JP2009158903A - Led light emitting unit and light-emitting device - Google Patents

Led light emitting unit and light-emitting device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2009158903A
JP2009158903A JP2008066462A JP2008066462A JP2009158903A JP 2009158903 A JP2009158903 A JP 2009158903A JP 2008066462 A JP2008066462 A JP 2008066462A JP 2008066462 A JP2008066462 A JP 2008066462A JP 2009158903 A JP2009158903 A JP 2009158903A
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led light
light emitting
led
plurality
emitting elements
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Kazunari Higuchi
Iwatomo Moriyama
Keisuke Ono
Masahiro Toda
桂輔 小野
雅宏 戸田
厳與 森山
一斎 樋口
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Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corp
東芝ライテック株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To manufacture an LED light-emitting unit which reduces dispersion of a light emission color, and a light-emitting device using the unit, by a comparatively simple process. <P>SOLUTION: The LED unit 10 includes a plurality of LED light-emitting elements 1, and an attachment 2 in which a plurality of the LED light-emitting elements 1 are disposed. In the LED light-emitting elements, at least each one is extracted from a plurality of populations 1-1, 1-2, and combined, wherein the populations consist of normal distribution of the LED light-emitting elements 1 which are divided by rank by a chromaticity coordinate in a predetermined color specification system. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to an LED light emitting unit that reduces variations in emission color and a light emitting device using the LED light emitting unit.

  Recently, LEDs have been used as light sources for general illumination. However, there are individual differences among LEDs, and there is a large variation in the emission color of each LED, so that the difference in color can be clearly identified visually. When a plurality of such LEDs are arranged on a substrate and used as a light source for illumination, there is a problem that color variation occurs in the entire light source due to color variation. The problem is particularly great in lighting applications using a white color as the emission color.

In order to solve this kind of problem of variation in emission color of individual LEDs, a combination of an LED chip and a wavelength conversion member to reduce color variation has been proposed (see Patent Document 1). What is shown here is to create the LED chip and the wavelength conversion member in separate processes, measure the characteristics of the LED chip and rank it, create a wavelength conversion member corresponding to each rank, the optimal The LED chip and the wavelength conversion member are combined to manufacture a light emitting device. Furthermore, the characteristics of these light emitting devices are measured and ranked, the light emitting devices are appropriately selected from different ranks, the selected light emitting devices are combined, and the light emitting device units are manufactured so that the plurality of units have substantially the same light emitting characteristics. A method is disclosed.
JP 2006-303140 A

  However, in the manufacturing of the light emitting device, the manufacturing method of the light emitting device is to reduce the color variation of the light emitting device alone, and to manufacture the LED chip and the wavelength conversion member in separate processes. There is a possibility that the facility will be large-scale, and the steps such as measurement, ranking, and combination of the characteristics of the LED chip are required, so the steps become complicated and the cost of the light emitting device cannot be increased. Furthermore, in manufacturing the light emitting device unit, complicated steps such as measurement, ranking, selection, and combination of the characteristics of the light emitting device are required, and the steps are only disclosed abstractly and there is no specific disclosure. .

  The present invention has been made in view of the above situation, and pays attention to the supply structure of parts in the market, and uses a statistical method to configure the LED light emitting unit, so that the emission color can be achieved in a relatively simple process. An object of the present invention is to inexpensively manufacture an LED light emitting unit that can reduce variations in light intensity and a light emitting device using the LED light emitting unit.

  The LED light-emitting unit according to claim 1 is a plurality of LEDs that are extracted and combined at least one from a plurality of populations composed of a normal distribution of LED light-emitting elements ranked by chromaticity coordinates in a predetermined color system. A light-emitting element; and an attachment body on which the plurality of LED light-emitting elements are disposed.

  In the present invention and the following inventions, definitions and technical meanings of terms are as follows unless otherwise specified. The chromaticity coordinates in the predetermined color system means an xy chromaticity diagram in the color system of the International Commission on Illumination (CIE). The LED light emitting element is a concept that includes an LED package used in a so-called surface mount type, a bullet-type LED, a chip-on-board type substrate, and the like, and also includes an LED chip. A plurality of populations means a population of LED light emitting elements having different ranks, a population of LED light emitting elements having the same rank and different manufacturing lots, a population of a plurality of LED light emitting elements of the same manufacturing lot having the same rank, etc. To do. The attachment body includes a substrate on which the LED light emitting element is disposed, an apparatus main body, and the like. In addition, although the white color is suitable for the luminescent color of an LED light emitting element, it is not limited to white type. It may be blue or red.

