JP5055478B2 - IC tag - Google Patents

IC tag Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5055478B2
JP5055478B2 JP2006053186A JP2006053186A JP5055478B2 JP 5055478 B2 JP5055478 B2 JP 5055478B2 JP 2006053186 A JP2006053186 A JP 2006053186A JP 2006053186 A JP2006053186 A JP 2006053186A JP 5055478 B2 JP5055478 B2 JP 5055478B2
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Prior art keywords
ic tag
antenna
electronic circuit
information
mm
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JP2006053186A
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JP2007233597A (en
Inventor
貴光 中林
健一 二ノ戸
知司 佐藤
博司 兼房
康雄 土井
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凸版印刷株式会社
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/067Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components
    • G06K19/07Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips
    • G06K19/077Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier
    • G06K19/07749Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier the record carrier being capable of non-contact communication, e.g. constructional details of the antenna of a non-contact smart card
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/04Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the shape
    • G06K19/041Constructional details
    • G06K19/047Constructional details the record carrier being shaped as a coin or a gambling token
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/067Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components
    • G06K19/07Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips
    • G06K19/077Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier
    • G06K19/07749Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier the record carrier being capable of non-contact communication, e.g. constructional details of the antenna of a non-contact smart card
    • G06K19/0775Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier the record carrier being capable of non-contact communication, e.g. constructional details of the antenna of a non-contact smart card arrangements for connecting the integrated circuit to the antenna

Description

The present invention relates to IC tags, for more information, for example, the linen articles such as sheets that are used in large quantities in hotels and hospitals, such as if you want to manage individually in handling tasks such as washing, to manage the articles individually It is directed to the IC tag, which is used to.

In hotels and hospitals, a large amount of linen articles such as sheets and bath towels are used. Repeated daily routines such as washing used linen items, storing them until they are used, and sorting and transporting the necessary types of linen items where needed Done.
When handling such linen articles, identify individual linen articles and use history such as materials used, production conditions, production time, production lot, elapsed time after start of use, number of washings, etc. It was considered to manage the linen article appropriately and efficiently by managing the information.

IC tags are used not only for linen goods but also for information management of various goods and goods. An IC tag is an electronic component including an IC chip and an antenna, and is used in a state where it is physically protected by being embedded in a resin or laminated between resin sheets. Information can be electronically stored and read / written in the storage area of the IC chip. Electronic information is exchanged by wireless communication without contact with an external information communication device via an antenna. For example, when an article attached with an IC tag is brought close to an information communication device, the information can be read by the information communication device to identify the article, and necessary information can be read or added.
However, when an IC tag is attached to a linen article, there is a problem that malfunction is likely to occur when a metal foreign object mixed in the linen article is inspected by a metal detector. The metal detection device detects an IC tag containing a metal material as a metal foreign object. From the viewpoint of safety, metal detection inspection is an indispensable task for linen articles that may come into contact with the human body.

There has been proposed an IC tag that is attached to a linen article but cannot be detected by a metal detector. Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. H10-228667 describes that the entire device including the data carrier capacitor and lead frame, which is an IC tag, is made of a nonmagnetic material such as copper or palladium so that it does not react with the metal detector.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-144011

Even when the above-described IC tag made of a non-magnetic material is used, when the linen article is inspected with a metal detector, the IC tag may react and cause malfunction.
If the detection sensitivity is increased by trying to detect even a minute metal foreign object such as a needle piece with a metal detector, even an IC tag using copper or palladium, which is considered to be a non-magnetic material, will react magnetically. There is.
One reason for this is thought to be that the antenna included in the IC tag reacts electromagnetically under the influence of the magnetic field and magnetic field lines of the metal detector. Even if it is a nonmagnetic material, as long as it is a conductive material, it is difficult to eliminate the electromagnetic reaction by the antenna. Further, when the metal detection device has a function of detecting not only a magnetic metal such as iron but also a foreign material made of a nonmagnetic metal, it is easy to detect even an IC tag using a nonmagnetic material.

In order to prevent the IC tag attached to the linen article from reacting in the inspection by the metal detection device, it has been considered that the antenna of the IC tag is made smaller or the sensitivity is weakened. However, if the antenna sensitivity becomes weak, non-contact information communication between the IC tag and the external information communication device cannot be performed well. In the case of linen articles, they may be handled in a considerably bulky state, or many of them may be handled in piles. Therefore, sufficient antenna sensitivity is required for reliable information communication with an IC tag hidden inside the linen article. A highly sensitive antenna must be provided.
The same problem occurs not only in linen articles but also in articles to which IC tags are attached.

  An object of the present invention is to prevent malfunctions in response to a metal detection device even when used for an item that requires inspection by a metal detection device such as a linen article. It is to provide an IC tag that can be satisfactorily performed in a non-contact information communication with a container so that linen articles and the like can be appropriately managed.

