JP4583813B2 - Lamp unit and flat fluorescent lamp - Google Patents

Lamp unit and flat fluorescent lamp Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4583813B2
JP4583813B2 JP2004165812A JP2004165812A JP4583813B2 JP 4583813 B2 JP4583813 B2 JP 4583813B2 JP 2004165812 A JP2004165812 A JP 2004165812A JP 2004165812 A JP2004165812 A JP 2004165812A JP 4583813 B2 JP4583813 B2 JP 4583813B2
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substrate
electrode
fluorescent lamp
flat fluorescent
side
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JP2004165812A
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JP2005347115A (en
Inventor
剛 伊都
康貴 川島
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Necライティング株式会社
Nec液晶テクノロジー株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a lamp unit and a flat fluorescent lamp used in a liquid crystal display device or the like.

A liquid crystal display device requires a backlight that irradiates light from behind the liquid crystal panel. Such a backlight may be a light source that uses cold-cathode tube fluorescent lamp light as planar light by a light guide plate. For example, a cathode fluorescent lamp is disposed behind the diffusion plate.
Further, conventionally, it has been proposed to use a flat fluorescent lamp as a backlight used in a liquid crystal display device.
For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a flat fluorescent lamp, and FIG. 10 shows a cross-sectional structure of the flat fluorescent lamp described in Patent Document 1. The flat fluorescent lamp shown in FIG. 10 emits light by causing discharge between the electrode A provided on the bottom substrate 100 and the electrode B provided on the upper substrate 101 on the light emitting surface side.
In the flat fluorescent lamp of FIG. 10, a voltage is applied to the electrodes A and B as shown in FIG. That is, a negative voltage is applied to the electrode A and a positive voltage is applied to the electrode B in the period T1. In the period T2, a positive voltage is applied to the electrode A and a negative voltage is applied to the period B.
By applying such a voltage, a discharge is generated in the discharge space S between the bottom substrate and the upper substrate, and a rare gas sealed in the discharge space generates ultraviolet rays, which hit a fluorescent layer (not shown) and are visible. Generate light.
JP 2002-319372 A (FIG. 8)

  The present inventor has found that in the above-described discharge format, a leakage current from the electrode A provided on the bottom substrate may be generated, resulting in a decrease in power efficiency.

Here, the flat fluorescent lamp generally generates a large amount of heat. For example, the flat fluorescent lamp needs to be turned on about 10 to 15 W in order to generate an area of 7 inches. This is more than twice the power of other types of backlights, resulting in greater heat generation.
For this reason, it is necessary to take measures against heat dissipation. However, in order to efficiently dissipate heat when a light and thin design is required like a backlight, a metal frame (chassis) 102 is attached to the bottom as shown in FIG. It can be considered that the metal frame 102 is used as a heat radiating plate by being arranged on the back side of the substrate 100.

However, when the metal frame 102 is disposed on the bottom substrate 100 side having the electrode A and the metal frame 100 is grounded, a leakage current is generated between the electrode A and the metal frame 102, and this leakage current is The present inventor has found that power efficiency is reduced due to power loss.
Moreover, when the leakage current increases, the discharge current also decreases and the luminance decreases. For this reason, if it is going to ensure the same brightness | luminance as there is no leakage current, still more electric power will be needed, heat_generation | fever will increase and a characteristic will deteriorate.
As described above, when a flat plate fluorescent lamp having a conventional structure is simply provided with a conductive member such as a heat sink, a leakage current is generated and power efficiency is lowered.

  Therefore, an object of the present invention is to suppress the occurrence of leakage current in a flat fluorescent lamp.

The present invention is a fluorescent lamp unit comprising a flat fluorescent lamp whose one side is a light emitting surface, and a conductive member disposed on the other side of the flat fluorescent lamp,
The flat fluorescent lamp is
A first substrate on the light emitting surface side;
A second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate so as to form a discharge space;
A first electrode disposed on the first substrate side;
A two second electrodes having a comb-tooth shape and a said two second electrodes arranged to engage each other comb-shaped portion on said second substrate,
One of the conductive member and the two second electrodes is dropped to the ground, and the other of the first electrode and the two second electrodes is connected to a high voltage side of a high voltage power source. It is characterized by that .

