JP2597815B2 - Panel roof structure - Google Patents

Panel roof structure

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Publication number
JP2597815B2
JP2597815B2 JP1529194A JP1529194A JP2597815B2 JP 2597815 B2 JP2597815 B2 JP 2597815B2 JP 1529194 A JP1529194 A JP 1529194A JP 1529194 A JP1529194 A JP 1529194A JP 2597815 B2 JP2597815 B2 JP 2597815B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
panel
roof
roofing material
holding member
panel roof
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP1529194A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH07217097A (en
Inventor
元旦 舩木
昇 山坂
和幸 西澤
Original Assignee
元旦ビューティ工業株式会社
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 元旦ビューティ工業株式会社 filed Critical 元旦ビューティ工業株式会社
Priority to JP1529194A priority Critical patent/JP2597815B2/en
Publication of JPH07217097A publication Critical patent/JPH07217097A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2597815B2 publication Critical patent/JP2597815B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は十分な雨仕舞、断熱およ
び結露、屋根面の面強度について優れた性能を有すると
共に、ソーラーシステムの追加等の将来の屋根のシステ
ム化に対応可能なパネル屋根の構造に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a panel roof having a sufficient performance in terms of rain, heat insulation and dew condensation, and surface strength of a roof surface, and capable of coping with future systemization of a roof such as addition of a solar system. Related to the structure.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】屋根材の周縁に折下部を形成して定尺パ
ネル化した屋根として、特願平2-236618号(特開平4-11
5048号公報)に記載されている構成のものがある。この
発明のものは、屋根材の生産性、施工性に優れる等の利
点を有するが、以下に挙げるような問題もある。
2. Description of the Related Art Japanese Patent Application No. Hei 2-236618 (Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 4-11) discloses a roof made of a fixed-size panel by forming a folded part on the periphery of a roof material.
No. 5048). The present invention has advantages such as excellent roofing material productivity and workability, but also has the following problems.

【0003】雨仕舞性に関していうと、屋根材を定尺パ
ネル化しているが故に、上端には樋状の継ぎ部を有する
が、経年による塵や落ち葉等の堆積が前記樋状継ぎ部に
生じると、流れ方向に敷設された内樋への排水が円滑に
行われなくなるため、上下の継ぎ部より屋内側に漏水し
てしまうという可能性がある。
[0003] In terms of rain performance, the roof material is made into a fixed-size panel, so that it has a gutter-like joint at the upper end. However, accumulation of dust and fallen leaves due to aging occurs in the gutter-like joint. Then, since drainage to the inner gutter laid in the flow direction is not performed smoothly, there is a possibility that water leaks from the upper and lower joints to the indoor side.

【0004】断熱性と内部結露に関していうと、バック
アップ材が断熱材料である場合、優れた断熱性を発揮す
るのであるが、内部に所要の流通可能な空気層が形成さ
れていないため、内部結露が生じる可能性がある。
In terms of heat insulation and internal dew condensation, when the backup material is a heat insulating material, it exhibits excellent heat insulation properties. However, since a required circulating air layer is not formed inside the backup material, internal dew condensation occurs. May occur.

【0005】屋根面の面強度に関していうと、前記の空
気層を形成するために、前記樋状継ぎ部と同じ厚さのバ
ックアップ材を使用することは勿論可能であるが、その
場合、高強度すなわち高密度で且つ高い断熱性を有する
断熱材は実用化されていないので、屋根材の板厚を厚く
して(加工性が低下する)低密度で断熱性の高いバック
アップ材(発泡ウレタン、発泡ポリスチレン、発泡ポリ
エチレン等の樹脂系材料、グラスウール、ロックウール
等の繊維系材料等で、一般にも断熱材料として認識され
ているカサ比重の代表値が0.1 〜0.2 程度であるもの)
とするか、或いは屋根材の板厚が薄い分について高強度
且つ高密度であるが断熱性には劣るバックアップ材(難
燃規格の木毛セメント板、硬質木片セメント板、繊維混
入スレート板等の少なくともカサ比重が0.5 を越えて代
表値が0.6 〜1.0 程度である高密度材料)とするかのど
ちらかの構成にしなければ、屋根面の面強度が不足する
可能性がある。また、前記の低密度で断熱性の高いバッ
クアップ材は、充填するような使用法で等分布荷重がか
かるような場合には、相応のバックアップ効果を発揮す
るが、カサ比重が低いので裏側に空間があり、中央部に
集中荷重が作用するような場合には、破断等により脱落
する可能性が高い。
With respect to the surface strength of the roof surface, it is of course possible to use a backup material having the same thickness as that of the gutter-like joint to form the air layer. That is, since a heat insulating material having a high density and a high heat insulating property has not been put to practical use, a backup material (foamed urethane, foamed foam, (Resin-based materials such as polystyrene and foamed polyethylene, fiber-based materials such as glass wool and rock wool, and the typical value of bulk specific gravity generally recognized as a heat insulating material is about 0.1 to 0.2)
Or a backup material that has high strength and high density but is inferior in heat insulation to the thickness of the roof material (such as a flame-retardant wood wool cement board, a hard wood chip cement board, a fiber-mixed slate board, etc.) If at least one of the above-mentioned configurations is adopted, the surface strength of the roof surface may be insufficient. In addition, the low-density and high-insulation backup material exhibits an appropriate backup effect when an evenly distributed load is applied in a filling method, but since the bulk specific gravity is low, there is space on the back side. When a concentrated load is applied to the central portion, there is a high possibility of falling off due to breakage or the like.

【0006】そして、前述のごとくパネル屋根材より内
側の構成に関して、雨仕舞、断熱と結露、面強度の各性
能の優先度により、構成上の制約が生じるため、将来的
に発明の屋根パネルに換えて太陽電池パネルに置換し
て、屋根のシステム化を図ることが困難である。
As described above, with respect to the configuration inside the panel roofing material, there are restrictions on the configuration due to the priorities of the performance of rain, heat insulation and dew condensation, and surface strength. Instead, it is difficult to replace with a solar cell panel and to systematize the roof.

【0007】このシステム化については、太陽の日射に
より屋根面は80℃以上に上昇するが、太陽電池は日射に
より過度に熱せられると一般にエネルギーの変換効率が
低下するという傾向があり、既設屋根構造の屋内側構成
に格別の改修を施さない限り、単にパネル屋根と入れ替
えるだけでは、太陽電池に代表される将来の屋根のシス
テム化に対応できない問題がある。
In this system, the roof surface rises to 80 ° C. or more due to the solar radiation, but when the solar cells are excessively heated by the solar radiation, the energy conversion efficiency generally tends to decrease. Unless a special modification is made to the indoor side configuration, simply replacing it with a panel roof cannot cope with future roof systemization represented by solar cells.

【0008】[0008]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】解決しようとする課題
は、パネル屋根材が定尺状のものである時、雨仕舞、断
熱と結露、屋根面強度の各性能について優劣が発生する
のを避けられず、また、将来的に太陽電池パネルへの置
換等の屋根のシステム化に対応できないことである。
The problem to be solved is that when the panel roofing material is of a fixed size, it is necessary to avoid the occurrence of inferiority in the performance of rain, heat insulation and dew condensation, and roof surface strength. It is not possible to cope with the systematization of the roof such as replacement with solar panels in the future.

【0009】[0009]

【課題を解決するための手段】前記の課題を解決するた
め、周縁に折下部を形成したパネル屋根材を、流れ方向
の水上側折下部が水下側折下部上に重合するように葺き
あげてなるパネル屋根の構造にあって、下地上に、屋外
側に空間部を形成する凹凸部が流れ方向に並列状に複数
以上連続する非透水性材料からなる下葺き屋根材を敷設
し、少なくとも前記下葺き屋根材の隣り合う前記凸部に
跨がる形で、パネル屋根保持部材を同凸部上に固定し、
前記パネル屋根保持部材および凸部上におけるパネル屋
根材の前記重合状折下部と横方向の折下部の接続空間で
囲まれる位置にバックアップ材を配設し、この接続空間
に隣り合うパネル屋根材の前記折下部が位置するように
して前記パネル屋根保持部材でパネル屋根材の折下部を
保持したことを特徴とする。
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a panel roofing material having a fold portion formed on a peripheral edge thereof is laid so that a water-side fold portion in the flow direction overlaps a water-fold portion. In the structure of the panel roof consisting of, underlaying a roofing material made of a water-impermeable material in which a plurality of concavo-convex portions forming a space portion on the outdoor side are continuously arranged in parallel in the flow direction on the foundation, at least In the form of straddling the adjacent convex portion of the underlaying roof material, a panel roof holding member is fixed on the convex portion,
A backup material is disposed at a position surrounded by the connection space between the overlapped folded portion and the lateral folded portion of the panel roof material on the panel roof holding member and the projection, and a panel roof material adjacent to the connection space is provided. The folded portion of the panel roof material is held by the panel roof holding member so that the folded portion is positioned.

【0010】また本発明では、周縁に折下部を形成した
パネル屋根材を、流れ方向の水上側折下部が水下側折下
部上に重合するように葺きあげてなるパネル屋根の構造
にあって、下地上に、屋外側に空間部を形成する凹凸部
が流れ方向に並列状に複数以上連続する非透水性材料か
らなる下葺き屋根材を敷設し、少なくとも前記下葺き屋
根材の隣り合う前記凸部に跨がる形で、パネル屋根保持
部材を同凸部上に固定し、横方向に隣り合う前記パネル
屋根保持部材さらには凸部上に跨がる形で、上方が開口
する断面略U形状の樋部と同樋部下端両側にバックアッ
プ材受けフランジを備えた補助樋兼バックアップ材受け
を流れ方向に一定間隔毎に配置・固定し、パネル屋根材
の横方向の折下部の接続空間と前記補助樋兼バックアッ
プ材受けで囲まれる位置にバックアップ材を配設し、前
記接続空間に隣り合うパネル屋根材の前記折下部が、前
記樋部に隣り合うパネル屋根材の前記重合状折下部がそ
れぞれ位置するようにして、前記パネル屋根保持部材で
接続空間におけるパネル屋根材の折下部を保持したこと
を特徴とする。
Further, in the present invention, there is provided a panel roof structure in which a panel roofing material having a folded portion formed on a peripheral edge is laid so that a water-side folded portion in the flow direction overlaps a water-folded lower portion. On the ground, laying a roofing material made of a water-impermeable material having a plurality of concavities and convexities forming a space portion on the outdoor side in parallel in the flow direction, and laying a roofing material, and at least the roofing material adjacent to the roofing material In the form of straddling the projection, the panel roof holding member is fixed on the projection, and the panel roof holding member laterally adjacent to the panel roof is further straddled on the projection, and a cross-section substantially open at the top. Auxiliary gutters and backup material receivers with a U-shaped gutter part and backup material receiving flanges on both sides of the lower part of the gutter part are arranged and fixed at regular intervals in the flow direction, and the connection space of the horizontal folded part of the panel roof material And the auxiliary gutter and backup material receiver A backup material is disposed at a position, and the folded portion of the panel roofing material adjacent to the connection space is located at the overlapped folded portion of the panel roofing material adjacent to the gutter portion. The folded part of the panel roof material in the connection space is held by the holding member.

【0011】また本発明では、前記パネル屋根材とバッ
クアップ材は、あらかじめ一体化してなることを特徴と
する。
Further, in the present invention, the panel roof material and the backup material are integrated in advance.

【0012】また本発明では、周縁に前記パネル屋根材
と略同形状の折下部を形成した太陽電池パネルを、屋根
面の任意位置に所要数だけ前記パネル屋根材に換えて配
設・保持してなることを特徴とする。
Further, in the present invention, a required number of solar cell panels, each having a folded portion having substantially the same shape as that of the panel roofing material formed on the periphery thereof, are arranged and held in an arbitrary position on the roof surface instead of the panel roofing material. It is characterized by becoming.

【0013】また本発明では、パネル屋根材の接続空間
を覆う化粧部とパネル屋根材または前記パネル屋根保持
部材またはパネル屋根保持部材に固定状のキャップ保持
部材における被係合部と弾性係合する係合部を備えた化
粧キャップで、前記パネル屋根材の接続空間を化粧した
ことを特徴とする。
Further, in the present invention, the decorative portion covering the connection space of the panel roofing material and the panel roofing material or the engaged portion of the cap holding member fixed to the panel roof holding member or the panel roof holding member are elastically engaged. The connection space of the panel roofing material is made up with a decorative cap having an engaging portion.

【0014】本発明におけるパネル屋根材は定尺状のも
ので、その長さは、母屋間隔(606,750,910mm) の整数倍
+重ね代、または500 〜3000mm程度の施工作業者が一人
で取り扱えるサイズである。また、幅は300 から1000mm
程度であるが、概ね500 〜600mm がメインになる。板厚
は、通常1mm程度であり、それぞれの代表板厚は、厚肉
の場合1.2mm (但し、この上は1.6mm となる)、薄肉の
場合は、0.6mm 程度である。
The panel roofing material of the present invention is of a fixed size, and its length is an integral multiple of the purlin interval (606, 750, 910 mm) plus an overlap margin, or a size of about 500 to 3000 mm that can be handled alone by a construction worker. is there. Also, the width is 300 to 1000mm
It is about 500mm to 600mm mainly. The plate thickness is usually about 1 mm, and the representative plate thickness of each is about 1.2 mm for a thick wall (however, 1.6 mm above this), and about 0.6 mm for a thin wall.

【0015】下地は、鋼製や木製の梁、母屋やRC躯
体、前記の下地のものに木質系、樹脂系、無機質繊維系
等の公知の板状下地材を介装した構成のもの、ALC、
PCパネル等である。
The base material is a steel or wooden beam, a purlin or RC frame, a structure in which a known plate-like base material such as a wood-based, resin-based, or inorganic fiber-based material is interposed on the above-described base, ALC ,
PC panel and the like.

