JP5793050B2 - Power supply module, LED lighting unit, LED lighting device, and LED lighting system - Google Patents

Power supply module, LED lighting unit, LED lighting device, and LED lighting system Download PDF

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JP5793050B2
JP5793050B2 JP2011224102A JP2011224102A JP5793050B2 JP 5793050 B2 JP5793050 B2 JP 5793050B2 JP 2011224102 A JP2011224102 A JP 2011224102A JP 2011224102 A JP2011224102 A JP 2011224102A JP 5793050 B2 JP5793050 B2 JP 5793050B2
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led lighting
led
power supply
contact
module
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JP2013084469A (en
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栄一郎 新倉
栄一郎 新倉
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ローム株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a power supply module, an LED lighting unit, an LED lighting device, and an LED lighting system.

  FIG. 28 shows a cross-sectional view of an example of a conventional LED illumination device (see, for example, Patent Document 1). The LED illumination device 90 shown in the figure includes a long rectangular substrate 91, a plurality of LED chips 92 mounted on the substrate 91, a tube 93 that accommodates the substrate 91, a terminal 94, and the LED chip 92. And a circuit 95 for lighting. On the substrate 91, wirings (not shown) connected to the plurality of LED chips 92 and the terminals 94 are formed. The LED lighting device 90 is configured to allow the plurality of LED chips 92 to emit light by fitting the terminal 94 into a socket of a general fluorescent lamp lighting fixture. Since the LED chip 92 has low power consumption and long life, if the LED lighting device 90 is used as an alternative to a fluorescent lamp, improvements in cost and environment can be expected. The general-use fluorescent lamp luminaire is a luminaire widely used mainly for indoor general illumination. For example, in Japan, a commercial 100 V power source is used, and a straight-tube fluorescent lamp defined in JIS C7617 or A lighting fixture to which a ring-shaped fluorescent lamp defined in JIS C7618 is attached.

  However, the lighting fixture using the conventional fluorescent lamp is configured on the premise that the terminals 94 exist at both ends thereof and emit light in the entire circumferential direction. For this reason, for example, when a plurality of LED lighting devices 90 are attached to a lighting fixture in which a plurality of fluorescent lamps are arranged in series, a dark portion that does not emit light is generated between the adjacent LED lighting devices 90. Those who see it may feel it is not good looking. Or even if it is a case where it is a case where it is intended to illuminate a part of wall surface, if LED lighting apparatus 90 is used, light will be irradiated besides the location which wants to shine. For this reason, for example, it is compelled to provide a light shielding cover that covers a half circumference of the LED lighting device 90. Moreover, in the conventional LED lighting device 90, the correspondence to a phase control type dimmer (such as a triac dimmer) has not been considered.

Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 6-54103

  In view of the above-mentioned problems found by the inventors of the present application, the present invention provides a power supply module for an LED lighting device suitable for arrangement, and an LED lighting unit, an LED lighting device, and an LED lighting using the same. The main purpose is to provide a system.

  In order to achieve the above object, a power supply module according to the present invention includes a first contact to which AC power is supplied from the outside of the module, and AC power supplied to the first contact as it is to the outside of the module. It has a configuration (first configuration) including a second contact and a power supply circuit that converts AC power supplied to the first contact into DC power and supplies it to the LED module.

  In the power supply module having the first configuration, the first contact and the second contact are connectors (second configuration) each having a live terminal, a neutral terminal, and a ground terminal. Good.

  In the power module having the second configuration, the first contact and the second contact may be provided on both short sides of the substrate having a long rectangular shape (third configuration). .

  Further, in the power supply module having the third configuration, between the live terminal of the first contact and the live terminal of the second contact, and the neutral terminal of the first contact and the neutral terminal of the second contact Between the ground terminal of the first contact and the ground terminal of the second contact is a printed wiring formed on the substrate. Therefore, it is preferable to adopt a configuration (fourth configuration) that is always conducted.

  In the power module having the fourth configuration, the power circuit may have a height (fifth configuration) that is not higher than the height of the connector.

  Moreover, the LED lighting unit according to the present invention has a configuration (sixth configuration) including an LED module and a power supply module including any one of the first to fifth configurations that supplies power to the LED module. ing.

  Further, the LED lighting device according to the present invention connects the second contact of the power supply module included in the front-stage LED lighting unit and the first contact of the power supply module included in the rear-stage LED lighting unit to each other. A plurality of LED illumination units having a sixth configuration are arranged in series (seventh configuration).

  An LED lighting device according to the present invention includes a straight tube case, an LED module housed in the case, and a power supply module having the first configuration for supplying power to the LED module. A plurality of the power supply modules are arranged in series along the longitudinal direction of the case (eighth) in such a manner that the second contact of the power supply module at the front stage and the first contact of the power supply module at the rear stage are connected to each other. It is said that.

  In the LED lighting device having the eighth configuration, the height of the power supply circuit included in the power supply module may be configured to be equal to or less than the radius of the case (9th configuration).

  Moreover, the LED illumination system according to the present invention has a configuration (tenth configuration) in which a plurality of LED illumination devices having the above-described seventh to ninth configurations are connected in parallel to an AC power supply.

  Note that the LED lighting system having the tenth configuration includes a phase control dimmer that integrally performs phase control of AC power supplied in parallel to the plurality of LED lighting devices (the eleventh configuration). Configuration).

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, it becomes possible to provide the power supply module for LED lighting apparatuses suitable for arrangement | sequence, and the LED lighting unit, LED lighting apparatus, and LED lighting system using the same.

