JP4379826B2 - Data transmission / reception system - Google Patents

Data transmission / reception system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4379826B2
JP4379826B2 JP2008158404A JP2008158404A JP4379826B2 JP 4379826 B2 JP4379826 B2 JP 4379826B2 JP 2008158404 A JP2008158404 A JP 2008158404A JP 2008158404 A JP2008158404 A JP 2008158404A JP 4379826 B2 JP4379826 B2 JP 4379826B2
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data
auxiliary
transport
signal
pcr
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JP2008289174A (en
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スコツト デイース マイケル
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トムソン コンシユーマ エレクトロニクス インコーポレイテツドThomson Consumer Electronics,Incorporated
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N19/00Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals
    • H04N19/60Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using transform coding
    • H04N19/61Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using transform coding in combination with predictive coding
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03LAUTOMATIC CONTROL, STARTING, SYNCHRONISATION, OR STABILISATION OF GENERATORS OF ELECTRONIC OSCILLATIONS OR PULSES
    • H03L7/00Automatic control of frequency or phase; Synchronisation
    • H03L7/06Automatic control of frequency or phase; Synchronisation using a reference signal applied to a frequency- or phase-locked loop
    • H03L7/08Details of the phase-locked loop
    • H03L7/085Details of the phase-locked loop concerning mainly the frequency- or phase-detection arrangement including the filtering or amplification of its output signal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03LAUTOMATIC CONTROL, STARTING, SYNCHRONISATION, OR STABILISATION OF GENERATORS OF ELECTRONIC OSCILLATIONS OR PULSES
    • H03L7/00Automatic control of frequency or phase; Synchronisation
    • H03L7/06Automatic control of frequency or phase; Synchronisation using a reference signal applied to a frequency- or phase-locked loop
    • H03L7/16Indirect frequency synthesis, i.e. generating a desired one of a number of predetermined frequencies using a frequency- or phase-locked loop
    • H03L7/18Indirect frequency synthesis, i.e. generating a desired one of a number of predetermined frequencies using a frequency- or phase-locked loop using a frequency divider or counter in the loop
    • H03L7/181Indirect frequency synthesis, i.e. generating a desired one of a number of predetermined frequencies using a frequency- or phase-locked loop using a frequency divider or counter in the loop a numerical count result being used for locking the loop, the counter counting during fixed time intervals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N19/00Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/20Servers specifically adapted for the distribution of content, e.g. VOD servers; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/23Processing of content or additional data; Elementary server operations; Server middleware
    • H04N21/236Assembling of a multiplex stream, e.g. transport stream, by combining a video stream with other content or additional data, e.g. inserting a URL [Uniform Resource Locator] into a video stream, multiplexing software data into a video stream; Remultiplexing of multiplex streams; Insertion of stuffing bits into the multiplex stream, e.g. to obtain a constant bit-rate; Assembling of a packetised elementary stream
    • H04N21/23608Remultiplexing multiplex streams, e.g. involving modifying time stamps or remapping the packet identifiers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/20Servers specifically adapted for the distribution of content, e.g. VOD servers; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/23Processing of content or additional data; Elementary server operations; Server middleware
    • H04N21/236Assembling of a multiplex stream, e.g. transport stream, by combining a video stream with other content or additional data, e.g. inserting a URL [Uniform Resource Locator] into a video stream, multiplexing software data into a video stream; Remultiplexing of multiplex streams; Insertion of stuffing bits into the multiplex stream, e.g. to obtain a constant bit-rate; Assembling of a packetised elementary stream
    • H04N21/23614Multiplexing of additional data and video streams
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/43Processing of content or additional data, e.g. demultiplexing additional data from a digital video stream; Elementary client operations, e.g. monitoring of home network, synchronizing decoder's clock; Client middleware
    • H04N21/4302Content synchronization processes, e.g. decoder synchronization
    • H04N21/4305Synchronizing client clock from received content stream, e.g. locking decoder clock with encoder clock, extraction of the PCR packets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/43Processing of content or additional data, e.g. demultiplexing additional data from a digital video stream; Elementary client operations, e.g. monitoring of home network, synchronizing decoder's clock; Client middleware
    • H04N21/434Disassembling of a multiplex stream, e.g. demultiplexing audio and video streams, extraction of additional data from a video stream; Remultiplexing of multiplex streams; Extraction or processing of SI; Disassembling of packetised elementary stream
    • H04N21/4348Demultiplexing of additional data and video streams
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N19/00Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals
    • H04N19/70Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals characterised by syntax aspects related to video coding, e.g. related to compression standards

