JP4341429B2 - Power generator with lighting equipment - Google Patents

Power generator with lighting equipment Download PDF

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JP4341429B2
JP4341429B2 JP2004051100A JP2004051100A JP4341429B2 JP 4341429 B2 JP4341429 B2 JP 4341429B2 JP 2004051100 A JP2004051100 A JP 2004051100A JP 2004051100 A JP2004051100 A JP 2004051100A JP 4341429 B2 JP4341429 B2 JP 4341429B2
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lighting
illuminance
power generator
illuminance sensor
outdoor
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JP2005243398A (en
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昌隆 岩崎
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パナソニック株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting

Description

本発明は、太陽光または風力の自然エネルギーを利用して発電した電力を蓄電する照明器具付発電装置において、照度センサを用いて照明器具を点灯および消灯する制御に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a control for turning on and off a lighting fixture using an illuminance sensor in a power generator with a lighting fixture that stores electric power generated using natural energy of sunlight or wind power.
従来、この種の屋外の照度を検出して照明器具を自動点灯および自動消灯させる装置は、壁掛け式のハウジングの表面に、外部の照度を検出する光センサ(以下照度センサと呼ぶ)を設け、そのハウジングの周囲の照度を検知しその照度が所定の値以下のときに、LEDに駆動電流を供給して点灯するものが知られている(例えば、特許文献1参照)。特許文献1の図7および図8では、照明器具の電源を太陽電池および風車で発電し、その電力を用い街路灯の形態に構成した照明器具ユニットが示されているが、照度センサ自体の取り付け構成については記載されていない。   Conventionally, this kind of outdoor illuminance detection device that automatically turns on and off a lighting fixture is provided with a light sensor (hereinafter referred to as illuminance sensor) that detects external illuminance on the surface of a wall-mounted housing, A device is known that detects the illuminance around the housing and turns on the LED by supplying a drive current to the LED when the illuminance is a predetermined value or less (see, for example, Patent Document 1). In FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 of Patent Document 1, a lighting fixture unit is shown in which a power source of a lighting fixture is generated by a solar cell and a windmill and is configured in the form of a street light using the power. The configuration is not described.
一方、それ以外の従来技術として以下に道路の街路灯に用いられていた照度センサの取付け状態について図5を参照しながら説明する。図5に示すように、照明器具付発電装置1は、地面に土台2を築いて建てた2本で構成した連結ポール3に、上部から太陽のエネルギーを受けて電気エネルギーに変換する太陽電池4、それを支える太陽電池受け金具5、その下部に自然風を受けてそれを電気エネルギーに変換する風車6、その下部に照明器具7を取り付けている。そして、前記連結ポール3の最下部には、太陽電池4および風車6により生成した電力を充電する蓄電池8および制御機器を制御盤A9に収納している。そして、前記太陽電池受け金具5の上面には、外部の照度を検出する照度センサ10を配設している。それにより、太陽および風のエネルギーが発生した段階では、蓄電池8に電力を蓄積し、夜間に周囲照度が下がることを照度センサ10で検出し、蓄電池8より電力を供給し照明器具7を点灯するものである。   On the other hand, the illuminance sensor mounting state used for the street lamp of the road as a prior art other than that will be described below with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 5, a power generator 1 with a luminaire includes a solar cell 4 that receives solar energy from the top and converts it into electrical energy on a connecting pole 3 constituted by two bases 2 built on the ground. The solar cell bracket 5 that supports it, the windmill 6 that receives natural wind at its lower part and converts it into electrical energy, and the lighting fixture 7 are attached to its lower part. A storage battery 8 and a control device for charging electric power generated by the solar battery 4 and the wind turbine 6 are housed in the control panel A9 at the lowermost part of the connecting pole 3. An illuminance sensor 10 for detecting external illuminance is disposed on the upper surface of the solar cell bracket 5. Thereby, in the stage where the energy of the sun and the wind is generated, electric power is accumulated in the storage battery 8, and it is detected by the illuminance sensor 10 that the ambient illuminance decreases at night, and the lighting apparatus 7 is turned on by supplying electric power from the storage battery 8. Is.
ここで通常の使用状態は、車道等に間隔をあけて配置し、商用電源の代わりに自然エネルギーを用いて夜間の点灯をおこなうものとして使用されている。   Here, the normal use state is arranged as being spaced on a roadway or the like, and is used for lighting at night using natural energy instead of a commercial power source.
