JP2006189177A - Manufacturing device for seawater micron-order ice for cooling - Google Patents

Manufacturing device for seawater micron-order ice for cooling Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2006189177A
JP2006189177A JP2004383007A JP2004383007A JP2006189177A JP 2006189177 A JP2006189177 A JP 2006189177A JP 2004383007 A JP2004383007 A JP 2004383007A JP 2004383007 A JP2004383007 A JP 2004383007A JP 2006189177 A JP2006189177 A JP 2006189177A
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seawater
ice
micron
micronized
cream
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Shigeaki Sakaguchi
重明 坂口
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MARINE RIVER KK
Kajima Mechatro Engineering Co Ltd
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MARINE RIVER KK
Kajima Mechatro Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to JP2004383007A priority Critical patent/JP2006189177A/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a manufacturing device for seawater micron-order ice for cooling for cooling and storing various fishery products immediately after they are caught and landed quickly by seawater micron-order ice. <P>SOLUTION: An upper lid having a water stream generator, a rotary shaft provided with a rotary vane in its inside, and an intermediate lid elevating and lowering freely are stored in a seawater micron-like ice tank main body communicated with a seawater pumping pump. Liquid-like seawater micron-like ice or fluidized seawater micron-like ice taking-out port is provided at a lower end. The seawater micron-like ice tank main body is provided with a pump operating automatically by a signal of a level switch and is provided with a refrigerator and a cream-like manufacturing drum operating simultaneously with operation of a flow meter communicating with the pump to communicate the cream-like manufacturing drum and the seawater micron-like ice tank main body mutually. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

本発明は、漁獲及び水揚げされた直後の各種の魚介類を従来の角氷又は砕氷に代えた海水ミクロン状氷のアイスを施し長期間の新鮮な保存を目的とした冷却用海水ミクロン状氷の製造装置に関するものである。  In the present invention, various kinds of seafood immediately after being caught and landed are subjected to ice of seawater micronized ice in place of conventional ice cubes or crushed ice, and micronized ice for cooling for the purpose of long-term fresh preservation. The present invention relates to a manufacturing apparatus.

従来、この種の魚介類は水揚げ後、保存又は輸送時に鮮度維持を目的として使用する冷却方法として、角氷又は製氷したものを砕氷し、これを容器に入れた魚介類の上部又は外周に施すことが一般的に実施されていると云う現状である。
然して、この様な冷却方法では、容器内に収納した魚類は、角氷と角氷又は砕氷と砕氷との間に隙間が生じ、魚介類の外周全体を冷却できない問題と、各角氷と砕氷には、各々に突起された部分が生じているため、魚介類の表面を押すために魚介類を傷める問題点がある。また、従来の冷却用に使用するサイズの大きな氷では、冷却速度が大変に遅い等の問題点がある。
Conventionally, this type of seafood is used as a cooling method to maintain freshness during storage or transportation after landing, and ice cubes or iced ones are crushed and applied to the upper or outer circumference of the seafood in a container. This is the current situation that is generally implemented.
However, with such a cooling method, the fish stored in the container has a problem that a gap is formed between the ice cubes and ice cubes or between the ice cubes and the ice cubes, and the entire outer periphery of the seafood cannot be cooled. However, there is a problem that the seafood is damaged in order to push the surface of the seafood. In addition, conventional large ice used for cooling has problems such as a very slow cooling rate.

本発明は、上記従来で述べている各種の問題点を解決するためのもので、その主たる目的とする所は、冷却方法として角氷又は製氷を砕氷したものの欠点を非常に柔らかい海水ミクロン状氷アイスを以って魚体の外周全体を覆って傷めないように保持すると共に、サイズの大きな角氷や砕氷のように冷却速度が遅いのを敏速に解決したものである。
また、従来の真水を使った氷に代えて海水を使用したことによる、魚体の体液との浸透圧の変化を防止したものである。
The present invention is intended to solve the various problems described in the prior art, and the main object of the present invention is to reduce the disadvantages of ice cubes or ice cubes as a cooling method. The entire outer periphery of the fish body is covered with ice so as not to be damaged, and the slow cooling rate such as large ice cubes and crushed ice is quickly solved.
Moreover, the change of the osmotic pressure with the body fluid of a fish body by using seawater instead of the ice using the conventional fresh water was prevented.

