JP5718624B2 - Waist wall structure and construction method - Google Patents

Waist wall structure and construction method Download PDF

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JP5718624B2
JP5718624B2 JP2010269582A JP2010269582A JP5718624B2 JP 5718624 B2 JP5718624 B2 JP 5718624B2 JP 2010269582 A JP2010269582 A JP 2010269582A JP 2010269582 A JP2010269582 A JP 2010269582A JP 5718624 B2 JP5718624 B2 JP 5718624B2
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waist wall
wall panel
groove
waist
fitting piece
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JP2012117322A (en
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駒坂 昇一
昇一 駒坂
白岩 史年
史年 白岩
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Asahi Kasei Homes Corp
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Asahi Kasei Homes Corp
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本発明は、住宅等のバルコニーの周囲に設けられる腰壁構造及びその施工方法に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a waist wall structure provided around a balcony of a house or the like and a construction method thereof.

従来、ALCパネル等の比較的厚みのある腰壁パネルを用いてベランダやバルコニーの腰壁を構成する場合、例えば特許文献1に開示されるように、腰壁パネルの目地部に細板状の支柱を複数立設し、支柱の上端を笠木下地金物で連結することで腰壁パネルを固定し、さらに笠木下地金物を笠木で覆って腰壁パネル上端面の防水処理をするのが一般的であった。   Conventionally, when a waist wall of a veranda or a balcony is configured using a relatively thick waist wall panel such as an ALC panel, for example, as disclosed in Patent Document 1, a thin plate-like shape is formed on the joint portion of the waist wall panel. It is common to install a plurality of pillars, fix the waist wall panel by connecting the top ends of the pillars with the base metal hardware, and then cover the base metal hardware with the base wall to waterproof the top wall of the waist wall panel. there were.

特開平5−280090号公報Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 5-280090

しかしながら、従来技術のような構成の場合、ビスやボルト等による固定や腰壁パネルの位置決め用の定規金物等が必要で、使用する部品の点数も多く、施工にも手間がかかっていた。本発明は、このような事情に鑑みてなされたものであり、使用する部品の点数を減らし、簡易に施工することができる腰壁構造を提供することを目的とする。   However, in the case of the configuration as in the prior art, a ruler for fixing by screws or bolts or positioning of the waist wall panel is necessary, and the number of parts to be used is large, and the construction is troublesome. This invention is made | formed in view of such a situation, and it aims at providing the waist wall structure which can reduce the number of parts to be used and can be constructed simply.

本発明によれば、腰壁パネルと、腰壁支柱と、嵌合片とを含む腰壁構造であって、前記腰壁パネルの両側端面の縦方向に溝が形成され、前記腰壁支柱が前記腰壁パネルの両側端面に当接するように立設され、前記腰壁支柱の側面には前記腰壁パネルの溝に嵌合されるように嵌合片が設けられ、前記腰壁構造はさらに前記腰壁支柱とは別体をなす上部嵌合部材を含み、前記嵌合片は、前記上部嵌合部材に設けられた上部嵌合片と、前記腰壁支柱の下部に設けられた下部嵌合片とからなり、前記腰壁パネルを立設した後に前記上部嵌合部材が前記腰壁支柱の上端部及び前記腰壁パネルの溝に嵌合されることを特徴とする腰壁構造が提供される。 According to the present invention, the waist wall structure includes a waist wall panel, a waist wall column, and a fitting piece, and grooves are formed in the longitudinal direction of both side end surfaces of the waist wall panel, and the waist wall column is The waist wall panel is erected so as to be in contact with both side end surfaces, and a fitting piece is provided on a side surface of the waist wall column so as to be fitted into a groove of the waist wall panel. An upper fitting member that is separate from the waist wall column; and the fitting piece includes an upper fitting piece provided on the upper fitting member and a lower fitting provided on a lower portion of the waist wall column. The waist wall structure is characterized in that the upper fitting member is fitted into the upper end portion of the waist wall column and the groove of the waist wall panel after the waist wall panel is erected. Is done.

