JP2013122725A - Electronic apparatus - Google Patents

Electronic apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2013122725A
JP2013122725A JP2011271542A JP2011271542A JP2013122725A JP 2013122725 A JP2013122725 A JP 2013122725A JP 2011271542 A JP2011271542 A JP 2011271542A JP 2011271542 A JP2011271542 A JP 2011271542A JP 2013122725 A JP2013122725 A JP 2013122725A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
unit
communication
user
recording
practice
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JP2011271542A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yukio Kubota
幸雄 久保田
Satoshi Ejima
聡 江島
Takeo Motohashi
武男 本橋
Mitsuko Matsumura
光子 松村
Hiroki Ono
広起 小野
Masaichi Sekiguchi
政一 関口
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Nikon Corp
株式会社ニコン
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Priority to JP2011271542A priority Critical patent/JP2013122725A/en
Priority claimed from RU2018111702A external-priority patent/RU2018111702A/en
Publication of JP2013122725A publication Critical patent/JP2013122725A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve the usability of an electronic apparatus.SOLUTION: The electronic apparatus includes a first communication unit having a first member that can be in contact with a first portion of a human body or face it, a receiving unit that receives data by communication, via the human body, between the first communication unit and a second communication unit having a second member that can be in contact with a second portion different from the first portion or face it, and a recording unit that performs recording according to the properties of a member provided in the second communication unit when the communication, via the human body, between the first communication unit and the second communication unit becomes possible.

Description

  The present invention relates to an electronic device.

  Conventionally, a system for storing a daily action history has been proposed.

  Recently, it has been proposed to store an action history related to a position using human body communication (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

JP 2010-39789 A

  However, conventional systems for storing action histories have limited scenes that can be used, are not considered for use in various scenes, and are not necessarily easy to use.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object thereof is to provide an electronic device that is easy to use.

  The electronic device according to the present invention includes a first communication unit (21, 27) having a first member (21) that can contact or face a first part of a human body, and a second part different from the first part. A receiving unit (22, 27) that receives data by communication between the second communication unit (10) having a second member (15) that can be contacted or opposed and the first communication unit via the human body; When the communication between the first communication unit and the second communication unit via the human body becomes possible, a recording unit (25) that performs recording according to the attribute of the member provided with the second communication unit 27).

  In this case, the recording unit may perform recording according to an attribute of a member provided with the first communication unit. The recording unit may record the biological information of the human body. The recording unit may perform recording related to movement of at least one of the first part and the second part. Further, the recording unit may perform recording in accordance with an attribute of a member provided with the second communication unit, and may record a type of the member provided with the second communication unit.

  The electronic device of the present invention may include a position detection unit (23a) for detecting a position, and the recording unit may record the position detected by the position detection unit. The recording unit may record a time during which the first communication unit and the second communication unit communicate with each other via the human body. Further, the recording unit finishes recording according to the attribute of the member provided with the second communication unit when the second member is not in contact with or opposed to the second part for a predetermined time. It is good to do. The recording unit may end the recording when the first member is no longer in contact with or opposed to the first part.

  The electronic apparatus of the present invention may include a display unit that displays data recorded in the recording unit in time series.

  In addition, in order to explain the present invention in an easy-to-understand manner, the above description has been made in association with the reference numerals of the drawings representing one embodiment. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the configuration of an embodiment described later is provided. May be modified as appropriate, or at least a part thereof may be replaced with another component. Further, the configuration requirements that are not particularly limited with respect to the arrangement are not limited to the arrangement disclosed in the embodiment, and can be arranged at a position where the function can be achieved.

  The present invention has an effect of providing an electronic device that is easy to use.

It is a block diagram which shows the structure of the electronic device system 1 which concerns on one Embodiment. It is a figure which shows an example of arrangement | positioning of a communication apparatus and a communication module. 3A is a diagram illustrating an example of a practice place table, FIG. 3B is a diagram illustrating an example of a practice time DB, and FIG. 3C is an example of a swing practice time DB. FIG. FIG. 4A is a diagram illustrating an example of a swing determination table, and FIG. 4B is a diagram illustrating an example of an image DB. It is a figure which shows an example of practice data DB. It is a flowchart regarding the data collection process performed under control of CPU27. It is a flowchart regarding the data comparison process by control of CPU303. It is a figure which shows the comparison result in step S54 of FIG. FIG. 9A shows an example (Modification 1) in which a communication module is arranged in a baseball helmet, and FIG. 9B shows an example (Modification 1) in which an electronic device system is used in baseball defense. FIG. 9C is a diagram illustrating an example (Modification 2) in the case where the electronic device system is used in tennis. FIG. 10A is a diagram showing an example (Modification 3) in which an electronic device system is used in golf, and FIG. 10B is an example in which an electronic device system is used in skiing (Modification 4). FIG. 10C is a diagram showing an example (Modification 5) in the case where an electronic device system is used for playing a musical instrument (Trombone), and FIG. It is a figure which shows the example in the case of using an electronic device system in a relay) (modification 6).

  Hereinafter, an electronic device system 1 according to an embodiment will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of an electronic device system 1 according to this embodiment.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the electronic device system 1 includes a communication device 10 provided in a tool used when a user performs an action such as sports, a communication module 20 that performs communication between the communication device 10, Imaging devices 100 and 200 that communicate with the communication module 20 and a personal computer (hereinafter referred to as a personal computer) 300 are provided.

  In the present embodiment, communication between the communication device 10 and the communication module 20 is performed by human body communication using a human body as a communication medium as a communication medium. Human body communication includes a current system in which a weak current is passed through the human body and the current is modulated to transmit information, and an electric field system in which information is transmitted by modulating an electric field induced on the surface of the human body. . In this embodiment, it is possible to use either the current method or the electric field method, but the case where electric field communication is used will be described below.

