JP5881966B2 - Lenses and glasses - Google Patents

Lenses and glasses Download PDF

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JP5881966B2
JP5881966B2 JP2011081412A JP2011081412A JP5881966B2 JP 5881966 B2 JP5881966 B2 JP 5881966B2 JP 2011081412 A JP2011081412 A JP 2011081412A JP 2011081412 A JP2011081412 A JP 2011081412A JP 5881966 B2 JP5881966 B2 JP 5881966B2
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resin
lens
sheet
bonding
side
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JP2012215725A (en
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信幸 小渕
信幸 小渕
啓一 小林
啓一 小林
慎也 加尻
慎也 加尻
紘一郎 岡
紘一郎 岡
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山本光学株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a lens and glasses capable of preventing reflection of an eye due to reflection from a reflection function portion of a single layer or multilayer film processed on a lens surface portion on the objective side into the lens.

  For current sunglasses lenses, prescription lenses, goggles lenses, shields, etc., control of transmittance on the lens surface on the objective side, multilayer processing for the purpose of reflection and transmission in a specific wavelength range, and addition of fashion etc. For this purpose, mirror surface decoration processing and the like are processed by a coating method, a vacuum deposition method, a printing method, and the like. Other processing methods include a transfer molding method for transferring a thin film processed into a film and a decoration processing method for a lens by sublimation printing.

  The reflective functional part is mainly made of inorganic or organic thin film processed into a single layer or multiple layers by vacuum deposition, etc., and the lens surface is processed into a metallic glossy mirror surface. It is widely used to control the reflection and transmission of a specific wavelength by controlling the reflectivity by an alternating combination of an object and a metal oxide having a high refractive power.

  These reflective functional parts are processed on the lens surface on the objective side, have a metallic luster when viewed from the surface, and are highly fashionable, so are often used for sunglasses, goggles, and shielding lenses.

  The reflection function part is an effective method for controlling the transmittance and imparting fashionability, but the light incident from the eyepiece side passes through the lens and is reflected by the reflection function part processed on the objective side surface. Since it passes through the lens again and enters the eye, the background of the wearer, the eye and the periphery of the eye appear to be reflected on the back surface of the lens, and the phenomenon of poor visibility occurs.

  In general, for the incident light from the eyepiece side of the lens, the back surface antireflection function by the multilayer film is processed on the back surface of the lens and exhibits a high antireflection function, but only with the antireflection function from the back surface on the eyepiece side, Light reflected from the inner surface of the lens from the reflection function portion processed on the lens surface cannot be prevented.

  This reflection phenomenon is particularly noticeable in the daytime when there is a large amount of light or when there is sunlight incident from the back. At present, in order to prevent reflection from the reflective function part of the surface, the frame frame of the lens is matched to the face shape, the gap between the face and the frame frame is made as small as possible to reduce the incident light as much as possible, and the goggle shape There is a method such as sealing the face and eliminating the intrusion of incident light, but this method adheres to the face, so the air permeability is bad, there is a problem of cloudiness or discomfort, and it can not be worn for a long time There is.

  The present invention does not depend on a specially sealed frame shape such as a goggles type, and the light incident from the back surface on the eyepiece side is reflected from the reflection function portion processed on the lens surface on the objective side to the lens inner surface. Is to prevent.

  In particular, the reflective function part on the objective side is useful as a method for reflecting transmittance and efficiently reflecting a specific wavelength range by designing a multilayer film. The reflective function processed on the lens surface without impairing this reflective function We found a function to prevent re-incident on the inner surface from the part.

  This function is particularly useful in bright places, and is useful for sunglasses with a large amount of incident light from the back side, sunglasses with prescription, a large area shield, and the like.

  This function can be applied to normal lens shapes, and can be applied to sunglasses, prescription lenses, goggles, shields, and the like.

  Further, the reflection function portion can be processed by a conventional processing method, and has a surface reflection preventing function without changing the processing conditions on the lens surface.

  In order to solve the above problems, the following means have been invented.

  The present invention is a lens composed of a reflection function part, a circular polarization function and a mechanical reinforcement function part, wherein the reflection function part is arranged on the objective side, and then the circular polarization function part and the mechanical reinforcement function part are arranged on the eyepiece side. It is in.

  The objective-side reflection function part is processed on the phase-difference function side of the circular polarization function part, and the reflectance of the reflection function part is 10% or more.

  The reflective functional part is that it is a thin film made of a single layer or multiple layers of inorganic or organic materials.

  A bonding resin sheet is disposed on the polarization function side of the circular polarization function unit, and a lens-shaped resin is bonded to form a mechanical function part.

  Further, the bonding resin sheet serves as a mechanical reinforcement portion and is bent to form a bending lens with the bonding resin sheet side as the eyepiece side.

  The bonding resin sheet is supplemented by a bonding coating layer provided on the bonding side, and a lens-shaped resin is bonded to form a mechanically reinforced portion.

  The bonding resin sheet is a sheet of any of polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyacrylic resin, polycycloolefin resin, polyurethane resin, and acylcellulose resin.

  Furthermore, the bonding coating layer having a bonding function is an epoxy resin, a polyurethane resin, a polythiourethane resin, a polyvinyl acetate resin, or a polyacrylic resin.

  Furthermore, an injection molded resin that is backed up as a mechanical reinforcement portion on the bonding resin sheet is a molded lens that is one of polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyacrylic resin, polycycloolefin resin, and polyurethane resin. There is to do.

  Furthermore, a lens-shaped resin is welded to the bonding resin sheet by a cast molding method to form a mechanically reinforced portion.

  Furthermore, a lens-shaped resin molded in advance is bonded to the bonding resin sheet via an adhesive and a bonding coating to form a mechanically reinforced portion.

  Furthermore, the polarization functional portion of the circular polarization functional portion is a linear polarizer, which also serves as a bonding function, and a pre-molded lens-shaped resin is directly bonded to the linear polarizer.

  Furthermore, the resin to be cast is directly welded to the linear polarizer to form a mechanically reinforced portion.

  Furthermore, the reflection function part is framed with the objective side and the mechanical reinforcement part as the eyepiece side to form surface antireflection glasses.

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a surface reflection functional lens of the present invention. In FIG. 1, 1 represents a surface reflection function lens, 2 represents a multilayer film layer or a mirror layer, corresponds to a reflection function portion, 3 represents a retardation plate, 4 represents a polarizing plate, and 5 represents a bonding layer. A sheet plate is represented, 3, 4 and 5 correspond to circularly polarized functional parts, 6 represents a molded part, and corresponds to a mechanical reinforcing functional part.

  This lens is a novel lens having a reflection function part, a circular polarization function part, and a mechanical reinforcement part. A reflection function part is processed in the phase difference function part on one side of the circularly polarized light function part, and a mechanical reinforcement part is arranged on the other side to form a lens shape.

  As for this function, the light incident on the reflection function portion on the objective side becomes light selected and selected by the thin film configuration according to the purpose of the reflection function portion and enters the circular polarization function portion. In the circularly polarized light function part, although it is attenuated by the phase difference function and the polarization function, the transmission characteristic is maintained, and it enters the mechanical reinforcement part and reaches the eye. The light incident on the eye maintains the characteristics of the reflection function portion.

  On the other hand, light incident from the back side on the eyepiece side passes through the mechanical reinforcement portion and becomes circularly polarized light at the circularly polarized functional portion. The light that has become circularly polarized light is reflected by the difference in the refractive index due to the different materials of the reflective functional part on the surface. It is blocked by the phase difference function part and the polarization function part and cannot pass through.

