JP4287777B2 - Transmitting apparatus and receiving apparatus - Google Patents

Transmitting apparatus and receiving apparatus Download PDF

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JP4287777B2
JP4287777B2 JP2004100956A JP2004100956A JP4287777B2 JP 4287777 B2 JP4287777 B2 JP 4287777B2 JP 2004100956 A JP2004100956 A JP 2004100956A JP 2004100956 A JP2004100956 A JP 2004100956A JP 4287777 B2 JP4287777 B2 JP 4287777B2
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transmission
propagation path
carrier
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orthogonal code
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JP2005124125A (en
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浩之 古田
哲臣 池田
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日本放送協会
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The present invention relates to a digital signal transmission method, and more particularly to an orthogonal frequency division multiplex transmission method (O
FDM about (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) Contact Keru transmitter and receiver to the transmission system).

As a transmission system for terrestrial digital broadcasting, an OFDM transmission system that has been attracting attention as a system that has excellent resistance to multipaths and ghosts and can also perform mobile reception is adopted. This method is
This is a transmission method that modulates data using multiple carriers that are orthogonal to each other in the frequency direction, and in the time direction, the transmission speed is suppressed in each carrier, so the effects of delayed waves due to multipath can be reduced. Therefore, it can be relaxed in comparison with a relatively long transmission symbol. The transmission symbol is configured by a unit combining an effective symbol and a guard interval. The effective symbol is a period for actually transmitting a data signal, and the guard interval is a period for reducing the influence of multipath. Here, the guard interval is a cyclic repetition of a part of the signal waveform of the effective symbol.

Furthermore, the above-described OFDM transmission scheme is one of the transmission schemes with the highest transmission efficiency because the carriers are orthogonal to each other, and is also an FFT (Fast Fourier Transform).
Transform) With the development of circuit technology, it is possible to realize with a relatively simple hardware configuration. For this reason, in recent years, attention has been attracted in the field of communications, including wireless LANs and fourth-generation mobile phones.

  On the other hand, in broadband mobile communication, due to the limited frequency band that can be used and the demand for multimedia communication, it has been required to achieve high quality and high frequency utilization efficiency comparable to fixed communication. Therefore, the MIMO communication technique is attracting attention as a technique that can satisfy such a requirement.

FIG. 15 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration of a transmission system 1000 for MIMO communication. As shown in the figure, in MIMO communication, a MIMO propagation path is configured using a plurality of transmission antennas 1001 1 to 1001 m_t and a plurality of reception antennas 1101 1 to 1101 m_r , and a plurality of different data signals (in FIG. 15). In the example, originally one system of data is converted into a plurality of different signals through the process of encoding by the encoding unit 1010 or through serial-parallel conversion (S / P)), on the same frequency or in a state where frequency bands overlap. way, the (transmission and reception using the transmission unit 1002 1 ~1002 m_t, the reception unit 1102 1 ~1102 m_r) transmitted and received through a plurality of propagation paths.

With respect to the signals of a plurality of systems received by each of the receiving units 1102 1 to 1102 m_r , each propagation path is obtained by an equalizer, an interference canceller, a soft decision unit, or all or any combination thereof in the decoding unit 1110. By performing the operation of separating and demodulating, the capacity can be increased or the robustness by the diversity effect can be achieved.

For the separation of each channel as described above, it is necessary to know the response characteristics of the propagation path between each transmit antenna 1001 1 ~1001 m_t and each receive antenna 1101 1 ~1101 m_r. From this point of view, techniques for applying a MIMO propagation path with the intention of improving the efficiency and performance of the OFDM system have been disclosed (see, for example, Patent Document 1, Non-Patent Document 1, and Non-Patent Document 2). According to these techniques, each transmitter (i: transmitter number) provides a training sequence in advance before transmitting an OFDM block (number of carriers K) of a data signal, and the discrete time (or symbol) n Sometimes an OFDM block (number of carriers K) of pilot signals t_i [n, k] (k: carrier number, k = 0, 1,..., K−1) is transmitted.

  On the other hand, each receiver (j: receiver number) receives a signal r_j [n, k] reflecting the channel response H_ij [n, k] during the training sequence. Here, the frequency response H_ij [n, k] of the propagation path is a delay profile h_ij [n, l] (l = 0, 1,..., K_0-1, K_0 << K, which is a time response of the propagation path. And H_ij [n, k] are estimated by estimating h_ij [n, l] using the fact that there is a Fourier transform relationship.

Further, the product of the conjugate pilot signals t_i * [n, k] and t_j * [n, k] is obtained for the received signal r_j [n, k] and the transmitted pilot signal t_i [n, k], respectively. P_ij [n], q_ij [n], respectively, a matrix h [n] whose components are estimated values of the delay profile h_ij [n, l], p_ij [n], and q_ij [n]
And the matrices P [n] and Q [n], respectively, having the following components:

h [n] = Q [n] -1P [n] (1)
Here, Q [n] −1 is an inverse matrix of Q [n]. Therefore, the propagation path response h [n] is estimated in the training sequence. Based on this estimated channel response, the data signal is subjected to maximum likelihood decoding or minimum mean square error (MMSE: Minimum).
Decoded based on Mean-Square Error).

  Furthermore, in contrast to the data signal transmitted from a certain transmitter, the data signal transmitted from another transmitter becomes an interference signal. Space-time coding (STC) and other coding processes are added to the signal. Also, a process that removes a data signal with high decoding accuracy from the received signal, increases the decoding accuracy of the remaining data signal, obtains an average value of the estimated channel response, and weights the estimated channel characteristic value based on the deviation Techniques for adding are disclosed.

  Each transmitter transmits a pilot signal during the training sequence in order to estimate a propagation path response connecting each transmitting antenna and each receiving antenna. As shown in FIG. , P_1, P_2,..., P_N) do not overlap each other on the time axis, so that when other transmitters are transmitting pilot signals, the transmitters do not transmit their own pilot signals. A technique of transmitting in order is disclosed (for example, see Patent Document 2). According to this technique, for each transmitter received at each receiver, a transfer function is obtained based on an estimate of a channel response without interference, and an inverse matrix of a matrix expressed by the number of receivers versus the number of transmitters. Is calculated. As a result, decoding of the data signal transmitted from each transmitter in an overlapping manner on the time axis is realized.

  In addition, a technique for transmitting a pilot signal for propagation path estimation following a pilot signal for synchronization and decoding a data signal following the pilot signal is disclosed (for example, see Non-Patent Document 3). According to this technique, different orthogonal codes are arranged in the pilot signal in the pilot signal, and in each receiver, the propagation path is separated by the cross-correlation with the replica of the orthogonal code for each transmitter, An estimate of the propagation path response between the transmitting antenna of the transmitter and its own receiving antenna is obtained.

The propagation path estimation by the above techniques is performed by changing the transmission time of the pilot signal and the data signal. In particular, when the number of carriers or the transmission symbol needs to be increased, the propagation path estimation is performed. Since the cycle becomes relatively long, it becomes difficult to apply when the propagation path response changes drastically such as fading as in mobile communication with high-speed movement.

  Usually, when a higher frequency band such as a microwave band or a millimeter wave band is used, or when data is transmitted / received at a higher speed, a propagation path response such as fading also varies at a high speed. Regarding the one-sided OFDM transmission system, a technique relating to a pilot signal arrangement method for waveform equalization and a transmission / reception apparatus that can be applied to the above-described case where the channel response fluctuates at high speed is disclosed in the application of the present invention. It is disclosed by a person (for example, see Patent Document 3).

Even in the case of transmission in an environment where there is no interference due to other signals of one input and one output transmitted from one transmitting antenna to one receiving antenna, and using an OFDM signal and a guard interval, delay Due to the influence of waves, waveform distortion such as frequency selective fading occurs in the received signal. In a conventional OFDM transmission / reception apparatus, in order to equalize this waveform distortion, a propagation path response (frequency characteristic) is obtained using a pilot signal.

  FIG. 17 shows a configuration example of a transmission frame according to the technique disclosed in Patent Document 3. This transmission frame is applied when DQPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, or the like is used as a modulation method for each carrier, and is composed of a pilot carrier and a data carrier that serve as a reference for demodulation. In this transmission frame, a TMCC (Transmission and Multiplexing Configuration Control) carrier for transmission control information not related to demodulation processing and an AC (Auxiliary Channel) carrier for additional information are omitted.

  The transmission frame shown in FIG. 17 is expressed in two dimensions in the frequency direction and the time direction. Carriers are arranged in the frequency direction, and carrier numbers are written as 0, 1, 2,..., K-1. Transmission symbols are arranged in the time direction, and transmission symbol numbers are written as 0, 1, 2,..., L-1. Therefore, this transmission frame is composed of K carriers and L transmission symbols. Here, the effective symbol length of the transmission symbol is Te, the guard interval length is Tg, the ratio of the guard interval length to the effective symbol length (hereinafter referred to as the guard interval ratio) is R (R = Tg / Te), and the guard When an arbitrary integer equal to or smaller than the reciprocal (1 / R) of the interval ratio is Q, the pilot carrier serving as a reference for demodulation is determined from the carriers at both ends under the condition that the value of the number of carriers K is a multiple of Q + 1. Every Q lines are arranged at regular intervals. When this is expressed by using a non-negative integer p as an index k of a position where a pilot carrier is transmitted (the position of a black circle in FIG. 17), the following expression is obtained.

k = Q × p (2)
In FIG. 17, the value of Q is 8.

