JP2936428B2 - Artificial Hoda method and apparatus in wood cultivation of mushrooms - Google Patents

Artificial Hoda method and apparatus in wood cultivation of mushrooms

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JP2936428B2
JP2936428B2 JP2274187A JP27418790A JP2936428B2 JP 2936428 B2 JP2936428 B2 JP 2936428B2 JP 2274187 A JP2274187 A JP 2274187A JP 27418790 A JP27418790 A JP 27418790A JP 2936428 B2 JP2936428 B2 JP 2936428B2
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hoda
house
top plate
tree
provided
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JPH04148620A (en
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武 中沢
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森産業株式会社
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【発明の詳細な説明】 〔産業上の利用分野〕 この発明は、しいたけ等のきのこの原木栽培におけるほだ木の人工ほだ化方法と、該方法に使用する人工ほだ化装置に関するものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION [Field of the Industrial] The present invention, artificial Hoda method of Hoda wood in wood cultivation of mushrooms such as shiitake, relates Artificial Hoda apparatus for use in the method is there.

〔従来の技術〕 [Prior art]

きのこの原木栽培において、ほだ木とは原木を所定の寸法に切断して乾燥させたのち、原木に例えばしいたけ菌を接種したもので、このほだ木を雑木材などの自然界で、あるいは人工のハウス内等でほだ化し、雑菌の繁殖を抑えながら接種したしいたけ菌の菌糸の活着と生長を図っている。 In timber cultivation of mushrooms, and after drying and cutting the wood into a predetermined size and Hoda wood, wood in those inoculated with the example shiitake fungus, the Hoda tree in nature, such as miscellaneous trees material or artificial, of it was Hoda reduction in such house, thereby achieving a survival and growth of hyphae of shiitake fungus inoculated while suppressing the growth of bacteria.

このほだ木のほだ化作業において最も重要なことは、 The most important thing in the Hoda of work of this Hoda tree,
ほだ木を直接日光に当てず、充分な湿度と風通しのよい場所で伏せ込みを行うことで、例えば温度40℃以上になるとほだ木内の菌が死滅ないし弱って発育が遅れ、過度に乾燥すると菌糸の生長が悪く、また通風が悪く、湿度が高すぎると菌糸の生長が悪くなると共に、雑菌が侵入し易くなって充分なほだ化ができず、収量に大きな影響を与える。 Not against the sunlight Hoda tree directly, sufficient humidity and by performing the lump binding off in well-ventilated place, for example, to a temperature 40 ° C. or more, the growth is delayed bacteria Hoda Kiuchi is killed or weakened, excessively dry then poor growth of hyphae and ventilation is poor, giving the humidity is too high with hyphal growth is deteriorated, can not sufficiently Hoda reduction becomes liable bacteria to penetrate, a significant impact on yield.

そのため、栽培農家では、雑木林等の自然界における仮伏せや本伏せ、さらにはハウス内の人工ほだ化においては、ほだ木に種々の材料からなるシート等を被せたり、笠木とよばれる木々の小枝を被せることによって温度、湿度、通風の管理に細心の注意を払っている。 Therefore, the farmers, temporary lie down and the bind-off in nature, such as thicket, more in artificial Hoda of the house, or covered with a sheet or the like made of various materials to Hoda trees, trees called coping temperature by putting the twigs, humidity, are paying close attention to management of ventilation.

〔発明が解決しようとする課題〕 [Problems that the Invention is to Solve]

しかしながら、雑木林などを使用する自然界におけるほだ化は、仮伏せや本伏せに適するほだ場は概ね栽培農家から離れた所にあるため、きめの細かい作業が難しいと共に、ほだ場に適する場所が年々減少している。 However, Hoda reduction in the natural world to use such a wooded area, in order to Hoda field suitable for the provisional lie down and books lie down is generally away from the growers, along with the fine-grained work is difficult, suitable for Hoda field location There has been decreasing every year.

一方、ハウス等を利用するほだ化は、設備に多大の費用を要し、かつ場所も必要とするため経費が掛りすぎるという欠点を有している。 On the other hand, Hoda of the use of house, etc., has the disadvantage that it takes a great deal of cost in equipment, and the cost for location also require too much.

この発明はかゝる現状に鑑み、少ない経費と簡単な操作によってきのき菌を接種したほだ木のほだ化を確実に行うことのできるきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法と、このほだ化方法に使用する装置を提供することを目的とするものである。 In view of the present invention Hakakaru situation, and artificial Hoda method in timber cultivation of mushrooms that can reliably be Hoda of Hoda trees inoculated with Kino-out bacteria with less cost and simple operation, it is an object to provide a device for use in this Hoda method.