It is a perspective view which shows the LED lighting unit based on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a principal part perspective view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a principal part perspective view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a top view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a side view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a bottom view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a principal part front view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is sectional drawing which follows the VIII-VIII line of FIG. It is sectional drawing which follows the IX-IX line of FIG. It is sectional drawing which shows the LED module used for the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a top view which shows the power supply board and electric component which are used for the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a bottom view which shows the power supply board and electric component which are used for the LED lighting unit of FIG. (A) which shows the cap used for the LED illumination unit of FIG. 1 is a top view, (B) is a front view, (C) is a side view. It is a front view which shows the cap used for the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows the LED lighting apparatus based on 1st Embodiment of this invention. 1 is a perspective view showing an LED illumination system according to a first embodiment of the present invention. It is a perspective view which shows the LED lighting unit based on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a principal part perspective view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a top view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a side view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a bottom view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is a front view which shows the LED lighting unit of FIG. It is sectional drawing which follows the XXIII-XXIII line | wire of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows the LED lighting apparatus based on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the LED lighting system based on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a cross section which shows the LED lighting unit based on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the LED lighting system based on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is sectional drawing which shows an example of the conventional LED lighting apparatus. It is a figure which shows the LED lighting system based on 4th Embodiment of this invention. It is a wave form diagram which shows a 1st phase control light control system. It is a wave form diagram which shows a 2nd phase control light control system. It is a wave form diagram which shows a 3rd phase control light control system. It is a circuit block diagram which shows a mode that the some LED lighting unit was connected in parallel with respect to the commercial alternating current power supply. It is a schematic diagram which shows the 1st example of the LED illumination system which performs unified phase control light control with respect to a some LED illumination unit. It is a schematic diagram which shows the 2nd example of the LED illumination system which performs unified phase control light control with respect to a some LED illumination unit. It is a perspective view which shows the LED lighting apparatus based on 5th Embodiment of this invention. It is principal part sectional drawing in alignment with the II-II line | wire of FIG. It is sectional drawing which follows the III-III line of FIG. It is a figure which shows the LED lighting system based on 5th Embodiment of this invention.

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be specifically described with reference to the drawings.

<First Embodiment>
1 to 9 show an LED lighting unit according to a first embodiment of the present invention. The LED lighting unit 101 of this embodiment includes a substrate 200, a plurality of LED modules 300, a heat dissipation member 400, a cover 500, a power supply unit 600, and a cap 700. 2 and 3, the cap 700 is omitted for convenience of understanding. The LED illumination unit 101 as a whole extends long in the x direction, and has a rectangular shape when viewed in the x direction as shown in FIG.

  The substrate 200 is made of, for example, glass epoxy resin, and has a long rectangular shape in which the x direction is the longitudinal direction and the y direction is the width direction. The substrate 200 has a mounting surface 201 facing the z direction. A plurality of LED modules 300 are mounted on the mounting surface 201.

  The plurality of LED modules 300 are mounted on the mounting surface 201 of the substrate 200 in a state of being arranged in the x direction. In the present embodiment, the pitch of the plurality of LED modules 300 is constant. The distance between the LED module 300 located at the end in the x direction and the edge in the x direction of the substrate 200 is set to be half or less than the above pitch.

  FIG. 10 shows a cross-sectional view of the LED module 300 in the yz plane. As shown in the figure, the LED module 300 includes a pair of leads 301, an LED chip 303, a sealing resin 304, and a reflector 305. The pair of leads 301 is made of, for example, a Cu alloy, and an LED chip 303 is mounted on one of them. A surface of the lead 301 opposite to the surface on which the LED chip 303 is mounted is a mounting terminal 302 used for surface mounting the LED module 300. The LED chip 303 is a light source of the LED module 300 and can emit blue light, for example. The sealing resin 304 is for protecting the LED chip 303. The sealing resin 304 is formed using a translucent resin containing a fluorescent material that emits yellow light when excited by light from the LED chip 303. Thereby, the LED module 300 can irradiate white. As said fluorescent substance, it may replace with what emits yellow light, and may mix and use what emits red light, and what emits green light. The reflector 305 is made of, for example, white resin, and reflects light emitted from the LED chip 303 to the side.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 to 9, the heat dissipation member 400 extends long in the x direction, and includes a pair of side plates 410, a top plate 420, a beam portion 430, and a pair of locking portions 440. . The heat radiating member 400 is made of, for example, aluminum and formed by extrusion molding. Each of the pair of side plates 410 has a long rectangular plate shape extending in the x direction, and is spaced apart in parallel in the y direction. Each side plate 410 has an outer surface 411 facing outward in the y direction. Each of the side plates 410 and each of the side surfaces 411 has a length that extends over almost the entire length of the LED lighting unit 101 in the x direction, and is equal to or longer than the length of the substrate 200. Each outer surface 411 is formed with an outer groove 412. The outer groove 412 extends in the x direction, and the y direction is the depth direction. The outer groove 412 is used, for example, for locking a mounting bracket (not shown) for installing the LED lighting unit 101. A plurality of inner grooves 413 are formed inside each side plate 410. The inner groove 413 extends long in the x direction, and the y direction is the depth direction. The inner groove 413 is, for example, for locking a mounting bracket (not shown) for installing the LED lighting unit 101 or for fixing a decorative plate (not shown) for concealing the interior of the LED lighting unit 101. Used.

  The top plate 420 connects the ends in the z direction of the pair of side plates 410 and has a long rectangular shape extending long in the x direction. A substrate recess 421 is formed in the top plate 420. The substrate recess 421 extends in the x direction and is provided at the center of the top plate 420 in the y direction. The substrate 200 is accommodated in the substrate recess 421. The beam portion 430 is provided on the side of the top plate 420 opposite to the side on which the substrate recess 421 is provided. The beam portion 430 is a rectangular section extending in the x direction, and is positioned at the center of the top plate 420 in the y direction. A hole processing groove 431 is formed in the center of the beam portion 430 in the y direction. The hole processing groove 431 is a relatively small groove having a V-shaped cross section. The hole processing groove 431 is provided for facilitating the hole processing for the beam portion 430.

  The pair of locking portions 440 are provided at positions exceeding the substrate 200 in the z direction from both ends of the top plate 420 in the y direction. Each locking portion 440 extends inward in the y direction and extends long in the x direction.