  With this function, the light incident from the lens surface on the objective side becomes the light selected and selected by the reflection function part, passes through the lens and reaches the eye, but the light incident from the back surface on the eyepiece side is circularly polarized light. It becomes circularly polarized light in the functional part, and even if it is reflected by the reflective functional part, it is blocked by the circularly polarized functional part and cannot enter the mechanical reinforcement part. The characteristic of the reflective function portion processed on the objective side is maintained, and the reflection function portion has a function of preventing reflection.

  The reflection function portion is processed on the phase difference side of the circular polarization function portion which is the surface on the object side.

  When processing the reflective functional portion, the hard coating layer of one or two layers is processed on the surface of the retardation plate for the purpose of preventing scratches or improving the adhesion to the thin film, and the reflective functional portion is often processed. However, if there is no problem in adhesion, it may be processed directly.

  The reflective function part is processed with a single layer or multiple layers of inorganic or organic thin films by coating, vacuum deposition, printing, transfer, etc., and it can obtain metallic luster with excellent decorativeness when viewed from the surface. it can.

  In multilayer processing, processing is mainly performed by vacuum deposition, and not only decorativeness but also reflection and transmission in a specific wavelength range are controlled by a combination of inorganic oxide with low refractive power and metal oxide with high refractive power. can do. Further, not only inorganic substances but also organic substances such as fullerenes can be processed.

  For example, in order to improve visibility, when a thin film design that obtains transmission in a specific wavelength range according to the color vision characteristic of the eye is performed, more strict control of the transmittance spectrum is required. There are transmittance peaks at 450 ± 25 nm, 540 ± 25 nm, and 610 ± 25 nm, and between the 450 ± 25 nm peak and the 540 ± 25 nm peak, the transmittance bottom between the 540 ± 25 nm peak and the 610 ± 25 nm peak In some cases, in the case of a transmittance spectrum having a transmittance bottom on the shorter wavelength side than the 450 ± 25 nm peak and on the longer wavelength side than the 610 ± 25 nm peak, vapor deposition of silicon dioxide, titanium oxide, etc. When designing with materials, about 20 layers of thin films are required.

  In this case, the luminous transmittance is about 40% and the reflectance is about 60%. Therefore, when used outdoors, the sunlight incident from the back surface is reflected by the reflective function part, so the background on the lens back surface. The eyes and the surroundings of the eyes are reflected, making it very difficult to see.

  This phenomenon is unavoidable when controlling a specific wavelength region in the current process, which is a major obstacle to use. The present invention is very effective particularly when a specific wavelength is controlled by a multilayer film.

  As a method by vacuum vapor deposition, there is a thermal transfer vapor deposition film in which an inorganic substance is vapor-deposited on a transparent film such as polyethylene terephthalate and the surface thereof is coated with a thermal bonding resin.

  Thermal transfer vapor deposition film for injection molding inserts the film into the lens mold, closes the mold, fills the mold with transparent resin for lens by injection molding method, heat and pressure at the time of injection molding With this method, a metal film decoration of a certain quality can be mass-produced by a method of thermally transferring a film deposit on the lens surface.

  Other methods include a method in which a thermal transfer vapor deposition film is pressed against the lens surface and transferred with a silicon heat roll having the same curvature as the lens curvature.

  The coating method is a method in which metal particles are mixed in an acrylic resin or urethane resin, and are coated and dried by a flow coating method or a dipping method.

  As a printing method, the above metal particle mixed solution is printed directly on the lens surface by silk printing or pad printing, or printed on a film by gravure printing or offset printing to produce a thermal transfer film, and hot stamping. There is a method of transferring to a lens by a method.

  In the case of the above processing, the reflectance is desirably 10% or more. When the reflectance is 10% or less, there is little reflection and the effect of the antireflection function cannot be exhibited. The processing of the reflective function part can be applied without changing the conditions by the current processing method.

  In the invention of the circularly polarized light function portion using the retardation plate and the polarizer (hereinafter referred to as the first invention), there are five cases from the first to the fifth, which will be sequentially described below.

  In the first case, the linear polarization functional part is a linear polarizer, one of the protective sheets protecting the linear polarizer from both sides is a phase difference functional sheet or a phase difference plate, and the other sheet is heat. It is a circularly polarized light functional part characterized by being a thermal bonding resin sheet having a bonding function.

  The linear polarizer is usually a uniform resin sheet having a thickness of 0.1 mm or less. Very generally, it is a uniaxially stretched sheet of polyvinyl alcohol resin such as polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetal, polyvinyl butyral.

  In order to obtain a high degree of linear polarization, a sheet stretched at a stretch ratio of about 2 to 5 times is further doped with iodine or a dichroic dye.

  The iodine doping method using iodine is less likely to give a unique color to the polarizer than the dye doping method using a dye, and has a characteristic that a high degree of polarization is easily obtained, but uses iodine that is easily sublimated. Therefore, there is a disadvantage that the heat resistance is inferior. On the other hand, the dye doping method has higher heat resistance than the iodine doping method, but has a problem that a hue unique to the dye appears in the polarizer and a problem that the degree of polarization differs depending on the dye, that is, the hue.

  As will be described later, in the present invention, a circularly polarizing plate is made by bending a circularly polarizing plate, and further, the injection plane method and the cast molding method are used to back up the polarization plane side with a resin, which serves as a mechanical reinforcement portion. In the iodine-doped polarizer, iodine may be sublimated and the degree of polarization may decrease due to heat during bending or molding of the mechanically reinforced portion. Therefore, in this invention, it is recommended that it is a dye dope method with high heat stability, or a polarizer of a special polarizing plate.

  The retardation functional sheet is usually a uniform resin sheet having a thickness of 0.2 mm or less, and the retardation value is optically set according to the required degree of retardation, and is usually about 1 / 4λ. It is a phase difference, and a retardation value of 100 to 180 nm is desirable.

  Regardless of the phase difference, the resin used for the retardation sheet is generally a polycarbonate resin, a polyamide resin, a polycycloolefin resin, a liquid polymer such as polyarylate, a polysulfone resin, or a triacetyl cellulose resin (TAC). is there. Usually, it is a sheet obtained by stretching an extruded sheet in a uniaxial direction or a biaxial direction.

  A stabilizer such as an ultraviolet absorber or an antioxidant is often added to the resin.

  Thermal bonding resin sheets with thermal bonding functions are polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyurethane resin, polyacrylic resin, polycycloolefin resin, polystyrene resin, polyvinyl chloride resin, polystyrene resin, polystyrene / methyl methacrylate resin, It is made from a thermoplastic transparent resin such as acrylonitrile / styrene resin or poly-4-methylpentene-1 resin.

  Among these, polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyacryl resin, polycycloolefin resin, and polyurethane resin are preferably used because of the ease of sheet production.

  Since the thermal bonding resin sheet has thermal bonding compatibility with the resin of the mechanically reinforced portion, the thermal bonding resin sheet and the backup resin are chemically the same resin, or the thermal bonding resin sheet It is preferable that one of the resin of the mechanically reinforced portion is a polyurethane resin having high thermal bondability.

  In many cases, stabilizers such as ultraviolet absorbers and antioxidants are added to these resins.

  The thermal bonding resin sheet need not be uniaxially or biaxially stretched. Rather, when the film is not stretched, heat shrinkage does not occur during bending or backup injection molding, and thus the finished lens is less likely to be distorted.

