JP2009035868A - Fittings - Google Patents

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Publication number
JP2009035868A
JP2009035868A JP2007198788A JP2007198788A JP2009035868A JP 2009035868 A JP2009035868 A JP 2009035868A JP 2007198788 A JP2007198788 A JP 2007198788A JP 2007198788 A JP2007198788 A JP 2007198788A JP 2009035868 A JP2009035868 A JP 2009035868A
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core
decorative layer
decorative
joinery
inorganic
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JP2007198788A
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JP4753916B2 (en
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Yoshinobu Shibuya
義信 澁谷
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide fittings reducing its weight, having incombustibility, and superior in decorativeness by a three-dimensional pattern. <P>SOLUTION: The fittings are provided by arranging a decorative layer 7 on a surface of a core material 6 fixed by the peripheral edge 4, and are formed as a two-layer structure of the core material 6 and the decorative layer 7 characterized by forming the decorative layer 7 by painting a decorative material composed of an inorganic lime-based binding material on a surface of this core material, by forming the core material 6 of a foaming body made porous. Since the core material 6 is porous, adhesion of the decorative layer 7 is superior without using an adhesive, so that the weight can be reduced. Since the decorative layer 7 is inorganic, the incombustibility can be provided. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、住宅等の建築物に使用する襖、障子、扉、衝立あるいは間仕切パネル等の建具に関する。   The present invention relates to a fitting such as a fence, a shoji, a door, a screen, or a partition panel used for a building such as a house.

建築物に使用する建具は、発泡スチロールからなる基材の両面に、金属箔、チップボード、襖紙などを積層状にした表面化粧層を貼り合わせた構造のものが知られている(例えば特許文献1)。   As a joinery used for a building, a structure having a surface decorative layer in which metal foil, chipboard, paperboard, etc. are laminated on both surfaces of a base material made of polystyrene foam is known (for example, Patent Documents). 1).

特開平7−119358号公報Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 7-119358

しかしながら、特許文献1の襖においては、積層する各層の材質が異質であることにより、接着結合度を上げ、強度を高めるために接着剤の使用量が多くなり、重量が増加する。また、表面化粧層の襖紙は二次元的な模様のみしか付与することができないため、装飾性に乏しかった。   However, in the bag of Patent Document 1, since the materials of the layers to be laminated are different, the amount of adhesive used increases to increase the adhesive bond and increase the strength, and the weight increases. In addition, the surface decorative layer paper can only give a two-dimensional pattern, and therefore has poor decorative properties.

本発明は、重量の軽量化を図るとともに、不燃性を備えさせ、かつ立体的な模様によって装飾性に優れた建具を提供する。   The present invention provides a joinery that is light in weight, has noncombustibility, and is excellent in decorativeness due to a three-dimensional pattern.

課題を解決するための手段及び発明の効果Means for Solving the Problems and Effects of the Invention

本発明の建具は、周囲縁によって固定される芯材の表面に化粧層を設けた建具であって、前記芯材は多孔質となした発泡体から形成され、この芯材の表面に無機質石灰系結合材からなる化粧材を塗付けて前記化粧層となしたことを特徴とする。   The joinery of the present invention is a joinery in which a decorative layer is provided on the surface of a core material fixed by a peripheral edge, and the core material is formed of a porous foam, and an inorganic lime is formed on the surface of the core material. A decorative material made of a system binder is applied to form the decorative layer.

上記のように構成したことにより、芯材と化粧層の二層構造であり、かつ芯材が多孔質であるため、接着剤を使用しなくても化粧層の接着が良好であるため、軽量化を図ることができる。また、化粧層は無機質であるため不燃性を備えさせることができる。   By being configured as described above, it has a two-layer structure of a core material and a decorative layer, and since the core material is porous, the adhesive of the decorative layer is good without using an adhesive. Can be achieved. Moreover, since the decorative layer is inorganic, it can be provided with nonflammability.