Description

  The present invention relates to a method, system and apparatus for generating a clock signal in a signal decompression apparatus, the frequency of which is substantially fixed to the clock signal in the encoding apparatus.

  Compressed video signal generation and transmission systems operate at several levels of synchronization (which may be better called asynchronous). For example, an actual compressor is at least partially synchronized to the vertical frame frequency of the source video signal and also to the color subcarrier. Once the video signal is compressed into a specific signal protocol (eg, MPEG1) format, it is further processed into transport packets for transmission. This transport packet is time division multiplexed with other video or data sources. Packetization and multiplexing may or may not be synchronized with each other, and may or may not be synchronized with the compression operation. Transport packets (multiplexed or unmultiplexed) are then provided to the modem for transmission of data. The modem may or may not operate in synchrony with the system described above.

  In a fully multiplexed receiver of compressed signals transmitted, it is usually necessary for the various subsystems to operate in synchrony with the corresponding inverse functional elements at the coding terminal of the system. Synchronous operation in this case generally means that each subsystem operates very close to the frequency of its corresponding subsystem. For example, the video signal generated by the decompressor must be at the same frame frequency as that generated from the video signal source in the compressor and be synchronized with the associated audio signal. In order to synchronize the restoration part of the video signal and the audio signal in this system, the encoder compressed the presentation time stamp indicating the relative time of generation / reproduction of each segment of the signal. Insert into video / audio signal. Such a presentation time reference (PTR) is used to compare the timing of the associated audio and video signals for purposes of synchronization and for proper sequence and continuity. The

The receiver modem must, of course, operate at the same frequency as the transmitter modem. The receiver modem typically includes a phase locked loop that is responsive to the frequency of the transmitted carrier to generate a synchronized clock signal.
US Pat. No. 4,827,339

  Synchronization of multiplexing and transport packetizers tends to be somewhat complicated for two reasons. The first reason is that the multiplexed data arrives sporadically. Second, since a rate buffer is typically used between the modem and the restorer, there is a constraint that the rate buffer should be as small as possible to minimize manufacturing costs, The rate buffer must not overflow or underflow.

  The present invention is an apparatus for generating synchronization of intermediate layer signals such as transport layers or multiple layers of multiple layers of compressed video signals. At the encoding terminal of the system, a modulo K counter is clocked in response to the system clock, and the count value is packed into a signal at the transport layer according to a predetermined schedule. At the receiving terminal of the system, a similar counter is responsive to the controlled receiver clock signal, and the counter value is sampled upon arrival of the counter value packed in the transport layer. The difference between the continuously sampled count values of the receiver counter is compared with the corresponding consecutive count difference packed in the transport layer to generate a signal that controls the receiver clock signal. .

  FIG. 1 shows a typical system in which the present invention is implemented, which is a compressed digital video signal transmission device. In this system, the video signal from the video signal source 10 is supplied to the compressor 11. The compressor 11 includes a motion compensated prediction encoder that utilizes a discrete cosine transform. The compressed video signal from the compressor 11 is coupled to the format forming device 12. The format forming device 12 arranges the compressed data and other auxiliary data according to a signal protocol such as MPEG, which is a standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization (IOS). The standardized signal is supplied to the transport processor 13. The processing unit 13 splits this signal into several packets of data and adds some other data to provide noise rejection capability for transmission purposes. Transport packets usually occur at a non-constant rate and are fed to rate buffer 14, which buffer 14 helps to efficiently use a relatively narrow bandwidth transmission channel. Supply output data. The buffered data is coupled to modem 15, which transmits signals.

