JP2846687B2 - Panel joint structure - Google Patents

Panel joint structure

Info

Publication number
JP2846687B2
JP2846687B2 JP788590A JP788590A JP2846687B2 JP 2846687 B2 JP2846687 B2 JP 2846687B2 JP 788590 A JP788590 A JP 788590A JP 788590 A JP788590 A JP 788590A JP 2846687 B2 JP2846687 B2 JP 2846687B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
joint
piece
joint cover
panel
fixing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP788590A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH03212555A (en
Inventor
文男 高橋
三義 青柳
修一 大沢
良一 田崎
良彦 菅野
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AI JII GIJUTSU KENKYUSHO KK
Original Assignee
AI JII GIJUTSU KENKYUSHO KK
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by AI JII GIJUTSU KENKYUSHO KK filed Critical AI JII GIJUTSU KENKYUSHO KK
Priority to JP788590A priority Critical patent/JP2846687B2/en
Publication of JPH03212555A publication Critical patent/JPH03212555A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2846687B2 publication Critical patent/JP2846687B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 〔産業上の利用分野〕 本発明は建築、構築物の外壁、間仕切り、屋根に使用
するパネルの目地構造に関するものである。
Description: TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a joint structure of a panel used for an exterior wall, a partition, or a roof of a building or a building.

〔従来の技術〕[Conventional technology]

従来この種パネルの目地部は、実公昭52−3047号公
報に記載されているように雄、雌型連結部を実接合し、
かつ連結部表面からボルトを貫通し、下地にナットを介
して固定する構造となっていた。また、実開昭64−53
310号公報が考え出されている。
Conventionally, joints of this type of panel are actually joined with male and female connecting parts as described in Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 52-3047,
In addition, a bolt is penetrated from the surface of the connecting portion, and is fixed to the base via a nut. In addition, the actual opening 64-53
No. 310 has been devised.

〔発明が解決しようとする課題〕[Problems to be solved by the invention]

しかしながら、では固定具の頭部が外観に露出して
いるため、防食性および外観の意匠性、さらに固定孔か
らの洩水に対する防水性に劣る不利があった。また、
は外観に固定具の頭部が露出しないものの、目地には目
地材(コーキング材)の植設が不可欠であり、コーキン
グ材の劣化により4〜5年の周期でコーキング材の補修
をする必要性があった。さらに、コーキング材の植設は
熟練を要するものであり、作業者によりバラツキがあっ
た。
However, since the head of the fixture is exposed to the outside, there is a disadvantage that the anticorrosion property and the design of the appearance are inferior, and the waterproof property against water leaking from the fixing hole is inferior. Also,
Although the head of the fixture is not exposed to the outside, the jointing material (caulking material) must be planted at the joint, and the caulking material needs to be repaired every four to five years due to deterioration of the caulking material. was there. Furthermore, the planting of the caulking material requires skill, and there was variation among operators.

〔課題を解決するための手段〕[Means for solving the problem]

本発明はこのような欠点を除去するために、断面略逆
T字状の長尺状の敷目板をパネルの側端面に形成した目
地部材間に介在させてパネルを壁下地に固定し、パネル
間の目地間隙に断面略T字状でその脚部に防水片を形成
した目地パッキンを装着し、この目地部上に直線状で多
数個の、両端に係止部を有する目地カバー取付具を固定
し、この目地カバー取付具に、両端に係合部を有する長
尺状の目地カバーを一体に嵌着したパネルの目地構造を
提供するものである。
In order to eliminate such a drawback, the present invention fixes a panel to a wall foundation by interposing a long timber having a substantially inverted T-shaped cross section between joint members formed on side end surfaces of the panel, A joint packing having a substantially T-shaped cross section and a waterproof piece formed on a leg thereof is attached to a joint gap between panels, and a joint cover attachment having a large number of linear and having locking portions at both ends on the joint. And a joint structure of a panel in which a long joint cover having engagement portions at both ends is integrally fitted to the joint cover fixture.