Here, the relationship between the pilot carrier interval and the guard interval ratio is confirmed.
As an example, taking the case where the guard interval ratio R is 1/8 according to FIG. 17, the maximum integer M equal to or less than the reciprocal (1 / R) of the guard interval ratio is 8. That is, the pilot carrier interval can be set to an arbitrary integer of 8 or less. In the OFDM transmission system, when the ghost delay time exceeds the guard interval length Tg (here, Tg = Te / 8), intersymbol interference occurs and the characteristics deteriorate rapidly. Designed not to exceed.

  By the way, there is a fixed relationship between the frequency response of the propagation path when a ghost enters and the ghost delay time, and if the ghost delay time is τ, the period of change F in the frequency response of the propagation path is the reciprocal thereof. / Τ. That is, the period of the change is minimized when a Te / 8 ghost delay wave exists, and its value Fmin is 8 × (1 / Te). Here, (1 / Te) is the reciprocal of the effective symbol length and represents the carrier interval of the OFDM signal, so the minimum period Fmin of the frequency response of the propagation path corresponds to an 8-carrier interval. Therefore, if pilot carriers are inserted at a rate of one every eight carriers, the frequency response of this propagation path can be accurately obtained by interpolation. That is, it can be seen that the pilot carrier interval may be any integer of 8 or less. In other words, the pilot carriers may be inserted at an arbitrary integer interval equal to or less than (1 / R) that is the reciprocal of the guard interval ratio R.

By configuring the transmission frame as shown in FIG. 17 as described above, it is possible to estimate the frequency response of the propagation path in units of one transmission symbol of the OFDM signal. Therefore, pilot carriers are continuously arranged in the time direction so as to follow changes in the frequency response of the propagation path. Propagation path estimation by such a method is applicable only to one-sided OFDM transmission.
JP 2002-44051 A JP 2002-374224 A Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2002-9724 Ye Li et al, `` ChannelEstimation for OFDM Systems with Transmitter Diversity in Mobile WirelessChannels '', IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol.17, No.3, pp.461-471, 1999 Ye Li et al, "SimplifiedChannel Estimation for OFDM Systems with MultipleTransmitAntennas", IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol.1, No.1, pp.67-75, 2002 Hei et al., "Reception characteristics of multi-carrier systems in correlated MIMO transmission lines", 2003 IEICE General Conference B-5-157

 To transmit and receive data in a MIMO propagation environment that uses radio waves with the same frequency band or overlapping frequency bands between multiple transmit antennas and multiple receive antennas, all radio waves have their own delayed waves. It is necessary to separate or remove interference from data transmitted by each transmitting antenna from a signal received in a mixed interference state.

The propagation path, which is the path of radio waves from each transmitting antenna to each receiving antenna, is understood as a time-varying transfer function (referred to as “frequency response of propagation path” or “propagation path response” in “Prior Art”). . Therefore, since a transmission signal multiplied by a transfer function of a propagation path to be obtained is a reception signal, a training sequence is provided, and, for example, a relationship of the above equation (1) is obtained from a known pilot signal transmitted during that time. The above-described conventional technique uses and calculates the transfer function of the propagation path to be obtained.

  However, in the above prior art, since the training sequence is provided separately from the data transmission, the period for applying the obtained propagation path transfer function to the data demodulation becomes longer, and the propagation path response is estimated for high-speed fading. The disadvantage is that the operation does not respond. Further, assuming that an averaging process is added in order to increase the estimation accuracy of the transfer function of the propagation path, it is difficult to cope with higher-speed fading than the current level.

On the other hand, in the conventional OFDM transmission method, a broadband signal is used for broadcasting material transmission, etc.
For the purpose of transmission considering high-speed movement, a pilot carrier for propagation path estimation is multiplexed together in the same transmission symbol for transmitting data using the relationship between the transmission symbol and the guard interval ratio. As a result, there is a technique having a mechanism that completes within a single symbol and removes waveform distortion due to a delayed wave.

  However, this method cannot be used in a MIMO environment because radio waves transmitted while sharing a frequency band cannot be distinguished at the same time.

The present invention has been made in view of the above-mentioned problems, and the problem is that the radio wave in a high frequency band or when moving at high speed, or under both conditions even in MIMO propagation environment is to provide a transmitting apparatus and a receiving apparatus possible to the transmitting the OFDM signal.

In order to solve the above-described problem, the present invention provides an OFDM signal in which a known pilot carrier serving as a demodulation reference is periodically inserted, a plurality of antennas on a transmission side, and a reception side. Is a transmission apparatus in an OFDM transmission scheme that is transmitted in a MIMO propagation environment in which data is transmitted and received wirelessly, and a carrier arrangement that stores in advance a known pilot carrier arrangement serving as a demodulation reference in advance as a frame configuration pattern A storage means, an orthogonal code generation means for generating an orthogonal code having a bit length W allocated to each transmission antenna, wherein the number of a plurality of transmission antennas is defined as m_t, and an integer greater than or equal to m_t is defined as W, and the orthogonal code Pilot carrier orthogonal encoding means for modulating the pilot carrier using the orthogonal code generated by the generating means; According to the frame configuration pattern stored in the serial carrier arrangement storing means it is characterized by comprising: a transmission frame configuration means for configuring a transmission frame by inserting the pilot carrier in a predetermined carrier position.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the transmission device, the orthogonal code generation unit is stored in the orthogonal code storage unit that stores the orthogonal code having the bit length W and the orthogonal code storage unit. And orthogonal code generating means for outputting each orthogonal code of each OFDM signal so that an orthogonal code having a bit length of W is assigned to a transmission symbol that is continuous in time for the number of symbols W. .

According to claim 5 of the present invention, an OFDM signal in which a known pilot carrier serving as a demodulation reference is periodically inserted, a plurality of antennas are provided on the transmission side and the reception side, and data is transmitted and received wirelessly. A transmission apparatus in an OFDM transmission system that transmits under a MIMO propagation environment in which the number of transmission antennas is set instead of the orthogonal code storage means, the orthogonal code generation means, and the pilot carrier orthogonal encoding means. m_t, an integer greater than or equal to m_t is defined as W, and the pilot carrier modulated by the orthogonal code assigned to each transmission antenna is defined as a transmission symbol length corresponding to the bit length W of the orthogonal code or a cycle of an integer multiple thereof. Pilot carrier storage means for storing the pilot carrier and the pilot stored by the pilot carrier storage means And orthogonally encoded pilot carrier control means for reading out the carrier so that orthogonal codes having a bit length of W are assigned to transmission symbols that are continuous in time for the number of symbols W, and sent to the transmission frame constituting means, It is a feature.

According to claim 6 of the present invention, there is provided a receiving apparatus in an OFDM transmission system that receives an OFDM signal transmitted from the transmitting apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5 as a received signal. When the number of transmission antennas is defined as m_t, an integer greater than or equal to m_t is defined as W, and OFDM transmission symbols transmitted from the transmission device are received via the m_t transmission antennas, a predetermined number of symbols A channel response estimation means for obtaining a channel response at a pilot carrier position using a pilot carrier received every time and a known pilot carrier, and a channel response at a predetermined number of pilot carriers obtained by the channel response estimation means By interpolating a channel response interpolation means for determining channel responses at all carrier positions, M_t sets of orthogonal code decoding means for decoding at least the propagation path responses at the data carrier position among the propagation path responses at all the carrier positions obtained by the insertion means with bit length W and m_t types of orthogonal codes, and the m_t sets Channel response separating means for averaging and separating the channel responses of the m_t sets of the carrier positions orthogonally decoded by the orthogonal code decoding means, and estimated at each carrier position of the m_t sets The propagation path response is used for data carrier demodulation.

According to claim 7 of the present invention, the receiving apparatus is characterized in that the predetermined number of symbols is one symbol.

Further, according to claim 9 of the present invention, in the receiving apparatus, the propagation path response interpolation means performs final decoding in propagation path response processing including orthogonal decoding and averaging operation of propagation path responses of pilot carrier positions. It is characterized by being arranged in steps.

According to claim 10 of the present invention, in the receiving device, instead of the propagation path response estimating means and the orthogonal code decoding means, the orthogonality allocated to m_t transmitting antennas of the transmitting device. A pilot carrier storage means for storing a known pilot carrier modulated by a code at a predetermined period; and the received pilot carrier is divided by using a known pilot carrier stored in the pilot carrier storage means; M_t sets of orthogonal code decoding means for obtaining channel responses of pilot carrier positions, and m_t individually transmitting the channel responses estimated at each of the m_t sets of carrier positions from the m_t transmission antennas. It is characterized in that it is used for demodulating the data carrier of the equation.

According to an eleventh aspect of the present invention, in the receiving device, the orthogonal code decoding means is arranged at an input stage in a propagation path response process.

According to claim 12 of the present invention, in the receiving apparatus, the order of the averaging calculation processing by the propagation path response separation means and the division processing by the propagation path response estimation means are exchanged and executed. It is said.

  According to the present invention, known pilot carriers serving as demodulation references are arranged at predetermined intervals on the frequency axis and continuously arranged on the time axis, and different orthogonal codes are assigned to the pilot carriers for each transmission antenna. Since the transmission frame of the OFDM signal is configured, even if the environment of the propagation path fluctuates at high speed such as moving at high speed using radio waves in a high frequency band in the MIMO propagation environment, the propagation path response It is possible to realize high-accuracy propagation path estimation with the following speed.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  First, the carrier arrangement method according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration example of a transmission frame to which the carrier arrangement method in the OFDM transmission system of the present invention is applied. This transmission frame is applied when QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, or the like is used for the modulation scheme of each carrier, and is composed of a pilot carrier and a data carrier that serve as a reference in demodulation. In the transmission frame in FIG. 1, transmission and multiplexing configuration control (TMCC) carriers for transmission control information and AC (Auxiliary Channel) carriers for additional information that are not related to demodulation processing are omitted. However, it should be noted that the carrier carrying these pieces of information is arranged at the position of the data carrier.

