JP4539851B2 - Backlight module and display device - Google Patents

Backlight module and display device Download PDF

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JP4539851B2
JP4539851B2 JP2005149555A JP2005149555A JP4539851B2 JP 4539851 B2 JP4539851 B2 JP 4539851B2 JP 2005149555 A JP2005149555 A JP 2005149555A JP 2005149555 A JP2005149555 A JP 2005149555A JP 4539851 B2 JP4539851 B2 JP 4539851B2
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light
backlight module
laser
laser light
display
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JP2006331683A (en
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淳 岡崎
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シャープ株式会社
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The present invention is, for example, the backlight module constituting the backlight of a liquid crystal display device, a display device using the bus click write modules.
Display devices that require a backlight, such as transmissive liquid crystal display devices, are used in many electronic devices. As the backlight, a cold cathode tube (hereinafter referred to as CCFL) or an LED (semiconductor light emitting diode) is generally used as a light source. In addition, the use of a laser as an alternative light source for LEDs has also been proposed (see, for example, Patent Document 1).
However, the technical development of CCFL is approaching its limit, and recently it has been difficult to improve environmental performance such as color reproducibility in liquid crystal display devices, reduction of power consumption, mercury-free, etc. Backlight is increasing.
In order to further reduce power consumption, a backlight using a laser with good light extraction efficiency as a light source is preferable.
JP 2001-345008 A
  The present invention has been made in view of such a situation. By using a laser light source and a reflection part that reflects light from the laser light source and changes the optical path, the light emission efficiency is high and low power consumption is possible. An object is to provide a backlight module.
  In the present invention, the wavelength of laser light from a laser light source is converted by a phosphor layer formed on a reflecting portion, so that an emission color of any color (for example, visible light such as red, green, blue, etc., and white light) can be obtained. It is another object to provide a backlight module that can be used.
  Another object of the present invention is to provide a backlight module having a desired laser beam by using a plurality of laser light sources having different emission colors.
  Another object of the present invention is to provide a backlight module that can simplify an optical member (polarizing plate) of a display panel by using a laser light source.
  It is another object of the present invention to provide a display device capable of full color display with a backlight module (backlight panel) having a single laser beam by using a color filter containing a phosphor in the display panel. Objective.
  It is another object of the present invention to provide a display device capable of full color display by a backlight module (backlight panel) including three primary color laser light sources.
A backlight module according to the present invention is a backlight module that emits light from a light emitting surface disposed opposite to a back surface of a display panel to the back surface, and is configured by a semiconductor laser diode and parallel to the light emitting surface. A laser light source arranged so as to emit laser light in a direction, and a reflecting portion that is a curved surface having a curvature and reflects the laser light reflected from the lower surface toward the upper surface again on the upper surface And a light guide unit having a reflection plane disposed so as to guide the laser beam reflected by the upper surface and emit the laser beam from the light emitting surface.
With this configuration, since the light emission efficiency as the backlight module is improved, the power consumption of the backlight can be reduced . A semiconductor laser diode, since it is excellent in directivity, the utilization efficiency of light output is large, it is possible to control the optical path reliably and easily. Since the laser beam is emitted in a direction parallel to the light emission surface, the thickness can be reduced. By applying the semiconductor laser diode, it is possible to reduce the size (thinner in the direction of the display panel), reduce the power consumption, and improve the light utilization efficiency.
In the backlight module according to the present invention, the reflecting portion includes a phosphor layer that is formed on the surface and converts the wavelength of laser light into visible light .
With this configuration , the wavelength can be easily converted, and wavelength conversion and direction control (optical path control) can be performed simultaneously. Since the conversion efficiency of wavelength conversion is high, the thickness of the phosphor layer can be reduced.
The backlight module according to the present invention includes a housing that houses the laser light source, and the semiconductor laser diode is held by a heat radiating portion exposed to the outside of the housing .
  With this configuration, it is possible to have excellent heat dissipation characteristics, and the backlight has stable light emission characteristics.