〔実施例〕〔Example〕

以下に図面を用いて本発明に係るパネルの目地構造
(以下、単に目地構造という)の一実施例について詳細
に説明する。すなわち、第1図は上記目地構造を示す一
部切り欠き断面図であり、Aは敷目板、Bはパネル、C
は目地パッキン、Dは目地カバー取付具、Eは目地カバ
ー、Fは目地部である。さらに詳説すると、敷目板Aは
第2図に示すように、水平面状の固定片1と、固定片1
の略中央を上方に突出した立ち上がり片2とから断面略
逆T字状に形成したものであり、金属製板材をロール成
形により、あるいは押出成形により成形したものであ
る。この敷目板Aは、第1図に示すようにパネルBの目
地部Fの裏面に形成し、パネルB間より壁下地α側への
雨水、火炎等の浸入防止、パネルB固定の際のガイド等
として機能するものである。また、パネルBは第3図に
示すように横断面がハット状で、かつ、長尺体とした表
面材と、表面材の裏面に形成した横断面ハット状の
断熱材9と、断熱材9の長手方向の少なくとも裏面を被
覆した裏面材10と、表面材、裏面材10の幅方向の端部
に形成した目地部材14とからサンドイッチ構造に形成し
たものである。さらに説明すると、表面材、裏面材10
は金属材、例えばAl、Fe、Cu、ステンレス、アルミ・亜
鉛合金メッキ鋼板、カラー鋼板、クラッド鋼板、制振鋼
板(サンドイッチ鋼板)、フッ素塗膜鋼板などの1種を
ロール成形、あるいはプレス加工、押出成形等により成
形したものである。すなわち表面材は長尺状の化粧面
4と、化粧面4の両側縁を下方へ、化粧面4と垂直に、
あるいは内方、外方に傾斜して屈曲した側壁5と、側壁
5の下端を外側方へ屈曲し延長した突出片6と、その先
端を下方に傾斜して屈曲したガイド部7と、ガイド部7
の端縁を内方に屈曲した補強片8とから構成したもので
ある。なお、ガイド部7は第5図に示す目地パッキンC
を第1図に示すように装着する際の挿入支持片として機
能するものである。また、補強片8は断熱材9の原料を
充填する際、断熱材9がガイド部7、および突出片6の
表面側に漏れないようにすると共に、パネルBの側縁を
直線状にし、パネルB同士を間隙なく接触させるための
ものである。さらに、ガイド部7、補強片8はパネルB
自体の補強としても機能するものである。また、表面材
の長さは4000〜10000mm位、幅W1(化粧面4の幅)は4
00〜900mm程度、全幅W2は450〜1200mm位、側壁5下端縁
からガイド部7端までの幅W3は20〜100mm位、化粧面4
から突出片6までの高さH1は10〜100mm位である。断熱
材9は主に断熱材、防水材、吸音材、緩撃材、もしくは
防火材として機能するものである。その素材としては、
ポリイソシアヌレートフォーム、ポリウレタンフォー
ム、フェノールフォーム、ポリウレアフォーム、および
これらに難燃材、難燃助剤を添加したものの1種、ある
いはこれらの1種以上を積層したもの、もしくは鉱物繊
維、無機成形体を一層以上介在して積層した構造からな
るものである。なお、断熱材9は表面材の背面に原料
を吐出してモールド構造で一体化したり、成形体を接着
剤により一体化したりするものである。また裏面材10
第3図に示すように主に断熱材9の裏面を被覆し、補強
材、防水材、防湿材、防火材の機能を有すると共に、断
熱材9が壁下地αに直接接触するのを防止する隔離材と
して役立つものである。また、裏面材10の形状として
は、幅方向の両端縁近傍を窪ませた切り欠き11と、切り
欠き11の先端を上方に屈曲した側壁12と、側壁12の先端
を内方に屈曲した補強兼係止片13よりなるものである。
さら詳説すると、切り欠き11は第2図に示すような敷目
板Aの固定片1によりパネルB間、壁下地αと裏面材10
間に段差、間隙が形成されるのを阻止するためのもので
あり、補強兼係止片13は裏面材10の端部の波打ちを防止
すると共に、後記する目地部材14を固定する部分となる
ものである。また、裏面材10において、全幅をW4、切り
欠き11の幅をW5、W6、敷目板Aにおいて固定片1の幅を
W7、W9、立ち上がり片2の幅をW9とすると、W4≒W2、W5
≒W7、W6≒W8、W9=0.5〜10mm位である。目地部材14
第4図に示すように、主体部15に中空部15aを有し、主
体部15の下部に裏面材10の補強兼係止片13に係止し得る
形状で略L字状に突出した嵌合片16、嵌合溝17とから長
尺状に形成したものであり、ある程度の柔軟性を有する
ものである。さら詳説すると、目地部材14は第3図に示
すように、パネルBの端部に形成されることにより、パ
ネルB間の目地部Fにおいて敷目板Aの立ち上がり片2
に接触し、目地部Fの防水性、気密性を向上すると共
に、嵩上げ材、表、裏面材10の接触防止材として機
能し、さらに、パネルB製造時に合成樹脂発泡体よりな
る断熱材9が表面材、裏面材10間より液洩れしないよ
うにする液洩れ防止材として機能するものである。ま
た、嵌合溝17は補強兼係止片13に係止され、目地部材14
の位置決め機能、固定溝の機能を有するものである。そ
の素材としては、柔軟性、耐候性、耐熱性、防水性、寸
法安定性に富む、合成樹脂系、ゴム系の押出材であり、
例えば軟質PVCよりなるものである。なお、接触面15b、
嵌合片16のみを軟質とし、それ以外は硬質部材とするこ
ともできる。目地パッキンCは第5図に示すような長尺
状の押出材であり、略水平面状で幅狭の防水面18と、防
水面18の略中央を下方に垂下した脚部19と、脚部19の途
中、および先端に形成した傾斜した防水片20を形成した
ものであり、第1図に示すようにパネルB間の目地部F
の敷目板Aの立ち上がり片2により形成された目地間隙
bに、防水片20が変形しながら挿入され、目地間隙bを
閉塞するように装着されるものである。その素材として
は、前記目地部材14と同一の材料よりなるが、材質が柔
らかすぎると挿入しにくいため、少なくとも脚部19部分
はある程度の硬質部材とするものである。勿論、防水片
20間、および防水面18の幅は目地間隙bよりも大きく形
成するものである。目地カバー取付具Dは第6図に示す
ように、金属製板材を屈曲成形した短尺状のものであ
り、水平面状の固定部21と係止部25とからなるものであ
る。さらに詳説すると、固定部21は水平面状であり、取
付孔22と、取り付け位置の目印となる安定片21aとから
なるものである。また、係止部25は固定部21の両端縁を
上方に屈曲した立ち上がり片23と、立ち上がり片23の先
端を固定部21の延長線に対して鋭角に形成した係止片24
とから形成したものである。また、安定片21aを下方に
屈曲し、安定片21aを目地カバー取付具Dを装着する際
に目地間隙bに合わせることにより、装着位置決め機能
を持たせることもできる。この場合、目地カバー取付具
Dを直線状に複数個取り付けるのが容易となり、施工が
非常に楽なものとなるものである。その素材としては金
属材、例えばステンレス等である。また、係止片24は後
記する目地カバーEの係合片28を係止し、目地カバーE
をパネルB同士の目地部Fに固定するためのものであ
り、また目地カバー取付具Dを短尺状に形成することに
より、目地カバー取付具Dの1つから目地カバーEがは
ずれたとしても他の目地カバー取付具Dにより係止され
るため、目地カバーEの剥落のない、係合装着が容易な
ものとなる。さらに目地カバーEは、前記した金属製薄
板材よりなり、その形状は第7図に示すように、水平面
状の化粧面部26と、化粧面部26の両端縁を下方に傾斜し
て屈曲した側壁化粧面27と、側壁化粧面27の先端を内方
に、前記した係止片24に係止し得る形状に屈曲した係合
片28とからなる係合部29とからなるものである。さらに
詳説すると、化粧面部26は、第1図に示すように目地部
Fに目地カバーEが目地カバー取付具Dにより固定され
ることにより、パネルBを壁下地α上に固定する際に用
いた固定具βを被覆し、固定具βが外部に露出しないよ
