JP2011217882A - Carried-person carrier - Google Patents

Carried-person carrier Download PDF

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JP2011217882A
JP2011217882A JP2010088548A JP2010088548A JP2011217882A JP 2011217882 A JP2011217882 A JP 2011217882A JP 2010088548 A JP2010088548 A JP 2010088548A JP 2010088548 A JP2010088548 A JP 2010088548A JP 2011217882 A JP2011217882 A JP 2011217882A
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transporter
person
stretcher
belt
transported
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JP5307757B2 (en
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Shiro Hidaka
四郎 日高
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PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a carried-person carrier for carrying an injured person, a person requiring nursing care or the like.SOLUTION: The carried-person carrier 10 can be used as a shoulder tool 10b for shouldering a carried-person M2 by attaching a sheet-shaped stretcher body 11 to the carried-person M2 via a carried-person side attachment body 12, by a carrying person M1 wearing the carrier via a carrying person side attachment body 13 provided in the stretcher body 11, and can be used as a stretcher 10a that can be carried with the carried-person M2 placed on the stretcher body 11, by the carrying person M1 holding a plurality of grips 50 disposed in the longitudinal direction of the stretcher body 11.

Description

本発明は、負傷者や要介護者等の被搬送者を搬送する被搬送者搬送具に関する。   The present invention relates to a transported person transporter for transporting a transported person such as an injured person or a care recipient.

従来、自力で行動することが困難な状態にある一人の人間、例えば、負傷者、障害者、又は、老人等(以下、被搬送者と記す)を、一人の搬送者が搬送する際には、背負うのが一般的であり、この際、背負い具を使用している。   Conventionally, when a single person transports a person who is difficult to act on his own, such as an injured person, a disabled person, or an elderly person (hereinafter referred to as a person to be transported). It is common to carry it on the back, and at this time, a backpack is used.

例えば、特許文献1には被搬送者を搬送できる背負い具が本願出願人により開示されている。この特許文献には、背負う人は背負い側装着体を装着すると共に、背負われる人は背負われ側装着体を装着することにより、背負う人が背負われる人を背中側に引き寄せながら楽に背負う背負い具が開示されている。   For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a backpack capable of transporting a person to be transported by the present applicant. In this patent document, a person who carries the back wears a back-mounted body, and a person who carries the back carries a back-mounted body so that the person carrying the back can easily carry the back while pulling the person carrying the back to the back side. It is disclosed.

特開2002−360633号公報JP 2002-360633 A

しかし、例えば、脚を骨折した負傷者等は、脚を伸ばして横臥した状態で搬送した方がよく、上記背負い具では、そのような横臥した状態で搬送することができない。また、搬送者が複数人いれば、担架の形態の方が緊急時の搬送を速やかに行え、また、横臥した状態での被搬送者の搬送ができる。   However, for example, an injured person with a broken leg is better transported with his legs extended and lying down, and the backpack cannot be transported in such a lying state. Further, if there are a plurality of transporters, the form of the stretcher can perform transport in an emergency more quickly, and transport the transported person in a lying state.

これに対して、その場において搬送者が一人のみしかいなく、負傷者を搬送する場合には、上記のような背負い具の形態で搬送した方が搬送者の負担とならない。したがって、搬送者の人数、被搬送者の負傷の具合又は不自由さの程度によって、担架若しくは背負い具のいずれかの形態を有する搬送具があれば便利である。   On the other hand, when there is only one transporter on the spot and transports an injured person, transporting in the form of the backpack as described above does not become a burden on the transporter. Therefore, it is convenient if there is a carrier having a form of either a stretcher or a backpack depending on the number of carriers, the degree of injury or inconvenience of the recipient.

本発明は、斯かる事情に鑑みてなされたものであって、負傷者等の被搬送者を横臥した状態で搬送者が搬送する担架として使用可能とすると共に、搬送者が被搬送者を背負って搬送する背負い具として使用可能とする被搬送者搬送具を提供する。   The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, and can be used as a stretcher to be transported by a transporter while lying on the transported person such as an injured person, and the transporter carries the transported person on the back. It is possible to provide a transferee transport tool that can be used as a backpack to be transported.

上記課題を解決するための、長手方向に配設された複数個の持ち手を搬送者が持つことにより、被搬送者を乗せて搬送させる布製の担架本体を備えた被搬送者搬送具であって、担架本体は、同担架本体を被搬送者に装着させる被搬送者側装着体と、搬送者が装着することにより被搬送者側装着体を介して装着された被搬送者を背負い可能とする搬送者装着体と、を具備することとした。   In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the transporter has a cloth stretcher body that transports the transported person by having the transporter have a plurality of handles arranged in the longitudinal direction. Thus, the stretcher body can carry the transporter-side mounting body for mounting the stretcher body on the transported person, and the transported person mounted on the transporter-side mounting body when the transporter is mounted. And a carrier wearing body.

また、本発明に係る被搬送者搬送具では、以下の点にも特徴を有する。   In addition, the transportee transporter according to the present invention is also characterized by the following points.

(1)担架本体は、網目状に編み込まれた表面部及び裏面部と、表面部の網目と裏面部の網目とを連結糸で連結された連結部とで構成された三次元立体編み物で形成されたこと。   (1) The stretcher main body is formed of a three-dimensional solid knitted fabric composed of a front surface portion and a back surface portion knitted in a mesh shape, and a connection portion in which the mesh of the front surface portion and the mesh of the back surface portion are connected by a connecting thread. What has been done.

(2)被搬送者側装着体は、被搬送者の肩部を連結する肩部連結ベルトと、被搬送者の腋窩部を固定する腋窩部連結ベルトと、被搬送者の少なくとも背中から大腿部の裏側にかけて固定する臀部連結ベルトと、を具備すること。   (2) The transporter side wearing body includes a shoulder connection belt for connecting the shoulder of the transportee, an axillary connection belt for fixing the axilla of the transportee, and at least the thigh from the back of the transportee And a collar connecting belt that is fixed to the back side of the part.