  The conductive member is preferably a conductive heat radiating plate disposed on the other surface side of the flat fluorescent lamp. In this case, the heat radiating plate is provided on the other surface side (second substrate side) of the flat fluorescent lamp. As a result, the heat generated from the flat fluorescent lamp can be efficiently released, and even if a heat sink is provided, the heat sink and the second electrode are dropped to the ground, so that the leakage current can be suppressed. .

  It is preferable that the heat radiating plate is disposed close to the second substrate. Since the leakage current is suppressed as described above, it is possible to efficiently dissipate heat by arranging the heat sink close to the second substrate without considering the generation of the leakage current.

  The conductive member can be used as the second electrode. By using the conductive member as the second electrode, it is not necessary to separately form the second electrode, the structure is simplified, and the cost can be reduced.

  The first electrode is provided on the front side of the first substrate, and the first substrate existing between the first electrode and the discharge space is connected to a dielectric layer for dielectric barrier discharge. It is preferable to use as. In this case, since the first substrate functions as a dielectric layer, it is not necessary to form a separate dielectric layer, the structure is simplified, and the cost can be reduced.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to improve the power efficiency by suppressing the occurrence of leakage current from the flat fluorescent lamp.

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 shows a lamp unit 1. The lamp unit 1 includes a flat fluorescent lamp 2. The flat fluorescent lamp 2 has a surface 2a on the upper side (front side; one side) as a light emitting surface. Has been. The lamp unit 1 includes a rear frame (rear chassis) 3 on the lower side (back side; other side) of the flat fluorescent lamp 2, and the flat fluorescent lamp is accommodated in the rear frame 3.
In the lamp unit 1, an optical sheet 4 such as a diffusion sheet is disposed on the lamp light emitting surface 2a as necessary.
The lamp unit 1 constitutes a liquid crystal display device 7 by being combined with the liquid crystal panel 5. The lamp unit 1 is disposed on the lower side (back side) of the liquid crystal panel 5 and emits light from the back side of the liquid crystal panel 5 as indicated by arrows in FIG. The liquid crystal panel 5 is provided with a front frame 9 having an opening 9a corresponding to the liquid crystal panel display surface, and the liquid crystal panel 5 is sandwiched and held between the front frame 9 and the lamp unit 1.

The flat fluorescent lamp 2 generates light by ultraviolet rays emitted by dielectric barrier discharge between electrodes. As shown in FIG. 2, the flat fluorescent lamp 2 includes a first substrate 21 that serves as a light emitting surface, and a second substrate 22 that is disposed to face the first substrate 21 in the thickness direction of the flat fluorescent lamp 2. And.
A discharge space S is formed between the first substrate 21 and the second substrate 22, and conductive layers 23 and 24 serving as electrodes and dielectrics are provided on the surfaces of the substrates 21 and 22 on the discharge space S side, respectively. Layers 25 and 26 and phosphor layers 27 and 28 are formed.

The first substrate 21 is made of a transparent material such as plastic or glass so that light can be transmitted. The first conductive film layer 23 formed on the inner surface of the first substrate 21 and serving as the first electrode is formed as a transparent conductive film (ITO film) so as not to deteriorate the light emission quality. A first dielectric layer 25 is formed on the surface (inner surface) of the first conductive layer 23, and a first phosphor layer 27 is further stacked on the surface (inner surface) of the first dielectric layer 25. Is formed.
The second substrate 22 is formed of a material such as plastic or glass, and on the inner surface of the second substrate 22, as with the first substrate 21, a second conductive film layer 24 serving as a second electrode, The two dielectric layers 26 and the second phosphor layer 28 are formed in this order.
A space between the first substrate 21 and the second substrate 22 is maintained by a frame member (not shown), and a rare gas such as xenon gas is contained in the discharge space S that is a space between the substrates 21 and 22. It is enclosed.