本発明は、上記目的を達成するために、海水を揚水するポンプと連通される海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体には、上部に水流発生装置を載置した上蓋を設け、該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体の内部には、回転軸に回転翼を設けると共に、昇降自在の中蓋を収納してある。海水ミクロン状氷の製造装置は、レベルスイッチの信号によるポンプの作用により予め流量計で設定した流量を流し冷凍機及びクリーム状製造ドラムを装設作動し、該クリーム状製造ドラムを該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体に連通したものである。  In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the present invention provides a seawater micronized ice tank main body communicated with a pump for pumping seawater with an upper lid on which a water flow generator is placed, and the seawater micronized ice tank main body. Inside, the rotary shaft is provided with a rotary blade, and a freely movable inner lid is housed. The seawater micronized ice production device is equipped with a freezer and a creamy production drum by supplying a flow rate set in advance by a pump in response to a level switch signal. It communicates with the ice tank body.

本発明によれば、従来の冷却方法のように角氷又は砕氷した氷を直接に魚介類の容器内に施したものと相違して、魚体を傷めることなく保存を確実にする効果と、海水を以って生成された海水ミクロン状氷のため、魚体の体液との浸透圧に対する変化が少ない効果もある。また、真水よりの角氷又は砕氷と比較しても海水の塩分濃度により0℃以下の低温による冷却効果もある。
そして、海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体は、水流発生装置に設けた回転翼の可動によって内部の海水ミクロン状氷状態に調整する効果と、該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体の内部に上下に昇降する中蓋を入れることによって、内部の海水ミクロン状氷状の表面と中蓋とが密着することで空気層が無く、内部とくに表層部が凍ることがなく良質の海水ミクロン状氷に貯蔵できる効果がある。
According to the present invention, unlike the conventional cooling method in which ice cubes or crushed ice is applied directly to a seafood container, the effect of ensuring storage without damaging the fish body, Because of the seawater microscopic ice produced by this, there is also an effect that there is little change in the osmotic pressure with the body fluid of the fish body. Moreover, even if compared with ice cubes or crushed ice from fresh water, there is also a cooling effect due to a low temperature of 0 ° C. or less due to the salinity of seawater.
The seawater micron ice tank main body has an effect of adjusting the inside seawater micron ice state by moving the rotor blades provided in the water flow generator, and an inner lid that moves up and down inside the seawater micron ice tank main body. By putting the water inside, the inside seawater microscopic ice-like surface and the inner lid are brought into close contact with each other, so that there is no air layer, and the inside layer, particularly the surface layer portion, is not frozen and can be stored in high-quality seawater microscopic ice.

上記のように構成されている冷凍用海水ミクロン状氷製造装置による実施の形態として、図1に示す如く、制御盤(5)の手動によって海水揚水ポンプ(2)のスイッチを入れ、海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)に海水を給水し、海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)が満水になると、レベルスイッチ(17)の信号によって、海水揚水ポンプ(2)が自動停止する。次にタイマーの始動と、ポンプ(8)が自動運転し、流量計(9)により流量が設定された海水の循環を開始する。該タイマーのタイムアップ(2分)により、冷凍機(7)とクリーム状製造ドラム(6)及び水流発生装置(11)が同時に自動運転して海水の冷却を開始する。
海水の冷却が進むと、クリーム状製造ドラム(6)でクリーム状の氷が生成されて、海水ミクロン状氷アイスと冷海水混合の流体で海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)に流入するものである。
この工程を持続することで海水ミクロン状氷アイスを連続して製造する事ができる。なお、海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)の内部で冷海水の上に浮いた海水ミクロン状氷のアイスは、該水流発生装置(11)で強制的にできた回転水流に乗って回転しながら、均一に溜めることができるものである。なお、海水ミクロン状氷の使用目的により、氷状態を変える目的から水流発生装置(11)を載置しない場合もある。
As an embodiment of the freezing seawater micronized ice production apparatus configured as described above, as shown in FIG. 1, the seawater pump (2) is switched on manually by the control panel (5), and the seawater micronized When seawater is supplied to the ice tank body (1) and the seawater micron ice tank body (1) is full, the seawater pump (2) is automatically stopped by a signal from the level switch (17). Next, the start of the timer and the pump (8) are automatically operated, and the circulation of the seawater whose flow rate is set by the flow meter (9) is started. When the timer expires (2 minutes), the refrigerator (7), the creamy production drum (6), and the water flow generator (11) automatically operate simultaneously to start cooling the seawater.
As the seawater cools down, creamy ice is produced in the creamy production drum (6) and flows into the seawater micronized ice tank body (1) with a mixture of seawater micronized ice ice and cold seawater. is there.
By continuing this process, it is possible to produce seawater micron ice ice continuously. The ice of the seawater micronized ice that floats on the cold seawater inside the seawater micronized ice tank body (1) rotates on the rotating water stream that is forced by the water flow generator (11). It can be collected uniformly. Depending on the purpose of use of the seawater microscopic ice, the water flow generator (11) may not be placed for the purpose of changing the ice state.