  As shown in the figure, this transmission frame is expressed in two dimensions in the frequency direction and the time direction. Carriers are arranged in the frequency direction on the horizontal axis, and carrier numbers are written as 0, 1,..., K-1. On the other hand, transmission symbols are arranged in the time direction on the vertical axis, and transmission symbol numbers are represented as 0, 1,. Therefore, this transmission frame is composed of K carriers and L transmission symbols.

  Here, assuming that the guard interval ratio of the transmission symbol is R, and an arbitrary integer equal to or less than the reciprocal (1 / R) of the guard interval ratio is Q, the value of the number of carriers K is (a multiple of Q + 1), Pilot carriers serving as a reference for demodulation are arranged at regular intervals for every Q carriers from both ends. The relationship so far is the same as the pilot carrier arrangement method disclosed in Patent Document 3 described above (see FIG. 17). In FIG. 1, the value of Q is 8. Here, the relationship between the pilot carrier interval and the guard interval ratio is also the same as that of the prior art described in Patent Document 3.

  Next, a part that characterizes the present invention will be described by comparing FIG. 1 and FIG.

  Comparing FIG. 1 with FIG. 17, in FIG. 17, the same combination of pilot carriers is utilized over all time consecutive transmission symbols, whereas in FIG. 1, each phase of the pilot carrier is in units of transmission symbols. It has changed (inverted or non-inverted). The repetition period of this change and the combination of inversion / non-inversion are determined by the number m_t of transmission antennas to be used and the orthogonal code to be assigned. The embodiment shown in FIG. 1 shows a frame configuration example of an OFDM signal transmitted from a transmission antenna to which m_t is 4 and an orthogonal code {1, -1, -1, 1} having a bit length W of 4 is assigned. ing.

  Subsequently, using the pilot carrier arrangement shown in FIG. 1, from the OFDM signal simultaneously transmitted from m_t (= 4) transmission antennas to m_r (1 or more, for example, 4) reception antennas, The process by which the transfer function (complex number) of the propagation path connecting the two is obtained will be described.

The OFDM signal having the frame structure of FIG. 1 has other orthogonal codes {1, 1, 1, 1}, {1, -1, 1, -1}, {1, 1, −1, −1} assigned and transmitted to the MIMO propagation space in time synchronization with the OFDM signals transmitted from the other three transmission antennas. Here, it is assumed that the transfer function of each propagation path is h_ij (complex number, i :: receiving antenna number (i = 1, 2,..., M_r), j: transmitting antenna number (j = 1, 2,. .., M_t (= 4)), and assuming that the number of the antenna to which the OFDM signal having the frame structure of FIG. 1 is transmitted is 4, the OFDM signal transmitted from the transmission antenna propagates with a transfer function of h_14. As a result of passing through the path, the signal is received by the receiver connected to the receiving antenna of number 1. Considering the pilot carrier transmitted by the carrier number k, the pilot carrier P_4 [k] transmitted from the transmitting antenna is Are received together with pilot carriers P_1 [k], P_2 [k], and P_3 [k] transmitted simultaneously from the transmitting antennas, for example, a receiver to which a receiving antenna of number 1 is connected. In the case where the noise can be ignored, in the transmission symbol 1, the received signal h_11 [k] P_1 [k] + h_12 [k] P_2 [k] + h_13 [k] P_3 [k] + h_14 [k] P_4 [k] Assuming that the transfer function of the propagation path does not change during the period when the following transmission symbol is received, similarly, in the transmission symbol 2, h_11 [k] P_1 [k] -h_12 [k] P_2 [k] + H_13 [k] P_3 [k] -h_14 [k] P_4 [k],
In transmission symbol 3,
h_11 [k] P_1 [k] + h_12 [k] P_2 [k] -h_13 [k] P_3 [k] -h_14 [k] P_4 [k],
In transmission symbol 4,
h_11 [k] P_1 [k] -h_12 [k] P_2 [k] -h_13 [k] P_3 [k] + h_14 [k] P_4 [k]. In the above equation, the sign “+” or “−” applied to each pilot carrier represents the phase changed by the orthogonal code multiplied by the pilot carrier, and h_ij [k] and P_j [k] are propagation in the carrier k. Represents the road response as well as the pilot signal.

Then, for each transmission symbol of the received signal, the previous orthogonal code {1, -1, -1, 1} is multiplied respectively.
h_11 [k] P_1 [k] + h_12 [k] P_2 [k] + h_13 [k] P_3 [k] + h_14 [k] P_4 [k],
-H_11 [k] P_1 [k] + h_12 [k] P_2 [k] -h_13 [k] P_3 [k] + h_14 [k] P_4 [k],
-H_11 [k] P_1 [k] -h_12 [k] P_2 [k] + h_13 [k] P_3 [k] + h_14 [k] P_4 [k],
h_11 [k] P_1 [k] -h_12 [k] P_2 [k] -h_13 [k] P_3 [k] + h_14 [k] P_4 [k]
Further, h_14 [k] P_4 [k] is obtained by calculating the addition average of four transmission symbols. Therefore, as a remaining operation, a necessary transfer function h_14 [k] of the propagation path can be obtained only by performing complex division by the known pilot carrier P_4 [k].

  Similarly to the above, the transfer functions of the propagation paths with other transmitting antennas can be obtained by performing orthogonal code multiplication, addition averaging, and complex division by pilot carriers. The same applies when the receiving antenna is different.

The above is expressed in general notation as follows. First, in transmission symbol l and carrier number k, signal r_i [l, k] received by receiving antenna i is transmitted by transmitting antenna j (j = 1, 2,..., M_t). Orthogonal code w_j [mod (l, W)]
(Here, mod (l, W) represents the remainder when l is divided by W, and takes values of 0, 1, 2,..., W−1) and the transfer function h_ij of the channel response Using [l, k], it can be expressed as

Note that the received signal of the above equation (3) is obtained with zero noise.

  In addition, the result of the above expression (3) indicates that all signals transmitted from the m_t transmission antenna are received in a state of interference with distribution according to the propagation path response. In order to obtain a response corresponding to a specific propagation path from the received signal, for example, a transfer function from the transmitting antenna j to the receiving antenna i, simply, arbitrary W transmission symbols l ′, l ′ + 1,. .., L ′ + W−1 to extract pilot carriers, corresponding orthogonal codes w_j [mod (l ′ + offset, W)], w_j [mod (l ′ + 1 + offset, W)],..., W_j [Mod (l ′ + W−1 + offset, W)] (where offset is an integer value that is adjusted so that the orthogonal codes match in transmission and reception. Actually, it is determined by the timing synchronization circuit) and each What is necessary is just to multiply in a transmission symbol and to obtain an addition average. That means

Thus, h_ij [l ′ + Δ, k] P_j [k] is separated and P_j [k] is known, so that the necessary transfer function h_ij [l ′ + Δ, k] is obtained. Here, Δ is an integer closest to (W−1) / 2, and h_ij [l, k] hardly changes between W transmission symbols. Moreover, offset was set to 0 (zero).

  In the above description, the pilot carrier is different for each transmission antenna and the kth pilot carrier output from the jth transmission antenna is P_j [k]. A different configuration may be used for each symbol. Specifically, it is as follows.

  First, assuming that a pilot carrier to be transmitted is Pt [l, k] in a transmission symbol l and a carrier number k, a signal r_i [l, k] received by the receiving antenna i of the above equation (3) is become that way.

Note that the received signal of the above equation (5) is obtained with zero noise.

  Also, the result of the above expression (5) is received in a state in which all signals transmitted from the m_t transmission antenna are mixed and distributed according to the propagation path response, as in the above expression (3). Is shown.

  In the above equation (5), Pt [1, k] does not depend on the transmitting antenna. That is, it does not depend on j. Therefore, using the fact that the transmission symbol is specified and Pt [l, k] is known, the received signal r_i [l, k] is complex-divided by the known pilot carrier Pt [l, k] in each transmission symbol. If Pt [l, k] is a BPSK modulated wave, it can be realized by multiplying by 1 or −1 (inversion / non-inversion operation is also possible). As a result, the above equation (5) is transformed into the following equation.

In order to obtain a response corresponding to a specific propagation path from the received signal converted into R_i [l, k] in the above equation (6), for example, a transfer function from the transmitting antenna j to the receiving antenna i, an arbitrary Receive signals R_i [l ′, k], R_i [l ′ + 1, k],..., R_i [l included in W transmission symbols l ′, l ′ + 1,. ′ + W−1, k] and the corresponding orthogonal code w_j [mod (l ′ + offset, W)], w_j [mod (l ′ + 1 + offset, W)],..., W_j [mod (l ′ + W−1 + offset) , W)] may be multiplied by each transmission symbol to obtain an addition average. That means

Thus, h_ij [l ′ + Δ, k] is separated.

  Here, similarly to the processing in the above equation (4), offset is set to 0, and h_ij [l, k] is hardly changed among W transmission symbols.

  In the above description, the k-th pilot carrier Pt [l, k] has been described as being different for each transmission symbol. However, more preferably, one type or a combination of two or three types of pilot carriers ( If the number of pilot carriers is 108, it is desirable to repeatedly use a combination of 108 known information per type) as appropriate.

  Since the total number of pilot carriers for one transmission symbol takes a finite value (for example, 108), the combination is also finite.

  In addition, it is not economical to store a large number of combinations of pilot carriers at the transmitter and the receiver, but as described above, if a combination of several types of pilot carriers is used, a large-capacity memory is not required. This is effective in that the size and cost of the apparatus can be reduced.

