JP4580958B2 - Sliding device and an electronic device using the sliding device - Google Patents

Sliding device and an electronic device using the sliding device Download PDF

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JP4580958B2
JP4580958B2 JP2007119715A JP2007119715A JP4580958B2 JP 4580958 B2 JP4580958 B2 JP 4580958B2 JP 2007119715 A JP2007119715 A JP 2007119715A JP 2007119715 A JP2007119715 A JP 2007119715A JP 4580958 B2 JP4580958 B2 JP 4580958B2
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一博 長谷川
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株式会社ストロベリーコーポレーション
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本発明は、回動機能を備えたスライド装置並びにスライド装置を用いた電子機器に関するものである。 The present invention relates to an electronic device using the sliding device and sliding device provided with a turning function.

例えば従来の折り畳み式の携帯電話は、数字キーやファンクションキーを配列した操作部を下側となる本体部の上面側に設け、この操作部のキー操作などにより所定の表示がなされる液晶パネルなどのディスプレイ部を上側となる重合部の伏面側(重合側)に設け、この本体部と重合部とをヒンジ装置を介して連結して、本体部と重合部とを二つ折り重合して操作部を重合部により隠蔽した折り畳み閉塞状態から、ヒンジ装置により重合部を起伏回動して反転し、操作部とディスプレイ部とが露出した開放状態に切り替えできるように構成している。 For example conventional folding mobile phone, an operation unit having an array of numeric keys and function keys provided on the upper surface of the main body portion comprising a lower, due the operating portion of the key operation such as a liquid crystal panel in which a predetermined display is performed provided the display portion on the upper side to become the polymerization unit of Fushimi surface (polymerization side), and a polymerization unit this body portion linked via a hinge device, the operation and the polymer body portion Folded polymerized the part from the collapsed closed while concealing by polymerization unit, a polymerization unit with undulating rotated and reversed by the hinge device, and the operation portion and the display portion is configured to allow switching to an open state exposed.

そのため、従来このような起伏回動する重合部で本体部の操作部を覆う電子機器においては、折り畳み重合してコンパクト化できるものの操作部を隠蔽した重合状態ではディスプレイ部も隠蔽してしまう構造となり、コンパクト化した状態での使用が制限されざるを得なく不便である場合も多い。 Therefore, in the electronic device to cover the operating portion of the main body in the conventional polymerization unit for such relief rotation, the polymerization state of the operation unit and concealment of those can be made compact by folding the polymerization becomes a structure that would conceal even the display unit , in many cases used in compacted state is inconvenient forced limited.

また、操作部を操作する場合には、ディスプレイ部を設けた重い重合部を立ち起こし反転回動させなければならず、この開閉動作(特に開放動作)させずらい欠点もある。 Further, in the case of operating the operation unit must be to invert rotation cause falling heavy polymerization unit having a display portion, the opening and closing operation is also (especially opening operation) Sasezurai drawbacks.

そこで、起伏回動により開閉動作するのではなく、重合面に沿って前後方向に重合部をスライド移動して開閉動作するように構成すれば、重合部の上側面にディスプレイ部を設けることができ、例えば不使用時あるいはキー操作不要時に重合した際においても、言い換えるとたとえディスプレイ部を設けた重合部を本体部に重合して操作部を隠蔽したコンパクト化状態においても、ディスプレイ部が上側に配設され、ディスプレイ部を視認したり、機能させたりすることが可能となり、また重合してコンパクト化した状態から操作部も露出した状態に切り替える場合は、重合面に沿って前後方向に重合部をスライド移動することで行なえるため、この開放動作も非常に容易に行なえ、機器装置として使用用途が広がり、しかも前記開閉動作も Therefore, instead of opening and closing operation by undulations rotation, be configured to open and close operation by sliding the longitudinal direction overlapping portions along the polymer surface, the display portion can be provided on an upper surface of the overlapped portion , for example, even when the polymerization not in use or when the key operation when not needed, in other words even in a compact state in which the overlapping portion having a display portion to conceal the operation unit by polymerizing the main body, distributing the display unit is in the upper is set, or viewing the display unit, it is possible or to serve, also when switching the state where the operation unit is also exposed from the polymerization to compact state, the overlapping portion in the longitudinal direction along the polymerization surface for performed by sliding, the opening operation is also very easy to use versatility and as a device apparatus, moreover also the opening and closing operation 易となる携帯電話,モバイルなどの電子機器となる。 Easy to become a mobile phone, an electronic device such as a mobile.

一方、このように第一部材(本体部)と第二部材(重合部)とをスライド移動自在に連結するスライド装置において、本出願人は、例えば特開2007−71283号により、第一部材に対して第二部材をスライド移動させるだけでなく、第二部材を回動して向きを回動切り替え可能となる回動機能をスライド装置に組み込んだものを提案している。 On the other hand, the sliding device for this coupling the first member (main body portion) and the second member (polymerization unit) slidably move, the applicant, for example, by JP 2007-71283, the first member not only the second member to slide against, and the direction by rotating the second member proposed a rotation switchable to become turning function those incorporating a slide device.

特開2007−71283号公報 JP 2007-71283 JP

本出願人は、前述した回動機能を具備したスライド装置について更なる研究・開発を繰り返し行い、非常に使い易く実用性に秀れたスライド装置並びにスライド装置を用いた電子機器を開発した。 The Applicant has repeated further research and development on a slide apparatus having a rotating function described above, it was developed an electronic device using the Xiu slide device and the slide device to easily practicality very easy to use.

添付図面を参照して本発明の要旨を説明する。 With reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating the gist of the present invention.

第一部材1とこの第一部材1に重合配設した第二部材2とを重合面方向にスライド自在に連結するスライド装置であって、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を重合平行する位置P1から重合交差する最大回動位置P2まで相対的に重合面に対して略平行に回動自在とする回動構造部3を具備し、この回動構造部3は、前記第二部材2若しくは前記第一部材1に設ける回動部材15を前記第二部材2と前記第一部材1との間に設けられるスライド構造部18に回動自在に設けて構成され、この回動部材15の回動に際して突き当たり係合することで前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を重合平行する位置P1から重合交差する最大回動位置P2までの範囲で回動規制する回動規制機構20を具備し、この回動規制機構20は、前記第一部材1に対す A sliding device for coupling slidably to the second member 2 and the polymerization plane direction polymerized disposed to the first member 1 of the first member 1 Toko, the second member 2 against the first member 1 comprising a rotating structure 3 which freely substantially parallel to pivot with respect to relatively polymerization face up turned position P2 polymerizing cross from the position P1 to polymerize parallel, the rotating structure 3, the first It is formed by providing a second member 2 or the rotating member 15 provided in the first member 1 rotatably to the slide structure 18 provided between the first member 1 and the second member 2, the rotation maximum pivot position rotated to rotation restriction in the range up to P2 polymerizing cross from the position P1 to polymerize parallel said second member 2 against the first member 1 by abutting engagement upon rotation of the member 15 comprising a regulating mechanism 20, the rotation regulating mechanism 20, against the first member 1 る前記第二部材2の回動に際して、前記回動部材15に設けた一対の湾曲長窓孔から成るストッパ受部19が突き当たり係合する一対のストッパ部17、若しくは、前記回動部材15に設けた一対のストッパ部17が突き当たり係合する一対の湾曲長窓孔から成るストッパ受部19を前記スライド構造部18に設けて構成され、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2が重合平行する位置P1において一方のストッパ受部19と一方のストッパ部17 のみが係合して機能するようにし、重合交差する最大回動位置P2において他方のストッパ受部19と他方のストッパ部17 のみが係合して機能するように構成されており、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を所定角度回動させるまでは、前記第二部材2が前記第一部材1に対して重合平行する位置P1まで戻り回動す In the second member 2 of the rotation that the pair of stopper portions 17 the stopper receiving portion 19 is abutting engagement consisting of a pair of curved long window hole provided in the rotational member 15, or, in the rotating member 15 It is configured to stop receiving 19 comprising a pair of curved length window opening pair of stopper portions 17 provided to abut engagement is provided on the slide structure 18, the second member 2 against the first member 1 only one of the stopper receiving portion 19 and one stopper portion 17 at the position P1 to polymerize parallel so as to function to engage the other of the maximum rotation position P2 of polymerization intersecting the stopper receiving portion 19 and the other stopper portion 17 only is configured to function engaged, the said second member 2 second for one member 1 to be rotated by a predetermined angle, the second member 2 with respect to the first member 1 It is pivoted back to the position P1 to polymerize parallel Te る戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に重合交差する最大回動位置P2まで進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じる回動付勢機構4を具備することを特徴とするスライド装置に係るものである。 That return rotationally biased occurs, and characterized by including the maximum pivot position P2 to the processing proceeds rotation urging mechanism 4 rotationally biased occurs advances rotates polymerizing intersect on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle those of the slide device for.

