JP2808617B2 - Electronic musical instrument - Google Patents

Electronic musical instrument

Info

Publication number
JP2808617B2
JP2808617B2 JP63271834A JP27183488A JP2808617B2 JP 2808617 B2 JP2808617 B2 JP 2808617B2 JP 63271834 A JP63271834 A JP 63271834A JP 27183488 A JP27183488 A JP 27183488A JP 2808617 B2 JP2808617 B2 JP 2808617B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
key
diaphragm
musical instrument
electronic musical
performance
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP63271834A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH02118598A (en
Inventor
聡史 宇佐
Original Assignee
ヤマハ株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ヤマハ株式会社 filed Critical ヤマハ株式会社
Priority to JP63271834A priority Critical patent/JP2808617B2/en
Publication of JPH02118598A publication Critical patent/JPH02118598A/en
Priority claimed from US07/703,370 external-priority patent/US5189242A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2808617B2 publication Critical patent/JP2808617B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10HELECTROPHONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10H3/00Instruments in which the tones are generated by electromechanical means
    • G10H3/12Instruments in which the tones are generated by electromechanical means using mechanical resonant generators, e.g. strings or percussive instruments, the tones of which are picked up by electromechanical transducers, the electrical signals being further manipulated or amplified and subsequently converted to sound by a loudspeaker or equivalent instrument
    • G10H3/24Instruments in which the tones are generated by electromechanical means using mechanical resonant generators, e.g. strings or percussive instruments, the tones of which are picked up by electromechanical transducers, the electrical signals being further manipulated or amplified and subsequently converted to sound by a loudspeaker or equivalent instrument incorporating feedback means, e.g. acoustic
    • G10H3/26Instruments in which the tones are generated by electromechanical means using mechanical resonant generators, e.g. strings or percussive instruments, the tones of which are picked up by electromechanical transducers, the electrical signals being further manipulated or amplified and subsequently converted to sound by a loudspeaker or equivalent instrument incorporating feedback means, e.g. acoustic using electric feedback
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S84/00Music
    • Y10S84/10Feedback

Description

The present invention relates to an electronic musical instrument to which vibrations are transmitted during a performance.

(B) Conventional technology Musical instruments can be roughly classified into electronic musical instruments and natural musical instruments. The main difference between the two lies in the sound source. That is,
The sound source of an electronic musical instrument is constituted by an electronic circuit, while the sound source of a natural musical instrument is a vibrator such as a string or a lead. For example, the vibration of a string is a sound source in a piano or a guitar, the vibration of a lead is a sound source in a woodwind instrument such as a clarinet, and the vibration of a lip is a sound source in a brass instrument such as a trumpet.

(C) Problems to be Solved by the Invention As described above, the electronic musical instrument and the natural musical instrument have an essential difference in the sound source. There is an inconvenience that you can't get it and even if you play it, you don't feel like playing it yourself. Of course, it is more preferable for the player to obtain a vibration feeling at the fingertips and lips, in addition to hearing the performance sound from the speaker, in performing the performance. But,
Natural musical instruments can provide such a feeling of vibration,
An electronic musical instrument cannot provide this feeling of vibration. This is because the sound source of the electronic musical instrument is formed of an electronic circuit that does not emit mechanical vibration. Further, in the case of an electronic musical instrument comprising a performance information input device without a sound source and a speaker, unless an external device is provided with a sound system, the flow of signals will be in the direction of a person → input device → (external) memory (or another electronic musical instrument). Is one-way
Since there is no player's feedback to the ears, it becomes more difficult to obtain a feeling of performance.

As described above, the conventional electronic musical instrument has a drawback that the feeling of playing by himself is poor, and the hitting and blowing are not sufficient.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide an electronic musical instrument capable of providing a vibrating feeling according to a performance by providing a vibrating body at an appropriate position of a main body of the electronic musical instrument.