  The preferable thickness of the heat bonding resin sheet is about 0.01 to 1 mm, more preferably about 0.02 to 0.8 mm. If the sheet thickness is less than 0.01, the circularly polarizing plate and the circularly polarizing lens become too thin to be handled easily. If the thickness exceeds 1 mm, the thickness balance with the retardation sheet is impaired, and the circularly polarizing plate However, there is a problem that warpage is likely to occur.

  The circularly polarized light functional part is a laminate in which at least a linear polarizer and a retardation sheet are combined, and the right side depends on the angle between the direction of the linear polarizer (stretching direction) and the direction of the 1 / 4λ retardation sheet (stretching direction). It becomes a rotating circularly polarizing plate, a counterclockwise circularly polarizing plate, or an elliptically polarizing plate.

  As a phase difference plate, a laminated sheet having a thickness of about 0.1 to 0.5 mm in which a sheet with little optical anisotropy such as triacetyl cellulose (TAC) is bonded to one side or both sides of a phase difference sheet May be used.

  In the present invention, the antireflection function is maintained regardless of whether clockwise or counterclockwise is used, but the arrangement angle of the linear polarizer and the retardation sheet is important, so that circular polarization performance can be obtained. In order to prevent the circular polarization performance from changing, it is common to fix the combination laminate of the two with an adhesive or the like.

  Adhesives or pressure-sensitive adhesives used to affix linear polarizers, retardation sheets or retardation plates, and thermal bonding resin sheets must have long-term durability against water, heat, ultraviolet rays, etc. Is not particularly limited as long as it passes them. Long-term durability is often supplemented by the addition of stabilizers such as UV absorbers and antioxidants.

  Examples of the adhesive include isocyanate compounds, polyurethane resins, polythiourethane resins, epoxy resins, polyvinyl acetate resins, polyacrylic resins, and waxes. Examples of the adhesive include vinyl acetate resin and acrylic resin.

  At the time of application, these adhesives or pressure-sensitive adhesives are uniformly applied to a linear polarizer, a phase difference sheet, and a heat bonding resin sheet by a general application method such as a gravure coating method or an offset coating method.

  The thickness of the adhesive layer or the pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is usually 0.1 to 100 μm, preferably 0.5 to 80 μm. If the thickness of the adhesive layer or the pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is less than 0.1 μm, the adhesive strength is low, and if it exceeds 100 μm, the adhesive or the pressure-sensitive adhesive may ooze out from the end face of the circularly polarizing plate.

  In the second case, the linearly polarizing functional part is a polarizing plate comprising a linear polarizer and two protective sheets sandwiching it, and a retardation functional sheet having a retardation function on one protective sheet, Or it is a case of the circularly-polarizing plate by which the phase difference plate is arrange | positioned and the heat bonding sheet | seat with a heat bonding function is arrange | positioned on the other protective sheet.

  A polarizer of a polyvinyl alcohol resin generally has low physical strength and is hygroscopic, so it cannot be said that it is easy to handle. For this reason, a polarizing plate obtained by attaching a protective sheet to a polarizer and reinforcing it is called a polarizing plate, and a polarizing plate with improved handling properties of the polarizer is generally used as a basic form of distribution and processing.

  The general structure of the polarizing plate is obtained by attaching a protective sheet to each surface of one polarizer. That is, it is a laminate having a three-layer structure in which a protective sheet, a linear polarizer, and a protective sheet are laminated in this order.

  In order to maintain the circular polarization function, the protective sheet is generally made of a material having no optical anisotropy by a cast molding method, but may be an extrusion molding method as long as the material has little optical anisotropy.

  As a typical method for producing a cast molding sheet, there is an acyl cellulose sheet resin.

  In the cast molding method, acylcelluloses such as triacetylcellulose, diacetylcellulose, tripropylcellulose, and dipropylcellulose are dissolved in, for example, acetone or methylene chloride to form a solution. Next, the solution is cast onto a belt or a flat plate, and the solvent is removed by heating or decompression to form a sheet.

  Polycycloolefin resins may also be made into sheets by solution casting. In addition, for example, there is a polyacrylic resin sheet in which (meth) acrylates mainly composed of methyl methacrylate are enclosed between glass plates and cast-molded by a so-called inter-plate polymerization method.

  In addition to this, the sheet polymerization method sheet includes a polyurethane resin sheet. The interlaminar polymerization polyurethane resin sheet is composed of aromatic polyisocyanates such as tolylene diisocyanate (TDI), metaxylene diisocyanate (MDI), diphenylmethane-4,4′-diisocyanate, and aliphatic polyisocyanates such as hexamethylene diisocyanate and isophorone diisocyanate. Isocyanates and polyols such as aliphatic glycols such as ethylene glycol and 1,3-propane glycol, polyether glycols such as polyethylene glycol and polypropylene glycol, and polyester glycols such as caprolactone and adipate Mix, fill between plates and heat polymerize.

  As the protective sheet for the cast molding method, those for which industrial production technology for the sheet has already been established are preferable, and as resins for which industrial production technology for such a sheet has been established, acyl such as triacetyl cellulose (TAC) can be used. A cellulose resin, a polycycloolefin resin, a polyacryl resin, a polycarbonate resin, and a polyamide resin can be used.

  In many cases, stabilizers such as ultraviolet absorbers and antioxidants are added to these resins.

  The preferable thickness of the protective sheet is about 0.01 to 1.0 mm, more preferably about 0.02 to 0.8 mm, regardless of the sheet manufacturing method. If the thickness is less than 0.01 mm, the protective effect of the polarizer is weakened. On the other hand, if the thickness exceeds 1.0 mm, it may be difficult to bend the polarizing plate as described later.

  The two protective sheets that sandwich the polarizer do not need to match the resin type, sheet molding method, stretch ratio, sheet thickness, etc., but ease of preparation of the polarizing plate, lack of warpage, and handling For ease of use, it is preferable that they are substantially the same sheet.

  The polarizer and the protective sheet are generally attached using an adhesive or a pressure-sensitive adhesive.

  The adhesive or pressure-sensitive adhesive for attaching the polarizer and the protective sheet must have long-term durability against water, heat, light, etc. Basically, the adhesive used in the first case of the first invention If it is an adhesive, there is no problem.

  Examples of the adhesive include isocyanate compounds, polyurethane resins, polythiourethane resins, epoxy resins, vinyl acetate resins, acrylic resins, and waxes. Examples of the adhesive include vinyl acetate resin and acrylic resin.

  When sticking, these adhesives or pressure-sensitive adhesives are uniformly applied to a protective sheet or a polarizer by a general application method such as a gravure coating method or an offset coating method.

  The thickness of the adhesive layer or the pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is usually 0.1 to 100 μm, preferably 0.5 to 80 μm. When the thickness of the adhesive layer or the pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is less than 0.1 μm, the bonding force is low, and when it exceeds 100 μm, the adhesive or the pressure-sensitive adhesive may ooze out from the end face of the polarizing plate.

  The preferable thickness of the polarizing plate is 0.1 to 2 mm, more preferably 0.2 to 1.6 mm. It is difficult to make a polarizing plate of less than 0.1 mm, and when it exceeds 2 mm, the polarizing plate tends to crack when bent, or the protective sheet is wrinkled, and does not bend well into a lens shape. There is.

  The TAC polarizing plate is obtained by sandwiching a polyvinyl alcohol-based linear polarizer between two prepared TAC sheets. In particular, the second case is useful for a TAC eccentric plate that is not completely heat-bondable with a back-up resin as a mechanical reinforcement portion.