また、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を重合平行する位置P1から重合交差する位置P3まで所定角度回動させると進み回動付勢が生じるように前記回動付勢機構4を構成し、この重合交差する位置P3における重合平行する位置P1からの回動角度を45°以下の小さな角度に設定したことを特徴とする請求項1記載のスライド装置に係るものである。 Further, the first member 1 the second member 2 to be polymerized cross from the position P1 to polymerize parallel position P3 to a predetermined angle rotation is allowed and the process proceeds the rotation urging mechanism as rotationally biased occurs for 4 It constitutes, in which according to the sliding device according to claim 1, wherein the set to a small angle of 45 ° or less the rotational angle from the position P1 to polymerize parallel in the position P3 to the polymerization intersect.

また、弾性部材5の一端部を前記第二部材2若しくは前記第一部材1に連結し他端部を前記第二部材2と前記第一部材1との間に設けられるスライド構造部18に連結し、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を所定角度回動させるまでは、前記第二部材2が閉塞方向へ戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に開放方向に進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じるように設けて前記回動付勢機構4を構成したことを特徴とする請求項1,2のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置に係るものである。 Further, connected to the slide structure 18 which is provided between one end portion and the first member 1 and the second member 2 and the other end connected to the second member 2 or the first member 1 of the elastic member 5 and, until it is rotated by a predetermined angle to the second member 2 against the first member 1, the return rotation urging the second member 2 is rotated back to the closed direction occurs, is rotated by a predetermined angle slide according to any one of claims 1 and 2 opposite to proceed to the opening direction is provided proceeds to rotationally biased results rotates, characterized by being configured the rotation urging mechanism 4 and those of the device.

また、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を回動させた際、前記弾性部材5の一端部及び他端部と前記スライド構造部18の軸部14とが同一直線上となる回動位置を境に前記戻り回動付勢と進み回動付勢が生じるように、前記弾性部材5の一端部が前記第二部材2若しくは前記第一部材1に連結する位置と、他端部が前記第二部材2と前記第一部材1との間に設けられるスライド構造部18に連結する位置と、前記スライド構造部18の軸部14の位置とを設定したことを特徴とする請求項3記載のスライド装置に係るものである。 Further, when rotated to the second member 2, and the shaft portion 14 of the one end portion and the other end portion of the elastic member 5 sliding structure 18 is collinear with respect to the first member 1 as biased pivoting occurs proceeds to the return biasing pivoting the boundary of rotation position, and the position where the one end portion of the elastic member 5 is connected to the second member 2 or the first member 1 and the other end claims section is characterized in that setting the position for coupling to the slide structure 18 provided between the second member 2 and the first member 1, and the position of the shaft portion 14 of the sliding structure 18 those of the slide device of claim 3, wherein.

また、前記弾性部材5は左右に連結端5b,5cを有する略へ字状体で構成し、この弾性部材5の左右の連結端5b,5cが互いに離れようとする拡角付勢が生じるようにして、この弾性部材5の左右の連結端5b,5cの一端部を前記第二部材2若しくは前記第一部材1に連結し、他端部を前記第二部材2と前記第一部材1との間に設けられるスライド構造部18に連結して構成したことを特徴とする請求項3,4のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置に係るものである。 Further, the elastic member 5 is connected end 5b to the left and right, constituted by substantially the shape body having 5c, so that the connecting end 5b of the right and left of the elastic member 5, the expansion angle biasing the 5c is about to leave each other occurs a manner, connecting end 5b of the right and left of the elastic member 5, one end of the 5c connected to the second member 2 or the first member 1, the other end portion and the second member 2 and the first member 1 those of the sliding device according to the configuration by connecting to the slide structure 18 which is provided in any one of claims 3 and 4, characterized in between.

また、前記弾性部材5はへ字状の線バネ若しくはへ字状の板バネ又は中間部を巻回してコイル状部5aを頂部に有して左右に連結端5b,5cを有する全体視略へ字状のコイルバネとしたことを特徴とする請求項3〜5のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置に係るものである。 Further, the elastic member 5 connecting ends 5b by winding a coil-shaped portion 5a of the shaped plate spring or the intermediate portion to the wire spring or shaped to the left and right have the top, the overall view substantially having 5c those of the sliding device according to any one of claims 3-5, characterized in that the shaped spring.

また、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を所定長スライドさせるまでは、前記第二部材2が重合閉塞方向へ戻りスライド移動する閉じ付勢が生じ、所定長スライドさせると逆に開放スライド方向に進みスライド移動する開き付勢が生じるスライド付勢機構8を具備することを特徴とする請求項1〜6のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置に係るものである。 Furthermore, the said second member 2 second for one member 1 to be a predetermined length slides, the energized closed occurs that the second member 2 returns slides in the polymerization closed direction, on the contrary to a predetermined length slide those of the sliding device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that it comprises a slide biasing mechanism 8 urging opening occurs that slides proceed to the opening slide direction.

また、弾性部材6の一端部を前記第一部材1に連結し他端部を前記第二部材2に連結し、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を所定長スライドさせるまでは、前記第二部材2が重合閉塞方向へ戻りスライド移動する閉じ付勢が生じ、所定長スライドさせると逆に開放スライド方向に進みスライド移動する開き付勢が生じるように前記スライド付勢機構8を構成したことを特徴とする請求項7記載のスライド装置に係るものである。 Further, one end portion of the elastic member 6 connecting the other end connected to the first member 1 to the second member 2, until the predetermined length sliding the second member 2 against the first member 1 the urging closing occurs to the second member 2 returns slides in the polymerization closed direction, the slide biasing mechanism 8 so biased open arises that slides proceed to open the sliding direction on the contrary to a predetermined length slide those of the sliding device according to claim 7, wherein the structure was.

また、本体部1と重合部2とを重合配設し、この重合した状態から前記重合部2を相対的に重合面方向にすれ違うようにスライド移動して重合面の一部を露出させることができるように前記本体部1と前記重合部2とをスライド装置により連結し、このスライド装置には、前記本体部1を前記第一部材1若しくは前記第二部材2とし、前記重合部2を前記第二部材2若しくは前記第一部材1とした前記請求項1〜8のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置を用いたことを特徴とするスライド装置を用いた電子機器に係るものである。 Further, the main body portion 1 and the polymerization unit 2 Polymerization distribution was set, to expose the portion of the sliding movement the polymerization surface as pass each other from the polymerized state the polymerization unit 2 relatively polymerization plane direction the body portion 1 and said polymer portion 2 are connected by a sliding device to allow, this sliding device, the main body portion 1 and the first member 1 or the second member 2, the said polymerization section 2 those of the electronic device using the sliding device characterized by using the sliding device according to the second member 2 or any one of the claims 1 to 8 and the first member 1.

また、前記本体部1に重合する前記重合部2の上面にスライド方向に長い縦長のディスプレイ部7を設け、TV若しくは映画などの横長映像を表示させる際にこの重合部2を前記本体部1に対して90度回動して前記ディスプレイ部7をスライド方向と直交する方向に長い横長ディスプレイとなる向きに切り換え自在となるように構成したことを特徴とする請求項9記載のスライド装置を用いた電子機器に係るものである。 Further, the polymerization unit of the long vertical to the sliding direction on the upper surface of the second display section 7 to be polymerized to the main body portion 1 is provided, the polymerization unit 2 when displaying the landscape image such as a TV or movie to the main body portion 1 using the sliding device according to claim 9, characterized in that configured so as to be freely switched to 90 degrees rotation to the horizontally long display in a direction perpendicular to the display portion 7 to the sliding direction and orientations for it relates to electronic devices.

また、前記ディスプレイ部7を上面に設けた前記重合部2を前記本体部1に対して前記スライド装置の前記回動構造部3により90度回動した際、前記重合部2若しくは前記ディスプレイ部7の中間位置を回動支点に90度回動して前記本体部1と前記重合部2との重合状態がL字状とならずT字状となることを特徴とする請求項10記載のスライド装置を用いた電子機器に係るものである。 Further, when the polymerization unit 2 provided with the display portion 7 on the upper surface and the rotating structure 3 by 90 ° rotation of the slide apparatus relative to the body portion 1, the polymerization unit 2 or the display section 7 slide according to claim 10, wherein the polymerization state of the intermediate position 90 degrees to the rotation fulcrum pivoting to said body portion 1 and with the polymerization unit 2 is characterized by comprising a T-shaped not an L-shaped those of the electronic apparatus using the device.