ところが、公園や駅のロータリーおよび通学路等に、環境を身近に感じるもの、また環境取組みのシンボルおよび自然を感じる空間づくりとしてモニュメントに用いられる場合が生じてきた。そのため、前記公園および駅のロータリーで照明器具付発電装置1の近傍に、街路柱101に点滅器具102と照明器具灯103を取り付けた街路灯104が設置され、夜間に前記点滅器具102が点灯して使用されていた。
特開2002−251903号公報
However, there are cases where it is used as a monument to create a space where you can feel the environment close to you, as well as a symbol of environmental initiatives and nature, such as in the roundabouts and commuting routes of parks and stations. Therefore, a street light 104 with a flashing fixture 102 and a lighting fixture lamp 103 attached to a street post 101 is installed in the vicinity of the power generator 1 with a lighting fixture at the park and station rotary, and the flashing fixture 102 lights up at night. Used.
JP 2002-251903 A
このような従来の照明器具付発電装置では、街路灯104が隣に設置された場合には、照明器具灯103で点灯した光により、照明器具付発電装置1に設けた照度センサ10が照度を検出して誤検知をして夜間照明器具が点灯すべきときに消灯して誤作動を起こすこという課題があった。これは当初からの街づくりの段階で照明器具付発電装置1を計画されたならば問題はないが、既存の状況の中でモミュメントとして照明器具付発電装置1が後設置される場合が多く、その対応が要求されていた。   In such a conventional power generation device with a lighting fixture, when the street light 104 is installed next to the lighting device 103, the illuminance sensor 10 provided in the power generation device with the lighting fixture 1 increases the illuminance by the light lit by the lighting fixture lamp 103. There has been a problem of detecting and misdetecting and causing a malfunction when the night lighting apparatus should be turned on. This is not a problem if the lighting generator 1 is planned at the stage of city planning from the beginning, but the lighting generator 1 is often installed later as a moment in the existing situation. That response was required.
また、メンテ時においても、高い位置での照度センサ10の点検および交換の機能確認における作業が高所であるがゆえに多くの安全設備および複数人での作業を要するという課題があった。   Further, even during maintenance, the work for checking the function of the illuminance sensor 10 at a high position and the replacement function is high, so that there is a problem that a lot of safety equipment and work by a plurality of people are required.
また、街路灯104対策のために照度センサ10を連結ポール3の土台2から1m以下の位置に配置することにより、自動車の通過時のライトによる誤検知が問題となってくる。   Further, by disposing the illuminance sensor 10 at a position of 1 m or less from the base 2 of the connecting pole 3 as a countermeasure for the street light 104, erroneous detection by a light when the automobile passes is a problem.
そこで本発明は、このような従来の課題を解決するものであり、周囲に街路灯104等がある場所に後で追加設置された場合においても誤動作しなく、またメンテの容易な照明器具付発電装置1を提供することを目的としている。   Therefore, the present invention solves such a conventional problem, and even if it is additionally installed later in a place where there is a street light 104 or the like in the vicinity, it does not malfunction, and it is easy to maintain the power generation with a luminaire. The object is to provide a device 1.
上記課題を解決するために、本発明は、ポールの上部に太陽電池または風車による発電装置と、照射面を下方に向けた照明具とを設け、前記ポールの下部の地面近傍に前記発電装置による発電エネルギーを蓄電する蓄電池と制御機器を収納した制御盤とを設け、この制御盤の一部であって、前記照明具のほぼ真下となる場所に天空光を覆う庇を設け、その下面に屋外照度の度合を検出する照度センサを配設したことを特徴とする。 In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a power generator using a solar cell or a windmill at the top of a pole and a lighting device having an irradiation surface directed downward, and the power generator is provided near the ground below the pole. the storage battery that stores electric power energy control and control panel housing a control device is provided, a part of the control panel, provided with a canopy covering the skylight to where substantially the beneath the illumination device, on its lower surface characterized in that the illuminance sensor for detecting the degree of outdoors illumination was arranged.
また、前記照度センサを透明の板でカバーすることを特徴とする。 The illuminance sensor is covered with a transparent plate.
また、前記照度センサの対向面には、屋外の明かりを集める集光板を設けたことを特徴とする。 In addition, a condensing plate for collecting outdoor light is provided on the opposing surface of the illuminance sensor.