  In the second case, the retardation functional sheet or retardation plate attached to one side of the polarizing plate may be the same as the retardation functional sheet and retardation plate described in the first case of the first invention.

  The thermal bonding resin sheet to be applied to the other side (the surface to which the phase difference functional sheet is not applied) should be selected according to the thermal bonding property with the resin to be backed up. The thermal bonding described in the first case of the first invention The principle of the resin sheet is applied as it is.

  That is, polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyurethane resin, polyacryl resin, polycycloolefin resin, polystyrene resin, polyvinyl chloride resin, polystyrene resin, polystyrene / methyl methacrylate resin, polyacrylonitrile / styrene resin, poly-4-methyl It is a sheet made of a thermoplastic transparent resin such as Pentene 1 resin.

  Among these, polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyacryl resin, polycycloolefin resin, and polyurethane resin are preferably used because of the ease of sheet production.

  Since the thermal bonding resin sheet has thermal bonding compatibility with the backup resin, the thermal bonding resin sheet and the backup resin are chemically the same resin, or the thermal bonding resin sheet and the backup resin are the same. It is preferable that either one of the resins is a polyurethane resin having high thermal bondability.

  In many cases, stabilizers such as ultraviolet absorbers and antioxidants are added to these resins.

  The thermal bonding resin sheet need not be uniaxially or biaxially stretched. Rather, when the film is not stretched, heat shrinkage does not occur during bending or backup injection molding, so that the circularly polarized lens is less likely to be distorted.

  The preferable thickness of the heat bonding resin sheet is about 0.01 to 1 mm, more preferably about 0.02 to 0.8 mm. If the thickness of the sheet is less than 0.01, the circularly polarized functional part becomes too thin and difficult to handle, and if the thickness exceeds 1 mm, the thickness balance with the retardation sheet is impaired, and the circularly polarized functional part is warped. There is a problem that is likely to occur.

  The adhesive and pressure-sensitive adhesive used to affix the retardation functional sheet or the phase difference plate and the thermal bonding resin sheet to the polarizing plate are the same as the adhesive and pressure-sensitive adhesive described in the first case of the first invention. It's okay.

  When a TAC polarizing plate is used as the polarizing plate, the resin to be backed up is a thermoplastic resin such as a polycarbonate resin, a polyamide resin, or a polyester resin because it has high tensile strength, high bending rigidity, high toughness, and high hardness. It is recommended to use Since the thermal bondability between the backup resin and the TAC protective sheet is not sufficient, the polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyurethane resin, etc. that can be thermally bonded to the backup resin on the TAC protective sheet. It is recommended to apply a heat bonding sheet.

  Even in the case of a polarizing plate other than the TAC polarizing plate, for example, a polycarbonate polarizing plate, thermal bondability between the polycarbonate protective sheet and the resin to be backed up may be a problem. In that case, it is recommended that a thermal bonding resin sheet capable of thermal bonding with the resin to be backed up is stuck on the polycarbonate protective sheet.

  The third case is a thermal bonding resin sheet in which a retardation functional sheet having a retardation function or a retardation plate is disposed on one protective sheet of a linear polarizer, and the other protective sheet has a thermal bonding function. This is the case of a circularly polarized functional part.

  The third case basically uses the same polarizing plate as the second case. The phase difference functional sheet and the phase difference plate are also the same as those in the first case and the second case.

  The adhesive or pressure-sensitive adhesive used for attaching the retardation functional sheet or retardation plate to the polarizing plate may be the same as the adhesive or pressure-sensitive adhesive described in the first case or the second case.

  The third case is a case where the protective sheet on the side to be thermally bonded has a chemical familiarity with the backup resin serving as a mechanical reinforcement portion and is often thermally bonded. The protective sheet of this case and the resin to be backed up should be selected in accordance with the thermal bonding resin sheet and the resin to be backed up described in the second case.

  The third case is particularly useful for making lenses from polycarbonate polarizers.

  The fourth case is a case where the thermal bonding function is a circularly polarized light functional part supplemented by a thermal bonding coating layer provided on the thermal bonding side.

  That is, the thermal bonding property between the thermal bonding functional part and the resin to be backed up is complemented by the thermal bonding coating layer.

  Furthermore, specifically describing in the first to third cases, it can be achieved by providing a thermal bonding coating layer on the thermal bonding resin sheets of the first to third cases.

  Examples of the resin used for the thermal bonding coating layer include polyurethane resin, polythiourethane resin, epoxy resin, polyvinyl acetate resin, and polyacrylic resin.

  These thermal bonding coating layers are uniformly applied to the thermal bonding sheet by a general application method such as a gravure coating method or an offset coating method.

  The thickness of the coating layer for heat bonding is usually 0.1 to 500 μm, preferably 0.5 to 400 μm. When the thickness of the thermal bonding coating layer is less than 0.1 μm, the adhesive strength is low, and when it exceeds 500 μm, the thermal bonding coating layer oozes or protrudes from the end face of the circularly polarized lens when the backup resin is injection molded. Sometimes.

  The fifth case is a case where the circularly polarizing functional part is a phase difference plate and a linear polarizer.

  In this case, a phase difference plate is disposed on one side of the linear polarizer, and a lens-shaped resin molded in advance on the linear polarizer is disposed by adhesion or cast molding to form a mechanical reinforcement portion.

  The same phase difference functional sheet and phase difference plate as the first case and the second case are used. The adhesive or pressure-sensitive adhesive used for attaching the retardation functional sheet or retardation plate to the polarizing plate may be the same as the adhesive or pressure-sensitive adhesive described in the first case or the second case.

  In the case of the bonding process, an adhesive is uniformly applied to the surface of a lens formed in advance by spin coating, and is directly bonded to the linear polarizer.

  In the case of cast molding, a circularly polarized functional part that is bent so as to be the objective side surface of the glass mold mold is disposed on the objective side, and a cast molding monomer is injected into the space of the glass mold mold and cured. The structure of the cast molded product is a phase difference functional sheet, or a phase difference plate, a linear polarizer, and a cast molded lens shape from the objective side.

  As the resin for the cast molding method, a thiopolyurethane resin, a CR-39 resin or the like is preferable.

  In the case of adhesion and cast molding of the fifth case, a circularly polarized functional part without the first to fourth thermal bonding sheets may be used, and the object can be achieved even with the thermal bonding sheet.

  The fifth case is a case where a pre-formed lens is directly bonded to a linear polarizer of a circularly polarized functional portion and a case where it is cast-molded.

  The second of the present invention (hereinafter referred to as the second invention) relates to a lens formed by bending a sheet laminated body of the circularly polarized functional portion disclosed in case 1 to case 5 of the first invention.

  There are various methods for bending as described below. In any method, the circularly polarized functional part before bending is usually cut into a shape and size that can be easily set in a bending apparatus.

  One of the bending methods for the circularly polarized functional portion is a blow molding method. This method uses a bending apparatus having a recess whose diameter is approximately equal to the size of the lens. With the phase difference function side of the circularly polarizing plate facing upward, the circularly polarized light functional part is placed on the depression, and a ring-shaped fixture having the same shape as the outer periphery of the depression is pressed from above. The circularly polarized light functional part is fixed to the bending device by a ring-shaped fixing bracket.

  An electric heater and an infrared heater are arranged from the top to heat and soften the circularly polarized functional part to make it easy to bend.

  When the circularly polarized light part reaches a predetermined temperature, the compressed air is introduced into the inside of the depression and pressurized from the inside. As a result, the circularly polarized functional portion swells upward and deforms into a lens shape.