本発明は上述のように構成したから、第一部材に対してスライド移動させる第二部材を回動させて向きを切り替えることができ、しかも、第一部材に対して第二部材を所定角度回動させるまでは、前記第二部材が前記第一部材に対して戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じるから、第一部材に対して第二部材を所定角度回動させるだけで進み回動付勢が生じて自動的に所望の状態が簡易且つ迅速に得られることになり、しかも、この戻り回動付勢と進み回動付勢によりどの状態においても第一部材に対して回動自在に設けた第二部材がふらつくことが可及的に防止されることになるなど極めて画期的なスライド装置並びにスライド装置を用いた電子機器となる。 Since the present invention is configured as described above, the second member is slid relative to the first member is rotated can be switched direction, moreover, the second member at a predetermined angle round with respect to the first member until it is moving, the return rotation urging of return rotation occurs the second member relative to the first member, since urging proceeds rotation pivots proceeds on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle occurs, will be automatically desired condition occurs, the processing advances rotationally urged only by a predetermined angle rotates the second member relative to the first member can be obtained easily and quickly, yet, this return rotation urging and proceeds very innovative sliding device and sliding the like also becomes possible that the wobbling the second member provided rotatably relative to the first member are prevented as much as possible in any state by rotationally biased the electronic apparatus using the device.

また、請求項2記載の発明においては、第一部材に対して第二部材を多く回動させなくても、例えば第一部材を持つ指で第二部材を僅かに回動させるだけで、予め設定された所定の状態となるまで自動的に回動することになるなど非常に操作性に秀れたスライド装置となる。 In the invention of claim 2, wherein, even without much turning of the second member relative to the first member, simply by slightly rotating the second member with a finger having for example a first member, in advance the su slide device very operability etc. will automatically rotate until set predetermined conditions.

また、請求項3,4,5,6記載の発明においては、更に簡易な構成で、本発明を容易に実現できる一層秀れたスライド装置となる。 In the invention of claim 3, 4, 5, 6, further with a simple structure, it becomes more soo slide device can be easily implement the present invention.

また、請求項7,8記載の発明においては、スライド付勢機構により、第一部材に対して第二部材を所定長スライドさせるまでは、第二部材が重合閉塞方向へ戻り動する閉じ付勢が生じ、所定長スライドさせると逆に開放スライド方向に進み動する開き付勢が生じる。 In the invention of claim 7 and 8, wherein, the slide biasing mechanism, the second member relative to the first member to be the predetermined length slide biasing closed the second member moving back into the polymerization closed direction occurs, biased open occurs to dynamic advances a predetermined length slid to the opening slide direction is reversed.

即ち、第一部材と第二部材とをスライド開閉自在に重合するスライド装置において、仮に重合閉塞位置やスライド開放位置に位置決め機構を設けずとも、簡単な構成によってスライド閉塞付勢がなされて閉塞保持されることとなり、しかも所定長開放スライドさせれば逆に自動的に開放方向に開き付勢が生じ、開放動作が軽くなったり、設計によっては手を放しても自動的にスライド開放するように構成できることとなる。 That is, in the sliding apparatus for polymerizing the first and second members slide openably, if without providing a positioning mechanism for the polymerization closed position or slide open position, closed held biased slide closure is made with a simple configuration is the thing now, yet if brought into a predetermined length opened slide automatically biased open occurs in the opening direction to the contrary, the opening or operation becomes lighter, to automatically slide open even let go by the design so that the it can be configured.

言い換えると、閉じ付勢と開き付勢の双方が夫々閉じ側と開き側の所定範囲で生じて、スライド部材がスライド途中でふらつくことがないように設計可能となる。 In other words, both the biased open and closed urging is caused in a predetermined range of the open side and each closing side, the slide member is possible designed so as not to fluctuate in the middle slide.

しかも、このスライド付勢機構により第一部材に対する第二部材のスライド開放が良好に行え、且つ、前述した回動付勢機構により第一部材に対する第二部材の回動が良好に行えることになり、よって、第一部材に対して第二部材をスライド開放させた一の使用状態とする操作が簡易且つ迅速行えるのは勿論、更に、この一の使用状態とした後に得られる第一部材に対して第二部材を相対的に重合面に対して略平行に回動させた他の使用状態とする操作も一連の動きの中で簡易且つ迅速行えることになる。 Moreover, the slide biasing mechanism by sliding the opening of the second member relative to the first member is favorably performed, and results in that the rotation of the second member allows good for the first member by the rotation urging mechanism described above , therefore, the operations that one uses a state in which the second member is slid open to the first member can be performed easily and quickly, of course, further to the first member obtained after this first use state operations that other uses state of substantially not parallel to pivot the second member with respect to relatively polymerization surface Te also be performed easily and rapidly in a series of movements. つまり、例えば第一部材を持つ手の親指を使って第二部材をスライド付勢を伴いスライド開放させ、その後、この第二部材2を親指を使って回動させることで回動付勢を伴い重合交差する最大回動位置P3まで回動させることができる。 That is, for example the second member with the thumb of the hand holding the first member is slid open with a slide urging, then, with the attached rotation bias by rotating with the thumb of the second member 2 it can be rotated to the maximum rotation position P3 to polymerize crossing.

また、請求項9,10,11記載の発明においては、前述のような作用効果を発揮する画期的な電子機器を提供できることとなる。 In the invention of claim 9, 10, 11, wherein, the ability to provide innovative electronic device that exerts effects as described above.

好適と考える本発明の実施形態(発明をどのように実施するか)を、図面に基づいて本発明の作用を示して簡単に説明する。 The embodiments of the present invention considered to be preferred (how to implement the invention) will be briefly described show the effect of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

本発明は、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を重合面方向にスライドすることができ、更に、回動構造部3により第一部材1に対して第二部材2を相対的に重合面に対して略平行に回動することができる。 The present invention is, with respect to the first member 1 and second member 2 can slide in the polymerization plane direction, further, relatively polymerizing the second member 2 against the first member 1 by the rotation structure 3 can be substantially parallel to pivot with respect to the plane.

また、回動構造部3は、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を所定角度回動させるまでは、第二部材2が第一部材1に対して戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じる回動付勢機構4を具備している。 Also, pivot structure unit 3, the second member 2 against the first member 1 to be rotated by a predetermined angle, the process returns rotation urging the second member 2 is returned rotate with respect to the first member 1 occurs, are provided with a rotation urging mechanism 4 rotationally biased occurs advances rotated proceeds on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle.

従って、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を所定角度回動させるだけで進み回動付勢が生じて自動的に所望の状態が簡易且つ迅速に得られることになり、しかも、この回動付勢機構4の戻り回動付勢と進み回動付勢によりどの状態においても第一部材1に対して回動自在に設けた第二部材2がふらつくことが可及的に防止されることになる。 Therefore, automatically a desired condition occurs, the processing advances rotationally biased only by the second member 2 to a predetermined angle rotation with respect to the first member 1 will be obtained easily and quickly, yet, this dose that the second member 2 fluctuates is prevented as much as possible provided rotatably relative to the first member 1 in any state by the rotation urging proceeds back rotation urging dynamic biasing mechanism 4 It will be.

言い換えると、例えば第一部材1に対して第二部材2を最後まで手動で回動させる必要は無く、例えば第一部材1を持つ指(親指)で第二部材2を僅かに所定角度回動させると進み回動付勢により自動的に回動することになるから非常に操作性に秀れることになり、しかも、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を回動自在に設けることでふらつきという問題が生じ得るが、このふらつきに関して第一部材1に対する第二部材2の回動を規制するクリック構造等を別途設ける必要がなく、前述した操作性の向上に寄与する回動付勢機構4の戻り回動付勢と進み回動付勢により、第一部材1に対する第二部材2のふらつきは可及的に防止されることになる。 In other words, for example, in the need to rotate manually the second member 2 to the end with respect to the first member 1 without, for example, slightly rotated by a predetermined angle to the second member 2 with a finger (thumb) having a first member 1 automatically turn Xiu is that very operability because will rotate with proceeds by rotationally biased to, moreover, by providing the second member 2 against the first member 1 rotatably problem fluctuation may occur, but this is not necessary to separately provide a click structure or the like for restricting the rotation of the second member 2 against the first member 1 with respect to fluctuation contributes rotation urging mechanism improvement in operability as described above and advances rotationally biased and 4 return rotation urging, against the first member 1 fluctuation of the second member 2 will be prevented as much as possible.

本発明の具体的な実施例について図面に基づいて説明する。 It will be described with reference to the drawings Specific embodiments of the present invention.