  Some examples of a plurality of specific known pilot carriers Pt [l, k] are as follows.

(Example 1) A signal that is BPSK-modulated with a plurality of sets of code patterns having different initial values from a pseudo-random sequence generated by a generator polynomial g (x) = x 11 + x 2 +1.

(Example 2) Different generator polynomials g (x) = x 11 + x 2 +1, g (x) = x 11 + x 7 + x 3 + x 2 +1, g (x) = x 11 + x 10 + x 9 + x 7 + x 6 + x 4 + X 3 x 2 +1, g (x) = x 11 + x 9 + x 8 + x 7 + x 6 + x 5 x 4 + x 2 + x + 1 A signal BPSK-modulated with a code pattern of a pseudo-random sequence generated using, for example.

  Further, in the above formulas (3) to (4) or the above formulas (5) to (7), although it is already explicit, the kth pilot carrier is set to the same Pt for all transmission antennas and all transmission symbols. [K] may be used.

  As described above, the above-described operation in the present embodiment can be realized only by simple phase inversion and addition averaging, so that the apparatus configuration can be simplified.

  Further, as compared with the conventional case, the estimation accuracy is improved with respect to the noise due to the averaging effect.

  Further, since the transmission symbols include both the pilot carrier and the data carrier, the number of transmission symbols required for processing can be reduced. The effect of this will be described later.

  Note that assigning a different orthogonal code to each transmission antenna in order to recognize a propagation path in the present embodiment also means that each transmission terminal is recognized on the reception side. This means that transmission terminals that exist in a distributed manner and information transmitted from the transmission terminals can be distinguished on the receiving side, and other applications such as user recognition in a multi-user system can be expected.

  Next, sampling of transmission symbols and channel responses will be described. FIG. 2 is a diagram schematically illustrating a relationship between a change in received power due to fading and sampling based on transmission symbols. Here, it is assumed that the received power on the vertical axis is one-facing, that is, one input and one output condition, and the horizontal axis represents time. FIG. 2A shows the power received by the receiving antenna when the transfer function of the propagation path changes drastically with time. Hereinafter, how the received signal is sampled by the pilot carrier multiplexed on the transmission symbol of the OFDM signal will be described.

  FIG. 2B shows a situation in which oversampling eight times the maximum fading frequency can be performed by an OFDM signal having a pilot carrier arrangement. As shown in the figure, it can be confirmed that the change in power due to fading is accurately sampled. On the other hand, FIG. 2 (c) shows points that are divided in units of four sampled transmission symbols and averaged in units. In this case, although the peak level is not necessarily captured, it can be said that sampling is performed to some extent in the unit of the center position of the four transmission symbols. However, in order to perform a decoding process for removing interference from the received signal, it is necessary to obtain each sample point in each transmission symbol, and an interpolation process is required.

  If the change is slow, it can be handled by simply inserting the 0th order interpolation (holding the result in the time direction), but if there is a change as shown in the figure, the FIR (Finite Impulse Response) filter Interpolation processing using is performed. When the peak position is sampled to some extent, sampling is considered to function effectively if the sampling frequency response is grasped in advance and the sampling result is weighted.

  However, when the peak position cannot be sampled, it cannot be said that the actual situation can be monitored. Therefore, even if averaging is performed in units of the same four transmission symbols, the sampling points are interpolated by averaging the combinations of four transmission symbols to be averaged while sliding each transmission symbol. FIG. 2D is a diagram showing the result of averaging in such a manner. As shown in the figure, it can be seen that the actual state can be sampled by weighting with the sampling frequency response.

  In the above description, the case where the period of the transmission symbol corresponds to oversampling that is eight times the maximum frequency of fading has been described. However, when this is reduced to four times, the sampling for each transmission symbol itself is fading. Considering that fluctuations cannot be captured sufficiently, the phase modulation of pilot carriers using an orthogonal code with a bit length of about 4 in the present invention and the averaging during demodulation are large in response speed for estimating the propagation path. It is thought that it does not give deterioration. On the other hand, in the conventional technique, the training sequence and the data sequence are separated from each other, and it is impossible to capture the amount of change between the data sequences in which the channel response is not sampled. For this reason, it is difficult to guarantee the high speed sampling by the sliding average as in the present invention.

Next, a transmission device and a reception device used in a system that employs the OFDM transmission method will be described. Note that the system configured to include the transmitting device and the receiving device is the same as the configuration example of the MIMO communication transmission system shown in FIG. As described above, this MIMO communication transmission system includes a plurality of transmission antennas 1001 1 to 1001 m_t and a plurality of reception antennas 1101 1 to 1101 m_r to form a MIMO propagation path, and a plurality of different data signals are Transmission / reception is performed via a plurality of propagation paths using radio waves in the same frequency band or in a state where the frequency bands overlap. One system of data may be converted into a plurality of different signals through encoding by the encoding unit 1010 or serial-parallel conversion (S / P).

Also, a plurality of OFDM signals transmitted / received using the transmission units 1002 1 to 1002 m_t and the reception units 1102 1 to 1102 m_r include the transmission antennas 1001 1 to 1001 m_t and the reception antennas 1101 1 to 1101 m_r . In order to estimate the response characteristics of the propagation paths necessary to separate the propagation paths between them, pilot carriers that are orthogonal to each other and phase-modulated using different orthogonal codes for each transmission antenna are multiplexed for each. Is done.

In the decoding unit 1110 of the receiving apparatus, the multiplexed pilot carrier is extracted, each propagation path is estimated according to the principle shown through the description of FIG. 1, and the received signal is based on the estimated propagation path response. operation of separating the signals transmitted from the individual transmitting antennas 1001 1 ~1001 m_t is made. Thereafter, the transmitted signal is demodulated.

  Note that the decoding algorithm implemented in the decoding unit 1110 and the coding algorithm implemented in the encoding unit 1010 are arbitrarily selected depending on whether the capacity is increased or the robustness is achieved by the diversity effect. In the MIMO communication transmission system shown in FIG. 15, a unidirectional mode is illustrated, but there may be a case where a bidirectional system is configured so that feedback can be received from the receiving device side for encoding at the time of transmission. is there.

  Next, details of the transmission device and the reception device that constitute the transmission system for MIMO communication will be described. Before that, in order to help understand the operations of the transmission apparatus and the reception apparatus according to the present invention, the basic configuration of the transmission / reception apparatus used in the OFDM transmission scheme will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a basic configuration of a transmission / reception apparatus used for the OFDM transmission scheme. FIG. 4A shows the configuration of the transmission device, and FIG. 4B shows the configuration of the reception device. The configuration of this transmission / reception apparatus is based on, for example, the ARIB standard STD-B33 “Portable OFDM digital wireless transmission system for transmitting television broadcast program material”.

  The transmission apparatus 10 shown in FIG. 6A encodes data to be transmitted (here, assuming a transport stream (TS) of the MPEG2 system) such as energy spreading processing, addition of an error correction code, and interleaving. After performing the processing (encoding circuit 11), it is converted into a data carrier (mapping circuit 12) by various modulation methods (DQPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, etc.), and a transmission frame is created together with a pilot carrier (frame configuration circuit 13) To do.

After that, IFFT (Inverse
FFT, IFFT circuit 14), guard interval is added (GI addition circuit 15) and converted to an analog signal (the digital-analog conversion circuit is omitted in the figure), and then converted to a transmission frequency band (Frequency conversion circuit 16) and transmit from the transmission antenna 17.

  On the other hand, after receiving the signal with the receiving antenna 21, the receiving device 20 converts the signal into an intermediate frequency band by frequency conversion (frequency conversion circuit 22) and converts it into a digital signal (in the figure, an analog-digital conversion circuit is converted). Omitted). Then, after removing the guard interval (GI removal circuit 23), FFT (FFT circuit 24) is performed, and a data carrier and a pilot carrier are extracted (frame separation circuit 25). The pilot carrier includes information on the propagation path response, and calculates the estimated value of the propagation path response (propagation path response estimation circuit 26) by necessary processing. Using this result, interference removal and waveform equalization (waveform equivalent circuit 27) are performed on the received data carrier, and the transmitted data is demodulated (demapping circuit 28) and decoded (decoding circuit 29). In the above operations, the description of various synchronizations such as frequency / phase synchronization, sampling frequency synchronization, timing synchronization, clock conversion, and the circuit thereof is omitted, but it is incorporated in an actual circuit.

  Next, parts related to multiplexing and demultiplexing of pilot carriers, propagation path estimation and demodulation according to the present invention will be described.

  FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a circuit configuration when the frame configuration circuit in the transmitting apparatus shown in FIG. 3 is applied to the present invention. The frame configuration circuit according to the present embodiment implements the pilot arrangement method shown in FIG. 1 in order to make the signal separable for each transmission antenna in the MIMO propagation path, and delivers each arranged carrier to the IFFT circuit. It has a function.

  In this figure, this frame configuration circuit includes an orthogonal coding pilot carrier generation circuit 40, a frame configuration pattern memory 50, and a transmission frame multiplexing circuit 60. Further, the orthogonal coding pilot carrier generation circuit 40 includes a pilot carrier generation unit 41, an orthogonal code generation unit 42, and an orthogonal encoding phase modulation circuit 43. The transmission frame multiplexing circuit 60 includes a switch 61, a switch control unit 62, and the like. It has.

  The orthogonal coded pilot carrier generation circuit 40 gives a phase change for each transmission symbol of a pilot carrier reflecting a unique orthogonal code for each transmission antenna with the bit length W in the transmission frame configuration shown in FIG.