本発明の実施例を図面について説明すると、図1において、海水ミクロン状氷のアイスを製造するFRP製断熱構造よりなる海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)には、制御盤(5)に装設されている海水揚水ポンプ(2)をフランジ(20)を介して連通されている。該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)には、上部に上蓋(15)を設け、該上蓋(15)の上部に水流発生装置(11)を載置してある。核水流発生装置(11)には、海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)内に垂下する回転軸(12)を設ける。該回転軸(12)には、下端に各種形状の攪拌する回転翼(13)を装設してある。該回転軸(12)には、中心に貫通孔を設けるか又は2つ割りした中蓋(14)を昇降自在に挿通し、該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)内の収納量の増減によって上下するようになっている。  An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In FIG. 1, a seawater micron ice tank body (1) having a heat insulating structure made of FRP for producing seawater micron ice is installed in a control panel (5). The seawater pump (2) is connected via a flange (20). The seawater micronized ice tank main body (1) is provided with an upper lid (15) on the upper part, and a water flow generator (11) is placed on the upper part of the upper lid (15). The nuclear water flow generator (11) is provided with a rotating shaft (12) that hangs down in the seawater micron ice tank body (1). The rotary shaft (12) is provided with a rotating blade (13) for stirring in various shapes at the lower end. The rotary shaft (12) is provided with a through-hole at the center or an inner lid (14) divided into two so as to be movable up and down, and the amount of storage in the seawater micronized ice tank body (1) is increased or decreased. It goes up and down.

次に、該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)の下端に設けたフランジ(20)を介して連通する水位計(3)には、レベルスイッチ(17)及びオーバーフロ(18)を装設してある。また、該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)には、下方より流動化させた海水ミクロン状氷の取出口、排水口(26)を設けると共に、通路の途中に弁を介したポンプ(8)を連通装設する。該ポンプ(8)には、連通して流量計(9)を設け、該流量計(9)によって設定流量をクリーム状製造ドラム(6)に連通して、該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)に流入する。
また、冷凍機(7)には、内部に電子膨張弁が組み込まれ、コントローラは制御盤(5)の中に設けられ、且つ該冷凍機(7)には、複数の冷媒管(29)(29)を有し、該冷媒管(29)の一方には、該クリーム状製造ドラム(6)に連通する冷媒入口部(34)を連接してある。また、該冷媒管(29)の他方には、該クリーム状製造ドラム(6)の連通する冷媒出口部(35)に連接してある。更に、該クリーム状製造ドラム(6)の一方の該冷媒出口部(35)側には、該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体(1)に連通する冷海水、クリーム混合送り管(32)を配設してある。
Next, a level switch (17) and an overflow (18) are installed in the water level meter (3) communicating through the flange (20) provided at the lower end of the seawater microscopic ice tank body (1). It is. The seawater micronized ice tank body (1) is provided with a seawater micronized ice outlet and drainage (26) fluidized from below and a pump (8) via a valve in the middle of the passage. Communicating equipment. The pump (8) is provided with a flow meter (9) in communication therewith, and the flow rate (9) is used to communicate a set flow rate to the cream-like production drum (6). ).
The refrigerator (7) has an electronic expansion valve incorporated therein, the controller is provided in the control panel (5), and the refrigerator (7) includes a plurality of refrigerant pipes (29) ( 29), and one of the refrigerant pipes (29) is connected to a refrigerant inlet part (34) communicating with the cream-like production drum (6). The other end of the refrigerant pipe (29) is connected to a refrigerant outlet portion (35) that communicates with the cream-like production drum (6). Further, on the side of the one refrigerant outlet (35) of the creamy production drum (6), a cold seawater / cream mixing feed pipe (32) communicating with the seawater micron ice tank body (1) is disposed. It is.