〔課題を解決するための手段〕 [Means for Solving the Problems]

前記目的を達成するため、この発明のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法は、アングル材からなる複数の縦桟と横桟によって多段の棚を形成すると共に、撒水機構を有する水平な天板と該天板の上部に傾斜して設けた屋根とを上部に形成した簡易ハウスを使用し、該簡易ハウス内の上段の棚には径級の大きなほだ木を、下段の棚には径級の小さなほだ木をそれぞれ積層せんとするほだ木間に断面が三角形状の間隔保持材を使用して回動自在に並列保持し、天板に設けた撒水機構によって各ほだ木の湿度を適度に保持しつゝ、前記天板の外周縁より垂化させて簡易ハウスの外周部に重畳して設けた性質の異なる複数のシート部材を外部の環境に応じて使い分け、 To achieve the above object, an artificial Hoda method in timber cultivation of mushrooms of the invention is to form a shelf of the multi-stage by a plurality of longitudinal bars and rungs made of angle members, a horizontal top plate having a sprinkler mechanism and a roof provided to be inclined to the top of the top plate using a simple house formed in the upper, size large Hoda tree 径級 the upper shelf in the simple house, in the lower part of the shelf rotatably in parallel maintained using a small Hoda trees each laminated cents to Ho's tree between cross section triangular space holding member in the grade, the sprinkler mechanism provided in the top plate of the Hoda wood moderately holding Shitsusu humidity, it used depending different plural sheet members of nature provided by the by Shideka the outer periphery of the top plate superimposed on the outer periphery of the simple house outside environment,
もって簡易ハウス内の温度や通風および採光を制御しながらほだ木を人工的に管理することを特徴とするものである。 It is characterized in that the artificially manage Hoda trees while controlling the temperature and ventilation and lighting in simple house with.

また、前記きのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化装置は、アングル材からなる複数の縦桟と横桟とによって多段の棚を有するハウス主体を形成し、該ハウス主体の上部に多数の撒水孔を有し、かつ裏面に撒水管を配設した天板を水平に設けると共に、該天板の上部に屋根板を所定の間隔を存して傾斜させて設け、該傾斜した屋根板の傾斜端部と前記天板の一端部との間に雨水を利用して撒水するための調節用のダンパを介装し、前記ハウス主体の外周部には、前記天板の外周縁より垂下させてハウス主体の全周を覆うことのできる性質の異なる複数のシート部材を巻き上げ、巻き下ろしおよび周方向への移動ができるよう重畳して設けた簡易ハウスからなることを特徴とするものである。 Moreover, the artificial Hoda apparatus is in wood cultivation of the mushroom, to form a house mainly having a multi-stage shelf by a plurality of longitudinal bars and rungs made of angle members, a large number of watering holes on the top of the house main a, and a top plate with horizontally provided which is disposed the watering tube to the rear surface, provided the roof plate is inclined at a predetermined interval in the upper portion of the top plate, the inclined end portion of the roof plate and the inclined wherein interposed the adjustment of the damper for watering using rainwater between one end portion of the top plate, wherein the outer peripheral portion of the house main house main by hanging from the outer peripheral edge of the top plate and hoisting a plurality of sheet members having different properties which can cover the entire circumference of and is characterized in that it consists of a simple house provided to overlap to allow movement of the winding down and circumferentially.

この発明のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法およびその装置は、ほだ化にもっとも重要な湿度、温度、通風を環境に合わせて人為的に制御することにあり、具体的にはアングル材からなる縦桟と横桟によって多段の棚を形成すると共に、多段の棚の上部に撒水機構を有する屋根を設けたハウス主体の外周部に、性質の異なる複数のシート部材を重畳して設けた簡易ハウスを使用し、簡易ハウスに設けた撒水機構を利用してほだ木の乾燥を防ぎ、複数のシート部材を使用してハウス主体内の温度、湿度、通風を制御してほだ化作業を行うものである。 Artificial Hoda method and apparatus in wood cultivation of mushrooms of the invention is to artificially controlled according most important humidity, temperature, ventilation environmentally Hoda reduction, particularly angle member to form a shelf of the multi-stage by the vertical bars and rungs made of, the outer periphery of the house mainly provided with a roof having a sprinkler mechanism on top of the multi-stage shelf, provided by superimposing a plurality of sheet members having different properties using the simple house, preventing drying of Hoda trees by utilizing the sprinkler mechanism provided in a simple house, Hoda of work by controlling the temperature, humidity, ventilation house in principal with a plurality of sheet members and it performs.

ハウス主体はアングル材からなる複数の縦桟と横桟とから構成されるが、その奥行きは、ほだ木の取り扱いが便利なように、0.8〜1.1m程度が好ましいが、長さは設置せんとする敷地の広さによって自在に変えることができ、組立て、分解が容易であることが望ましい。 The house mainly consists of a plurality of vertical bars and rungs made of angle members, its depth, as the handling of Hoda tree is convenient, but about 0.8~1.1m is preferable, it is not installed length can be changed freely by the size of the site to the assembly, it is desirable that the decomposition is facilitated.