  The cover 500 is made of a material that transmits light from the LED chip 303 (LED module 300), and covers the plurality of LED modules 300. In the present embodiment, the cover 500 is made of a material that transmits light while diffusing light from the LED chip 303 (LED module 300). The cover 500 has a pair of emission side surfaces 510, an emission top surface 520, and a pair of locking portions 540. The cover 500 has a U-shaped cross section that extends long in the x direction. The pair of emission side surfaces 510 extend long in the x direction and are spaced apart from each other in parallel in the y direction. The pair of emission side surfaces 510 are flush with the pair of outer side surfaces 411 of the heat dissipation member 400. The exit top surface 520 connects the ends in the z direction of the pair of exit side surfaces 510. In the present embodiment, the emission top surface 520 is a plane that faces the z direction. The pair of locking portions 540 are positioned closer to the substrate 200 than the z-direction ends of the pair of emission side surfaces 510, and each has a tip portion extending outward in the y-direction. The cover 500 is attached to the heat dissipating member 400 by each engaging portion 540 engaging with the engaging portion 440 of the heat dissipating member 400.

  The power supply unit 600 is for supplying power to the plurality of LED modules 300 and is accommodated in a space surrounded by a pair of side plates 410 and a top plate 420. The power supply unit 600 includes a case 610, a power supply board 620, terminals 630, and a plurality of electronic components 640. The case 610 is made of, for example, a white resin and has a rectangular parallelepiped shape as a whole. As shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, the power supply board 620 has a long rectangular shape, and the terminals 630 and a plurality of electronic components 640 are mounted thereon. The terminal 630 is connected to an electric wire (not shown) for energizing the power supply unit 600. The plurality of electronic components 640 are, for example, for realizing a function of converting AC power into DC power suitable for the plurality of LED modules 300 (LED chips 303). As shown in FIG. 11, the plurality of electronic components 640 includes a capacitor 641, a transformer 642, a coil 643, and a varistor element 644 mounted on one surface of a power supply board 620. In addition, as shown in FIG. 12, the plurality of electronic components 640 includes a diode 645, a transistor 646, an IC 647, and a resistor 648 mounted on the other surface of the power supply substrate 620. The IC 647 is used to convert the AC power phase-controlled by a controller (not shown) into output DC power corresponding to the input, and has a function of adjusting the power input to the LED chip 303. .

  The power supply unit 600 is attached to the beam unit 430 with bolts 660. The beam 9 part 430 is formed with a screw hole 432 that is screwed to the bolt 660. When drilling the beam portion 439 in order to form the screw hole 432, the tip of the drill is applied to the hole processing groove 431. An earth wire 650 extends from the power supply unit 600. One end of the ground wire 650 is connected to the inside of the power supply unit 600 or the terminal 630, and the other end is connected to the heat dissipation member 400. A part of the ground wire 650 is accommodated in a space surrounded by the beam portion 430, the top plate 420, the pair of side plates 410, and the power source portion 600.

  The cap 700 is attached to both ends of the heat dissipation member 400 in the x direction, and is for hiding the inside of the LED lighting unit 101. FIG. 13 shows an example of a specific configuration of the cap 700. A cap 700 shown in the figure has a main plate 701, a locking piece 710, and a pair of fitting pieces 720, and is made of resin, for example. The main plate 701 has a shape as viewed in the x direction that is a combination of the heat dissipating member 400 and the cover 500, and is formed with a notch that faces the terminal 630 of the power supply unit 600. The locking piece 711 extends from the approximate center of the main plate 701 in the x direction, and a locking projection 711 is formed on the tip side portion thereof. The locking protrusion 711 slightly protrudes in the x direction. One fitting piece 720 is spaced apart from each other in the y direction and extends in parallel to the x direction. As shown in FIG. 14, a locking hole 433 is formed in the beam portion 430 of the heat dissipation member 400. The locking hole 433 is formed using a hole processing groove 431. When the cap 700 is attached, the locking protrusion 711 of the locking piece 710 is locked in the locking hole 433 while the pair of fitting pieces 720 are fitted inside the pair of side plates 410.

  FIG. 15 shows an example of an LED lighting device including a plurality of LED lighting units 101. The LED lighting device 111 of this embodiment has a configuration in which three LED lighting units 101 are arranged in series in the x direction. The power supply units 600 of the three LED lighting units 101 are connected to each other by, for example, a total of three wires (not shown) including two wires for alternating current and a wire for grounding. Each electric wire is connected to the terminal 630 of the power supply unit 600 and is accommodated inside the heat dissipation member 400.

  FIG. 16 shows an example of an LED lighting system including a plurality of LED lighting units 101. The LED lighting system 121 of this embodiment includes a plurality of LED lighting units 101, and further includes a ceiling surface 801, a wall surface 802, and an installation groove 804 as its constituent elements. The installation groove 804 is located between the edge in the y direction of the ceiling surface 801 and the wall surface 802, and is a groove having a rectangular cross section extending long in the x direction. The plurality of LED lighting units 101 are arranged in series in the x direction with the emission end face 520 facing downward in the z direction (the direction of the floor surface 803). The emission end surface 520 is preferably flush with the ceiling surface 801.

  Next, the operation of the LED lighting unit 101, the LED lighting device 111, and the LED lighting system 121 will be described.

  According to this embodiment, the LED module 101 has a slim outer shape extending in the x direction between the pair of side surfaces 411. For this reason, when the LED lighting device 111 and the LED lighting system 121 are configured, the portion occupied by the LED module 101 is elongated in the x direction as a whole. Thereby, when the LED module 101, the LED lighting device 111, and the LED lighting system 121 are turned on, most of the light emitting portions extending linearly occupy a good appearance.

  The rectangular shape when viewed in the x direction is suitable for installation in the installation groove 804 or the like. The U-shaped heat dissipation member 400 is suitable for making the appearance of the LED lighting unit 101 rectangular, and can increase the area contributing to heat dissipation. The substrate recess 421 can securely attach the substrate 200 to a desired position.