An IC tag according to the present invention is an IC tag that stores electronic information and communicates information with an external information communication device in a non-contact manner, an electronic circuit unit that stores and inputs / outputs the electronic information, and the electronic circuit An information communication antenna part electrically connected to the part, the electronic circuit part and a protective outer shell part accommodating the antenna part, wherein the electronic circuit part has a projected area of 0.1 to 2 mm consists of two of the bare IC chip, the antenna unit, the windings of the outer peripheral area 30~1200Mm 2 formed by winding a conductive wire to the hollow spiral of the non-magnetic wire diameter 10~100μm are covered with the insulating coating layer It consists of an antenna and its both ends are joined directly to the bare IC chip of the electronic circuit section.
Each configuration will be specifically described.

[IC tag]
Electronic information is stored and information is communicated without contact with an external information communication device.
It is a minute electronic component called a data carrier, an electronic tag, an RFID tag, or the like. The basic structure is common to ordinary IC tags.
Information communication is usually performed by an electromagnetic induction method. The communication frequency is determined by the IC tag standard. For example, what employs 13.56 MHz is known.
The IC tag includes an electronic circuit part, an antenna part, and a protective outer shell part.
[Electronic circuit section]
Storage and input / output of electronic information. It is a basic structure that performs the operation and information function of the IC tag.

The electronic circuit incorporated in the electronic circuit section includes a memory for storing information, a memory driving circuit for writing / reading information to / from the memory, an arithmetic circuit, an input / output circuit, a capacitor circuit, a power supply circuit, a frequency conversion circuit, an oscillation circuit, etc. Can be included. The specific circuit arrangement and combination structure vary depending on the intended function.
As long as the information function as an IC tag can be fulfilled, it is desirable for the electronic circuit unit to suppress the reactivity with respect to the metal detector as much as possible. Basically, it is desirable to be as small as possible. It is desirable that the amount of conductor parts such as circuits and the arrangement area be as small as possible. Materials and structures that are difficult to react electromagnetically are desirable.

Therefore, in addition to a semiconductor chip made of silicon or the like, a so-called bare IC chip that fulfills the function of an electronic circuit unit only with a single semiconductor chip rather than a semiconductor package or semiconductor module including a printed circuit or an etching circuit. However, it is easy to suppress the reactivity to the metal detector.
Specifically, the projected area of the bare IC chip that becomes the electronic circuit unit is set to 0.1 to 2.0 mm 2 . Preferably, the projected area is 0.5 to 1.5 mm 2 . The projected area defined here is defined as the largest projected area when the projected area is measured by changing the attitude of the bare IC chip. Normally, the bare IC chip has a flat plate shape, and in this case, the plane area becomes the projected area.

The projected area can be accurately evaluated by excluding materials that do not react at all to the metal detector such as non-metallic materials. However, simply, the reactivity to the metal detector can be evaluated with the entire area including non-metallic materials and conductive metals, which is sufficient for practical use.
[Antenna part]
It is electrically connected to the electronic circuit unit and performs information communication with the information communication device.
Basically, a condition in which the reactivity to the metal detector is weakened is adopted in the same material and structure range as the antenna structure in a normal IC tag.
As an antenna structure, a normal loop antenna is basically adopted. In the loop antenna, the antenna wire has a loop shape, and both ends thereof are electrically connected to the electronic circuit unit. When the loop of the loop antenna is single, a plurality of loops may be arranged in a spiral shape or may be arranged in a folded form. The loop length of the loop antenna is set to a range showing appropriate sensitivity characteristics depending on the frequency used for information communication.

The antenna wire constituting the loop antenna is not a printed pattern made of a conductive paste or an etching pattern of a conductive metal thin film, which is usually employed, but a wound antenna formed by winding a conductive wire in a hollow spiral shape. Use.
The wound antenna uses a nonmagnetic conductive wire. Specifically, it is made of a thin wire obtained by drawing a conductive material used for normal electronic parts such as conductive metals such as Cu, Al, Ag, Pd, Au, and Pt and alloys thereof. Cu or Cu alloy is preferable in terms of cost and performance. Even if it is a conductive material, Fe or Ni showing strong magnetism is not used because of its high reactivity to the metal detector.

The cross-sectional shape of the conductive wire is usually circular. Shapes other than a circle such as an ellipse, an oval, a rectangle, and other polygons can be employed. In order to reduce the outer peripheral area of the wound antenna and make it difficult to react to the metal detector, a circular shape is preferable. A shape having a larger diameter in the thickness direction than the surface direction of the wound antenna is also preferable. From the viewpoint of workability, it is easy to manufacture a circular shape.
The wire diameter of the wound antenna, that is, the wire diameter of the conductive wire can be set in the range of 10 to 100 μm. If the wire diameter is too thin, it may be difficult to process the antenna shape, the strength may be reduced, or the electrical resistance may be increased to deteriorate the antenna performance. When the wire diameter is too thick, it becomes easy to react to the metal detector. Here, the wire diameter can be defined by the diameter if the cross section is circular, and can be defined by the maximum difference diameter in the case of a cross sectional shape other than a circle.

