JP5315613B2 - Light guide plate and backlight device - Google Patents

Light guide plate and backlight device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP5315613B2
JP5315613B2 JP2007017304A JP2007017304A JP5315613B2 JP 5315613 B2 JP5315613 B2 JP 5315613B2 JP 2007017304 A JP2007017304 A JP 2007017304A JP 2007017304 A JP2007017304 A JP 2007017304A JP 5315613 B2 JP5315613 B2 JP 5315613B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
light
surface
incident
guide plate
light guide
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2007017304A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2008015467A (en
Inventor
由紀 直井
Original Assignee
コニカミノルタ株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2006022473 priority Critical
Priority to JP2006022473 priority
Priority to JP2006059378 priority
Priority to JP2006059378 priority
Priority to JP2006161188 priority
Priority to JP2006161188 priority
Priority to JP2007017304A priority patent/JP5315613B2/en
Application filed by コニカミノルタ株式会社 filed Critical コニカミノルタ株式会社
Publication of JP2008015467A publication Critical patent/JP2008015467A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP5315613B2 publication Critical patent/JP5315613B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Description

  The present invention relates to a light guide plate and a backlight device, and more particularly, to a light guide plate that receives light from a light source to illuminate a display element and the like, and a backlight device including the same.

  In a liquid crystal display device provided in a mobile phone, a portable information terminal, or the like, a backlight device for illuminating a display unit is used. This backlight device includes a light guide plate disposed on the back surface of a liquid crystal panel as a display unit, and a light source such as a light emitting element (LED) or a cold cathode tube disposed on the side of the light guide plate. . The backlight device having such a configuration has an advantage that the entire device can be thinned because light is incident from the side surface of the light guide plate, so that it is not necessary to arrange a light source in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. .

  Incidentally, in recent years, liquid crystal display devices are often mounted on thin mobile phones, digital cameras, and the like, and the demand for downsizing of backlight devices has become strict. Accordingly, the light guide plate has been made thinner. However, it is difficult to downsize the LED used as the light source to the same extent as the thickness of the light guide plate. However, the light emission characteristics of LEDs are generally low in directivity, and some of the emitted light spreads radially at a wide angle, so it is a problem how to efficiently make the emitted light from the LED enter the thin light guide plate. It has become.

Here, Patent Document 1 discloses a backlight device provided with a light receiving portion on which an inclined surface is formed that is inclined at an angle of 45 degrees or less upward from the main body portion of the light guide plate. Also disclosed is a technology for reducing the thickness of the backlight device by providing a light-receiving surface inclined substantially at right angles to the inclined surface, and inclining the light-emitting surface of the light source in parallel with the light-receiving surface. Has been.
JP 2003-121840 A

  However, in the former case, the light incident on the inclined surface is not necessarily totally reflected. Therefore, in order to increase the reflectance on the inclined surface, the inclined surface is covered with a reflective film. However, when the reflective film is coated, the manufacturing process of the light guide plate becomes complicated. Further, due to the characteristics of the reflective film, there is a problem that the light utilization efficiency is lowered because a lot of light is absorbed. Furthermore, in the latter case, it can contribute to reducing the thickness of the backlight device. However, in order to further reduce the thickness of the main body of the light guide plate, the number of times of reflection of incident light is increased in the light receiving portion. However, there is a problem that the light utilization efficiency is lowered.

  The present invention has been made in view of the problems of the prior art, and a light guide plate capable of increasing the light utilization efficiency when illuminating a display element or the like by entering light from a light source, and the light guide plate It aims at providing the backlight apparatus provided with.

The light guide plate according to claim 1 is a light guide plate integrally formed with an incident portion for incident light from a light emitting element and an output portion for emitting incident light to the outside.
The incident portion is an incident surface for incident light from the light emitting element, a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incident portion to the emission portion passes, A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side to the position of the boundary surface and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light emitted from the boundary surface after repeating total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface is incident on the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is It is a shape with a direction component that leaves the virtual plane,
The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side ,
The structure having the light leakage reduction shape is provided so as to protrude from the boundary surface .

  According to the light guide plate of the present invention, in the incident portion, the top surface is such that the size of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. Since one surface of the bottom surface is inclined with respect to the other surface, light from a light source having a larger thickness can be guided well. On the other hand, when the light emission characteristics of the light source are low, a part of the light emitted from the light source does not satisfy the total reflection condition while repeating the reflection between the top surface and the bottom surface inclined to each other, and the top surface Or there is a risk of leaking outward from the bottom surface. On the other hand, in the present invention, light leakage is reduced by suppressing the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface out of light incident from the incident surface on at least one of the top surface and the bottom surface. Since a structure having a shape is provided, it becomes easy to satisfy the total reflection condition even if light incident from the incident surface is repeatedly reflected by the top surface and the bottom surface that are inclined to each other. Alternatively, the light utilization efficiency can be increased by suppressing light leaking outward from the bottom surface. The “boundary surface” is not a surface exposed to the outside, but a conceptual surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion.

When the angle β formed by the pair of inclined surfaces at the intersecting portion satisfies the conditional expression (4), the light incident on the incident portion can easily satisfy the total reflection condition, so that the light use efficiency can be improved. Compared to the case where there is no light, the light utilization efficiency is about 1.2 times or more. In particular, if β is 170 ° or less, the effect of controlling the traveling direction of the light can be enhanced, and sufficient light utilization efficiency can be obtained. On the other hand, if β is 100 ° or more, the tip portion of each inclined surface becomes a shape that is difficult to be chipped, and manufacturing is easy, and it is difficult for debris and the like to adhere to the light guide plate. Sufficient light utilization efficiency can be obtained. Preferably, if β satisfies the following formula, light utilization efficiency of about 1.3 times or more can be realized as compared with the case where there is no inclined surface.
116 ° ≦ β ≦ 165 ° (4 ′)

Since the structure having the light leakage reduction shape is provided so as to protrude from the boundary surface, the strength in the vicinity of the boundary surface can be ensured even when the emitting portion is thin. .

