JP3180403U - Assembly block - Google Patents

Assembly block Download PDF

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JP3180403U
JP3180403U JP2012005788U JP2012005788U JP3180403U JP 3180403 U JP3180403 U JP 3180403U JP 2012005788 U JP2012005788 U JP 2012005788U JP 2012005788 U JP2012005788 U JP 2012005788U JP 3180403 U JP3180403 U JP 3180403U
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block
center
blocks
notch
square
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房夫 寺田
淳一 寺田
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株式会社テラテック
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Abstract

An assembly block in which recesses and projections are fitted together and assembled so that the fitting between the grooves provided in the same shaped block is always the most reliable, and the combination can be freely developed without restriction in all three-dimensional directions. Provide block.
SOLUTION: A plurality of blocks provided with notch-shaped groove portions of a common specification that are radially provided on a plane surface of a regular polygon such as a square, circular resin, wood, etc. are orthogonal to each other and the grooves are fitted together. Assemble and assemble. The width of the groove is almost the same as the thickness of the plate, the length is almost half of the length of each side, and the side of each side of the block is formed by a corner cut of about 45 degrees or less. The blocks that are combined perpendicularly to the center of the plane are configured so as not to interfere with each other.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

The present invention relates to an assembly block used for toys and accessories.
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, assembly blocks are widely spread as toys that form a structure having various shapes by appropriately joining a plurality of rectangular blocks, cubes, cylinders, and multi-faceted prisms as a unit of assembly. . A key that can be attached to each other by using appropriate fittings on the surface of blocks made of resin or wood, which are usually used as materials, and fitting them together. A cloth is provided on the surface of the protrusion and its receiving hole, or magnetic force is used.
The present invention uses the fitting of notch-shaped groove portions provided in each block so that the blocks are orthogonal to each other for joining the plurality of blocks. Each block is basically formed in the same shape having four cutout grooves extending from the central part of the side toward the center, with the plane being substantially square.
Problems that the device tries to solve
The conventional assembly block mainly uses a combination of a protruding part (male part) and a recessed part or hole or groove part (female part) that fits into it. In many cases, it is difficult to form a shape that is intended to have a limit. The present invention tries to allow the combination of notch-shaped grooves provided in the block having the same shape to be surely fitted, and to freely develop the combination without restriction in all three-dimensional directions.
Means for solving the problem
In the present invention, a plurality of blocks having almost the same shape and size are provided in a square plane of a substantially square resin, wood, paper, etc., and provided in a perpendicular direction to each other. Basically, joining them together. The width of the groove is almost the same as the thickness of the board, and the length from the center position of each side of the block toward the center of the block is set to about half the length of each side. It is set so that the fits are not too loose and not too strong. Further, the side surface of each side of the block has a vertex angle of 90 degrees or less formed by a corner cut of 45 degrees or less symmetrically from both the front and back surfaces of the plate in contact with the center with respect to the center. A wedge shape is formed so that blocks from a maximum of four directions combined perpendicularly to the center portion of the square plane do not collide with each other.
Effect of device
According to the present invention, a large number of plate-shaped blocks having the same shape and size can be assembled without limitation by being orthogonal to each other, and can be assembled firmly and firmly with each other. As a result, as an assembled toy that can form various shapes using this, it can be used for play, educational or puzzle, and can be applied and deployed to interior ornaments and furniture that can store and place small items. In principle, the block of the present invention can be easily and inexpensively molded into a single-shaped block easily and inexpensively by pressing a plate material, blow molding a resin material, or injection molding.
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 1 is a front view and a side view of a block as a representative example of application according to the present invention. FIG. 2 is a diagram showing an example of a configuration at the time of assembly using a plurality of these blocks. As shown in FIG. 1, the block structure according to the present invention is mainly composed of a block (1), a notch-shaped groove portion (2) provided on the block, and a cut portion (3) provided on the outer peripheral side of the block. The The block (1) is formed of a plate-like resin, rubber, wood, paper, cardboard, ceramics, metal, or the like by pressing, blow molding, injection molding, or the like, and has a substantially square shape when viewed from the front. On this surface, four notch-shaped grooves (2) are provided at right angles to each other, but each has a width from the center of each of the four sides around the square to the center of the square (dimension d in the figure). Is substantially equal to the thickness of the plate (dimension D in the figure), and the length (dimension a in the figure) is approximately half of the length of each side (dimension A in the figure). With this combination of dimensions, the notch-shaped grooves can be arranged such that each side reaches the center of the opponent block most. Further, as shown in the side view of FIG. 1, the cut portion (3) is corner-cut into a chamfered shape at the same angle P with respect to both the front and back surfaces of the flat portion of the block (1), and the top of each head portion is Matches the perimeter of the side heading. Here, the angle P is 45 degrees or slightly smaller, and accordingly, the apex angle at the tip of the side having the wedge-shaped cross section formed is formed at a right angle (90 degrees) or smaller. The XX axis, the YY axis, and the ZZ axis in FIG. 1 are shown for reference showing the object in the vertical, horizontal, and thickness directions of the block (1), respectively. Similarly, O represents the center of the plane.