(D) Means for Solving the Problems In an electronic musical instrument according to the present invention, a performance operator operated by a player, a vibrator for vibrating the performance operator, and a performance generated by operating the performance operator And a driving body driving means for driving the vibrating body based on a signal.

(E) Function In the electronic musical instrument of the present invention, when a performance signal is generated by operating a keyboard or the like, a vibrator provided at an appropriate position in the electronic musical instrument main body is driven based on the performance signal. Then, the electronic musical instrument main body vibrates delicately by the vibrating body, and a human can feel the vibration from a fingertip or the like. For this reason, an electronic musical instrument without a speaker can form a feedback system of vibration for a player, and an electronic musical instrument with a speaker forms two feedback systems of a sound feedback system and a vibration feedback system for a performer. be able to. For this reason, the player can have a real feeling that he or she is playing by himself, and the player feels responsive and responsive.

(F) Embodiment FIG. 1 shows a conceptual diagram of an electronic piano according to an embodiment of the present invention. A diaphragm 2 is arranged below the keyboard 1. The diaphragm 2 is made of a single thin metal plate that covers the entire lower part of the keyboard 1, and a driver 3 having a driving force sufficient to vibrate the diaphragm 2 is mounted at appropriate positions on both right and left ends. . The driver 3 has a configuration similar to a voice coil provided in a speaker, for example, as shown in FIG. That is, the coil 32 is wound around a bobbin 34 supported at the center so as to be vertically movable, and the magnet 30 and the yoke 31 are arranged outside the coil 32. Note that a weight 33 is attached to the upper part of the bobbin 34 instead of the speaker cone paper. When an AC drive signal is given to the driver 3 having such a structure, the weight 33 and the fixed member 35 relatively vibrate. Therefore, when the weight 33 or the fixed member 35 is attached to the diaphragm 2 and the driver 3 is driven by the performance signal, the diaphragm 2 vibrates according to the performance signal. On the other hand, the pressed key is
When the key is pressed, the lower surface of the diaphragm 3
Is vibrating, the vibration is transmitted from the fingertip through the pressed key.

The keyboard 1 outputs a key code of a depressed key to the tone generator 4 when an arbitrary key is depressed. The tone generator 4 forms a tone signal corresponding to the key code. By the continuous operation of the keyboard 1, the tone signal appears on the output of the sound source 4 as a continuous performance signal, and the performance signal passes through the amplifier 5 and is output from the speaker 6. Also, this performance signal is supplied to the amplifier 7
And is output to the driver 3. Therefore,
The driver 3 is driven by the performance signal.

With the above configuration, when a performance operation is performed on the keyboard 1, a performance sound is heard from the speaker 6 and the diaphragm 2 vibrates based on a performance signal generated by the performance operation. A feeling of vibration can be obtained.

FIGS. 3A and 3B show examples of the diaphragm 2, respectively. FIG. 1A shows a diaphragm arranged so as to face the entire lower part of the keyboard 1 as shown in FIG.
Divides the entire keyboard 1 into four sections for each range, arranges the diaphragms 2 in each section, and attaches the diaphragms to a single vibration frame arranged so as to face the entire lower part of the keyboard 1. An example is shown. When the diaphragms 2 are arranged as shown in FIG. 1B, a driver 3 is attached to each of the four diaphragms. Then, the diaphragm located below the depressed key is driven.

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a control section of the electronic piano. Each key of the keyboard 1 has a configuration shown in FIG.
That is, two switches SW1 and SW2 are arranged below the keyboard 10, and when the key is pressed, the switch SW1 is turned on first, and then the switch SW2 is turned on. The outputs of the switches SW1 and SW2 are guided to a key press detection circuit 11 and a key touch detection circuit 12. The key press detection circuit 11 determines the key pressed by observing the output of these switches, and outputs a key code KC corresponding to the key and a key-on signal KON indicating a pressed state. Further, the key touch detection circuit 12 counts the time from when the switch SW1 is turned on to when the switch SW2 is turned on, detects the key pressing speed, that is, the key pressing strength from the count value, and detects the key touch information. Output as

The key code KC and the key-on signal KON output from the key press detection circuit 11 are input to a sounding channel assignment circuit 13, which assigns sounding channels. Of course, the tone generation channel assignment circuit 13 may include a well-known truncation processing circuit.