  The LED light-emitting unit according to claim 2 is the LED light-emitting unit according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of populations are populations of LED light-emitting elements having different ranks.

  The LED light-emitting unit according to claim 3 is the LED light-emitting unit according to claim 2, wherein the population of LED light-emitting elements having different ranks is a population of adjacent ranks.

  The LED light emitting unit according to claim 4 extracts a plurality of patterns of combinations of LED light emitting elements arbitrarily extracted from a plurality of populations of LED light emitting elements having different distributions of correlated color temperature and color deviation, and among these combinations Select a combination that has a probability of being higher or higher than a predetermined value within the range of the target correlated color temperature and color deviation, and at least one combination is extracted from the selected extraction population. A plurality of LED light emitting elements; and an attachment body on which the plurality of LED light emitting elements are disposed.

  The LED light-emitting unit according to claim 5 is the LED light-emitting unit according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the LED light-emitting element has a white emission color. White types include white, warm white, and light bulb color.

  A light-emitting device according to a sixth aspect includes an apparatus main body; and the LED light-emitting unit according to any one of claims 1 to 5 disposed in the apparatus main body. The light emitting device of the present invention is a concept including a lighting fixture, a display device, and the like.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to manufacture an LED light-emitting unit that can reduce variations in emission color and a light-emitting device using the LED light-emitting unit with a relatively simple process at a low cost.

  Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the LED unit of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 5. FIG. 1 is a basic configuration diagram of the present embodiment. First, an LED package 1 is shown as an LED light emitting element. The LED package 1 includes a main body 1a made of ceramic, a reflector 1b provided on the main body 1a, an LED chip 1c mounted in a recess formed by the main body 1a and the reflector 1b, and the LED chip 1c. It is comprised from the silicone resin 1d which seals. The LED chip 1c is a blue LED chip that emits blue light. The silicone resin 1d contains a phosphor that absorbs light emitted from the LED chip 1c and generates yellow light. Accordingly, the light from the LED chip 1c is emitted from the LED package 1 to the outside as a white light emission color as a result. Incidentally, the outer dimensions of the LED package 1 are about 3 mm in length, 2 mm in width, and about 1 mm in height, and have a rectangular parallelepiped shape. A plurality of such LED packages 1 are surface-mounted on a rectangular substrate 2 or a circular substrate 3 as an attachment body to constitute an LED unit 10.

  By the way, there is a case where one manufacturer consistently manufactures from the LED package 1 to the LED unit 10 and further to the light emitting device, but here, description will be made on the assumption of a component supply structure in a realistic market. Schematically, there is a structure in which there are a component manufacturer that supplies an LED package and a set manufacturer that manufactures a finished product using the LED package. Thus, for example, it is assumed that an LED package corresponding to a light bulb color is procured from a component manufacturer and the set manufacturer manufactures an LED unit.

  FIG. 2 is an xy chromaticity diagram in the color system of the International Commission on Illumination (CIE). As shown in this chromaticity diagram, an LED package 1 corresponding to the chromaticity range S corresponding to the light bulb color is commercially available from a component manufacturer. Furthermore, this chromaticity range S is ranked by dividing into, for example, A to H, and a set maker specifies a desired chromaticity range, that is, a rank, and procures a predetermined number of LED packages 1. It will be. Considering the case where 2,000 LED packages 1 of A rank are procured and the LED unit 10 is manufactured, even if the LED package 1 is within the same manufacturing lot, As described above, when a plurality of LED packages having color variations are mounted on a substrate, the color variations are reflected in the entire LED unit 10.

  Statistically, the LED packages 1 included in the ranks A to H can be considered as a population that follows the normal distribution of the standard deviation σ in chromaticity. FIG. 3 is a normal distribution diagram showing this. That is, each rank forms a population that follows a normal distribution with a standard deviation σ around the mean value μ. Therefore, when the LED unit 10 is configured by using a plurality of A-rank LED packages 1 as described above, the LED unit 10 reflecting the color variation according to the standard deviation σ is configured.