【0016】下葺き屋根材は、表面処理鋼板、ステンレ
ス鋼板、アルミニウム合金板等の金属材料、或いはポリ
カーボネイト、アクリル等の樹脂材料、防水のための特
殊表面処理を施した段ボール材料等を角波形状に成形し
たもの、前記金属材料の内側に発泡ウレタン、発泡ポリ
スチレン、発泡ポリエチレン等の樹脂系断熱材料を裏打
ちしたもの、前記樹脂系断熱材料の表面に防水処理を施
したもの等である。この下葺き屋根材は屋外側の凹凸部
によって、少なくとも凹部とバックアップ材との間に排
水空間兼換気空間を形成しているが、下葺き屋根材の屋
内側については凹凸部の有無を問わない。例えば、屋内
側の凹部に補強部材を有する態様等にして押圧強度が向
上するようにしても良い。また、下葺き屋根材の軒先側
(例えば軒先唐草や軒先水切り部分)には、軒側排水の
ための開口部が形成されるので、棟側に換気棟等の棟側
換気装置を配設するだけで流通空気層とすることが可能
である。この下葺き屋根材の下地への固定は、下地に立
設したボルトを凸部における固定孔に通してナット締め
したり、単に固定ビス、釘等を下地側に打ち込む等して
固定する。
The roofing material is made of a metal material such as a surface-treated steel plate, a stainless steel plate, an aluminum alloy plate, or a resin material such as polycarbonate or acrylic, or a corrugated cardboard material subjected to a special surface treatment for waterproofing. A resin-insulated material such as urethane foam, polystyrene foam, polyethylene foam, etc. on the inside of the metal material, and a waterproof treatment applied to the surface of the resin-based heat insulator. The underlay roof material forms a drainage space and a ventilation space at least between the concave portion and the backup material by the concave and convex portions on the outdoor side. . For example, the pressing strength may be improved by using a mode in which a reinforcing member is provided in a concave portion on the indoor side. An opening for drainage on the eaves side is formed on the eaves side (e.g., eaves arabesque and eaves drainage part) of the underlaying roofing material, so a ridge side ventilation device such as a ventilation building is installed on the ridge side. It is possible to form a flowing air layer alone. The underlaying roof material is fixed to the foundation by passing a bolt erected on the foundation through a fixing hole in the projection and tightening a nut or simply driving a fixing screw, a nail, or the like into the foundation side.

【0017】パネル屋根保持部材は樹脂或いは金属製の
もので、パネル屋根材の保持は押付部材やネジを用いた
保持手段に限定されるものではなく、係合部と被係合部
による弾性係合関係等の保持手段であっても良い。この
パネル屋根保持部材の下葺き屋根材への固定は、前記し
た下葺き屋根材の固定と同時に行っても良いし、単独で
ビス等により行っても良く、また下葺き屋根材が厚肉状
の場合にはパネル屋根保持部材を溶接固定しても良い。
The panel roof holding member is made of resin or metal, and holding of the panel roof material is not limited to holding means using a pressing member or a screw. It may be a holding means such as a relationship. The fixing of the panel roof holding member to the underlaying roofing material may be performed simultaneously with the fixing of the above-described underlaying roofing material, or may be performed independently with screws or the like. In this case, the panel roof holding member may be fixed by welding.

【0018】バックアップ材としては、発泡ウレタン、
発泡ポリスチレン、発泡ポリエチレン等の樹脂系断熱材
料が挙げられ、断熱性および屋根構造の軽量化を図る上
で有効である。また、他の断熱部材であっても良い。例
えば、カサ比重が小さくて断熱規格の木質系セメント板
等が挙げられる。このバックアップ材のサイズはパネル
屋根材に準じるが、一回り小さい相似形状になる。
As a backup material, urethane foam,
Resin-based heat-insulating materials such as expanded polystyrene and expanded polyethylene are effective, and are effective in achieving heat insulation and reducing the weight of the roof structure. Further, another heat insulating member may be used. For example, a wood-based cement board having a low bulk specific gravity and a heat insulation standard can be used. The size of this backup material is similar to the panel roofing material, but has a slightly smaller similar shape.

【0019】補助樋兼バックアップ材受けは樹脂或いは
金属製のもので、隣り合うパネル屋根材における水上側
と水下側の重合状の折下部長さに準じる連続状のもので
あるが、バックアップ材受けフランジについては連続状
であることに限定されず、間欠連続状であっても良い。
また、樋部の両端における底部には、主樋として機能す
る下葺き屋根材の凹部に向けて垂下する水切り部を設け
るのが好ましく、副樋として機能する樋部から凹部への
雨水の流れを遅滞なくスムーズに行わしめ得る。
The auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver is made of resin or metal, and has a continuous shape corresponding to the length of the overlapping folded portion between the upper side and the lower side of the adjacent panel roofing material. The receiving flange is not limited to a continuous shape, and may be an intermittent continuous shape.
In addition, it is preferable to provide a drainage portion hanging down toward the concave portion of the underlaying roof material functioning as a main gutter at the bottom portion at both ends of the gutter portion, and to control the flow of rainwater from the gutter portion functioning as a sub-gutter to the concave portion. It can be done smoothly without delay.

【0020】パネル屋根材と入れ替え可能な太陽電池パ
ネルは、表面をガラス等の透光材で被って周囲を水密処
理し、内側に単結晶、多結晶、アモルファス等の太陽電
池を配した電池モジュールであって、その周縁にパネル
屋根材と略同形状の折下部を付設するか、あらかじめ周
縁にパネル屋根材と略同形状の枠材を用いて構成する。
この太陽電池パネルとパネル屋根材の入れ替えそして組
み合わせは、将来的な交換であっても良いし、新設時に
組み込むものであっても良い。
A solar cell panel which can be replaced with a panel roofing material is a battery module having a surface covered with a light-transmitting material such as glass, water-tightly treated around the surface, and a single-crystal, polycrystalline, amorphous, etc. solar cell disposed inside. In this case, a folded portion having substantially the same shape as the panel roofing material is attached to the periphery thereof, or a frame material having substantially the same shape as the panel roofing material is previously formed on the periphery.
The replacement and combination of the solar cell panel and the panel roofing material may be replaced in the future, or may be incorporated at the time of new construction.

【0021】化粧キャップは長尺状の樹脂或いは金属製
のもので、横方向に隣り合うパネル屋根の接続空間を化
粧可能な適宜態様のものであれば良く、その態様は特に
限定されない。この化粧キャップ裏面とパネル屋根材表
面との間に、止水ゴム、パッキング等の水密処理を施す
ことにより、雨仕舞はさらに向上する。化粧キャップを
保持するキャップ保持部材は短尺乃至長尺状の樹脂或い
は金属製のものである。
The decorative cap is made of a long resin or metal and may be of any suitable form that can make up the connection space between the panel roofs adjacent to each other in the lateral direction, and the form is not particularly limited. By performing a watertight treatment such as waterproof rubber or packing between the back surface of the decorative cap and the surface of the panel roofing material, the rain finish is further improved. The cap holding member for holding the decorative cap is made of a short or long resin or metal.

【0022】[0022]

【作用】下地上に、屋外側に空間部を形成する凹凸部が
複数以上連続する非透水性材料からなる下葺き屋根材を
敷設し、下葺き屋根材の隣り合う凸部に跨がる形でパネ
ル屋根保持部材を固定し、パネル屋根保持部材および凸
部上におけるパネル屋根材の水上側および水下側の重合
状折下部と横方向の折下部の接続空間で囲まれる位置に
バックアップ材を配設し、この接続空間における隣り合
うパネル屋根材の折下部をパネル屋根保持部材で保持し
てあるため、水上側と水下側の重合状の折下部に経年に
よる堆積物が生じたり、集中豪雨等不測の事態により、
屋内側への浸水が生じても、屋内側全面に亘って敷設さ
れている下葺き屋根材で下流側に排水できて、漏水事故
を招くことがない。
[Function] A roofing material made of a water-impermeable material having a plurality of concavities and convexities forming a space portion on the outdoor side is laid on a base, and the roofing material straddles an adjacent convex portion of the roofing material. Fix the panel roof holding member with the backing material, and place the backup material in a position surrounded by the connection space between the overlapping folds below and above the panel roofing material above and below the panel roof holding material on the panel roof holding member and the projection. It is installed, and the folded part of the adjacent panel roof material in this connection space is held by the panel roof holding member, so that sediment due to aging or concentration occurs in the overlapping folded part on the water side and under the water. Due to unforeseen circumstances such as heavy rain,
Even if water is flooded on the indoor side, it can be drained to the downstream side with a roofing material laid all over the indoor side, and there is no water leakage accident.

【0023】また、パネル屋根材の屋内側には、下葺き
屋根材の凹凸部による空間部からなる空気層が形成され
ているので、内部結露を防止することができる。そし
て、パネル屋根材乃至バックアップ材の裏面をパネル保
持部材および下葺き屋根材の凸部で支持しているので、
パネル屋根材の板厚を薄くできると共に、バックアップ
材についても低密度、低強度ではあるが断熱性に優れた
材料を選択使用することができる。この結果、比較的安
価に断熱、強度性能に優れた屋根を提供することができ
る。
[0023] Further, since an air layer is formed on the indoor side of the panel roofing material, which is formed by a space formed by the uneven portions of the underlaying roofing material, internal dew condensation can be prevented. And, since the back surface of the panel roofing material or the backup material is supported by the panel holding member and the convex portion of the roofing material,
The thickness of the panel roofing material can be reduced, and as the backup material, a material having low density and low strength but excellent in heat insulation can be selected and used. As a result, it is possible to provide a roof excellent in heat insulation and strength performance at relatively low cost.

【0024】下地上に、屋外側に空間部を形成する凹凸
部が複数以上連続する非透水性材料からなる下葺き屋根
材を敷設し、下葺き屋根材の隣り合う凸部に跨がる形で
パネル屋根保持部材を固定し、横方向に隣り合うパネル
屋根保持部材さらには凸部上に跨がる形で、上方が開口
する断面略U形状の樋部と同樋部下端両側にバックアッ
プ材受けフランジを備えた補助樋兼バックアップ材受け
を流れ方向に一定間隔毎に配置・固定し、パネル屋根材
の横方向の折下部の接続空間と補助樋兼バックアップ材
受けで囲まれる位置にバックアップ材を配設し、接続空
間に隣り合うパネル屋根材の折下部が、樋部に隣り合う
パネル屋根材の重合状折下部がそれぞれ位置するように
して、パネル屋根保持部材で接続空間におけるパネル屋
根材の折下部を保持してあるため、水上側と水下側の重
合状の折下部に経年による堆積物が生じたり、集中豪雨
等不測の事態により、屋内側への浸水が生じても、補助
樋兼バックアップ材受けの樋部を経て、屋内側全面に亘
って敷設されている下葺き屋根材で下流側に排水でき
て、漏水事故を招くことがない。
[0024] On the ground, a roofing material made of a water-impermeable material having a plurality of concavities and convexities forming a space portion on the outdoor side is laid, and the roofing material straddles adjacent protrusions of the roofing material. The panel roof holding member is fixed with a, and it is straddled on the panel roof holding member adjacent to the horizontal direction and further over the convex portion, and a gutter portion having a substantially U-shaped cross section opening upward and backup materials on both sides of the lower end of the gutter portion. Auxiliary gutter / backup material receivers with receiving flanges are arranged and fixed at regular intervals in the flow direction, and the backup material is located at a position surrounded by the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver and the connection space at the lower part of the panel roofing material in the horizontal direction. The panel roof material adjacent to the connection space is positioned such that the folded portion of the panel roof material adjacent to the connection space is adjacent to the gutter portion, and the overlapped folded portion of the panel roof material is positioned adjacent to the gutter portion. Hold the folded part of Even if sedimentation due to aging occurs on the overlapping folded part on the upper and lower sides of the water and flooding on the indoor side occurs due to unforeseen circumstances such as concentrated heavy rain, the auxiliary gutter and backup material can be received. The drainage can be drained to the downstream side by the under-roofing material laid all over the indoor side through the gutter section, thereby preventing a water leakage accident.

【0025】また、パネル屋根材の屋内側には、下葺き
屋根材の凹凸部による空間部からなる空気層が形成され
ているので、内部結露を防止することができる。パネル
屋根材はバックアップ材と補助樋兼バックアップ材受け
によって、またバックアップ材は、バックアップ材受け
フランジとパネル屋根保持部材および下葺き屋根材の凸
部により、事実上全周を支持できることになるので、屋
根板の板厚を薄くできると共に、バックアップ材につい
ても低密度、低強度ではあるが断熱性に優れた材料を選
択使用することができる。この結果、主要部材のコスト
を低減できるので、比較的安価に断熱、強度性能に優れ
た屋根を提供することができる。
[0025] Further, since an air layer is formed on the indoor side of the panel roofing material, which is formed by a space formed by the uneven portions of the underlaying roofing material, internal dew condensation can be prevented. Since the panel roofing material can be supported by the backup material and the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver, and the backup material can be supported on the entire circumference by the backup material receiving flange and the projection of the panel roof holding member and the underlaying roof material, The thickness of the roof plate can be reduced, and a backup material having low density and low strength but excellent in heat insulation can be selected and used. As a result, since the cost of the main member can be reduced, a roof having excellent heat insulation and strength performance can be provided relatively inexpensively.

【0026】パネル屋根材とバックアップ材を、あらか
じめ一体化して複合化してあるため、薄肉板材と低密度
断熱材の組み合わせであっても、特に曲げ作用する荷重
について、さらに強度性能が向上すると共に、バックア
ップ材が破断したとしても凹部に脱落するようなことが
なくて所要の空間部を継続でき、且つ、一体であるから
施工性が向上する。
Since the panel roofing material and the backup material are integrated and compounded in advance, even with a combination of a thin-walled material and a low-density heat insulating material, the strength performance is further improved, especially with respect to the load acting on the bending, and Even if the backup material is broken, the required space can be continued without dropping into the concave portion, and the workability is improved because it is integral.

【0027】周縁に前記パネル屋根材と略同形状の折下
部を形成した太陽電池パネルを、屋根面の任意位置に所
要数だけ前記パネル屋根材に換えて配設・保持してある
ため、新規の施工時は勿論、将来の必要性に応じて、太
陽電池を設置する場合について、パネル屋根材を太陽電
池パネルに入れ替えるだけで良いので、このような太陽
電池システムの追加に際して屋根構造の屋内側構成に格
別の改修を施さずに済むという大きな利点があり、また
屋根上への架台の設置といった面倒な関連工事をする必
要がない。さらに、交換工事中、既設のパネル屋根材が
取り除かれている短期間に、降雨等があっても下葺き屋
根材があるので、漏水事故を招くことがない。
Since a required number of solar cell panels, each having a folded portion having substantially the same shape as the panel roofing material formed on the periphery thereof, are arranged and held at an arbitrary position on the roof surface in place of the panel roofing material, a new structure is provided. When installing solar cells, of course, according to the future needs, it is only necessary to replace the panel roof material with solar cell panels, so when adding such a solar cell system, the indoor side of the roof structure There is a great advantage that the structure does not have to be specially modified, and there is no need for troublesome related works such as installation of a stand on the roof. Further, during the replacement work, even if it is rainy during the short period of time when the existing panel roofing material is removed, there is no underground roofing material, so no water leakage accident is caused.

【0028】また、屋根面構成中の所要の単位パネルを
交換するだけの簡単な作業で、太陽エネルギーに対応す
るシステム化された屋根を得ることができる。そして、
パネル屋根の内側には、空気層が形成されているので、
過度の温度上昇による太陽電池の変換効率の低下を防止
することができる。また、配線を空気層内にすることが
できるので、屋根面への防水処理を伴う配線工事をする
必要がない。
Further, a systemized roof corresponding to solar energy can be obtained by a simple operation of merely replacing required unit panels in the roof surface configuration. And
Since an air layer is formed inside the panel roof,
It is possible to prevent the conversion efficiency of the solar cell from lowering due to an excessive temperature rise. In addition, since the wiring can be placed in the air space, there is no need to perform wiring work involving waterproof treatment on the roof surface.