本実施例は、重合コンパクト化の図れる携帯電話に本発明を適用したもので、回路基板,電源などの電子部品をケースに内装した縦長厚板状の第一部材1(本体部1)の上面側に数字キーやファンクションキーなどを配列したキーボード機能を果たす操作部9を設け、この本体部1に重合して操作部9を覆う略同形の縦長厚板状の第二部材2(重合部2)を略水平前後方向にスライド自在にして、且つ略水平に90度回動自在にスライド装置により連結した構成としている。 This embodiment, the upper surface of an application of the present invention to a mobile phone, the circuit board, Vertical thick plate of the first member 1 to the electronic components such as power supply and furnished to the case (main body 1) which attained the polymerization compact the operation unit 9 serve the keyboard functions arranged such numeric keys and function keys on the side provided, Vertical thick plate of the second member 2 of substantially the same shape that covers the operation section 9 by polymerizing the main body portion 1 (polymerization unit 2 ) and slidable in a substantially horizontal longitudinal direction, has a configuration linked by and 90 degrees rotatably slide device in a substantially horizontal.

この重合部2の上面側には予め設定した画面や前記操作部9の操作や着信などにより所定の表示がなされると共に受信等により取得したTVやDVDなどの横長映像を表示できる重合閉塞時は縦長の液晶パネルなどのディスプレイ部7を設けている。 During polymerization occlusion capable of displaying landscape images such as acquired TV or DVD by the receiving or the like together with the polymerization unit displays a predetermined due the set screen or operation or incoming of the operation unit 9 in advance on the upper surface side of the 2 is made, the display unit 7 such as a vertically long liquid crystal panel is provided.

この本体部1と重合部2との連結は、双方の重合部分の互いの伏面に必要に応じて連結具を用いて後述する回動機能(回動構造部3)を組み込んだスライド装置により連結して、本体部1に対して重合部2をスライド自在に開閉できるように構成し、本体部1の操作部9を重合部2で隠蔽した重合閉塞位置と、重合部2を位置ズレするように前後方向へスライド移動させて操作部9を露出させたスライド開放位置で位置決め保持するように構成している。 The connection of the main body portion 1 and the polymerization unit 2, the sliding device incorporating rotation function (rotating structure 3) to be described later with reference to both the overlapping portion of one another saphenous surface connector as needed linked to the polymerization unit 2 configured to be freely opened and closed slide with respect to the main body portion 1, and the polymerization closed position hides the operation portion 9 of the main body 1 at a polymerization unit 2, misalignment of the overlapped part 2 are configured to be positioned and held in the slide open position exposing the operation part 9 is slid in the front-rear direction so as.

そして、後述する回動構造部3によって、この重合部2(ディスプレイ部7)の中間位置が回動支点となる位置でのみ、回動ストッパ機構によって略90度以上の過回動することなく且つ片方向にのみ90度回動切り替えできるように構成している。 Then, the pivot structure portion 3 to be described later, the intermediate position of the overlapped portion 2 (display part 7) only at a position where the pivot point, and without excessive rotation of 90 degrees or more substantially by the rotation stopper mechanism is configured so that it can be 90 degrees rotation switched only in one direction. この場合、第一部材1と第二部材2とはL字状にならずT字状、即ち第二部材2のディスプレイ部7の中央が第一部材1の略中央ライン上にくるT字状の重合状態となり、ディスプレイ部7が非常に見やすく扱い易い使用状態特に横長映像の場合に最適となるように構成している。 In this case, the first member 1 and second member 2 and the T-shape, not an L-shape, i.e. the second member central second display portion 7 is T-shaped to come on substantially the center line of the first member 1 of become polymerized state, it is configured so that the display unit 7 is optimal for very legible tractable use state particular horizontal video.

また、更に回動前の重合平行する位置P1と、90度回動して第二部材2及びこの第二部材2のディスプレイ部7が縦長状態から横長状態とした重合交差する最大回動位置P2とで位置決め保持(回動保持)するようにも構成している。 Moreover, further to the position P1 parallel polymerization before turning, maximum pivot position the second member 2 and the display unit 7 of the second member 2 by 90 ° rotation is polymerized cross was horizontally long state from the vertically long state P2 It is also configured to position and hold (rotation holding) in the.

尚、第二部材2をスライド開放位置にスライドした時と、第二部材2を90度回動した時とで、第一部材1の露出する範囲は略同様で操作部9が同様に露出し、不必要に露出する部分が生じないようにしても良い。 Incidentally, as when sliding the second member 2 to slide open position, in a case where the second member 2 rotates 90 degrees, the range operation unit 9 substantially the same is exposed in the same manner to expose the first member 1 , the portion exposed unnecessarily may not occur.

以下、本実施例のこの回動機能を備えたスライド装置について更に説明する。 Hereinafter, further described sliding device provided with this rotation feature of the present embodiment.

第一部材1とこの第一部材1に重合配設した第二部材2とを重合面方向にスライド自在に連結するスライド装置であって、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を重合平行する位置P1から重合交差する最大回動位置P2まで相対的に重合面に対して略平行に回動自在とする回動構造部3を具備し、この回動構造部3は、第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を所定角度回動させるまでは、前記第二部材2が前記第一部材1に対して重合平行する位置P1まで戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に前記重合交差する最大回動位置P2まで進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じる回動付勢機構4を具備している。 A sliding device for coupling slidably to the second member 2 and the polymerization plane direction polymerized disposed to the first member 1 of the first member 1 Toko, the second member 2 against the first member 1 comprising a rotating structure 3 which freely substantially parallel to pivot with respect to relatively polymerization face up turned position P2 polymerizing cross from the position P1 to polymerize parallel, the rotating structure 3, first the said second member 2 against the member 1 to be rotated by a predetermined angle, the return rotation urging to rotate back to the position P1 where the second member 2 is polymerized parallel to the first member 1 is caused is provided with a maximum rotation position P2 to the processing proceeds rotation urging mechanism 4 rotationally biased occurs advances pivoted to the polymer cross on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle.

具体的には、第一部材1(本体部1)とこの第一部材1(本体部1)に重合配設した第二部材2(重合部2)とを長さ方向にスライド自在に連結するスライド構造部18を具備したスライド装置であって、本実施例ではこのスライド方向に長さを有し、折り返し状の係合部10aを左右に有する形状に構成したガイド部10を有してこれをガイドレールとして左右対向位置に夫々設けたガイド部材11を前記第一部材1に設けている。 Specifically, connecting freely first member 1 (main body 1) slide and the first member 1 of Toko second member 2 was polymerized arranged in (the main body portion 1) (polymerization unit 2) in the longitudinal direction a sliding device provided with the slide structure 18, in this embodiment have a length in the sliding direction, which has a guide portion 10 which is configured into a shape having a folded-like engagement portion 10a on the left and right They are respectively provided a guide member 11 provided in the first member 1 in the lateral position facing the guide rail. 符号10bはレール材である。 Numeral 10b is a rail member.

本実施例では、ガイド部10を少なくとも片側に設けたガイド部材11としても良いが、一枚の板材の左右縁を折り返して左右両端に対向状態にガイド部10を設けたガイド部材11とし、この左右に所定のスライド長を確保したガイド部10を有する一枚のガイド部材11としている。 In this embodiment, the guide portion 10 may be a guide member 11 provided on at least one side, and a guide member 11 provided with the guide portion 10 to the opposite state to the right and left ends by folding the left and right edges of a single plate material, the and a single guide member 11 having a guide portion 10 which ensures a predetermined slide length on the left and right.

このガイド部材11のガイド部10にこれをガイドとしてスライド自在に係合するスライド部材12を後述する回動構造部3を介して前記第二部材2に設けている。 It is provided on the second member 2 via the rotating structure 3 which will be described later slide member 12 to slidably engage it as a guide to the guide portion 10 of the guide member 11.

従って、本実施例では、第一部材1に対して第二部材2をスライド構造部18に係るガイド部材11に対してスライド部材12をスライド移動することでスライド移動自在に構成している。 Thus, in this embodiment, it is slidably configured by the slide member 12 slides relative to the guide member 11 relative to the first member 1 according to the second member 2 to the slide structure 18.

また、本実施例では、このスライド部材12に軸受孔13aを設けて軸受部13設け、この軸受部13に対して回動自在に係合する軸部14を前記第二部材2に設けている。 Further, in this embodiment, are the the slide member 12 provided with a bearing hole 13a is provided a bearing portion 13 is provided with a shaft portion 14 that engages rotatably with respect to the bearing portion 13 to the second member 2 .

即ち、前述のように、前記第二部材2を前記第一部材1に対して前記ガイド部材11のガイド部10と前記スライド部材12との係合によってスライド自在に構成すると共に、前記軸受部13と前記軸部14との係合によって軸部14に対して軸受孔13aを設けたスライド部材12を回動する構成として回動自在に構成している。 That is, as described above, together constitute slidably by the engagement between the guide portion 10 of the guide member 11 to the second member 2 against the first member 1 and the sliding member 12, the bearing portion 13 constitute rotatably configured so as to rotate the slide member 12 having a bearing hole 13a relative to the shaft portion 14 by the engagement between the shaft portion 14 and.