  In the backlight module according to the present invention, the wavelength of the laser light is in the ultraviolet to blue band.
  With this configuration, a laser beam having an arbitrary color can be obtained by adjusting the phosphor of the phosphor layer that converts the wavelength of the laser beam.
In the backlight module according to the present invention, the phosphor layer is configured to wavelength-convert laser light into red light, green light, or blue light.
  With this configuration, visible light of any of the three primary colors can be emitted.
In the backlight module according to the present invention, the phosphor layer is configured to convert the wavelength of laser light into white light.
  With this configuration, white light is emitted, so that full color display is possible by applying to a display panel using a color filter.
The backlight module according to the present invention, the laser light source includes a semiconductor laser diode that emits red laser light, a semiconductor laser diode that emits green laser light, a semiconductor laser diode which emits blue laser light the provided, wherein the light beam adjusting unit for adjusting the light beam direction of each color of the laser light is arranged between the laser light source and the reflective portion.
  With this configuration, laser light of the three primary colors can be generated without using a phosphor, so that a backlight having laser light of a desired color can be realized. In addition, since laser light is used, the light emission efficiency as a backlight is improved, and the power consumption of the backlight can be reduced. Further, since the laser light has polarization characteristics, the polarizing plate in the display panel can be appropriately omitted by matching the characteristics with the polarizing plate of the display panel.
In the backlight module according to the present invention, the light flux adjusting unit is configured to mix the laser beams of the respective colors .
  With this configuration, white color can be emitted from the light emission surface by color mixing, and therefore, it can be applied as a backlight of a display panel that performs color display.
The display device according to the present invention includes a display panel having an optical shutter and a color filter, and a backlight module that emits light to a back surface of the display panel, and passes through the color filter with the optical shutter open. in the display device that performs color display by light from the backlight module, wherein the backlight module is a backlight module according to the present invention, the color filter is characterized by containing a phosphor.
  With this configuration, a display device capable of displaying in an appropriate color according to the phosphor can be obtained.
A display device according to the present invention includes a display panel having an optical shutter and a backlight module that emits light to the back surface of the display panel, and performs color display using light from the backlight module with the optical shutter open. In the display device, the backlight module is a backlight module according to the present invention, and the polarization direction of the laser light of each color is aligned with the polarization direction through which the display panel transmits light. To do.
  With this configuration, since the light source of the three primary colors is provided, the color characteristics of the color filter can be compensated, and a clear color display is possible. Since the laser light has a polarization characteristic, the polarizing plate in the display device can be omitted by matching the polarization characteristic with the polarizing plate of the display device, and the structure of the display panel can be simplified.
  According to the backlight module of the present invention, the light extraction efficiency can be increased by using the laser light source and the reflection unit that reflects the light from the laser light source and changes the optical path, thereby reducing power consumption. It has the effect of becoming.
  According to the backlight module of the present invention, the laser light from the laser light source is wavelength-converted by the phosphor layer formed on the reflecting portion, thereby allowing any color of the emission color (for example, red, green, blue, or other visible light). Furthermore, an effect is obtained that laser light of white light can be emitted to the display panel.
  According to the backlight module of the present invention, by using a plurality of laser light sources having different emission colors, it is possible to emit laser light of a desired color to the display panel without using a phosphor. Play.
  The backlight module according to the present invention has an effect that the optical member (polarizing plate) of the display panel can be simplified by using the laser light source.
  According to the display device of the present invention, by using a color filter containing a phosphor in the display panel, it is possible to display a full color with a backlight module (backlight panel) having a single laser beam. Play.
According to the display device of the present invention, the backlight module (backlight panel) including the three primary color laser light sources has an effect of enabling full color display .
  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
<Embodiment 1>
FIG. 1 is an explanatory diagram showing a schematic structure of a backlight module according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and FIG. 1 (A) is a side layout diagram showing a state of the backlight module arranged on the back surface of the display panel. (B) is a plan layout view of the light emission surface viewed from the back side of the display panel.