うにするためのものである。また、係合片28は目地カバ
ー取付具Dの係止片24に係止され、目地カバーEを目地
カバー取付具Dに嵌着することにより、目地部F上に目
地カバーEを確実に、離脱なく固定するためのものであ
る。
Hereinafter, an embodiment of a joint structure of a panel according to the present invention (hereinafter, simply referred to as a joint structure) will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. That is, FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway sectional view showing the joint structure, wherein A is a tile plate, B is a panel, C
Is a joint packing, D is a joint cover fixture, E is a joint cover, and F is a joint part. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 2, the floor plate A is composed of a fixed piece 1 having a horizontal surface and a fixed piece 1.
Is formed in a substantially inverted T-shape in cross section from a rising piece 2 protruding substantially upward from the center, and is formed by rolling or extruding a metal plate material. As shown in FIG. 1, this seam plate A is formed on the back surface of the joint portion F of the panel B to prevent infiltration of rainwater, flame and the like from between the panels B to the side of the wall foundation α, and to fix the panel B. It functions as a guide or the like. As shown in FIG. 3, the panel B has a hat-shaped cross section and a long surface material 3 , a hat-shaped heat insulating material 9 formed on the back surface of the face material 3 , and a heat insulating material. A sandwich structure is formed from a back material 10 covering at least the back surface in the longitudinal direction of the material 9, a front material 3 , and a joint member 14 formed at an end in the width direction of the back material 10 . More specifically, the front material 3 and the back material 10
Is roll forming or pressing of one kind of metal material such as Al, Fe, Cu, stainless steel, aluminum / zinc alloy plated steel plate, color steel plate, clad steel plate, vibration damping steel plate (sandwich steel plate), fluorine coated steel plate, etc. It is formed by extrusion or the like. That is, the surface material 3 has a long decorative surface 4 and both side edges of the decorative surface 4 downward, perpendicular to the decorative surface 4,
Alternatively, a side wall 5 bent inward and outward, a protruding piece 6 having a lower end of the side wall 5 bent outward and extended, a guide portion 7 whose tip is tilted downward and bent, and a guide portion. 7
And the reinforcing pieces 8 whose inward edges are bent inward. In addition, the guide part 7 is a joint packing C shown in FIG.
1 functions as an insertion support piece when mounted as shown in FIG. When filling the raw material of the heat insulating material 9, the reinforcing piece 8 prevents the heat insulating material 9 from leaking to the surface side of the guide portion 7 and the projecting piece 6, and makes the side edge of the panel B straight, It is for making B contact each other without a gap. Further, the guide portion 7 and the reinforcing piece 8 are provided on the panel B.
It also functions as a reinforcement for itself. Also, surface material
The length of 1 is about 4000 to 10000 mm, and the width W 1 (the width of the decorative surface 4) is 4
About 00~900Mm, overall width W 2 is 450~1200mm position, the width W 3 of the side wall 5 lower edge to the guide portion 7 end is 20~100mm position, the decorative surface 4