The light guide plate according to claim 2 is characterized in that, in the invention according to claim 1 , the light leakage reducing shape intersecting portion is provided so as to protrude from the boundary surface. Even when the portion is thin, the strength in the vicinity of the boundary surface can be secured.

The light guide plate according to claim 3 is the invention according to claim 1 or 2, the dimension of the boundary surface side end portion of the entrance portion in the thickness direction of the light guide plate, the boundary surface side end portion of the emitting portion Therefore, even when the emission part is thin, the strength in the vicinity of the boundary surface can be ensured.

The light guide plate according to claim 4 is the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the dimension of the structure having the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is the side from the incident surface side. Since it gradually increases toward the boundary surface side, it becomes easy to control the traveling direction of light incident from the incident surface, and various illuminance distribution and luminance distribution on the boundary surface. Since the characteristics can be controlled in accordance with the purpose, the illuminance unevenness at the boundary surface is reduced. In addition, since light incident from the incident surface easily satisfies the total reflection condition, the light use efficiency can be increased.

The light guide plate according to claim 5 is a light guide plate integrally formed with an incident portion for entering light from the light emitting element and an exit portion for emitting incident light to the outside.
The incident portion is an incident surface for incident light from the light emitting element, a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incident portion to the emission portion passes, A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side to the position of the boundary surface and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light emitted from the boundary surface after repeating total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface is incident on the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is It is a shape with a direction component that leaves the virtual plane,
The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side,
The size of the structure having the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is gradually increased from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and then gradually decreased. Therefore, the light use efficiency can be further increased.

The light guide plate according to claim 6 is the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 5 , wherein the light leakage reduction shape is between the two inclined surfaces forming a valley, and the boundary surface. And a gap surface extending in parallel with the bottom surface.

  For example, even when a light guide plate having a thin exit portion is used, in order to ensure the strength near the boundary surface, the incident portion cannot be thinned indefinitely. It may protrude from the boundary surface side of the part. In such a case, the light traveling in the incident portion may leak out of the light guide plate from the protruding end surface of the incident portion, and the light may not be used appropriately. On the other hand, according to the present invention, a gap surface extending between the two inclined surfaces forming the valley and extending in parallel with the bottom surface is provided on the boundary surface side, and the incident portion Appropriate use of light can be achieved by reflecting light from the inside and thereby suppressing light leaking. The gap surface may be a flat surface or a curved surface.

According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, in the invention according to the sixth aspect, the intersection line of the two inclined surfaces intersecting the gap surface is gradually separated from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side. It is characterized by.

The light guide plate according to an eighth aspect is characterized in that, in the invention according to the sixth or seventh aspect, the gap surface extends to the boundary surface but does not contact the incident surface.

The light guide plate according to claim 9 is the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 8 , wherein the light leakage reduction shape intersects each of the two inclined surfaces forming a mountain, and the boundary surface side. And further having a tapered surface inclined toward the incident surface side at a predetermined angle with respect to the boundary surface.

  According to the present invention, the tapered surface that intersects each of the two inclined surfaces that form a mountain, extends from the boundary surface side, and is inclined toward the incident surface side at a predetermined angle with respect to the boundary surface. Providing and reflecting the light from the inside of the incident part, thereby suppressing the light leaking out, makes it possible to use the light appropriately. The tapered surface may be a flat surface or a curved surface.

The light guide plate according to claim 10 is characterized in that, in the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 9 , the angle of the intersecting portion of the pair of inclined surfaces is constant over the entire length of the intersecting portion. And

The light guide plate according to claim 11, in the invention of any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the top surface and the bottom surface, since it being inclined with respect to the bottom surface of the emitting portion , Can improve the light utilization efficiency.

The light guide plate according to claim 12 is the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 11 , wherein the bottom surface is located on the same plane with respect to the bottom surface of the emitting portion. Manufacture of a backlight device or the like having a light guide plate is facilitated.

The light guide plate according to claim 13 is characterized in that, in the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 12 , the light guide plate has a plurality of the incident surfaces, so that assembly is facilitated, and manufacture of the backlight device is facilitated. Become.

A light guide plate according to a fourteenth aspect is characterized in that, in the invention according to any one of the first to thirteenth aspects, the light emitting element is an LED.

A backlight device according to a fifteenth aspect includes the light guide plate according to any one of the first to fourteenth aspects.

The backlight device according to claim 16 includes a light guide plate in which an incident portion into which light from a light emitting element is incident and an emission portion that emits light that has passed through the incident portion to the outside are integrally formed. A backlight device,
The light guide plate is
An incident surface for allowing light from the light emitting element to enter the incident portion; and a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incidence portion to the emission portion passes; A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light that is incident from a surface and repeatedly undergoes total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface and exits from the boundary surface enters the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is A shape having a directional component away from the virtual plane;
The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the emission surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side,
The exit portion, have a exit surface extending in a direction intersecting with the boundary surface,
The structure having the light leakage reduction shape is provided so as to protrude from the boundary surface . The operational effects of the present invention are the same as those of the first aspect of the present invention.
The backlight device according to claim 17 includes a light guide plate in which an incident portion into which light from a light emitting element is incident and an emission portion that emits light that has passed through the incident portion to the outside are integrally formed. A backlight device,
The light guide plate is
An incident surface for allowing light from the light emitting element to enter the incident portion; and a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incidence portion to the emission portion passes; A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light that is incident from a surface and repeatedly undergoes total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface and exits from the boundary surface enters the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is A shape having a directional component away from the virtual plane;
The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the emission surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side,
The emission part has an emission surface extending in a direction intersecting the boundary surface,
The size of the structure having the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is gradually increased from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and then gradually decreased. . The function and effect of the present invention are the same as those of the fifth aspect of the invention.