(3)搬送者側装着体は、搬送者の体型に応じて締め付け調節可能とする左右一対の肩掛けベルトを具備する一方、各肩掛けベルトはそれぞれ背負う人の体型に応じて締め付け調節可能とし、各肩掛けベルトには、被搬送者の大腿部を搬送者の腰部の左右側方に保持させる大腿部保持ベルトがそれぞれ連結されたこと。   (3) The carrier-side wearing body has a pair of left and right shoulder belts that can be tightened and adjusted according to the body shape of the carrier, while each shoulder belt can be tightened and adjusted according to the body shape of the person carrying the shoulder, The shoulder belt is connected to a thigh holding belt that holds the thigh of the transported person on the left and right sides of the waist of the transporter.

(4)持ち手は、担架本体の長手方向の両端部及び中央部に複数個配設したこと。   (4) A plurality of handles are arranged at both ends and the center in the longitudinal direction of the stretcher body.

請求項1に記載の被搬送者搬送具では、担架本体の長手方向に配設された複数個の持ち手のいずれかを搬送者が持つことにより、被搬送者を担架本体上に乗せて搬送する担架として使用可能とすると共に、被搬送者側装着体を介して担架本体を被搬送者に装着させ、搬送者側装着体を介して搬送者が装着することにより被搬送者を背負う背負い具として使用可能とする被搬送者搬送具を提供することができる。   The transporter according to claim 1, wherein the transporter has one of a plurality of handles arranged in the longitudinal direction of the stretcher main body so that the transported person is transported on the stretcher main body. A carrying device that can be used as a stretcher that is mounted on the transporter side, attaches the stretcher body to the transportee, and is mounted by the transporter via the transporter side mounting body. It is possible to provide a transferee transporter that can be used as

また、請求項2に記載の被搬送者搬送具では、担架本体が三次元立体網物で構成されているので、三次元立体編物の繊維糸が水分を含みにくい素材にすれば、その編物全体が水分を保持しにくい網目構造を有するため、雨天時等においても搬送具として使用できる。また、三次元立体網物は、軽量性、通気性を有すると共に、被搬送者の体型に沿わせることができ、背負い易い柔軟性も有している。   In the transporter according to claim 2, since the stretcher body is composed of a three-dimensional solid network, if the fiber yarn of the three-dimensional solid knitted fabric is made of a material that does not easily contain moisture, the entire knitted fabric Since it has a mesh structure that hardly retains moisture, it can be used as a transport tool even in rainy weather. In addition, the three-dimensional three-dimensional network has lightness and air permeability, can be adapted to the body shape of the person being transported, and has flexibility that can easily be carried on the back.

また、請求項3に記載の被搬送者搬送具では、被搬送者の肩部に肩部連結ベルトを掛け回し、被搬送者の腋窩部に腋窩部連結ベルトを通し、被搬送者の臀部に臀部連結ベルトを掛け回すことにより、布製のシート状の担架本体を三つ折り状態などにして被搬送者に装着させることができる。   In the transporter according to claim 3, the shoulder connection belt is hung around the shoulder of the transportee, the axillary connection belt is passed through the axilla of the transportee, and the buttocks of the transportee By hanging the collar connecting belt, the cloth-like stretcher body made of cloth can be attached to the transported person in a three-fold state.

また、請求項4に記載の被搬送者搬送具では、搬送者は、搬送者の体型に応じて締め付け調節可能とする肩掛けベルトと、被搬送者の大腿部を搬送者の腰部の左右側方に保持させる保持ベルトにより、被搬送者の重心を、搬送者の腰部の位置に確実に配置することができて、搬送者の肉体的負担や経時的疲労を軽減することができると共に、被搬送者に圧迫感を与えない搬送姿勢を安定化させことができて、搬送者の疲労も軽減することができる。   In the transporter according to claim 4, the transporter can adjust the tightening according to the body shape of the transporter, the shoulder belt, and the thigh of the transported person on the left and right sides of the waist of the transporter. The holding belt to be held in the direction can securely place the center of gravity of the transported person at the position of the waist of the transporter, reduce the physical burden on the transporter and fatigue over time, and The conveyance posture that does not give the carrier a feeling of pressure can be stabilized, and the fatigue of the carrier can also be reduced.

また、請求項5に記載の被搬送者搬送具では、担架本体の長手方向の両端部及び中央部に複数個配設したので、担架の形態として使用する場合に、搬送者が二人の場合には、担架本体の両端部に配設された持ち手を持つことにより、被搬送者を担架本体に乗せて搬送することができる。または、三人または四人の場合には、担架本体の長手方向の両端部に二人と長手方向中央部に二人配置して搬送することができる。   In addition, in the transporter according to claim 5, since a plurality of transporters are disposed at both ends and the center in the longitudinal direction of the stretcher body, when used as a stretcher, there are two transporters. In addition, by having the handles disposed at both ends of the stretcher body, the person to be transported can be transported on the stretcher body. Alternatively, in the case of three or four people, two people can be arranged at both ends in the longitudinal direction of the stretcher main body and two at the center in the longitudinal direction.

本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具の担架本体を展開させた状態を示す平面図である。It is a top view which shows the state which expand | deployed the stretcher main body of the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具の担架本体を展開させた状態を示す底面図である。It is a bottom view which shows the state which expand | deployed the stretcher main body of the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具の担架本体の三次元立体編物の構造を示す平面図である。It is a top view which shows the structure of the three-dimensional solid knitted fabric of the stretcher main body of the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具の担架本体の三次元立体編物の構造を示す断面図である。It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of the three-dimensional solid knitted fabric of the stretcher main body of the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具を背負い具として使用する担架本体の装着状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the mounting state of the stretcher main body which uses the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention as a backpack. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具の背負い具として使用時に被搬送者を背負う状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the state which bears a to-be-transported person at the time of use as a backpack of the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具を背負い具として使用した形態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the form which used the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention as a backpack. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具を背負い具として使用した形態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the form which used the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention as a backpack. 本発明に係る実施形態の被搬送者搬送具を担架として使用した形態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the form which used the to-be-transported person transport tool of embodiment which concerns on this invention as a stretcher.