The height H1 from the projection 6 to the projecting piece 6 is about 10 to 100 mm. The heat insulating material 9 mainly functions as a heat insulating material, a waterproof material, a sound absorbing material, a shock absorbing material, or a fireproof material. As the material,
One of polyisocyanurate foam, polyurethane foam, phenol foam, polyurea foam, and those to which a flame retardant and a flame retardant are added, or a laminate of one or more of these, or a mineral fiber or an inorganic molded article Are laminated with one or more layers interposed therebetween. The heat insulating material 9 discharges a raw material onto the back surface of the surface material 3 and integrates it with a mold structure, or integrates a molded body with an adhesive. The backing material 10 mainly covers the back surface of the heat insulating material 9 as shown in FIG. 3 and has the functions of a reinforcing material, a waterproofing material, a moistureproofing material, and a fireproofing material. It serves as an isolator to prevent Further, as the shape of the backing material 10 , a notch 11 in which the vicinity of both ends in the width direction is depressed, a side wall 12 in which the end of the notch 11 is bent upward, and a reinforcement in which the end of the side wall 12 is bent inward. It is composed of a locking piece 13.
More specifically, the notch 11 is formed between the panels B, the wall base α and the backing material 10 by the fixing piece 1 of the flooring plate A as shown in FIG.
Steps and gaps are formed to prevent the formation of a gap therebetween, and the reinforcing and locking pieces 13 prevent the end of the back material 10 from waving and serve as a portion for fixing the joint member 14 described later. Things. Also, in the back material 10 , the total width is W 4 , the width of the notch 11 is W 5 , W 6 , and the width of the fixing piece 1 in the
Assuming that W 7 , W 9 and the width of the rising piece 2 are W 9 , W 4 ≒ W 2 , W 5
≒ W 7 , W 6 ≒ W 8 , W 9 = about 0.5 to 10 mm. As shown in FIG. 4, the joint member 14 has a hollow portion 15a in the main body portion 15 and has a substantially L-shaped shape at a lower portion of the main body portion 15 so as to be capable of engaging with the reinforcing and engaging piece 13 of the backing material 10. It is formed in an elongated shape from a fitting piece 16 and a fitting groove 17 that protrude from the main body, and has a certain degree of flexibility. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 3, the joint member 14 is formed at the end of the panel B so that the rising piece 2 of the tile plate A is formed at the joint F between the panels B.
In addition to improving the waterproofness and airtightness of the joints F, it functions as a contact-raising material, a contact-preventing material for the front and back surfaces 3 and 10 , and a heat insulating material made of a synthetic resin foam when the panel B is manufactured. Numeral 9 functions as a liquid leakage preventing material for preventing liquid from leaking between the front surface material 3 and the back surface material 10 . Further, the fitting groove 17 is locked by the reinforcing and locking piece 13 and the joint member 14
Has a positioning function and a function of a fixing groove. The material is a synthetic resin-based or rubber-based extruded material that is rich in flexibility, weather resistance, heat resistance, waterproofness, and dimensional stability.
For example, it is made of soft PVC. The contact surface 15b,