また、前記照度センサで屋外照度を検知する検知手段と、屋外の照度が点灯レベル設定値より低くなると照明器具を点灯する点灯手段と、前記点灯中に屋外の照度が消灯レベル設定値を連続して越えた時間を記憶する記憶手段と、その記憶時間が予め設定した所定時間を越えると照明器具を消灯する消灯手段を有したことを特徴とする。 In addition, detection means for detecting the outdoor illuminance with the illuminance sensor, lighting means for turning on the luminaire when the outdoor illuminance becomes lower than the lighting level setting value, and the outdoor illuminance during the lighting, the lighting level setting value continues. Storage means for storing the time exceeding the specified time, and extinguishing means for turning off the luminaire when the storage time exceeds a predetermined time set in advance.
また、前記照明器具をタイマーの設定時間で点灯をおこなうタイマー点灯手段と、前記照明器具をタイマーの設定時間で消灯をおこなうタイマー消灯手段と、屋外照度を照度センサで検出して前記照明器具の点灯をおこなう照度点灯手段と、前記照明器具を消灯する照度消灯手段を有し、それぞれの点灯および消灯の手段を組み合わせて選択できる選択手段を有することを特徴とする。 In addition, a timer lighting means for turning on the lighting fixture at a set time of a timer, a timer turning-off means for turning off the lighting fixture at a set time of the timer, and lighting of the lighting fixture by detecting outdoor illuminance with an illuminance sensor And an illuminance extinguishing means for extinguishing the luminaire, and a selection means that can be selected by combining the lighting and extinguishing means.
以上の説明から明らかなように本発明によれば、天空光を覆う庇を設けその下面に配設することにより、周囲に街路灯等がある場所に後で追加設置された場合においても誤動作しなく、またメンテの容易な照明器具付発電装置を提供できるものである。 According to the present invention As is apparent from the above description, by providing a lower surface thereof provided with a visor to cover the sky sky light, malfunction even when it is additionally installed later to the location of the street light or the like around In addition, it is possible to provide a power generator with a lighting fixture that is easy to maintain.
また、照度センサを下部に配置した場合に、従来と異なる車等の外乱が生じても対応できるものである。   Further, when the illuminance sensor is arranged at the lower part, it can cope with disturbances such as cars different from the conventional one.
本発明の第1の実施の形態は、ポールの上部に太陽電池または風車による発電装置と、照射面を下方に向けた照明具とを設け、前記ポールの下部の地面近傍に前記発電装置による発電エネルギーを蓄電する蓄電池と制御機器を収納した制御盤とを設け、この制御盤の一部であって、前記照明具のほぼ真下となる場所に天空光を覆う庇を設け、その下面に屋外照度の度合を検出する照度センサ配設して構成されたものである。それにより、照明器具付発電装置の近くに街路灯が点灯し、その光が天空方向から照射しても、その光は方向性がありかつ距離減衰し、太陽光のような周囲全体に均等な光を与えないため誤検出しない。 The first embodiment of the present invention includes a power generator on top of the pole by the solar cell or wind turbine, the irradiation surface is provided with a lighting fixture with downward, power generation by the power generator on the ground near the lower portion of the pole and a control panel housing a storage battery with control device for storing electric energy is provided, a part of the control panel, provided with a canopy covering the skylight to where substantially the beneath the lighting device, ya on its lower surface those constructed by disposing an illuminance sensor for detecting the degree of external illumination. As a result, a street light is lit near the power generator with a lighting fixture, and even if the light is irradiated from the sky direction, the light is directional and attenuates the distance, and evenly around the surroundings such as sunlight. No false detection because no light is applied.
また、本発明の第の実施の形態は、前記照度センサを透明の板でカバーする構成にしている。それにより、照度センサは庇内袋にあり容易に触ることができないけれども、更なるガード構成をとり悪戯防止を図ったものである。 Further, the second embodiment of the present invention is in the pre-Symbol illuminance sensor configured to cover a transparent plate. As a result, the illuminance sensor is in the bag inside the bag and cannot be easily touched, but a further guard structure is adopted to prevent mischief.
また、照度センサの対向面には、屋外の明かりを集める集光板を設けた構成をしている。それにより、照度センサに集まる光量を増幅し、きめ細かな照度計測が行える。 In addition, a condensing plate for collecting outdoor light is provided on the opposite surface of the illuminance sensor. As a result, the amount of light collected by the illuminance sensor is amplified, and fine illuminance measurement can be performed.