(Communication device 10)
If the communication apparatus 10 is a baseball tool, for example, it can be provided in a helmet, a glove, a mitt, a bat, or the like. In the present embodiment, it is assumed that the communication device 10 is provided in the bat 50 shown in FIG.

  As illustrated in FIG. 1, the communication device 10 includes an acceleration sensor 11, a gyro sensor 12, a biological sensor 13, a memory 14, an electrode unit 15, a transmission unit 16, and a CPU 17.

  The acceleration sensor 11 can use a piezoelectric element, a strain gauge, or the like, and detects the acceleration of the bat 50. As the number of axes of the acceleration sensor 11, any one of 1 to 3 axes may be selected as appropriate, and the number can be arbitrarily set.

  The gyro sensor 12 detects, for example, the Coriolis force generated by the influence of the angular velocity using a piezoelectric element. In the present embodiment, the gyro sensor 12 detects the angular velocity of the bat 50. The number of axes of the gyro sensor 12 may be selected as appropriate from any one of 1 to 3, and the number can be arbitrarily set.

  In the present embodiment, since the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are provided in the bat 50, data such as the number of swings and swing speed of the bat 50 by the user can be acquired and accumulated by each sensor.

  Of the components of the communication device 10, the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are preferably provided at the tip (head) of the bat 50 as shown in FIG. In this case, it is assumed that the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are provided at positions away from the biosensor 13 and the electrode unit 15 described later.

  In addition, at least a part of the components of the communication device 10 (for example, the electrode unit 15 and the transmission unit 16) can be attached to other bats and tools by being attached to the bat 50 with an adhesive tape or the like. You may do it.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the biological sensor 13 is a sensor provided at a position (grip) of the bat 50 that touches the user's hand, and detects the biological information of the user. The biological sensor 13 includes, for example, a pulse sensor that detects a pulse by irradiating the living body with an LED toward the living body and receiving light reflected from the living body with respect to the irradiation light. The pulse sensor is disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2005-270543 (US Pat. No. 7,538,890). In addition to the pulse sensor, a perspiration sensor having a plurality of electrodes may be employed as the biological sensor 13. If a perspiration sensor is used, a user's perspiration amount can be detected. Furthermore, as the biosensor 13, a temperature sensor that measures body temperature or a blood pressure sensor that measures blood pressure may be employed. The biosensor 13 is not limited to the type of sensor provided on the bat 50, and a wristwatch-type biosensor as disclosed in JP-A-2005-270543 (US Pat. No. 7,538,890) may be employed. .

  Further, as the biosensor 13, a pressure sensor provided on the grip of the bat 50 may be employed. In addition, the electrode part which comprises the biosensor 13 may be shared with the electrode part 15 mentioned later, and you may make it provide separately.

  The memory 14 is a non-volatile memory (for example, a flash memory), and stores information about the tool. In the present embodiment, the memory 14 stores the type (weight, length, material (such as metal or wooden)) of the bat 50.

  The electrode unit 15 includes a signal electrode and a ground electrode, and is an electrode for communicating with the communication module 20 via a user. This electrode part 15 is provided in the position (grip of bat 50) which touches a user's hand. Note that human body communication using the electrode unit 15 is not only performed when the user is a bare hand (that is, when the user's hand and the electrode unit 15 are in contact) but also when the user is wearing a glove (that is, the user Even if the hand and the electrode portion 15 are opposed to each other), this can be realized.

  In addition, when providing both the biosensor 13 and the electrode part 15 in the position which contacts or opposes a part of user's body (this embodiment hand) among bats, the biosensor 13 and the electrode part 15 are provided. They may be integrated into a unit structure.

  The transmission unit 16 is composed of an electric circuit having a band-pass filter, and the data stored in the memory 14 and the detection results of the acceleration sensor 11, the gyro sensor 12, and the biological sensor 13 are transmitted via the electrode unit 15 and the human body. To the communication module 20.

  The CPU 17 controls the entire communication device 10 and controls data transmission to the communication module 20 in the present embodiment.

(Communication module 20)
The communication module 20 receives data from the communication device 10 and collects data, or communicates with external devices (the imaging devices 100 and 200 and the personal computer 300) based on the received data.

  The communication module 20 includes an electrode unit 21, a receiving unit 22, a sensor unit 23, a time measuring unit 24, a flash memory 25, a communication unit 26, and a CPU 27.

  The electrode unit 21 includes a signal electrode and a ground electrode, and is an electrode for performing human body communication with the communication device 10 via a user. Moreover, in this embodiment, the electrode part 21 is provided in the position (inside the shoe (spike) 52 shown in FIG. 2) which touches a user's foot | leg. In addition, not only when the user is bare feet (that is, when the electrode portion 21 is in contact with the foot) but also when wearing socks (that is, when the electrode portion 21 is opposed to the foot), the human body. Communication is possible.

  The receiving unit 22 includes an electric circuit having a band pass filter, and receives various data transmitted from the communication device 10.

  The sensor unit 23 includes a GPS module 23a, an acceleration sensor 23b, and an orientation sensor 23c. In addition to the above configuration, the sensor unit 23 may include a biosensor that acquires user biometric information.

  The GPS module 23 a is a position detection device that detects the position of the communication module 20. The position information detected by the GPS module 23a (information on the position where the user exists) is stored in the flash memory 25 described later.

  As the acceleration sensor 23b, a piezoelectric element, a strain gauge, or the like can be used. In this embodiment, the acceleration sensor 23b detects acceleration related to the movement of the user's foot. As the number of axes of the acceleration sensor 23b, any one of 1 to 3 axes may be selected as appropriate, and the number can be arbitrarily set.

  The azimuth sensor 23c is a sensor for detecting the azimuth, and obtains the azimuth of terrestrial magnetism from a magnetic field detection value by a biaxial magnetic sensor that detects geomagnetic components in directions orthogonal to each other.