本発明は、長手方向に配設された複数個の持ち手を搬送者が持つことにより、被搬送者を乗せて搬送させる布製の担架本体を備えた被搬送者搬送具であって、担架本体は、同担架本体を被搬送者に装着させる被搬送者側装着体と、搬送者が装着することにより被搬送者側装着体を介して装着された被搬送者を背負い可能とする搬送者装着体と、を具備する被搬送者搬送具を提供するものである。   The present invention relates to a transporter transporter comprising a stretcher body made of cloth that allows a transporter to carry a transporter when the transporter has a plurality of handles arranged in the longitudinal direction. The carrier-mounted mounting body that mounts the stretcher body to the transported person, and the transporter-mounted mounting that enables the transported person mounted on the transported person-side mounting body to be carried by the transporter. And a recipient transporter having a body.

そして、本発明は、特徴的構造として、担架本体は、網目状に編み込まれた表面部及び裏面部と、表面部の網目と裏面部の網目とを連結糸で連結された連結部とで構成された三次元立体編み物で形成されている。   And as a characteristic structure, the present invention has a structure in which the stretcher body includes a front surface portion and a back surface portion knitted in a mesh shape, and a connection portion in which the mesh on the front surface portion and the mesh on the back surface portion are connected with a connecting thread. It is made of three-dimensional solid knitted fabric.

以下に、本発明の実施例について図面を参照しながら説明する。図1及び図2に示すように、本実施例における被搬送者搬送具10は、長手方向に配設された複数個の持ち手50を搬送者M1が持つことにより、被搬送者M2を乗せて搬送させる布製の担架本体11を備えた被搬送者搬送具10であって、担架本体11は、同担架本体11を被搬送者M2に装着させる被搬送者側装着体12と、搬送者M1が装着することにより被搬送者側装着体12を介して装着された被搬送者M2を背負い可能とする搬送者側装着体13と、を具備する。   Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the transportee transport device 10 in the present embodiment carries the transportee M2 by the transporter M1 having a plurality of handles 50 arranged in the longitudinal direction. The transporter carrier 10 is provided with a fabric stretcher main body 11 to be transported, and the stretcher main body 11 includes a transporter-side mounting body 12 that mounts the stretcher main body 11 on the transportee M2, and a transporter M1. A carrier-side mounting body 13 that can carry the transported person M2 mounted via the transported person-side mounting body 12 by being mounted.

担架本体11は、伸縮性とクッション性を有する布製であり、長細くシート状に構成されたものである。担架本体11の長さは人の身長より若干小さめに形成され、幅は人の胴体全体を覆うサイズを有する。担架本体11の周縁部には、担架本体11の繊維などがほつれないように補強部材24が縫着されている。   The stretcher body 11 is made of a cloth having stretchability and cushioning properties, and is formed into a long and thin sheet shape. The length of the stretcher body 11 is slightly smaller than the height of the person, and the width has a size that covers the entire body of the person. A reinforcing member 24 is sewn to the peripheral edge of the stretcher body 11 so that fibers of the stretcher body 11 are not frayed.

担架本体11は、図3及び図4に示すように、網目状に編み込まれた表面部14及び裏面部15と、表面部14の網目17と裏面部15の網目17とを連結糸18で連結された連結部16とで構成された三次元立体編物19で形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the stretcher body 11 connects the front surface portion 14 and the back surface portion 15 knitted in a mesh shape, and the mesh 17 of the front surface portion 14 and the mesh 17 of the back surface portion 15 with a connecting thread 18. It is formed of a three-dimensional solid knitted fabric 19 composed of the connected portion 16.

この三次元立体編物19として、例えば、旭化成せんい株式会社製のフュージョン(登録商標)を使用することができる。また、三次元立体編物19に表面部14を構成する繊維としてポリエチレンテレフタレートが使用され、裏面部15を構成する繊維としてポリトリポリブチレンテレフタレートなどが使用され、連結部16を構成する繊維としてポリトリメチレンテレフタレート、ナイロンなどが使用される。なお、網目状に編み込まれる表面部14及び裏面部15の網目17の大きさは限定されない。   As this three-dimensional solid knitted fabric 19, for example, Fusion (registered trademark) manufactured by Asahi Kasei Fibers Co., Ltd. can be used. Further, polyethylene terephthalate is used as a fiber constituting the surface portion 14 in the three-dimensional solid knitted fabric 19, polytripolybutylene terephthalate or the like is used as a fiber constituting the back surface portion 15, and polytrimethylene as a fiber constituting the connecting portion 16. Terephthalate, nylon, etc. are used. In addition, the magnitude | size of the mesh 17 of the surface part 14 knitted by mesh shape and the back surface part 15 is not limited.

上記繊維は、上記素材で構成することにより伸縮性及びクッション性を有するので、被搬送者M2が担架本体11に乗ったときの乗り心地を良くすることができると共に、被搬送者M2の身体に負担をかけにくくすることができる。   Since the fiber has stretchability and cushioning properties by being composed of the above material, it can improve the riding comfort when the transported person M2 rides on the stretcher body 11, and also on the body of the transported person M2 It can be made difficult to put a burden.

また、三次元立体編物19は、上記繊維が水分を含みにくく、また、水分を保持しにくい網目構造を有して、雨天時等でも搬送具として使用しやすい素材で形成している。   The three-dimensional solid knitted fabric 19 has a network structure in which the fibers hardly contain moisture and does not easily retain moisture, and is formed of a material that can be easily used as a transport tool even in rainy weather.

さらに、担架本体11は、被搬送者側装着体12と搬送者側装着体13とを具備する。以下、被搬送者側装着体12と搬送者側装着体13とのついて詳細に説明する。   Furthermore, the stretcher main body 11 includes a transporter-side mounting body 12 and a transporter-side mounting body 13. Hereinafter, the transportee side mounting body 12 and the transporter side mounting body 13 will be described in detail.