次に、図2に示す符号(21)は、原海水入口を示し、(23)は、流動化させた海水ミクロン状氷取出口を示したものである。
また、符号(27)は、冷海水の温度センサーを示し、該温度センサー(27)の温度でタイマーが始動し、タイムアップでアイスの生成を終了するものである。
更に、図1に示す(30)は、冷海水管を示し、(31)は、流動化させた海水ミクロン状氷移送配管を示したものである。また、図3に示す(10)は、ダイヤフラムバルブを示したものである。
Next, the code | symbol (21) shown in FIG. 2 shows an original seawater inlet, (23) shows the fluidized seawater micron-like ice take-out port.
Reference numeral (27) denotes a cold seawater temperature sensor. A timer is started at the temperature of the temperature sensor (27), and the generation of ice is finished when the time is up.
Further, (30) shown in FIG. 1 shows a cold seawater pipe, and (31) shows a fluidized seawater micron ice transfer pipe. Moreover, (10) shown in FIG. 3 shows a diaphragm valve.

次に、本発明におけるクリーム状製造ドラム(6)は、配管、電気接続すれば、直ぐに特別なミクロン状の海水氷を生成できるように構成され、ポンプを使って既在の配管に移送する事が出来るものである。  Next, the cream-like production drum (6) according to the present invention is configured so that special micron-like seawater ice can be generated immediately if it is electrically connected to the pipe, and is transferred to the existing pipe using a pump. Is something you can do.

更に、冷却用の海水ミクロン状氷の製造装置の保護装置として、図に示すポンプ(8)が自動運転した後、タイマーのタイムアップで冷凍機(7)とクリーム状製造ドラム(6)が自動運転するのは、ポンプ(8)の負荷状態を制御盤(5)内で電気的に判断して海水の循環を確認し、該クリーム状製造ドラム(6)の空転及び凍結を防止する。また、冷凍機(7)が自動停止した後、タイマーのタイムアップでポンプ(8)とクリーム状製造ドラム(6)が停止するのは、冷凍機(7)の冷却余熱で該クリーム状製造ドラム(6)の凍結を防止するものである。  Furthermore, as a protection device for the production equipment for the seawater microscopic ice for cooling, after the pump (8) shown in the figure is automatically operated, the refrigerator (7) and the creamy production drum (6) are automatically activated when the timer expires. In operation, the load state of the pump (8) is electrically judged in the control panel (5) to check the circulation of the seawater and prevent the cream-like production drum (6) from idling and freezing. In addition, after the refrigerator (7) is automatically stopped, the pump (8) and the cream-like production drum (6) are stopped when the timer expires. The cream-like production drum is caused by the residual heat of the refrigerator (7). (6) prevents freezing.