  The acceleration sensor 23b and the azimuth sensor 23c may be provided not only on one side (spike) but also on both sides.

  The time measuring unit 24 outputs to the CPU 27 the time when the user is in a predetermined place and the time information when performing a predetermined action (baseball practice, game, etc.).

  The flash memory 25 is a non-volatile memory, and stores various data transmitted from the communication device 10, various data detected by the sensor unit 23, time information output by the time measuring unit 24, and the like. More specifically, the flash memory 25 stores a practice place table shown in FIG. 3A and a swing determination table shown in FIG. The flash memory 25 has a practice time DB (database) shown in FIG. 3 (b), a swing practice time DB shown in FIG. 3 (c), and a practice data DB shown in FIG. Stored. Details of these tables and DB will be described later.

  The communication unit 26 performs communication (for example, bidirectional communication) with external devices (the imaging devices 100 and 200, the personal computer 300), and communication such as wireless, wired, and electric communication lines can be applied. The communication unit 26 according to the present embodiment performs a shooting request to the imaging devices 100 and 200 and data transfer to the personal computer 300 by a communication method different from human body communication. For example, the communication module 20 communicates information (name, ID, height, weight, sex, etc.) specifying the user from the personal computer 300 to the communication unit 26 and stores the information specifying the user in the flash memory 25. The user can be specified. In this embodiment, the communication module 20 is provided in the shoe 52, and since the shoe 52 is not usually shared with others, it is suitable for specifying a user.

  The CPU 27 controls the communication module 20, and thus the entire electronic device system 1. In the present embodiment, the CPU 27 detects various types of recording and detects changes in the user's state (such as progress in baseball). Control is performed.

  In addition, although this embodiment demonstrated the case where the electrode part 21 was provided in the shoe (spike) 52, it is good also as providing the component of the communication module 20 in the shoe 52 as integral structure. In addition, the components of the communication module 20 may be appropriately disposed in the shoe 52 without being an integral structure, and the components other than the electrode unit 21 may be provided in a place other than the shoe. Moreover, you may make it attach the electrode part 21 to clothes (uniform) and a body with an adhesive tape.

(Imaging apparatus 100, 200)
The imaging devices 100 and 200 are, for example, digital cameras, and may be the same digital camera or different digital cameras. In this embodiment, since the basic configurations of the imaging devices 100 and 200 are the same, the configuration of the imaging device 100 will be described, and the description of the configuration of the imaging device 200 will be omitted.

  The imaging apparatus 100 includes a communication unit 101, a GPS module 102, an imaging unit 103, and a CPU 104.

  The communication unit 101 communicates with the communication unit 26 of the communication module 20. The communication unit 101 receives a shooting request from the communication module 20. In addition, the communication unit 101 transmits the position of the imaging device 100, the specification of the imaging device 100, and the like to the communication module 20. The communication unit 101 can also communicate with the communication unit 301 of the personal computer 300 described later, and the communication unit 101 transmits an image captured by the imaging unit 103 to the personal computer 300. Send.

  The GPS module 102 is a position detection device that detects the position of the imaging device 100, and the position of the imaging device 100 is transmitted to the communication module 20 by the communication unit 101 as described above.

  The imaging unit 103 includes a plurality of lenses and imaging elements such as a CCD (Charge Coupled Device) image sensor and a CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) sensor, and performs imaging of moving images and still images. is there.

  The CPU 104 controls the entire imaging apparatus 100. In the present embodiment, the CPU 104 controls the timing (such as the start of imaging or the end of imaging) of capturing a user according to an instruction from the communication module 20.

(PC 300)
The personal computer 300 includes a communication unit 301, a memory 302, and a CPU 303.

  The communication unit 301 communicates with the communication unit 26 of the communication module 20 and receives various data from the communication module 20. In addition, the communication unit 301 receives image data captured by the imaging devices 100 and 200.

  The memory 302 is a non-volatile memory and stores various data received from the communication module 20 and the imaging devices 100 and 200. Note that the memory 302 stores the image DB shown in FIG. Details of the image DB will be described later.

  The CPU 303 controls the entire personal computer 300. In the present embodiment, the user's history (for example, baseball practice time recording) and the like are recorded based on various data received from the communication module 20 and the imaging devices 100 and 200. , Progress (for example, the speed of the swing has increased) and comparison with professionals and the like (comparison of forms, comparison of various speeds (swing speed, etc.)).

  Next, processing of the electronic device system 1 configured as described above will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 6 is a flowchart regarding data collection processing performed under the control of the CPU 27. The processing in FIG. 6 is assumed to be triggered by the user wearing a shoe (spike) 52 provided with the electrode unit 21.

  In the process of FIG. 6, first, in step S10, the CPU 27 acquires the output of the GPS module 23a and detects the position of the user.

  Next, in step S12, the CPU 27 determines whether the user is at a predetermined location based on the output of the GPS module 23a. Here, it is assumed that the predetermined place is a baseball field or practice ground set in advance by a user or the like. It is assumed that the predetermined place is stored in the practice place table shown in FIG. In FIG. 3A, the positions of the four corners when the practice place is regarded as a rectangular area are defined by latitude and longitude. In step S12, when the output of the GPS module 23a is included in any of the practice locations 1, 2,... Stored in the practice location table, the determination is affirmed and the process proceeds to step S14. If the determination in step S12 is negative, the process returns to step S10.

  In step S14, the CPU 27 determines whether or not there is a predetermined output from the acceleration sensor 23b. This step S14 is a step for detecting the practice start time of the user. In any of the sports, since the exercise starts from the preparatory gymnastics and the running before the practice using the tools, in the present embodiment, the CPU 27 determines when the acceleration sensor 23b detects an acceleration different from the normal walking. Is determined to have been output. It is assumed that acceleration in normal walking is set in advance. Therefore, for example, when a walking user starts running, the determination in step S14 is affirmed, and the process proceeds to step S16.

