JP4880082B1 - Capsule type vegetable cultivation equipment - Google Patents

Capsule type vegetable cultivation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4880082B1
JP4880082B1 JP2011192758A JP2011192758A JP4880082B1 JP 4880082 B1 JP4880082 B1 JP 4880082B1 JP 2011192758 A JP2011192758 A JP 2011192758A JP 2011192758 A JP2011192758 A JP 2011192758A JP 4880082 B1 JP4880082 B1 JP 4880082B1
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Prior art keywords
cultivation
ring
air
capsule
type vegetable
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JP2013051928A (en
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稔大 細野
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稔大 細野
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/04Hydroponic culture on conveyors
    • A01G31/047Hydroponic culture on conveyors with containers inside rotating drums or rotating around a horizontal axis, e.g. carousels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention provides a cultivation apparatus capable of growing and managing plants day and night with a space-saving design capable of plant cultivation.
SOLUTION: A cylindrical ring 11 having a peripheral wall 12 having a predetermined diameter, an outer peripheral rack 13 that goes around the outer periphery at two locations on both ends of the peripheral wall 12 of the ring 11, an inner side of the outer peripheral rack 13, and A plurality of auxiliary rollers 14 for assisting the rotation of the ring 11 at both ends and the outer periphery of the peripheral wall 12, and an inner periphery of the ring 11 perpendicular to the circumference so as to enter a substantially rectangular cultivation bed 20 for growing plants, A plurality of partition plates 15 facing the center of the ring 11, a cultivation floor 20 disposed and fixed between the plurality of partition plates 15 of the ring 11, a plurality of illumination units 30 disposed in a central axis shape of the ring 11, and A conduit 31 having a length substantially equal to the depth of the ring 11 is arranged on the central axis of the ring 11, and a plurality of illumination units 30 that can irradiate the inner periphery of the ring 11 to the conduit 31 are provided radially.
[Selection] Figure 2

Description

  The present invention relates to a capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus that can periodically harvest safe vegetables in a space-saving manner.

  Conventionally, hydroponic cultivation in which plants are cultivated only with water without using soil has been actively performed. This hydroponics is centered on cultivating plants in a closed greenhouse or indoors. During hydroponics in a greenhouse, variations in sunshine hours due to the season and weather affect plant growth, resulting in variations in the growth period. On the other hand, during indoor hydroponics, indoor lighting time is replaced by sunshine hours, so variation in the growth period is reduced. However, in either hydroponics, when the hydroponics cultivation floors are arranged on one side, a wide space is necessary, and the cultivation place is limited.

  On the other hand, as an apparatus capable of cultivating plants in a space-saving manner, cultivation is performed by rotating a rotating drum 901 on which a perforated plate 906 for sowing seeds of vegetables as shown in FIG. An apparatus 900 has been developed (see Patent Document 1). This cultivation apparatus 900 has a structure in which a cylindrical sprinkling pipe 911 is arranged at the center portion of a rotating drum 901, and a large number of sprinkling nozzles 912 are attached to the sprinkling pipe 911 and water is sprinkled therefrom. The watering nozzle 912 is watering the plurality of cultivated perforated plates 906 while the rotating drum 901 rotates. Thereby, the vegetable seeded by the plurality of cultivation perforated plates 906 sufficiently absorbs moisture and germinates.

  However, this apparatus is intended only for germination of leaf vegetables and is not suitable for growing germinated leaf vegetables. That is, in order to grow germinated leaf vegetables, photosynthesis is required. However, since the cultivated perforated plate 900 is rotated by the rotary drum 901, the direction of sunlight irradiated to the leaf vegetables changes every moment. In other words, it is not suitable for normal leafy vegetables. The reason for this is that, since the leafy vegetables of the plant grow while having straightness with respect to light, the light germination direction of the plants sprouting with the plurality of rotating perforated plates 906 is not constant. Therefore, in order to grow a leaf vegetable of a normal plant, it was necessary to replant to another place at the time of germination, and there was a drawback that it took time and effort.

Japanese Patent Publication No. 04-14924

  The present invention has been made to solve such conventional problems. A main object of the present invention is to provide a capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus that can grow and manage plants day and night with a space-saving design that enables plant cultivation.