撒水機構は、アングル材で構成されたハウス主体の上部を覆い、かつその周縁部が棚から突出する大きさを有する板部材に多数の撒水孔を設けると共に、その裏面に単数若しくは複数の撒水管が配設した天板を棚に対して水平に設け、該天板の上方に所定の間隔を存して屋根板を傾斜させて設け、傾斜した屋根板の基端部と前記天板の一端部との間に雨水調節用のダンパを介装してなるもので、天板の周縁部には雨水が撒水孔からのみ落下するように縁部を形成しておくのが望ましい。 Sprinkler mechanism covers the upper part of the house mainly constituted by angle members and provided with a plurality of watering holes in a plate member having a size that its periphery projects from the shelf, single or multiple sprinkler pipes on the back surface one end of the but horizontally installed top plate which is disposed against the shelves, at a predetermined interval above the top plate provided in an inclined roof plate, the top plate and the base end portion of the inclined roof plate parts made of and interposed a damper for rainwater adjusted between, is given to the periphery of the top plate previously formed edges to fall only from rain watering hole is desirable.

ハウス主体の周側に配設するシート部材は、ハウス主体内の温度、湿度、通風を制御するためのもので、保温のみを目的とする非通気性の透明なシート部材と、保温と風通しと湿度の制御を目的とする通気性を有するシート部材と、同じ目的に使用する通気性を有し、かつ遮光率が60%以上のシート部材とから構成するのが望ましいが、簡易ハウスを設置する場所の環境によっては必ずしも3枚に限定されることはない。 Sheet member disposed on the peripheral side of the house mainly serves to control temperature, humidity, ventilation in the house mainly a non-breathable transparent sheet member for the purpose of thermal insulation only, insulation and the ventilation a sheet member having air permeability for the purpose of control of the humidity, breathable used for the same purpose, and although light blocking ratio is desirably composed of 60% or more of the sheet members, installing a simple house not necessarily be limited to three, depending on the location of the environment.

なお、ハウス主体にほだ木を積層する場合、ほだ木間の通風を図るため、間隔保持材を使用するものであるが、この間隔保持材は、断面が三角形状とすることによって間隔保持材上に載せたほだ木を容易に反転させることができる。 In the case of laminating the Hoda tree house mainly order to ventilation between Hoda tree, but is to use the space keeping member, the space holding member, the spacing maintained by the cross section is triangular the Hoda tree mounted on the timber can be easily inverted.

〔作用〕 [Action]

この発明のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法は、多段の棚を有するハウス主体内に接種済の原木をその径級に分けて揃えて載置するものであるが、径級の大きなほだ木は乾燥が遅く、径級の小さなほだ木は乾燥し易いため、径級の小さなほだ木を下段に並べ、上方に行くに従って径級を大きくすることによってほだ木の乾燥状態を均一にすると共に、ほだ木への撒水に際して撒水を均一に行うことができる。 Artificial Hoda method in timber cultivation of mushrooms of the invention is intended for placing aligned separately inoculating the already raw wood in house mainly having a multi-stage shelf that 径級, Ho big 径級it wood drying is slow, because a small Hoda trees 径級 dry easily, arranged small Hoda tree 径級 the lower, the dry state of Hoda tree by increasing the 径級 toward upward with uniform, it is possible to uniformly perform the watering during watering to Hoda trees.

その際、各ほだ木間には間隔保持材を介装して積層するが、間隔保持材を断面が三角形状とすることによって天地返しのためのほだ木の回転を容易に行うことができると共に、ほだ木に物理的な衝撃を与えて接種した種菌の活着、伸長、蔓延等を助長させる意味で実施されているほだ木の移動を、そのまゝの位置において実質的に容易に実施することができる。 At that time, although between each Hoda wood laminated with interposing a spacing holding member, is possible to easily perform the rotation of Hoda tree for the circumferential barbs by the interval holding member cross section is triangular it is possible, survival of inoculum were inoculated to physical shocks to Hoda tree extension, the movement of Hoda trees being performed in the sense which promotes the spread like, substantially easier in the position of the or ゝit can be carried in.

ほだ木の湿度を保つためのほだ木への撒水は、降雨を利用して撒水する方法と、撒水管を利用して直接撒水する方法を選択することができるもので、降雨を利用する場合には、天板と屋根板間に設けたダンパを閉じ、屋根板から落下する雨水を天板に導き、天板に設けた撒水孔からほだ木に落下させて行うが、梅雨時など降雨の多いときや雨水が不要のときは、ダンパを開き、雨水が天板に入らないようにしておく。 Watering to Hoda tree to keep the humidity of Hoda tree, a method of watering using rainfall, as it can be selected a method of watering directly using the watering tube, utilizing rainfall in this case, close the damper provided in the top plate and the roof plates, rainwater falling from the roof plate guided to the top plate, is performed by dropping a watering hole provided in the top plate to Hoda trees, rainy season, etc. If or when rainwater is not required a lot of rainfall, open the damper, rain water is kept so as not to enter the top plate.