The system clock 22 provides a clock signal for operating many devices, including at least transport processing devices. This clock operates at a constant frequency such as 27 MHz. However, as shown here, the system clock is used to generate timing information. The system clock is coupled to the counter 23 clock input. Counter 23 may be arranged to count modulo 2 30. The count value output from the counter 23 is supplied to the latches 24 and 25. The latch 24 is conditioned by the video signal source to hold a count value as each frame period occurs. These counts are called presentation time stamps or PTRs and are included in the compressed video signal stream by the format generator 12 to provide lip synchronization of the associated audio and video information. Used in receivers. The latch 25 is conditioned by the transport processor 13 (or system controller 21) to hold the count value according to a predetermined schedule. These count values are called a program clock reference (hereinafter abbreviated as PCR), and are packed into each auxiliary transport packet as auxiliary data.

  The system controller 21 is a variable state machine that is programmed to coordinate various processing elements. As long as correct mutual communication is performed between the processing elements, the control device 21, the compressor 11, and the transport processing device 13 may or may not operate synchronously via a common clock device. .

  Elements 16-26 of FIG. 1 constitute the receiving terminal of the transmission system, modem 16 performs the reverse function of modem 15 and rate buffer 17 effectively performs the reverse function of rate buffer 14. Data from the rate buffer 17 is supplied to a reverse transport processor 18, which supplies a compressed video signal to a decompressor 19 according to the system protocol. The decompressor 19 is responsive to the compressed video signal and generates an uncompressed video signal for display on the display 20 or for storage in a suitable device.

  Further, the reverse transport processing device 18 supplies the PCR from the auxiliary transport data and the control signal to the system clock generator 27. In response to these signals, the clock generator 27 generates a system clock signal that is synchronized with at least the operation of the reverse transport processor 18. This system clock signal is supplied to the receiver system controller 26 to control the timing of the processing elements.

FIG. 2 shows a device which can be included in the transmission modem 15, for example. The modem receives data from a plurality of data sources, all of which is transmitted on a common transmission line. This is done by time division multiplexing of various signals from various signal sources. Multiplexing may be performed in layers. For example, the video program P i is generated in a separate studio and coupled to the first multiplexer 55. These programs are time division multiplexed according to known techniques and provided as a source signal S 1.

Signal S 1 and other source signals S i from other sources are fed to the second layer multiplexer 56, where signal S i is time division multiplexed according to already known techniques and a predetermined schedule. . Finally, there is yet another form of multiplexing within each program itself. Such multiplexing takes the form of commercials inserted into the program material, or is inserted between each segment of live production material as stored material. In such a case, it is assumed that the commercial or stored material is encoded by the respective PTR and PCR. In this case, the PTR and PCR of the stored material are not related to the real-time PTR and PCR of the live material. For PTR, the video signal includes a parameter that instructs the decompressor to re-initialize to a new signal, so no problem occurs. Conversely, if there is no correlation between stored PCR and real-time PCR, the synchronization will be lost, thus completely confusing the rate buffer / reverse transport processor element of the receiving system.

  In FIG. 2, it is assumed that the transport processing unit 53 includes one multiplexing unit that operates similarly to the separate multiplexers 55 and 56.

  Another problem exists inside a multiplexed system. When data arrives simultaneously from a plurality of data sources, it is necessary to perform a certain amount of signal buffering inside the multiplexer in order not to lose the data at each multiple location. These shock absorbers produce a delay T ± δt. δt represents a jitter component. Assume that the number of multiplexers through which one program passes is 100 (the number is exaggerated to emphasize the problem), and a delay of 1 second ± 1 microsecond is added for each multiplexing. The end-to-end delay is 100 seconds ± 100 microseconds. The 100 second delay is trivial for the restoration device. This is because the compressed video signal, and thus the PTR, is subject to the same delay. The jitter of ± 100 microseconds must be adjusted. Otherwise, the decoder buffer may overflow or underflow.