まず、被搬送者側装着体12は、図1及び図2に示すように、被搬送者M2の肩部に掛け回して固定する左右一対の肩部連結ベルト35と、被搬送者M2の腋窩部を固定する左右一対の腋窩部連結ベルト40と、被搬送者M2の少なくとも背中から大腿部の裏側にかけて固定する左右一対の臀部連結ベルト45と、を担架本体11上に具備する。   First, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the recipient-side mounting body 12 includes a pair of left and right shoulder connecting belts 35 that are hung around and fixed to the shoulder of the recipient M2, and an axilla of the recipient M2. The stretcher body 11 includes a pair of left and right armpit connection belts 40 for fixing the upper part and a pair of left and right hip connection belts 45 that are fixed from at least the back of the recipient M2 to the back side of the thigh.

肩部連結ベルト35は、図1及び図2に示すように、左右一対の肩部連結ベルト本体36を有し、同肩部連結ベルト本体36を担架本体11の上方において展開させるように、その基端部37を担架本体11の上端側にそれぞれ縫着させている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the shoulder connecting belt 35 has a pair of left and right shoulder connecting belt main bodies 36, and the shoulder connecting belt main body 36 is unfolded above the stretcher main body 11. The base end portion 37 is sewn to the upper end side of the stretcher body 11.

また、肩部連結ベルト本体36の先端部に雄側連結具38aを取り付ける一方、肩部連結ベルト本体36の雄側連結具38aを嵌合させる雌側連結具38bは、搬送者側装着体13側の肩掛けベルト20の中途部に配設している。   In addition, the male connector 38 a is attached to the distal end portion of the shoulder connecting belt body 36, while the female connector 38 b for fitting the male connector 38 a of the shoulder connecting belt body 36 is the carrier side mounting body 13. It is arranged in the middle of the side shoulder belt 20.

各肩部連結ベルト35は、締め付け調節ベルト体39を肩部連結ベルト本体36上にそれぞれ備えており、締め付け調節ベルト体39を伸縮長さ調節することにより、各肩掛けベルト本体21の長さを、被搬送者M2の体型に適合させるべく締め付け調節が行えるようにしている。   Each shoulder connection belt 35 includes a tightening adjustment belt body 39 on the shoulder connection belt main body 36, and the length of each shoulder belt main body 21 is adjusted by adjusting the expansion / contraction length of the tightening adjustment belt body 39. The tightening adjustment can be performed so as to be adapted to the body shape of the transported person M2.

腋窩部連結ベルト40は、図1及び図2に示すように、左右一対の腋窩部連結ベルト本体41を有し、同腋窩部連結ベルト本体41を左右に展開させるように、その基端部42を担架本体11の上側にそれぞれ縫着させている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the axillary part connecting belt 40 has a pair of left and right axillary part connecting belt main bodies 41, and the base end part 42 of the axillary part connecting belt main body 41 so as to be developed left and right. Are sewn on the upper side of the stretcher main body 11.

また、同腋窩部連結ベルト本体41の先端部に雄側連結具43aを取り付ける一方、腋窩部連結ベルト本体41の雄側連結具43aを嵌合させる雌側連結具43bは、担架本体11上の肩掛けベルト20近くに配設している。この腋窩部連結ベルト本体41も締め付け調節ベルト体44により伸縮長さを調節できるようにしている。   In addition, while attaching the male connector 43a to the distal end portion of the axilla connecting belt body 41, the female connector 43b for fitting the male connector 43a of the axillary connecting belt body 41 is provided on the stretcher body 11. It is disposed near the shoulder belt 20. The axillary part connecting belt main body 41 can also be adjusted in its expansion / contraction length by the tightening adjustment belt body 44.

臀部連結ベルト45は、図1及び図2に示すように、左右一対の臀部連結ベルト本体46をそれぞれ有し、同臀部連結ベルト本体46を左右に展開させるように、その基端部を担架本体11の中央ベルト片56に縫着させている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the hook connecting belt 45 has a pair of left and right hook connecting belt bodies 46, and the base end portion of the hook connecting belt main body 46 is extended to the left and right so that the hook connecting belt main body 46 is developed left and right. 11 central belt pieces 56 are sewn.

また、同臀部連結ベルト本体46の先端部に雄側連結具47aを取り付ける一方、臀部連結ベルト本体46の雄側連結具47aを嵌合させる雌側連結具47bは、担架本体11上の中途部49に配設している。この臀部連結ベルト本体46も締め付け調節ベルト体48により伸縮長さを調節できるようにしている。   In addition, the male side connector 47a is attached to the distal end portion of the flange connection belt body 46, while the female side connector 47b for fitting the male side connector 47a of the flange connection belt body 46 is a midway portion on the stretcher body 11. 49. The collar connecting belt main body 46 can also be adjusted in its expansion / contraction length by the tightening adjustment belt body 48.

次に、搬送者側装着体13は、図1及び図2に示すように、搬送者の体型に応じて締め付け調節可能とする左右一対の肩掛けベルト20を担架本体11上に具備する一方、背負い人である搬送者M1の腹部に掛け回す腹部連結ベルト57を担架本体11の下端側に具備している。また、上記左右一対の肩掛けベルト20には、被搬送者M2の大腿部を搬送者M1の腰部の左右側方に保持させる大腿部保持ベルト28がそれぞれ連結されている。   Next, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the carrier-side mounting body 13 includes a pair of left and right shoulder belts 20 that can be tightened and adjusted according to the body shape of the carrier, on the stretcher body 11, while being carried on the back. An abdomen connecting belt 57 that hangs around the abdomen of the carrier M1, which is a person, is provided on the lower end side of the stretcher body 11. The pair of left and right shoulder belts 20 are connected to a thigh holding belt 28 that holds the thigh of the person M2 to be conveyed on the left and right sides of the waist of the carrier M1.