Only the fitting piece 16 may be made soft, and the rest may be made of a hard member. The joint packing C is a long extruded material as shown in FIG. 5, and has a substantially horizontal flat and narrow waterproof surface 18, a leg portion 19 having a substantially central portion of the waterproof surface 18 hanging downward, and a leg portion. In FIG. 1, an inclined waterproof piece 20 formed in the middle and at the tip is formed, and as shown in FIG.
The waterproofing piece 20 is inserted into the joint gap b formed by the rising piece 2 of the floor plate A while deforming, and is mounted so as to close the joint gap b. The material is the same as that of the joint member 14 , but if the material is too soft, it is difficult to insert the joint material. Of course, a waterproof piece
The width between 20 and the waterproof surface 18 is formed to be larger than the joint gap b. As shown in FIG. 6, the joint cover fixture D is a short piece formed by bending a metal plate material, and includes a horizontal plane fixing part 21 and a locking part 25 . More specifically, the fixing portion 21 has a horizontal plane shape, and includes a mounting hole 22 and a stabilizing piece 21a serving as a mark of a mounting position. The locking portion 25 includes a rising piece 23 in which both end edges of the fixing portion 21 are bent upward, and a locking piece 24 in which the tip of the rising piece 23 is formed at an acute angle with respect to an extension of the fixing portion 21.
It is formed from In addition, it is possible to provide a mounting positioning function by bending the stabilizing piece 21a downward and aligning the stabilizing piece 21a with the joint gap b when mounting the joint cover fixture D. In this case, it is easy to install a plurality of joint cover attachments D in a straight line, and the construction becomes very easy. The material is a metal material, for example, stainless steel. The locking piece 24 locks an engaging piece 28 of the joint cover E described later, and the joint cover E
Is fixed to the joint portion F between the panels B. Further, by forming the joint cover attachment D in a short shape, even if the joint cover E comes off from one of the joint cover attachments D, Since the joint cover E is locked by the joint cover mounting member D, the joint cover E does not peel off and can be easily engaged and mounted. Further, the joint cover E is made of the above-described thin metal plate, and has a decorative surface portion 26 in a horizontal plane shape, and a side wall decorative member which is formed by inclining both end edges of the decorative surface portion 26 downward as shown in FIG. An engaging portion 29 is formed by a surface 27 and an engaging piece 28 bent in a shape capable of engaging the engaging piece 24 with the tip of the side wall decorative surface 27 inward. More specifically, the decorative surface portion 26 is used when the panel B is fixed on the wall base α by fixing the joint cover E to the joint portion F with the joint cover fixture D as shown in FIG. This is for covering the fixing tool β so that the fixing tool β is not exposed to the outside. In addition, the engagement piece 28 is locked by the locking piece 24 of the joint cover attachment D, and the joint cover E is fitted to the joint cover attachment D, so that the joint cover E is securely placed on the joint F. It is for fixing without detachment.