  In step S <b> 16, the CPU 27 obtains date and time (time) information when the user started a preparatory exercise such as running from the time measuring unit 24. This step S16 is a step for keeping a record of the practice time of the user. The date / time (time) information acquired in step S16 is input to the start date / time field of the practice time DB of FIG. 3B stored in the flash memory 25. In addition, when inputting to the start date / time column of the practice time DB, a serial number or the like is input to the practice ID column.

  As described above, according to the electronic device system 1 (communication module 20) of the present embodiment, the practice start is automatically recognized and the practice time is automatically measured by the action of the user wearing the shoes 52 and starting the running. In order to start, it is not necessary for the user to perform a special operation for recording the practice time.

  Next, in step S <b> 18, the CPU 27 determines whether or not human body communication is established between the electrode portion 21 provided on the shoe (spike) 52 and the electrode portion 15 provided on the bat 50. In this case, human body communication is established between the electrode portions 21 and 15 when the user grips the bat 50 after performing the preparatory exercise. Therefore, when the user holds the bat 50, the determination in step S18 is affirmed, and the process proceeds to step S20.

  In step S <b> 20, the CPU 27 requests the communication device 10 provided in the bat 50 to transmit information, and acquires information on the user's position from the GPS module 23 a. The information that the CPU 27 requests to transmit in step S20 includes information on the type of bat (ID or data such as length, weight, and material) stored in the memory 14. In the communication device 10, the CPU 17 transmits information on the type of bat via the transmission unit 16.

  Next, in step S22, the CPU 27 issues a shooting request to the imaging devices 100 and 200 based on the user position information detected in step S20.

  For example, when the imaging devices 100 and 200 are fixed-point cameras, the CPU 27 transmits a shooting request to the imaging device that can best shoot the user according to the position of the user, or one imaging device 100. The user is requested to shoot from the front, and the other imaging device 200 is requested to shoot the user from the side or the back.

  Further, when requesting a photographer to take a picture, the CPU 27 may inform the cameraman's imaging devices 100 and 200 of the position of the user. As a means for contacting the photographer, a mobile phone (such as a telephone function or a mail function) owned by the photographer may be used.

  Next, in step S <b> 24, the CPU 27 determines whether there is a predetermined output from the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12. This step S24 is a step for detecting whether or not the user has started swinging the bat 50. The predetermined output refers to an acceleration value that can be determined that the user is swinging the bat 50, an angular velocity, or the like. Is the value of These values may be obtained by experiment, may be obtained by analyzing a swing image, or may be set for each type of bat. Information for determining the predetermined output of each sensor is defined in, for example, the swing determination table shown in FIG.

  Note that the CPU 17 of the communication device 10 outputs the outputs of the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 from the time when a predetermined output is received from the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 after the human body communication with the communication module 20 is established. 20 may be transmitted. Instead of this, after the human body communication with the communication device 10 is established, the communication module 20 causes the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyroscope to communicate with the communication device 10 every predetermined interval (for example, several tens of microseconds to several seconds). The output of the sensor 12 may be requested to be transmitted.

  Note that the order of step S22 and step S24 described above may be interchanged. In this case, after detecting the swing of the bat 50 by the user, an imaging request is made to the imaging devices 100 and 200.

  When the determination in step S24 is affirmed, the process proceeds to step S26, and the CPU 27 acquires the time at which the user starts swinging the bat 50 via the timer unit 24. The CPU 27 can measure the time during which the user swings the bat (batting practice time) by acquiring the time when the user starts swinging the bat 50. In addition, the CPU 27 can measure the batting occupying the entire practice time. The percentage of practice time can also be calculated. The time acquired in step S24 is input into the swing start date / time column of the swing practice time DB shown in FIG. As described above, according to the electronic device system 1 (communication module 20) of the present embodiment, the user automatically recognizes the batting practice and automatically starts the batting practice time measurement by the act of starting the swing. be able to. At the time of the input, the CPU 27 uses the same character string input in the practice ID column of the practice time DB (see FIG. 3B) in step S16 as the practice ID of the swing practice time DB. Enter in the field.

  Next, in step S28, the CPU 27 collects various data and records the collected data in the flash memory 25 (records in the practice data DB in FIG. 5). In this case, the CPU 27 performs recording according to the usage (attribute) of the tool used by the user. In the present embodiment, since the user uses the bat 50, the CPU 27 receives the outputs of the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 and the output of the biosensor 13 that the CPU 17 transmits via the transmission unit 16. 22, acceleration (detection value of acceleration sensor 11), angular velocity (detection value of gyro sensor 12), biological information (detection value of biological sensor 13), and number of swings when the user is swinging Etc. are recorded in the practice data DB. Further, the CPU 27 collects acceleration information (detected values of the acceleration sensor 23b) related to the movement of the foot when the user is swinging from the acceleration sensor 23b. The data detected in step S24 may be used for collecting these data. In addition, it is not limited to the case where each swing data is recorded as shown in FIG. 5, but the maximum acceleration and average acceleration, the maximum angular velocity and the average angular velocity, the maximum acceleration and the average acceleration relating to the movement of the foot, etc. in the practice data DB. It is good also as recording on. Further, the number of times the target acceleration is cleared may be recorded. The CPU 27 may record the detection value of the biological sensor 13 (for example, raw data of the heart rate) as it is regarding the recording of the biological information, and determine the state of the user from the detection value of the biological sensor 13 (usually, tension, The determined state may be recorded after relaxation or relaxation. Further, the CPU 27 may record the detection values of the GPS module 23a and the azimuth sensor 23c in the practice data DB of FIG. As a result, it is possible to analyze the practice data in consideration of the user's position and the orientation that the user is facing.