  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, when the light from a light source injects and illuminates a display element etc., the light-guide plate which can improve the utilization efficiency of light, and a backlight apparatus provided with the same can be provided.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a backlight device BL including a light guide plate according to the present embodiment. FIG. 2 is a diagram of the backlight device BL of FIG. It is. In FIGS. 1 and 2, an LED 2 and a light guide plate 4 that are three light sources are arranged in the housing 1. The light guide plate 4 made of a transparent resin such as PC or PMMA is integrally formed from a thin plate-shaped emission portion 4OT and an incidence portion 4IN disposed between the LED 2 and the emission portion 4OT. . The incident part 4IN protrudes in a trapezoidal plate shape (see FIG. 2) from the light source side surface of the emission part 4OT. A fine convex portion (or concave portion) 3 is formed on the outgoing surface 4k which is the upper surface of the outgoing portion 4OT. The convex part 3 which is a light scattering part becomes larger (higher) as the distance from the LED 2 is increased, and the arrangement interval thereof is narrowed, so that the light irradiated from the exit surface 4k of the light guide plate 4 is uniformly uniform as a whole. Can be approached. Further, a diffusion plate 5 is disposed on the exit surface 4 k of the light guide plate 4, and a liquid crystal display element 6 is disposed on the upper surface of the diffusion plate 5. Note that the backlight device BL includes an LED 2, a light guide plate 4, and a diffusion plate 5. The LED 2 may be integrally attached to the light guide plate 4.

  1 and 2, the light emitted from the LED 2 is guided into the emission part 4OT by the incident part 4IN of the light guide plate 4, and travels from the emission surface 4k to the lower surface of the liquid crystal display element 6 through the diffusion plate 5. It is designed to irradiate evenly.

  FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view showing the vicinity of one incident portion 4IN of the light guide plate 4. As shown in FIG. In FIG. 3, the thickness direction of the light guide plate 4 is defined as the vertical direction (Y direction), and the width direction of the light guide plate 4 is defined as the horizontal direction (X direction). The incident portion 4IN includes a top surface 4a, a bottom surface 4b, side surfaces 4c and 4d, and an incident surface 4e intersecting these. Here, as a conceptual boundary between the incident portion 4IN and the emission portion 4OT, a surface defined to be parallel to the incident surface 4e is defined as a boundary surface 4f, but this is not exposed to the outside.

  The incident surface 4e is arranged in contact with or close to the emitting surface 2a of the LED 2 (see FIG. 1). The vertical dimension D1 of the incident surface 4e is larger than the vertical dimension D2 of the boundary surface 4f, and the horizontal dimension L1 of the incident surface 4e is larger than the horizontal dimension L2 of the boundary surface 4f. It is getting smaller. Since it has such a shape, the incident part 4IN can guide the light emitted from the LED 2 to the thin emission part 4OT.

  Further, the incident portion 4IN forms a light leakage reduction shape 4M on the top surface 4a. Here, the vertical dimension D1 of the incident surface 4e represents the vertical dimension on the incident surface 4e side of the incident part 4IN excluding the light leakage reduction shape, and the vertical dimension D2 of the boundary surface 4f is: The vertical dimension on the boundary surface 4f side of the incident portion 4IN excluding the light leakage reduction shape is shown. Next, the light leakage reduction shape according to this embodiment will be described.

  FIG. 4 is a diagram for explaining a light leakage reduction shape. In FIG. 4, a YZ plane (imaginary plane) is defined as a plane orthogonal to the bottom surface 4b of the incident portion 4IN. The YZ plane passes through the center of the LED 2 in the width direction of the light guide plate 4 and extends along the thickness direction of the light guide plate 4. Here, it is assumed that the top surface 4A 'indicated by the dotted line is inclined so as to become narrower toward the boundary surface 4f side with respect to the bottom surface 4b. In such a case, the light that is emitted from the front edge of the YZ plane and travels along the YZ plane satisfies the total reflection condition while the incident angle is small. It is reflected and subsequently reflected by the bottom surface 4b at the point B ′, and does not leave the YZ plane even after reflection. However, since the top surface 4A 'is inclined toward the boundary surface 4f with respect to the bottom surface 4b, the incident angle θ2' at the point B is larger than the incident angle θ1 at the point A. Therefore, if one of the incident angles exceeds the threshold value during repeated reflection, the total reflection condition is lost, and light may leak to the outside through the top surface 4A 'or the bottom surface 4b.

  Here, as a light leakage reduction shape, a configuration is considered in which a top surface 4A that is not only inclined toward the boundary surface 4f side with respect to the bottom surface 4b but also inclined toward the right side surface side is provided (see solid line). ). In the example of FIG. 4, it is assumed that the YZ planes intersect at the intersection positions of the top surfaces 4A 'and 4A. According to such a configuration, the light emitted from the front edge of the YZ plane and traveling along the YZ plane is reflected by the top surface 4A at the point A as shown by the solid arrow, and is subsequently different from the point B ′. Although reflected by the bottom surface 4b at the point B, the point B does not exist in the YZ plane. In other words, the light reflected by the top surface 4A at the point A has an X direction component orthogonal to the YZ plane, proceeds in a direction away from the YZ plane, and enters a point B far from the point B ′. Become. Therefore, when the top surface 4A ′ is used and when the top surface 4A is used, when the incident angle θ1 at the point A is the same, the incident angle θ2 at the point B is equal to the incident angle θ2 at the point B ′. Thus, when the top surface 4A is used, the possibility of satisfying the total reflection condition is increased even when reflection is repeated, compared with the case where the top surface 4A 'is used.

  However, this effect is not limited to light rays incident on the light leakage reduction shape along the YZ plane or along a plane parallel to the YZ plane, that is, incident light rays having only components in the Y direction and the Z direction. . Similar effects can be obtained with respect to incident rays having components in the X direction in addition to the Y and Z directions. That is, a part or all of the Y direction component of the incident light beam is converted into the X direction or the Z direction by the top surface 4A, so that the possibility that the light beam satisfies the total reflection condition is increased.