Means for Solving the Problems and Effects of the Invention

In order to achieve the above object, according to the capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the first aspect of the present invention, it is a capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus that promotes plant growth by artificial lighting, and has a predetermined diameter. A cylindrical ring 11 having a peripheral wall 12, an outer peripheral rack 13 that makes a round around the outer periphery at two ends of the peripheral wall 12 of the ring 11, an inner end of the outer peripheral rack 13, and both ends of the peripheral wall 12. A plurality of auxiliary rollers 14 for assisting the rotation of the ring 11 on the outer periphery and a substantially rectangular parallelepiped cultivation floor 20 for cultivating the plant are separated from the inner periphery of the ring 11 at right angles to the circumference, and the ring 11 a plurality of partition plates 15 toward the center of, and the cultivation bed 20 which is disposed between the plurality of the partition plate 15 is fixed in the ring 11, a plurality of illuminating portion arranged on the central axis of the ring 11 And a plurality of illuminations that can irradiate the inner circumference of the ring 11 to the conduit 31. The conduit 31 has a length substantially equal to the depth of the ring 11 on the central axis of the ring 11. The portions 30 can be provided radially.
Thereby, the cultivation floor mounted and fixed on the ring can be irradiated with illumination light sufficiently and uniformly, and photosynthesis can be promoted to all the plants on the cultivation floor. Furthermore, the plant cultivated on the cultivation floor can be accelerated early by being illuminated all the time.

Moreover, according to the capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus which concerns on the 2nd side surface of this invention, the water tank 18 which stores water | moisture contents, such as liquid fertilizer, is provided in the lower end part of the said ring 11, The said ring 11 is the said outer periphery type | mold. Water can be supplied to the cultivation bed 20 that has been rotated at least once a day by the power of the plurality of gears and the drive motor 25 that are linked to the rack 13 and passed through the water storage tank 18.
Thereby, a cultivation floor can fully contain moisture, such as liquid fertilizer of a water tank, and can supply nutrients to a plant reliably.

Furthermore, according to the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the third aspect of the present invention, the outer wall 19 that integrally seals the ring 11, the illumination unit 30, the water storage tank 18, the plurality of gears, and the drive motor 25 is provided. It can have the cultivation box 10 to have.
As a result, problems such as randomization of the growing direction by irradiation of sunlight from the outside and pests can be solved.

Furthermore, according to the capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the fourth aspect of the present invention, a door 35 that can be opened and closed is provided in a part of the cultivation box 10, and when the door 35 is opened, the ring 11 By providing a clutch lever 36 that opens a pinion (small gear) 29 linked to the outer peripheral rack 13 and making the ring 11 rotatable, the cultivation bed 20 can be taken in and out and the water storage tank 18 can be absorbed. It can be.
As a result, the ring can be freely rotated by the user, so that plants can be planted and harvested on the cultivation floor placed on the ring, and water such as liquid fertilizer can be easily supplied to the water storage tank. It can be possible to execute.

Furthermore, according to the capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the fifth aspect of the present invention, the air-conditioning box 40 formed with another space is attached to the lower part of the cultivation box 10 and the air-cleaning box 40 is air-cleaned. A function-equipped air conditioner 41 is installed, and a plurality of air projecting holes 33 are provided radially on the outer periphery of the conduit 31 where the illumination unit 30 is provided. The cultivation box 10 can be air-conditioned from the air projection hole 33.
Thereby, the temperature non-adjustment due to contact with the outside air can be solved, and the temperature can be controlled to match the plant. Here, by forming the outer wall of the cultivation box with a heat insulating material, the temperature fluctuation inside the cultivation box is reduced, and the operating condition of the air conditioner with an air cleaning function can be minimized.

Furthermore, according to the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the sixth aspect of the present invention, the air outlet 34 of the cultivation box 10 is provided in the air conditioning box 40, A vent hole 44 for outside air is provided, and the vent hole 44 can be ventilated with outside air through a filter 43. By closing the vent hole 44, air in the air-conditioning box 40 and the cultivation box 10 is provided. It can be only circulation of.
This makes it possible to minimize the effects on the plant due to outside air pollution, etc., and also minimizes the influence of outside air by closing the vents and making the air an internal circulation type even from radioactive contamination etc. be able to.

Furthermore, according to the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus which concerns on the 7th side surface of this invention, the said illumination part 30 of the said cultivation box 10 can be used as LED30A.
Thereby, the ratio adjustment of the red light and blue light suitable for the photosynthesis of a plant is possible, LED can reduce the electric power supplied from other light-emitting bodies, and can save energy. Furthermore, since the LED has little temperature rise due to light emission, it can be irradiated from the vicinity of the plant, and it becomes easy to control the temperature inside the cultivation box.