From the sounding channel assignment circuit 13, a key code KC and a key-on signal KON are transmitted to the tone generator circuit 14, the key touch detection circuit 12, and the control circuit 15 in a time-division manner for each assigned sounding channel. The tone generator 14 includes a tone waveform generator including a waveform memory and a phase data generator for generating phase data for determining the frequency of the tone generated by the tone generator. The phase data generation circuit generates a key code in the information output from the tone generation channel assignment circuit 13.
Generates phase data corresponding to KC. The tone waveform generating circuit in the tone generator 14 includes the key touch detecting circuit.
Key touch information detected in 12 is input, and timbre information is input from the timbre selection circuit 16. In this tone waveform generating circuit, tone data is read from a waveform memory in accordance with the phase data generated by the phase data generating circuit, and amplitude modulation is performed on the tone data by key touch information and tone color information. Output to converter 17.

The D / A-converted signal is sent to the sound system 18 as a performance signal, where it is output as a musical sound. Note that the keying information (key code KC and key-on signal KON) is output from the sounding channel assignment circuit 13 in a time-division manner for each assigned sounding channel. Done.

On the other hand, the control circuit 15 includes the key touch detection circuit.
Key touch information is input from 12, key press information is input from the tone generation channel assignment circuit 13, and timbre information is input from the timbre selection circuit 16. The control circuit 15 forms a control signal for a filter described later based on the information.

The performance signal output from the D / A converter 17 is sent to a sound system 18 and also passes through a buffer 19, for example, a filter 20 including a low-pass filter LPF.
Sent to The performance signal, for example, the high frequency component is removed by this filter 20 and output to a power amplifier circuit 21 at the subsequent stage, where it is converted into a diaphragm driving signal of an appropriate size and sent to a driver 3 for driving the vibrating body 2. Is done. The filter 20 is controlled by the output of the control circuit 15. Try to change. For example, if the key depression position is in a high frequency range, the cutoff frequency of the filter is shifted to a high frequency in accordance with that, and the pass frequency band is widened. The signal passing through the filter 20 is converted by the power amplifier circuit 21 into a signal sufficient to oscillate the driver 3. Then, the diaphragm 2 is vibrated through the driver 3.

FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a control unit when the diaphragm 2 is divided into four parts as shown in FIG. 3 (B) and each is driven by an individual driver. The configuration differs from the control unit shown in FIG. 4 in that independent filters, power amplifier circuits and drivers are provided for the four diaphragms 2, respectively. FIG. 7 shows a comparison between the positions of the keypress and the diaphragm and the filter characteristics. The filter 20 (F1) passes low-frequency sounds, and the filter 22 (F2) passes low-frequency sounds. The filter 23 (F3) passes the sound from the middle range to the high range, and the filter F4 passes the high range sound. Therefore, when a low-frequency key of the keyboard is depressed, the diaphragm 2 (the leftmost diaphragm in the figure) located just below vibrates, and when a high-frequency key is depressed, just The diaphragm 2 (the right-most diaphragm in the figure) located below vibrates. When a key is pressed from the low range to the middle range, the diaphragm 2 (the second diaphragm from the left in the figure) located below the key is vibrated, and a key from the middle range to the high range is pressed. When this is done, the diaphragm 2 located below it (the second diaphragm from the right in the figure) vibrates. Therefore, for example, when the leftmost diaphragm 2 in the figure vibrates, the left end of the vibrating frame 8 vibrates most strongly. The control unit 15 delicately controls cutoff frequencies of these filters in accordance with a key touch when a key is pressed, a selected timbre, and a key code of a pressed key. By the delicate control of this filter, it is possible to obtain a natural vibration feeling closer to that of an actual piano than the apparatus shown in FIG.