次に本発明に係る目地構造を形成するための施工法に
つき説明する。
Next, a construction method for forming the joint structure according to the present invention will be described.

いま第1図に示すような外壁を構成するために、第2
図に示すような金属薄板材をロール成形により形成した
敷目板A、パネルBとしては第3図に示すようなもので
あり、表面材、裏面材10としては0.5mm厚のカラー鋼
板を使用し、芯材9としてはポリイソシアヌレートフォ
ームからなる原料を表、裏面材10間に充填し、反
応、発泡させ次にキュアして一体化したもの、目地パッ
キンCとしては第5図に示すようなもので、軟質PVCを
押出成形により形成したもの、目地カバー取付具Dとし
ては第6図に示すようなステンレス製(0.6mm厚)のも
の、目地カバーEとしては表面材と同一材料をロール
成形し、第7図に示すように形成したものを使用する。
そこで、C型鋼よりなる壁下地αに第2図に示すような
敷目板Aを縦に、パネルBの全幅W2(600mm)のピッチ
で複数本、固定具βにより固定する。敷目板Aの取り付
け(割り付け)が完了したら、敷目板Aの立ち上がり片
2間にパネルBを挿入し、その突出片6を固定具βによ
り壁下地αに固定する。このようにして、パネルB間の
目地部Fが形成されたら、パネルB同士の目地間隙bに
目地パッキンCを押圧するようにして挿入し、防水片20
の弾力性(復元力)により固定する。目地パッキンCの
施工が完了したら、第1図に示すように、パネルBの突
出片6上に目地カバー取付具Dの固定部21を固定具βに
より固定し、目地カバー取付具Dを所定ピッチ(600m
m)で複数個固定する。目地カバー取付具Dの取り付け
が全て完了したら、この目地カバー取付具Dの係止部25
に、第7図に示すような長尺状の目地カバーEの係合部
29を嵌着し、パネルB同士の目地部Fを目地カバーEに
より被覆して、施工を完了するものである。
Now, to construct the outer wall as shown in FIG.
As shown in FIG. 3, a floor plate A and a panel B formed by roll forming a sheet metal material as shown in the figure are shown in FIG. 3 , and a 0.5 mm thick color steel plate is used as the surface material 3 and the back material 10. As the core material 9, a raw material made of polyisocyanurate foam was filled between the front and back materials 3 and 10 , reacted, foamed, then cured and integrated, and the joint packing C was as shown in FIG. The joint cover fitting D is made of stainless steel (0.6 mm thick) as shown in FIG. 6, and the joint cover E is made of a surface material 3 as shown in FIG. The same material is roll-formed and used as shown in FIG.
Therefore, a plurality of the siding boards A as shown in FIG. 2 are vertically fixed to the wall base α made of the C-type steel at a pitch of the entire width W 2 (600 mm) of the panel B by the fixture β. When the attachment (layout) of the siding board A is completed, the panel B is inserted between the rising pieces 2 of the siding board A, and the protruding piece 6 is fixed to the wall base α by the fixing tool β. When the joints F between the panels B are formed in this manner, the joint packing C is inserted into the joint gaps b between the panels B so as to press them, and the waterproof strips 20 are formed.
It is fixed by the elasticity (restoring force). When the joint packing C is completed, as shown in FIG. 1, the fixing part 21 of the joint cover fixture D is fixed on the projecting piece 6 of the panel B by the fixture β, and the joint cover fixture D is fixed at a predetermined pitch. (600m
m). When all the joint cover attachments D have been attached, the locking portions 25 of the joint cover attachment D
Next, an engaging portion of a long joint cover E as shown in FIG.
The joint 29 is fitted, and the joint portion F between the panels B is covered with the joint cover E to complete the construction.