Furthermore, according to the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the eighth aspect of the present invention, the wheels 45 can be provided at the four corners of the lower part of the air conditioning box 40.
Thereby, a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus can be moved to a free place, and it can avoid restricting arrangement space.

It is a perspective view of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus concerning an embodiment. It is a front view of the state which removed the front wall surface of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus which concerns on embodiment. It is side surface sectional drawing in the front center of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus which concerns on embodiment. It is an expansion perspective view which shows the structure of a conduit | pipe. It is a partial expansion perspective view which shows the structure of a ring and a partition plate. It is an expansion | deployment perspective view of the cultivation floor mounted in a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus. It is a perspective view of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus concerning other embodiments. It is a front view of the state which removed the front wall surface of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus which concerns on other embodiment. It is a front view which shows the conventional cultivation apparatus.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. However, embodiment shown below illustrates the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus for materializing the technical idea of this invention, Comprising: This invention does not specify a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus to the following. Further, in the present specification, in order to facilitate understanding of the scope of claims, numbers corresponding to the members shown in the embodiments are indicated in the “claims” and “means for solving problems” sections. It is appended to the members shown. However, the present specification by no means specifies the members shown in the claims to the members of the embodiments. In particular, the dimensions, materials, shapes, relative arrangements, and the like of the component parts described in the embodiments are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention unless otherwise specified, and are merely explanations. It is just an example. Note that the size, positional relationship, and the like of the members shown in each drawing may be exaggerated for clarity of explanation. Furthermore, in the following description, the same name and symbol indicate the same or the same members, and detailed description thereof will be omitted as appropriate. Furthermore, each element constituting the present invention may be configured such that a plurality of elements are constituted by the same member and the plurality of elements are shared by one member, and conversely, the function of one member is constituted by a plurality of members. It can also be realized by sharing.
(Embodiment)

  Here, based on FIGS. 1-6, the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 which concerns on embodiment is demonstrated. First, FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to an embodiment. The capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 includes a cultivation box 10, an air conditioning box 40, and wheels 45. A device for cultivating plants is built in the cultivation box 10. Further, the cultivation box 10 is covered with an outer wall 19 using a heat insulating material, and a door 35 is provided on a part of the outer wall 19 and a right door 35A and a left door 35B are provided. Thereby, the door 35 is provided so that it can open | release to the magnitude | size which can plant and harvest the plant cultivated inside the cultivation box 10 easily.

Furthermore, an air-conditioning box 40 in which a machine for air-conditioning the cultivation box 10 is arranged is fixed to the lower part of the cultivation box 10. Furthermore, the cultivation box 10 and the air-conditioning box 40 have movement wheels 45 attached to four locations at the bottom of the air-conditioning box 40. Two of the wheels 45 are fixed wheels 45A, and the remaining two wheels are attached with rotary wheels 45B. Thus, the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 is formed by the configuration of the cultivation box 10, the air conditioning box 40, and the wheels 45. Thereby, the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 can be freely moved to a place where it can be placed without being limited to the place of placement.
(Cultivation box 10)

  FIG. 2: has shown the front view of the state which removed the front wall surface of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100. FIG. First, the outer wall 19 of the cultivation box 10 in this embodiment is formed of a heat insulating material having a dome-shaped cross section and a thickness of several centimeters. The cultivation box 10 according to this embodiment has a horizontal outer dimension width of about 200 cm. A cylindrical ring 11 having a peripheral wall 12 having a predetermined diameter is disposed inside the cultivation box 10. An outer peripheral rack 13 that circulates the ring 11 is attached to two ends of the peripheral wall 12 of the ring 11. Further, a partition plate 15 is fixed to the inner periphery of the ring 11 so as to divide the inner periphery into 12 equal parts. In this partition plate 15, a rectangular plate having a predetermined height and length is disposed so as to be perpendicular to the inner wall of the inner periphery in the depth direction of the ring 11. Furthermore, auxiliary rollers 14 are fixed at two positions inside the outer peripheral rack 13 of the peripheral wall 12 at an intermediate position between the partition plate 15 and the partition plate 15. In this embodiment, 24 auxiliary rollers are attached to the peripheral wall 12 of the ring 11 in the front and back. Thereby, the ring 11 becomes an operation in which the auxiliary roller 14 is in contact with the inner periphery of the cultivation box 10 and is rotatable.