FIG. 8 shows another embodiment of the present invention. The configuration differs from the device shown in FIG. 4 in that a digital filter 30 is provided instead of the analog filter 20. That is, in this embodiment, the filtering process is performed before the D / A conversion. In this embodiment,
The data output from the tone generator 14 has an 8-bit length, and the data transmitted to the digital filter 30 is the upper 6 bits.
It has a 3-bit length of up to 8 bits. Since it is considered that the signal component to be sent to the driver 3 only needs to be a large part of the amplitude information, the information given to the digital filter 30 is sufficient. Note that by performing the filtering process using a digital filter as in the present embodiment, the filter control in the control unit 15 can be made more detailed.

FIG. 9 shows still another embodiment of the present invention.
In this embodiment, a digital sound source or an analog sound source 40 is provided, and the driver 3 is driven by the sound source. In the apparatus shown in FIGS. 4 and 8, the driver 3 is directly driven by the performance signal. In this embodiment, the digital sound source or the analog sound source 40 is driven based on the performance signal.
And the driver 3 is driven by this sound source. When using a digital sound source as a sound source,
A memory that picks up and stores the waveform of the vibration generated on the keyboard of an actual piano is used. That is, the vibration of the keyboard when each key of the actual piano is pressed is detected by the sensor, and the vibration information is stored in the memory. In this case, when a plurality of diaphragms are used as shown in FIG. 1 (B), vibration information at a plurality of locations is stored. Then, using this memory as a sound source, the driver 3 is driven by reading out the vibration information corresponding to the pressed key. When an analog sound source is used as the sound source, the types of oscillator waveforms and their combinations are selected in advance so that the vibrations are similar to those of an actual piano. As a waveform, a sine wave, a triangular wave, a square wave, a pulse, or the like can be used.

If the driver 3 is driven by a digital sound source or an analog sound source as described above, by making the sound source appropriate, it is more approximated to an actual piano as compared with the apparatus shown in FIGS. It becomes possible to obtain a feeling of vibration.

Further applications are conceivable for the mounting position of the diaphragm and its driving method. For example, as shown in FIG. 10, the diaphragms 2 can be arranged on the left and right sides of the keyboard 1, and these two diaphragms 2 can be driven by stereo signals. Further, the present invention is not limited to the above-described electronic piano, and can be applied to other electronic musical instruments. 11 (A) to 11 (D) show examples in which the present invention is applied to a shoulder type MIDI controller, a MIDI window controller, an electric guitar, and a guitar type MIDI controller, respectively. Note that a piezoelectric element or the like is appropriate as a small vibrator used in an electronic musical instrument as shown in FIG.

(G) Effects of the Invention As described above, according to the present invention, the performance operator vibrates delicately in response to the performance operation, so that the player can feel the vibration from his fingertips and lips. For this reason, the player can have a real feeling that he or she is performing by himself, and the player feels responsive and responsive.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a conceptual diagram of an electronic piano according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a structural view of the driver, and FIGS. 3A and 3B show examples of the arrangement of the diaphragm. FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a control unit of the electronic piano, FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a keyboard, FIG. 6 is another configuration example of the control unit, and FIG. 7 is a filter characteristic and keyboard of FIG. FIGS. 8 and 9 show other configuration examples of the control unit, respectively. FIG. 10 shows another example of the arrangement of the diaphragm and its driving method, and FIGS. 11A to 11D show examples in which the present invention is applied to various electronic musical instruments. 1 ... keyboard, 2 ... diaphragm, 3 ... driver.

