JP4123202B2 - Folding door device - Google Patents

Folding door device Download PDF

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JP4123202B2
JP4123202B2 JP2004195023A JP2004195023A JP4123202B2 JP 4123202 B2 JP4123202 B2 JP 4123202B2 JP 2004195023 A JP2004195023 A JP 2004195023A JP 2004195023 A JP2004195023 A JP 2004195023A JP 4123202 B2 JP4123202 B2 JP 4123202B2
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panel
folding door
edge
joint
hinge
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JP2006016838A (en
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明 西田
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株式会社イトーキ
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本発明は、折戸装置に係わり、更に詳しくは間仕切壁の一部にドアとしてあるいはキャビネット等の収納庫の開閉扉として用いる折戸装置に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a folding door device, and more particularly to a folding door device used as a door on a part of a partition wall or as an opening / closing door of a storage such as a cabinet.
従来から、間仕切壁の一部に設けるドアや、キャビネット等の収納庫の開口部に設ける開閉扉として折戸を用いることは公知である。この折戸は、二枚のパネル体の連接縁同士を近接配置し、その連接縁に沿った方向に回動軸を有するヒンジにて互に屈曲可能に連結して構成し、二枚のパネル体が直線状になって開口部を閉止した状態と、略180度回動屈曲して二枚のパネル体が重合状態になって開口部を開放した状態とをとるようになっている。通常、折戸は二枚のパネル体の背面側に前記ヒンジとして蝶番を設けて連結して構成し、両パネル体の連接縁が手前に突出して山折れ屈曲する側に引手を設けているが、折戸の屈曲伸展動作時に両パネル体の両連接縁の隙間が変化し、特に折戸を閉じる際に両連接縁の隙間が小さくなって指を挟む危険性があるので、引手は連接縁から離れた位置に設けることが一般的である。   Conventionally, it is known to use a folding door as a door provided at a part of a partition wall or as an opening / closing door provided at an opening of a storage such as a cabinet. This folding door is constructed by arranging the connecting edges of two panel bodies close to each other and connecting them so that they can be bent with a hinge having a rotating shaft in a direction along the connecting edges. Are in a straight line and the opening is closed, and the two panels are turned and bent approximately 180 degrees to be in a superposed state and the opening is opened. Usually, folding doors are constructed by connecting hinges as hinges on the back side of the two panel bodies, and the connecting edges of both panel bodies protrude forward and provide handle on the side where they bend and bend, The gap between the connecting edges of both panel bodies changes when the folding door is bent and extended. Especially when closing the folding door, the gap between the connecting edges becomes small and there is a risk of pinching the fingers. Generally, it is provided at a position.
特許文献1には、二枚のパネル体の相対応する側端面に装着した目地板材の一端部にヒンジ金具の両端部を回動可能に連結し、ヒンジ金具で両パネル体の隙間を塞ぎ、各目地板材の端面を傾斜させることにより、パネル体を直線状にしたときに、両目地板材でV字状に開いた空間を形成して指を挟まないようにした折戸装置が記載されている。しかし、この特許文献1の折戸装置は、指を挟まないようにパネル体の連接部に十分に大きな幅のV字溝を設けなければならず、パネル体を直線状にして空間部を閉じた際には、このV字溝が正面に現れて、外観性を損なうことになる。また、パネル板の端面に傾斜面を形成するために、特別なパネル体の構造にしなければならず、プレス成形機の金型をそれに応じて用意する必要があり、コスト高となる。更に、ヒンジ金具の両端をそれぞれのパネル体の目地板材に枢着して2点回動軸を有するリンク構造であるので、パネル体の開閉軌跡が不安定になることが容易に推測できる。
特許第3240508号公報
In Patent Document 1, both ends of a hinge fitting are rotatably connected to one end of a joint plate material mounted on corresponding side end faces of two panel bodies, and the gap between both panel bodies is closed with the hinge fitting, A folding door device is described in which, when the panel body is straightened by inclining the end face of each joint plate material, a space opened in a V shape is formed by both joint plate materials so as not to pinch fingers. . However, the folding door device of Patent Document 1 must be provided with a V-shaped groove having a sufficiently large width at the connecting portion of the panel body so as not to pinch fingers, and the panel body is straightened to close the space portion. At this time, this V-shaped groove appears on the front surface, which impairs the appearance. Moreover, in order to form an inclined surface on the end surface of the panel plate, a special panel body structure must be provided, and a die for a press molding machine needs to be prepared accordingly, resulting in high costs. Furthermore, since the link structure has a two-point pivot shaft with both ends of the hinge fitting pivoted to the joint plate material of each panel body, it can be easily estimated that the opening / closing locus of the panel body becomes unstable.
Japanese Patent No. 3240508
そこで、本発明が前述の状況に鑑み、解決しようとするところは、間仕切壁の一部にドアとしてあるいはキャビネット等の収納庫の開閉扉として用いる折戸装置であって、二枚のパネル体の間に目地部を形成して1つの回動軸を有するヒンジにて屈曲可能に連結する簡単且つ安価の構造としても、折戸の閉止動作時に目地部に指を挟む心配のない折戸装置を提供する点にある。   Therefore, in view of the above-described situation, the present invention intends to solve a folding door device that is used as a door of a partition wall or as an opening / closing door of a storage such as a cabinet, and between two panel bodies. The present invention provides a folding door device that does not have to worry about having a finger caught in the joint during the closing operation of the folding door, even when the folding door is closed and formed as a simple and inexpensive structure in which the joint is formed so as to be bent by a hinge having a single rotation axis. It is in.