  FIG. 3 shows a first embodiment of the receiver clock / regenerator. In this embodiment, the transport processor may be placed in front of the rate buffer 17 in the signal path to remove the variable delay experienced by the receiver rate buffer. Data from the receiver modem is coupled to the reverse transport processor 32 and the auxiliary packet detector 31. The reverse transport processor 32 separates the transport header data from each transport packet payload. In response to the transport header data, the processing device 32 supplies a video signal payload (shown here as service data 1) to, for example, a decompression device (not shown) and ancillary data (service data 2). Is supplied to a suitable auxiliary data processing device (not shown). The PCR present in the auxiliary data is stored in the memory 34 through the route.

  Auxiliary packet detector 31 is a matched filter configured to recognize codewords that designate an auxiliary transport packet containing a PCR, and a transport filter containing such data. A control pulse is generated when a packet occurs. The control pulse is used to store the count value currently indicated by the local counter 36 in the latch 35. The local counter 36 is configured to count pulses generated from the voltage controlled oscillator 37, for example. The counter 36 is configured to count with the same number of modulo as the counter (counter 23) corresponding to that in the encoder.

The voltage controlled oscillator 37 is controlled by a low-pass filtered error signal generated from the clock controller 39. The error signal is generated as follows. The PCR arriving at time n is set as PCR n , and the count value held in the latch 35 at the same time is set as L n . The clock controller reads successive values of PCR and L and generates an error signal E proportional to the difference.
E → | PCR n −PCR n−1 | − | L n −L n−1 |
The error signal E is used to adjust the voltage controlled oscillator 37 to a frequency that tends to make these differences equal. The error signal generated from the clock controller 39 takes the form of a pulse width modulated signal, which can also be an analog error signal by implementing a low pass filter with analog components.

  The limitation with this system is that the counters at the two terminals of the system count the same frequency or multiples thereof. This requires that the nominal frequency of the voltage controlled oscillator be very close to the frequency of the encoder system clock.

The method described above provides fairly fast synchronization, but can cause long-term errors. Long-term error LTE is proportional to the difference.
LTE → | L n −L 0 | − | PCR n −PCR 0 |
Here, PCR 0 and L 0 are, for example, the PCR that occurs first and the corresponding value held in the receiver counter. Usually, the error signals E and LTE change in discrete steps. Thus, once the system is “synchronized”, the error signal dithers one unit with respect to the zero point. In the selected synchronization method, the error signal E is used to start control of the voltage controlled oscillator until a unit of dither occurs in the error signal E, and then the use of the long term error signal LTE is switched to the voltage controlled oscillator. To control.

  In order to adjust the delay T ± δt caused by the multiprocessing, the transport processor at the encoder creates an auxiliary field in the auxiliary transport packet that contains information about the variable delay. Preparations are made to change this variable delay information at each multiple position. Please refer to FIG. 6 and FIG. FIG. 6 shows a type of transport packet similar to that used in a high definition television system developed by the Advanced Television Research Consortium. This transport packet contains a prefix, which includes, among other things, a general identifier that indicates what service the payload contained in the packet is associated with. ing. A field CC (continuity check) is a continuity check value that is input for the purpose of error check. The field HD (header) is a specific service header that clearly defines the payload. For example, when that particular service is designated to supply a television program, each payload of that service type's transport packet includes audio data, video data, or associated auxiliary data . Thus, the field HD indicates the type of a specific payload for a specific packet.