The conductive wire can be insulated by covering the outer periphery with an insulating coating. The inner and outer conductive wires wound in a hollow spiral shape can be reliably insulated. As the insulating film, the same insulating resin and insulating paint as those of a normal conductive wiring material can be used. The film thickness of the insulating coating varies depending on the required insulating performance and the material used.
The overall shape of the wound antenna is basically a hollow circular shape, that is, a donut shape. Hollow elliptical shapes, hollow polygonal shapes, and the like can also be employed. The outer peripheral shape and the inner peripheral shape can be different. The hollow spirals that make up a wound antenna usually form spirals from the inner periphery to the outer periphery on the same plane, but they are inclined in the thickness direction from the inner periphery to the outer periphery to form a thick tapered spiral. It can also be made.

The smaller the wound antenna, the less likely it will react to the metal detector. However, the sensitivity of information communication may deteriorate. Therefore, when the inner area surrounded by the outer peripheral shape of the winding antenna is defined as the outer peripheral area, the outer peripheral area can be set to 30 to 1200 mm 2 . Preferably, a 50~900mm 2. More preferably, it is 250 mm 2 or less.
Moreover, the outer periphery diameter of a winding antenna can be set to 5-50 mm. Preferably, it is 8-40 mm. More preferably, it is 9-20 mm. Even if the loop length of the loop antenna is the same, if the number of turns of the conductive wire is changed, the outer diameter of the wound antenna changes. When the overall shape of the wound antenna is a hollow circle, the outer diameter of the wound antenna is the diameter of a circle. In the case of other shapes, the outer peripheral diameter can be defined by the average value of the maximum difference diameter and the minimum difference diameter.

The number of turns of the spiral loop in the wound antenna is limited by the antenna loop length, outer peripheral area, outer peripheral diameter, etc., but can usually be set in the range of 3 to 30 times.
In the wound antenna, the overall size of the conductive wire constituting the hollow spiral shape can be reduced by reducing the distance between the inner and outer circumferences as long as insulation is ensured. When the conductive wire is covered with an insulating multi-layer, it can be kept in contact with each other on the inner and outer peripheries.
A plurality of antenna units having different electrical characteristics can be combined with one electronic circuit unit. For example, it is possible to combine two antenna units having different frequency characteristics with different loop lengths. In this case, it is desirable that each antenna unit has the above-described conditions. Moreover, it is desirable that the above-described conditions be satisfied by the entire antenna unit including a plurality of antenna units.

[Protective shell]
The electronic circuit part and the antenna part are accommodated and the physical or chemical protection function is achieved.
Basically, the same material and structure as an IC tag having a normal encapsulated structure can be adopted. It is desirable to appropriately set materials and structures that can withstand the usage environment of the IC tag.
For example, when used for the management of linen articles, temperature, pressure, friction, contact with chemicals in the environment exposed to linen articles during operations such as washing, drying, pressing, or use of linen articles, It is required to withstand light irradiation.

As the material of the protective outer shell portion, a material such as synthetic resin, ceramic, glass, paper material, fiber material, or the like that has low reactivity with respect to a metal detection device and that does not hinder information communication by the antenna portion is used. Electromagnetically permeable materials can be used.
As a resin material constituting the protective outer shell portion of the IC tag used in a harsh usage environment such as an IC tag for linen articles, a polyester resin or the like can be used.
The shape of the protective outer shell portion is set according to the shapes of the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion. Usually, since the electronic circuit part is arranged in the hollow part with respect to the hollow spiral antenna part arranged in a planar shape, the outer shape of the protective outer shell part may be set in accordance with the outer shape of the antenna part.

For example, the protective outer shell portion can be set in a disc shape with respect to the circular antenna portion.
The outer surface of the protective outer shell has a smooth shape with few irregularities, which is effective for preventing mechanical damage.
The protective outer shell portion can also be integrally joined to a pre-manufactured container-shaped protective outer shell portion containing the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion, with the lid closed. When the protective outer shell portion is formed and manufactured, the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion can be arranged in the mold and can be sealed and integrated simultaneously with the forming. It is also possible to employ a method of immersing and pulling up the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion in the resin liquid that becomes the protective outer shell portion and curing the resin liquid covering the outer periphery of the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion. It is also possible to employ a method in which the electronic circuit part and the antenna part are sandwiched between a pair of sheet-like protective shell parts and the sheet-like protective shell parts on both sides are bonded or press-bonded. After the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion are accommodated in the protective outer shell portion having a bag shape, the opening can be sealed after heat shrinkage or vacuum suction. A gap formed between the protective outer shell portion, the electronic circuit portion, and the antenna portion in the assembled state can be filled with resin or the like.

On the surface of the protective outer shell, the identification number and other information of the target article to which the IC tag is attached can be written by means such as coloring, printing, molding, or stamping. Even if there is no electronic information by the IC tag, the target article can be identified visually or a certain amount of information can be obtained. It is also possible to manage target articles by combining electronic information using IC tags and visual information.
[Other structures]
In addition to the electronic circuit part, the antenna part, and the protective outer shell part, the IC tag can be provided with other structural parts and functional parts as necessary.