  Therefore, a method for configuring the LED units 10 to reduce the color variation between the LED units 10 without changing the standard deviation of each rank will be described. FIG. 4 is an explanatory diagram of this embodiment.

  (Embodiment 1) In FIG. 4, for example, two populations of an A-rank population 1-1 and a B-rank population 1-2 are prepared. Of course, each of the populations 1-1 and 1-2 includes a large number of LED packages 1. Then, an equal number of LED packages 1 are extracted at random from each of the populations 1-1 and 1-2. The extracted 24 LED packages 1 are mounted on the substrate 2 to constitute the LED unit 10. In this case, the standard deviation σ of each of the populations 1-1 and 1-2 is the standard deviation σ for each of the two components (x, y) of chromaticity, and the average values are μ1 and μ2. The standard deviation σ is the same for each population in order to make the following explanation easy to understand. As a result of equal number extraction from the two populations 1-1, 1-2 and mounting, the average value is (μ1 + μ2) / 2, and a normal distribution with standard deviation σ / √2 is obtained. Therefore, the standard deviation is 1 / √2 times as compared with the case where the LED unit 10 is configured by one population, the variation is reduced, and the color variation between the LED units 10 can be reduced.

  FIG. 5 is a chromaticity diagram showing an image of this embodiment. When the LED packages in the range of A rank and B rank are combined, the LED unit 10 having a region AB within the range of A rank and B rank is mixed. As described above, in this area AB, the standard deviation is reduced, and the color variation is reduced.

  In addition, as a population, it can select suitably like A rank and C rank, C rank and D rank, or A rank and H rank, for example. Further, in this embodiment, the case where the LED unit 10 is configured by mounting an even number, that is, 24 LED packages 1 on the substrate 2 has been described, but an odd number, for example, 25 LED packages 1 are formed on the substrate. In the case of mounting to 2, the LED packages 1 of the A rank population 1-1 to 13 and the B rank population 1-2 to 12 may be extracted from each of them.

  (Example 2) Two populations having the same rank may be prepared. In FIG. 4, for example, two populations are prepared: an A-rank population 1-1 of the production lot L1 and an A-rank population 1-2 of the production lot L2. Similarly to the above-described first embodiment, an equal number of LED packages 1 are randomly extracted from the populations 1-1 and 1-2, respectively, and mounted on the substrate 2 to constitute the LED unit 10. Also in this case, the standard deviation is 1 / √2 times that in the case where the LED unit is configured by one population, so that the variation is reduced and the color variation can be reduced.

  (Embodiment 3) In this embodiment, it is assumed that three or more populations are prepared. For example, three populations are prepared: an A-rank population 1-1, a B-rank population 1-2, and a C-rank population 1-n. Then, an equal number of LED packages 1 are extracted at random from each of the populations 1-1, 1-2, and 1-n and mounted on the substrate 2 to constitute the LED unit 10. The standard deviation σ of each population 1-1, 1-2, 1-n is the standard deviation σ for each of the two components (x, y) of chromaticity, and the average values are μ1 and μ2. The standard deviation σ is the same for each population in order to make the following explanation easy to understand. As a result of mounting an equal number extracted from the three populations 1-1, 1-2, and 1-n, the average value is (μ1 + μ2 + μ3) / 3, and the normal distribution is the standard deviation σ / √3. Take. Therefore, the standard deviation is 1 / √3 times that in the case where the LED unit is configured by one population, so that the variation is reduced and the color variation can be reduced.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, it is possible to manufacture an LED light emitting unit that can reduce variations in emission color between LED light emitting units at a low cost by a relatively simple process. In addition, when selecting and combining populations of adjacent ranks, it is possible to expect an effect that makes it easy to match the target emission color.