Furthermore, a cultivation floor 20 is installed between the partition plates 15 on the inner periphery of the ring 11. The cultivation floor 20 has a medium for cultivating plants, and is installed so as to face the center direction of the ring 11. Thereby, the plant cultivated on the cultivation floor 20 is arranged to grow in the center direction of the ring 11.
(Lighting unit 30)

  For this purpose, a conduit 31 is arranged in the center of the ring 11 perpendicular to the outer wall 19 at the back. The conduit 31 is provided with a plurality of illumination units 30 and a plurality of air projection holes 33 around the conduit 31. The plurality of illumination units 30 are radially arranged perpendicular to the outer periphery of the conduit 31 so that light irradiates the inner periphery of the ring 11. Thereby, the irradiation light of the some illumination part 30 can irradiate uniformly the light optimal for the photosynthesis by the plant of the cultivation floor 20 arrange | positioned at the inner periphery of the ring 11. This is because the growth direction of the plants cultivated on the cultivation floor 20 grows toward the center of the ring 11 by utilizing the instinct of all the plants originally extending toward the light source as the plant ecosystem. Can be made. Thereby, a limited space can be used effectively, and further, space saving can be realized.

  Although light such as fluorescent lamps and LEDs can be used for light irradiation to these plants, the use of LEDs is preferable because the wavelength of light for photosynthesis of plants can be adjusted. As the wavelength of light used for this photosynthesis, red light (wavelength around 660 nm) and blue light (wavelength around 450 nm) are most effective for producing chlorophyll (chlorophyll). In addition, the illumination ratio of red light and blue light is appropriate such that the illuminance is about 10: 1 or 5: 1, and by using the LED, the arrangement of the red LED and the blue LED is determined and the photosynthesis suitable for the plant is performed. be able to. However, it is not limited to red LEDs and blue LEDs, and other color LEDs and white LEDs can be selected. In addition, the LD can be used without being limited to the LED.

  In addition, by using LEDs that emit light with a low-voltage DC power supply, the power wiring can be arranged without difficulty, and the power consumption of the LED itself is as small as several mA to several tens mA, so the wire diameter of the power wiring itself is small. Can be reduced. Furthermore, since the heat generated during light emission is small, the LED can be placed close to the plant. Thereby, effective use and safety of the space can be ensured.

Furthermore, since plants do not always absorb light, but absorb light intermittently, it is possible to increase the growth rate of plants by 20-30% by turning on / off light emission. is there. On the other hand, since the LED can be turned on / off instantaneously, intermittent light emission can be executed. By performing this intermittent light emission, the power consumption of the LED can also be saved.
(Air projection hole 33)

On the other hand, the plurality of air projecting holes 33 are provided with holes for ejecting air blown from an air conditioner 41 with an air purifying function to be described later radially toward the inner peripheral side of the ring 11. Thereby, the temperature environment in the cultivation box 10 can be adjusted to the temperature suitable for a plant.
(Multiple gears)

  The outer peripheral rack 13 provided on the peripheral wall 12 of the ring 11 is rotated by a plurality of gears linked to the drive motor 25 in order to rotate the entire ring 11 once a day at a frequency of one or more times a day. In this method, first, the power of the drive motor 25 is transmitted by the motor side gear 26 to the large wheel reduction gear 27A of the reduction gear 27. The reduction gear 27 is integrally formed with a large wheel reduction gear 27A and a small wheel reduction gear 27B. Next, the rotation of the large wheel reduction gear 27A is transmitted to a transmission gear (not shown) via a timing belt 28 connected to the small wheel reduction gear 27B. In the transmission gear, two pinions (small gears) 29 are arranged at both ends of one shaft, and are arranged between the pinions (small gears) 29 on the shaft and are integrally formed. The two pinions (small gears) 29 are connected to the outer peripheral rack 13 and the power of the drive motor 25 is transmitted. Thereby, the outer peripheral rack 13 interlocked with the pinion (small gear) 29 can perform one rotation at a frequency of once or more a day by driving the drive motor 25.