  For example, the backlight module 1 is arranged as a backlight on the back surface of the display panel 2 constituting the main part of the liquid crystal display device. The backlight module 1 includes a laser light source 11 that emits laser light LL as a main part, a reflection part 12 that reflects the laser light LL, a reflected laser light LL, and a light guide that guides the light emitted from the phosphor layer 17. A light unit 13 is provided. The laser light source 11, the reflection unit 12, and the light guide unit 13 are housed in a housing 14 in order to eliminate optical influences from the outside.
  The light guide unit 13 includes a light emission surface 15 disposed to face the display panel 2, a reflection plane 16 that reflects the laser beam LL from the reflection unit 12 and the light emitted from the phosphor layer 17 to the light emission surface 15. Is provided. The light guide unit 13 can be configured by an appropriate optical member or space. An optical member (not shown) such as a collimator lens that controls the laser light LL into parallel light may be disposed between the laser light source 11 and the reflection unit 12.
  In the present embodiment, the laser light source 11 is disposed so as to emit (emit) the laser light LL in a direction parallel to the light emitting surface 15. With this configuration, the backlight module 1 can be thinned with respect to the direction of the display panel 2.
  The laser light source 11 is composed of a semiconductor laser diode, and light emission is controlled by an external control circuit (not shown) via a lead terminal 11t. Since the laser light source 11 is composed of a semiconductor laser diode, the light output with respect to the input power can be about 1.2 to 2 times as large as that of the LED. be able to. As a result, power consumption can be reduced.
  The semiconductor laser diode can obtain a large light output by using a normal end face reflection type. Moreover, the shape of the backlight module 1 can be further reduced in size by using the surface emitting type.
  Since the semiconductor laser diode is excellent in directivity, the laser beam LL can be made into a narrow beam such as 10 to 20 degrees at a half-value angle of the light distribution characteristic, so that the reflection by the reflecting portion 12 is performed reliably. An optical member for improving directivity is not necessary, and the utilization efficiency of the laser beam LL can be increased.
  By using the semiconductor laser diode, the backlight module 1 can be reduced in size and power consumption can be reduced.
  The reflecting portion 12 is a curved surface having an appropriate curvature with a metal plate having a mirror-finished surface. A phosphor layer 17 is formed on the surface of the lower portion of the reflecting portion 12 (the lower half facing the laser light source 11 in the drawing). The laser light LL emitted from the laser light source 11 (for example, the wavelength of ultraviolet to blue (350 to 480 nm)) is partially absorbed by the phosphor layer 17 formed on the surface of the reflecting portion 12 and has a longer wavelength. The light is converted into green light or red light and then emitted. Further, the laser light LL that has not been wavelength-converted is reflected from the lower part of the reflecting part 12 toward the upper part (the upper half in the figure on which the laser light LL reflected by the lower part of the reflecting part 12 is incident).
  By using an appropriate phosphor with the wavelength of the laser light LL from the laser light source 11 set to ultraviolet to blue (350 to 480 nm), visible light can be generated by wavelength conversion. Since the phosphor layer 17 is formed on the surface of the reflecting portion 12, it is possible to simultaneously perform wavelength conversion and direction control of the laser light LL. In addition, since wavelength conversion is performed not by a transmission type optical path but by a reflection type optical path, wavelength conversion is performed by two optical paths of an incident optical path to the reflection unit 12 and an output optical path from the reflection unit 12. Conversion efficiency of conversion can be improved, and the thickness of the phosphor layer 17 can be reduced.
  For example, when the phosphor layer 17 is composed of a phosphor that converts the wavelength of the blue laser light LL to yellow, white light can be generated by mixing the blue color of the laser light LL with yellow after wavelength conversion. It becomes. The white light is reflected again on the upper part of the reflection part 12, guided by the light guide part 13 and the reflection plane 16, reflected, and emitted from the light emission surface 15 toward the display panel 2. Since white light is emitted to the display panel 2, when the display panel 2 uses a color filter, the backlight module 1 that emits white light can perform full color display.