  The CPU 27 may record the collected data in the memory 302 of the personal computer 300 together with or instead of the flash memory 25.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the CPU 27 records swing data in the practice data DB in association with the type of tool (the weight and length of the bat). By doing so, it is possible to record in the practice data DB including the attribute of which tool was used and how. Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the CPU 27 counts the number of swings for each practice ID in the practice data DB. In this way, it is possible to compare the number of swings and the degree of progress in each practice.

  Next, in step S30 of FIG. 6, the CPU 27 determines whether or not the human body communication between the communication module 20 and the communication device 10 has been interrupted for a predetermined time. This step S30 is a step for confirming whether or not the user continues the practice of performing the swing of the bat 50 (batting practice). That is, when the human body communication is interrupted for a predetermined time (for example, about several minutes), the CPU 27 can determine that the user has finished the batting practice. Note that the predetermined time can be set for each user. Instead of the above-described method, the CPU 27 establishes human body communication with the communication device 10 provided in another tool (for example, a globe), or the user starts moving from the output of the GPS module 23a or the direction sensor 23c. The user may determine that the user has finished batting practice.

  While the determination in step S30 is negative, that is, while the human body communication is not interrupted for a predetermined time, the CPU 27 returns to step S26 and repeats the processes in steps S26 and S28 to collect time information and various data. continue.

  On the other hand, if the determination in step S30 is affirmative, that is, if the human body communication is interrupted for a predetermined time, the CPU 27 checks the time via the time measuring unit 24 in step S32. Then, the CPU 27 calculates the batting practice time from the confirmed time, and stores it in the swing practice time DB of the flash memory 25 (the practice time column in FIG. 3C). As described above, according to the electronic device system 1 (communication module 20) of the present embodiment, when the human body communication is interrupted for a predetermined time, the end of the batting practice is automatically recognized and the measurement of the batting practice time is automatically finished. can do.

  In step S <b> 32, the CPU 27 issues a photographing end request to the imaging devices 100 and 200. When the imaging devices 100 and 200 are fixed point cameras and the imaging devices 100 and 200 capture a moving image, it is possible to efficiently capture a moving image by transmitting a shooting start request and an end request. . This is particularly effective when, for example, capturing each user's at-bat at the game with a moving image.

  Next, in step S34, the CPU 27 determines whether or not the user is wearing a spike. If the user wears the spike, the CPU 27 returns to step S18 as performing another practice. However, if the user takes off the spike, the CPU 27 acquires time information via the time measuring unit 24 in step S36, and flashes. After recording in the memory 25 (the end time column and the practice time column in the practice time DB (see FIG. 3B)), the entire process of FIG. In addition, when acquiring the exercise end time information in step S36, the CPU 27 may set the time at which the spike is removed as the end time, and finally the predetermined output (walking and walking) from the acceleration sensor 23b before the spike is removed. May be the end time.

  When it is necessary to set a predetermined time when determining whether or not the user is wearing a spike in step S34, a shorter time is set than the predetermined time set in step S30. do it. Further, the CPU 27 may determine whether or not to return to step S18 taking into account whether or not the user is at the practice ground. Prior to step S30, the process of step S34 may be executed, or the process of step S34 may be executed before and after step S30. It should be noted that the determination of whether or not the spike is worn is always performed separately from FIG. 6, and if the determination is denied, the processing of FIG. 6 may be forcibly terminated.

  As described above, according to the electronic device system 1 (communication module 20) of the present embodiment, the end of the practice is automatically recognized and the measurement of the batting practice time is automatically performed with the user taking off the spike as a trigger. Since the process can be terminated, it is not necessary to force the user to perform a special operation.

  Next, the data comparison process of the present embodiment under the control of the CPU 303 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG. This data comparison process is a process of comparing data between a target advanced user (for example, an advanced student or a professional) and a user. In the following description, it is assumed that the data (practice data DB) collected by the processing of FIG. 6 is transferred from the communication module 20 to the memory 302 of the personal computer 300.

  In step S50 of FIG. 7, the CPU 303 reads out master data targeted by the user. In this case, data selected by the user is read out as master data from the data of a plurality of players (for example, advanced students) collected using the flowchart of FIG. 6 (that is, data stored in the memory 302). It is also possible to select from the above. Alternatively, target numerical values (swing speed, acceleration, etc.) previously input by the user or the like to the personal computer 300 may be read from the memory 302. Alternatively, professional player data may be stored in the memory 302 in advance, and the CPU 303 may read the professional player data.

  Next, in step S52, the CPU 303 reads out user data. In the present embodiment, the user data collected in the flowchart of FIG.

  Next, in step S54, the CPU 303 compares the master data with the user data. In this case, the CPU 303 can compare the time series change (transition) of the user data with respect to the master data to compare whether the user data is approaching the master data. For example, as shown in FIG. 8, it is possible to compare professional swing data with user swing data (for example, swing speed (maximum value) for each date).

  Next, in step S56, the CPU 303 displays the comparison result in step S54 (FIG. 8) on a display (not shown) of the personal computer 300, notifies the user of the comparison result, and ends the entire process in FIG. In step S56, as shown in FIG. 8, the CPU 303 may also display (notify) the transition of the user's practice amount (such as the number of swings and practice time).

  FIG. 8 is an example. That is, the CPU 303 can perform various analyzes based on the practice data DB of FIG. 5 and notify the user. For example, when it is possible to determine from a user input information whether a certain practice ID is a practice or a game, a difference in swing between a practice and a game or a mental state (a state based on a detection value of the biosensor 13) ) Can be determined and notified to the user. In the flowchart of FIG. 7, the master data and the user data are compared. Instead, a practice amount is set by the personal computer 300, and the set practice amount is compared with the user data. Also good.