The pilot carrier generation unit 41 generates a set of one transmission symbol of a pilot carrier that is known between transmitting and receiving apparatuses (a combination of 108 known information if the number of pilot carriers is 108) during one transmission symbol time. To generate. Here, assuming that the transmitting / receiving apparatus conforms to the ARIB standard STD-B33, a pilot carrier pattern is generated by a generator polynomial g (x) = x 11 + x 2 +1 under a predetermined initial value. In the same unit 41, the output bits of the pseudo-random sequence are BPSK modulated and assigned. By performing such an operation, the pilot carrier becomes known between the transmitting and receiving apparatuses.

  Further, since the pilot carrier generating unit 41 has a known pattern, it may be stored in advance in a pattern memory and repeatedly read at a predetermined reading speed.

  The orthogonal code generation unit 42 is a circuit that generates an orthogonal code that is uniquely assigned to each transmission antenna. For example, if it corresponds to the embodiment of the transmission frame configuration of FIG. 1, the orthogonal code {1, -1, -1, 1} having a bit length W of 4 is stored in advance in the attached pattern memory, It is changed for each transmission symbol in accordance with the code string, and is repeatedly output so that one transmission period is composed of four transmission symbols. In this case, the number m_t of transmission antennas is an integer of 4 or less.

  In addition, since the orthogonal code generation unit 42 has a known pattern stored in advance in the pattern memory, the content stored in the memory may be repeatedly read at a predetermined reading speed.

  The orthogonal coding phase modulation circuit 43 is a circuit that phase-modulates the pilot carrier output from the pilot carrier generation unit 41 in units of transmission symbols using the orthogonal code output from the orthogonal code generation unit 42. Here, the pilot carrier that is known between the transmitting and receiving apparatuses is inverted or non-inverted for each transmission symbol according to the orthogonal code that is known between the transmitting and receiving apparatuses as in the embodiment of the transmission frame configuration of FIG.

  In the above description, the orthogonal coding pilot carrier generation circuit 40 is configured by combining the pilot carrier generation unit 41, the orthogonal code generation unit 42, and the orthogonal modulation phase modulation circuit 43, but in units of W transmission symbols. Since the same pilot carrier combination is repeatedly transmitted, the above-described orthogonally encoded pilot carrier pattern may be stored in the pattern memory and read out. As a specific method, there are stored pilot carriers for W transmission symbols, and two sets of inverted and non-inverted pilot carrier patterns and the order of W transmission symbols for outputting each set. What you have is assumed. The former has a merit that the configuration is simple because it is only necessary to read the pattern, and the latter requires a separate control circuit, but has the merit that the amount of memory can be reduced.

  The bit length W of the orthogonal code is preferably a divisor of the transmission frame symbol number L shown in FIG. 1, but if the sequence of the bit length W of the orthogonal code is repeated without being interrupted, It may be arranged over a plurality of transmission frames.

  The frame configuration pattern memory 50 is a storage element or circuit in which the arrangement of data carriers, pilot carriers, TMCC carriers, and AC carriers is stored and stored in advance.

  The transmission frame multiplexing circuit 60 inserts a data carrier, a pilot carrier, a TMCC carrier, and an AC carrier at a predetermined carrier arrangement position according to the contents stored in the frame configuration pattern memory 50.

  The switch control unit 62 is a circuit that generates a control signal for switching input signals such as a data carrier, a pilot carrier, a TMCC carrier, and an AC carrier in accordance with the contents stored in the frame configuration pattern memory.

  The switch 61 receives the control signal output from the switch control unit, switches the input signal, inserts a data carrier, a pilot carrier, a TMCC carrier, and an AC carrier at a predetermined carrier arrangement position, and transmits a desired transmission frame. Constitute. The output of the transmission frame multiplexing circuit is sent to the IFFT circuit.

  The transmission frame multiplexing circuit 60 described above can apply the conventional technique, but may have other configuration examples as long as it has a similar function. For example, an address is assigned to a temporary storage circuit such as a buffer memory or a register according to the contents stored in the frame configuration pattern memory 50, and a data carrier, a pilot carrier, a TMCC carrier, and an AC carrier are sequentially arranged, and a parallel serial circuit A configuration example in which the signal is output to the IFFT circuit through the transmission symbol cycle as it is can be considered.

  In addition, a temporary storage circuit such as a buffer memory, a series-parallel circuit, and a parallel-serial circuit are combined and connected according to the contents stored in the frame configuration pattern memory 50, and the data carrier, pilot carrier, TMCC carrier, and AC carrier are connected. Multiple configuration examples are also conceivable.

  In the above-described configuration example of the frame configuration circuit in the present embodiment, the configuration example of each hardware is shown and the operation of each block has been described, but each function (configured by an analog circuit) of the transmission device including the frame configuration circuit is described. The circuit to be excluded may include a transmission antenna, a frequency conversion circuit, a digital-analog conversion circuit, and the like. For example, it can be realized as a circuit that operates by programmable logic such as a software configuration using a computer or a digital signal processor, or an FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array).

  Next, a propagation path response processing circuit in the receiving apparatus will be described with reference to FIGS. The propagation path response processing circuit corresponds to the propagation path response estimation circuit in the receiving apparatus shown in FIG. This propagation path response processing circuit exists for each reception antenna (m_r formula), and propagation path responses h_ij (complex numbers, i: number of reception antennas) for the number of carriers (K) for each of m_t transmission antennas. 1, 2,..., M_r), j: The transmission antenna number (j = 1, 2,..., M_t)) is output. The output of the propagation path response processing circuit is input to the demodulation processing circuit at the subsequent stage and used for demodulating the data carrier.

  First, a first embodiment of the propagation path response processing circuit will be described with reference to FIG.

  In the figure, the received signal input from the output of the FFT circuit to the frame separation circuit 100 is separated and output from the data carrier and the pilot carrier through the data extraction unit 101 and the pilot extraction unit 102, respectively. Among these, the channel response processing circuit 110 processes the pilot carrier and outputs the channel response. The output of the frame separation circuit 100 includes a TMCC carrier and an AC carrier, but they are omitted for convenience of explanation.

The propagation path response processing circuit 110 shown in FIG. 5 includes m_t added to separate the MIMO propagation path from the part that performs waveform equalization processing, such as the known pilot generation unit 111, the complex division circuit 112, and the carrier interpolation circuit 113. formula known orthogonal code generator 114 1 to 114 m_t, constituted by the averaging calculation circuit 116 1 -116 m_t for quadrature decoding of m_t type phase modulation circuit 115 1 to 115 m_t and m_t expression.

In the figure, a known pilot generation unit 111 and known orthogonal code generation units 114 1 to 114 m_t are a pilot carrier generation unit 41 and an orthogonal code generation unit 42 (in the orthogonal encoding pilot carrier generation circuit 40 (see FIG. 3) of the transmission apparatus ( (See FIG. 3).

Known pilot generation section 111 is a set of one transmission symbol of a pilot carrier that is known between transmission / reception apparatuses paired with those generated by the transmission apparatus (if the number of pilot carriers is 108, 108 A combination of known information) during one transmission symbol time. As in the case of the transmission apparatus, if the STD-B33 of the ARIB standard is followed, a pilot carrier pattern is generated with a generator polynomial g (x) = x 11 + x 2 +1 under a predefined initial value. The output bits of the pseudo random sequence are assigned after BPSK modulation.

  Since the above-described known pilot carrier generation unit 111 has a known pattern, the known pilot carrier generation unit 111 may be stored in advance in a pattern memory and repeatedly read at a predetermined reading speed.

On the other hand, the known orthogonal code generator 114 1 to 114 m_t generates orthogonal codes uniquely assigned to each transmit antenna. The receiving apparatus has this number of transmission antennas, that is, m_t type circuits, and each of the corresponding orthogonal codes is stored in advance in a pattern memory attached thereto.

Each known orthogonal code generator 114 1 to 114 m_t the output according to code sequence that owned by changing for each transmission symbol, repeatedly outputs so that one cycle W transmit symbols (transmission shown in FIG. 1 In the case of a frame configuration, W = 4). Further, the known orthogonal code generator 114 1 to 114 m_t, since with a known pattern which had been previously stored in the pattern memory, may be repeatedly read out at a predetermined reading speed.

  The complex division circuit 112 corresponds to the fact that the pilot carrier information, the FFT circuit output, and the propagation path response output are complex numbers, respectively, and the received pilot carrier Pr extracted from the FFT circuit output is the same known as that transmitted. This is a circuit for calculating the change of the pilot carrier through the propagation path by performing complex division (normalization, Pr / Pt) with the pilot carrier Pt. That is, by applying this calculation to all pilot carriers, the channel response at each pilot carrier position is obtained.

  Based on the propagation path response at each pilot carrier position calculated by the complex division circuit 112, the carrier interpolation circuit 113 interpolates (interpolates) the propagation path response at the data carrier position between the pilot carriers. It is a circuit to calculate. For this interpolation process, for example, an FIR low-pass filter is used. Then, through the carrier interpolation circuit 113, propagation path responses corresponding to all carriers of the OFDM signal are calculated.

At the time of output of the carrier interpolation circuit 113, each propagation path response reflects the characteristics of all propagation paths from all transmission antennas and is mixed in a state where orthogonal coding corresponding to each transmission antenna is performed. It has become. Therefore, subsequent quadrature decoding phase modulation circuits 115 1 to 115 m_t obtain orthogonal codes to be decoded, that is, known orthogonal codes respectively corresponding to the corresponding transmission antennas, in order to obtain propagation path responses from the corresponding transmission antennas. again phase modulation for each transmission symbol with the code sequence of the orthogonal code outputted from the generating unit 114 1 to 114 m_t. Thus, only the propagation path response from the transmission antenna to be decoded is decoded among the propagation path responses for all carriers output from the carrier interpolation circuit 113, and each transmission symbol as in the transmission frame configuration example shown in FIG. From the inverted or non-inverted state to the original pilot carrier phase state as shown in FIG. The propagation path responses from other transmitting antennas operate so as to be averaged and maintained at 0 during the bit length W.