Here, the outer peripheral rack 13 is arranged in a state of being sandwiched between the pinion (small gear) 29 and the rotating roller 37 in order to reliably transmit the power from the pinion (small gear) 29. The pinion (small gear) 29 and the rotating roller 37 are connected by a fixing bracket 38. Further, the fixing bracket 38 is provided with an adjustment hole 39 capable of adjusting the arrangement of the pinion (small gear) 29. The adjustment hole 39 is provided for the purpose of connecting the outer peripheral rack 13 and the pinion (small gear) 29 or releasing the connection. The purpose of releasing the connection is to make the ring 11 rotatable. The outer peripheral rack 13 and the pinion (small gear) 29 can be switched between connection and release by the clutch lever 36. However, the operation of the clutch lever 36 can be linked to the opening and closing of the door 35. Thereby, putting in and out of the cultivation floor 20 can be easily implemented by making the ring 11 movable during planting and harvesting of the cultivation box 10.
(Water tank 18)

  Furthermore, the lower end part of the ring 11 has a water storage tank 18 including a role as a stand for operating the auxiliary roller 14 of the ring 11. The water storage tank 18 is configured to be immersed and absorbed in water containing liquid manure stored in the cultivation floor 20 when the plurality of cultivation floors 20 placed on the ring 11 come to the lowest end by rotation. Yes. The water storage tank 18 is shaped like a hull and forms a wall so that the auxiliary roller 14 can operate at portions corresponding to the stern and the bow. Thereby, the ring 11 can operate | move smoothly by the rotation by the drive motor 25 or manual rotation.

  Furthermore, the water storage tank 18 is molded so that water containing liquid fertilizer can be stored at a location corresponding to the ship bottom. Such a water storage tank 18 is preferably made of a structure such as FRP (fiber reinforced plastic) or stainless steel because strength against load, prevention of water leakage, and corrosion resistance are required. The ring 11 is preferably made of a stainless steel material that is resistant to corrosion and the like because it touches the moisture in the water storage tank 18. Further, the outer peripheral rack 13 for operating the ring 11 is also preferably made of FRP or the like considering corrosion resistance from moisture and durability due to contact with the pinion (small gear) 29.

In this embodiment, the water absorption into the water storage tank 18 is specified by opening the door 35 of the cultivation box 10, but the water absorption is not limited to this, and a water level gauge such as a float is provided in the water storage tank 18 to supply water. Automatic water supply can be provided by providing piping. Thereby, the water storage tank 18 can always maintain a full water state.
(Air conditioning box 40)

  Next, the air conditioning box 40 arranged at the lower part of the cultivation box 10 is provided with an air conditioner 41 with an air cleaning function and an LED power source 42 for illumination. Further, a vent 44 and a filter 43 are provided on the side surface of the air-conditioning box 40, and the vent 44 has a structure that can be freely opened and closed. Furthermore, the cultivation box 10 and the air conditioning box 40 have a heat insulating pipe 32 that blows air blown from an air conditioner 41 with an air cleaning function to the cultivation box 10 and a discharge port 34 that can discharge the air conditioning of the cultivation box 10. Thereby, the air exchange with the outside air is performed through the filter 43 disposed in the vent 44 and the air conditioning in the air conditioning box 40 and the cultivation box 10 is adjusted. By using the filter 43 used here as a HEPA filter or the like, it is possible to reduce infection of plants from pathogenic bacteria infection of the outside air. Furthermore, since the air vent can be shut off at the time of radioactive contamination or the like, contamination of plants can be reduced by using only the air inside the air conditioning box 40 and the cultivation box 10.

  In the heat insulation pipe 32, the power wiring of the LED power source 42 is also inserted up to the plurality of LEDs 30 </ b> A installed in the conduit 31 in the cultivation box 10. With regard to this wiring, since the power wiring can be made thin, a plurality of wirings can be easily wired to the conduit 31 at the same time.

  At the lower end of the air conditioning box 40, wheels 45 are provided at the four corners. Two of the wheels 45 use fixed wheels 45A, and the remaining two use rotary wheels 45B. Thereby, the position of capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 can be freely moved regardless of the installation location.

  FIG. 3: has shown the longitudinal side sectional drawing of the front center of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus which concerns on embodiment. In the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 in this figure, a heat insulating pipe 32 is arranged in the outer wall 19 that is the right side wall of the cultivation box 10 from the right side wall of the air conditioning box 40. In the heat insulation pipe 32, an air pipe for sending the air blown from the air conditioner 41 with an air purifying function and a low voltage power wiring from the LED power source 42 are arranged. The heat insulating pipe 32 is piped up to the height of the center of the cultivation box 10, and an air pipe and power wiring are inserted into the conduit 31 in the cultivation box 10. The blown-out air supplied from the air pipe is released radially from the plurality of air projecting holes 33 of the conduit 31 into the cultivation box 10. Further, the power wiring is supplied to each of the LEDs 30 </ b> A that are the plurality of illumination units 30 arranged in the conduit 31. Thereby, the light from LED30A can be irradiated to the cultivation floor 20 in the cultivation box 10. FIG.