For example, there is a structure for attaching an IC tag to a target article such as a linen article. An attachment fitting part and an engaging part can be provided in a part of the protective outer shell part. If the threading hole is passed through the protective outer shell, it can be attached by sewing. A mounting member can be embedded in or adhered to the protective outer shell. If the mounting member is made of resin or ceramic, it is difficult to react to the metal detector.
[Inlet]
The IC tag can be manufactured by manufacturing in advance an inlet in which the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion described above are incorporated, and accommodating the inlet in a protective outer shell portion.

The inlet can include various structural members necessary for the IC tag in addition to the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion. In addition, a fixing member such as a resin material that protects and fixes the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion and a protective member can be provided. An independent inlet in which the electronic circuit portion or the antenna portion is protected by a protective member can be regarded as an IC tag.
The inlet does not constitute an IC tag and can be used by being built in or attached to the target article alone. An inlet that does not have a protective member or a fixing member can be incorporated in or attached to the target article as it is. When used with the inlet exposed, it is desirable to provide a member that protects the electronic circuit portion and the antenna portion.

[Use of IC tag]
Basically, like a normal IC tag, it can be attached to a target article made of various materials and structures and used for information management of the target article.
In particular, it is useful for applications in which the target article is subjected to inspection by a metal detector.
In addition to linen articles such as the above-mentioned sheets, underwear, inner wear and other clothing or apparel products, bedding items such as futons, pillows and mattresses, other fabric products, processed foods, agricultural and marine products, etc. Fresh foods, medical supplies such as medicines and gauze, cosmetics, cosmetics, hobbies such as stuffed animals, and packages containing these articles. In the case of a package containing a plurality of articles, there are a case where an IC tag is attached to each individual article and a case where an IC tag is attached to the package considering the entire package as an individual article.

The IC tag can be attached to an article by bonding, sewing, fitting, engaging, pinning, bonding, binding with a string, embedding, or integral molding and encapsulation in the production stage of the article. The mounting technology adopted in the application technology can be applied. There are both permanent attachments that cannot be removed and removable attachments.
<Linen article>
The aforementioned IC tag is suitable for management of linen articles.
Linen articles are textiles that are used, washed, and reused, such as sheets, bedspreads, pillows, pillow covers, pajamas, bath towels, and other accommodation facilities. Similar linen articles are also used in hospitals, beauty salons, sports facilities, and nursing homes. There are also seat covers and tablecloths that are used on vehicles such as airplanes and railways. Work clothes and materials used in various industrial sites such as food and pharmaceutical manufacturing factories and processing factories are also included.

These linen articles are required to manage various kinds of information in any or all of the repeated use stages at the use site from the production stage to the distribution stage. For example, it is required to know the time for disposal by managing the number of repeated uses and the useful life. Management is required to change the washing method and washing conditions according to the materials used and the production conditions. When a damage or accident occurs, it is necessary to know the history so far.
Therefore, it is necessary not only to comprehensively manage the linen article by the production model number and the production lot, but also to manage individual information for each individual linen article. For that purpose, it is effective to attach an IC tag to each linen article.

The IC tag can be attached to any location of the linen article, but normally, a location or form that is difficult to get in the way during use is desirable. Locations and forms that are difficult to dislodge or damage during handling are desirable. For example, if the linen article is a sheet, a button-like IC tag can be sewn to the end of the sheet. It is also possible to embed an IC tag inside the portion where the cloth is bound in a bag shape.
<Metal detection>
A target object with an IC tag attached thereto can be inspected for contamination of metal foreign objects using a metal detector.

As the metal detection device, one having a device structure and functions used in normal industrial applications can be used. As a metal detection mechanism, an electromagnetic induction type and a magnetic induction type are known, and any of them can be used. Usually, the magnetic induction type reacts sensitively to a magnetic metal such as iron, but hardly reacts to a nonmagnetic metal. It is often used in the apparel field, and is sometimes called a meter-reading device by detecting a sewing needle. The electromagnetic induction type easily reacts to nonmagnetic metals. Well known in the food field. One metal detector is equipped with both electromagnetic induction type and magnetic induction type detection mechanisms, and some of them can be switched or operated simultaneously as required.
The detection sensitivity of a metal detector may be expressed by the diameter of a metal sphere that can be detected. For example, in the apparel field meter, the detection sensitivity may be set to such a degree that an iron ball having a diameter of 1.0 mm can be detected. A metal detector in the food field may be set to a detection sensitivity capable of detecting an iron ball having a diameter of 1.2 mm and a stainless steel (SUS) ball having a diameter of 3.0 mm.