  Next, a second embodiment of the LED unit of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram of this embodiment. In the present embodiment, the constituent unit of the population is a chip-on-board type substrate 21 on which the LED chip 20 is mounted. For example, populations with different production lots are used. Two populations, that is, a population 1-1 of the production lot L1 and a population 1-2 of the production lot L2, are used, and an equal number of substrates 21 of six from each of the populations 1-1 and 1-2 is randomly obtained. To extract. The six extracted substrates 21 are attached to an apparatus main body 31 or the like as an attachment body to constitute the LED unit 10.

  Each population 1-1, 1-2 has a standard deviation σ in chromaticity, and if each average value is μ1, μ2, an equal number is extracted from the two populations 1-1, 1-2 and combined. As a result, the average value is (μ1 + μ2) / 2, and a normal distribution with the standard deviation σ / √2 is obtained. Therefore, the standard deviation is 1 / √2 times as compared with the case where the LED unit is configured by one population, the variation is reduced, and the color variation between the LED units 10 can be reduced. Therefore, according to this embodiment, the same effect as that of the first embodiment can be obtained.

  Next, a third embodiment of the LED unit of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 7 to 9 are schematic explanatory diagrams showing correlated color temperature-color deviation. In the above-described component supply structure, the set manufacturer procures a predetermined number of LED packages having a desired chromaticity range from the component manufacturer, and examines this from the relationship between the correlated color temperature Tc and the color deviation duv. In FIG. 7, the horizontal axis indicates the correlated color temperature Tc, the vertical axis indicates the color deviation duv, and the outer frame indicates the procurement range A of the LED package from the component manufacturer. Here, the set manufacturer sets the target range B of the correlated color temperature Tc and the color deviation duv to a narrow range as shown by the broken line in the drawing in order to reduce the color variation between the LED units.

  In FIG. 8, for example, a case where 50 reels of LED packages are procured, four LED packages 1 are extracted from the reels, and the extracted four LED packages 1 are mounted on the substrate 2 to constitute the LED unit 10. Suppose. In general, LED packages are supplied by being arranged on a tape wound around a reel portion, and 1,000 to 2,000 LED packages are arranged on one reel. Therefore, here, one reel forms one population, and 50 populations 1-1 to 1-50 are prepared (in the drawing, 16 populations are shown for explanation and others). Is omitted). As shown in the figure, the populations 1-1 to 1-50 have different distributions of the correlated color temperature Tc and the color deviation duv, and the average value and standard deviation of the correlated color temperature Tc, and the average value and standard of the color deviation duv. The deviation is different.

Therefore, a calculation and selection method in which the LED unit 10 enters the target range B of the correlated color temperature Tc and the color deviation duv, that is, the design center will be described. First, in the calculation, the correlated color temperature Tc, the average value of the color deviation duv, and the standard deviation σ of the populations 1-1 to 1-50 of 50 reels are input. These numerical data are provided by a parts manufacturer.
(1) Calculation of Expected Values of Correlated Color Temperature and Color Deviation of LED Units The average value and standard deviation σ of the correlated color temperature Tc and color deviation duv of each reel provided by the component manufacturer are arranged as shown in Table 1. And
In the case of an LED unit using n LED packages, the LED reel is mounted on the principle of one position and one reel, and therefore n reels are required. If there are m stocks of reels for this LED unit, the number of reel combinations can be as many as mCn. The average value of the correlated color temperature Tc and the color deviation duv and the standard deviation σ in each reel combination are calculated. Specifically, calculation is performed with n = 4 and m = 50.

(2) Yield Estimate Calculation The average value and standard deviation σ of the correlated color temperature Tc and color deviation duv of the LED unit obtained by the combination of the reels calculated above, and the correlated color temperature Tc and color deviation duv of the target range B Thus, the probability that the upper limit and lower limit of the Z-score and the target range B are deviated is obtained as shown in Table 2.
From the probability of deviating from the target range B in Table 2, the yield estimation rate F is obtained as follows.
F = (100− (P Tc−max + P Tc−min )) × (100− (P duv−max + P duv−min ))

(3) Selection of reel combination (combination of extracted population for extracting LED packages) Yield estimation rate F higher than a predetermined value (for example, 98% or more) or most yield estimation rate F A combination with a high value of is selected. Incidentally, the higher the yield estimation rate F is, the closer the LED unit is to the center of the target range B.