また、芯材は、炭酸カルシウムを主成分とした無機質材を発泡させて、独立空孔によって多孔質状に形成したので、芯材の表面の接合個所において、炭酸カルシウム膜によって形成される独立空孔内に化粧材が入り込むことによって、釘又はくさびのような働きによるアンカー効果によって互いに強固に接合されるため、耐久性が高くなる。   Further, since the core material is formed by foaming an inorganic material mainly composed of calcium carbonate and formed porous by independent pores, the independent void formed by the calcium carbonate film is formed at the joint portion on the surface of the core material. When the cosmetic material enters into the hole, it is strongly bonded to each other by the anchor effect due to the action of a nail or a wedge, so that the durability is increased.

また、無機質石灰系結合材からなる化粧材は漆喰、ドロマイトプラスターあるいは生石灰クリームとなしたので、化粧材が硬化することによって芯材と同化して一体化するので、さらに接着結合が安定する。また、化粧材を顔料によって着色させることができ、また、化粧層の表面を凹凸状に形成することができるので、デザイン性が広がり、装飾性の高い建具を提供できる。   Further, since the cosmetic material made of an inorganic lime-based binder is plaster, dolomite plaster, or quicklime cream, it is assimilated and integrated with the core material when the cosmetic material is cured, so that the adhesive bond is further stabilized. In addition, the decorative material can be colored with a pigment, and the surface of the decorative layer can be formed in a concavo-convex shape, so that it is possible to provide a fitting with high designability and high decorativeness.

以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面に示す実施例を参照して説明する。図1は、本発明に係る建具の一例としての襖を示す斜視図である。図2は、図1における襖のA―A断面図である。図1において、この建具1は、住宅や建築物の開口部に取り付けられ、その開口部を開閉することができる設備であり、本例では襖、障子、扉、衝立あるいは間仕切パネル等の一例として、襖の形態で説明する。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to examples shown in the drawings. FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a ridge as an example of a fitting according to the present invention. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA in FIG. In FIG. 1, this joinery 1 is a facility that can be attached to an opening of a house or building and can open and close the opening. In this example, as an example of a bag, a shoji, a door, a screen, or a partition panel, etc. This will be described in the form of a bag.

この襖は、左右両側で上下に延びる竪縁2a、2bと上下両側で左右に延びる横縁3a、3bとで四角枠状に形成された木材、金属、プラスチック等からなる周囲縁4と、この周囲縁4の内側で固定される襖本体5とで構成されている。なお、襖の略中央における左右方向の一方側には、襖を開閉する際、手を掛ける部分としての引手5aが設けられている。   This ridge includes a peripheral edge 4 made of wood, metal, plastic, etc. formed in a square frame shape with ridge edges 2a, 2b extending vertically on both left and right sides and horizontal edges 3a, 3b extending horizontally on both sides. It is comprised with the collar main body 5 fixed inside the peripheral edge 4. FIG. In addition, on one side in the left-right direction at the approximate center of the heel, a handle 5a is provided as a portion to be put on when the heel is opened and closed.

図2に示すように、襖本体5は周囲縁4の内側に嵌めこまれるように方形板状に形成される芯材6と、この芯材6の表面に設けられる化粧層7(本例では両面であるも片面でもよい)とによって構成される。この化粧層7は、無機質石灰系結合材である化粧材として漆喰を用いている。この漆喰は消石灰と、水、糊剤、すさ類を混練している。そして、糊剤としては、海藻糊、メチルセルロースなどが挙げられる。また、すさ類としては、わら、麻、紙、ガラス繊維などが挙げられる。また、芯材6の表面に化粧層7を塗布する左官工法としては、鏝仕上げ、刷毛塗り仕上げ、ローラー仕上げ、吹き付け仕上げなどが挙げられる。この工法によって設けられた化粧層7の表面には、種々の模様、文字など、得ようとする凹凸模様7a(図3参照)を形成することができる。   As shown in FIG. 2, the heel body 5 has a core material 6 formed in a rectangular plate shape so as to be fitted inside the peripheral edge 4, and a decorative layer 7 (in this example) provided on the surface of the core material 6. It may be double-sided or single-sided). This decorative layer 7 uses plaster as a decorative material which is an inorganic lime-based binder. This plaster kneads slaked lime with water, glue, and rabbits. Examples of the paste include seaweed paste and methylcellulose. Moreover, as a kind, straw, hemp, paper, glass fiber, etc. are mentioned. Further, examples of the plastering method for applying the decorative layer 7 to the surface of the core material 6 include wrinkle finishing, brush coating finishing, roller finishing, and spray finishing. On the surface of the decorative layer 7 provided by this construction method, various uneven patterns 7a (see FIG. 3) to be obtained such as various patterns and characters can be formed.