  FIG. 7 shows a transport packet containing auxiliary data. The payload of the auxiliary transport packet includes one or more auxiliary groups depending on the amount of data contained in each group and current system requirements. In the transport packet shown in FIG. 7, there are two auxiliary groups AUX1 and AUX2 containing data related to the program clock reference. The auxiliary group AUX1 contains data related to variable delay, and the auxiliary group AUX2 contains the PCR itself. Each group includes an auxiliary group prefix (prefix) and an auxiliary data block. The prefix includes fields MF, CFF, AFID, and AFS. The field MF is a 1-bit field and indicates whether or not the data in the packet can be changed (1 if changeable, 0 if not possible). CFF is a 1-bit field that indicates whether ancillary data is defined for this group. The AFID is a 6-bit field and identifies the type of auxiliary data (for example, time code, scramble key, copyright, etc.) included in the group. AFS is an 8-bit field that defines the number of bytes of auxiliary data contained in the group.

  Group AUX1 is shown as changeable and group AUX2 is shown as not changeable. The AUX2 data is shown to be PCR data or program clock reference. AUX1 data is shown as a differential program clock reference (hereinafter abbreviated as DPCR). PCR data is captured within the encoder under the control of a scheduler that controls the transport processor. DPCR data is captured as described below with respect to FIG.

  The device of FIG. 4 is an exemplary device of one of the multiplexer circuits shown in FIG. The buffer storage 67 associated with each input bus is a FIFO (first in first out). When program data arrives, the data is stored there and the multiplexer is currently accessing another input bus. Thereafter, the program data is read from the buffer storage device 67 according to the multiplexer schedule.

  Each transport packet of program data includes an auxiliary group containing PCR and DPCR data. The value of the PCR data is determined in relation to the timing of the transport packet containing auxiliary timing information. When this PCR data is output by the multiplexer, it may be incorrect due to delays due to contention on the signals in the multiplexing process. The delay time T ± δt required to pass through the buffer storage device is used to change the DPCR data and then correct such errors. Auxiliary packet detector 61 is configured to detect the occurrence of transport packets containing DPCR data and is coupled to the program data input bus. The function of this detector is to reset the counter 62 so that it can count local clock 60 pulses. The local clock 60 is a crystal oscillator and has a frequency very close to the encoder system clock frequency or is fixed in frequency to the encoder clock according to the operation of the apparatus of FIG. Another auxiliary packet detector 63 is coupled to the output bus of the buffer storage device 67. When an auxiliary packet containing DPCR data appears from the buffer, the current count value output from the counter 62 is input to the latch 68. store. At this time, the output of the counter 62 indicates the count value of the passage time through the buffer of the specific packet in units of clock frequency cycles. Each auxiliary packet detector detects and responds to each generated packet if multiple auxiliary packets are likely to occur in close proximity and one or more may pass through buffer 67 simultaneously. Must be configured.

  The auxiliary packet detector 61 also generates a control signal, which is supplied to condition the latch 64 to store the DPCR value contained in the auxiliary packet. This DPCR value is supplied to one input port of the adder 65. The local count value stored in the latch 68 is supplied to the second input port of the adder 65. Adder 65 sums the DPCR data from the current auxiliary packet with the local count value to generate the latest DPCR value DPCR ′. Program data from buffer 67 and the output of adder 65 are coupled to respective input ports of 2-to-1 multiplexer 66. Multiplexer 66 is normally conditioned by auxiliary packet detector 63 to pass program data. However, when the DPCR data contained in the program data appears from the buffer, the multiplexer 66 is conditioned to pass the latest data DPCR 'from the adder and then switched back to the data from the buffer 67. Pass through.

  When multiplexer 66 is conditioned to pass the data from the adder, the output signal from the adder is the sum of the DPCR data contained in the auxiliary packet and the counter 62 when DPCR data appears from the buffer. Matches the sum of the numbers plus. Therefore, the data used in place of the DPCR data by the multiplexer 66 is the previous DPCR data whose transit time is corrected in the buffer 67. The auxiliary packet detector is preferably programmed to change only the program data according to the appropriate change flag MF of the auxiliary group.