本発明は、前述の課題解決のために、二枚のパネル体の連接側端面同士をその間に目地部を設けて近接配置するとともに、該連接縁に沿った方向で背面側に回動軸を有するヒンジにて互に屈曲可能に連結して折戸を形成し、一方のパネル体の連接縁に沿った背面側に取付け、該パネル体の端面の前端縁から目地部の中央部にかけて背面側へ傾斜して延びた傾斜面を有する指詰防止材を設けてなる折戸装置であって、前記パネル体は、表面板の端縁を背面側へ略直角に折曲して前記端面を形成し、該表面板の背面に該端面との間に凹溝を形成し、前記指詰防止材は、前記パネル体の凹溝内に取付ける取付部と、該取付部からパネル体の端面に沿って前端縁に延びる当接片と、該当接片に前記傾斜面を有する目地片とを一体形成し、前記パネル体の端面に前記指詰防止材の当接片を沿わせた状態で、パネル体の凹溝内に指詰防止材の取付部を嵌合して取付けてなる折戸装置を構成した(請求項1)。 In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, the present invention provides a joint portion between two connection-side end surfaces of the two panel bodies in close proximity to each other, and a rotation shaft on the back side in a direction along the connection edge. A folding door is formed by being connected to each other so as to be able to be bent with hinges, and is attached to the back side along the connecting edge of one panel body, and from the front edge of the end face of the panel body to the center of the joint part to the back side A folding door device provided with an antifouling material having an inclined surface extending in an inclined manner, wherein the panel body bends an edge of a surface plate substantially perpendicularly to the back side to form the end surface, A concave groove is formed between the rear surface of the surface plate and the end surface, and the finger plugging prevention material is attached to the concave portion of the panel body, and the front end extends from the attachment portion along the end surface of the panel body. An abutment piece extending to the edge and a joint piece having the inclined surface on the contact piece are integrally formed, and the panel body In a state in which along the contact piece of the on the end face finger packed prevention material, to constitute a folding door apparatus comprising attachment fitted to the mounting portion of Yubitsume preventing member in the groove of the panel body (claim 1) .
ここで、前記パネル体は、表面板の背面に前記端面との間に凹溝を形成して縦補強を固定し、該凹溝内に前記指詰防止材の取付部を嵌合するとともに、前記ヒンジのウイングを前記縦補強の背面に取付けることにより該取付部を保持してなることが好ましい(請求項2)。 Here, the panel body is formed with a concave groove between the rear surface of the front plate and the longitudinal reinforcement to fix the vertical reinforcement, and the fitting portion of the anti-fouling material is fitted into the concave groove, It is preferable that the attachment portion is held by attaching the wing of the hinge to the back surface of the longitudinal reinforcement .
また、前記指詰防止材は、前記当接片の前端縁に、前記傾斜面を有するとともに、先端に前記ヒンジの回動軸の外形に略一致した目隠し部を形成した目地片を一体形成したものである(請求項3)。 In addition, the finger clogging prevention material is integrally formed with a joint piece having the inclined surface at the front end edge of the abutting piece and having a blindfold substantially matching the outer shape of the rotation shaft of the hinge at the tip. those (claim 3).
そして、前記指詰防止材を、パネル体の連接側端面の略上下全長に渡って設けるとともに、前記ヒンジの回動軸に対応する部分の目隠し部を切欠してなるのである(請求項4)。   The finger-clogging prevention material is provided over substantially the entire vertical length of the connection-side end surface of the panel body, and a blindfold portion corresponding to the rotation axis of the hinge is cut away. .
以上にしてなる請求項1に係る発明の折戸装置は、両パネル体をヒンジの回動軸を中心として折畳んで折戸を開くと、両パネル体の端面間の目地部は大きく開き、この状態から折戸を閉じると両パネル体の端面間の間隔は狭くなり、この際指を目地部に誤って位置させたとしても、前記指詰防止材の傾斜面が指を押出す作用をするので、指を挟む心配がないのである。また、指詰防止材によって目地部の大部分を塞ぐことができるので、目隠しの働きも同時に備えたものとなる。そして、パネル体は、パネル体の表面板の端縁を背面側へ略直角に折曲して前記端面を形成し、該表面板の背面に該端面との間に凹溝を形成した通常のパネル体と同じ構造であるので、製造コストの上昇を抑制することができる。更に、指詰防止材は、パネル体の凹溝内に取付ける取付部と、該取付部からパネル体の端面に沿って前端縁に延びる当接片と、該当接片に前記傾斜面を有する目地片とを一体形成し、前記パネル体の端面に前記指詰防止材の当接片を沿わせた状態で、パネル体の凹溝内に指詰防止材の取付部を嵌合して取付けてなるので、パネル体に簡単に取付けることができ、しかも前記指詰防止材の傾斜面は、パネル体の前端縁から目地部の中央部へ向かって延びているので、正面から見ると全く目立たないので外観性を損なうことがない。 In the folding door device according to the first aspect of the present invention as described above, when both panel bodies are folded around the pivot axis of the hinge and the folding door is opened, the joint between the end faces of both panel bodies opens widely. When the folding door is closed, the interval between the end faces of both panel bodies is narrowed, and even if the finger is mistakenly positioned at the joint, the inclined surface of the anti-clogging material acts to push out the finger, There is no worry about pinching your fingers. In addition, since most of the joints can be blocked by the anti-fingering material, it also has a blindfolding function. The panel body is formed by bending the edge of the surface plate of the panel body at a substantially right angle to the back side to form the end surface, and forming a concave groove on the back surface of the surface plate with the end surface. Since it is the same structure as a panel body, the raise of manufacturing cost can be suppressed. Further, the anti-fingering material includes a mounting portion to be mounted in the recessed groove of the panel body, a contact piece extending from the mounting portion to the front edge along the end surface of the panel body, and a joint having the inclined surface on the corresponding contact piece. A piece is integrally formed, and the attachment part of the anti-fouling material is fitted into the recessed groove of the panel body with the abutment piece of the anti-fouling material along the end surface of the panel body. Therefore, it can be easily attached to the panel body, and the inclined surface of the anti-clogging material extends from the front edge of the panel body toward the center of the joint portion, so that it is not noticeable when viewed from the front. Therefore, the appearance is not impaired.