上記構成からなる腰壁構造によれば、長尺の定規金物やビス等を用いることなく腰壁パネルを固定することができ、使用する部品の点数や施工の手間を減らすことができる。
また、嵌合片による腰壁パネルの前後(厚さ)方向の移動の拘束が腰壁パネルの四隅部分のみとなるので、使用する材料のボリュームを減らすことができる。また、上部嵌合片が腰壁パネルが立設された後に嵌合されるので、腰壁パネルの嵌合溝に嵌合片を嵌合させる為に、腰壁パネルを腰壁支柱よりも高い位置まで持ち上げる必要がなく、作業の負荷や手間を低減させることができる。
According to the waist wall structure having the above configuration, the waist wall panel can be fixed without using a long ruler, a screw, or the like, and the number of parts to be used and the labor of construction can be reduced.
Moreover, since the restraint of the movement in the front-back (thickness) direction of the waist wall panel by the fitting piece is limited to the four corner portions of the waist wall panel, the volume of the material used can be reduced. In addition, since the upper fitting piece is fitted after the waist wall panel is erected, the waist wall panel is higher than the waist wall column in order to fit the fitting piece into the fitting groove of the waist wall panel. There is no need to lift to a position, and the work load and labor can be reduced.

本発明の一態様によれば、前記腰壁パネルの溝が、前記腰壁パネルの下端部に形成された下部溝と、前記下部溝とは不連続に前期腰壁パネルの上端部に形成された上部溝とからなり、前記下部嵌合片が前記下部溝に、前記上部嵌合片が前記上部溝にそれぞれ嵌合する。   According to an aspect of the present invention, the groove of the waist wall panel is formed at the upper end portion of the previous waist wall panel discontinuously with the lower groove formed at the lower end portion of the waist wall panel and the lower groove. The lower fitting piece is fitted into the lower groove, and the upper fitting piece is fitted into the upper groove.

上端部及び下端部にのみ溝を設けることにより、溝加工の長さを短くすることができ、施工の手間を減らすことができる。   By providing the grooves only at the upper end and the lower end, the length of the groove processing can be shortened, and the labor of construction can be reduced.

本発明の一態様によれば、孔が穿設された長尺の連結金物をさらに含み、前記上部嵌合部材が上面から突設された突起を有し、前記連結金物に穿設された孔と前記上部嵌合部材の上面から突設された突起とが嵌合されることにより隣設された前記上部嵌合部材が互いに連結される。 According to one aspect of the present invention, it further includes a long connecting metal having a hole formed therein, and the upper fitting member has a protrusion protruding from the upper surface, and the hole formed in the connecting metal wherein the top surface is a protrusion that protrudes is fitted from Rukoto upper fitting member, said upper engaging member provided adjacent are connected to each other and.

連結金物の孔を上部嵌合部材の突起に嵌合するという簡易な方法で腰壁パネル上端部の蛇行を防止することができる。   The meandering of the upper end portion of the waist wall panel can be prevented by a simple method of fitting the hole of the connecting hardware to the protrusion of the upper fitting member.

本発明の一態様によれば、前記腰壁パネルの上端部を覆う笠木部材をさらに含み、前記笠木部材の下面に設けられた下部溝に前記連結金物の上面よりも突出した前記上部嵌合部材の突起が嵌合される。   According to an aspect of the present invention, the upper fitting member further includes a cap member that covers an upper end portion of the waist wall panel, and that protrudes from an upper surface of the coupling hardware into a lower groove provided on a lower surface of the cap member. The protrusions are fitted.

上部嵌合部材の突起に笠木部材を係止する機能をも兼ねさせることで、部品の点数を減らすことができる。   By making the projection of the upper fitting member also have a function of locking the head member, the number of parts can be reduced.

本発明に係る腰壁構造又はその施工方法によれば、長尺の定規金物やビス等を用いることなく腰壁パネルを固定することができる。また、使用する部品のボリュームや施工の手間を減らすことができる。   According to the waist wall structure or the construction method thereof according to the present invention, the waist wall panel can be fixed without using a long ruler or a screw. In addition, the volume of parts to be used and the labor of construction can be reduced.

本発明の実施形態に係る腰壁構造を説明する斜視図である。It is a perspective view explaining the waist wall structure concerning the embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の実施形態に係る腰壁パネルの平面図である。It is a top view of the waist wall panel concerning the embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の実施形態に係る上部嵌合部材の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the upper fitting member which concerns on embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施形態に係る腰壁構造の下部の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the lower part of the waist wall structure which concerns on embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施形態に係る腰壁構造の上部の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the upper part of the waist wall structure which concerns on embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施形態に係る腰壁構造の出隅部における構成を説明する斜視図である。It is a perspective view explaining the structure in the protrusion corner part of the waist wall structure which concerns on embodiment of this invention.