FIG. 2 shows a configuration example in which another block is combined with the block (1) and four cutout grooves (2) orthogonal to the plane. This is indicated by block 2 (12), block 3 (13) and block 4 (14). When the block (1) is shown in a front view, the other four blocks orthogonal to the block (1) are shown only on their side surfaces as shown in the figure. At this time, the other four blocks all have a notch-like groove portion similar to the block-like groove portion (2) shown in FIG. 1 and the block (1), and are fitted so as to be orthogonal to each other. As described in the previous section, the width dimension d of the groove (2) is substantially the same as the plate thickness D of the block (1), but it is an appropriate dimension so as to fit together so as not to be too loose or too hard. Adjusted to At this time, at the center O in FIG. 2, the tip portions of the four sides of the blocks 1 to 4 gather and the cut portions of the sides are in close contact with each other. For this reason, the respective blocks are in close contact with each other sufficiently and can be securely fitted and joined. Therefore, more blocks can be combined and combined in addition to the above combinations, and an example thereof is shown by a broken line in FIG. Of course, the direction can also be a direction perpendicular to the paper surface, and can be developed in a uniform and diverse manner in all three-dimensional directions. In addition, the same planes of adjacent blocks can be configured with no gaps between the sides.
As another application example of the present invention, a concave portion (4) as shown in FIG. 1 is formed on the plane of the block (1) in order to further strengthen the fit between the blocks, and the center of the groove (2) and the plane center O May be provided at a substantially middle point of the line shape, and a convex portion (5) corresponding thereto may be provided on the side surface in the notched groove portion (2). Each of them is provided at each of the dimension positions b from the innermost end portion of the notch-shaped groove portion (2) indicated by the dimension a, and when the blocks are fitted to each other, the concave portion (4) and the convex portion (5) are also fitted. Combined, the connection of both blocks is made stronger and more reliable. In some cases, it is effective to make a “click” sound when combined. The two shapes may be circular, elliptical, polygonal, or streak-shaped, and may be selected depending on molding or form.
The shape of the block can be made to conform to the gist of the present invention by rounding the corner of the square, making it circular or polygonal, or changing the size of the mating block to be combined and the color or pattern of coloring.
It is the front view and side view of the block which concern on this invention. It is an example of an assembly configuration of a plurality of blocks according to the present invention.
(1) Block (2) Groove (3) Cut (4) Concave (5) Convex (11) Block 1 (12) Block 2
(13) Block 3 (14) Block 4
The present invention relates to an assembly block used for toys and accessories.
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, assembly blocks are widely spread as toys that form a structure having various shapes by appropriately joining a plurality of rectangular blocks, cubes, cylinders, and multi-faceted prisms as a unit of assembly. . A key that can be attached to each other by using appropriate fittings on the surface of blocks made of resin or wood, which are usually used as materials, and fitting them together. A cloth is provided on the surface of the protrusion and its receiving hole, or magnetic force is used.
The present invention uses the fitting of notched grooves provided in each block so that the surfaces of each block are orthogonal to each other for joining these blocks. Each block is basically formed in a similar shape having a plurality of notch-shaped groove portions from the side or outer periphery to the center of the surface, in principle, in the form of a polygon such as a square or a circle.
Problems that the device tries to solve
The conventional assembly block mainly uses a combination of a protrusion (male part) and a recessed part or hole or groove part (female part) that fits into it. In this method, the blocks interfere with each other or in all three-dimensional directions. There are cases where it is difficult to form an intended shape because there is a restriction on the form of uniform deployment and free assembly is not possible. The present invention provides a notch-shaped groove common to blocks of the same form and shape so that the combination of the blocks can be freely expanded without restriction in all three-dimensional directions.
Means for solving the problem
The present invention provides a plurality of blocks having substantially the same shape, size, and thickness provided with a plurality of notched grooves provided on a flat surface of a regular polygon such as a square or a circular outer shape resin, wood, paper, etc. Basically, they are orthogonal to each other, and are fitted and assembled in a notch-shaped groove portion having a common dimension. The groove is almost the same as the thickness of the plate, and the length from the center of each side of the block or from the appropriate position around the circle toward the center of the block is the length of the center of each side or between the periphery and the center. It is set so that it fits to the extent that the groove is not too loose and not too strong. Also, each side of the block and the side surface of the peripheral part are formed with a corner cut of 45 degrees or less symmetrically from both the front and back surfaces of the plate in contact with the side and the periphery with respect to the central part, and twice the complex angle. The vertex angle is a wedge shape having a vertex angle of 90 degrees or less, and a regular polygon such as a square or a circular plane is combined at right angles to the center so that blocks from each direction do not collide with each other.
Effect of device
According to the present invention, a plurality of plate-like blocks having substantially the same assembling style can be assembled firmly and without limitation by being orthogonal to each other. As a result, it can be used as an assembled toy that can form various shapes using it for play, educational or puzzle, and it can be applied to interior figurines, displays, furniture, etc. for storing and placing small items. . In principle, the block of the present invention can be molded easily and inexpensively as appropriate by subjecting a block having the same shape to the pressing of a plate material, blow molding or injection molding of a resin material, and mass production is facilitated.
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described with reference to application examples shown in FIGS. FIG. 1 is a front view and a side view of a square block as a representative example of an application according to the present invention. FIG. 2 is a diagram showing an example of a configuration at the time of assembly using a plurality of the same blocks. FIG. 3 shows a regular hexagon as another embodiment, and FIG. 4 shows an application to a regular octagon.