〔発明の効果〕〔The invention's effect〕

上述したように本発明に係る目地構造によれば、敷
目板、パネルの目地部材、目地間隙に形成した目地パッ
キンにより、3重の防水層が形成される。熟練を要す
るコーキング材の植設が不必要である。長期に亘って
防水性、気密性を維持できる。目地部に固定具の頭部
が露出しない。パネル固定時の変形が、目地カバーに
より被覆されるため、施工に熟練を要さない。目地カ
バー取付具は短尺状であるため、目地カバーの装着が容
易であり、かつ目地カバー取付具の1つより目地カバー
がはずれたとしても全体としては離脱することがない。
目地カバーにより固定具が被覆されるため、固定具が
外部に露出せず、美しい外観に形成できる。目地カバ
ー取付具の両端で目地カバーの両端を係止するため、目
地カバーとパネルとの間に隙間が生じない。パネルの
両端を固定するため、固定が強固であり、耐震性、耐風
圧性等の外力に対して強い。等の特徴、効果がある。
As described above, according to the joint structure of the present invention, the triple waterproof layer is formed by the joint plate, the joint member of the panel, and the joint packing formed in the joint gap. There is no need to plant caulking materials that require skill. Water resistance and airtightness can be maintained over a long period. The head of the fixture is not exposed at the joint. Since the deformation at the time of fixing the panel is covered by the joint cover, no skill is required for construction. Since the joint cover attachment is short, it is easy to attach the joint cover, and even if the joint cover comes off from one of the joint cover attachments, the joint cover does not come off as a whole.
Since the fixing tool is covered with the joint cover, the fixing tool is not exposed to the outside and can be formed with a beautiful appearance. Since both ends of the joint cover are locked at both ends of the joint cover fixture, no gap is formed between the joint cover and the panel. Since both ends of the panel are fixed, the fixing is strong and it is strong against external forces such as earthquake resistance and wind pressure resistance. There are features and effects such as.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

第1図は本発明に係るパネルの目地構造の一例を示す一
部切り欠き断面図、第2図は敷目板の一例を示す斜視
図、第3図はパネルの一例を示す斜視図、第4図はパネ
ルの部材の一つである目地部材を示す斜視図、第5図は
目地パッキンを示す斜視図、第6図は目地カバー取付具
の一実施例を示す斜視図、第7図は目地カバーの一実施
例を示す斜視図である。 A……敷目板、B……パネル、C……目地パッキン、D
……目地カバー取付具、E……目地カバー、F……目地
部、14……目地部材。
FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway sectional view showing an example of a joint structure of a panel according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing an example of a tiling plate, FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing an example of a panel, FIG. FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a joint member which is one of panel members, FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a joint packing, FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing an embodiment of a joint cover attachment, and FIG. It is a perspective view showing one example of a joint cover. A: Seat plate, B: Panel, C: Joint packing, D
... Joint cover fitting, E ... Joint cover, F ... Joint, 14 ... Joint member.

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 菅野 良彦 山形県東根市三日町2丁目8番13 株式 会社アイジー技術研究所内 審査官 中田 誠 (58)調査した分野(Int.Cl.6,DB名) E04B 13/12 E04B 13/08 E04B 1/68 E04G 23/02──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continuing from the front page (72) Inventor Yoshihiko Kanno 2- 8-13 Mikamachi, Higashine-shi, Yamagata Pref. Examiner at IG R & D Co., Ltd. Makoto Nakata (58) Field surveyed (Int. Cl. 6 , DB Name) E04B 13/12 E04B 13/08 E04B 1/68 E04G 23/02