1 腰壁構造
2 腰壁パネル
2a 端面
3 腰壁支柱
3a 支柱本体
3b 支柱ベース
4 上部嵌合部材
4a 上板
4b 突起
5 溝
5a 上部溝
5b 下部溝
6 上部嵌合片
7 下部嵌合片
8 布基礎
9 アンカーナット
10 ボルト孔
11 ボルト
12 水切金物
13 連結金物
14 連結孔
15 笠木部材
15a 下部溝
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Waist wall structure 2 Waist wall panel 2a End surface 3 Waist wall support | pillar 3a Support column body 3b Support column base 4 Upper fitting member 4a Upper plate 4b Protrusion 5 Groove 5a Upper groove 5b Lower groove 6 Upper fitting piece 7 Lower fitting piece 8 Cloth Base 9 Anchor nut 10 Bolt hole 11 Bolt 12 Drainage piece 13 Connection piece 14 Connection hole 15 Head member 15a Lower groove

以下に、実施形態に基づいて本発明を詳細に説明するが、これらの実施形態は本発明の理解を助けるために記載するものであって、本発明を記載された実施形態に限定するものではない。   Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail on the basis of the embodiments. However, these embodiments are described in order to help the understanding of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the described embodiments. Absent.

本実施形態は、本発明に係る腰壁構造を、305mmの平面モジュールを有する鉄骨造の工業化住宅の、1階バルコニーの外周部に沿って設けられた腰壁に適用した例である。   This embodiment is an example in which the waist wall structure according to the present invention is applied to a waist wall provided along the outer periphery of a first-floor balcony of a steel-frame industrial house having a flat module of 305 mm.

腰壁構造1は布基礎8上に構成されており、腰壁パネル2、腰壁支柱3、上部嵌合部材4、水切金物12、連結金物13、笠木部材15からなる。ここで布基礎8は、建物本体の基礎を延長した逆T時断面の鉄筋コンクリート造の基礎である。図1に示すように、布基礎8の所定の位置(後述する腰壁支柱3の支柱ベース3bに穿設されたボルト孔10に対応する位置)には、上端が布基礎8の天端に一致するようにアンカーナット9が埋設されている。腰壁構造1を構成する各部材について以下に説明する。   The waist wall structure 1 is configured on a cloth foundation 8 and includes a waist wall panel 2, a waist wall support 3, an upper fitting member 4, a draining hardware 12, a connecting hardware 13, and a head member 15. Here, the fabric foundation 8 is a reinforced concrete foundation having an inverted T-section, which is an extension of the foundation of the building body. As shown in FIG. 1, at a predetermined position of the fabric foundation 8 (a position corresponding to a bolt hole 10 drilled in a column base 3 b of the waist wall column 3 described later), the upper end is at the top end of the fabric foundation 8. An anchor nut 9 is embedded so as to match. Each member which comprises the waist wall structure 1 is demonstrated below.

[腰壁パネル]
腰壁パネル2は、図2に示すような平板状の金網で補強されたALC(軽量気泡コンクリート)からなる。腰壁パネル2の幅寸法(呼び寸法)は、305mmまたは610mm、すなわち平面モジュールの1倍または2倍である(実寸法は腰壁支柱3の厚み分小さくなる)。
[Waist wall panel]
The waist wall panel 2 is made of ALC (lightweight cellular concrete) reinforced with a flat metal mesh as shown in FIG. The width dimension (nominal dimension) of the waist wall panel 2 is 305 mm or 610 mm, that is, 1 or 2 times that of the planar module (the actual dimension is smaller by the thickness of the waist wall column 3).

図2に示すように、腰壁パネル2の端面2aには、上部溝5a及び下部溝5bが縦方向(腰壁パネル2の面方向に略平行方向)に設けられており、その位置と形状は後述する上部嵌合片6及び下部嵌合片7に夫々対応している。   As shown in FIG. 2, an upper groove 5a and a lower groove 5b are provided in the end surface 2a of the waist wall panel 2 in the vertical direction (substantially parallel to the surface direction of the waist wall panel 2). Corresponds to an upper fitting piece 6 and a lower fitting piece 7 which will be described later.