請求項2によれば、前記パネル体は、表面板の背面に前記端面との間に凹溝を形成して縦補強を固定し、該凹溝内に前記指詰防止材の取付部を嵌合するとともに、前記ヒンジのウイングを前記縦補強の背面に取付けることにより該取付部を保持してなるので、指詰防止材の取付けが極めて簡単である。 According to a second aspect of the present invention, the panel body is formed with a concave groove between the rear surface of the surface plate and the end face to fix the vertical reinforcement, and the attachment portion for the anti-fouling material is fitted into the concave groove. At the same time, the attachment portion is held by attaching the wing of the hinge to the back surface of the longitudinal reinforcement, so that it is very easy to attach the antifouling material.
請求項3によれば、前記指詰防止材は、前記当接片の前端縁に、前記傾斜面を有するとともに、先端に前記ヒンジの回動軸の外形に略一致した目隠し部を形成した目地片を一体形成したものであるので、傾斜面の先端に設けた目隠し部が、ヒンジの回動軸の外形に略一致しているので、外観性において上下方向に連続するのである。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, the anti-fingering material has the inclined surface at the front end edge of the abutting piece, and a joint formed with a blindfold substantially matching the outer shape of the rotation shaft of the hinge at the tip. Since the pieces are integrally formed, the blindfold provided at the tip of the inclined surface substantially coincides with the outer shape of the pivot shaft of the hinge, so that the appearance is continuous in the vertical direction.
請求項4によれば、ヒンジの回動軸に対応する部分の目隠し部を切欠して取付けることにより、指詰防止材をパネル体の連接側端面の略上下全長に渡って設けると、前記ヒンジの回動軸と指詰防止材の目隠し部とが意匠的に上下に連続するので外観性に優れたものとなる。   According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, when the blind clogging portion of the portion corresponding to the rotational axis of the hinge is cut out and attached, the finger clogging prevention material is provided over substantially the entire vertical length of the connection side end surface of the panel body. The rotating shaft and the blindfolded portion of the anti-clogging material are designed to be continuous in the vertical direction, so that the appearance is excellent.
次に、添付図面に示した実施形態に基づき、本発明を更に詳細に説明する。図1は本発明に係る折戸装置の代表的な使用形態を示し、図2は本発明の要部を示し、図中符号1は折戸、2は右側のパネル体、3は左側のパネル体、4はヒンジ、5は引手、6は指詰防止材をそれぞれ示している。尚、図2中、符号Hは指を示している。   Next, the present invention will be described in more detail based on the embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 shows a typical usage form of a folding door apparatus according to the present invention, FIG. 2 shows a main part of the present invention, reference numeral 1 is a folding door, 2 is a right panel body, 3 is a left panel body, Reference numeral 4 denotes a hinge, 5 denotes a handle, and 6 denotes an anti-fingering material. In FIG. 2, symbol H indicates a finger.
本発明係る折戸装置は、図1に示すように、二枚のパネル体2,3の連接側端面7,8同士をその間に目地部9を設けて近接配置するとともに、該連接縁に沿った方向で背面側に回動軸10を有するヒンジ4にて互に屈曲可能に連結して折戸1を形成し、一方のパネル体3の連接縁に沿った背面側に取付け、該パネル体3の端面8の前端縁から目地部9の中央部にかけて背面側へ傾斜して延びた傾斜面11を有する指詰防止材6を設けたものである。ここで、本実施形態では、前記折戸1を閉じた状態では、前記目地部9の間隔は8mmとしている。また、前記引手5は、本実施形態では右側のパネル体2の連設縁寄りに設けている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the folding door device according to the present invention is arranged close to the connecting side end faces 7, 8 of the two panel bodies 2, 3 with a joint portion 9 therebetween, and along the connecting edge. The folding door 1 is formed by being connected to each other by a hinge 4 having a rotating shaft 10 on the back side in the direction, and is attached to the back side along the connecting edge of one panel body 3. An anti-fingering material 6 having an inclined surface 11 that extends from the front edge of the end surface 8 to the center of the joint portion 9 in an inclined manner toward the back side is provided. Here, in this embodiment, when the folding door 1 is closed, the interval between the joint portions 9 is 8 mm. Moreover, the said handle 5 is provided near the connection edge of the right panel body 2 in this embodiment.
ここで、前記指詰防止材6は、合成樹脂製の押出し成形品で、前記パネル体3の連接縁に沿った背面側に取付ける取付部12と、該取付部12から端面8に沿って前端縁に延びる当接片13と、該当接片13から前記傾斜面11を有するとともに、先端に前記ヒンジ4の回動軸10の外形に略一致した目隠し部15を形成した目地片14とを一体形成したものである。前記目隠し部15は、前面側に円弧面を有する半円筒状の形状となっている。更に、前記目地部9の目隠し効果を高めるために、前記目隠し部15の先端から遮蔽片を延設し、折戸1を開いた状態で、該遮蔽片の先端部が他方のパネル体2の凹溝17内に位置するようにしても良い。   Here, the finger plug preventing material 6 is an extruded product made of synthetic resin, and is attached to the back side along the connecting edge of the panel body 3, and the front end along the end surface 8 from the mounting portion 12. The contact piece 13 extending to the edge and the joint piece 14 having the inclined surface 11 from the contact piece 13 and having a blindfold 15 substantially coincident with the outer shape of the rotation shaft 10 of the hinge 4 at the tip are integrally formed. Formed. The blindfold 15 has a semi-cylindrical shape having an arc surface on the front side. Further, in order to enhance the blinding effect of the joint portion 9, a shielding piece is extended from the distal end of the blindfold portion 15, and the distal end portion of the shielding piece is recessed in the other panel body 2 with the folding door 1 opened. It may be located in the groove 17.
