JP3877603B2 - Fixed object and its mounting structure - Google Patents

Fixed object and its mounting structure Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3877603B2
JP3877603B2 JP2002025770A JP2002025770A JP3877603B2 JP 3877603 B2 JP3877603 B2 JP 3877603B2 JP 2002025770 A JP2002025770 A JP 2002025770A JP 2002025770 A JP2002025770 A JP 2002025770A JP 3877603 B2 JP3877603 B2 JP 3877603B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
fixed
base
main
piece
hole
Prior art date
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JP2002025770A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2003227207A (en
Inventor
将男 井上
宜衛 太田
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積水化学工業株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/20Peripheral frames for modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/01Special support components; Methods of use
    • F24S2025/022Sealing means between support elements, e.g. overlapping arrangements; Gap closing arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/6005Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules by screwed connection
    • Y02B10/12
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to an object to be fixed that is fixed to a base material such as a roof or a pillar in the form of a panel, such as a solar cell module or an outer wall of a building, and a mounting structure thereof.
[0002]
[Prior art and problems to be solved by the invention]
A photovoltaic power generation system in which a panel-like solar cell module is installed on the roof of a building and the obtained electric power is consumed by an electric system in the building or sold to others is becoming widespread. In this system, the solar cell module is generally attached to the roof via a mount. However, the number of members increases by the amount of the gantry, and the installation man-hours also increase. Therefore, the inventor has proposed that the solar cell module is directly fixed to the roof base plate without a frame. In this case, it is desirable to screw a fixing screw diagonally in order to increase the fixing strength. However, the reliability is inferior only by leaving it to the skill of the installation worker.
[0003]
The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and when fixing a panel-like fixed object such as a solar cell module to a base material such as a roof base plate, a rod-like stopper such as a fixing screw or a nail It is an object to ensure that the tool can be attached at an angle without depending on the skill of the operator.
[0004]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention relates to an object to be fixed and its mounting structure. The fixed object includes a panel-shaped fixed object main body, a contact piece that is substantially parallel to the main surface of the fixed object main body, protrudes from the end surface of the fixed object main body, and is to be addressed to the substrate. And a baffle piece projecting from a portion on the opposite side of the base material from the contact piece on the end surface of the body to be fixed. The contact piece is formed with an insertion hole through which a rod-like stopper such as a screw or a nail for fixing to the substrate is passed. Then, the baffle piece protrudes from the at least part of the insertion hole (preferably the central part) to the opposite side of the fixed body, thereby allowing the rod-shaped stopper to be vertically inserted into the insertion hole (the covered part). It can be inserted in a state perpendicular to the main surface of the fixed body. Accordingly, regardless of the skill of the operator, the rod-like stopper can be reliably attached obliquely, and the fixing strength of the fixed object can be ensured reliably.
[0005]
Here, the surface of the abutment piece on the baffle piece side is formed with a slope portion that is inclined toward the baffle piece as it approaches the fixed body, and the insertion hole is open to the slope portion. desirable. As a result, when the rod-shaped stopper is attached obliquely, its head can be pressed against the slope portion over substantially the entire circumference, stabilizing the rod-shaped stopper and further improving the fixing strength. be able to. Moreover, it is desirable that the insertion hole is inclined and opened to the slope portion so as to be orthogonal to the slope portion. This makes it possible to insert the leg portion of the rod-shaped stopper more obliquely.
[0006]
It is desirable that a plurality of the objects to be fixed are arranged, the contact pieces of each object to be fixed protrude from the baffle pieces, and the contact pieces of adjacent objects to be fixed are abutted with each other. As a result, the fixed object can be positioned using the contact piece. In addition, when inserting the rod-shaped stopper diagonally into the insertion hole of the fixed object to be newly installed, it can be configured so that the baffle piece of the fixed object already installed does not become an obstacle.
[0007]