先ずスライド構造部18について説明する。 First it will be described the sliding structure 18.

本実施例では、前記ガイド部材11のガイド部10にスライド自在に係合するスライド部12aを前記スライド部材12に設け、更に、前記スライド部材12は、前記軸受部13を設けた基板部の両端部に、前記ガイド部10にスライド自在に係合する前記スライド部12aを設けた構成としている。 In this embodiment, the guide provided the slide portion 12a which slidably engage the guide portion 10 of the member 11 to the slide member 12, further, the slide member 12, both ends of the substrate portion provided with the bearing portion 13 the section has a configuration provided with the sliding portion 12a that slidably engages with the guide portion 10.

また、本実施例は、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を所定長スライドさせるまでは、第二部材2が重合閉塞方向へ戻りスライド移動する閉じ付勢が生じ、所定長スライドさせると逆に開放スライド方向に進みスライド移動する開き付勢が生じるスライド付勢機構8を具備している。 Further, this embodiment, the second member 2 against the first member 1 to be a predetermined length slide biased closed second member 2 returns slides in the polymerization closed direction occurs, when the predetermined length slide It is provided with a slide biasing mechanism 8 urging opening occurs that slides proceeds back to the opening slide direction.

このスライド付勢機構8は、図5に図示したように弾性部材6の一端部を第一部材1(ガイド部材11)に連結し他端部を第二部材2(スライド部材12)に連結し、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を所定長スライドさせるまでは、第二部材2が重合閉塞方向へ戻りスライド移動する閉じ付勢が生じ、所定長スライドさせると逆に開放スライド方向に進みスライド移動する開き付勢が生じるように構成している。 The slide biasing mechanism 8 is connected to the elastic member one end of the first member 1 of 6 (guide member 11) connected to and the other end portion of the second member 2 (slide member 12) as shown in FIG. 5 the second member 2 against the first member 1 to be a predetermined length slide biased closed occurs that the second member 2 returns slides in the polymerization closed direction, the opening slide direction on the contrary to a predetermined length slide It is configured so as biased open is caused to proceed slide.

この弾性部材6はヘ字状の板バネ若しくはヘ字状の線バネ、具体的には本実施例では中間部を巻回してコイル状部6aを頂部に有して左右に連結端6b,6cを有する全体視略ヘ字状のコイルバネとし、この弾性部材6の左右の連結端6b,6cが互いに離れようとする拡角付勢が生じるようにしてこの弾性部材6の左右の連結端6b,6cの一端を前記第一部材1に連結し、他端を前記第二部材2に連結して構成している。 The elastic member 6 is F-shaped plate spring or F-shaped wire spring, the connecting end 6b of the coil-shaped portion 6a by turning the intermediate portion wound is specifically in this example to the left and right have the top, 6c a whole view Ryakuhe-shaped coil spring having a coupling end 6b of the right and left of the elastic member 6, so as to 6c are expansion angle urging to move away from each other occurs right and left connecting end 6b of the elastic member 6, connecting one end of 6c in the first member 1, it is constructed by connecting the other end to the second member 2.

即ち、略ヘ字状の弾性部材6の前記左右の連結端6b,6cを互いに接近押圧してこの連結端6b,6cの一端を前記第一部材1(ガイド部材11)の取付部11aに連結し、他端を前記第二部材2(スライド部材12)の取付部12bに連結して、この弾性部材6に前記連結端6b,6cが互いに離れようとする拡角付勢が生じるように構成し、図7に示すようにこの左右の連結端6b,6cに生じる拡角付勢力がスライド移動力として働かないスライド位置を境として、第一部材1に対して第二部材2をこのスライド位置までスライド移動させる間は、この拡角付勢によって第二部材2に閉じ付勢が生じ、このスライド位置を超えた位置までスライド移動させるとこの拡角付勢によって第二部材2に開き付勢が生じるように構成している。 That, coupled said right and left connecting end 6b of Ryakuhe shaped elastic member 6, the connecting end 6b close pressed together to 6c, one end of 6c in the mounting portion 11a of the first member 1 (the guide member 11) and, coupled to the mounting portion 12b of the other end second member 2 (sliding member 12), configured such that the connecting end 6b on the elastic member 6, the expansion angle biasing the 6c is about to leave each other occurs and, connecting end 6b of the right and left as shown in FIG. 7, the boundary sliding position where expansion angle biasing force does not act as a sliding force produced 6c, the slide position of the second member 2 against the first member 1 while for sliding up, the by expansion angle urging urging closed occurs in the second member 2 is slid moved to the position above the slide position biased open by the expansion angle urging the second member 2 It is configured so as occurs.

つまり、本実施例では、図6に示すように第一部材1を固定したとして、これに対して第二部材2をスライド移動させる場合、弾性部材6の左右の連結端6b,6cの位置が図7に示すように左右並設する位置まで第二部材2をスライド移動させる間は、連結端6b,6cの拡角付勢力が第一部材1に対して第二部材2を戻り動させる力となって閉じ付勢が生じ、左右の連結端6b,6cの位置が左右に並設する以上に第二部材2をスライド移動させると、図8に示すように連結端6b,6cの拡角付勢力が今度は逆に第一部材1に対して第二部材2を更に進みスライドさせる方向に生じて開き付勢が生じるように構成している。 That is, in this embodiment, as to fix the first member 1 as shown in FIG. 6, when the second member 2 is slid relative thereto, connecting end 6b of the right and left elastic members 6, the position of 6c during the second member 2 to a position where the left and right parallel arrangement is slid as shown in FIG. 7, the force connecting end 6b, the expansion angle biasing force of 6c is moving back the second member 2 against the first member 1 and it occurs is biased closed, the left and right connecting end 6b, the position of 6c is a second member 2 is slid over the parallel in the left and right, the connecting end 6b as shown in FIG. 8, 6c expansion angle of urging force in turn is configured to urge opening occurs in a direction to the second member further advances the slide 2 relative to the first member 1 in the reverse occurs.

従って、第一部材1と第二部材2とをスライド開閉自在に重合するスライド装置において、簡単な構成によってスライド閉塞付勢がなされ、しかも所定長開放スライドさせると逆に自動的に開放方向に開き付勢が生じ、開放動作が軽くなったり、設計によっては手を放しても自動的にスライド開放するように構成でき、閉じ付勢と開き付勢の双方が各範囲で夫々生じて、スライド部材がスライド途中でふらつくことがないように設計可能な画期的なスライド装置となる。 Accordingly, the sliding device of polymerizing with the first member 1 and second member 2 slides openably, biasing the sliding closure has been made by a simple structure, yet automatically open in the opening direction on the contrary to a predetermined length opened slide resulting bias urging the open or the operation becomes lighter, even let go by the design can be configured to automatically slide open, both biased open and closed-biased occur respectively in each range, the slide member There the designable innovative sliding device so as not to fluctuate in the middle slide.

尚、弾性部材6としては前述した構成のものに限られるものではない。 It is not intended to be limited to the configurations described above as the elastic member 6.

次に、回動構造部3について更に説明する。 It will be further explained pivot structure portion 3.

本実施例では、スライド部材12に前記軸受部13として軸受孔13aを設け、前記ガイド部10を設けた前記第一部材1と重合する第二部材2に設けた軸部14を前記軸受孔13aに回動自在に係合している。 In this embodiment, the bearing bore 13a provided as the bearing portion 13 to the slide member 12, the shaft portion 14 provided on the second member 2 to be polymerized with the first member 1 provided with the guide portion 10 bearing hole 13a It is rotatably engaged with.

具体的には、第一部材1に設ける回動部材15に軸部14を嵌挿し、この軸部14をスライド部材12の軸受孔13aに係合して回動部材15をスライド部材12に対して回動自在に係合するが、このスライド部材12と回動部材15との間にバネ介在スペース保持用のスペーサリング16と後述する回動付勢機構4に係る弾性部材5とを介在し、このスライド部材12の両端部に前記スライド部12aを設けて前記ガイド部材11のガイド部10にスライド自在に係合している。 More specifically, the rotating member 15 provided in the first member 1 fitted to the shaft portion 14, the rotating member 15 relative to the slide member 12 engages the shaft portion 14 into the bearing hole 13a of the slide member 12 freely engage pivot Te, but interposed an elastic member 5 according to the rotation urging mechanism 4 to be described later with the spacer ring 16 of spring interposed space held between the slide member 12 and the pivot member 15 engages slidably with the guide portion 10 of the guide member 11 provided with the slide portion 12a on both end portions of the slide member 12.