  If the data collected from each user is collected and managed in the personal computer 300, the director and coach will be practicing each user's practice (for example, a lot of batting practice time and other practice time). It is also possible to recognize a user (player) who is particularly tense or mentally unstable during a game, and helps to set the practice amount, practice order, practice method, and the like.

  As described above in detail, according to the present embodiment, the electrode unit 21 of the communication module 20 contacts or faces the user's foot, and the electrode unit 15 of the communication device 10 contacts or faces the user's hand. When communication between the communication module 20 and the communication device 10 via the human body becomes possible in the state, the CPU 27 records the flash memory 25 (practice) according to the attribute of the member (bat 50) provided with the communication device 10. Data DB). As a result, in this embodiment, when human body communication becomes possible, it is possible to record records (such as the number of swings and swing speed) according to the member attributes. Recording according to the attribute of the member at a proper timing becomes possible. Thereby, an easy-to-use electronic device system can be provided.

  In the present embodiment, the CPU 27 performs recording (acceleration and speed) according to the attributes of the shoes (spikes) in the flash memory 25 (practice data DB), so that the practice situation can be recorded from various viewpoints. it can.

  Further, in this embodiment, the CPU 27 records the biological information of the human body in the flash memory 25 (practice data DB), so that it can be recorded from various viewpoints such as the status of practice and the difference in mental state between practice and game. .

  In this embodiment, the CPU 27 also records the type of member (bat type) in the flash memory 25 (practice data DB), so it is possible to record which tool (bat) is used and how.

  Further, since the CPU 27 records the time during which human body communication is performed in the flash memory 25 (swing practice time DB), it is possible to record the time during which the swing practice using the bat is performed.

  Further, the CPU 27 ends the recording according to the attribute of the tool (bat) when the electrode unit 15 is not in contact with or facing the hand for a predetermined time (when the human body communication is not performed for the predetermined time). This is done (S30: Yes), so it becomes possible to finish recording the practice data at an appropriate timing with a high probability that the practice using the bat is interrupted or stopped.

  Moreover, CPU27 complete | finishes a recording, when the electrode part 21 and a leg no longer contact or oppose (when the spike 52 is taken off) (S34: When negative), inputs an end date in practice time DB. Therefore, the recording can be terminated (inputting the end date and time to the practice time DB) at an appropriate timing with high probability of having completed the practice.

  In the present embodiment, the communication module 20 includes a communication unit 26 that is different from a communication unit (including the electrode unit 21 and the CPU 27) that performs human body communication. Accordingly, the communication unit 26 can perform communication based on the data received from the communication device 10 and the reception timing in the reception unit 22 of the communication module 20 by human body communication. In the present embodiment, the communication unit 26 communicates with the imaging devices 100 and 200 when the human body communication via the electrode units 15 and 21 becomes possible. Therefore, an appropriate timing such as the timing when the swing exercise is started. Thus, it is possible to make a shooting request to the imaging devices 100 and 200.

  In the present embodiment, the CPU 27 can request the imaging devices 100 and 200 to perform imaging according to the position detected by the GPS module 23a. As a result, it is possible to request the imaging devices 100 and 200 to perform appropriate shooting by the user.

  In addition, since the CPU 27 requests the imaging devices 100 and 200 to finish shooting when the bat is not in contact with or facing the user's hand for a predetermined time (S32), the user performs swing exercise. Shooting can be terminated at an appropriate timing with a high probability of termination.

  In this embodiment, a physical quantity sensor (acceleration sensor 11 and gyro sensor 12) that detects a physical quantity (acceleration or angular velocity) acting on the bat in accordance with the user's operation is provided in the bat 50, and the CPU 17 and the transmission unit 16 communicates the physical quantity detected by the physical quantity sensor with a device (communication module 20) different from the bat 50 via the electrode part 15 that contacts or faces the human body and the human body. Thereby, the physical quantity which acts on the bat 50 with respect to the communication module 20 can be transmitted to the communication module 20 by the human body communication at an appropriate timing when the user performs a swing exercise or the like with the bat. Also from this point, it is possible to provide an electronic device system 1 that is easy to use.

  Further, in the present embodiment, since the biosensor 13 is provided in the vicinity of the electrode unit 15, the biometric information detected by the biosensor 13 together with the physical quantity acting on the bat 50 according to the user's operation is also at an appropriate timing. Thus, it can be transmitted to the communication module 20.

  In the present embodiment, since the CPU 17 starts detection by the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 after the human body communication is established, the detection timing by each sensor can be set to an appropriate timing. Thereby, the power consumption of each sensor can be reduced.

  In the above-described embodiment, the case where shooting is performed by the imaging devices 100 and 200 during the swing exercise has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and all the exercises may be shot by the imaging devices 100 and 200. In this case, the CPU 27 may perform step S22 in FIG. 6 immediately after step S16, and perform the photographing end request in step S32 immediately after step S34.

  In the above embodiment, the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are provided at positions away from the biological sensor 13 and the electrode unit 15. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are connected to the biological sensor. It is good also as providing near the sensor 13 and the electrode part 15 (grip end etc.).

  In the above-described embodiment, the tool type information in the practice data DB can be used to manage the history of the tool usage period. It can also be used to recommend new tools to the user according to the user's progress.

  In addition, although the case where the communication module 20 was provided in shoes was demonstrated in the said embodiment, it is also possible to use a portable terminal as the communication module 20 by providing an electrode part in portable terminals, such as a mobile telephone. In this case, the comparison result may be displayed on the screen (display unit) of the mobile terminal. When information for identifying a user is stored in the mobile terminal, the above-described identification of the user using the personal computer 300 can be omitted. Also, by inputting the order and amount of practice from the input unit of the mobile terminal, it is possible to compare the scheduled practice with the practice actually performed. In this case, the comparison result may be displayed on the screen of the mobile terminal. Further, when the planned practice amount is performed, the user may be notified using the vibration function of the mobile terminal or the like. Note that the order and amount of practice may be communicated from the personal computer 300 to the communication module 20 and stored in the flash memory 25.