  Thus, in the light leakage reduction shape, either the top surface 4a or the bottom surface 4b of the incident portion 4IN is uniformly inclined in the direction in which the width in the vertical direction (height direction) of the side surface 4c or 4d becomes narrow. Can only demonstrate its function. Furthermore, in the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 3, a part of the top surface 4a is deformed, and a plurality of pairs of intersecting long and slender inclined surfaces (referred to as line-like irregularities or prisms) 4g, 4h are provided. Since the intersection (which is called the apex of the prism) 4i of the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h extends from the incident surface 4e toward the boundary surface 4f, the vertical direction of the incident portion 4IN The dimensions can be reduced, which can contribute to the downsizing of the backlight device. In the present embodiment shown in FIGS. 3 to 13, the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h constitute the light leakage reduction shape 4M. Although not shown in some drawings, when a gap surface 4x is formed between a pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h as will be described later, the gap surface 4x also has a light leakage reduction shape 4M. In addition, when the tapered surface 4p connected to the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h is formed as described later, the tapered surface 4p is also included in the light leakage reduction shape 4M.

  FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a simulation result performed by the present inventor. 5A shows a state where the incident portion 4IN is projected in the Z-axis direction of FIG. 3, and FIG. 5B shows a state where the incident portion 4IN is projected in the X-axis direction of FIG. . According to FIG. 5, it is understood that the light incident on the incident portion 4IN is directed to the exit surface while being reflected in the order of R1 to R10 between the prism on the top surface 4a and the bottom surface 4b.

Here, a preferable form of the incident portion 4IN will be described. 6A is a side view of a portion of the incident portion 4IN excluding the light leakage reduction shape, FIG. 6B is a top view of the incident portion 4IN, and FIG. 6C is a light leakage. It is the figure which took out only the part of a reduced shape, and is the enlarged view which looked at a pair of inclined surface 4g, 4h toward the boundary surface side. The height dimension on the incident surface 4e is D1, the height direction dimension on the boundary surface 4f is D2, the distance (full length) between the incident surface 4e and the boundary surface 4f is L3, and the incident surface 4e and the top surface 4a. When the angle between the incident surface 4e and the bottom surface 4b is θ2, the smaller one of the angles θ1 and θ2 falls below the upper limit of the following formula (1), It is preferable to reduce the total length L3 of the portion 4IN and to exceed the lower limit value because the total reflection condition is easily satisfied.
70 ° <θ <90 ° (1)

Further, it is preferable that the area of the incident surface 4e is larger than the area of the boundary surface 4f because light can be efficiently distributed. That is, it is preferable to design the incident portion 4IN so that the following expression is established when the width direction dimension of the incident surface 4e is L1 and the width direction dimension of the boundary surface 4f is L2.
L1 × D1 ≦ L2 × D2 (2)

In FIG. 6B, it is preferable that the angle γ formed by the center line of the incident portion 4IN and the apex of the prism having the light leakage reduction shape satisfy the following expression, because the total reflection condition is easily satisfied. The angle γ is effective even at 0 °.
0 ° ≦ γ ≦ 40 ° (3)

The angle β formed by the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h in FIG. 6C is more than the lower limit value of the following expression, so that the total reflection condition can be easily satisfied, and the angle β of the incident portion 4IN is less than the upper limit value. The height can be suppressed.
100 ° ≦ β ≦ 170 ° (4)

  FIG. 7 is a side view of an incident portion according to a modification of the present embodiment. As shown in FIG. 7A, the angle θ1 formed by the top surface 4a of the incident portion 4IN with respect to the incident surface of the incident portion 4IN facing the emission surface of the LED 2, and the bottom surface 4b of the incident portion 4IN. Not only when the angle θ2 is equal, but also as shown in FIG. 7B, the angle θ1 formed by the top surface 4a of the incident portion 4IN with respect to the incident surface of the incident portion 4IN and the bottom surface of the incident portion 4IN. The angle θ2 formed with 4b may be varied. Further, as shown in FIG. 7C, an angle θ1 (or θ2) formed by the top surface 4a (or the bottom surface 4b) of the incident portion 4IN with respect to the incident surface of the incident portion 4IN can be an obtuse angle. .

  FIG. 8 is an enlarged view showing the top surface of the incident portion according to the modification of the present embodiment. As shown in FIG. 8A, the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h may stand up at different angles as shown in FIG. 8B, as well as when they stand up at the same angle with respect to the horizontal plane. Further, as shown in FIG. 8 (c), a plane 4j may be arranged between adjacent prisms, or as shown in FIG. 8 (d), the intersection 4i of the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h may be a plane. good. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 8E, the surface of the prism may be a curved surface. In such a case, the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h are smoothly connected at the intersection. In addition, the shapes of these modified examples can be configured to appear in the middle of the length direction (depth direction) of the light guide, for example, or can be configured to combine a plurality of shapes by switching from the middle.

  FIG. 9 is a top view of an incident portion according to a modification of the present embodiment. As shown in FIG. 9 (a), the intersection 4i, which is the apex of the prism, extends not only when inclined to both sides with respect to the center line of the incident portion 4IN, but also as shown in FIG. 9 (b). Further, it may extend parallel to the center line of the incident portion 4IN, or may extend in a direction inclined with respect to the center line of the incident portion 4IN, as shown in FIG. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 9D, the intersecting portions 4i may extend radially, or may extend so as to draw a curve instead of a straight line. Further, as shown in FIGS. 9E and 9F, the side surfaces 4c and 4d of the incident portion 4IN may be curved surfaces. The dotted lines in FIGS. 9B, 9C and 9D represent the valleys (valley ridge lines) of the prism. For example, in FIG. 9A, the valleys of the prism are omitted. .

