させることができる。   Therefore, in the laver maker 1 having the above configuration, the humidity inside the drying chamber 12 can be made even more uniform, and the seaweed dough can be dried well to improve the commercial value of the dried laver.

1 海苔製造機 2 建屋
3 抄製装置 4 乾燥装置
5 海苔簀 6 簀枠
7 搬送機構 8 抄き機構
9 吸引脱水機構 10 押圧脱水機構
11 剥離機構 12 乾燥室
13 加熱室 14,15 搬送機構
16,17 加熱装置 18,26 燃焼バーナー
19,27 加熱ダクト 20,28 排気ダクト
21,29 排気筒 22,30 吸気部
23,31 ファン 24,32 供給部
25,33 整流板 34 排気部
35 連通路 36〜39 空気流入量規制装置
40 枠体 41 開閉フィン
42 コントローラー 43 センサー
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Nori making machine 2 Building 3 Paper making apparatus 4 Drying device 5 Nori seaweed 6 Hull frame 7 Transport mechanism 8 Paper making mechanism 9 Suction dehydration mechanism 10 Press dehydration mechanism
11 Peeling mechanism 12 Drying chamber
13 Heating chamber 14,15 Transport mechanism
16,17 Heating device 18,26 Combustion burner
19,27 Heating duct 20,28 Exhaust duct
21,29 Exhaust tube 22,30 Air intake
23,31 Fan 24,32 Supply section
25,33 Rectifier plate 34 Exhaust section
35 Communication path 36-39 Air inflow control device
40 Frame 41 Opening and closing fins
42 Controller 43 Sensor

Claims (2)

建屋の内部に設置された海苔製造機であって、抄製した海苔生地を加熱空気で乾燥させる乾燥室と、乾燥室に加熱空気を供給する加熱室とを有し、加熱室の吸気部から吸気した空気を加熱して乾燥室に供給するとともに、海苔生地の乾燥に使用した加熱空気を乾燥室の排気部から排気する海苔製造機において、
乾燥室の排気部と加熱室の吸気部との間に乾燥室の排気部から加熱室の吸気部へと流入する空気の流入量を規制するための空気流入量規制装置を介設し、前記加熱室に複数の加熱装置を設けるとともに、各加熱装置に対応する空気流入量規制装置を設け、乾燥室の内部の湿度に応じて空気の流入量を規制するよう空気流入量規制装置を制御するコントローラーを有し、
コントローラーは、各空気流入量規制装置を別個に制御し、乾燥室の後側部分の湿度が所定湿度(第2後側所定湿度)よりも高い場合に、後側部分の空気流入量規制装置を制御して乾燥室の排気部から加熱室の前側の吸気部に流入する空気の量を減少させることを特徴とする海苔製造機。
A laver maker installed inside the building, having a drying chamber for drying the paper-dried laver dough with heated air, and a heating chamber for supplying heated air to the drying chamber, from the intake section of the heating chamber In the laver making machine that heats the intake air and supplies it to the drying chamber, and exhausts the heated air used for drying the laver dough from the exhaust section of the drying chamber,
An air inflow amount regulating device is provided between the exhaust unit of the drying chamber and the intake unit of the heating chamber to regulate the inflow amount of air flowing from the exhaust unit of the drying chamber to the intake unit of the heating chamber, A plurality of heating devices are provided in the heating chamber, and an air inflow amount regulating device corresponding to each heating device is provided, and the air inflow amount regulating device is controlled so as to regulate the air inflow amount according to the humidity inside the drying chamber. Have a controller,
The controller controls each air inflow amount regulating device separately, and when the humidity in the rear portion of the drying chamber is higher than a predetermined humidity (second rear side predetermined humidity), the controller controls the air inflow amount regulating device in the rear portion. A laver maker for controlling and reducing the amount of air flowing from the exhaust section of the drying chamber to the intake section on the front side of the heating chamber.
前記コントローラーは、乾燥室の後側部分の湿度が前記第2後側所定湿度よりも高い所定湿度(第1後側所定湿度)よりも高い場合に、後側部分の空気流入量規制装置を制御して乾燥室の排気部から加熱室の後側の吸気部に流入する空気の量を減少させることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の海苔製造機。
The controller controls the air inflow amount regulating device in the rear portion when the humidity in the rear portion of the drying chamber is higher than a predetermined humidity (first predetermined humidity) higher than the second predetermined humidity. The laver maker according to claim 1, wherein the amount of air flowing from the exhaust section of the drying chamber to the intake section on the rear side of the heating chamber is reduced.
JP2014141300A 2014-07-09 2014-07-09 Nori making machine Active JP5903130B2 (en)

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JP6450713B2 (en) * 2016-06-22 2019-01-09 株式会社イツワ工業 Control method of nori production system
JP6595560B2 (en) * 2016-11-16 2019-10-23 株式会社イツワ工業 Nori production system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JPS61170371A (en) * 1985-01-22 1986-08-01 Yoshiharu Uchihashi Method of drying laver
JPH0455290U (en) * 1990-09-17 1992-05-12
JP2518970Y2 (en) * 1992-05-08 1996-12-04 有限会社甲斐田産業 Heating device in seaweed making machine
JPH11215971A (en) * 1998-01-30 1999-08-10 Otsubo Tekko:Kk Dried laver producing apparatus
JP3880601B2 (en) * 2005-01-25 2007-02-14 株式会社大坪鉄工 Auxiliary equipment for drying seaweed
JP4703520B2 (en) * 2006-09-07 2011-06-15 フルタ電機株式会社 Air preparation method and apparatus for laver dryer
KR20100138656A (en) * 2009-06-25 2010-12-31 백근희 Layer drying apparatus
JP5762921B2 (en) * 2011-10-14 2015-08-12 フルタ電機株式会社 Nori building with temperature and humidity controller

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