また、回動構造部3は、前記第二部材2若しくは第一部材1に設ける回動部材15を前記第二部材2と第一部材1との間に設けられるスライド構造部18に回動自在に設けて構成され、この回動部材15の回動に際して突き当たり係合することで前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2を重合平行する位置P1から重合交差する最大回動位置P2までの範囲で回動規制する回動規制機構20を具備する。 Also, pivot structure unit 3, rotatable on the second member 2 or the slide structure 18 provided between the rotating member 15 provided in the first member 1 and the second member 2 and the first member 1 to be constructed by providing, to a maximum turned position P2 polymerizing cross from the position P1 to polymerize parallel said second member 2 against the first member 1 by abutting engagement upon rotation of the rotating member 15 comprising a rotation restricting mechanism 20 for rotation restriction in the range of.

この回動規制機構20は、前記第一部材1に対する前記第二部材2の回動に際して回動部材15に設けたストッパ受部19若しくはストッパ部17が突き当たり係合するストッパ部17若しくはストッパ受部19を前記スライド構造部18に設けて構成されている。 The rotation regulating mechanism 20, the stopper portion 17 or the stopper receiving portion for engagement locking the stopper receiving portion 19 or the stopper 17 abuts is provided on the rotating member 15 when the second member 2 of rotation relative to the first member 1 and it is configured to 19 provided on the sliding structure 18.

具体的には、回動部材15に一対の湾曲凹状部(湾曲長窓孔)から成るストッパ受部19を対向状態に設け、スライド部材12に対する回動部材15の回動に際してこのストッパ受部19内を移動(摺動)して突き当てるストッパ部17をスライド部材12に設けており、回動部材15における90度以上の過回動及び一方向のみの回動とするように回動規制機構20を設けており、本実施例に係る回動規制機構20は、前記第一部材1に対して前記第二部材2が重合平行する位置P1において一方のストッパ受部19と一方のストッパ部17 のみが係合することで機能し、重合交差する最大回動位置P2において他方のストッパ受部19と他方のストッパ部17 のみが係合することで機能するように構成されている。 Specifically, provided the stopper receiving portion 19 comprising a pair of curved recess (curved length window opening) to the rotating member 15 to the opposite state, the stopper receiving portion 19 upon rotation of the rotating member 15 relative to the slide member 12 moving the internal (sliding) and is provided with a stopper portion 17 abutting with the slide member 12, the turn restricting mechanism so as to rotate only excessive rotation and the one-way over 90 degrees at the pivot member 15 and provided 20, the turn restricting mechanism 20 according to this embodiment, the first member and the second member 2 is of one at the position P1 to polymerize parallel the stopper receiving portion 19 and one stopper portion 17 against 1 only functions by engaging only the other of the stopper receiving portion 19 and the other stopper portion 17 is in the maximum rotation position P2 to be polymerized cross is configured to function by engaging.

また、回動構造部3には回動付勢機構4が具備せしめられている。 Further, the rotation urging mechanism 4 is made to comprise the pivot structure portion 3.

この回動付勢機構4は、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を所定角度回動させるまでは、第二部材2が第一部材1に対して重合平行する位置P1まで戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に重合交差する最大回動位置P2まで進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じるものであり、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を重合平行する位置P1から重合交差する位置P3まで所定角度回動させると進み回動付勢が生じるように回動付勢機構4は構成され、この重合交差する位置P3における重合平行する位置P1からの回動角度を45°以下の小さな角度(約40°)に設定している。 The rotation urging mechanism 4, the second member 2 against the first member 1 to be rotated by a predetermined angle, the rotary back to the position P1 where the second member 2 is polymerized parallel to the first member 1 to return rotation urging occurs, which maximum times proceeds rotationally biased to advances rotated to turned position P2 of polymerization intersect on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle occurs, the second to the first member 1 rotation urging mechanism 4 as rotationally biased results proceeds by a predetermined angle rotates the member 2 from the position P1 to the polymerization parallel to the position P3 to polymerize crossing is configured, polymerizing parallel in the position P3 to the polymerization intersect has set rotation angle from the position P1 to the 45 ° following small angle (approximately 40 °). 尚、この重合平行する位置P1から重合交差する位置P3までの角度は適宜設定し得るものである。 The angle to the position P3 polymerizing cross from the position P1 to the polymerization parallel it is capable of appropriately set.

即ち、回動付勢機構4は、弾性部材5の一端部を第二部材2(回動部材15)に連結し他端部を第二部材2と第一部材1との間に設けられる前述したスライド構造部18(スライド部材12)に連結し、第一部材1に対して第二部材2を所定角度回動させるまでは、第二部材2が閉塞方向へ戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に開放方向に進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じるように設けて構成されている。 That is, the rotation urging mechanism 4 is provided between the coupling and the other end portion and the second member 2 and the first member 1 at one end of the second member 2 of the elastic member 5 (rotating member 15) above and was connected to the slide structure 18 (slide member 12), the second member 2 against the first member 1 to be rotated by a predetermined angle, the process returns once with kinematic the second member 2 is rotated back to the closed direction energizing occurs, is configured by providing the process proceeds to rotationally biased results rotates proceeds in the opening direction on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle.

具体的には、この弾性部材5はヘ字状の板バネ若しくはヘ字状の線バネ、具体的には本実施例では中間部を巻回してコイル状部5aを頂部に有して左右に連結端5b,5cを有する全体視略ヘ字状のコイルバネとし、この弾性部材5の左右の連結端5b,5cが互いに離れようとする拡角付勢が生じるようにしてこの弾性部材5の左右の連結端5b,5cの一端を前記第二部材2(回動部材15)に連結し、他端を前記スライド構造部18(スライド部材12)に連結して構成している。 Specifically, the elastic member 5 is F-shaped plate spring or F-shaped wire spring, the coiled portion 5a by turning the intermediate portion wound is specifically in this example to the left and right have the top connecting end 5b, a whole view Ryakuhe-shaped coil spring having 5c, connecting end 5b of the right and left of the elastic member 5, as expansion angle biasing the 5c is about to leave each other is caused left and right elastic members 5 connecting end 5b of connecting one end of 5c in the second member 2 (rotating member 15), it is constructed by connecting the other end to the slide structure 18 (slide member 12).

即ち、略ヘ字状の弾性部材5の前記左右の連結端5b,5cを互いに接近押圧してこの連結端5b,5cの一端を前記第二部材2(回動部材15)の取付部15bに連結し、他端を前記スライド構造部18(スライド部材12)の取付部12cに連結して、この弾性部材5に前記連結端5b,5cが互いに離れようとする拡角付勢が生じるように構成し、図10に示すようにこの左右の連結端5b,5cに生じる拡角付勢力が回動力として働かない位置(重合交差する位置P3)を境として、第一部材1に対して第二部材2をこの重合交差する位置P3までスライド移動させる間は、この拡角付勢によって第二部材2に戻り回動付勢が生じ、この重合交差する位置P3を超えた位置までスライド移動させることこの拡角付勢によって第二部材2に進み回動付勢 That is, the connecting end 5b of the right and left Ryakuhe shaped elastic member 5, 5c approaching pressed together to the connecting end 5b, one end of the 5c on the mounting portion 15b of the second member 2 (rotating member 15) linked, by connecting the other end to the mounting portion 12c of the sliding structure 18 (slide member 12), so that the connecting end 5b to the elastic member 5, the expansion angle biasing the 5c is about to leave each other occurs configured, connecting end 5b of the right and left as shown in FIG. 10, the position where expansion angle biasing force does not act as a rotating force generated 5c (the position P3 polymerizing crossing) as a boundary, the second to the first member 1 while sliding the member 2 to the position P3 to the polymerization crossing the rotation urging return to the second member 2 is caused by the expansion angle biasing, it is slid to a position beyond the position P3 to the polymerization intersect rotation urging proceeds by the expansion angle urging the second member 2 生じるように構成している。 It is configured to produce.