また、前記照度センサで屋外照度を検知する検知手段と、屋外の照度が点灯レベル設定値より低くなると照明器具を点灯する点灯手段と、前記点灯中に屋外の照度が消灯レベル設定値を連続して越えた時間を記憶する記憶手段と、その記憶時間が予め設定した所定時間を越えると照明器具を消灯する消灯手段を設けている。これにより、夜間に自動車等がライトを点灯して照明器具付発電装置に近づいてくる場合には、ライトの高さは低く照明器具センサは明るく照度センサは照度を検出できる状態になる。そこで屋外照度の変化を常時検出し、所定の時間そのレベル値の変化状態を監視して、車の通過の一時的な状態か否かを判断して一時的な外乱を防いでいる。 In addition, detection means for detecting the outdoor illuminance with the illuminance sensor, lighting means for turning on the luminaire when the outdoor illuminance becomes lower than the lighting level setting value, and the outdoor illuminance during the lighting, the lighting level setting value continues. Storage means for storing the time exceeding the specified time, and extinguishing means for turning off the lighting fixture when the storage time exceeds a predetermined time set in advance. As a result, when an automobile or the like turns on the light at night and approaches the power generator with a lighting fixture, the height of the light is low, the lighting fixture sensor is bright, and the illuminance sensor can detect the illuminance. Therefore, a change in outdoor illuminance is constantly detected, and a change state of the level value is monitored for a predetermined time to determine whether or not the vehicle is in a temporary state to prevent a temporary disturbance.
また、前記照明器具をタイマーの設定時間で点灯をおこなうタイマー点灯手段と、前記照明器具をタイマーの設定時間で消灯をおこなうタイマー消灯手段と、屋外照度を照度センサで検出して前記照明器具の点灯をおこなう照度点灯手段と、前記照明器具を消灯する照度消灯手段を有し、それぞれの点灯および消灯の手段を組み合わせて選択できる選択手段を設けている。それにより、周囲環境および使用状態に応じて自由に照明器具の点灯消灯を選別できるユーザの多使用性に対応している。

In addition , a timer lighting means for turning on the lighting fixture at a set time of a timer, a timer turning-off means for turning off the lighting fixture at a set time of the timer, and lighting of the lighting fixture by detecting outdoor illuminance with an illuminance sensor There is provided an illuminance lighting means for performing illumination and an illuminance extinguishing means for extinguishing the lighting fixture, and a selection means capable of selecting a combination of lighting and extinguishing means is provided. Thereby, it corresponds to the versatility of the user who can sort the lighting fixtures on and off freely according to the surrounding environment and usage conditions.

以下、本発明の実施例について図面を参照しながら説明する。   Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
(実施例1)
以下、本発明の一実施例による照明器具付発電装置について図1、図2に基づいて説明する。図1は本発明の実施例1による照明器具付発電装置の全体概要図、図2は図1の矢印Z部分の拡大詳細図を示している。ここで、従来例と同じものについては同一の番号を記し詳細な説明は省略する。図1および図2に示すように、照明器具付発電装置1の制御機器を収納する制御盤B11は、その前面に内部点検をするための点検扉12を有し、その点検扉12の上部に制御盤B11を延長した庇13を設けた構造となっている。そして、前記庇13の軒下面14には、前記点検扉12の上面との間に形成した庇内袋15の空間を有している。そして、照度センサ10は、制御盤B11の内部から照度検知部16を凸状に屋外に突き出した形状にして配設している。さらに、前記照度センサ10の取り付け高さは、地面17から1m以下の高さに設けた構成としている。
(Example 1)
Hereinafter, a power generator with a lighting device according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 is an overall schematic diagram of a power generator with a lighting fixture according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is an enlarged detailed view of an arrow Z portion in FIG. Here, the same components as those in the conventional example are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted. As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the control panel B <b> 11 that houses the control device of the power generator 1 with lighting equipment has an inspection door 12 for performing an internal inspection on the front surface, and above the inspection door 12. It has a structure provided with a flange 13 that extends the control panel B11. And the eaves lower surface 14 of the eaves 13 has a space for the inner bag 15 formed between the upper surface of the inspection door 12. The illuminance sensor 10 is arranged in such a manner that the illuminance detection unit 16 protrudes outdoors from the inside of the control panel B11. Further, the mounting height of the illuminance sensor 10 is set to a height of 1 m or less from the ground 17.