  In addition, the phosphor can be converted into visible light of a desired color by configuring the laser light LL with a fluorescent material that converts the wavelength of the laser light LL into red light, green light, or blue light, for example. It can be set as the backlight which has visible light.
<Embodiment 2>
FIG. 2 is an explanatory view showing a schematic structure of a backlight module according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention, and (A) is a side arrangement view showing a state of the backlight module arranged on the back surface of the display panel. (B) is a plan layout view of the light emission surface viewed from the back side of the display panel. The same components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted as appropriate.
  In the present embodiment, a plurality of laser light sources 11 are arranged in a row corresponding to the reflecting portion 12 in parallel with one side of the light emission surface 15. An arbitrary light intensity can be realized by increasing the number of laser light sources 11. Since the laser light source 11 has a light output smaller than that of the CCFL, when the backlight module 1 is configured with a small number, the brightness of the display panel 2 is higher than that of the conventional backlight module using the CCFL. There is a risk of darkening. However, according to the present embodiment, such a problem does not occur at all.
  Therefore, the light emitting surface 15 can be configured to have a larger area, and as a result, the backlight module 1 can be applied as a backlight of the display panel 2 having a large area. In addition, a backlight can be configured with a small number of backlight modules 1.
<Embodiment 3>
FIG. 3 is an explanatory diagram showing a schematic structure of the backlight module according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention, and is a side layout diagram showing a state of the backlight module arranged on the back surface of the display panel. The same components as those in the first and second embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted as appropriate.
  In the present embodiment, the laser light source 11 is disposed so as to emit the laser light LL in a direction perpendicular to the light emitting surface 15. It arrange | positions corresponding to the center of the plane of the light emission surface 15, and it is set as the structure by which the laser beam LL is reflected by the reflection part 12 in all directions. The laser beam LL reflected by the reflection unit 12 is guided to and reflected by the light guide unit 13 and the reflection plane 16 and is emitted from the light emission surface 15 toward the display panel 2.
  Since the light emitting surface 15 is rectangular (for example, rectangular), it is preferable that the reflecting portion 12 has a quadrangular pyramid shape and the reflecting plane 16 has an inverted quadrangular pyramid shape. Needless to say, the reflecting portion 12 may have a conical shape and the reflecting plane 16 may have a mortar shape.
  It is also possible to divide the light emitting surface 15 into appropriate regions and arrange the laser light source 11 at the center. With this configuration, it is possible to configure a light emitting surface 15 having a larger area. That is, by arranging the laser light sources 11 corresponding to the number of sections, the backlight module 1 having the light emission surface 15 of an arbitrary size can be obtained.
<Embodiment 4>
FIG. 4 is an explanatory diagram showing a schematic structure of the backlight module according to Embodiment 4 of the present invention, and is a side layout diagram showing a state of the backlight module arranged on the back surface of the display panel. The same components as those in the first to third embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted as appropriate.
  In the present embodiment, the laser light source 11 is held by the heat radiating portion 18 exposed to the outside of the housing 14. Since the semiconductor laser diode used for the laser light source 11 is accompanied by heat generation, it is possible to improve the heat dissipation and stabilize the light emission characteristics by providing the heat dissipation portion 18. In addition, the heat radiating portion 18 can appropriately use a metal heat sink that is usually used.
  Since the heat radiating portion 18 is exposed to the outside of the housing 14, it is possible to prevent a temperature rise inside the housing 14, so that the distortion of the curved surface of the reflecting portion 12 due to the temperature rise and the laser light source 11 A stable laser beam LL can be obtained by preventing fluctuations in emission characteristics.
  A light intensity sensor 19 that measures the light intensity of the laser beam LL is provided in a part of the light guide unit 13. Based on the measurement result of the light intensity sensor 19, the light output of the laser light source 11 can be controlled and adjusted. The light intensity sensor 19 can be configured using an appropriate photoelectric conversion element.