  FIG. 10 is a perspective view of an incident part according to another embodiment, and FIG. 11 is a top view of the incident part shown in FIG. Similarly, in FIG. 10, the thickness direction of the light guide plate 4 is the vertical direction (Y direction), and the width direction of the light guide plate 4 is the left and right direction (X direction). The incident portion 4IN integrally formed from a transparent resin such as PC, PMMA, or cycloolefin polymer has a top surface 4a, a bottom surface 4b, side surfaces 4c, and 4d, and an incident surface 4e and a boundary surface 4f that intersect these. And have. Here, as a conceptual boundary between the incident portion 4IN and the emission portion 4OT, a surface defined to be parallel to the incident surface 4e is defined as a boundary surface 4f, but this is not exposed to the outside. Furthermore, a part of the top surface 4a is deformed, and a plurality of pairs of a pair of slender inclined surfaces (which are referred to as streaky irregularities or prisms) 4g and 4h are provided, and an intersection of the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h. 4i (this is called the apex of the prism) extends from the incident surface 4e toward the boundary surface 4f. Further, an intersection between adjacent pairs of inclined surfaces 4h and 4g is defined as a valley ridge line 4j.

  The incident surface 4e is arranged in contact with or close to the emitting surface 2a of the LED 2 (see FIG. 1). The vertical dimension D1 on the incident surface 4e side of the side surfaces 4c and 4d is larger than the vertical dimension D2 on the boundary surface 4f side, and the horizontal dimension L1 of the incident surface 4e is equal to the boundary surface 4f. It is smaller than the dimension L2 in the left-right direction. In addition, the interval W1 between the adjacent intersecting portions 4i on the incident surface 4e side is smaller than the interval W2 on the boundary surface 4f side. Further, the number of streaky irregularities on the incident surface 4e side is equal to the number of streaky irregularities on the boundary surface 4f side. In the present embodiment, the dimension of the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h forming the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate 4 gradually increases from the incident surface 4e side toward the boundary surface 4f side. ing.

Here, in FIG. 10, when the angle formed by the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h at the intersecting portion 4i is β, the following conditional expression (4) is satisfied.
100 ° ≦ β ≦ 170 ° (4)

  Since it has such a shape, it becomes easy to control the traveling direction of light incident from the incident surface 4e, and various characteristics such as illuminance distribution and luminance distribution on the boundary surface 4f can be controlled according to the purpose. Therefore, unevenness in illuminance at the boundary surface 4f is reduced. Moreover, since the light incident from the incident surface 4e easily satisfies the total reflection condition, the light use efficiency can be improved.

  FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the results of a simulation performed by the inventor. 12, in the embodiment shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the angle θ <b> 1 between the incident surface and the top surface is 89.6 ° as an example of a range satisfying 70 ° <θ <b> 1 <90 °, and the refractive index 1. The result of an example in which the apex angle β of the prism having a light leakage reduction shape is changed from 90 ° to 180 ° when the incident portion is configured using the resin material of 525 is shown. The apex angle β of 180 ° means that the prism has no light leakage reduction shape and the top surface is flat. In FIG. 12, the vertical axis represents the light efficiency, and the horizontal axis represents the apex angle β of the prism. According to the results shown in FIG. 12, the light use efficiency of 0.44 or more can be ensured when β is in the range of 100 ° to 170 °. Furthermore, in the range where β is 116 ° or more and 165 ° or less, the light use efficiency can be secured 0.52 or more.

  By the way, depending on the backlight device, there is a case where it is desired to relatively reduce the thickness of the emitting portion 4OT of the light guide plate 4. However, if the thickness of the incident portion 4IN is reduced in accordance with the thickness of the emission portion 4OT, the thickness of the valley portions of the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h becomes almost zero, and the strength of the light guide plate 4 is insufficient in the vicinity of the boundary surface 4f. There is a risk of bending or breakage. In addition, problems such as molding defects due to a decrease in rigidity also occur. Therefore, in order to ensure the strength of the light guide plate 4, the boundary surface 4f side of the incident portion 4IN may be formed so as to protrude from the boundary surface 4f side of the emission portion 4OT.

  In such a case, as shown in FIG. 13, the light traveling in the incident portion 4IN is incident from the side surface to the diffusion plate 5 positioned above the exit portion 4OT from the end surface of the protruding incident portion 4IN. There is a possibility that the intensity distribution of the light emitted from the diffusion plate 5 may be non-uniform. In the following embodiments, such problems can be alleviated or eliminated.

  FIG. 14 is a perspective view showing a light guide plate 4 according to another embodiment. In the present embodiment, when the thickness direction is the vertical direction, the boundary surface of the incident portion 4IN with respect to the maximum thickness T1 on the boundary surface 4f side of the incident portion 4IN (that is, the emission portion 4OT) including the light leakage reduction shape. The thickness T2 of the end portion on the 4f side is thin. Further, the dimension D2 in the height direction on the boundary surface 4f side of the incident portion 4IN is smaller than the thickness T2 on the boundary surface 4f side of the emitting portion 4OT. Therefore, a part of the crest formed by the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h adjacent to the boundary surface 4f protrudes upward from the boundary surface 4f. Note that even if the crests formed by the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h to the intersecting lines 4m and 4n where each of the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h intersects the gap surface 4x (that is, the entire light leakage reduction shape) protrudes from the incident surface 3b. However, in order to obtain the effect of the present invention, it is sufficient that at least a part of the light leakage reducing shape protrudes from the incident surface 3b.