左右一対の肩掛けベルト20は、図1に示すように、担架本体11の下部において肩掛けベルト本体21をそれぞれ形成し、同各肩掛けベルト本体21の上端部は担架本体11の中途部において縫着された中央ベルト片56と共に担架本体11に縫着されている。また、各肩掛けベルト本体21に、同肩掛けベルト本体21の伸延方向に伸延させて形成した肩当てクッション片22をそれぞれ取り付けている。さらに、各肩掛けベルト本体21の下端部に伸縮長さ調節自在の締め付け調節ベルト体23を各肩掛けベルト本体21の伸延方向に沿わせて取り付けて、各締め付け調節ベルト体23を伸縮長さ調節することにより、各肩掛けベルト本体21の長さを、搬送者M1の体型に適合させるべく締め付け調節が行えるようにしている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the pair of left and right shoulder belts 20 form a shoulder belt body 21 at the lower portion of the stretcher body 11, and the upper end portions of the shoulder belt bodies 21 are sewn together in the middle of the stretcher body 11. The center belt piece 56 and the stretcher body 11 are sewn together. Further, a shoulder cushion piece 22 formed by extending in the extending direction of the shoulder belt main body 21 is attached to each shoulder belt main body 21. Further, a tightening adjustment belt body 23 with adjustable length of extension is attached to the lower end portion of each shoulder belt body 21 along the extending direction of each shoulder belt body 21, and the length of each tightening adjustment belt body 23 is adjusted. Thus, the length of each shoulder belt main body 21 can be adjusted so as to be adapted to the body shape of the carrier M1.

また、図2に示すように、肩掛けベルト本体21の位置する担架本体11の裏面側には、搬送者M1が肩掛け時に担架本体11の垂れ下がりを防止する垂れ下がり固定片55が縫着されている。   As shown in FIG. 2, a hanging fixing piece 55 is sewn on the back side of the stretcher body 11 where the shoulder belt body 21 is located to prevent the carrier M1 from hanging down when the shoulder M1 is shouldered.

腹部連結ベルト57は、図1及び図2に示すように、担架本体11の下部に腹巻きベルト基端片25を縫着すると共に、腹巻きベルト基端片25は担架本体11よりも左右側に突出させて、その突出させた先端側に雌側連結具27bを設けている。また、腹巻きベルト片26を上記腹巻きベルト基端片25とは別体に設けて、腹巻きベルト片26の両端部に雄側連結具27aを配設している。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the abdomen linking belt 57 sews the belly wrap belt base end piece 25 to the lower part of the stretcher body 11, and the belly wrap belt base end piece 25 protrudes to the left and right sides of the stretcher body 11. Thus, a female side connector 27b is provided on the protruding tip side. Further, the belly wrap belt piece 26 is provided separately from the above-mentioned belly wrap belt base end piece 25, and the male side connecting device 27 a is disposed at both ends of the belly wrap belt piece 26.

そして、腹巻きベルト片26を搬送者M1の腹部に掛け回した状態で、腹巻きベルト基端片25及び腹巻きベルト片26の両連結具27a,27bを嵌合させてワンタッチにて連結して被搬送者M2の腹部に掛け回すようにし、また、ワンタッチにて両連結具27a,27bを連結解除することにより腹巻きベルト片26の装着を解除できるようにしている。   Then, with the belly-wrap belt piece 26 hung around the abdomen of the carrier M1, the belt-belt belt base end piece 25 and the bellows-belt belt piece 26 are connected to each other by one-touch connection. It is designed to be hung around the abdomen of the person M2 and to release the attachment of the belly wrap belt piece 26 by releasing the connection of both the connecting tools 27a and 27b with one touch.

大腿部保持ベルト28は、図1及び図2に示すように、肩掛けベルト本体21の中途部から連結ベルト29を連結させ、その連結ベルト29の先端側に雄側連結具30aを連結している。この雄側連結具30aには、その大腿部ベルト片31に中央部に配設された雌側連結具30bを嵌合させてワンタッチにて連結可能としている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the thigh holding belt 28 has a connecting belt 29 connected from the middle of the shoulder belt main body 21, and a male connector 30 a is connected to the distal end side of the connecting belt 29. Yes. The male side connector 30a can be connected to the thigh belt piece 31 with a female side connector 30b disposed in the center by one touch.

また、大腿部ベルト片31の一端側内周部にクッション体32を保持させ、そのクッション体32の外周部に面ファスナー雌材片34を配設している。また、大腿部ベルト片31の他端側内周部に面ファスナー雄材片33を配設している。   Further, the cushion body 32 is held on the inner peripheral portion on one end side of the thigh belt piece 31, and the hook-and-loop female member 34 is disposed on the outer peripheral portion of the cushion body 32. A hook-and-loop male piece 33 is disposed on the inner peripheral portion on the other end side of the thigh belt piece 31.

このようにして、クッション体32を被搬送者M2の大腿部に巻回して、大腿部ベルト片31の面ファスナー雄材片33と面ファスナー雌材片34とを貼設して、大腿部保持ベルト28を被搬送者M2の大腿部に装着するようにしている。   In this way, the cushion body 32 is wound around the thigh of the conveyed person M2, and the surface fastener male material piece 33 and the surface fastener female material piece 34 of the thigh belt piece 31 are affixed, and the thigh The part holding belt 28 is attached to the thigh of the person M2 being conveyed.

次に、図1及び図2に示すように、担架本体11には、担架10aとして使用時に搬送者M1が担架本体11を持ち易いように持ち手50が配設されている。持ち手50は、担架本体11の長手方向の両端部と中央部に三箇所配設している。持ち手50は略コの字形状を有し、両端部が担架本体11周縁部の補強部材24に縫着固定されている。   Next, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the stretcher body 11 is provided with a handle 50 so that the carrier M1 can easily hold the stretcher body 11 when used as the stretcher 10a. The handles 50 are arranged at three locations on both ends and the center of the stretcher body 11 in the longitudinal direction. The handle 50 has a substantially U-shape, and both end portions are sewn and fixed to the reinforcing member 24 at the periphery of the stretcher body 11.