  Referring back to FIG. 2, the transport processing device 53 sets a DPCR auxiliary group and normally inserts a zero value for the DPCR data corresponding to the new program. However, recall that the stored data from the digital storage medium 51 is inserted between segments of live data, and that this stored data is pre-encoded with PCR and DPCR codes. The transport processor 53 accesses the PCR code of the stored data when trying to insert the stored data between segments of live data, and the counter 23 and / or latch 25 currently indicates this PCR value. Subtract from the count. The transport processor 53 then adds this difference to the DPCR value in the auxiliary packet of accumulated data. This new DPCR value in the stored data inserted between the live data contains a code indicating the current time. This process is shown in the flow chart of FIG. 8 and is self-evident.

  The use of DPCR data at the receiver is illustrated in FIG. In FIG. 5, the devices denoted by the same numbers as those in FIG. 3 are similar and perform similar functions, but the functions of the processing device 32 have been changed. In this modification, the adder 45 is configured to sum the corresponding PCR and DPCR values arriving at the associated auxiliary group. The total value supplied from the adder 45 matches, for example, the first PCR value increased by the passing delay received in multiplexing. The total value is placed in the memory 46 where it is used by the clock controller 39 as a corrected PCR value for system clock synchronization.

Other examples are illustrated as follows.
(1) a video signal source (10);
A source (22) of a clock signal;
A counter (23) for counting the clock signal modulo the integer N;
Means (24) for capturing a certain count value of the count values supplied from the counter as a PTR in response to occurrence of a frame of the video signal;
Compression / formatting means (11, 12) for compressing the video signal and including the PTR in the compressed video signal to format the compressed video data;
Combined to receive the formatted compressed video data including the PTR from the compression / formatting means, the compressed video data is coupled to the compressed video data coupled to a transport header. A transport processor (13) for dividing the transport packet including a payload of data and a payload of the PTR;
In response to the timing of the transport packet, a further count value supplied from the counter is used as auxiliary data (AUX2) excluding the compressed video data. Means for periodically capturing (13, 25) as PCR to be included in the payload of the port packet;
Means (14, 15) for adjusting the transport packet for transmission;
A video signal compression apparatus comprising:
(2) The transport processor (13) forms a transport packet of compressed video data and an auxiliary transport packet including the PCR, and the transport processor (13) The video signal compression apparatus according to (1), further comprising means for inserting a transport packet of the compressed video data between the auxiliary transport packets.
(3) a first count value (PCR) provided in the encoding system and periodically obtained from a counter (23) counting the encoding system clock pulses modulo the integer N, and a compressed video signal And / or a synchronizer that synchronizes at least a portion of a compressed signal receiving system that processes a transport packet that includes a compressed data signal,
A source (17) of the transport packet;
A controlled oscillator (37) responsive to a first control signal and a receiver counter that counts the pulses of the receiver system clock signal modulo N, similar to the counter (23) in the encoding system. And a controller (39) for generating an error signal (E) representing a difference between a frequency of the encoding system clock and an output frequency of the receiver counter, A fixed loop that provides the system clock signal;
Means (31) for providing a second control signal in response to each occurrence of a transport packet including the first count value (PCR);
Furthermore, the synchronizer is adapted to synchronize the receiver counter (36) with the counter (23) in the encoding system.
Means (34) for storing the received first count value (PCR);
Means (35) for holding a second count value (RCV) output from the receiver counter (36) in response to the second control signal;
The controller (39) determines the difference between the currently received first count value (PCR n ) and the previously received first count value (PCR n-1 ), and the current second count. The synchronizer configured to form the error signal (E) from a difference between a numerical value (RCV n ) and a previous second count value (RCV n-1 ).
(4) The error signal (E) is
| PCR n -PCR n-1 | - | RCV n -RCV n-1 |
Where PCR n and PCR n−1 are the first count value currently received and the first count value received before, respectively, and RCV n and RCV n−1 is the synchronization device according to (3), wherein each of the current second count value and the previous second count value is RCV n−1 .
(5) From the error signal (E) formed by each difference between the successive count values, the current count values (PCR n , RCV n ) corresponding to these differences and the first time at system start-up each difference between the count values (PCR 0, RCV 0), | PCR n -PCR 0 | - | RCV n -RCV 0 | in comprising means for switching the error signal (LTE) that is calculated in proportion, (3 ) Or (4).
(6) in a counter, counting the clock signal from the clock signal source (22) modulo the integer N;
In response to occurrence of a frame of the video signal, capturing a certain count value of the count values supplied from the counter as a PTR (24);
Compressing (11) the video signal and including the PTR in the compressed video signal to format (12) the compressed video data;
In the transport processor (13), the formatted compressed video data including the PTR is received, and the compressed video data is coupled to a payload of the compressed video data in a transport header. And dividing into transport packets including the payload of the PTR;
In response to the timing of the transport packet, a further count value supplied from the counter is used as auxiliary data (AUX2) excluding the compressed video data. Periodically capturing (13, 25) as PCR included in the payload of the port packet;
Adjusting (14, 15) the transport packet for transmission;
A method for compressing a video signal.
(2-1) A data transmission device that transmits data via a network,
A formatting device for formatting a compressed video signal into a payload in a predetermined length transport packet;
A processing device that incorporates a first auxiliary field having a first variable length and a second auxiliary field having a second variable length into the transport packet;
The processor further incorporates a first 8-bit field in the transport packet to transmit information regarding the number of bytes of the first variable-length auxiliary field, and the second variable-length field. The data transmitting apparatus, which incorporates a second 8-bit long field in the transport packet to transmit information regarding the number of bytes of the second auxiliary field.
(2-2) formatting the compressed video signal into a payload in a transport packet of a predetermined length;
Incorporating a first auxiliary field having a first variable length into the transport packet;
Incorporating a second auxiliary field having a second variable length into the transport packet;
Including a first 8-bit long field in the transport packet to transmit information regarding the number of bytes of the first auxiliary field having the first variable length;
Including a second 8-bit length field in the transport packet to transmit information regarding the number of bytes of the second auxiliary field having the second variable length, via a network A data transmission method for transmitting data.
(2-3) The data transmission method according to (2-2), wherein the first auxiliary field having the first variable length is zero bytes.
(2-4) The data transmission method according to (2-2), wherein the second auxiliary field having the second variable length is zero bytes.