<Embodiment 5>
FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram showing a schematic structure of a backlight module according to Embodiment 5 of the present invention, and (A) is a side layout diagram showing a state of the backlight module arranged on the back surface of the display panel. (B) is a plane arrangement view seen through from the outside opposite to the light emitting surface of the backlight module. The same components as those in the first to fourth embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted as appropriate.
  In the present embodiment, the laser light source 11 includes a laser light source 11R that emits red laser light, a laser light source 11G that emits green laser light, and a laser light source 11B that emits blue laser light (hereinafter referred to as “laser light source 11B”). When there is no need to distinguish between the laser light source 11R, the laser light source 11G, and the laser light source 11B, they are simply referred to as the laser light source 11.) Therefore, it is not necessary to form the phosphor layer 17 (see Embodiments 1 to 4) for performing wavelength conversion on the reflecting portion 12. In addition, although the example which mounted each semiconductor laser diode in a separate package is shown, it cannot be overemphasized that you may mount in one package.
  Between the laser light source 11 and the reflection unit 12, a light beam adjusting unit 20 that adjusts the light beam direction of the laser light LL from the laser light source 11 is disposed. The light beam adjusting unit 20 can superimpose the laser beams LL from the laser light sources 11R, 11G, and 11B at different positions as the same optical path. That is, the light flux adjusting unit 20 can perform a well-balanced color mixture.
  When the laser light LL having an appropriate intensity is simultaneously emitted from the laser light source 11R, the laser light source 11G, and the laser light source 11B, white light can be obtained without using the phosphor (phosphor layer 17), and the reflecting portion The configuration of 12 can be simplified. Further, since the laser light LL has substantially linear polarization characteristics, the polarizing plate normally used for the display panel 2 is omitted by aligning the polarization direction of each laser light source with the polarization direction through which the display panel 2 transmits light. Since the display quality is not deteriorated, the configuration of the display panel 2 can be simplified.
  Further, when the laser light sources 11 are individually or simultaneously emitted, a backlight having a laser beam LL of a desired color can be realized. Since the laser beam LL is used, a large light emission efficiency can be realized as the backlight module 1, and accordingly, power consumption can be reduced.
  Since the laser beams LL of the three primary colors can be individually emitted, display is performed in a field sequential manner without using a color filter by controlling the emission of each color in synchronization with the color signals (RGB color signals) applied to the display panel 2. The panel 2 can be driven (see Embodiment 8).
  FIG. 6 is a modified example of the light flux adjusting unit of the backlight module according to Embodiment 5 of the present invention, and is a plan layout view seen from the outside opposite to the light emission surface of the backlight module.
  In this modification, the light beam adjusting unit 20 is constituted by a prism 20a and a lens 20b. By using the prism 20a, more reliable color mixing can be performed by aligning the optical path.
<Embodiment 6>
FIG. 7 is an explanatory view showing a schematic structure of a backlight panel according to Embodiment 6 of the present invention, in which (A) is a light emission surface of a backlight panel (backlight module) arranged on the back surface of the display panel. FIG. 5B is a side layout diagram illustrating a state of the backlight panel (backlight module) disposed on the back surface of the display panel. The same components as those of the first to fifth embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted as appropriate.
  In the present embodiment, a backlight panel 30 corresponding to the display panel 2 is formed by arranging a plurality of backlight modules 1 in a planar shape with the side portions (side end surfaces) of the light emitting surface 15 of the backlight module adjacent to each other. It is composed. By bringing the plurality of backlight modules 1 (light emission surfaces 15) into contact with each other and arranging them side by side, it is possible to configure the backlight panel 30 corresponding to the display panels 2 of various sizes. The backlight module 1 according to the present invention accommodates main components such as the laser light source 11, the reflection unit 12, and the light guide unit 13 below the back surface (back surface) of the light emission surface 15. The side portions (side surfaces of the backlight module 1) can be juxtaposed adjacent to each other.