  In the metal detection inspection, a detection area of a fixed metal detection apparatus can be arranged so that a traveling path of a conveyor that conveys the target article passes. A metal detector can also be installed in the packaging line of the target article. Inspection can also be performed by moving the hand-held metal detector along the surface of the object. Inspection can also be performed by moving a metal detection device mechanically moved by a robot arm or the like closer to or away from the target article. It is also possible to incorporate a metal detection device into a processing apparatus that performs various types of processing on the target article, and perform a metal detection inspection before or during the processing. For example, a metal detection device can be incorporated into a washing device or a drying device for linen articles.

An IC tag that is less sensitive to metal detection inspection will not cause a malfunction due to erroneous detection of the IC tag as a metal foreign object as long as the detection sensitivity is sufficient to detect a normal metal foreign object.
The inspection by the metal detection device may inspect a plurality of target articles at the same time as well as inspecting the target articles one by one. A plurality of target articles in an accumulated state or a gathered state may be simultaneously placed in or moved through the inspection area of the metal detector.
<Simultaneous inspection of multiple items>
When a plurality of target articles are inspected at the same time, the number of IC tags corresponding to the number of target articles is simultaneously present in the inspection area of the metal detector. The greater the number of IC tags present, the stronger the reactivity and the easier the metal detector will malfunction.

Therefore, it is desirable to reduce the reactivity of individual IC tags as the number of articles to be inspected simultaneously by the metal detector increases. For example, it is effective to reduce the projected area of the bare IC chip used for the IC tag, to reduce the wire diameter of the winding antenna, or to reduce the outer peripheral area and outer diameter of the winding antenna.
Specifically, the number N of target articles simultaneously inspected by the metal detector and the outer peripheral area A (mm 2 ) of the wound antenna of the IC tag attached to the target article satisfies the following expression (1). In this way, an IC tag can be designed.
A <2255 / (N + 1) (1)
<Information communication>
An external information communication device is brought close to the target article provided with the IC tag, and information communication is performed in a non-contact manner between the IC tag and the information communication device.

As the information communication device, one having the same structure and function as those used in normal IC tag technology can be used. The information communication device can be either a fixed installation type or a handheld portable type. If an information communicator is installed in the conveyance path and processing work line of the target article, information communication can be performed sequentially with another target article as the target article moves. If the information communicator has a function that enables information communication to be performed simultaneously or sequentially on a plurality of IC tags, the target articles can be individually connected even when many target articles are stacked or accumulated. It is possible to identify and communicate information.
The communication sensitivity in the information communication device may be set in the same manner as a normal IC tag, or the communication sensitivity can be set higher to achieve more reliable communication.

Usually, the maximum distance at which information communication is possible between the information communication device and the IC tag can be set in a range of 10 to 30 cm.
Information communication and metal detection can be performed separately or simultaneously. Either information communication or metal detection may be first. A composite device in which an information communication device and a metal detection device are incorporated can also be used.

The IC tag according to the present invention appropriately sets the material and shape of the antenna unit that performs information communication without contact with an external information communication device, and the electronic circuit unit that stores and inputs / outputs electronic information. Therefore, it is possible to reliably reduce the possibility of malfunctioning without causing excessive reaction to the metal detection device, and to perform the information communication function, which is the original purpose, satisfactorily without any problem.
Specifically, by using a wound antenna formed by winding a conductive wire in a hollow spiral shape in the antenna section, communication compared to antennas consisting of printed circuits and etching circuits used in conventional IC tags. The reactivity to the metal detector can be greatly reduced without lowering the sensitivity. In particular, by appropriately setting the wire diameter and outer peripheral area of the winding antenna, it is possible to achieve both the above-described good communication sensitivity and low reactivity with respect to the metal detector.

Further, the antenna circuit is directly joined to the bare IC chip by using a bare IC chip having an appropriate projection area for the electronic circuit part for storing and inputting / outputting electronic information. The reactivity with respect to the metal detector in the whole IC tag including not only the part but also the electronic circuit part is remarkably lowered.
As a result, even if an IC tag is attached to a target article such as a linen article that needs to be inspected by a metal detector, it can be used without any problem. The time-consuming work of temporarily removing and reattaching the IC tag from the target article before performing the metal detection inspection becomes unnecessary. Troublesome adjustments such as setting the detection sensitivity of the metal detection device to be low only when inspecting the target article to which the IC tag is attached are also unnecessary.

[IC tag structure]
The IC tag 10 shown in FIG. 1 is used by being attached to a linen article such as a sheet.
The IC tag 10 includes an electronic circuit part 32, an antenna part 34, and a protective outer shell part 20. The overall shape is a small disk like a button, and the entire surface including the outer periphery is a smooth surface.
The electronic circuit unit 32 is a so-called bare IC chip that is formed of an IC chip in which a predetermined circuit structure is incorporated and has a small rectangular plate shape. Although not shown, a memory, an input / output circuit, an arithmetic circuit, an oscillation circuit, or the like can be incorporated as an electronic circuit. The electronic circuit unit 32 itself does not include a power source such as a battery, and receives an electromagnetic wave from an external information communication device and operates with the energy.