  Furthermore, in the present embodiment, among a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces, a gap surface 4x that is a plane extending between two inclined surfaces 4h and 4g forming a valley and extending in parallel with the bottom surface 4b. Is provided. The gap surface 4x and the intersecting lines 4m and 4n of the two inclined surfaces 4h and 4g intersecting with the gap surface 4x are gradually separated from the incident surface 4e side toward the boundary surface 4f side, so that manufacturing is easy. That is, the gap surface 4x has a triangular shape as viewed from above. Further, the gap surface 4x is in contact with the boundary surface 4f but not in contact with the incident surface 4e. Since the gap surface 4x is formed, the dimensions of the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h constituting the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate 3 are gradually increased from the incident surface 4e side to the boundary surface 4f side. After increasing, it gradually decreases (see FIG. 15). Since the angle β formed by the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h is constant over the entire length of the intersecting portion 4i, the manufacture is easy. Other configurations are the same as those in the embodiment shown in FIG. In the present embodiment shown in FIGS. 14 to 16, the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h and the gap surface 4x constitute the light leakage reduction shape 4M.

  FIG. 15 is a side view of the embodiment shown in FIG. According to the present embodiment, a part of the light that passes through the vicinity of the top surface 4a out of the light incident from the incident surface 4e of the incident portion 4IN is totally reflected by the gap surface 4x, whereby the boundary surface 4f. It is designed to pass through. Thereby, the light leaking out of the light guide plate 4 from the end surface adjacent to the boundary surface 4f of the incident portion 4IN can be suppressed.

  FIG. 16 is a graph showing the results of a simulation performed by the present inventors, where the vertical axis represents the light leakage rate, and the horizontal axis represents the incident portion including the light leakage reduction shape with respect to the boundary surface side thickness T2 of the emission portion. Corresponds to the maximum thickness T1 on the boundary surface side. The inventor changed the inclination angle of the gap surface 4x with respect to a horizontal plane (here, a plane parallel to the bottom surface of the light guide plate 4) to 0 °, 0.1 °, 0.2 °, and 0.3 °. As a result, it was found that the light leakage rate increases as T1 / T2 is increased under any condition. In addition, according to another examination result, it is known that the light use efficiency is high when T1 / T2 is in the range of 1.1 to 1.5.

  FIG. 17 is a perspective view showing a light guide plate 4 according to still another embodiment. In the present embodiment, among a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces, the two inclined surfaces 4g and 4h that form a mountain intersect with each other, and are in contact with the boundary surface 4f and at a predetermined angle with respect to the boundary surface 4f. A tapered surface 4p inclined to the incident surface 4e side is provided. The tapered surface 4p can be formed by scraping a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h together by a virtual plane Q inclined at an angle δ with respect to the boundary surface 4f. You may make it mutually differ. In the present embodiment, the maximum thickness T1 of the end portion on the boundary surface 4f side of the incident portion 4IN is equal to the thickness of the end portion on the boundary surface 4f side of the emission portion 4OT. Since the tapered surface 4p is formed, the dimensions of the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h constituting the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate 4 gradually increase from the incident surface 4e side toward the boundary surface 4f side. After that, it gradually becomes smaller (see FIG. 18). The angle β formed by the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h is constant over the entire length of the intersection 4i. Other configurations are the same as those in the embodiment shown in FIG. In the present embodiment shown in FIGS. 17 to 19, the pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h and the tapered surface 4p constitute the light leakage reduction shape 4M.

  FIG. 18 is a side view of the embodiment shown in FIG. According to the present embodiment, a part of the light that passes through the vicinity of the top surface 4a out of the light incident from the incident surface 4e of the incident portion 4IN is totally reflected by the tapered surface 4p, whereby the boundary surface 4f. It is designed to pass through. Thereby, more light can be taken in to the emission part 4OT side via the boundary surface 4f.

  FIG. 19 is a graph showing the results of a simulation performed by the present inventor. In (a), the vertical axis represents the light utilization efficiency, and the horizontal axis represents the tapered surface and the boundary surface of the incident portion shown in FIG. In (b), the vertical axis is the light leakage rate, and the horizontal axis is the angle δ between the tapered surface of the incident portion and the boundary surface. As is clear from FIG. 19, it was found that the tapered surface 4p has the lowest light leakage rate and the highest light utilization efficiency in the range of 75 ° to 85 °.

  FIG. 20 is a side view of the light guide plate 4 according to another modification. As shown in FIG. 20, the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h constituting the light leakage reduction shape may be provided on the top surface 4a on the exit surface 4e side of the incident portion 4IN and on the bottom surface 4b on the boundary surface 4f side. . At this time, it is desirable that the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h on the top surface 4a side and the inclined surfaces 4g and 4h on the bottom surface 4b side do not overlap in the vertical direction.

  FIG. 21 is a side view of the light guide plate 4 according to another modification. As shown in FIG. 21A, when the bottom surface 4b of the incident portion 4IN is disposed so as to be inclined with respect to the bottom surface 4s of the emission portion 4OT, the amount of light taken from the boundary surface 4f to the emission portion 4OT side is reduced. And the light utilization efficiency increases.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 21B, when the bottom surface 4b of the incident portion 4IN is arranged on the same plane with respect to the bottom surface 4s of the emission portion 4OT, the assembling property is improved.

  The present invention has been described above with reference to the embodiments. However, the present invention should not be construed as being limited to the above-described embodiments, and can be modified or improved as appropriate. For example, the prism may be provided only on the bottom surface 4b, or may be formed on both the top surface 4a and the bottom surface 4b. Alternatively, the top surface 4a and / or the bottom surface 4b may be planar and a sheet on which a prism is formed may be attached. Further, the incident part 4IN and the emission part 4OT may be separated.