  At the time of expansion to the target shape, heater heating is stopped and internal pressurization is stopped. Loosen the pressing of the ring-shaped fixing bracket and take out the bent circularly polarized functional part from the bending device. If necessary, when the unnecessary portion of the circularly polarized light functional portion is cut out, a circularly polarized functional lens in which the phase difference function side is disposed on the objective side and the thermal bonding function side is disposed on the eyepiece side is obtained.

  As another method for bending the circularly polarized functional portion, there is a vacuum forming method. This method is substantially the same as the blow molding method in fixing and heating the circularly polarized light functional part, but is different in that the circularly polarized functional part is placed on the bending apparatus with the phase difference functional part facing downward.

  When the circularly polarized light functional part reaches a predetermined temperature, the depressed part is depressurized from the inside. As a result, the circularly polarized functional portion is drawn downward and deformed into a lens shape.

  When the target shape is drawn, the heater heating is stopped and the decompression is stopped. Loosen the pressing of the ring-shaped fixing bracket and take out the bent circularly polarized functional part from the bending device. If necessary, a circularly polarized functional lens with the phase difference function side on the objective side and the thermal bonding function side on the eyepiece side can be obtained by cutting out unnecessary portions of the circular polarization function portion.

  As another method for bending the circularly polarized functional portion, there is a compressed air vacuum forming method. Technically, this method is a combination of blow molding and vacuum molding.

  A pressurizing chamber (or decompression chamber) is provided at the top of the circularly polarized functional part fixed by the ring-shaped fixture, and a decompression chamber (or pressurizing chamber) is provided at the bottom. The deformation is more easily performed by adding the bulging deformation on the pressure side and the retraction deformation on the pressure reducing side. The circularly polarized light functional part is set on the apparatus so that the phase difference function side comes to the objective side.

  Blow molding, vacuum molding and compressed air vacuum molding are effective for bending a circularly polarizing plate with a thickness of about 0.2 mm or less. Thickness unevenness, wrinkles, and cracks easily occur in the processed part.

  Such thickness unevenness, wrinkles and cracks lead to local elongation of the retardation sheet and linear polarizer, and sufficient circular polarization performance cannot be obtained.

  Therefore, a method of bending a circularly polarizing plate that does not cause thickness unevenness, wrinkles, or cracks in the bent part is important. There is a method as shown in Japanese Patent Publication No. 1-22538 (in the present invention, this method is referred to as a suction-type free bending method).

  The suction-type free bending method does not use a ring-shaped fixing metal fitting used in blow molding, vacuum molding, or compressed air vacuum molding, but is formally close to vacuum molding.

  That is, the circularly polarized light functional portion is placed unfixed on a mold that is recessed in a curvature shape substantially equal to the bending shape. When the atmospheric temperature and the mold temperature are set to the bending temperature and the pressure is reduced from the bottom of the mold, the circularly polarized functional part is drawn into the mold until it has the same shape as the mold.

  After lowering the ambient temperature and the mold temperature to a certain temperature, the circularly polarized functional part is taken out from the mold.

  The suction-type free bending method has a problem that bending of a circularly polarized functional portion having a thickness of about 0.2 mm or less is difficult to obtain a good lens due to wrinkles, but is thicker than 0.2 mm. The circularly polarized functional part has the advantage that it can be bent relatively smoothly. This is a particularly recommended method for obtaining the circularly polarized functional lens of the second invention of the present invention.

  The circularly polarized functional lens made according to the second invention of the present invention can be hard-coated on the lens surface up to the first to fourth cases of the first invention. As the hard coat, a thermosetting hard coat such as silane or epoxy, and an actinic ray curable hard coat such as acrylic or epoxy are generally used.

  According to a third aspect of the present invention (hereinafter referred to as the third aspect), a back-up resin is injection-molded, cast-molded and pre-molded in the thermal bonding functional part of the circularly polarizing functional lens disclosed in the second aspect. It is related with the lens which adhere | attaches the lens which made it and is used as a mechanical reinforcement part.

  The injection molding method of the backup resin is such that the circularly polarized functional lens obtained in the second invention is inserted into the mold of the injection molding machine, and the backup resin is injection molded on the object side (that is, the thermal bonding function side). This is a so-called insert injection molding method in which a mechanical reinforcement portion is provided.

  From the viewpoint of productivity, molding precision, etc., an insert injection molding method as disclosed in JP-A-11-245259 is basically preferred.

  That is, this is a method in which a circularly polarizing functional lens is placed in a mold with the surface to be thermally bonded to the back-up side, and a resin layer to be back-up is insert injection molded. In particular, the injection compression molding method employs a method in which a resin is injected into a mold at a low pressure and then the mold is closed at a high pressure to apply a compressive force to the resin. Optical anisotropy due to mechanical orientation is less likely to occur. Further, by controlling the mold compression force uniformly applied to the resin, the resin can be cooled at a constant specific volume, so that a molded product with high dimensional accuracy can be obtained.

  Since the resin to be backed up is required to be thermally bonded to the circularly polarizing functional lens of the second invention, it is preferable that the resin used for the thermally bonded resin sheet and the resin to be backed up are chemically the same system.

  That is, when the heat bonding resin sheet is polycarbonate resin, polycarbonate resin, when polyamide resin is polyamide resin, when polyester resin is polyester resin, when polyacrylic resin is polyacrylic resin, when polycycloolefin resin is polycycloolefin In the case of an olefin resin or a polyurethane resin, a polyurethane resin is preferable.

  When the resin to be backed up is a polycarbonate resin, it may be thermally bonded to a thermal bonding resin sheet made of polyester resin.

  Further, when the resin to be backed up is a polyester resin, it may be thermally bonded to a heat-bonded resin sheet made of polycarbonate resin.

  In addition, when the resin to be backed up is a polyurethane resin, the resin is not limited to the polyurethane resin, and may be thermally bonded to a thermally bonded resin sheet having many chemical structures.

  Further, when the thermal bonding function is supplemented by the thermal bonding coating layer as disclosed in the fourth case of the first invention, the chemical species of the resin to be backed up is not limited or limited except for a part. Sometimes.

  When the circularly polarized functional lens whose thickness is increased by backing up the resin has the same thickness throughout the entire lens, it is a so-called plano lens that does not have a correction power. As the thickness of the plano lens increases, negative side refractive power is applied to the line of sight at the end of the lens, and distorted vision tends to occur. As a countermeasure, the optical design that shifts the center of the front and back curves of spherical lenses and toric lenses, and changes the radius of curvature, gradually reduces the thickness toward the lens end face and increases the refractive power on the plus side. It is preferable to cancel the negative side refractive power.

  In the case of a plano lens, it is recommended that the center thickness of the lens after molding the backup resin is about 0.7 to 3 mm, preferably 0.8 to 2.8 mm. When the thickness is less than 0.7 mm, insert injection molding is difficult, and the reinforcing effect on impact strength may not be sufficient. On the other hand, if it exceeds 3 mm, the lens tends to be heavy, and if it is used as eyeglasses, the end of the lens becomes bumpy, which tends to be unattractive.

  In addition, by changing the front curve curvature of the circularly polarized functional lens made according to the second invention and the back curve curvature of the mechanically reinforced part after backup, the circular polarization function with the plus side and minus side power added A corrective lens can be made.

  In addition, a so-called semi-finished lens (sometimes abbreviated as a semi-lens) can be made, and a circularly polarized light correcting lens can be made by polishing the negative side or the plus side of the backed up resin portion.