また、雨水による撒水ができない場合には、天板の裏面に配設された撒水管を使用してほだ木への撒水を行うことができる。 When it is not possible watering by rain water can perform watering to Hoda tree using watering pipe arranged on the rear surface of the top plate.

簡易ハウス内の温度、湿度、通風の制御は、外部環境に応じてハウス主体の外周部に重畳して設けた複数のシート部材を利用して行うもので、例えば外気温が低い場合には、非通気性を有するシート部材を垂設してハウス主体を覆い、外気温が高く、直射日光の強いときは、通気性を有し、かつ一定の遮光率を有するシート部材を垂設してハウス主体を覆い、室内の温度と風通しをコントロールし、直射日光が弱く、比較的外気温が高い場合には通気性を有するシート部材を使用することによって室内の温度や通風を制御するものであるが、単独のシート部材の使用でなく、複数のシート部材を組み合わせて使用することによってより効果的に室内の条件をコントロールすることができる。 Temperature in a simple house, humidity, control of ventilation is for performing by using a plurality of sheet members provided so as to overlap the outer peripheral portion of the house mainly depending on the external environment, for example when the outside air temperature is low, covering the house principal with vertically a sheet member having a non-breathable, high outside air temperature, when strong sunlight is breathable, and then vertically the sheet member having a constant shielding rate House covering the principal, to control the room temperature and ventilation, weak sunlight, but when relatively outside air temperature is high, is to control the temperature and ventilation of the room by using a sheet member having air permeability , rather than use of a single sheet member, it can be controlled more effectively room conditions by using a combination of a plurality of sheet members.

〔実 施 例〕 〔Example〕

以下、この発明のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法に使用する装置の実施例を添付の図面を引用して説明する。 Hereinafter, it will be described with reference to the embodiment accompanying drawings of the apparatus used for artificial Hoda method in timber cultivation of mushrooms of the present invention.

この発明のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化装置を構成する簡易ハウス1は、第1図および第2図によって明らかなように、アングル材からなる複数の縦桟5および横桟6で形成された多段の棚を有するハウス主体2 Simple House 1 constituting the artificial Hoda apparatus in wood cultivation of mushrooms of the invention, as evidenced by FIGS. 1 and 2, is formed by a plurality of vertical bars 5 and rungs 6 consisting of angle member the house subject 2 having a multi-stage shelf
と、該ハウス主体2の上部に取付けられる撒水機構を有する天板7と、該天板7の上方に所定の間隔を存して傾斜させて設けられる屋根板3と、前記ハウス主体2の外周部に重畳して設けられる複数のシート部材とから構成されるものである。 If a top plate 7 having a sprinkler mechanism attached to the top of the house main 2, the roof plate 3 provided with an inclination at a predetermined interval above the top plate 7, the outer periphery of the house main 2 it is those composed of a plurality of sheet members provided so as to overlap the part.

ハウス主体2は、アングル材からなる複数の縦桟5と横桟6とを縦横に組み合わせて上下および左右に所定の間隔を存して棚2aを多段に形成して間口(長さ)約2.0m House principal 2, to form a presence to the shelf 2a predetermined intervals a plurality of the vertical bars 5 and rungs 6 vertically and horizontally combined vertically and horizontally made of angle members in multiple stages frontage (length) of about 2.0 m
×奥行(幅)約0.8〜0.9m×高さ約1.8m〜2.0mの構造体としたもので、間口の長さはほだ木の本数や設置する地形や作業条件等によって任意に設定するものであるが、 × obtained by the structure of the depth (width) of about 0.8~0.9M × height of approximately 1.8M~2.0M, the length of the frontage is arbitrarily set by terrain and working conditions of installation and the number of Hoda wood but it is intended,
奥行は通常の長さが約1mのほだ木を確実に載置することができるよう約80〜90cmに設定し、高さは作業者がハウス主体2の間口の前に立ってほだ化のための諸作業を支障なく行うことができるように1.8〜2.0m程度とすることが望ましい。 Depth was set at about 80~90cm so as to be able to normal length to reliably placing the Hoda tree of about 1m, height worker standing in front of the frontage of the house subject 2 Hoda of desirably about 1.8~2.0m as can be performed without hindrance various work for.