なお、上部嵌合片6と下部嵌合片7とが同一の平面上に位置し且つ同一の厚みを有する場合、上部溝5a及び下部溝5bは、連続した一つの溝として設けられていてもよい。   In addition, when the upper fitting piece 6 and the lower fitting piece 7 are located on the same plane and have the same thickness, the upper groove 5a and the lower groove 5b may be provided as one continuous groove. Good.

[腰壁支柱]
腰壁支柱3は、溶融亜鉛めっき等の防錆処理された鋼材からなり支柱ベース3bと支柱ベース3bから起立した支柱本体3aとで構成されている。支柱ベース3bにはボルト孔10が穿設されている。また、支柱ベース3b先端部は斜め下方に屈曲されており、後述する水切金物12と同一の形状と機能を兼ね備えている。腰壁支柱3(支柱本体3a)の上端部には、後述する上部嵌合部材4に設けられたスリットと噛み合うスリットが設けられている。
[Waist wall support]
The waist wall support 3 is made of a rust-proof steel material such as hot dip galvanizing, and includes a support base 3b and a support body 3a that stands up from the support base 3b. Bolt holes 10 are formed in the support base 3b. Moreover, the support | pillar base 3b front-end | tip part is bent diagonally downward, and has the same shape and function as the drained metal piece 12 mentioned later. A slit that meshes with a slit provided in an upper fitting member 4 to be described later is provided at the upper end portion of the waist wall column 3 (column body 3a).

腰壁支柱3は隣設される腰壁支柱3の中心間の寸法が、610mmまたは305mmとなるように(且つ中心が平面モジュールに等しいピッチの仮想基準線上に位置するように)配置される。
腰壁支柱3は支柱ベース3bのボルト孔10にボルト11を挿通して、布基礎8のアンカーナット9に螺入することで布基礎8に固定される。
The waist wall columns 3 are arranged so that the dimension between the centers of the adjacent waist wall columns 3 is 610 mm or 305 mm (and the center is located on a virtual reference line having a pitch equal to that of the planar module).
The waist wall column 3 is fixed to the fabric foundation 8 by inserting a bolt 11 through the bolt hole 10 of the column base 3 b and screwing it into the anchor nut 9 of the fabric foundation 8.

支柱本体3aの両側面からは板状の下部嵌合片7が突設されている。下部嵌合片7は、腰壁パネル2の下端部の前後(厚さ)方向の移動を拘束し位置決めするものであり、図1に示すように、腰壁支柱3の支柱ベース3bの上面と支柱本体3aの側面に跨るように溶接されて腰壁支柱3と一体化されている。   Plate-like lower fitting pieces 7 project from both side surfaces of the column main body 3a. The lower fitting piece 7 restrains and positions the movement of the lower end portion of the waist wall panel 2 in the front-rear (thickness) direction. As shown in FIG. It welds so that it may straddle the side surface of the support | pillar main body 3a, and is integrated with the waist wall support | pillar 3.

[上部嵌合部材]
上部嵌合部材4は、腰壁パネル2の上端部の前後(厚さ)方向の移動を拘束する機能と、後述する連結金物13および笠木部材15の位置決めをする機能とを有するものであり、図1又は図3の断面図に示すように、上板4aと、上板4aの下面から垂下した上部嵌合片6と、上板4aの上面から突設された2つの突起4とからなる。
[Upper mating member]
The upper fitting member 4 has a function of restraining the movement of the upper end portion of the waist wall panel 2 in the front-rear (thickness) direction and a function of positioning a connection hardware 13 and a head member 15 described later. as shown in the sectional view of FIG. 1 or FIG. 3, the upper plate 4a, an upper fitting piece 6 depending from the lower surface of the upper plate 4a, and two projections 4 b projecting from the upper surface of the upper plate 4a Become.