上記構成により、夜間に前記制御盤B11の周囲が暗くなると、照度センサ10が周囲の照度を捉えて照明が必要な状態を判断し、照明を点灯する。ここで、他の街路灯が近傍で点灯した場合、照度センサ10を制御盤B11の庇内に設けているため、上部からの天空光による照度の影響を受けず誤動作することがなくなる。   With the above configuration, when the periphery of the control panel B11 becomes dark at night, the illuminance sensor 10 captures the ambient illuminance, determines a state where illumination is necessary, and turns on the illumination. Here, when other street lamps are lit in the vicinity, the illuminance sensor 10 is provided in the cage of the control panel B11, so that the malfunction does not occur without being affected by the illuminance due to the skylight from above.
また、照度センサ10は人の手の届く位置に設置されているため、修理交換などのメンテがしやすくなる。   In addition, since the illuminance sensor 10 is installed at a position that can be reached by a person, maintenance such as repair and replacement can be easily performed.
また、地面17近くに照度センサ10を設けても、その存在を容易に見つけられない構成のため、容易に子供等により視角的に発見されることもない。また、庇内袋15の空間は、幅10mm程度あればよい。ここで地面17から1m以下としたは、人の届く位置に照度センサ10を設置した場合にいたずらで破損される可能性があるが、小学生の目線は1mより高く、容易に見つけられない位置にあるためである。   Further, even if the illuminance sensor 10 is provided near the ground 17, the presence of the illuminance sensor 10 is not easily found by a child or the like because of its configuration that cannot easily be found. Moreover, the space of the bag inner bag 15 should just be about 10 mm in width. Here, if the illuminance sensor 10 is installed at a position where a person can reach, it may be damaged by mischief, but the primary school student's line of sight is higher than 1 m and cannot be easily found. Because there is.
また、外部から庇内袋15の中に配設した照度センサ10に、引掛け棒等を入れて破損等をされないように、前記庇内袋15の周囲に透明板のカバーを設けてガードをおこなう。これにより、屋外の照度は検出できるが悪戯はされない構成とすることができる。   In addition, a cover of a transparent plate is provided around the bag inner bag 15 so as to prevent damage to the illuminance sensor 10 disposed in the bag inner bag 15 from the outside by inserting a hook or the like. Do it. Thereby, it can be set as the structure which can detect outdoor illumination intensity but is not mischievous.
また、点検扉12の上部には集光板18が設けられている。集光板18は鏡やアルミホイールなどの光を反射する素材のものが用いられ、集光板18を設けたことにより周囲の光を反射集光し、周囲の光量を増幅できるので明暗をきめ細かく感知することができる。   Further, a light collector 18 is provided on the upper part of the inspection door 12. The light collecting plate 18 is made of a material that reflects light, such as a mirror or an aluminum wheel. By providing the light collecting plate 18, the surrounding light is reflected and condensed, and the amount of the surrounding light can be amplified. be able to.
なお、照度センサ10の取り付けは、制御盤B11に配設しているが、外乱光の発するところを避けた位置に庇を設けて配設してもよく、地中配線で接続することにより連結可能である。   The illuminance sensor 10 is attached to the control panel B11. However, the illuminance sensor 10 may be provided with a ridge in a position avoiding a place where ambient light is emitted, or connected by connecting with underground wiring. Is possible.
(実施例2)
また、図3は本発明の第2の実施例による外乱防止手段のブロック図である。実施例1と同じ物は同一の番号を記し詳細な説明は省略する。図3に示すように、照明器具付発電装置は、照度センサ10にて計測された屋外照度を照度計測値信号に変換する検知手段21で屋外照度値として検知し、その信号は点灯手段22および記憶手段23に入力される。点灯手段22は検知手段21からの信号を受け照明器具7に信号を送り、記憶手段23は検知手段21からの信号を受け消灯手段24に信号を送り、消灯手段24は記憶手段23からの信号を受け照明器具7に信号を送る構成となっている。
(Example 2)
FIG. 3 is a block diagram of the disturbance preventing means according to the second embodiment of the present invention. The same thing as Example 1 gives the same number, and omits detailed explanation. As shown in FIG. 3, the power generation apparatus with a lighting fixture detects the outdoor illuminance measured by the illuminance sensor 10 as an outdoor illuminance value by the detection means 21 that converts the illuminance measurement value signal into the illuminance measurement value signal. Input to the storage means 23. The lighting means 22 receives a signal from the detection means 21 and sends a signal to the lighting fixture 7, the storage means 23 receives a signal from the detection means 21 and sends a signal to the light-off means 24, and the light-off means 24 sends a signal from the storage means 23. Is configured to send a signal to the lighting fixture 7.