【0029】パネル屋根材の接続空間を覆う化粧部とパ
ネル屋根材または前記パネル屋根保持部材またはパネル
屋根保持部材に固定状のキャップ保持部材における被係
合部と弾性係合する係合部を備えた化粧キャップで、前
記パネル屋根材の接続空間を化粧してあるため、横方向
の折下部を簡単に覆うことができ、雨仕舞、意匠性が向
上する。
There is provided a decorative portion for covering the connection space of the panel roofing material, and an engaging portion for elastically engaging the engaged portion of the panel roofing material or the cap holding member fixed to the panel roof holding member or the panel roof holding member. Since the connecting space of the panel roofing material is covered with a decorative cap, the folded portion in the horizontal direction can be easily covered, and the rain finish and the design are improved.

【0030】[0030]

【実施例】図1乃至図4には本発明のパネル屋根の構造
の第1実施例を例示しており、鉄骨母屋からなる下地1
上にはスタッドボルト64を溶接して立設すると共に、下
葺き屋根材2を並列状に敷設してある。
1 to 4 show a first embodiment of the structure of a panel roof according to the present invention.
The stud bolts 64 are welded on the top, and the roofing material 2 is laid in parallel.

【0031】下葺き屋根材2は屋根の軒棟方向の全長に
亘る長尺状のロールフォーミングした金属板製のもの
で、凹部3と凸部4を流れ方向に並列状に複数以上連続
させて形成してある。また、凸部4における後で説明す
るパネル屋根保持部材9が取り付けられる凸部4に対し
て、バックアップ材29を直接受支する凸部4はパネル屋
根保持部材9高さ分だけ高い比率関係にしてある。この
下葺き屋根材2は横方向に隣り合う左右側縁の凸部4を
重合して、この重合状の凸部4を同凸部4上面の孔5に
貫通状のスタッドボルト64に上下のナット65,66 で固定
してある。そして、下葺き屋根材2上にパネル屋根保持
部材9を、横方向にはパネル屋根材30のほぼ幅間隔毎
に、流れ方向にはパネル屋根材30の少なくともほぼ長さ
間隔毎に、それぞれ左右に隣り合う凸部4に跨がらせて
配設して固定してある。尚、パネル屋根保持部材9の流
れ方向の配設数については、パネル屋根材30の長さに対
応して押圧強度等の所要の受支関係が得られるように増
減する。
The underlaying roofing material 2 is made of a long roll-formed metal plate over the entire length of the roof in the direction of the eaves ridge, and a plurality of concave portions 3 and convex portions 4 are continuously formed in parallel in the flow direction. It is formed. Further, with respect to the convex portion 4 to which the panel roof holding member 9 described later is attached, the convex portion 4 which directly receives the backup material 29 has a ratio higher by the height of the panel roof holding member 9. It is. The underlaying roofing material 2 overlaps laterally adjacent convex portions 4 on the right and left edges, and the overlapping convex portions 4 are vertically attached to stud bolts 64 penetrating through holes 5 on the upper surface of the convex portions 4. It is fixed with nuts 65 and 66. Then, the panel roof holding member 9 is placed on the underlaying roofing material 2, in the horizontal direction at approximately every width interval of the panel roofing material 30, and in the flow direction, at least approximately every lengthwise interval of the panel roofing material 30. Are arranged and fixed so as to straddle the adjacent convex portion 4. The number of the panel roof holding members 9 arranged in the flow direction is increased or decreased in accordance with the length of the panel roof material 30 so as to obtain a required support relationship such as a pressing strength.

【0032】パネル屋根保持部材9はプレス成形した横
長の金属製のもので、裏面中央にナット11を溶接してネ
ジ部12を形成すると共に、このネジ部12脇の水下側に長
孔状の排水孔13を開口した中央の略U形状取付部10と、
同U形状取付部10の左右上端から外側に水平状に延びる
第1バックアップ材受支部14と、同第1バックアップ材
受支部14先端から外側に延びる略U形状の固定部15と、
同固定部15先端から外側に水平状に延びる第2バックア
ップ材受支部17と、第1バックアップ材受支部14の内側
端前後に上向きに打ち出した起立部18を有している。こ
のパネル屋根保持部材9は、重合状の凸部4上に載乗し
ている左側の固定部15を同固定部15の孔16に貫通状のス
タッドボルト64にナット66で固定し、右隣りの凸部4上
に載乗している右側の固定部15は同固定部15の孔16に通
したビス67を凸部4に螺着して固定してある。そして、
横方向に隣り合うパネル屋根保持部材9の起立部18間に
おける凸部4と第1および第2バックアップ材受支部1
4,17 上にはバックアップ材29を敷設して、このバック
アップ材29裏面側を同じ高さレベルの凸部4と第1およ
び第2バックアップ材受支部14,17 とで受支してある。
The panel roof holding member 9 is made of a press-formed horizontally long metal, and a nut 11 is welded to the center of the back surface to form a screw portion 12, and an elongated hole is formed under the screw portion 12 under the water. A substantially U-shaped mounting portion 10 at the center of the drainage hole 13 opened,
A first backup material receiving portion 14 extending horizontally outward from the upper right and left ends of the U-shaped mounting portion 10; a substantially U-shaped fixing portion 15 extending outward from the tip of the first backup material receiving portion 14;
It has a second backup material receiving portion 17 extending horizontally from the tip of the fixed portion 15 to the outside, and an upright portion 18 projecting upward and backward around the inner end of the first backup material receiving portion 14. In this panel roof holding member 9, the left fixing portion 15 mounted on the overlapping convex portion 4 is fixed to a hole 16 of the fixing portion 15 with a penetrating stud bolt 64 with a nut 66, and the right side is fixed to the right side. The right fixing portion 15 mounted on the convex portion 4 is fixed by screwing a screw 67 passing through a hole 16 of the fixing portion 15 to the convex portion 4. And
The convex portion 4 and the first and second backup material receiving portions 1 between the upright portions 18 of the panel roof holding members 9 adjacent to each other in the horizontal direction.
A backup material 29 is laid on the upper and lower surfaces of the backup material 29, and the back surface of the backup material 29 is supported by the convex portion 4 having the same height level and the first and second backup material receiving portions 14, 17.

【0033】バックアップ材29は樹脂系断熱材料製のも
ので、パネル屋根材30よりも一回り小さいサイズの相似
形状に成形してある。このバックアップ材29は、横方向
に隣り合うパネル屋根保持部材9における起立部18間の
第1および第2バックアップ材受支部14,17 と凸部4上
に亘り敷設すると共に、流れ方向に後で説明するパネル
屋根材30の水上側折下部31と水下側折下部33の重合部分
の間隔を第1および第2バックアップ材受支部14,17 と
凸部4上に開けて敷設してある。
The backup material 29 is made of a resin-based heat insulating material, and is formed into a similar shape having a size slightly smaller than the panel roof material 30. The backup material 29 is laid over the first and second backup material receiving portions 14 and 17 and the convex portion 4 between the upright portions 18 of the panel roof holding member 9 adjacent to the lateral direction, and is later provided in the flow direction. The overlap between the upper folding part 31 and the lower folding part 33 of the panel roofing material 30 to be described is laid on the first and second backup material receiving parts 14 and 17 and the convex part 4 at intervals.

【0034】パネル屋根材30は屋根の流れ方向の全長を
所望数に分割した定尺状の金属板製のもので、流れ方向
の上縁には同端縁を折り下げた後に水上側に水平状に延
ばして立ち上げた略U形状水上側折下部31を形成する一
方、下縁には同端縁を折り下げた後に水下側に水平状に
延ばして略L形状水下側折下部33を形成し、且つ、横方
向の左右側縁には同端縁を折り下げた後で外側に折り返
して左側折下部34と右側折下部35をそれぞれ形成してあ
る。尚、水上側折下部31は立ち上げ部分31a を有しない
略L形状のものであっても良い。このパネル屋根材30は
バックアップ材29上にそれぞれ敷設して、横並びのパネ
ル屋根保持部材9の第1および第2バックアップ材受支
部14,17 と凸部4に亘り載乗している水上側折下部31上
に水下側折下部33を重合状に継ぎ合わせると共に、各パ
ネル屋根保持部材9の取付部10上の接続空間82における
横方向に隣り合う左右折下部34,35 を押付け部材52およ
びボルト68で取付部10に固定して保持してある。
The panel roofing material 30 is made of a fixed-sized metal plate in which the total length in the flow direction of the roof is divided into a desired number. A substantially U-shaped underwater folding part 31 is formed, and the lower edge of the substantially U-shaped underwater folding part 31 is folded down and then extended horizontally to the underwater to form a substantially L-shaped underwater folding part 33. In addition, left and right folded lower portions 35 and 35 are formed on the left and right side edges in the lateral direction, respectively, after folding the same edge and then turning outward. Note that the water folding part 31 may be substantially L-shaped without the rising part 31a. The panel roofing material 30 is laid on the backup material 29, and is folded over the first and second backup material receiving portions 14 and 17 of the side-by-side panel roof holding member 9 and the convex portion 4. The lower folding part 33 is spliced on the lower part 31 in an overlapping manner, and the left and right folding lower parts 34, 35 adjacent to each other in the lateral direction in the connection space 82 on the mounting part 10 of each panel roof holding member 9 are pressed by the pressing members 52 and It is fixed to the mounting portion 10 by bolts 68 and held.

【0035】押付け部材52は断面が略門形状の長尺な樹
脂或いは金属製のもので、両下端の押え部分53で接続空
間82における横方向に隣り合う左右折下部34,35 下端の
返し部分34a,35a を押え付けると共に、左右のパネル屋
根材30の接続空間82を覆設している。そして、ボルト68
は押付け部材52上面の孔54に差し込まれて取付部10のネ
ジ部12に螺着していて、その締め付け力でもって押え部
分53が返し部分34a,35a を取付部10上面に圧接した状態
に保持している。このボルト68の頭部には防水キャップ
68a を覆設して簡易防水処理してある。また、押付け部
材52の高さはボルト68頭部が屋根面から出ない程度にし
てある。
The pressing member 52 is made of a long resin or metal having a substantially gate-shaped cross section. Left and right bent lower portions 34, 35 adjacent to the connecting space 82 in the lateral direction in the connecting space 82 by pressing portions 53 at both lower ends. 34a and 35a are pressed down, and the connection space 82 of the left and right panel roofing materials 30 is covered. And bolt 68
Is inserted into the hole 54 on the upper surface of the pressing member 52 and is screwed to the screw portion 12 of the mounting portion 10, and the pressing portion 53 presses the return portions 34a, 35a against the upper surface of the mounting portion 10 with the tightening force. keeping. Waterproof cap on the head of this bolt 68
68a is covered and easily waterproofed. The height of the pressing member 52 is set so that the head of the bolt 68 does not protrude from the roof surface.

【0036】これにより、水上側と水下側の重合状の折
下部31,33 に経年による堆積物が生じたり、集中豪雨等
不測の事態により、屋内側への浸水が生じても、屋内側
全面に亘って敷設されている下葺き屋根材2で下流側に
排水できて、漏水事故を招くことがない。
As a result, even if sediment due to aging is formed in the overlapped folded portions 31 and 33 on the upper side and the lower side, and even if the indoor side is flooded due to an unforeseen situation such as concentrated torrential rain, even if the indoor side is flooded, The drainage can be drained to the downstream side by the under-roofing material 2 laid over the entire surface, so that a water leakage accident does not occur.

【0037】パネル屋根材30の屋内側には、下葺き屋根
材2の凹部3、凸部4による空間部6からなる空気層7
が形成されているので、内部結露を防止することができ
る。そして、パネル屋根材30乃至バックアップ材29の裏
面をパネル屋根保持部材9および下葺き屋根材2の凸部
4で支持しているので、パネル屋根材30の板厚を薄くで
きると共に、バックアップ材29についても低密度、低強
度ではあるが断熱性に優れた材料を選択使用することが
できる。この結果、比較的安価に断熱、強度性能に優れ
た屋根を提供することができる。
On the indoor side of the panel roofing material 30, an air layer 7 composed of a space 6 formed by the concave portions 3 and the convex portions 4 of the underlining roofing material 2.
Is formed, it is possible to prevent internal dew condensation. Since the back surfaces of the panel roofing material 30 to the backup material 29 are supported by the panel roof holding member 9 and the projections 4 of the underlaying roofing material 2, the thickness of the panel roofing material 30 can be reduced and the backup material 29 can be reduced. Also, a material having low density and low strength but excellent in heat insulation can be selected and used. As a result, it is possible to provide a roof excellent in heat insulation and strength performance at relatively low cost.

【0038】バックアップ材29の横方向の敷設位置を、
パネル屋根保持部材9における第1バックアップ材受支
部14内側端の前後に打ち出して形成した起立部18によっ
て規制・指定してあるので、この横並びの起立部18間に
バックアップ材29を嵌め込むようにして迅速且つ容易に
敷設することができ、施工性が向上する。
The laying position of the backup material 29 in the horizontal direction is
Since it is regulated and specified by the upright portions 18 formed by stamping the front and rear sides of the inner side of the first backup material receiving portion 14 of the panel roof holding member 9, the backup material 29 is quickly fitted between the horizontally arranged upright portions 18. And it can be laid easily, and the workability is improved.

【0039】ボルト68の頭部に防水キャップ68a を覆設
してあるので、頭部からの浸水を阻止でき、また、この
ボルト68が螺着している取付部10のネジ部12脇の水下側
に長孔状排水孔13を開口してあるので、ネジ部12回りの
排水を促進できる。
Since the waterproof cap 68a is covered on the head of the bolt 68, it is possible to prevent water from leaking from the head, and the water beside the screw portion 12 of the mounting portion 10 to which the bolt 68 is screwed. Since the elongated drain hole 13 is opened on the lower side, drainage around the screw portion 12 can be promoted.

【0040】パネル屋根材30における水上側および水下
側折下部31,33 の重合部分高さとバックアップ材29の厚
さをほぼ同等にして、パネル屋根材30とバックアップ材
29の流れ方向に隣り合う端縁が横並びのパネル屋根保持
部材9の第1および第2バックアップ材受支部14,17 と
凸部4に亘りそれぞれ受支されているので、流れ方向の
接続部分における踏圧等の押圧強度を向上できる。ま
た、下葺き屋根材2の固定とパネル屋根保持部材9にお
ける一方の固定を、1本のスタッドボルト64で兼用して
いるので、部品点数の省力化に有効である。
The height of the overlapped portion of the upper and lower folded portions 31 and 33 of the panel roofing material 30 and the thickness of the backup material 29 are made substantially equal to each other to make the panel roofing material 30 and the backup material
Since the edges adjacent to each other in the flow direction of 29 are supported over the first and second backup material receiving portions 14 and 17 and the convex portion 4 of the panel roof holding member 9 arranged side by side, the connection portion in the flow direction is provided. Pressing strength such as tread pressure can be improved. In addition, since one stud bolt 64 is used for fixing the underlaying roofing material 2 and one of the fixings for the panel roof holding member 9, it is effective in saving the number of parts.