つまり、本実施例では、図2,図9に示すように第一部材1を固定したとして(重合平行する位置P1)、これに対して第二部材2を相対的に重合面に対して平行に回動させる場合、弾性部材5の左右の連結端5b,5cの位置が図3,図10に示すように軸部14と一直線上となる位置(重合交差する回動位置P3)まで第二部材2を回動させる間は、連結端5b,5cの拡角付勢力が第一部材1に対して第二部材2を戻り回動させる力となって戻り回動付勢が生じ、左右の連結端5b,5cの位置が軸部14と一直線上でなく前記回動位置P3以上に第二部材2を回動させると、図4,図11に示すように連結端5b,5cの拡角付勢力が今度は逆に第一部材1に対して第二部材2を更に進み回動させる方向に生じて重合交差する最大回動位置P2 That is, in this embodiment, FIG. 2, as to fix the first member 1 as shown in FIG. 9 (a position P1 to polymerize parallel), parallel to the second member 2 with respect to relative polymerization plane contrast when pivoting, the coupling end 5b, located in 5c Figure 3 of the right and left elastic member 5, the second to the shaft portion 14 and the straight line and a position (rotational position P3 polymerizing crossing) as illustrated in FIG. 10 while rotating the member 2, connecting end 5b, the rotation urging back a force for rotating back the second member 2 is raised against expansion angle urging force 5c is the first member 1, the left and right connecting end 5b, the position of 5c rotates the second member 2 to the turning position P3 or not on a straight line and the shaft portion 14, FIG. 4, the connecting end 5b as shown in FIG. 11, 5c expansion angle of maximum pivot position P2 urging force in turn be polymerized cross occurs in a direction to further advances rotating the second member 2 against the first member 1 in opposite で進み回動付勢が生じるように構成している。 It is configured to proceed urging the rotation occurs.

従って、第一部材1と第二部材2とをスライド開閉自在に重合するスライド装置において、簡単な構成によって回動付勢がなされ、しかも所定角度回動させると逆に自動的に開放方向に進み回動付勢が生じ、回動動作が軽くなったり、設計によっては手を放しても自動的に回動するように構成でき、進み回動付勢と戻り回動付勢の双方が各範囲で夫々生じて、第二部材2(回動部材15)が回動途中でふらつくことがないように設計可能な画期的なスライド装置となる。 Accordingly, the sliding device of polymerizing with the first member 1 and second member 2 slides openably, urging rotation with a simple configuration is made, moreover automatically advances the opening direction on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle resulting rotationally biased is, or becomes lighter rotating operation, can be configured to automatically rotate even release the hand by the design, both the advance rotation urging return rotationally biased each range in each generated, the second member 2 (rotating member 15) is designed capable of innovative sliding device so as not to sway the way rotation.

尚、弾性部材としては前述した構成のものに限られるものではない。 It is not intended as the elastic member is limited to the configuration described above.

以上より、本体部1(第一部材1)に重合する重合部2(第二部材2)の上面にスライド方向に長い縦長のディスプレイ部7を設け、TV若しくは映画などの横長映像を表示させる際にこの重合部2を本体部1に対して90度回動して前記ディスプレイ部7をスライド方向と直交する方向に長い横長ディスプレイとなる向きに切り換え自在となり、特に前記ディスプレイ部7を上面に設けた前記重合部2を前記本体部1に対して前記スライド装置の前記軸受孔13aと前記軸部14との回動により90度回動した際、前記重合部2若しくは前記ディスプレイ部7の中間位置を回動支点に(丁度スライドによって相対的に軸部14がこの位置に移動することで中間位置に位置した軸部14を支点に)90度回動して前記本体部1と前記重合部2とがL字状 As described above, the main body portion 1 (first member 1) Polymerization To a polymerization unit 2 (second member 2) display unit 7 upper surface of the long vertical to the sliding direction of providing, when displaying the landscape image such as a TV or a movie the polymerization unit 2 becomes freely switched in a direction to 90 degrees rotation with respect to the body 1 becomes horizontally long display in a direction perpendicular to the display portion 7 to the sliding direction, in particular provided with the display portion 7 to the upper surface wherein when the polymer portion 2 and rotated 90 degrees by the rotation of said bearing hole 13a and the shaft portion 14 of the sliding device relative to the body portion 1, an intermediate position of the overlap portion 2 or the display section 7 the (the fulcrum shaft portion 14 positioned at the intermediate position by relative axial portion 14 is moved to this position by just sliding) the rotation fulcrum 90 degrees rotation to the main body portion 1 and the polymer 2 door is L-shaped ならずT字状となるスライド位置でのみこの90度回動が許容される電子機器を容易に実現できることとなる。 Narazu Only in this 90-degree rotation in T-shaped and made slide position is able to easily realize an electronic device to be acceptable.

尚、本発明は、本実施例に限られるものではなく、各構成要件の具体的構成は適宜設計し得るものである。 The present invention is not limited to the present embodiment, specific configurations of each constituent are those capable of appropriately designed.

本実施例の重合閉塞状態での説明斜視図である。 It is an explanatory perspective view of the polymerization closed state of the present embodiment. 本実施例のスライド開放位置での説明斜視図である。 It is an explanatory perspective view of the slide open position of this embodiment. 本実施例の回動操作状態の説明斜視図である。 It is an explanatory perspective view of a rotation operation state of the present embodiment. 本実施例の90度回動してT字状重合状態の説明斜視図である。 It is an explanatory perspective view of a T-shaped polymerized state 90 degrees rotation to the present embodiment. 本実施例のスライド装置の分解斜視図である。 It is an exploded perspective view of the slide device of the present embodiment. 本実施例に係るスライド付勢機構の説明正面図である。 It is an explanatory front view of the slide biasing mechanism according to the present embodiment. 本実施例に係るスライド付勢機構の説明正面図である。 It is an explanatory front view of the slide biasing mechanism according to the present embodiment. 本実施例に係るスライド付勢機構の説明正面図である。 It is an explanatory front view of the slide biasing mechanism according to the present embodiment. 本実施例に係る回動付勢機構の説明正面図である。 It is an explanatory front view of the rotation urging mechanism according to the present embodiment. 本実施例に係る回動付勢機構の説明正面図である。 It is an explanatory front view of the rotation urging mechanism according to the present embodiment. 本実施例に係る回動付勢機構の説明正面図である。 It is an explanatory front view of the rotation urging mechanism according to the present embodiment.

P1 重合平行する位置 P2 最大回動位置 P3 重合交差する位置 1 第一部材・本体部 2 第二部材・重合部 3 回動構造部 4 回動付勢機構 5 弾性部材 5a コイル状部 5b 連結端 5c 連結端 6 弾性部材 7 ディスプレイ部 8 スライド付勢機構 P1 overlapping position P2 to maximum pivot position P3 polymerization crossings parallel position 1 the first member, the main body portion 2 the second member Polymerization unit 3 pivot structure portion 4 rotation urging mechanism 5 elastic member 5a coiled portion 5b connecting end 5c connecting end 6 elastic members 7 display unit 8 slide biasing mechanism
14 軸部 14 shaft portion
15 回動部材 15 pivoting member
16 ストッパ部 16 stopper portion
17 スライド構造部 17 slide structure
19 ストッパ受部 19 stopper receiving portion
20 回動規制機構 20 turn restricting mechanism

Claims (11)