As described above, one LED package 1 is extracted from each reel and mounted on the substrate 2 based on the selection of a combination of four reels with a high probability of entering the target range B (see FIG. 8). FIG. 9 shows the positional relationship between the correlated color temperature Tc and the color deviation duv of the four LED packages 1 extracted from each reel. The color of each LED package 1 varies, but by combining these, the variation can be averaged, and the combined result (indicated in the figure) will be in the region of the target range B. .
According to the present embodiment, it is possible to provide an LED light emitting unit that can reduce variations in emission color between LED light emitting units by a relatively simple process.

  In this embodiment, the case where the statistical method is applied has been described focusing on the variation in the emission color. However, there are individual differences in LEDs, and the electrical characteristics such as brightness and lighting voltage are also included. There are factors that cause variation. Therefore, the above method can be applied to the luminous intensity and the electrical characteristics to reduce variation.

  Next, an embodiment of the light emitting device of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing the light emitting device. The downlight 30 ... which is a lighting fixture is shown as a light-emitting device. The downlight 30 includes a main body 31, the above-described LED light emitting unit 10 disposed in the main body 31, and an irradiation opening 32 that irradiates light from the LED light emitting unit 10 downward. Reference numeral 33 denotes an attachment spring for attaching the downlight 30 to the ceiling.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, it is possible to provide the downlights 30... That can reduce the variation in emission color among the plurality of downlights 30 with a simple process.

  On the other hand, the present inventors have conducted research on the reduction of the color variation of the LED package. As a result, the population having a normal distribution in chromaticity is divided into two by a predetermined deviation duv value on the chromaticity diagram. We obtained knowledge that the color variation can be reduced by extracting the LED package from these divided parts and configuring the LED unit. In this case, since the divided group having a high deviation duv value has a strong reddish color in the emission color, the LED package extracted therefrom is used for an indoor lighting fixture, and the divided group having a low deviation duv value is close to warm white in the emission color. Because of the color, the LED package extracted therefrom can be used for outdoor lighting equipment. In this way, color variation between lighting fixtures can be reduced by using them differently, and a distinctive light bulb color can be obtained with indoor lighting fixtures, and an outstanding brightness feeling can be obtained with outdoor lighting fixtures. Is possible.

It is a basic lineblock diagram showing a 1st embodiment of an LED unit of the present invention. It is the same chromaticity diagram. It is the same normal distribution map. FIG. It is a chromaticity diagram showing the image. It is explanatory drawing which shows 2nd Embodiment of the LED unit of this invention. It is typical explanatory drawing which shows 3rd Embodiment of the LED unit of this invention. It is the same schematic explanatory drawing. It is the same schematic explanatory drawing. It is a perspective view which shows embodiment of the light-emitting device of this invention.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... LED light emitting element, 1-1, 1-2 ... Population,
2 ... mounting body, 10 ... LED light emitting unit,
30 ... Light emitting device (downlight)

Claims (6)

  1. A plurality of LED light emitting elements that are extracted and combined at least one from a plurality of populations composed of a normal distribution of LED light emitting elements ranked by chromaticity coordinates in a predetermined color system;
    A mounting body in which the plurality of LED light emitting elements are disposed;
    An LED light-emitting unit comprising:
  2.   2. The LED light emitting unit according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of populations are populations of LED light emitting elements having different ranks.
  3.   The LED light-emitting unit according to claim 2, wherein the population of LED light-emitting elements having different ranks is a population of adjacent ranks.
  4. A plurality of patterns of LED light emitting elements arbitrarily extracted from a plurality of populations of LED light emitting elements having different distributions of correlated color temperature and color deviation are extracted, and among these combinations, the target correlated color temperature and color deviation are extracted. A plurality of LED light emitting elements selected at least one by one from the selected extracted population, and selecting a combination having a probability of being in the range higher or higher than a predetermined value;
    A mounting body in which the plurality of LED light emitting elements are disposed;
    An LED light-emitting unit comprising:
  5.   The LED light emitting unit according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the LED light emitting element has a white light emission color.
  6. The device body;
    The LED light emitting unit according to any one of claims 1 to 5 disposed in the apparatus main body;
    A light emitting device comprising:
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