  Molding of the mechanically reinforced portion by the cast molding method is a glass mold having a curved surface optically corrected by polishing the glass surfaces on the object side and the eyepiece side, and is provided with a space by a gasket. Insert the circular polarization bending lens into the front part of this space so that the phase difference side of the lens is in close contact with the objective side of the glass mold, and fill the space part between the linear polarizer or transparent sheet part and the convex surface of the glass mold with thermosetting resin. To do. After curing, the resulting spherical lens has a phase difference side disposed on the objective side, and the curvature of the eyepiece side surface becomes a circularly polarized molded lens in which the spherical curvature of the glass mold is transferred to a thermosetting resin.

  In the case of cast molding, a prescription lens or a semi-finished lens can be made by adjusting the space of the glass mold.

  As the resin for the cast molding method, a thiopolyurethane resin, a CR-39 resin or the like is preferable.

  In the adhesion of the mechanically reinforced part by adhesion, an adhesive is uniformly applied to the surface of the lens formed in advance by spin coating, and the circularly polarized functional part is adhered. A circularly polarized light correcting lens can be made by using a pre-formed lens as a prescription lens or a semi-finished lens.

  The circularly polarized light functional part and the mechanical reinforcement part made according to the third invention of the present invention can be hard-coated on the lens surface. As the hard coat, a thermosetting hard coat such as silane or epoxy, and an actinic ray curable hard coat such as acrylic or epoxy are generally used.

  The hard coat is usually applied with a film thickness of about 0.5 to 15 μm. For the purpose of improving adhesion and impact resistance, a primer coat layer such as acrylate or urethane is provided on the lens surface, A hard coat layer is also provided on the top.

  Further, the circularly polarized functional lens of the third invention of the present invention may be subjected to antireflection processing or antifogging processing on the back surface.

  According to the fourth aspect of the present invention (hereinafter referred to as the fourth aspect of the invention), the objective side retardation plate of the circularly polarizing functional lens disclosed in the second aspect of the invention and the third aspect of the invention has a reflection function portion. The present invention relates to antireflection functional spectacles in which the eyepiece side is framed as a mechanical reinforcement portion.

  The shape and type of the spectacle frame into which a lens (hereinafter referred to as a lens) having a reflection function portion, a circular polarization function portion, and a mechanical reinforcement portion is not particularly limited, but those in which the lens is firmly fixed are preferable.

  For the circular polarization function, the bonding angle between the slow axis direction of the retardation plate and the absorption axis direction of the polarizer is important. When the circular polarizing plate is viewed from the polarization plane direction (eyepiece side) and the absorption axis of the polarizer is horizontal, the slow axis direction is −45 ° or 45 ° with respect to the absorption axis direction of the polarizer. At the position, it becomes counterclockwise and clockwise circularly polarized light.

  There are no particular restrictions on the directionality of the absorption axis of the circularly polarized lens to be inserted into the frame, the type of counterclockwise rotation, and clockwise rotation. Even if the absorption axis direction is vertical or horizontal, if there is a circular polarization function, the antireflection function from the surface is maintained.

  Anti-reflective function even when both right-handed and left-handed circularly-polarized lenses are inserted into the frame. However, in actual outdoor use, it is desirable that the same type of circularly polarized light enters the left and right eyes.

Example 1 Preparation of Circular Polarizing Plate As a linear polarizer, a polyvinyl alcohol sheet (manufactured by Kuraray) was stretched 4 times in a uniaxial direction in a two-color dye solution, dyed and dried. A polyvinyl alcohol polarizer having a polarization degree of 99 percent and a thickness of about 30 μm was prepared.

  A retardation sheet having a retardation value of 125 nm and a polycarbonate sheet (Ewa Co., Ltd.) having a thickness of about 50 μm, and a heat-bonding sheet resin having a viscosity-average molecular weight of 30000 are extruded by a die having a width of 300 mm by extrusion molding. A polycarbonate transparent sheet having a thickness of about 0.5 mm was prepared by extrusion.

  A urethane adhesive was applied to one side of the retardation sheet having a thickness of about 50 μm and an extruded sheet having a thickness of about 0.5 mm by a roll reverse coating apparatus (manufactured by Matsushita Koki Co., Ltd.).

  With the adhesive application surface of the thermal bonding sheet facing up, the previously prepared polyvinyl alcohol polarizer is superimposed on the adhesive surface, and the slow axis direction of the retardation sheet with the adhesive application surface on the bottom is polarized from above. Bonding was performed at an angle of 45 ± 2 ° with respect to the absorption axis direction of the child, and it was inserted between rolls of an adhesive roll press, and the upper and lower rolls were rotated and bonded while pressing between the rolls. The laminated sheet was cured at room temperature for 24 hours by placing a stainless plate having a thickness of about 1.0 mm so as not to cause warpage.

  A circularly polarizing laminate of polycarbonate retardation sheet-linear polarizer-extruded polycarbonate sheet was produced. The thickness was about 0.6 mm.

Example 2 Preparation of Circular Polarizing Plate A urethane adhesive was uniformly applied to one side of a 0.5 mm polycarbonate sheet (Iupilon sheet E2000 size 210 mm × 300 mm) with a reverse roll coater (Matsushita Koki Co., Ltd.) to a thickness of about 30 μm. Applied.

  The adhesive surface of this 0.5 mm polycarbonate sheet is aligned with the polarizing surface of the circular polarizing plate (Polatechno circular polarizing plate thickness 0.3 mm, dimensions 210 mm x 300 mm, transmittance 48%, retardation value 140 nm). Bonding was performed by pressure bonding with a roll press. The bonded circularly polarizing plate has a size of 210 mm × 300 mm and an overall thickness of about 0.85 mm. The circularly polarizing plate is sandwiched between glass plates of about 2.0 mm in thickness so as not to warp, and is placed in a hot air drying oven at 60 ° C. After performing the curing process for a period of time, it was taken out from the hot air drying furnace and allowed to stand in the room for 24 hours to be cured. As this circularly polarizing plate sheet, a circularly polarizing laminate sheet having a thickness of about 0.85 mm and a size of 210 mm × 300 mm was prepared.

Example 3 Preparation of Circular Polarizing Plate Using the linear polarizer of Example 1, a protective sheet with a thickness of about 80 μm (made by Fuji Film) made of triacetyl cellulose and a heat bonding sheet made of transparent polyamide resin (Grillamide “TR” -90 "manufactured by EMS) was extruded to prepare a transparent sheet having a thickness of about 0.4 mm.

  A urethane adhesive was uniformly applied to one side of the triacetylcellulose sheet and the transparent polyamide resin sheet with a reverse roll coater (manufactured by Matsushita Kogyo Co., Ltd.) with a thickness of about 30 μm.

  With the transparent polyamide resin sheet surface uniformly coated with the adhesive facing up, the linear polarizer is stacked, and the adhesive coating surface of the triacetyl cellulose sheet is layered down from the top. It put between rolls and pressure-bonded and bonded. A polarizing laminate of triacetyl cellulose sheet-linear polarizer-transparent polyamide resin sheet was prepared.

  Next, using the retardation sheet of Example 1, the same urethane adhesive was uniformly applied to one side of the retardation sheet, and the previously prepared triacetyl cellulose sheet-linear polarizer-transparent polyamide resin sheet The slow axis direction of the retardation sheet was superimposed on the sheet surface made of triacetyl cellulose at an angle of 45 ± 2 ° with respect to the absorption axis direction of the polarizing laminate, and was bonded by an adhesive roll press.