The present invention is first shown as a square block as an application example. As shown in FIG. 1, the structure mainly includes a block (1), a notch-shaped groove portion (2) provided on the block, and a cut portion (3) provided on the outer peripheral side of the block. The block (1) is made of plate-like resin, rubber, wood, paper or cardboard, ceramics, clay, metal, etc., by pressing, compression, blow molding or injection molding, and the shape is square when viewed from the front. And On this surface, four notch-shaped grooves (2) are provided at right angles to each other, and each has a width (dimension d in the figure) from the center of each of the four sides around the square toward the center of the square. It is approximately equal to the thickness of the plate (dimension D in the figure), and the length (dimension a in the figure) is approximately a quarter of the length of each side (dimension A in the figure), that is, from each side to the center (indicated by O). It is formed in the shape as shown in FIG. 1 with approximately half (1/2) of the length (1/2 of A) toward the surface. With this combination of dimensions, the cutout groove portions reach each other at the center of the opponent block. Further, as shown in the side view of FIG. 1, the cut portion (3) is corner-cut into a chamfered shape at the same angle P with respect to both the front and back surfaces of the flat portion of the block (1), and the top of each head portion is Matches the perimeter of the side heading. Here, the angle P is 45 degrees or slightly smaller, and therefore the apex angle at the tip of the side having the wedge-shaped cross section formed is twice the angle P complex angle and is formed at a right angle (90 degrees) or smaller. . The XX axis, the YY axis, and the ZZ axis in FIG. 1 are shown for reference showing the object in the vertical, horizontal, and thickness directions of the block (1), respectively.
FIG. 2 shows a configuration example in which other blocks having the same shape are combined perpendicularly to the four notched grooves (2) on the plane of the block (1). (11), block 2 (12), block 3 (13) and block 4 (14). When the block (1) is shown in a front view, the other four blocks orthogonal to the block (1) are shown only on their side surfaces as shown in the figure. At this time, the other four blocks all have a notch-like groove portion of the same size as the block (1) and the notch-like groove portion (2) shown in FIG. 1, and are fitted so as to be orthogonal to each other. Combined. As described in the previous section, the width dimension d of the groove (2) is substantially the same as the plate thickness D of the block (1), but it is an appropriate dimension so as to fit together so as not to be too loose or too hard. Adjusted to At this time, at the center O in FIG. 2, the tip portions of the four sides of the blocks 1 to 4 gather and the cut portions of the sides are in close contact with each other. For this reason, the respective blocks are in close contact with each other sufficiently and can be securely fitted and joined. Therefore, more blocks can be combined and combined in addition to the above combinations, and an example thereof is shown by a broken line in FIG. Of course, the direction can also be a direction perpendicular to the paper surface, and can be developed in a uniform and diverse manner in all three-dimensional directions. In addition, the same planes of adjacent blocks can be configured with no gaps between the sides.
As another application example of the present invention, FIG. 3 shows a regular hexagonal block, and FIG. 4 shows a regular octagonal block. In the regular hexagon, it is possible to provide six notched grooves from each of the six sides toward the center O of the regular hexagon from the center of each side in the same manner as the square in FIG. In the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 3, an example in which one each is omitted and three are provided is shown. At this time, the angle formed by the adjacent notch-shaped groove portions is 120 degrees, and in the figure, the XY angle Q with respect to the Y-Y axis is targeted by 60 degrees. Normally, the angles formed by the adjacent notch-shaped groove portions (twice each Q) are not within the vertex angle (twice the angle P) formed by the above-mentioned corner cut, so that they interfere with each other, so this example. Also in this case, the width d of the notch-shaped groove is substantially equal to the plate thickness D, and the depth a is half of the distance between the center of each side and the center (half of the figure A). The common dimensions are set to fit the square block optimally, and even the blocks in this example can be combined freely. However, when combined with the square block described above, the degree of freedom of the three-dimensional combination is greatly expanded. Is possible. This is the same even when combined with a regular octagonal, circular or other shape block (not shown) in FIG. The cut part is provided by the method described above.
FIG. 4 shows an example in which the present invention is applied to a regular octagon as another application example. In the same figure, one notch-shaped groove portion on the Y-Y axis and two notch-shaped groove portions at an angle R (45 degrees) with respect to the same axis (X-0-) This is a case where it is disposed on the X axis. The notch-shaped groove is not point-symmetric with respect to the center, but the method of setting each item is the same as described above. A circular block can be configured in the same manner, but the cutout grooves are usually four at 90 ° intervals and three at 120 ° intervals, and the cut portions of a plurality of blocks do not interfere at the center when combined. Selected.
As another application example of the present invention, a concave portion (4) as shown in FIG. 1 is formed on the plane of the block (1) in order to further strengthen the fit between the blocks, and the center of the groove (2) and the plane center O May be provided at a substantially middle point of the line shape, and a convex portion (5) corresponding thereto may be provided on the side surface in the notched groove portion (2). Each of them is provided at each of the dimension positions b from the innermost end portion of the notch-shaped groove portion (2) indicated by the dimension a, and when the blocks are fitted to each other, the concave portion (4) and the convex portion (5) are also fitted. Combined, the connection of both blocks is made stronger and more reliable. The two shapes may be circular, elliptical, polygonal, or streak-shaped, and may be selected depending on molding or form.
The shape of the block can be combined as long as it does not differ from the gist of the present invention, even if the corner or notch groove corner is rounded or the size and shape of the mating block to be combined, the color or pattern of coloring is changed, etc. is there.
It is the front view and side view of the block of the representative example in connection with this invention. It is an example of an assembly configuration of a plurality of blocks according to the present invention. It is the front view and side view of the block of the other application example in connection with this invention. It is the front view and side view of the block of the other application example in connection with this invention.
(1) Block (2) Groove (3) Cut (4) Concave (5) Convex (11) Block 1 (12) Block 2
(13) Block 3 (14) Block 4