1 is a block diagram of a compressed video signal encoding / decoding system incorporating a clock recovery apparatus embodying the present invention. FIG. FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a signal multiplexer useful for representing the generation of multiplexed data from different data sources. FIG. 6 is a block diagram of another embodiment of a clock recovery device for use with compressed video data to be transmitted. FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a signal multiplexer that includes a system for increasing a timing code included in a multiplexed signal. FIG. 6 is a block diagram of another embodiment of a clock recovery device for use with compressed video data to be transmitted. FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a transport block and an auxiliary signal transport block. FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a transport block and an auxiliary signal transport block. 3 is a flowchart of the operation of the transport treatment apparatus of FIG.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Video signal source 11 Compression apparatus 12 Format formation apparatus 13 Transport processing apparatus 14 Rate buffer 15 Modem 16 Modem 17 Rate buffer 18 Reverse transport processing apparatus 19 Restoration apparatus 20 Display (display apparatus)
21 System Controller 22 System Clock 23 Counter 26 System Controller 27 System Clock 31 Auxiliary Packet Detector; Matched Filter 32 Inverse Transport Processor 33 Transport (TP) Controller 34 Memory 36 Local Counter 37 Voltage Control Oscillator 38 Reduction filter 39 Clock controller 45 Adder 46 Memory 50 Video encoder 51 Digital storage media 52 Clock PCR generator 53 Transport treatment device 54 Digital read controller 55 Multiplexer 56 Multiplexer 60 Local clock 61 Auxiliary packet detector 62 Count 63 Auxiliary packet detector 66 Multiplexer 67 Buffer

Claims (1)