  A circularly polarizing laminate having a thickness of about 0.7 mm of a polycarbonate resin retardation sheet-triacetyl cellulose sheet-linear polarizer-transparent polyamide resin sheet was prepared.

Example 4
Isopropyl of crosslinkable urethane acrylate (pentaerythritol triacrylate hexamethylene diisocyanate urethane prepolymer; urethane acrylate UA-306H of Kyoeisha Chemical Co., Ltd.) on the heat-bonding sheet side (polycarbonate resin side) of the circularly polarizing laminate used in Example 1. An alcohol solution was applied.

  After the application, it was placed in a hot air oven to remove isopropyl alcohol to form a crosslinkable urethane acrylate layer. Next, the crosslinkable urethane acrylate layer was irradiated with ultraviolet rays to prepare a thermal bonding coating layer. The thickness of the thermal bonding coating layer was about 35 μm.

Example 5
A urethane adhesive was uniformly applied to one side of the polycarbonate phase difference sheet (Ewa Co., Ltd.) of Example 1 with a reverse roll coater (Matsushita Kogyo Co., Ltd.) with a thickness of about 30 μm. The absorption axis direction of the linear polarizer prepared in Example 1 and the slow axis direction of the retardation sheet were aligned at an angle of 45 ± 2 °, and pasting was performed with an adhesive roll press.

  A circularly polarizing laminate having a polycarbonate phase difference sheet-linear polarizer thickness of about 0.15 mm was prepared. A heat-resistant masking film (100 μm thick polyester) was bonded to both sides of this 0.15 mm circularly polarizing laminate to prepare a 0.35 mm thick circularly polarizing laminate with heat-resistant masking.

Example 6
The circularly polarizing laminated plate prepared in Example 1 was punched into a Thomson-type circle of 75Φ and dried in a hot air dryer set at 70 ° C. for 5 hours. Subsequently, it set to the suction-type free bending processing apparatus provided with the bending metal mold | die with a curvature radius of 130 mm so that the objective side might be a phase difference sheet and an eyepiece side might be a heat bonding sheet. The suction-type free bending apparatus has a bending mold in a hot air drying furnace set at 135 ° C., and the bending mold has a suction hole in the center and is connected to a vacuum suction apparatus.

  The punched 75Φ circularly polarizing plate is set in a suction-type free bending apparatus and simultaneously sucked under reduced pressure from the bending die side. In that state, suction was performed in a hot air drying oven at 135 ° C. under the condition of 0.05 MPa. After approximately 15 minutes, the vacuum suction was stopped and removed from the bending mold.

  The obtained bent lens was a bent circularly polarized lens having a curvature radius of about 130 mm, in which the objective side is a phase difference sheet and the eyepiece side is a thermal bonding sheet.

Example 7
The circularly polarizing laminate prepared in Example 2 was punched out at 75Φ in the same manner as in Example 6 and dried at 70 ° C. Using a suction-type free bending apparatus, bending was performed under the same conditions as in Example 6.

  The obtained bent lens was a bent circularly polarized lens having a curvature radius of about 130 mm, in which the objective side is a phase difference sheet and the eyepiece side is a thermal bonding sheet.

Example 8
The circularly polarizing laminate prepared in Example 3 was punched out in a Thomson shape into a 80Φ circle and dried in a hot air dryer set at 70 ° C. for 5 hours. Subsequently, it set to the suction-type free bending processing apparatus provided with the bending metal mold | die with a curvature radius of 87 mm so that a phase difference sheet | seat might be used as an objective side and an eyepiece side might be a heat bonding sheet | seat. The suction-type free bending apparatus has a bending die in a hot air drying furnace set at 120 ° C., and the bending die has a suction hole in the center and is connected to a vacuum suction device.

  The punched 80Φ circularly polarizing plate is set in a suction-type free bending apparatus and simultaneously sucked under reduced pressure from the bending die side. In this state, suction was performed in a hot air drying furnace at 120 ° C. under the condition of 0.05 MPa. After approximately 15 minutes, the vacuum suction was stopped and removed from the bending mold.

  The obtained bent lens was a bent circularly polarized lens having a radius of curvature of about 90 mm, in which the objective side is a phase difference sheet and the eyepiece side is a thermal bonding sheet.

Example 9
The circularly polarizing laminate prepared in Example 4 was punched out in a Thomson-type circle of 73Φ and dried for 5 hours in a hot air dryer set at 70 ° C. Subsequently, it set to the suction-type free bending apparatus provided with the bending die with a curvature radius of 260 mm so that the objective side may be a phase difference sheet and the eyepiece side may be the thermal bonding coating side. The suction-type free bending apparatus has a bending die in a hot air drying furnace set at 135 ° C., and the bending die has a suction hole in the center and is connected to a vacuum suction device. The punched 73Φ circularly polarizing plate is set in a suction-type free bending apparatus and simultaneously sucked under reduced pressure from the bending die side. In this state, suction was performed in a hot air drying furnace at 135 ° C. under the condition of 0.03 MPa. After approximately 15 minutes, the vacuum suction was stopped and removed from the bending mold.

  The obtained bent lens was a bent circularly polarized lens having a radius of curvature of about 260 mm, in which the objective side is the phase difference sheet and the eyepiece side is the thermal bonding coating side.

Example 10
The circularly polarizing laminate prepared in Example 5 was punched into a Thomson-type circle of 73φ and dried for 5 hours in a hot air dryer set at 60 ° C. Subsequently, it set to the suction-type free bending processing apparatus provided with the bending die with a curvature radius of 260 mm so that the phase difference sheet | seat was set to the objective side and the eyepiece side might become a polarizer side. The suction-type free bending apparatus has a bending die in a hot air drying furnace set at 80 ° C., and the bending die has a suction hole in the center and is connected to a vacuum suction device.

  The punched 73Φ circularly polarizing plate is set in a suction-type free bending apparatus and simultaneously sucked under reduced pressure from the bending die side. In this state, suction was performed at 0.03 MPa in a hot air drying oven at 80 ° C. After approximately 15 minutes, the vacuum suction was stopped and removed from the bending mold.

  The obtained bending lens was a bending circularly polarizing lens having a curvature radius of about 260 mm, in which the objective side is a retardation sheet and the eyepiece side is a linear polarizer.

Example 11
A mold of 4C (curve) = (curvature radius 130 mm) for insert molding was attached to an injection molding machine. The mold is opened, and the retardation sheet surface of the bent circularly polarized lens prepared in Example 6 is inserted into the concave objective side of the mold, and is sucked under reduced pressure through the pores provided on the concave side of the mold. Was fixed to the concave side of the mold. The mold is closed, and polycarbonate resin (viscosity average molecular weight 25000, manufactured by Teijin Chemicals, Panlite L-1250Z) is injection-molded on the eyepiece side (thermal bonding sheet side) of the bent circularly polarized lens, and has a diameter of 75 mm and a center thickness. A circularly polarized planar lens having a 1.8 mm mechanical reinforcement made of polycarbonate resin was produced.

Example 12
The circularly polarized bending lens prepared in Example 7 was insert-molded in the same manner as in Example 11. A circularly polarized planar lens having a diameter of 75 mm and a center thickness of 2.0 mm made of a polycarbonate resin was manufactured.