  An outer peripheral rack 13 and an auxiliary roller 14 integrated with the ring 11 are illustrated above and below the cultivation box 10, and a cultivation floor 20 is installed on the ring 11. Further, the ring 11 on the lower side of the drawing and the installed cultivation floor 20 are in a state of entering the water storage liquid 18 </ b> A in the water storage tank 18. Thereby, sufficient water can be absorbed in the culture medium in the cultivation floor 20.

  FIG. 4 is an enlarged perspective view showing the configuration of the conduit 31. The conduit 31 is provided with an LED 30 </ b> A as a plurality of illumination units 30 and a plurality of air projecting holes 33 on the outer periphery. The left end of the conduit 31 has a closed shape. The right end of the conduit 31 is connected to a heat insulating pipe 32 and closes other portions. As a result, all the air blown from the air conditioner 41 with the air purifying function blown from the heat insulating pipe 32 at the right end is released into the cultivation box 10 radially from the air protruding holes 33. In addition, power wiring to the plurality of LEDs 30A is arranged inside the conduit 31.

  FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view showing the configuration of the ring 11 and the partition plate 15. A partition plate 15 is fixed perpendicularly to the ring 11, and the ring 11 between the partition plate 15 and the partition plate 15 has a water inlet 17. Further, auxiliary rollers 14 that rotate the ring 11 are installed in the center between the partition plate 15 and the partition plate 15 and at both ends of the ring 11.

  The partition plate 15 is substantially rectangular and has a protruding piece 15A on the upper left side as shown in the figure. The protruding piece 15A has two floor fixing holes 15B. Furthermore, a floor holding plate 16 for holding the cultivation floor 20 is installed on the upper right side of the partition plate 15. The floor holding plate 16 is configured by a substantially rectangular floor side wall 16B that is perpendicular to the substantially triangular floor ceiling wall 16A. Thereby, the cultivation floor 20 arrange | positioned between the partition plates 15 is fixed to arrangement | positioning in the back by the floor side wall 16B, and also the movement to the center of the ring 11 is restrict | limited by the floor ceiling wall 16A.

  FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of the cultivation floor 20 placed on the capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus. The cultivation floor 20 has a cultivation mat 21 as a plant culture medium and a mat holding net 22 for holding the cultivation mat 21, and further comprises a mat container 23 as a container for inserting these two points. The mat container 23 has a mesh-like container bottom surface 23A that allows water to penetrate into the bottom surface, and is provided with mat fixing metal fittings 23B that fix the cultivation mat 21 and the mat holding net 22 together at the upper left and right ends. Furthermore, when the cultivation container 20 is arranged on the ring 11, the mat container 23 has the cultivation floor fixing part 23 </ b> C connected to the floor fixing hole 15 </ b> B of the partition plate 15 attached to both sides on the upper left side in a stepped manner. ing. The cultivation floor fixing portion 23C is a slide lock having a slide bar that can slide horizontally, and has a structure in which the slide bar pops out when it is fixed to the floor fixing hole 15B of the partition plate 15. Thereby, the cultivation floor 20 arrange | positioned between the partition plates 15 of the ring 11 is reliably fixed by the cultivation floor fixing | fixed part 23C connected with the floor holding plate 16 and the floor fixing hole 15B.

  The cultivation mat 21 can use a polymer absorbent that can absorb moisture and is suitable for plant cultivation. Further, the cultivation mat 21 preferably uses a polymer absorbent that can be decomposed into soil. The mat retaining net 22 is desirably a large net that allows a plant trunk to pass through.

  7 and 8 show a capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to another embodiment. First, FIG. 7 is a perspective view of another capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 200. The capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 200 uses the cultivation box 10 of the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 in FIG. 1 as a cultivation box 50 having a shape inclined 90 degrees. The lower end of the cultivation box 50 has a wheel fixing part 52 for fixing an air conditioning box 51 and a moving wheel 45 that are approximately half the width of the cultivation box 50 at the right end. Thereby, since the air-conditioning box 51 can be made small, weight reduction can be achieved.