Claims (1)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】水平面状の固定片と、該固定片の略中央を
上方に突出した立ち上がり片とから断面略逆T字状に形
成した長尺状の敷目板と、長尺状の化粧面と該化粧面の
両側縁に設けた側壁と、該側壁の下端を外方に屈曲して
延長した釘打設兼用の突出片と、該突出片の端縁を下方
に傾斜して内方に屈曲したガイド部とから断面をハット
状に形成した表面材と、該表面材の裏面に充填した断面
ハット状でプラスチックフォーム製の断熱材と、該断熱
材の少なくとも裏面を被覆すると共に、幅方向の両端縁
を内方にコ字状に屈曲した補強兼係止片を有する裏面材
と、該裏面材の補強兼係止片に嵌合されて表面材、裏面
材の幅方向の両端縁間に形成された長尺状の目地部材と
から構成したパネルと、幅狭の防水面と該防水面の中央
を下方に突出した脚部とから断面略T字状に形成し、該
脚部の外側面には外方に突出した防水片を形成したある
程度の柔軟性を有する長尺状の目地パッキンと、水平面
状の固定部と該固定部の両端縁を上方に屈曲した立ち上
がり片と該立ち上がり片の先端を外方に屈曲すると共に
突出した係止片とからなる係止部を有する短尺状の目地
カバー取付具と、水平面状の化粧面部と該化粧面部の両
端縁を下方に鈍角で屈曲した側壁化粧面と該側壁化粧面
の先端を内方に鋭角で屈曲した係合片とから係合部を形
成した長尺状の目地カバーとからなり、前記敷目板は、
立ち上がり片がパネルの全幅と略同一ピッチで複数本壁
下地に固定され、前記パネルは幅方向の側端面に形成さ
れた目地部材が敷目板の立ち上がり片間に当接されると
共に、突出片が固定具により壁下地に固定され、固定さ
れたパネル間の目地間隙に前記目地パッキンの脚部を挿
入するようにして間隙なく装着され、パネル同士の突出
片上に直線状で目地カバー取付具が多数個固定具により
固定され、前記目地カバーは目地カバー取付具の係止部
に目地カバーの係合部を嵌着して一体に形成されている
ことを特徴とするパネルの目地構造。
1. A long-sized floor plate formed in a substantially inverted T-shaped cross section from a horizontal fixing piece, a rising piece protruding substantially at the center of the fixing piece upward, and a long makeup. Surface and side walls provided on both side edges of the decorative surface, a projection for both nailing and extension, in which the lower end of the side wall is bent outward to extend, and an edge of the projection is inclined downward and inward. A surface material having a cross section formed into a hat shape from a guide portion bent into a shape, a heat insulating material made of plastic foam having a cross section hat filled on the back surface of the surface material, and covering at least the back surface of the heat insulating material and having a width. Material having a reinforcing and locking piece with both ends in the direction bent inward in a U-shape, and both width and width edges of the surface material and the back material fitted to the reinforcing and locking pieces of the back material A panel composed of a long joint member formed between the panels, a narrow waterproof surface and a center of the waterproof surface protruding downward. A long joint packing having a certain degree of flexibility in which a waterproof piece protruding outward is formed on the outer surface of the leg portion, and a horizontal flat fixing portion. A short joint cover attaching tool having a locking portion composed of a rising piece having both ends of the fixing portion bent upward and a locking piece protruding outward while projecting the tip of the rising piece; An elongated portion formed with a decorative surface portion, a side wall decorative surface having both end edges of the decorative surface portion bent downward at an obtuse angle, and an engaging piece formed by bending the tip of the side wall decorative surface inward at an acute angle. And a joint cover, wherein
A plurality of rising pieces are fixed to the base of the plurality of walls at substantially the same pitch as the entire width of the panel, and the panel has a joint member formed on the side end face in the width direction abutting between the rising pieces of the floorboard, and a projecting piece. Is fixed to the wall base by the fixing tool, and is mounted without any gap by inserting the legs of the joint packing into the joint gap between the fixed panels, and the joint cover fitting is linearly mounted on the projecting piece of the panels. The joint structure of the panel, wherein the joint cover is fixed by a plurality of fixing tools, and the joint cover is integrally formed by fitting an engaging portion of the joint cover to a locking portion of the joint cover attaching tool.
JP788590A 1990-01-16 1990-01-16 Panel joint structure Expired - Fee Related JP2846687B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP788590A JP2846687B2 (en) 1990-01-16 1990-01-16 Panel joint structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP788590A JP2846687B2 (en) 1990-01-16 1990-01-16 Panel joint structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH03212555A JPH03212555A (en) 1991-09-18
JP2846687B2 true JP2846687B2 (en) 1999-01-13

Family

ID=11678054

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP788590A Expired - Fee Related JP2846687B2 (en) 1990-01-16 1990-01-16 Panel joint structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2846687B2 (en)

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH03212555A (en) 1991-09-18

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