  The juxtaposition direction can be either a matrix shape or a long shape. In the present embodiment, it is possible to apply the backlight module 1 according to any of the first to fifth embodiments.
  Further, in order to be widely applicable to the standard size (inch size) of the display panel 2, the outer dimension of the backlight module 1 (unit unit) (the outer dimension of the plane corresponding to the light emitting surface 15) is 144 mm × It is preferable to be about 81 mm.
  If the outer dimensions of the unit unit are 144 mm × 81 mm, when the display panel 2 is 32 type, 37 type, 45 type, 65 type, the unit unit (backlight module 1) is 5 × 5 (= 25), 6 × The backlight panel 30 can be configured by arranging the matrix as 6 (= 36), 7 × 7 (= 49), and 10 × 10 (= 100) units. In other words, the backlight module 1 can be used in common regardless of the standard dimensions of the display panel 2, and many effects of standardization (reduction of parts count, price reduction, inventory risk reduction, quick delivery, etc.) can be obtained. It is done.
<Embodiment 7>
A display device (not shown) according to the present embodiment includes a display panel having an optical shutter and a color filter, and a backlight module that emits light to the back surface of the display panel, and the optical filter is opened to form a color filter. Color display can be performed by the light from the backlight module passing through.
  As the backlight module, the backlight module 1 according to the first to fourth embodiments excluding the phosphor layer 17 can be applied. Therefore, a single color laser beam is emitted from the backlight module toward the back surface of the display panel.
  In addition, since the color filter includes a phosphor, the color filter can reliably perform wavelength conversion of laser light incident from the backlight module by the phosphor. That is, when the wavelength of the laser beam is in the ultraviolet to blue band (350 to 480 nm), the wavelength conversion becomes easy, so that the laser beam can be converted into visible light. When the visible light passes through the optical shutter, the display device can perform color display.
  The phosphors in the color filter can be obtained from three primary colors by using a fluorescent material that converts the wavelength of ultraviolet to blue laser light into red, green, or blue light, enabling clearer full-color display. Can be done.
<Eighth embodiment>
A display device (not shown) according to the present embodiment includes a display panel having an optical shutter and a backlight module that emits light to the back surface of the display panel, and the light from the backlight module with the optical shutter opened. Thus, color display can be performed.
  As the backlight module, the backlight module 1 according to Embodiment 5 can be applied. That is, the backlight module of this embodiment includes a laser light source that emits red laser light, a laser light source that emits green laser light, and a laser light source that emits blue laser light.
  Since white light can be obtained by simultaneously emitting and mixing the three primary color laser beams, color display is possible by applying to a display panel having a color filter.
  In addition, since the laser beams of the three primary colors can be emitted individually, the emission control of each color (emission control of the laser light source) and the drive control of the optical shutter corresponding to the color signal (color signal related to RGB) applied to the display panel are synchronized. By driving in a field sequential manner, color display becomes possible. Since it can be driven by a field sequential method, a color filter is not required.
  That is, when a color signal relating to red (R) is applied to the display panel, laser light is emitted from the red laser light source, and when a color signal relating to green (G) is applied to the display panel, the green laser light source is used. When laser light is emitted and a color signal relating to blue (B) is applied to the display panel, color display is possible by emitting laser light from a blue laser light source.