  The antenna part 34 is composed of a fine coated copper wire having a circular cross section. The coated copper wire is obtained by covering a conductive wire made of Cu with an insulating coating such as enamel. Such a coated copper wire is wound in a spiral shape on substantially the same plane to constitute a coil. As shown in FIG. 1B, the inner and outer coated copper wires are arranged adjacent to each other without a gap. As shown in FIG. 2, the spirally coated copper wire has an inner peripheral end directly connected to the electronic circuit section 32 as it is, and an outer peripheral end crosses the spiral circle on the inner peripheral side. It is directly connected to the electronic circuit part 32 in a state extended to. Even if the coated copper wires are in contact with each other, since the insulation coating exists, the conductive wires are not electrically short-circuited.

The protective outer shell portion 20 is made of a polyester resin having excellent heat resistance, hot water resistance, mechanical strength, and the like, and can sufficiently withstand the environmental conditions exposed when washing linen articles. When the protective outer shell portion 20 is formed and manufactured by injection molding or the like, the electronic circuit portion 32 and the antenna portion 34 are arranged inside the mold. The electronic circuit portion 32 and the antenna portion 34 are enclosed in the molded protective outer shell portion 20.
[Use of IC tag]
The IC tag 10 is used by being attached to a linen article such as a sheet.
If the IC tag 10 is attached at the production stage of the target article, individual management by the IC tag 10 can be performed at all stages from the processing, transportation, distribution storage, use and disposal of the target article thereafter.

For example, the IC tag 10 can be sandwiched and sewn at the end of the sheet when the sheet, which is a linen article, is sewn. The IC tag 10 attached to the end portion does not interfere with handling even if the sheet is handled by being folded or rolled or used in an extended state.
<Information communication>
The article management of the target article can be performed using the IC tag 10.
Usually, at the production stage of the target article, the IC tag 10 is attached, and subsequent processing, processing, and handling management are performed based on information such as an identification number recorded on the IC tag 10.

  For example, the identification number recorded on the IC tag 10 of the target article is registered in the management database at the stage where the target article is produced or in the middle of the production process. In the management database, information necessary for management such as the type of the target article, the product name, the production lot, and the production date and time are accumulated together with the identification number of the target article. Information such as processing and processing conditions in the production process and results of product tests can also be added. Necessary information can be added at each stage such as shipment, transportation, distribution, and sale of the target article. Among these pieces of information, a part of the information can be written in a storage memory included in the electronic circuit unit 32 of the IC tag 10 or stored in a management database constructed in a management computer separately from the target article. You can also keep it.

Information communication including information acquisition from the IC tag 10 is accomplished by sending the target article attached with the IC tag 10 to the communication area of the information communication device. For example, if an information communication device is installed in the vicinity of a conveyor running surface that conveys the target article, necessary information communication can be performed with the target article that passes through the installation location of the information communication device. Even if there are a plurality of target articles, that is, IC tags 10 in the communication area of the information communication device, the individual IC tag 10 and the target article are identified and information communication is performed with each IC tag 10. be able to. In the case of a portable information communication device, the treatment portion of the information communication device may be brought close to the IC tag 10 of the target article.
<Metal detection inspection>
The metal detection inspection is performed at a necessary stage or time depending on the target article.

Usually, a metal detection inspection is often performed at a stage before a target article is manufactured and shipped. At this stage, when the target article to which the IC tag 10 is attached passes through the inspection area of the metal detection device incorporated in a part of the production line or the shipment line, the metal detection inspection is performed for each target article. . The target article in which the metal reaction is detected is sent to a more detailed inspection process or discarded as a defective product.
Even if the IC tag 10 remains attached to the target article, the IC tag 10 is not detected by the metal detection device and erroneously determined as a defective product. In addition, although the IC tag 10 is not detected, the sensitivity setting of the metal detection device can be appropriately adjusted so that harmful metallic foreign objects can be reliably detected.

The metal detection inspection of the target article includes a case where the target article is inspected one by one and a case where a plurality of target articles are inspected collectively.
When a plurality of target articles are collectively sent to the metal detection device, a plurality of IC tags 10 corresponding to the number of target articles are subjected to inspection of the metal detection device at the same time. As the number of IC tags 10 increases, the magnetic or electromagnetic reactivity increases accordingly, and the detection becomes easier with a metal detector. However, the magnetic action of the metal detection device on the magnetic field for detection differs depending on whether the plurality of IC tags 10 are stacked one above the other or horizontally. Come. Therefore, it is desirable that the plurality of target articles to be simultaneously sent to the metal detection device are arranged so that they are not easily detected by the metal detection device.

  For example, when many linen articles in a folded state are stacked, if the folding method is aligned, the IC tags 10 of all the target articles can be overlapped with an interval in the vertical direction. It becomes equivalent to the tag 10. In such a state, even if a large number of IC tags 10 are present, the possibility of causing a malfunction in the metal detector can be reduced.