  By housing the power supply unit 600 inside the heat radiating member 400, it is possible to avoid the generation of inappropriate irregularities in the appearance of the LED lighting unit 101. Providing a space surrounded by the beam portion 430, the top plate 420, the pair of side plates 410, and the power source portion 600 is advantageous, for example, for arranging the ground wire 650 without interfering with other components. . The hole machining groove 431 is suitable for forming, for example, a screw hole 432 or a locking hole 433 at a desired position in the x direction of the beam portion 430.

  By using the outer groove 412, the LED lighting unit 101 can be easily and reliably attached. By using the inner groove 412, the LED lighting unit 101 can be easily and reliably attached, and a decorative plate for hiding the inside of the LED lighting unit 101 can be provided at a desired position.

  By providing the cover 500 with the emission side surface 510 that is flush with the outer side surface 411 and by making the emission top surface 520 flat, the appearance of the LED illumination unit 101 can be made smart.

  By providing the locking piece 710 and the pair of fitting pieces 720 on the cap 700, the cap 700 can be securely attached to the heat radiating member 400 by so-called one-touch.

  As shown in FIG. 16, in the LED lighting system 121, the light from the plurality of LED lighting units 101 has a wall surface 802 because the emission top surface 520 is planar and the cover 500 diffuses the light. And the floor surface 803 is widely irradiated. This is suitable for more uniformly and widely illuminating the entire room where the LED lighting system 121 is installed.

  17 to 27 show another embodiment of the present invention. In these drawings, the same or similar elements as those in the above embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals as those in the above embodiment.

Second Embodiment
FIGS. 17-23 has shown the LED lighting unit based on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. The LED lighting unit 102 of the present embodiment is different from the above-described embodiment in the configuration of the cover 500.

  In the present embodiment, the cover 500 has a lens portion 530, and the above-described emission side surface 510 is not provided. The lens portion 530 bulges from the exit top surface 520 in the z direction and extends long in the x direction. The lens unit 530 is disposed at the center of the cover 500 in the y direction, and overlaps the plurality of LED modules 300 in the y direction. A surface of the cover 500 that faces the plurality of LED modules 300 is a flat surface provided at a position relatively close to the LED module 300. The cover 500 is made of a material that diffuses and transmits the light from the LED module 300, as in the above-described embodiment. The cap 700 has a shape having a protruding portion that overlaps the lens portion 530 of the cover 500.

  FIG. 24 shows an example of an LED lighting device including a plurality of LED lighting units 102. The LED lighting device 112 of the present embodiment has a configuration in which three LED lighting units 102 are arranged in series in the x direction. The power supply units 600 of the three LED lighting units 102 are connected to each other by, for example, a total of three wires (not shown): two wires for alternating current and a wire for grounding. Each electric wire is connected to the terminal 630 of the power supply unit 600 and is accommodated inside the heat dissipation member 400.

  FIG. 25 shows an example of an LED illumination system including a plurality of LED illumination units 102. The LED illumination system 122 of this embodiment includes a plurality of LED illumination units 102, and further includes a ceiling surface 801, a wall surface 802, an installation groove 804, and an eaves portion 805 as its constituent elements. The installation groove 804 is located between the edge in the y direction of the ceiling surface 801 and the wall surface 802, and is a groove having a rectangular cross section extending long in the x direction. The eaves part 805 extends in the y direction from the edge of the ceiling surface 801 in the y direction, and covers the right side portion of the installation groove 804 in the entire length of the installation groove 804. The plurality of LED lighting units 102 are arranged in series in the x direction with the lens unit 530 facing downward in the z direction (the direction of the floor surface 803).

  Even in such an embodiment, when the LED module 102, the LED lighting device 112, and the LED lighting system 122 are turned on, most of the light emitting portions extending linearly occupy a good appearance.

  By providing the lens unit 530, the light from the plurality of LED modules 300 is collected in the y direction. This light collection is softened according to the degree to which the cover 500 diffuses light. Thereby, as shown in FIG. 25, the LED illumination system 122 functions as indirect illumination in which the upper side portion (hatched portion in the drawing) of the wall surface 802 is brightly illuminated. The eaves portion 805 can avoid the light from the LED lighting unit 102 reaching the floor surface 803 or the like directly.

<Third Embodiment>
FIG. 26 shows an LED lighting unit according to a third embodiment of the present invention. The LED lighting unit 103 of the present embodiment is different from the above-described embodiment in the configuration of the cover 500. In the present embodiment, the cover 500 is made of a transparent material. About another structure, it is the same as that of the LED lighting unit 102 mentioned above.

  FIG. 27 shows an example of an LED illumination system including a plurality of LED illumination units 103. The LED illumination system 123 of this embodiment includes a plurality of LED illumination units 103, and further includes a ceiling surface 801, a wall surface 802, an installation groove 804, and an eaves portion 805 as its components. The installation groove 804 is located between the edge in the y direction of the ceiling surface 801 and the wall surface 802, and is a groove having a rectangular cross section extending long in the x direction. The eaves part 805 extends in the y direction from the edge of the ceiling surface 801 in the y direction, and covers the right side portion of the installation groove 804 in the entire length of the installation groove 804. The plurality of LED lighting units 102 are arranged in series in the x direction with the lens unit 530 facing downward in the z direction (the direction of the floor surface 803).

  Even in such an embodiment, when the LED module 103 and the LED lighting system 123 are turned on, the light emitting portion extending linearly occupies most of it, and the appearance is good.

  By forming the lens portion 530 from a transparent material, it is possible to sufficiently collect light from the plurality of LED modules 300 in the y direction. Thereby, as shown in FIG. 27, in the LED illumination system 123, a region (hatched portion in the drawing) from the upper side portion of the wall surface 802 to the lower side portion is illuminated brightly. Therefore, the LED illumination system 123 functions as indirect illumination in which the entire wall surface 802 shines brightly.