かゝるハウス主体2の上部に水平な状態で設ける撒水機構を有する天板7は、ハウス主体2の上部を覆うと共に、その周縁部がハウス主体2より突出する大きさの板部材に多数の撒水孔8を均等間隔で穿設し、その四周には縁部7aを上方に突設すると共に、その裏面の中央部に多数の撒水孔を配設した撒水管9を設けたもので、該撒水管9の基端にはバルブ10を有するホース11が連結されたものである。 Top plate 7 having a sprinkler mechanism provided in a horizontal state at the top of such house entity 2 covers the top of the house mainly 2, a number of the size of the plate member to which the peripheral portion projects from the house mainly 2 the watering hole 8 drilled at equal intervals, with at its four sides to project an edge 7a upward, which was provided with a watering pipe 9 which is disposed a plurality of watering holes in the central portion of the back surface, the the proximal end of the watering pipe 9 in which the hose 11 having a valve 10 are connected.

屋根板3は、前記天板7の上方に所定の間隔を存して片流れとなるよう傾斜させて設けられるもので、該屋根板3の基端部3aと前記天板7の一端部間にはダンパ12が介装される。 Roof plate 3, at a predetermined interval above the top plate 7 in which is provided with an inclination so as to be shed, between one end of the base end portion 3a of the roof plate 3 top plate 7 the damper 12 is interposed.

このダンパ12は、屋根板3に降った雨水を天板7に流すためのもので、第4図に示すように閉の状態にすることによって屋根に降った雨水を地上に逃がし、第5図に示すように開の状態にすることによって雨水を天板7に流入させ、天板7に設けた撒水孔8を介して雨水をほだ木に撒水させてほだ木の乾燥を防止するものである。 The damper 12 is for flow of rainwater on the roof plate 3 in the top plate 7, relief rainwater that falls to the roof by the closed state as shown in FIG. 4 on the ground, Figure 5 which allowed to flow into the rainwater in the top plate 7, through the watering holes 8 provided in the top plate 7 is watering rainwater Hoda tree to prevent drying of Hoda tree by its open position as shown in it is.

ハウス主体2の周側に重畳して設ける複数のシート部材は、例えば内側から外側に向けて、非通気性の合成樹脂製の透明なシート部材13と、合成樹脂の不織布等からなる通気性を有する透明なシート部材14と、黒色乃至灰色の合成樹脂テープを織成して得た遮光率60%以上のネット状のシート部材15とからなるもので、各シート部材 A plurality of sheet members provided so as to overlap the periphery of the house main 2, for example towards the inside to the outside, made of a synthetic resin transparent sheet member 13 of the air-impermeable, breathable consisting nonwoven fabric of synthetic resin transparent sheet member 14, made of a black or gray plastic tape was obtained as woven shielding ratio of 60% or more of the net-shaped sheet member 15. each sheet member having
13、14および15、天板7の外周縁から垂下されてそれぞれ単独で上下方向における巻上げ乃至巻下しと、周方向への移動が自在にできるように設けられ、各シート部材の単独または併用によってハウス主体2内の温度や湿度並びに通風状態を適宜コントロールするものである。 13, 14 and 15, respectively winding to winding defeated in itself vertically suspended from an outer peripheral edge of the top plate 7, to move in the circumferential direction is provided so as to be freely, alone or in combination of each sheet member it is intended to control the temperature and humidity and ventilation in the house main 2 as appropriate by.

なお、図中4は縦桟5の下端部に設けられた土台を示す。 Incidentally, FIG. 4 shows a base provided at the lower end of the vertical bar 5.

かゝる簡易ハウス1からなる人工ほだ化装置を使用してほだ木の人工ほだ化方法について述べると、まず、ほだ化しようとするほだ木を径級によって大径木A(直径が約10cm程度)と、中径木(直径約7〜8cm程度)と、 When we describe Such simple house artificial Hoda method of Hoda tree using a 1 artificial Hoda apparatus consisting of, first, by 径級 the ho's tree to try to Hoda of large DBH A ( diameter and is about 10 cm), a medium DBH (diameter of about of about 7-8 cm),
小径木B(直径が約4〜5cm程度)とに区分けし、大径木Aを上段に、中径木(図示せず)を中段に、小径木B Was divided into a small diameter tree B (having a diameter of about 4-5 cm), a large DBH A in the upper, the middle DBH (not shown) in the middle, small trees B
を下段にして、それぞれハウス主体2の奥行の方向に、 The in the lower, in the direction of the respective house mainly 2 depth,
前後の横桟6間に所定の間隔を保持して掛け渡す。 Pass over to hold a predetermined gap between the front and rear cross rail 6.