【0041】図5には本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第2
実施例を例示しており、構成は前記第1実施例のものと
基本的に同一であるため、共通している構成の説明を省
略して、相違する構成について説明する。
FIG. 5 shows the second structure of the panel roof of the present invention.
Embodiment 1 is illustrated, and the configuration is basically the same as that of the first embodiment. Therefore, description of the common configuration will be omitted, and different configuration will be described.

【0042】取付部10にボルト69を溶接して立設して、
このボルト69に押付け部材52をナット70で締め付け固定
してある。押付け部材52は短尺状で高さを低くしてあ
り、この押付け部材52の上面にキャップ保持部材55を前
記ナット70で固定してある。そしてキャップ保持部材55
は断面略U形状の定尺の金属製のもので、左右上端から
外側に略鉤形状に延びる被係合部56を形成していて、こ
の左右の被係合部56に化粧キャップ59を係合してある。
また、左右の被係合部56先端には同先端を内側斜め上方
に立ち上げて上縁部57を形成してあり、この上縁部57を
ガイドとして化粧キャップ59の係合部62が被係合部56に
係合し易くしてある。化粧キャップ59は断面略門形状の
長尺な金属製のもので、上面の化粧部60の左右側縁から
下方に折り曲げた下がり部61下端をそれぞれ内側に折り
返して係合部62をキャップ保持部材55の被係合部56に弾
性係合可能に形成しており、この係合部62をキャップ保
持部材55の被係合部56に弾性係合させて、左右のパネル
屋根材30の接続空間82を覆設すると共に、パネル屋根面
をほぼ同一平面状に化粧して仕上げてある。
A bolt 69 is welded to the mounting portion 10 to stand upright.
The pressing member 52 is fastened and fixed to the bolt 69 with a nut 70. The pressing member 52 is short and has a low height, and the cap holding member 55 is fixed to the upper surface of the pressing member 52 with the nut 70. And the cap holding member 55
Is a fixed-length metal member having a substantially U-shaped cross section, and forms an engaged portion 56 extending in a substantially hook shape outward from the upper left and right ends. A decorative cap 59 is engaged with the left and right engaged portions 56. Have been combined.
Also, at the tips of the left and right engaged portions 56, the tips are raised obliquely inward and upward to form upper edges 57, and the engaging portions 62 of the decorative cap 59 are covered using the upper edges 57 as guides. The engagement with the engagement portion 56 is facilitated. The decorative cap 59 is made of a long metal having a substantially gate-shaped cross section, and the lower part 61 bent downward from the left and right side edges of the decorative part 60 on the upper surface is folded inward at each lower end to form the engaging part 62 as a cap holding member. 55 is formed so as to be elastically engageable with the engaged portion 56, and the engaging portion 62 is elastically engaged with the engaged portion 56 of the cap holding member 55 to form a connection space between the left and right panel roof members 30. In addition to covering 82, the panel roof surface is finished in almost the same plane.

【0043】これにより、前記第1実施例のものと同様
の効果があり、さらに、パネル屋根材30の接続空間82を
覆う化粧部60とパネル屋根保持部材9に固定状のキャッ
プ保持部材55における被係合部56と弾性係合する係合部
62を備えた化粧キャップ59で、パネル屋根材30の接続空
間82を化粧してあるので、横方向の左右折下部34,35を
簡単に覆うことができ、雨仕舞、意匠性が向上する。
This has the same effect as that of the first embodiment, and furthermore, the cap holding member 55 fixed to the decorative portion 60 and the panel roof holding member 9 covering the connection space 82 of the panel roofing material 30. An engaging portion elastically engaged with the engaged portion 56
Since the connecting space 82 of the panel roofing material 30 is covered with the decorative cap 59 provided with 62, the horizontal left and right lower portions 34 and 35 can be easily covered, and the rain finish and the design are improved.

【0044】図6乃至図10には本発明のパネル屋根の構
造の第3実施例を例示しており、構成は前記第2実施例
のものと基本的に同一であるため、共通している構成の
説明を省略して、相違する構成について説明する。
FIGS. 6 to 10 show a third embodiment of the structure of the panel roof according to the present invention. Since the structure is basically the same as that of the second embodiment, it is common. The description of the configuration will be omitted, and different configurations will be described.

【0045】鉄骨母屋からなる下地1にフック金具71を
掛け、フック金具71上面のネジ部72にボルト73を螺着し
て立設してある。このボルト73は上下端が雄ネジ部74
で、上側の雄ネジ部74基端がナット部75である特殊タイ
プのものである。下地1上に敷設してある断熱系の下地
材79上には下葺き屋根材2を敷設して、この下葺き屋根
材2における左右側縁の重合状の凸部4は同凸部4の孔
5に貫通状のボルト73の上側雄ネジ部74に対して下側の
ナット部75と上側のナット76で固定してある。
A hook fitting 71 is hung on a base 1 made of a steel purlin, and a bolt 73 is screwed on a screw portion 72 on the upper surface of the hook fitting 71 to be erected. The upper and lower ends of this bolt 73 are male thread 74
It is a special type in which the base end of the upper male screw part 74 is a nut part 75. An underlaying roofing material 2 is laid on a heat insulating base material 79 laid on the basement 1, and the overlapping convex portions 4 on the left and right side edges of the underlaying roofing material 2 are the same as the convex portions 4. A lower nut portion 75 and an upper nut 76 are fixed to the upper male screw portion 74 of the penetrating bolt 73 in the hole 5.

【0046】下葺き屋根材2は凸部4高さが同じで、中
央の横方向に隣り合う凸部4にパネル屋根保持部材9を
跨がらせてワンサイドボルト77で固定すると共に、重合
状の凸部4上に沿い発泡樹脂系の長尺なスペーサ材80を
敷設して、このスペーサ材80上のバックアップ材29を受
支している。
The underlaying roofing material 2 has the same height of the protrusions 4, the panel roof holding member 9 is straddled over the protrusions 4 adjacent in the center in the horizontal direction, and is fixed with one-side bolts 77. A long foamed resin-based spacer material 80 is laid along the convex portion 4 of the above, and the backup material 29 on the spacer material 80 is supported.

【0047】パネル屋根保持部材9は第1バックアップ
材受支部14と固定部15との間に当て部19を、固定される
隣接状の凸部4における対向状の斜面部5a上半にそれぞ
れ沿接可能に形成してあり、この当て部19は凸部4の斜
面部5a上半に沿接していて、凸部4に対するパネル屋根
保持部材9の取付性向上および座り安定性を高めてあ
る。尚、起立部18と排水孔13は除いてある。
The panel roof holding member 9 has an abutting portion 19 between the first backup material receiving portion 14 and the fixing portion 15, and extends along the upper half of the facing slope 5 a of the adjacent convex portion 4 to be fixed. The contact portion 19 is formed along the upper half of the slope 5a of the projection 4 to improve the attachment of the panel roof holding member 9 to the projection 4 and the sitting stability. Note that the upright portion 18 and the drain hole 13 are omitted.

【0048】そして、横方向に隣り合うパネル屋根保持
部材9および凸部4上に跨がる形で補助樋兼バックアッ
プ材受け24を流れ方向に一定間隔毎に配置・固定してあ
る。この補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24は、パネル屋根
材30における水上側および水下側折下部31,33 長さに準
じる定尺状の金属製のもので、上方が開口した断面略U
形状の樋部25と、同樋部25下端両側から水平状に延びる
バックアップ材受けフランジ26と、樋部25両端から外側
斜め下向きに延びる水切り部27を形成しており、同フラ
ンジ26をパネル屋根保持部材9および凸部4上にビス78
で固定してある。
An auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 is arranged and fixed at regular intervals in the flow direction so as to straddle the panel roof holding members 9 and the projections 4 adjacent to each other in the horizontal direction. The auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 is made of a metal of a fixed size in accordance with the length of the upper and lower bent portions 31 and 33 of the panel roofing material 30 above and below the panel roofing material 30, and has a substantially U-shaped cross section with an upper opening.
A gutter portion 25 having a shape, a backup material receiving flange 26 extending horizontally from both lower ends of the gutter portion 25, and a draining portion 27 extending diagonally downward outward from both ends of the gutter portion 25 are formed. Screw 78 on the holding member 9 and the projection 4
It is fixed with.

【0049】バックアップ材29は、パネル屋根材30の横
方向の左右折下部34,35 の接続空間82と水上側および水
下側の補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24とで囲まれる位置
に配設しており、このバックアップ材29は、パネル屋根
保持部材9の第1および第2バックアップ材受支部14,1
7 と、スペーサ材80を介して凸部4とで受支すると共
に、バックアップ材29の水上側端部29a を水上側の補助
樋兼バックアップ材受け24における水下側のバックアッ
プ材受けフランジ26で、水下側端部29b を水下側の補助
樋兼バックアップ材受け24における水上側のバックアッ
プ材受けフランジ26で、それぞれ受支してある。
The backup material 29 is disposed at a position surrounded by the connection space 82 between the left and right bent portions 34 and 35 of the panel roof material 30 and the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 on the upper and lower sides of the water. The backup material 29 is provided by the first and second backup material receiving portions 14 and 1 of the panel roof holding member 9.
7 and the convex portion 4 via the spacer member 80, and the water-side end portion 29a of the backup material 29 is supported by the backup-material receiving flange 26 on the underwater side of the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 on the waterside. The underwater end portion 29b is supported by a backup material receiving flange 26 on the waterside of the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 on the underwater side.

【0050】パネル屋根材30は、流れ方向に隣り合う水
上側折下部31と水下側折下部33を樋部25内で重合してあ
り、この重合部分からの浸水を樋部25で受けて、両端の
水切り部27より下葺き屋根材2側へ導いて排水可能にし
てある。
In the panel roofing material 30, the water-side folded portion 31 and the water-folded lower portion 33 adjacent to each other in the flow direction are overlapped in the gutter portion 25. The water can be drained from the draining portions 27 at both ends to the roofing roofing material 2 side.

【0051】またパネル屋根材30は、定尺の押付け部材
52およびボルト69、ナット70で取付部10に固定された隣
り合う左右の折下部34,35 における下がり部34b,35b 途
中に被係合部36を内側に断面略半円状に折り曲げて形成
してあり、この左右の被係合部36に化粧キャップ59を係
合してある。化粧キャップ59は断面略門形状のもので、
左右下端から外側へ断面略半円状に折り曲げて係合部62
を被係合部36に弾性係合可能に形成すると共に、この左
右の係合部62下端から内側斜め下方に延びる下縁部63を
形成してある。そして、化粧キャップ59はガイドとして
働く左右の下縁部63から隣接状の左右折下部34,35 間に
嵌め込み、係合部62を被係合部36に弾性係合させること
により、左右のパネル屋根材30の接続空間82を覆設する
と共に、パネル屋根面をほぼ同一平面状に化粧して仕上
げてある。
The panel roofing material 30 is a fixed-size pressing member.
The engaged portion 36 is bent inward into a substantially semicircular cross section in the middle of the descending portions 34b, 35b of the adjacent left and right folded portions 34, 35 fixed to the mounting portion 10 with 52, bolts 69, and nuts 70. The decorative cap 59 is engaged with the left and right engaged portions 36. The makeup cap 59 has a substantially gate-shaped cross section,
The engaging portion 62 is bent outwardly from the left and right lower ends in a substantially semicircular cross section.
Are formed so as to be elastically engageable with the engaged portion 36, and a lower edge 63 extending obliquely downward and inward from the lower ends of the left and right engaging portions 62 is formed. The decorative cap 59 is fitted between the adjacent left and right lower portions 34 and 35 from the left and right lower edge portions 63 serving as guides, and the engaging portion 62 is elastically engaged with the engaged portion 36, so that the left and right panel portions are engaged. The connection space 82 of the roofing material 30 is covered, and the panel roof surface is decoratively finished in substantially the same plane.

【0052】これにより、前記第2実施例のものと起立
部18および排水孔13の有無による点を除いて同様の効果
があり、さらに、補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24におけ
る樋部25に流れ方向に隣り合うパネル屋根材30の重合状
折下部31,33 を位置させてあるので、この重合状の折下
部31,33 に経年による堆積物が生じたり、集中豪雨等不
測の事態により、屋内側への浸水が生じても、樋部25を
経て、屋内側全面に亘って敷設されている下葺き屋根材
2で下流側に排水できて、漏水事故を招くことがない。
また、樋部25の両端における底部25b には、主樋として
機能する下葺き屋根材2の凹部3に向けて垂下する水切
り部27を配設してあるので、副樋として機能する樋部25
から凹部3への雨水の流れを遅滞なくスムーズに行わし
めることができる。
This has the same effect as that of the second embodiment except that the upright portion 18 and the drain hole 13 are provided. The overlapping folds 31 and 33 of the panel roofing material 30 adjacent to the roof are located on the inside of the building due to sedimentation due to aging in these folds 31 and 33, Even if water is flooded, the water can be drained to the downstream side through the gutter section 25 by the under-roofing roofing material 2 laid all over the indoor side, so that a water leakage accident does not occur.
Further, at the bottom portions 25b at both ends of the gutter portion 25, a drain portion 27 hanging down toward the concave portion 3 of the roofing roof material 2 functioning as a main gutter is provided, so that the gutter portion 25 functioning as a sub gutter is provided.
The flow of rainwater from the water to the recess 3 can be smoothly performed without delay.

【0053】また、パネル屋根材30はバックアップ材29
と補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24によって、またバック
アップ材29は、バックアップ材受けフランジ26とパネル
屋根保持部材9および下葺き屋根材2の凸部4により、
事実上全周を支持できることになるので、屋根板の板厚
を薄くできると共に、バックアップ材29についても低密
度、低強度ではあるが断熱性に優れた材料を選択使用す
ることができる。この結果、主要部材のコストを低減で
きるので、比較的安価に断熱、強度性能に優れた屋根を
提供することができる。しかも、バックアップ材29の流
れ方向の敷設位置を、水下側と水上側の補助樋兼バック
アップ材受け24におけるバックアップ材受けウランジ26
および樋部25の立ち上げ部25a によって規制・指定して
あるので、この水下側と水上側の樋部25の立ち上げ部25
a 間にバックアップ材29を嵌め込むようにして迅速且つ
容易に敷設することができ、施工性が向上する。
The panel roofing material 30 is a backup material 29.
The backup material 29 is formed by the backup material receiving flange 26, the panel roof holding member 9, and the projection 4 of the underlaying roof material 2.
Since the entire circumference can be supported, the thickness of the roof plate can be reduced, and a material having low density and low strength but excellent in heat insulation can be selected and used as the backup material 29. As a result, since the cost of the main member can be reduced, a roof having excellent heat insulation and strength performance can be provided relatively inexpensively. In addition, the laying position of the backup material 29 in the flow direction is adjusted by setting the backup material receiving
And the riser 25a of the gutter 25, the riser 25 of the gutter 25 below and above the water is provided.
The backup material 29 can be laid quickly and easily with the back-up material 29 fitted between the a and the workability is improved.