It is explanatory drawing which shows schematic structure of the backlight module which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention, (A) is a side surface arrangement | positioning figure which shows the state of the backlight module arrange | positioned at the back surface of a display panel, (B) FIG. 4 is a plan layout view of a light emission surface viewed from the back side of the display panel. It is explanatory drawing which shows schematic structure of the backlight module which concerns on Embodiment 2 of this invention, (A) is a side surface arrangement | positioning figure which shows the state of the backlight module arrange | positioned at the back surface of a display panel, (B) FIG. 4 is a plan layout view of a light emission surface viewed from the back side of the display panel. It is explanatory drawing which shows schematic structure of the backlight module which concerns on Embodiment 3 of this invention, and is a side surface arrangement | positioning figure which shows the state of the backlight module arrange | positioned at the back surface of a display panel. It is explanatory drawing which shows schematic structure of the backlight module which concerns on Embodiment 4 of this invention, and is a side surface arrangement | positioning figure which shows the state of the backlight module arrange | positioned at the back surface of a display panel. It is explanatory drawing which shows schematic structure of the backlight module which concerns on Embodiment 5 of this invention, (A) is a side surface arrangement | positioning figure which shows the state of the backlight module arrange | positioned at the back surface of a display panel, (B) FIG. 3 is a plan layout view seen from the outside opposite to the light emitting surface of the backlight module. It is the plane arrangement | positioning figure which showed the modification of the light beam adjustment part of the backlight module which concerns on Embodiment 5 of this invention, and was seen through from the outer side opposite to the light emission surface of a backlight module. It is explanatory drawing which shows schematic structure of the backlight panel which concerns on Embodiment 6 of this invention, (A) is the case where the light emission surface of the backlight panel (backlight module) arrange | positioned at the back surface of a display panel is seen FIG. 4B is a side view showing the state of the backlight panel (backlight module) placed on the back surface of the display panel.
Explanation of symbols
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Backlight module 2 Display panel 11 Laser light source 11t Lead terminal 12 Reflection part 13 Light guide part 14 Case 15 Light emission surface 16 Reflection plane 17 Phosphor layer 18 Heat radiation part 19 Light intensity sensor 20 Light flux adjustment part 20a Prism 20b Lens 30 Backlight panel LL Laser light

Claims (10)

  1. In the backlight module that emits light from the light emitting surface disposed opposite to the back surface of the display panel to the back surface,
    A laser light source configured by a semiconductor laser diode and arranged to emit laser light in a direction parallel to the light emitting surface ;
    A reflecting portion that is a curved surface having a curvature and reflects the laser beam reflected from the lower surface toward the upper surface again on the upper surface ;
    And a light guide unit having a reflection plane arranged to guide the laser beam reflected by the upper surface and emit the laser beam from the light emitting surface.
  2. The backlight module according to claim 1, wherein the reflection unit includes a phosphor layer that is formed on a surface and converts the wavelength of laser light into visible light .
  3. 3. The backlight according to claim 1 , further comprising: a housing that houses the laser light source , wherein the semiconductor laser diode is held by a heat radiating portion exposed to the outside of the housing. module.
  4. The backlight module according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the wavelength of the laser light is in an ultraviolet to blue band.
  5. The backlight module according to claim 2 , wherein the phosphor layer is configured to convert the wavelength of laser light into red light, green light, or blue light.
  6. The backlight module according to claim 2 , wherein the phosphor layer is configured to convert the wavelength of laser light into white light.
  7. The laser light source comprises a semiconductor laser diode emitting a red laser beam, a semiconductor laser diode emitting green laser light, and a semiconductor laser diode emitting a blue laser beam,
    The backlight module according to claim 1, wherein the light beam adjusting unit for adjusting the light beam direction of each color of the laser light is arranged between the laser light source and the reflective portion.
  8. The backlight module according to claim 7 , wherein the light flux adjusting unit is configured to mix the laser beams of the respective colors .
  9. A display panel having an optical shutter and a color filter; and a backlight module that emits light to the back surface of the display panel; and color by light from the backlight module that passes through the color filter with the optical shutter open. In a display device that performs display,
    The backlight module is a backlight module according to claim 1, wherein the color filter display device characterized in that it contains a phosphor.
  10. In a display device that includes a display panel having an optical shutter and a backlight module that emits light to the back surface of the display panel, and performs color display with light from the backlight module with the optical shutter open.
    The backlight module is the backlight module according to claim 7 or 8, wherein the polarization direction of the laser light of each color is aligned with the polarization direction through which the display panel transmits light. Display device.
JP2005149555A 2005-05-23 2005-05-23 Backlight module and display device Expired - Fee Related JP4539851B2 (en)

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