ついで、その上に第3図に示す合成樹脂によって形成された三角柱からなる間隔保持材Xを、並列したほだ木A(又はB)を横切るように、つまりほだ木A(又はB)の長さの方向に直角になるように2本宛間隔をおいて並べ、その上に同様にしてほだ木A(又はB)を並列支持させ、かゝる間隔保持材Xを使用して順次ほだ木を並べることによってハウス主体2内に所定数のほだ木を上下及び左右に所定の間隔で水平に保持する。 Then, the interval holding member X at a triangular prism formed of a synthetic resin shown in FIG. 3 thereon, so as to cross the juxtaposed Hoda tree A (or B), i.e. Hoda tree A (or B) arranged at two addressed intervals to be perpendicular to the direction of the length, the same way are arranged in parallel supporting Hoda tree a (or B) and on sequentially using such spacing holding member X horizontally held at a predetermined interval a predetermined number of Hoda wood vertically and horizontally within the house mainly 2 by aligning the Hoda tree.

なお、この三角柱からなる間隔保持材Xは、断面三角型の頂点によってほだ木を支持するため、ほだ木に対する接点が小さく、片手の操作によって至極簡単に反転させることができる。 The distance holding material X composed of the triangular prism in order to support the Hoda trees by the vertex of the cross section triangular, small contacts to Hoda trees, can be extremely easily reversed by operation of one hand.

ほだ木をハウス主体2に収容したのちは、外部の環境に合わせてほだ木への撒水と、ハウス主体2内の温度と湿度および通風を管理するものであるが、ほだ木への撒水は、雨水を利用する方法と、井戸や水道等の水を利用する方法とがある。 After accommodating the Hoda tree house mainly 2, and watering to Hoda tree in accordance with the external environment, but is intended to manage the temperature and humidity and ventilation of the house principal 2, to Hoda wood watering is and how to use the rain water, and how to use the water, such as wells and water supply.

雨水を利用する場合には、ダンパ12を開の状態として屋根板2に降った雨水を天板7内に導き、天板7に形成した撒水孔8からほだ木に雨水を降らせて行うが、雨水による撒水を実施しない場合にはダンパ12を閉じ、屋根板3に降った雨水が傾斜に沿って地上に流れるようにしておく。 When rainwater leads rainwater that falls on the roof plate 2 a damper 12 as the state of open on the top plate 7, it is performed by sends down rainwater from watering hole 8 formed in the top plate 7 in Hoda tree , if not performed watering by rain water closes the damper 12, the rainwater that falls on the roof plate 3 is kept to flow to earth along the slope.

また、比較的雨の少ない時期、あるいはほだ木が乾燥し易い環境においては、雨水による撒水だけではほだ木に充分な湿度を与えることができないので、バルブ10を開き、ホース11を介して撒水管9に通水して撒水管9からほだ木に撒水する。 In the relatively rain less time, or Hoda wood is dry environment easy, since only watering by rain water can not provide sufficient moisture to Hoda tree, open the valve 10, through the hose 11 Rohm & watering pipe 9 to watering from the watering pipe 9 to Hoda tree.

つぎに、ほだ木のほだ化には、ハウス主体2内の温度と湿度および通風がきわめて重要な要件となるため、ハウス主体2内のこれらの条件を、性質の異なるシート部材を使用して外部環境に応じて制御する。 Then, the Hoda of Hoda trees, because the temperature and humidity and ventilation of the house mainly 2 becomes extremely important requirement, these conditions in the house mainly 2, using a different sheet members of nature controlled in accordance with the external environment Te.

すなわち、春先等など外気温の低い場合には、非通気性のシート部材13によってハウス主体2をすっぽりと覆って室内の保温を図り、ある程度外気温が上がって室内が蒸れ易い状況となったときは、通気性を有するシート部材14によって室内の換気を図って室内を適温に保持し、夏場の日差しが強い場合には、通気性を有すると共に、遮光性を有するシート部材15によってハウス主体2 That is, when a low outside air temperature, etc. spring or the like, aims to incubation chamber by the air-impermeable sheet member 13 covering the house mainly 2 To comfortably, when it becomes easy availability stuffiness room up to some extent outside air temperature holds the room at an appropriate temperature working to ventilate the room by the sheet member 14 having air permeability, when summer sunlight is strong, with an air-permeable, house mainly by the sheet member 15 having a light shielding property 2
を覆い、ほだ木ひ直射日光が当たるのを防ぎ、かつ室内の通風を図ってハウス主体2内をほだ化に適した条件に保つ。 The cover prevents the hitting is Hodakihi direct sunlight, and keep the house mainly 2 aim to ventilation of the room in conditions suitable for Hoda reduction.

なお、これら各シート部材は、単独で巻き上げと巻き下ろしおよび全周を覆うための移動ができるため、シート部材の巻き上げや巻き下ろしの程度の制御、さらには、シート部材によって覆うハウス主体2の面積を自在に変えることによってより細かな温度や湿度、通風のコントロールを行うことができ、複数のシート部材を同時に使用することによってもより完全なハウス主体内のほだ化条件をコントロールすることができる。 Note that these respective sheet member, since it is moved to cover the winding down and the entire circumference and wound up alone, control of the degree of down hoisting and winding of the sheet member, and further, the area of ​​the house mainly 2 covering by the sheet member can be a freely finer temperature and humidity, the control of the ventilation can be performed by changing, to control more complete house Hoda conditions in principal by the use of plural sheet members simultaneously .