  Moreover, FIG. 8 is a front view of the state which removed the front wall surface of the other capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus. Here, the difference from the capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 100 is that the drive motor 25 and a plurality of other gears are arranged in the upper right part of the cultivation box 50. Thereby, the cultivation box 50 can aim at the effective utilization of space space. Furthermore, the cultivation box 50 has an auxiliary wall 53 that can disperse the load of the ring 11.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100, 200 ... Capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus 10 ... Cultivation box 11 ... Ring 12 ... Perimeter wall 13 ... Outer peripheral rack 14 ... Auxiliary roller 15 ... Partition plate 15A ... Projection piece 15B ... Floor fixing hole 16 ... Floor holding plate 16A ... Floor ceiling Wall 16B ... Floor side wall 17 ... Submerged inlet 18 ... Reservoir 18A ... Reservoir 19 ... Outer wall 20 ... Cultivation floor 21 ... Cultivation mat 22 ... Mat holding net 23 ... Mat container 23A ... Container bottom 23B ... Mat fixing bracket 23C ... Cultivation floor Fixed part 25 ... Drive motor 26 ... Motor side gear 27 ... Reduction gear 27A ... Large gear reduction gear 27B ... Small wheel reduction gear 28 ... Timing belt 29 ... Pinion (small gear)
30 ... Lighting unit 30A ... LED
31 ... Conduit 32 ... Heat insulation piping 33 ... Air projection hole 34 ... Discharge port 35 ... Door 35A ... Right door 35B ... Left door 36 ... Clutch lever 37 ... Rotating roller 38 ... Fixing bracket 39 ... Adjustment hole 40 ... Air conditioning box 41 ... Air Air conditioner 42 with cleaning function ... LED power supply 43 ... Filter 44 ... Vent 45 ... Wheel 45A ... Fixed wheel 45B ... Rotary wheel 50 ... Cultivation box 51 ... Air conditioning box 52 ... Wheel fixing part 53 ... Auxiliary wall 900 ... Cultivation device 901 Rotating drum 903 Support roller 906 Growing perforated plate 911 Sprinkling tube 912 Sprinkling nozzle

Claims (8)

  1. A capsule-type vegetable cultivation device that promotes plant growth by artificial lighting,
    A cylindrical ring (11) with a peripheral wall (12) having a predetermined diameter;
    An outer peripheral rack (13) that goes around the outer periphery at two locations on both ends of the peripheral wall (12) of the ring (11);
    A plurality of auxiliary rollers (14) for assisting the rotation of the ring (11) on the inner side of the outer peripheral rack (13) and on both ends and the outer periphery of the peripheral wall (12);
    A plurality of partition plates (15) facing the center of the ring (11), the inner circumference of the ring (11) is orthogonally divided so that a substantially rectangular parallelepiped cultivation floor (20) for cultivating plants enters,
    The cultivation bed (20) disposed and fixed between the partition plates (15) of the ring (11);
    A plurality of illumination units (30) disposed on a central axis of the ring (11);
    With
    On the central axis of the ring (11), a conduit (31) having a length substantially equal to the depth of the ring (11) is disposed,
    A capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus, characterized in that the plurality of illumination units (30) capable of irradiating the inner circumference of the ring (11) to the conduit (31) are provided radially.
  2. The capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising:
    A water tank (18) for storing water such as liquid fertilizer is provided at the lower end of the ring (11),
    The ring (11) is rotated at least once a day by the power of a plurality of gears and a drive motor (25) linked to the outer peripheral rack (13),
    A capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus characterized in that water can be supplied to the cultivation bed (20) that has passed through the water storage tank (18).
  3. A capsule vegetable cultivation device according to claim 2, further
    It has a cultivation box (10) having an outer wall (19) that integrally seals the ring (11), the illumination unit (30), the water storage tank (18), a plurality of gears and a drive motor (25). Capsule-type vegetable cultivation equipment.
  4. It is a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to claim 3 ,
    Provide a door (35) that can be opened and closed in a part of the cultivation box (10),
    A clutch lever (36) that opens a pinion (small gear) (29) linked to the outer peripheral rack (13) of the ring (11) when the door (35) is opened;
    Capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus characterized in that the ring (11) can be rotated to allow the cultivation bed (20) to be taken in and out and to absorb water into the water storage tank (18).
  5. It is a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to claim 4 ,
    Attach an air conditioning box (40) with another space formed at the bottom of the cultivation box (10),
    An air conditioner (41) with an air cleaning function is installed inside the air conditioning box (40), and
    A plurality of air projecting holes (33) are provided radially on the outer periphery of the conduit (31) provided with the illumination unit (30),
    A capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus, wherein the cultivation box (10) is air-conditioned from the air projection hole (33) through air insulation piping (32) with air blown from the air conditioner (41) with an air cleaning function.
  6. It is a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to claim 5,
    An air outlet (34) of the cultivation box (10) is provided in the air conditioning box (40), and
    The air conditioning box (40) is provided with a vent (44) with outside air,
    The vent (44) allows ventilation with outside air through a filter (43),
    Capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus characterized in that only air circulation in the air-conditioning box (40) and the cultivation box (10) is achieved by closing the vent hole (44).
  7. It is a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to claim 6 ,
    Capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus, wherein the illumination unit (30) of the cultivation box (10) is an LED (30A).
  8. It is a capsule type vegetable cultivation apparatus according to claim 7 ,
    Capsule-type vegetable cultivation apparatus, characterized in that wheels (45) are provided at the lower four corners of the air-conditioning box (40).
JP2011192758A 2011-09-05 2011-09-05 Capsule type vegetable cultivation equipment Expired - Fee Related JP4880082B1 (en)