  1. 第一部材とこの第一部材に重合配設した第二部材とを重合面方向にスライド自在に連結するスライド装置であって、前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を重合平行する位置から重合交差する最大回動位置まで相対的に重合面に対して略平行に回動自在とする回動構造部を具備し、この回動構造部は、前記第二部材若しくは前記第一部材に設ける回動部材を前記第二部材と前記第一部材との間に設けられるスライド構造部に回動自在に設けて構成され、この回動部材の回動に際して突き当たり係合することで前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を重合平行する位置から重合交差する最大回動位置までの範囲で回動規制する回動規制機構を具備し、この回動規制機構は、前記第一部材に対する前記第二部材の回動に際して、前記回動部材に設けた A sliding device for slidably coupled to the polymerization surface direction and a second member polymerized disposed to the first member and the first member, from a position of polymerizing parallel said second member relative to said first member comprising a rotating structure for freely substantially parallel to pivot with respect to relatively polymerization face up turned position to polymerize intersecting the pivot structure portion is provided on the second member or the first member is constructed by rotatably provided in the slide structure provided between the rotating member and the second member and the first member, said first member by abutting engagement upon rotation of the rotating member comprising a rotation restricting mechanism for rotation restriction in the range up to maximum rotation position polymerized cross from the position of polymerizing parallel said second member relative to, the turn restricting mechanism, the relative said first member second upon rotation of the two members, it provided on the rotating member 対の湾曲長窓孔から成るストッパ受部が突き当たり係合する一対のストッパ部、若しくは、前記回動部材に設けた一対のストッパ部が突き当たり係合する一対の湾曲長窓孔から成るストッパ受部を前記スライド構造部に設けて構成され、前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材が重合平行する位置において一方のストッパ受部と一方のストッパ部のみが係合して機能するようにし、重合交差する最大回動位置において他方のストッパ受部と他方のストッパ部のみが係合して機能するように構成されており、前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を所定角度回動させるまでは、前記第二部材が前記第一部材に対して重合平行する位置まで戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に重合交差する最大回動位置まで進み回動する進み A pair of stopper portions for coupling engagement stopper receiving portion abuts consisting curved length window opening pair, or, the stopper receiving portion comprising a pair of curved long window hole coupling engagement pair of the stopper portion abuts provided on said rotating member wherein is formed by providing the slide structure, so only the one stopper receiving portion and one of the stopper portion at a position where the second member is polymerized parallel to the first member functions to engage the polymerization only other stopper receiving portion and the other stopper portion in the maximum pivot position crossing is configured to function engages, until it is rotated by a predetermined angle to the second member relative to said first member , the second member back rotation urging positioned to return rotated to polymerize parallel raised against the first member, rotation proceeds until a maximum turned position to polymerize intersect on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle proceed to 動付勢が生じる回動付勢機構を具備することを特徴とするスライド装置。 Slide apparatus characterized by comprising a rotation urging mechanism urging movement occurs.
  2. 前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を重合平行する位置から重合交差する位置まで所定角度回動させると進み回動付勢が生じるように前記回動付勢機構を構成し、この重合交差する位置における重合平行する位置からの回動角度を45°以下の小さな角度に設定したことを特徴とする請求項1記載のスライド装置。 The Configure rotation urging mechanism as rotationally biased proceeds to a predetermined angular rotation to a position polymerized cross from the position of polymerizing parallel said second member relative to the first member occurs, the polymerized cross that sets the rotation angle from the position of polymerizing parallel to a small angle of 45 ° or less at a position sliding device according to claim 1, wherein.
  3. 弾性部材の一端部を前記第二部材若しくは前記第一部材に連結し他端部を前記第二部材と前記第一部材との間に設けられるスライド構造部に連結し、前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を所定角度回動させるまでは、前記第二部材が閉塞方向へ戻り回動する戻り回動付勢が生じ、所定角度回動させると逆に開放方向に進み回動する進み回動付勢が生じるように設けて前記回動付勢機構を構成したことを特徴とする請求項1,2のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置。 One end portion of the elastic member is connected to the slide structure provided between the second member or the said connection and the other end to the first member second member and the first member relative to said first member said second member to be rotated by a predetermined angle, the program proceeds the the second member occurs back rotation urging to rotate back to the closed direction, rotates proceeds in the opening direction on the contrary is rotated by a predetermined angle Te slide device according to any one of claims 1 and 2 provided so as rotationally biased occurs, characterized by being configured the rotation urging mechanism.
  4. 前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を回動させた際、前記弾性部材の一端部及び他端部と前記スライド構造部の軸部とが同一直線上となる回動位置を境に前記戻り回動付勢と進み回動付勢が生じるように、前記弾性部材の一端部が前記第二部材若しくは前記第一部材に連結する位置と、他端部が前記第二部材と前記第一部材との間に設けられるスライド構造部に連結する位置と、前記スライド構造部の軸部の位置とを設定したことを特徴とする請求項3記載のスライド装置。 When rotated the second member with respect to said first member, said rotational position and the shaft portion is collinear of the sliding structure and the one end and the other end of the elastic member as a boundary returning to the rotation urging proceeds rotation urging occurs, the elasticity and the position where the one end portion is connected to the second member or the first member of members, the first other end portion and said second member slide device according to claim 3, wherein the position for coupling to the slide structure provided, that set the position of the shaft portion of the sliding structure between the members.
  5. 前記弾性部材は左右に連結端を有する略へ字状体で構成し、この弾性部材の左右の連結端が互いに離れようとする拡角付勢が生じるようにして、この弾性部材の左右の連結端の一端部を前記第二部材若しくは前記第一部材に連結し、他端部を前記第二部材と前記第一部材との間に設けられるスライド構造部に連結して構成したことを特徴とする請求項3,4のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置。 Said elastic member is constituted by a substantially into shaped bodies having a connecting end to the left and right, as expansion angle urging the coupling end of the right and left of the elastic member is about to leave each other is caused, connecting the right and left of the elastic member one end portion of the end connected to the second member or the first member, and characterized in that the other end portion is configured by connecting to the slide structure provided between the first member and the second member slide device according to any one of claims 3, 4.
  6. 前記弾性部材はへ字状の線バネ若しくはへ字状の板バネ又は中間部を巻回してコイル状部を頂部に有して左右に連結端を有する全体視略へ字状のコイルバネとしたことを特徴とする請求項3〜5のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置。 Said elastic member was shaped coil springs throughout viewed substantially having a connection end to the left and right have the top of the coiled portion Turn-shaped wire spring or the shape of the leaf spring or the intermediate portion wound to slide device according to any one of claims 3-5, wherein.
  7. 前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を所定長スライドさせるまでは、前記第二部材が重合閉塞方向へ戻りスライド移動する閉じ付勢が生じ、所定長スライドさせると逆に開放スライド方向に進みスライド移動する開き付勢が生じるスライド付勢機構を具備することを特徴とする請求項1〜6のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置。 Wherein said second member relative to the first member to be the predetermined length slides, the energized closed it occurs that the second member back slides in the polymerization closed direction, proceed to the opening slide direction on the contrary to a predetermined length slide slide device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that it comprises a slide biasing mechanism for opening biasing the sliding movement occurs.
  8. 弾性部材の一端部を前記第一部材に連結し他端部を前記第二部材に連結し、前記第一部材に対して前記第二部材を所定長スライドさせるまでは、前記第二部材が重合閉塞方向へ戻りスライド移動する閉じ付勢が生じ、所定長スライドさせると逆に開放スライド方向に進みスライド移動する開き付勢が生じるように前記スライド付勢機構を構成したことを特徴とする請求項7記載のスライド装置。 The other end is connected to one end of the elastic member to said first member connected to said second member, until the predetermined length sliding the second member relative to said first member, said second member polymerization claims urging closed slides back to the closed direction occurs, characterized by being configured the slide biasing mechanism so biased open arises that slides proceed to open the sliding direction on the contrary to a predetermined length slide 7 slide device as claimed.
  9. 本体部と重合部とを重合配設し、この重合した状態から前記重合部を相対的に重合面方向にすれ違うようにスライド移動して重合面の一部を露出させることができるように前記本体部と前記重合部とをスライド装置により連結し、このスライド装置には、前記本体部を前記第一部材若しくは前記第二部材とし、前記重合部を前記第二部材若しくは前記第一部材とした前記請求項1〜8のいずれか1項に記載のスライド装置を用いたことを特徴とするスライド装置を用いた電子機器。 Body portion and the overlapping portion polymerized distribution was set, the body to be able to expose a portion of the sliding movement the polymerization surface as pass each other from the polymerized state the overlapping portion relatively polymerization plane direction a Department and the polymerization unit connected by a slide device, this sliding device, the main body portion and said first member or said second member, and the overlapping portion and the second member or the first member and the an electronic device using the sliding device characterized by using the sliding device according to any one of claims 1-8.
  10. 前記本体部に重合する前記重合部の上面にスライド方向に長い縦長のディスプレイ部を設け、TV若しくは映画などの横長映像を表示させる際にこの重合部を前記本体部に対して90度回動して前記ディスプレイ部をスライド方向と直交する方向に長い横長ディスプレイとなる向きに切り換え自在となるように構成したことを特徴とする請求項9記載のスライド装置を用いた電子機器。 The upper surface of the polymerization section to provide a long portrait display section in the sliding direction, and 90 degrees rotation relative to the body portion of the overlapping portion when displaying the landscape image such as a TV or a movie to be polymerized to the main body portion an electronic device using the sliding device according to claim 9, characterized in that configured so as to be freely switched in a direction to be horizontally long display in the direction perpendicular to the sliding direction of the display portion Te.
  11. 前記ディスプレイ部を上面に設けた前記重合部を前記本体部に対して前記スライド装置の前記回動構造部により90度回動した際、前記重合部若しくは前記ディスプレイ部の中間位置を回動支点に90度回動して前記本体部と前記重合部との重合状態がL字状とならずT字状となることを特徴とする請求項10記載のスライド装置を用いた電子機器。 Upon the 90 degree rotated by the rotation structure of the sliding device the overlapping portion provided with the display portion on the upper surface with respect to the main body portion, an intermediate position of the overlap portion or the display unit to the pivot point an electronic device using the sliding device according to claim 10, wherein the polymerization conditions of 90 degrees rotation to the main body portion and the overlapping portion is L-shaped and become not T-shaped.
JP2007119715A 2007-04-27 2007-04-27 Sliding device and an electronic device using the sliding device Expired - Fee Related JP4580958B2 (en)

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JP5129686B2 (en) * 2008-08-06 2013-01-30 加藤電機株式会社 Portable device and opening / closing device of the portable device
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