<Fourth embodiment>
FIG. 29 is a diagram showing an LED illumination system according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. The LED lighting system according to the fourth embodiment is supplied in parallel to m LED lighting devices X1 to Xm connected in parallel to an AC power source (for example, commercial AC 100V) and the LED lighting devices X1 to Xm. A phase control dimmer DM1 that centrally controls the phase of the AC power.

  As the phase control dimming method using the phase control dimmer DM1, the leading edge dimmer method (FIG. 30A), the trailing edge dimmer method (FIG. 30B), or the smart dimmer method (FIG. 30C) combining both of them. Either may be adopted.

  The LED lighting device X1 (corresponding to the above-described LED lighting devices 111 and 112) includes i LED lighting units Y1-1 to Yi (the above-described LED lighting units 101, 101) arranged in series along the longitudinal direction thereof. 102, 103). By setting it as such a structure, it becomes possible to handle i LED lighting units Y1-1 to Yi seamlessly as if it were the single LED lighting apparatus X1. Moreover, it becomes possible to arbitrarily adjust the longitudinal direction size of the LED lighting device X1 by changing the number i of the LED lighting units Y1-1 to Yi in series.

  The same applies to the LED illumination devices X2 to Xm. That is, the LED lighting device X2 has j LED lighting units Y2-1 to Yj arranged in series along the longitudinal direction, and the LED lighting device Xm is arranged in series along the longitudinal direction. It has k LED lighting units Ym-1 to k arranged.

  In the present specification, for the sake of convenience, description will be made on the assumption that all of the parameters m, i, j, and k are integers of 2 or more. However, some or all of these parameters are set to 1. There is no intention to exclude an LED lighting system (for example, use of an LED lighting unit alone) from the technical scope of the present invention.

  The basic configurations of the LED lighting units Y1-1 to i, Y2-1 to j, and Ym-1 to k are the same. Therefore, in the following, the LED illumination unit Y1-1 is taken as a representative example, and a detailed description of its structure will be given.

  The LED illumination unit Y1-1 includes an LED module (not shown) (corresponding to the preceding LED module 300) and a power supply module Z1-1 (corresponding to the preceding power supply unit 600) that supplies power to the LED module. Have.

  The power supply module Z1-1 includes a substrate Z10, a first connector Z11, a second connector Z12, a power supply circuit Z13, first vias Z14L and Z14N, second vias Z15L and Z15N, a printed wiring Z16, a cable Z17L and Z17N.

  The board Z10 (corresponding to the above-described power supply board 620) is a long rectangular printed wiring board on which the first connector Z11, the second connector Z12, the power supply circuit Z13, and the like are mounted. The layout of components and wirings mounted on the substrate Z10 is as described in detail in the previous FIG. 11 and FIG.

  The first connector Z11 (corresponding to the above-described terminal 630) is a member (first contact) to which AC power is supplied from the outside of the power supply module Z1-1. The first connector Z11 includes a live terminal (L), a neutral terminal (N), and a ground terminal (E). The first connector Z11 is provided on the first short side of the substrate Z10.

  The second connector Z12 (corresponding to the above-described terminal 630) is directly mounted on the power supply module Z1-2 of the next stage (in FIG. 29, the AC power supplied to the first connector Z11 as it is). This is a member (second contact) for transmitting to the first connector Z11). Similar to the first connector Z11, the second connector Z12 includes a live terminal (L), a neutral terminal (N), and a ground terminal (E). The second connector Z12 is provided on the second short side portion (the short side portion opposite to the first short side portion) of the substrate Z10.

  In addition, if it is the structure which uses the 1st connector Z11 and the 2nd connector Z12 as a member which delivers AC electric power with the exterior of a module, the connection operation (cable connection operation between connectors) between LED illumination units will be easy and safe. Can be performed.

  The power supply circuit Z13 (corresponding to the above-described electronic component 640) is electrically connected to the first connector Z11, converts the AC power supplied to the first connector Z11 into DC power, and is not shown in the LED module. To supply. The power supply circuit Z13 includes a filter circuit that removes noise components superimposed on AC power, an AC / DC conversion circuit that converts the output of the filter circuit into DC power, and an output of the AC / DC conversion circuit that is supplied to the LED module. DC / DC conversion circuit for converting to a level suitable for the above. The height of the power supply circuit Z13 is preferably designed to be equal to or less than the height of the first connector Z11 and the second connector Z12.

  The first vias Z14L and Z14N are plating holes for inserting and mounting the first ends of the cables Z17L and Z17N, respectively. The first vias Z14L and Z14N are electrically connected to the live terminal (L) and the neutral terminal (N) of the first connector Z11 via printed wiring formed on the back side of the substrate Z10, respectively.

  The second vias Z15L and Z15N are plating holes for inserting and mounting the second ends of the cables Z17L and Z17N, respectively. The second vias Z15L and Z15N are electrically connected to the live terminal (L) and the neutral terminal (N) of the second connector Z12 via printed wiring formed on the back side of the substrate Z10, respectively.

  The printed wiring Z16 is a conductive member that electrically connects the ground terminal (E) of the first connector Z11 and the ground terminal (E) of the second connector Z12. The printed wiring Z16 is formed on the surface side of the substrate Z10. Accordingly, the ground terminal (E) of the first connector Z11 and the ground terminal (E) of the second connector Z12 are always connected by the printed wiring Z16 formed on the substrate Z10. The printed wiring Z16 is laid on the periphery of the substrate Z10 so as to bypass the mounting area of the power supply circuit Z13.