また、前記パネル体2又は3は、スチース製のものであり、その表面板16の端縁を背面側へ略直角に折曲して前記端面7又は8を形成し、該表面板16の背面に該端面7又は8との間に凹溝17を形成して縦補強18を固定し、該凹溝17内に前記指詰防止材6の取付部12を嵌合するとともに、前記縦補強18の背面に取付けた前記ヒンジ4のウイング19にて該取付部12を保持している。ここで、前記指詰防止材6は、パネル体3の連接側端面の略上下全長に渡って設けるとともに、前記ヒンジ4の回動軸10に対応する部分の目隠し部15を切欠している。   The panel body 2 or 3 is made of steel, and the end face 7 or 8 is formed by bending the edge of the face plate 16 to the back side at a substantially right angle. A vertical groove 18 is formed between the end face 7 or 8 to fix the vertical reinforcement 18, and the attachment portion 12 of the finger plug preventing material 6 is fitted into the concave groove 17. The attachment portion 12 is held by a wing 19 of the hinge 4 attached to the back surface of the hinge 4. Here, the finger clogging prevention material 6 is provided over substantially the entire vertical length of the connection side end face of the panel body 3, and a blind portion 15 corresponding to the rotating shaft 10 of the hinge 4 is notched.
図2(a)は、二枚のパネル体2,3を互いの裏面が接近するまで折畳んだ状態であり、この状態から両パネル体2,3を閉じると、図2(b)、(c)と目地部9の間隔は徐々に狭まってくるが、この目地部9内に指Hを誤って位置させていても、前記指詰防止材6の傾斜面11が指Hを目地部9から押出す作用をするので、図2(d)の折戸1を閉じた状態にした際には、完全に指Hを目地部9から排除することができるのである。ここで、図2(a)は、間仕切壁の出入口やキャビネット等の収納庫の開放部を閉鎖した状態に相当し、図2(d)は間仕切壁の出入口やキャビネット等の収納庫の開放部を開放した状態に相当している。この図2(a)から図2(d)までの一連の動作が折戸1の閉じる動作であり、その逆の動作が折戸1の開く動作である。   FIG. 2A shows a state in which the two panel bodies 2 and 3 are folded until their back surfaces approach each other, and when both panel bodies 2 and 3 are closed from this state, FIG. The distance between c) and the joint portion 9 is gradually reduced. Even if the finger H is mistakenly positioned in the joint portion 9, the inclined surface 11 of the finger plugging prevention material 6 causes the finger H to move to the joint portion 9. Therefore, when the folding door 1 shown in FIG. 2D is closed, the finger H can be completely removed from the joint portion 9. Here, FIG. 2 (a) corresponds to a state in which the entrance / exit of the partition wall and the open part of the storage such as the cabinet are closed, and FIG. 2 (d) is the open part of the entrance / exit of the partition wall and the storage such as the cabinet. This corresponds to the state where is opened. A series of operations from FIG. 2A to FIG. 2D is an operation of closing the folding door 1, and the reverse operation is an operation of opening the folding door 1.
次に本発明の折戸装置の間仕切壁に適用した使用例を図1、図3〜図8に基づき簡単に説明する。図1は間仕切壁を示す正面図であり、図3(a),(b)はその要部の横断平面図であり、図中符号1は折戸、20はスライドパネル、21は固定パネルをそれぞれ示している。また、図4及び図5はそれぞれ折戸1及びスライドパネル20の縦断側面図である。前記折戸1のパネル体2,3、スライドパネル20及び固定パネル21は、天井S近傍から床面F近傍にわたるスチール製等のパネル体であり、折戸1、スライドパネル20及び固定パネル21の上部が天レール22の前面を部分的に覆うように配置されている。本実施例では、壁面Wと固定パネル21の間の空間を、二対の折戸1,1とその中間に配置した二枚のスライドパネル20,20で開閉可能となした間仕切壁を構成している。   Next, a usage example applied to the partition wall of the folding door device of the present invention will be briefly described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 3 to 8. FIG. 1 is a front view showing a partition wall, and FIGS. 3A and 3B are cross-sectional plan views of the main part, in which 1 is a folding door, 20 is a slide panel, and 21 is a fixed panel. Show. 4 and 5 are longitudinal side views of the folding door 1 and the slide panel 20, respectively. The panel bodies 2 and 3, the slide panel 20 and the fixed panel 21 of the folding door 1 are panel bodies made of steel or the like extending from the vicinity of the ceiling S to the vicinity of the floor surface F, and the upper portions of the folding door 1, the slide panel 20 and the fixed panel 21 are It arrange | positions so that the front surface of the top rail 22 may be covered partially. In the present embodiment, the partition wall is configured such that the space between the wall surface W and the fixed panel 21 can be opened and closed by two pairs of folding doors 1, 1 and two slide panels 20, 20 disposed between them. Yes.
ここで、右側の前記折戸1は、一方のパネル体2の端部を、壁面Wに沿って立設された支柱23にヒンジ24,…によって回動可能に取付けられ、他方のパネル体3の遊端上端を前記天レール22に沿って横設した吊下用ガイドレール25にランナー26によって移動可能に吊下げている。一方、左側の前記折戸1は、一方のパネル体3の端部を、固定パネル21に沿って立設された支柱23にヒンジ24,…によって回動可能に取付けられ、他方のパネル体2の遊端上端を前記天レール22に沿って横設した吊下用ガイドレール25にランナー26によって移動可能に吊下げている。また、スライドパネル20,20も上部両側に取付けたランナー26,26で前記吊下用ガイドレール25の前面を覆うように、吊下用ガイドレール25より支持される前吊り構造となっている。   Here, the folding door 1 on the right side has an end portion of one panel body 2 attached to a column 23 erected along the wall surface W by a hinge 24,. The upper end of the free end is suspended by a runner 26 on a suspension guide rail 25 that is provided horizontally along the ceiling rail 22. On the other hand, the folding door 1 on the left side is attached to an end of one panel body 3 so as to be rotatable by hinges 24,... The upper end of the free end is suspended by a runner 26 on a suspension guide rail 25 that is provided horizontally along the ceiling rail 22. The slide panels 20 and 20 also have a front suspension structure that is supported by the suspension guide rail 25 so as to cover the front surface of the suspension guide rail 25 with runners 26 and 26 attached to both upper sides.