Claims (2)

  1. It is formed of resin, rubber, wood, paper or cardboard, ceramics, metal, etc., and its shape is a substantially square plate shape, and its depth is from the center of each side of the surface to the center of the square surface, and its depth is approximately half the length of the side. The width and shape of the groove are set so that a block that has four notch-shaped grooves at right angles to each other will fit perpendicularly to each other in the notch-shaped groove with another block of the same shape. A wedge having a chamfered corner cut of 45 degrees or less with respect to each side from the front and back sides of the square on each side of the square and having a tip top vertex angle of 90 degrees or less in cross section. An assembly block in which the end faces of the blocks in the four directions fitted with cutout grooves at the center of the square surface are provided in close contact with each other in the center of the square surface.
  2. The assembly block according to claim 1, wherein the center of the notch-shaped groove portion is connected to the side surface of the notch-shaped groove portion of another block that connects the center of the plane and the notch-shaped groove portion to each other on the plane of each block. An assembly block in which a circular, elliptical, polygonal, or streak-shaped concave portion is provided at a position, and a corresponding convex portion is provided at a corresponding position on the side surface of the groove.
JP2012005788U 2012-09-04 2012-09-04 Assembly block Active JP3180403U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016087416A (en) * 2014-10-29 2016-05-23 株式会社ピーシーデザイン設計事務所 Piece set for three-dimensional model and plate-like piece

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016087416A (en) * 2014-10-29 2016-05-23 株式会社ピーシーデザイン設計事務所 Piece set for three-dimensional model and plate-like piece

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