上記構成においてその動作は、周囲が暗くなると、点灯手段22は検知手段21にて検知された屋外照度値が点灯レベル設定値より低くなるため照明器具7に点灯信号を送り、照明器具7はその信号を受け点灯する。   In the above configuration, when the surroundings become dark, the lighting means 22 sends a lighting signal to the lighting fixture 7 because the outdoor illuminance value detected by the detection means 21 is lower than the lighting level setting value. Lights in response to a signal.
また記憶手段23は、照度センサ10の周囲が明るくなり検知手段21にて検知された屋外照度値が消灯レベル設定値を越えている場合はその時間をカウントアップする。ここで消灯レベル設定値は前記点灯レベル設定値よりも高くセットされている。そして逆に、周囲が暗くなり消灯レベル設定値を下回った場合はその時間をゼロクリアして記憶する。   Further, when the surroundings of the illuminance sensor 10 become bright and the outdoor illuminance value detected by the detection means 21 exceeds the extinction level setting value, the storage unit 23 counts up the time. Here, the turn-off level set value is set higher than the turn-on level set value. On the contrary, when the surroundings become dark and falls below the set value of the light extinction level, the time is cleared to zero and stored.
そして、周囲が明るくなると、消灯手段24は記憶手段23に記憶された時間が予め設定した所定時間を越えると照明器具7に消灯信号を送り照明器具7はその信号を受け消灯する。このように、屋外の照度変化を常時監視して照明器具の点灯および消灯動作をおこなっている。   When the surroundings become bright, the extinguishing means 24 sends an extinguishing signal to the lighting fixture 7 when the time stored in the storage means 23 exceeds a predetermined time set in advance, and the lighting fixture 7 receives the signal and goes off. In this way, the lighting fixture is turned on and off by constantly monitoring changes in the illuminance outdoors.
ここで、夜間照明が点灯している際、自動車等のヘッドライトの一時的な外乱光の通過により照度センサ10の周囲が一時的に明るくなるが、前記消灯手段24では消灯レベル設定値以上の状態が一定時間継続していることを判断して消灯するため、外乱光により生じる誤認識を防止できる。   Here, when the night illumination is turned on, the surroundings of the illuminance sensor 10 are temporarily brightened due to the passage of disturbance light from a headlight such as an automobile. Since it is determined that the state has continued for a certain period of time and the light is turned off, erroneous recognition caused by ambient light can be prevented.
(実施例3)
また、図4は本発明の第3の実施例による点灯消灯選択手段のブロック図である。実施例2と同じ物は同一の番号を記し詳細な説明は省略する。図4に示すように、照明器具付発電装置における照度点灯手段25および照度消灯手段26は検知手段21から信号を受け取り選択手段27に信号を送る。一方、スケジュール点灯手段28およびスケジュール消灯手段29は時計30から現在時刻を受け取り選択手段27に信号を送る。選択手段27は照度点灯手段25、照度消灯手段26、スケジュール点灯手段28およびスケジュール消灯手段29から信号を受け取り照明器具7に信号を送る構成となっている。
(Example 3)
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of lighting / extinguishing selection means according to the third embodiment of the present invention. The same components as those in the second embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted. As shown in FIG. 4, the illuminance lighting means 25 and the illuminance extinguishing means 26 in the power generator with lighting fixture receive signals from the detection means 21 and send signals to the selection means 27. On the other hand, the schedule lighting means 28 and the schedule turn-off means 29 receive the current time from the clock 30 and send a signal to the selection means 27. The selection means 27 is configured to receive signals from the illuminance lighting means 25, the illuminance extinguishing means 26, the schedule lighting means 28, and the schedule extinguishing means 29, and send signals to the lighting fixture 7.
上記構成におけるその操作は、照度点灯手段25は検知手段21にて検知された照度が点灯レベル設定値より低くなると選択手段27に点灯信号を送り、照度消灯手段26は検知手段21にて検知された照度が消灯レベル設定値より高くなると選択手段27に消灯信号を送る。   In the above configuration, the illuminance lighting means 25 sends a lighting signal to the selection means 27 when the illuminance detected by the detection means 21 becomes lower than the lighting level setting value, and the illuminance extinguishing means 26 is detected by the detection means 21. When the illuminance is higher than the turn-off level setting value, a turn-off signal is sent to the selection means 27.