The IC tag of the present invention was specifically manufactured and its performance was evaluated.
[IC tag: Example 1]
It has the structure shown in FIG. The protective outer shell 20 made of polyester resin has an outer diameter of 21 mm and a thickness of 2.5 mm.
As the electronic circuit section 32, “I · CODE SLI” (product name, manufactured by PHILIPS, using a bare IC chip having a rectangular plate shape with an area of about 1 mm 2 , using a silicon substrate) was used. The communication frequency is 13.56 MHz.
The antenna portion 34 is formed by winding enamel-coated copper wire (wire diameter 70 μm) in a hollow spiral shape, and has an outer diameter 18 mm, an inner diameter 16 mm, a loop length 640 mm, and a weight 0.021 g. Both ends of the copper wire are directly joined to the bare IC chip of the electronic circuit unit 32 by heat pressure welding.

[IC tag: Comparative Example 1]
A commercially available IC tag [manufactured by Texas Instruments Inc.] was used. The external appearance is the same disk shape (outside diameter 21 mm) as in Example 1. When the resin part of the outer shell is disassembled, an IC chip is mounted on the module board as an electronic circuit part, and a copper wire with a wire diameter of 100 μm is wound in a hollow spiral shape as an antenna part, and is used as an etching circuit on the module board. Was connected.
[Performance evaluation: Information communication]
Using the IC tag of Example 1, the maximum distance at which information communication was possible was measured.
Information communication equipment:
A long range antenna unit [TR3-LA101: manufactured by Takaya] was used in combination with a stationary reader / writer [TR3-L002C: manufactured by Takaya].

Test method:
The information communicator was gradually brought closer to the IC tag from a distance, and the maximum distance at which the data of the IC tag could be read by the information communicator was measured. Multiple tests were repeated.
Test results:
In the case of the IC tag of Example 1, the maximum communicable distance was 17.0 to 20.5 cm. It was confirmed that it has sufficient performance as a communication distance required for an IC tag in a normal usage pattern.

[Performance evaluation: Metal detection]
<Metal detector>
Apparatus A: HN-2630C (iron piece detector, magnetic induction type) manufactured by Hashima. The sensitivity (sensitivity scale 8) is set to detect an iron ball with a diameter of 1.0 mm placed on the inspection surface.
Apparatus B: Nissin make, ND800i, type 91G-06018 (electromagnetic induction type). The sensitivity is set so that a stainless steel (SUS) ball with a diameter of 2.0 mm placed on the inspection surface can be detected.
<Test results>
(1) Device A
Comparative Example 1, which is a commercially available IC tag, was not detected when placed at a height of 0 cm on the inspection surface, but was detected when placed at a height of 3 cm. Since apparatus A has a detection function unit above the inspection surface, the closer to the detection function unit, the easier it is to detect. In a state where the IC tag is attached to the target article, the IC tag is present at a position higher than the inspection surface. Therefore, in Comparative Example 1, there is a high possibility that the device A malfunctions.

In contrast, Example 1 was not detected at all even when placed at a height of 3 cm on the inspection surface. Furthermore, even when the four IC tags of Example 1 were stacked one above the other, no detection was made. It can be determined that there is no problem that the IC tag is detected even if the inspection is performed with the target article attached with the IC tag being stacked.
(2) Device B
Even in apparatus B, Comparative Example 1 was detected at 0 cm on the inspection surface. Example 1 was not detected at 0 cm on the inspection surface. Even in the first embodiment, it may be detected when the height on the inspection surface is increased or a plurality of the surfaces are shifted in the horizontal direction. However, in the normal usage mode, they are not erroneously detected. Can be estimated.

(3) In addition to the devices A and B, the test was performed using an iron piece detector (manufactured by Sanko, APA-750w), a metal detector (manufactured by Sanko, SW-752, SY-752), etc. , B, it was confirmed that Example 1 was not detected even under conditions that would be detected in Comparative Example 1.
[IC tag dimensions and metal detection]
An IC tag having a dimensional condition different from that of Example 1 was manufactured, and its performance was evaluated.
<Example 2>
In Example 1, the antenna portion was wound in a rectangular hollow spiral shape. The outer peripheral shape was 15 × 25 mm, and the inner peripheral shape was 13 × 23 mm. Other manufacturing conditions are the same as those in the first embodiment.

<Example 3>
In Example 1, the diameter of the antenna portion was changed. The outer diameter was 7.5 mm and the inner diameter was 2.5 mm.
<Example 4>
In Example 1, the diameter of the antenna portion was changed. The outer diameter was 33 mm, the loop length was 730 mm, and the weight was 0.023 g.
<Comparative example 2>
In Example 1, the bare IC chip of the electronic circuit unit was changed to a module structure in which the bare IC chip was mounted on the module substrate. The copper wire of the antenna part was connected to an etching circuit formed on the module substrate.