Averaging arithmetic circuits 116 1 to 116 m_t correspond to orthogonally decoded channel responses at respective carrier positions output from orthogonal decoding phase modulation circuits 115 1 to 115 m_t , corresponding to the bit length W of the orthogonal code. Averaging is performed for W transmission symbols of the OFDM signal. As a result, the frequency response of the specific propagation path, that is, the propagation path from the transmission antenna to be decoded is separated and extracted.

  In each receiving apparatus, m_t sets of the above-described propagation path responses are calculated in parallel, and estimated values corresponding to all transmitting antennas are calculated.

  When the carrier interpolation circuit is arranged before the orthogonal decoding process, in the above description, the orthogonal decoding process is performed on the channel responses for all carriers, but only the data carrier position is targeted. It ’s enough.

  Next, an averaging arithmetic circuit used in the propagation path response processing circuit will be described. 6 to 8 are block diagrams showing the configurations of the first to third embodiments of the averaging arithmetic circuit. The averaging arithmetic circuits shown in FIGS. 6 to 8 are selectively used depending on the correspondence between the fading sampling by the transmission symbols shown in FIG. 2 and the influence of the averaging.

FIG. 6 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a first embodiment of an averaging arithmetic circuit applied to a propagation path that changes relatively slowly. As shown in the figure, this averaging operation circuit is an orthogonal circuit in which the output signals from the orthogonal decoding phase modulation circuits 115 1 to 115 m_t are applied by the serial-parallel conversion circuit (S / P) 151 in the transmission apparatus. A serial-parallel conversion is performed with a W output corresponding to the bit length W of the code, and each parallel transmission symbol of the W sequence (symbol time is W times the original “OFDM transmission symbol”) is added by the adder circuit 152. A signal of one series is used, and the division circuit 153 performs an operation of dividing by W. The division circuit 153 for dividing by W may be an amplifier having a gain of 1 / W. As a result, for each W OFDM transmission symbols, the average value of the propagation path response at each carrier position where the transmission antenna and the reception antenna are specified is calculated. Since this corresponds to the fading sampling shown in FIG. 2C, it corresponds only to a relatively gradual change in the propagation path.

  The propagation path response calculated for every W OFDM transmission symbols as described above is interpolated into all transmission symbols by the symbol interpolation circuit 154. As the symbol interpolation means, three types of zero-order interpolation, linear interpolation, and FIR low-pass filter are appropriately used. In the present embodiment, since a gradual change in the propagation path is targeted, in consideration of simplification of the circuit configuration, either zero-order interpolation or linear interpolation is mainly used. The weighting circuit 155 is a circuit that performs gain adjustment based on frequency characteristics in order to compensate for sampling deterioration due to averaging, but is often omitted in this embodiment. The output of the averaging arithmetic circuit is the output of the propagation path response processing circuit.

FIG. 7 is a block diagram showing the configuration of the second embodiment of the averaging arithmetic circuit. Averaging calculation circuit in the present embodiment, aims to simplify the more circuits, the known orthogonal code generator 114 1 to 114 m_t orthogonal decoding the phase modulating circuit 115 1 to 115 m_t shown in FIG. 5 The built-in matched filter circuit 161 is applied.

As shown in the figure, in this averaging operation circuit, the output signal from the carrier interpolation circuit is directly input to this circuit without passing through the orthogonal decoding phase modulation circuit. As in FIG. 6, the signal serialized in parallel at S / P 162 is stored in orthogonal code pattern memory 163, and is inverted or non-inverted by the orthogonal code corresponding to each parallel transmission symbol of the W sequence. Is output from the adder circuit 164. As a result, the ability was composed of three circuits of the known orthogonal code generator 114 1 to 114 m_t orthogonal decoding the phase modulating circuit 115 1 to 115 m_t the averaging calculation circuit 116 1 -116 m_t 5, average This can be realized with a single arithmetic operation circuit.

  The operations of the division circuit 165, the symbol interpolation circuit 166, and the weighting circuit 167 are the same as those shown in FIG.

  FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing the configuration of the third embodiment of the averaging arithmetic circuit. The averaging arithmetic circuit in the present embodiment has a configuration in which the propagation path response follows the change even in a high-speed fading environment. This corresponds to the fading sampling shown in FIG.

As shown in the figure, in the averaging arithmetic circuit in the present embodiment, in order to obtain a slide average for W OFDM transmission symbols, (W−1) symbol delays are provided in the portion of the series-parallel circuit in FIG. Circuits 172 1 to 172 W-1 are used. Thereby, in each OFDM transmission symbol, the maximum symbol difference (W−1) and the W-sequence propagation path response signal are input to the addition circuit 173, and the response of the propagation path response is as shown in FIG. An averaged output is obtained. In the case of this embodiment, a symbol interpolation circuit is not necessary.

  The operations of the division circuit 174 and the weighting circuit 175 are basically the same as the operations of the division circuit 153 and the weighting circuit 155 shown in FIG. 6, but the operation of the weighting circuit 175 is performed in the averaging operation circuit of FIG. Is important. In other words, in order to obtain a propagation path response that reflects faster fading, it is not sufficient to raise the characteristics of the high frequency range that deteriorates or to change the propagation path response so that the actual frequency response is accurately reproduced. Compensation characteristic of the propagation path response (the propagation path response needs to be substantially constant within the W symbol for averaging) in order to obtain the right side of the above equation (4) or (7). There is a need.

  Because of this need, a circuit incorporating an algorithm that changes the gain based on the amount of change in every three OFDM transmission symbols, and an additional slide averaging that performs an averaging operation on every three transmission symbols. An arithmetic circuit or a combination of both is used.

  9 to 12 are configuration diagrams showing modifications of the propagation path response processing circuit shown in FIG. Hereinafter, modifications of the propagation path response processing circuit will be described in order, but the same configuration (frame separation circuit 100) shown in FIG.

FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a first modification in which the carrier interpolation circuit is moved to the final stage and connected in the configuration of the propagation path response processing circuit illustrated in FIG. 6. In the present embodiment, the carrier interpolation circuits 216 1 to 216 m_t require the m_t equation, but the processing up to this point is applied only to the pilot carrier, so the carrier interpolation circuits 216 1 to 216 m_t are substantially used. In consideration of the fact that it is an FIR filter, it is possible to reduce the number of parallel processes for performing complicated signal processing.

  In the case of the present embodiment, the averaging arithmetic circuit shown in FIGS. 6 to 8 can be used in the same manner as in FIG. 5 except that the output is connected to the carrier interpolation circuit. Note that the output of the complex division circuit is connected to the input to the averaging arithmetic circuit of FIG.

When the carrier interpolation circuits 216 1 to 216 m_t are connected to the subsequent stage of the averaging operation circuits 215 1 to 215 m_t as in the propagation path response processing circuit of the present embodiment, the averaging operation circuit of FIG. The known pilot generation unit 211 and the complex division circuit 212 can be omitted by making the content stored in the orthogonal code pattern memory 163 in FIG.

Figure 10 is a channel response process is omitted orthogonal decoding the phase modulation circuit 213 1 ~213 m_t from the configuration of the circuit, the orthogonal encoding second known pilot incorporating generation circuit 230 channel response processing circuit of FIG. 9 It is a figure which shows the structure of a modification. In the channel response processing circuit in the present embodiment, a known pilot generating section 221 and the known orthogonal code generation unit 223 1 and to 223 m_t moved to orthogonal coding known pilot generating circuit 230, the orthogonal coding for phase modulating circuit 222 The orthogonally-coded known pilot generation circuit 230 regenerates the same orthogonally-coded known pilot carrier that is transmitted from each transmitting antenna by 1 to 222 m_t .

In the case of the present embodiment, the output Pt ′ from the orthogonal coding known pilot generation circuit 230 at each pilot carrier position in the complex division circuits 224 1 to 224 m_t with respect to the output Pr from the pilot extraction unit 102 of the frame separation circuit 100. By performing complex division for each transmission symbol using, channel response calculation and orthogonal decoding are performed simultaneously.

Further, the averaging arithmetic circuit shown in FIGS. 6 and 8 is selectively applied according to the required fluctuation speed of the propagation path response. In this case, the input of the averaging arithmetic circuit is the output of the complex divider 224 1 to 224 m_t, the output of the averaging operation circuit are sent to the carrier interpolation circuit 226 1 ~226 m_t. Operation of interpolation circuits 226 1 ~226 m_t the carrier is the same as the other embodiments, and a description thereof will be omitted.

  Note that the circuit configuration can be simplified by adopting a configuration in which the orthogonal coding known pilot generation circuit 230 in the propagation path response processing circuit in the present embodiment reads the pattern memory and its contents.

Figure 11 is the structure of the channel response processing circuit of FIG. 9 is a diagram showing a third modification of the configuration that has moved to the input stage phase modulation circuit 251 1 ~251 m_t for quadrature decoding. In this embodiment, the complex division circuits 253 1 to 253 m_t are m_t equations. In the case of this embodiment, the averaging arithmetic circuit of FIG. 6 and FIG. 8 is selectively applied according to the required fluctuation speed of the propagation path response. Furthermore, by entering the output of the complex divider 253 1 ~253 m_t, and outputs to the carrier interpolation circuit 256 1 to 256 m_t.