Claims (1)

    (57) [Claims]
  1. A performance operator operated by a player, a vibrator for vibrating the performance operator, and a vibrator driving the vibrator based on a performance signal generated by operation of the performance operator. Electronic musical instrument comprising:
JP63271834A 1988-10-27 1988-10-27 Electronic musical instrument Expired - Fee Related JP2808617B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP63271834A JP2808617B2 (en) 1988-10-27 1988-10-27 Electronic musical instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP63271834A JP2808617B2 (en) 1988-10-27 1988-10-27 Electronic musical instrument
US07/423,971 US5054361A (en) 1988-10-27 1989-10-19 Electronic musical instrument with vibration feedback
US07/703,370 US5189242A (en) 1988-10-27 1991-05-21 Electronic musical instrument

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH02118598A JPH02118598A (en) 1990-05-02
JP2808617B2 true JP2808617B2 (en) 1998-10-08

Family

ID=17505512

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP63271834A Expired - Fee Related JP2808617B2 (en) 1988-10-27 1988-10-27 Electronic musical instrument

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US5054361A (en)
JP (1) JP2808617B2 (en)

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CN101777342B (en) * 2009-01-09 2012-05-30 雅马哈株式会社 Electric keyboard instrument

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US5189242A (en) * 1988-10-27 1993-02-23 Yamaha Corporation Electronic musical instrument
US5247129A (en) * 1991-06-10 1993-09-21 Yamaha Corporation Stringless piano-touch electric sound producer for directly driving a sound board on the basis of key actions
US5579238A (en) * 1994-10-21 1996-11-26 Krugman; Michael Instrumented computer keyboard for prevention of injury
US5932827A (en) * 1995-01-09 1999-08-03 Osborne; Gary T. Sustainer for a musical instrument
US5866836A (en) * 1998-03-20 1999-02-02 Bergstrom; Scott Low frequency sound monitoring system for musicians
US6034316A (en) * 1999-02-25 2000-03-07 Hoover; Alan Anderson Controls for musical instrument sustainers
EP1184837B1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2002-04-24 Mohammad Reza Shahabi Generating device for feedback vibrations
US20040099132A1 (en) * 2002-11-27 2004-05-27 Parsons Christopher V. Tactile metronome
US7453040B2 (en) * 2004-12-03 2008-11-18 Stephen Gillette Active bridge for stringed musical instruments
US8658879B2 (en) * 2004-12-03 2014-02-25 Stephen Gillette Active bridge for stringed musical instruments
US7285101B2 (en) * 2005-05-26 2007-10-23 Solutions For Thought, Llc Vibrating transducer with provision for easily differentiated multiple tactile stimulations
JP2007096439A (en) * 2005-09-27 2007-04-12 Kawai Musical Instr Mfg Co Ltd Diaphragm driver and music sound generator
JP4821478B2 (en) * 2006-07-25 2011-11-24 ヤマハ株式会社 Music control device
US20080295675A1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2008-12-04 Matt Leland Low frequency generator for use by drummers
US8497760B2 (en) * 2007-11-28 2013-07-30 My Music Machines, Inc. Adaptive MIDI wind controller device
JP2009139745A (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-25 Yamaha Corp Electronic musical instrument
JP5320786B2 (en) * 2008-03-24 2013-10-23 カシオ計算機株式会社 Electronic musical instruments
JP5672670B2 (en) * 2009-07-07 2015-02-18 カシオ計算機株式会社 Electronic musical instruments
KR101486119B1 (en) * 2011-09-14 2015-01-23 야마하 가부시키가이샤 Acoustic effect impartment apparatus, and acoustic piano
JP5758774B2 (en) 2011-10-28 2015-08-05 ローランド株式会社 Effect device
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US20130312588A1 (en) * 2012-05-01 2013-11-28 Jesse Harris Orshan Virtual audio effects pedal and corresponding network
JP6001611B2 (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-10-05 レノボ・シンガポール・プライベート・リミテッド Input device and method for tactile feedback
JP2015132847A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-07-23 ヤマハ株式会社 electronic keyboard musical instrument
JP6044728B2 (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-12-14 ヤマハ株式会社 Electronic keyboard instrument
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH02118598A (en) 1990-05-02
US5054361A (en) 1991-10-08

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