  1. A system for transmitting and receiving data over a network,
    A formatting device for formatting a compressed video signal for transmission over a network;
    (1) incorporating the first auxiliary data in a first auxiliary field having a first variable length in the transport packet; and (2) second auxiliary data in the second in the transport packet. Embedded in a second auxiliary field having a variable length, and (3) transmitting a first length of data to the transport to transmit information on the number of bytes of the first auxiliary field of the first variable length. Embedded in a first 8-bit length field in the packet, and (4) transmitting a second length of data to transmit information relating to the number of bytes of the second variable length second auxiliary field. A processing unit for inclusion in a second 8-bit long field in the port packet;
    Means for receiving and processing the transport packet;
    With
    The system, wherein a program clock reference (PCR) for timing information of the system is included in one of the auxiliary fields that does not include the compressed video signal.
JP2008158404A 1993-05-13 2008-06-17 Data transmission / reception system Expired - Lifetime JP4379826B2 (en)

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JP12794794A Expired - Lifetime JP3645286B2 (en) 1993-05-13 1994-05-06 Video signal compression apparatus and compression method
JP2004195105A Expired - Lifetime JP4201743B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2004-07-01 Data transmission apparatus and method
JP2004195100A Expired - Lifetime JP4358691B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2004-07-01 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2006118694A Expired - Lifetime JP4208089B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2006-04-24 Data transmitting apparatus and method
JP2007258343A Expired - Lifetime JP4492972B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2007-10-02 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2007258347A Expired - Lifetime JP4379824B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2007-10-02 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2008158404A Expired - Lifetime JP4379826B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2008-06-17 Data transmission / reception system
JP2010004768A Expired - Lifetime JP4753324B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-01-13 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2010048752A Expired - Lifetime JP4553273B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-03-05 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2010080807A Expired - Lifetime JP4688235B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-03-31 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2010101127A Expired - Lifetime JP4688236B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-04-26 Receiver for signals containing transport packets
JP2010118159A Expired - Lifetime JP5051554B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-05-24 Receiver for signals containing transport packets
JP2010236270A Expired - Lifetime JP4753325B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-10-21 Method for transmitting and receiving signals
JP2011095183A Expired - Lifetime JP4845156B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2011-04-21 Data transmission device
JP2011111307A Expired - Lifetime JP5366334B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2011-05-18 Data transmission / reception system
JP2011131958A Expired - Lifetime JP4979039B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2011-06-14 How to send compressed video data
JP2013008320A Expired - Lifetime JP5366342B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2013-01-21 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
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JP2004195105A Expired - Lifetime JP4201743B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2004-07-01 Data transmission apparatus and method
JP2004195100A Expired - Lifetime JP4358691B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2004-07-01 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2006118694A Expired - Lifetime JP4208089B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2006-04-24 Data transmitting apparatus and method
JP2007258343A Expired - Lifetime JP4492972B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2007-10-02 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
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JP2010080807A Expired - Lifetime JP4688235B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-03-31 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2010101127A Expired - Lifetime JP4688236B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-04-26 Receiver for signals containing transport packets
JP2010118159A Expired - Lifetime JP5051554B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-05-24 Receiver for signals containing transport packets
JP2010236270A Expired - Lifetime JP4753325B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2010-10-21 Method for transmitting and receiving signals
JP2011095183A Expired - Lifetime JP4845156B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2011-04-21 Data transmission device
JP2011111307A Expired - Lifetime JP5366334B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2011-05-18 Data transmission / reception system
JP2011131958A Expired - Lifetime JP4979039B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2011-06-14 How to send compressed video data
JP2013008320A Expired - Lifetime JP5366342B2 (en) 1993-05-13 2013-01-21 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder
JP2013008321A Pending JP2013110757A (en) 1993-05-13 2013-01-21 Video encoder and method for synchronizing timing from encoder to decoder

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HK1063403A1 (en) 2006-07-28
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CN1087559C (en) 2002-07-10
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TW295762B (en) 1997-01-11
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