  The cables Z17L and Z17N are conductive members that electrically connect the first vias Z14L and Z14N and the second vias Z15L and Z15N, respectively. Therefore, between the live terminal (L) of the first connector Z11 and the live terminal (L) of the second connector Z12, as well as the neutral terminal (N) of the first connector Z11 and the neutral terminal (N) of the second connector Z12. Are electrically connected / interrupted by cables Z17L and Z17N that can be attached to and detached from the substrate Z10. If the first vias Z14L and Z14N and the second vias Z15L and Z15N are provided adjacent to each other, a jumper pin or the like can be used as a conductive member for electrically connecting the vias.

  By adopting such a configuration, depending on whether or not the cables Z17L and Z17N are mounted on the same plurality of prepared power supply modules, the power supply modules of the first to intermediate stages that need to transfer AC power to the subsequent stage And the final power supply module that does not need to transfer AC power to the subsequent stage, can be used as desired, making it possible to share power supply modules and, in turn, reducing the cost of power supply modules It becomes possible to do.

  As described above, in the LED lighting device X1, the second connector Z12 of the power module included in the front LED lighting unit and the first connector Z11 of the power module included in the rear LED lighting unit are connected to each other. I LED lighting units Y1-1 to i are arranged in series.

  The same applies to the LED illumination devices X2 to Xm. In other words, in the LED lighting device X2, j pieces are connected in such a manner that the second connector Z12 of the power supply module included in the front LED lighting unit and the first connector Z11 of the power supply module included in the rear LED lighting unit are connected to each other. LED lighting units Y2-1 to Yj are arranged in series. In the LED lighting device Xm, the second connector Z12 of the power supply module included in the front LED lighting unit and the power supply module included in the rear LED lighting unit. The k LED lighting units Ym-1 to Ym-k are arranged in series so as to connect the first connector Z11 to each other.

  As a result, the LED illumination units Y1-1 to i, Y2-1 to j, and Ym-1 to k are arranged in series, but when they are viewed electrically, FIG. As shown by, each is connected in parallel to the AC power supply.

  Therefore, in the LED lighting system of the fourth embodiment, as shown in FIG. 32, all the LED lighting devices X1 to Xm are used by using the phase control dimmer DM1 provided only in the system. Can be dimmed as a light source belonging to a single group GR1.

  Moreover, as shown in FIG. 33, if a plurality of phase control dimmers DM1 to DM3 are provided in the system, the LED illumination devices X1 to Xm are divided into a plurality of groups GR1 to GR3, respectively. Can be individually dimmed by the phase control dimmers DM1 to DM3.

<Fifth Embodiment>
34 to 36 show an LED illumination device (straight tube LED lamp) according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. The LED lamp A1 of the fifth embodiment includes a substrate 1, a plurality of LED modules 3, a heat radiating member 11, a power supply substrate 4, a plurality of power supply components 5, a case 6, and a pair of bases 7. For example, a straight tube type As an alternative to a fluorescent lamp, it is used by attaching it to a general fluorescent lamp luminaire.

  The substrate 1 is made of, for example, glass epoxy resin and is formed in a long rectangular shape. The board | substrate 1 is laminated | stacked on the heat radiating member 11, and is attached to the heat radiating member 11 using the screw etc., for example. As the substrate 1, an aluminum plate whose surface is subjected to insulation treatment may be used. In the fifth embodiment, the substrate 1 has a length that reaches both of the pair of caps 7, and a plurality (hundreds to several tens of thousands) of LED modules 3 are mounted on almost the entire upper surface 1a. A wiring pattern (not shown) is formed on the substrate 1. This wiring pattern is made of a metal film such as copper, and is for mounting a plurality of LED modules 3 and supplying power to them. Of the wiring pattern, the portion where the LED module 3 is not mounted is preferably covered with an insulating layer having a high reflectance such as a white resist.

  As shown in FIG. 36, in the fifth embodiment, the plurality of LED modules 3 are arranged along a plane including the central axis O1 of the case 6. Each LED module 3 includes an LED chip, a resin package, a substrate, and a pair of mounting terminals (see FIG. 10 above). The LED module 3 has a width of 0.6 mm, a length of 1.0 mm, and a thickness of 0.2 mm, and is configured as a small and very thin LED module.

  The heat dissipating member 11 is made of, for example, aluminum and has an elongated block shape extending along the longitudinal direction x of the substrate 1 as shown in FIGS. 34 and 35. As clearly shown in FIG. 36, the heat radiating member 11 has a hollow semicircular cross section. A power supply board 4 and a plurality of power supply components 5 are stored in the hollow portion of the heat dissipation member 11.

  The power supply substrate 4 is made of, for example, glass epoxy resin and is formed in a long rectangular shape. The plurality of power supply components 5 function as a power supply circuit for lighting the LED module 3, and are mounted on both surfaces of the power supply substrate 4. The plurality of power supply components 5 include an AC / DC converter 51 and other functional components 52 such as a capacitor and a resistor, and converts an alternating current supplied from a commercial power source into a constant DC current and supplies it to the LED module 3. It is comprised as follows. The AC / DC converter 51 occupies a larger space than the other functional components 52 mounted on the power supply board 4.

  The case 6 is for housing the substrate 1 and the heat radiating member 11, and as shown in FIG. 36, the case 6 has a straight tubular shape having a circular cross section. On the inner surface of the case 6, a pair of projecting pieces 61 projecting inward are integrally formed. The case 6 having such a structure is made of a synthetic resin such as polycarbonate, and is integrally formed by extrusion molding.

  36, the movement of the substrate 1 in the direction perpendicular to the central axis O1 (upward in the figure) relative to the case 6 is restricted by the upper surface 1a coming into contact with the protruding piece 61. The substrate 1 and the heat dissipation member 11 and the power supply substrate 4 are accommodated in the case 6 by inserting the substrate 1 and the heat dissipation member 11 into the case 6 while sliding the substrate 1 and the heat dissipation member 11 below the projecting piece 61.