また、担架本体11の上端側に袋体52を配設しており、この袋体52は、使用しないベルト等をその内部に挿入するなどして、被搬送者M2を横臥状態にして搬送するときの枕として使用することができる。   Moreover, the bag body 52 is arrange | positioned at the upper end side of the stretcher main body 11, and this bag body 52 conveys the to-be-transported person M2 in a lying state by inserting the belt etc. which are not used in the inside. Can be used as a pillow when

さらに、担架本体11の下端側には、背負い側の搬送者M1の肩部を保護する保護パッド53が配設されている。また、搬送者M1が装着する肩掛けベルト20の上部に取っ手54が配設されている。この取っ手54は、上方に持ち上げることにより、担架本体11を三つ折りの形態にして、被搬送者M2に装着しやすいようにするものである。   Further, a protective pad 53 is provided on the lower end side of the stretcher body 11 to protect the shoulder of the carrier M1 on the back side. Further, a handle 54 is disposed on the upper portion of the shoulder belt 20 worn by the carrier M1. The handle 54 is lifted upward to make the stretcher body 11 tri-folded so that it can be easily attached to the transported person M2.

次に、上記のように構成した被搬送者搬送具10を背負い具10bとして使用する使用方法について図5〜図8を参照して詳細に説明する。   Next, the usage method which uses the to-be-conveyed person carrier 10 comprised as mentioned above as the backpack 10b is demonstrated in detail with reference to FIGS.

まず、図5に示すように、本願発明である被搬送者搬送具10を準備し、担架本体11を展開した状態にして被搬送者M2に装着させる。この際、担架本体11は、側面視して三つ折りした状態にし、三つ折りした谷部分を被搬送者M2の臀部の下方に通すと共に、被搬送者M2の足は担架本体11の左右両側に突出した状態で装着する。   First, as shown in FIG. 5, a transported person transport tool 10 according to the present invention is prepared, and the stretcher main body 11 is expanded and attached to the transported person M2. At this time, the stretcher body 11 is folded in three when viewed from the side, and the trifolded valley portion is passed below the buttocks of the transported person M2, and the legs of the transported person M2 are placed on the left and right sides of the stretcher body 11. Wear in a protruding state.

そして、三つ折りした担架本体11を被搬送者M2に装着した状態で、左右一対の肩部連結ベルト35を被搬送者M2の肩部に掛け回し、肩部連結ベルト本体36の先端側に取り付けられた雄側連結具38aを、搬送者M1が装着する肩掛けベルト20に取り付けられた雌側連結具38bにワンタッチで嵌合して連結する。また、締め付け調節ベルト体39を伸縮長さ調節することにより、各肩掛けベルト本体21の長さを、被搬送者M2の体型に適合させる。   Then, with the stretcher main body 11 folded in three attached to the transported person M2, a pair of left and right shoulder connection belts 35 are hung around the shoulders of the transported person M2 and attached to the front end side of the shoulder connection belt main body 36. The male side connector 38a thus fitted is connected to the female side connector 38b attached to the shoulder belt 20 worn by the transporter M1 by one-touch fitting. Further, the length of each shoulder belt main body 21 is adjusted to the body shape of the person to be transported M2 by adjusting the extension / contraction length of the tightening adjustment belt body 39.

次いで、左右一対の腋窩部連結ベルト40を被搬送者M2の腋部に掛け回し、腋窩部連結ベルト本体41の先端側に取り付けられた雄側連結具43aを、搬送者M1が装着する腋窩部連結ベルト本体41に取り付けられた雌側連結具43bにワンタッチで嵌合して連結する。また、締め付け調節ベルト体44を伸縮長さ調節することにより、各腋窩部連結ベルト本体41の長さを、被搬送者M2の体型に適合させる。   Next, a pair of left and right axillary part connecting belts 40 are hung around the buttocks of the recipient M2, and the axillary part to which the carrier M1 wears the male side connecting tool 43a attached to the distal end side of the axillary part connecting belt main body 41. The female side coupling tool 43b attached to the coupling belt body 41 is fitted and coupled with one touch. Further, the length of each axilla connecting belt body 41 is adjusted to the body shape of the person to be transported M2 by adjusting the extension / contraction length of the tightening adjustment belt body 44.

さらに、左右一対の臀部連結ベルト45を被搬送者M2の肩部に掛け回し、臀部連結ベルト本体46の先端側に取り付けられた雄側連結具47aを、搬送者M1が装着する臀部連結ベルト本体46に取り付けられた雌側連結具47bにワンタッチで嵌合して連結する。   Further, a pair of left and right buttock connecting belts 45 are hung around the shoulders of the person M2 to be conveyed, and a male linking belt 47a attached to the distal end side of the buttock connecting belt main body 46 is attached to the buttock connecting belt main body to which the carrier M1 wears. The female side connector 47b attached to 46 is fitted and connected with one touch.

また、締め付け調節ベルト体48を伸縮長さ調節することにより、各臀部連結ベルト本体46の長さを、被搬送者M2の体型に適合させると共に、被搬送者M2の臀部を持ち上げることにより被搬送者M2を搬送者M1側に寄せるようにしている。以上のようにして、被搬送者側装着体12を介して担架本体11を被搬送者M2に装着することができる。   Further, by adjusting the length of the tightening adjustment belt body 48, the length of each collar connecting belt main body 46 is adapted to the body shape of the person M2 to be transported, and is also transported by lifting the collar part of the person M2 to be transported. The carrier M2 is brought closer to the carrier M1 side. As described above, the stretcher main body 11 can be attached to the recipient M2 via the recipient-side attachment body 12.

この後、図6に示すように、搬送者M1は、被搬送者M2の前方に位置して、前屈みの状態で担架本体11の左右一対の肩掛けベルト20に肩を通して、被搬送者M2を自分の背中に引き寄せるようにする。そして、搬送者M1は、被搬送者M2の大腿部を自分の腰部の左右側方に保持させながら、被搬送者M2の重心が搬送者M1の腰部に位置するようにして被搬送者M2を背負う。   Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 6, the transporter M1 is positioned in front of the transported person M2 and passes the shoulder through the pair of left and right shoulder belts 20 of the stretcher body 11 in a forward-bent state so as to pass the transported person M2 to himself / herself. Try to draw to the back. Then, the transporter M1 holds the thigh of the transported person M2 on the left and right sides of his / her waist while the center of gravity of the transported person M2 is positioned on the waist of the transporter M1. To carry.