一方、スケジュール点灯手段28は時計30の現在時刻が、予めセットした点灯時刻に達したら選択手段27に点灯信号を送る。また、スケジュール消灯手段29は時計30の現在時刻が、予めセットした消灯時刻に達したら選択手段27に消灯信号を送る。   On the other hand, the schedule lighting means 28 sends a lighting signal to the selection means 27 when the current time of the clock 30 reaches a preset lighting time. The schedule turn-off means 29 sends a turn-off signal to the selection means 27 when the current time of the clock 30 reaches a preset turn-off time.
選択手段27には、照明器具7の点灯を照度でおこなうかスケジュールでおこなうかの設定および照明器具7の消灯を照度でおこなうかスケジュールでおこなうかの設定がなされており、その設定に基づいて照明器具7に点灯信号あるいは消灯信号を送る。   The selection means 27 is set to turn on or off the lighting fixture 7 according to the illuminance, and set whether to turn off the lighting fixture 7 at the illuminance or on the schedule, and lighting is performed based on the setting. A lighting signal or a lighting signal is sent to the instrument 7.
照明器具7は選択手段27から点灯信号を受けた場合は点灯し、消灯信号を受けた場合は消灯する。   The luminaire 7 is turned on when a lighting signal is received from the selection means 27, and is turned off when a lighting signal is received.
たとえば、選択手段27で点灯を照度でおこない、消灯をスケジュールでおこなう設定がなされている場合は、選択手段27は照度点灯手段25からの点灯信号を受けた場合のみ照明器具7に点灯信号を送り、スケジュール消灯手段29からの消灯信号を受けた場合のみ照明器具7に消灯信号を送ることとなる。   For example, when the selection unit 27 is set to perform lighting with illuminance and to turn off with a schedule, the selection unit 27 sends a lighting signal to the luminaire 7 only when the lighting signal from the illuminance lighting unit 25 is received. Only when a turn-off signal is received from the schedule turn-off means 29, a turn-off signal is sent to the lighting fixture 7.
それにより、照明器具7の点灯および消灯の方法を照度と時間を組み合わせて選択できるできるようになるから照明器具7は「暗くなったら照明を点灯し、夜の10時で消灯したい」とか「夜の8時に照明を点灯し、明るくなったら消灯したい」といった様々な状況に応じた点灯および消灯をおこなうことができる。   As a result, the lighting device 7 can be turned on and off by selecting a combination of illuminance and time, so that the lighting device 7 “turns on the lighting when it gets dark and wants to turn it off at 10 o'clock at night” or “night. It is possible to turn on and off according to various situations, such as “I want to turn on the light at 8 o'clock and turn it off when it becomes brighter”.
本発明は、照明器具以外のLEDの点滅によるイルミネーションの用途にも適用できる。   The present invention can also be applied to illumination use by blinking LEDs other than lighting fixtures.
本発明の実施例1による照明器具付発電装置の全体概要図1 is an overall schematic diagram of a power generator with a lighting fixture according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. 同照明器具付発電装置の図1の矢印Z部分の拡大詳細図Detailed enlarged view of the arrow Z portion of FIG. 本発明の第2の実施例による外乱防止手段のブロック図Block diagram of disturbance preventing means according to the second embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第3の実施例による点灯消灯選択手段のブロック図Block diagram of lighting on / off selecting means according to the third embodiment of the present invention 従来の照明器具付発電装置の構成図Configuration diagram of conventional power generator with lighting equipment
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 照明器具付発電装置
2 土台
3 連結ポール
4 太陽電池
5 太陽電池受け金具
6 風車
7 照明器具
8 蓄電池
9 制御盤A
10 照度センサ
11 制御盤B
12 点検扉
13 庇
14 軒下面
15 庇内袋
16 照度検知部
17 地面
18 集光板
21 検知手段
22 点灯手段
23 記憶手段
24 消灯手段
25 照度点灯手段
26 照度消灯手段
27 選択手段
28 スケジュール点灯手段
29 スケジュール消灯手段
30 時計
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Power generation device with a lighting fixture 2 Base 3 Connecting pole 4 Solar cell 5 Solar cell bracket 6 Windmill 7 Lighting fixture 8 Storage battery 9 Control panel A
10 Illuminance sensor 11 Control panel B
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 12 Inspection door 13 下面 14 Eaves bottom surface 15 Bag inner bag 16 Illuminance detection part 17 Ground 18 Light collecting plate 21 Detection means 22 Lighting means 23 Memory | storage means 24 Light-off means 25 Illuminance lighting means 26 Illuminance light-off means 27 Selection means 28 Schedule lighting means 29 Schedule Light-off means 30 Clock

Claims (5)

  1. ポールの上部に太陽電池または風車による発電装置と、照射面を下方に向けた照明具とを設け、
    前記ポールの下部の地面近傍に前記発電装置による発電エネルギーを蓄電する蓄電池と制御機器を収納した制御盤とを設け、
    この制御盤の一部であって、前記照明具のほぼ真下となる場所に天空光を覆う庇を設け、その下面に屋外照度の度合を検出する照度センサを配設したことを特徴とする照明器具付発電装置。
    A power generator using a solar cell or a windmill and an illuminator with the irradiation surface facing downward are provided on the top of the pole .