Example 13
The circularly polarized bending lens having a curvature radius of about 90 mm prepared in Example 8 was inserted into a 6C (curve) = (curvature radius 87 mm) mold for insert molding, and the bending polarization lens was obtained in the same manner as in Example 11. Was fixed to the concave side of the mold. The mold is closed, and a polyamide resin (manufactured by EMS, TR-90) is injection-molded on the eyepiece side (thermal bonding sheet side) of the bent circularly polarized lens. A circularly polarized planar lens made of polyamide resin was produced.

Example 14
The circularly polarized bending lens having a curvature radius of about 260 mm prepared in Example 9 was inserted into a 2C (curve) = (curvature radius 261 mm) mold for insert molding, and the bending polarization lens was obtained in the same manner as in Example 11. Was fixed to the concave side of the mold. The mold is closed, and polyeltel resin (Eastman Kodak, Tritan 2001) is injection-molded on the eyepiece side (thermal bonding coating side) of the bent circularly polarized lens to mechanically reinforce it with a diameter of 75 mm and a center thickness of 2.0 mm. A circularly polarized plano lens made of polyester resin was produced.

Example 15
The glass mold mold for cast molding {2C (curve) = (curvature radius: 261 mm) for lens thickness of 2.0 mm} was peeled off on both sides of the mask of the circularly polarized bent lens having a radius of curvature of about 260 mm prepared in Example 10 to obtain a phase difference. The sheet side was brought into close contact with the objective glass mold surface, and the space between the polarizer and the eyepiece glass mold was filled with CR-39 resin and cured at 100 ° C. for 24 hours. A circularly polarized planar lens having a diameter of 73 mm and a center thickness of 2.0 mm and having a mechanical reinforcement of CR-39 was manufactured.

Example 16
A urethane-based adhesive was uniformly applied by spin coating to the objective surface of the lens having a curvature radius of 2C (curve) = (curvature radius of 261 mm) and a center lens thickness of about 10 mm. The mask of the circularly polarized bending lens having a radius of curvature of about 260 mm prepared in Example 10 was peeled off and placed on the adhesive surface, and a flat soft silicon pad was used with an air table press (pressure of about 30 kg / cm 2 ). From the center part, it was pressed little by little, and the whole was pressure-bonded and cured for 24 hours.

  A circularly polarized semi-finished lens made of a polycarbonate lens in which a mechanical reinforcement portion having a diameter of 75 mm and a center thickness of about 10 mm was molded in advance was manufactured.

  With this circularly polarized semi-finished lens, the transmission axis direction of the polarizer is horizontal, and the eyepiece side is a Gerber generator machine with spherical refractive power -4.0, cylindrical refractive power -1.5, astigmatism (cylinder) The lens was polished to an axis of 175 ° to produce a lens with circular polarization.

Example 17
Each circularly polarized lens of Examples 11 to 16 was mounted on a hard coat processing jig, subjected to ultrasonic cleaning, and then double-sided hard coat processing by UV curing. Each circularly polarized lens with a hard coat was manufactured.

Example 18
Each circularly polarized lens with a hard coat of Example 17 was mounted on a vacuum deposition lens fixing jig, placed in a vacuum deposition machine, and silicon dioxide, chromium, and silicon dioxide were placed on the objective side surface of each circularly polarized lens. A vacuum deposition process was sequentially performed to process a three-layer thin film. For each processed circularly polarized lens, a silver mirror-colored surface antireflection functional lens having a reflectance of about 40% on the objective side was manufactured.

Example 19
Each circularly polarized lens with a hard coat of Example 17 is mounted on a vacuum deposition lens fixing jig, placed in a vacuum deposition machine, and a thin film design for controlling a specific wavelength region is formed on the objective side surface of each circularly polarized lens. Then, a 21-layer visibility improving lens was manufactured by alternately depositing silicon dioxide and titanium oxide deposition materials. Each processed circularly polarized lens produced a visibility improving lens with a surface reflection preventing function having a luminous transmittance of 20% and a surface reflectance of 40%.

Example 20
The surface reflection preventing functional lenses for the silver mirror processing and the visibility improvement processing of Examples 18 and 19 were mounted on a vacuum deposition lens fixing jig, placed in a vacuum deposition machine, and the carbon dioxide on the eyepiece side of each circularly polarized lens. Vacuum deposition processing is performed in the order of silicon, zirconia, silicon dioxide, zirconia, silicon dioxide, and fluorine compound, processing six layers of thin film, antireflection film processing for the back side, and the object side is visually recognized as silver mirror processing A multi-layer processed lens with improved properties and a front anti-reflection functional lens with anti-reflection processing for the back side on the eyepiece side were manufactured.

Example 21
Each surface antireflection functional lens of Example 20 was lens cut according to the frame frame and mounted on the frame. When the spectacles were worn outdoors and the reflection of the lens surface was confirmed with the sun behind, it was spectacles having a surface antireflection function without reflection from the mirror surface.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1; Surface reflection function lens 2; Multilayer film layer or mirror layer 3; Phase difference plate 4; Polarizing plate 5; Sheet sheet 6 for joining 6;

Claims (15)

  1. A reflection function portion and a circularly polarizing function part and Mechanical reinforcing function portion, a reflection function portion the object side, and the mechanical reinforcing component to the ocular side, a lens characterized by being laminated in this order The circularly polarized light functional part is a circularly polarized functional part that converts incident light from the mechanical reinforcement functional part into circularly polarized light,
    The lens, wherein the reflection function part is a reflection function part that reflects at least circularly polarized light generated in the circularly polarized light function part and generates circularly polarized light in a direction opposite to the circularly polarized light.
  2.   2. The lens according to claim 1, wherein the total light reflectance of the reflection function portion is 10% or more, and light reflected from the reflection function portion to the inner surface of the lens is prevented.
  3. Reflection function portion includes a multilayer film, the multilayer film is characterized in that it is a multilayer film for controlling a specific wavelength, according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the lens.
  4.   The lens according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the reflective functional portion is a single-layer or multilayer inorganic film.
  5.   The circular polarization functional part is laminated in the order of the phase difference functional part, the linear polarization functional part, and the bonding functional part, the reflection functional part is arranged on the phase difference functional part side, and the mechanical reinforcement functional part is arranged on the bonding functional part side The lens according to claim 1.
  6.   6. The lens according to claim 5, wherein the bonding function portion is a bonding resin sheet.
  7.   7. The lens according to claim 6, wherein the bonding resin sheet is a sheet of any one of polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyester resin, polyacrylic resin, polycycloolefin resin, polyurethane resin, and acylcellulose resin.
  8.   6. The lens according to claim 5, wherein the bonding function portion is supplemented by a bonding coating layer provided on the bonding side.
  9.   2. The spectacle lens according to claim 1, wherein the mechanical reinforcing function portion is a backup resin layer injection-molded on the bonding function portion.
  10.   The lens according to claim 9, wherein the backup resin is any one of a polycarbonate resin, a polyurethane resin, a polyester resin, a polyamide resin, a polyacrylic resin, and a cycloolefin resin.
  11.   2. The lens according to claim 1, wherein the mechanical reinforcing function portion is a backup resin layer cast-molded directly on the bonding function portion with the bonding function portion as an interface.
  12.   The lens according to claim 1, wherein the mechanically reinforcing functional portion is a lens-shaped article molded in advance, and is bonded to the bonding functional portion via an adhesive or a bonding coating layer.
  13.   The lens according to any one of claims 5, 11, and 12, wherein the linearly polarizing functional part and the bonding functional part are combined with one linear polarizer.
  14.   A pair of glasses comprising the lens according to claim 1.
  15.   The lens according to claim 1, further comprising an antireflection film for the back surface on the eyepiece side of the mechanical reinforcement portion.
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