【0054】パネル屋根材30の接続空間82を覆う化粧部
60とパネル屋根材30における被係合部36と弾性係合する
係合部62を備えた化粧キャップ59で、パネル屋根材30の
接続空間82を化粧してあるため、横方向の左右折下部3
4,35 を簡単に覆うことができ、雨仕舞、意匠性が向上
する。特に、化粧キャップ59の係合部62をパネル屋根材
30の左右折下部34,35 における被係合部36に弾性係合し
てあるので、雨仕舞が良好で優れている。
A decorative part covering the connection space 82 of the panel roofing material 30
Since the connection space 82 of the panel roofing material 30 is covered with the decorative cap 59 having the engaging portion 62 that elastically engages with the engaged portion 36 of the panel roofing material 30, the left and right laterally folded lower portions are formed. Three
4,35 can be easily covered, and rain finish and design are improved. In particular, the engaging portion 62 of the decorative cap 59 is
Since it is elastically engaged with the to-be-engaged portion 36 in the left and right folded lower portions 34 and 35 of the 30, the rain finish is good and excellent.

【0055】下地1と下葺き屋根材2との間に断熱系の
下地材79を敷設してあるので、断熱性が向上する。横方
向に隣り合う下葺き屋根材2の重合状の凸部4上に沿い
スペーサ材80を敷設して、このスペーサ材80でバックア
ップ材29を受支することにより、重合状の凸部4を接続
固定しているボルト73上端がバックアップ材29裏面に接
しないようにしてあるので、踏圧等の押圧に対してバッ
クアップ材29が損傷せず、断熱能力を維持できる。
Since the heat insulating base material 79 is laid between the base material 1 and the roofing roof material 2, the heat insulating property is improved. A spacer material 80 is laid along the overlapping protrusions 4 of the underlaying roof material 2 which is adjacent in the lateral direction, and the spacer material 80 receives the backup material 29 so that the overlapping protrusions 4 are formed. Since the upper ends of the bolts 73 that are connected and fixed are not in contact with the back surface of the backup material 29, the backup material 29 is not damaged by pressing such as treading pressure, and the heat insulating ability can be maintained.

【0056】図11および図12には本発明のパネル屋根の
構造の第4実施例を例示しており、流れ方向に太陽電池
パネル41を、横方向に太陽電池パネル41とパネル屋根材
30を、組み合わせて葺いた態様のもので、構成は前記第
2実施例のものと基本的に同一であるため、共通してい
る構成の説明を省略して、相違する構成について説明す
る。
FIGS. 11 and 12 show a fourth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof of the present invention. The solar cell panel 41 is arranged in the flow direction, and the solar cell panel 41 and the panel roof material are arranged in the horizontal direction.
30 is a combination of the roofs and the configuration is basically the same as that of the second embodiment. Therefore, the description of the common configuration will be omitted, and the different configuration will be described.

【0057】パネル屋根保持部材9は第1バックアップ
材受支部14と固定部15との間に当て部19を、固定される
隣接状の凸部4における対向状の斜面部5a上半にそれぞ
れ沿接可能に形成してあり、この当て部19は凸部4の斜
面部5a上半に沿接していて、凸部4に対するパネル屋根
保持部材9の取付性向上および座り安定性を高めてあ
る。
The panel roof holding member 9 has an abutting portion 19 between the first backup material receiving portion 14 and the fixing portion 15, and extends along the upper half of the facing slope portion 5 a of the adjacent convex portion 4 to be fixed. The contact portion 19 is formed along the upper half of the slope 5a of the projection 4 to improve the attachment of the panel roof holding member 9 to the projection 4 and the sitting stability.

【0058】太陽電池パネル41は、表面をガラス等の透
光材42で被って周囲を水密処理し、内側に太陽電池43を
配し、周縁にアルミニウム押出形材製の枠材44を周設し
てある。そして、枠材44における流れ方向の水上側には
同端縁下端から水上側に水平状に延びて立ち上げる水上
側折下部45を、水下側には同端縁上端から水下側に水平
状に延びて下がる水下側折下部48を、それぞれパネル屋
根材30のものとほぼ同形状に形成し、且つ、横方向の左
右側縁には同端縁から下げて内側に折り返した左側折下
部49と右側折下部50をパネル屋根材30のものと同形状に
形成してある。この太陽電池パネル41は横並びのパネル
屋根保持部材9の第1および第2バックアップ材受支部
14,17 と凸部4に亘り敷設して、流れ方向に隣り合う太
陽電池パネル41の水上側折下部45上に水下側折下部48を
重合状に継ぎ合わせる。そして、取付部10上の接続空間
82における横方向に隣り合う太陽電池パネル41とパネル
屋根材30の左右折下部50,34 を定尺状で高さが低い押付
け部材52およびボルト69、ナット70で取付部10に固定し
て保持してある。また、太陽電池パネル41における枠材
44の水上側折下部45には水上側に水平状に延びる受け部
46を形成していて、この受け部46で水下側折下部48先端
の下げ部48a を受け止めてある。
The solar cell panel 41 is covered with a light-transmitting material 42 such as glass, and the periphery thereof is water-tight. A solar cell 43 is provided on the inner side, and a frame member 44 made of an extruded aluminum material is provided around the periphery. I have. On the water side in the flow direction of the frame material 44, a water-side folded lower part 45 extending horizontally from the lower end of the edge to the water side and rising upward, and horizontally below the upper edge of the same edge on the water side. The underwater folds 48 extending downward in the shape of the panel roof material 30 are each formed in substantially the same shape as that of the panel roofing material 30, and the left and right side edges in the horizontal direction are folded down from the same edges and folded inward. The lower part 49 and the right turn lower part 50 are formed in the same shape as that of the panel roofing material 30. The solar cell panel 41 is provided with first and second backup material receiving portions of the panel roof holding member 9 arranged side by side.
The underwater folding part 48 is laid on the waterside folding part 45 of the solar cell panel 41 which is adjacent to the solar cell panel 41 in the flow direction. And the connection space on the mounting part 10
The horizontally adjacent solar cell panel 41 and the left and right bent lower portions 50 and 34 of the panel roofing material 30 at 82 are fixed to the mounting portion 10 with a fixed-size, low-height pressing member 52, a bolt 69, and a nut 70 and held. I have. In addition, the frame material in the solar cell panel 41
Receiving part horizontally extending on the water side is located on the lower part 45
The receiving portion 46 receives the lowered portion 48a at the tip of the underwater folded portion 48.

【0059】また太陽電池パネル41における左右折下部
49,50 の下がり部49a,50a 途中には被係合部51を、屋根
パネル30における左右折下部34,35 の下がり部34b,35b
の被係合部36と対称状に凹設形成してあり、この左右の
対向状の被係合部51,36 に化粧キャップ59を係合してあ
る。
The lower left and right parts of the solar cell panel 41
In the middle of the lowering portions 49a, 50a of the 49, 50, the engaged portion 51 is provided with the lowering portions 34b, 35b
The decorative cap 59 is engaged with the left and right opposed engaged portions 51 and 36.

【0060】化粧キャップ59はアルミニウム押出形材製
のもので、化粧部60を横方向に隣り合う太陽電池パネル
41とパネル屋根材30の側縁間に跨がる幅比に形成すると
共に、この化粧部60裏面中央から垂下している左右の下
がり部61途中に外側へ突出状の係合部62を太陽電池パネ
ル41とパネル屋根材30の被係合部51,36 にそれぞれ弾性
係合可能に形成すると共に、この左右の下がり部61下端
から内側斜め下方に延びる下縁部63を形成してある。そ
して、化粧キャップ59はガイドとして働く左右の下縁部
63から隣接状の折下部50,34 間に嵌め込み、係合部62を
被係合部51,36に弾性係合させることにより、横方向の
太陽電池パネル41とパネル屋根材30の接続空間82および
両側縁を覆設して化粧している。また、化粧キャップ59
における化粧部60裏面と太陽電池パネル41およびパネル
屋根材30の両側縁との間にはゴム製等の止水パッキング
81を介在して、雨仕舞を強化してある。
The decorative cap 59 is made of an extruded aluminum material, and the decorative portion 60 is provided with solar cell panels adjacent to each other in the lateral direction.
In addition to the width ratio spanning between the side edge of the panel roofing material 41 and the side edge of the panel roofing material 30, the engaging portion 62 projecting outward at the middle of the left and right descending portions 61 hanging from the center of the back surface of the decorative portion 60 is formed by the sun. The battery panel 41 and the to-be-engaged portions 51 and 36 of the panel roofing material 30 are formed so as to be elastically engageable with each other, and a lower edge 63 extending obliquely downward and inward from the lower ends of the left and right lowering portions 61 is formed. And the makeup cap 59 is the lower edge of the left and right that works as a guide
By inserting the engaging portion 62 into the engaged portions 51 and 36 elastically from the 63, the connecting space 82 between the solar cell panel 41 and the panel roofing material 30 in the lateral direction is fitted. And both sides are covered to make up. In addition, makeup cap 59
Waterproof packing made of rubber or the like is provided between the back surface of the decorative portion 60 and the both side edges of the solar cell panel 41 and the panel roofing material 30.
With the intervening of 81, the rain is strengthened.

【0061】これにより、前記第2実施例のものと同様
の効果があり、さらに、周縁にパネル屋根材30と略同形
状の折下部45,48,49,50 を形成した太陽電池パネル41
を、屋根面の流れ方向に所要数だけ前記パネル屋根材30
に換えて配設・保持してあるので、流れ方向に太陽電池
パネル41が、横方向に太陽電池パネル41とパネル屋根材
30が、それぞれ組み合わされて葺かれていて、太陽エネ
ルギーに対応するシステム化された太陽電池システムの
パネル屋根を得ることができる。
This has the same effect as that of the second embodiment, and furthermore, the solar cell panel 41 in which the folded portions 45, 48, 49, and 50 having substantially the same shape as the panel roofing material 30 are formed on the periphery.
The required number of panel roofing materials 30 in the flow direction of the roof surface.
The solar cell panel 41 in the flow direction and the solar cell panel 41 and the panel roofing material in the horizontal direction
30 are roofed in combination with each other to obtain a panel roof of a systemized solar cell system corresponding to solar energy.

【0062】このような太陽電池システムの施工に際し
て屋根構造の屋内側構成に格別の改修を施さずに済むと
いう大きな利点があり、また屋根上への架台の設置とい
った面倒な関連工事をする必要がない。さらに、交換工
事中、既設のパネル屋根材30が取り除かれている短期間
に、降雨等があっても下葺き屋根材2があるので、漏水
事故を招くことがない。
When such a solar cell system is constructed, there is a great advantage that the indoor structure of the roof structure does not need to be specially modified, and it is necessary to perform troublesome related construction work such as installing a stand on the roof. Absent. Further, during the replacement work, the roof panel 2 is used even if it rains in a short period of time when the existing panel roof member 30 is removed, so that a water leakage accident does not occur.

【0063】そして、パネル屋根の内側には、空気層7
が形成されているので、過度の温度上昇による太陽電池
43の変換効率の低下を防止することができる。また、配
線を空気層7内にすることができるので、屋根面への防
水処理を伴う配線工事をする必要がない。
Then, an air layer 7 is provided inside the panel roof.
Solar cells due to excessive temperature rise
43 can be prevented from lowering in conversion efficiency. In addition, since the wiring can be provided in the air layer 7, there is no need to perform wiring work involving waterproof treatment on the roof surface.

【0064】図13(A) には本発明のパネル屋根の構造の
第5実施例を例示しており、流れ方向に太陽電池パネル
41とパネル屋根材30を組み合わせて葺いた態様のもの
で、構成は前記第4実施例のものと基本的に同一である
ため、共通している構成の説明を省略して、相違する構
成について説明する。
FIG. 13A illustrates a fifth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof according to the present invention, in which the solar cell panel is arranged in the flow direction.
Since the configuration is basically the same as that of the fourth embodiment, the configuration is basically the same as that of the fourth embodiment, and the description of the common configuration is omitted. explain.

【0065】下側の太陽電池パネル41の水上側折下部45
上に上側のパネル屋根材30の水下側折下部33を重合して
継ぎ合わせてある。そして、パネル屋根材30における水
下側折下部33は太陽電池パネル41の水上側折下部45の受
け部46で受け止め可能な略L形状に形成してあり、この
水下側折下部33を受け部46で受け止めてある。また、パ
ネル屋根材30における水下側折下部33には、同部先端か
ら水上側の斜め下方に延びる水切り部37を形成して、重
合部分への浸水が下方の水上側折下部45底面の樋状部分
47にスムーズに流れるようにしてある。
The upper folding part 45 above the lower solar cell panel 41
The underside folded part 33 of the upper panel roofing material 30 is overlapped and joined to the upper part. The underwater folded portion 33 of the panel roofing material 30 is formed in a substantially L shape that can be received by the receiving portion 46 of the overwater folded portion 45 of the solar cell panel 41. Received in part 46. In addition, a water drainage portion 37 extending diagonally downward from the tip of the lower part of the panel roofing material 30 in the panel roofing material 30 is formed so that flooding of the overlapped portion is caused by the lower part of the lower part of the lower waterfall part 45 below. Gutter part
It flows smoothly to 47.

【0066】これにより、前記第4実施例のものと同様
の効果があり、さらに、流れ方向に下側の太陽電池パネ
ル41と上側のパネル屋根材30が組み合わされて葺かれて
いて、太陽エネルギーに対応するシステム化された太陽
電池システムのパネル屋根を得ることができる。
This has the same effect as that of the fourth embodiment, and furthermore, the lower solar cell panel 41 and the upper panel roofing material 30 are combined and roofed in the flow direction, and And a panel roof of a systemized solar cell system corresponding to the above.

【0067】図13(B) には本発明のパネル屋根の構造の
第6実施例を例示しており、流れ方向に太陽電池パネル
41とパネル屋根材30を組み合わせて葺いた態様のもの
で、構成は前記第5実施例のものと基本的に同一である
ため、共通している構成の説明を省略して、相違する構
成について説明する。
FIG. 13B illustrates a sixth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof according to the present invention.
Since the configuration is basically the same as that of the fifth embodiment, the configuration is basically the same as that of the fifth embodiment, so that the description of the common configuration is omitted, and explain.