前述のように、左側の折戸1の左側には固定パネル21,…が配設されている。固定パネル21,…は、天井Sに固定され水平方向に延びる天レール22と床面F上に固定され水平方向に延びる地レール27との間に多数の支柱23,23を立設させ、これらに囲まれる矩形状の空間を塞ぐように装着されている。尚、前記折戸1,1及びスライドパネル20,20下の床面Fには、地レール27を無くしている。また、折戸1,1及びスライドパネル20,20が前記前吊り構造であり、それぞれのパネル間の目地部28,…と折戸1の目地部9を同じ間隔に設定しているので、図1のように、固定パネル21,…と折戸1,1及びスライドパネル20,20とにより構成される間仕切壁全体の外観の連続性及び統一性が保たれている。   As described above, the fixed panels 21 are arranged on the left side of the left folding door 1. The fixed panel 21,... Has a large number of columns 23, 23 standing between a ceiling rail 22 fixed to the ceiling S and extending horizontally and a ground rail 27 fixed on the floor F and extending horizontally. It is mounted so as to close a rectangular space surrounded by The ground rail 27 is eliminated from the floor surface F under the folding doors 1 and 1 and the slide panels 20 and 20. Moreover, since the folding doors 1 and 1 and the slide panels 20 and 20 are the said front suspension structure, and the joint part 28 of each panel and ... and the joint part 9 of the folding door 1 are set to the same space | interval, FIG. As described above, the continuity and uniformity of the appearance of the entire partition wall constituted by the fixed panels 21, ..., the folding doors 1, 1 and the slide panels 20, 20 are maintained.
図3に示すように、右側の折戸1は、右側パネル体2の端部を壁面Wに沿って固定した支柱23にヒンジ24,…を介して鉛直回動軸まわりに回動可能に連結している。また、左側の折戸1の左側パネル体3の端部を、固定パネル21を支持する支柱23に、同様にヒンジ24,…を介して鉛直回動軸まわりに回動可能に連結している。そして、右側の折戸1の左側パネル体3の遊端側の上部後面にランナー26が取付けられており、該ランナー26が吊下用ガイドレール25に支持されて該吊下用ガイドレール25に沿って水平方向に移動可能に構成されているため、引手5を持って手前に引けば折戸1を開けることができる。また、同様に折戸1を閉じることも容易に行うことができる。   As shown in FIG. 3, the right folding door 1 is connected to a column 23 in which the end of the right panel body 2 is fixed along the wall surface W so as to be rotatable around a vertical rotation axis via hinges 24. ing. Further, the end portion of the left panel body 3 of the left folding door 1 is connected to a support column 23 that supports the fixed panel 21 so as to be rotatable about a vertical rotation axis through hinges 24. A runner 26 is attached to the upper rear surface on the free end side of the left panel body 3 of the right folding door 1, and the runner 26 is supported by the suspension guide rail 25 along the suspension guide rail 25. Therefore, the folding door 1 can be opened by holding the handle 5 and pulling it forward. Similarly, the folding door 1 can be easily closed.
更に、図5に示すように、スライドパネル20の後面下部に、下方開放した凹溝29Aを形成すべく振れ止め用カバー29を取付け、床面Fに固定された振れ止め用ローラー30,30を前記カバー29で形成された凹溝29A内で案内することにより、前記スライドパネル20,20の吊下用ガイドレール25に沿う水平方向の移動の容易化及び安定化を図っている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 5, an anti-sway cover 29 is attached to the lower part of the rear surface of the slide panel 20 so as to form a recessed groove 29 </ b> A opened downward, and anti-skid rollers 30, 30 fixed to the floor surface F are provided. By guiding in the concave groove 29A formed by the cover 29, the horizontal movement of the slide panels 20, 20 along the suspension guide rail 25 is facilitated and stabilized.
図1及び図4に示すように、折戸1,1下部には、床面F上に地レール及びガイドレール等の支持部材がないため、折戸1,1を開けた開口下部の床面Fには台車及び人等の通行の邪魔になる障害物がない構成となっている。したがって、開閉可能な間仕切壁をオフィス等における設備の点検又は収納等を行うスペースの区画用として使用した場合に、該スペースへの台車等による機材の搬入及び搬出等の作業をよりスムーズにかつ安全に行うことができる。尚、必要に応じて、折戸1,1と床面Fとの間にはマグネットキャッチ31等の支持手段を設けることもできる。   As shown in FIG.1 and FIG.4, since there are no supporting members, such as a ground rail and a guide rail, on the floor surface F in the folding doors 1 and 1 lower part, the floor surface F of the opening lower part which opened the folding doors 1 and 1 is used. The structure has no obstacles that obstruct the passage of trolleys and people. Therefore, when the partition wall that can be opened and closed is used for partitioning a space for inspecting or storing equipment in an office or the like, the work of carrying equipment into and out of the space by means of a carriage etc. is smoother and safer. Can be done. If necessary, support means such as a magnet catch 31 can be provided between the folding doors 1 and 1 and the floor surface F.
前記折戸1の遊動側のパネル体3の後面へ取付けるランナー26は、吊下用ガイドレール25に係合し該吊下用ガイドレール25に沿って移動可能なローラーを備えたランナー本体32、折戸1のパネル体3の裏面に直接又は間接に取付けるランナーベース33、ランナー本体32とランナーベース33とを吊下用ガイドレール25下部で鉛直回動軸まわりに回動可能に連結する連結体34により構成されている。   A runner 26 attached to the rear surface of the panel body 3 on the floating side of the folding door 1 is a runner main body 32 having a roller that engages with the suspension guide rail 25 and is movable along the suspension guide rail 25. A runner base 33 that is directly or indirectly attached to the back surface of one panel body 3, and a connecting body 34 that connects the runner body 32 and the runner base 33 so as to be rotatable about a vertical rotation axis at the lower part of the suspension guide rail 25. It is configured.