上部嵌合片6は、スリットを有しており、図1に示すように腰壁パネル2の設置後に、該スリットを腰壁支柱3(支柱本体3a)の上端のスリットに噛み合わせることで上部嵌合部材4は固定され、上部嵌合片6が腰壁パネル2の溝5に嵌合されることで、腰壁パネル2の上端部の前後(厚さ)方向の移動が拘束され、位置決めがなされる。また、突起4bによって連結金物13および笠木部材15の位置決めがなされる。 Upper fitting piece 6 has a slit, as shown in FIG. 1, after installation of the spandrel wall panels 2, the slit by engaging the upper end of the slit of the spandrel wall column 3 (strut body 3a) The upper fitting member 4 is fixed, and the upper fitting piece 6 is fitted into the groove 5 of the waist wall panel 2, so that the movement of the upper end portion of the waist wall panel 2 in the front-rear (thickness) direction is restricted, Positioning is done. Further, the connection hardware 13 and the head member 15 are positioned by the protrusion 4b.

[水切金物]
水切金物12は腰壁パネル2の表面を伝い落ちてきた水が腰壁パネル2の下端面にまわりこみバルコニー内側に浸入するのを防ぐものである。水切金物12は溶融亜鉛めっき等防錆処理された鋼材からなり、図1に示すように、先端が斜め下方に屈曲されており、布基礎8上の腰壁支柱3の間に配置され、布基礎8に埋設されたアンカーナットおよびボルトにて固定される。
[Draining hardware]
The drainage metal 12 prevents water that has fallen along the surface of the waist wall panel 2 from flowing into the lower end surface of the waist wall panel 2 and entering the inside of the balcony. The drained metal 12 is made of a rust-proof steel material such as hot dip galvanized, and its tip is bent obliquely downward as shown in FIG. It is fixed with anchor nuts and bolts embedded in the foundation 8.

腰壁パネル2の立設後、水切金物12の先端の屈曲部と腰壁パネル2の下端面との間の空隙には湿式シーリング材が充填される。   After the lumbar wall panel 2 is erected, a wet sealant is filled in the gap between the bent portion at the tip of the drainage piece 12 and the lower end surface of the lumbar wall panel 2.

[連結金物]
連結金物13は、複数の腰壁支柱3を上部嵌合部材を介して互いに連結することで腰壁パネル2の上端部の蛇行を防止するものであり、図に示すように、細板状の長尺部材でモジュールの整数倍の長さを有し、上部嵌合部材4の突起4bの位置及び形状に対応した連結孔14が穿設されている。そして、複数の腰壁支柱(上部嵌合部材)に跨るように配置され、連結孔14に上部嵌合部材4の突起4bを嵌合することで上部嵌合部材4が互いに連結されて腰壁パネル2の蛇行が矯正される。なお、連結金物13の両端部の連結孔14には、上部嵌合片4の突起4bの一方が嵌合される。
[Consolidated hardware]
Connecting hardware 13 is to prevent meandering of the upper end portion of the waist wall panel 2 by connecting together a plurality of spandrel column 3 via the upper engaging member, as shown in FIG. 6, Hosoitajo This long member has a length that is an integral multiple of the module, and is provided with a connecting hole 14 corresponding to the position and shape of the protrusion 4b of the upper fitting member 4. And it arrange | positions so that several waist wall support | pillars (upper fitting member) may be straddled, and the upper fitting member 4 is mutually connected by fitting the protrusion 4b of the upper fitting member 4 in the connection hole 14, and a waist wall The meandering of panel 2 is corrected. Note that one of the protrusions 4 b of the upper fitting piece 4 is fitted into the connecting holes 14 at both ends of the connecting hardware 13.

[笠木部材]
笠木部材15は腰壁パネル2の上端面の防水機能及び化粧機能を兼ねたもので、セラミック系材料からなり、図5に示すように断面略コ字状をなしている。笠木部材15の下面には、上部嵌合部材4の突起4bに対応した下部溝15aが設けられ、タッピンねじを挿通し連結金物13に固定する為のねじ孔が設けられている。
[Head member]
The cap member 15 also has a waterproof function and a makeup function on the upper end surface of the waist wall panel 2, and is made of a ceramic material, and has a substantially U-shaped cross section as shown in FIG. A lower groove 15 a corresponding to the protrusion 4 b of the upper fitting member 4 is provided on the lower surface of the head member 15, and a screw hole for inserting a tapping screw and fixing it to the connecting hardware 13 is provided.