The base material is, for example, a roof base plate, and the fixed object is a solar cell module provided on the base plate. In this case, the fixed body is a module body having solar cells, a support frame is provided on the periphery of the module body, and the contact piece and the baffle piece are formed on the support frame. Is desirable.
[0008]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
FIG. 2 shows the roof 10 of the house. A rafter 11 is laid on the roof 10, and a field board 12 (base material) is laid thereon. A keraba wooden cross 13 and a keraba cover 14 are provided on the edge of the base plate 12 on the wife side, and an eaves cover 15 is provided on the eaves.
[0009]
A large number (plural) of solar cell modules 20 (fixed objects) are provided on the base plate 12 as roofing materials. Each solar cell module 20 includes a module main body 21 (fixed object main body) having a quadrangular panel shape, and support frames 22A and 22B provided on four edges of the module main body 21, respectively. As is well known, the module main body 21 is configured by sandwiching a large number of solar cells 21a aligned vertically and horizontally from the front side and the back side with a surface glass and a back film material.
[0010]
Each support frame 22A, 22B of the solar cell module 20 is formed in an elongated plate shape by, for example, an aluminum mold.
As shown in FIG. 1, the frame 22A provided on the left and right edges of the module main body 21 includes a frame main body 23, an upper flange 24 (baffle piece) provided on the upper side of the frame main body 23, and a lower end portion. It has a lower flange 25 (contact piece) provided. The frame main body 23 has a substantially L-shaped cross section and is directed to the end surface and the lower surface of the module main body 21. Both ends in the longitudinal direction of the frame main body 23 are connected by bolts 26 to support frames 22B provided at the ridge side and eave side edges of the module main body 21.
[0011]
The upper flange 24 and the lower flange 25 of the left and right support frames 22 </ b> A protrude parallel to the main surface (upper surface and lower surface) of the module main body 21 and to the left and right outer sides of the module main body 21.
A cover plate 28 is provided between the upper surfaces of the upper flanges 24 facing each other in the adjacent solar cell modules 20. The cover plate 28 is formed in a long plate shape by, for example, an aluminum mold (see FIG. 2). The cover plate 28 is fixed to the upper flange 24 by bolts 27.
[0012]
The lower flange 25 protrudes to the left and right outer sides (the opposite side to the module main body 21) from the upper flange 24. And the front-end | tip of the lower flange 25 which mutually opposes in the adjacent solar cell module 20 is faced | matched. The lower flange 25 is placed on the base plate 12 via a waterproof band-like butyl sheet 19.
[0013]
On the upper surface of the lower flange 25, a slope portion 25a is formed which is inclined upward (that is, the thickness is increased) as it approaches the frame main body 23 and thus the module main body 21. A screw hole 25 b (insertion hole) extends from the inclined surface portion 25 a and reaches the lower surface of the flange 25. The axis L1 of the screw hole 25b is orthogonal to the inclined surface portion 25a and is inclined so as to approach the frame body 23 as it goes downward. An extension line L1 ′ of the axis L1 does not intersect with the upper flange 24 of another solar cell module 20 adjacent to the left and right. Specifically, the extension line L1 ′ passes through the intersection of the extension line from the upper flange 24 and the perpendicular line raised from the tip of the lower flange 25. That is, when the axis L1 is extended to the same height as the upper flange 24, the amount of projection from the frame main body 23 and thus the module main body 21 is substantially coincident with the tip of the lower flange 25.
[0014]
In the support frame 22A, the upper end opening of the screw hole 25b is arranged closer to the module main body 21 than the protruding end of the upper flange 24, as indicated by the alternate long and short dash line L2. (The upper flange 24 protrudes to the opposite side of the module body 21 from the screw hole 25b.) A wood screw 29 (bar-shaped stopper) is obliquely inserted along the axis of the screw hole 25b. . The solar battery module 20 is fixed to the roof by screwing the wood screws 29 into the base plate 12.
[0015]
A method for attaching the solar cell module 20 to the roof will be described.
A strip-shaped butyl sheet 19 is pasted on the upper surface of the field plate 12 at a position where it hits the boundary between the solar cell modules 20. Then, for example, the leftmost solar cell module 20 is sequentially placed on the base plate 12 and the wood screw 29 is screwed. At this time, as shown by the phantom line in FIG. 3, when the wood screw 29 is set in a vertical state, the upper flange 24 becomes in the way and cannot be inserted into the screw hole 25b. Can not. Therefore, as shown by the solid line in FIG. 3, in order to insert the wood screw 29 into the screw hole 25b, it must be inclined. This makes it possible to reliably screw the wood screw 29 into the base plate 12 regardless of the skill of the operator. As a result, the fixing strength of the solar cell module 20 can be reliably ensured. Moreover, since the head of the wood screw 29 can be pressed against the inclined surface portion 25a over the entire circumference (see FIG. 1), the wood screw 29 can be stabilized and the fixing strength of the solar cell module 20 can be increased. It can be further enhanced.