本発明の製造装置の全体の一部欠除した概略図である。  It is the schematic which a part of whole manufacturing apparatus of this invention was missing. 同じく本発明の一部欠除した要部の平面図である。  It is a top view of the principal part from which a part of the present invention was omitted similarly. 本発明の海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体の一部欠除した全体の側面図である。  It is the side view of the whole which a part of sea water micronized ice tank main part of the present invention was missing.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体
2 海水揚水ポンプ
3 水位計
5 制御盤
6 クリーム状製造ドラム
7 冷凍機
8 ポンプ
9 流量計
10 ダイヤフラムバルブ
11 水流発生装置
12 回転軸
13 回転翼
14 中蓋
15 上蓋
16 手操作部
17 レベルスイッチ
18 オーバーフロ
20 フランジ
21 原海水入口
23 流動化させた海水ミクロン状氷取出口
27 温度センサー
29 冷媒管
30 冷海水管
31 流動化させた海水ミクロン状氷移送配管
2 冷海水、クリーム混合送り管
34 冷媒入口部
35 冷媒出口部
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Seawater micronized ice tank body 2 Seawater pump 3 Water level meter 5 Control panel 6 Cream production drum 7 Refrigerator 8 Pump 9 Flow meter 10 Diaphragm valve 11 Water flow generator 12 Rotating shaft 13 Rotating blade 14 Middle lid 15 Upper lid 16 Hand Operation unit 17 Level switch 18 Overflow 20 Flange 21 Raw seawater inlet 23 Fluidized seawater micron ice outlet 27 Temperature sensor 29 Refrigerant pipe 30 Cold seawater pipe 31 Fluidized seawater micron ice transfer pipe 2 Cold seawater, cream Mixing feed pipe 34 Refrigerant inlet 35 Refrigerant outlet

Claims (1)

海水揚水ポンプに連通される海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体は、上部に水流発生装置を載置した上蓋を設け、該水流発生装置に連結した回転軸の下方に各種形状の回転翼を装設し、且つ該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体には、内部に昇降自在の中蓋を収納すると共に、下端に液状の流動化させた海水ミクロン状氷取出口を装設し、且つ該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体は、レベルスイッチの信号により自動運転するポンプを装設し、レベルスイッチの信号を受け、タイムアップした信号によりクリーム状製造ドラムが自動運転し、該クリーム状製造ドラム内の海水を一定流量を流す必要があり、最初に流量計を確認しながら、微調節のできるダイヤラムバルブ設定して運転する冷凍機及びクリーム状製造ドラムを装設し、該クリーム状製造ドラムを該海水ミクロン状氷タンク本体とに連通し、該中蓋を装着することで、空気と海水ミクロン状氷アイスが密着し、空気を遮断することで、表面層が凍ることなく、海水ミクロン状氷のアイスを長時間貯蔵できる事を特徴とする冷却用海水ミクロン状氷の製造装置。  The seawater micron ice tank main body communicated with the seawater pump is provided with an upper lid on which a water flow generator is placed at the top, and various shaped rotor blades are installed below the rotary shaft connected to the water flow generator, The seawater micronized ice tank body contains an inner lid that can be moved up and down, and a liquid fluidized seawater micronized ice take-out port is installed at the lower end. It is necessary to install a pump that automatically operates according to the level switch signal, receives the level switch signal, and automatically operates the cream-like production drum by the time-up signal, and allows the seawater in the cream-like production drum to flow at a constant flow rate. First, check the flow meter, set the diaphragm valve that can be finely adjusted, and install the refrigerator and the cream manufacturing drum. By connecting to the seawater micronized ice tank body and attaching the inner lid, the air and seawater micronized ice ice adhere to each other, and by blocking the air, the surface layer does not freeze, Cooling seawater micronized ice production equipment characterized by being able to store ice for a long time.
JP2004383007A 2004-12-28 2004-12-28 Manufacturing device for seawater micron-order ice for cooling Pending JP2006189177A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100725097B1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-06-04 고천일 A manufacturing apparatus of a micron state ice using salt water or sea water
KR100765987B1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-10-10 고천일 A Manufacturing Method And Apparatus Of Salt Water Soft Ice
KR20200055501A (en) * 2018-11-13 2020-05-21 주식회사에스에이치이 Sherbet-type Seawater ice generator

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100725097B1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-06-04 고천일 A manufacturing apparatus of a micron state ice using salt water or sea water
KR100765987B1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-10-10 고천일 A Manufacturing Method And Apparatus Of Salt Water Soft Ice
KR20200055501A (en) * 2018-11-13 2020-05-21 주식회사에스에이치이 Sherbet-type Seawater ice generator
KR102173855B1 (en) 2018-11-13 2020-11-04 주식회사 에스에이치이 Sherbet-type Seawater ice generator

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