図6は、腰壁構造1の出隅部の構成を示す図である。出隅部に用いられる腰壁パネル2’、腰壁支柱3の支柱ベース、連結金物13’、及び笠木部材15’が、専用部材で構成されているが、部材どうしの嵌合による納まり自体は平部(一般部)の構成に準じている。   FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of the protruding corner portion of the waist wall structure 1. The waist wall panel 2 ′, the support base of the waist wall support 3, the connecting hardware 13 ′, and the coping member 15 ′ used for the projecting corner are configured by dedicated members. It conforms to the configuration of the flat part (general part).

[施工方法]
次に、上記実施形態に係る腰壁構造1の施工方法を説明する。
[Construction method]
Next, the construction method of the waist wall structure 1 which concerns on the said embodiment is demonstrated.

腰壁支柱3の支柱ベース3bのボルト孔10とアンカーナット9の位置を合わせ、ボルト11により固定して立設する。
水切金物12を2本の腰壁支柱3は布基礎8上面の所定位置、即ち腰壁パネル2が載置される箇所に、腰壁支柱3と同様にアンカーナットとボルトにて固定する。
The position of the bolt hole 10 of the column base 3 b of the waist wall column 3 and the anchor nut 9 is aligned, and fixed by the bolt 11 and erected.
As with the waist wall column 3, the two waist wall columns 3 are fixed to the predetermined position on the upper surface of the fabric foundation 8, that is, the place where the waist wall panel 2 is placed, by anchor nuts and bolts.

腰壁パネル2を、2本の腰壁支柱3の間に、下部溝5bと下部嵌合片7の位置が一致するように、(すなわち腰壁パネル2の溝5に前記下部嵌合片7が嵌合するように)、上方から差し入れて、水切金物12上に載置する。この際、腰壁パネル2を高く持ち上げる必要はなく、腰壁パネル2の下端が下部嵌合片7の高さよりも若干高くなる程度に持ち上げればよい。   The waist wall panel 2 is placed between the two waist wall columns 3 so that the positions of the lower groove 5b and the lower fitting piece 7 coincide with each other (that is, the lower fitting piece 7 in the groove 5 of the waist wall panel 2). Is inserted from above and placed on the drainage piece 12. At this time, it is not necessary to lift the waist wall panel 2 high, and it is sufficient that the lower end of the waist wall panel 2 is lifted slightly higher than the height of the lower fitting piece 7.

上部嵌合部材4を、上部嵌合片6が腰壁パネルの上部溝5aに一致するように、且つそのスリットと支柱本体3aの上端のスリットとが噛み合うように取り付け、腰壁パネル2の上部溝5aに前記上部嵌合部材4を嵌合させる。 The upper fitting member 4 is attached so that the upper fitting piece 6 coincides with the upper groove 5a of the waist wall panel and the slit and the slit at the upper end of the column body 3a are engaged with each other. The upper fitting member 4 is fitted into the groove 5a.

連結金物13を、その連結孔14に上部嵌合部材4の突起4bを嵌合させて取り付ける。   The connecting hardware 13 is attached by fitting the protrusion 4 b of the upper fitting member 4 into the connecting hole 14.

笠木部材15を、その下面の下部溝15aに上部嵌合部材4の突起4bが嵌合するように腰壁パネル2の上端面に載置し、タッピンねじ等で連結部材13に固定する。   The head member 15 is placed on the upper end surface of the waist wall panel 2 so that the protrusion 4b of the upper fitting member 4 is fitted in the lower groove 15a on the lower surface thereof, and is fixed to the connecting member 13 with a tapping screw or the like.

固定された腰壁パネル2間の目地部、腰壁パネル2と水切金物12との間の空隙、腰壁パネル2と笠木部材15との隙間等に湿式シーリング材を充填し、腰壁パネル2及びシーリング材を被覆するように吹付け塗装を施す。   A wet sealant is filled in the joint between the fixed waist wall panel 2, the gap between the waist wall panel 2 and the drainage metal 12, the gap between the waist wall panel 2 and the head member 15, etc. And spray coating to cover the sealant.