  In the above embodiment, the CPU 27 has been described with respect to the case where the practice data is recorded in the flash memory 25 while the user is practicing the swing. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the CPU 27 starts the swing practice. At a stage, the personal computer 300 may be requested to record practice data.

  Moreover, although the said embodiment demonstrated the case where practice data was recorded only when a user exists in a specific place in FIG.6 S12, it is not restricted to this. For example, steps S10 and S12 in the process of FIG. 6 may be omitted, and the process of FIG. 6 may be started from step S14. In the process of FIG. 6, the process of steps S14 and S16 is performed in consideration of the preparatory exercise and the like, but not limited to this, for example, steps S14 and S16 of the process of FIG. It is good also as starting the process of FIG. 6 from step S18. In this case, steps S34 and S36 may be omitted.

  In the above embodiment, the processing of FIG. 7 may be performed by the CPU 27 of the communication module 20 instead of the CPU 303. In this case, the personal computer 300 may be omitted.

(Modification 1)
In the above embodiment, the case where the communication module 20 is provided in the spike 52 has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, as shown in FIG. 9A, the communication module 20 may be provided in the helmet 54. In this case, when the human body communication is not established between the helmet 54 and the bat 50, the CPU 27 prohibits standing in the batter box (providing a speaker in the communication device 10 and informing using the speaker). The safety of the user (batter) may be ensured.

  When the user (batter) comes out, he / she does not have the bat 50. Therefore, when detecting the user's movement or the like at the time of coming out, the helmet 54 has the acceleration sensor 11, the gyro sensor 12, the biological sensor 13, the electrode. The part 15 may be arranged. In this case, the communication module 20 may be provided on the spike 52 or may be provided on the helmet 54.

  As shown in FIG. 9B, since the user uses the glove 56 when defending, the acceleration sensor 11, the gyro sensor 12, the biological sensor 13, and the electrode unit 15 may be provided on the glove 56. Good. In this case, data on the number of times the user has received the ball and the speed of the ball (the strength of the impact received by the glove 56) can be accumulated. By using these data, it becomes possible to determine that the user can catch a stronger ball (a ball with a higher speed). Further, when the acceleration sensor 11 is provided in the catcher mitt, the state of the pitcher can be analyzed from the strength of the ball thrown by the pitcher and the change in the strength.

  In addition, when a user is a catcher, it is good also as providing the acceleration sensor 11, the gyro sensor 12, the biosensor 13, and the electrode part 15 in a part of protector.

  When the acceleration sensor 11 or the like is provided in the globe 56 or the protector, in step S20 of FIG. 6, the CPU 27 acquires the type of the globe 56 (for infield, for outfield, catcher mitt, etc.) and the type of the protector from the communication device 10. You can do it. In step S28, the CPU 27 records the usage of the tool in the flash memory 25 (practice data DB) in association with the type of the glove 56, etc., thereby including an attribute indicating which tool was used and how it was used. You should record it.

(Modification 2)
FIG. 9C shows an example in which the electronic device system 1 is applied to tennis. In the second modification, the biosensor 13 and the electrode unit 15 are arranged at the grip part (position touching the user's hand) of the racket 60, and the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are arranged at the face tip part of the racket 60. . In the second modification, the tennis shoe 62 is provided with the communication module 20. In the case of tennis, it is possible to accumulate data such as the number of racket swings and swing speed, and it is also possible to accumulate foot travel data and the like (step S28). The acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 may be provided in the vicinity of the grip portion of the racket 60.

  In the second modification, the practice place table in FIG. 3A only needs to store the position of a tennis court or the like.

(Modification 3)
FIG. 10A shows an example in which the electronic device system 1 is applied to golf. In the third modification, the biometric sensor 13 and the electrode unit 15 are disposed in the grip portion of the golf club 70, and the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are disposed in the club head. In addition, the communication module 20 is provided in the golf shoe 72. In this case, in step S20 of FIG. 6, the CPU 27 may acquire the type of the golf club 70 (club count, loft, lie angle, shaft, length, weight, material, etc.) from the communication device 10. . In step S28, the CPU 27 records how to use the tool (the number of swings of the club, the head speed, the frequency of use of various clubs, etc.) in association with the type of the golf club 70 and the like in the flash memory 25 (practice data DB). By doing so, it should be recorded including the attribute of which tool was used and how it was used.

  In the third modification, the practice place table in FIG. 3A only needs to store a golf course, a golf practice place, and the like. In addition, since it is compulsory to wear a hat or a sun visor at a golf course, the hat or sun visor is provided with an acceleration sensor 11, a gyro sensor 12, a biological sensor 13, an electrode unit 15, or a communication module 20 is installed. It may be provided. Further, by providing a plurality of pressure sensors on the face portion of the golf club and acquiring detection values of the plurality of pressure sensors for each shot, it is possible to record the contact position of the ball with respect to the face for each shot.

(Modification 4)
FIG. 10B shows an example in which the electronic device system 1 is applied to skiing. In the fourth modification, the biosensor 13 and the electrode unit 15 are disposed on the goggles 80, and the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are disposed on the ski board 82. In addition, the communication module 20 is provided in the ski boots 84. In this case, it is possible to accumulate a user's downhill speed, a rotation history when a turn is made, and the like. In addition, by providing a plurality of load sensors inside the ski boot 84, it is possible to accumulate changes in the center of gravity of the user, the state of weight shift, and the like.

  In skiing, the user is often moving. In such a case, in step S22 of FIG. 6, the CPU 27 may notify the imaging devices 100 and 200 of the moving direction of the user based on the output of the direction sensor 23c.