[0016]
As shown in FIG. 4, when a new solar cell module 20 is placed on the right side of the attached solar cell module 20 (left side in the figure), the new module 20 is placed on the lower flange 25 of the installed module 20. The lower flange 25 is abutted. As a result, the new module 20 can be easily positioned.
[0017]
Next, in the same manner as described above, the wood screws 29 are inclined, passed through the screw holes 25b of the new module 20, and screwed into the field board 12. At this time, the upper flange 24 of the installed module 20 does not become an obstacle to tilting the wood screw 29 for the new module 20. This is because the extension line L1 ′ of the new module 20 passes through the new module 20 side rather than the tip of the upper flange 24 of the installed module 20.
[0018]
Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 1, the cover plate 28 is bridged between the upper flanges 24 of the left and right solar cell modules 20 and bolted. Moreover, although illustration is abbreviate | omitted, the output cable extended from each solar cell module 20 is mutually connected. This output cable is connected to the power conditioner of the house. Thereby, the electric power obtained by the solar cell module 20 can be supplied to the electrical system of the house or sold to others.
When the solar cell module 20 is replaced, the extension line L1 ′ is configured to pass between the opposed upper flanges 24, 24 (see FIG. 1), and can be removed independently one by one. And can be attached.
[0019]
Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described.
As shown in FIG. 5, an outer wall 40 (an object to be fixed) is fixed to a pillar 30 (base material) of a house. The outer wall 40 includes a panel-like wall main body 41 (fixed object main body), an outdoor side flange 42 (baffle piece) and a column side flange 43 (contact piece) protruding from the end face thereof. The column side flange 43 protrudes from the outdoor side flange 42. The column side flange 43 is addressed to the column 30. And the column side flange 43 of the adjacent outer wall 40 is faced | matched.
A joint material 44 is provided between the upper surfaces of the outdoor side flanges 42 of the adjacent outer walls 40.
[0020]
A slope 43 a is provided on the surface of the column side flange 43 on the outdoor side. A screw hole 43b (insertion hole) extends obliquely from the slope 43a and reaches the surface on the column 30 side. Wood screws 39 are obliquely inserted into the screw holes 43b along the axis. The outer wall 40 is fixed to the pillar 30 by the wood screw 39 being screwed into the pillar 30 obliquely.
[0021]
The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, and various forms can be adopted.
For example, in the above embodiment, the flanges 24 and 42 (baffle pieces) have a module main body 21 or a wall main body 41 (fixed object main body) rather than the entire opening on the flange 24 and 42 side of the screw holes 25b and 43b (insertion holes). However, what is necessary is just to protrude to the opposite side to the to-be-fixed object main body rather than at least one part of the said opening.
The rod-like stopper may be a nail in addition to screws or bolts such as wood screws 29 and 49.
[0022]
【The invention's effect】
As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to reliably attach the rod-shaped stopper obliquely regardless of the skill of the operator, and to ensure the fixing strength of the fixed object.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a roof of a house according to a first embodiment of the present invention and provided with a solar cell module as a roofing material.
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the roof.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which one solar cell module is attached to the roof.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which another solar cell module is further attached next to the solar cell module of 1 described above.
FIG. 5 shows a second embodiment of the present invention and is a sectional view of a house column and an outer wall fixed thereto.
[Explanation of symbols]
10 Roof 12 Field board (base material)
20 Solar cell module (fixed object)
21 Module body (fixed object body)
24 Upper flange (disturbing piece)
25 Lower flange (contact piece)
25a, 43a Slope part 25b, 43b Screw hole (insertion hole)
29, 49 Wood screw (bar-shaped stopper)
30 pillars (base material)
40 Outer wall (fixed object)
41 Wall body (fixed body)
42 Outdoor flange (disturbing piece)
43 Column side flange (contact piece)