図6は、前記折戸1の動作説明用平面図である。ランナーベース33はパネル体3の遊端から延出させて該パネル体3の後面に取付けられ、ランナーベース33とランナー本体32との鉛直回動軸の位置は、ランナーベース33が取付けられたパネル体3の遊端からヒンジ4側と反対方向に所定距離だけ離れた位置となっている。従って、折戸1を折り畳む動作によっても、ランナーベース33が取付けられたパネル体3の遊端と吊下用ガイドレール25の前面とが干渉しないように構成されている。   FIG. 6 is a plan view for explaining the operation of the folding door 1. The runner base 33 extends from the free end of the panel body 3 and is attached to the rear surface of the panel body 3, and the position of the vertical rotation axis between the runner base 33 and the runner body 32 is the panel to which the runner base 33 is attached. The position is a predetermined distance away from the free end of the body 3 in the direction opposite to the hinge 4 side. Accordingly, even when the folding door 1 is folded, the free end of the panel body 3 to which the runner base 33 is attached and the front surface of the suspension guide rail 25 are configured not to interfere with each other.
図5及び図6に示すように、スライドパネル20は、後面上部にランナー26,26が取付けられており、該ランナー26が吊下用ガイドレール25に水平方向に移動可能となっているので、ガイドレール25に沿って水平方向に移動させることができる。また、床面Fには振れ止め用ローラー30が固定されるのみであり、このローラー30は振れ止め用カバー29により覆われて外部からは見えないため、安全上及び意匠上も好ましい構成であるといえる。更に、スライドパネル20を開けた状態において、その開口下部には振れ止め等の支持部材がないため、スライドパネル20,20を開けた開口下部の床面Fには台車及び人等の通行の邪魔になる障害物がない構成となっている。   As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the slide panel 20 has runners 26, 26 attached to the upper part of the rear surface, and the runners 26 can move horizontally to the suspension guide rail 25. It can be moved along the guide rail 25 in the horizontal direction. Further, only the steadying roller 30 is fixed to the floor surface F, and this roller 30 is covered with the steadying cover 29 and cannot be seen from the outside. Therefore, the configuration is also preferable in terms of safety and design. It can be said. Further, in the state where the slide panel 20 is opened, there is no support member such as a steady rest at the lower part of the opening. Therefore, the floor F at the lower part of the opening where the slide panels 20 and 20 are opened obstructs the passage of carts and people. There is no obstacle to become.
次に、図7〜図9に基づいて、前記折戸1とスライドパネル20間及びスライドパネル20,20間に設ける閉止装置35を説明する。本実施形態では、前記折戸1を閉じる動作により前記閉止装置35が連結し、スライドパネル20が連動して閉じるようになしたので、具体的には、スライドパネル20における折戸1に対向する側の側辺36に、該折戸1に向けて突出する突起部37が設けられており、また、該折戸1のパネル体3における前記スライドパネル20に対向する側の遊側辺38には、前記突起部37を受け入れる抱持部39が設けられている。抱持部39は、より詳しくは、前記突起部37を囲うように斜め後方に延びる案内面40を有し且つ前記突起部37の前側に延びる部分を有している。このような突起部37と抱持部39を設けることで、互いの側辺を誘い込み合着する閉止装置35が構成されている。   Next, the closing device 35 provided between the folding door 1 and the slide panel 20 and between the slide panels 20 and 20 will be described with reference to FIGS. In the present embodiment, the closing device 35 is connected by the operation of closing the folding door 1, and the slide panel 20 is interlocked to close. Therefore, specifically, on the side of the slide panel 20 facing the folding door 1. The side edge 36 is provided with a projection 37 that protrudes toward the folding door 1, and the projection side 37 on the side facing the slide panel 20 in the panel body 3 of the folding door 1 has the projection A holding portion 39 for receiving the portion 37 is provided. More specifically, the holding portion 39 has a guide surface 40 that extends obliquely rearward so as to surround the protrusion 37 and a portion that extends to the front side of the protrusion 37. By providing the projecting portion 37 and the holding portion 39 as described above, a closing device 35 that invites and joins the sides is configured.
図8(a)に示すように、突起部37は、好ましくは軟質部材、例えば軟質樹脂や合成ゴム等よりなり、前記抱持部39に当接する凸状曲面41と、側辺36の延出片42を噛持する凹部43と、前記凸状曲面41より連続して前記延出片42の基端側に延びる支持片44とより構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 8A, the protrusion 37 is preferably made of a soft member, for example, a soft resin or synthetic rubber, and has a convex curved surface 41 that abuts on the holding portion 39 and an extension of the side 36. A concave portion 43 that bites the piece 42 and a support piece 44 that extends continuously from the convex curved surface 41 to the proximal end side of the extended piece 42.
また、抱持部39は、例えばアルミニウム型材で構成されており、案内面40に連続し且つ前記凸状曲面41に対して面接触する凹状曲面45が設けられ、また、突起部前側に延びた部位には、当該折戸1を閉じた状態において受け入れた突起部37の前側部分46を係止するための係止爪47が設けられ、さらに案内面40からパネル体3の後面側に延び、L型に屈曲して当該後面に取付ネジ49にて取り付けられる支持脚48が設けられている。   The holding portion 39 is made of, for example, an aluminum mold, and is provided with a concave curved surface 45 that is continuous with the guide surface 40 and is in surface contact with the convex curved surface 41, and extends forward of the protrusion. The portion is provided with a locking claw 47 for locking the front side portion 46 of the projection 37 received in the state in which the folding door 1 is closed, and further extends from the guide surface 40 to the rear surface side of the panel body 3. Support legs 48 that are bent into the mold and attached to the rear surface with attachment screws 49 are provided.