  In skiing, if a large acceleration acts on the acceleration sensors 11 and 23b and the human body communication is interrupted thereafter, it is expected that an emergency has occurred. In such a case, the CPU 27 may notify other external devices (for example, mobile phones) via the communication unit 26 that the emergency has occurred together with the position information.

  In addition, you may arrange | position the acceleration sensor 11, the gyro sensor 12, etc. to a stock.

  Note that the electronic device system 1 can be applied to snowboarding and skating as well as skiing.

(Modification 5)
FIG.10 (c) has shown the example at the time of applying the electronic device system 1 to a musical instrument performance. In FIG. 10C, the biosensor 13, the electrode unit 15, and the communication module 20 are provided in a portion where the right hand and the left hand come into contact so that human body communication is established when the user holds the musical instrument (the trombone) 90 with both hands. ing. Note that when the performer wears shoes, the communication module 20 may be provided in the shoes. At least one of the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 may be provided according to the type of musical instrument, or both may be omitted. In the case of an instrument, practice time data can be accumulated, and biometric information at the time of practice can be compared with biometric information at a presentation. Further, in the fifth modification, even when the user is participating in the orchestra, it is possible to perform shooting with the imaging devices 100 and 200 only while the user is playing. In the case of the fifth modification, a recording device may be used as an external device controlled by the CPU 27 instead of or together with the imaging devices 100 and 200. When recording an orchestra performance using a recording device, the recorded voice data is compared with the user's musical instrument operation (such as a user's right hand movement (slide tube movement) obtained from the acceleration sensor 11 or the like). Then, it is good also as notifying a correction point (deviation from other players, etc.) with respect to a user.

  The electronic device system 1 can also be applied to musical instruments other than the trombone.

(Modification 6)
FIG. 10D shows an example in which the electronic device system 1 is applied to athletics (baton relay). In this case, the communication module 20 is provided in each of the shoes 112 of the two runners, the biosensor 13 and the electrode unit 15 are arranged at both ends of the baton 104, and the acceleration sensor 11 and the gyro sensor 12 are arranged in the baton 104. Yes. Thereby, since the movement of the baton 104 at the time of the baton relay, the time taken for the baton relay, the biological information of the two runners, and the like can be obtained, the result of the practice can be visualized as data.

  In addition, as with skiing, users often move in athletics. In such a case, in step S22 of FIG. 6, the CPU 27 may notify the imaging devices 100 and 200 of the moving direction of the user based on the output of the direction sensor 23c.

  In the above-described embodiment and the modification, when the communication module 20 is provided in the shoe, the sensor unit 23 may include a load sensor. As a result, the position of the user's center of gravity, weight balance, and the like can be detected, so that it is possible to analyze the improvement points in the swing and the like.

  In addition to the above-mentioned baseball, tennis, golf, skiing, and athletics, the electronic device system 1 can be used for various sports that use tools (table tennis, badminton, hockey, kendo, fencing, boating, horse racing (for jockey whip, etc.) The communication device 10 is provided), archery, lacrosse, cricket, etc.

  The above-described embodiment is an example of a preferred embodiment of the present invention. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Electronic device system 10 Communication apparatus 11 Acceleration sensor 12 Gyro sensor 13 Biosensor 14 Memory 15 Electrode part 16 Transmission part 17 CPU
21 Electrode unit 22 Receiving unit 23a GPS module 25 Flash memory 26 Communication unit 27 CPU
50 Bat 100, 200 Imaging device 300 Personal computer

Claims (10)

  1. A first communication unit having a first member that can contact or face the first part of the human body;
    A second communication unit having a second member that can contact or face a second part different from the first part, and a reception unit that receives data by communication via the human body with the first communication unit;
    A recording unit that performs recording according to an attribute of a member provided with the second communication unit when communication between the first communication unit and the second communication unit via the human body becomes possible; An electronic device characterized by comprising:
  2.   The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the recording unit performs recording according to an attribute of a member provided with the first communication unit.
  3.   The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the recording unit records biological information of the human body.
  4.   The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the recording unit performs recording related to movement of at least one of the first part and the second part.
  5.   2. The recording unit according to claim 1, wherein the recording unit performs recording according to an attribute of a member provided with the second communication unit, and records a type of the member provided with the second communication unit. Electronic device as described in any one of -4.
  6. A position detection unit for detecting the position;
    The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the recording unit records a position detected by the position detection unit.
  7.   The said recording part records the time when the said 1st communication part and the said 2nd communication part are communicating via the said human body, The electron as described in any one of Claims 1-6 characterized by the above-mentioned. machine.
  8.   The recording unit terminates recording according to the attribute of the member provided with the second communication unit when the second member is not in contact with or opposed to the second part for a predetermined time. The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein
  9.   The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the recording unit ends the recording when the first member is no longer in contact with or opposed to the first part.
  10.   The electronic apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a display unit that displays data recorded in the recording unit in time series.
JP2011271542A 2011-12-12 2011-12-12 Electronic apparatus Pending JP2013122725A (en)

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RU2018111702A RU2018111702A (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic device
CN201710876172.9A CN107875607A (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic equipment
US14/361,614 US9337900B2 (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic device
CN201410392463.7A CN104117194B (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Control method and detection means
CN201280059292.5A CN103958011B (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic equipment
CN201710875086.6A CN107835038A (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic equipment
CN201610232482.2A CN105743586B (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic equipment
RU2014123710A RU2652785C2 (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic device
PCT/JP2012/079254 WO2013088879A1 (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic equipment
CN201710876170.XA CN107835039A (en) 2011-12-12 2012-11-12 Electronic equipment
US15/078,500 US9949229B2 (en) 2011-12-12 2016-03-23 Electronic device
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