最後に、図7及び図8に示すように、搬送者M1は腹部連結ベルト57を腹部に掛け回して、被搬送者M2を背負いながらの被搬送者搬送具10の装着を強固なものとする。この結果、本願発明における被搬送者搬送具10は、背負い具10bの形態により搬送者一人で被搬送者M2の搬送が可能となる。   Finally, as shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, the transporter M1 hangs the abdomen connecting belt 57 around the abdomen so as to firmly attach the transporter transporter 10 while carrying the transporter M2. . As a result, the transported person transport tool 10 according to the present invention can transport the transported person M2 by one transporter in the form of the backpack 10b.

この際、本願発明に係る被搬送者搬送具10は、被搬送者M2の重心を、搬送者M1の腰部の位置に確実に配置することができて、搬送者M1の肉体的負担や経時的疲労を軽減することができると共に、被搬送者M2に圧迫感を与えない搬送姿勢を安定化させることができて、被搬送者M2の疲労も軽減することができる。   At this time, the transporter carrier 10 according to the present invention can reliably arrange the center of gravity of the transportee M2 at the position of the waist of the transporter M1, so that the physical burden on the transporter M1 and the time The fatigue can be reduced, and the transport posture that does not give the transportee M2 a feeling of pressure can be stabilized, so that the fatigue of the transportee M2 can also be reduced.

次に、上記のように構成した被搬送者搬送具10を担架10aとして使用する使用方法について詳細に説明する。   Next, the usage method which uses the to-be-transported person transport tool 10 comprised as mentioned above as the stretcher 10a is demonstrated in detail.

まず、図1に示すように、担架本体11を広げた状態にして、担架本体11上に被搬送者M2を乗せる。二人で搬送者M1を搬送する時は、担架本体11の両端部に位置する持ち手50を持って搬送するようにする。四人で搬送する場合には、二人が担架本体11の両端部に位置する持ち手50を、残りの二人が担架本体11の中央部に位置するいずれかの持ち手50を持って搬送するようにしている。   First, as shown in FIG. 1, the stretcher body 11 is expanded, and the person to be transported M <b> 2 is placed on the stretcher body 11. When transporting the transporter M1 by two people, the transporter M1 is transported with the handles 50 located at both ends of the stretcher body 11. When transporting by four persons, two persons carry the handles 50 located at both ends of the stretcher body 11 and the remaining two persons carry one of the handles 50 located at the center part of the stretcher body 11. Like to do.

また、図9に示すように、短距離であれば搬送者M1が担架本体11上で腰掛けた形での搬送も可能である。このとき被搬送者M2の片腕は曲げた状態での搬送になるが、両腕を伸ばしても被搬送者M2がやや寝る形での搬送は可能になる。   Further, as shown in FIG. 9, if the distance is short, the carrier M <b> 1 can also transport the seat on the stretcher body 11. At this time, one arm of the person to be transported M2 is transported in a bent state. However, even if both arms are extended, transport in a form in which the person to be transported M2 sleeps slightly is possible.

さらに、二人の搬送者M1が担架10aの形態で長距離搬送する場合は、棒を持ち手50の空間部に差し込んで通常の担架10aの形態で搬送するようにしてもよい。棒を使わない時は、三人以上の搬送者M1で運ぶことが好ましく、一人が被搬送者M2の頭側を、二人が胴体と足側部分を両サイドから抱えるようにする。   Further, when the two transporters M1 transport for a long distance in the form of the stretcher 10a, the sticks may be inserted into the space of the handle 50 and transported in the form of the ordinary stretcher 10a. When the rod is not used, it is preferable that three or more transporters M1 carry the rod, and one person holds the head side of the transported person M2 and two people hold the torso and foot portions from both sides.

なお、担架10aとして使用する場合は、背負い具10bとして使用時の搬送者M1の腹部を固定する腹部連結ベルト57を使用して、被搬送者M2の足部周囲に巻回して固定して搬送することもできる。   When used as the stretcher 10a, the abdomen connecting belt 57 for fixing the abdomen of the transporter M1 when used as the backpack 10b is used to wind and fix around the legs of the transported person M2. You can also

上記構造に対して、搬送者側装着体と被搬送者側装着体12とを着脱自在に構成して、担架本体11から搬送者側装着体と被搬送者側装着体12とを取外しすることにより、担架10aのみの搬送具として使用することができる。担架10aと使用する場合には、担架本体11に要介護者などを乗せて入浴などさせることもできる。   The carrier side mounting body and the transportee side mounting body 12 are configured to be detachable from the structure, and the transporter side mounting body and the transporter side mounting body 12 are detached from the stretcher body 11. Thus, it can be used as a carrier for only the stretcher 10a. When used with the stretcher 10a, a care recipient or the like can be placed on the stretcher body 11 for bathing.

以上のようにして、本実施例における被搬送者搬送具10は、被搬送者を背負う背負い具10bとして使用可能とすると共に、担架本体11の長手方向に配設された複数個の持ち手50のいずれかを搬送者M1が持つことにより、被搬送者M2を担架本体11上に乗せて搬送可能とする担架10aとして使用可能とすることができる。   As described above, the transporter 10 in the present embodiment can be used as the backpack 10b that bears the transporter, and a plurality of handles 50 arranged in the longitudinal direction of the stretcher body 11. When the carrier M1 has any of the above, the carrier M1 can be used as a stretcher 10a that can be transported by placing it on the stretcher body 11.

また、担架本体11を構成する三次元立体編物19は、構造的にも水分を保持しくい素材であり、水に濡れにくい素材で形成されている。したがって、雨の中で背負い具10bとして使用することができ、また、担架10aとして使用することができる。   In addition, the three-dimensional solid knitted fabric 19 constituting the stretcher body 11 is a material that is structurally difficult to retain moisture and is formed of a material that is not easily wetted by water. Therefore, it can be used as the backpack 10b in the rain and can be used as the stretcher 10a.

さらに、担架本体11はシート状の布製で構成されており、折り曲げ自在であるのでコンパクトに袋内に収納することができ、また、軽量であるのでどこでも持ち運びが可能である。   Further, the stretcher body 11 is made of a sheet-like cloth and can be folded, so that it can be stored in a bag in a compact manner, and it is lightweight so that it can be carried anywhere.