It is sectional drawing of the backlight apparatus containing the light-guide plate concerning this Embodiment. It is the figure which cut | disconnected the backlight apparatus of FIG. 1 by the II-II line | wire, and looked at the arrow direction. It is a schematic perspective view of the incident part 4IN. It is a figure for demonstrating the light leakage reduction shape. It is a figure which shows the simulation result which this inventor performed. 6A is a side view of the incident portion 4IN, FIG. 6B is a top view of the incident portion 4IN, and FIG. 6C shows a pair of inclined surfaces 4g and 4h on the exit surface side. It is the enlarged view seen. It is a side view of the incident part concerning the modification of this Embodiment. It is a figure which expands and shows the prism of the incident part concerning the modification of this Embodiment. It is a top view of the incident part concerning the modification of this Embodiment. It is a perspective view of the incident part concerning another embodiment. It is a top view of the incident part shown in FIG. It is a figure which shows the result of the simulation which the inventor performed. It is a side view which shows the light-guide plate 4 concerning this Embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows the light-guide plate 4 concerning another embodiment. It is the figure which looked at embodiment shown in FIG. 14 from the side. It is a graph which shows the result of the simulation which this inventor performed. It is a perspective view which shows the light-guide plate 4 concerning another embodiment. It is the figure which looked at embodiment shown in FIG. 17 from the side. It is a graph which shows the result of the simulation which this inventor performed. It is a side view of the light-guide plate 4 concerning another modification. It is a side view of the light-guide plate 4 concerning another modification.

Explanation of symbols

1 housing 2 LED
3 convex portion 4 light guide plate 4IN incident portion 4OT emitting portion 4A, 4A ′, 4a top surface 4b bottom surface 4c, 4d side surface 4e incident surface 4f boundary surface 4g, 4h inclined surface 4i intersecting portion 4k emitting surface 4x gap surface 4p tapered surface 5 Diffuser 6 Liquid crystal display element

Claims (17)

  1. A light guide plate integrally formed with an incident part for incident light from the light emitting element and an outgoing part for emitting incident light to the outside,
    The incident portion is an incident surface for incident light from the light emitting element, a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incident portion to the emission portion passes, A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
    The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
    At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
    The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side to the position of the boundary surface and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light emitted from the boundary surface after repeating total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface is incident on the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is It is a shape with a direction component that leaves the virtual plane,
    The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
    The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side ,
    The structure having the light leakage reduction shape is provided so as to protrude from the boundary surface .
  2. The light guide plate according to claim 1 , wherein the light leakage reducing shape intersecting portion is provided so as to protrude from the boundary surface.
  3. 3. The light guide plate according to claim 1, wherein a dimension of a boundary surface side end portion of the incident portion in a thickness direction of the light guide plate is equal to or less than a thickness of a boundary surface side end portion of the emission portion.
  4. The dimensions of the structure having the light leakage reduced shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate, either from the incident surface side of the claims 1 to 3, characterized in that it increases progressively toward the boundary surface A light guide plate according to any one of the above.
  5. A light guide plate integrally formed with an incident part for incident light from the light emitting element and an outgoing part for emitting incident light to the outside,
    The incident portion is an incident surface for incident light from the light emitting element, a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incident portion to the emission portion passes, A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
    The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
    At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
    The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side to the position of the boundary surface and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light emitted from the boundary surface after repeating total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface is incident on the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is It is a shape with a direction component that leaves the virtual plane,
    The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
    The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side,
    The size of the structure having the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is gradually increased from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and then gradually decreased. Light guide plate.
  6. The light leakage reduction shape further includes a gap surface between the two inclined surfaces forming a valley and extending in parallel with the bottom surface on the boundary surface side. The light guide plate according to any one of 1 to 5 .
  7. The light guide plate according to claim 6 , wherein an intersection line of the two inclined surfaces intersecting the gap surface is gradually separated from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side.
  8. The light guide plate according to claim 6 or 7 , wherein the gap surface extends to the boundary surface but does not contact the incident surface.
  9. The light leakage reduction shape intersects the two inclined surfaces forming the mountain, and extends from the boundary surface side and is inclined to the incident surface side at a predetermined angle with respect to the boundary surface. the light guide plate according to any one of claims 1 to 8, further comprising a.
  10. The light guide plate according to any one of claims 1 to 9 , wherein an angle of the intersecting portion of the pair of inclined surfaces is constant over the entire length of the intersecting portion.
  11. Said top surface and said bottom surface, the light guide plate according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that are inclined with respect to the bottom surface of the emitting portion.
  12. The bottom surface, the light guide plate according to any one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that positioned on the same plane with respect to the bottom surface of the emitting portion.
  13. The light guide plate according to any one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that a plurality of said incident surface.
  14. The light guide plate according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the light emitting element is an LED.
  15. Backlight apparatus characterized by having a light guide plate according to any one of claims 1 to 14.
  16. A backlight device including a light guide plate integrally formed with an incident portion into which light from a light emitting element is incident and an emission portion that emits light that has passed through the incident portion to the outside,
    The light guide plate is
    An incident surface for allowing light from the light emitting element to enter the incident portion; and a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incidence portion to the emission portion passes; A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
    The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
    At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
    The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light that is incident from a surface and repeatedly undergoes total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface and exits from the boundary surface enters the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is A shape having a directional component away from the virtual plane;
    The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the emission surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
    The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side,
    The emission part has an emission surface extending in a direction intersecting the boundary surface ,
    The structure having the light leakage reduction shape is provided so as to protrude from the boundary surface .
  17. A backlight device including a light guide plate integrally formed with an incident portion into which light from a light emitting element is incident and an emission portion that emits light that has passed through the incident portion to the outside,
      The light guide plate is
      An incident surface for allowing light from the light emitting element to enter the incident portion; and a boundary surface that defines a boundary between the incident portion and the emission portion and through which light traveling from the incidence portion to the emission portion passes; A top surface and a bottom surface extending in a direction intersecting the incident surface and the boundary surface and facing each other;
      The dimension of the boundary surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is smaller than the size of the incident surface in the thickness direction of the light guide plate,
      At least one of the top surface and the bottom surface is provided with a structure having a light leakage reduction shape that suppresses the amount of light emitted from a surface other than the boundary surface among light incident from the incident surface. And
      The light leakage reduction shape is emitted from the light emitting element when the plane extending from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and extending along the thickness direction of the light guide plate is a virtual plane. When light that travels along the virtual plane out of light that is incident from a surface and repeatedly undergoes total reflection at the top surface and the bottom surface and exits from the boundary surface enters the light leakage reduction shape, the reflected light is A shape having a directional component away from the virtual plane;
      The light leakage reduction shape has a plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces having intersections extending from the incident surface side toward the emission surface side, and the plurality of pairs of inclined surfaces are in the thickness direction of the light guide plate. As seen from the above, including a pair of inclined surfaces in which an intersection extends along the direction of the normal line of the emission surface of the light emitting element, and inclined surfaces arranged on both sides of the inclined surface pair,
      The interval on the incident surface side of the adjacent intersecting portions is smaller than the interval on the boundary surface side,
      The emission part has an emission surface extending in a direction intersecting the boundary surface,
      The size of the structure having the light leakage reduction shape in the thickness direction of the light guide plate is gradually increased from the incident surface side toward the boundary surface side and then gradually decreased. Backlight device.
JP2007017304A 2006-01-31 2007-01-29 Light guide plate and backlight device Active JP5315613B2 (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006022473 2006-01-31
JP2006022473 2006-01-31
JP2006059378 2006-03-06
JP2006059378 2006-03-06
JP2006161188 2006-06-09
JP2006161188 2006-06-09
JP2007017304A JP5315613B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2007-01-29 Light guide plate and backlight device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2007017304A JP5315613B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2007-01-29 Light guide plate and backlight device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2008015467A JP2008015467A (en) 2008-01-24
JP5315613B2 true JP5315613B2 (en) 2013-10-16