このような突起部37と抱持部39からなる閉止装置35を設けることにより、万一指を挟んでも痛くなく、閉止状態におけるガタも防止される。また、折戸パネルを閉じる際にはその遊側辺38とこれに対向するスライドパネル側辺36が互いに誘い込まれ、双方のパネルを確実に閉止できるのである。図8は当該誘い込みの様子が示されており、図8(a)は折戸1を閉じることでパネル体3がスライドパネル20と同一平面に並ぶに従い、突起部37が抱持部39の案内面40に摺動案内されながら次第に深く誘い込まれ、完全に閉じた状態においては図8(b)に示すように抱持部39の凹状曲面45に突起部37の凸状曲面41に面接触した状態に嵌め込まれとともに、突起部37の前側部分46が係止爪47により係止され、安定保持されるのである。   By providing the closing device 35 composed of the protrusion 37 and the holding portion 39, it is not painful even if a finger is caught, and backlash in the closed state is prevented. Further, when the folding door panel is closed, the free side 38 and the slide panel side 36 opposite to the sliding side 38 are drawn into each other, so that both panels can be reliably closed. FIG. 8 shows the state of the invitation. FIG. 8A shows the guide surface of the holding portion 39 as the panel body 3 is aligned with the slide panel 20 by closing the folding door 1. As shown in FIG. 8 (b), the concave curved surface 45 of the holding portion 39 is brought into surface contact with the convex curved surface 41 of the protruding portion 37 as shown in FIG. In addition to being fitted in the state, the front side portion 46 of the protrusion 37 is locked by the locking claw 47 and is stably held.
このように折戸1とスライドパネル20の隣接する側辺に設けた閉止装置35は、図7に示すように折戸1のパネル体3がスライドパネル20に対し傾斜している開放状態において抱持部39の案内面40に突起部37が接触しており、この状態から折戸1を閉じれば、スライドパネル20が閉じる方向に押され、結果としてスライドパネル20を操作することなく折戸1を操作するだけで双方のパネルを閉じることができる。   In this way, the closing device 35 provided on the adjacent sides of the folding door 1 and the slide panel 20 has a holding portion in the open state in which the panel body 3 of the folding door 1 is inclined with respect to the slide panel 20 as shown in FIG. The protrusion 37 is in contact with the guide surface 40 of 39, and if the folding door 1 is closed from this state, the slide panel 20 is pushed in the closing direction, and as a result, only the folding door 1 is operated without operating the sliding panel 20. To close both panels.
尚、本例ではスライドパネル20,20同士の隣接側辺36,36にも同様の閉止装置35が設けられており、パネルを閉じる際には、図9に示す状態から突起部37の前側部分46が係止爪47を乗り越え、図8(b)と同様に安定保持されることになる。   In this example, a similar closing device 35 is also provided on the adjacent sides 36, 36 of the slide panels 20, 20, and when the panel is closed, the front portion of the projection 37 from the state shown in FIG. 46 gets over the locking claw 47 and is stably held as in FIG.
これら閉止装置35は図1に示すように、側辺36、38の高さ方向に長く構成されており、閉じたパネルをガタツキなく安定して保持する機能を有している。尚、本発明はこれに限らず、例えば突起部37、抱持部39の一方又は双方を高さ方向に沿って所定間隔をおいて複数設けたものであってもよい。   As shown in FIG. 1, these closing devices 35 are long in the height direction of the side edges 36 and 38 and have a function of stably holding the closed panel without rattling. The present invention is not limited to this, and for example, a plurality of one or both of the protrusion 37 and the holding portion 39 may be provided at predetermined intervals along the height direction.
本発明に係る折戸装置を間仕切壁に適用した使用例を示す簡略正面図である。It is a simplified front view which shows the usage example which applied the folding door apparatus which concerns on this invention to the partition wall. 本発明に係る折戸装置の要部を示し、(a)は二枚のパネル体を互いに接近するように折畳んだ状態の横断面図、(d)は二枚のパネル体を略直角になるまで閉じた状態を示す横断面図、(c)は二枚のパネル体を鈍角になるまで更に閉じた状態の横断面図、(d)二枚のパネル体を直線状の閉じた状態を示す横断面図である。The principal part of the folding door apparatus which concerns on this invention is shown, (a) is a cross-sectional view of the state folded up so that two panel bodies may mutually approach, (d) becomes a substantially right angle of two panel bodies. (C) is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which the two panel bodies are further closed until an obtuse angle, and (d) shows a state in which the two panel bodies are linearly closed. It is a cross-sectional view. 図1に示した間仕切壁の部分横断面図を示し、(a)は上部の部分横断面図、(b)は下部の部分横断面図である。The partial cross-sectional view of the partition wall shown in FIG. 1 is shown, (a) is an upper partial cross-sectional view, and (b) is a lower partial cross-sectional view. 同じく間仕切壁の折戸を設けた部分の縦断面図である。It is the longitudinal cross-sectional view of the part which similarly provided the folding door of the partition wall. 同じく間仕切壁のスライドパネルを設けた部分の縦断面図である。It is the longitudinal cross-sectional view of the part which similarly provided the slide panel of the partition wall. 同じく間仕切壁における折戸の動作説明図であり、(a)は折戸のみ開放した状態の横断面図、(b)は折戸を開放した空間にスライドパネルを移動させた状態の横断面図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the folding door in a partition wall similarly, (a) is a cross-sectional view of the state which opened only the folding door, (b) is a cross-sectional view of the state which moved the slide panel to the space which opened the folding door. 折戸とスライドパネルとの連設部に設けた閉止装置の構造を示す部分横断面図である。It is a fragmentary cross-sectional view which shows the structure of the closing device provided in the connection part of a folding door and a slide panel. 同じく折戸とスライドパネルとの連設部の構造を示す拡大断面図であり、(a)は閉止装置が閉じる直前の状態、(b)は閉止装置が完全に閉じた状態を示している。It is an expanded sectional view which similarly shows the structure of the connection part of a folding door and a slide panel, (a) has shown the state immediately before a closing device closes, (b) has shown the state which the closing device closed completely. スライドパネル間の連設部に設けた閉止装置の構造を示す部分横断面図である。It is a fragmentary cross-sectional view which shows the structure of the closing device provided in the connection part between slide panels.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 折戸 2 パネル体