10 被搬送者搬送具
11 担架本体
12 被搬送者側装着体
13 搬送者側装着体
14 表面部
15 裏面部
16 連結部
17 網目
19 三次元立体編み物
20 肩掛けベルト
35 肩部連結ベルト
40 腋窩部連結ベルト
45 臀部連結ベルト
50 持ち手
10 Conveyor transporter
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11 Stretcher body 12 Conveyor side attachment body 13 Conveyor side attachment body 14 Surface part 15 Back surface part 16 Connection part 17 Mesh 19 Three-dimensional solid knitting 20 Shoulder belt 35 Shoulder connection belt 40 Axillary part connection belt 45 Buttock connection belt 50 handle

Claims (5)

長手方向に配設された複数個の持ち手を搬送者が持つことにより、被搬送者を乗せて搬送させる布製の担架本体を備えた被搬送者搬送具であって、
担架本体は、同担架本体を被搬送者に装着させる被搬送者側装着体と、
搬送者が装着することにより被搬送者側装着体を介して装着された被搬送者を背負い可能とする搬送者装着体と、を具備することを特徴とする被搬送者搬送具。
A transported person transport tool comprising a fabric stretcher body that transports a transported person by having the transporter have a plurality of handles arranged in the longitudinal direction,
The stretcher body includes a transporter-side mounting body that allows the transporter to mount the stretcher body,
A transporter wearing body that enables the transporter to carry the transported person mounted via the transported person side mounting body when the transporter is mounted.
担架本体は、網目状に編み込まれた表面部及び裏面部と、表面部の網目と裏面部の網目とを連結糸で連結された連結部とで構成された三次元立体編物で形成されたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の被搬送者搬送具。   The stretcher main body was formed of a three-dimensional solid knitted fabric composed of a front surface and a back surface knitted in a mesh shape, and a connecting portion in which the front surface mesh and the back surface mesh were connected by a connecting thread. The transporter according to claim 1, wherein the transporter is a transporter. 被搬送者側装着体は、被搬送者の肩部に掛け回して固定する肩部連結ベルトと、
被搬送者の腋窩部を固定する腋窩部連結ベルトと、
被搬送者の少なくとも背中から大腿部の裏側にかけて固定する臀部連結ベルトと、を具備することを特徴とする請求項1又は請求項2に記載の被搬送者搬送具。
The wearer-side wearing body is a shoulder connection belt that hangs around and is fixed to the shoulder of the recipient,
An axillary joint belt for fixing the axillary part of the recipient,
The transported person transport device according to claim 1, further comprising: a buttocks connecting belt that is fixed from at least the back of the transported person to the back side of the thigh.
搬送者側装着体は、搬送者の体型に応じて締め付け調節可能とする左右一対の肩掛けベルトを具備する一方、
各肩掛けベルトはそれぞれ背負う人の体型に応じて締め付け調節可能とし、各肩掛けベルトには、被搬送者の大腿部を搬送者の腰部の左右側方に保持させる大腿部保持ベルトがそれぞれ連結されたことを特徴とする請求項1〜請求項3のいずれか1項に記載の被搬送者搬送具。
While the carrier-side wearing body comprises a pair of left and right shoulder belts that can be tightened and adjusted according to the body shape of the carrier,
Each shoulder belt can be tightened and adjusted according to the body shape of the person carrying it, and each shoulder belt is connected to a thigh holding belt that holds the thigh of the recipient on the left and right sides of the waist of the carrier The to-be-conveyed person transport tool of any one of Claims 1-3 characterized by the above-mentioned.
持ち手は、担架本体の長手方向の両端部と中央部の複数個所とに配設したことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の被搬送者搬送具。   The transporter according to claim 1, wherein the handles are arranged at both ends in the longitudinal direction of the stretcher body and at a plurality of locations in the center.
JP2010088548A 2010-04-07 2010-04-07 Conveyor transporter Expired - Fee Related JP5307757B2 (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016514519A (en) * 2013-03-26 2016-05-23 アルジョ ホスピタル イクイップメント アクチエボラグArjo Hospital Equipment AB Flexible medical support
WO2018235302A1 (en) * 2017-06-22 2018-12-27 マッスル株式会社 Transfer seat
WO2021044172A1 (en) * 2019-09-06 2021-03-11 Lockwood Jacob Aston Casualty carrier apparatus
US11877970B2 (en) 2015-06-30 2024-01-23 Arjo Ip Holding Ab Configurable patient sling

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002360633A (en) * 2001-06-08 2002-12-17 Shiro Hidaka Shouldering tool
JP3108190U (en) * 2004-10-12 2005-04-07 株式会社デルタツーリング Simple stretcher
JP2006263314A (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-10-05 Kawashima Selkon Textiles Co Ltd Sling sheet
JP3144879U (en) * 2008-07-04 2008-09-18 株式会社大明企画 Backpack

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002360633A (en) * 2001-06-08 2002-12-17 Shiro Hidaka Shouldering tool
JP3108190U (en) * 2004-10-12 2005-04-07 株式会社デルタツーリング Simple stretcher
JP2006263314A (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-10-05 Kawashima Selkon Textiles Co Ltd Sling sheet
JP3144879U (en) * 2008-07-04 2008-09-18 株式会社大明企画 Backpack

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016514519A (en) * 2013-03-26 2016-05-23 アルジョ ホスピタル イクイップメント アクチエボラグArjo Hospital Equipment AB Flexible medical support
US10555857B2 (en) 2013-03-26 2020-02-11 Arjo Ip Holding Ab Flexible medical supports
US11877970B2 (en) 2015-06-30 2024-01-23 Arjo Ip Holding Ab Configurable patient sling
WO2018235302A1 (en) * 2017-06-22 2018-12-27 マッスル株式会社 Transfer seat
WO2021044172A1 (en) * 2019-09-06 2021-03-11 Lockwood Jacob Aston Casualty carrier apparatus

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