When a voltage is applied between the electrodes 23 and 24 facing the discharge space S via the dielectrics 25 and 26, discharge (dielectric barrier discharge) is generated. Due to this discharge, the rare gas sealed in the discharge space S generates ultraviolet rays, and the ultraviolet rays hit the phosphors 27 and 28 to generate visible light.
In the present embodiment, the first electrode (transparent conductive film) 23 is formed as a film having a conductive material over the entire surface. The first electrode 23 may be a pattern shape such as a mesh shape (mesh shape) or a comb shape instead of a film. However, when the first electrode close to the light emitting surface 23 is patterned, the discharge space becomes the pattern. A simple conductive film is preferable because the position directly above the pattern becomes dark and the light emitting quality is likely to deteriorate due to the occurrence of light and dark. However, when the conductive film is made into a mesh pattern or the like, it is possible to make the light and dark inconspicuous by making the pattern (mesh) fine. Note that the cost of the conductive film can be reduced if it is not a pattern.

  As shown also in FIG. 2, the rear frame 3 is disposed so as to be in direct contact with the back surface 22a of the second substrate 22 (the back surface 2b of the flat fluorescent lamp). The rear frame 3 is made of a metal such as stainless steel or aluminum (made of a conductor) and functions not only as a mere frame (chassis) but also as a heat radiating plate for radiating heat generated from the flat fluorescent lamp 2. Yes. Further, since the frame 3 serving as a heat radiating plate is in contact with the flat fluorescent lamp 2, heat can be radiated efficiently, and an effective heat radiation measure is taken.

The lighting device 11 is connected to the first electrode 23 and the second electrode 24 for the discharge. The second electrode 24 provided on the second substrate 22 near the rear frame 3 is set to a ground potential (zero potential), and the first electrode 23 on the light emitting surface side is a high-voltage electrode.
That is, the lighting device 11 applies a high frequency (for example, a sine wave or a rectangular wave) having the ground potential on the second electrode 24 side between the electrodes 23 and 24, and the first electrode 23 which is a high voltage electrode on the light emitting surface side. Then, a discharge occurs between the second electrode 24 which is a ground electrode on the back side and light is emitted.

  Further, since the rear frame 3 in contact with the second substrate 22 provided with the second electrode 24 is grounded, the rear frame 3 and the second electrode 24 have substantially the same potential. Therefore, even if the metal rear frame 3 is brought close to the flat fluorescent lamp 2 in order to efficiently dissipate heat, almost no leakage current is generated between the second electrode 24 and the rear frame 3. Therefore, leakage current can be prevented while taking heat dissipation measures. In addition, the metal rear frame 3 and the flat fluorescent lamp 2 may be in contact with each other or may be arranged at intervals. When the interval is set, the interval is preferably 2 mm or less, and more preferably 1 mm or less.

Here, the first electrode 23 on the light emitting surface side is a ground electrode, the second electrode 24 on the back surface side is a high voltage electrode, the rear frame 3 is grounded, and an AC voltage (high frequency) is applied between the electrodes 23 and 24. When discharge was caused by application (comparative example), power loss due to leakage current was measured. As a result, a loss of about 54% occurred. When such a loss occurs, the luminance is significantly reduced as compared with the case where there is no leakage current. For this reason, in the comparative example, when it was attempted to secure the same level of luminance as when there was no leakage current, about 1.5 times the electric power was required, heat generation increased, and the characteristics deteriorated.
On the other hand, in the lamp unit of the present embodiment, even when the conductive member 3 such as a metal heat sink is disposed near the second electrode 24, there is almost no loss due to the leakage current. Luminance can be ensured without increasing electric power, and heat generation can be suppressed. In addition, the degree of freedom in designing the lamp unit can be increased because the degree of freedom in arranging the conductive member near the second electrode 24 (on the back side of the flat fluorescent lamp) can be secured.

  In the present embodiment, the second electrode 24 which is a ground electrode is formed as a film having a conductive material over the entire surface. However, as shown in FIG. 3, a pattern such as a mesh (mesh) pattern is used. It may be a shape. In the case of patterning, by making the pattern (mesh) fine, the light and darkness can be made inconspicuous and the light emission quality can be improved.