また、ほだ化には採光も重要な要件のため、少なくとも通気性および非通気性のみを条件とするシート部材は、透明ないし半透明のシート部材であることが望ましい。 Further, since also important requirements lighting in Hoda of the sheet member with the proviso at least only breathable and non-breathable, it is preferable that the sheet member of transparent or translucent.

さらに、ある程度ほだ化されたほだ木は、天地返しとよばれる作業を行うことによってより一層ほだ化を推進することができるので、これらの時期に該当するほだ木は、間隔保持材X上で半回転させることによって行うことができる。 Furthermore, Hoda tree is somewhat Hoda reduction, since it is possible to further promote Hoda by performing the operations called vertical barbs, the Ho's tree corresponding to these times, the interval holding member it can be performed by half rotation on X.

〔発明の効果〕 〔Effect of the invention〕

この発明のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法は、多段の棚を有するハウス主体の棚に、上段から下段に向けて径級の大きい順に間隔保持材を使用して積み重ね、屋根に設けた撒水機構を使用してほだ木への撒水を行い、ほだ木の湿度を適正に保持し、ハウス主体の外周部に設けた性質のことなる複数のシート部材を使用してハウス主体内の温度、湿度、通風を外部環境に応じてコントロールしてほだ化を行うことができるもので、簡易ハウスを設置する場所の環境条件やその年の気象条件に左右されることなく、ほだ化を理想的な条件によって人工的に実施できるもので、効率よく品質の良いきのこを収穫することができる。 Artificial Hoda method in timber cultivation of mushrooms of the invention, the shelf house mainly with multi-stage shelf, stacked from the top using a gap holding material in descending order of 径級 towards the lower, provided the roof It performs watering to Hoda tree using sprinkler mechanisms, properly retain humidity Hoda trees, house principal in house mainly using a plurality of sheet members made that nature provided on the outer periphery of the temperature, humidity, ventilation in which it is possible to perform Hoda by being controlled in response to the external environment, without being influenced by the location of the environmental conditions and weather conditions of the year installing a simple house, Hoda of the ones that can be artificially carried out by ideal conditions, can be harvested efficiently good quality mushrooms.

一方、前記きのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法に使用する装置は、アングル材からなる縦桟と横桟を縦横に連結して形成したハウス主体の上部に天板と屋根板を設け、その外周部を巻き上げ、巻き下ろしと周方向への移動を自在とした性質の異なる複数のシート部材を天板の外周縁より垂下させて重畳して設けたもので、天板に設けた撒水機構と天板と傾斜する屋根板間に設けたダンパを開閉することによって、雨水による撒水と雨水以外の水による撒水を自在に選択してほぎ木の乾燥を防ぐことができ、重畳して設けた複数のシート部材を適宜使用することによって外部環境に応じてハウス主体内の温度や湿度、通風および採光を図り、ほだ化を行うに適した条件を簡単かつ容易に作り出すことができるもので、 Meanwhile, an apparatus for use in artificial Hoda method in timber cultivation of the mushroom, the top plate and the roof plate is provided on top of the house entity formed by connecting the longitudinal bars and rungs made of angle members vertically and horizontally, the hoisting the outer peripheral portion, in which the winding down a plurality of sheet members having different nature and freely moving in the circumferential direction is provided by superimposing by hanging from the outer peripheral edge of the top plate, a sprinkler mechanism provided on the top plate by opening and closing the damper provided in the roof plates inclined top plate, the watering by water than watering and rainwater by rainwater freely selected and can prevent drying of Hoki wood was provided to overlap It aims to temperature and humidity, ventilation and lighting in house mainly depending on the external environment by appropriately using a plurality of sheet members, those which can produce a suitable condition to do Hoda of simply and easily,
少ないスペースで、四季を通じて省力化したほだ化作業を行うことができるなど多大の利点を有するものである。 A small space, and has a great advantage such as it is possible to perform Hoda of work and labor saving throughout the year.