以上説明したように、本発明に係る腰壁構造においては、腰壁支柱3と水切金物12の固定以外はボルトやビスを用いることなく部品どうしの嵌合のみで腰壁構造1を構成することができる。また、腰壁パネル2が上部嵌合片6や下部嵌合片7で位置決めされるので、長尺の定規金物も不要である。また、上部嵌合部材4の突起4bに連結金物13と笠木部材15を係止する機能を兼ねさせている。従って、部品の点数、部品のボリューム及び施工の手間を減らすことができる。   As described above, in the waist wall structure according to the present invention, the waist wall structure 1 is configured only by fitting parts without using bolts or screws other than fixing the waist wall column 3 and the drainage metal 12. Can do. Further, since the waist wall panel 2 is positioned by the upper fitting piece 6 and the lower fitting piece 7, a long ruler is not necessary. Further, the projection 4 b of the upper fitting member 4 also has a function of locking the connecting metal 13 and the head member 15. Therefore, it is possible to reduce the number of parts, the volume of parts, and the labor of construction.

Claims (4)

腰壁パネルと、腰壁支柱と、嵌合片とを含む腰壁構造であって、
前記腰壁パネルの両側端面の縦方向に溝が形成され、
前記腰壁支柱が前記腰壁パネルの両側端面に当接するように立設され、
前記腰壁支柱の側面には前記腰壁パネルの溝に嵌合されるように嵌合片が設けられ
前記腰壁構造はさらに前記腰壁支柱とは別体をなす上部嵌合部材を含み、
前記嵌合片は、前記上部嵌合部材に設けられた上部嵌合片と、前記腰壁支柱の下部に設けられた下部嵌合片とからなり、
前記腰壁パネルを立設した後に前記上部嵌合部材が前記腰壁支柱の上端部及び前記腰壁パネルの溝に嵌合されることを特徴とする腰壁構造。
A waist wall structure including a waist wall panel, a waist wall column, and a fitting piece,
Grooves are formed in the longitudinal direction of both end surfaces of the waist wall panel,
The waist wall column is erected so as to abut on both end surfaces of the waist wall panel,
A fitting piece is provided on a side surface of the waist wall column so as to be fitted into a groove of the waist wall panel ,
The waist wall structure further includes an upper fitting member that is separate from the waist wall support,
The fitting piece is composed of an upper fitting piece provided on the upper fitting member and a lower fitting piece provided on a lower portion of the waist wall column,
The waist wall structure, wherein after the waist wall panel is erected, the upper fitting member is fitted into an upper end portion of the waist wall column and a groove of the waist wall panel .
前記腰壁パネルの溝が、前記腰壁パネルの下端部に形成された下部溝と、前記下部溝とは不連続に前期腰壁パネルの上端部に形成された上部溝とからなり、前記下部嵌合片が前記下部溝に、前記上部嵌合片が前記上部溝にそれぞれ嵌合することを特徴とする請求項に記載の腰壁構造。 The groove of the waist wall panel is composed of a lower groove formed at a lower end portion of the waist wall panel and an upper groove formed discontinuously at the upper end portion of the previous waist wall panel. spandrel structure according to claim 1 fitting piece is in the lower groove, the upper fitting piece, characterized in that fitted to each of the upper grooves. 孔が穿設された長尺の連結金物をさらに含み、前記上部嵌合部材が上面から突設された突起を有し、前記連結金物に穿設された孔と前記上部嵌合部材の上面から突設された突起とが嵌合されることにより隣設された前記上部嵌合部材が互いに連結されたことを特徴とする請求項に記載の腰壁構造。 Further comprising a long connecting metal having a hole formed therein, the upper fitting member having a protrusion protruding from the upper surface, and from the hole formed in the connecting metal and the upper surface of the upper fitting member spandrel structure according to claim 2 in which projections and projecting from the through fitted Rukoto, wherein said upper engaging member provided adjacent are connected to each other. 前記腰壁パネルの上端部を覆う笠木部材をさらに含み、前記笠木部材の下面に設けられた下部溝に前記連結金物の上面よりも突出した前記上部嵌合部材の突起が嵌合されることを特徴とする請求項に記載の腰壁構造。 A cap member that covers the upper end of the waist wall panel is further included, and a protrusion of the upper fitting member that protrudes from the upper surface of the coupling hardware is fitted into a lower groove provided on the lower surface of the cap member. 4. The waist wall structure according to claim 3 , wherein
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