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JP2011192758A JP4880082B1 (en) 2011-09-05 2011-09-05 Capsule type vegetable cultivation equipment
PCT/JP2012/072271 WO2013035649A1 (en) 2011-09-05 2012-08-31 Capsule-type vegetable cultivation device

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JP2013051928A JP2013051928A (en) 2013-03-21

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013035649A1 (en) * 2011-09-05 2013-03-14 Hosono Toshio Capsule-type vegetable cultivation device
US20150208592A1 (en) * 2014-01-28 2015-07-30 Elizabeth A. Storey Plant-growing apparatus having rotatable modules
JP2016077209A (en) * 2014-10-16 2016-05-16 有限会社ナチュラルステップ Plant cultivation tank, plant cultivation device, and plant cultivation method
CN109310054A (en) * 2016-04-22 2019-02-05 9934294加拿大股份有限公司 Gardening equipment
US10299442B2 (en) * 2015-06-12 2019-05-28 Arc Hydroponics Corporation Rotary plant growing apparatus

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GB2516515B8 (en) * 2013-12-04 2016-10-05 Intelligent Growth Solutions Ltd Automated arrangement to grow plants under lighting in a vertical tower
CN103891544B (en) * 2014-04-18 2016-08-24 王珂 Ecology cylinder machinery package unit for stereo planting
US9961844B2 (en) * 2015-10-16 2018-05-08 Clayton D. Cleveland Symbiotic aquaponic growth system

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JPS57208930A (en) * 1981-06-17 1982-12-22 Kunihiko Murai Rotary type hydroponic apparatus
JPS6094035A (en) * 1983-10-28 1985-05-27 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Plant culture apparatus
JP2006506079A (en) * 2002-11-19 2006-02-23 ストーリー, ベティ Plant cultivation equipment

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JP4880082B1 (en) * 2011-09-05 2012-02-22 稔大 細野 Capsule type vegetable cultivation equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57208930A (en) * 1981-06-17 1982-12-22 Kunihiko Murai Rotary type hydroponic apparatus
JPS6094035A (en) * 1983-10-28 1985-05-27 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Plant culture apparatus
JP2006506079A (en) * 2002-11-19 2006-02-23 ストーリー, ベティ Plant cultivation equipment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013035649A1 (en) * 2011-09-05 2013-03-14 Hosono Toshio Capsule-type vegetable cultivation device
US20150208592A1 (en) * 2014-01-28 2015-07-30 Elizabeth A. Storey Plant-growing apparatus having rotatable modules
JP2016077209A (en) * 2014-10-16 2016-05-16 有限会社ナチュラルステップ Plant cultivation tank, plant cultivation device, and plant cultivation method
US10299442B2 (en) * 2015-06-12 2019-05-28 Arc Hydroponics Corporation Rotary plant growing apparatus
CN109310054A (en) * 2016-04-22 2019-02-05 9934294加拿大股份有限公司 Gardening equipment

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WO2013035649A1 (en) 2013-03-14

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