また、芯材6は多孔質となした発泡体から形成され、この発泡体は、炭酸カルシウムを主成分とした無機質材に発泡剤を混合した混合物を発泡させて、独立空孔P(図3参照)によって多孔質状に形成している。発泡体は、無機質充填材を基材とし、これに塩化ビニル樹脂、発泡剤や有機溶剤等の添加剤を加えて混練し、更に、加熱発泡させることにより形成される断熱材である。   Further, the core material 6 is formed from a porous foam, and the foam is made by foaming a mixture of a foaming agent and an inorganic material mainly composed of calcium carbonate, thereby forming the independent pores P (FIG. 3). (Refer to the above). The foam is a heat insulating material formed by using an inorganic filler as a base material, adding an additive such as a vinyl chloride resin, a foaming agent or an organic solvent to this, kneading, and further heat-foaming.

この様に、各種左官工法によって芯材6の表面に塗られた化粧材は、この化粧材と芯材6の表面の接合個所において、図3に示すように、芯材6の表層部位に形成される炭酸カルシウム膜によって形成される独立空孔P内に漆喰が入り込むことによって、釘又はくさびのような働きによるアンカー効果によって互いに強固に接合されるため、耐久性が高くなる。また、漆喰は硬化することによって芯材6と同化して一体化する。   As described above, the decorative material applied to the surface of the core material 6 by various plastering methods is formed on the surface layer portion of the core material 6 as shown in FIG. Since the stucco enters the independent pores P formed by the calcium carbonate film to be bonded, they are firmly joined to each other by the anchor effect due to the action of a nail or a wedge, so that the durability is increased. Also, the stucco is integrated with the core material 6 by being cured.

なお、無機質系充填材の他の例としては、水酸化アルミニウム、水酸化マグネシウム、水酸化カルシウム等の水酸化物、炭酸マグネシウム等の炭酸化合物、石膏、硫酸アルミニウム等の結晶水を有する化合物等が挙げられる。   Other examples of inorganic fillers include hydroxides such as aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide, carbonate compounds such as magnesium carbonate, compounds having crystal water such as gypsum and aluminum sulfate, and the like. Can be mentioned.

本実施の形態において、芯材6は、所定の厚みを持ち板状に形成された炭酸カルシウム系発泡板である。芯材6は、無機質系素材の比率が高いので耐候性が高く、また、所定の素材を用いた炭酸カルシウム系発泡板にあっては、不燃材としての性質も有する。この様な芯材6として、具体的には、商品名;「ロックセルボードFT−101」(フジ化成工業株式会社製)を挙げることができる。   In the present embodiment, the core material 6 is a calcium carbonate foam plate having a predetermined thickness and formed in a plate shape. Since the core material 6 has a high proportion of inorganic materials, the core material 6 has high weather resistance. In addition, the core material 6 has a property as a non-combustible material in a calcium carbonate foam plate using a predetermined material. Specific examples of such a core material 6 include a trade name: “Rock Cell Board FT-101” (manufactured by Fuji Kasei Kogyo Co., Ltd.).

なお、上記実施の形態では建具1として、襖の形態で説明したが、他の建具として、図4に示すように、襖本体5の一部を切り取って、その部分に障子8を組み込んだものとすることができる。なお、図示しないが、障子、扉、衝立あるいは間仕切パネル等にも、芯材6の表面に化粧層7を適用できる。   In the above embodiment, the joinery 1 has been described in the form of a saddle. However, as another joinery, as shown in FIG. 4, a part of the saddle body 5 is cut out and a shoji 8 is incorporated in that part. It can be. Although not shown, the decorative layer 7 can be applied to the surface of the core material 6 for a shoji, a door, a screen, a partition panel, or the like.