  The pair of caps 7 is for supplying power from a commercial AC power source by being mounted on a socket of a fluorescent lamp lighting fixture. As shown in FIG. 35, the base 7 includes a bottomed cylindrical cover body 71, a resin block 72 accommodated and held in a hollow portion of the cover body 71, and two terminals 73. The heat radiating member 11 is supported by the pair of caps 7. The terminal 73 and the power supply board 4 are connected by an electric wire. The terminal 73 is provided so as to penetrate the cover body 71 and the resin block 72. One end portion (outer end portion) of the terminal 73 is a portion that fits into the insertion port of the socket of the fluorescent lamp lighting fixture, and the other end portion of the terminal 73 is between the wiring pattern on the substrate 1. The electrical continuity is achieved.

  According to LED lamp A1 of 5th Embodiment, light is emitted from the planar light source part 3A which the said some LED module 3 comprises. For example, when observing light emitted from a plurality of point light sources, the light from the planar light source unit 3A is light having uniform brightness as a whole, unlike a plurality of bright shining points being recognized. . For this reason, for example, uniform light can be emitted from the LED lamp A1 without providing the case 6 with a strong diffusion function. This is suitable for suppressing attenuation of light by the case 6, and can improve the light emission efficiency of the LED lamp A1.

  FIG. 37 is a diagram showing an LED illumination system according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention. The LED lighting system of the fifth embodiment includes m LED lamps A1 to Am connected in parallel to an AC power source (for example, commercial AC100V), and AC power supplied in parallel to the LED lamps A1 to Am. And a phase control dimmer DM1 that performs the phase control in a unified manner.

  The detailed structure of the LED lamp A1 is as described with reference to FIGS. 34 to 36, and includes a straight tube case 6 and an LED module 3 housed in the case 6. In addition, as a means for supplying power to the LED module 3, i power supply modules Z <b> 1-1 to Z <b> 1-i arranged in series along the longitudinal direction of the case 6 are provided.

  Each of the i power modules Z1-1 to Z1-i drives a number of LED modules 3 included in the LED lamp A1 by dividing them into i groups. By adopting such a configuration, compared to a configuration in which all the LED modules 3 included in the LED lamp A1 are driven by a single power supply module, the size of each of the power supply modules Z1-1 to i (particularly, AC / DC The size of the converter can be reduced, so that a power supply module necessary for driving a large number of LED modules 3 can be accommodated in the case 6. In particular, since the LED lamp A1 corresponding to the phase control dimmer DM1 requires a large-size AC / DC converter, it is considered that it is beneficial to adopt the above configuration.

  The same applies to the LED lamps A2 to Am. That is, the LED lamp A2 has j power supply modules Z2-1 to Zj arranged in series along the longitudinal direction of the case 6, and the many LED modules 3 included in the LED lamp A2 are j It is divided into groups and driven. The LED lamp Am has k power supply modules Zm-1 to k arranged in series along the longitudinal direction of the case 6, and a large number of LED modules 3 included in the LED lamp Am are k It is divided into groups and driven.

  The basic configurations of the power supply modules Z1-1 to i, Z2-1 to j, and Zm-1 to k are the same. Therefore, in the following, the power supply module Z1-1 is taken as a representative example, and a detailed description of its structure will be given.

  The power supply module Z1-1 includes a substrate Z20, a first contact Z21, a second contact Z22, and a power supply circuit Z23.

  The board Z20 (corresponding to the power supply board 4 described above) is a long rectangular printed wiring board on which the power supply circuit Z23 and the like are mounted.

  The first contact Z21 is a via (plating hole) into which a cable for supplying AC power from the outside of the power supply module Z1-1 is inserted and mounted. As the first contact Z21, three vias corresponding to a live terminal (L), a neutral terminal (N), and a ground terminal (E) are provided. The first contact Z21 is provided on the first short side portion of the substrate Z20.

  The second contact Z22 directly transmits the AC power supplied to the first contact Z21 to the outside of the power supply module Z1-1 (in FIG. 37, the first contact Z21 provided in the next-stage power supply module Z1-2). This is a via (plated hole) into which a cable for insertion is mounted. As with the first contact Z21, the second contact Z22 is provided with three vias corresponding to a live terminal (L), a neutral terminal (N), and a ground terminal (E). The second contact Z22 is provided adjacent to the first contact Z21. The live terminal (L) and the neutral terminal (N) of the second contact Z22 are respectively connected to the live terminal (L) and the neutral terminal (N of the first contact Z21 via a printed wiring formed on the back side of the substrate Z20. ) And are electrically connected. On the other hand, the ground terminal (E) of the second contact Z22 is electrically connected to the ground terminal (E) of the first contact Z21 via a printed wiring formed on the surface side of the substrate Z20.

  In addition, if it is the structure which uses a via instead of a connector as a member which delivers AC power with the outside of a module, it will be possible to contribute to size reduction of a power supply module.

  The power supply circuit Z23 (corresponding to the power supply component 5 described above) is electrically connected to the first contact Z21, and converts the AC power supplied to the first contact Z21 into DC power to convert the LED module (not shown). To supply. The power supply circuit Z23 includes a filter circuit that removes noise components superimposed on AC power, an AC / DC conversion circuit that converts the output of the filter circuit into DC power, and an output of the AC / DC conversion circuit that is supplied to the LED module. DC / DC conversion circuit for converting to a level suitable for the above. Note that the height of the power supply circuit Z23 is preferably designed to be equal to or less than the radius of the case 6.

  As described above, in the LED lamp A1, i power modules Z1-1 to i are connected in series in such a manner that the second contact Z22 of the power module at the front stage and the first contact Z21 of the power module at the rear stage are connected to each other. Is arranged.

  The same applies to the LED lamps A2 to Am. That is, in the LED lamp A2, j power supply modules Z2-1 to Zj are arranged in series so as to connect the second contact Z22 of the power supply module at the front stage and the first contact Z21 of the power supply module at the rear stage. In the LED lamp Am, k power modules Zm-1 to Zk are arranged in series in such a manner that the second contact Z22 of the power module at the front stage and the first contact Z21 of the power module at the rear stage are connected to each other. Has been.