【0068】下側のパネル屋根材30の水上側折下部31上
に上側の太陽電池パネル41の水下側折下部48を重合して
継ぎ合わせてある。そして、パネル屋根材30の水上側折
下部31における受け部32は太陽電池パネル41の水下側折
下部48の下げ部48a を受け止め可能な段状に形成してあ
り、この受け部32で水下側折下部48を受け止めてある。
The underwater folding part 48 of the upper solar cell panel 41 is overlapped on the underwater folding part 31 of the lower panel roofing material 30 and joined. The receiving part 32 of the water-side folded part 31 of the panel roofing material 30 is formed in a step shape capable of receiving the lowered part 48a of the water-folded lower part 48 of the solar cell panel 41. The lower folded lower part 48 is received.

【0069】これにより、前記第4実施例のものと同様
の効果があり、さらに、流れ方向に下側のパネル屋根材
30と上側の太陽電池パネル41が組み合わされて葺かれ
て、太陽エネルギーに対応するシステム化された太陽電
池システムのパネル屋根を得ることができる。
This has the same effect as that of the fourth embodiment, and furthermore, the panel roofing material on the lower side in the flow direction is provided.
30 and the upper solar cell panel 41 are combined and roofed, and a panel roof of a systemized solar cell system corresponding to solar energy can be obtained.

【0070】図14(A) には本発明のパネル屋根の構造の
第7実施例を例示しており、流れ方向にパネル屋根材30
に換えて太陽電池パネル41を組み合わせて葺いた態様の
もので、構成は下地1、下葺き屋根材2、パネル屋根保
持部材9、補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24については前
記第3実施例のものと、太陽電池システムについては前
記第4実施例のものと、それぞれ基本的に同一であるた
め、共通している構成の説明を省略して、相違する構成
について説明する。
FIG. 14A illustrates a seventh embodiment of the structure of the panel roof according to the present invention.
In this embodiment, the solar cell panel 41 is replaced with a roof, and the structure is the same as that of the third embodiment except that the base 1, the roofing material 2, the panel roof holding member 9, and the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 are provided. Since the solar cell system is basically the same as that of the fourth embodiment, the description of the common configuration will be omitted, and different configurations will be described.

【0071】太陽電池パネル41は、枠材44における流れ
方向の水上側には同端縁上端から水上側に水平状に延び
た後に下がって再び水上側に水平状に延びる水上側折下
部45を、水下側には同端縁上端から水下側に水平状に延
びて下がる水下側折下部48を、それぞれパネル屋根材30
のものとほぼ同形状に形成してある。この流れ方向に隣
り合う太陽電池パネル41は、水下側の太陽電池パネル41
における水上側折下部45を樋部25の水下側の立ち上げ部
25a に跨がせて、同水上側折下部45が樋部25上に、枠材
44水上側がバックアップ材受けフランジ26に、それぞれ
載乗して受支された状態に敷設する。そして、水上側の
太陽電池パネル41を枠材44水下側がバックアップ材受け
フランジ26に載乗して受支された状態に敷設すると共
に、水下側折下部48を樋部25上における水上側折下部45
に重合して継ぎ合わせてある。
The solar cell panel 41 has a water-folded lower part 45 that extends horizontally from the upper end of the same edge horizontally to the water-side in the flow direction of the frame member 44, then descends and then horizontally again to the water-side. On the underwater side, the underwater folded part 48 that extends horizontally from the upper edge of the same edge to the underwater side and descends,
It is formed in almost the same shape as that of the above. The solar cell panels 41 adjacent in this flow direction are the solar cell panels 41 below the water.
The rising part 45 on the lower side of the gutter part 25
25a, the lower part 45 above the water above the gutter 25
44 The upper side of the water is laid on the backup material receiving flange 26 in a state where it is mounted on and supported by the backup material receiving flange 26, respectively. Then, the solar cell panel 41 on the water side is laid with the frame material 44 supported on the backup material receiving flange 26 with the water lower side mounted on the backup material receiving flange 26, and the water lower side folded lower part 48 is laid on the water surface on the gutter part 25. Folded part 45
And polymerized.

【0072】化粧キャップ59は太陽電池パネル41長さと
ほぼ同じ定尺状に形成してあり、端部を突き合わせて連
続状にしてある。
The decorative cap 59 is formed in a fixed size substantially equal to the length of the solar cell panel 41, and has a continuous shape with its ends abutting.

【0073】これにより、前記第3および第4実施例の
ものに準じる効果がある。
Thus, there is an effect similar to that of the third and fourth embodiments.

【0074】図14(B) には本発明のパネル屋根の構造の
第8実施例を例示しており、流れ方向に太陽電池パネル
41とパネル屋根材30を組み合わせて葺いた態様のもの
で、構成は前記第7実施例のものと、それぞれ基本的に
同一であるため、共通している構成の説明を省略して、
相違する構成について説明する。
FIG. 14B illustrates an eighth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof according to the present invention.
41 and the panel roofing material 30 are combined and roofed. Since the configuration is basically the same as that of the seventh embodiment, the description of the common configuration is omitted.
The different configuration will be described.

【0075】補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24に受支され
ている下側の太陽電池パネル41と流れ方向に隣り合う上
側のパネル屋根材30は、水下側折下部33を太陽電池パネ
ル41の水上側折下部45の受け部46で受け止め可能な略L
形状に形成してある。このパネル屋根材30はバックアッ
プ材29上に敷設すると共に、水下側折下部33を下側の太
陽電池パネル41の水上側折下部45上に重合して継ぎ合わ
せ、この水下側折下部33を受け部46で受け止めてある。
また、パネル屋根材30における水下側折下部33には、同
部先端から水上側の斜め下方に延びる水切り部37を形成
して、重合部分への浸水が樋部25にスムーズに流れるよ
うにしてある。
The upper panel roofing material 30 which is adjacent to the lower solar cell panel 41 supported by the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 in the flow direction has a water-folded lower lower part 33 above the water of the solar cell panel 41. Approximately L that can be received by the receiving portion 46 of the lower part 45
It is formed in a shape. The panel roofing material 30 is laid on the backup material 29, and the underwater folding part 33 is superimposed on the underwater folding part 45 of the lower solar cell panel 41 and spliced. The receiving section 46 receives the information.
In addition, a water draining portion 37 extending diagonally downward from the tip of the panel roofing material 30 to the water surface is formed in the underwater folded portion 33 so that the water flowing into the overlapping portion flows smoothly to the gutter portion 25. It is.

【0076】これにより、前記7実施例のものと同様の
効果があり、さらに、流れ方向に下側の太陽電池パネル
41と上側のパネル屋根材30が組み合わされて葺かれてい
て、太陽エネルギーに対応するシステム化された太陽電
池システムのパネル屋根を得ることができる。
Thus, the same effects as those of the seventh embodiment can be obtained, and the solar cell panel on the lower side in the flow direction can be obtained.
41 and the upper panel roofing material 30 are combined and roofed, and a panel roof of a systemized solar cell system corresponding to solar energy can be obtained.

【0077】図14(C) には本発明のパネル屋根の構造の
第9実施例を例示しており、流れ方向に太陽電池パネル
41とパネル屋根材30を組み合わせて葺いた態様のもの
で、構成は前記第7実施例のものと、それぞれ基本的に
同一であるため、共通している構成の説明を省略して、
相違する構成について説明する。
FIG. 14C illustrates a ninth embodiment of the panel roof structure according to the present invention.
41 and the panel roofing material 30 are combined and roofed. Since the configuration is basically the same as that of the seventh embodiment, the description of the common configuration is omitted.
The different configuration will be described.

【0078】樋部25に受支されている下側のパネル屋根
材30における水上側折下部31は、段状の受け部32を折り
曲げ形成してある。そして、上側の太陽電池パネル41に
おける水下側折下部48を樋部25における下側のパネル屋
根材30の水上側折下部31に重合して継ぎ合わせて、受け
部32で水下側折下部48先端の下げ部48a を受支してい
る。
The water-folded lower part 31 of the lower panel roofing material 30 supported by the gutter part 25 is formed by bending a step-shaped receiving part 32. Then, the underwater folded portion 48 of the upper solar cell panel 41 is overlapped with the underwater folded portion 31 of the lower panel roofing material 30 of the gutter portion 25 and spliced, and the underwater folded portion of the receiving portion 32 is formed. The lower end 48a at the end 48 is supported.

【0079】これにより、前記7実施例のものと同様の
効果があり、さらに、流れ方向に下側のパネル屋根材30
と上側の太陽電池パネル41が組み合わされて葺かれたと
ころの太陽エネルギーに対応するシステム化された太陽
電池システムのパネル屋根を得ることができる。
Thus, the same effect as that of the seventh embodiment can be obtained, and the panel roofing material 30 on the lower side in the flow direction can be obtained.
And the upper solar cell panel 41 are combined to obtain a panel roof of a systemized solar cell system corresponding to the solar energy of the roof.

【0080】図15には本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第10
実施例を例示しており、構成は前記第3実施例のものと
基本的に同一であるため、共通している構成の説明を省
略して、相違する構成について説明する。
FIG. 15 shows the tenth structure of the panel roof of the present invention.
Embodiment 3 is illustrated, and the configuration is basically the same as that of the third embodiment. Therefore, the description of the common configuration will be omitted, and the different configuration will be described.

【0081】パネル屋根保持部材9はアルミニウム押出
形材からなる長尺状のもので、取付部10中央には左右一
対の被係合部22を立設すると共に、この取付部10の左右
上端から外側に水平状に延びる第1バックアップ材受支
部14内側端には、同端から起立状の立上がり部20上端を
内側に水平状且つ内側斜め下方に延ばして被係止部21を
左右対称状に形成してある。また、左右の第1バックア
ップ材受支部14外側端には、同端から垂下した後に外側
に水平状に延びる左右の固定部15を形成すると共に、こ
の左右の固定部15の内側端から当て部19を、凸部4の斜
面部5a上半にそれぞれ沿接可能に形成してある。
The panel roof holding member 9 is an elongated member made of an extruded aluminum material. A pair of left and right engaged portions 22 are erected at the center of the mounting portion 10 and the left and right upper ends of the mounting portion 10 At the inner end of the first backup material receiving portion 14 extending horizontally to the outside, the upper end of the rising portion 20 standing upright from the same end is extended inward horizontally and obliquely downward to make the locked portion 21 symmetrical in the left-right direction. It is formed. At the outer ends of the left and right first backup material receiving portions 14, left and right fixing portions 15 are formed which hang down from the ends and extend horizontally horizontally, and contact portions from the inner ends of the left and right fixing portions 15. 19 are formed along the upper half of the slope portion 5a of the convex portion 4 so as to be able to contact each other.

【0082】このパネル屋根保持部材9は、取付部10に
垂設してある脚部23が凹部3に接した状態で、隣り合う
凸部4に跨がり固定部15をワンサイドボルト77で固定し
てある。そして、横方向に隣り合うパネル屋根保持部材
9の立上がり部20間における第1バックアップ材受支部
14上にはバックアップ材29を敷設してある。
In the panel roof holding member 9, the fixing portion 15 straddling the adjacent convex portion 4 is fixed with the one-side bolt 77 in a state where the leg portion 23 hanging from the mounting portion 10 is in contact with the concave portion 3. I have. The first backup material receiving portion between the rising portions 20 of the panel roof holding members 9 adjacent to each other in the horizontal direction.
A backup material 29 is laid on 14.

【0083】バックアップ材29上のパネル屋根材30は、
左右の折下部34,35 に一段低い段部38を折り曲げ形成し
てある。そして、左右折下部34,35 における段部38先端
から外側斜め下方に延びた後に内側斜め下方に延びるよ
うに折り曲げて形成してある係止部39は、パネル屋根保
持部材9の被係止部21に弾性係止していて、パネル屋根
保持部材9に一体的に保持されている。また係止部39下
端には内側斜め下方に延びる下縁部40を折り曲げ形成し
て、下縁部40をガイドとして係止部39が被係止部21に係
止し易くしてある。
The panel roofing material 30 on the backup material 29
A lower step portion 38 is formed by bending the lower left and right folded portions 34 and 35. The locking portions 39 of the left and right folding lower portions 34 and 35 are formed by extending from the tip of the step portion 38 obliquely downward and outward and then obliquely downward and extending inward. It is elastically locked to 21 and is integrally held by the panel roof holding member 9. At the lower end of the locking portion 39, a lower edge portion 40 extending diagonally inward and downward is bent so that the locking portion 39 can be easily locked to the locked portion 21 using the lower edge portion 40 as a guide.

【0084】化粧キャップ59はアルミニウム押出形材か
らなる長尺状のもので、上面の化粧部60を横方向に隣り
合うパネル屋根材30の段部38間に跨がる幅比に形成する
と共に、化粧部60裏面中央から略V形状に垂下している
押え部59a 下端に係合部62を被係合部22に弾性係合可能
に垂設しており、この係合部62をパネル屋根保持部材9
の被係合部22に弾性係合させて、段部38間に跨がる化粧
部60で左右のパネル屋根材30の接続空間82を覆設すると
共に、パネル屋根面を同一平面状に化粧し、且つ押え部
59a で係止部39を被係止部21と係止状態に押え付けて、
パネル屋根材30をパネル屋根保持部材9に押圧保持して
ある。
The decorative cap 59 is a long one made of an extruded aluminum material, and has a decorative portion 60 on the upper surface formed to have a width ratio spanning between the step portions 38 of the panel roofing material 30 which is adjacent in the horizontal direction. At the lower end of the holding portion 59a hanging substantially in a V shape from the center of the back surface of the decorative portion 60, an engaging portion 62 is provided so as to be elastically engageable with the engaged portion 22 at a lower end thereof. Holding member 9
Elastically engaged with the engaged portion 22 of the panel, and the connecting portion 82 of the left and right panel roofing materials 30 is covered with the decorative portion 60 straddling between the step portions 38, and the panel roof surface is decoratively coplanar. And holding part
Press the locking part 39 in the locked state with the locked part 21 with 59a,
The panel roof material 30 is pressed and held by the panel roof holding member 9.

【0085】これにより、前記第3実施例のものと同様
の効果があり、さらに、パネル屋根保持部材9に対して
パネル屋根そして化粧キャップ59を順次嵌め合わせる操
作で、簡単且つ容易に組み立て施工することができる。
また化粧キャップ59の嵌め合わせによって、同時に、押
え部59a でパネル屋根材30の係止部39をパネル屋根保持
部材9の被係止部21との係止状態に押え付けて押圧保持
することができる。
Thus, the same effects as those of the third embodiment can be obtained, and furthermore, the panel roof and the decorative cap 59 are successively fitted to the panel roof holding member 9 to easily and easily assemble and construct. be able to.
At the same time, by fitting the decorative cap 59, the locking portion 39 of the panel roofing material 30 can be pressed and held by the pressing portion 59a in the locked state with the locked portion 21 of the panel roof holding member 9 at the same time. it can.