本発明に係る建具の一例としての襖を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows the collar as an example of the fitting which concerns on this invention. 図1における襖のA―A断面図。FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. 化粧材と芯材の接合個所の模式図。The schematic diagram of the junction of a decorative material and a core material. 建具の他の実施形態を示す図。The figure which shows other embodiment of joinery.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 建具
4 周囲縁
6 芯材
7 化粧層
7a 凹凸模様
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Joinery 4 Perimeter edge 6 Core material 7 Makeup layer 7a Uneven pattern

Claims (5)

周囲縁によって固定される芯材の表面に化粧層を設けた建具であって、
前記芯材は多孔質となした発泡体から形成され、前記芯材の表面に無機質石灰系結合材からなる化粧材を塗付けて前記化粧層となしたことを特徴とする建具。
A fitting provided with a decorative layer on the surface of the core material fixed by the peripheral edge,
The core material is formed from a porous foam, and a decorative material made of an inorganic lime-based binder is applied to the surface of the core material to form the decorative layer.
前記芯材は、炭酸カルシウムを主成分とした無機質材を発泡させて、独立空孔によって多孔質状に形成したことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の建具。   2. The joinery according to claim 1, wherein the core material is formed by foaming an inorganic material containing calcium carbonate as a main component and forming a porous shape by independent pores. 前記無機質石灰系結合材は漆喰、ドロマイトプラスターあるいは生石灰クリームからなることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の建具。   The joinery according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the inorganic lime-based binder comprises plaster, dolomite plaster, or quicklime cream. 前記化粧材に顔料を混合して着色させたことを特徴とする請求項1ないし3のいずれか1に記載の建具。   The joinery according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the decorative material is mixed with a pigment and colored. 前記化粧層の表面を凹凸状に形成することを特徴とする請求項1ないし4のいずれか1に記載の建具。   The joinery according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a surface of the decorative layer is formed in an uneven shape.
JP2007198788A 2007-07-31 2007-07-31 Plaster joinery Expired - Fee Related JP4753916B2 (en)

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JP4753916B2 JP4753916B2 (en) 2011-08-24

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02130987A (en) * 1988-11-11 1990-05-18 Nec Corp Semiconductor laser device
JPH0985879A (en) * 1995-07-14 1997-03-31 Tokuyama Corp Board for building
JPH10316902A (en) * 1997-05-20 1998-12-02 Nippon Kasei Kk Coating material for glossy decoration and process for pattern finishing
JP2003064840A (en) * 2001-08-29 2003-03-05 Toto Ltd Interior finishing material and its construction method
JP2006104702A (en) * 2004-10-01 2006-04-20 Fuji Ultrasonic Engineering Co Ltd High heat insulating - combustion resisting foundation building material
JP2006132112A (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-25 Sekisui Chem Co Ltd Negative ion generating building interior material
JP2006137615A (en) * 2004-11-10 2006-06-01 Shigehisa Asami Plaster wall and ornament

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02130987A (en) * 1988-11-11 1990-05-18 Nec Corp Semiconductor laser device
JPH0985879A (en) * 1995-07-14 1997-03-31 Tokuyama Corp Board for building
JPH10316902A (en) * 1997-05-20 1998-12-02 Nippon Kasei Kk Coating material for glossy decoration and process for pattern finishing
JP2003064840A (en) * 2001-08-29 2003-03-05 Toto Ltd Interior finishing material and its construction method
JP2006104702A (en) * 2004-10-01 2006-04-20 Fuji Ultrasonic Engineering Co Ltd High heat insulating - combustion resisting foundation building material
JP2006132112A (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-25 Sekisui Chem Co Ltd Negative ion generating building interior material
JP2006137615A (en) * 2004-11-10 2006-06-01 Shigehisa Asami Plaster wall and ornament

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