Claims (5)

  1. An object to be fixed to a base material, the panel-like object main body, and the base material projecting from the end surface of the object main body substantially parallel to the main surface of the object main body and the base material And a baffle piece projecting from a portion of the end face that is opposite to the base material with respect to the base material, and the contact piece is fixed to the base material. An insertion hole through which a rod-like stopper such as a screw or a nail is passed is formed, and the baffle piece protrudes from the at least part of the insertion hole to the opposite side of the body to be fixed. An object to be fixed, which obstructs vertical insertion into the insertion hole.
  2. On the surface of the abutment piece on the baffle piece side, a slope portion that is inclined toward the baffle piece as it approaches the fixed body is formed, and the insertion hole is inclined so as to be orthogonal to the slope portion. The to-be-fixed object of Claim 1 currently opened to the slope part.
  3. The body to be fixed is a module body having solar cells, a support frame is provided on the periphery of the module body, the contact piece and the baffle piece are formed on the support frame, and the base material The object to be fixed according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the object to be fixed is provided as a solar cell module installed on a roof base plate.
  4. A structure in which an object to be fixed is attached to a base material by a rod-like stopper such as a screw or a nail, and the object to be fixed is substantially parallel to a panel-shaped object main body and a main surface of the object to be fixed. And a contact piece projecting from the end surface of the body to be fixed, and a baffle piece projecting from a portion of the end surface opposite to the base material from the contact piece, and the contact piece is inserted into the contact piece. A hole is formed, the baffle piece protrudes from the at least part of the insertion hole to the opposite side of the body to be fixed, the contact piece is addressed to the base material, and the rod-shaped stopper is An attachment structure for an object to be fixed, which is inserted obliquely into the insertion hole so as to avoid the baffle pieces, and is thus inserted obliquely into the base material.
  5. 5. The fixed object according to claim 4, wherein a plurality of the fixed objects are arranged, abutting pieces of the fixed objects protrude from the baffle pieces, and abutting pieces of adjacent fixed objects are abutted with each other. Mounting structure for fixed objects.
JP2002025770A 2002-02-01 2002-02-01 Fixed object and its mounting structure Active JP3877603B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002025770A JP3877603B2 (en) 2002-02-01 2002-02-01 Fixed object and its mounting structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002025770A JP3877603B2 (en) 2002-02-01 2002-02-01 Fixed object and its mounting structure

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JP2003227207A JP2003227207A (en) 2003-08-15
JP3877603B2 true JP3877603B2 (en) 2007-02-07

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Cited By (1)

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KR101888908B1 (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-08-16 에이스아이엔씨 주식회사 Harmless wall panel assembly

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US7592537B1 (en) 2004-02-05 2009-09-22 John Raymond West Method and apparatus for mounting photovoltaic modules
US7406800B2 (en) 2004-05-18 2008-08-05 Andalay Solar, Inc. Mounting system for a solar panel
JP4523370B2 (en) * 2004-09-21 2010-08-11 矢崎化工株式会社 Swivel bracket for handrail installation
JP2006210666A (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-08-10 Yoshimoto Pole Co Ltd Mounting structure of solar array panel
US9518596B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2016-12-13 Solarcity Corporation Pivot-fit frame, system and method for photovoltaic modules
US20120298817A1 (en) 2009-07-02 2012-11-29 John Raymond West Pivot-Fit Frame, System and Method for Photovoltaic Arrays
USD759464S1 (en) 2010-07-02 2016-06-21 Solarcity Corporation Leveling foot
US8938919B2 (en) 2007-09-21 2015-01-27 Andalay Solar, Inc. Electrical connectors for solar modules
JP5052565B2 (en) * 2009-06-08 2012-10-17 三洋電機株式会社 Fixing metal fitting for cosmetic cover for solar cell module, and solar cell device provided with solar cell module, cosmetic cover and fixing metal fitting
US8991114B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2015-03-31 Zep Solar, Llc Pivot-fit connection apparatus, system, and method for photovoltaic modules
US20120298188A1 (en) 2009-10-06 2012-11-29 Zep Solar, Inc. Method and Apparatus for Forming and Mounting a Photovoltaic Array
EP2449596B1 (en) 2009-07-02 2018-05-30 SolarCity Corporation Photovoltaic module with pivot-fit frame
WO2012079061A1 (en) 2010-12-09 2012-06-14 Zep Solar, Inc. Skirt for photovoltaic arrays
CA2820935A1 (en) 2010-12-09 2012-06-14 Zep Solar, Inc. Pivot-fit connection apparatus and system for photovoltaic modules
USD765591S1 (en) 2011-12-09 2016-09-06 Solarcity Corporation Panel skirt and photovoltaic panel
US9320926B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2016-04-26 Solarcity Corporation Solar panel fire skirt
JP5963718B2 (en) * 2013-07-25 2016-08-03 三菱電機株式会社 Support member
JP6207416B2 (en) * 2014-02-03 2017-10-04 三菱電機株式会社 Fixing bracket and solar cell system including the same

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KR101888908B1 (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-08-16 에이스아이엔씨 주식회사 Harmless wall panel assembly

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