【図面の簡単な説明】 第1図はこの発明のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化方法に使用する装置の一例を示す全体斜視図、第2図はその側面図、第3図はほだ木の積み重ね状態を示すための説明図、第4図と第5図は天板と屋根板およびダンパの関係を示し、第4図はダンパを閉じて雨水を地上に流す状態を示す説明図、第5図はダンパを開き雨水を天板に導入する状態を示す説明図である。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 an overall perspective view showing an example of a device for use in artificial Hoda method in timber cultivation of mushrooms of the present invention, Figure 2 is a side view, but Figure 3 is ho explanatory view showing a stacked state of the tree, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 is the top plate and the roof plate and shows the damper of the relationship, FIG. 4 is an explanatory view showing a state in which flow rainwater to the ground to close the damper, 5 is an explanatory diagram showing a state of introducing the rainwater open the damper to the top plate. 1……簡易ハウス、2……ハウス主体 3……屋根板、5……縦桟 6……横桟、7……天板 9……撒水管、12……ダンパ 13,14,15……シート部材 1 ...... simple house, 2 ...... House mainly 3 ...... roof plate, 5 ...... vertical crossbar 6 ...... rungs, 7 ...... top plate 9 ...... watering tube, 12 ...... damper 13, 14, 15 ...... the sheet member

Claims (3)

    (57)【特許請求の範囲】 (57) [the claims]
  1. 【請求項1】アングル材からなる複数の縦桟と横桟によって多段の棚を形成すると共に、撒水機構を有する水平な天板と該天板の上部に傾斜して設けた屋根とを上部に形成した簡易ハウスを使用し、該簡易ハウス内の上段の棚には径級の大きなほだ木を、下段の棚には径級の小さなほだ木をそれぞれ積層せんとするほだ木間に断面が三角形状の間隔保持材を使用して回動自在に並列保持し、 1. A to form a shelf of the multi-stage by a plurality of longitudinal bars and rungs made of angle member, and a roof top which is provided to be inclined to the upper horizontal top plate and top plate having a sprinkler mechanism using the formed simple House, a large Hoda tree 径級 the upper shelf in the simple house, the lower part of the shelf between Ho's tree of St. respectively laminated small Hoda trees 径級cross section parallel rotatably held using triangular interval holding member,
    天板に設けた撒水機構によって各ほだ木の湿度を適度に保持しつゝ、前記天板の外周縁より垂下させて簡易ハウスの外周部に重畳して設けた性質の異なる複数のシート部材を外部の環境に応じて使い分け、もって簡易ハウス内の温度や通風および採光を制御しながらほだ木を人工的に管理することを特徴とするきのこの原木栽培におけるほだ木の人工ほだ化方法。 Moderately retains the humidity of each Hoda tree by sprinkler mechanism provided in the top plate Shitsusu, a plurality of sheet member is suspended from the outer peripheral edge different properties provided to overlap the outer peripheral portion of the simple house and of the top plate the response to an external environment distinguish, with artificial Hoda of Hoda wood in wood cultivation of mushrooms, characterized by artificially manage Hoda trees while controlling the temperature and ventilation and lighting in simple house with Method.
  2. 【請求項2】アングル材からなる複数の縦桟と横桟とによって多段の棚を有するハウス主体を形成し、該ハウス主体の上部に多数の撒水孔を有し、かつ裏面に撒水管を配設した天板を水平に設けると共に、該天板の上部に屋根板を所定の間隔を存して傾斜させて設け、該傾斜した屋根板の傾斜端部と前記天板の一端部との間に雨水を利用して撒水するための調節用のダンパを介装し、前記ハウス主体の外周部には、前記天板の外周縁より垂下させてハウス主体の全周を覆うことのできる性質の異なる複数のシート部材を巻き上げ、巻き下ろしおよび周方向への移動ができるよう重畳して設けた簡易ハウスからなることを特徴とするきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化装置。 Wherein forming a house mainly having a plurality of longitudinal bars and a multi-stage shelf by the rungs consisting angle member, it has a large number of watering holes on the top of the house main and distribution the watering tube to the back surface the settings were the top plate with horizontally disposed, provided the roof plate is inclined at a predetermined interval in the upper portion of the top plate, between one end of the top plate and the inclined edges of the roof plate and the inclined to interposed adjusting damper for watering using rainwater, wherein the outer peripheral portion of the house mainly nature capable of covering the entire outer peripheral by drooping of the edge house mainly of the top plate different hoisting sheet member wound down and peripheral artificial Hoda apparatus in wood cultivation of mushrooms, characterized in superimposed to consist simple house provided that can move in the direction.
  3. 【請求項3】前記複数のシート部材は、非通気性のシート部材と、通気性を有するシート部材と、通気性を有し、かつ遮光率が60%以上のシート部材とからなることを特徴とする請求項2記載のきのこの原木栽培における人工ほだ化装置。 Wherein said plurality of sheet members, wherein the air-impermeable sheet member, and the sheet member having air permeability, breathable, and that the light blocking ratio is composed of 60% or more of the sheet members artificial Hoda apparatus in wood cultivation of mushrooms according to claim 2,.
JP2274187A 1990-10-12 1990-10-12 Artificial Hoda method and apparatus in wood cultivation of mushrooms Expired - Lifetime JP2936428B2 (en)

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