  4 and 5 show a second embodiment of the present invention. In the second embodiment, electrodes 24a and 24b having a pattern in which two comb teeth are meshed are formed on the second substrate 22 side on the back side. The two types of electrodes 24a and 24b on the second substrate 22 side are both ground electrodes, and can have a wider discharge range and a wider light emitting area than a single comb electrode.

  FIG. 6 shows a third embodiment of the present invention. The structure of the electrodes and the like in the third embodiment is the same as that of the second embodiment. Of the two types of electrodes 24a and 24b on the second substrate 22 side, one electrode 24a is a ground electrode, and the other The electrode 24b is a high-voltage electrode similarly to the first electrode 21 on the first substrate 21 side. As shown in FIG. 6, the electrode 24 a serving as the ground electrode can be discharged between the other electrode 24 b of the second substrate 22. That is, in the third embodiment, two discharge directions between the first electrode 21 and the electrode 24a and between the electrode 24b and the electrode 24a are obtained, and the light emission area can be widened. The discharge between the first electrode 21 and the electrode 24a and the discharge between the electrode 24b and the electrode 24a may be performed simultaneously or alternately. In the case of alternately discharging, it is preferable that the switching cycle of both discharges is so short that it cannot be perceived by human eyes.

The discharge between the electrode 23 on the first substrate 21 side and the electrode 24a on the second substrate 22 side is prevented from generating leakage current because the electrode 24a close to the frame 3 is a ground electrode. In both cases, regarding the discharge between the electrodes 24 a and 24 b close to the frame 3, a leakage current may occur between the electrode 24 b and the frame 3.
However, when a discharge was generated only between the ground electrode 24a and the high-voltage electrode 24b on the second substrate 22 side and the power loss due to the leakage current when the frame 3 was grounded was measured, the loss was about 30%. This value is smaller than about 54%, which is a power loss in the case where leakage current is generated by the discharge between the electrode on the first substrate 21 side and the electrode on the second substrate 22 side, and the second embodiment. Then, the high-voltage electrodes 23 and 24b are on both the first substrate 21 side and the second substrate 22 side, and leakage current is generated only in one electrode 24b.

Therefore, when there are two discharge directions between the first electrode 21 and the electrode 24a and between the electrode 24b and the electrode 24a as in the third embodiment, the power loss is further smaller than 30%. Combined with the wide light emitting area, sufficient luminance can be ensured without increasing the power so much.
As described above, in the present invention, a discharge direction other than the discharge direction between the electrode provided on the first substrate 21 and the electrode provided on the second substrate 22 may be included.

FIG. 7 shows a fourth embodiment of the present invention. In the fourth embodiment, the structure on the second substrate 22 side is different from that of the first embodiment shown in FIG. That is, the second conductive film layer 24 and the second dielectric layer 26 are not provided on the surface of the second substrate 22 on the discharge space S side. However, the second phosphor layer 28 is provided. A rear frame (heat radiating plate) 3 that is a conductive member is disposed on the back side 22 a of the second substrate 22.
In the fourth embodiment, the rear frame 3 functions as a second electrode, and the rear frame 3 is dropped to the ground. Further, the second substrate 22 functions as a second dielectric layer. Therefore, the second conductive film layer 24 and the second dielectric layer 26 can be omitted, and the cost can be reduced.
Further, as a result of using the rear frame 3 of the lamp unit as an electrode of the flat fluorescent lamp, the flat fluorescent lamp of the fourth embodiment is a flat fluorescent lamp integrated with a rear frame (heat sink), and the number of parts of the lamp unit is reduced. Can be reduced.
In addition, the point which abbreviate | omitted description regarding 4th Embodiment is the same as that of the thing of 1st Embodiment.