  As a result, each of the power supply modules Z1-1 to i, Z2-1 to j, and Zm-1 to k is arranged in series. It is connected in parallel to the power supply.

<Other variations>
The power supply module according to the present invention, and the LED lighting unit, the LED lighting device, and the LED lighting system using the power source module are not limited to the above-described embodiments, and there are various specific configurations of each part. The design can be changed freely.

  For example, a plurality of LED lighting units 101, 102, and 103 are provided depending on the lengths of the LED lighting units 101, 102, and 103 in the x direction and the number of LED modules 300 included in each (and hence the number of LED chips 303). The power supply unit 600 may be provided.

  As described above, various technical features disclosed in the present specification can be variously modified within the scope of the technical creation in addition to the above-described embodiment. That is, the above-described embodiment is an example in all respects and should not be considered as limiting, and the technical scope of the present invention is not the description of the above-described embodiment, but the claims. It should be understood that all modifications that come within the meaning and range of equivalents of the claims are included.

  The LED lighting unit according to the present invention, and the LED lighting device and the LED lighting system using the LED lighting unit can be used as, for example, indoor lighting.

x (first) direction y (second) direction z (third) direction 101, 102, 103 LED lighting unit 111, 112 LED lighting device 121, 122, 123 LED lighting system 200 substrate 201 mounting surface 300 LED module 301 lead 302 mounting terminal 303 LED chip 304 sealing resin 305 reflector 400 heat radiating member 410 side plate 411 outer side surface 412 outer groove 413 inner groove 420 top plate 421 substrate recess 430 beam portion 431 hole processing groove 432 screw hole 433 locking hole 440 engagement Stop portion 500 Cover 510 Output side surface 520 Output top surface 530 Lens portion 540 Locking portion 600 Power source portion 610 Case 620 Power supply board 630 Terminal 640 Electronic component 641 Capacitor 642 Transformer 643 Coil 644 Varistor element 645 Dio De 646 transistor 647 IC
648 Resistor 650 Ground wire 660 Bolt 700 Cap 701 Main plate 710 Locking piece 711 Locking protrusion 720 Fitting piece 801 Ceiling 802 Wall surface 803 Floor surface 804 Installation groove 805 Eave part X1 to Xm LED lighting device Y1-1 to i, Y2 -1 to j, Ym-1 to k LED lighting units Z1-1 to i, Z2-1 to j, Zm-1 to k power supply module Z10 substrate Z11 first connector Z12 second connector Z13 power supply circuit Z14L, Z14N first Via Z15L, Z15N Second via Z16 Printed wiring Z17 Cable Z20 Substrate Z21 First contact Z22 Second contact Z23 Power supply circuit DM1 Phase control dimmer A1 to Am LED lamp 1 Substrate 1a Upper surface 3 LED module 3A Planar light source 4 Power supply board 5 Power supply parts 6 cases 7 Base 11 Heat radiation member 51 AC / DC converter 52 Other functional parts 61 Projection piece 71 Cover body 72 Resin block 73 Terminal

Claims (8)

  1. A first contact to which AC power is supplied from the outside of the module;
    A second contact for directly transmitting the AC power supplied to the first contact to the outside of the module;
    A power supply circuit that converts AC power supplied to the first contact into DC power and supplies the LED module;
    I have a,
    The first contact and the second contact are connectors each having a live terminal, a neutral terminal, and a ground terminal,
    The first contact and the second contact are respectively provided on both short sides of a substrate having a long rectangular shape,
    Between the live terminal of the first contact and the live terminal of the second contact, and between the neutral terminal of the first contact and the neutral terminal of the second contact, a conductive member detachable from the substrate is used. Is to be conducted / cut off,
    The ground terminal of the first contact and the ground terminal of the second contact are always conducted by printed wiring formed on the substrate.
    A power supply module characterized by that.
  2. Power module according to claim 1, wherein the height of said power supply circuit is less than or equal to the height of the connector.
  3. An LED module;
    The power supply module according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein power is supplied to the LED module;
    LED lighting unit characterized by having.
  4. The plurality of LED lighting units according to claim 3 , wherein the second contact of the power supply module included in the front LED lighting unit and the first contact of the power supply module included in the rear LED lighting unit are connected to each other. An LED lighting device characterized by being arranged in
  5. A straight tube case,
    An LED module housed in the case;
    The power supply module according to claim 1, wherein power is supplied to the LED module;
    Have
    A plurality of the power supply modules are arranged in series along the longitudinal direction of the case in such a manner that the second contact of the power supply module at the front stage and the first contact of the power supply module at the rear stage are connected to each other. LED lighting device.
  6. The LED lighting device according to claim 5 , wherein a height of a power circuit included in the power module is equal to or less than a radius of the case.
  7. An LED lighting system comprising a plurality of LED lighting devices according to any one of claims 4 to 6 connected in parallel to an AC power source.
  8. The LED illumination system according to claim 7 , further comprising a phase control type dimmer that integrally performs phase control of AC power supplied in parallel to the plurality of LED illumination devices.
JP2011224102A 2011-10-11 2011-10-11 Power supply module, LED lighting unit, LED lighting device, and LED lighting system Expired - Fee Related JP5793050B2 (en)

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JP5602289B1 (en) * 2013-08-01 2014-10-08 アイリスオーヤマ株式会社 LED lighting device
JP6655806B2 (en) * 2014-06-26 2020-02-26 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Power supply device and lighting device using the same
JP6566342B2 (en) * 2014-08-22 2019-08-28 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Connector, power supply device, and lighting fixture
JP6271753B2 (en) * 2014-09-30 2018-01-31 シャープ株式会社 Lighting device
JP6076444B2 (en) * 2015-11-20 2017-02-08 三菱電機株式会社 Light source device and lighting apparatus
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JP2003347076A (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-05 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Lighting device for discharge lamp
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