Family

ID=39072495

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2007017304A Active JP5315613B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2007-01-29 Light guide plate and backlight device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP5315613B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8400585B2 (en) 2008-07-10 2013-03-19 Omron Corporation Surface light source device and liquid crystal display device
KR101201573B1 (en) 2008-12-17 2012-11-14 오므론 가부시키가이샤 Planar light source device
JP4985787B2 (en) 2010-01-12 2012-07-25 オムロン株式会社 Surface light source device and liquid crystal display device
JP4985788B2 (en) * 2010-01-13 2012-07-25 オムロン株式会社 Surface light source device and liquid crystal display device
JP5556837B2 (en) * 2012-03-15 2014-07-23 オムロン株式会社 Surface light source device and liquid crystal display device
JP6242317B2 (en) * 2014-09-17 2017-12-06 三菱電機株式会社 Surface light source device and display device using the same

Family Cites Families (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05224019A (en) * 1990-10-15 1993-09-03 Hirashiro Yoshimichi Planar illuminator
JP3236631B2 (en) * 1991-01-25 2001-12-10 ソリッド ステイト オプト リミテッド Panel illuminator
JPH11306830A (en) * 1998-04-20 1999-11-05 Mitsubishi Chemical Corp Surface lighting system
JP3160594B2 (en) * 1999-08-05 2001-04-25 日本ライツ株式会社 Light guide plate and flat lighting device
JP4460141B2 (en) * 2000-10-25 2010-05-12 日本ライツ株式会社 Double-sided light guide plate and flat illumination device
JP4252223B2 (en) * 2001-02-26 2009-04-08 日本ライツ株式会社 Light guide plate and flat illumination device
JP2002343124A (en) * 2001-05-15 2002-11-29 Mitsubishi Rayon Co Ltd Surface light source equipment
JP3778839B2 (en) * 2001-10-18 2006-05-24 日本ライツ株式会社 Light guide plate and flat illumination device
JP2004029385A (en) * 2002-06-26 2004-01-29 Kawaguchiko Seimitsu Co Ltd Back light structure for liquid crystal display
JP4080271B2 (en) * 2002-08-01 2008-04-23 シチズン電子株式会社 Light guide sheet and key switch incorporating the same
JP2005063913A (en) * 2003-08-20 2005-03-10 Toyota Industries Corp Light guide plate
JP2006171253A (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-06-29 Kuroda Techno Co Ltd Light guide plate of backlight assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2008015467A (en) 2008-01-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP6285783B2 (en) Light capture structure for light emitting applications
KR101299528B1 (en) Side emitting light emitting diode lens, back light unit and display device including the same
US9798077B2 (en) Slim waveguide coupling apparatus and method
US8210730B2 (en) Surface light source device
US8167474B2 (en) Surface light source device
TWI428541B (en) Surface light source device and liquid crystal display device
US6174064B1 (en) Light guide panel and plane illuminator apparatus
TWI446066B (en) Surface light source device and liquid crystal display device
KR100396612B1 (en) Lighting apparatus
JP5018692B2 (en) Surface light source device
JP5360172B2 (en) Planar light source device and display device using the same
US6746129B2 (en) Light guide plate, surface light source device and display
JP4441854B2 (en) Surface light source device and equipment using the device
CN1253749C (en) Light source device
TWI468800B (en) Planar light source device
TWI504990B (en) Surface light source device and liquid crystal display device
US7385653B2 (en) LED package and backlight assembly for LCD comprising the same
JP3773818B2 (en) Bar-shaped light guide, linear illumination device using the same, and planar illumination device using the linear illumination device
KR100841869B1 (en) Surface light device, image display device and light guide plate
KR100788105B1 (en) Planar light source and image display
KR101236401B1 (en) Illumination device
TWI226956B (en) Plane light source device, expand plate and liquid crystal display
US8301002B2 (en) Slim waveguide coupling apparatus and method
US7303324B2 (en) Backlight module
US8129731B2 (en) Light emitting diode lighting device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20091119

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20110419

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20110420

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20110614

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20120306

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20120502

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20130307

A711 Notification of change in applicant

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A712

Effective date: 20130415

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20130430

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20130611

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20130624

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150