FIG. 8 shows a fifth embodiment of the present invention. In the fifth embodiment, the structure on the first substrate 21 side is different from that of the first embodiment shown in FIG. That is, the first conductive layer 23 and the first dielectric layer 25 are not provided on the surface of the first substrate 21 on the discharge space S side, but the first phosphor layer 27 is provided. The first conductive film layer (first electrode) 23 is provided on the front side of the first substrate 21.
In the fifth embodiment, the first substrate located on the discharge space S side of the first electrode 23 functions as a dielectric layer for dielectric barrier discharge. Therefore, it is not necessary to form the first dielectric layer 25 separately, and the cost can be reduced. In addition, when the first dielectric layer 25 that is not transparent exists on the light emitting surface side, light loss occurs. However, by omitting the first dielectric layer 25, the emission luminance can be increased.
In addition, the point which abbreviate | omitted description regarding 5th Embodiment is the same as that of the thing of 1st Embodiment.

  FIG. 9 shows a sixth embodiment of the present invention. In the sixth embodiment, the structure of the fifth embodiment is adopted as the structure on the first substrate side 21, and the structure of the fourth embodiment is adopted as the structure on the second substrate 22 side. According to the structure of the sixth embodiment, it is very simplified and the cost can be greatly reduced.

  The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment. For example, the electrode may be present inside the substrate.

It is a cross-section figure of a liquid crystal display device (lamp unit). It is a cross-section figure of a lamp unit (planar fluorescent lamp). It is a top view which shows the electrode pattern example (mesh pattern) of a 2nd board | substrate. It is a top view which shows the electrode pattern example (comb shape) of the 2nd board | substrate of the flat fluorescent lamp which concerns on 2nd Embodiment. It is a cross-section figure of the lamp unit (flat fluorescent lamp) which concerns on 2nd Embodiment. It is a cross-section figure of the lamp unit (flat fluorescent lamp) which concerns on 3rd Embodiment. It is sectional drawing of the lamp unit (planar fluorescent lamp) which concerns on 4th Embodiment. It is a cross-section figure of the lamp unit (flat fluorescent lamp) concerning a 5th embodiment. It is a cross-section figure of the lamp unit (flat fluorescent lamp) which concerns on 6th Embodiment. 2 is a cross-sectional structure diagram of a flat fluorescent lamp described in Patent Document 1. FIG. 6 is an applied voltage waveform diagram described in Patent Document 1. FIG. It is a figure explaining that when a metal heat sink is provided in the flat fluorescent lamp described in Patent Document 1, a leakage current is generated.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Lamp unit 2 Flat fluorescent lamp 2a Light emission surface 2b Back side (other side)
3 Rear frame (conductive member; heat sink)
21 1st board | substrate 22 2nd board | substrate 23 1st electrically conductive film (1st electrode)
24 Second conductive film (second electrode)

Claims (4)

  1. A fluorescent lamp unit comprising a flat fluorescent lamp whose one side is a light emitting surface, and a conductive member disposed on the other side of the flat fluorescent lamp,
    The flat fluorescent lamp is
    A first substrate on the light emitting surface side;
    A second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate so as to form a discharge space;
    A first electrode disposed on the first substrate ;
    A two second electrodes having a comb-teeth shape, and a said two second electrodes arranged to engage each other comb-shaped portion in said second substrate,
    One of the conductive member and the two second electrodes is dropped to the ground, and the other of the first electrode and the two second electrodes is connected to a high voltage side of a high voltage power source. A lamp unit characterized by that.
  2.   The lamp unit according to claim 1, wherein the conductive member is a conductive heat radiating plate disposed on the other surface side of the flat fluorescent lamp.
  3.   The lamp unit according to claim 2, wherein the heat radiating plate is disposed in proximity to the second substrate.
  4. The first electrode is provided in front of the first substrate, and the first substrate existing between the first electrode and the discharge space is used as a dielectric layer for dielectric barrier discharge. lamp unit according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in be had.
JP2004165812A 2004-06-03 2004-06-03 Lamp unit and flat fluorescent lamp Expired - Fee Related JP4583813B2 (en)

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FR2905032A1 (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-02-22 Saint Gobain Luminous and / or uv structure sensibly plane
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JP2005302646A (en) * 2004-04-15 2005-10-27 Lecip Corp Flat discharge tube illumination device

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