In this embodiment, when the averaging arithmetic circuit shown in FIG. 7 is applied, the content stored in the orthogonal code pattern memory 163 (see FIG. 7) is multiplied by the inverse of the known pilot carrier and the orthogonal code. What is necessary is just to apply the Example made into a pattern. In this case, since the orthogonal decoding phase modulation circuits 251 1 to 251 m_t and the complex division circuits 253 1 to 253 m_t are omitted, the averaging calculation circuit is connected to the pilot extraction unit 102 output of the frame separation circuit 100. Connected directly.

FIG. 12 is a diagram showing a configuration of a fourth modification example in which the order of the averaging arithmetic circuit and the complex division circuit is exchanged in the configuration of the propagation path response processing circuit of FIG. 11. As shown in the figure, in the present embodiment, complex division is performed in a state where the influence of noise is reduced and the dynamic range is improved by performing an averaging operation before complex division.

  In the case of this embodiment, the averaging arithmetic circuits of FIGS. 6 to 8 can be used in the same manner as the propagation path response processing circuit of FIG. However, the input of the averaging operation circuit in FIG. 7 is directly connected to the output of the pilot extraction unit of the frame separation circuit, and the output of the averaging operation circuit in FIGS. 6 to 8 is connected to the complex division circuit.

  In the propagation path response processing circuit of the above-described embodiment, handling of pilot carriers transmitted from the transmission antenna and separation of propagation functions of propagation path responses are as follows. First, in the propagation path response processing circuits shown in FIGS. 5 and 9 to 11, the complex division circuit is placed in front of the averaging operation circuit. This uses the operations of the above formulas (5) to (7) in which the pilot carriers of all transmission antennas are made the same for each transmission symbol to be standardized by the pilot carrier transmitted in the previous stage of orthogonal decoding.

  On the other hand, in the propagation path response processing circuit shown in FIG. 12, the complex division circuit is placed after the averaging operation circuit. Although this may differ for each transmission antenna, for the transmission symbols, the operations of the above formulas (3) to (4) using the same pilot carrier are used. When the same pilot carrier is used for all transmission antennas and all transmission symbols, any of the propagation path response processing circuits described in FIGS. 5 and 9 to 12 may be applied.

  In the embodiment of the propagation path response processing circuit described so far, the mode in which the function is realized by the configuration of each hardware is illustrated, but each function (configured by an analog circuit) of the receiving device including the propagation path response processing circuit is exemplified. Note that the circuit to be excluded may include a receiving antenna, a frequency conversion circuit, an analog-digital conversion circuit, and the like. For example, it can be realized as a circuit that operates by a programmable logic such as a software configuration such as a computer or a digital signal processor or an FPGA.

  Next, the operation of performing a data carrier demodulation process using the propagation path response estimation process in the receiving apparatus according to the present embodiment will be described.

FIGS. 13 and 14 show a configuration for performing demodulation by performing interference removal using an inverse matrix, using the estimated channel response of each carrier, as a demodulation process of the data carrier from each transmitting antenna at each carrier position, Configurations for performing demodulation by a technique (maximum likelihood estimation) for determining a replica of a received signal and determining that the signal most similar to the received signal is transmitted are described as examples.

  First, the embodiment shown in FIG. 13 will be described. FIG. 13 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a MIMO interference cancellation circuit applied to the receiving apparatus in the present embodiment. Here, assuming that different OFDM signals are simultaneously transmitted from m_t transmitting antennas, the receiving apparatus processes m_r (m_r is an integer equal to or larger than m_t) receiving antennas and signals received by the receiving antennas. 3 is provided, and any one of the propagation path response processing circuits described so far with reference to FIGS. 5 and 9 to 12 is provided.

In the MIMO interference cancellation circuit according to the present embodiment, m_r formula is calculated from each OFDM signal (K carriers are multiplexed per OFDM signal) mapped on the frequency axis output from the m_r FFT circuit. In the frame separation circuits 301 1 to 301 m_r, P pilot carriers are respectively transmitted from the pilot extraction unit 303 (representative) to control information such as (KP) data carriers (TMCC carrier and AC carrier). Are included in the data extraction unit 302 (representative). Among these, the pilot carriers in the propagation path response processing circuits 311 1 to 311 m_r described so far, from the P pilot carriers at the input of each propagation path response processing circuits 311 1 to 311 m_r , all the carrier positions (K In this case, it is output as an estimated value of the frequency response of each propagation path connecting each transmit antenna and each receive antenna of m_t sets. This output h_ij [k] (complex number, i: number of receiving antenna (i = 1, 2,..., M_r), j: number of transmitting antenna (j = 1, 2,..., M_t), k : Carrier number) is matrixed by the matrixing circuit 312, an estimated value matrix H of a propagation path response having a dimension of m_r × m_t at each carrier position is obtained.

Here, the channel response estimated value matrix H has a dimension of m_r × m_t and has h_ij [k] as a component. However, when the transmission signal vector is T, this is a received signal vector D. Is equal to the matrix product HT (in the absence of noise). Even if this transposed matrix H T is used, D is a matrix product (T
H T ) Since it can be expressed using T , the result is the same even if a channel matrix having a dimension of m_t × m_r is obtained as h_ji [k] instead of h_ij [k].

  On the other hand, the data carrier Dr_j [k] is vectorized by the vectorization circuit 321 to become an m_r-dimensional vector D at each carrier position. At this time point, D is a signal in a state where signals transmitted from all the transmitting antennas are mixed in response to responses in the respective propagation paths.

Therefore, in this embodiment, in order to reproduce the original m_t sets of transmission signals by removing interference from D, the inverse matrix calculation circuit 313 calculates the inverse matrix H −1 of the propagation path response H, and performs complex matrix multiplication. A circuit 323 obtains a complex matrix product with the data vector D.

  Note that the delay time adjustment circuit 322 is a circuit that adds a delay time required to obtain an estimation result of the propagation path response to the data side and adjusts so that the data to be demodulated and the propagation path response correspond correctly. As a result of the above-described demodulation processing, m_t type demodulated data is output for each carrier and sent to the m_t type demapping circuit.

  Next, the embodiment shown in FIG. 14 will be described. FIG. 14 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a MIMO maximum likelihood estimation demodulation circuit applied to the receiving apparatus in the present embodiment.

  The difference between the MIMO maximum likelihood estimation demodulation circuit in the present embodiment and the MIMO interference cancellation circuit of FIG. 13 described above is that the value of the number m_r of reception antennas does not necessarily have to be greater than or equal to m_t, and the inverse matrix calculation circuit. Instead, the transmission data carrier combination pattern memory and the replica operation circuit are replaced with a maximum likelihood estimation circuit instead of the complex matrix multiplication circuit.

  In the present embodiment, the transmission data carrier combination pattern memory 430 stores a combination pattern of transmission data carriers of M raised to the m_t power in the case of a data carrier having a multilevel number M. The replica calculation circuit 413 calculates a complex matrix product (HR) of the propagation path response matrix H and the transmission data carrier R of all patterns stored in the transmission data carrier combination pattern memory 430, and estimates the result to the maximum likelihood. Send to circuit 423. The maximum likelihood estimation circuit 423 compares the reception scheduled data Dx of all patterns output from the replica calculation circuit 413 with the propagation path response reflected, and the actually received data D, and transmits the replica with the closest result. It is determined that the received data. Thereafter, the address or index on the transmission data carrier combination pattern memory 430 is output, and the corresponding transmission data carrier combination is read from the transmission data carrier combination pattern memory 430 and output to the subsequent demapping circuit.

  By performing the above operation, the MIMO maximum likelihood estimation demodulation circuit in the present embodiment can realize transmission by MIMO propagation in which m_t OFDM signals are transmitted from m_t transmission antennas to m_r reception antennas. It is.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, known pilot carriers serving as a demodulation reference are arranged at predetermined intervals on the frequency axis and continuously arranged on the time axis, and with respect to the pilot carrier By assigning different orthogonal codes to each transmit antenna, constructing an OFDM signal transmission frame, and performing data transmission, the environment of the propagation path fluctuates at high speed, such as moving at high speed using radio waves in a high frequency band. Even in this case, it is possible to estimate each of the propagation paths at a speed that follows the response of the propagation path between the plurality of transmission antennas and the plurality of reception antennas constituting the MIMO propagation.

As a result, not only a low frequency band such as the UHF band, but also a wireless by a wider-band MIMO-OFDM transmission system using a radio wave such as a microwave band or a millimeter wave band having a large Doppler frequency or fading fluctuation speed due to movement. Transmission is possible. As a result, in addition to improving the diversity effect, it is possible to contribute to a dramatic improvement in frequency utilization efficiency.

  Further, according to the present embodiment, since the influence of noise can be reduced by the averaging operation for demodulation, it is possible to realize highly accurate propagation path estimation with the noise component suppressed.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, a different orthogonal code is assigned to each transmission antenna in order to recognize the propagation path. This also means that the receiving side recognizes each transmitting terminal. In other words, it means that the transmitting terminals existing in a distributed manner and the information transmitted from the transmitting terminals can be distinguished on the receiving side, and other applications such as user recognition in a multi-user system can be expected.