<Metal detector>
A metal detector (manufactured by Sanko Co., Ltd., SW-752) was set to a sensitivity scale of 10, and the test was performed.
<Test results>
(1) As in Example 1, none of Examples 2 to 4 was erroneously detected by the metal detector. Moreover, in the above-described information communication test, any of Examples 2 to 4 was able to exhibit a practically sufficient communication function. However, when the detection sensitivity is further increased by moving the metal detector closer to the detection unit, the first to third embodiments are not erroneously detected, but the fourth embodiment may be erroneously detected.
(2) In Comparative Example 2, it was detected. This confirms that both the antenna unit and the electronic circuit unit must be set to appropriate conditions.

[Simultaneous inspection]
The performance was evaluated when a plurality of IC tags were simultaneously placed in the inspection area of the metal detector.
<IC tag>
An IC tag having the same structure as that of Example 1 was prepared except that the outer peripheral diameter of the antenna portion was set to 33 mm, 17.6 mm, 13.5 mm, and 9.0 mm with the IC tag of Example 1. Example 5 -1 to 5-4.
<Metal detector>
The detection sensitivity of the metal detector was set so that an iron ball φ1.0 mm and a SUS ball φ3.0 mm could be detected.

<Test method>
The IC tags of the respective examples were passed through the detection area of the metal detector on a conveyor on which the metal detector was installed in a state of being arranged in a grid pattern at equal intervals in the front, rear, left and right on the same plane. The same inspection was repeated by narrowing the interval between the IC tags so that the number of IC tags simultaneously arranged in the detection region was increased.
The minimum number of IC tags that cause false detection by the metal detector was measured. The results were as follows.
<Test results>
Example 5-1: The outer peripheral diameter is 33 mm, the outer peripheral area is 830 mm 2 , and the minimum number of erroneous detection is two.

Example 5-2: Outer diameter of 17.6 mm, outer peripheral area of 220 mm 2 , and a minimum of 10 erroneous detections.
Example 5-3: The outer peripheral diameter is 13.5 mm, the outer peripheral area is 116 mm 2 , and the minimum number of false detections is 21.
Example 5-4: Even if the outer diameter was 9.0 mm, the outer area was 38 mm 2 , and the number was 50 or more, no erroneous detection was detected.
Therefore, in the case of an application in which a large number of target articles are sent simultaneously to the detection area of the metal detection device, the outer diameter or outer area of the antenna portion is limited according to the number of IC tags that may exist in the detection area at the same time. It is effective. The IC tag can be designed based on the calculation formula (1) for the outer peripheral area A (mm 2 ).

  The present invention can be used to individually manage information on linen articles such as sheets, for example. It is possible to appropriately manage the linen article manufacturing, sales distribution and handling operations at the time of use by identifying individual linen articles. Even if inspection is performed by a metal detector when handling linen articles, there is no fear of the IC tag reacting and malfunctioning. In addition, non-contact information communication can be satisfactorily performed with an external information communication device when necessary.

The top view (a) and principal part expanded sectional view (b) of the IC tag showing embodiment of this invention Plan view of the antenna unit and electronic circuit unit taken out

Explanation of symbols

10 IC tag 20 Protective shell part 32 Electronic circuit part 34 Antenna part

Claims (6)

  1. An IC tag that stores electronic information and communicates information with an external information communication device in a non-contact manner,
    An electronic circuit unit for storing and inputting / outputting the electronic information;
    An antenna unit for information communication electrically connected to the electronic circuit unit;
    A protective outer shell housing the electronic circuit unit and the antenna unit;
    The electronic circuit unit is composed of a bare IC chip with a projected area of 0.1 to 2 mm 2 ,
    The antenna part is composed of a winding antenna having an outer peripheral area of 30 to 1200 mm 2 formed by winding a non-magnetic conductive wire having a wire diameter of 10 to 100 μm covered with an insulating coating layer into a hollow spiral shape, and both ends thereof are It is directly bonded to the bare IC chip of the electronic circuit part.
    IC tag.
  2.   The IC tag according to claim 1, wherein the conductive wire is made of a nonmagnetic material selected from the group consisting of a nonmagnetic conductive metal or an alloy thereof.
  3.   The IC tag according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the IC tag is attached to a reusable linen article.
  4. An electronic circuit unit for storing and inputting / outputting electronic information;
    An antenna unit for information communication electrically connected to the electronic circuit unit,
    The electronic circuit unit is composed of a bare IC chip with a projected area of 0.1 to 2 mm 2 ,
    The antenna part is composed of a winding antenna having an outer peripheral area of 30 to 1200 mm 2 formed by winding a non-magnetic conductive wire having a wire diameter of 10 to 100 μm covered with an insulating coating layer into a hollow spiral shape, and both ends thereof are It is directly bonded to the bare IC chip of the electronic circuit part.
    Inlet.
  5.   The inlet according to claim 4, wherein the conductive wire is made of a nonmagnetic material selected from the group consisting of a nonmagnetic conductive metal or an alloy thereof.
  6.   The inlet according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the inlet is incorporated in a reusable linen article.
JP2006053186A 2006-02-28 2006-02-28 IC tag Active JP5055478B2 (en)

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