3 パネル体 4 ヒンジ
5 引手 6 指詰防止材
7 端面 8 端面
9 目地部 10 回動軸
11 傾斜面 12 取付部
13 当接片 14 目地片
15 目隠し部 16 表面板
17 凹溝 18 縦補強
19 ウイング 20 スライドパネル
21 固定パネル 22 天レール
23 支柱 24 ヒンジ
25 ガイドレール 25 吊下用ガイドレール
26 ランナー 27 地レール
28 目地部 29 カバー
30 ローラー 31 マグネットキャッチ
32ランナー本体 33 ランナーベース
34 連結体 35 閉止装置
36 側辺 37 突起部
38 遊側辺 39 抱持部
40 案内面 41 凸状曲面
42 延出片 43 凹部
44 支持片 45 凹状曲面
46 前側部分 47 係止爪
48 支持脚 49 取付ネジ
F 床面 S 天井
W 壁面 H 指
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Folding door 2 Panel body 3 Panel body 4 Hinge 5 Pull 6 Finger prevention material 7 End surface 8 End surface 9 Joint part 10 Rotating shaft 11 Inclined surface 12 Mounting part 13 Contact piece 14 Joint piece 15 Blind part 16 Surface plate 17 Concave groove 18 Vertical reinforcement 19 Wing 20 Slide panel 21 Fixed panel 22 Top rail 23 Post 24 Hinge 25 Guide rail 25 Suspension guide rail 26 Runner 27 Ground rail 28 Joint part 29 Cover 30 Roller 31 Magnet catch 32 Runner body 33 Runner base 34 Connection Body 35 Closing device 36 Side 37 Projection 38 Free side 39 Holding part 40 Guide surface 41 Convex curved surface 42 Extension piece 43 Concave 44 Support piece 45 Concave curved surface 46 Front part 47 Locking claw 48 Support leg 49 Attachment screw F Floor S Ceiling W Wall H Finger

Claims (4)

  1. 二枚のパネル体の連接側端面同士をその間に目地部を設けて近接配置するとともに、該連接縁に沿った方向で背面側に回動軸を有するヒンジにて互に屈曲可能に連結して折戸を形成し、一方のパネル体の連接縁に沿った背面側に取付け、該パネル体の端面の前端縁から目地部の中央部にかけて背面側へ傾斜して延びた傾斜面を有する指詰防止材を設けてなる折戸装置であって、前記パネル体は、表面板の端縁を背面側へ略直角に折曲して前記端面を形成し、該表面板の背面に該端面との間に凹溝を形成し、前記指詰防止材は、前記パネル体の凹溝内に取付ける取付部と、該取付部からパネル体の端面に沿って前端縁に延びる当接片と、該当接片に前記傾斜面を有する目地片とを一体形成し、前記パネル体の端面に前記指詰防止材の当接片を沿わせた状態で、パネル体の凹溝内に指詰防止材の取付部を嵌合して取付けたことを特徴とする折戸装置。 The connecting side end surfaces of the two panel bodies are arranged close to each other with a joint between them, and are connected to each other by a hinge having a rotating shaft on the back side in a direction along the connecting edge. Prevention of finger clogging which forms a folding door, is attached to the back side along the connecting edge of one panel body, and has an inclined surface extending inclined from the front edge of the end surface of the panel body to the center of the joint portion toward the back side In the folding door device provided with a material, the panel body is formed by bending the edge of the surface plate at a substantially right angle to the back side to form the end surface, and between the end surface on the back surface of the surface plate. A groove is formed, and the finger clogging prevention material is attached to the groove in the panel body, a contact piece extending from the mounting portion to the front edge along the end surface of the panel body, and a corresponding piece. The joint piece having the inclined surface is integrally formed, and the contact piece of the anti-clogging material is disposed on the end surface of the panel body. In a state where, Orito and wherein the mounted fitted a mounting portion of Yubitsume preventing member in the groove of the panel body.
  2. 前記パネル体は、表面板の背面に前記端面との間に凹溝を形成して縦補強を固定し、該凹溝内に前記指詰防止材の取付部を嵌合するとともに、前記ヒンジのウイングを前記縦補強の背面に取付けることにより該取付部を保持してなる請求項1記載の折戸装置。 The panel body is formed with a concave groove between the rear surface of the surface plate and the end face to fix the vertical reinforcement, and the attachment portion of the anti-fouling material is fitted into the concave groove, and the hinge The folding door device according to claim 1 , wherein the attaching portion is held by attaching a wing to a back surface of the vertical reinforcement .
  3. 前記指詰防止材は、前記当接片の前端縁に、前記傾斜面を有するとともに、先端に前記ヒンジの回動軸の外形に略一致した目隠し部を形成した目地片を一体形成したものである請求項1又は2記載の折戸装置。 The finger clogging prevention material is an integrally formed joint piece having the inclined surface at the front end edge of the abutting piece and having a blindfold substantially matching the outer shape of the rotation shaft of the hinge at the tip. Orito device of a claim 1 or 2, wherein.
  4. 前記指詰防止材を、パネル体の連接側端面の略上下全長に渡って設けるとともに、前記ヒンジの回動軸に対応する部分の目隠し部を切欠してなる請求項記載の折戸装置。 The folding door device according to claim 3, wherein the finger clogging preventing material is provided over substantially the entire vertical length of the connection-side end surface of the panel body, and a blindfold portion corresponding to the rotation axis of the hinge is cut away.
JP2004195023A 2004-06-30 2004-06-30 Folding door device Active JP4123202B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004195023A JP4123202B2 (en) 2004-06-30 2004-06-30 Folding door device

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JP2006016838A JP2006016838A (en) 2006-01-19
JP4123202B2 true JP4123202B2 (en) 2008-07-23

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ID=35791367

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103498621A (en) * 2013-08-30 2014-01-08 周裕佳 Intelligent-control foldable type shower room

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103498621A (en) * 2013-08-30 2014-01-08 周裕佳 Intelligent-control foldable type shower room
CN103498621B (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-12-16 周裕佳 The folding bath room of Based Intelligent Control

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JP2006016838A (en) 2006-01-19

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