It is a figure which shows the structural example of the transmission frame with which the carrier arrangement | positioning method in the OFDM transmission system of this invention is applied. It is the figure which represented typically the relationship between the change of the received power by fading, and the sampling by a transmission symbol. It is a figure which shows the basic composition of the transmission / reception apparatus used for an OFDM transmission system. FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a circuit configuration when a frame configuration circuit in the transmitting apparatus shown in FIG. 3 is applied to the present invention. It is a figure which shows the structure of 1st Example of a propagation path response processing circuit. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of 1st Example of an averaging arithmetic circuit. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of 2nd Example of an averaging arithmetic circuit. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of 3rd Example of an averaging arithmetic circuit. It is a figure which shows the structure of the 1st modification of a propagation path response processing circuit. It is a figure which shows the structure of the 2nd modification of a propagation path response processing circuit. It is a figure which shows the structure of the 3rd modification of a propagation path response processing circuit. It is a figure which shows the structure of the 4th modification of a propagation path response processing circuit. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of the interference removal circuit for MIMO applied to the receiver in this embodiment. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of the maximum likelihood estimation demodulation circuit for MIMO applied to the receiver in this embodiment. It is a figure which shows an example of a MIMO communication system. It is a figure which shows the example of the conventional pilot signal multiplexing. It is a figure which shows the structural example of the conventional transmission frame with which the carrier arrangement | positioning method in an OFDM transmission system is applied.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Transmitter 11 Coding circuit 12 Mapping circuit 13 Frame configuration circuit 14 IFFT circuit 15 GI addition circuit 16, 22 Frequency conversion circuit 17 Transmitting antenna 20 Receiving device 21 Receiving antenna 23 GI removal circuit 24 FFT circuit 25, 100, 301 1 to 301 m_r , 401 1 to 401 m_r frame separation circuit 26 propagation path response estimation circuit 27 waveform equalization circuit 28 demapping circuit 29 decoding circuit 40 orthogonal coding pilot carrier generation circuit 41 pilot carrier generation unit 42 orthogonal code generation unit 43 orthogonal Coding phase modulation circuit 50 Pattern configuration pattern memory 60 Transmission frame multiplexing circuit 61 Switch 62 Switch control unit 101, 302, 402 Data extraction unit 102, 303, 403 Pilot extraction unit 110, 210 220,250,270,311 1 ~311 m_r, 411 1 ~411 m_r channel response processing circuit 111,211,221,254,275 known pilot generator 112,212,224 1 ~224 m_t, 253 1 ~253 m_t 274 1 to 274 m_t complex division circuit 113, 216 1 to 216 m_t , 226 1 to 226 m_t , 256 1 to 256 m_t , 276 1 to 276 m_t carrier interpolation circuit 114 1 to 114 m_t , 214 1 to 214 m_t 223 1 ~223 m_t, 252 1 ~252 m_t, 272 1 ~272 m_t known orthogonal code generator 115 1 ~115 m_t, 213 1 ~213 m_t, 222 1 ~222 m_t, 251 1 ~251 m_t, 271 1 ~271 m_ t orthogonal decoding phase modulation circuit 116 1 to 116 m_t , 215 1 to 215 m_t , 225 1 to 225 m_t , 255 1 to 255 m_t , 273 1 to 273 m_t averaging arithmetic circuit 151, 162 serial parallel conversion circuit (S / P)
152, 164, 173 Adder circuit 153, 165, 174 Divider circuit 154, 166 Symbol interpolation circuit 155, 167, 175 Weighting circuit 161 Matched filter circuit 163 Orthogonal code pattern memory 171 Sliding average arithmetic circuit 172 1 to 172 W-1 symbols Delay circuit 312, 412 Matrix circuit 313 Inverse matrix operation circuit 321, 421 Vectorization circuit 322, 422 Delay time adjustment circuit 323 Complex matrix multiplication circuit 413 Replica operation circuit
423 Maximum likelihood estimation determination circuit 430 Transmission data carrier combination pattern memory 1000 Transmission system for MIMO communication 1001 1 to 1001 m_t Transmit antenna 1002 1 to 1002 m_t transmission unit 1010 Encoding unit (or S / P unit)
1101 1 to 1101 m_r receiving antenna 1102 1 to 1102 m_r receiving unit 1110 decoding unit

Claims (12)

  1. OFDM transmission for transmitting an OFDM signal in which a known pilot carrier serving as a demodulation reference is periodically inserted in a MIMO propagation environment in which a plurality of antennas are provided on the transmission side and the reception side and data is transmitted and received wirelessly A transmission device in a system,
    Carrier arrangement storage means for preliminarily storing the arrangement of known pilot carriers as a demodulation reference as a frame configuration pattern;
    An orthogonal code generation means for generating an orthogonal code having a bit length W assigned to each transmission antenna by defining the number of the plurality of transmission antennas as m_t and defining an integer greater than or equal to m_t as W;
    Pilot carrier orthogonal encoding means for modulating the pilot carrier using the orthogonal code generated by the orthogonal code generation means;
    Transmission frame configuration means for configuring the transmission frame by inserting the pilot carrier at a predetermined carrier position according to the frame configuration pattern stored in the carrier arrangement storage means;
    A transmission device comprising:
  2. The transmission device according to claim 1 ,
    The orthogonal code generating means stores orthogonal code storage means for storing the orthogonal code of the bit length W;
    Orthogonal code generating means for outputting the orthogonal code stored in the orthogonal code storage means for each transmission symbol of the OFDM signal so that the orthogonal code having a bit length W is assigned to the transmission symbol having the number of symbols W continuous in time. ,
    A transmission device comprising:
  3. The transmission device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein
      The plurality of transmission antennas m_t is 2 and the bit length W is 2,
      The orthogonal code generation means generates {1, 1} and {1, -1} as the orthogonal code,
      The transmission apparatus characterized in that the pilot carrier orthogonal encoding means modulates the pilot carrier for each transmission symbol of the OFDM signal so that the orthogonal code is assigned to the transmission symbol.
  4. The transmission device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein
      The number m_t of the plurality of transmission antennas is 4, and the bit length W is 4,
      The orthogonal code generating means includes {1, 1, 1, 1} and {1, -1,1, -1} and {1, -1, -1,1} and {1,1,1 as the orthogonal codes. −1, −1},
      The transmission apparatus characterized in that the pilot carrier orthogonal encoding means modulates the pilot carrier for each transmission symbol of the OFDM signal so that the orthogonal code is assigned to the transmission symbol.
  5. OFDM transmission for transmitting an OFDM signal in which a known pilot carrier serving as a demodulation reference is periodically inserted in a MIMO propagation environment in which a plurality of antennas are provided on the transmission side and the reception side and data is transmitted and received wirelessly A transmission device in a system,
    Instead of the orthogonal code storage means, the orthogonal code generation means, and the pilot carrier orthogonal encoding means,
    The number of a plurality of transmission antennas is defined as m_t, an integer greater than or equal to m_t is defined as W, and the pilot carrier modulated by the orthogonal code assigned to each transmission antenna is set to the bit length W of the orthogonal code or an integral multiple of the bit length W Pilot carrier storage means for storing over a transmission symbol length corresponding to the period;
    The pilot carrier stored in the pilot carrier storage means is read out so that orthogonal symbols having a bit length of W are assigned to transmission symbols of time number W, and sent to the transmission frame constituting means. Pilot carrier control means;
    A transmission device comprising:
  6. A receiving apparatus in an OFDM transmission system that receives an OFDM signal transmitted from the transmitting apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5 as a received signal,
    When the number of a plurality of transmission antennas is m_t, an integer greater than or equal to m_t is defined as W, and an OFDM transmission symbol transmitted from the transmission apparatus is received via the m_t transmission antennas,
    Channel response estimation means for obtaining a channel response of a pilot carrier position using a pilot carrier received every predetermined number of symbols and a known pilot carrier;
    By interpolating the propagation path responses of the pilot carrier positions for each predetermined number obtained by the propagation path response estimation means, the propagation path response interpolation means for obtaining the propagation path responses of all the carrier positions;
    M_t sets of orthogonal code decoding means for decoding at least the propagation path response at the data carrier position among the propagation path responses at all the carrier positions obtained by the propagation path response interpolation means with bit length W and m_t types of orthogonal codes. When,
    Propagation path response separating means for averaging and separating the propagation path responses of the m_t sets of carrier positions orthogonally decoded by the m_t sets of orthogonal code decoding means;
    With
    A receiving apparatus in an OFDM transmission system, wherein propagation path responses estimated at each of the m_t sets of carrier positions are used for data carrier demodulation.
  7. The receiving device according to claim 6 ,
    The receiving apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the predetermined number of symbols is one symbol.
  8. The receiving device according to claim 7,
      The receiving apparatus characterized in that the propagation path response estimation means has a sliding average calculation circuit and obtains a propagation path response of the pilot carrier position for each symbol.
  9. The receiving device according to any one of claims 6 to 8 ,
    The receiving apparatus characterized in that the propagation path response interpolation means is arranged at the final stage in the propagation path response processing including orthogonal decoding and averaging of the propagation path response at the pilot carrier position.
  10. The receiving device according to claim 9 , wherein
    Pilot carrier storage for storing, in a predetermined cycle, known pilot carriers modulated by orthogonal codes assigned to m_t transmission antennas of the transmission apparatus instead of the propagation path response estimation means and the orthogonal code decoding means. Means,
    M_t sets of orthogonal code decoding means for dividing the received pilot carrier using a known pilot carrier stored in the pilot carrier storage means to obtain a channel response of the pilot carrier position;
    With
    A receiving apparatus in an OFDM transmission system, wherein propagation path responses estimated at each of the m_t sets of carrier positions are used for demodulation of m_t-type data carriers individually transmitted from the m_t transmission antennas.
  11. The receiving device according to claim 9 , comprising:
    The receiving apparatus, wherein the orthogonal code decoding means is arranged at an input stage in a propagation path response process.
  12. The receiving device according to claim 11 ,
    The receiving apparatus, wherein the order of the averaging calculation processing by the propagation path response separation means and the division processing by the propagation path response estimation means are exchanged and executed.
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JP4657888B2 (en) * 2005-10-31 2011-03-23 シャープ株式会社 Transmitter and transmission method
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