【0086】図16(A) 〜(F) には下葺き屋根材2の他の
実施例を例示しており、(A) の下葺き屋根材2は前記第
1実施例の下葺き屋根材2と同形状のものに厚さ4mmの
ポリエチレンフォーム等の裏貼り材8を貼設して形成し
てある。(B) の下葺き屋根材2は前記第3実施例の下葺
き屋根材2の形状のものに厚さ4mmのポリエチレンフォ
ーム等の裏貼り材8を貼設して形成してある。(C) の下
葺き屋根材2は前記第3実施例のものにおいてスペーサ
材80を用いない場合の態様を示しており、左右側縁の凸
部4高さを中央の隣り合う凸部4高さよりもスペーサ材
80の厚さ相当高く形成してある。(D) の下葺き屋根材2
は前記第3実施例の下葺き屋根材2の態様における側縁
と中央の隣り合う凸部4間に新たに凸部4を、直接バッ
クアップ材29または補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24を支
持可能に増設して形成してある。(E) の下葺き屋根材2
は凸部4と凹部3を波形状に形成してある。(F) の下葺
き屋根材2は前記第1実施例の態様の下葺き屋根材2と
同形状のものの裏面側に発泡ウレタン製の下地材79を一
体的に形成してある。
FIGS. 16 (A) to 16 (F) show another embodiment of the underlaying roofing material 2. The underlaying roofing material 2 of (A) is the underlaying roofing material of the first embodiment. A backing material 8 such as a polyethylene foam having a thickness of 4 mm is attached to the same shape as that of No. 2. (B) The underling roofing material 2 is formed by attaching a backing material 8 such as a polyethylene foam having a thickness of 4 mm to the shape of the underlining roofing material 2 of the third embodiment. (C) The underlaying roofing material 2 shows an embodiment in which the spacer material 80 is not used in the third embodiment, and the height of the protrusions 4 on the left and right side edges is made equal to the height of the adjacent protrusions 4 at the center. Spacer material rather than
It is formed to be 80 thick. (D) Underlay roofing material 2
In the embodiment of the underlaying roofing material 2 of the third embodiment, the projection 4 can be newly supported between the side edge and the central adjacent projection 4, and the backup material 29 or the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 can be supported directly. It is expanded and formed. (E) Underlay roofing material 2
Has convex portions 4 and concave portions 3 formed in a wave shape. (F) The underling roofing material 2 has the same shape as the underlining roofing material 2 according to the first embodiment, and a backing material 79 made of urethane foam is integrally formed on the back surface side.

【0087】図17(A) 〜(C) には補助樋兼バックアップ
材受け24の他の実施例を例示しており、(A) の補助樋兼
バックアップ材受け24は薄板金属材をロールフォーミン
グして形成してある。(B) の補助樋兼バックアップ材受
け24は同様に薄板金属材をロールフォーミングして形成
してあり、且つ樋部25の底部25b レベルをバックアップ
材受けフランジ26よりも高くして、底部25b の裏面側に
空き部28を形成してある。この空き部28の高さは、例え
ば前記第3実施例のものにおける下葺き屋根材2を図16
(C) のスペーサ材80を用いない態様の下葺き屋根材2に
換えた場合に、凸部4上に突出しているボルト73および
ナット76が空き部28に逃げられる比率寸法にしてある。
(C) の補助樋兼バックアップ材受け24は前記(B) の補助
樋兼バックアップ材受け24のものと同態様に押出成形し
たアルミニウム或いは樹脂製の押出形材からなるもので
ある。
FIGS. 17 (A) to 17 (C) show another embodiment of the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24. The auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 of FIG. It is formed. Similarly, the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 of (B) is formed by roll forming a thin metal material, and the bottom 25b level of the gutter portion 25 is higher than the backup material receiving flange 26, so that the bottom 25b An empty portion 28 is formed on the back side. The height of the vacant space 28 is, for example, as shown in FIG.
In the case of (C) in which the underlaying roofing material 2 in which the spacer material 80 is not used is replaced, the bolts 73 and the nuts 76 projecting on the projections 4 have a ratio that allows them to escape to the empty space 28.
The auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 of (C) is made of an extruded aluminum or resin material extruded in the same manner as the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver 24 of (B).

【0088】前記した各実施例では、パネル屋根材30と
バックアップ材29は個別に敷設する態様を例示したが、
これに限定されず、パネル屋根材30とバックアップ材29
をあらかじめ一体化しておいてパネル屋根を構成したよ
うに場合、さらに次の効果がある。すなわち、薄肉板材
と低密度断熱材の組み合わせであっても、特に曲げ作用
する荷重について、さらに強度性能が向上すると共に、
バックアップ材29が破断したとしても凹部3に脱落する
ようなことがなくて所要の空間部6を継続でき、且つ、
一体であるから施工性が向上する。
In each of the embodiments described above, the mode in which the panel roofing material 30 and the backup material 29 are separately laid is exemplified.
Not limited to this, panel roofing material 30 and backup material 29
When the panel roof is configured by integrating the panel roof in advance, the following effect is further obtained. In other words, even with a combination of a thin plate material and a low-density heat insulating material, the strength performance is further improved, especially for a load acting as a bend,
Even if the backup material 29 is broken, the required space 6 can be continued without dropping into the concave portion 3, and
Workability is improved because they are integrated.

【0089】[0089]

【発明の効果】【The invention's effect】

A.請求項1により、下地上に、屋外側に空間部を形成
する凹凸部が複数以上連続する非透水性材料からなる下
葺き屋根材を敷設し、下葺き屋根材の隣り合う凸部に跨
がる形でパネル屋根保持部材を固定し、パネル屋根保持
部材および凸部上におけるパネル屋根材の水上側および
水下側の重合状折下部と横方向の折下部の接続空間で囲
まれる位置にバックアップ材を配設し、この接続空間に
おける隣り合うパネル屋根材の折下部をパネル屋根保持
部材で保持してあるため、水上側と水下側の重合状の折
下部に経年による堆積物が生じたり、集中豪雨等不測の
事態により、屋内側への浸水が生じても、屋内側全面に
亘って敷設されている下葺き屋根材で下流側に排水でき
て、漏水事故を招くことがない。
A. According to claim 1, underlaying a roofing material made of a water-impermeable material having a plurality of concavities and convexities forming a space portion on the outdoor side is laid on the groundwork, and straddles the adjacent convex portion of the roofing roofing material. The panel roof holding member is fixed in the form of a backing, and it is backed up at a position surrounded by the connection space between the overlapping folds on the upper and lower sides of the panel roofing material on the panel roof holding member and the protrusion, and the folds in the horizontal direction In this connection space, the folded part of the adjacent panel roof material in this connection space is held by the panel roof holding member, so that sediment due to aging may occur in the overlapping folded part on the water side and under the water. However, even if an inundation occurs on the indoor side due to an unexpected situation such as a torrential downpour, the water can be drained to the downstream side by the underlaying roof material laid all over the indoor side, thereby preventing a water leakage accident.

【0090】B.同項により、パネル屋根材の屋内側に
は、下葺き屋根材の凹凸部による空間部からなる空気層
が形成されているので、内部結露を防止することができ
る。そして、パネル屋根材乃至バックアップ材の裏面を
パネル保持部材および下葺き屋根材の凸部で支持してい
るので、パネル屋根材の板厚を薄くできると共に、バッ
クアップ材についても低密度、低強度ではあるが断熱性
に優れた材料を選択使用することができる。この結果、
比較的安価に断熱、強度性能に優れた屋根を提供するこ
とができる。
B. According to the said paragraph, since the air layer which consists of a space part by the uneven | corrugated part of an underlaying roofing material is formed in the indoor side of a panel roofing material, internal dew condensation can be prevented. And since the back surface of the panel roofing material or the backup material is supported by the panel holding member and the convex portion of the roofing material, the thickness of the panel roofing material can be reduced, and the backup material also has low density and low strength. However, a material having excellent heat insulating properties can be selected and used. As a result,
A roof excellent in heat insulation and strength performance can be provided relatively inexpensively.

【0091】C.請求項2により、下地上に、屋外側に
空間部を形成する凹凸部が複数以上連続する非透水性材
料からなる下葺き屋根材を敷設し、下葺き屋根材の隣り
合う凸部に跨がる形でパネル屋根保持部材を固定し、横
方向に隣り合うパネル屋根保持部材さらには凸部上に跨
がる形で、上方が開口する断面略U形状の樋部と同樋部
下端両側にバックアップ材受けフランジを備えた補助樋
兼バックアップ材受けを流れ方向に一定間隔毎に配置・
固定し、パネル屋根材の横方向の折下部の接続空間と補
助樋兼バックアップ材受けで囲まれる位置にバックアッ
プ材を配設し、接続空間に隣り合うパネル屋根材の折下
部が、樋部に隣り合うパネル屋根材の重合状折下部がそ
れぞれ位置するようにして、パネル屋根保持部材で接続
空間におけるパネル屋根材の折下部を保持してあるた
め、水上側と水下側の重合状の折下部に経年による堆積
物が生じたり、集中豪雨等不測の事態により、屋内側へ
の浸水が生じても、補助樋兼バックアップ材受けの樋部
を経て、屋内側全面に亘って敷設されている下葺き屋根
材で下流側に排水できて、漏水事故を招くことがない。
C. According to claim 2, underlaying a roofing material made of a water-impermeable material in which a plurality of uneven portions forming a space portion on the outdoor side are continuous on the ground, and straddling the adjacent convex portion of the roofing roofing material. The panel roof holding member is fixed in such a way that it crosses over the laterally adjacent panel roof holding member and further over the convex portion, and the gutter portion having a substantially U-shaped cross section and the lower end of the gutter portion open at the upper side. Auxiliary gutters and backup material receivers with backup material receiving flanges are arranged at regular intervals in the flow direction.
Fix it, and install the backup material at the position surrounded by the connecting space in the horizontal folding part of the panel roofing material and the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver.The folding part of the panel roofing material adjacent to the connecting space is Since the overlapping folds of adjacent panel roofing materials are located, and the panel roof holding members hold the folds of panel roofing materials in the connection space, the overlapping folds of the water above and below the water Even if sediment is generated at the bottom due to aging, or due to unforeseen circumstances such as concentrated torrential rain, flooding on the indoor side occurs, it is laid all over the indoor side through the gutter part of the auxiliary gutter and backup material receiver. Drainage can be drained downstream with a roofing material, which does not cause water leakage accidents.

【0092】D.同項により、パネル屋根材の屋内側に
は、下葺き屋根材の凹凸部による空間部からなる空気層
が形成されているので、内部結露を防止することができ
る。パネル屋根材はバックアップ材と補助樋兼バックア
ップ材受けによって、またバックアップ材は、バックア
ップ材受けフランジとパネル屋根保持部材および下葺き
屋根材の凸部により、事実上全周を支持できることにな
るので、屋根板の板厚を薄くできると共に、バックアッ
プ材についても低密度、低強度ではあるが断熱性に優れ
た材料を選択使用することができる。この結果、主要部
材のコストを低減できるので、比較的安価に断熱、強度
性能に優れた屋根を提供することができる。
D. According to the said paragraph, since the air layer which consists of a space part by the uneven | corrugated part of an underlaying roofing material is formed in the indoor side of a panel roofing material, internal dew condensation can be prevented. Since the panel roofing material can be supported by the backup material and the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver, and the backup material can be supported on the entire circumference by the backup material receiving flange and the projection of the panel roof holding member and the underlaying roof material, The thickness of the roof plate can be reduced, and a backup material having low density and low strength but excellent in heat insulation can be selected and used. As a result, since the cost of the main member can be reduced, a roof having excellent heat insulation and strength performance can be provided relatively inexpensively.

【0093】E.請求項3により、パネル屋根材とバッ
クアップ材を、あらかじめ一体化して複合化してあるた
め、薄肉板材と低密度断熱材の組み合わせであっても、
特に曲げ作用する荷重について、さらに強度性能が向上
すると共に、バックアップ材が破断したとしても凹部に
脱落するようなことがなくて所要の空間部を継続でき、
且つ、一体であるから施工性が向上する。
E. According to claim 3, since the panel roofing material and the backup material are integrated and compounded in advance, even if a combination of a thin plate material and a low-density heat insulating material is used,
Especially for the load acting in bending, the strength performance is further improved, and even if the backup material is broken, it does not fall into the concave portion and the required space can be continued,
And since it is one, the workability is improved.

【0094】F.請求項4により、周縁に前記パネル屋
根材と略同形状の折下部を形成した太陽電池パネルを、
屋根面の任意位置に所要数だけ前記パネル屋根材に換え
て配設・保持してあるため、新規の施工時は勿論、将来
の必要性に応じて、太陽電池を設置する場合について、
パネル屋根材を太陽電池パネルに入れ替えるだけで良い
ので、このような太陽電池システムの追加に際して屋根
構造の屋内側構成に格別の改修を施さずに済むという大
きな利点があり、また屋根上への架台の設置といった面
倒な関連工事をする必要がない。さらに、交換工事中、
既設のパネル屋根材が取り除かれている短期間に、降雨
等があっても下葺き屋根材があるので、漏水事故を招く
ことがない。
F. According to claim 4, a solar cell panel having a folded portion having substantially the same shape as the panel roofing material formed on a periphery thereof,
Because the required number of panels are arranged and maintained in place of the panel roofing material at an arbitrary position on the roof surface, not only at the time of new construction, but also in the case of installing solar cells according to future needs,
Since it is only necessary to replace the panel roofing material with a solar cell panel, there is a great advantage in that the addition of such a solar cell system does not require special renovation of the indoor structure of the roof structure, and also a mounting on the roof. There is no need to do any troublesome related works such as installation. In addition, during the replacement work,
In the short term when the existing panel roofing material is removed, even if it rains, there is no underlaying roofing material, so there will be no water leakage accident.

【0095】G.同項により、屋根面構成中の所要の単
位パネルを交換するだけの簡単な作業で、太陽エネルギ
ーに対応するシステム化された屋根を得ることができ
る。そして、パネル屋根の内側には、空気層が形成され
ているので、過度の温度上昇による太陽電池の変換効率
の低下を防止することができる。また、配線を空気層内
にすることができるので、屋根面への防水処理を伴う配
線工事をする必要がない。
G. According to the above item, a systemized roof corresponding to solar energy can be obtained by a simple operation of simply replacing required unit panels in the roof surface configuration. Further, since an air layer is formed inside the panel roof, it is possible to prevent the conversion efficiency of the solar cell from being lowered due to an excessive rise in temperature. In addition, since the wiring can be placed in the air space, there is no need to perform wiring work involving waterproof treatment on the roof surface.

【0096】H.請求項5により、パネル屋根材の接続
空間を覆う化粧部とパネル屋根材または前記パネル屋根
保持部材またはパネル屋根保持部材に固定状のキャップ
保持部材における被係合部と弾性係合する係合部を備え
た化粧キャップで、前記パネル屋根材の接続空間を化粧
してあるため、横方向の折下部を簡単に覆うことがで
き、雨仕舞、意匠性が向上する。
H. According to claim 5, the decorative portion covering the connection space of the panel roofing material and the panel roofing material, or the engaging portion elastically engaging with the engaged portion of the panel roof holding member or the cap holding member fixed to the panel roof holding member. Since the connection space of the panel roofing material is covered with a decorative cap provided with the above, the folded portion in the horizontal direction can be easily covered, and the rain finish and the design are improved.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】 本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第1実施例を例
示した断面斜視図。
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional perspective view illustrating a first embodiment of a panel roof structure according to the present invention.