    And a control panel housing a storage battery with control device for storing electric power generation energy by the power generator at the bottom of the ground near the pole is provided,
    A part of this control panel, the eaves covering the skylight to where substantially the beneath the lighting fixture provided, characterized by being arranged illuminance sensor for detecting the degree of outdoors illuminance on its lower surface Power generator with lighting equipment.
  2. 前記照度センサを透明の板でカバーすることを特徴とする請求項記載の照明器具付発電装置。 Power generator with luminaire according to claim 1, wherein the covering the illuminance sensor with a transparent plate.
  3. 前記照度センサの対向面には、屋外の明かりを集める集光板を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1または2に記載の照明器具付発電装置。 The power generation apparatus with a luminaire according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein a condensing plate for collecting outdoor light is provided on a surface opposite to the illuminance sensor.
  4. 前記照度センサで屋外照度を検知する検知手段と、屋外の照度が点灯レベル設定値より低くなると照明器具を点灯する点灯手段と、前記点灯中に屋外の照度が消灯レベル設定値を連続して越えた時間を記憶する記憶手段と、その記憶時間が予め設定した所定時間を越えると照明器具を消灯する消灯手段を有したことを特徴とする請求項1から請求項3のいずれかに記載の照明器具付発電装置。 Detecting means for detecting outdoor illuminance with the illuminance sensor, lighting means for turning on a luminaire when the outdoor illuminance falls below a lighting level setting value, and outdoor illuminance during the lighting continuously exceeds the extinguishing level setting value 4. A lighting unit according to claim 1, further comprising a storage unit for storing the time and a lighting unit for turning off the lighting fixture when the storage time exceeds a predetermined time. A power generator with appliances.
  5. 請求項1〜4いずれかに記載の照明器具付発電装置であって、
    前記照明器具をタイマーの設定時間で点灯をおこなうタイマー点灯手段と、前記照明器具をタイマーの設定時間で消灯をおこなうタイマー消灯手段と、屋外照度を照度センサで検出して前記照明器具の点灯をおこなう照度点灯手段と、前記照明器具を消灯する照度消灯手段を有し、それぞれの点灯および消灯の手段を組み合わせて選択できる選択手段を有することを特徴とする照明器具付発電装置。
    It is a power generator with a lighting fixture in any one of Claims 1-4,
    Timer lighting means for turning on the lighting equipment at a timer setting time, timer lighting means for turning off the lighting equipment at a timer setting time, and lighting of the lighting equipment by detecting outdoor illuminance with an illuminance sensor. An illuminating power generation apparatus comprising: an illuminance lighting unit; and an illuminance extinguishing unit that extinguishes the lighting fixture, and a selection unit that can be selected by combining the lighting and extinguishing units.
JP2004051100A 2004-02-26 2004-02-26 Power generator with lighting equipment Expired - Fee Related JP4341429B2 (en)

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CN1904469A (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-01-31 冯小龙 Wind light mutual complementing power generation and lighting device
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JPS53105491U (en) * 1977-01-28 1978-08-24
JPS579110U (en) * 1980-06-17 1982-01-18
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JPH08102365A (en) * 1994-09-30 1996-04-16 Toshiba Lighting & Technol Corp Lighting control system
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JP3075762U (en) * 2000-08-21 2001-03-06 株式会社松村機械製作所 Advertising tower
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200483396Y1 (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-12 이재욱 Street light having complex generation function

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