【図2】 同部分拡大縦断面図。FIG. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the same part.

【図3】 図2のA−A縦断面図。FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken along line AA of FIG. 2;

【図4】 同分解斜視図。FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the same.

【図5】 本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第2実施例を例
示した部分縦断面図。
FIG. 5 is a partial longitudinal sectional view illustrating a panel roof structure according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

【図6】 本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第3実施例を例
示した断面斜視図。
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional perspective view illustrating a panel roof structure according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

【図7】 同拡大縦断面図。FIG. 7 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the same.

【図8】 図7のB−B縦断面図。FIG. 8 is a vertical sectional view taken along line BB of FIG. 7;

【図9】 図7のC−C部分縦断面図。FIG. 9 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line CC of FIG. 7;

【図10】 同分解斜視図。FIG. 10 is an exploded perspective view of the same.

【図11】 本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第4実施例を例
示した縦断面図。
FIG. 11 is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a panel roof structure according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

【図12】 図10のD−D縦断面図。FIG. 12 is a vertical sectional view taken along line DD in FIG. 10.

【図13】 (A) は本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第5実施
例を例示した縦断面図。(B) は本発明のパネル屋根の構
造の第6実施例を例示した縦断面図。
FIG. 13A is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a panel roof structure according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. (B) is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a sixth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof of the present invention.

【図14】 (A) は本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第7実施
例を例示した縦断面図。(B) は本発明のパネル屋根の構
造の第8実施例を例示した縦断面図。(C) は本発明のパ
ネル屋根の構造の第9実施例を例示した縦断面図。
FIG. 14A is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a panel roof structure according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention. (B) is a longitudinal cross-sectional view illustrating an eighth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof of the present invention. (C) is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a ninth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof of the present invention.

【図15】 本発明のパネル屋根の構造の第10実施例を例
示した縦断面図。
FIG. 15 is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a tenth embodiment of the structure of the panel roof of the present invention.

【図16】 (A) 〜(F) は下葺き屋根材の他の実施例を例
示した縦断面図。
16 (A) to (F) are longitudinal sectional views illustrating another embodiment of the underlaying roof material.

【図17】 (A) 〜(C) は補助樋兼バックアップ材受けの
他の実施例を例示した縦断面図。
17A to 17C are longitudinal sectional views illustrating another embodiment of the auxiliary gutter and the backup material receiver.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 下地 2 下葺き屋根
材 3 下葺き屋根材の凹部 4 下葺き屋根
材の凸部 5 凸部の孔 5a 凸部の斜面
部 6 下葺き屋根材の空間部 7 下葺き屋根
材の空気層 8 下葺き屋根材の裏貼り材 9 パネル屋根
保持部材 10 パネル屋根保持部材の取付部 11 取付部のナ
ット 12 取付部のネジ部 13 取付部の排
水孔 14 パネル屋根保持部材の第1バックアップ材受支部 15 パネル屋根保持部材の固定部 16 固定部の孔 17 パネル屋根保持部材の第2バックアップ材受支部 18 パネル屋根保持部材の起立部 19 パネル屋根
保持部材の当て部 20 パネル屋根保持部材の立上がり部 21 パネル屋根保持部材の被係止部 22 パネル屋根
保持部材の被係合部 23 取付部の脚部 24 補助樋兼バ
ックアップ材受け 25 補助樋兼バックアップ材受けの樋部 26 補助樋兼バックアップ材受けのバックアップ材受け
フランジ 25a 樋部の立ち上げ部 25b 樋部の底
部 27 樋部の水切り部 28 樋部の空き
部 29 バックアップ材 29a バックア
ップ材の水上側端部 29b バックアップ材の水下側端部 30 パネル屋根
材 31 パネル屋根材の水上側折下部 31a 水上側折
下部の立ち上げ部分 32 水上側折下部の受け部 33 パネル屋根
材の水下側折下部 34 パネル屋根材の左側折下部 35 パネル屋根
材の右側折下部 34a,35a 左右折下部の返し部分 34b,35b 左右
折下部の下がり部 36 左右折下部の被係合部 37 水下側折下
部の水切り部 38 左右折下部の段部 39 左右折下部
の係止部 40 左右折下部の下縁部 41 太陽電池パ
ネル 42 太陽電池パネルの透光材 43 太陽電池パ
ネルの太陽電池 44 太陽電池パネルの枠材 45 太陽電池パ
ネルの水上側折下部 46 水上側折下部の受け部 47 水上側折下
部の樋状部分 48 太陽電池パネルの水下側折下部 48a 水下側折
下部の下げ部 49 太陽電池パネルの左側折下部 50 太陽電池パ
ネルの右側折下部 51 左右折下部の被係合部 52 押付け部材 53 押付け部材の押え部分 54 押付け部材
の孔 55 キャップ保持部材 56 キャップ保
持部材の被係合部 57 キャップ保持部材の上縁部 58 キャップ保
持部材の下縁部 59 化粧キャップ 60 化粧キャッ
プの化粧部 61 化粧キャップの下がり部 62 化粧キャッ
プの係合部 63 化粧キャップの下縁部 59a 化粧キャ
ップの押え部 64 スタッドボルト 65,66 ナット 67 ビス 68 ボルト 68a ボルトの防水キャップ 69 ボルト 70 ナット 71 フック金具 72 フック金具のネジ部 73 ボルト 74 ボルトの雄ネジ部 75 ボルトのナ
ット部 76 ナット 77 ワンサイド
ボルト 78 ビス 79 下地材 80 スペーサ材 81 止水パッキ
ング 82 接続空間
DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS 1 basement 2 roofing material 3 recess of roofing material 4 projection of roofing material 5 hole of projection 5a slope of projection 6 space of roofing material 7 air layer of roofing material 8 Backing material for underlaying roof material 9 Panel roof holding member 10 Panel roof holding member mounting portion 11 Mounting portion nut 12 Screw portion of mounting portion 13 Drain hole of mounting portion 14 First backup material receiving portion of panel roof holding member 15 Fixed part of panel roof holding member 16 Hole of fixed part 17 Second backup material receiving part of panel roof holding member 18 Standing part of panel roof holding member 19 Rest part of panel roof holding member 20 Standing part of panel roof holding member 21 Locked part of panel roof holding member 22 Engaged part of panel roof holding member 23 Leg of mounting part 24 Auxiliary gutter and backup material receiver 25 Gutter part of auxiliary gutter and backup material receiver 26 Auxiliary gutter and backup material receiver Backdoor Gap material receiving flange 25a Gutter section rising section 25b Gutter bottom section 27 Gutter drain section 28 Gutter section empty space 29 Backup material 29a Upper edge of backup material above water 29b Lower edge of backup material below water 30 Panel Roofing material 31 Panel roofing material foldable part 31a Standing part of water foldable part 32 Receiving part of waterside foldable part 33 Bottom part of panel roofing material foldable under water 34 Panel roofing material Right-hand folded lower part 34a, 35a Left-right folded lower part 34b, 35b Left-right folded lower part 36 Left-right folded lower engaged part 37 Drain-side folded lower drainage part 38 Left-right folded lower part 39 Left-right folded Lower locking part 40 Left and right folding Lower edge of lower part 41 Solar panel 42 Transparent material of solar panel 43 Solar cell of solar panel 44 Frame of solar panel 45 Upper part of solar panel folding lower part 46 Above water Receiving part of side folding lower part 47 Gutter part of water folding part lower part 48 The lower part of the battery panel's lower fold 48a The lower part of the lower fold of the solar panel 49 The lower part of the left side of the solar cell panel 50 The lower part of the right side of the solar panel 51 Part 54 Hole of pressing member 55 Cap holding member 56 Engagement part of cap holding member 57 Upper edge of cap holding member 58 Lower edge of cap holding member 59 Makeup cap 60 Makeup part of makeup cap 61 Lower part of makeup cap 62 Engagement part of makeup cap 63 Lower edge of makeup cap 59a Holder of makeup cap 64 Stud bolt 65,66 nut 67 Screw 68 bolt 68a Waterproof cap of bolt 69 bolt 70 nut 71 Hook fitting 72 Screw part of hook fitting 73 Bolt 74 Male thread of bolt 75 Nut of bolt 76 Nut 77 One side bolt 78 Screw 79 Base material 80 Spacer material 81 Waterproof packing 82 Connection space

Claims (5)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】 周縁に折下部を形成したパネル屋根材
を、流れ方向の水上側折下部が水下側折下部上に重合す
るように葺きあげてなるパネル屋根の構造にあって、下
地上に、屋外側に空間部を形成する凹凸部が流れ方向に
並列状に複数以上連続する非透水性材料からなる下葺き
屋根材を敷設し、少なくとも前記下葺き屋根材の隣り合
う前記凸部に跨がる形で、パネル屋根保持部材を同凸部
上に固定し、前記パネル屋根保持部材および凸部上にお
けるパネル屋根材の前記重合状折下部と横方向の折下部
の接続空間で囲まれる位置にバックアップ材を配設し、
この接続空間に隣り合うパネル屋根材の前記折下部が位
置するようにして前記パネル屋根保持部材でパネル屋根
材の折下部を保持したことを特徴とするパネル屋根の構
造。
1. A panel roof structure comprising a panel roof material having a folded portion formed on a peripheral edge thereof, which is laid so that a water-side folded portion in the flow direction overlaps a water-folded lower portion. On the outdoor side, laying a roofing material made of a water-impermeable material in which a plurality of concavo-convex portions forming a space portion on the outdoor side are continuously arranged in parallel in the flow direction, and at least on the protrusion adjacent to the roofing material. In a straddling manner, the panel roof holding member is fixed on the convex portion, and the panel roof holding member and the connection space between the overlapping folded portion and the lateral folded portion of the panel roof material on the convex portion are surrounded by the panel roof holding member and the convex portion. Arrange backup material at the position,
A panel roof structure wherein the folded portion of the panel roof material is held by the panel roof holding member such that the folded portion of the panel roof material adjacent to the connection space is located.
【請求項2】 周縁に折下部を形成したパネル屋根材
を、流れ方向の水上側折下部が水下側折下部上に重合す
るように葺きあげてなるパネル屋根の構造にあって、下
地上に、屋外側に空間部を形成する凹凸部が流れ方向に
並列状に複数以上連続する非透水性材料からなる下葺き
屋根材を敷設し、少なくとも前記下葺き屋根材の隣り合
う前記凸部に跨がる形で、パネル屋根保持部材を同凸部
上に固定し、横方向に隣り合う前記パネル屋根保持部材
さらには凸部上に跨がる形で、上方が開口する断面略U
形状の樋部と同樋部下端両側にバックアップ材受けフラ
ンジを備えた補助樋兼バックアップ材受けを流れ方向に
一定間隔毎に配置・固定し、パネル屋根材の横方向の折
下部の接続空間と前記補助樋兼バックアップ材受けで囲
まれる位置にバックアップ材を配設し、前記接続空間に
隣り合うパネル屋根材の前記折下部が、前記樋部に隣り
合うパネル屋根材の前記重合状折下部がそれぞれ位置す
るようにして、前記パネル屋根保持部材で接続空間にお
けるパネル屋根材の折下部を保持したことを特徴とする
パネル屋根の構造。
2. A panel roofing structure comprising a panel roofing material having a folded part formed on a peripheral edge thereof, which is roofed such that a water-side folded part in a flow direction overlaps a water-side folded part. On the outdoor side, laying a roofing material made of a water-impermeable material in which a plurality of concavo-convex portions forming a space portion on the outdoor side are continuously arranged in parallel in the flow direction, and at least on the protrusion adjacent to the roofing material. In a straddling manner, the panel roof holding member is fixed on the convex portion, and the cross section is substantially U-shaped in which the upper side is opened so as to straddle the laterally adjacent panel roof holding member and further on the convex portion.
Auxiliary gutters and backup material receivers with backup material receiving flanges on both sides of the gutter part and the lower end of the gutter part are arranged and fixed at regular intervals in the flow direction, and are connected to the connection space of the folded part in the horizontal direction of the panel roof material. A backup material is provided at a position surrounded by the auxiliary gutter / backup material receiver, and the folded portion of the panel roofing material adjacent to the connection space has a folded portion of the panel roofing material adjacent to the gutter portion. The panel roof structure wherein the folded portion of the panel roof material in the connection space is held by the panel roof holding member so as to be located at each position.
【請求項3】 前記パネル屋根材とバックアップ材は、
あらかじめ一体化してなることを特徴とする請求項1乃
至2のいずれかに記載のパネル屋根の構造。
3. The panel roofing material and the backup material,
The panel roof structure according to any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein the panel roof is integrated in advance.
【請求項4】 周縁に前記パネル屋根材と略同形状の折
下部を形成した太陽電池パネルを、屋根面の任意位置に
所要数だけ前記パネル屋根材に換えて配設・保持してな
ることを特徴とする請求項1乃至3のいずれかに記載の
パネル屋根の構造。
4. A required number of solar cell panels, each having a folded portion having substantially the same shape as that of the panel roofing material formed on the periphery thereof, are disposed and held at an arbitrary position on a roof surface in place of the panel roofing material. The structure of a panel roof according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:
【請求項5】 前記パネル屋根材の接続空間を覆う化粧
部とパネル屋根材または前記パネル屋根保持部材または
パネル屋根保持部材に固定状のキャップ保持部材におけ
る被係合部と弾性係合する係合部を備えた化粧キャップ
で、前記パネル屋根材の接続空間を化粧したことを特徴
とする請求項1乃至4のいずれかに記載のパネル屋根の
構造。
5. An engaging portion which elastically engages with a decorative portion covering the connection space of the panel roofing material and a panel roofing material or an engaged portion of a cap holding member fixed to the panel roof holding member or the panel roof holding member. The panel roof structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a connection space of the panel roof material is covered with a decorative cap having a portion.
JP1529194A 1994-02-09 1994-02-09 Panel roof structure Expired - Fee Related JP2597815B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1529194A JP2597815B2 (en) 1994-02-09 1994-02-09 Panel roof structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1529194A JP2597815B2 (en) 1994-02-09 1994-02-09 Panel roof structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH07217097A JPH07217097A (en) 1995-08-15
JP2597815B2 true JP2597815B2 (en) 1997-04-09

Family

ID=11884744

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP1529194A Expired - Fee Related JP2597815B2 (en) 1994-02-09 1994-02-09 Panel roof structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2597815B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4554536B2 (en) * 2006-02-27 2010-09-29 元旦ビューティ工業株式会社 Base structure and exterior structure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH07217097A (en) 1995-08-15

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